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Impact of Dead Spaces under a Flyover

Research Methodology

PGDM 2010-12 Batch 2
Trimester II
Chinmay Athaley 62
Jaya Consul 67
Monica Gadhecha 76
Swaraj Hate 78
Romil Khare 86
ra!ul Khurana 87
Rohan Menon "#
Ashwath Rajan $%2
Table of Contents
1. Executive Summary
1
2. Introduction to the Project
3
3. Introduction to the Group
5
4. The Probem !e are addre""in#
$
5. Probem %e&inition
'
$. (e"earch )ethodoo#y
*
'. Secondary (e"earch +
*. In&erence" &rom Secondary %ata
1$
+. Primary (e"earch
1'
1,. -indin# and .nay"i"
42
11. Primary %ata In&erence" and (ecommendation"
44
12. /ue"tionnare
4$
13. 0ibio#raphy
$,
&'ecuti(e Summary

Flyovers are here to stay.
They have become an indispensible part of our day to day lives.
The advent o& -yover" came into )umbai in the tenure o& the Shiv Sena 1
02P coaition #overnment eected &or the 1
"t
time durin# 1++5 to 1+++.
Thi" !a" ater carried a "tep &or!ard under the eader"hip o& ne!
3on#re"" 3hie& )ini"ter 4ia"rao %e"hmu5h and one "a! a ar#e number
o& &yover" project" ti 2,,4 and "ub"e6uenty ha" continued !ith the
next #overnment a" !e and today !e have over 5, &yover" in )umbai
city aone.
7o!ever !hie !e "a! "uch a ar#e number o& &yover"8 !hat !a" not
envi"a#ed !a" the hu#e creation o& dead "pace" under the &yover !hich
are not bein# utii9ed propery.
The"e "pace" have not been panned and thu" ed to a &ra#mented and
di"or#ani9ed u"a#e o& thi" "pace by u". The Government coud a"o
bene&it by utii9in# thi" "pace to #enerate revenue and at the "ame time
bene&it the peope !ho have "et up their iveihood under the &yover.
Both flyovers and skywalks have become a highly visible feature of Mumbais recent
rapid urbanisation. The number of flyovers increased from 13 in 199 to over !" by
#""9$ while the first skywalks were constructed in #""%. Many more pro&ects are
ongoing and proposed.

The &ux o& activity beo! a &yover in a bu"y area i" tremendou". :ne
coud "ee a con#omeration peope under a &yover buyin# &rom ve#etabe
vendor"8 &ruit "eer"8 &o!er #arand "eer" etc on a typica &e"tiva day.
The &yover ha" an impact on the "urroundin# area a" !e.
;e have "een an in"tance o& <ata )an#e"h5ar oppo"in# the &yover
oppo"ite her hou"e due to rea"on" cited a" ac5 o& privacy and increa"e in
vehicuar and noi"e poution in the area.
http://www.dnaindia.com/mumbai/report_lata-is-firmly-against-flyover_100111
http://www.dnaindia.com/mumbai/report_minister-to-meet-lata-asha-on-peddar-road-
flyover-issue_100!"1
;e a"o had .mitabh 0achchan expre"" hi" vie!" a#ain"t a &yover near
hi" hou"e on hi" bo#.
Thi" ju"t #oe" to "ho! that &yover" have impacted not ony the common
man but even the mo"t hi#h pro&ie citi9en".
)ntroduction to the roject
;ith the increa"e in number o& &yover" in )umbai8 the tra&&ic ha" &or "ure
ea"ed a itte. 0ut !hat a"o ha" happened i" that it ha" created a ot o&
dead "pace" beo! the &yover. #ead $paces here !oud mean "pace"
!hich are created under a &yover !here no panned activity ta5e" pace.
Initiay "ince there are no panned activitie"8 the"e dead "pace" end up
#ettin# u"ed &or a number o& other activitie" invovin# variou" peope.
The"e activitie" may broady incude=
1. 7a!5in# >"omeone !ho trave" "ein# their merchandi"e?
2. 4endor" >"omeone !ho i" "tationary !hie "ein# their
merchandi"e?
3. 4e#etabe @ &ruit" mar5et
4. -o!er mar5et
5. Encroachment" >permanent a" !e a" temporary "heter?
$. 0e##in#
'. Ander con"truction project" havin# abourer"
.dditionay the"e "pace" are a"o u"ed &or productive and panned
purpo"e" "uch a" =
1. Paid par5in# ot"
2. Space &or 5eepin# to!ed vehice"
3. <on# di"tance taxi "tand"
4. Government "tora#e room"
5. )unicipa o&&ice"
$. <e#a outet" under #overnment "cheme"
'. Pubic toiet"
*. Eaterie"
+. 0eauti&ication Garden"
1,.Shop" ea"ed or "od under #overnment noti&ication"
11.Poice 3ho!5i

