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TAMBAHAN

SMK MAT KILAU, 25150 KUANTAN

NAMA :

.

.

KELAS : ................................................

DISEMBER 2010 : DIUBAH SUAI DARI MODUL JPN

PAHANG

CONTENT

TOPIC

1. PROGRESSIONS

2. LINEAR LAW

3. INTEGRATIONS

4. VECTORS

5. TRIGONOMETRIC

6. PERMUTATIONS AND COMBINATIONS

7. PROBABILITY

8. PROBABILITY DISTRIBUTIONS

9. LINEAR PROGRAMMING

10.MOTIONS ALONG A STRAIGHT LINE

PAGE

3

19

27

42

61

77

79

82

101

108

3

PROGRESSIONS

1. The first three terms of an

arithmetic progression are k-2, k+2,

2k+1. Find the value of k.

arithmetic progression are k-3, 2k-3,

k+1. Find the value of k.

( CHAPTER 1 F5 )

progression is given

by Tn = 3n + 1.

Find

(a) the first term,

(b) the common difference.

[5]

[2]

[4 ; 3]

progression is given by Tn = 4n - 9.

Find

(a) the first term,

(b) the common difference.

10, 14,...

find the smallest value of n such that

the nth

term is greater than 100.

-6, -3, ,

find the greatest value of n such that

the nth term

is smaller than 200.

[-5 ;4]

[71]

[26]

an arithmetic progression are 6 and

31 respectively. Find the first term

and the common difference.

arithmetic progression are 9 and 29

respectively. Find the first term and

the common difference.

[-4 ; 5]

[-3 ; 4]

21, 18, 15, 12, . Find the sum from

seventh term to the eighteenth term.

1, 8, 15,..

find the sum from ninth term to the

twentieth term.

10, 14,

find the sum from fifth term to the

sixteenth term.

[480]

-9, -6, -3,

find the sum from eleventh term to the

twenty- eighth term.

[1062]

[783]

21, 18, 15, 12, , find the value of n

for which the sum of the first n terms is

-81.

arithmetic

progression is given by Sn = 2n2 + n.

Find

(a) the first term,

(b) the common difference.

[-162]

2, 6, 10, 14, , find the value of n for

which the sum of the first n terms is

800.

[18]

[20]

arithmetic progression is given by Sn

= 2n2 -5n. Find

(a) the first term,

(b) the common difference.

[3 ; 4]

6, 10, 14,..

find the smallest value of n such that

the sum

of the first n terms is greater than

200.

-9, -6, -3,

find the smallest value of n such that

the sum of

the first n terms is greater than 243.

[-3; 4]

[14]

[11]

arithmetic are 3 and 21 respectively

and the sum of the series is 240. Find

the number of terms.

arithmetic progression are -4 and 18

respectively and the sum of the series

is 168. Find the number of terms.

arithmetic

progression is 36 and the sum of the

next ten

terms is 370. Find the first term and

the common

difference.

[24]

[20]

[3 ; 4]

an arithmetic progression is 42 and

the sum of the next twelve terms is

516. Find the first term and the

common difference.

progression is 23 and the sum of the

first six terms is 78. Find the first term

and the common difference.

progression is 25 and the sum of the first

eight terms is 88. Find the first term and

the common difference.

[-3 ; 4]

[3 ; 4]

[-3 ; 4]

geometric progression are k, k + 3, k

+ 9. Find the value of k.

geometric progression are k-1, k + 2, k

+ 8. Find the value of k.

progression is given

by Tn = 22n-1. Find

(a) the first term,

(b) the common ratio.

[3]

[4]

[2 ; 4]

progression is given by Tn = 33n-2. Find

(a) the first term,

(b) the common ratio.

18, 54,

find the smallest value of n such that

the nth

term is greater than 100000.

48, 192,

find the smallest value of n such that

the nth term

is greater than 180000.

[3 ; 27]

31. The second term and fifth term of

a geometric progression are 12 and

96 respectively. Find the first term

and the common difference.

[6

[11]

[9]

geometric

progression are 108 and 2916

respectively.

Find the first term and the common

difference.

18, 54,

find the sum from fifth term to the

ninth term.

[3 ; 12]

[19602]

; 2]

9

34. Given a geometric progression 3,

12, 48, 192, , find the sum from

sixth term to the tenth term.

1458, 486, 162, 54, find the sum from

fifth term to the eighth term.

-96, 48,

-24, find the sum from

seventh term to the tenth term.

[1047552]

[26.67]

[1.875]

infinity of a geometric progression

are 4 and 8 respectively. Find the

common ratio.

infinity of a geometric progression are

5and 15 respectively. Find the common

ratio.

[ 12 ]

[ 23 ]

and 30 respectively. Find the first term.

[20]

1

3

10

40. The common ratio and the sum to

infinity of a geometric

progression

1

are and 20 respectively. Find the

4

first term.

0.5555. as a fraction in its simplest

form.

[25]

[ 5/ 9 ]

m

= 0.06060606.

n

Find the value of m and n.

42. Given that

[ m = 2 , n = 33 ]

m

=

n

0.345345345. Find the value of m

and n.

43. Given that

m

=

55

&& .

3.018

=

3+a+b

169

=

m

&&

5.012

= a + b + c

Find the value of a, b , c and m.

[ m = 33 , a = 5.0 , b =

11

[m

[ m = 166 ,

0.012 c =0.00012 ]

= 115 , n = 333 ]

a=0.018 , b = 0.00018 ]

6, 18, 54, find the value of n for

which the sum of the first n terms is

19682.

12, 48, 192, find the value of n for

which the sum of the first n terms is

65535.

geometric

progression is given by Sn = 4n - 1. Find

(a) the first term,

(b) the common ratio.

[9]

[8]

[a= 3 r = 4]

geometric

progression is given by Sn = 1- (3)n. Find

(a) the first term,

(b) the common ratio.

18, 54,...

find the smallest value of n such that

the sum

of the first n terms is greater than

6000.

48, 192,

find the smallest value of n such that

the sum of

the first n terms is greater than 2000.

12

[a = 4 r = -3]

a geometric progression is 35 and the

common ratio is 2. Find

a) the first term of the progression

b) the eight term

[a=

5 ,

[n = 6]

[n = 8]

T8 = 640 ]

term of a geometric progression are 10

2

and

respectively. Find

5

a) the first term, a and the common

ratio, r where r > 0

b) the sum to infinity of the geometric

progression

progression are 27, 18, 12. Find the sum

to infinity of the geometric progression.

[ a = 50, r = 1/5,

1

= 62 ]

2

[ S = 81 ]

1.

(SPM P1, 03, Q7 )

The first three terms of an arithmetic

progression are k 3 , k + 3, 2k + 2 .

Find

a) the value of k

b) the sum of the first 9 terms of the

progression.

2.

(SPM P1, 03, Q11 )

In a geometric progression , the first

term is 64 and the fourth term is 27 .

Calculate

a) the common ratio

b) the sum of infinity of the geometric

progression

3.

(SPM P1, 04, Q10 )

Given an arithmetic progression -7, -3, 1

. ,state three consecutive terms in this

progression which sum up to 75.

13

[ T10 = 29 ,

[ k=7

,

S9 = 252

[ r = 3/4

, S9 = 256

T9 = 25, T8 = 21 ]

4.

(SPM P1, 04, Q11 )

The volume of water in a tank is 450

litres on the first day. Subsequently ,

10 litres of water is added to the tank

everyday. Calculate the volume , in

litres, of water in the tank at the end

of the 7th day.

5.

(SPM P1, 04, Q12 )

Express the recurring decimal

0.969696 as a fraction in its

simplest form

6.

(SPM P1, 05, Q10 )

The first three terms of a sequence are 2,

x , 8. Find the positive value of x so that

the sequence is

a) an arithmetic progression

b) a geometric progression

[ 510 ]

[ 32/33 ]

7.

(SPM P1, 05, Q11 )

The first three terms of an arithmetic

progression are

5, 9 , 13. Find

a) the common difference of the

progression

b) the sum of the first 20 terms after

the 3rd term .

8.

(SPM P1, 05, Q12 )

The sum of the first n terms of the

geometric progression 8 , 24, 72, ..

is 8744. Find

a) the common ratio of the progression

,

b) the value of n

[x=5, x=4 ]

[ d = 4 , 1100 ]

9.

(SPM P1, 06, Q9 )

th

The 9 term of an arithmetic progression

is 4 + 5p and the sum of the first four

terms of the progression is 7p 10 ,

where p is a constant . Given that the

common difference of the progression is 5,

find the value of p.

[p = 8 ]

r=3, n = 7 ]

10.

(SPM P1, 06, Q10 )

The third terms of a geometric

progression is 16. The sum of the third

term and the fourth term is 8. Find

a) the first term and the common

ratio of the progression

b) the sum to infinity of the

progression

11.

(SPM P1, 07, Q9 )

a) Determine whether the following

sequence is an arithmetic progression

or a geometric progression .

16x, 8x, 4x,

b) Give a reason for the answer in

12.

(SPM P1, 07, Q10 )

Three consecutive terms of an arithmetic

progression are 5 x , 8 , 2x . Find the

common difference of the progression.

14

11(a)

[ r = -1/2 a = 64 , S

2

= 42

]

3

13.

(SPM P1, 07, Q11 )

The first three terms of a geometric

progression are 27, 18, 12 Find the

sum to infinity of the geometric

progression

[ d = 14 ]

14.

(SPM P1, 08, Q9 )

It is given that the first four terms of a

geometric progression are 3, -6, 12

and x. Find the value of x .

[ x = -24

[ S = 81

]

[ n = 17

16.

(SPM P1, 08, Q11 )

In a geometric progression , the first

term is 4 and the common ratio is r.

Given that the sum to infinity of this

progression is 16 , find the value of r .

15.

(SPM P1, 08, Q10 )

The first three terms of an arithmetic

progression are 46, 43 and 40. The nth

of this progression is negative. Find the

least value of n.

17.

(SPM P1, 09, Q9 )

Given that geometric progression

10

20

5,

,

,. find the sum to infinity

3

9

of the progression.

18.

(SPM P1, 09, Q11 )

The first three terms of a geometric

progression are x , 6 , 12. Find

a) the value of x

b) the sum from the fourth term to ninth

term

[x

[ r = 3/4

[ S = -3

19.

(SPM P1, 09, Q10 )

Diagram shows three square cards. 7 cm

5 cm

=3; 1512

20. ( SPM P1 , 10 , Q9 )

The sum of the first n terms of an arithmetic progression is

15

n

(3n 1) . Find

2

a) the sum of the first 5 terms

b) the 5th term.

[ 4 marks ]

3 cm

given by S n

The terms of the progression are in ascending order.

a) Write down the first three terms of the progression

b) Find the common difference of the progression

[ a)

12, 20, 28

b) d = 8

[ a) 40

It is given that 1, x2, x4, x6, . Is geometric progression and

its sum to infinity is 3. Find

a) the common ratio in terms of x

b) the positive value of x.

[ 3 marks ]

[ a) x2

b) 0.8165

b) 14 ]

The first three terms of an arithmetic progression are 3h, k , h

+ 2.

a) Express k in terms of h

b) Find the 10th terms of the progression in terms of h.

[ 3 marks ]

[ a) k = 2h + 1

b) 45 15h ]

1.

(SPM 04 , P2, Q6 )

Diagram shows the arrangement of the first three of an

infinite series of similar triangles. The first triangle has a

2.

(SPM 05 , P2, Q3 )

Diagram shows part of an arrangement of bricks of equal size.

16

base of x cm and a height of y cm. The measurements of

the base and height of each subsequent triangle are half of

the measurements of its previous one.

y cm

x cm

a) Show that the areas of the triangles form a geometric

progression and state the common ratio.

[ 3 marks ]

b) Given that x = 80 cm and y = 40 cm,

1

i)

Determine which triangle has an area of 6

4

cm2

ii)

Find the sum to infinity of the areas, in cm 2 of

the triangles

the other rows, the number of bricks is 2 less in the row below.

