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C122-E052G

AA-6800 Series

Shimadzu
Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometers

Ta k i n g i t t o t h e p i n n a c l e . . . .
AA-6800 Series

AA-6800 Series
Shimadzu Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometers
Taking it to the pinnacle....
The demands of wide-ranging analyses now performed in various fields are pushing the
envelope of instrument functionality. Instrumentation must be capable of performing many tasks,
from routine analysis to Research and Development. Enhanced functions must provide benefits
to the customer for a user-friendly environment. In AA analysis, Shimadzu has always been at
the forefront of increasing sensitivity and precision, as well as incorporating automation and
labor-saving technology. The latest embodiment of Shimadzu's original labor-saving and multitasking functionality is included in the AA-6800 Series Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometer.
Numerous features, such as the "WizAArd" software, guide the user through a simplified
parameter setup. The unsurpassed basic performance of the AA-6800 Series, along with the
multi-tasking functionality and ease of operation provided with WizAArd, satisfies the wideranging analytical needs of demanding customers.
AA-6800 / "WizAArd" Software
Wizard functions
Supports GLP/GMP
Easy-to-read MRT worksheet
QA/QC functions incorporated

Contents

Wizard functions

Supports GLP/GMP

Easy-to-read
MRT worksheet

QA/QC functions
incorporated

P 04 - Applications and Features

P 12 - Flame Atomizer

P 18 - Specifications

P 06 - WizAArd Software

P 14 - Automated Sampling

P 20 - Parts and Accessories

P 10 - GFA-EX7 Graphite Furnace Atomizer

P 16 - Background Correction Modes

Photograph displays the AA-6800F.


Note: The following accessories are displayed: GFA-EX7 graphite furnace,
ASC-6100 autosampler, and ASK-6100 furnace kit.

Ap pli cati ons a n d F e a t u r e s

The AA-6800 Series is ideal for many

Flame/Furnace Full System


(AA-6800F + GFA-EX7 + ASC-6100 + ASK-6100)

Atomizer drive
Flame/Furnace switching
Atomizer optimum condition search function

AA-6800 Series
Computer control
Computer control
Burner height / fuel gas flow rate

Environmental

Metals, Semiconductors, Ceramics

Ocean water
River and stream water
Wastewater
Sludge
Suspensions

Petroleum
Oil
Catalysts
Synthetic products
Foods

Metals
Ores
Glass
Ceramics

Blood
Biological organisms
Plants
Drugs

OIL

Petroleum, Chemicals, Polymers

Medical, Biological, Pharmaceutical

Standard Unit

Auto Sampler

Upgrade to Full System

Flame System

AA-6800F

ASC-6100

Add GFA-EX7
Add ASK-6100

Furnace System

AA-6800G
GFA-EX7

ASC-6100
ASK-6100

Add ACF-6800

Full System
(Flame and Furnace)

AA-6800F
GFA-EX7

ASC-6100
ASK-6100

fields.
Fe a t u re s
Windows fully supported " WizAArd" software

Leave it to the Wizard to set the analysis parameters. Become an expert as the Wizard guides you through the
procedure. Raw data is maintained in accordance with GLP. Measurement procedures, results, pretreatment
conditions and the measurement screen are all combined into a single MRT (Measured Results Table) worksheet,
so all information about the sample can be viewed at a glance.
QA/QC functions incorporated (flame/furnace)

With QA/QC functions like the calibration curve correlation coefficient check, spike and percent recovery of Preand Post-Digestion Spikes, and QC checks for Laboratory Control Samples (LCS), the WizAArd produces reliable
data. All QC functions have user-selectable ranges of PASS/FAIL and automatic reporting of "OUT OF CONTROL
REMARKS," with opportunities to select the appropriate action to be taken.
Newly designed flame atomization unit

The AA-6800 series is equipped with a standard titanium burner head, a ceramic impact bead and a high-density
polypropylene spray chamber. The new spray chamber has a specially processed internal surface, virtually
eliminating decomposition due to acids, organic solvents, and other chemicals. The high-sensitivity, high-precision
nebulizer is a single unit with an easy-to-maintain impact bead. In the AA-6800, the Japanese Patented dualatomizer system switches automatically at your command from flame to furnace.
Superior high-sensitivity analysis

Flame analysis: better than 0.32 Abs. for 2 ppm of Cu (Typical); furnace analysis: better than 0.20 Abs. for 20L of
1ppb Mn (Typical).
Safety features for peace of mind

Automatic safety mechanisms, such as gas leak check, flame monitoring, gas pressure monitoring, drain level
monitoring, power monitoring, use of wrong burner head, and automatic Air/N2O switching, are all incorporated
with the AA-6800. The automatic data-save function protects against important data loss in the event of sudden
power outages.
Loaded with other functions

