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6/2/2014 [Studyplan] SSC-CGL: Maths, Quantitative Aptitude, Algebra, Trigonometry: Approach, Booklist, Strategy, Free Studymaterial 2013 for

Combined Grad
http://mrunal.org/2013/01/studyplan-ssc-cgl-maths-quantitative-aptitude-algebra-trigonometry-approach-booklist-sources-free-studymaterial-combined-gr 1/13
1. Introduction
2. #1: Getting the conceptual clarity
3. Breakup: SSC-CGL Tier I (2010, 2011, 2012)
4. Breakup: SSC-CGL Tier II (2010, 2011, 2012)
5. #2: Practice
6. Choice of Quantitative Aptitude Book?
7. Books for Maths/Quantitative Aptitude
8. Download: NCERT Maths Textbooks
9. Download: Blank answersheet
introduction
Competitive exams are meant for real-men and women. This is no country for crybabies, kids, college
teens and no0bs. So first of all, you must get rid of the following loser mindsets:
1. Yaar this maths is so hard, I cant do it.
2. Im not from science/engineering background hence this is not my cup of tea.
3. Im poor in maths and I cannot improve.
4. Thik hai, dekh lenge. (alright, Ill see).
Maths is not difficult. All it requires is concept clarity + lot of practice. In SSC-CGL exam, youve
to face Mathematics at two stages
Stage Maths-Questions Penalty
Tier-I (Prelims) 50 Qs
Negative
0.25
Tier-II (Mains) Paper I:
Arithmetical Ability
100 Qs worth
200 marks
Negative
0.50
The Approach for Maths, stands on two pillars.
Pillars How?
1. Conceptual
clarity
1. NCERTs (Free download links
@bottom)
2. Mrunal.org/aptitude
3. For some topics, directly Quantitative
aptitude books.
6/2/2014 [Studyplan] SSC-CGL: Maths, Quantitative Aptitude, Algebra, Trigonometry: Approach, Booklist, Strategy, Free Studymaterial 2013 for Combined Grad
http://mrunal.org/2013/01/studyplan-ssc-cgl-maths-quantitative-aptitude-algebra-trigonometry-approach-booklist-sources-free-studymaterial-combined-gr 2/13
2. Lot of
practice
From Quantitative aptitude books.
There are lot of books in market, the
question is, which one to refer? It is
explained at the bottom of this article.
#1: Getting the conceptual clarity
Well divide Maths or Quantitative Aptitude, into topics and further into subtopics.
Your task is to cover one topic at a time, first get conceptual-clarity and then solve maximum
questions at home.
Whenever you learn any shortcut technique, you note it down in your diary.
Similarly, whenever you make any mistake while solving sums, you also note that down in your
diary. Night before the exam, you review that diary of mistakes. (why do this? Because it is the
Art of Aptitude (Click ME)
Topic Subtopics How to approach
Number
theory
1. Divisibility,
remainders
2. LCM and
HCF
3. Unknown
numbers from
given
conditiofor
4. Fractions-
comparisions.
NCERT Class 7 Chap 2, 9 (fraction)
NCERT Class 10 Chap 1 (divisibility)
Finally your Quantitative aptitude book.
Basic
Maths
1. Simplification
(BODMAS)
NCERT Class 8 Chap 1
2. Surds,
indices
NCERT Class 8 Chap 12
Then NCERT Class 9 Chap 1
3. Roots,
squares,
Cubes
Basics from NCERT Class 8 Chap 6 and
7.
6/2/2014 [Studyplan] SSC-CGL: Maths, Quantitative Aptitude, Algebra, Trigonometry: Approach, Booklist, Strategy, Free Studymaterial 2013 for Combined Grad
http://mrunal.org/2013/01/studyplan-ssc-cgl-maths-quantitative-aptitude-algebra-trigonometry-approach-booklist-sources-free-studymaterial-combined-gr 3/13
Algebra
1. Linear
equation
Mothers age was x and daughters age..
3 mangos and 5 bananas purchased
for
X+1/2x+3=3/8 then find X.
^This type of stuff. Just practice and youll
get a hang of it.
Basics given in NCERT Class 8 Chap 2
and 9.
Then NCERT Class 9 Chap 4
Lastly NCERT Class 10 Chap 3.
2. Quadratic
equations,
Polynomials
Factorization and roots. Heavily asked in
Tier-II.
NCERT Class 8 Chap 14
And then NCERT Class 9 Chap 2
Lastly NCERT Class 10 Chap 4
Avg and
Ratios
1. Wine-Water
mixture
(Alligations)
Can be solved without formula. Go
throughhttp://mrunal.org/2012/03/aptitude-
alligationsmixturesalloys.html
2. Simple
Average
Lolz
3. Ratio-
Proportion-
variations
For ratio-proportion NCERT Class 8 Chap 13.
