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This work was supported by the project "Sustainable performance in doctoral and post-doctoral research - PERFORM" co-funded from the European Social Fund through the Development of Human Resources Operational Programme 2007-2013, contract no. POSDRU /159/1.5/S/ 138963

Programme 2007-2013, contract no. POSDRU /159/1.5/S/ 138963 DESCRIERE CIP A BIBLIOTECII NAŢIONALE A ROMÂNIEI PLEŞCA,

DESCRIERE CIP A BIBLIOTECII NAŢIONALE A ROMÂNIEI PLEŞCA, GIANNI BUCURIILE MILOSTENIEI CREŞTINE -ESEU- ISBN 978-973-0-14787-8

Phd. Student Gianni Pleşca:The Joys Of Christian Mercy

TULCEA (ROMANIA): KAROGRAF PUBLISHER,

JULY 2014 156 PAGES.

Should you have any questions, please do not hesitate to contact me:

gianniplesca@yahoo.com

This work was supported by the project "Sustainable performance in doctoral and post-doctoral research - PERFORM" co-funded from the European Social Fund through the Development of Human Resources Operational Programme 2007-2013, contract no. POSDRU /159/1.5/S/ 138963

Phd. Student PLEŞCA GIANNI

“Ovidius” University of Constanta, Romania

THE JOYS OF CHRISTIAN MERCY

THIS WORK WAS PRINTED WITH THE BLESSING OF HIS GRACE VISARION ORTHODOX BISHOP OF TULCEA

KAROGRAF PUBLISHER, TULCEA, JULY 2014

This work was supported by the project "Sustainable performance in doctoral and post-doctoral research - PERFORM" co-funded from the European Social Fund through the Development of Human Resources Operational Programme 2007-2013, contract no. POSDRU /159/1.5/S/ 138963

Drd. PLEŞCA GIANNI

Universitatea Ovidius Constanţa, Romania

Bucuriile milosteniei creŞtine

Tipărită cu Binecuvântarea Preasfinţitului Părinte †VISARION Episcopul Tulcii

EDITURA KAROGRAF TULCEA, 2014

This work was supported by the project "Sustainable performance in doctoral and post-doctoral research - PERFORM" co-funded from the European Social Fund through the Development of Human Resources Operational Programme 2007-2013, contract no. POSDRU /159/1.5/S/ 138963

7

Argument

CUPRINS

Capitolul 1. Faptele bune, roada desăvârşită a credinţei

13

1.1. Săvârşirea binelui - lecţia iubirii în viaţa omului

26

1.2. Valoarea timpului pentru dobândirea mântuirii personale

31

1.3. Faptele bune, semn al rodirii credinţei în viaţa creştinului

38

1.4. Necesitatea înfăptuirii binelui în societatea contemporană

Capitolul 2. Milostenia creştină şi sensul adevăratelor fapte bune

43

2.1. Datoria iubirii aproapelui, izvor al milei creştine

55

2.2. Înfăptuirea adevăratei milostenii

65

2.3 Răsplata faptelor de milostenie la Judecata obştească

Capitolul 3. Înfăptuirea organizată a milosteniei în Biserica creştină

82

3.1. Activitatea filantropică în cadrul misiunii sociale a Bisericii

92

3.2. Slujirea caritativă în sânul Bisericii Ortodoxe Române

105

Capitolul 4. Slujirea aproapelui şi a lui Hristos în societatea contemporană

124

Cuvânt de încheiere

141

BIBLIOGRAFIE

148

Cuvânt al Sfântului Antioh despre pătimirea pentru aproapele

150

Abstract

This work was supported by the project "Sustainable performance in doctoral and post-doctoral research - PERFORM" co-funded from the European Social Fund through the Development of Human Resources Operational Programme 2007-2013, contract no. POSDRU /159/1.5/S/ 138963

THE JOYS OF CHRISTIAN MERCY

CONCLUSIONS

In a world affected by the collapse of the existing criteria, the social problem is more than a technical issue, a matter of spirit. With in the Christian perspective destiny of man tends toward complete fulfill ment in Jesus Christ, who dwells among men not by force, but through freedom and love,so that the path of this freedom by love is the track to achieve the ideal human society. The love for God Almighty gives birth to a total detachment from wealth and love of your neighbor creates the community spirit by which the property becomes an instrument of divine blessings. He fights against those who have become slaves of the wealth, seeking their integration into the community of love by social solidarism and communitarianism of love. Christianity was a spiritual revolution, which changed the social aspect of human life. Since the first day of its seen existence, the Church also assimilates with divine communion new social state regulations that brings inside the new Christian communities. Durability of charitable activities of the Church is the final result of an unbroken strength effort of the new nation of God, determined to defend to the end the Christ belonging and freedom in the Spirit of Christ before all tests that have come on Christians. The poor and helpless are not simple events of our day, but they have existed since the beginning of the world and ever since then, people have helped each other cultivating brotherly love. The existing caratativ spirit at the ancient nations developed with law of love instituted by Christ, embracing different forms depending on the evolution of society. In the spirit of communion, charity, mutual help and care for the poor, the suffering and the helpless were the primary concerns of Christianity that fit private property in the spirit of love for a man not to tie his heart for partakes of neighbor through charity benefits received from God. In this case, external wealth urges spiritual wealth as wagging willingly becomes the fruit of the soul. Mercy is followed by loving our neighbor and the blessing received from God, which reflects on the man who knows how to use those earthly gifts with righteousness. Summarizing, we see that the patristic vision states that the meaning of land assets urging to "mercy," but God not forces the man to choose good as

