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FUZE
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4. LAND
MI NES. { ; RENADEs,
AND
kNI TTRS
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261
RESTRI CTED
CONTENTS
VOLUME
1
VOLUME2
5.

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347
G.
Pxbj EC' 7I 1
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545
CONTENTS
Chapter

Page
1 .
Saacxa____________________________________________ . . _____________

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2. Fvz-S----------------------------------------------------------

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3. Roci i FTs --------------------------------------------------------

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4. LANDMI NES, GRENADES? ANDI GNI TERS______________________________

261
GERMANEXPLOSIVEORDNANCE

OP1666
IV
S. C.

S. D.
Fi gure I-Bomb
Component Posi ti ons
ACCEPTANCE
STAMP
FORFILLING
GRADEMARK
XPLOSIVE
MARK
MODELMARK
FILLINGDATEAND
LOCATION
PRESSURETEST
ACCEPTANCE
ATERIALACCEPTANCE
DELIVERYNO.
TYPEOF FUZE
INSERTED
GENERAL
ACCEPTANCE
TYPEOF EXPLOSIVE
Fi gure 2--Pai nt Marki ngs andStampi ngs
I NTRODUCTI ON
The f ol l owi ng l i s t . gi ves t he abbr evi at ed des i g-
nat i ons us ed f or
t he i dent i f i cat i on of Ger man
bombs , t he f ul l
Ger man des i gnat i on and
t he
Engl i s h equi val ent .
Gener al
GERMANBOMBS
The
t hr eepr i nci pal t ypes
of Ger man demol i t i on
bombs ar e:
"Spr eng Cyl i ndr i s ch"
( SC)
or Gen-
er al Pur pos e
bombs , "Spr eng Di ckenwand"
( SD)
or s pl i nt er
bombs ( SAP)
and
"Panzer Cyl i n-
- l r i s ch"
( PC) or ar mor
pi er ci ng bombs . I n
addi -
, i on t o
t hes e t hr ee gener al t ypes t her e ar e: SB
and
SAt ypes of bombs f or maxi mumbl as t , SBe
concr et e
bombs , PDar mor pi er ci ng bomb and t he
BT( Bomben
t or pedo) bomb.

( Seef i gs . 1 and 2. )
The
SCor gener al pur pos ebombs ar e us ed pr i -
mar i l y
f or gener al demol i t i on wor k. The
SC
250
and SC500 may be f i t t ed wi t h t wo at hwar t s hi ps
f uze pocket s i ns t ead of t he us ual one. Thes e t wo
bombs ar e us ual l y as s oci at ed wi t h t i me and pr o-
t ect i ve f uzi ng. The ot her
SC
bombs
ar e f uzed
ei t her i ns t ant aneous l y or wi t h
a
s hor t del ay. SC
Chapt er 1
bombs have t hi n par al l el
wal l s wi t h a compar a-
t i vel y heavy nos e. Us ual l y t hey ar eof t hr ee pi ece
wel ded
cons t r uct i on. SCbombs have a
l oadi ng
f act or of appr oxi mat el y
55 per cent and ar e f i l l ed
i n mos t cas es
wi t h cas t TNT, powder ed amat ol or
t r i al en. Bomb i dent i f i cat i on f or t he SCt ype i s
made eas y by t he pr es enceof
yel l ow pai nt on t he
t ai l cone.
TheSBt ype of bomb
i s des i gned t o gi ve maxi -
mumbl as t ef f ect . I t has ver y t hi n wal l s
and l oad-
i ng f act or s r un as
hi gh as SOper cent . Fuzi ng i s
i ns t ant aneous .
TheSD"s pl i nt er "
or f r agment at i on bombs
ar e
us ed
pr i mar i l y agai ns t per s onnel ,
t anks , al l t ypes
of ar mor ed
and unar mor ed
vehi cl es , and agai ns t
ot her s ur f ace
t ar get s whi char evul ner abl e
t o f r ag-
ment at i on damage.
They ar e us ual l y f uzed i n-
s t ant aneous l y and
may have ext ens i on
r ods f r om
t he nos e t o
act uat e t he f uze
above t he gr ound.
Thewal l s ar e t hi ck,
t he t hi cknes s bei ng uni f or m
t hr oughout t hes i des
wi t h a s l i ght l y
heavi er nos e.
They ar eus ual l y f or ged
i n onepi ece. They have
a
l oadi ng f act or
of appr oxi mat el y
35 per cent
and
ar e
f i l l ed wi t h TNT, amat ol or
t r i al en, Bombs
may be
i dent i f i ed by t he pr es ence
of r ed pai nt on
t he t ai l
cone.

( Thi s s houl d
not be conf us ed wi t h
t hebas ecoat
of r ed l ead whi ch
i s us ed on al l Ger -
man bombs . )
SD
( s mal l ant i per s onnel
bombs ) . As peci al
gr oupi ng of t hes e i s des i r ed,
f or t hey ar e a
ver y
di s t i nct i ve
gr oup and not j us t
a mi ni at ur e model
of t he
l ar ger t ype. Bombs
have t hi ck wal l s and
a
l owl oadi ng
f act or . A
mechani cal i ns t ead of el ec-
t r i c f uze i s us ed
i n mos t of t hes e
bombs and bombs
ar e us ual l y
car r i ed i n cont ai ner s
. SCbombs
of
t hi s t ype
ar e
s o
des i gnat ed, but
i t s eems t hey
mi ght
mor ecor r ect l y be
cal l ed SDt o keep
cl as s i f i cat i on
uni f or m.
SBeor concr et e bombs
ar e us ed f or t he
s ame
pur pos e as SD' s . They
have t hi ck concr et e
wai l s
r ei nf or ced wi t h
s t eel . Loadi ng f act or i s
ar ound 20
per cent and a l ow power expl os i ve i s
nor mal l y
us ed.
DESI GNATI ON QSRMAH ENGLI SH
SC___ ____
Spr engeyl i ndr i s che. H. E. cyl i ndr i cal gen-
er al pur pos e.
SB- - __ Spr engbombe__- -
. - Hi ghcapacai t y bomb.
SA- - - - - - -
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - Hi ghcapaci t y bomb.
SD____- - - Spr engDi ckenwand_
H. E. t hi ck wal l ed,
s emi ar mor pi er ci ng,
f r agment at i on.
SD( s mal l ) _
Spr engDi ckenwand_ Ant i - per s onnel .
Spl i t t er Bet on- - - - __
Concr et e f r agment a-
t i on bomb.
Panzer dur s chl ag
cy- Cyl i ndr i cal ar mor -
l i ndr i s che. pi er ci ng bomb.
PD- - - - - - -
Panzer Di ckenwand . Ar mor - pi er ci ng.
BT
Bomben
Tor pedo___ Tor pedo bomb.
SP. - . . . - - - Spl i t t er _ _ _ _ _ _ _
_ _ Fr agment at i on, ( ant i -
per s onnel ) .
Zement cyl i ndr i s che-
Cement cyl i ndr i cal
.
BLC _ _
Bl i t zl i cht cyl i n- Phot of l as h.
dr i s che.
Kampf s t of f cyl i n- Chemi cal cyl i ndr i cal .
dr i s che.
Nebel cyl i ndr i s che
_ _ Smokecyl i ndr i cal .
GERMANEXPLOSI VEORDNANCE
The PCor ar mor - pi er ci ng bombs
ar e used pr i -
mar i l y agai nst shi ps and f or t i f i cat i ons.
They ar e
f uzed wi t h a shor t del ay f or penet r at i on. PC
bombs ar e sl i ght l y st r eaml i ned wi t h a
heavy hose
and t hi ck wal l s. The t hi ckness of
t he wal l s de-
cr eases t owar d t he base of t he bomb. They ar e
made of cast st eel and t he nose i s speci al l y har d-
ened. PCbombs havea l oadi ng f act or of appr ox-
i mat el y
20 per cent and ar ef i l l ed wi t h a TNTwax
mi xt ur e. PQ
bombs maybei dent i f i ed
by t hepr es-
ence of
dar k bl ue pai nt on t he t ai l cone. PC
bombs havebeen used as SD' s f or f r agment at i on
and f uzed
i nst ant aneousl y; i f so, t hedar k bl ue may
beover - pai nt ed
wi t hr ed.
ThePDi s even
mor e
excl usi vel y ar mor pi er ci ng.
Bombs ar e t hi nner , l onger , have t hi cker case and
a l ower
l oadi ng f act or .
BT
.
The BT (bomben t or pedo) was put i nt o
pr oduct i on
dur i ng t he l ast 2 mont hs of t he war ,
Fi gur e 3- - Fuse Pocket i n Bomb
OP 1666
but was never used
oper at i onal l y. I t i s desi gned
al ong t he
l i nes si mi l ar t o a
t or pedo except f or t he
af t er
sect i on wher e t her e ar e
t hr ee l ar ge t ai l f i ns.
Themi ssi l e has no pr opul si on
except t hat i nduced
by gr avi t y and t he f or war d mot i on
of t he mot her
ai r cr af t
.
SA4000 (EXPERI MENTAL)
i s a ver y l ar ge hi gh
capaci t y
bomb. The l oadi ng
f act or i s about 80
per cent .
I t was never
used oper at i onal l y agai nst
t he al l i es.
MI SC
.
PLANE
DmTxoxi Na Bi o[Bs. Theai r cr af t
t owed
par avane bomb i s a
smal l 2- kg bombt owed
by a pl ane.
Thepl ane
dest r oyi ng bombi s a smal l
char ge wi t h a
pul l t ype i gni t er
and saf et y f uze.
Col or i ng
Bombs whi ch ar e
car r i ed i n i nt er nal bomb
r acks
(up t hr ough
500 kg) ar e usual l y
col or ed dar k
gr een.
Bombs whi ch ar e
car r i ed i n ext er nal bomb
' T' TYPE

' EYE' TYPE
r acks ( 1, 000 kg and over ) ar e usual l y
col or ed sky
bl ue.

Col or
may
al so be cont r ol l ed by
t he condi
t i ons of t he bomb st owage.

Al umi num, t an, buf f ,
et c. , ar e col or s
t hat may be used.
Typi cal Bomb
Expl osi ve Tr ai n
The f uze i s l ocat ed
i n an
at hwar t shi p f uze pocket
ext endi ng t he f ul l i nt er nal di amet er of t he bomb.
( See
f i g. 3. ) The
f uze i s
usual l y
hel d
i n t he t op
of t he f uze pocket by
a
l ocki ng r i ng and a l ocat i ng
- i ng.

Thr eadi ng i nt o t he bot t omof t he f uze i s a
, t ee] case cal l ed
t he
gai ne
. The
gai ne i s f i l l ed
wi t h a P. E. T. N. - was mi xt ur e. Asmal l pel l et
of l ead azi de
and l ead st yphnat e mi xt ur e i s posi
t i oned i n
t he t op of t hi s gai ne.

These pel l et s
may
be of gr anul ar
TNT. I n bombs wi t h
powder ed
f i l l i ngs, a col umn of
gr anul ar TNT
pel l et s i s pl aced
l ongi t udi nal l y
i n t he bomb adj acent t o
t he f uze
pocket .
Tai l Const r uct i on
Two t ai l
t ypes ar e used.

The f i r st t ype, a sheet
st eel t ai l , i s usual l y
made i n f our pi eces t o f or m
a cone wi t h f our
f i ns.

The f i ns may be unbr aced,
br aced wi t h t ubul ar
st r ut s, or br aced wi t h a cyl i n-
dr i nct l st r ut ( r i ng) .
The second t ype i s of mag-
nesi um
al l oy. The cone and
f our
f i ns
ar e
cast i n
one
pi ece. The f i ns
may be br aced wi t h a
cyl i n-
dr i cal st r ut
of t he same mat er i al .
Suspensi on
Bombs up t o
and i ncl udi ng some of t he 500 kg
t ypes can be suspenJ ed
ei t her hor i zont al l y or ver -
t i cal l y. ( See f i g. 4. )
The r emai ni ng500' s andal l
l ar ger t ypes ar e
suspended hor i zont al l y. Al l ver -
t i cal suspensi on i s by
an eyebol t t hr eaded i nt o t he
nose of t he bomb.
Hor i zont al suspensi on i s by
an
eyebol t f or t he 50
kg ser i es, ei t her an eyebol t
or a t hr eaded T- t ype
l ug f or t he 250 kg and 500
kgser i es,
and by means of an H- t ype l ug f or t he
l ar ger ser i es
bombs. The Hl ug i s secur ed ei t her
Fi gur e 4- Suspensi on
t o a car r yi ng band or di r ect l y t o t he bomb body.
The SC 1000 and SC 1200 t ype
bombs have
been
usi ng
a U
bol t
secur ed
t o t he car r yi ng band on t he
l at est model s.
Kopf r i ng
Kopf r i ngs ( nose r i ngs) ar e somet i mes
f i t t ed
t o
t he nose of
SC
bombs t o pr event
excessi ve penet r a-
t i on agai nst l and t ar get s and t o pr event r i cochet
agai nst sea t ar get s . ( See f i gur es
5A and
5B. )
Kopf r i ngs may al so be f ound on
t he
SD70
and
SD
1700
bombs when
t hey ar e used agai nst above-
ment i oned t ar get s.
Fi gur e 5A- Kopf r i ng
Pc5O
uG
sO BOMBS
L
SOKG
SC
BOMBS
Fi gur e
58- Kopf r i ngs
BOMBS
GERMANEXPLOSI VE
ORDNANCE
5G50

so 250
Fi gure
6- Anti ri cochet Pl ates
Anti ri cochet Pl ates
The anti ri cochet
pl ates are used f or the same
gene.
al
purpose as
the kopf ri ng
but are enti rel y
di f f erent i n constructi on. Type
1, whi chi s used
onl y on the
SC
250kg bombs,
i s constructed of a
coni cal cup and a di shed pl ate
wel ded toi t . ( See
f i g. 6. ) The coni cal cup i s of
a/1$ i nch steel and
desi gned to f i t as a sheath over
the nose of the
bomb.

A
di shed pl ate, 10
i nches i n di ameter, f i ts
over the
cup and
i s wel ded, to i t .

Ei ght sti f f eni ng
ri bs,
al soof
ZY10; i nch steel , are wel ded betweenthe
pl ate and
the
cup. The enti re assembl y i s
at-
tached to the nose of the bomb. by
means of a
threaded bol t whi ch passes
through a hol e i n the
apex of the cone.
Type 11
i s used on
the
SC
50kg bombs.

Aci r-
cul ar pl ate, 51/4 i nches i n di ameter and
1%
r,
i nch
thi ck, i s machi ned coni cal l y to f i t over the nose
of the bomb. Wel ded to thi s pl ate i s a
ci rcul ar
cup, 2' V16 i nches
i n
di ameter and dri l l ed central l y
totake a bol t f ar securi ng the enti re assembl y to
the bomb.

w
Di nort Rods
Di nort rods are secured to the nose of the SD
type bomb and used to obtai n a "dai sy cutter"
ef f ect oni mpact . There are twotypes: steel rods
and wood rods.
( See
f i g. 7
. )
STEM,
ROD. The rod consi sts of a drawnsteel
tube wi th aci rcul ar steel pl ate wel ded tothe base
and asteel cup
wel ded tothe
top.