Dual-background correction (Deuterium Lamp method, Self-Reversal method)


Automatic measurement of up to 20 elements and 60 samples (autosampler required)
A single ASC-6100 autosampler can be used for both flame and furnace (requires ASK-6100 kit) analysis
Baseline correction with electrical double beam (furnace only)
Automatic dilution (up to 300 times) and re-analysis when the sample results exceed the range of the
calibration curve (furnace only, autosampler required)
Auto-addition of matrix modifiers, auto-dilution of off-scale samples, and multi-point calibration curve from
a single standard (furnace only, autosampler required)

Wi zA Ard S oft w a r e

Wizard functions facilitate operation


Wizard functions guide the user through
instrumentation and parameter setup. Simply follow the
instructions on each window and press the Next >
key to proceed to the next window. In the element
selection window shown in the figure on the right,
multiple elements can be selected. When the Next >
button is clicked, ....

...the calibration curve parameters and sample mixing


conditions window are displayed. Simply select the
element to be edited, and click the Edit... button to
display the next window.

This window is used for setting the mixing conditions of


the blanks, standards, and samples, which becomes
especially useful when sample pretreatment is
required. The AA-6800 series, used in conjunction with
the ASC-6100 autosampler, is the only AA in the world
with a sample pretreatment system that can layer or
truly mix matrix modifiers or diluent with blanks,
standards, or samples when performing furnace
analysis.

in Windows
After the analytical conditions are set, communication
is established between the instrument and the PC.
Click the Next > button to proceed to the next
window.

This window displays the spectrophotometer parameters,


such as wavelength, slit width, pre-selected background
correction mode, lamp turret position, and lamp current
from default (or "Cookbook") method values. After
verifying the parameters, simply click the Line Search...
button to download the instrument settings. The Warm
Up Lamp... is used to turn on the hollow cathode lamp of
the next element to be analyzed.
Click the Next > button again to proceed to one of the
two windows below.
The window for performing the flame atomizer settings
is displayed (top). For flame measurement, the
optimized atomizer position and fuel gas flow rate are
automatically set from the "Cookbook" values.

For graphite furnace analysis, the "Cookbook"


temperature program settings are automatically
performed.
Clicking on the Finish button closes the wizard
function and the AA-6800 series is ready to perform
the analysis. Simply click the Start button of the
measurement window (shown on the next page).

Wi zA Ard S oft w a r e

All-in-one information window


Sized for easy viewing: the real-time signal window

The real-time signal is viewed in either a digital or graphic display, where


graphs from the last 10 seconds to the last 1 hour can be shown.
Always visible: the signal-profile display

The most recent 4 data sets are normally displayed; however, any saved
data set can be displayed. Overlaid display of selected data is possible.
A quick visual comparison: the current sample absorbance against the calibration curve

By comparing the absorbance of the sample with the absorbances used to


create the calibration curve, the user can quickly determine whether the
samples are in the expected range.

Just press here: the measurement start button

After setting up the measurement sequence, simply press the START button.
Find it all here: the MRT worksheet

Everything can be seen in the MRT (Measured Results Table) worksheet,


from the sample ID and absorbance, background signal (BKG) and
calibration curve, to the actual sample concentrations adjusted for correction
factors such as weight, volume, and dilutions. By selecting the element tab,
information for each element can be verified, even during analysis.
Analysis results report one click away: summary report

Clicking on the [Summary] tab displays a sophisticated report summarizing


sample identification for all elements analyzed.
8

Advanced data processing


GLP/GMP supported (Optional)

For GLP (Good Laboratory Practice) and GMP (Good


Manufacturing Practice) environments, data validity is
guaranteed by saving the raw analysis data.
In the WizAArd software, all raw data is saved,
including calibration curve calculations as well as
excluded data.
In addition, the optional hardware validation software
can perform strict instrument self diagnosis, further
enhancing data validity.

Hardware validation software (special accessory)

QA/QC functions included

QA/QC functions ensure the reliability of measurement


data. These functions include:
Calibration curve correlation coefficient check
Spike and percent recovery of Pre- and PostDigestion Spikes
QC checks for Laboratory Control Samples (LCS)
Precision (%RSD) of the measurement
All QC functions have user-selectable ranges of
PASS/FAIL and automatic reporting of "OUT OF
CONTROL REMARKS," with opportunities to select
the appropriate action to be taken
Automatic dilution and re-analysis of off-scale
samples with the dilution factor calculated
automatically; dilution factor up to 300 times
9

GFA-E X 7 G r a p h i t e F u r n a c e A t o miz e r

World Acclaimed Sensitivity


Newly designed graphite furnace: The worlds highest level of sensitivity has been increased - yet again - to an
even higher level.