4. Partnership
http://mrunal.org/2012/05/aptitude-
partnership-and-profit-sharing.html
STD
1. Time speed
distance
2. Trains,
platforms
3. Boats-
streams
4. Time and
Work
5. Pipes and
All of them can be solved with just one
Universal STD formula. Explained
inwww.Mrunal.org/aptitude
6/2/2014 [Studyplan] SSC-CGL: Maths, Quantitative Aptitude, Algebra, Trigonometry: Approach, Booklist, Strategy, Free Studymaterial 2013 for Combined Grad
http://mrunal.org/2013/01/studyplan-ssc-cgl-maths-quantitative-aptitude-algebra-trigonometry-approach-booklist-sources-free-studymaterial-combined-gr 4/13
Cisterns
Geometry
1. Angles, sides,
bisectors,
circles etc
NCERT Class 9 Chap 6, 7, 8 and 10.
Quantitative aptitude book.
2. Mensuration
(area and
volume).
Basics explained in NCERT Class 8 Chap
3, 11.
Then NCERT Class 9 Chap 9, 12, 13.
Lastly Lastly NCERT Class 10 Chap 13
3. Trigonometry
Understand basics from NCERT Class 10
Chap 8 and 9. Then exam-oriented concepts
from your Quantitative Aptitude book.
%
Basic %
(increase,
decrease in
consumption,
population)
Also do NCERT Class 8 Chap 8.
Data-
interpretation
cases.
Mere extention of % concept. Just practice.
For long division, use this approximation
method:http://mrunal.org/2012/11/aptitude-
long-division-two-digit-division-
calculation-without-tears-and-without-
boring-vedic-speed-maths.html
Profit, loss,
discount, marked
price.
http://mrunal.org/2012/11/aptitude-
concepts-of-marked-price-and-
successive-discounts-profit-loss-without-
stupid-formulas.html
Simple and
compound interest
rate
http://mrunal.org/2012/04/aptitude-
compound-interest-rate.html
PCP
1. Permutation
2. Combination
Not asked as such.
But Sometimes a question or two comes
in the Reasoning portion of Tier-I. Hence
not much attention necessary.
But again, they too can be solved without
6/2/2014 [Studyplan] SSC-CGL: Maths, Quantitative Aptitude, Algebra, Trigonometry: Approach, Booklist, Strategy, Free Studymaterial 2013 for Combined Grad
http://mrunal.org/2013/01/studyplan-ssc-cgl-maths-quantitative-aptitude-algebra-trigonometry-approach-booklist-sources-free-studymaterial-combined-gr 5/13
3. Probability mugging up formulas: go through various
articles onwww.Mrunal.org/aptitude
Misc.
1. Coordinate
Geometry
Lately SSC has started asking 1-2
question in each of Tier I and II. But they
can be solved by merely plugging numbers
in the readymade formulas given in your
Quantitative Aptitude book.
2. Progression:
Arithmetic+
Geometry
Again, rarely asked in SSC. Sometimes a
question or two comes in the Reasoning
portion of Tier-I.
Basically you just have to plug in the values
in formulas. Basics of Arithmetic
progression explained in NCERT Class 10
Chap 5.
3. Logerithms
Not asked.
Breakup: SSC-CGL Tier I (2010, 2011, 2012)
6/2/2014 [Studyplan] SSC-CGL: Maths, Quantitative Aptitude, Algebra, Trigonometry: Approach, Booklist, Strategy, Free Studymaterial 2013 for Combined Grad
http://mrunal.org/2013/01/studyplan-ssc-cgl-maths-quantitative-aptitude-algebra-trigonometry-approach-booklist-sources-free-studymaterial-combined-gr 6/13
Topic 2010 2011 2012
Ratio+Partnership 3 3 1
number theory 6 5 2
Avg+alligation 3 3 2
TSD 6 5 2
Misc. 3 0 2
basic math 11 11 5
algebra 6 0 5
DI 3 4 5
% 6 14 5
6/2/2014 [Studyplan] SSC-CGL: Maths, Quantitative Aptitude, Algebra, Trigonometry: Approach, Booklist, Strategy, Free Studymaterial 2013 for Combined Grad
http://mrunal.org/2013/01/studyplan-ssc-cgl-maths-quantitative-aptitude-algebra-trigonometry-approach-booklist-sources-free-studymaterial-combined-gr 7/13
Trigonometry 0 0 9
Geometry 3 5 12
Total 50 50 50
The 2012s Tier-I paper, is trend-breaker. Because
1. The conventional questions from ratio-proportion, basic maths, time-speed-work are asked for
namesake only.
