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Republic of the Philippines


Fatima, General Santos City

Lesson 12: Planning the Use of Instructional Media or Audio-Visual Materials

Presented by: Vincent Jake E. Naputo MTH/2:30-4:00
Presented to: Dr. Salome France-Sestina

Instructional media or audio visual materials are not a substitute for effective instruction. They are complementary materials which
assist the teacher in the teaching learning process.
There are guidelines which should be considered in order to derive the greatest amount of good teaching and learning from them.

When media or AVs are used:
Introduction of a unit
Developing a unit
Interpreting a unit
Following-up or summarizing a unit
Correlating bits of information
Identifying self with a situation
Transferring to real life situations
Motivating and arousing of interest
Providing individual or group therapy

Basic Plan of Effective Teaching
1. Prepare Yourself
Consider the value and purpose of the
material being covered
Consider the needs and interests of the
Consider how the medium can best be
Preview or audit the material being
2. Prepare the Classroom
See that all the necessary materials are
on hand and arranged for their best use
Be sure that the light can be controlled
if needed
Check ventilation and seating
3. Prepare the Class
Explain why the particular medium is
being used
Discuss what the medium includes
Explain what you expect them to get
out of it
Introduce new words or terminology
Describe any follow-up activities
including test.
4. Present the materials
Make the presentation forceful
Watch the time
Observe student reactions
5. Summarize
Discuss the presentation in detail.
Ask summary questions.
Clarify misconceptions.
Test, if necessary.
6. Follow-up
Allow students to utilize their new knowledge
Develop or assign follow-up activities
Systems Approach to Teaching
1 .Teaching requires skills that must be developed through:
Hard work
2. Basic to all good teaching is thorough planning.
3. Systematic outline of proposed classroom activities will be of great help.
Systematic Approach to the Development of Learning
It encompasses:
The learners
The objectives and contents of the lesson
The methods to be used in instruction
The instructional materials used (including
strengths and weakness)
The facilities or environment
The supporting equipment, and
The student and teacher evaluation of the results
(in changed behavior and attitudes)
Five Phases in a Total System of Instruction
1. Introduction motivational and exploratory phase
1.1 Self-Preparation
Preview and evaluate the materials
Integrate them in the unit of study, either as an
introductory or as follow-up material
1.2 Preparation of the Presentation (consider the ff:)
a) Showing materials all the way through
b) Showing only excerpts/segments/frames
c) Showing material with recorded narration
d) Showing material without recorded narration
e) Pausing at specific points for verbal comments
f) Repeating segments
g) Combining two or more media
1.3 Preparing the students:
Inform students on what they are to see
Why they are going to see it.
What they are expected to learn.
1.4 Preparing follow-up activities:
Plan in advance what could be activities after the
Review? Evaluation? Projects? Further studies?
2. Development Phase location and learning of the
required info by the students.
A problem under study may be segmented to facilitate the
use of all available alternative options of methodology:
Study by individuals
Entire class
3. Organization Phase pulling together of results
Uses useful materials of the production capabilities of the
school media center, among are:
Mounted pictures, slide or still picture materials
Charts, posters, graphs, maps, models, mock-ups,
duplicated materials, audio-video recording and
Other activities that may be planned/developed:
Dramatizations, debates, reports, panel
discussions, role-playing situations, use of
resource speakers.
Students may also plan and execute:
Display centers, bulletin boards
4. Summarizing Phase to tie loose ends
Students may make:
Summary Presentations; present and discuss the
content of displays or hand written reports, papers
scrapbooks, etc.
The teacher may:
Reshow a film, film-strips, set of slides
Overhead transparencies
5 .Evaluation Phase two areas; student and teacher
Evaluation techniques:
a) Written tests (true or false, multi choice, fill in the
blank, essays, etc.
b) Oral discussions, dramatizations, role-playing and
c) Audiotaped or videotaped responses
d) Written reports, term/research papers
e) Pictures, maps, graphs, photo slides, etc.
In a critical evaluation, teachers may do the ff:
a) Suggest revisions of parts of the presentation
b) Show faults in the presentation plan
c) Identify problems arising from unclear objectives,
evaluation procedures or methods.
d) Indicate lack of student readiness
e) Show evidence of the need for review/remedial
f) Show evidence of too slow/fast pace.