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NELLY FLORIDA RIAMA

DEVELOPMENT OF MARINE INTEGRATED


DATA AND ANALYSIS SYSTEM (MIDAS) TO
SUPPORT WEATHER AND CLIMATE
SERVICES IN INDONESIA
Presented on CLIMAR-IV, 9-12 June, Asheville, USA
The Agency for Meteorology Climatology and
Geophysic (BMKG)-Indonesia
OUTLINE
1. Background
2. Climate Drivers in Indonesia
3. BMKG Responsibility
4. Development of MIDAS-BMKG
5. MIDAS-BMKG Contribution for
Meteorology and Climate Services
6. Closure/Challenges
Coastline along 99.093 km (top 4
th

longest coastline after Canada, US
and Russia)
Archipelagic country consist of
13.466 islands.
Flanked by Pacific and Indian
Oceans.
The mountainous relief spans along
from the north of Sumatra crossing
the Java Island reaching the West
Papua and stranded in the north of
Sulawesi
1. Characteristic of precipitation affected by the
oceans as well as its position to the equatorial
line.
2. Originates three types of raining in Indonesia
depending on the region i.e. monsoon,
equatorial and local .
3. There are 342 seasonal zones in Indonesia due
to these local characteristics.
CLIMATE DRIVERS IN INDONESIA
Data Sources: BMKG (Indonesia) NOAA (USA)
4
DM (+)
Temperature (SST)
1
2
El Nino
La Nina
DM (-)
3
4
MJO
Shifts of the sea surface temperature (SST) in the tropical Pacific
Ocean- the warm pool and atm osphere convective region:
ENSO (El Nio Southern Oscillation), Dipole Mode (DM) and
MJO events are major climate drivers.
Early Warning System

A.MEWS






B.TEWS


C. CEWS


Indonesian Law No. 31 Th 2009
Meteorology, Climatology and Geophysics Services
-Weather Prediction and Information
(Rainfall-Temperature-RH)
-Marine weather monitoring and
prediction
-FDRS
-Aeronautical Information Services
- Tropical Cyclone Warning Centre/TCWC
-Tsunami early warning
-Earthquake early warning
-Drought Early Warning System
-Standardized Precipitation Index
-Water Content Availability
-Consecutive Dry Days
row data
I
n
t
e
g
r
a
t
o
r

/

S
o
f
t
w
a
r
e

row data
REGIONAL
CENTER
(29)

1.Regional Disaster
Reduction Center
2.Local Government
3.Local Mass Media
(Electronic/ Printing)
4.Local Society
BMKG
JAKARTA
INTERNATIONAL
METEOROLOGICAL
AGENCY
NATIONAL
PROCESSING CENTER
1. PRESIDENTIAL
OFFICE
2. NATIONAL
DISASTER
MANAGEMENT
AGENCY
3. MINISTER
4. INSTITUTION
INTERFACE
5. NATIONAL
MASS MEDIA
6. SOCIETY
1
MONITORING EQUIPMENT
Info
(image)
3b
Data &
info
2
3a
REGIONAL
PROCESSING
SYSTEMS
4
Weather
Radar (19)
Satellite
Ground
Station (8)
row data
Data & Info
5
Automatic
Weather
Sta. (176)
Info
(local scale image)
LOCAL
DISSEMINATION
SYSTEM
Data and Information Flow of Ina-MEWS
NATIONAL
DISSEMINATION
SYSTEM
DATA
BASE
CLIKOM
CLYSIS
WEB
CLIM
AWS
CENTRE
DATA
BASE
VSAT
DATA
BASE
Database
Maritim
AWS
CENTER
1) SST
2) Wave
3) Temperature
4) Wind
5) Pressure
6) Current
7) Tide
8) Wind wave model
DATA BASE
1) BMKG
2) BPPT
3) PELNI
4) LAPAN
5) KKP
6) LIPI
7) BIG
8) Dishidros
OBSERVATION
1) REGULER
(OCEAN CLIMATE
MONITORING/ANALY
SIS, PREDICTION)
2) EXTREME CLIMATE
EVENTS/prediction

OCEAN CLIMATE
INFORMATION
1) SHIIPING AGENCY
2) FISHERIES
3) OFFSHORE
4) COASTAL
DEVELOPMENT
PLANNING
5) OCEAN CLIMATE
RESEARCH
COMMUNITY
USER TYPE
DATA
BASE
1. Lessons learned from Ina TEWS
development process that has been
established since 2008.
2. Needed national coordination
involving various institutions in the
country
3. Based on the BMKGs Strategic Plan
for supporting Early Warning System
(Meteorological Early Warning
System (MEWS), Ina TEWS, Climate
Early Warning System (CEWS)).