This work was supported by the project "Sustainable performance in doctoral and post-doctoral research - PERFORM" co-funded from the European Social Fund through the Development of Human Resources Operational Programme 2007-2013, contract no. POSDRU /159/1.5/S/ 138963

He granted freedom and the virtue of this good belongs to those who willingly and freely chooses to unite with God. Under the auspices of Christian charity empire the Holy Fathers invest their wealth, founding homes to raise abandoned children or orphans, asylums for the poor and elderly, hospitals for caring and nursing the sick, homes to receive travelers and pilgrims and in the midst ofthem, “the holy institution that creates and protects all others in the name of Jesus Christ, a church”, offering themselves to all as examples for the accomplishment of the word preached. In our research, we admit that goods are useful to man only in so far as it helps to support those in need and suffering, because only in this way the ownership acquires both a social genuine and moral role, elevating us from the disease of looking after wealth and concern deriving from the possession of wealth. The true good deed is committed in the name of Jesus Christ, so by doing them the Christian is near by the one who needs it. If committing good deeds, comes first the retaining of the soul nearer to God by serving fellow, many seeing it as their duty to help someone, momentarily putting personal concerns first. However, if the second step is to perform helping, not only the soul is overwhelmed with gratitude, but our whole being begins to feel great, being overwhelmed by a wellbeing state. This follows true committing good deeds, as we feel that God solves those problems we could not find resolution, but only after we have spent our time to help someone else. In the Church we all need to see a help to all, both those in need and for those who claim they do not need, because when someone denies the need to be helped, that moment that person really needs help. In the Church people see the good and learn how to commit themselves good works, which may provide the opportunity for his help disregarding age. Since childhood, the child sees his mother or grandmother sharing some alms to poor people or as a person helps someone to walk up or down stairs or helping an old woman or man whom carries shopping bags. Given these examples, the child, and then the young and future parent, noted that good works are not difficult, but it is sufficient to open up because God always leads him to work continuously with the neighbor, thus reaching to accomplish good in a very easy way. The XXI Century recapitulates permanently in our eyes the history of the miserable condemned by the Holy Fathers, while the poor are hungry and sick. We must realize how hard it is to support the survival of the state of humility out of charity and we are obliged to give with much tenderness of our

This work was supported by the project "Sustainable performance in doctoral and post-doctoral research - PERFORM" co-funded from the European Social Fund through the Development of Human Resources Operational Programme 2007-2013, contract no. POSDRU /159/1.5/S/ 138963

goods alms to the poor. To perform charity we need not only money, but good

will, because when we benevolence does not matter that we are poor, because

it tells us nothing that we are rich when we lack the good will.

When we do charity, our wealth is not shrinking, but increasing, because we do the best investment someone can make, offering infinitely greater interest than any bank in the world, because the things we offer to God are not

in danger of being stolen or destroyed, but they bring unexpected fruit at the right time (I Corinthians 2,9). The one who gives alms to the God’s poor lends himself as surety for the poor before the rich. The poor and the needy ones have to be helped, because they had not the joy to reap the fruits of their efforts for reasons beyond them, aware of the fact that any of us can go through similar events that may bring us in the same condition. And certainly, any of us prefer to give a part of his labors to this category than to be part of it. It should open our hearts to all the poor and to those who suffer hard to offer our voluntary contribution stemmed from love. You can't give him money, give him food, give him greeting, pray for him, but don't turn your back, we can give, only to want, because the Lord pulls the poor in need, and we can raise our prayer to thank God that helped us to do a good deeds. Probably we all have in the house superfluous things that we might give them to someone else. A man sure needs some of ours right now, and the Lord is ready to reward us for every good deed. Outstretched hand of

a beggar is the outstretched hand of Christ that seeks to lift us out of the

morass of passion, greed and love for money. The positive effects of helping the poor are much greater than the negative effects of encouraging laziness. Meaning that if we learn to have compassion for these people and we always help them with what we may, we will easily change and to see different, we will treat them as people. If we teach children today that we are all responsible for the poverty of these

people, if we teach them to give, to love, then tomorrow when they become adults they could help them more. Thus, we can say that doing good can be learned everywhere, because good is seen both by beneficiaries and those who are passing through. Christ asks us by the hand of the poor and charity receives goods which He gave them and he thanks, because he seeks to remind us that we have received the goods to make them mercy, and not to waste them, and those who receive give us back our charity gift received through the prayer to God for us.