The height of each brick is 6 cm. Ali builds a wall by arranging

bricks in this way. The number of bricks in highest row is 4.

Calculate

a) the height , in cm, of the wall,

[ 3 marks ]

b) the total price of the bricks used if the price of one brick is

40 sen. [3 M

[ 5 marks ]

[r =

,

3.

1

= 2133

3

n= 5

(SPM 06 , P2, Q3 )

[ n = 49

, 294 cm , RM 1019.20 ]

4.

(SPM 07 , P2, Q6 )

17

Two companies , Delta and Omega , start to sell cars at the

same time.

a) Delta sells k cars in the first month and its sales

increase constantly by m cars every subsequent

month. It sells 240 cars in the 8th month and the total

sales for the first 10 months are 1900 cars. Find the

value of k and of m

[5

marks ]

b) Omega sells 80 cars in the first month and its sales

increase constantly by 22 cars every subsequent

month. If both companies sell the same number of

cars in the nth month, find the value of n.

cement blocks.

925 cm

955 cm

985 cm

15 cm

[ 2 marks ]

The thickness of each block is 15 cm. The length of the first

block is 985 cm. The length of each subsequent block is 30 cm

less than the preceding block as shown in Diagram above.

a) If the height of the stairs to built is 3 m, calculate

i)

the length of the top most block

ii)

the total length of the blocks

[ 5 marks ]

b) Calculate the maximum height of the stairs

[ 3 marks ]

[ T20 = 415 ,

18

S20 = 14 000, 495 cm

[ m

= 20 , k = 100 , n = 11

5.

(SPM 08 , P2, Q3 )

Muthu started working for a company on 1 January 2002 with

an initial annual salary of RM 18 000. Every January , the

company increased his salary by 5% of the previous years

salary . Calculate

a) his annual salary, to the nearest RM, for the year 2007.

[ 3 marks ]

b) the minimum value of n such that his annual salary in the

nth year will exceed RM 36 000

[ 2 marks ]

c) the total salary, to the nearest RM, paid to him by the

company, for the year 2002 to 2007.

[ 2 marks ]

6.

(SPM 09 , P2, Q6 )

Amir drops a ball from a height of H cm above the floor . After

the first bounce , the ball reaches a height of H 1 cm , where H1

= 0.8 H. After the second bounce , the ball reaches a height of

H2 cm, where H2 = 0.8 H1 . The ball continues bouncing in this

way until it stops. Given that H = 200 , find

a) the number of bounces when the maximum height of the

ball from the floor is less than 50 cm for the first time

[ 4 marks ]

b) the total distance, in cm, travelled by the ball until it stops.

[ 2 marks ]

19

[ T6 = RM 22 973 , n

= 16, S6 = RM 122 434

7. ( SPM 10 , P2 , Q3 )

Diagram below shows the arrangement of cylinders having

the same radius, 3 cm . The height of the first cylinder is 4

cm and the height of each subsequent cylinder increases by 2

cm. [ Volume cylinder = r2h ]

8 cm

4 cm

6 cm

terms of .

[ 3 marks ]

b) Given the total volume of the first n cylinders is

1620 , find the value of n.

[ 3 marks ]

[ n = 7 , 1800 cm

20

[ 324 ; n = 12 )

LINEAR PROGRAMMING

1. The diagram below shows a line of

best fit obtained by plotting the graph

of d against t. The line intersects the

vertical and the horizontal axes at

points (0,2) and (6,0) respectively. Find

i.

ii.

iii.

the value of t when d=3

the value of d when t=4

be linearly related as shown by the line

of best fit in the diagram below. The line

passes through points (1.6, 6) and

(13.6 , 30). Determine

i.

ii.

iii.

d

(0,2)

( CHAPTER 2 F5 )

the value of q when p= 15

the value of p when q = 5

p

x(13, 30)

best fit for the graph of y2 against x.

Determine the non-linear equation

connecting y and x.

y2 XP(0,4

)

Q(2,

0) x

x

(1, 6)

(6,0)

t

q

[

1

2

d t 2, 3,

3

3

of best fit for the graph of y2 against

1

. Determine the non-linear equation

x

connecting

y and x.

y2

X

Q(2,12)

P(0,2

)

1

x

5. The diagram below shows the line of

best fit for the graph of

y

against x.

x2

XQ(6,1

connecting y and x.

2)

2

y

x

P(3,0

[y2=-2x+4]

6. The diagram below shows the line of

y

2

best fit for the graph of x against x.

Determine

connecting

y and x.

x2

(4, 5)

(2,4)

0

21

1

y2 5 2 ]

x

of best fit for the graph of log10 y

against x. Determine the non-linear

equation connecting y and x.

log10 y

(2,6)

y

x2

4 x 12 ]

y

x2

1

x3]

2

best fit for the graph of log10 y against

log 10 x. Determine the non-linear

equation connecting y and x.

best fit for the graph of xy against x.

Determine the relation between y and x.

log10 y

x

y

(2,6)

X Q(4,1

2)

(0,2)

(0,0)

log10 x

[ log 10 y =

[log10 y = 3x ]

2 log10 x+2]

straight line graph of xy against x.

Express y in terms of x.

x

y

(4,10)

Express y in terms of x.

[ y 4

P(2,4

)

4

]

x

best fit for the graph of x2y against x.

Determine the relation between y and x.

x2 y

X Q(4,1

2)

(1, 1)

P(2,4

)

22

(4,10)

x 2y

(1, 1)

2

x

[y

3 2

]

x x2

[ y 3 ]x

[ y

when

against

x is drawn.

Express

0

x

x

y as a function of x.(8, -3)

when

as a function of x.

4 4

]

x x2

y

2

best fit for the graph of x against x .

Determine the relation between y and x.

y

x2

XQ(6,1

2)

X

3 2 y

x 3x ]

4

below

x2

(4, 5)shows the line

(2,4)

0

P(3,0

)

x

(12, -1)

[

y

1 2

x 5x ]

2

when

y 1

x

y 4 x 12 x ]

3

18. The

(8,10)

1

when y against x is drawn. Determine

y

(4,2)

x

23

y in terms of x.

y

x2

x

y 1

when

against x is drawn.

Express y as a function of x.

(0,8)

x

x

(-4,0)

[

[

1

y x3 3x 2

2

]

19. The diagram below shows the line

when

x

y

against x is drawn.

connecting

x y and x

(3,6)

[y=2x2+8x-1]

of best fit for the graph of log10 y

against x. Determine the relation

between y and x.

log10 y

(0,3)

0

1

y

]

2x 6

x

]

x3

(3,4)

(2,6)

x

X

[y

graph of

log10 y against x. Form the equation that

connecting y and x.

log10 y

[ y = 10

3x

(0,0)

(4,0)

x

[ y 10 4 x 16 ]

24

22. The diagram below shows the line

of best fit for the graph of log10 y

against log 10 x. Determine the relation

between y and x.

log10 y

(2,6)

graph of

log10 y against log10 x. Form the

equation that connecting y and x.

log10 y

6

log10 x

graph of

log 2 y against log2 x. Determine the

relation between y and x.

log2 y

(5,6)

-3

(0,2)

log10 x

[y

2

[y= 100x ]

x

]

1000

[y

log2 x

x2

]

16

SPM QUESTIONS

1. SPM 03, P1, Q10

x and y are related by the equation

y px 2 qx , where p and q are

by plotting

2. SPM 04 , P1 , Q13

Diagram below shows a straight line

graph of

(2, k)

y

against x, as shown in

x

below.

y

against x

x

(h, 3)

0

(6,1)

0

of k and h

[3 marks]

3. SPM 05 , P1 , Q13

The variables x and y are related by the

equation y=kx4, where k is a constant.

linear form.

(b) Diagram below shows the straight

line obtained by plotting log10y

against log10x

(2, h )

(0, 3)

0

Find the value of

(i)

log10 k

log10 x

25

[4 marks ]

(ii)

[h=3, k=4]

-3x2 + 5. Diagram 4(b) shows the

straight line graph obtained when y =

-3x2 + 5 is expressed in the linear

Y

formyY = 5X + c

y = -3x2 + 5 O

x

equation

y

x2

[ p = 10 , q = 14 ]

x2

k

, where k is constant .

5x

graph is obtained log

by plotting

log10 y

10 y

against x .

(p,0)

( 0 ,-2)

x

k

in its

5x

straight line graph shown in

diagram above.

b) Find the value of k

[ log10 y = log10 k x

log10 5 , k = 0.01 ]

1

]

x2

(0,6)

y=

( 3, q )

The variables x and y are related by

equation hy=kx2 + hk. A straight

line graph is obtained by plotting y

against x2 as shown in diagram below.

y

-3

[ Y =

X =

equation y2 = 2x ( 10 x ). A straight

y2

line graph is obtained by plotting

x

against x , as shown in Diagram below.

y2

x

Diagram 4(a)

Diagram 4(b)

Express X and Y in terms of x and / or

y.

[4

[3, 11]

h

marks]

8.

9.

26

is 3, find the value of h and of k.

[ 3 marks ]

[k=6 ; h=2 ]

1. SPM 2003 Paper 2 Question 7

Use graph paper to answer this question.

Table below shows the value of two variables, x and y,

obtained from an experiment. It is known that x and y are

2

related by the equation y pk x ,where p and k are constants

x

1.5

2.0

2.5

3.0

3.5

4.0

Use graph paper to answer this question.

Table below shows the values of two variables, x and y,

obtained from an

experiment. Variables x and y are related by the equation y =

p k x , where p and k are constants.

x

2

4

6

8

10

12

27

y

1.59

1.86

2.40

3.17

4.36

6.76

.Hence, draw the line of best

fit.

[5 marks]

b) Use the graph in (a) to find the value of

i)

P

ii)

K

[5 marks]

[ Answer: p=1.259 , k =1.109 ]

3.16

9.12

5.50

16.22

28.84

46.77

on the x-axis and 2 cm to 0.2 unit on the log 10 y-axis.

Hence, draw the line of best fit

[4 marks ]

b) Use your graph from (a) to find the value of

i) p

ii) k

[ 6 marks]

Answer :p =1.820, k =1.309

Use graph paper to answer this question.

Table below shows the values of two variables, x and y,

obtained from experiment. The variables x and y are related

by the equation y px

x

y

1.0

5.5

2.0

4.7

r

, where p and r are constants.

px

3.0

5.0

4.0

6.5

5.0

7.7

5.5

8.4

on both axes. Hence, draw the line of best fit.

[5 marks]

b) Use the graph from (a) to find the value of

i)

P

ii)

r

[5 marks]

Use graph paper to answer this question.

Table below shows the values of two variables, x and y,

obtained from an experiment. Variables x and y are related by

the equation y pk x 1 , where p and k are constants.

x

y

1

4.0

2

5.7

3

8.7

[ p= 1.778 , k = 1.483 ]

y 2kx 2

p

x , where p and k are constants.

k

5

20.0

6

28.8

on the (x+1) axis and 2 cm to 0.2 unit on the log y-axis.

Hence, draw the line of best fit.

[5 marks]

b) Use you graph from (a) to find the values of

i)

P

ii)

k

[5 marks]

Use graph paper to answer this question.

Table below shows the values of two variables, x and y, obtained

from an experiment. Variables x and y are related by the equation

4

13.2

Answer :

Use graph paper to answer this question.

Table below shows the values of two variables, x and y,

obtained from an experiment. Variables x and y are related by

the equation y hk 2 x , where h and k are constants.

28

x

y

2

8

a) Plot

3

13.2

4

20

5

27.5

6

36.6

7

45.5

x

y

y

against x, using a scale of 2 cm to 1 unit on the

x

1.5

3.0

4.5

6.0

7.5

9.0

2.51

3.24

4.37

5.75

7.76

10.00

values of log10 y

[ 1 mark ]

b) Plot log10 y against x, using a scale of 2 cm to 1

unit on the x-axis and 2 cm to 0.1 unit on the log 10

y-axis . Hence, draw the line of best fit.

