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C613-16042-00 REV B www.alliedtelesis.

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How To |
Introduction
Router on a stick, also called one-armed routing, describes the use of a single multihomed
interface of a router to route between multiple subnets. It is commonly used when multiple
IP subnets are being used on a single LAN segment.
The router simply has a multihomed interface, with an IP address in each of the subnets being
used on the segment. It can thereby participate in all of the subnets, and route between
them.
However, if a single interface on a router is to route not just between subnets on a single
segment, but between multiple different VLANs, then the router needs to use VLAN tagging.
The Allied Telesis AR400 and AR700 series routers are able to perform VLAN tagging on IP
packets being sent/received on their Ethernet interfaces.
Subnets 192.168.1.0/24, 192.168.2.0/24 used on this LAN
eth0
Router
192.168.1.254
192.168.2.254
This interface must be a tagged member
of both VLANs
VLAN 2 VLAN 1
eth0
Router
Achieve Router-On-A-Stick Routing Between VLANs
On Allied Telesis Routers
2
Which products does it apply to?
This document applies to the following Allied Telesis routers and managed layer 3 switches,
running software version 2.6.x or later:
AR400 series routers
AR700 series routers
Configuring the router to route between VLANs
on a single interface
Consider a typical situation in which there are multiple VLANs configured on a Layer 2
switch, and a single tagged uplink port on the switch connected to the eth0 interface of the
router.
The configuration required on the router would be:
enable ip
add ip int=eth0-1 ip=192.168.1.254 vlantag=1
add ip int=eth0-2 ip=192.168.2.254 vlantag=2
add ip int=eth0-3 ip=192.168.3.254 vlantag=3
With this configuration, the router will associate incoming packets tagged with VID=x to the
eth0-x subinterface. They will then be routed, based on destination IP address, to another
subinterface, and tagged with the VID configured on that subinterface before being sent out
the physical interface.
3 tagged sub interfaces:
192.168.1.254 with VID=1
192.168.2.254 with VID=2
192.168.3.254 with VID=3
Layer 2 switch
VLAN 1
192.168.1.0/24
VLAN 2
192.168.2.20/24
VLAN 3
192.168.3.0/24
Port tagged in
VLAN1, VLAN2, VLAN3
eth0
Router
3
Routing between interfaces is still available
Note that even when the router is routing between subinterfaces on a single physical
interface, it is still capable of routing between that multihomed interface and other physical
interfaces.
In particular, on a router with switch ports, it would be quite possible to have other VLANs
configured on the switch ports, and to route between those VLANs and the VLANs attached
to the eth0 port.
For example, consider the situation depicted in the diagram below, where a second switch is
attached to the router via an untagged uplink, that can therefore carry only VLAN4 packets.
For this situation, the router would be configured as follows:
enable ip
add ip int=eth0-1 ip=192.168.1.254 vlantag=1
add ip int=eth0-2 ip=192.168.2.254 vlantag=2
add ip int=eth0-3 ip=192.168.3.254 vlantag=3
create vlan=vlan4 vid=4
add vlan4 port=1
add ip int=vlan4 ip=192.168.4.254
Layer 2 switch
VLAN 1
192.168.1.0/24
VLAN 2
192.168.2.20/24
VLAN 3
192.168.3.0/24
eth0
Router
Layer 2 switch
VLAN 4
192.168.4.0/24
1 2 3 4
Ports
Internet
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www .alliedtelesis.com
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C613-16042-00 REV B
create vlan=5 vid=5
add vlan=5 port=2
add ip int=vlan5 ip=192.168.5.254
add ip route=0.0.0.0 int=vlan5 next=192.168.5.253