In addition to the conventionally used technology for high sensitivity


(Japanese Patent 2067563), even higher sensitivity has been achieved
through the design of a new graphite furnace and the use of Shimadzudeveloped digital control technology (temperature control, gas flow rate
control). Furthermore, comprehensive measuring is also possible in a high
matrix.
Easy Measuring of
High Matrix Samples !

Analysis of Pb in 2% NaCl solution

Sensitivity
Improved !
Conventional GFA
Pb
0.12 ppb
Mn
0.02 ppb

Improvement

New Model GFA-EX7


0.085 ppb
0.015 ppb
(20 L injection, detection lower
limit value, typical value)

0 ppb

2 ppb

4 ppb adjunction

Digital temperature control: Optimal heating control achieved at all temperature regions using computer
control.

Highly accurate control is achieved in all temperature regions from drying


and ashing through to atomizing using a combination of a highly sensitive
optical sensor and Shimadzus own unique digital temperature-control
system. And the high stability for the heating temperature achieved in
furnace analysis assures even better reliability in analysis results.
Digital gas control: Accurate flow-rate control possible with an electronic flow controller.

Thanks to the use of an electronic flow controller, the accurate flow rate of
the inner gas can be set in units of 0.01L/min. at each heating stage, which
means effective gas flow-rate control can be accurately performed when
background elements are being removed during ashing.

10

Heat-induced deterioration of the tube is minimized due


to accurate control of the temperature and gas flow rate
using digital control technology. Tests show that the tube
continues to provide stable results even after more than
2000 measuring operations for Cr standard solution (a
30% ratio increase for Shimadzu).

Absorbance level (Abs) Reproducibility (% RSD)

Prolonged tube lifespan: The tube has a more than sufficient lifespan even when used in continuous automatic
analysis of various elements and various samples.

Measuring frequency (times)

Drying stage: The deterioration status of the graphite tube is automatically checked, and the Al function
automatically calibrates the sample drying temperature.

The graphite tube will gradually deteriorate with use, and


electric resistance will increase. For this reason, in the
past, the more the tube was used, the greater the drying
temperature would become. If this continued without any
adjustments being made, bumping would sometimes
occur. However, with this device, the deterioration in the
tube is automatically checked after every heating cycle,
and the heating current adjusted for the next heating
cycle according to the check results. In this way, sample
splattering and bumping are prevented, even during
measuring of multiple samples with the autosampler, as
automatic calibration is performed after every dry
temperature measurement - meaning this device is the
right choice even when it comes to auto analysis.

Heating current at 100C


50
(A)

Heating program
1. 100C 30 sec
2. 500C 10 sec
3. 2700C 5 sec

40
30
Graphite tube
Temperature (C)
100
50
0

100

200

300

400

500
600
Heating frequency

The figure on the right shows the relationship between


the drying temperature (radiant thermometer) and the
heating current when the autosampler, using the same
heating program each time, repeatedly measures the
same tube. It is clear that the heating current is being
automatically adjusted in response to the amount of
deterioration in the tube.

11

Fla m e Atom i z e r

World Acclaimed Sensitivity


Newly designed flame atomizer

The atomizers are equipped with pure


titanium-constructed burner heads as
standard, and have ceramic-constructed
impact beads and an atomizer chamber
constructed of polypropylene with special
processing of the inner surface, which
improves the antihydrofluoric-corrosive
qualities of the unit. Even fluoric acid
samples can be measured in the standard
configuration.

Dual Atomizer (AA-6800 Full System)


The burner and furnace are housed together in one burner
chamber as standard. Switching between flame and furnace
analysis is performed automatically via the software, which
eliminates troublesome replacement of the atomizer unit.

Enhanced sensitivity with single-unit nebulizer


(Patent pending)

In flame analysis, increased sensitivity is obtained by introducing greater


amounts of the atomized sample into the flame via aerosol production. The
newly developed nebulizer has a far more efficient aerosol system than
conventional models; consequently the atom density in the flame is greater,
which enables high-density analysis. In addition, an impact bead has been
integrated into the nebulizer for easy maintenance.
Cu (324.8 nm) 2 ppm

Safety measures
1. Automatic gas leak check system (Japanese Patent 1501632)

4. Flashback prevention with pressure monitor

When the power is turned ON and the flame is extinguished, an


automatic check for gas leaks is performed in the fuel gas pipe system
inside the devices gas controller unit. In the event of a gas leak being
discovered, a warning buzzer will sound and a warning message will
be displayed on the screen to inform the user of the danger.