2. Otherwise, Out of 50 Maths questions in tier-I, almost 30 questions are from just
Geometry+Trig+Percentage application.
3. Earlier, they used to ask mostly area-volume-perimeter type questions from Geometry segment.
You just had to plug-in values into the formulas and get the answer.
4. But This 2012s paper has mostly theory based geometry (angle, bisector, tangent, inequality of
triangles etc.)
5. Similarly the difficulty level of algebra, number theory based questions is bit raised.
Or perhaps SSC too decided to employ the Backbreaking
TM
move of UPSC! Anyways, jokes apart, the
lesson here is, adapt.
Breakup: SSC-CGL Tier II (2010, 2011, 2012)
6/2/2014 [Studyplan] SSC-CGL: Maths, Quantitative Aptitude, Algebra, Trigonometry: Approach, Booklist, Strategy, Free Studymaterial 2013 for Combined Grad
http://mrunal.org/2013/01/studyplan-ssc-cgl-maths-quantitative-aptitude-algebra-trigonometry-approach-booklist-sources-free-studymaterial-combined-gr 8/13
Type 2010 2011 2012
basic math 11 4 3
Misc. 2 2 3
number theory 8 7 5
DI 10 20 5
Ratio+Partnership 6 4 6
Avg+alligation 5 6 7
TSD 7 12 7
Trigonometry 0 4 8
6/2/2014 [Studyplan] SSC-CGL: Maths, Quantitative Aptitude, Algebra, Trigonometry: Approach, Booklist, Strategy, Free Studymaterial 2013 for Combined Grad
http://mrunal.org/2013/01/studyplan-ssc-cgl-maths-quantitative-aptitude-algebra-trigonometry-approach-booklist-sources-free-studymaterial-combined-gr 9/13
Algebra 10 13 10
% 27 18 19
Geometry 14 10 27
Total 100 100 100
Here too, Geometry+Trigonometry have been given emphasis like never before.
Almost 65% of the paper is made up of Geometry, Trig, Percentage and Algebra (and in that too,
mostly Quadratic equations.)
#2: Practice
Merely knowing the concepts or formulas wont help. Because unless you practice different
variety of questions, you wont become proficient in applying those concepts flawlessly in the
actual-exam.
Second, despite knowing concept and formulas, people make silly mistakes either in calculation
or in pluging the values.
Third reason- Tier I has 200 questions in 120 limits. =not even 2 minutes per question. Plus,
questions reasoning and comprehension might take more than 5 minutes! Therefore speed is
essential. Since there is negative marking system, accuracy also matters.
So it is beyond doubt that you have to practice excimer number of questions at home.
The question is where to get the practice? Which book should be used for SSC exam?
Choice of Quantitative Aptitude Book?
In all competitive exams, uncertainity factor is involved. Despite your best preparation, you
might lose the success-train by 2-3 marks.
Therefore you must never put all eggs in one basket.
While you are preparing for SSC, you should also keep open mind and apply for other
competitive exams, such as IBPS, ACIO, ONGC, Railways, LIC, CDS, Coast Guard etc.
(Depending on your career-taste).
Publication houses will come up with new books for each and every of ^these exams, but we
have neither the time nor the money to buy a new book for every new exam.
Such readymade books are only skimmed down version of original topicbooks. For example, if
there is SSC-FCI exam, or ACIO exam, these people will combine a few topics of GK, maths,
reasoning and english. And present you a book.
Problem= you dont get comprehensive understanding or coverage. Besides, given the
population of India, competition level is always high, irrespective of exam. So half-hearted
preparations with readymade condensed books dont help much.
6/2/2014 [Studyplan] SSC-CGL: Maths, Quantitative Aptitude, Algebra, Trigonometry: Approach, Booklist, Strategy, Free Studymaterial 2013 for Combined Grad
http://mrunal.org/2013/01/studyplan-ssc-cgl-maths-quantitative-aptitude-algebra-trigonometry-approach-booklist-sources-free-studymaterial-combined-g 10/13
Almost all of these exams follow same structure:
1. General awareness
2. Maths
3. Reasoning (Verbal, Non-Verbal)
4. English vocabularly, grammar and comprehension.
How do they differ from each other?= number of questions, difficulty level and inclusion /
exclusion of particular subtopics.
So when youre picking up books for the first time, you should choose the books, that have
universal usefulness for similar exams. That way your time, effort and money will be saved.
Books for Maths/Quantitative Aptitude
DONOT use Quantitative Aptitude by R.S.Agarwal for SSC-CGL.
Problems with RS Agarwals Math book:
1. The way SSC-CGL question pattern is transforming, R.S.Agarwals book on Quantitative
aptitude, is just not upto the mark to match this changing environment.