;e can ar#ey de"cribe the diver"ity i" a&&ected in term" o& the &oo!in#
&actor"=
1. 4ariety o& peope &ound beo! the &yover
2. 3han#e in activity dependin# on the duration o& the day
3. Space avaiabe
4. <ocation o& the &yover and "urroundin# environment
5. .cce""ibiity to the "pace" beo!
$. <i#htin# o& area" beo! the &yover
;hat i" de"cribed above coud be ju"t be tip o& the iceber#.
The "heer diver"ity o& the activitie" and the peope beo! the &yover i"
ju"t an indication o&
!hat !e !oud be coverin# in our (e"earch Project.
)ntroduction to the Grou*
Thi" re"earch project i" bein# underta5en by * "tudent" o& the PG%)
cour"e 2,1,B12
o& the Prin. <.C ;ein#5ar In"titute o& )ana#ement %eveopment and
(e"earch8 )umbai >a5a +eSchool? under the #uidance o& ro!, -ictor
Manic.am in the
"ubject o& (e"earch )ethodoo#y >0atch 2 Trime"ter 2?.
;e ca our"eve" A/hiyaan and our #roup compri"e" the &oo!in#=
3hinmay .thaey >$2?
2aya 3on"u >$'?
)onica Gadhecha >'$?
S!araj 7ate >'*?
(omi Dhare >*$?
Pra&u Dhurana >*'?
(ohan )enon >+5?
."h!ath (ajan >1,2?
0he *ro/lem we are addressin1
The "pace beo! the &yover i" in a con"tant "tate o& &ux in term" o& the
ran#e o& activitie"8
duration o& the day8 type o& peope and "urroundin# environment.
;e !oud i5e to expore the variou" "hade" and nuance" o& the "pace
beo! the
&yover in order to #ain in"i#ht" into the !ay the"e "pace" ead to variou"
activitie" that ari"e
and a"o incude" po""ibiitie" !hich ma5e an impact on "ociety "uch that
!e addre"" =
How we can help improve the utilisation of
the dead spaces below a flyover
if these spaces were planned and better utilised
such that it could result in a Win Win for the
government authorities,
people below the flyover
and the public at large.
ro/lem de!inition
3on"ider the &oo!in# exampe"
%&ample 1:
." ob"erved under the %adar ;e"t &yover8 dead "pace created under the
&yover i" u"ed by ha!5er" !ho "ee the "pace a" an exceent opportunity
to "e their merchandi"e.
Thi" re"ut" in the #atherin# o& peope !hich in turn can ead to tra&&ic
!oe" and boc5a#e o& acce"" !ay to the nearby rai!ay "tation".
%&ample :
." ob"erved under Damaa )i" &yover8 dead "pace created under the
&yover i" converted into a par5in# ot !hich i" creation o& rea e"tate in a
city "tarved o& par5in# "pace".
The above two e&amples lead us to direct our research towards two
possible lines of thought
A, )m*act o! the !lyo(er dead s*aces on the li(es o! the *eo*le
who use these s*aces,
." mentioned above8 a variety o& peope move into the dead "pace
a" "oon a" they are created. :ur motivation i" to "tudy=
i. ;ho are the"e peopeE
ii. ;here have the"e peope come &romE
iii. ;hat i" their motivation &or movin# into the dead "paceE
iv. ;hat i" the i&e o& the"e peope po"t mi#ration >beo! the
&yover?E
A, )m*act o! the !lyo(er dead s*aces on the real estate
The rea e"tate created coud be a" &oo!"=
i. Par5in# ot"
ii. )unicipa "tora#e room"
iii. Shop"
2ur area o! interest in this research *roject would /e to 3
Study the impact on lives of the diverse set of
people,
through the length of the day, under a flyover
and find how these dead spaces can be used better.
Research Methodolo1y
.ccordin# to our "eected ine o& re"earch o& "tudyin# the ive" o& peope !ho u"e
the "pace" under a &yover8 !e needed to have comprehen"ive detai about the
peopeF" day today i&e pattern and their reation"hip !ith the &yover.
So a&ter coectin# the re6uired preiminary data &rom "econdary "ource" !e
decided to #o in &or ob"ervation "o a" to "ee &ir"thand !hat a happen" and
identi&y the "ta5ehoder" invoved.
.&ter #ettin# thi" in&ormation !e !ere abe to identi&y the &yover" that !e !ere
#oin# to tar#et a" part o& the "ampe.
-or primary data coection !e !ent in &or "tructured 6ue"tionnaire !hich !e
admini"tered to our re"pondent".
-or &indin# out a the a"pect" o& their ive" !e decided to have a mixture o&
6uantitative and 6uaitative 6ue"tion".
Thu" !e !ere abe to #et the ade6uate data !hich enabed u" to do the re6uired
anay"i".
Secondary Research
;e oo5ed &or variou" "econdary "ource" avaiabe "o a" to mine a" much
reevant data a" !e coud #et.
The purpo"e behind thi" !a" to better under"tand the "cenario currenty
pre"ent !ith re"pect to &yover" in )umbai. It #ave a itte more carity to
our thou#ht"8 removed "ome o& the bia"e" that !e had and a"o de&ined
the "cope o& the re"earch in term" o& the "ta5ehoder" invoved and the
!ay &or!ard.
." our primary re"earch !a" #oin# to be ba"ed in )umbai !e imited the
"cope o& the "econdary data to &yover" pre"ent in )umbai ony.
;e "tarted !ith the detai" about the number o& &yover" pre"ent in the
city and their ocation.
." per our &indin#" there are 52 &yover" currenty pre"ent in )umbai !ith
3+ o& them bein# competed and the other" are either under con"truction
or the con"truction !or5 i" about to commence.
;e decided to "tudy the competed &yover" ony and thu" the"e 3+
&yover" became the popuation &or our re"earch.
Then !e "earched &or "peci&ic data pertainin# to the dimen"ion" o& the"e
&yover". The u"e o& thi" data !a" to have an idea about the amount o&
dead "pace created due to the con"truction o& a &yover.
The data !a" a"o re6uired to decide upon the "ampe that !e !ere #oin#
to tar#et &or the primary re"earch and a"o to "ee the reation"hip
bet!een the "i9e o& the &yover" to the 5ind o& activity that ta5e" pace
and a"o the number o& activitie" that ta5e pace.

About the Flyovers under MSRDC
MSRDC has aimed to alleviate the traffic congestion in the city
of Bombay or Mumbai by constructing 50 flyovers.
MSRDC - Project - 50 Flyovers
(Mumbai ra!!ic "m#rovement Me$a - Project%
In Mumbai city there is a urgent need to cater for the traffic
specially quick entry and exit from the city. The industrialisation
and growth of traffic has resulted into congestion which has raised
the pollution at various traffic junctions.

MS!" was given the task of improving the current traffic
conditions by the Maharashtra #overnment. MS!" has aimed to
alleviate the traffic congestion in the city of $ombay or Mumbai by
constructing %& flyovers. The attempt is to maintain a highway
character of the important roads in the city and also to reduce
congestion at key junctions.
APPR&AC'
'lyovers are located on major traffic corridors( namely)*
( Sion * +anvel ,xpressway
( -estern ,xpress .ighway
( ,astern ,xpress .ighway
( Major roads in Mumbai city

The flyovers are planned with a corridor development approach. This
fast corridor will make it possible to move from Thane( /ashi or
$orivali and reach South Mumbai faster.

)C'*&+&,-
0atest technology used for the construction will make the quality of
construction of high standard and also minimi1e the time factor for the
completion. The tender condition for incentive for earlier completion
and penalty for delayed construction are helpful in maintaining strict
time schedule.

)S"MA)D C&S
The total cost of project is s. 2%&& crores which will be financed from resources mobilised through
bonds( loans from MM!3( financial assistance from +-!( M"#M and TM".

$y adopting advanced technology( modern machinery and simplified tender procedure( saving is
resulted in project cost. Till today 45 flyovers are completed and 6 flyovers works are in progress. Travel
time on three highways in Mumbai is reduced by 6& to 6% minutes. To recover the cost of the project(
#overnment of Maharashtra has authori1ed MS!" to levy a toll on major roads at five locations in
Mumbai.

Toll collection work is started in 7anuary 6&&& after overcoming initial hurdles. MS!" is getting a
revenue of s. 5& crores per annum by way of toll in Mumbai. #overnment of Maharashtra has levied a
cess on petrol 8 diesel in Mumbai region to recover the cost of flyovers. ,xpected income of s. %&
crores per annum will be transferred to MS!".

