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# PROJECT: STEEL BUILDING DESIGN CASE STUDY

SEISMIC LOAD ANALYSIS PER ASCE 7-02 - EQUIVALENT LATERAL FORCE METHOD
Notation:
V - total design lateral force or shear at the base of the building
Cs - seismic response coefficient
W - total gravity load of the building located or assigned to Levels
SDS - design spectra response acceleration in the short period range (see ASCE 7-02 Section 9.4.1.2.5-1)
R - response modification factor (see ASCE 7-02 Table 9.5.2.2)
I - occupancy importance factor (see ASCE 7-02 Section 9.1.4)
SMS - maximum considered earthquake spectral response acceleration for short periods (see ASCE 7-02 Section 9.4.1.2.4-1)
SS - mapped maximum considered earthquake spectral response acceleration at short periods (see ASCE 7-02 Figure 9.4.1.1a)
Fa - acceleration-based site coefficient at .3 s-period (see ASCE 7-02 Table 9.4.1.2.4a)
SD1 - design spectral response acceleration at a period of 1s (see ASCE 7-02 Section 9.4.1.2.5-2)
SM1 - maximum considered earthquake spectral acceleration for 1s period (see ASCE 7-02 Section 9.4.1.2.4)
Fv - velocity-based site coefficient at 1s period (see ASCE 7-02 Table 9.4.1.2.4b)
S1 - mapped maximum considered earthquake spectral response acceleration at a period of 1s (see ASCE 7-02 Section 9.4.1.1b)
T - fundamental period of the building (see ASCE 7-02 Section 9.5.5.3)
Ta - approximate fundamental period (see ASCE 7-02 Section 9.5.5.3.2-1)
CT = building period coefficient (see ASCE 7-02 Table 9.5.5.3.2)
Cu - coefficient for upper limit on calculated period (see ASCE 7-02 Table 9.5.5.3.1)
hn - height in feet (meters) above the base to the highest level of the building
Cvx - vertical distribution factor
Wx, Wi - the portion of the total gravity load of the building (W) located or assigned to level I or x
hx - the height (feet or m) from the base level I or x
Fx - the portion of the seismic base shear, V, induced at level x
Analysis:
SHEET 13 of 131
Wx * hx
K
Wi * hi
K
Analysis:
Assume Soil Profile D ---> Stiff Soil - ASCE 7-02 Table 9.4.1.2
Occupancy Category II (ASCE 7-02 Table 1-1)
V = Cs * W
ASCE 7-02 Eq. 9.5.4.1
Cs = For SDS : SDS = 2 / 3 * SMS
ASCE 7-02 Eq. 9.4.1.2.5-1
ASCE 7-02 Eq. 9.5.5.2.1-1
SMS = Fa * Ss
Ss
a
= 0.12 SMS = 0.192
ASCE 7-02 Eq. 9.4.1.2.4-1
Fa
a
= 1.6
S
DS
= 0.128
R = 3
a
For I: Seismic Use Group I (ASCE 7-02 Table 9.1.3)
I = 1
a
Cs = 0.0427
a -- refer to Notation list above to find location of table for value Red font indicates user input
S
DS
R / I
Wx * hx
K
Wi * hi
K
PROJECT: STEEL BUILDING DESIGN CASE STUDY
Check Constraints
Cs min = 0.044 * I * SDS
Cs max = SD1 / T (R / I)
Cs min = 0.006
For SD1 : SD1 = 2/3 * SM1
ASCE 7-02 Eq. 9.4.1.2.5-2
SM1 = Fv * S1 S1
a
= 0.055 SM1 = 0.132
ASCE 7-02 Eq. 9.4.1.2.4-2
Fv
a
= 2.4
S
D1
= 0.088
For T: T = Cu * Ta Cu =
1.7
a
Ta = CT * hn
3/4
CT = 0.02
a
hn =
52
Ta = 0.387
T = 0.658
Cs max = 0.0446
SHEET 14 of 131
S
DS
R / I
Cs max = 0.0446
Cs FINAL = 0.0427
V = Cs * W
For W:
W penthouse = 30*(36*30) 0 45.3
W roof = 30*(108*90) 100*(36*30) 451.1
W3 = 61*(108*90) 0 864.5
W2 = 61*(108*90) 0 864.5
W = 2225.4
k
V = 95
k
Cvx =
For K: Look at T
if T < 0.5 ---> K = 1.0
if 0.5 < T < 2.5 ---> K = 2.0
if T > 2.5 ---> K = 2.0
K = 2.0
Fx = Cvx * V
a -- refer to Notation list on sheet 12 to find location of table for value Red font indicates user input
0
0
20*(108*90)
15*(108+90)*2*13 20*(108*90)
Exterior walls
15*(36+30)*2*13/2
15*[(108+90)*2*13/2+(36+30)*2*13/2]
15*(108+90)*2*13
Partitions
S
DS
R / I
Wx * hx
K
Wi * hi
K
PROJECT: STEEL BUILDING DESIGN CASE STUDY
Level Wx hx
hx
K
Wx*hx
K
Cvx
Fx
Roof
45.3 52
2704.0 122491.2 0.080
7.6
k
4
451.1 39
1521.0 686123.1 0.446
42.3
k
3
864.5 26
676.0 584402 0.380
36.1
k
2
864.5 13
169.0 146100.5 0.095
9.0
k

=
1539117 1.00
95.0
k
7.6
42.3
36.1
9.0
SHEET 15 of 131
S
DS
R / I
Wx * hx
K
Wi * hi
K
Red font indicates user input
S
DS
R / I
Wx * hx
K
Wi * hi
K