Athreaded l ug
4
i s wel ded to the upper
end of the tube and
passes
througha hol e
i n the cup. Thi s l ug screws i nto
the suspensi on l ugsocket at
the nose of the
bomb.
STEEL RODS
WooDENRan.
The rod consi sts of the square,
center
sti ck wi th
twosquare pi eces of wood nai l ed
to the
base. Two
U- shaped steel pl ates wel ded
together,
are secured to
the upper end of the mai n
member
by l i ght
woodscrews, Abol t, wel ded to
the pl ates,
i s threaded
to screw i nto the nose
suspensi on
l ugsocket at
the nose of the bomb.
Overal i l engtb- - - - - - - - - -
22. 6"
WooDENROD
Wi dthof
center secti on____ . .
2. 28" ( square)
Wi dthof ban- - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Smal l er pi eoe

Larger pi ece
4" ( sgnare)

4 . 2Y' ( Square)
OP
1666
SD
250- 500
SD5o- 70

s050- 70
Fi gure
7- Di nart
Rods
SD50 SD70 SD250 SD600
Lengthof Rod. . . _ . . . _ . - _____ . 23. 6 . . . . . . .
23. 6- - - - - - - - H. 8" . . . . . . 14 . 8" .
Di ameter of Rod. . _ . . - - - - - - - - -
1
. 75- - - - - - -
1 . 7V- - - - - - 2. 7Y. . . . . . 2. 75" .
Di ameter of Pl ate
( base) - - - - - - -
4
. 7. . . . . . . . 4. 7 . . . . . . . 0. 45. . . . . . . 12. 6" .
Di ameter of Cup ( top) - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
I V?- - - - - - 5. 6. . . . . . . .
SD250
ADAPTEDTOH. L.
FUZEPOCKET
EXPLOSI VE
SDANDHL HOLLOWCHARGEBOMBS
HOLLOWCHARGENOSEDEVI CE
CONSTRUCTI ON. I n
SD
250bombs havi ng a
hol l owchar ge, t he cavi t y i s semi ci r cul ar i n sect i on
.
The cavi t y i n
t he SD500i s a t r uncat ed
cone, t he
l ar ger di amet er bei ng
30
cms and t he smal l er
di amet er , 11 cms.

( See
f i g.
8. )
The H. E. char ge has
a
met al l i ni ng f or t he cav-
i t y whi ch i s suppor t ed
on a f l ange and
i n or der t o
per mi t
t he f or mat i on of t he j et , t he
f l ange i s
l ocat ed at a di st ance f r omt he nose
of
t he bombof
appr oxi mat el y 1 . 5t i mes t he di amet er of t he cavi t y.
The openi ng f i t t he nose
of
t he bomb i s appr oxi -
mat el y
51/. 1
i nches.
The 250H. L. wi l l penet r at e 35cms of ar mor
pl at e. The 500H. L. wi l l penet r at e 62. 5 cms of
ar mor pl at e or 350er as of concr et e . The per f or m-
ance f i gur es f or t he 800H. L. ar e not avai l abl e but
i t appear s t hat wi t h an H. E. char ge of 110kg i t
was hoped t o penet r at e 100cms of ar mor or 6
met er s of r ei nf or ced concr et e . They ar e gener al l y
f i l l ed wi t h amat ol 50/50or 60/40.
SD
250 H. L.
Fi gur e 8- - - SDand
H. L . Hol l ow Char ge Bombs
BOMBS
HOLLOWCHARGE
NOSE
ATTACHMENTFOR
SD250
The speci al nose devi ce
f or use wi t h SD250
bombs consi st s of a hol l ow
char ge whi ch i s t o be
at t ached t o a bombof
st andar d t ype. Thi s char ge
whi ch wei ghs about 4 kg i s
det onat ed by i t s own
f uze l ocat ed i n t he
nose of t he devi ce . I n or der
t hat det onat i on
of hol l owchar ge shal l not damage
t he bomb, t he space bet ween t he char ge and t he
bomb i s f i l l ed wi t h a mi xt ur e of sawdust and
cement .
REMARKS. Det ai l s of t hese t ypes
wer e obt ai ned
f r omdocument ar y evi dence onl y .
The SDhol l ow char ge bomb
pr oved di sappoi nt -
i ng i n per f or mance and
modi f i cat i ons wer e made
whi ch r esul t ed i n t he pr oduct i on of
t he
H.
L.
t ype
of bomb.
The speci al nose
devi ce f or t he SD250obt ai ns
gr eat er penet r at i ng power f r oml owal t i t udes. I t
pr oduces a hol e i n t he ar mor
t hr ough whi ch bomb
can . pass. Bomb has a
shor t del ay f uze so t hat
det onat i on of bomb
wi l l occur i nsi de t he t ar get .
Document s st at e
t hat such a bomb
wi l l penet r at e
7cms
of ar mor pl at e.
GERMANEXPLOSI VEORDNANCE
6
Fi gur e 9-4C50Bi Bomb
SC
50-kg Bi
DATA
Over -al l Lengt h : 46. 1 i n.
BodyLengt h : 30. 0 i n.
Body
Di amet er : 7. 9i n.
OP 1666
Wal l Thi ckness :
2
. 0 t o 2. 6 i n.
Tai l Wi dt h
. 11 . 0 i n
.
Tai l Lengt h: 16. 1 i n.
Fi l l i ng: Cast TNT, Amat ol or Tr i al en.
Wei ght of Fi l l i ng: 24. 4 kg.
Tot al Wei ght : 55. 5 kg.
Char ge/ Wei ght Rat i o: 45. 75%.
Fuzi ng : Ser i es 5or 8.
Col or : Dar k gr ay or gr een over -al l .
CONSTRUCTI ON. The Bi i s a one pi ece cast
st eel body machi ned down. Al l t he f i t t i ngs ar e
wel dedi n pl ace.

I t i s ver ysi mi l ar t ot he J a andL
Ser i es .
The
bombi s
t hr eaded at t he
base t ot ake a mal e
base pl at e. Ast eel di aphr agmwi t h a cent r al
hol e i s l ocat ed 33/4 i nches f or war d f r omt he
base
pl at e. Whent he bombi s l oaded, t he f i l l i ng char ge
comes onl y t o t hi s di aphr agm. ( See f i g. 9. )
The t ai l cone i s sheet st eel const r uct ed i n f our
pi eces, and
wel ded t oget her . The assembl ed
cone
i s secur ed
t ot he bombby means of ei ght scr ews.
Ther e i s one
t r ansver se f uze pocket l ocat ed j ust
f or war d of t he hor i zont al suspensi on . l ug. The
bot t omendof t he pocket i s secur edt o t he opposi t e
wal l by a wel d. I t i s l ong enough' t oaccommo-
dat e t he nor mal si zed el ect r i c f uze
and t wopi cr i c
pel l et s.
I n t he nose f emal e
t hr eads t ake an eye bol t f or
ver t i cal suspensi on
. The bomb may i ncl ude a
shock pl at e
wel ded t o t he nose
t o hel p pr event
r i cochet
when usedagai nst wat er
t ar get s.
SC50GRADE
I -J a, L, andSt abs
DATA:
Over -al l Lengt h :
J a andL: 43. 3 i n.

St abo: 61 . 8
i n.
BodyLengt h
: 30. 0 i n.
Body
Di amet er : 8. 0 i n.
Wal l
Thi ckness : 0. 16t o 0. 24i n.
Tai l Lengt h:
16. 1 i n.
Tai l Wi dt h: 11 . 0 i n.
Fi l l i ng: Cast TNT
: powder ed amat ol ; or cast
t r i al en.
Wei ght of Fi l l i ng: 21 t o 25
kg.
Tot al Wei ght : 48 t o55 kg.
Char ge/ Wei ght Rat i o: 46%.
Fuzi ng : 5 ; 8 ; or 2513 ; EI AZ ( 38) f or wat er
t ar get s. St abomay al sot ake 17 or 57.
CONSTRUCTI ON. The J a
has a one-pi ece
dr awnst eel body.
The Li s t he same as J a except
t he body i s of
seaml ess t ubul ar st eel .

The St abo
Fi gure
10-SC30Grade 1Bomb
i s l i ke t he J a, wi t h at hreaded l ug f orgedt ot he
nos e of t he bomb. As t eel s pi ke 18 . 5 i nches l ong,
1. 8 i nches i n di amet er
can be s ecuredt o t hi s
l ug.
See- f i g. 10. )
The
s heet s t eel t ai l cone i s s ecuredt ot he bomb
body by ei ght s crews
More recent model s have
a
col l ar wel dedaround
t he neck of t he bomband
t he t ai l
cone i s s ecured t o t hi s
col l ar by s crews .
Thehol es i n t he
t ai l f i ns are
us edwhen s creamers
are at t ached
.
Bombs can be modi f i ed
f or us e on wat er t arget s
by
removi ng t he t ai l f i ns
.

I t i s cl ai med bal l i s t i cs
are
not changed
up t o an
al t i t ude of 200met ers .
Fuze
EI AZ( 38) i s us ed
on t hi s t ype of t arget .
BOMBS
I t s maxi mumdel ay of f i ve s econds al l ows 12 t o
18
met ers of wat er t ravel .
Wl i en wat er t arget s are-t he obj ect of an
at t ack
an
ant i ri cochet pl at e
i s
bol t ed t ot he nos e. Thi s
permi t s a
much
s mal l er angl e of i mpact
wi t hout
ri cochet .
SUSPENSI ON. Hori zont al or
vert i cal by an
eyebol t .
COLOR.

Sandy grey or dark green over al l .
Yel l ows t ri pes on each s egment of cone.
5 C5 0GRADE 11-. 1B, J C, J , J / 2
DATA:
Over-al l
Lengt h
: 43
. 3
i n.
Body Lengt h : 26. 4 i n.
Body
Di amet er : 8. 0i n.
Wal l Thi cknes s
:
0. 16 i n. t o0. 24 i n.
Tai l
Lengt h :
16. 1 i n.
Fi gure Tl -SC5 0Grade 11Bomb
8
GERMANEXPLOSI VEORDNANCE
Tai l
Wi dth. 11. 0 i n .
Fi l l i ng :
Cast TNT; powdered Amatol ; or cast
Tri al en.
Wei ght of
Fi l l i ng : 21 to 25 kg.
Total
Wei ght : 48 to 55 kg.
Charge/ Wei ght
Rati o :
46X4
. .
Fuzi ng : 5, 8, and
25-

EI AZ ( 38) f or
water
targets.
CONSTRUCTI ON
. TheJ Bhas a one- pi ece nose
andbody. The
base i s wel ded to the body. The
J Chas a pressed
steel nose and drawn steel body.
Here the nose and
base are wel ded to body . The
J was the
earl y model of the J Band they are
i denti cal i n constructi on .

TheJ / 2 i s very si mi l ar
Fi gure 12- SC
250 Bomb; types 1, 2, and3
OP 1666
to the
J C, the qual i ty of the steel bei ng
the
real
di f f erence. I t was produced onl y i n
l i mi ted
quanti ti es .
The sheet steel tai l cone
i s ri veted to a
ri ng
whi chi s secured
to
the bomb
body by ei ght
screws .
The
smal l hol es
on
the f i n . ,
are used to attach
screamers . ( See f i g. 11. )
Grade I I can al so
be
modi f i ed
f or use agai nst
water targets. Same modi f i cati on
and resul ts
as
f or Gradel are cl ai med.
SUSPENSI ON. Ei ther hori zontal or verti cal
.
COLOR. Sandy grey or dark green ; yel l ow
stri pe on each secti on of tai l cone.
SC250- TYPES 1, 2,
AND3; J , L, L2, B
ANDK
DATA:
Over- al l Length: 64. 5 i n .

L2 ( Stabo) 87 i n .
Body Length: 47. 0 i n.
Body Di ameter : 14. 5 i n .
Wal l Thi ckness : 0 . 3 i n . wal l to 2. 8 i n .
a
t
nose.
Tai l Length: 25. 0 i n .
Tai l Wi dth: 20 . 0 i n .
Fi l l i ng : 60, 140 Amatol ,
TNT; TNT andwaxor
woodmeal and al umi numpowder and naph-
thal ene and ammoni umni trate
.
Wei ght of Fi l l i ng : 287 l bs.
Total Wei ght : 548 l bs.
Chg/ 1trt Rati o: 52j o .
Fuzi ng : 5 seri es, 17 and50 seri es. 57
i n Stabo.
CONSTRUCTI ON:
TYPE1 : I ncl udes Model s J , L, andL2.

J i s of
onepi ece constructi on f orged steel ; Li s one pi ece
constructi on tube steel ; L2 i s two pi ece construc
ti on, nose f orged steel , body tube steel .

( See f i g.
12. )
TYPE2: J i s two pi ece constructi on f orged steel .
TYPE3 : I ncl udes Model s J ,
B,
and K. J i s
three pi ece constructi on ; nose, f orgedsteel ; body,
tube steel
; andbase,
f orged steel .

Bi s three pi ece ,
constructi on ;
nose, east
steel ; body,
tube steel
;
and base, arched case steel
.
Ki s three- pi ece
con-
structi on ;
nose, case
hardened steel ;
body, tube
steel
;
and base, cast steel .
SUSPENSI ON.