[4 marks]

c) Use you graph from (b) to find the values of

i)

x when y = 4.8

ii)

h and k

[5 marks]

[4 marks]

b) Use you graph from (a) to find the values of

i)

P

ii)

k

iii)

y when x = 1.2

[6 marks]

Answer :[ p=

0.754 , k = 0.26; y = 4.2 ]

Answer :[ x

= 5 , h = 1.91 , k = 1.1 ]

Use graph paper to answer this question.

Table below shows the values of two variables, x and y, obtained

from an experiment. The variables x and y are related by the

k

p

equation

y

x

x 1.5

2.0

3.0

4.0

5.0

6.0

y

2.502 0.770 0.465 0.385 0.351 0.328

a) Based on table above , construct a table for the values of

1

x

1

[2M]

y

1

1

b) Plot

against

, using a scale of 2 cm to 0.1 unit on the

y

x

1

1

-axis and 2 cm to 0.5 unit on the

-axis . Hence, draw the

y

x

line of best fit.

[3 marks]

c) Use you graph from (b) to find the values of

i)

k

ii)

p

[5 marks]

and

Use graph paper to answer this question.

Table below shows the values of two variables, x and y, obtained

from an experiment. The variables x and y are related by the

equation y

x

y

hx

, where h and k are constants.

k

3

2.57

4

3.31

5

4.07

6

4.90

7

6.31

8

7.94

x-axis and 2 cm to 0.1 unit on the log10 y-axis . Hence, draw

the line of best fit.

[4 marks]

b)

i)

ii)

iii)

h

k

y when x = 2.7

[ 6 marks]

Answer :

[h=1.251, k=0.7586,y=2.399]

29

Answer :

[ k = 0.256, p= -1.331]

INTEGRATIONS ( CHAPTER 3 F5 )

1.

Given

3x

d 1 6

5

x c 3 x , find

dx 2

2. Given

dx .

4. Given

d

100 x c h( x) , find

dx

5. Given

dx

10. 3dx

13. Given

dx .

d 2

g ( x ) , find

dx x 3

dy

= 4 2x and y = 5

dx

y = 4x x2 +2

8.

11.

12

4

d

4 x 3 f ( x) , find

dx

f ( x) dx .

3. Given

d 2x

f ( x) , find

dx x 1

f ( x) dx .

dx

9.

3x dx

dx

12.

5x

14. Given

dy

= 3x2 2 and y = 4

dx

6. Given

g ( x) dx .

h( x) dx .

7.

d 2

2

c 2 , find

dx x

x

15. Given

dx

dy

= 3(2x 4) and y = 30

dx

30

y = x3 2x + 3

16. Given

3

dy

= 2 2

dx

x

when

x.

17. Given

and y = 1

x = 1.

x = 1 , find y in terms of

3

y 2x 6

x

which passes through A(1, 6) is

5 3x2 .

Find the equation of the

curve.

dy

= 3(2x 1) and y = 5

dx

y = 3x2 12x 6

18.

Given

3

dy

= 5 2

dx

x

and y = 1 when

25

-13

which passes through R(2, 3) is

6x2 4 .

Find the equation of the curve.

which passes through A(1, 10) is x(

6 3x) .

Find the equation of the curve.

y = 3x2 x3 + 8

y = 2x - 4x-5

3

y = 5x x3 + 2

which passes through A(-1, 7) is

3x2 + 2x - 1 .

Find the equation of the

curve.

which passes through A(1, -12) is

3x2 6x .

Find the equation of the curve.

which passes through B(1, 5) is

3x2 + 2 .

Find the equation of the curve.

31

= x3 + x2 x +6

3

25. (2 x 5) dx

3

dx

(2 x 1) 2

29.

2

3

33. (1 2 x) dx

3

x3 3x 10

y = x3 + 2x + 2

26.

4

dx

( x 3) 2

5

27. (2 4 x) dx

4

28. ( x 2) dx

30.

15

dx

(3x 5)6

3

31. 6(2 x) dx

3

32. 30(4 3x ) dx

34.

15

dx

2( x 3)4

35. (2 6 x ) dx

2

36. (4 x 3x ) dx

37. x(2 x 1) dx

41.

16(2 4 x) dx

3

38. (2 x 1)(2 x 1) dx

42.

39. (3x 2) dx

2

40. x(3x 2) dx

6( x 2) dx

0

43.

6

1 (2 x 1)2 dx

44.

24

(3x 5)

2

dx

32

[1280]

Given that

g ( x)dx

2.

3.

6.

3 f ( x) 1

dx =

2

1

9.

6 f ( x) g ( x) dx

7.

3 f ( x) 2 g ( x) dx

-4

3

8.

2 g ( x) 2 f ( x)

dx =

5

3

10. f ( x) 2 g ( x) 1 dx =

2

20

f ( x) 4 dx

1

8

3

4.

5 f ( x) dx

4 f ( x) 2 x dx

f ( x) dx =

-4

5.

[3.75]

f ( x)dx

[2]

f ( x)dx 4 ,

1.

5

]

12

14

11.

5 g ( x) dx

1

12.

g ( x ) 4 f ( x ) dx

2

33

16

16

-13

k

1. Given that

2. Given that

(2 x 3)dx 6 , where k

(3 4 x)dx 20 , where k

0

k=5

(6 x 1)dx

3. Given that

4. Given that

(2 x 1)dx 12 , where k

5. Given that

= 14 ,

f ( x)dx 5

and

6. Given that

f ( x)dx 6

( f ( x) kx)dx 10

of k.

k.

and

8

21

2

4

7. Given that

f ( x) dx 3 and

8. Given that

f ( x) dx 7 and

9. Given that

g ( x)dx 8 and

34

4

(2 f ( x) kx)dx 10 ,

g ( x) k

dx 14 , find the value of k.

4

value of k.

[k=-2]

2

3 x2

1 x 2 dx .

15

1 (3x 2)2 dx .

3. Given that

1

4.5

k=5

4. Given that

f ( x) dx 10 and

5. Given that

g ( x)dx 10 , find

6. Given that

2 g ( x)dx,

of K if

the value

g ( x)dx 9 , find

kx 3 g ( x) dx

= 48.

k 2 g ( x) dx

50.

k =4

dy

= 1 2x + 3x2 and y

dx

= 3 when x = 1, find y in terms of x.

7.

Given

(a) -20

(b) k = 10

which passes through Q(-1, 4) is

k = 10

9. The gradient function of a curve which

passes through P(1, 3) is 8x 3x2. Find the

equation of the curve.

35

2x

1

. Find the equation of the curve.

x2

y = x x 2 + x3 + 2

cutting the x-axis at x = a and x =

b.

y x2

1

4

x

y = f(x).

y = 4x2 x3

f(x).

y

5

Diagram

10

y=

g(x)

4 x

y = f(x)

y=

f(x)

Diagram

9 is

O

(3g ( x)dx

a

part of a curve.

Given that

Diagram

12

O given diagram, the

region represented by

x dy .

2

12

(3x 2)

dx = k(3x 2 )n

Diagram 13

(6, 2)

x

10

represented by

f ( x)dx .

0

of a curve.

10

(4, 8)

Diagram

11

2

y

y

x dy .

2

36

4

y dx x dy

0

10

(b) If

x dy

value of

6

y dx

k = -2 , n = -2

4x 3

dy

6 , express y

dx

in terms of x.

d2y

5x4 1 ,

2

dx

when x = 1, y = 3 and

dy

= 2 , find y

dx

16 x

0

10kx k 2 dx

4

.

3

in terms of x.

y 2x

2 2

x c

3

1 6 1 2

1

x x 4x

6

2

3

d 12

20. Given that

w( x ) , find

dx ( x 1)3

d x2

19. Given that

g ( x ) , find

dx x 1

2 x g ( x) dx .

the value of

6 w( x) 3 dx .

0

d2y

2 6x ,

dx 2

the value of

k = -1 , -4

when x = 1 , y = 3 and

terms of x.

dy

= 1 , find y in

dx

37

9

2

y x2 x3 4x 5

[ 66]

1. SPM 03 , P1 , Q17

5

dx = k(1+ x)n + c ,

Given that

(1 x) 4

find the value of k and n.

marks]

[3

k

the straight line x = k.

Given that

the value of k.

y

y = 3x2

x=k

unit2, find the value of k .

[

5

k , n 3 ]

3

6

Given that

f ( x) 7 and

[k=4]

k=5

the

x-axis at x = a and x = b.

Given that

g ( x)dx 8 , find

1

y

y=

f(x)

Diagram

8

g ( x)dx,

5

38

5

Given that the area of the shaded region is 5

kx g ( x) dx

= 10.

2 f ( x)dx .

a

(a) -8

[ -10 ]

7. SPM 07 , P1 , Q21

7

Given that

h( x)dx 3,

find the

3

(b)

2

2

3

Given that 6 x 1 dx px x c,

where p and c are constants, find

(a)

h( x)dx

(b) the value of c if

when x = 1.

(b)

[5 h( x)]dx .

(6 x

1) dx 13

p = 2, c = 10

Diagram shows part of the curve y =

f(x) which passes through the point

( h , 0 ) and ( 4 , 7 ).

11.SPM 10 , P1 , Q19

d 2x

g ( x) , find

Given

dx 3 x

y

y = f(x)

(4,7)

g ( x)dx

1

dy

=

dx

that the curve has a turning point at ( 2,

1 ) . Find

b)

k = -3 ,22

9.

3 2

x 6x 7 ]

2

39

( h , 0)

region is 22 unit2 , find the value of

4

f ( x)dx

[3]

[6]

A curve has a gradient function px2 4x, where p is a

constant . The tangent to the curve at the point ( 1 , 3 ) is

parallel to the straight line

y + x 5 = 0. Find

a) the value of p,

[ 3 marks ]

(differentiation)

2. ( SPM 05, P2 , Q8 )

In Diagram below, the straight line PQ is normal to the curve

x2

y

1 at A( 2, 3 ). The straight line AR is parallel to the y2

axis.

[ 3 marks ]

x2

1

2

A ( 2, 3 )

O

R

Q ( k , 0)

Find

a) The value of k

(differentiation )

[ 3 marks ]

b) The area of the shaded region

[ 4 marks ]

c) The volume generated in terms of , when the region

bounded by the curve, the y-axis and the straight line

40

y = 3 is revolved through 360o about the y-axis.

[ 3 marks ]

[p = 3,

f(x) = x3 2x2 + 4 ]

3. ( SPM 06, P2 , Q8 )

Diagram below shows the straight line y = x + 4

intersecting the curve

y = ( x 2 ) 2 at

the points A

and B .

y ( x 2)

y= x + 4

2

x2

at ( k, 8 )

a ) Find the value of k ( differentiation )

[ 3 marks ]

c) Find the equation of the curve

[ 3 marks ]

Q

O

4.

, 4 ]

[k=8 ,

1

12

3

Find

a) the value of k

(differentiation )

[2 marks ]

b) the area of the shaded region P

[ 5 marks ]

41

c) the volume generated in terms of , when the

shaded region Q is revolved 360o about the x-axis.

[ 3 marks ]

[k

32

]

5

5. ( SPM 07, P2 , Q10 )

Diagram below shows part of the curve y = k( x 1 ) 3,

where k is a constant .

[k=5 ,

20.83

y

A

y= k ( x 1 )3

+4

=1,

2

y x 5 ]

x

2

6. ( SPM 08, P2 , Q7 )

Diagram below shows the curve y = x2 + 5 and the tangent

to the curve at the point A (1 , 6) .

y

y= x2 +5

A ( 1, 6 )

O R

x=3

Calculate.

The curve intercepts the straight line x = 3 at point A . At

dy

24 .

point A,

dx

[3 marks ]

b) the area of the coloured region

(differentiation )

42

a) Find the value of k

(differentiation )

[3 marks ]

b) Hence, calculate

i)

the area of the shaded region P

ii)

the volume generated in terms of ,

when the region R is revolved 360o about

the x-axis.