4ollowin1 is the details a/out the !lyo(ers *resent in Mum/ai and
their dimensions
Sr,
5o,
4lyo(er 5ame
6en1th
o!
4lyo(er
7rid1e
8in
metres9
6en1th o!
7rid1e
8in metres9
+idth
8in
metres
9
Area8S:
,M9
6ist o! 4lyo(ers where wor. has
/een com*leted3
+estern &'*ress Hi1hway
1
)ahim 2unction
$', 2*'
2
Daina 4a5oa
142' 112'
24.2
2'2'3.4
3
2anata 3oony
4
2o#e"h!ari B 4i5roi <in5 (oad
13,,
35
5
.arey Gore#aon
$
Gore#aon )uund <in5 (oad
'31 4'1
24.2
113+*.2
'
(ani Sati )ar#
',,
*
Shantaram Taao
+
.5uri (oad
1,
%attapada (oad
11
Cationa Par5
12
Shiv 4aabh (oad
$', 2*'
1$.5
4'35.5
13
Sahar -yover >throu#h P;%?
&astern &'*ress Hi1hway
14
.urora
35,
15
Sion
$*1 3$,
1$
Sion 7o"pita
5'*
1'
3.S.T >Dura?
$*$ 3+$
22
*'12
1* 3hheda Ca#ar ',2 412 12 4+44
1+
.ndheri Ghat5opar <in5 (oad
2,
4i5roi 2unction
21
2o#e"h!ari 4i5roi <in5 (oad
22
Gore#aon )uund <in5 (oad
'31
24.2
23
Citin 3a"tin#
1444.4
24.2
24
3adbury
1444
24.2
25
Goden %ye"
*31
24.2
Sion an(el Hi1hway
2$
3hembur )an5hurd <in5 (oad
'3$ 44,
12
52*,
2'
4a"hi
2*
Ceru junction
'2+
24.2
2+
Don5an 0havan
3,
Dhar#har
31
Taoje
522
12
32
0...(.3.
$$' 3**
11
42$*
Mum/ai City Road
33
S.0 )ar# = -er#u""on (oad
*'4 $3*
13.25
*453.5
34
S.0 )ar# = Ephin"tone (oad
1233 113*
13.25
15,'*.5
35
S.0 )ar# = C.) 2o"hi (oad
1233 113*
13.25
15,'*.5
3$
%adar Dhodadad 3irce
*$5
1'
3'
2.2.7o"pita B 0hendi 0a9ar
24,,
1$.2
3*
2.2 7o"pita B 3ra!&ord )a5et
24,,
3+
.di Shan5aracharya )ar# = 24<(
>Pa!ai?
6ist o! 4lyo(ers where wor. is in
*ro1ress3
Mum/ai City Roads
4,
.di Shan5aracharya )ar# = <0S
41
(.3.-. 2unction
6ist o! 4lyo(ers where wor. has not
commenced3
+estern &'*ress Hi1hway
42
Dher!adi
4*5
43
Santacru9 .irport 2unction
',3
&astern &'*ress Hi1hway
44
Dapurba!adi
Sion an(el Hi1hway
45
Aran (oad
4$
Damothe
Mum/ai City Roads
4'
7aji .i
4*
S.0. )ar# = 3onnect to ;eh
4+
;ori Ca5a
5, Siddhi 4inaya5
51
0ar&i!aa 2unction
4'4.4
52
2uhu .irport Sub!ay
Sr,
5o,
4lyo(er 5ame
6en1th
o!
4lyo(er
7rid1e
8in
metres9
6en1th o!
7rid1e
8in metres9
+idth
8in
metres
9
Area
8in S:,
M9
1
Daina 4a5oa
142' 112' 24.2 2'2'3.4
2
Gore#aon )uund <in5 (oad
'31 4'1 24.2 113+*.2
3
Shiv 4aabh (oad
$', 2*' 1$.5 4'35.5
4
3hheda Ca#ar
',2 412 12 4+44
5
3hembur )an5hurd <in5 (oad
'3$ 44, 12 52*,
$
0...(.3.
$$' 3** 11 42$*
'
S.0 )ar# = -er#u""on (oad
*'4 $3* 13.25 *453.5
*
S.0 )ar# = Ephin"tone (oad
1233 113* 13.25 15,'*.5
+
S.0 )ar# = C.) 2o"hi (oad
1233 113* 13.25 15,'*.5
1,
Davi De"hav"ut %adar>;e"t?
-yover
2', 15, 12 1*,,
The en#th o& -yover 0rid#e i" the compete en#th o& the &yover &rom
one end to the other.
The en#th o& brid#e i" the en#th !hich i" havin# open "pace under it8
!hich i" the tota en#th minu" the en#th o& the ramp that i" normay
co"ed.
The a"t part o& the tabe "ho!" the i"t o& &yover &or !hich !e coud #et
the compete in&ormation about the dimen"ion" and hence the amount o&
dead "pace created.
The main "ource &or the above data !a" the internet. Cot a o& the
in&ormation about the dimen"ion" o& the &yover" !a" avaiabe on the
internet. So &or the in&ormation not avaiabe !e approached the
concerned authoritie" but coud not #et anythin# additiona to !hat !a"
aready #iven. In order to #et a" much data a" po""ibe !e our"eve"
mea"ured the dimen"ion" o& "ome o& the &yover".
;e oo5ed at the area that !a" created a" "pace" bein# u"ed by the
"ta5ehoder" and thu" did not &ocu" on the in&ormation pertainin# to the
rea e"tate a"pect o& the area.
)oreover a thi" in&ormation !a" reated to the 6uantitative a"pect" o&
the &yover. 0ut a" our objective de&ine" !e !ere empha"i9in# on the
impact o& the dead "pace" on the ive" o& the peope that are a""ociated
!ith the"e "pace".
Thu" !e needed to have a detaied 6uaitative "tudy a" !eG in addition to
the 6uantitative data avaiabe. There !a" very itte o& "uch in&ormation
avaiabe throu#h "econdary "ource". There !ere artice" in ne!"paper"8
ma#a9ine"8 bo#" and o&&icia pubication" reated to the probem that !e
!ere addre""in# but a o& them !ere per"ona vie!" and coud not be
ta5en a" the truth. Cever the e"" the"e "ource" #ave u" "ome head "tart
about the prevaiin# "ituation and acted a" re&erence point" &or u".
In order to #et "ome more detai" about the variou" "ta5ehoder" reated
to a &yover !e did "ome ob"ervationa re"earch. ;e !ent to &ive &yover"
and noted the activitie" that too5 pace in the "pace" created under the
&yover.
The choice o& the &yover !a" made "o a" to #et a" much variety a"
po""ibe in order to cover a !ide variety o& activitie" ta5in# pace under
the &yover". Thu" !e "a! the thin#" ta5in# pace at variou" pace" and at
di&&erent time o& the day "o a" to "ee i& there !a" any variation !ith
re"pect to the time o& the day.
.t thi" point !e did not ta5 to any o& our potentia re"pondent" but ony
ob"erved. Thi" !a" re6uired becau"e not much "econdary data !a"
avaiabe reated to the "ituation and thu" to #et "ome direction it !a"
very important to #o and ob"erve by our"eve" the thin#" happenin#
under the &yover".
4ollowin1 are some o! the o/ser(ations made /y us
Sr, 5o, 4lyo(er 5ame 2/ser(ation
1
Davi De"hav"ut
%adar>;e"t? -yover
3oth" 8&o!er"8 "hoe "hop8 juice "hop8
re"taurant8 poice "tation8 home &or "treet