Suspensi on i s ei ther hori zontal
or verti cal .
COLORANDMARKI NGS
.
Fi el dgrey, sky bl ue
or al umi numover- al l . Yel l owstri pes
on
the
tai l .
REMARKS. The L2 type i s someti mes equi pped
wi th a spi ke maki ng i t detonate
above the ground.
Spi ke
i s
221/2
i nches l ong and
3i nches i n di amet er .
SC540-kg GRADEI I I 1K, L2 . I ?
DATA:
Over -al t Lengt h : 80i n.
Body Lengt h : K-55. 7 i n. . L2-58. 5
i n.
J-
57 . 0 i n.
Body Di amet er : 18 i n.
Wal l Thi cknes s : 0. 3 i n. wal l t o 3. 2 i n. nos e.
Tai l Lengt h :
29 . 5 i n.
Tai l
Wi dt h :
25. 0
i n.
Fi l l i ng: 40/ 60
or 50/ 50Amat ol
TNT, Tr i al en.
Bombs
r ecover ed wi t h Tr i al en f i l l i ng have
cyl i ndr i cal
paper wr apped pel l et s
115i s
i n.
i n l engt h
and di amet er f or mi ng a col umn
al ong t he
mai n axi s of t he bomb. Thes e pel -
l et s ar e
compos edof RDX/ Al um/ Wax. Some
bombs have
appr oxi mat el y 500pel l et s
i n
ad-
di t i on di s t r i but ed
t hr oughout t he f i l l i ng.
Wei ght of
Fi l l i ng : 220kg.
Tot al Wei ght : 500
kg.
CHG/ WTRat i o : 44%.
Fuzi ng ; 5, 17, and50.
38 f or ant i s ub.
CONSTRUCTI ON. The SC500-kg Gr ade I I I
bomb
i s cons t r uct ed i n t hr ee s ect i ons : nos e
pi ece,
cent er
s ect i on, and t ai l cl os i ng as s embl y. The
s t eel nos e
i s cas t and machi ned t o t he pr oper di -
mens i ons ,
and t hen wel ded t o a dr awn s t eel t ube
known
as t he
cent er s ect i on. The t ai l cl os i ng
as s embl y
cons i s t s of a
s heet s t eel dome, and a s t eel
connect i ng
r i ng. The f l at
s t eel connect i ng r i ng i s
r i vet ed
t o
t he
out s i de of t he dome, andt hen t he
whol e as s embl y
i s s ecur ed t o t he af t er end of t he
cent er s ect i on
wi t h 16 count er s unk bol t s .
( See
f i g. 13. ) The
t ai l as s embl y i s pl aced i n t hi s pos i -
t i on onl y af t er
t he bomb has been f i l l ed wi t h
expl os i ve.
Ther e ar e t wo
t r ans ver s e f uze pocket s i n t hi s
s er i es . The
f or war d
pocket gener al l y cont ai ns
t he i mpact
f uze and
t he af t er pocket has ei t her
a t ype
17 t i me f uze or a
t ype
50
ant i di s t ur bance
f uze. I n
cas e t he bombi s t o be us ed i n ant i s ubma-
r i ne wor k, t he
f or war d f uze pocket wi l l cont ai n
a t ype 38
f uze. Akopf r i ng wi l l al s o
be added
f or t hi s t ype
of wor k.
SUSPENSI ON
. Hor i zont al s us pens i on onl y
by
means of
an "eye" bol t .
COLOR. Fi el d gr ey, s ky
bl ue or al umi numbody
wi t h yel l ow
s t r i pes on t he t ai l
cone. When a
mer chant s hi p
s i l houet t e i s s t enci l ed i n yel l ow
Fi gur e 13SC300-Kg Bomb
BOMBS
on t he t ai l cone, i t i ndi cat es Tr i al en ( 105) f i l l er .
SC1004
HERMANI C, L, ANDL21
DATA:
veer -al l l engt h_____
1Body
l engt h________
Body di amet er _____
Wal l t hi cknes s _--__
Tai l l engt h---------
Tai l wi dt h---------
Fi l l i ng ------------

40/ 60Amat ol TNT; TNTal umi -
numpowder woodmeal ; Tr i al en
( 105) .
Wei ght
of
f i l l i ng_-__

620kg.

530kg.

600kg.
Tot al wei ght ------- 1, 090kg,

1, 002 kg.

1, 002 kg.
Cl s g/ wt r at i o-------

57a/ o

53%

60%
Fuzi ng-------------

28$2 Ext ens i on Cap I I I , AZ2513
and AZ ( 55) .
o
L
Li t
09. 5 i n. 89. 9 i n. 109. 5
I n.
75. 0
i n . 68, 6 I n . 75. 0i n.
26. 0 I n. 25. 5I n . 25. 6 i n
.
0. 4 i n. 0. 4 i n . 0. 4 I n.
46. 5 I n. 46. 5I n.
46. 5i n.
24. 0 i n. 25. 3 I n. 24. 0 I n.
GERMANEXPLOSI VE
ORDNANCE
10
CONSTRUCTI ON. TheSC1000. and SC1000
L2gener al demol i t i on
bombs have a
dr awn
st eel
t ubebody. Aver y
heavy const r uct ed poi nt ed nose
i s wel ded t o t he f or war d end
of
t he dr awn st eel
body. Theaf t er
endof t hebomb
body i s t hr eaded
t o t ake a f emal e
base pl at e. Thet ai l at t achment
br acei s t ack wel ded t o t he body j ust f or war d
of
t he base pl at e.
The
magnesi um
al l oy t ai l uni t i s of wel ded con-
st r uct i on and- i s equi pped wi t h
r i ng t ype st r ut .
Theuni t
i s secur ed t o t he bombbody i n t wo
ways ;
i t i s
wel ded di r ect l y
t o t hebomb wher e t hebase
of t he
conecont act s
t he
body,
and i t i s al so bol t ed
t o
t het ai l at t achment
br ace wi t h 16 r ound head
bol t s.

( See
f i g. 14. )
Thi s ser i es of
bombs ar eequi pped wi t h onl y one
t r ansver se
f uze pocket . I t i s l ocat ed appr oxi -
mat el y 8
i nches of f t hesuspensi on l ug, andusual l y
cont ai ns oneof
t heEl
A
Z( 55) ser i es f uzes.
Fi gur e T4- SC1000- Kg Bomb
' FAI L CONEBRACE
FUZE POCKET
SUSPENSI ONBAND
OP
1666
I n addi t i ont o t hebost er
pel l et s i n t het r ansver se
f uzepocket , a cent r al expl oder t ubeof
hi gh gr ade
TNTi s l ocat ed i n t hecent er of t heexpl osi vecavi t y
.
Thi s t uber uns al most t he
ent i r el engt hof t hecav-
i t y and i s used t o i nsur e
hi gh or der det onat i on.
Thenose of t he bomb i s
al ways f i t t ed wi t h t he
l ar gesi ze kopf r i ng.
SUSPENSI ON
. Hor i zont al by meant s of an H-
t ype
l ug.
COLOR. Skybl ue wi t hayel l ow
st r i p
on
t het ai l
cone.
REMARKS
.
When f i l l ed
wi t h Tr i al en ( 105) , i n
pl aceof
yel l owst r i pes on t het ai l conea
si l houet t e
of a shi p i s
st enci l l ed i n yel l owpai nt . On
t he
bombbodyi s
st enci l l ed"nur gegen
handel schi f f en"
( use onl y agai nst mer chant shi ps)
. I t i s st at ed
t hat agai nst nonar mor
pl at ed t ar get s i t gi ves of f
a good mi ni ng and
bl ast ef f ect , al so good under -
wat er r es ul t s .
Low
l evel
at t acks us i ng t hi s bomb
cannot be made becaus e of t he
l ack of s af et y f or
t he r el eas i ng pl ane.
5C 1200
DATA:
Over - al l Lengt h : 109. 5
i n.
Body Lengt h :
75. 0 i n.
Body Di amet er
: 25. 6 i n.
Wal l Thi cknes s : 0. 45i n.
Tai l Thi cknes s : 46. 5 i n.
Tai l Wi dt h : 26. 0 i n.
Fi l l i ng: Tr i al en
Wei ght of Fi l l i ng: .
631kg.
Tot al
Wei ght :
1, 117 kg.
Chg/ Wt Rat i o
:
5770.
Fuzi ng: ( 28) B, Ext ens i on Cap I I I .
Fi gur e
15- - 5C120049 Bomb
BOMBS
CONSTRUCTI ON- The
SC
1, 200- kg
bomb i s
ver y s i mi l ar i n cons t r uct i on t o
t he
SC
1000
s er i es .
The body i s a dr awn s t eal t ube
t o whi ch has
been
wel ded a heavy cas t s t eel nos e. The af t er end of
t he body i s cons t r uct edt ot ake a f emal e bas e pl at e.
Ther e i s one t r ans ver s e f uze pocket l ocat edof f t he
s us pens i on l ug. ( See
f i g. 15. ) AKopf r i ng i s
wel dedt ot he nos e.
The magnes i umal l oy t ai l
uni t i s s i mi l ar t ot hat
on t he
SC
1000s er i es and i s s ecur ed
t o t he bomb
i n t he s ame manner .
SUSPENSI ON. A
s us pens i on band i s pl aced
ar oundt hebody of t he bombat
t he cent er of gr av-
i t y. Secur edt ot hi s band i s an
H- t ype. s us pens i on
l ug.
COLOR. Sky bl ue aver - al l
wi t h
a
yel l ow s t r i pe
on t he t ai l cone.
GERMAN
EXPLOSI VEORDNANCE
12
SC 1800 SATAN
Fi l l i ng__________
40/ 60Amatol , TNT, and Trai l en
105
.
Fuzi ng- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

( 28) B'

( 2B) B'
or 256.
CONSTRUCTI ON. The SC1800- kg bomb has
the
same general constructi on as the SC1000and
Fi gure 16- - SC
1800- Kg Bomb
OP
1666
SC1200 seri es. I t i s f i tted wi th a si ngl e
f uze
pocket .
The tai l uni t
i s
constructed
of
sheet
steel . The
f our
f i ns are braced wi thdi agonal bars on the SC
1800
model and wi ththe ri ng type brace on the
SC1800Bmodel . ( See f i g. 16. ) The
SC1800
seri es has the central TNTexpl oder
tube l i ke the
SC1000.
SI ' S1' ENSI ON. Hori zontal ,
usi ng the H- type
suspensi on l ug.
COLOR.

Sky bl ue over- al l wi thyel l ow
stri pe on
tai l cone.
REMARKS.

I f f i l l ed wi thTri al en 105, the f ol
l owi ng wi l l be stenci l l ed on the case.

"105" "Bei
Abwurf suf l and ni cht i nn Ti ef angri f t and nur
o. V. "

( Not to be rel eased f roma l o' kv hei ght on
l and targets ; al ways nondel ay. )
SC 2, 000- KG
DATA:
Over- al l Length: 136. 5 i n
.
Body Length: 106
i n.
Body Di ameter
:
26. 0
i n.
Wal l Thi ckness ;
17/ 32 i n.
Tai l Length: 443/ 4
i n.
Tai l Wi dth: 241/
2
i n.
Fi l l i ng: 40/ 60Amatol .
Wei ght of
Fi l l i ng: 975 kg.
Total Wei ght : 1950 kg.
Chg/ wt- Rati o: 501/c,
CONSTRUCTI ON. The enti re body i s f orged
i nto one pi ece andi s
machi ne f i ni shed external l y.
Atri angul ar ri ng ( Kopf ri ng) i s wel ded on the
nose to prevent excessi ve ground
penetrati on
.
A
%- i nch pl ate i s wel ded i nsi de
the casi ng beneath
the H- type suspensi on
l ug to act as a sti f f ener .
The bomb contai ns
one
transverse f uze pocket
l ocated j ust af t of the suspensi on l ug. A2- i nch
di ameter steel bar wi ththreaded hol es i n eachend
al so runs transversel y but at ri ght angl es to the
f uze pocket . These hol es recei ve the detachabl e
trunni on screws
whi ch are used onl y f or di ve
bombi ng. Adi shedtai l
retai ni ng ri ng
contai ni ng
24 hol es i s wel ded to the
bombcasi ng
near the
base. Twel ve smal l screws af f i x the
tai l
assembl y
to thi s.

( See f i g. 17. )
The tai l i s made of
: %2- i nch
sheet steel . Each
f i n
and cone segment
i s f ormed
f romone
pressi ng
andthe f our components
are wel ded together . A
cl osed cyl i ndri cal contai ner 61/z i nches l ong
and
DATA:
sci soo SCI SOOR
Over- al l Length
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 147. 9 i n. 137. 7 i n.
Body Length__________________ 107. 0 i n.
1{16. 0 tn.
Body Di ameter________________ 26
. 0
i n.
26. 0 i n
.
Wal l Thi ckness- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 0. 5
i n. 0. 5 i n.
Tai l
Length- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 55
. 2
i n. 44. 7 i n.
Tai l Wi dth
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 36. 0 i n. 26. 0
i n.
3 16 i nches
i n di amet er i s
l ocat ed i n t he cent er of
t he t ai l
assembl y af t of
t he t ai l cone. Thi s i s
cl osed at t he
r ear by a
t hr eaded mal e pl ug
wi t h a
coni cal spr i ng
mount ed on
i t s i nner si de. The di ve
bombi ng t r unni ons
ar e st or ed
i n t hi s space unt i l
and i f t hey ar e
t o be used.
SUSPENSI ON.
Hor i zont al , H- t ype l ug,
or
by
t r unni ons
. Tr unni ons
scr ewi nt o
t he si des of t he
bomb 90°
f r om
car r yi ng l ug.
COLOR. Dul l
bl ack over - al l
i n col or. Mar ki ngs
st enci l l ed i n whi t e.
Ther e i s
a
41/2
- i nch yel l ow
band
pai nt ed about hal f
way
down t he body.
699794 0- 47- vol
. 1- 2
Fi gur e 17- - SC
2 00049 Bomb
BOMBS
SC2 500 MAX
DATA:
Over - al l Lengt h : 1541/4 i n.
Body
Lengt h : 94x/4 i n.
Body Di amet er : 32
i n
.
Wal l
Thi ckness :
17/ 32
i n.
Tai l
Lengt h : 661/2 i n.
Tai l
Wi dt h : 33 i n.
Fi l l i ng: Tr i al en 105;
484
Amat ol mi xt ur e of
RDZ,
TNT and al umi num.
Tot al Wei ght
: 2 , 400 kg appr ox .
Fuzi ng. For war d f uze
pocket ; AZ ( 2 4) A.
Af t er f uze pocket
:
EI AZ( 2 8) A.
1 3
CER^A¡EXPLCS! \ECRE¡A¡CE
I 4
FI gure
!E-SC2EOO-KgECrt
CC¡STRLCT! C¡ The
SC
2, EOOhas an a!urI -
nurtCdy wI t h
a
we!ded head andt aI !pI ece There
aret wCwe!dedf uzepCcket s Therear f uzepCcket
I s I n t hep!aneCf
t hesuspensI Cn
!ug Thef Crward
pCcket
I s rCt at ed atCut 3O° t C t he
rI ght

ThI s
pCcket I s cCnnect ed
t Ct he nCse Cf
t he tCrtty a
t ute whI ch ext ends a treak-up f unct I CnI ng rCd
( See f I g I E |

ThI s rCd, whI ch I s cent ra! t Ct he
axI s Cf t he
tCrt, wI !! Cn dI st Crt I Cn Cf t he nCse
CP
I 666
crush t he !Cwer sect I Cn
Cf t he ( 24| f uze t Cexp!Cde
t he tCrt AkCpf rI ng I s
we!ded t C t he nCse

The
t aI ! Cf t he SC2EOOI s a!urI nurand Cf t he
drurt ype
SLSPE¡S! C¡ HCrI zCnt a!
ty an H-t ype !ug
AsuspensI Cn tand I s
p!aced arCund tCrts t CgI ve
a
sC!I d tase f Cr t hesuspensI Cn
!ug
CCLCR
A¡E
^ARK! ¡CS Sky t!ue Cver-a!!
SC
2EOOI s st encI !ed Cn
t he tCdy I n !et t ers 3 I nches
hI gh
TwCye!!Cwst rI pes
arepaI nt ed Cn t he tCdy
tet ween t he t aI ! f I ns
Af ewant I -shI ppI ng tCrts
have teen f Cund
wI t h t he f C!!CwI ng st encI !ed Cn
t he tCdy
"EeI atwurf auf !and nI cht I rt I ef an-
grI f !and nur C \ " ( nCt t Cte re!eased Cver !and
I n !Cw !eve! at t ack and a!ways wI t hCut de!ay|
ThI s t ype
I s t hCught t Cte f I !!ed wI t h TrI a!en I OE
RE^ARKS

