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BUILDING CONSTRUCTION 1

CONSTRUCTION ACTIVITIES AND PROCESS


TUTORS: MR. LEE XIA SHENG AR. CHIN TUCK HING, MS. SUJA
LIM JIAN JUN 0316867
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Site preparation
Survey work 1 week
setting out 1 week
Earthwork 1-2 weeks
Foundation
Pile 3 weeks
pile cap 2 weeks
Stump 2 weeks
Ground Beam 2 weeks

Ground Floor
Slab 2 weeks
Column 2 weeks
Beam 2 weeks
Staircase 2 weeks
wall 2 weeks
plastering 2 weeks
First Floor
Slab 2 weeks
Column 2 weeks
Beam 2 weeks
Staircase 2 weeks
wall 2 weeks
plastering 2 weeks
Second Floor
Slab 2 weeks
Column 2 weeks
Beam 2 weeks
Staircase 2 weeks
wall 2 weeks
plastering 2 weeks

Roof Slab

Utility
Electrical Supply 1 week
Water Supply 1 week
Door and Windows Total: 2 week
Finishes
1st floor Kitchen
Plumbing 1 week
Plastering interiors
1st floor 2 week
Plastering Interiors
2nd floor 1 week
Skidding floors
Painting - first coat 2 week
Painting - second
coat 2 week
Sanitary fitting of
bathroom and
kitchen 1 week
Electrical fitting 1 week



Total 57 week

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WEEK 1
Activity 1: Site survey
Duration: 7 days
Materials: -
Equipment:-
Skilled Workers: Backhoe Loader Operator(1), General workers(4),
Lorry driver(1)
Technical Information: Analysis is done to the construction site by
surveyor and further planning and advices to the site for construction
preparation and development.
Activity 2: Mobilization
Duration: 2-3 days
Materials: Machineries
Equipment: Lorries(2), mobile crane(1), backhoe loaders(1), Hydraulic
Piling Hammer(1), excavator(1), compactor (1), boring machine(1)
Skilled Workers: lorry drivers(2), excavator operator(1), backhoe
loader operator(1), Hydraulic Piling Hammer operator(1), compactor
operators (1), boring machine operator(1)
Technical Information: Machineries required is delivered to the site
and wait for job to be executed.


Activity 3: Site Clearing
Duration: 7 days
Materials: -
Equipment: Backhoe Loader, chainsaw, lorry truck (carry earth &
plants away)
Skilled Workers: Backhoe Loader Operator(1), General workers(4),
Lorry driver(1)
Technical Information: Excavation of unfavorable soil and substances
such as stones and tree barks. Initial leveling is done for the
preparation of earthwork.






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WEEK 2




Activity 1: Hoarding (setting out), staking (plan boundary)
Duration: 5 days
Materials: blue metal decks, nails, wooden pegs, planks, stakes,
Builders line
Equipment: hammer, measuring tape, theodolite, Dummy level,
construction sign board
Skilled Workers: quantity surveyor (2), general workers (4)
Technical Information: Boundary of the construction site is precisely
measured and borders the site where the construction takes place.
The site is marked with gridlines with a setback of 20 feet from the
road and 10 feet for the porch according to UBBL and the location of
the pile is marked.






Activity 2: Earthwork
Duration: 7 days
Materials: -
Equipment: excavator, compactor
Skilled Workers: Excavator Operator (1), Compactor Operator (1)
Technical Information: Removal of top soil and land leveling. The
land is excavated to around 300mm of the top soil. Keep away or
stored well for reuse due to its high water retentive characteristic.




4 | P a g e

WEEK 3
Activity 1: Earthwork (continued)
Duration: 7 days (continued from last week)
Materials: -
Equipment: excavator, compactor
Skilled Workers: Excavator Operator (1), Compactor Operator (1)
Technical information: Removal of top soil and land leveling. The
land is excavated to around 300mm of the top soil. Keep away or
stored well for reuse due to its high water retentive characteristic
Activity 2: Piling (Grid 13- Grid 15)
Duration: 10-14 days
Materials: Reinforced concrete piles, Concrete Grade 30,
Reinforcement, wooden formworks
Equipment: Hydraulic Piling Hammer(1), Rebar Bending machine(1),
Boring Machine(1), cement concrete mixer (1), hacker (1)
Skilled Workers: Hydraulic Piling Hammer Operator (1), Boring
Machine Operator (1), Rebar Bender (1), General construction
workers (6)
Technical Information: The depth/length of the piles is depending on
the soil condition based on the soil test, after that the engineers will
decide the pile length to fit the soil condition of the site, based on the
result of the test. Difference in height of the piles will be cut below
cap using hacker. The rebar connected to the piles are then removed
and left for the joining of capping reinforcement. Soil specimen is
taken for soil test experiment to determine the length of the pile. The
pile integrity test (Load test) is done to determine the strength to
support the load.

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Week 4
Activity 1: Piling (Grid 8 - Grid 12)
Duration: 10-14 days
Materials: Reinforced concrete piles, Concrete Grade 30,
Reinforcement, wooden formworks
Equipment: Hydraulic Piling Hammer(1), Rebar Bending machine(1),
Boring Machine(1), cement concrete mixer (1)
Skilled Workers: Hydraulic Piling Hammer Operator (1), Boring
Machine Operator (1), Rebar Bender (1), General construction
workers (6)
Technical Information: The depth/length of the piles is depending on
the soil condition based on the soil test, after that the engineers will
decide the pile length to fit the soil condition of the site, based on the
result of the test. Difference in height of the piles will be cut below
cap using hacker. The rebar connected to the piles are then removed
and left for the joining of capping reinforcement. Soil specimen is
taken for soil test experiment to determine the length of the pile. The
pile integrity test (Load test) is done to determine the strength to
support the load.



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Week 5
Activity 1: Leveling of Piles before capping
Duration: 3 days
Materials: Reinforced concrete piles, Concrete Grade 30,
Reinforcement, wooden formworks
Equipment: Hydraulic Piling Hammer(1), Rebar Bending machine(1),
Boring Machine(1), cement concrete mixer (1)
Skilled Workers: Hydraulic Piling Hammer Operator (1), Boring
Machine Operator (1), Rebar Bender (1), General construction
workers (6)
Technical Information: When the piling is penetrated into the soil,
the piles are in different height. The piles need to be cut before cap
by using hacker. The rebar are removed and then the capping
reinforcement are applied.