The pressure of the supplied gas is constantly monitored, and any


abnormalities will cause the flame to be automatically extinguished
to prevent flashback. A gas pressure abnormality-warning message
for abnormal gas pressure is displayed on the CRT monitor to
enable swift recognition of abnormality.

2. Automatic flame ignition and extinction system

5. Automatic gas shut-off using flame monitor

One-touch ignition and extinction is possible while the Air-C2H2


flame priority ignition mechanism prevents flashback.

An optical sensor constantly monitors the flame. If the flame is


extinguished for any reason, a valve automatically closes to prevent
the escape of dangerous fuel gas.

3. Automatic Air-N2O switching system with an acetylene flow-rate


monitor (Japanese Patent 1298539)

6. Momentary power failure detection system and safety measures for re-ignition

After the ignition of an Air-C2H2 flame, the flame is automatically


switched to an N2O-C2H2 flame. If, due to solenoid valve trouble,
etc., the C2H2 flow rate does not increase, the support gas switching
mechanism will not engage, preventing flashback.

Normal power failures as well as momentary power failures are


detected by the internal detection circuitry, and the flame is
extinguished. The Air-C2H2 flame is re-ignited only after the residual
fuel gas in the chamber and the piping has been automatically

Air-C2H2 flame ignition


C2H2 flow rate increase
Optical sensor verifies increased flow
Switching to N2O-C2H2 flame

12

7. Mechanism to prevent misuse of the burner

To ignite an N2O-C2H2 flame, the safety key attached to the


dedicated high-temperature burner head must be engaged. This
prevents flashback due to the use of the wrong burner.
8. Drain water level monitor

The float system monitor constantly monitors the water level to


ensure safety.

Automation, labor-saving
Loaded with optimum automated analysis functions for routine analysis

Automatic analysis in Full Auto ASC Mode


Up to 20 elements can be measured automatically in sequence.
Each element group can have a different sampling sequence with
the random-access capability of the ASC-6100 autosampler.
Time and labor-saving functions unique to the
Shimadzu AA-6800 series include the automatic
addition of reagent, matrix modifiers, and diluent to
samples and standards in either a truly homogeneous
mixture or a layer mixture.
The Full Auto ASC Program enables easy editing of
"Cookbook" parameters for optimal precision and
Auto optimization of flame conditions

Automatic search for optimal fuel gas flow rate


(Japanese Patent 2099886)
The fuel gas flow rate must be optimized if the burner
height is changed or if organic solvents are used. In the
AA-6800F, the procedure is automated by measuring
absorbance versus gas flow rate of a blank and a
standard. The difference is displayed on the monitor. The
gas flow rate which yields the highest sensitivity is
detected and automatically set.

Automatic Detection of Optimum Fuel Gas Flow Rate

Automatic search for optimum burner height

Flame AA sensitivity is also affected by the flame


temperature, which changes with respect to burner
height, the type of flame, and the effect of the sample
matrix. In the AA-6800F, the procedure is automated by
measuring absorbance versus burner height of a blank
and a standard.
The difference is displayed on the monitor. The burner
height which yields the highest sensitivity is detected and
automatically set.

Automatic Detection for Optimum Burner Height

Lamp data base

Register your lamps in the database to ensure easy


tracking of the hours of use for each lamp to aid you in
determining lamp replacement. Each lamp is identified by
one ID; more than one lamp for the same element may
be registered.

13

Au tom ated Sa m p l i n g

Autosampler with advanced sample


single autosampler for both flame and
1 Agraphite
furnace analysis

The standard ASC-6100 is designed for flame analysis.


Graphite furnace analysis may be performed by
utilizing the ASK-6100 accessory sampler kit in
conjunction with the ASC-6100 autosampler.
A single sample tray is used for both flame and furnace
analysis. The flame sample tray becomes a furnace
sample tray by simply turning the sample tray upside
down. One side for furnace; the other side for flame!
The autosampler is placed to the left front of the
instrument to minimize linear bench space.

mixing of dilution, reagent, and matrix modifiers


2 Automatic
(graphite furnace analysis)

From one standard solution, a multi-point calibration


curve is automatically generated by injecting different
volumes into the furnace or automatically mixing the
standard with a diluent, then injecting the sample into
the furnace. The automatic mixing mode permits a
large working calibration range from a single stock
solution. The mixing port is used to completely mix all
solutions before injecting.
Automatic dilution, mixing conditions for reagent
addition are set on the CRT. Samples, diluent, reagent
and matrix modifier vials can be specified as desired.
Dilution factor: 300 x max.
No. of mixing solutions: 5 solutions max.
Contamination: Less than 105

3 Random-access function

Random access available with reagents or samples.