[ 4 marks]

c) the volume of revolution, in terms of , when the region

bounded by the curve and the straight line y =7 is

rotated through 360o about the y-axis

[ 3 marks]

[7 marks ]

4

k = 2 , 8 cm2

,

]

7

7. ( SPM 09, P2, Q3 )

The gradient function of a curve is hx2 kx , where h and k

are constant. The curve has a turning point at ( 3, -4 ) . The

gradient of the tangent to the curve at the point x = -1 is 8.

Find

a) The value of h and of k

[ 5 marks ]

( differentiation )

[ y= 2x +4 ,

1/3 , 2 ]

Diagram shows the straight line OQ and the straight line y = k

intersecting the curve x = 4y y2 at point Q.

y

4

x = 4y y

[ [ 3 marks ]

y=k

43

It is given that the area of the coloured region is

a) Find the value of k.

[ 6 marks ]

9

unit2.

2

revolved through 360o about the y-axis . Find the volume

of revolution , in terms of

[ 4 marks ]

[ h = 2 and k = 6 ,

2

y x3 3x 2 5 ]

3

[ k =3 ,

Diagram below shows the shaded region bounded by the

curve y = g(x), the a-axis and the straight line x = 3.

y

x=3

10.

34

15

44

y=g(x)

It is given that the area of the shaded region is 10 unit 2.

a) Find

3

i) g ( x) dx

1

3

ii) [ x 2 g ( x)]dx

1

[ 4 marks ]

b) Given g(x) = 2x 8 , find g(x) in terms of x.

( differentiation )

[ 3 marks ]

VECTORS ( CHAPTER 4 F5 )

Express the following vectors in term s of

(1)

(2)

x and y .

%

%

(3)

(4)

45

ABCD is a

parallelogram.

uuur

QR =

uuur

AC =

uuu

r

TQ =

EFGH is a

parallelogram.

uuu

r

PR =

uuur

EG =

P

(5)

(6)

(7)

(7)

Q

Given :

Given :

PQ 3 x

RQ 2 x

QR 2 y

uuur

FG =

uuur

BC =

RS

1

RP

3

RRP

2y

RS 2QP

uuur

AD =

PS

SP

uuur

uuur

Answers : (1) AC x y

%

uuur%

uuur

(6) BC y x ; AD

% %

(2) QR y x

1

2

y 12 x

% %

% %

uuu

r

uuu

r

uuur

(3) TQ 2 x y ; PR x 12 y

% %

uuur

For each of the following diagrams, express the vector PQ in terms of x and y .

(4) EG 2 x y

% %

uuur

(5) FG x 2 y

46

1.

2.

y

%

x

%

uuur

PQ =

y P

%

y

%

2x

%

4.

x

% x

%

Q

uuur

PQ =

y

%

x

%

uuur

(6) PQ 2 x y

% %

uuur

% %

uuur

PQ =

% %

y

%

uuur

PQ =

uuur

x

%

uuur

PQ =

6.

y

%

x

%

y

%x

5.

y

%

3.

uuur

(3) PQ 3 x y

% %

uuur

PQ =

uuur

uuur

(4) PQ 2 x 2 y

(5) PQ 2 x y

% %

% %

47

For each of the following vectors in terms of i and j , find the magnitude and the unit vector in the direction of the given

vector.

uuu

r

(1) OP 3i 4 j

% %

uuuu

r

(2) OW 12 i 5 j

% %

uuuu

r

magnitude of OW

uuur

magnitude of OP

uuur

OP =

%

uuu

r

(3) AB 9 i 12 j

% % uuu

r

magnitude of AB

u

uu

r

AB =

uuuu

r

OW =

(6) b 7 i 24 j

(7)

% %

uuur

magnitude of PQ

= 6i 8j

(8)

(5) a 4 i 3 j

%

% %

magnitude of a

uuur

PQ =

direction

uuu

r

of AB

direction

uuuu

r

of OW

u

uu

r

OP =

uuur

(4) PQ 15i 8 j

uuu

r

AB =

uuuu

r

OW =

direction

uuu

r

of OP

a =

%

direction

uuur

of PQ

direction

of a

u

uu

r

PQ =

= 5i + 7

(9) c = -3 i +5

a =

%

(10)

= -4 i - 5

magnitude of b

b =

%

Unit vector in the

direction

of b

b =

%

Answer :

54 i 53 j

% %

1) 5 ;

3

5

i4 j

%5%

2) 13 ;

12

13

i 5 j

% 13 %

3) 15 ;

3

5

i4 j

%5%

4) 17 ;

15

17

i 8 j

% 17 %

5)

5;

48

7

24

6) 25 ; 25 i 25 j

x

For each of the following vectors in the form , find the magnitude and the unit vector in the direction of the given vector.

y

uuur 8

uuu

r 15

uuur 6

uuur 9

12

(1) PQ

(2) ST

(3) ) CD

(4) VW

(5) u

% 9

6

8

8

40

uuur

uuu

r

uuur

uuur

magnitude of u

magnitude of ST

magnitude of CD

magnitude of VW

magnitude of PQ

%

u =

uuu

r

ST =

uuur

PQ =

uuur

CD =

direction

uuu

r

of ST

direction

uuur

of PQ

u

uu

r

ST =

u

uu

r

PQ =

24

magnitude of v

(6) v

%

(7)

2

=

3

uuur

VW =

direction

uuur

of CD

u

uu

r

CD =

(8)

13

direction

uuur

of VW

direction

of u

uuur

VW =

u =

%

(9) m =

5

(10) n =

2

v =

%

Unit vector in the

direction

of v

v =

%

Answer : 1)

10 ;

54

3

5

2) 17 ;

15

17

8

17

3) 10 ;

53

4

5

4) 41 ;

419

40

41

5) 15 ;

45

3

5

49

6)

25 ;

24

25

7

25

1. Given a 2 i 5 j , b i 4 j and c 3i 7 j , find the following vectors in terms of i

% % % % %

% %

(1) 2b

(2) 3a

(3) 4c

(6) 2a b

% %

(7) b c

(8)

% %

(12) b 12 a

ba

% %

(11) 3c 2a

% %

1

2

(13)

1

1

a b

5

4

(4)

1

2

a

%

and j .

%

(5) a 3b

% %

(9) a 3b

(10) 4b c

% %

%%

(14) c 3b

(15)

4

ab

5

50

Answer :

2 i 3 j

% %

8)

1)

5

2

i 3j

% %

2) 6 i 15 j

% %

2i 8 j

% %

9) i 17 j

% %

10)

7 i 23 j

% %

12 i 28 j

% %

3)

11) 13i 11 j

% %

13

i

5

3

% 4

i 52 j

% %

12)

132 j

%

2

6

and c , express the following in the form of

% 5

% 1

Given a , b

2.

(1) 4b

(2) 2c

(6) 2c a

(7) 3a b

% %

(11)

4)

3b a

% %

=

% %

(12) 4a c

% %

(3)

1

2

a

%

5) 5 i 7 j

% %

13)

13

i

20

6) 5 i 6 j

% %

14)

5j

x

.

y

(4) 2a b

% %

(5) b 3c

% %

(8) 2b c

(9) c 2a

(10) 3c 2b

%%

(13)

1

a 2c

2

% %

(14) b c

% %

(15) 2a b c

7)

15)

51

Answer :

0

9

8

1)

20

22

13

12

2)

2

3)

32

2

13

16

4)

15

5)

7)

10

11

8)

9)

10)

19

17

11)

3.

uuur

PQ .

(1)

12)

uuur

x

Write vector PQ in the form and determine its magnitude. Hence, find the unit vector in the direction of vector

y

(2)

y

P(11, 2)

x

(3)

y

y

Q(7 ,

9)

P(5 ,

4)

(4)

y

O

x

Q(3 ,

4)

-2 Q

54

8

; 10 ; 3

6

5

4.

P(3,2)

uuur

AB .

11

6)

12

12

13

; 13 ; 5

5

13

uuur

Write vector AB in terms of i and j and find its magnitude. Hence, find the unit vector in the direction of vector

52

8i 6 j ; 10 ;

% %

7 i 24 j ; 25 ; 257 i

% %

%

5.

24

25

j

%

4

5

i 35 j

% %

5

12

i

j

13

13

Given a 3i 4 j , b 2 i j and c i 5 j , find in terms of i and j , the unit vector in the direction of the vectors

% % % %

below.

%%

(1) 2a b c

% %

(2) 3a 2b c

% %%

(3) a b c

% % %

4 i 19 j ; 377 ;

% %

5i 4 j ; 41 ;

% %

(4) a b c

5

41

i

%

4

41

4

377

i

%

19

377

j

%

j

%

(5)

2a 2b 2c

(6) a b 2c

53

6. Given the point P,Q and R are collinear. k is constant. Find the value of k and the ratio of PQ : QR.

54

1.

QR 2a (1 k )b

PQ 3a b

[

4.

5

3

2.

PQ 3ka b

QR ( 2k 4) a 2b

PQ 2a b

QR a (1 k )b

[h=5

; 3:2 ]

[k = 1

5.

PQ 2a 4b

3.

PQ ( 2k 1) a b

; k = -1 ]

; 1:2 ]

QR 8a 4b

6.

PQ 3a kb

QR 4a ( 4 8k )b

QR 3a (1 7 k )b

[k = -1

3

2

; 1:4 ]

; 2 :3 ]

7. The vector a and b are non-zero and non-parallel. Where h and k are constants. Find the value of h and k.

3

5

; 3:4 ]

55

1.

(h 3)a (k 7)b

2.

[h = 3

(5 k )a (2 h)b

3.

; k = 7 ]

[h = 5

[k =-5

4.

(h 4) a (h k 5)b

5.

[h = -4

(h k 4) a ( k 1)b

; k = -1 ]

; h=2 ]

(h k 2)a (h k 4)b

6.

(h 2k 3)a ( h k 6)b

; k = -1 ]

[h = 1

; k=3 ]

[k = -1

;h=5 ]

2. SPM2003 P1Q13

Given that O(0,0) A(-3,4) and B(2,16),

p = 2a +3 b

%

q=4ab

uuur

(a) AB

r = ha + (h-k) b, where h

values of h and k when r = 3p -2q

uuur

AB

[3marks]

[4marks]

uuurDiagram

uuur shows two vectors,

OP and QO .

Express

uuur

uuur

(b) OQ in the form xi yj

% %

(a) OP in the form

[2marks]

h = 2 , k = 13)

5

( , -8i+4j)

3

4.

(a) 5i 12 j (b)

6.

SPM 2005 P1 Q 16

C(m,p), find the value of m and of

uuur

uuur

[4 marks]

O

A MB

6b

P

Oy

Q

T

R(3,4)

x

4a

5

12

i

j

13

13

57

SPM QUESTIONS PAPER 2

1. SPM 2003 P2 Q 6

2. SPM 2004 P2 Q 8

Diagram shows triangle OAB. The straight

line AP intersects the straight line OQ at R.

It is given that OP=

uuur 5

uuur k

2

Given that AB , OB and CD , find

3

7

5

[2 marks]

uuur

(b) the unit vector in the direction of OA

[2marks]

uuur

uuur

(c) the value of k, if CD is parallel to AB

[2marks]

uuur

uuur

1

1

OB , AQ AB ,OP 6x and OA 2 y

%

3

4

%

(a) Express in terms of x and y

u

uur

uuur

(i) AP (ii ) OQ

[4marks]

uuur

uuur

uuur

(b) (i) Given that AR h AP , state AR in terms of h, x and y

%

%

uuur

uuur

uuur

(ii) Given that RQ k OQ , state RQ in terms of k, x and y

%

%

[2marks]

uuur

uuur

[4marks]

1 3

25

(ans:( -3,-4), ,

)

5 4

7

58

3.