Activity 2: Pile capping
Duration: 7 -14 days
Materials: Reinforced concrete piles, Concrete Grade 30,
Reinforcement, wooden formworks
Equipment: Hydraulic Piling Hammer(1), Rebar Bending machine(1),
Boring Machine(1), cement concrete mixer (1)
Skilled Workers: Hydraulic Piling Hammer Operator (1), Boring
Machine Operator (1), Rebar Bender (1), General construction
workers (6)
Technical Information: pile caps takes around 2 weeks to reach its
maximum strength, but usually it can be done after it is left curing for
about a week. Stumping can be constructed around that time.
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Week 6
Activity 1: Stump from Pile caps
Duration:7 days-14 days
Materials: Concrete Grade 30, reinforcements, timber formworks.
Equipment: Concrete Vibrator(1), Rebar bending machine(1),
tablesaw(1)
Skilled Workers: Land Surveyor (1), Carpenter(2), Bar Bender (1),
General worker (2)
Technical Information: After pilings , the land surveyor will identity of
the height required of the stumps and thereafter construct the
stumps based on the data. Steel rebar are bent into cage form, with
starter bar protruding upward to connect for latter construction of
columns. Constructed the same way as the pile capping, the stumps
are left for curing in order to achieve its required structural strength
before the construction of the beams. It is left to cure for a week.


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WEEK 7
Activity 1: Ground Beam (Grid 13-Grid 17)
Duration: 14 days
Materials: Concrete Grade 30, reinforcements, timber formworks,
Equipment: Concrete Vibrator(1), Rebar bending machine(1), table
saw(1), concrete mixer(1),
Skilled Workers: Carpenter(2), Rebar Bender (1), General worker (3)
Technical information: Formworks is constructed with steel rebar
reinforcement and starter bar. Thereafter a mixture of concrete with
aggregates and cement is then pour into the casting form and left for
curing around a week time.










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WEEK 8
Activity 1: Ground Beam (Grid 8-Grid 13)
Duration: 14 days
Materials: Concrete Grade 30, reinforcements, timber formworks,
Equipment: Concrete Vibrator(1), Rebar bending machine(1), table
saw(1), concrete mixer(1),
Skilled Workers: Carpenter(2), Rebar Bender (1), General worker (3)
Technical information: Formworks is constructed with steel rebar
reinforcement and starter bar. Thereafter a mixture of concrete with
aggregates and cement is then pour into the casting form and left for
curing around a week time.


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Week 9
Activity 1: Ground floor slab (grid 12- grid 17)
Duration: 14 days
Materials: Concrete Grade 30, reinforcements, timber formworks,
Damp Proof Membrane (DPM), Rigid Floor Insulation, screed plank
Equipment: Concrete Vibrator(1), Rebar bending machine(1), table
saw(1), concrete mixer(1),
Skilled Workers: Carpenter(2), Rebar Bender (1), General worker (3)
Technical Information: The Ground slab is cast after beam, the
workers can proceed to next construction during curing time.
Formworks is constructed with steel rebar reinforcement and starter
bar. Thereafter a mixture of concrete with aggregates and cement is
then pour into the casting form and left for curing around a week
time. DPM is laid on the concrete and screeded with long even plank.










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Week 10
Activity 1: Ground floor slab (grid 8 - 12 ,continued from the first )
Duration: 14 days
Materials: Concrete Grade 30, reinforcements, timber formworks,
Damp Proof Membrane (DPM), Rigid Floor Insulation, screed plank
Equipment: Concrete Vibrator(1), Rebar bending machine(1), table
saw(1), concrete mixer(1),
Skilled Workers: Carpenter(2), Rebar Bender (1), General worker (3)
Technical Information: The Ground slab is cast after beam, the
workers can proceed to next construction during curing time.
Formworks is constructed with steel rebar reinforcement and starter
bar. Thereafter a mixture of concrete with aggregates and cement is
then pour into the casting form and left for curing around a week
time. DPM is laid on the concrete and screeded with long even plank.





12 | P a g e

Week 11
Activity 1: Ground Floor Columns (Grid 12 Grid 15)
Duration: 14 Days
Materials: Concrete Grade 30, reinforcement, timber formwork
Equipment: Concrete Mixer(1), Concrete vibrator (1) , bar bending
machine (1), table saw
Skilled worker: Carpenter (2) , bar bender (2), general worker (4)
Technical information: Same as the construction of beams, the
formworks is constructed with steel rebar reinforcement and starter
bar. Thereafter a mixture of concrete with aggregates and cement is
then pouring into the casting form and left for curing around a week
time.



13 | P a g e

Week 12
Activity 1: Ground Floor Columns (Grid 8-Grid 11)
Duration: 14 Days
Materials: Concrete Grade 30, reinforcement, timber formwork
Equipment: Concrete Mixer(1), Concrete vibrator (1) , bar bending
machine (1), table saw
Skilled worker: Carpenter (2) , bar bender (2), general worker (4)
Technical information: Same as the construction of beams, the
formworks is constructed with steel rebar reinforcement and starter
bar. Thereafter a mixture of concrete with aggregates and cement is
then pouring into the casting form and left for curing around a week
time.
Activity 2: First Floor Beam (Grid 12- Grid 17) , first half
Duration: 14 Days
Materials: Concrete Grade 30, reinforcement, timber formwork
Equipment: Concrete Mixer(1), Concrete vibrator (1) , bar bending
machine (1), table saw
Skilled worker: Carpenter (2) , bar bender (2), general worker (4)
Technical information: The formworks is constructed with steel rebar
reinforcement and starter bar. Thereafter a mixture of concrete with
aggregates and cement is then pouring into the casting form and left
for curing around a week time.


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Week 13
Activity 2: First Floor Beam (Grid 8 - Grid 12) , second half
Duration: 14 Days
Materials: Concrete Grade 30, reinforcement, timber formwork
Equipment: Concrete Mixer(1), Concrete vibrator (1) , bar bending
machine (1), table saw
Skilled worker: Carpenter (2) , bar bender (2), general worker (4)
Technical information: The formworks is constructed with steel rebar
reinforcement and starter bar. Thereafter a mixture of concrete with
aggregates and cement is then pouring into the casting form and left
for curing around a week time.