The tCrtI s very sI rI !ar t C t he
SE
2EOO The raI n dI f f erence I s t hat t he SCI s
radeCf
a!urI nurwhI !e t he SEI s radeCf st ee!
ThetCrtI s
f I !!ed t hrCught he nCse Eecause Cf
t he rupt ure-t ype
f uze, tCrts cannCt te drCpped
saf e
THECER^A¡
SE4OOKLCELK-"KLRT"
APPARATLS
EESCR! PT! C¡
The Cerran "KLRT" ap-
parat us I s a
spherI ca!, hydrCst at I ca!!y Cperat ed,
aI rcraf t -!aI d,
skI p tCrt a cCpy Cf a sI rI !ar devI ce
used ty
t he ErI t I sh ! t was desI gned t C
Cperat e
!I ke-u skI ppI ng st Cne Cver a
srCCt h wat er surf ace
f Cr use agaI nst shI p
t arget s, pCwer p!ant s, !Cck
gat es,
t I da! I nst a!!at I Cns
and sI rI !ar hartCr
f acI !I t I es
The
I nf Crrat I Cn cCnt aI ned
I n t hI s repCrt was
Ctt aI ned
t hrCugh t he
I nt errCgat I Cn Cf Cerran
scI ent I st s
and prI sCners
Cf war CCrp!et e specI -
rens Cf t hI s devI cehave
teen shI pped t Ct heLnI t ed
St at es
¡avy Crdnance
! nvest I gat I Cn LatCrat Cry
Eeve!Cprent
Cf t he "KLRT" apparat us was
cCrrencedI n t he!at e
I 943 at t heCerran aI rf Crce
experI rent a! cent er
( !CSt e!!e| , Traverunde,
Cerrany The
CrI gI na! rCde! was a sphere
ap-
prCxI rat e!y 3O
I nches I n dI aret er and
weI ghI ng
4OO-4EOkg ! t cCnt aI ned
t wCf uzes Cne, a t ype
E9 f uze wI t h a 23-secCnd pCwder
de!ay t raI n, and
t he Ct her, a hydrCst at I c, t ype 44
f uze Theef f ec-
t I ve range
Cf t hI s spherI ca! rI ssI !e
was ca!cu!at ed
at
4OOret ers TCI ncrease t he
range t C 4, OOO
ret ers a rCcket prCpu!sI Cn
unI t was f I t t ed t Ct he
sphere SCre
experI rent s were carrI ed Cut wI t h
t he prCpu!sI Cn
unI t tat nCact ua! t est s
wererade
Work was st opped on t hi s devi ce i n August , 1944
when ef f ort s were di rect ed
t o
more advanced pro-
j ect s. Because of t he
scarci t y
of document s and
t est dat umi t i s i mpossi bl e t o subst ant i at e
ade-
quat el y
t he i nf ormat i on obt ai ned t hrough i nt er-
rogat i on,
The f i rst experi ment s
were carri ed
out wi t h a
model havi ng
t he same wei ght and
di mensi ons as
t hef i nal
"KURT"warhead. Thei deal
al t i t ude f or
t he
at t acki ng pl ane was cal cul at ed at 20 met ers
and at
a speed of 700 km/ h. I t was f ound t hat
under i deal condi t i ons,
t he mi ssi l e had an ef f ect i ve
range of 400
met ers . To i ncrease t he range and
t oof f er more prot ect i on
f or t he at t acki ng ai rcraf t ,
a rocket propul si on
uni t was added. The modi f i ed
"KURT"
wi t h rocket assi st ance
i ncl uded an ai r
t ai l wi t h i t s
el evat ors preset t o
an angl e of 10' t o
prevent sharp
t raj ect ory as
i n t he case of t he
sphere wi t hout
rocket assi st ance
. ( Because of t he
essent i al l y
short er runni ng
di st ance of t he sphere
wi t hout
rocket assi st ance,
sharp t raj ect ori es and
sl i ght
devi at i ons
f romt he t arget course were di s
regarded
. )

Thi s modi f i cat i on
proved unst abl e i n
f l i ght because
t he assembl y t ended
t o rot at e about
i t s l ongi t udi nal
axi s, devi at i ng
f romt he t arget
course t o
such an ext ent t hat t he
t arget woul d be
mi ssed
compl et el y . Toobvi at e t hi s
l arge devi at i on
and t o gi ve
t he mi ssi l e
di rect i onal st abi l i t y, a
EXPLOSI VE COUPLI NG
HYDROSTATI C FUZE
Fi gure 19- SB400
Ski p Bomb ( Kugel K- Kurt
apparat us)
BOMBS
gyroscope was i nst al l ed
. However, no
f urt her
t est s
were made.
DETAI LS
A.
WARHEAD
Di amet er : 750 mm.
Thi ckness
of case :
10- - 12
mm. ( st eel ) .
Wei ght of charge : 300 kg.
Tot al
wei ght of sphere : 400- 450 kg.
The
warhead, a spheri cal shel l , i s
f i l l ed wi t h
cast
hexani t e and cont ai ns t wo f uze pocket s
. A
t ransverse pocket , housi ng t wo
KRUPPhydro-
st at i c
f uzes whi ch repl aced t he t ype 59
f uze, runs
t hrough t he
sphere and i s open at bot h ends. The
ot her pocket
i s set at an angl e of 45° t ot he t rans-
verse pocket
and cont ai ns a t ype 44 hydrost at i c
f uze.
B.
MI D- SEa- ri ox. The cyl i ndri cal
mi d- sect i on
houses a gyro uni t whi ch
i s operat ed by a gas
evol ved
f roma burni ng el ement . I t al so houses
t he. l i f t i ng
l ug and t he expl osi ve coupl i ng
whi ch
severs
t he warhead f romt he
propul si on uni t .
( See f i g.
19. )
C. ROCKET SECTI OY. The rocket
sect i on i s a
st eel
cyl i nder 18 i nches i n di amet er an&86
i nches
l ong.
I t houses t he rocket propel l ant
and 18 ven-
t uri s
. The wei ght of t he propel l ant
i s approxi -
mat el y 90 kg.
VENTURI TUBES
ROCKET SECTI ON

I AI R TAI L
PROPELLENT
I GNI TER
MI D- SECTI ON
1 5
GERMANEXPLOSI VEORDNANCE
SUSPENSI ONBAND
SUSPENSI ONLUGS
D. AI RTal l . Theai r t ai l i s t hesame
as used
wi t ht hebomb-t orpedo. I t i s made
of pl ywood
andi t s el evat ors arecont rol l ed
byt hegyro. Di -
mensi ons of t f i e ai r t ai l : 18 by 38 by 50 i nches .
Tot al l engt h
of t heKURT
apparat us i s 80i nches .
OPERATI ON
1 6
Fi gure20-$8
1000-KgBomb
A. WI TI {OTJ T
ROCKET
PROPULSI ON:
Pl anespeed; 700km/h.
Pl aneal t i t ude: 20 mmi ni mum-50
mmax.
Speed
of Kugel on i mpact :
1$0 met ers/sec.
Ef f ect i vedi st ance
:
400 met ers.
OP 1666
13.
WI THR(1C1{FT PRS1Pi 4LSI ON
Pl anespeed. 700km/h.
Pl aneal t i t ude:
20 i nmi ni mum-50 mmax.
Speed of Kugel
wi t h rocket assi st i t nce:
330
m/second.
Speedof
Kugel on i mpact : : 320 m/second.
Di st ance
t hroughai r bef ore i mpact : 1, 000-
1, 500 met ers.
Ef f ect i vedi st ance: 2. , 500--4, 000 met ers .
C.
THERANGE
DEPENDS
ON
:
1 . Hei ght of pl ane.
2. Speed of pl ane.
3. Surf aceof wat er,
Under i deal condi t i ons t heGermans consi dered
t heKugel wi t hout propul si on 100percent accurat e
at . a rangeof 400 met ers when dropped f roman
al t i t udeof 20 met ers at 700 km/h. I f t hemi ssi l e
was dropped f romhei ght s great er
t han50
met ers
or at speeds l ess t han700km/ht heef f ect i verange
was decreased duet o devi at i ons f romt het arget
course. Roughwat ers al so caused seri ous def l ec-
t i ons whi chcoul d not becont rol l ed
.
D. FvzEs . I nt he
ori gi nal Kugel wi t hout pro-
pul si on, t wohydrost at i c f uzes wereused; at ype
59 f uzet hat was desi gned t o operat eaf t ers del ay
of
23seconds, andat ype44f uze
desi gnedt o
oper-
at eat a dept hof 8 di et ers . The
spherewas l at er
modi f i ed t o accommodat e
t wo Krupp f uzes f or
normal hydrost at i c
operat i on at 8
met ers,
and an
el ect ri cal
t i medel ayf uze i n
caset hemi ssi l epene-
t rat ed t he
shi p' s hul l .
E. CONDENSER
FvzF.

Acondenser f uze, EI AZ
49, f unct i ons i nt he
f ol l owi ngmanner :
1 . I gni t es an
expl osi veel ement whi chst art s t he
gyroi mmedi at el yupon
rel easeof t hemi ssi l ef rom
t hepl ane.
2.
I gni t es t herocket propel l ant
byexpl odi nga
1-kg
bl ack powder charge af t er a
del ay of 0. 5
second
.
3. Al l ows ei t her one
of t wopossi bl e t ypes of
el ect ri c f uzes used, t o
bearmed (el ect ri c hydro-
st at i c or el ect ri c t i me
del ay) .
4. Fi res
t heexpl osi ve coupl i ng af t er a
del ay
of 4. 5 seconds .
Whent herocket
propel l ant i s i gni t ed i t burns
f rom3 t o 4
seconds. One-hal f secol i d af t er t he
rocket i mpul se
ceases, t heexpl osi vecoupl i ngf i res,
severi ng t he
sphere f romt he af t er body. The
rocket sect i on drops o$and t he,
spherecont i nues
t oward t het arget . The
mi ssi l et hen hi t s t het ar-
get andsi nks .
Whenat a dept hof 8 met ers, one
of the
hydrostati c f uzes i s actuated to f i re the
mai n
charge.
DATA:
SB 1000
Over- al l
Length: 104 i n.
Body Di ameter :
26 i n.
Tai l Length:
26 i n.
Tai l Wi dth: 26
i n.
Fi l l i ng:
RDX/A1/Waxbi scui ts i n Tri al en 106
matri x.
Wei ght of Fi l l i ng:
735kg.
Total Wei ght : 1, 000kg approx
.
Chg/Wt
Rati on:
0
. 747 approx.
Fuzi ng:
EIAZ( ; »)
Awi th noseswi tch.
CONSTRUCTION. The
bombhas awel dedsheet
metal body' Adrawnsteel threaded
nose
pi ece i s
of
streaml i ned constructi on to reduce ai r resi st-
ance whi l e bomb i s attached
to pl ane.

( Earl i er
model s
hadawel dednose pi ece. )

Therei s no base
pl ate. The
bomb i s f i l l ed through nose and an
expl oder
tube runs al ong the
central
axi s
f rom
DATA:
Fi gure21- SB1000- Kg
ParachuteBomb
the f uzepocket to the nose.

It i s f i l l ed
wi thTNT
pel l ets. ( See f i g. 20. )
El ectri c l eads run through center of
bomb
con-
necti ng
f uzeandnose swi tch.
Boi nb has
a
drawnsteel
cone- type tai l .
REMARKS
.
Dueto thi ncase and
bri sant expl o-
si ve, thi s bomb i s sensi ti ve
to
smal l
arms f i re.
SUSPENSION. Hori zontal by H- type l ugs
or
trunni ons f or use i f carri ed by di ve bombers
.
SB
1000PARACHUTEBOMB
Over- al l Length . 12 i n.
Body Length_: 65,/z
i n
.
El l i pti cal Body : 31by 16X/2i n.
Wal l Thi ckness: 0. 06 to 0. 125 i n.
Fi l l i ng
: Mai n f i l l i ng- Di ni tro benzi ne, 48Jo ;
RDX
15%; ammoni umni trate, 37' /
u
;
bi scui t
f i l l i ng- ammoni umni trate, 51%; cal ci umni -
trate, 31%, ; RDX, 167
o
.
Chg/Wt Rati o : 80' 0.
Fuzi ng: EIAZ( 55) A/M.
BOMBS
17
GERMANEXPLOSI VEORDNANCE
CONSTRUCTI ON. The par al l el si ded body of
t he SB1000 i s made of st eel pl at e and i s r oughl y
el l i pt i c al i n
end sec t i on.
I t
i s
f or med by t wo
hal ves whi c har e
wel ded t oget her
ext er nal l y. The
bombbody i s st r engt hened
by
a l ongi t udi nal bul k-
head and t wo per f or at ed di aphr agms al l wel ded
i nt o posi t i on. The base
pl at e
i s wel ded i nt o t he
body 21/.z i nc hes f r omt he end. The r ec ess so
f or med i s used
t o
house
t he par ac hut e
c ont ai ner .
1 8
Fi gur e 22- - SB2500- Kg Bomb
FUZE POCKET
(ELECTRI CAL
FUZE)
FUZEPOCKET
(MECHANI CAL
FUZE)
ANTI - BREAKUP
RODTo ACTI VATE
FUZE
OP
1666
Thef uze poc ket i s wel ded i nt o a sl ot i n t he
l ongi -
t udi nal bul khead. Nosepl at e i s wel ded
i nt o posi -
t i on and has i n i t f i l l i ng hol es . Ther e
i s a nose
ext ensi on i n t he c ent er of
t he
nose
pl at e whi c h
houses t he i mpac t swi t c h 55A/ M
f uze. Thef uze
poc ket i s c onnec t ed t o t he i mpac t swi t c h
by t wo
wi r es whi c har ehoused i n a met al t ube. The
par a-
c hut e c ont ai ner , a t hi n met al box, i s posi t i oned
bet ween t wo r i bs r i vet ed t o t he
base pl at e. I t i s
sec ur ed t o t he base of t he bomb by bol t s
. I nsi de
t he out er box an i nner c ont ai ner
i s wel ded t o t he
base of t he out er box. Four ext ensi on
spr i ngs
ar e sec ur ed t o t he base of t he i nner
c ont ai ner and
ar e al so at t ac hed t o a pl ywood pl at f or m
whi c h i s
t he base f or t he par ac hut e. The
par ac hut e i s
f ol ded on t he pl ywood, t he pl at f or m
depr essed,
c ompr essi ng t he spr i ng t hen hel d
i n pl ac e by
c anvas f l aps sec ur ed over t het op. The
under f l ap
c ar r i es , a l oop of c or d whi c h
i s t hr eaded t hr ough
eyel et s of t heot her t hr ee f l aps, a qui c k
r el easepi n
i s passed t hr ough t he l oop, t hus r et ai ni ng
assem-
bl y agai nst ac t i on of t he spr i ng. (See
f i g. 21. )
OPERATI ON. On r el ease f r om ai r c r af t t he
qui c k r el ease pi n i s wi t hdr awnf r or n, t hel oop by a
t i mepar ac hut er el ease whi c h c an beset f or del ays
of 2, 3, 4, 5, or 6 sec onds . Thi s devi c e obt ai ns i t s
del ay by means of a spr i ng and c og wheel .
Thepar ac hut e i s of c oar se weaveveget abl emat -
t er . Red, gr een, aTCd bl ue par ac hut es have been
f ound. Ther e ar e
16 doubl e par ac hut e
shr oud
l i nes .
SUSPENSI ON.
Hor i zont al .
COLORANDMARKI NGS.
Thebombc asi ng
i s
pai nt ed f i el d gr ay
wi t h
t he
f ol l owi ng mar ki ngs
st enc i l ed i n bl ac k al ong
t hebody.
5B 1000/ 414- - 52A+, 52A.
I t has been
assumed t hat t hef i gur e "410" r ef er s
t o t he t ype of
ai r c r af t by whi c ht hebomb i s c ar -
r i ed.

