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BENEFITS

High quality treated water


(for recycling)
Easy integration to other processes
and plants
Easy to expand for further
treatment needs
Process guarantees and tailoring via
client water testing
The Outotec

Ettringite process is a solution for managing


sulfate and calcium in process streams for the production
of water that meets discharge water quality requirements
and allows the recycling of treated water for reuse. The
process consists of an ettringite precipitation stage at
pH 11-13 using lime milk and aluminum, followed by a
nal neutralization stage using carbon dioxide. Gypsum
precipitation can be included before the ettringite stage,
when required.
Ettringite precipitation is an easy and exible process with
simple and understandable chemistry. It can be applied
for sulfate removal from gypsum saturated waters. More
importantly, sulfate can be precipitated even when it is
associated with highly soluble sodium and potassium
sulfates. The sulfate concentration after treatment is
typically 200-1000 mg/L. A level below 200 mg/L can be
achieved with enhanced precipitation chemistry. In addi-
tion to sulfate removal, the Outotec Ettringite process
includes advanced removal of metal impurities such as Ni,
Cd, Cu and Zn as metal hydroxides. The nal products of
the ettringite process are treated water with a low sulfate
concentration for discharge to the environment or re-use
and stable, solid precipitate with a high buffer capacity.
OUTOTEC


ETTRINGITE PROCESS
Copyright 2014 Outotec Oyj. All rights reserved.
Outotec provides leading technologies and services for the sustainable use of Earths natural resources. As the global leader in minerals
and metals processing technology, we have developed many breakthrough technologies over the decades for our customers in metals
and mining industry. We also provide innovative solutions for industrial water treatment, the utilization of alternative energy sources and
the chemical industry. Outotec shares are listed on NASDAQ OMX Helsinki. www.outotec.com
Our offering
Tailored and optimized water treatment solutions for
improving environmental quality and reducing scaling
potential
Based on globally available aluminum and calcium
chemicals, which are selected specically for each
case
One-stop-shop concept from testing up to EPC
Highly automated solution minimizing operational
costs
High-quality treated water (for recycling)
Process guarantees and tailoring via testing of clients
water
Environmental benets:
Optimized chemical consumption
Water recycling
Control of sulfate discharged to environment
Process solution examples
Control of sulfate in discharge water: efuent treat-
ment plant to manage sulfate concentration in concen-
trators, mines and process efuents
Reduction of scaling to improve plant availability:
removal of sulfate and calcium prevents scaling and
reduce scaling-related maintenance costs
Efcient water recycling: removal of gypsum satura-
tion enables water recycling within the process and
decreased fresh water intake requirements. Also
efuent volumes can be optimized by efcient overall
plant water management.
Typical industrial areas
Non-ferrous concentrators
Gold plants
Coal mining
All mine sites with suldic ore
Key offering includes
Tailored water treatment solutions to optimize the
entire plants water recycling and reuse
Engineering and implementation
Research and development (e.g. conceptual and
feasibility studies)
Plant engineering
Project implementation (up to EPC)
Life cycle services
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FEED WATER
PRESSURE FILTRATION
CLARIFIEDOVERFLOW ETTRINGITESLURRY
FLOCCULANT
SOLIDS RECYCLE
TREATED WATER
FILTER CAKE
CLARIFIER UNDERFLOW
SOLIDS TO FILTER
CARBON DIOXIDE
LIMEMILK
NEUTRALIZEDWATER
ALUMINUM CHEMICAL
FLOCCULANT
ETTRINGITE PRECIPITATION
ETTRINGITE CLARIFIER
NEUTRALIZATION
NEUTRALIZATION CLARIFIER