15 | P a g e

Week 14
Activity 1: First Floor Slab (Grid 13-grid 17)
Duration: 14 days
Materials: Concrete Grade 30, reinforcements, timber formworks,
Damp Proof Membrane (DPM), Rigid Floor Insulation, screed plank
Equipment: Concrete Vibrator(1), Rebar bending machine(1), table
saw(1), concrete mixer(1),
Skilled Workers: Carpenter(2), Rebar Bender (1), General worker (3)
Technical Information: The Ground slab is cast after beams, the
workers can proceed to next construction during curing time.
Formworks is constructed with steel rebar reinforcement and starter
bar. Thereafter a mixture of concrete with aggregates and cement is
then pour into the casting, screeded with plank and then left for
curing around a week time. A layer of protection is laid on top of the
concrete during curing.




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Week 15
Activity 1: First Floor Slab ( second half floor)
Duration: 14 days
Materials: Concrete Grade 30, reinforcements, timber formworks,
Damp Proof Membrane (DPM), Rigid Floor Insulation, screed plank
Equipment: Concrete Vibrator(1), Rebar bending machine(1), table
saw(1), concrete mixer(1),
Skilled Workers: Carpenter(2), Rebar Bender (1), General worker (3)
Technical Information: The Ground slab is cast after beams, the
workers can proceed to next construction during curing time.
Formworks is constructed with steel rebar reinforcement and starter
bar. Thereafter a mixture of concrete with aggregates and cement is
then pour into the casting, screeded with plank and then left for
curing around a week time. A layer of protection is laid on top of the
concrete during curing.



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Week 16
Activity 1: first floor column (grid 12-grid 17), first half
Duration: 14 Days
Materials: Concrete Grade 30, reinforcement, timber formwork
Equipment: Concrete Mixer(1), Concrete vibrator (1) , bar bending
machine (1), table saw
Skilled worker: Carpenter (2) , bar bender (2), general worker (4)
Technical information: Same as the construction of beams, the
formworks is constructed with steel rebar reinforcement and starter
bar. Thereafter a mixture of concrete with aggregates and cement is
then pouring into the casting form and left for curing around a week
time.
Activity 2: Ground Floor Staircase (to level 1)
Duration: 8-14 days
Materials: Concrete Grade 30, reinforcements, timber formworks,
Equipment: Concrete Vibrator(1), Rebar bending machine(1), table
saw(1), concrete mixer(1), spirit level.
Skilled Workers: Carpenter (2), Rebar Bender (1), General worker (3)
Technical Information: The formworks of the stairs is constructed
with steel rebar reinforcement and starter bar. Thereafter a mixture
of concrete with aggregates and cement is then pouring into the
casting form and left for curing around a week time. A concrete test is
taken to check the strength of the casting after it was left to cure for
a week.



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Week 17
Activity 1: first floor column (grid 8-grid 12), second half
Duration: 14 Days
Materials: Concrete Grade 30, reinforcement, timber formwork
Equipment: Concrete Mixer(1), Concrete vibrator (1) , bar bending
machine (1), table saw
Skilled worker: Carpenter (2) , bar bender (2), general worker (4)
Technical information: Same as the construction of beams, the
formworks is constructed with steel rebar reinforcement and starter
bar. Thereafter a mixture of concrete with aggregates and cement is
then pouring into the casting form and left for curing around a week
time.

Activity 2: Second Floor Beam (Grid 12- Grid 17) , first half
Duration: 14 Days
Materials: Concrete Grade 30, reinforcement, timber formwork
Equipment: Concrete Mixer(1), Concrete vibrator (1) , bar bending
machine (1), table saw
Skilled worker: Carpenter (2) , bar bender (2), general worker (4)
Technical information: The formworks is constructed with steel rebar
reinforcement and starter bar. Thereafter a mixture of concrete with
aggregates and cement is then pouring into the casting form and left
for curing around a week time.
Activity 3: Ground Floor Staircase (to level 1, continued)
Duration: 8-14 days
Materials: Concrete Grade 30, reinforcements, timber formworks,
Equipment: Concrete Vibrator(1), Rebar bending machine(1), table
saw(1), concrete mixer(1), spirit level.
Skilled Workers: Carpenter (2), Rebar Bender (1), General worker (3)
Technical Information: The formworks of the stairs is constructed
with steel rebar reinforcement and starter bar. Thereafter a mixture
of concrete with aggregates and cement is then pouring into the
casting form and left for curing around a week time. A concrete test is
taken to check the strength of the casting after it was left to cure for
a week.
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Week 18
Activity 1: Second Floor Beam (Grid 8- Grid 12) , second half
Duration: 14 Days
Materials: Concrete Grade 30, reinforcement, timber formwork
Equipment: Concrete Mixer(1), Concrete vibrator (1) , bar bending
machine (1), table saw
Skilled worker: Carpenter (2) , bar bender (2), general worker (4)
Technical information: The formworks is constructed with steel rebar
reinforcement and starter bar. Thereafter a mixture of concrete with
aggregates and cement is then pouring into the casting form and left
for curing around a week time.




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Week 19
Activity 1: Second Floor Slab (first half)
Duration: 14 days
Materials: Concrete Grade 30, reinforcements, timber formworks,
Damp Proof Membrane (DPM), Rigid Floor Insulation, screed plank
Equipment: Concrete Vibrator(1), Rebar bending machine(1), table
saw(1), concrete mixer(1),
Skilled Workers: Carpenter(2), Rebar Bender (1), General worker (3)
Technical Information: The Ground slab is cast after beams, the
workers can proceed to next construction during curing time.
Formworks is constructed with steel rebar reinforcement and starter
bar. Thereafter a mixture of concrete with aggregates and cement is
then pour into the casting, screeded with plank and then left for
curing around a week time. A layer of protection is laid on top of the
concrete during curing.



