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Scientific Journal of Information Engineering

June 2014, Volume 4, Issue 3, PP.72-77

On Temperature Measurement with IR for


Sensor Node Deployment in Oil-Gas GatheringTransferring Station
Information Processing Technology
Rui Dan, Xueyu Zou#
Electronics Information School, Yangtze University, Jingzhou 434023, China
#

Email: xyzou729@126.com

Abstract
According to infrared (IR) radiation attenuation mechanism at different distance to monitor a special objects apparent temperature in
oil-gas gathering-transferring station, in this paper, a temperature measuring equivalent model with IR attenuation coefficient method
in the whole measuring range was proposed, and the sensing distance of IR temperature measurement for an equivalent sensitivity was
derived. The number of nodes and sensors needed for determined deployment in WSN were presents consequently. The effects of the
objects alert temperature and airs on the measurement of equivalent atmosphere attenuation were analyzed by numerical calculation.
The objects real apparent temperatures were estimated by the measured values at different distance between the sensor and object.
The results shows that the maximal relative error of temperature measurement was not exceed 7.57% (K), so, it can offer some
reference for the scene of temperature monitoring sensor deployment in oil-gas gathering-transferring station.
Keywords: Infrared Temperature Measurement; Air Attenuation Coefficient; Sensor Deployment; WSN

434023

WSN

7.57%(K)

50%[1]

[2-4]
[5]
[6-9]
*2011D-5006-0605
D20091204

201310489005
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[10]
(Wireless Sensor Networks, WSN) WSN

--

[6]

M ( , Tt )

1
P( R) ( R) t
AS AD 2 AD M t ( , Tt ) tan 2 0 e R

R
2

Tt (K)AS AD
(R)=e-R 0
tan2(0/2)
=2 - 1 (12) (12)
Mt(,Tt)(12)[7~9]
(Wt(,Tt)-Wt(,Ta)) We(,Te)Te
Wa(,Ta)Ta
W(,Tb)=Wt(,Tt) - Wt(,Ta)+ We(,Te)+ Wa(,Ta)

L(12)= (Lt(,Tt) - Lt(,Ta))+ Le(,Te)

M12(T)=(R)[(Mt(,Tt) -Mt(,Tt))+ Me(,Te)]+ Ma(,Ta)

0-(12)
M ( , T ) kT m T 4
5
k m (12)
Tb
..
(12) =/

Tbm ( R) [(Tt m Tam )e R Tam ]

R 0

Tbm (0) Tt m
Tbm () Tam

Tb(0) R=0 Tb()


Ta 176
R
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Tbm ( R) [Tbm (0) Tbm ()]e R Tbm ()

8 R=r=1/
Tbm (r ) [Tbm (0) Tbm ()]e1 Tbm ()

r m m e-1
9 Tb(r) rr
=1/r
Tb(r1)Tb(r1)

T m (r ) Tbm ()
1
ln bm 1
r2 r1 Tb (r2 ) Tbm ()

10

fT ( R) Tbm ( R) Tbm () fT (0) Tbm (0) Tbm () 8

fT ( R) fT (0)e R

11

| fT' ( R) | fT (0)e R

12

11
12 Tb(R) R R |fT'(r)|
rm|fT'(rm)|=|fT'(r)|

rm (1 ln ) / (1 ln )r

13

(<0)

r0 1 ls le d
r0 0
0 / 2

d
ls

le

r0
1

h r0
h
d
r0 ( le )
2
le ls

14

r0 h(hr0)

rm
rm=min{r0rm}

15

WSN [11-12]

[11]
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WSN

rm
W

d1

d2

rm S(LxW)
2
N
L W L 2W
N

d 2 d1 3rm 3rm

16

x x
0
Ns
L
2W 360
N s (
1)

3rm 0
3rm

17

17

4.1
365

340

360
355

Tb(r) (K)

Tb(r) (K)

335

330

350
345
340
335

325

330
325

320

320

315
270

280

290
300
310
Air
temperature
(K)

320

330

315
340

350

3 Tb(r)

360

370
380
390
Alert
temperature
(K) 400

410

420

430

4 Tb(r)

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Tb(0)=363K(90C) Tb()=273~323K(0C~50C)
9 r Tb(r) Tb() 3
Tb(r)
Tb()=300K(27C)
Tb(r) 4 Tb(r)
Tb(0)=363K(70C~200C) Tb(r)

4.2
MLX90614 1:11.6 292.19K 20cm~200cm
11.0cm*15.5cm 353.23K 5 *
,x9 Tb(r)=318.84K
r=145.1cmr0=127.6cm r0<r r<r0
10 =0.65m-1 5
6.07C
7.57%(K)
360

Temperature (K)

350

340

330

320

-x-: air temperature


-*-: objects measures
-o-: objects theoreticals
--: objects estimations

310

300

290

20

40

60

80

100

120

Distance (cm)

140

160

180

200

5 MLX90614 Tb(r) r

r0
rm13~17

WSN

REFERENCES
[1]

Wu Zongfan. Infrared and Gleam Technology. In Beijing: Defense Industry Press, 1998
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[2]

YANG Wu etc. On-line Temperature Measurements with Infrared Technology on High Voltage Device. Proceedings of the
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[3]

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[4]

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[5]

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[6]

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[7]

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[8]

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[9]

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[10] Fang Laihua, et al. Development of Safety Monitoring and Management Information System for Oil-gas Storage and
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1992-

1965-

-- 2011

1988

1999

Email: danrui@yangtzeu.edu.cn

2008

Email: xyzou729@126.com

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