SPM 2005 P2 Q 6

4.

SPM 2006 P2 Q 5

Diagram shows a quadrilateral ABCD. AED and

EFC are straight lines.

It is given that

uuur

uuur

uuuu

r

1

AB 20x , AE 8 y , DC 25x 24 y , AE AD

%

%

4

%

%

3

and EF EC

5

uuur

uuuu

r

uuur

It is given that AB 2 y , AD 6x , AE

r

2 uuuu

AD and

3

uuur 5 uuuu

r

BC AD .

6

uuuur

[2marks]

uuur

m is a constant.

uuur

uuur

(i) BD (ii ) EC

uuur

(b) Point F lies inside the trapezium ABCD such that 2 EF m AB , and

uuur

%

%

[3marks]

(b) Show that the points B,F and D are collinear

(ii) Hence, if the points A,F and C are collinear, find the value of m

[5marks]

[3marks]

uuur

[2

[ PQ 2 y 5 x ;

AF m y 4 x

; m=

8

]

5

59

5.

6.

intersect at

point R. Point P lies on AD.

It is given that , , and .

(i)

C

and the point Q lies on AB. The straight line BP

intersects the straight line OQ at the point S. It is

given that

OA: OP = 4:1, AB : AQ = 2 : 1,

uuur

uuur

OA 8x , OB 6 y

%

%

uuur

uuur

(ii) OQ

uuur

uuur

uuur

[3 marks]

constants,

find the value of h and of k.

marks]

(i) BP

(ii)

[4

uuur

OS hOQ and BS k BP , where h and k are

constants,

find the value of h and of k.

[5marks]

(c ) Given that x 2units , y =3 units and AOB =90 , find

uuur

AB

[2marks]

[(a)(i)

BP 2 x 6 y

(ii)

OQ 4 x 3 y

(b) h

2

5

,k

4

5

(c)

24.08

[Answer : (a)(i)

DB x 3 y

(ii) AR

2

3

x y (b) h

1

2

, k 43 ]

60

7. SPM 09 P2 , Q 5

Diagram below shows triangles ABC. The straight line AQ

intercepts the straight line BR at P.

C

8. SPM 10 P2 , Q9

Diagram below shows triangles OAB. The point C lies on OA and the

point D lies on AB. The straight line OD intercepts the straight line

BC at the point E.

C

Q

P

A

It is given that

B

2

AR = 3RC, BQ =

BC , AB = 3 x

3

and AC = 4 y

a) Express in terms of x and y

a)

BC

AQ

b)

[ 3 marks ]

b) It Is given that AP = h AQ and AP = AR + k

RB , where h and k are constants. Find the value of

h and of k.

[ 5 marks ]

B

It is given that

2 AD

OA = x

, OB =

i)

BC

ii)

OD

[ 4 marks ]

, OC =

2

OA

3

and AB =

and k are constants. Express OE

i)

in terms of h, x and y

ii)

in terms of k, x and y

[ 3 marks ]

c) Hence, find the value of h and of k.

[ 3 marks ]

61

[ BC

=3 x + 4

y , AQ

= x +

8

3

,h

9

3

,k=

]

11

11

TRIGONOMETRY ( CHAPTER 5 F5 )

1. Given that sin x p and 00 < x < 900. Express each of the following trigonometric ratios in terms of p.

(a)

(b) cosec x =

(c) tan x =

(d) cot x =

(k) sin(-x) =

sec x =

62

8

and 2700< x < 3600.

17

(a) cos x =

(b) tan x =

(c) cosec x =

(d) sec x =

8

and 1800< x < 2700. Without using tables or calculator, find the values of

17

(a) sin x =

(b) tan x =

(c) cosec x =

(d) sec x =

63

Solve each of the following trigonometric equations for 0 0< x < 3600.

1.

2.

3.

64

4.

5.

6.

7.

1

sin( x 80 o ) - 0.5

2

8.

cos(

1

x - 10 o ) - 0.5

2

9.

10.

2 sin 3x = 1

11.

sec 2x = 2

14.

12.

4 tan 2x = -1

cot

1

x4

2

y0

65

Graphs of Trigonometric Functions

1. Sketching the graphs of each of the following trigonometric functions for 0 x 2 . ( Graphs of sine )

(a).

y sin x

(b).

y 2 sin x

(c).

y 3 sin x

y sin x 1

1

sin x

2

(e)

y sin x

(f)

(g)

y 2 sin x 1

(h)

y 2 sin x 1

(i)

(j)

y 2 sin x 1

(d). y

(k) y sin 2 x

l)

y sin x

y 2 sin 2 x 1

2. Sketching the graphs of each of the following trigonometric functions for 0 x 2 . ( Graphs of cosine )

(a).

y cos x

(b).

y 2 cos x

(c).

y 3 cos x

yy

66

xx

00

1

cos x

2

(e)

y cos x

(f)

(g)

y 2 cos x 1

(h)

y 2 cos x 1

(i)

(j)

y 2 cos x 1

(d). y

(k) y cos 2 x

(l)

y cos x 1

y cos x

y=

2 cos 2 x 1

3. Sketching the graphs of each of the following trigonometric functions for 0 x 2 . ( Graphs of tangent )

(a).

y tan x

(b).

y tan x

(c).

y tan x

67

(d). y tan 2 x

(e)

y tan 2 x

Basic Identities

1. Prove each of the following trigonometric identities

(f)

y tan 2 x

68

1. cos2 x sin2 x = 2 cos2 x 1

7.

10.

1

1

2 cos ec 2 x

1 cos x 1 - cos x

cos ec x - sin x

sec x tan x

cot x - cos x

8.

11.

1

1

2 sec 2 x

1 sin x 1 - sin x

1 cos x

sin x

2 cos ec x

sin x

1 cos x

9.

sec x - cos x

cos ec x cot x

tan x - sin x

12.

1 sin x

cos x

2 sec x

cos x

1 sin x

69

13.

1 - tan 2 x

x2 y

cos 2 x - sin

1 tan 2 x

14.

sec 2 x 1

1

2

2

sec x - 1

cos x - sin 2 x

17.tan2 x sec2 x +

2

=

sec 2 x

cos 2x

2. Solve each of the following trigonometric equations for 0 0< x < 3600.

1. sin2 x + 5 cos2 x = 4

2. sec 2 x + 3 tan2 x = 5

3. 4 sin2 x - 4 cos x 1 = 0

[ 60o , 300o]

70

[ 30o , 150o, 210o , 330o]

2

5. 4 sec2 x 12 tan x + 5 = 0

4. 4 cos x + 12 sin x 9 = 0

6. 3 sec2 x 5 ( tan x + 1) = 0

[ 56.31o , 236.31]

[ 30 , 150 ]

o

7. 2 cot2 x 5 cosec x + 4 = 0

8. 2 cot2 x = 7 cosec x - 8

9. 3 sin x -2 cosec x + 1 = 0

[ 30 , 150 ]

o

[ 64.43o ,243.43]

1. ( SPM 2003 P1 No.20)

[ 4 marks ]

(a) cot ,

(b) sin(90 ).

[ 3 marks ]

71

(a)

1

t

213.69 , 236.31

t2 +1

Solve the equation cos

0 0 x 360 0 .

[ 4 marks ]

(b)

33.69o, 56.31o,

x sin

x = sin x for

[ 4 marks ]

5. ( SPM 2006 P1 No.15)

41.81o, 138.19o

6. ( SPM 2007 P1 No.15)

0 0 x 360 0 .

[ 4 marks ]

[ 4 marks ]

72

o

199.47 , 340.53

23.58o, 156.42o,

8.

90 0 180 0 .

360o [ 3 marks ]

Find in terms of p :

(a) cos ec ,

(b) sin 2 .

marks ]

[3

(a)

1

p

(b) -

2 p 1 p2

Given cos

5

4

It is given that sin A =

and cos B =

, where A is

13

5

an obtuse angle and B is an acute angle. Find

Q18 )

= p , find tan2 .

a) tan A

b) cos ( A B )

[ 3 marks ]

(a) Prove that tan cot 2 cos ec 2 .

marks ]

5

12

33

65

1 p2

p2

2. ( SPM 2004 P2 No. 3 )

[4

[ 3 marks ]

73

(b) (i) Sketch the graph y 2 cos

3

x for 0 x 2

2

axes, find the number of solutions satisfying the equation

2 sin 2 x 2 -

3

3

x

x -1 .

2

4

Hence, using the same axes, sketch the

straight line and state the number of

solutions to the equation

solving the equation

cos

3

3

x

x - 1 for 0 x 2 .

2

4

marks]

cos

x

for 0 o x 180 0 .

180

[ 3 marks ]

[6

[ nu

mber of solution = 2 ]

[ number of solution = 3 ]

(a) Prove that cosec

x 2 sin

2

[4

74

[ 2 marks ]

marks ]

0 x 2 .

(b) Hence, using the same axis, sketch a suitable graph to find

2 cos x 0 for

x

0 x 2 . State the number of solutions.

[ 3 marks ]

straight line to find the number of solutions to the

equation 3( cosec2 x 2 sin2 x cot2 x) =

0 x 2 .

- 1 for

[6

marks ]

[ nu

mber of solution = 2

[ number of solution = 4 ]

6.

75

(a) Sketch the graph

[ 4 marks ]

y 3 cos 2 x

for 0 x 2 .

number of solutions.

x

for 0 x 2 . State the

2

[ 3 marks ]

(ii)

line to find the number of solutions for the equation

3x

2 tan x

0 for 0 x .

2 sec 2 x

of solutions.

[ number of solution = 8 ]

[ number of solution = 3

7.

[2

marks ]

straight line to find the number of solutions to the

equation 2 3 cos 2 x

2 tan x

tan 2 x .

2 sec 2 x

8.

[ 6 marks]

76

a)

0 x

a)

Sketch the graph of y = 1 + 3 cos x for 0 x 2 .

[ 4 marks]

3

cos 2x for

2

3

. [ 3marks]

2

b)

Hence, using the same axes, sketch a suitable

straight line to find the number of solutions for the

4

3

3

x cos 2 x

for 0 x .

3

2

2

the number of solutions.

[ 6 marks]

equation

b)

Hence, using the same axes, sketch a suitable straight line

to find the number of solutions for the equation 6 cos x = 4

3x for 0 x 2 .

State the number of solutions.

[3 marks]

State

[ number of solution = 2

[ number of solution = 3

77

PERMUTATIONS AND COMBINATIONS ( CHAPTER 6 F5)

1. ( SPM 2003 P1 No.22)

chosen from a group of 8 boys and 5 girls. Find the number of

teams that can be formed such that each team consists of

(a) 4 boys,

D

8

code must consist of 3 letters followed by 2 digits. How many

codes can be formed if no letter or digits is repeated in each

code ?

[ 3 marks ]

marks ]

[4

360

chosen from 4 monitors, 2 assistant monitors and 6 prefects.

Calculate the number of different ways the committee

can be formed if

all the cards.

(b) Find the number of these arrangements in which the

letters E and A are side by side.

[ 4 marks ]

(b) the team contains only 1 monitor and exactly 3

prefects.

[ 4 marks ]

78

(a) 120 (b) 48

(a) 792 (b) 160

Diagram shows seven letter cards

U

cards.

Find

(a) the number of different four-letter codes that can be

formed,

A coach wants to choose 5 players consisting of 2 boys and 3

girls to form a badminton team. These 5 players are chosen

from a group of 4 boys and 5 girls.

Find

(a) the number of ways the team can be formed,

(b) the number of ways the team members can be arranged

in arrow for a

group photograph, if the three girls sit next to each

other.

[ 4 marks ]

with a consonant.

(a)

840

(b) 480

(a) 60

Diagram shows six numbered cards

3

cards.

How many

(a) different numbers can be formed ?

(b) different odd numbers can be formed ?

[ 4 marks ]

(b) 36

There are 4 different Science books and 3 different

Mathematics books on a shelf. Calculate the number of

different ways to arrange all the books in a row if

(a) no condition is imposed

(b) all the Mathematics book are next to each other.