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Week 20
Activity 1: Second Floor Slab (second half)
Duration: 14 days
Materials: Concrete Grade 30, reinforcements, timber formworks,
Damp Proof Membrane (DPM), Rigid Floor Insulation, screed plank
Equipment: Concrete Vibrator(1), Rebar bending machine(1), table
saw(1), concrete mixer(1),
Skilled Workers: Carpenter(2), Rebar Bender (1), General worker (3)
Technical Information: The Ground slab is cast after beams, the
workers can proceed to next construction during curing time.
Formworks is constructed with steel rebar reinforcement and starter
bar. Thereafter a mixture of concrete with aggregates and cement is
then pour into the casting, screeded with plank and then left for
curing around a week time. A layer of protection is laid on top of the
concrete during curing.



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Week 21
Activity 1: Second floor column (grid 8-grid 13)
Duration: 14 Days
Materials: Concrete Grade 30, reinforcement, timber formwork
Equipment: Concrete Mixer(1), Concrete vibrator (1) , bar bending
machine (1), table saw
Skilled worker: Carpenter (2) , bar bender (2), general worker (4)
Technical information: Same as the construction of beams, the
formworks is constructed with steel rebar reinforcement and starter
bar. Thereafter a mixture of concrete with aggregates and cement is
then pouring into the casting form and left for curing around a week
time.

Activity 2: First Floor Staircase (to level 2)
Duration: 8-14 days
Materials: Concrete Grade 30, reinforcements, timber formworks,
Equipment: Concrete Vibrator(1), Rebar bending machine(1), table
saw(1), concrete mixer(1), spirit level.
Skilled Workers: Carpenter (2), Rebar Bender (1), General worker (3)
Technical Information: The formworks of the stairs is constructed
with steel rebar reinforcement and starter bar. Thereafter a mixture
of concrete with aggregates and cement is then pouring into the
casting form and left for curing around a week time. A concrete test is
taken to check the strength of the casting after it was left to cure for
a week.




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Week 22
Activity 1: Roof floor Beams (Grid 8- Grid 13) , All floor
Duration: 14 Days
Materials: Concrete Grade 30, reinforcement, timber formwork
Equipment: Concrete Mixer(1), Concrete vibrator (1) , bar bending
machine (1), table saw
Skilled worker: Carpenter (2) , bar bender (2), general worker (4)
Technical information: The formworks is constructed with steel rebar
reinforcement and starter bar. Thereafter a mixture of concrete with
aggregates and cement is then pouring into the casting form and left
for curing around a week time.



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Week 23
Activity 1: third floor Slab (all floor)
Duration: 14 days
Materials: Concrete Grade 30, reinforcements, timber formworks,
Damp Proof Membrane (DPM), Rigid Floor Insulation, screed plank
Equipment: Concrete Vibrator(1), Rebar bending machine(1), table
saw(1), concrete mixer(1),
Skilled Workers: Carpenter(2), Rebar Bender (1), General worker (3)
Technical Information: The Ground slab is cast after beams, the
workers can proceed to next construction during curing time.
Formworks is constructed with steel rebar reinforcement and starter
bar. Thereafter a mixture of concrete with aggregates and cement is
then pour into the casting, screeded with plank and then left for
curing around a week time. A layer of protection is laid on top of the
concrete during curing.




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WEEK 24

Activity 1: brickwalls Ground Level (Grid 3- 4)
Duration: 15-20 days
Materials: 100mmx 215mmx 75mm Clay Bricks, Cement mortar,
Builders line, Wire mesh reinforcement
Equipment: Wheel barrow (2), Shovel (2), Groovers (5), Edges (5)
Skilled Workers: General Workers (6)
Technical Information: Builders line is used to alight the walls during
stacking of bricks and construction of the wall. The clay bricks are
bonded with mortar and stack together with specific bonding pattern.
Wire mesh is laid on the bricks in certain layer interval as
reinforcement and stiffer will be constructed between walls to
strengthen the walls.




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WEEK 25

Activity 1: brickwalls Ground Level (Grid 4-5)
Duration: 15-20 days
Materials: 100mmx 215mmx 75mm Clay Bricks, Cement mortar,
Builders line, Wire mesh reinforcement
Equipment: Wheel barrow (2), Shovel (2), Groovers (5), Edges (5)
Skilled Workers: General Workers (6)
Technical Information: Builders line is used to alight the walls during
stacking of bricks and construction of the wall. The clay bricks are
bonded with mortar and stack together with specific bonding pattern.
Wire mesh is laid on the bricks in certain layer interval as
reinforcement and stiffer will be constructed between walls to
strengthen the walls.



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Week 26
Activity 1: brickwalls Ground Level (Grid 5-6)
Duration: 15-20 days
Materials: 100mmx 215mmx 75mm Clay Bricks, Cement mortar,
Builders line, Wire mesh reinforcement
Equipment: Wheel barrow (2), Shovel (2), Groovers (5), Edges (5)
Skilled Workers: General Workers (6)
Technical Information: Builders line is used to alight the walls during
stacking of bricks and construction of the wall. The clay bricks are
bonded with mortar and stack together with specific bonding pattern.
Wire mesh is laid on the bricks in certain layer interval as
reinforcement and stiffer will be constructed between walls to
strengthen the walls.





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Week 27
Activity 1: Brickwall First Level (Grid 3-4)
Duration: 15-20 days
Materials: 100mmx 215mmx 75mm Clay Bricks, Cement mortar,
Builders line, Wire mesh reinforcement
Equipment: Wheel barrow (2), Shovel (2), Groovers (5), Edges (5)
Skilled Workers: General Workers (6)
Technical Information: Builders line is used to alight the walls during
stacking of bricks and construction of the wall. The clay bricks are
bonded with mortar and stack together with specific bonding pattern.
Wire mesh is laid on the bricks in certain layer interval as
reinforcement and stiffer will be constructed between walls to
strengthen the walls.





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Week 28

Activity 1: Brickwall First Level (Grid 4-5)
Duration: 15-20 days
Materials: 100mmx 215mmx 75mm Clay Bricks, Cement mortar,
Builders line, Wire mesh reinforcement
Equipment: Wheel barrow (2), Shovel (2), Groovers (5), Edges (5)
Skilled Workers: General Workers (6)
Technical Information: Builders line is used to alight the walls during
stacking of bricks and construction of the wall. The clay bricks are
bonded with mortar and stack together with specific bonding pattern.
Wire mesh is laid on the bricks in certain layer interval as
reinforcement and stiffer will be constructed between walls to
strengthen the walls.