14

pretreatment functions
sample concentration in furnace
4 Automatic
(graphite furnace analysis)

Prior to atomization of the sample, the sample


concentration can be increased by repeated sample
introduction with drying/ashing cycles before finally
atomizing the concentrated sample.
For ultra-low-level analysis, up to 20 sample
concentration cycles are possible.

5 Coating by reagent (graphite furnace analysis)

Graphite tubes may be coated with reagent by injecting


and drying reagent prior to sample injection.

dilution and re-analysis of samples exceeding


6 Auto
a specified value (graphite furnace analysis)

If the measured result exceeds the range of the


calibration curve, the software automatically calculates
the appropriate dilution factor and executes re-analysis
so that the measured value is at the mid-point of the
calibration curve.

pipette tips are supported


7 Commercial
(graphite furnace analysis)

In addition to the Teflon sample tip used for graphite


furnace analysis, commercially available 200L pipette
tips can be used, facilitating maintenance and
minimizing running costs when analyzing samples
which easily contaminate the tip.

15

Ba ck G round C o r r e c t i o n M o de s

Two-way background correction


Both the Environmental Protection Agency and the
Japanese Industrial Standard (Atomic Absorption
Analysis Standard) have approved the Self-Reversal
Method (SR Method). The SR Method enables
background correction over the entire wavelength
range, from 190 to 900 nm, as well as correction of the
interference from adjacent spectral lines.
Naturally, the Deuterium (D2) Lamp Method used until
now is still permitted. The Deuterium (D2) Lamp
Method provides higher sensitivity measurement than
any other correction method.
Both background correction methods can be used for
both flame and furnace analysis. Selecting the
appropriate background method ensures high
accuracy and reliability in your analysis.

High-Speed Self-Reversal Method (SR Method)

The hollow cathode lamp current is modulated in two


modes with the Self-Reversal background correction
(BGC-SR) technique. During the low current mode (IL),
the lamp emission has a sharp spectral line and is
absorbed by the element and by the background.
During the high current mode (IH), the dense atom
clouds scattered by the hollow cathode produce the dip
or self-reversed peak shown below. The high current
mode measures only the background absorption.
Determining the difference in absorption of both types
of light provides accurate background correction and
measurement of the true atomic absorption.

Lamp current

IH spectrum

Background absorption
Background absorption
Atomic absorption
Atomic
absorption

IH
Wavelength
IL spectrum

IL

Wavelength

absorption
layer
Atomic
absorption
Background absorption
Atomic absorption

time

(Lamp energy) (Sample measurement) (Energy component ratio)

Self-Reversal Method Features

1. For background correction accuracy, the SR Method


is generally excellent.
Since one lamp can be used for both background
absorption and atomic absorption, the correction
error due to a mismatch of the optical axis is
exceedingly small. This method is ideal for the
quantitation of trace components in matrices
displaying complex background absorption (i.e.
biological samples or alloys).
2. Background correction can be performed over the
entire wavelength range of 190 nm - 900 nm.
3. Background correction can be performed where
there is spectral interference from other elements
near the spectral peak of the target element.
4. Light loss due to polarizers is eliminated, thereby
maximizing signal-to-noise ratio.
5. High-speed modulation cycle eliminates the
influence of emission noise on the atomizer,
providing accurate analysis.
NOTE) The Self-Reversal Method requires use of the hollow cathode L-2433 lamp. The L-2433 lamp can also be used for the D2 Lamp method.

16

Background correction by the Self-Reversal Method

Deuterium Lamp Method

(1) Spectral interference correction

D2 light resolved by the spectrophotometer has a


bandwidth in the 0.1 nm to 5.0 nm range. Atomic
absorption of this light with a line width of only 0.001
nm is therefore negligible, compared to the measured
background absorption. The light emitted from the
hollow cathode lamp has the same width as the atomic
absorption band. Therefore, the total atomic absorption
and background is measured. In the D2 lamp method,
the difference between the absorbed hollow cathode
lamp energy (i.e. atomic absorption plus background).
And minus the absorbed D2 lamp energy (i.e.
background) results in the corrected signal.

sec
0.00

True atomic
absorption
after correction
5.00
-0.300

-0.140

Background absorption

0.020

0.180

0.340

0.500

Abs

Wavelength 196.0 nm (Se)


Sample 20,000 ppm Fe, 0 ppm Se

D2 lamp spectrum

Background absorption

The wavelength of the selenium analysis line is very


near the spectral line of iron, so correction by the D2
Lamp method is difficult. The SR Method, however,
provides accurate correction.