[ 4 marks ]

79

(a) 5040

(a) 360 (b)240

PROBABILITY ( CHAPTER 7 F5 )

(b)720

k red marbles. If a marble is picked

randomly from the bag, the probability

of picking a red marble is

3

. Find the

5

are rolled together. Calculate the

probability that the score on the white

dice is twice the score on the black

dice.

value of k.

are green and some are red. If a marble

is drawn at random from the box, the

probability that a green marble drawn is

2

. Calculate

5

box,

(b) the number of red marbles that

have to be added to the box such that

the probability to draw a red marble

15

becomes

.

23

9

1

12

6 black marbles while bag II

contains 3 blue marbles and 4 black

marbles. If a marble is chosen at

random from each bag, calculate

the probability that

(a)

(b)

the marble from bag I is blue

and the marble from bag II is

black.

(c) At least one of the marbles

chosen is black.

(a)

3

7

(b)

1

7

(c)

rolled together. Calculate the

probability that

(a) the sum of two numbers is 8.

(b) The difference of two numbers is

5,

(c) The sum of two numbers is 8 or

The difference of two numbers is

5.

25

28

(a)

7. A marble is drawn at random from

a box containing 3 black marbles, 4

green marbles and 5 white

marbles.

(a) What is the probability of

5

36

(b)

1

18

(c)

7

36

are black and 6 are yellow. Two

marbles are drawn at random, one

after another with replacement.

Determine the probability that

(a) 24 (b) 6

6. In a soccer match between team A

and team B, the result can be a draw

or a win for team A or a win for team

B. The probability that team A and

team B will win are

1

1

and

3

2

calculates the probability that team A

will win once and draw once.

1

18

refrigerators, P, Q, R, S and T and 4

washing machines, A, B, C and D. If a

refrigerator and a washing machine are

chosen at random, calculate the

probability that refregerators P or Q and

80

81

SPM QUESTIONS

1.

A box contains 6 white marbles

and k black marbles. If a marble is

picked randomly from the box, the

probability of getting a black marble is

3

. Find the value of k.

[3 marks]

5

The following table shows the

number of coloured cards in a box

Colour

Number of Cards

Black

5

Blue

4

Yellow

3

Two cards are drawn at random from

the box. Find the probability that both

cards are of the same colour.

[3 marks]

k=9

The probability of Sarah being

3

chosen as a school prefect is

5

while the probability of Aini being

7

chosen is

. Find the probability that

12

(a) neither of them is chosen as a

school

prefect,

(b) only one of them is chosen as a

school

prefect.

[4 marks]

19

66

The probability that a student is a

librarian is 0.2 . Three students are

chosen at random . Find the probability

that

(a) all three are librarians,

(b) only one of them is librarian.

[4 marks]

(a) 1

6

29

(b) 60

The probability that Hamid qualifies for

2

the final of a track event is

while the

5

1

probability that Mohan qualifies is

.

3

Find the probability that

a) both of them qualify for the final,

b) only one of them qualifies for the

final.

[ 3 marks]

7

2

(a) 15

(b) 15

In a selection of a class monitor, the

probability that student X is chosen is

1

, while the probability that either

3

2

student X or student Y chosen is

.

5

Find the probability that

a) Student Y is chosen

b) Student X or student Y is not

chosen.

1

;

15

3

]

5

82

PROBABILITY DISTRIBUTIONS ( CHAPTER 8 F5 )

1. List all possible value of a discrete random variable

a) If X represents the number of pupils scoring 12A in a

b)

If Y represents the number of times of getting the

group of 5 pupils, list all the possible values of X.

number 1 when tossing a fair dice three times, list all the

possible values of Y.

c) A pupil takes English examination 8 times. If Z

represents the number of times he passes the

examination, list all the possible values of Z.

P ( X r ) nCr p r q n r , p q 1

marbles and 4 black marbles. If X represents the number of

black marbles chosen, list all the possible values of X.

83

Given p = 0.7 , q =

n=5,

r =3

Find P(X = 3).

Given p = 0.2 , q =

n = 10 ,

r =2

Find P(X = 2).

a)

Given p = 0.12 , q =

n = 10 ,

r =2

Find P(X = 2).

d)

Given p = 0.45 , q =

n=7,

r =3

Find P( X = 3).

b)

[0.3087]

c)

[ 0.3020]

be late for a meeting is 0.6. Find the

probability that Bernard will be late for

3 out of five meetings.

[0.2918]

1A for English in the monthly test is

0.4. Find the probability that Minmin will

be scoring 1A for English twice out of 6

monthly tests.

b) A dice is tossed 4 times. The probability of getting the

win a game is 0.55. If the binomial random variable X

9

number 2 is

. If the binomial random variable X

represents the number of games

that Siva won,find the

[ 0.2330]

20

probability that Siva wins 0, 1, 2, 3 or 4 games .

0.3110]

represents the

number of times of getting the number [2,

[ 0.3456]

Plot a binomial distribution graph.

find the probability of getting 0,1,2,3,or 4 times of number

g)The probability that Chandra wins in h)The probability that

Ahmad

2.Plot

a wears

binomial distribution graph.

a singing competition is 0.65. Find the batik shirt for a meeting is 0.55. Find

probability that Chandra will win 4 out the probability that Ahmad will wear

of 6 singing competitions.

batik shirt for 2 out of five meetings.

[ 0.3280]

3.

[ 0.2757]

84

4. Determine mean, variance and standard deviation of a binomial distribution. np ; 2 npq ; npq

; p q 1

85

1

6

value of

i) q,

iii)

ii)

iv)

b)

1

3

value

of

i) q,

ii)

iii) 2

iv)

with 4 options to choose from. There is

only one correct answer for each

question. Johnny guessed all the

answers .Find

(a) the mean number of questions that

he will get it right.

(b) the variance and the standard

deviation of the number of correct

answers obtained.

students, 70% of them pass in a

mathematics test. Find

(a) the mean number of students pass

the test.

(b) the variance and the standard

deviation of the number of

students pass the test

continuously. The probability of

[2.5, 2.083,1.443]

1

. Find

6

number 2 appears

(b) the variance and the standard

deviation of number 2 is obtained.

by a jet fighter, the probability that a

bomb will hit its target is 0.65. Find

(a) the mean number bombs hit its

target.

(b) the variance and the standard

deviation of the number of bombs hit

its target

[19.5,6.825,2.612]

86

1.

D5.

probability of a pupil being latein Form

3D is 8%. Calculate the probability

that in a group of 10 students from

Form 3D, the number of pupils being

late is

(i) exactly two

(ii) less than two

by a jet fighter, the probability that a

bomb will hit its target is 0.65. calculate

the probability that

(a) exactly 10 bombs hit the target

(b) all the bombs hit the target

[ 0.1088, 0.005688]

[ 0.2013, 0.6778]

their aptitude test. If 4 pupils are

selected at random from the class.

Calculate the probability that

(i) at least half of the selected pupils

pass their aptitude test

(ii) at most 1 of the selected pupils

pass heir aptitude test,

chance for John to hit the target on any

one shot is 95%. John fires 8 shots. Find

the probability that

(i) at least 7 shots hit the target

(ii) at most 3 of the shots hit the

target.

continuously. The probability of

1

obtaining the number 2 is . Find

6

the probability of getting

(i) number 2 not more than 3

tosses

(ii) number 2 in 4 or more tosses

[ 0.9306, 0.0694]

[0.9428, 0.0000154]

[ 0.9303,0.0697]

students passed. If a sample of 8

students is randomly selected, find the

probability that 6 students from the

sample passed the examination.

population of a settlement.

If 7 people are randomly selected from

the settlement, find the probability that

at least two of them are senior citizens.

of the pupils in a city cycle to school. If

8 pupils from the city are chosen at

random, calculate the probability that

(i) exactly 2 of them cycle to school

[ 0.1478, 0.8121]

4

.A

5

random from Kuantan. Find the

probability

(i) that exactly 7 of the selected

teenagers own a mobile phone.

(ii) at least 8 of the selected teenagers

own a mobile phone.

87

88

6. Given that Z is the standard normal distribution

variable, find the values for the following:

a) P(Z>0.2)

b)

P(Z>1.2)

[ 0.4207 ]

P( Z > -1.511)

[ 0.1151 ]

P( Z > -0.203)

[0.9346]

P ( 0 Z 1.511 )

P( Z < -0.6 )

[0.5805]

[0.1996]

p ( 2.671 Z 0)

[ 0.4346]

P ( Z 1.334 )

[0.9077]

P ( 0.203 Z 1.327 )

[0.7085]

[ 0.2075]

[0.2640]

p ( 2.907 Z 1.589)

[ 0.4882]

[0.94216]

P ( Z 1.112 )

[ 0.5320]

[ 0.0668]

P( Z < 0.549 )

[0.49622]

P ( Z 0.625 )

[0.1824]

[ 0.2743]

P( Z < 1.327)

[0.3056]

P ( Z < -1.5)

P ( Z 0.336 )

[ 0.7338]

[ 0.2630]

89

7. Find the z-score for each of the following:

P( Z > z ) =0.4207

P(Z > z) =0.1151

[0.2]

P( Z > z ) = 0.5805

P( Z < z ) =0.2743

[1.2]

P( Z > z ) = 0.9346

[-0.203 ]

P( -1.2 Z z ) =0.2369, z

<0

[-0.38]

P( Z < z ) =0.0668

[-0.6]

P( Z < z ) = 0.9332

[-1.511]

0

[-1.431]

[-1.5]

P( Z< z ) = 0.8757

[1.5]

[1.154]

p ( z Z 1.327) 0.4882, z 0

[-0.203]

[1.2]

90

8. For each normal distribution below, convert the random variable X to standardized variable Z. Then, find the probability of

the event given the mean and

the standard deviation.

a)

b)

c)

d)

12

43.26

68

43

10

50

70

50

10

10

Probabili

ty of

event

Probabili

ty of

event

Probabili

ty of

event

Probabili

ty of

event

P(Z>z)

P( Z<z)

P(Z>z)

P( Z >z)

[ 0.667, 0.2523]

[-0.674, 0.2501]

[ -0.2 , 0.5793]

[ -0.875, 0.6184]

91

9.

Solve problems involving normal distributions.

a) X is random variable of a normal

a) X is random variable of a normal

distribution with mean and standard distribution with mean 4.8 and

deviation

6. Findvariable of a normal

standard

1.2random

. Find variable

g)

X is random

h)

X is a deviation

continuous

(i) the valuewith

of ,if10

theand

z-value

is 1.5 such

(i) thethat

value

of X if

the

scorethat

=1.5

,25

).z

distribution

standard

X~N(

Given

when X=

(ii)

P

(X

3.2)

deviation

3. .42

Find the value of k if

P (X < 9)= 0.7257. Find the value of .

(ii)

P(

X<47)

P( X < k) = 0.975

[15.88]

distribution with mean 6.7 and standard

deviation

1.5.variable

Find

i)

A random

X has a normal

(i) the z-score

given

X=4.6

distribution

with

mean

50 and variance,

2 P ( X 4.6)

(ii)

. Given that

P (X > 51) = 0.288, find the value of

[6]

[1.789]

distribution with mean 38.5 [33,

and0.9909]

d)

X

is

random

variable

of

a

normal

variance 10.24 . Find the value

of a

distribution

with

mean

given

P (X >

a) =

0.268 and

variance 2.25. Find

(i) the value of if the z score =2

when X = 8.5

(ii) P (X < 7)

[6.6, 0.9087]

F(z)

normal distribution graph.

e) X is random variable of a normal

distribution with mean 108 and

standard deviation 10. Find

(i) the Z score if X=100

(ii) P ( 100 X 108)

[-1.4, 0.9192]

produced by a factory are normally

f)

X

is

random

variable

of

a

normal

distributed with a mean of 9mm and a

distribution

with mean

24mm.

and standard

standard

deviation

of 0.1

Diagram

deviation

2.5.the

Find

below

shows

normal distribution

(i)

P( Xfor

>26

graph

the) diameter of the marbles,

(ii)

value

of

k if P( X < k) = 0.1151

X mm

=9

h

X

It is given that the area of the shaded

mm

region is o.4522. Find the value of h

[5.5, 0.8413]

[-0.8,[0.1872]

0.2881]

[ 0.2119, 21]

[44.84]

[9.012]

92

standardized normal distribution

graph.

students in an examination are normally

distributed with a mean of 48 marks

and standard deviation of 10 marks.