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Week 29

Activity 1: Brickwall First Level (Grid 4-5)
Duration: 15-20 days
Materials: 100mmx 215mmx 75mm Clay Bricks, Cement mortar,
Builders line, Wire mesh reinforcement
Equipment: Wheel barrow (2), Shovel (2), Groovers (5), Edges (5)
Skilled Workers: General Workers (6)
Technical Information: Builders line is used to alight the walls during
stacking of bricks and construction of the wall. The clay bricks are
bonded with mortar and stack together with specific bonding pattern.
Wire mesh is laid on the bricks in certain layer interval as
reinforcement and stiffer will be constructed between walls to
strengthen the walls.





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Week 30

Activity 1: Brickwall Second Level (Grid 3-4a)
Duration: 15-20 days
Materials: 100mmx 215mmx 75mm Clay Bricks, Cement mortar,
Builders line, Wire mesh reinforcement
Equipment: Wheel barrow (2), Shovel (2), Groovers (5), Edges (5)
Skilled Workers: General Workers (6)
Technical Information: Builders line is used to alight the walls during
stacking of bricks and construction of the wall. The clay bricks are
bonded with mortar and stack together with specific bonding pattern.
Wire mesh is laid on the bricks in certain layer interval as
reinforcement and stiffer will be constructed between walls to
strengthen the walls.




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Week 31
Activity 1: Brickwall Second Level (Grid 4a-5)
Duration: 15-20 days
Materials: 100mmx 215mmx 75mm Clay Bricks, Cement mortar,
Builders line, Wire mesh reinforcement
Equipment: Wheel barrow (2), Shovel (2), Groovers (5), Edges (5)
Skilled Workers: General Workers (6)
Technical Information: Builders line is used to alight the walls during
stacking of bricks and construction of the wall. The clay bricks are
bonded with mortar and stack together with specific bonding pattern.
Wire mesh is laid on the bricks in certain layer interval as
reinforcement and stiffer will be constructed between walls to
strengthen the walls.





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Week 32
Activity 1: Brickwall Second Level (Grid 13 -17)
Duration: 15-20 days
Materials: 100mmx 215mmx 75mm Clay Bricks, Cement mortar,
Builders line, Wire mesh reinforcement
Equipment: Wheel barrow (2), Shovel (2), Groovers (5), Edges (5)
Skilled Workers: General Workers (6)
Technical Information: Builders line is used to alight the walls during
stacking of bricks and construction of the wall. The clay bricks are
bonded with mortar and stack together with specific bonding pattern.
Wire mesh is laid on the bricks in certain layer interval as
reinforcement and stiffer will be constructed between walls to
strengthen the walls.

Activitity 2: Faade roof slab
Duration: 14 days
Materials: Concrete Grade 30, reinforcements, timber formworks,
Damp Proof Membrane (DPM), Rigid Floor Insulation, screed plank
Equipment: Concrete Vibrator(1), Rebar bending machine(1), table
saw(1), concrete mixer(1),
Skilled Workers: Carpenter(2), Rebar Bender (1), General worker (3)
Technical Information: The Ground slab is cast after beam, the
workers can proceed to next construction during curing time.
Formworks is constructed with steel rebar reinforcement and starter
bar. Thereafter a mixture of concrete with aggregates and cement is
then pour into the casting form and left for curing around a week
time. DPM is laid on the concrete and screeded with long even plank.




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Week 33
Activity 1: Framing (ground floor)
Durations: 7 days
Materials: Openings wooden frame (for door and windows)
Equipment: Spirit level, Measuring tape
Skilled Workers: General Workers (4)
Technical Information: The opening frames are constructed in
position and align after the brick wall is done. Architrave is added
after the door/window frame is added.


Activity 2: Incoming Electrical Circuit Supply Installation
Duration: 10-14 days
Materials: Copper Cables (different sizes), Kilowatt hour meter
Equipment: Voltmeter, Ammeter, Plyers, Screws and nuts,
Skilled Workers: Electric Technician (2), Plumbers (2)
Technical Information: Incoming electricity cables are brought into
the house and connected to a circuit box in the house to facilitate the
plumbing works later on.

Week 34
Activity 1: Framing (First floor)
Durations: 7 days
Materials: Openings wooden frame (for door and windows)
Equipment: Spirit level, Measuring tape
Skilled Workers: General Workers (4)
Technical Information: The opening frames are constructed in
position and align after the brick wall is done. Architrave is added
after the door/window frame is added.


Activity 2: Incoming Electrical Circuit Supply Installation
Duration: 10-14 days (continued)
Materials: Copper Cables (different sizes), Kilowatt hour meter
Equipment: Voltmeter, Ammeter, Plyers, Screws and nuts,
Skilled Workers: Electric Technician (2), Plumbers (2)
Technical Information: Incoming electricity cables are brought into
the house and connected to a circuit box in the house to facilitate the
plumbing works later on.

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Week 35
Activity 1: Framing (Second floor)
Durations: 7 days
Materials: Openings wooden frame (for door and windows)
Equipment: Spirit level, Measuring tape
Skilled Workers: General Workers (4)
Technical Information: The opening frames are constructed in
position and align after the brick wall is done. Architrave is added
after the door/window frame is added.











Activity 2: Ground Floor Plumbing (First Fix)
Duration: 14 days
Materials: Copper Cables (different sizes), PVC pipes, socket box
Equipment: Voltmeter, Ammeter, Plyers, Screws and nuts, Hacking
machine
Skilled Workers: Electricians(2), Plumbers (2)
Technical Information: Technicians will determine the location of the
sockets according to the engineering blue print. The brick wall is
hacked to accommodate the wiring pipe from the top to the ground
according UBBL requirements. The wall sockets will be installed after
the wiring is done.