chidren8 &ruit8 ve#etabe"8 ba#"8 arti&icia
je!eery8 #o##e"8 &e"tive decoration"8
ni#ht centre" &or "treet chidren8 mobie
acce""ory8 optician"8 pubic utiitie"8 mi5
centre8 ST% P3:8 ne!"paper8 pur"e"8 toy"8
pa"tic botte"8 !atche"8 poice "tationH
par5in#8 dry &ruit"8 panchayat
2
7on. 2a#annath aia" Cana
Sun5er"ett -yover at
%adar tt Dhodadad 3irce
Pay @ par58 beauti&ication #arden8
municipaity o&&ice
3 Sion 7o"pita
Peope "eepin#8 municipaity buidin#
>under con"truction?8 a temporary "hed
&or a #uard
4 -ine .rt"8 3hembur Pubic toiet8 ve#etabe mar5et8 5ey ma5er
5
0andra (ecamation
&yover extendin# up to
Expre"" 7i#h!ay
Poice 3ho!5i8 Space &or 5eepin# to!ed
vehice"8 be##ar" @ aborer"
The above in&ormation heped u" to better de&ine the objective o& the
re"earch and a"o created 6ue"tion" in our mind.
Thu" !e #ot direction to!ard" the content8 de"i#nin# and the
admini"trative re6uirement" o& the 6ue"tionnaire.
)n!erences !rom Secondary ;ata
The amount o& dead "pace created coud not be #enerai9ed ba"ed
on the dimen"ion" o& the &yover. The area o& dead "pace created
varied !ith the type o& &yover >"in#e po or doube po?
The 5ind o& activitie" that ta5e pace8 depend on the hei#ht o& the
&yover. Cormay the o! hei#ht &yover" are bein# u"ed by vendor"
&or "ein# their item" and the &yover" havin# hi#her hei#ht" are
mainy u"ed &or par5in# purpo"e".
The activitie" are not determined by the en#th or the !idth o& the
&yover.
. "in#e &yover i" bein# u"ed &or a "in#e primary purpo"e ony. That
i"8 there !oud be ony vendor" or ony par5in# under a &yover and
there are ony exception" o& both bein# pre"ent under the "ame
&yover. Thi" doe" not appy to the pre"ence o& be##ar"8 peope !ho
"eep under the &yover" and any other activity.
rimary Research
2/ser(ation Sheet 3 General <uestions
<uestion
2
7o! on# have you ived here Show Card 5o,=
<e"" than a year A $2
0et!een 1 @ 5 year" 7 $#
0et!een 5 @ 1, year" C 6
)ore than 1, year" ; $2
Sin1le Res*onse
<uestion
=
7o! do you trave to the &yoverE Show Card 5o,>
<ive under the &yover A $=
;a5in# I 3yce 7 $>
0u" C 2
Train ; $6
Sin1le Res*onse
<uestion
$
;here do you "tay !rt &yoverE Show Card
5o,2
Ander the &yover A $=
<e"" than a Dm &rom &yover 7 "
0et!een 1 @ 5 Dm &rom &yover C 6
)ore than 5 Dm &rom &yover ; $7
Sin1le Res*onse
<uestion
>
In a day8 ho! many hour" do you "pend under
the &yoverE
Show Card 5o,#
1 to $ hour" A 2
$ to 12 hour" 7 $>
12 to 1* hour" C $6
1* to 24 hour" ; $=
Sin1le Res*onse
<uestion
#
;ho a "tay !ith youE Show Card 5o,6
Parent" A $2
3hidren 7 $=
7u"band I ;i&e C 2=
:ther ; $>
Multi*le Res*onses
<uestion
6
;here do your parent" iveE Show Card 5o,7
;ith me A $=
Ander "ome other &yover 7 %
Cative pace C 2%
:ther" ; $2
Sin1le Res*onse
<uestion
7
;hat did your parent" do &or a ivin#E Show Card 5o,8
Se under the "ame &yover A #
Se under another &yover 7 %
:ther occupation >incudin# "ein# but not under any
&yover?
C $2
Cot ;or5in# ; 28
Sin1le Res*onse
<uestion
8
7o! o&ten do you #o to your native pace in a
yearE
Show Card 5o,"
, A $=
1 7 $>
2 C $2
)ore than 2 ; 6
Sin1le Res*onse
<uestion
"
;hat do your chidren do durin# the dayE Show Card
5o,$%
Supportin#I7epin# in their pro&e""ion A 2
Study at "choo 7 $=
Payin#IStayin# at homeI <ivin# !ith reative" C >
Cot .ppicabe ; 26
Sin1le Res*onse
<uestion
$%
;hat do you !ant your chid to becomeE Show Card
5o,$$
Ta5e up "ame pro&e""ion A 2
:ther 0u"ine"" 7 7
%octorIEn#ineer C 7
:ther Pro&e""ion" ; 2"
Sin1le Res*onse
<uestion
$$
;hat do you do in your &ree timeE Show Card 5o,
;atch T4 I (adio A $$
Co &ree time 7 $"
Spend time !ith &amiy C #
:ther" ; $%
Multi*le Res*onses
<uestion
$2
.re you a re#i"tered voterE Show Card 5o,$
Je" A 26
Co 7 $"
Sin1le Res*onse
<uestion
$=
%id any #overnment o&&icia approach you
re#ardin# your activity under &yoverE
Show Card
5o,$2
Je" A #
Co 7 >%
Sin1le Res*onse
<uestion
$>
7o! on# have you been a""ociated !ith thi"
&yoverE
Show Card 5o,=
<e"" than a year A $2
0et!een 1 @ 5 year" 7 $#
0et!een 5 @ 1, year" C >
)ore than 1, year" ; $>
Sin1le Res*onse
<uestion
$#
7o! did you come to 5no! about thi" paceE Show Card
5o,$=
-amiy A $6
-riend" 7 $%
:ther vendor"Ibe##ar"Iabourer" C 6
:ther" ; $=
Multi*le Res*onses
<uestion
$6
7ave you been aocatedI icen"ed to have a
"hopIbuidin#Ihome under a &yover by any
#overnment "chemeE
Show Card 5o,$
Je" A $2
Co 7 22
Cot .ppicabe C $$
Sin1le Res*onse
<uestion
$7
.re you oo5in# to "ette here permanentyE Show Card 5o,$
Je" A $6
Co 7 2"
Sin1le Res*onse
<uestion
$8
7o! many time" have you chan#ed the ocation
in the pa"t one year &rom one &yover to
anotherE
Show Card 5o,"
, A ==
1 7 =
2 C 2
)ore than 2 ; 7
Sin1le Res*onse
<uestion
$"
;hat i" your "tape dietE Show Card 5o,
%a8 (ice A $8
(oti8 Sabji 7 "
Con 4e# C #
:ther" ; $=
Multi*le Res*onses
<uestion
2%
;hat heath reated i""ue" do you haveE Show Card
5o,$>
Sea"ona aiment"I Epidemic" A "
)inor aiment" 7 $7
)ajor aiment" C $
Co 7eath i""ue" ; $8
Sin1le Res*onse
<uestion
2$
%o you acce"" the &oo!in#E Show Card
5o,$#
%octor A =
=
)edication" 7 $"
)edica te"t" I3inic" I Sur#ery C "
Cone o& the above ; 2%
