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Avesta Welding AB, P O Box 501, SE-774 27 Avesta, Sweden. Tel: +46-226-81500. Fax: +46-226-81575. www.avestawelding.com
2205
Welding wire MIG
Forweldingsteelsuchas:
Outokumpu EN ASTM SS* BS* NF*
2205 1.4462 S32205 2377 318S13 Z3CND2205Az
*Obsoletenationalstandards,replacedbyEN10088.
CHARACTERISTICS
AVESTA2205isprimarilydesignedforweldingtheduplex
gradeOutokumpu2205andsimilarsteelgrades,butitcanalso
beusedforweldingSAF2304typeofsteels.
AVESTA2205providesaferriticausteniticweldmentthat
combinesmanyofthegoodpropertiesofbothferriticand
austeniticstainlesssteels.DuetothehighcontentofbothCr
andMoaverygoodresistancetogeneralandpittingcorrosion
isobtained.Theduplexmicrostructuregivesahightensile
strengthandherebyalsoanexcellentresistancetostress
corrosioncracking.
AVESTA2205isoveralloyedwithrespecttonickel,toensure
therightferritebalanceintheweldmetal.
WELDING DIRECTIONS
Theweldabilityof2205isexcellentandweldingcanbe
performedusingshort,sprayorpulsedarc.Weldingusing
pulsedarcprovidesgoodresultsinbothhorizontaland
verticaluppositions.Thebestflexibilityisachievedbyusing
pulsedarcand1.20mmwire.
However,duplexsteelsaresomewhatmoredifficulttoweld
comparedtoausteniticsteelssuchas316L,mainlywithrespect
tofluidityandpenetrationintotheparentmetals.
Toutilisethegoodpropertiesofaduplexsteelitisofthe
utmostimportancetoobtainagoodferritecontentintheweld.
Thisisbestachievedbyweldingwithsufficientrootgap(22.5
mm),whichalsoensuresgoodpenetration,byusingtheright
amountoffillermetalandbyweldingwithacontrolledheat
input(0.52.5kJ/mm).
Duplexsteelshaveremarkablylowerthermalexpansionthan
forexample304and316typesteels.Thedeformationand
extensionduringweldingisthereforesomewhatlower.
WELDING DATA
(mm) Current(A) Voltage(V)
Shortarc 0.80 60100 1820
1.00 90120 1921
Sprayarc 1.00 180220 2730
1.20 200240 2831
1.60 250330 2932
Pulsedarc 1.20
Ipeak=450550A

Ibkg=150200A
Freq=120150Hz
Forfurtherrecommendations,pleasecontactAvestaWelding.
Standard designations
EN12072 2293LN
AWSA5.9 ER2209
Shielding gas recommendations
Ar+2%O2orAr+23%CO2
TheadditionofO2orCO2providesgoodarcstability.Welding
canalsobeperformedusinganadditionof30%helium(He),
whichwillincreasetheenergyofthearc.Thefluidityishereby
improvedandtheweldisgenerallywider.Theweldingspeed
canthereforebeincreased.AdditionofHewillincreasethe
blackeningslightly.
Gasflowrate:1216l/min.
Chemical composition - Typical values, %
C 0.02 Cr 23.0
Si 0.5 Ni 8.5
Mn 1.6 Mo 3.1
N 0.17
Ferrite:50FN(WRC92)
Mechanical properties Typical values, IIW


Typ.values Min.values
EN12072
Yieldstrength,Rp0,2 550 N/mm
2
450 N/mm
2

Tensilestrength,Rm 770 N/mm


2
550 N/mm
2

Elongation,A5 30 % 20 %
Impactstrength,KV +20C 150 J
40C 110 J
Interpass temperature: Max.150C
Heat input: 0.52.5kJ/mm
Heat treatment: Generallynone.Ifrequested,quench
annealingat11001150C.
Structure: Austenitewith4555%ferrite.
Scaling temperature: Approx.850C(air).
Corrosion resistance: Verygoodresistancetopittingand
stresscorrosioncrackinginchloridecontaining environments.
Approvals: DB,DNV,TV.