36 | P a g e

Week 36
Activity 1: First Floor Plumbing (First Fix)
Duration: 14 days
Materials: Copper Cables (different sizes), PVC pipes, socket box
Equipment: Voltmeter, Ammeter, Plyers, Screws and nuts, Hacking
machine
Skilled Workers: Electricians(2), Plumbers (2)
Technical Information: Technicians will determine the location of the
sockets according to the engineering blue print. The brick wall is
hacked to accommodate the wiring pipe from the top to the ground
according UBBL requirements. The wall sockets will be installed after
the wiring is done.

Week 37
Activity 1: First Floor Plumbing (First Fix)
Duration: 14 days
Materials: Copper Cables (different sizes), PVC pipes, socket box
Equipment: Voltmeter, Ammeter, Plyers, Screws and nuts, Hacking
machine
Skilled Workers: Electricians(2), Plumbers (2)
Technical Information: Technicians will determine the location of the
sockets according to the engineering blue print. The brick wall is
hacked to accommodate the wiring pipe from the top to the ground
according UBBL requirements. The wall sockets will be installed after
the wiring is done.

Activity 2: Second Floor Plumbing (First Fix)
Duration: 14 days
Materials: Copper Cables (different sizes), PVC pipes, socket box
Equipment: Voltmeter, Ammeter, Plyers, Screws and nuts, Hacking
machine
Skilled Workers: Electricians(2), Plumbers (2)
Technical Information: Technicians will determine the location of the
sockets according to the engineering blue print. The brick wall is
hacked to accommodate the wiring pipe from the top to the ground
according UBBL requirements. The wall sockets will be installed after
the wiring is done.

Activity 3: Plumbing (Sanitary and Kitchen)
Duration: 14 days
Materials: Copper Cables (different sizes), PVC pipes, socket box
Equipment: Voltmeter, Ammeter, Plyers, Screws and nuts, Hacking
machine
Skilled Workers: Electricians(2), Plumbers (2)
Technical Information: Technicians will determine the location of the
sockets according to the engineering blue print. The brick wall is
hacked to accommodate the wiring pipe from the top to the ground
according UBBL requirements. The wall sockets will be installed after
the wiring is done.









37 | P a g e

Week 38
Activity 1: Plumbing (Sanitary and Kitchen)
Duration: 14 days
Materials: Copper Cables (different sizes), PVC pipes, socket box
Equipment: Voltmeter, Ammeter, Plyers, Screws and nuts, Hacking
machine
Skilled Workers: Electricians(2), Plumbers (2)
Technical Information: Technicians will determine the location of the
sockets according to the engineering blue print. The brick wall is
hacked to accommodate the wiring pipe from the top to the ground
according UBBL requirements. The wall sockets will be installed after
the wiring is done.

Week 39
Activity 1: Ground floor Wall Plastering (Grid 1-Grid 3)
Duration: 14-21 days (interior and exterior)
Materials: cement plaster, skim coat
Equipment: buckets, cement spatula trowels, groovers, edgers,
planks, sponges, scaffolding, plaster spray
Skilled Workers: general workers (2), plasterers(3)
Technical information: The plaster layer is not more than half inches,
and left for drying about 7 days before the finishing is applied. The
first coating thickness is around 1/2 to 3/4 inches while the finishing
coat will be around 3/16 inches thick. The surface of the rendering
preferably wetted before application of plastering. Rough surface
plastering is usually used outdoor to resist harsh weathering. Smooth
surface plastering with pores and easily defected characteristic is
preferably used indoor.





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Week 40

Activity 1: Ground floor wall plastering (Grid 4-4a)
Duration: 14-21 days (interior and exterior)
Materials: cement plaster, skim coat
Equipment: buckets, cement spatula trowels, groovers, edgers,
planks, sponges, scaffolding, plaster spray
Skilled Workers: general workers (2), plasterers(3)
Technical information: The plaster layer is not more than half inches,
and left for drying about 7 days before the finishing is applied. The
first coating thickness is around 1/2 to 3/4 inches while the finishing
coat will be around 3/16 inches thick. The surface of the rendering
preferably wetted before application of plastering. Rough surface
plastering is usually used outdoor to resist harsh weathering. Smooth
surface plastering with pores and easily defected characteristic is
preferably used indoor.









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Week 41

Activity 1: Ground floor plastering (Grid 4a-6)
Duration: 14-21 days (interior and exterior)
Materials: cement plaster, skim coat
Equipment: buckets, cement spatula trowels, groovers, edgers,
planks, sponges, scaffolding, plaster spray
Skilled Workers: general workers (2), plasterers(3)
Technical information: The plaster layer is not more than half inches,
and left for drying about 7 days before the finishing is applied. The
first coating thickness is around 1/2 to 3/4 inches while the finishing
coat will be around 3/16 inches thick. The surface of the rendering
preferably wetted before application of plastering. Rough surface
plastering is usually used outdoor to resist harsh weathering. Smooth
surface plastering with pores and easily defected characteristic is
preferably used indoor.

Activity 2: First floor plastering (Grid 1- Grid 4)
Duration: 14-21 days (interior and exterior)
Materials: cement plaster, skim coat
Equipment: buckets, cement spatula trowels, groovers, edgers,
planks, sponges, scaffolding, plaster spray
Skilled Workers: general workers (2), plasterers(3)
Technical information: The plaster layer is not more than half inches,
and left for drying about 7 days before the finishing is applied. The
surface of the rendering preferably wetted before application of
plastering. Rough surface plastering is usually used outdoor to resist
harsh weathering. Smooth surface plastering with pores and easily
defected characteristic is preferably used indoor.




40 | P a g e

Week 42
Activity 1: First floor plastering (Grid 4- Grid 4a)
Duration: 14-21 days (interior and exterior)
Materials: cement plaster, skim coat
Equipment: buckets, cement spatula trowels, groovers, edgers,
planks, sponges, scaffolding, plaster spray
Skilled Workers: general workers (2), plasterers(3)
Technical information: The plaster layer is not more than half inches,
and left for drying about 7 days before the finishing is applied. The
first coating thickness is around 1/2 to 3/4 inches while the finishing
coat will be around 3/16 inches thick. The surface of the rendering
preferably wetted before application of plastering. Rough surface
plastering is usually used outdoor to resist harsh weathering. Smooth
surface plastering with pores and easily defected characteristic is
preferably used indoor.