ME410.
SB2500- kg
DATA:
Over - al l Lengt h:
145i n.
Body
Lengt h .
873/
i n.
Body I )i amet er : 31 i n.
Wal l Thi c kness :
142
i n-
Tai l Lengt h: 661
/ 2
i n.
Tai l Wi dt h: 33 i n.
Fi l l i ng: 40/ 60 Amat ol or Tr i al en 105.
Tot al Wei ght : 2, 400 kg.
Fuzi ng: AZ( 24) A
i n f orward
f uze pocket ;
EI AZ( 28) Ai n
rear f uze pocket .
CONSTRUCTI ON. The
mai n di f f erence bet ween
t hi s and
t he SC2, 500- kg t ype max t i re : t he con-
s t ruct i on i s of s t eel
i ns t ead of al umi numal l oy and
t he f i l l i ng ext ends
i nt o t he t ai l cone wi t ht he obj ect
of keepi ng
t he charge/ wei ght rat i o as hi gh as pos -
s i bl e. The cas e i s cons t ruct ed
i n t hree part s , a cas t
s t eel nos e, wi t h a cas t
s t eel bas e wel ded t o t he
cyl i ndri cal body.
The nos e of t he bomb i s f i t t ed
wi t h a f i l l i ng pl ug
t o whi chi s f i t t ed a t ube ext end-
i ng t o t he f orward f uze
pocket , t he t ube hous es a
rod whi ch
on i mpact crus hes t he i mpact f uze and
act i vat es t he bombs . There
are t wo t rans vers e
f uze pocket s ; t he f orward
pocket hous es t he ant i -
break- up f uze and t he
af t er pocket i s f or t he nor-
mal i mpact t ype f uze
.
The t ai l uni t
i s a f our f i n drumt ype.

The cone
port i on i s s heet
s t eel and t he f i ns and t ai l drumare
cons t ruct ed of al l oy.

( See f i g. 22. )
SUSPENSI ON .
Hori zont al
by
an Ht ype. The
s us pens i on
l ug i s keyed t o a s ecuri ng pl at e l ocked
by
bol t s .
COLOR
AND
MARKI NGS. Sky bl ue over- al l .
Two yel l ow
s t ri pes are pai nt ed
on t he body be-
t ween t he t ai l f i ns
.

SB2500 i s s t enci l ed on body.
SD50 050; D501) ;
D50E1
DATA;
Over- al l
Lengt h
;
43. 0 i n.
Body Lengt h :
23. 5 i n.
Body Di amet er
: 8. 0 i n .
Wal l Thi cknes s
: 0. 4
wal l t o 1. 8 i n. nos e.
Tai l
Lengt h; 23. 5 i n .
Tai l
Wi dt h: Type 1, 11 i n. ,
Type I I , 10. 5 i n.
Fi l l i ng: TNT.
Wei ght of
Fi l l i ng: 16 . 4 kg.
Tot al Wei ght :
55. 0 kg ( approx
. ) .
CHG/ WTRat i o:
30%.
Fuzi ng: 55 ; 55A;
EI AZ( 38)
f or wat er t arget s .
CONSTRUCTI ON. The
body of t he
SD
50 i s
a
one- pi ece s t eel cas t i ng
. When machi ned
down i t
has provi s i ons f or one
t rans vers e f uze
pocket j us t
f orward of t he hori zont al
carryi ng l ug.
I t i s
t hreaded at t he
bas e t o accept a mal e
t ype
f i l l i ng
}ug.

( See f i g. 23. )
Ei t her
t he t ype 1 or t ype 2
t ai l as s embl i es can
be
us ed. Type
1 has a cas t al l oy
adapt er wi t h s heet
s t eel vanes . The
f our vanes are
not s upport ed by
Fi gure 23- SDSO- Kg
Bomb
BOMBS
s t rut s . Type 2
i s
a one- pi ece cons t ruct i on as s embl y
of eas t magnes i umal l oy wi t h no s t rut s upport s
f or
t he t ai l f i ns .
I n addi t i on t o t he hori zont al carryi ng l ug, t here
are. t hreads machi ned i n t he nos e t o t ake an "eye"
t ype l ug f or vert i cal s us pens i on.
SUSPENSI ON. Hori zont al or vert i cal .
COLOR. Bomb i s dark green over- al l and t ai l
cone
i s s t ri ped wi t h red.
REMARKS. As mal l angl e i ron kopf ri ng i s nor-
mal l y f i t t ed t o t he bomb. I n addi t i on t o t he
1 9
GERMAN
EXPLOSI VEORDNANCE
kopf r i ng
a
24- i nch di nor t r od may
be
added t o
obt ai n pr epenet r at i on det onat i on of
t he bomb. An
ext ensi on
r od
used wi t h
t he ( 55) Acan be
used f or
t he same pur pose.
When t he bomb
i s
used agai nst wat er t ar get s, t he
t ai l
f i ns ar e r emoved.
I t i s cl ai med t hat t he bal l i s-
t i cs ar e not
changed
by
r emovi ng t he t ai l f i ns pr o-
vi di ng t he dr oppi ng r ange i s l ess t han
200met er s .
The EI AZ ( 38) f uze wi t h n maxi mumdel ay
of
5seconds
al l ows
f or wat er t r avel of 12 t o 18 met er s .
2
0
Fi gur e 24- SD70- Kg Bomb
DATA
SD
70- kg
OP 1666
Over - al l
Lengt h : 43. 2 i n.
Body
Lengt h : 28. 0 i n.
BodyDi amet er . 8. 0 i n.
Wal l Thi ckness : 0. 4 i n.
Tai l Lengt h : 16. 0 i n.
Tai l Wi dt h: 11. 0 i n.
Fi l l i ng: TNT.
Wei ght of Fi l l i ng:
21
kg.
Tot al Wei ght : 66kg.
Chg/ Wt Rat i o:
39%.
Fuzi ng
: ( 25) B; ( 55) ; ( 89) Bwi t h par achut e.
CONSTRUCTI ON.
The
SD
70 body i s of one-
pi ece f or ged st eel and i s
nor mal l y f i t t ed wi t h a
kopf r i ng. The t ai l
i s
of
sheet st eel const r uct i on
and t he f i ns ar e r i bbed t o
suppl ant t he di agonal
f i n
br aces
.
Thi s bomb, on
occasi on, i s f i t t ed wi t h a par a-
chut e. The t ai l
uni t i s r emoved and asheet met al
cyl i nder 18 i nches l ong and
73/ 4 i nches i n di amet er
i s at t ached t o base of
bomb. Cont ai ned i n t he
cyl i nder i s
ar ed l at t i ce t ype par achut e
5
f eet
squar e
wi t h f our doubl e
shr oud l i nes .
The shr oud l i nes
ar e secur ed by
means of f our
U- shaped br acket s
t o a col l ar over whi ch t he
base pl at e scr ews . The
over - al l l engt h of t he
cyl i nder and bomb i s ap-
pr oxi mat el y 45
i nches. ( See f i g. 24. )
SUSPENSI ON
. Hor i zont al or
ver t i cal suspen-
si on i s used.
COLOR. Bomb
i s f i el d gr ey
over - al l . Red
st r i pes on t ai l f i n.
REN+I ARKS.
Par achut e bomb appar ent l y de-
si gned
t o
gi ve ai r
bur st .
SD250
kg D250, 0250 J B,
D250 L, D250 DL
DATA:
Over - al l Lengt h .
64. 5 i n.
BodyLengt h :
34. 4 i n.
Body
Di amet er : 14. 5 i n.
Wal l Thi ckness :
0. 6 wal l poi nt 3. 5
i n.
Tai l Lengt h : 38. 2
i n.
Tai l Wi dt h,
20. 0 i n.
Fi l l i ng: TNT.
Wei ght of
Fi l l i ng: 79 kg.
Tot al Wei ght : 250 kg.
Chg/ Wt
.
Rat i o:
32%.
Fuzi ng: 8 ; 5 ser i es .
Fi gure25-SD2500-X9Bomb
BOMBS
CONSTRUCTI ON. Bombi s of
t hree-pi ececon-

green, s ky bl ue, or al umi num.

Tai l conei s s t ri ped
s t ruct i on .
Nos eand' rt ai l pi eces are
wel ded t omai n

wi t h red or bl ue.
part of body. Onef uze pocket . Af emal e
bas e
pl at e
i s -us ed.

( See
f i g. 25. )

NOSESPI KESFORSC50St abo, SD
70St abo,
Thet ai l i s of s heet s t eel cons t ruct i on .

Four

SC250St abo, ANDSC500
St abo
vanes are wel ded
t o
a cone. Thereare al s oboa-

LEN' GTH
t ypes t rut s of bar s t eel .

Ext ens i on cyl i nder has a

TOTAL

or
EI GHT 9PI KE
DI AMETER
dummy f uzehead.

DATA'

W
SC50s t at s o---------------

62kg

47cum

4. 5em
SUSPENSI ON.

Hori zont al or vert i cal
.

SD70
St abo---------------

77kg

47em

4. 5cm
SC
250St abo-------------
282kg

57cm

7. 5cm
COLOR
.

Bomb
body and t ai l are
pai nt ed dark

8C5W--------------------
305k, r

eocm

7. 5em
21
GERMANEXPLOSI VEORDNANCE
22
Fi gur e 26-Nose Spi kes f or St aboBombs
CONSTRUCTI ON
. St abobombs
have at hr eaded
l ug f or ged
t o t he nose of t he case.
St abospi kes
scr ewon t ot hi s t hr eaded l ug. The same spi ke f i t s
bot h
SC
50 and
SD
70
and
i s of one-pi ece con-
st r uct i on. The
SC
250 and
SC
500 St abospi kes
have an addi t i onal pi ece, a pr essur e pl at e, whi ch
f i t s bet ween t he bomb case and spi ke t o i ncr ease
t he r i gi di t y . The spi kes ar e used i n l owal t i t ude
at t ackst o pr event r i cochet .
A
1-cmhol e t hr ough
t he spi ke al l owsuse
of
a bar t oscr ewspi ke secur el y
t obomb.

( See f i g. 26. )
REMARKS. X-. 9t achebomben, or "St abo" f or
shor t , ar e
used i n l ow al t i t ude at t acks t o ensur e
t he bomb does not r i cochet . The
SC
250 and SC
500 ar e bot h t wof uze pocket bombsand f uzi ng i s
usual l y a t i me f uze 17 or 57 and an ant i di st ur bance
f uze ( 50) . The
SC
5( J
St abo
and
SDSt aboar e
nor mal l y f uzed wi t h a ( 55) .
Di scsf i t t i ng on t he end of t hese spi keshave been
f ound.
I t i s t hought nose swi t ches have been used
t o gi ve i nst ant aneous
act i on.
DATA:
SD
500,
SD
500 AAND
SD500 E
Over -al l Lengt h : 82. 0 i n,
Body Lengt h : 54. 0 i n.
Body Di amet er : 17. 5 i n.
Wal l Thi ckness: 1 . 0 i n. wal l ; poi nt 5. 0 i n,
f i gur e 27--SD500-Kg Bomb
OP
1666
Tai l Lengt h : 35. 5 i n.
Tai l Wi dt h: 18. 0 i n.
Fi l l i ng : Amat ol - 60 / 40 ; TNT and wax.
Wei ght of Fi l l i ng: 20 0
kg appr ox
.
Tot al Wei ght ' : 535 kg.
CHG/ WT
Rat i o: 37%.
Fuzi ng: 5 s er i es .
CONSTRUCTI ON. Al l bombs i n t he SD50 0
s er i es ar e
of one- pi ece dr awn s t eel cons t r uct i on.
The mai n
di f f er ence bet ween t he t hr ee modi f i ca-
t i ons i s t he
var i at i on i n wal l t hi cknes s .
One t r ans ver s e
f uze pocket i s l ocat ed af t t he
s us pens i on band. To i ns ur e hi gh or der det ona-
t i on,
a cent r al expl oder t ube has been i ns er t ed
l ongi t udi nal l y
t hr ough t he expl os i ve cavi t y . ( See
f i g. 27. )
The t ai l
uni t i s cons t r uct ed of s heet s t eel and
has a r i ng t ype
s t r ut . The uni t i s s ecur edt o t he
bomb i n t he
s ame manner as t he t ai l on t he
SC
10 0 0 bomb.
Apar achut e
t ype t ai l uni t f or t hi s bomb has
been f ound. Thi s
uni t i s compos edof a det achabl e
s heet
met al par achut e
cont ai ner , open l at t i ce t ype
par achut e,
and a s t andar d bas e pl at e wi t h an
addi t i onal
webandr i ng of cas t s t eel
s pot wel ded
t oget her
t o f or man anchor age f or
t he par achut e
s hackl es .

( Onl y
one s uch uni t has been f ound. )
SUSPENSI ON. Hor i zont al ,
by means of an
H- t ype
l ug s ecur edt o a s us pens i on
band.
COLOR
. Fi el d
gr ey over - al l wi t h
r ed s t r i pes on
cone. "D50 0
s t g" s t enci l ed on body i n bl ack.
SD
170 0
DATA:
Over - al l
Lengt h ; 129. 6 i n.
Body Lengt h
:
92
. 0 i n.
Body Di amet er :
26. 0 i n.
Wal l Thi cknes s : 0
. 9 i n. wal l t o nos e, 3. 5
i n
.
Tai l Lengt h : 46. 5
i n
Tai l Wi dt h: 24. 0
i n.
Fi l l i ng:
TNT; Ar pat ol 60 / 40 .
Wei ght of Fi l l i ng
: 730
kg.
Tot al Wei ght
: 1, 70 3 kg.
CHG/ WT
Rat i o: 43%.
Fuzi ng: 28
Be,
Ext ens i on Cap I l .
CONSTRUCTI ON.
Body i s of one- pi ece, f or ged
s t eel
cons t r uct i on.
As i ngl e f uze
pocket i s us ed
wi t h an
ext ens i on cap
f uze i n t he nos e. The
bas e
o¬ t he bomb
i s t hr eaded
t o t ake a nor mal
f emal e
t ype
bas e pl at e.

Acas t
s t eel kopf r i ng i s
wel ded
Fi gur e 28- - - SD170 0 49 Bomb
BOMBS
t o t he nos e as a pr event at i ve agai ns t exces s i ve
penet r at i on.