Atomic
absorption

(2) Molecular absorption correction


Hollow cathode lamp spectrum

Atomic absorption + background absorption

sec
0.00
True atomic
absorption
after correction

5.00
-0.100

0.128

0.340

Background absorption

0.560

0.780

Deuterium Lamp Method Features

1.000

Abs

Wavelength 228.8 nm (Cd)


Sample 0.5% NaCl , 0 ppb Cd

NaCI displays wide molecular absorption in the


ultraviolet region. Even large background absorption
can be accurately corrected, as shown in the above
figure.

1. The detection sensitivity is superior to that of other


background correction methods, making it ideal for
analyses requiring high sensitivity in simple
matrices, such as for measurement of trace
impurities in ultrapure water and in environmental
analysis.
2. Since the modulation frequency is higher than that
of other background correction methods, it is
possible to eliminate noise due to emission
components from the flame and graphite tube,
providing accurate measurement of atomic
absorption.

17

Spe ci fi cati on s

Specifications

Data Processing

Lamp

Spectrophotometer

Specifications Common to AA-6800 Series


Optics
Wavelength range
Mounting
Bandwidth
Background correction
Number of HC lamps
Lamp mode
Lamp data base
Software requirements
Parameter setting
Measurement mode
Concentration computation
Repeat analysis

Baseline correction
Sensitivity correction
Tabular data processing
Multi-tasking
Recall of parameters
Procedure/result display
Report generation
QA/QC
Power requirements
Dimensions and weight
Ambient temperature
Ambient humidity

Optical single beam / Electrical double beam


190~900 nm
Aberration-corrected Czerny-Turner mounting
0.1, 0.2, 0.5, 1.0, 2.0, 5.0 nm (6-step automatic switching)
BGC-SR (high-speed Self-Reversal method) and BGC-D2 (D2 lamp method; high-speed, dual-frequency simultaneous measurement)
8-lamp turret, 2 lamps simultaneously lit (1 for measurement, 1 warming up for next measurement)
Emission, Non-BGC, BGC-SR, BGC-D2 and D2
Lamp usage in hours or current x hours
MS-Windows
Wizard method
Flame continuous and furnace modes
Calibration curve method (choice of 1st, 2nd and 3rd order functions), Standard Addition method, Simple Standard Addition method
Up to 20 repetitions. Mean value, standard deviation (SD) and coefficient of variation (RSD) displayed.
Automatic exclusion of deviant values by setting SD and %RSD
Automatic drift correction using electrical double beam signal processing in furnace mode.
Automatic calibration correction with sensitivity monitoring
Calculation of final concentrations from sample volumes, lab bench dilutions, autosampler dilutions, and weight factors.
Spreadsheet software or word processing software may be executed during measurement.
Template functions available
MRT (Measured Results Table) worksheet
Summary report
Correlation coefficient, QC, LCS, SPK, sample upper limit, %RSD, SD
AC100, 120, 220, 230, 240 V10%, 50/60 Hz, 600 VA, without sharp voltage fluctuations (Computer and peripherals require additional power.)
1080W x 550D x 460H mm, 100 kg (including gas controller, excluding PC and peripherals)
10C~35C
45%~80% (less than 70% when temperature is greater than 30C)

Burner unit

Specifications of AA-6800F
Type
Burner head
Nebulizer
Chamber
Positioning

Gas control

Flow rate/pressure control

Safety measures

Air-cooled pre-mix type


Pure titanium
Pt-Ir capillary with Teflon orifice, ceramic impact bead, standard unit able to handle hydrofluoric acid.
Polypropylene
Automatic flame/ furnace switching by motor
Automatic search of optimum burner height
Automatic control and automatic optimization
Automatic gas leak check Air-C2H2 flame priority ignition
Air-N2O automatic change-over with flow-rate monitor by optical sensor
Non-combusted fuel release prevention Prevention of wrong burner head use
Flashback prevention by pressure monitor
Automatic flame extinction upon power outage or sudden power interruption
Drain tank level monitor to prevent flashback

Specifications of AA-6800G (Specifications of GFA-EX7)


Heating control system
Heating temperature range
Setting heating conditions
Graphite tube

(The graphite tube is not included. Please


purchase this separately.)

