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TERZHAGI BEARING CAPACITY

ULTIMATE COHESION EFFECTIVE OVERBURDEN UNIT WEIGHT AT THE


PRESSURE BOTTOMOF THE FOOTING
q q q q = + +

A. GENERAL SHEAR FAILURE
SQUARE FOOTING
1.3 ' 0.4
u c q
q c N qN BN

= + +

CIRCULAR FOOTING
1.3 ' 0.3
u c q
q c N qN DN

= + +

CONTINUOUS FOOTING
' 0.5
u c q
q c N qN BN

= + +

B. LOCAL SHEAR FAILURE
1
2
' '
3
2
' tan tan '
3
c c
| |

=
| |
=
|
\ .

Problem 1
What will be the gross and net allowable bearing pressure of
sand having = 35, GS = 2.70, e = 0.65, and w = 20% under
the following cases: (a) size of footing 1.2 m square, (b)
circular footing of 1 m diameter and (c) 1.5 m wide strip footing.
The footing is placed at the depth of 1.5 m below NGL and the
water table is at a great depth. Use FS = 3. Compute the by
Terzaghis general shear failure theory.

EFFECT OF GROUNDWATER
Case I: Water table is above the bottom of the footing (a)
( )
'
f
sat water
q D D D

= +
=

Case II: Water table is at the bottom of the footing (b)
f
sat water
q D

=
=

Case III: Water table is below the bottom of the footing
f
q D =

( )
1
'
ave
ave
D B D D B
B
D B


( = + s

= >






DESIGN OF ISOLATED SQUARE FOOTING
Problem 2
Design an interior isolated square footing that carries the
following load as transmitted by the 400 x 400 mm column
pedestal with 8 16 mm diameter bars distributed equally in all
sides:
D = 70 kN L = 58 kN
E = 34 kN W = 49 kN.
The footing is placed 1.5 m below the NGL. Use soil = 18.2
kN/m
3
, concrete = 23.54 kN/m
3
, fC = 28 MPa, and fy = 414 MPa.
Use 20 mm diameter for main reinforcements. The allowable
soil bearing capacity is 150 kPa.

Problem 3
Design a 300 mm thick interior isolated square footing that
carries the capacity of a 350 mm x 350 mm first floor concrete
column reinforced with 12 16 mm diameter distributed all
sides. Assume that the thickness is adequate to resist one and
two way shear. Assume that footing carries 100% axial loads
only
The footing is placed 1.8 m below the NGL. Use soil = 17.5
kN/m
3
, concrete = 23.54 kN/m
3
, fC = 21 MPa, and fy = 414 MPa.
Use 20 mm diameter for main reinforcements. The allowable
soil bearing capacity is 180 kPa


DESIGN OF ISOLATED RECTANGULAR FOOTING
Problem 4
The center of one of the column of MIT Intramuros is 1.3 m
from the property line. Design the footing for that particular
column given the following parameters: The 400 x 400 mm
column carries a dead load of 650 kN and a live load of 700
kN. The footing is placed 1.7 m below the NGL. The allowable
soil bearing capacity is 200 kPa. Use soil = 17.5 kN/m
3
, concrete
= 23.54 kN/m
3
, fC = 21 MPa, and fy = 414 MPa. Use 25 mm
diameter for main reinforcements.