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Tamil Nadu

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia


Tamil Nadu
!"# $% &'()
State


Seal of Tamil Nadu

Motto: Truth alone Triumphs
Anthem: Invocation to Tamil Mother

Location of Tamil Nadu (marked in red) in India
Coordinates: 13.09N 80.27ECoordinates: 13.09N
80.27E
Country
India
Region South India
Established 26 January 1950


Capital Chennai
Largest city Chennai
Districts 32
Government
Governor Konijeti Rosaiah
Chief Minister Jayalalitha (AIADMK)
Legislature Unicameral (234 seats)
High Court Madras High Court, Madurai Bench
Area
Total 130,058 km
2
(50,216 sq mi)
Area rank 11th
Population (2011)
[2]

Total 72,147,030
[1]

Rank 6th
Time zone IST (UTC+05:30)
ISO 3166 code IN-TN
HDI
0.570 (medium)
[3]

HDI rank 6th (2011)
[4]

Literacy 90.3 per cent (2013 census)
Official language Tamil
Website tn.gov.in
^ Established in 1773; Madras State was formed in 1950 and renamed as Tamil Nadu
on 14 January 1969
[5]

Part of a series on
History of Tamil Nadu

Main[show]
Sangam period[show]
Medieval history[show]
v
t
e
Tamil Nadu (/!tm"l http:en.wikipeuia.oigwikiBelp:IPA_foi_English - Key!n#$du$/
TAM-il-NAH-doo;!"#$%&'() Tamil pronunciation (helpinfo); literally The Land of Tamils or Tamil
Country) is one of the 29 states of India. Its capital is Chennai (formerly known as Madras), the largest
city. Tamil Nadu
[6]
lies in the southernmost part of the Indian Peninsula and is bordered by the union
territory of Puducherry and the states of Kerala, Karnataka, and Andhra Pradesh. It is bounded by the
Eastern Ghats on the north, by the Nilgiri, the Anamalai Hills, and Kerala on the west, by the Bay of
Bengal in the east, by the Gulf of Mannar and the Palk Strait on the southeast, and by the Indian Ocean
on the south.
Tamil Nadu is the eleventh largest state in India by area and the sixth most populous state in India. The
state was ranked sixth among states in India according to the Human Development Index in 2011.
[4][7]
It
was the second largest state economy in India in 2012.
[8]
The state has the highest number (10.56 per
cent) of business enterprises and stands second in total employment (9.97 per cent) in India,
[9]

compared to the population share of about 6 per cent. In the 2013 Raghuram Rajan panel report, Tamil
Nadu was ranked as the third most developed state in India based on a "Multidimensional Development
Index".
[10]
The region has been the home of the Tamil people since at least 1500 BC.
[11]
Its official
language is Tamil, which holds a status of being a classical language. Tamil has been in use in
inscriptions and literature for over 2500 years.
Tamil Nadu is home to many natural resources, classical arts, classical music, classical literature,
Hindu temples of Dravidian architecture, hill stations, beach resorts, multi-religious pilgrimage sites,
and eight UNESCO World Heritage Sites.
[12][13]


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