Safety features

Cooling water
Gas
Power requirements
Connection
Power Supply Unit Dimensions and weight
18

Drying: Digital current control (with automatic temperature calibration function)


Ashing: Digital temperature control via optical sensor Atomization: Digital temperature control via optical sensor
Temperature: Ambient to 3,000C
Maximum 20 stages Heating mode: RAMP/STEP
Inner gas type: Dual automatic switching type High-sensitivity mode setting
Enrichment in furnace: Maximum 20 times Inner gas flow rate: 0 to 1.50 L/min 0.01 L/min increments
Optimum temperature program search support function
High-density graphite tube Pyro-coated graphite tube
Platform tube
Cooling water flow rate monitor Gas pressure monitor
Overcurrent protection unit (double check by breaker and optical sensor)
Furnace block cooling check
Water temperature: 10 to 30C (cooling unit required if temperature exceeds 30C)
Supplied pressure: 0.08 to 0.15 MPa (decompression device required if pressure exceeds 0.17 MPa)
Flow rate: 0.6L/min or more
Usable gas: argon, and dried air when necessary
Flow rate: Maximum 3.5L/min Supplied pressure: 0.32 to 0.38 MPa, maximum 0.4 MPa
AC200, 220, 230, 240 V 5% maximum 6,000 VA, 50/60 Hz joint use
M6 grounding terminal base
255W x 428D x 460H mm, 41 kg (The power supply unit is installed in the space behind the main unit. Only the width of the main unit need be taken into consideration.)

S pe c i f i c a t i o n s o f A S C -6 1 0 0 Au to sampler and ASK- 6100 Furnace Kit


Flame / Furnace Common Specifications
Functions

Zero-point detection
Auto rinse
Auto diagnosis
Random access

Maximum reagent / sample positions

Reagent : 8 positions
Samples : 60 positions
(random access available with reagents or samples)

Sample volume
Nozzle rinse
Rinse water bottle
Power requirements
Dimensions, weight

Sample vials
: 16 mL (test tube for flame analysis), 2 mL (sample cup for furnace)
Reagent vials
: 20 mL (for furnace analysis)
Solvent container : 2000 mL
Solvent rinse discharge method (for furnace analysis)
Solvent aspiration rinse method (for flame analysis)
2L capacity
AC100 V ~ 240 V auto switching, 100 VA, 50/60 Hz
ASC-6100: 330W x 280D x 285H mm, 7.5 kg
ASC/ASK combination: 360W x 280D x 360H mm, 15 kg

Furnace Specifications

Carryover

Automatic dilution function


Automatic reagent addition function
250 L
2~100 L
1% RSD (20 L)
Rinse port : Less than 0.00001
Mixing port : Less than 0.00001

Mixing port rinse

Solvent rinse discharge method or


solvent rinse plus rinse with next sample

Mixing function

Performed in mixing port;


Maximum mixture volume: 600 L

Maximum number of
mixing reagents added

Up to 4 solutions to standards or samples. Random access available with samples or reagents.


Number of solutions possible for mixing:
Calibration curve method : 5 solutions max.
Standard addition method: 6 solutions max.

Auto dilution / re-analysis

If the measured results exceed the range of the calibration curve, the software automatically calculates the
appropriate dilution factor and executes re-analysis, so that the measured volume is at the mid point of the calibration
curve. If dilution factor is not available, samples are diluted to 10 times.

Sampling functions
Syringe
Injection volume
Repeatability

Sensitivity Example
Typical Sensitivity (Abs.)

Flame Analysis (Cu 2 ppm)


0.32

Furnace Analysis (Mn 1 ppb, 20 L)


0.20

Personal Computer (PC) Specifications


The PC, monitor and printer satisfying the following specifications must be purchased separately.
Operating System: MS-Windows, CPU: 75 MHz or higher, Monitor: SVGA (800 x 600) or higher,
RAM: 32 MB or greater, Hard Drive: Minimum 10 MB disc space, Floppy Drive: One or more 3.5" floppy disk drives
More than one serial port, Mouse or pointing device

NOTE) The PC, monitor and printer are not included in the standard configuration.
The ASC-6100, ASK-6100 and GFA-EX7 are optional accessories.
Windows is a trademark of Microsoft Corp., U.S.A.
19

Par ts and Ac c e s s o r i e s

Standard Parts and Optional Accessories


Sta nd a rd Pa r t s L is t
AA-6800 Series Common Standard Parts List
Part Name
Vinyl cover
AC cable (for 100, 120 V)
Disk set 6800
RS-232C cable 9.25
Others

Quantity
1
1
1
1

Cat. No.
206-64902
206-13774
206-50733-91
200-79144-01

note) The PC, monitor, printer, hollow cathode lamps, high-temperature burner head,
pressure regulator and compressor are not included in the standard configuration.

