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Energy Quality Management

Energy Quality Management EQM is the planning, designing and operation of


energy sources, conversion distribution and end use in the energy system with the
aim to conserve the energy quality in the best possible way in each step of the
project. Electricity and fuels are high quality energy while a large part of our energy
use e.g. space heating and domestic hot water, is low quality. With improved energy
efficiency in the end use of the energy, we can reduce our need for fossil fuels far
beyond what energy conservation alone can do.
Energy quality
The quality of energy is defined as the relative amount of mechanical wor that can
be generated in a theoretical conversion process. !n the literature we can find
several terms that refer to the mechanical wor content of a certain quantity such as
the e"ergy or availability. #nalysis based on this concept can be called e"ergy
analysis or second law analysis. This refers to the basic thermodynamic laws of
energy where the first law tells us that the energy is always conserved while the
second law tells us that all irreversible processes increase the entropy of the total
energy of the system or in other words the quality, or the ability of the energy of the
system to generate mechanical wor is lost. $ince energy demanding processes
require energy quality on different levels minimum loss of quality for one process will
mae the energy flow useful for other processes. #s an e"ample we can tae the
refurbishment of a house from the si"ties with electrical heating. With better
windows, insulation, air tightness hand heat recovery we can rather easily reduce the
energy for space heating to one third. %ut we could still be using electricity that has
very high quality, since it can almost &'' ( be converted to mechanical energy, to
provide heating to the room at a very low quality level. !f we instead use a heat pump
which can generate ) times more heat at low quality than the electricity put in the
total electrical energy needed has been reduced to &*+ of the output.
Figure 1. The need for high quality energy
can be radically reduced with good energy quality management along with energy
conservation.
,ntil now our energy systems have been resource driven. We identify sources,
generate energy products and build up a system to store and distribute them to an
end user maret. The result of this is that our focus is on resources with the highest
revenues that logistically can be stored and distributed freely and will easily find its
maret in new energy based services and higher degree of individual mobility. -ossil
fuels, oil, coal and gas, are products that best meet the above criteria. The best
available technologies, possible sources of energy, the planning and the
management of an urban energy system together with the development of societal
needs are instruments that have to be tuned together to meet the sustainability
criteria. !t can be demonstrated how a general system approach based on these
components can lead to more cost efficient solutions to meet the challenges of
climate change.
Figure 2. The
community energy system consists of a large set of energy sources and terminal
energy use with multiple systems for transfer of energy from the sources to the end
users. With co-generation or tri-generation and also when waste energy from
processes is utilized as energy source for other low valued processes the compleity
of the system is increased.
!t is not only the energy use of the building, which is of importance for good energy
economy but also the interface of the building energy system so that we have
fle"ibility in the choice of the energy supply system.
There are many good e"amples in the .ordic countries showing how the
interconnectivity of users and processes can contribute to considerable energy
savings and environmental benefits. Waste heat from industrial processes and data
storage facilities has been successfully used for heating buildings. We have
e"amples of how cooling energy from data storage is used as a source for a district
heating system. The biggest challenge is, however, not to identify downstream loss
of energy that can be useful for other processes but the logistics, or how to transfer
the energy to where it is needed. The development of district heating networs is an
e"cellent e"ample where the systems were primarily built up for distribution of heat
that is generated by burning fossil fuels, which have been gradually replaced by
cogeneration heat, heat produced by heat pumps, heat generated from biofuels and
from burning waste etc.
The purpose of the worshop is to demonstrate cases where EQM has been
successfully used in the .ordic countries and internationally. To invite researchers
and developers to put forward new technologies and concepts that can enhance the
use of EQM. #lso to identify the potential for use of EQM in energy system
development and energy planning, to discuss policy issues and how this can help to
meet the targets for greenhouse gas emissions.
The conference does not address energy efficiency in general and priority will be
given for presentations that address the energy quality issues on system level rather
than component performance.
Continuous improvement, like continuous commissioning requires a quality system or process to add
confdence to the long term benefts of managing what you measure. From the very beginning of our
energy feld services work it was apparent that the pillars of quality; plan, do, check and act neatly tied
into eforts to reduce energy and water consumption.
From the Electrical Apparatus Service Association (EASA-Q) initiative, the aspects of quality systems,
management system and energy management were ties to all service oferings.
In association with BC Hydro and EASA International, Demand Side Energy launched the worlds
frst EASA Q seminars directed to the motor and transformer industry to document and maintain the
energy efciency throughout the apparatus repair process. From this approach an energy quality
system for electric motors (Motor Management Initiative) was designed and delivered by in the Pacifc
Northwest.
From these industry specifc eforts, Demand Side Energy has broadened service oferings to users
of ISO 9002; ISO14000 and ISO 51000 energy management standards, because it can be measured
it will be managed.