( See f i g. 28. )
The
t ai l i s made of l i ght al l oy and i s of t he
cyl i nder t ype. The 8- i nch wi de band i s at t ached
t o t he f i ns
by r i vet s . Thi s band i s
known
as
a
r i ng t ype s t r ut.
23
GERMANEXPLOSI VEORDNANCE
SUSPENSI ON. Hor i zont al by
means of an
H- t ype suspensi on l ug.
COLOR. Bl ack or sky bl ue over - al l . Red
st r i pes
on t ai l . "D1700" st enci l ed on
opposi t e si des of
body i n l et t er s 40- mmhi gh.
24
Fi gur e 29- PC500- Kg Bomb
PC50049, D500E, ANDD500L
DATA:

D500H

, D500L
Over - Al l Lengt h___
68_
2i n.

78. 8
i n.
Body Lengt h______ 42. 3i n.

53. 8i n.
Body
Di amet er ____ 15. 6i n.

. 15. 0I n
.
Wal l
Thi ckness____ 1. 4I n. wal l

0. 9 i n, wal l
9. 0 i n. poi nt

9
. 3
i n. poi nt
Tai l Lengt h- - - - - - - 27. 5 I n.

30. 5 I n.
Tai l
Wi dt h- - - - - - - - 15. 5i n.

16. 0 I n.
Fi l l i ng
- - - - - - - - - - - - Cast TNT:
60/40
Cast TNT: TNT
Amat ol ;
TNT

and. Wax
.
and Wax
.
CONSTRUCTI ON.
Ther e ar e t wo t ypes of t he
PC
500: Type EandType L.
Bot h t ypes have
a
one- pi ece
f or ged st eel body and
one
t r ansver se
f uze pocket
. The f uze
pocket i s l ocat ed af t t he
hor i zont al
suspensi on l ug.
( See Fi g. 29. ) The
bombi s
machi nedt o accommodat e
a mal e t ype t ai l
cl osi ng pl ug.

The t ai l assembl y
can be ei t her
of
sheet st eel or
magnesi umal l oy. The t ai l uni t i n
ei t her case i s of t he
cyl i nder t ype. Bot h t ypes
havet hesheet
met al r i ng whi ch i s usedf or br aci ng
t hef i ns.

Thet ai l
uni t i s secur edt o t hebomb body
by means of 12 scr ews.
SUSPENSI ON. Hor i zont al by means of an
"eye" bol t or
T- t ype l ug.
COLOR. Fi el d
gr ey
or
al umi numover - al l . Dar k
bl ue st r i pe on t ai l
cone.
DATA:
PCI 000- k9
ESAU
OP 1666
Over - Al l Lengt h :
85. 5 i n.
Body Lengt h .
58. 5 i n.
Body
Di amet er : 19. 8 i n.
Wal l
Thi ckness : 1. 5 i n. wal l t o 13. 4 i n.
poi nt .
Tai l Lengt h
:
32
. 0 i n.
Tai l Wi dt h
; 19. 8 i n.
Fi l l i ng: TNTand
Wax.
Wei ght of Fi l l i ng: 160 kg.
Tot al Wei ght :
1,000 kg.
CHG/WTRat i o :
16%.
Fuzi ng:
( 28) Aor 35 ; Ext ensi on Cap I I .
CONSTRUCTI ON
. The body of t he PC1,000-
kg ar mor - pi er ci ng
bomb i s of one- pi ece f or ged
st eel . The nose i s
ver y heavy andt hi s const r uc-
t i on decr eases
t he si ze of t he expl osi ve cavi t y.
Ther ei s
one f uze pocket l ocat ed af t t he suspensi on
l ug. Thr ough
t he cent er of t he expl osi ve cavi t y
i s an
addi t i onal expl oder t ube
.

( See f i g. 30. )
The
t ai l uni t i s const r uct ed
of magnesi umal l oy
andi s at t ached
i n t he same manner as used wi t h.
t he SC1,400
ser i es.
SUSPENSI ON. Hor i zont al
. Thi s bomb uses a
suspensi on
band wi t h t he H- t ype l ug secur ed t o
i t .
At
90° f r om
t hesuspensi on l ug i n bot h di r ec-
t i ons ar e
t wo t r unni on bol t s f or di ve- bombi ng.
Wei ght of
Fi l l i ng__ 75kg. 78kg.
Tot al
Wei ght _____ 589kg. 416kg.
CHO/WTRat i o___
14% 19%v .
Fuzi ng- - - - - - - - - - - -
( 5)
ser i es ( 35) .
st r i pe
on
t ai l
cone .
CULOR. Sky bl ue
wi t h
al umi numt ai l . Bl ue
PC1, aoaks FRI TZ
DATA:
Over - al l Lengt h : 110. 8 i n.
Body
Lengt h, 75 . 7 i n.
Body
Di amet er : 22. 0 i n.
Wal l Thi ckness : 1. 25
i n. wal l t o 12. 5 i n, poi nt .
Fi gur e 30- - - PC100049Bomb
BOMBS
Tai l Lengt h : 43. 3 i n.
Tai l Wi dt h : 22. 4i n.
Fi l l i ng : TNTandWas ; Tr i al en.
Wei ght
of
Fi l l i ng: 300 kg.
Tot al Wei ght : 1, 4oo kg.
CHG/ 111 7 Rat i o: 21. 417o .
Fuzi ng: ( 28 ) Aor 35 ; Ext ensi on
Cap I I I .
CONSTRUCTI ON. The bomb body i s of
one-
pi ece f or ged st eel coi i gt r uct i on
. Ther e i s one
25
GERMANEXPLOSI VEORDNANCE
t r ansver se
f uze pocket l ocat ed
af t of t he car r yi ng
l ug. Two expl oder t ubes cont ai ni ng t et r yl
r un
l engt hwi se t hr ough
t he
expl osi ve cavi t y j ust l ef t
of t he f uze
pocket . The base
of t he bomb body
i s
cl osed
wi t h a mal e base
pl at e.

( See f i g. 31 . )
The bomb t ai l i s
of
t he cyl i nder t ype, t he cyl i n-
der bei ng
6
i nches deep. I t i s const r uct ed of ei t her
cast
al umi num
or magnesi um.
SUSPENSI ON. Suspensi on of t he bomb i n t he
26
Fi gur e 31- PC1400- Kg Bomb
OP 1666
r acks i s hor i zont al by means of an H- t ype l ug or
by t wo t r unni ons on t he car r yi ng band.
COLOR.
Sky bl ue over - al l or sky
bl ue wi t h
al umi numt ai l .
Red or bl ue st r i pes or t ai l .
DATA:
PC 1, 60049
Over - al l Lengt h : 110
. 8
i n.
Body Lengt h : 65. 7
i n.
Body Di amet er : 21
. 0 i n.
Fi l l i ng: RDX, al umi num
and wax.
Wei ght of
Fi l l i ng : 2. 30 kg.
Tot al
Wei ght ; 1, 600 kg.
Chg/ Wt Rat i o: 14. 47o .
Fuzi ng : EI AZ ( 49)
P16.
CONSTRUCTI ON.
The body i s of t wo- pi ece
const r uct i on
wi t h a
cyl i nder
t ype
t ai l .

( See
. f i g.
' 3:
:
. )

I t i s
desi gned
t o
penet r at e
180mmof panzer
st eel
or
2. 5 met er s of r ei nf or ced
concr et e at a st r i k-
i ng angl e
of 60° .
REMARKS
.
Usual l y dr opped at
an al t i t ude of _
4, 000t o 6, 000met er s .
The pr oduct i on of t hi s bomb
was st opped i n
Oct ober 1942. Bombs t hen on
hand wer e used
and not r epl aced.
SUSPENSI ON.
Hor i zont al .
COLOR:

Bl ue
st r i pes on t ai l .
PC_RS
`BOMBSERI ES
DESCRI PTI ON
. Thi s ser i es of r ocket
assi st ed
ar mour
pi er ci ng
bombs consi st s of t he f ol l owi ng
mi ssi l es ; PC
500Rs, PC1000Rs, and t he PC
1800
Rs .
I n gener al t he t hr ee t ypes ar e
of si mi l ar t hr ee
pi ece
const r uct i on ; t he war head,
t he di st ance pi ece,
and t he t ai l sect i on
.

The t ai l sect i on
cont ai ns t he
r ocket mot or
.
Each ser i es
i s f i t t ed f or hor i zont al
suspensi on
by means
of a si ngl e
"eye"
or
H- t ype suspensi on
l ug.
I n addi t i on t o
t he suspensi on l ug, t her e i s
n
set of
t r unni ons f i t t ed t o t he
bomb. They ar e
l ocat ed 90°
ar ound f r omt he l ug
and appr oxi -
mat el y 2 i nches
f ur t her af t . The
t r unni ons ar e
used f or suspensi on
onl y under di ve- bombi ng con-
di t i ons.
WARHEAD. The war head i s
i dent i cal t o t he nor -
mal ar mour - pi er ci ng ( PC)
bombs of r espect i ve
si ze except f or t he f uze pocket
ar r angement .
I n
t he PC- Rs ser i es t he
t r ansver se f uze pocket has
been omi t t ed. The
i mpact f uze i s par t of t he 49
s er i es and i s f ound
s cr ewed i nt o t he bas e of t he
war head. The
war head i s f i l l ed t hr ough t he bas e
and t he expl os i ve
cavi t y
i s
t hen cl os ed by
means
of a mal e t ype
bas e pl at e.
Di s TAxcz
PI ECE. The di s t ance pi ece i s a s t eel
cyl i nder i nt er nal l y
t hr eaded at bot h ends . I t s
mai n pur pos e
i s t o connect t he war head t o t he t ai l
s ect i on. The
char gi ng head f or t he f uzi ng s ys t em
i s t hr eaded i nt o
t he af t er end of t he di s t ance pi ece
j us t f or war d of
t he t ai l pi ece j unct i on. The el ec-
t r i cal l eads f r omt he
char gi ng head pas s t hr ough
t hi s cyl i nder ;
one t o t he i mpact f uze and t he ot her
t o t he pyr ot echni c
r ocket i gni t er .
TAI L. SECTI ON.

The t ai l s ect i on
i s
anot her
s t eel
cyl i nder wi t h t wel ve
s t abi l i zi ng f i ns
at t he af t er
end. Thi s t ot al of 12
f i ns i s made up of
4 l ar ge
f i ns
and 8 s mal l f i ns .

The end of t he t ai l uni t
i s
cl os ed by means of a
f i xi ng pl at e. The
f i xi ng pl at e
has s i x ci r cul ar
openi ngs
pos i t i oned s o as t o t ake
t he end of t he vent ur i
t ubes f r om
t he r ocket mot or .
' ' he l ar ge openi ng
i n t he
cent er of t he f i xi ng pl at e
wi l l
al l ow any gas
emi t t ed f r om t he pr es s ur e
r e-
l eas e val ve
i n t he r ocket
mot or t o es cape.
ROCgFT MOTOR. The
r ocket mot or i s hous ed
wi t hi n t he t ai l s ect i on
. I t cons i s t s of t he f ol l ow-
i ng par t s
: mai n
pr es s ur e chamber , s i x pr opul s i on
vent ur i , s i x
met al
s pacer s at each end of t he pr es -
s ur e
chamber t o hol d and
pr oper l y s pace t he pr o-
pel l ant s t i cks ,
an i gni t er pad of bl ack
powder , and
a s pr i ng
l oaded
pr es s ur e r el eas e val ve
us ed as a
s af et y
meas ur e.
Ther e ar e 19
s t i cks of r ocket
powder i n each
mot or , di mens i ons
of whi ch can be f ound
i n t he
accompanyi ng
char t . The l at es t
t ype of r ocket
powder
us ed i n t hes e
mi s s i l es was di ni t r odi gl ycol .
Fuzl xc SYs TEaz. The
49 f uze has been devel -
oped i n
t hr ee s er i es . A,
B, C, and t hey ar e us ed
i n t he
PC500, 1000, 1800
Rs bombs r es pect i vel y.
Each
* er i es cons i s t s of
t hr ee par t s ; t he char gi ng
. ead,
t he pyr ot echni c,
f uze f or i gni t i ng t he r ocket
mot or , and
t he el ect r i cal
i mpact f uze f or det onat -
i ng t he war head
whent he
mi s s i l e s t r i kes a t ar get .
Wi r i ng di agr ams
and compl et e
oper at i on of t he
s ys t emcan be
f ound i n
t he Bomb Fuze s ect i on.
OPERATI ON. When t he
mi s s i l e i s r el eas ed
f r om
t he
mot her ai r cr af t ,
el ect r i cal char ge i s
i mpar t ed
t o t he char gi ng
head. Thi s
char ge i s pas s ed on t o
bot h
t he pyr ot echni c
f uze and t he
el ect r i cal i mpact
f uze.
The pyr ot echni c
del ay i s i gni t ed
i mmedi -
at el y.

Af t er 3 or 4s econds
i t bur ns t hr ought o
t he
bl ack powder
i gni t er . The bl ack powder
t hen i g-
ni t es and
s t ar t s t he pr opel l ant powder i n
mot or
bur ni ng
.
The el ect r i cal char ge whi ch i s pas s ed
on t o t he
i mpact f uze
l oads and t he condens er s and ar ms
t he
f uze. On i mpact
one or al l of t he t r embl er
s wi t ches
cl os e. Thi s act i on compl et es
t he f i r i ng
ci r cui t
and s et s of f t he el ect r i cal det onat or
whi ch
BOMBS
Fi gur e 32- PCTb00- 1(9 Bomb
27
GERMANEXPLOSI VEORDNANCE
28
Fi gure
33-PC300RSBomb
OP 1666
i n t urn s et s of t he gai neand
f i nal l y t hemai n

Body
Di amet er : 111
/ 4
i n .
charge:

Fi l l i ng: Very
purecas t
TNTi n an al umi num
cont ai ner i n
t henos e.

Res t of f i l l i ngi s
al t er-
PC504
RS

nat el ayers
of good
andpoor qual i t y
TNT.
DATA:

Wei ght of
Fi l l i ng:
14 kg.
Over-al l Lengt h : 813/4i n .

Tot al
Wei ght :
490kg.
Body Lengt h : 33i n .

MG/ WTRat i o
: 3%
.
Fuzi ng: Chargi ng head- (49) Al ,
(49) 131,
(49) B1 . Ex. ; Pyrot echni c- (49)
Al l , (49)
Bl l ; I mpact - (49) A, (49) Al l l , (49)
13111 .
CONSTRUCTI ON. The rocket cont ai ner
i s at -
t achedt o t hebas eof t hebomb by a cyl i ndri cal
s t eel
di s t ance pi ece whi ch i s t hreaded
i nt ernal l y on
bot h ends - one end t hreadi ng over t he bomb
bas e
andt he rocket cont ai ner t hreadi ng i nt o
t he ot her
end.