Multi*le Res*onse !rom A?7?C *ossi/le
<uestion
22
7o! much part o& income do you "ave Show Card
5o,$6
5 to 1,K A #
1, to 2,K 7 7
)ore than 2,K C $=
Co Savin#" ; 2%
Sin1le Res*onse
<uestion
2=
;hat i" your major per"ona expenditureE Show Card
5o,$7
3hidren education A #
Sheter 7 >
-ood C =$
:ther ; #
Sin1le Res*onse
<uestion
2>
%o you have a ban5 accountE Show Card 5o,$
Je" A $6
Co 7 2"
Sin1le Res*onse
<uestion
2#
;hat 5ind o& property you hodE Show Card
5o,$8
7ou"e A 2#
Shop" 7 2
-arm" C 7
%o not o!n property ; 2%
Multi*le Res*onses
<uestion
26
;here i" the ocation o& property you hodE Show Card
5o,$"
In )umbai A $%
In :ther part" o& )ahara"htra 7 "
In other part" o& India C $#
Cot appicabe ; $6
Multi*le Res*onses
<uestion
27
%o you u"e the toiet under the &yoverE Show Card
5o,2%
Je" A 2%
Co 7 6
Co toiet C $"
Sin1le Res*onse
<uestion
28
%o you pay money &or u"in# the toiet"E Show Card 5o,$
Je" A $7
Co 7 >
Cot .ppicabe C 2>
Sin1le Res*onse
<uestion
2"
7o! are the toiet" bein# maintainedE Show Card
5o,2$
Government 3eaner" A $>
Private 3eaner" 7 #
3ontract 0a"i" C 2
Cot .ppicabe ; 2>
Sin1le Res*onse
<uestion
=%
I" the toiet that you are u"in# hy#ienic and
propery maintainedE
Show Card 5o,$
Je" A $#
Co 7 #
Cot .ppicabe C 2>
Sin1le Res*onse
<uestio
n =$
%o the peope under the &yover interact !ith the
occupant" o& the vehice" par5ed under the &yoverE
Show Card
5o,$
Je" A $2
Co 7 ==
Sin1le Res*onse
<uestions to -endors
<uestio
n $
;hy did you come here to "eE Show Card 5o,22
-orced to come here A >
0etter opportunity to "e 7 $%
Co other option C #
Co "peci&ic rea"on ; >
Sin1le Res*onse
<uestio
n 2
7o! on# have you "od your item" here Show Card 5o,=
<e"" than a year A $
0et!een 1 @ 5 year" 7 =
0et!een 5 @ 1, year" C =
)ore than 1, year" ; $6
Sin1le Res*onse
<uestio
n =
.re you the &ir"t in your &amiy to come under
thi" &yover to "eE
Show Card 5o,$
Je" A 8
Co 7 $#
Sin1le Res*onse
<uestio
n >
;hat !a" your previou" pro&e""ionE Show Card
5o,2=
Sein# "ame item" A $=
Sein# other item" 7 2
Cot ;or5in# C $
:ther" ; 7
Sin1le Res*onse
<uestio
n #
;hat ma5e" you chan#e the !ay you !or5E Show Card 5o,2>
.mount o& "pace A %
Peope around 7 #
Item" bein# "od C $
%o not chan#e ; $7
Sin1le Res*onse
<uestio
n 6
7o! much doe" the ocation o& the &yover
a&&ect the price o& the !are"E
Show Card 5o,2#
1K A %
3K 7 %
:ver 5K C #
Co chan#e ; $8
Sin1le Res*onse
<uestio
n 7
7o! do you "eect the "pot &or "ein#E Show Card 5o,26
-ixed "pot A $6
(andomy "eect 7 #
Popuar "pot" C 2
0a"ed on "pace avaiabe ; %
Sin1le Res*onse
<uestio
n 8
I" there an a#reement &or the u"a#e o& "paceE
Show Card 5o,27
Je"8 &orma a#reement A #
Je"8 In&orma a#reement 7 6
Co a#reement C $%
Ana!are ; 2
Sin1le Res*onse
<uestio
n "
;hy do they "it to#etherE Show Card 5o,28
Sa&ety and "ecurity A 2
Ea"ier to communicate 7 %
3ommon Intere"t" C 8
Co8 they do not "it to#ether ; $=
Sin1le Res*onse
<uestio
n $%
7o! much rent do you payE Show Card 5o,2"
(".,B5,, A 2
(".5,,B1,,, 7 %
)ore than (".1,,, C %
I do not pay rent ; 2$
Sin1le Res*onse
<uestio
n $$
;here do you #et your materia" &romE Show Card 5o,=%
Same a" everyone e"e A $"
Some other pace 7 2
Se& produced C 2
Sin1le Res*onse
<uestio
n $2
;here did you #et the money &rom to run the
bu"ine""E
Show Card 5o,=$
Se& &unded A $7
0orro!ed &rom &amiy I &riend" 7 2
0orro!ed &rom money ender C $
:ther Source ; =
Sin1le Res*onse
<uestio
n $=
7o! many more 0u"ine""e" do you runE Show Card 5o,"
, A $8
1 7 >
2 C $
)ore than 2 ; %
Sin1le Res*onse
<uestio
n $>
7o! many more ocation" do you operate your
bu"ine""E
Show Card 5o,"
, A 2$
1 7 $
2 C $
)ore than 2 ; %
Sin1le Res*onse
<uestio
n $#
7o! do you coordinate activitie" bet!een
di&&erent ocation"E
Show Card
5o,=2
Phone A 2
4ehice 7 %
-oot C 2
Cot .ppicabe ; 6
Sin1le Res*onse
<uestio
n $6
;oud you i5e to "e the "ame product i& you
are provided !ith one more "hop under thi"
&yoverE
Show Card 5o,$
Je" A $#
Co 7 7
Sin1le Res*onse
<uestio
n $7
7o! &e"tiva" and event" >near the &yover? have
impact on your bu"ine""E
Show Card
5o,==
%o not a&&ect A %
%ecine 7 $
Increa"e C 22
Sin1le Res*onse
<uestio
n $8
.re you avaiin# the &oo!in# "cheme"E Show Card
5o,=>
Indira .!a" Jojna A %
)aha EGS >)ahara"htra Government Empoyee Guarantee
Scheme?
7 %
Cot a!are C 2=
Multi*le Res*onses
<uestions to 7e11ars
<uestio
n $
;hy did you come hereE Show Card 5o,22
-orced to come here A $
0etter opportunity to be# 7 %
Co other option C #
Co "peci&ic rea"on ; =
Sin1le Res*onse
<uestio
n 2
7o! on# have you been be##in# here Show Card 5o,=
<e"" than a year A $
0et!een 1 @ 5 year" 7 2
0et!een 5 @ 1, year" C %
)ore than 1, year" ; %
Sin1le Res*onse
<uestio
n =
.re you the &ir"t in your &amiy to come under
thi" &yover to be#E
Show Card 5o,$
Je" A 7
Co 7 2
Sin1le Res*onse
<uestio
n >
;hat !a" your previou" pro&e""ionE Show Card
5o,2=
Sein# item" A %
Cot ;or5in# 7 >
:ther" C #
Sin1le Res*onse
<uestio
n #
7o! do you "eect the "pot &or be##in#E Show Card 5o,26
-ixed "pot A >
(andomy "eect 7 2
Popuar "pot" C =
0a"ed on "pace avaiabe ; %
Sin1le Res*onse
<uestion
6
;hy do you "it to#etherE Show Card
5o,28
Sa&ety and "ecurity A =
Ea"ier to communicate
7