41 | P a g e

Week 43
Activity 1: First floor plastering (Grid 4a-6)
Duration: 14-21 days (interior and exterior)
Materials: cement plaster, skim coat
Equipment: buckets, cement spatula trowels, groovers, edgers,
planks, sponges, scaffolding, plaster spray
Skilled Workers: general workers (2), plasterers(3)
Technical information: The plaster layer is not more than half inches,
and left for drying about 7 days before the finishing is applied. The
surface of the rendering preferably wetted before application of
plastering. Rough surface plastering is usually used outdoor to resist
harsh weathering. Smooth surface plastering with pores and easily
defected characteristic is preferably used indoor.

Activity 2: Second floor plastering (Grid 1-Grid 4)
Duration: 14-21 days (interior and exterior)
Materials: cement plaster, skim coat
Equipment: buckets, cement spatula trowels, groovers, edgers,
planks, sponges, scaffolding, plaster spray
Skilled Workers: general workers (2), plasterers(3)
Technical information: The plaster layer is not more than half inches,
and left for drying about 7 days before the finishing is applied. The
surface of the rendering preferably wetted before application of
plastering. Rough surface plastering is usually used outdoor to resist
harsh weathering. Smooth surface plastering with pores and easily
defected characteristic is preferably used indoor.





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Activity 3: Ground Floor Tiling (Grid 13- Grid 17)
Duration: 14-21 days
Materials: Ceramic tiles, Cement mortar, Silicone sealant
Equipment: Spirit level (1), Groovers (3), Tile cutter (1), Carpenters
square (1)
Skilled Worker: General worker (2)
Technical Information: Tiles are precisely measured according to the
application area of the building. This can help to save number of tiles
and as well able to maximize the applying area. The tile will be cut
into varies sizes and shapes to fit those with smaller surface area.











43 | P a g e

Week 44
Activity 1: second floor plastering (Grid 4-4b)
Duration: 14-21 days (interior and exterior)
Materials: cement plaster, skim coat
Equipment: buckets, cement spatula trowels, groovers, edgers,
planks, sponges, scaffolding, plaster spray
Skilled Workers: general workers (2), plasterers(3)
Technical information: The plaster layer is not more than half inches,
and left for drying about 7 days before the finishing is applied. The
first coating thickness is around 1/2 to 3/4 inches while the finishing
coat will be around 3/16 inches thick. The surface of the rendering
preferably wetted before application of plastering. Rough surface
plastering is usually used outdoor to resist harsh weathering. Smooth
surface plastering with pores and easily defected characteristic is
preferably used indoor.






44 | P a g e

Activity 2: Ground Floor Tiling (Grid 10-13)
Duration: 14-21 days
Materials: Ceramic tiles, Cement mortar, Silicone sealant
Equipment: Spirit level (1), Groovers (3), Tile cutter (1), Carpenters
square (1)
Skilled Worker: General worker (2)
Technical Information: Tiles are precisely measured according to the
application area of the building. This can help to save number of tiles
and as well able to maximize the applying area. The tile will be cut
into varies sizes and shapes to fit those with smaller surface area.






45 | P a g e

Week 45

Activity 1: Second floor plastering (Grid 4b-6)
Duration: 14-21 days (interior and exterior)
Materials: cement plaster, skim coat
Equipment: buckets, cement spatula trowels, groovers, edgers,
planks, sponges, scaffolding, plaster spray
Skilled Workers: general workers (2), plasterers(3)
Technical information: The plaster layer is not more than half inches,
and left for drying about 7 days before the finishing is applied. The
first coating thickness is around 1/2 to 3/4 inches while the finishing
coat will be around 3/16 inches thick. The surface of the rendering
preferably wetted before application of plastering. Rough surface
plastering is usually used outdoor to resist harsh weathering. Smooth
surface plastering with pores and easily defected characteristic is
preferably used indoor.







46 | P a g e

Activity 2: Ground Floor Tiling (Grid 8- Grid 10)
Duration: 14-21 days
Materials: Ceramic tiles, Cement mortar, Silicone sealant
Equipment: Spirit level (1), Groovers (3), Tile cutter (1), Carpenters
square (1)
Skilled Worker: General worker (2)
Technical Information: Tiles are precisely measured according to the
application area of the building. This can help to save number of tiles
and as well able to maximize the applying area. The tile will be cut
into varies sizes and shapes to fit those with smaller surface area.






47 | P a g e

Activity 3: First Floor Tiling (Grid 14-17)
Duration: 14-21 days
Materials: Ceramic tiles, Cement mortar, Silicone sealant
Equipment: Spirit level (1), Groovers (3), Tile cutter (1), Carpenters
square (1)
Skilled Worker: General worker (2)
Technical Information: Tiles are precisely measured according to the
application area of the building. This can help to save number of tiles
and as well able to maximize the applying area. The tile will be cut
into varies sizes and shapes to fit those with smaller surface area.









48 | P a g e

Week 46

Activity 1: First Floor Tiling (Grid 10-14)
Duration: 14-21 days
Materials: Ceramic tiles, Cement mortar, Silicone sealant
Equipment: Spirit level (1), Groovers (3), Tile cutter (1), Carpenters
square (1)
Skilled Worker: General worker (2)
Technical Information: Tiles are precisely measured according to the
application area of the building. This can help to save number of tiles
and as well able to maximize the applying area. The tile will be cut
into varies sizes and shapes to fit those with smaller surface area.





49 | P a g e

Week 47

Activity 1: First Floor Tiling (Grid 8-10)
Duration: 14-21 days
Materials: Ceramic tiles, Cement mortar, Silicone sealant
Equipment: Spirit level (1), Groovers (3), Tile cutter (1), Carpenters
square (1)
Skilled Worker: General worker (2)
Technical Information: Tiles are precisely measured according to the
application area of the building. This can help to save number of tiles
and as well able to maximize the applying area. The tile will be cut
into varies sizes and shapes to fit those with smaller surface area.






50 | P a g e

Activity 2 : Second Floor Tiling (Grid 10 Grid 13)
Duration: 14-21 days
Materials: Ceramic tiles, Cement mortar, Silicone sealant
Equipment: Spirit level (1), Groovers (3), Tile cutter (1), Carpenters
square (1)
Skilled Worker: General worker (2)
Technical Information: Tiles are precisely measured according to the
application area of the building. This can help to save number of tiles
and as well able to maximize the applying area. The tile will be cut
into varies sizes and shapes to fit those with smaller surface area.



