(i) If a student is selected at random,

calculate the probability that the

students mark is more than 60

(ii)If 30% of the students fail in the

examination, estimate the minimum

mark required to pass the examination.

f (z)

0.3643

z

k

O

The probability represented by the

area of the shaded region is 0.3643

(i) Find the value of k.

(ii) X is a continuous random variable

which is normally distributed with a

mean of and a standard deviation

of 8.

Find the value of if X = 70 when the

z-score is k.

distribution graph.

The probability represented by the area

of the shaded region is 0.3485.

(i)Find the value of k

(ii) X is a continuous random variable

which is normally distributed with a

mean of 79 and a standard deviation of

3. Find the value of X when the z-score

is k

[0.1151,42.76]

[ 1.1, 61.2]

[ 1.03, 82.09]

93

medical check up. The blood pressure

of a worker has a normal distribution

with a mean of 130 mmHg and a

standard deviation of 16mmHg. Blood

pressure that is more than 150 mmHg

is classify as high blood pressure

(i) a worker is chosen at random from

the group. Find the probability that the

worker has a blood pressure between

114mm Hg and 150mmHg

(ii) It is found that 132 workers have

high blood pressure. Find the total

number of workers in the group.

a normal distribution with mean of 248

g and a standard deviation of 16 g. Find

(i) The probability that a packet of

cookies is chosen at random has mass

between 240 g and 250 g.

(ii) the value of x if 20% of the packet of

cookies chosen at random have a mass

greater than x g

[ 0.7357, 1250]

[0.2412, 261.47]

Form 5 boys, it is discovered that the

rate of heart beats has a normal

distribution with a mean of 80 beats per

minute and a standard deviation of 10

beats per minutes.

(i) If one form 5 boy is randomly

selected, find the probability that his

rate of heart beats is between 75 to 85

beats per minutes.

(ii) Given that 20% of the Form 5 boys

have rate of heart bets less than k

beats per minute, find the value of k.

[0.383, 71.58]

94

produced by a factory is normally

distributed with mean 325 hours and

standard deviation of 25 hours. Find

(i) the probability that a unit of battery

chosen at random, has a life span

between 280 hours and 350 hours,

(ii) the percentage of battery that has

a life span of more than 320 hours.

orchard is normally distributed with a

mean and variance 0.64 g

(i) Given that 10.5% of the papayas

produced exceed 3.5 kg. Find the value

of

(ii) The papayas that have masses less

than 1.0 kg and more than 4.0 kg are

rejected from packaging. Calculate the

percentage of acceptable papayas.

from an orchard follows a normal

distribution with a mean of 3.2kg and a

standard deviation of 0.5 kg. find

(i) the probability that a water-melon

chosen randomly from the orchard have

a mass of not more than 4.0 kg

(ii) the value of m if 60% of the water

melons from the orchard have a mass

more than m kg

[ 2.4976, 93.92%]

[ 0.9452,3.0735,]

[0.8054, 57.93%]

farm is normally distributed with a

mean of 820 g and standard

deviation of 100 g.

(i)Find the probability that a mango

fruit chosen randomly has a minimum

mass of 700 g.

(ii)Find the expected number of mango

fruits from a basket containing 200

fruits that have a mass of less than

700 g.

15% of the population of a village.

(i) If 8 people are selected randomly

from the village, find the probability

that at least two of them are

government servants.

(ii) If the variance of government

servants is 91.8, what is the population

of the village?

[5 marks]

(b) The height of the workers in a

factory is normally distributed with a

mean of 162.5 cm and a variance of

90.25 cm2. 180 of the workers are

between 151.3 cm and 169.7 cm tall.

Find the total number of workers in the

factory.

[ 5marks]

practice session on scoring goals from

penalty kicks. Each player takes 10

penalty . The probability that a player

scores a goal from a penalty kick is p.

After the practice session, it is found

that the mean number of goals for a

player is 3.6

(i) Find the value of p.

(ii) If a player is chosen at random, find

the probability that he scores at least

one goal.

[5 marks]

(b) The heights of students are normally

distributed with a mean of 162 cm, and

a standard deviation of 12 cm

(i) If a student is chosen at random,

calculate the probability that his height

is less than 154 cm.

(ii)Given that 15% of the students are

taller than h cm, find the value of h

[5 marks]

[ 0.8849, 23 ]

[0.3428, 720,274]

95

96

SPM 2003 P1 Q 24

Diagram shows a standard normal

distribution graph .

f(z)

z

k

k ) [2marks]

In an examination, 70% of the students

passed. If a sample of 8 students is

randomly selected, find the probability

that 6 students from thesample passed

the examination.

The mass of students in a school has a

normal distribution with a mean of 54

kg and a standard deviation of 12 kg.

Find

a) the mass of the students which

gives a standard score of 0.5

b) the percentage of students with

[0.2965]

mass greater than 48 kg.

SPM 2004 P1 Q25

[ 4 marks]

X is random variable of a normal with a

mean of 5.2 and a variance of 1.44 .

Find

a) The Z score if X = 6.7

b) P( 5.2 X 6.7 )

[ 0.1872 ]

[1.25 , 0.3944]

Diagram shows a standard normal

distribution graph .

f(z)

0.3485

O

X is a continuous random variable of a

normal distribution with a mean of 52

and a standard deviation of 10. Find

a) the z-score when X = 67.2

b) the value of k when P( z < k ) =

0.8849.

[ 4 marks]

[ X = 60 , 69.146%]

The masses of a group of students in a

school have a normal distribution with a

mean of 40 kg and a standard deviation

of 5 kg. Calculate the probability that a

student chosen at random from this

group has a mass of

a) more than 45 kg

b) between 35 kg and 47.8 kg.

[ 4 marks]

area of the shaded region is 0.3485 .

a)

Find the value of k

b) X is a continuous random variable

which is normally distributed with a

mean of 79 and a standard deviation

of 3. Find the value of X when the zscore is k.

[ 4 marks]

[k=1.03 , X = 82.09]

[ z=1.52 , k = 1.20]

The masses of a apples in a stall have

a normal distribution with a mean of

200 g and a standard deviation of 30

g.

a) Find the mass , in g, of an apple

whose z-score is 0.5 .

The discreate random variable X has a

binomial probability distribution with n

= 4 where n is the number of trials.

Diagram below shows the probability

y

distribution

of x.

1

1

k

x

0

x

1

x

2

x

3

x

4

x

16

4

[ 0.1587 , 0.7819]

97

98

SPM QUESTIONS - PAPER 2

SPM 2003 P2 Q 10

SPM

2009 of

P2a Q

11

population

settlement.

A

test

paper

consists

of 40 selected

questions.

(i) If 7 people are randomly

Each

questions

is

followed

by

from the settlement, find the four

choices

of answer,

where

only

probability

that at least

two

of one

themof

these

is

correct.

are senior citizens

Salma

answers

all senior

the questions

(ii) a)

If the

variance

of the

citizens

by

randomly

choosing

in 128, what is the populationan

of the

answer for each question.[5

settlement.

Estimate the number of

marks]i)

she answered

(b) The massquestions

of the workers

in a

correctly.

factory

ii)

Find the standard

is normally

distributed

with a mean of

ofof

the

number

67.86 kg anddeviation

a variance

42.25

kg2.

of

questions

she

200 of the workers in the factory

answered

correctly.

weigh between

50 kg and

70kg. [ 5

] of worker in the

Find the totalmarks

number

b)

Basri

answers

30 questions

factory.

[5

correctly

and

randomly

marks]

choosing an answer for each of

the remaining 10 questions.

Find the probability that he

answers

i)

36 questions correctly

ii)

At least 32 questions

correctly.

[

5 marks ]

SPM

2010 P2

Q10

for trainees

on scoring

goals from

a)

A

random

variable

, X,takes

has a8

penalty kicks. Each

trainee

binomial

distribution

with

10

penalty kicks. The probabilitytrials

that a

where

probability

of success

in each

traineethe

scores

a goal from

a penalty

trial

is

p.

The

mean

of

success

is

4.

kick is p. After the session, it is found

Calculate

that the mean number of goals for a

trainee is 4.8

i) Find the

(i)

the value

value of

of p

p.

ii)

P

(

x

2

)

(ii) If a trainee is chosen at random, find

[ 5 marks

] he scores at least

the probability

that

one goal.

[5

marks]

b)

diameter

of limes from

a farm

(b) AThe

survey

on body-mass

is done

on a

has

a

normal

distribution

with

a

mean

group of students. The mass of a

of

3.2 cm

and

a standard

deviation

of a

student

has

a normal

distribution

with

1.5

cm.

mean

ofCalculate

50kg and a standard deviation

of 15 kg

the probability

that

a lime

(i) Ifi) a student

is chosen at

random,

chosen

at

random

from

this

calculate the probability that his mass

farm

has

a

diameter

more

is less than 41kg

than12%

3.9 cm

(ii) Given that

of the students have

ii)

the

value

if 33%

the

a mass of more thanofmd kg,

findof

the

limes

have

diameters

less

value of m.

[5 marks] than d cm. [ 5 marks ]

(a) The result of a study shows that

20% of the pupils in a city cycle to

school. If 8 pupils from the city are

chosen at random, calculate the

probability that

(i) exactly 2 of them cycle to school

(ii) less than 3 of them cycle to school

[4marks]

(b) The mass of water melons produced

from an orchard follows a normal

distribution with a mean of 3.2kg and a

standard deviation of 0.5 kg. find

(i) the probability that a water-melon

chosen randomly from the orchard have

a mass of not more than 4.0 kg

(ii) the value of m if 60% of the water

melons from the orchard have a mass

more than m kg

[6marks]

[0.2, 0.4232, 800, 0.6259, 319]

[0.6, 0.9993,0.2743,67.63]

SPM 2006 P2 Q 11

An orchard produces lemons. Only

lemons with diameter, x greater than k

cm are graded and marketed. Table

[]

SPM 2007 P2 Q11

SPM 2008 P2 Q11

(a) In a survey carried out in a school, it The masses of mangoes from an

is found that 2 out of 5 students have

orchard has a normal distribution with a

handphones. If 8 students from that

mean of 300 g and a standard deviation

99

100

LINEAR PROGRAMMING

( CHAPTER 10 F5)

Writing linear inequalities and equations describing a situation.

Constrains

Inequality

Constrains

Inequality

101

1.The value of x must be at least 5

the value of y

5

of y

15

by at least 5

value of y

Answer: (1) x 5, (2) x 5;(3) x 5, (4) x 5, (5) x y 5, (6) x 2 y, (7) x 3 y , (8) x y 5, (9) x 2 y, (10) x 3 y

(11) x y 45, (12) x y 15, (13) x y 15(14) x y 15, (15) 2 x y 15 , (16) 2 x y 10, (17)

x

y 1

2 (18)

y

x 5

and event B of a fund raising telematch. Each participant

of1.eventAn

A institution

and event offers

B donated

RM40 of

and

RM50

two types

Mathematics

respectively.

The following

conditions

imposed.

courses, Calculus

and Statistics

. The are

number

of students

taking Calculus course is x and the number of students

(i)

Not more

thancourse

40 participants

for event

taking

Statistics

is y. The number

of Astudents taking

(ii)

least 20 participants

event

theAt

Mathematics

courses isfor

based

onBthe following

(iii)The

number of participants of event B is not more than

constraints:

twice the number of participants of event A.