%
3ommon Intere"t" C %
Co8 !e do not "it to#ether ; 6
<uestion
7
7o! many more ocation" do you operate your
bu"ine""E
Show Card 5o,"
, A 7
1 7 2
2 C %
)ore than 2 ; %
<uestion
8
7o! much doe" the ocation o& the &yover a&&ect
your operation"E
Show Card
5o,2#
Ander 5K A $
:ver 5K 7 %
Cot appicabe C 7
Co chan#e ; $
Sin1le Res*onse
<uestion
"
7o! do &e"tiva" and event">near the &yover?
have impact on your bu"ine""E
Show Card
5o,==
%o not a&&ect A $
%ecine 7 %
Increa"e C 8
Sin1le Res*onse
<uestion
$%
.re you avaiin# the &oo!in# "cheme"E Show Card
5o,=>
Indira .!a" Jojna A %
)aha EGS >)ahara"htra Government Empoyee Guarantee Scheme? 7 %
Cot a!are C "
Multi*le Res*onses
<uestions to 6a/ourers
<uestion
$
;hat !a" your previou" pro&e""ionE Show Card
5o,2=
Sein# item" A %
Cot ;or5in# 7 =
:ther" C #
Sin1le Res*onse
<uestion
2
7o! do you "eect the "pot &or "tayIivin#E Show Card
5o,26
-ixed "pot A 2
(andomy "eect 7 $
Popuar "pot" C 2
0a"ed on "pace avaiabe ; =
Sin1le Res*onse
<uestion
=
I" there an a#reement &or the u"a#e o& "paceE
Show Card
5o,27
Je"8 &orma a#reement A %
Je"8 In&orma a#reement 7 >
Co a#reement C >
Ana!are ; %
Sin1le Res*onse
<uestion
>
Since you ive here &or con"truction8 !here !i
you #o !hen the con"truction i" competeE
Show Card
5o,28
Deep "tayin# here A %
)ove to the next con"truction pace 7 #
:ther C %
%o not 5no! ; =
Sin1le Res*onse
<uestion
#
7o! mon"oon" have impact on youE Show Card
5o,==
%o not a&&ect A %
%ecine 7 8
Increa"e C %
Sin1le Res*onse
<uestions on ar.in1
<uestion
$
In ca"e o& par5in#8 !hat i" the u"ua duration on a
typica dayE
Show Card
5o,2"
,B2 hr" A =
2B5 hr" 7 =
5B12 hr" C %
)ore than 12 hr" ; %
Sin1le Res*onse
<uestion
2
7o! &e"tiva" and event">near the &yover? have
impact on your bu"ine""E
Show Card
5o,==
%o not a&&ect A 2
%ecine 7 $
Increa"e C =
Sin1le Res*onse
<uestion
=
;hat !a" your previou" pro&e""ionE Show Card
5o,2=
Sein# item" A %
Cot ;or5in# 7 %
:ther" C 6
Sin1le Res*onse
4indin1s and Analysis
Talk with a parking respondent under Dadar East lyover
:ne o& the main ob"ervation" &rom the di"cu""ion !a" that they care &or their
chidren. The re"pondent !or5ed in the hou"e o& a 3. and i" 6uite motivated by
the pro&e""ion and the a""ociated bene&it" i.e &ame and money. 7i" chid i"
"tudyin# in 5th ca"" in hi" native pace. 7e re#uary chec5" hi" chidL"
per&ormance and ma5e" "ure hi" chid i" "tron# in "ubject" i5e mathematic". 7e
!ant" hi" chid to become a 3.. 7e !a" a"o in6uirin# about the #overnment
"cheme" &or chidL" "tudy "o that he can "upport hi" &amiy better. Thi" re&ect"
the a!arene"" eve" o& peope concernin# their chidrenF" education and
unavaiabiityIac5 o& a!arene"" about #overnmentICG: "cheme".
7e !a" 6uite &ru"trated and a&raid about the crimina activitie" happenin# in the
area becau"e thieve" there "tea the mirror" and brand o#o" &rom the hood o&
the car.
.part &rom that drun5ard" create a me"" ma5in# the re"pondentF" !or5
probematic.
rom a migrant labourer under !atunga flyover
:ne thin# that !a" a very #enuine concern &or him !a" that he !oud not be
!ecome in hi" hou"e !hen he i" od and cannot !or5.
7e had no motivation to "ave money "ince he had no chidren.
rom a clothes vendor under the Dadar West flyover
Given a choice he !oud have oved to continue !or5in# on hi" o!n rather than
be empoyed by "omeone8 "o that he coud be independent.
They rent their pace to other" !hen they #o to their native pace &or vacation.
rom a "ada #av vendor under the Dadar West flyover
The vendor had a pan card8 "hop icen"e and other reevant document" to prove
o!ner"hip o& "pace. 7e !a" a"o aotted pace on the &ir"t &oor in The 7a!5er"
Pa9a8 but he did not choo"e to move a" he !a" "ein# eatabe commodity !hich
!oud not "e at the aocated pace. 7e mentioned that the thieve" pay a
re#uar Mha&taF to the oca poice &or not catchin# them.
7e had a compaint re#ardin# a #ate bein# co"ed by the authoritie" a&ter the
Da"ab incident. 7i" "hop i" ocated next to the #ate and the co"ure ha" a&&ected
hi" bu"ine"" a ot. There !a" a"o a #enuine concern that thi" co"ure i" a
probem to edery a" !e a" pre#nant !omen a" they no! had to #o to extreme
end" o& %adar "tation &or the tic5et".
7e had a #enuine expectation that our intervie! !oud brin# about at ea"t a
"ma chan#e in hi" !or5 i&e. Thi" !a" proved &urther !hen he came up &ront and
#ave hi" contact detai" and o&&ered hep !hen needed.
rom a Telephone booth $ sandwich vendor under the Dadar West
flyover
The vendor had a icen"ed a#reement !ith the 0)3 !herein he u"ed to pay 0)3
(" ',, per month a" rent.
7e a"o had an aternative "hop ocation provided to him by the 0)38 in ca"e the
&yover !a" not there in &uture.
Even thou#h the "hop "pace !a" very "ma8 he hired an a""ociate "o that he
coud have that extra income.
rimary ;ata )n!erences and
Recommendations
Majority of the people live far away (3!" from the flyover a#$ either travel %y trai# (&0!"
or wal'i#( (&0!") moreover all the par'i#( atte#$a#ts spe#$ more tha# 10-12 ho*rs wor'i#(
*#$er the flyover a#$ they $o #ot (et m*ch of free time+
Inferences: They lea$ a stresse$ life+
Recommendations: ,e$*ce shift timi#(-$*ty timi#(s for par'i#( people+
&.! of respo#$e#ts save some part of their i#come) /.! $o #ot have a %a#' acco*#t+
Inferences: The respo#$e#ts have a poor access to %a#'i#( system i# spite of havi#( mo#ey
save$+
Recommendations: 0pport*#ity for %a#'s to approach this tar(et se(me#t for provi$i#(
%a#'i#( services to these people+
&1! have some mi#or-seaso#al ailme#t) ..! have #o access to Doctor-Me$icatio#+
Inference: The respo#$e#ts $o #ot have access to proper me$ical facilities %*t they re2*ire
the same+
Recommendations: Me$icatio# facilities co*l$ %e provi$e$+
Inferences: 31! people who have %ee# associate$ with flyover for more tha# 10 years are
(e#erally 2
#$
(e#eratio# e#trepre#e*rs+
&.! respo#$e#ts save some part of their i#come) ..! $o #ot ow# their property+
Inferences: 3ve# tho*(h people have s*rpl*s i#come they $o #ot i#vest i# property+
Recommendations4 Gover#me#t co*l$ promote ho*si#( schemes+
1! of the respo#$e#ts who have access to the toilet pay for it) at the same time .2! $o #ot
have toilet facilities *#$er the flyover+ 5&! are satisfie$ with the mai#te#a#ce a#$ hy(ie#e
level+
Inferences: The respo#$e#ts show willi#(#ess to pay for the *sa(e of toilets he#ce %y
co#str*cti#( more toilets (over#me#t ca# e6pect more reve#*e+
Recommendations4 7cope for a$$i#( more toilets for people wor'i#(-livi#( *#$er the
flyover a#$ also a$$i#( reve#*e stream for the (over#me#t+
1/! of the respo#$e#ts $o #ot wa#t their chil$re# to ta'e *p their c*rre#t professio#) to that
effect more tha# /! of their chil$re# are (oi#( to school+