51 | P a g e

Week 48

Activity 1: Second Floor Tiling (Grid 8- Grid 10)
Duration: 14-21 days
Materials: Ceramic tiles, Cement mortar, Silicone sealant
Equipment: Spirit level (1), Groovers (3), Tile cutter (1), Carpenters
square (1)
Skilled Worker: General worker (2)
Technical Information: Tiles are precisely measured according to the
application area of the building. This can help to save number of tiles
and as well able to maximize the applying area. The tile will be cut
into varies sizes and shapes to fit those with smaller surface area.














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Week 49
Activity 1: Finishing undercoat (Ground floor)
Duration: 21 days
Materials: Wall Sealer
Equipment: Edgers, groovers, screed plank, Paint brushes, Point
rollers
Skilled Worker: Painter (5)
Technical Information: Sealer is required to seal the holes, hairline
cracks of the walls. The walls are needed to seal to prevent the
drywall from absorbing the moisture and the paint. By applying a
layer of sealer, it gives the wall an adhesive base for the paint to stick
on firmly without having bubbling and waterborne stain.




Week 50:
Activity 1: Finishing Undercoat (First floor)
Duration: 21 days
Materials: Wall Sealer
Equipment: Edgers, groovers,plank, Paint brushes, Point rollers
Skilled Worker: Painter (5)
Technical Information: Sealer is required to seal the holes, hairline
cracks of the walls. The walls are needed to seal to prevent the
drywall from absorbing the moisture and the paint. By applying a
layer of sealer, it gives the wall an adhesive base for the paint to stick
on firmly without having bubbling and waterborne stain.
Activity 2: Painting Uppercoat (Ground floor)
Duration: 14 days
Materials: Paint
Equipment: Paint brush (3), Point roller (3)
Skilled Worker: Painter (5)
Technical Information: Painting for finishing should be done after the
plastering and undercoating are completely dried up to prevent
bubbling of the wall due to the moisture. Painting requires few layers
for better surface finishes.

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Week 51
Activity 1: Finishing Undercoat (Second floor)
Duration: 21 days
Materials: Wall Sealer
Equipment: Edgers, groovers,plank, Paint brushes, Point rollers
Skilled Worker: Painter (5)
Technical Information: Sealer is required to seal the holes, hairline
cracks of the walls. The walls are needed to seal to prevent the
drywall from absorbing the moisture and the paint. By applying a
layer of sealer, it gives the wall an adhesive base for the paint to stick
on firmly without having bubbling and waterborne stain.
Activity 2: Painting First coat (First Floor)
Duration: 14 days
Materials: Paint
Equipment: Paint brush (3), Point roller (3)
Skilled Worker: Painter (5)
Technical Information: Painting for finishing should be done after the
plastering and undercoating are completely dried up to prevent
bubbling of the wall due to the moisture. Painting requires few layers
for better surface finishes.





54 | P a g e

Week 52
Activity 1: Painting First coat (Second Floor)
Duration: 14 days
Materials: Paint
Equipment: Paint brush (3), Point roller (3)
Skilled Worker: Painter (5)
Technical Information: Painting for finishing should be done after the
plastering and undercoating are completely dried up to prevent
bubbling of the wall due to the moisture. Painting requires few layers
for better surface finishes.




55 | P a g e

Week 53
Activity 1: Doors, Windows and Screens installation
Durations: 10-14 days
Materials: precast aluminum window frames, doors, glass windows
panels, door frames, pre-manufactured wooden,wooden crossed
screen , screws, sealer
Equipment: Bolts and Nuts, Screwdriver and related toolkit.
Skilled worker: General worker (4)
Technical information: The doors and windows are then installed to
the walls, replacing the temporary frames and secured with screws
and sealer.











56 | P a g e

Week 54

Activity 1: Doors, Windows and Screens installation
Durations: 10-14 days (continued)
Materials: precast aluminum window frames, doors, glass windows
panels, door frames, pre-manufactured wooden,wooden crossed
screen , screws, sealer
Equipment: Bolts and Nuts, Screwdriver and related toolkit.
Skilled worker: General worker (4)
Technical information: The doors and windows are then installed to
the walls, replacing the temporary frames and secured with screws
and sealer. Prefabricated screen is secured with fixtures and nut onto
the walls.







Activity 2: Electrical & Sanitary fittings
Durations: 14 days
Materials: Wall sockets, Wall plugs and bathroom porcelain
appliances
Equipment: Bolts and Nuts, Screwdriver and related toolkit.
Skilled worker: General worker (4)
Technical information: Standard electrical appliances are then fixed
during the last phase.


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Week 55

Activity 1: Pavings
Duration: 10-15 days
Materials: paving stones, bricks, Concrete Grade 30, reinforcements,
timber formworks,plank
Equipment: wheel barrow, Concrete Mixer(1), (1), table saw
Skilled Workers: general workers (4)
Technical information: Paving stones to be laid on the soil as
pavement of walkway, parking, and garden.

Week 56

Activity 1: Pavings
Duration: 10-15 days (continued)
Materials: paving stones, bricks, Concrete Grade 30, reinforcements,
timber formworks,plank
Equipment: wheel barrow, Concrete Mixer(1), (1), table saw
Skilled Workers: general workers (4)
Technical information: Paving stones to be laid on the soil as
pavement of walkway, parking, and garden.



Week 57

Activity 1: Grass turfing External work
Duration: 7 days
Materials: lawn turf rolls (depends on the size of garden), bricks
Equipment: wheel barrow, gardening tool kits, water pipes
Skilled Workers: lawn turf layers(2), general workers (2)
Technical information: Soil preparation is done before laying the rolls
of grass turf on the soil surfaces. Excavated soil can be reused as the
base of the courtyard. Loose stones and building rubble will prevent
the turves roots from making contact with the soil and could make
the turf die in patches. The top soil should then be thoroughly
rotivated down to about the first 6 inches to aerate it properly. It is
then raked level and gently treaded down.