2. Its chapter on Trigonometry (Height and Distance) is simply insufficient to handle SSC-CGL level
bombarding.
3. Similarly coverage of algebra, quadratic equations and number theory is either absent or just for
namesake.
4. Geometry coverage is mostly confined to area-volume-perimeter (=mensuration). But SSC-CGL
is moving towards Non-mensuration geometry (angle, bisectors, midpoint, circles, triangles etc.)
5. The printing and presentation is very cluttered. He has written the book assuming that you were
already good at maths from school level.
6. If youre already good at basic concepts, use this book for practicing and improving your speed,
else dont bother, there are better books in market.
Pricing factor
Author
Quantitative Aptitude For Competitive
Examinations (S.Chand)
R.S.Agarwal
Sarvesh
6/2/2014 [Studyplan] SSC-CGL: Maths, Quantitative Aptitude, Algebra, Trigonometry: Approach, Booklist, Strategy, Free Studymaterial 2013 for Combined Grad
http://mrunal.org/2013/01/studyplan-ssc-cgl-maths-quantitative-aptitude-algebra-trigonometry-approach-booklist-sources-free-studymaterial-combined-g 11/13
Quantum CAT (Arihant) Kumar
Fast Track Objective Arithmetic (Arihant)
Rajesh
Verma
The point is, both books of Arihant Publication (Sarvesh or Rajesh) are way better than
R.S.Agarwal, in terms of content, presentation, language and coverage, without being too
expensive than R.S.Agarwals book.
And both of them have universal application for almost all of the competitive exams in India (for
maths segment).
My advice, go with either Rajesh Verma or Sarvesh Kumar. Then the question, which one to pick
up?
Fast Track
Objective
Arithmetic
by Rajesh
Verma.
Quantam CAT by
Sarvesh Kumar
The size and price
factor goes in favor
of this book.
Concepts,
techqniues,
6/2/2014 [Studyplan] SSC-CGL: Maths, Quantitative Aptitude, Algebra, Trigonometry: Approach, Booklist, Strategy, Free Studymaterial 2013 for Combined Grad
http://mrunal.org/2013/01/studyplan-ssc-cgl-maths-quantitative-aptitude-algebra-trigonometry-approach-booklist-sources-free-studymaterial-combined-g 12/13
readymade
formulas given
here and there.
Language,
presentation is
lucid.
Algebra, quadratic
equation and
Trigonometry
specific chapters
are given for
exclusively for
SSC.
If you solve all the
sums of this book,
then mathematics
portion of SSC-
CGL (Tier-I and II)
will be as easy as
a walk in the park.
Although book is written for
CAT and Management
exams, he starts explaining
everything from basics. Then
exercises are divided into
Introductory<level 1<Level
2<Final round, based on
difficulty level.
Thus it becomes ideal choice
for any aptitude exam.
So for lower level exams
(SSC/IBPS), you should solve
all his solved examples, then
introductory exercises, finally
level 1.
Thatll be quite sufficient.
While it is excellent
for SSC, IBPS,
UGC, LIC, CDS
etc. level exams,
its utility starts
diminishing as you
move towards
higher-end exams.
Function, graphs, Quadratic
equations, Geometry,
Permutation-Combination-
Probability coverage is
Thorough. (Hell even more
sums than Arun Sharmas).
This make it ideal text-book
for CAT/CMAT and other
higher end exams.
^But merely getting either of these books, is not going to make you a topper.
If you want to become truly invincible for the maths portion of any competitive exam, then you must
practice maximum numbers of questions at home and maintain a diary of mistakes.
This concludes how to approach Mathematics/Quantiative Aptitude for SSC-CGL exam.
Now only two topics remain (will be discussed later, in separate articles):
1. How to approach Logical Reasoning
6/2/2014 [Studyplan] SSC-CGL: Maths, Quantitative Aptitude, Algebra, Trigonometry: Approach, Booklist, Strategy, Free Studymaterial 2013 for Combined Grad
http://mrunal.org/2013/01/studyplan-ssc-cgl-maths-quantitative-aptitude-algebra-trigonometry-approach-booklist-sources-free-studymaterial-combined-g 13/13
2. How to approach English vocabulary, grammar and comprehension
Download: NCERT Maths Textbooks
Mathematics Class 8 Download
Mathematics Class 9 Download
Mathematics Class 10 Download
Download: Blank answersheet
https://docs.google.com/open?id=0B9AJvFSzIyiwVGZBbHMtUWEwV2M
Studyplans for other topics of SSC-CGL
Click on following articles to know strategy, booklist for General Awareness, Reasoning and English.
General Awareness for Tier I
Click
me
Reasoning / General Intelligence for Tier I
Click
me
English Grammar, Vocabulary, Comprehension for
Tier I and II
Click
me