Inferences4 This shows that they have aspiratio#s for the career of their chil$re#+
11! $o #ot pay a#y re#t to the (over#me#t a#$ &&! have some savi#( from their i#come+
8lso 11! operate at si#(le locatio#+
Inferences: The respo#$e#ts have the capacity to pay re#t %*t are c*rre#tly #ot+
Recommendations4 Gover#me#t co*l$ levy re#t a#$ ma'e these %*si#esses more or(a#i9e$
a#$ sta%le at the same time i#crease reve#*es+
100! of the people are #ot aware a%o*t a#y of the (over#me#t schemes+
Recommendations4 The (over#me#t th*s #ee$ to comm*#icate effectively with the people
so that they ca# (et the %e#efits from these schemes+
:or 5! of the ve#$ors) their c*rre#t %*si#ess is the o#ly %*si#ess they are $oi#(+ &.! save
some part of their i#come+
Inferences4 These people have a pote#tial to %*y o*t i#s*ra#ce for their %*si#ess+
Recommendations4 Gover#me#t-I#s*ra#ce compa#ies co*l$ promote i#s*ra#ce facilities for
the ve#$ors
<uestionnaire
Intervie!erF" Came
Intervie! %ate Intervie! Time to
Good mornin#Ia&ternoonIevenin# Sir8 I am
NNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNN
&rom Prin. <.C. ;ein#5ar In"titute o& )ana#ement %eveopment @ (e"earch8 )umbai
and conductin# a "tudy and "urvey &or a (e"earch Project. Pre"enty the "tudy i" bein#
conducted in the city o& )umbai to under"tand the Impact o& %ead Space" beo! a
-yover.
Res*ondent ro!ile
Came o& the
(e"pondent
)r.I)r".I)".
.#e
-yover Came
.rea @ Pin code
Teephone>(e"idence?
Teephone>)obie?
;&M2GRAH)C ;&0A)6S 24 0H& R&S25;&50
G&5;&R &RS25A6 ;&0A)6S 52, 24 &AR5)5G
M&M7&RS
)ae 1. )arried 1. :ne 1.
-emae 2. Anmarried 2. T!o 2.
&;@CA0)25 52, 24 4AM)6A Three 3.
M&M7&RS
SS3I7S3 1. :ne 1. -our 4.
Graduate>Genera? 2. T!o 2. )ore than &our 5.
Graduate>Pro&e""iona? 3. Three 3. M20H&R 025G@&
Po"t Graduate>Genera? 4. -our 4. 7indi 1.
Po"t
Graduate>Pro&e""iona?
5. -ive 5. )arathi 2.
:ther" $. Six $. Gujrati 3.
0A& 24 4AM)6A Seven '. Tami 4.
Cucear 1. Ei#ht *. )ayam 5.
2oint 2. Cine +. :riya $.
-amiy !ith parent" 3. Ten 1,. 0ihari '
.
<ivin# Sin#e 4. )ore than Ten 11. :ther" *
.
%uestionnairevvvvv
General <uestions
<uestion
$
;here do you "tay !rt &yoverE Show Card 5o,2
Ander the &yover A
<e"" than a Dm &rom &yover 7
0et!een 1 @ 5 Dm &rom &yover C
)ore than 5 Dm &rom &yover ;
Sin1le Res*onse
<uestion
2
7o! on# have you ived here Show Card 5o,=
<e"" than a year A
0et!een 1 @ 5 year" 7
0et!een 5 @ 1, year" C
)ore than 1, year" ;
Sin1le Res*onse
<uestion
=
7o! do you trave to the &yoverE Show Card 5o,>
<ive under the &yover A
;a5in# I 3yce 7
0u" C
Train ;
Sin1le Res*onse
<uestion
>
In a day8 ho! many hour" do you "pend under
the &yoverE
Show Card 5o,#
1 to $ hour" A
$ to 12 hour" 7
12 to 1* hour" C
1* to 24 hour" ;
Sin1le Res*onse
<uestion
#
;ho a "tay !ith youE Show Card 5o,6
Parent" A
3hidren 7
7u"band I ;i&e C
:ther ;
Multi*le Res*onses
<uestion
6
;here do your parent" iveE Show Card 5o,7
;ith me A
Ander "ome other &yover 7
Cative pace C
:ther" ;
Sin1le Res*onse
<uestion
7
;hat did your parent" do &or a ivin#E Show Card 5o,8
Se under the "ame &yover A
Se under another &yover 7
:ther occupation >incudin# "ein# but not under any &yover? C
Cot ;or5in# ;
Sin1le Res*onse
<uestion
8
7o! o&ten do you #o to your native pace in a
yearE
Show Card 5o,"
, A
1 7
2 C
)ore than 2 ;
Sin1le Res*onse
<uestion
"
;hat do your chidren do durin# the dayE Show Card
5o,$%
Supportin#I7epin# in their pro&e""ion A
Study at "choo 7
Payin#IStayin# at homeI <ivin# !ith reative" C
Cot .ppicabe ;
Sin1le Res*onse
<uestion
$%
;hat do you !ant your chid to becomeE Show Card
5o,$$
Ta5e up "ame pro&e""ion A
:ther 0u"ine"" 7
%octorIEn#ineer C
:ther Pro&e""ion" ;
Sin1le Res*onse
<uestion
$$
;hat do you do in your &ree timeE Show Card 5o,
;atch T4 I (adio A
Co &ree time 7
Spend time !ith &amiy C
:ther" ;
Multi*le Res*onses
<uestion
$2
.re you a re#i"tered voterE Show Card 5o,$
Je" A
Co 7
Sin1le Res*onse
<uestion
$=
%id any #overnment o&&icia approach you
re#ardin# your activity under &yoverE
Show Card
5o,$2
Je" A
Co 7
Sin1le Res*onse
<uestion
$>
7o! on# have you been a""ociated !ith thi"
&yover
Show Card 5o,=
<e"" than a year A
0et!een 1 @ 5 year" 7
0et!een 5 @ 1, year" C
)ore than 1, year" ;
Sin1le Res*onse
<uestion
$#
7o! did you come to 5no! about thi" paceE Show Card
5o,$=
-amiy A
-riend" 7
:ther vendor"Ibe##ar"Iabourer" C
:ther ;
Multi*le Res*onses
<uestion
$6
7ave you been aocatedI icen"ed to have a
"hopIbuidin#Ihome under a &yover by any
#overnment "chemeE
Show Card 5o,$
Je" A
Co 7
Cot .ppicabe C
Sin1le Res*onse
<uestion
$7
.re you oo5in# to "ette here permanentyE Show Card 5o,$
Je" A
Co 7
Sin1le Res*onse
<uestion
$8
7o! many time" have you chan#ed the ocation
in the pa"t one year &rom one &yover to
anotherE
Show Card 5o,"
, A
1 7
2 C
)ore than 2 ;
Sin1le Res*onse
<uestion
$"
;hat i" your "tape dietE Show Card 5o,
%a8 (ice A
(oti8 Sabji 7
Con 4e# C
:ther" ;
Multi*le Res*onses
<uestion
2%
;hat heath reated i""ue" do you haveE Show Card
5o,$>
Sea"ona aiment"I Epidemic" A
)inor aiment" 7
)ajor aiment" C
Co 7eath i""ue" ;
Sin1le Res*onse
<uestion
2$
%o you acce"" the &oo!in#E Show Card
5o,$#
%octor A
)edication" 7
)edica te"t" I3inic" I Sur#ery C
Cone o& the above ;
Multi*le Res*onse !rom A?7?C *ossi/le
<uestion
22
7o! much part o& income do you "ave Show Card
5o,$6
5 to 1,K A
1, to 2,K 7
)ore than 2,K C
Co Savin#" ;
Sin1le Res*onse
<uestion
2=
;hat i" your major per"ona expenditureE Show Card
5o,$7
3hidren education A
Sheter 7
-ood C
:ther ;
Sin1le Res*onse
<uestion
2>
%o you have a ban5 accountE Show Card 5o,$
Je" A
Co 7
Sin1le Res*onse
<uestion
2#
;hat 5ind o& property you hodE Show Card
5o,$8
7ou"e A
Shop" 7
-arm" C
%o not o!n property ;
Multi*le Res*onses
<uestion
26
;here i" the ocation o& property you hodE Show Card
5o,$"
In )umbai A
In :ther part" o& )ahara"htra 7
In other part" o& India C
Cot appicabe ;
Multi*le Res*onses
<uestion
27
%o you u"e the toiet under the &yoverE Show Card
5o,2%
Je" A
Co 7
Co toiet C
Sin1le Res*onse
<uestion
28
%o you pay money &or u"in# the toiet"E Show Card 5o,$
Je" A
Co 7
Cot .ppicabe C
Sin1le Res*onse
<uestion
2"
7o! are the toiet" bein# maintainedE Show Card
5o,2$
Government 3eaner" A
Private 3eaner" 7
3ontract 0a"i" C
Cot .ppicabe ;
Sin1le Res*onse
<uestion
=%
I" the toiet that you are u"in# hy#ienic and
propery maintainedE
Show Card 5o,$
Je" A
Co 7
Cot .ppicabe C
Sin1le Res*onse
<uestion
=$
%o the peope under the &yover interact !ith the
occupant" o& the vehice" par5ed under the
&yoverE
Show Card 5o,$
Je" A
Co 7
Sin1le Res*onse
<uestion =2 7o! di&&erent do you "ee your"e& !hen you &ir"t came here and
no!E
<uestion == ;hat !oud you do i& &yover i" #one I ta5en a!ay &rom your i&eE
<uestion => I& you !ant to chan#e "omethin# under thi" &yover !hat !oud it
beE