DEVELOPMENT of COOPERATION for
MARINE OBSERVATION INFORMATION

BPPT
NCBuoys
BAKOSURTANAL
NC Tide Gauges NC GPS
BMG
NC Seismic NC Accelero
NC InaTEWS (BMKG)
DSS
Tsunami Data Base
TELKOMSEL INDOSAT
INSTITUTIONS INTERFACE :
BNPB
DEPDAGRI
POLRI
TNI
KOMINFO
PEMDA PROV
PEMDA KAB
ELECTRONIC
MEDIA
LOC.GOV,
(SIREN)
1
1 1
1 1 2
2 2
2 2
23
80 40
160
500

USER
(cell phone)
SIREN DISSEMINATION
FACILITIES
COMM: IMARSAT VSAT VSAT GSM (?) VSAT VSAT (?)
BUOY SEISMO ACCELERO TIDE GAUGES GPS
NC: National Centre
MIDAS DEVELOPMENT
BMKG was held Focus Group Discussions (FGDs) in
2013 among the Providers and the Users of marine
information at national level, resulting in the
followings:

1. Commitment to establish national working
groups(Observation, Modeling, Product
Information, Dissemination and Capacity
Building) as a first step toward the
establishment of Indonesian integrated ocean
information system.

2. An agreement to develop Marine Integrated
Data and Analysis System (MIDAS) as national
portal of to support ocean climate data and
information
MIDAS
USER
PROVIDER
BIG
BPPT
BRKP
LIPI
BMKG
DISHI-DROS
LAPAN
S
S S
S
S
DAS
MIDAS
P
O
R
T
A
L

M
A
R
I
T
I
M
E


I
M
P
E
L
E
M
N
T
A
T
I
O
N

CEWS
MARINE INTEGRATED DATA and ANALYSIS
SYSTEM (MIDAS)

DEVELOPMENT of MIDAS
2011
2012
2013
2014
BMKG build a
road map to
establish Marine
Climate
Information
Develop
marine climate
information
system only
from BMKGs
product
information
(MIDAS BMKG
Ver. 1)
BMKG has held
Focus Group
Discussions
(FGDs) among
user and
providers
marine
information
Development of
marine climate
information system
within cooperation
among
agencies/institutions
to support
information and early
warning system
(MIDAS BMKG
Ver. 2)
POTENTIAL CAPACITY to SUPPORT MIDAS
No. AGENCIES POTENTIAL CAPACITY
1. BPPT
(Agency for Assesment and
Application Technology)
MIKE 21.
TUNAMI.
Have bathymetric data but only limited for research location
Buoy data
2. PUSAIR (National Agency for
Water Resource-Ministry of
Public Work)
- have applied Jakarta FEWS , collaborating with BMKG,KNMI
and Deltares
3. DISHIDROS (Hydrooceanic Office-
Indonesian Navy)
- ENC (Electronic Navigation Chart)
- Tide prediction
4. BIG (National Spatial Agency) - 115 tide gauge stations
- Coastal laboratory in Jogjakarta for flood modelling
- Landuse and land system map
5. BPOL KKP (Research and
Development Center for Marine
and Coastal Resources-Ministry
of Marine Affairs and Fisheries)
- HPC for running model in parallel.
6. LAPAN (National Aeronautic and
Space Agency)
-Satellite data (Landsat and IKONOS)


FRONTPAGE of MIDAS Ver. 1
Current Condition
Climatology
Data Extraction
Extreme
Information
FRONTPAGE of MIDAS Ver. 2
LINKS OF MIDAS INTERFACE
VOS Database
Tide Monitoring
AWS Ship
MIDAS Interface link into:
VOS Database
Indonesia Data Buoy Center
Tide Prediction and COAP Data Center
AWS Ship
Indonesia Data Buoy Center
MARINE INFORMATION PRODUCT
Wave Current Information
Potential Wave Height
Normal Winds Surface
To increase the quantity of observations at Indonesian Sea, BMKG promote Voluntary
Observing Ship (VOS) program in national level and installs Automatic Weather
Station (AWS) at 11 commercial ships, resulting in real time observational data
(http://maritim.bmkg.go.id/index.php/aws)
MARINE INFORMATION PRODUCT

MIDAS IMPLEMENTATION
TOWARDS CIFDP-I
1. MIDAS is a national portal of marine/ocean
climate data and information supported Coastal
Inundation Forecasting Demonstration Project
Indonesia (CIFDP-I).
2. All the activities categorized as Project
preparation or phase 0 of CIFDP-I.
3. Recent activities, Indonesia was held National
Stakeholders Workshop as the initial into Phase-I
on 3-6 December 2013.
4. In October 2014, we plan to conduct the Phase
1 Review and Phase 2 Kick Off Implementation.
CIFDP-I: TIMELINE
NATIONAL STAKEHOLDERS WORKSHOP CIFDP-I
JAKARTA- SEMARANG (3-6 DECEMBER 2013)

CLOSURE/CHALLENGES
1. There is a strong need to develop a
national marine information portal as
Indonesia as a maritime country.
2. Marine data are scattered in many
agencies and developing a national
portal need a strong commitments
among the agencies.
3. MIDAS intends to provide integrated
marine data and to support
information services in Indonesia.
nelly.florida@bmkg.go.id
nelly_frm@yahoo.com
Thank You
For Your At t ent i on