(Seef i g. 33 . )
I n
t hes i de of t he di s t ance pi ece i s f i l l ed
an el ec-
t ri c f uze head
marked (49) B1
wi t h chargi ng
pl ungers
connect i ng t o (49) B11 and
(49) 13111
f uzes . Fuze (49) 1311, apyrot echni c f uze wi t h a
del ay of 3 s econds
i s us ed f or
i gni t i ng t herocket s .
Fuze (49) B111
i s an el ect ri cal
i mpact f uze f i t t ed
i nt o t hebas e pl at e
of t hebomb, gi vi ng a
f ract i onal
del ay act i on t o t he
bomb
af t er s t ri ki ng t het arget .
Ni net een rocket s are pl aced i n t he rocket con-
t ai ner . Twel ve are
255/8 i nches l ong by 21/16
i nches
di amet er and s even
are 275/ 8 i nches l ong by 21
/ 16
I nches di amet er .
Wei ght of rocket s ect i on i s
146
Ag.
The t ai l i s 2 f eet 4 i nches
(l arge
di amet er)
1 f oot 10 i nches (s mal l di amet er) .
SUSPENSI ON. Hori zont al .
COLORAND
MARKI NGS: NL6 40.
PC
500
RS
i s
s t enci l ed i n bl ack on t he s i de of
t he bomb.
DATA
PC 1000 RS
Over- al l
Lengt h : 863/ i n.
Body Lengt h:
45 i n.
Body Di amet er : 141/2
i n.
Fi l l i ng:
Very pure cas t TNTi n an al umi num
cont ai ner
i n t henos e. Res t of f i l l i ng i s al t er-
nat e
l ayers of good andpoor qual i t y TNT.
Wei ght of Fi l l i ng:
54 kg.
Tot al Wei ght : 987 kg.
Chg. / Wt . Rat i o :
54%.
Fuzi ng:
Chargi ng
head- (49) BI ; (49) BA1 ;
Pyrot echni c- - 49
B11 ; I mpact - 49 13111, 49
BA1111 49
C111 .
CONSTRUCTI ON. The. rocket
cont ai ner i s at -
t ached t o t he
bas e of t he bomb by a cyl i ndri cal
s t eel di s t ance pi ecewhi ch
i s t hreaded i nt ernal l y on
bot h
ends ; one end
t hreadi ng over bomb bas e and
rocket cont ai ner
t hreadi ng i nt o
ot her end.

The
699794 0- 47- vol
. 1- 3
t ai l i s 2 f eet 4i nches , l arge di amet er ; and1
f oot
10 i nches , s mal l di amet er .
Fi gure 34- - PC 1000 RSBomb
BOMBS
29
GERMAN
EXPLOSI VEORDNANCE
The r ocket s consi st
of candl es cont ai ned i n a
separ at e compar t ment
at t hebaseof t hebomb and
30
Fi gur e35--PC1800RS
Bomb
ar ehel d i n posi t i on by spacer s.

Thi s
compar t ment
f or ms a pr essur e chamber f r omwhi ch t he
gases,
gener at ed by t he candl es, escape t hr ough
si x pr o-
pul si on vent ur i t ubes
. Thet ubes ar e seal ed wi t h
pi t ch unt i l combust i on i s
ef f ect ed. The pr essur e
chamber i s pr ovi ded wi t h a spr i ng-l oaded
pr es-
sur e r el ease val ve at t he base.

( See f i g.
34. )
I t i s st at ed t hat t he r ocket s bur n f or
appr oxi -
mat el y 3seconds af t er i gni t i on and l eave
a t r ai l
of f l ame 150f eet l ongbehi nd t hebomb.
Thebomb i s usual l y of A. P. desi gn, but i nst ead
of t he expl oder pocket l yi ngt r ansver sl y wi t h t he
f uze head at one si de, i t i s f uzed t hr ought he
base
pl at e whi chl i es ahead of t her ocket compar t ment
.
The pyr ot echni c f uze i gni t es t he r ocket
about
21/2 seconds af t er t he bomb i s r el eased.
Act ual l y,
bomb can be dr opped wi t hout t he r ocket
bei ng
i gni t ed.
SUSPENSI ON. Hor i zont al .
OP
1666
COLORANDMARKI NGS
.
Sky-bl ue
. Bl ue
st r i pes bet ween t ai l f i ns .

St enci l ed
DATA:
Acht ungvor Bel adung
ZSKAusschal t en '
Abvver f Z. S. K. 0. V. Scl hal t en
unt 28, . 5, 41
PC
1000RS
PC1840 RS
Over -al l
Lengt h: 107 i n.
Body Lengt h; 661/2
i n.
Body Di amet er : 21i n.
Wal l Thi ckness : 11/2 t o 12 i n. t aper i ng.
Fi l l i ng: Ver y pur e cast TNTi n an , al umi num
cont ai ner i n t he nose. Two pr e-cast Tr i al en
char ges i n t hi ck car dboar d cyl i ndr i cal car t ons
whi ch ar e waged i nt o t he bomb casi ng, . com-
pl et es t hef i l l i ng.

Onespeci men had 3bl ocks
of ni t r oguani di ne i n nose and 10 bl ocks of
RDX/Wax/A1i n t wo car dboar d cyl i nder s i n
t he
body.
Wei ght of Fi l l i ng: 360kg.
Tot al
Wei ght :
2, 057 kg.
Chg/Wt Rat i o : 17. 5° /x .
Fuzi ng: Char gi ng head ( 49)
C1
; Pyr ot echni c
( 49)
C2
; I mpact ( 49)
C3
.
CONSTRUCTI ON
. Typi cal r ocket bomb
con-
st r uct i on
wi t h si ngl e f uze pocket i n di st ance
pi ece.
Ni net een r ocket s ar e
used- - - t en 221/ 2 i nches l ong,
ei ght 20' 7 i nches l ong and one 111/
4
i nches l ong.
Al l have a di amet er of
21%
s
i nches.

Rocket
uni t
wei ghs 422 kg.

( See f i g. 35
. )
SUSPENSI ON
. Hor i zont al .
COLOR
ANDMARKI NGS
.
Bombbody
and
t ai l ar e skybl ue i n col or
.
Rocket
uni t and di st ance
pi ece ar e ol i ve dr ab. St enci l ed on body
_) ATA
Konus vor Vel ast ungen
Schut zen
unt 13, 10, 42
Acht ung vor bel adung
Zsk Aussenal t en
PC1800 RS
PD50049
Over - al l
Lengt h : 6f t . 11 i n .
Body Lengt h : 4f t . 6x/2 i n .
Body Di amet er : 11 i n.
Tai l Lengt h : 2 f t . 61/2 i n .
Tai l Wi dt h
:
1 f t . 11 i n.
Fi l l i ng : ( 109) RDX/ Wax/ A1 . The f i l l i ng,
desi gnat i on 108, has pr evi ousl y been
f ound
i n PC1800 RS, associ at ed wi t h a nose
f i l l i ng
bl ock of ni t r oguani di ne.
Wei ght of Fi l l i ng :
32
kg.
Tot al Wei ght : 500 kg ( appr ox. ) ,
Char ge Wei ght
Rat i o : 6. 4%
.
buzi ng : AZ ( 49)
P5 .
CONSTRUCTI ON. The
body
of t he PD500 i s
const r uct ed of dr awn st eel . Compar ed t o t he
wei ght of t he bomb, i t has a ver y smal l expl osi ve
Xa. vi t y. I n pl ace of t he nor mal t r ansver se f uze
pocket , t her e i s a char gi ng head. El ect r i cal l eads
pass f r omt he char gi ng head t o t he f uze whi ch i s
f ound i n t he base pl at e. ( See f i g. 36. )
The magnesi umal l oy t ai l uni t i s scr ewed t o- t he
base of t he bombwi t h 24scr ews .
SUSPENSI ON. Hor i zont al l y
by
means of an
H- t ype l ug.
COLOR.

Sky
bl ue over - al l wi t h a r ed st r i pe on
t ai l cone.
REMARKS.

The bot nbi s st at ed t o be i nt ended
f or at t acki ng ar mor ed t ar get s,
especi al l y
war shi ps .
I t i s dr opped i n hor i zont al f l i ght f r oma hei ght
of at l east 11, 500 f eet .
The penet r at i on of ar mor i s
st at ed t o be 51/2
i nches, i ncr eased i n l at er model s t o
6x/ 4
i nches . I t
i s of t wo- pi ece const r uct i on.
The l eads f r omt he
char gi ng
head
t r aver se t hr ough a machi ned hol e
i n t he dr awn st eel bomb body
. Thi s bomb em-
pl oys an H- t ype
car r yi ng l ug-
Fi gur e 36- PD500- Kg Bomb
BOMBS
31
GERMAN
EXPLOSI VEORDNANCE
' / 2- kg ANTI PERSONNEL
. PARACHUTE
BOMB
DATA
:
Over - al l
Lengt h : X 41/4i n.
Body
Lengt h : 21/4i n.
Body
Di amet er :
1' / 16
i n.
32
Wal l Thi ckness : 31 , j r i n.
Wei ght
of
Fi l l i ng : l
oz
.
Tot al Wei ght : 16
oz
.
CHG/ WTRat i o:
62/ 3%
.
Fuzi ng : Pul l per cussi on i gni t er .
Fi gur e 37- ' / s Kg Ant i per sonnel
Par achut e Bomb
OP
1666
s o(
CONSTRUCTION. The as s embl y i s
compos ed
of t wo par t s - t he bomb and t he cani s t er . The
body i s cyl i ndr i cal and made of cas t
s t eel . The
bas e and
head
ar e
i nt er nal l y t hr eaded, t hebas et o
accept a s us pens i on
hook and
t he nos e f or a s t eel
cl os i ng pl ug. At t ached
t o
t he s us pens i on hook i s
a cor d whi ch i s al s o t i ed t o a s pl i t r i ng.
The
par achut e i s at t ached t o t he s pl i t r i ng by ei ght
cor ds.

Thes pl i t
r i ng
i s al s o at t ached t o t he
pul l
f r i ct i on i gni t er whi ch i s t hr eaded i nt o
t he s t eel
cl os i ng pl ug.
Thebomb as s embl y
i s hous ed
i n
a
bar r el - s haped
al umi numcani s t er , t he body of whi ch i s f or med
i n t wo s epar at e s ect i ons and cl os ed at t he ends by
t wi n cl os i ng pl at es .

( See f i g. 37. )
OPERATION
. On; r el eas e of bomb,
cani s t er
comes apar t and
bomb f al l s
cl ear
.
When t he
par achut e opens ,
t he s hr ouds pul l t he
s t r i ker r e-
l eas e pl at e out . The s t r i ker
i s
t hen f or ced i nt o
t heper cus s i on
cap. Thi s act i onexpl odes t hebomb
.
SUSPENSION
. Thought t o becar r i ed
i n l ar ge
cont ai ner s .
COLOR. ANDMARKINGS
.
Cani s t er - un-
pai nt ed al umi num
. Oner ed bar on cl os i ng pl at e
i ndi cat es 2s econds del ay.

Two r ed
bar s
oncl os i ng
SDI
( Fi x )
Fi gur e 38- - SD1- Kg Mor t ar Bomb
BOMBS
pl at e i ndi cat e 4 s econds
del ay f or t he pul l per -
cus s i on i gni t er .
1- kg
SDMORTAR
BOMB, SD1, SDI
FRZ
DATA:

8D1

FRZ
Over - al l Lengt h__. . . 117
i n.

GU8 i n.
Body Lengt h
- - - - - -
4. 25 i n.

3. 75 i n.
Body Di amet er ___-
20i n.

2. 0i n
.
Wal l Thi cknes s ___-
8
. 4
i n. nos e.

4. 12
i n,
0. 2 i n.
t ai l .
Tai l Lengt h- - - - - - - 1. 25
i n.

1. 22 i n.
Tai l Wi dt h_______
2. 4 i n.

10
i n
Fi l l i ng____________
Cas t TNT.

Amat ol 30/70;
Gr anul ar TNT.
Tot al Wei ght ______ 21bs .

1. 1 l b.
Fuzi ng____________
( 73) , ( 73) A,

( 73) B8.
( 73) A2.
Nos ei mpact
mechani cal .
CONSTRUCTION
: Bot h
bombs have a s t eel
body. TheSD1 t ai l as s embl y i s
of l i ght met al .
At ubul ar f r ame s uppor t s
ei ght l i ght met al f i ns
and a dr um.
Tai l as s embl y s cr ews
i nt o bomb.
TheFRZt ai l as s embl y al s o s cr ews
i nt o bas e of
bomb. It i s i n t hef or mof a cup
wi t h t hr ees heet
met al pi eces s pot wel ded on t o
i t t o f or ms i x f i ns .
Bot h s heet s t eel
and
al umi num
t ai l s wer e us ed.
( See f i g. 38. )
33
GERMANEXPLOSI VE
ORDNANCE
SUSPENSI ON.
S
D1 : 392 bombs i n AB500- 1
cont ai ner ; 224 bombs i n AB250- 2 cont ai ner
;
50
bombs i n
AB70- D1 cont ai ner
.
Packi ng
i s nose t o t ai l
wi t h t ai l cup of each
f or mi ng a saf et y devi ce f or f uze behi nd i t .
FRZbombs ar e car r i ed i n AB70- Dl cont ai ner
and packed i n t he same manner as t he SDI bombs.
COLOR
AND
MARKI NGS.
SDl yel l ow, FRZ- -
Body i s must ar d col or .

Tai l ( sheet st eel )
bl ack,
( cast al umi num)
nat ur al
col or .

Ogi ve i s pai nt ed
r ed on Amat ol - f i l l ed
bombs.

Mar ki ngs on FRZ
34
NX
AEM- 5X8
NX- E- f i - 37
St enci l ed i n bl ack
109
J
AK1927- 12- 38- St amped
REMARKS. The FRZi s a Fr ench bomb used
by
t he Ger mans.
Fi gur e 39A- SD
2- Kg
"But t er f l y"
Bomb
DATA:
OP
1666
2- kq"BUTTERFLY" SD2A
ANDSD2B
Over - al l Lengt h : 3. 5 i n .
Body Lengt h : 3. 1 i n .
Body Di amet er : 3. 0 i n .
Wal l Thi ckness : a/ g i n .
Fi l l i ng: Cast TNT sur r ounded by a l ayer
of
bi t umen composi t i on.
Wei ght of Fi l l i ng: 7. 5 oz .
Tot al Wei ght : 4. 4 l bs.
CHG/ WT Rat i o: 11. 4%.
Fuzi ng: SD2A; ( 41) ( ai r bur st or
i mpact ) .
SD2B: ( 41) A( Ai r bur st . or i mpact )
( 67)
( Del ay 5- 30 mi n. ) ( 70) B
( Ant i di st ur b-
ance) .
CONSTRUCTI ON. The body
of t he bomb i s a
cyl i ndr i cal cast i r on casi ng. A
f uze pocket i s
si t uat ed t r ansver sel y i n t he si de
of t he body . The
SD
2A
and
SD
2Bdi f f er onl y i n
t he met hod i n
Fi gur e 398- SD2- Kg "Bur i er f t y" Bomb
whi ch t he f uze i s s ecur ed i n t he bomb. The f uze
i s t hr eaded i nt o t he SD2Awhi l e i t i s s ecur ed i n
t he SD2Bby a bayonet j oi nt and t wo EI - s haped
s af et y cl i ps .
The boni bbody i s encas ed i n a t hi n s heet s t eel
cont ai ner
made i n f our pi eces - - t wo end f l aps and
t wo pi eces cover i ng t he s i des
of
t he bomb.