<uestions to -endors
<uestion
$
;hy did you come here to "eE Show Card
5o,22
-orced to come here A
0etter opportunity to "e 7
Co other option C
Co "peci&ic rea"on ;
Sin1le Res*onse
<uestion
2
7o! on# have you "od your item" here Show Card 5o,=
<e"" than a year A
0et!een 1 @ 5 year" 7
0et!een 5 @ 1, year" C
)ore than 1, year" ;
Sin1le Res*onse
<uestion
=
.re you the &ir"t in your &amiy to come under thi"
&yover to "eE
Show Card
5o,$
Je" A
Co 7
Sin1le Res*onse
<uestion
>
;hat !a" your previou" pro&e""ionE Show Card
5o,2=
Sein# "ame item" A
Sein# other item" 7
Cot ;or5in# C
:ther" ;
Sin1le Res*onse
<uestion
#
;hat ma5e" you chan#e the !ay you !or5E Show Card
5o,2>
.mount o& "pace A
Peope around 7
Item" bein# "od C
%o not chan#e ;
Sin1le Res*onse
<uestion
6
7o! much doe" the ocation o& the &yover a&&ect
the price o& the !are"E
Show Card
5o,2#
Ander 5K A
:ver 5K 7
Cot appicabe C
Co chan#e ;
Sin1le Res*onse
<uestion
7
7o! do you "eect the "pot &or "ein#E Show Card
5o,26
-ixed "pot A
(andomy "eect 7
Popuar "pot" C
0a"ed on "pace avaiabe ;
Sin1le Res*onse
<uestion
8
I" there an a#reement &or the u"a#e o& "paceE
Show Card
5o,27
Je"8 &orma a#reement A
Je"8 In&orma a#reement 7
Co a#reement C
Ana!are ;
Sin1le Res*onse
<uestion
"
;hy do you "it to#etherE Show Card
5o,28
Sa&ety and "ecurity A
Ea"ier to communicate 7
3ommon Intere"t" C
Co8 ;e do not "it to#ether ;
Sin1le Res*onse
<uestion
$%
7o! much rent do you pay >per month?E Show Card
5o,2"
(".,B5,, A
(".1,,,B1,,, 7
)ore than (".1,,, C
I do not pay rent ;
Sin1le Res*onse
<uestion
$$
;here do you #et your materia" &romE Show Card
5o,=%
Same a" everyone e"e A
Some other pace 7
Se& produced C
Sin1le Res*onse
<uestion
$2
;here did you #et the money &rom to run the
bu"ine""E
Show Card
5o,=$
Se& &unded A
0orro!ed &rom &amiy I &riend" 7
0orro!ed &rom money ender C
:ther Source ;
Sin1le Res*onse
<uestion
$=
7o! many more 0u"ine""e" do you runE Show Card 5o,"
, A
1 7
2 C
)ore than 2 ;
Sin1le Res*onse
<uestion
$>
7o! many more ocation" do you operate your
bu"ine""E
Show Card 5o,"
, A
1 7
2 C
)ore than 2 ;
Sin1le Res*onse
<uestion
$#
7o! do you coordinate activitie" bet!een
di&&erent ocation"E
Show Card
5o,=2
Phone A
4ehice 7
-oot C
Cot .ppicabe ;
Sin1le Res*onse
<uestion
$6
;oud you i5e to "e the "ame product i& you
are provided !ith one more "hop under thi"
&yoverE
Show Card 5o,$
Je" A
Co 7
Sin1le Res*onse
<uestion
$7
7o! &e"tiva" and event">near the &yover? have
impact on your bu"ine""E
Show Card
5o,==
%o not a&&ect A
%ecine 7
Increa"e C
Sin1le Res*onse
<uestion
$8
.re you avaiin# the &oo!in# "cheme"E Show Card
5o,=>
Indira .!a" Jojna A
)aha EGS >)ahara"htra Government Empoyee Guarantee Scheme? 7
Cot a!are C
Multi*le Res*onses
<uestions to 7e11ars
<uestion
$
;hy did you come hereE Show Card
5o,22
-orced to come here A
0etter opportunity to be# 7
Co other option C
Co "peci&ic rea"on ;
Sin1le Res*onse
<uestion
2
7o! on# have you been be##in# here Show Card 5o,=
<e"" than a year A
0et!een 1 @ 5 year" 7
0et!een 5 @ 1, year" C
)ore than 1, year" ;
Sin1le Res*onse
<uestion
=
.re you the &ir"t in your &amiy to come under thi"
&yover to be#E
Show Card
5o,$
Je" A
Co 7
Sin1le Res*onse
<uestion
>
;hat !a" your previou" pro&e""ionE Show Card
5o,2=
Sein# item" A
Cot ;or5in# 7
:ther" C
Sin1le Res*onse
<uestion
#
7o! do you "eect the "pot &or be##in#E Show Card
5o,26
-ixed "pot A
(andomy "eect 7
Popuar "pot" C
0a"ed on "pace avaiabe ;
Sin1le Res*onse
<uestion
6
;hy do you "it to#etherE Show Card
5o,28
Sa&ety and "ecurity A
Ea"ier to communicate 7
3ommon Intere"t" C
Co8 !e do not "it to#ether ;
Sin1le Res*onse
<uestion
7
7o! many more ocation" do you operate inE Show Card 5o,"
, A
1 7
2 C
)ore than 2 ;
Sin1le Res*onse
<uestion
8
7o! much doe" the ocation o& the &yover a&&ect
your operation"E
Show Card
5o,2#
Ander 5K A
:ver 5K 7
Cot appicabe C
Co chan#e ;
Sin1le Res*onse
<uestion
"
7o! do &e"tiva" and event">near the &yover?
have impact on your bu"ine""E
Show Card
5o,==
%o not a&&ect A
%ecine 7
Increa"e C
Sin1le Res*onse
<uestion
$%
.re you avaiin# the &oo!in# "cheme"E Show Card
5o,=>
Indira .!a" Jojna A
)aha EGS >)ahara"htra Government Empoyee Guarantee Scheme? 7
Cot a!are C
Multi*le Res*onses
<uestions to 6a/ourers
<uestion
$
;hat !a" your previou" pro&e""ionE Show Card
5o,2=
Sein# item" A
Cot ;or5in# 7
:ther" C
Sin1le Res*onse
<uestion
2
7o! do you "eect the "pot &or "tayIivin#E Show Card
5o,26
-ixed "pot A
(andomy "eect 7
Popuar "pot" C
0a"ed on "pace avaiabe ;
Sin1le Res*onse
<uestion
I" there an a#reement &or the u"a#e o& "paceE
Show Card
= 5o,27
Je"8 &orma a#reement A
Je"8 In&orma a#reement 7
Co a#reement C
Ana!are ;
Sin1le Res*onse
<uestion
>
Since you ive here &or con"truction8 !here !i
you #o !hen the con"truction i" competeE
Show Card
5o,28
Deep "tayin# here A
)ove to the next con"truction pace 7
:ther C
%o not 5no! ;
Sin1le Res*onse
<uestion
#
7o! mon"oon" have impact on youE Show Card
5o,==
%o not a&&ect A
%ecine 7
Increa"e C
Sin1le Res*onse
<uestions on ar.in1
<uestion
$
In ca"e o& par5in#8 !hat i" the u"ua duration on a
typica dayE
Show Card
5o,2"
,B2 hr" A
2B5 hr" 7
5B12 hr" C
)ore than 12 hr" ;
Sin1le Res*onse
<uestion
2
7o! &e"tiva" and event">near the &yover? have
impact on your bu"ine""E
Show Card
5o,==
%o not a&&ect A
%ecine 7
Increa"e C
Sin1le Res*onse
<uestion
=
;hat !a" your previou" pro&e""ionE Show Card
5o,2=
Sein# item" A
Cot ;or5in# 7
:ther" C
Sin1le Res*onse
7i/lio1ra*hy
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