AA-6800F Standard Parts List


Part Name
Hose ASSY (for Air supply) 5 m
Hose ASSY (for C2H2 gas supply) 5 m
Cleaning wire (for cleaning capillary)
Tube (Teflon tube for sample suction)
Burner position bracket

Quantity
1
1
1
5
1

Cat. No.
206-50389-91
206-50389-92
201-79229-01
204-05899-01
202-38757-01

Seal joint ASSY (for gas leak check)


Screw driver, #2, (Plus)
Sample platform
Polyethylene tubing, No. 3

1
1
1
1 (0.3 m)

204-27570-02
086-11002
206-63686
200-31328-01

Gas tube ASSY (3-line nylon tubes)


Si rubber tubing, 9 x 12 (drain tubing)
Vinyl tubing, R3603 3/8 x 1/16 (drain tubing)
Drain ASSY
Others

1
1 (2.4 m)
1 (2.4 m)
1

206-65112
016-31350-22
016-31409
206-80771-91

AA-6800G (GFA-EX7) Standard Parts List (required for furnace analysis)


Part Name
Power supply ASSY
Furnace ASSY
Electrode detachment tool
Hose ASSY 5 m
Cooling water tube ASSY (for cooling water inlet)
Extension tube ASSY (for cooling water outlet)
Double ended wrench 12 x 14
Hexagon wrench 1.5
Sleeve, SN-6
RS-232C cable (for AA-GFA)
Lid
Others

Quantity
1
1
1
1

Cat. No.
206-51010
206-51011
206-51014-91
206-50389-91

1
1
1
1
2
1
1

206-51028-91
206-64752
086-03016
086-03818
035-68907
206-50325-91
206-51074

NOTE) Graphite tubes, micro pipettes and pressure regulating valve for argon gas are not included in the
standard configuration.

20

Optional Accessories List (In detail, please refer to AA Series Accessories (C122-E031) brochure .)
For Flame Analysis
Part Name
ACF-6800 Furnace-to-Flame conversion unit
High-temperature burner head (titanium)
Low-noise air compressor
Air compressor

Cat. No.
206-64843-92
206-50300-92
208-91750-**
208-91742-91

5 cm slot for N2O-C2H2 flame


-31 100V, -36 220/230V, For both 50Hz/60Hz
For AC100V, both 50Hz/60Hz

Mist separator kit


YR-71 Compressed gas regulator
MAF76S Compressed gas regulator
MAF85S Compressed gas regulator
MAF106S Compressed gas regulator

206-52458-91
040-72020-01
040-72019-01
040-72019-11
040-72019-21

Required at the time of air compressor use other than the above
For C2H2*
For H2*
For N2O*
For Ar*

Remarks

*Not available in U.S.A. and Canada.

For Furnace Analysis


Part Name
Graphite furnace atomizer GFA-EX7
High-density graphite tube
Pyro-coated graphite tube
Platform tube
Cooling water circulation unit CA-1112
Cooler connection kit
Regulator ASSY

Cat. No.
206-51000-00
206-50587
206-50588
206-50887-02
044-01809-03
206-84373-91
206-86147-91

Remarks

Necessary for connecting GFA-EX7 and CA-1112


Decompression valve for GFA-EX7 cooling water

Hollow Cathode Lamps


Part Name
L-233 Series
L-2433 Series

Cat. No.
200-38422200-38456-

For SR Method

Cat. No.
204-21932-01
206-17143-

(NOTE 1, 2)
(NOTE 3)

Remarks

Other Accessories
Part Name
MVU-1A Mercury Vaporizer Unit
HVG-1 Hydride Vapor Generator

Remarks

NOTE) 1. Gas flow cell (Cat. No. 201-98687), Cell holder (Cat. No. 202-35867), and Hg Hollow cathode lamp (Cat. No. 200-38422-28 ) are required.
2. Adapter, MVU-6800G (Cat. No. 206-51145-91) is required for connection with the furnace system AA-6800G.
3. Automated analysis is made possible by using ASC-6100 and Nozzle Assy, HVG (Cat. No. 206-67563).

21

Dimensions

Wall

255

150~200

80

450~550

GFA-EX7

600

about 700

450
343

360

460

282

AA-6800

53

345
1080

ASC-6100

Unit : mm
NOTE) Above dimensions do not include PC or printer.

JQA-0376

Founded in 1875, Shimadzu Corporation, a leader in the


development of advanced technologies, has a distinguished
history of innovation built on the foundation of contributing to
society through science and technology. We maintain a global
network of sales, service, technical support and applications
centers on six continents, and have established long-term
relationships with a host of highly trained distributors located
in over 100 countries. For information about Shimadzu, and to
contact your local office, please visit our Web site at
www.shimadzu.com

SHIMADZU CORPORATION. International Marketing Division

3. Kanda-Nishikicho 1-chome, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo 101-8448, Japan


Phone: 81(3)3219-5641 Fax. 81(3)3219-5710
URL http://www.shimadzu.com

The contents of this brochure are subject to change without notice.


Printed in Japan 3295-02717-30AIT