(iv)

Theratio

totalofnumber

of participants

fortaking

both events

is not

I : The

the number

of students

Calculus

more

70.

coursethan

to the

number of students taking Statistic course is not

(a)

Write

an80

inequality

for each condition above.

more

than

: 20.

[3

II : marks]

The total number of students taking Mathematics

courses is less than

(b) By

using a

or equal

toscale

80. of 2 cm to 10 units on both axes,

construct

and shade

the region

R that

satisfies

all the

III : The number

of students

taking

Statistics

course

is at

inequalities

above.

[4 marks]

least 10

(c)

Based

on your

determine

the maximum

IV: The

number

of graph,

students

taking Calculus

course is more

donation

[3 marks]

than 20. collected.

(a) Write four inequalities, other than x 0 and y

0,which satisfy all the

above constraints.

[4 marks] (b) Using a scale of 2 cm to 10 students on both

axes, construct and shade the region R which satisfies all

of the above constraints.

[3 marks]

(c)

By using your graph from (b) ,find

i) the range of the number of students for Calculus course

if the

number of students for Statistics course is 20.

(ii) the maximum examination fee that can be collected if

the examination fees for Calculus and Statistics courses

are RM 200 and RM 400 respectively.

[3 marks]

Answer: x 40, y 20, y 2 x, x y 70 Donation = 40x +50y, (23,

46), RM3220

machine II to produce two types of electrical components P

and

a certain

factory.

2. QA in

factory

produces

two components , A and B. In a

particular day, the factory produced x pieces of component

AElectrical

and y pieces of component

of IIthe two

MachineB.

I The production

Machine

components

component is based on the following constraints.:

P

4 minutes

10 minutes

I : The total numbers

of component

is not more than

Q

8 minutes

4 minutes

500.

II : The

number

of component

B produced

is at most

The factory

produces

x component

P and

y component

Q

three

times

the

based on the following constraints:

number of component A,

III : TheI can

minimum

number

component

B 640

is 200.

I

Machine

be operated

forofnot

more than

minutes in a day.

y 0 , in

II

Machine

must be operated

for atxleast

400 minutes

0 and

a) Write

three IIinequalities,

other than

a

day. satisfy all the

which

above constraints.

III

The number of components P produced must not be

[ 3 marks]

more

than

two of 2 cm to 50 components on both axes,

b) Using

a scale

times

theshade

number

component

produced.

construct and

the of

region

R whichQsatisfies

all the

above constraints.

[ 3 marks]

(a) State three inequalities, other than x 0 and y 0.,

which

all ofin

the

above

c) Use satisfy

your graph

part

a), toconstraints

find

[3 marks]

i. the maximum number of component A if the number

of component B produced on a particular day is 300.

(b)

By using

[ 1 mark

] scales of 2 cm to 20 units on the x-axis and 2 cm

to

on thetotal

y-axis,

draw

and

shade

region

R 20

which

ii) 10

theunits

maximum

profit

per

day

if RMthe

25 and

RM

are

satisfy

all

the

above

constraints.

the profit from the sales of component A and B respectively.

[3

[3 marks]

marks]

(c) The profits made from selling each component P and

component Q is RM 30 and RM20 respectively.

(i) Given that 60 components Q have been produced, find the

maximum number of component P that can be produced.

[1 mark]

(ii) calculate the maximum profit that can be made by the

factory in a day.

[3 marks]

,

Answer:

x 80

, x y 80, y 10, x 20 , 21 x 60 ,

y 20

25(300)+20(200)=11500

102

103

SPM 2003 P2 Q 14

Shanker has an allocation of RM 225 to buy x kg of prawns

and y kg of fish. The total mass of the commodities is not

less than 15 kg. The mass of prawns is at most three times

that of fish. The price of 1 kg of prawns is RM9 and the

price of 1 kg of fish is RM5.

(a) Write down three inequalities, other than x 0 and y 0,

that satisfy all the above conditions.

[ 3marks]

(b) Hence, using a scale of 2 cm to 5 kg for both axes,

construct and shade the region R that satisfies all the

above conditions.

[4 marks]

(c) If Shanker buys 10 kg of fish, what is the maximum

amount of money that could remain from his allocation?

[3marks]

answers:

A district education office intends to organize a course on the

teaching of Mathematics and Science in English.

The course will be attended by x Mathematics participants

and y Science participants.

The selection of participants is based on the following

constraints:

I

: The total number of participants is at least 40

II

: The number of Science participants is at most twice

that of

Mathematics.

III

: The maximum allocation for the course is RM7200.

The

expenditure for a Mathematics participant is RM

120, and for a

science participant is RM80.

a) A)Write down three inequalities, other than x 0 and y

0, which satisfy the above constraints.

[3marks]

b) Hence, by using a scale of 2 cm to 10 participants on

both axes, construct and shade the region R which

satisfies all the above constraints.

[3marks]

c) Using your graph from (b) , find

(i)

the maximum and minimum number of

Mathematics participants

when the number of Science participants is 10,

(ii) the minimum cost to run the course.

[4marks]

RM3720

SPM 2005 P2 Q 14

104

105

Back to BASIC :

Acceleration

certain point + direction)

v = velocity of moving object [usually towards

the right is considered positive]

a = acceleration of moving object

because it involves differentiation to obtain

acceleration and integration to determine the

displacement (distance travelled).

No.

1.

Keywords

Initial

Meaning

At the

beginning

When t = 0

Particle returns

to starting point

O

Particle passes

through O

Particle

achieves

maximum /

minimum

displacement

Particle

achieves

maximum /

minimum

velocity

Particle

changes

direction of

motion

Particle stops

instantaneously

..

s=0

s = f(t)

[displacement is usually given as a

function of time]

v = f (t) =

ds

dt

2.

a = f (t) =

dv

dt

3.

4.

5.

6.

7.

s=0

Examples / Remarks

1.1 Initial displacement : t

= 0, s = ..

1.2 Initial velocity

: t

= 0, v = ..

1.3 Initial acceleration : t

= 0, a = ..

Candidates are required to

determine the time for

each situation.

v=0

are then asked to

determine another quantity.

a=0

asked to sketch the graph

showing the motion of the

particles.

v=0

v=0

106

1.

Displacement

(i) When a particle moves along a straight line, its displacement (s) from a fixed point O changes with time t. We write : s

= f(t)

(ii) If the direction towards the right is considered positive, then

a) positive displacement means the particle is on the right side of O,

b) negative displacement means the particle is on the left side of O,

c) Zero displacement means the particle is at O.

107

1.A particle moves along a straight

line passing through O. Its

displacement, s metres, from O at t

seconds after passing through O is

given by

s = 4t t2.

(a) Find the displacement of the

particle when

(i) t = 0,

(ii) t = 1,

(iii) t = 3,

(iv) t = 5

Sketch the displacement-time graph of

the motion of the particle for

0 t 5

passing through O. Its displacement, s

metres, from O at t seconds after

passing through O is given by

s = t2 + 3t 10 .

Find

(a) the initial displacement,

(b) the displacement when t = 3,

(c) the distance travelled in the fourth

second.

(d) the total distance travelled in the

first 4

seconds.

passing through O. Its displacement, s

metres, from O at t seconds after

passing through O is given by

s = 80t 4t2.

(a) When is the particle

(i) 300 m to the right of O ?

(ii) 500 m to the left of O ?

(iii) passing through O again?

(b) Find the time interval when

(i) the particle moves to the right

(ii) the displacement is negative.

positive)

again?

10m,

28m]

after 4 second ]

Velocity

(i) Velocity is the rate of change of displacement with respect to time.

[Ans : (a) t = 5, 15 ;

10, t > 20s ]

108

s = f(t), v = f (t) =

ds

dt

[ differentiate s once]

(ii) If the direction of motion towards the right is considered positive, then

(a) positive velocity means the particle is moving towards the right,

(b) negative velocity means the particle is moving towards the left,,

(c) Zero velocity means the particle is stationary.

1.The velocity, v ms-1 , of a particle

moving along a straight line is given

by v = 5 + 4t t2 at time t seconds

after passing through a fixed point O.

Find

(a) the initial velocity,

(b) the velocity when t = 2s,

(c) the time when the particle stops

instantaneously,

(d) the interval when the particle

moves towards the left.

moving along a straight line is given by

v = t2 6t + 8 at time t seconds after

passing through a fixed point O. Find

(a) the initial velocity,

(b) the velocity when t = 3s,

(c) the time when the particle stops

instantaneously,

(d) the interval when the particle moves

to the left.

moving along a straight line is given by

v = 20 + 8t t2 at time t seconds

after passing through a fixed point O.

Find

(a) the initial velocity,

(b) the initial acceleration,

(c) the maximum velocity of the

particle

(d) the interval when the particle moves

to the right.

(e) the distance traveled in the first 3

seconds.

[Ans : v= 5 , 9, t = 5 , t > 5]

[Ans : 8 ms-1, -1 ms-1 ; t = 2, 4

; 2<t<

4]

[Ans : 20ms-1, 8 ms-1, 36 ms-1, 0 < t < 10,

87m ]

3.

Acceleration

(i) Acceleration is the rate of change of velocity with respect to time.

109

s = f(t), v = f (t) =

ds

dt

, a=

dv

dt

Negative acceleration means the particle is slowing down,,

Zero acceleration means the particle is moving with UNIFORM velocity.

The acceleration, a ms-2 , of a particle

The acceleration, a ms-2 , of a particle

A particle moves along a straight line

moving along a straight line is given

moving along a straight line is given by and passes through a fixed point O, with

by a = 12 4t, where t is the time

a = 6 2t, where t is the time in

a velocity of 24 ms-1. Its acceleration, a

in seconds after passing through a

seconds after passing through a fixed

ms-2, t s after passing through O is given

fixed point O. The velocity of the

point O. The velocity of the particle is

by a = 10 2t. The particle stops after

-1

-1

particle is 14 ms when it passes

16 ms when it passes through O. Find p seconds.

through O. Find

(a) the initial acceleration,

Find

(a) the initial acceleration,

(b) the maximum velocity of the

a) the initial acceleration of the particle,

(b) the velocity when t = 2s,

particle,

b) the maximum velocity of the particle,

(c) the time when the particle stops

(c) the acceleration of the particle when c) the value of p,

instantaneously,

it stops instantaneously,

d) the total distance travelled by the

(d) the maximum velocity of the

(d) the total distance travelled in the

particle.

particle.

first 8 seconds.

SPM

]

QUESTIONS

A particle moves in a straight line and passes through a

fixed point O, with a velocity of 24 ms-1. Its acceleration,

a ms-2, t s after passing through O is given by a = 10-2t.

The particle stops after k s.

(a) Find (i) the maximum velocity of the particle,

(ii) the value of k.

[6 marks]

(b) Sketch a velocity-time graph for 0 t k.

Hence, or

otherwise, calculate the total distance travelled during

that period.

[4marks]

A particle moves along a straight line fro a fixed point P. Its

velocity, V ms-1, is given by

V= 2t(6-t), where t is the time, in seconds, after leaving the

point P.

(Assume motion to the right is positive.)

Find

(a) the maximum velocity of the particle,

[3 marks]

(b) the distance travelled during the third second,

[3 marks]

(c) the value of of t when the particle passes the point P

again,

[2marks]

(d) the time between leaving P and when the particle

reverses its direction of motion.

[ 2 marks]

1

3

Answers: 18, 17 , 9, 6

3. SPM 2005 P2Q15

Diagram below shows the positions and directions of motion

of two objects, P and Q, moving in a straight line passing

two fixed points, A and B respectively. Object P passes the

fixed point A and the object Q passes the fixed point B

simultaneously. The distance AB is 28 m

A particle moves in a straight line and passes through a

fixed point O. Its velocity, v ms-1-, is given by v= t2 -6t + 5,

where t is the time, in seconds, after leaving O. (Assume

motion to the right is positive)

110

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