( See
f i gs
. 39Aand 39B. )

Thes e par t s ar e hi nged t o-
get her , t he
hi nges bei ng mount ed wi t h t or s i on
s pr i ngs
t endi ng t o f or ce t he par t s of t he wi ngs
away f r om
t he body, but ar e pr event ed f r omopen-
i ng unt i l a
s af et y pi n i s pul l ed when cont ai ner
opens .
Af t er r el eas e, t he wi ngs becaus e of t hei r
ai r dr ag,
r i s e t o t he upper end
of
t he 6- i nch wi r e
cabl e
connect ed t o t he f uze. The r ot at i on of t he
wi ngs
r el at i ve t o t he bomb body ar ms t he f uze.
When f uze ( 41) Ai s empl oyed i n t he bomb, t he
wi ngs cons i s t
of t wo t r i angul ar s haped f l aps .
SUSPENSI ON, 23 bombs i n t he AB23- SD2
cont ai ner ; 108
bombs i n t he AB250- 3 cont ai ner ;
6 bombs i n
t he Mar k 500 Roden cont ai ner ; 24
i bombs i n
t he AB24t cont ai ner .
COLOR. Body
of bomb may be pai nt ed ei t her
bl ack,
l end- gr ey, r ed, yel l ow,
or f i el d gr ey. I f
t he bomb
.
i
s pai nt ed f i el d gr ey i t
may
have a3/4- i nch
yel l owband
on t he body, t he wi ng as s embl y wi l l
be pai nt ed f i el d gr ey
wi t h a yel l ow s t r i pe on t he
i ns i de and out s i de
of t he wi ngs end may have a
3/4 - i nch r ed s t r i pe at r i ght
angl es t o t he yel l ow
s t r i pe
on t he wi ngs , I f t he
bombbody i s
pai nt ed
yel l ow,
t he wi ngs wi l l -
be pai nt ed yel l ow wi t h a
:
4- i nch s t r i p
of r ed on t he wi ngs . I n addi t i on
t o
t he s peci f i c col or
combi nat i on gi ven, t he wi ngs
may be f i el d
gr ey or unpai nt ed.
DATA:
5B
3- kg
Over - al l Lengt h! 13s /Si n .
Body
Lengt h: 13%i n .
Body
Di amet er : 3 i e i n .
Wal l
Thi cknes s :
%
; X i n.
Tai l
Lengt h.
Tai l
Wi dt h.
Fi l l i ng.
Wei ght of Fi l l i ng ;
4 l b.
Tot al Wei ght : 61/2 l b.
Chg/ Wt .
Rat i o: 61, 5%.
Fuzi ng :
( 23) A.
CONSTRUCTI ON
. The
cas e cons i s t s of a
Fi gur e 40- 58
3- Kg Bomb
BOMBS
wel ded s t eel t ube
' / X 6
i nch
t hi ck, whi ch has a
pr es s ed s t eel f i l l er cap
t hr eaded on t o t he nos e.
Twocar dboar d di s cs
cover t he f i l l i ng under t he
nos e cap.

( See f i g. 40. )
As t eel f uze adapt er , of s pot wel ded cons t r uc-
t i on, i s cr i mped on t o t he bas e of t he bomb. No
f uzes
wer e f ound i n
t he s peci men r ecover ed, but
enemy
document s i ndi cat e
t hat t hes e bombs ar e
f i t t ed wi t h t he mechani cal i mpact al l - ways act i ng
( 23) Af uze. Des i gn of adapt er i n bas e conf i r ms
document ar y evi dence.
Ther e i s nof or mof t ai l or
s t abi l i zi ng r i ng.
SUSPENSI ON. Thought t o be car r i ed i n con-
t ai ner s .
35
GERMANEXPLOSIVEORDNANCE
36
TAIL
FIN
Fi gur e 41- - 50 4- Kg
HLHol l owChar ge Bomb
CAST
TNT
SHAPED
CHARGE
LINER
COLORANDMARKINGS
.
Two
yel l ows t r i pes ,

Body Lengt h :
7
3/ 4
i n.
di amet r i cal l y
oppos i t e, r un
l engt h of cas e.

St en-

Body Di amet er :
3%s
i n.
ci l i ng
i n bl ack on cas e
:

Wal l Thi cknes s :
s/ s
i n.
SB3.

Tai l Lengt h : 51/e i n.
114.

Tai l Wi dt h. :
3910
i n.
Wur f ur
AB36.

Fi l l i ng : TNT; TNT- RDX( 46/ 54) .
10 bb242
.

_ - ,

Wei ght of Fi l l i ng : 12 oz.
9
1/ 4
REMARKS.

Capt ur ed document s
have poi nt ed

Tot al Wei ght :

8. 11
Ib.
t o
t he exi s t ence
of t he 3- kg
SB3butr onl y one
s pec-

Chg/ Wt . Rat i o:

.
Fuzi ng : Z
( 66) .
i men has
been f ound.
OP
1666
CONSTRUCTION. The bomb i s cas t i r on and
SD4
HL
HOLLOWCHARGE
ANTIPERSONNEL

cons i s t s of a body i nt o whi ch i s s cr ewed t he nos e
ANDVEHICLEBOMB

cap andt he mal e bas e pl at e. Acopper pl at ed s t eel
DATA:

s pr i ng f i t s i nt o a r eces s machi nedi n t he bas e pl at e
andbear s
agai ns t a
pl as t i c i gni t er hol der
cont ai n-
Over - al l
Lengt h :
12i /g i n.

i ng an el ect r i c det onat or -

The i gni t er hol der f i t s
over a brown pl ast i c
i nsul at i ng adapt er
whi ch
houses t he gai ne
andhas t wo t ermi nal s t o
whi ch
t he wi re l eads of t he
det onat or are
connect ed.
Twoel ect ri c
l eads are connect ed
t o t he t ermi nal s
TYPE
1
Fi gure 4Z-SDl t ?A
Ant i personnel Bomb
andarel ed
al ongt hei nsi de of t he
body t o t he
nose
f uze. A81 °
t runcat ed
coni cal -shaped st eel l i ner
i s f l anged at i t s
base, t he f l ange bei ng sl ot t ed at
t hreepoi nt s t o
accommodat et het wo el ect ri c l eads
TYPE
2
BOMBS
3
7
GERMANEXPLOSI VEORDNANCE
38
Fi gure 43--5D
10CAnti personnel
Bomb
and the
l ocati ng pi n. The expl osi ve
f i l l i ng
i s
poured
through the base of the body around
the
cone. Apl asti c support i s secured
between the
f l ange of the cone andthe
nose pi ece. Twohol es
are dri l l ed through thi s
support f or the termi nal
pi ns of the f uze to whi ch the el ectri c
l eads are
sol dered. Thef uzeseats onashoul der i n
thenose
and
i s secured by a f uze retai ner ri ng
whi ch has
ei ght
outl et vents. ( Seef i g. 41
. )
Thetai l i s sheet steel . I t i s of the ri ng
strut
type
wi th f our l ongi tudi nal struts spot
wel ded.
Each strut f orms one segment of the
tai l cone.
Thetai l i s secured to the body by means
of f our
prongs punched i ntocorrespondi ngrecesses
i n the
bomb
body.
On i mpact, the ( 66) f uze i nduces
an el ectri c
current whi ch passes vi a the el ectri c
l eads to the
detonator
. Thesqui bi s thereby f i red,
setti ng of f
thegameand thecharge.
SUSPENSI ON:
74bombsi n AB500-1contai ner.
40
bombsi n
AB
250contai ner.
Bombs are
packed nose i n tai l , thus i ncreasi ng
f uzesaf ety.
COLORANDMARKI NGS. Buf f or f awn
col or
over-al l . Themarki ng"SD4HL" i s stenci l l ed
on
the body. I t i s presumed the Hmeans
Hohl or
hol l ow, andLstands f or Ladungor charge.
SD1 OATYPES1, I I , ANDSD1OFRZ
ADAPTED
DATA
FRENCHBOMB
Over-al l Length : 21. 6 i n.
Body Length . 12. 7 i n.
Body Di ameter : 3. 4 i n.
Wal l Thi ckness: 0. 6 i n.
Tai l Length : 8. 5i n.
Tai l Wi dth : 4. 7 i n.
Fi l l i ng: TNT
;
Amatol 60/ 40.
Fuzi ng
:
Z( 66) ; AZC
10
( Hut) * ( 3) .
OP
1666
CONSTRUCTI ON
T

I : Thecase, paral l el -si ded, i s constructed
of cast steel termi nati ngi n a shal l owdomeat the
base.

Thenose of thebomb, whi ch i s thi cker, i s
tapped toaccommodatethef uzeandhastwohol es
burred transversel y f or grubscrews to secure the
f uze.

( See f i g. 42. )
TreeI I : Thebomb
i s constructedwi th adoubl e
casi ng of drawn steel . The space between the
i nner and t he out er s hel l s i s
cl os el y packed wi t h
s t eel pel l et s s et i n concr et e.

The
pel l et s ar e cubes ,
havi ng
s i des
of
about 7mm.

The over - al l t hi ck-
nes s of t he bomb cas e i s about 0. 6 i nch.
The out er
s hel l i s 2mm. t hi ck andhas a nos e pi ece i nt egr al
wi t h i t .

I t i s cl os ed at t he bas e by a s t eel
di s k over
whi ch t he s hel l i s f ol ded. The i nner s hel l i s
3- mm.
t hi ck and t er mi nat es at t he bas e i n t he f or m
of a
t r uncat ed
cone.
The
t wo s hel l s
ar e s car f j oi nt ed
t oget her j us t behi nd t he nos e.
Four s t eel s up-
por t s ar ewel dedbet ween t he i nner and
out er wal l s
of t he nos e andact as s pacer s .
The SD10FRZ
Fr ench bomb
i s ver y s i mi l ar t o
Ger man Type I . The t ai l i s cons t r uct ed
of f our
s heet s t eel pr es s i ngs wel ded t oget her , each pr es s -
i ng f or mi ng a s egment
of t he t ai l
cone andonef i n.
The t ai l i s s ecur ed
by f our r i vet s
and f our i nden-
t at i ons .
For Types I and I T, a l ong expl oder s ys t emi s
us ed when t he f i l l i ng
i s TNT
. Thi s cons i s t s of
a nor mal gai ne; one pent hr i t e pel l et , t wo com-
pr es s ed TNTpel l et s and one phos phor us pel l et .
I ' he mai n f i l l i ngt er mi nat ed about 1. 9 i nches f r om
t he nos e and s o per mi t s t he us e of t he AZC
10
( Hut ) * ( 3) f uze. The Z ( 66) f uze' s
gai ne f i t s
onl y par t l y i n t he expl oder pocket .
When
t he
mai n
f i l l i ng i s 60/ 40
amat ol , a s hor t
expl oder s ys t emi s us ed wi t h a nor mal gai ne and
one pent hr i t e
pel l et . The bomb i s
f i l l ed t o wi t hi n
1. 2 i nches of t he nos e
s o t he
t 1ZC10 ( Hut ) * ( 3)
f uze cannot be us ed.
SUSPENSI ON. Sevent een of t hes e bombs
ar e
car r i ed i n t he
AB250- 2cont ai ner .
COLOR
.
Body and t ai l uni t ar e
ol i ve gr een.
Body has Dl OA13or 14 s t enci l l ed i n bl ack on
i t .
Tai l has 4 r ed s t r i pes down cone bet ween
f i ns .
Type I I has 1/2
i nch r ed s t r i pes on
out er edge of
t ai l f i ns .
SD 10C
) ATA
Over - al l Lengt h : 20. 5 i n.
Body
Lengt h : 12. 2i n.
Body Di amet er : 3. 0 i n.
Wal l Thi cknes s : 0. 55 i n.
Tai l Lengt h :
9 . 4 i n.
Tai l Wi dt h : 3i n.
Wei ght of Fi l l i ng: 0. 75 kg appr ox.
Tot al Wei ght . 7 kg appr ox.
Chg/ Wt
. , Rat i o : 11%appr ox.
Fuzi ng:
EAZ
( 66) A
T
__- WkJEEX__
SUSPENSI ON
LUG
Fi gur e 44- 1x- Kg
5C10 Concr et e Bomb
BOMBS
39
GERMAN
EXPLOSI VE
ORDNANCE
CONSTRUCTI ON
. The cast st eel body of t he
bomb i s cl osed
at t he t ai l by a sheet st eel pl at e
shr unk
i n posi t i on
. Ext er nal l y t he t ai l endi s ma-
chi ned
t o f or ma seat i ng f or t he t ai l
uni t . Ni ne
angul ar gr ooves,
machi ned i n t hebodyensur e
good
Fi gur e
43- SD15- Kg
Conver t edGer man Shel f
Bomb
f r agment at i on.
The f uze adapt er ,
i nt er nal l y
t hr eaded t o
accept t heai r f l ow cont r ol
r i ng of t he
f uze EAZ
( 66) A, i s shr unk i nt o
a r ecess
f or med
i n t he
nose of t hebomb body. The
mai n
f i l l i ng i s
r ecessed at t he nose end t o
accommodat e
a l ong
gai ne. ( Seef i g.
43. )
Thet ai l uni t ,
secur ed t o t he bomb
body by
f our
i ndent at i ons, i s f or med
of f our si mi l ar
sheet met al
pr essi ngs r i vet ed
t oget her .
SUSPENSI ON.
28 bombs i n a AB250- 2
con-
t ai ner .
COLOR
ANDMARKI NGS. Khaki
over al l .
St enci l ed on body, SD10C.
1249
.
SC10 CONCRETEBOMB
DATA
Over - al l
Lengt h; 23. 0 i n .
Body Lengt h: 12. 75i n.
Body
Di amet er : 3. 25 i n.
Wal l Thi ckness : 0. 5 i n.
Tai l Lengt h: 9. 0 i n.
Tai l Wi dt h: 5. 0 i n.
Fi l l i ng: TNT.
Wei ght of Fi l l i ng : 0
. 9kg.

'
Tot al Wei ght .
0. 12 kg.
CHG/WT
Rat i o :
7. 5%.
Fuzi ng : AZC
10 ( hut ) * ( 3) nose f uze.
OP 1666
CONSTRUCTI ON. Ther e
ar e t wo t ypes of t hi s
bomb: ( 1) Af or ged or cast body wi t h
base an i n-
t egr al
par t of body. The nose i s
t hr eaded t o
r ecei ve
t he f uze; ( 2) Abody consi st i ng of
t wo
casi ngs
each 0. 1 i nch t hi ck, wel ded t oget her , t he
space
bet ween bei ng f i l l ed wi t h smal l st eel
pel l et s
i mbedded i n concr et e.
The
t ai l i s of sheet st eel .

I t has f our f i ns wel ded
t o cone.

Conesecur ed t o body by r i vet s or scr ews .
( See
f i g.
44. )
SUSPENSI ON.

Ver t i cal i n cl ust er s
of f i ve
.
COLOR.
Thebody andt ai l assembl y ar e
pai nt ed
dar k gr ey.
REMARKS.
Asi de f r om
t he
f uze, f uze adapt er
and
mar ki ngs, t he SC10 bomb i s t he same
bomb
as t he
SD
1A_
SD15
CONVERTEDGERMANPROJ ECTI LE
BOMB
DATA:
Over - al l Lengt h: 24. 2 i n.
MOD A a

MOD c a
MODC

MOOD

MOD
Fi gure4d--SBe5O-KgConcrete Bomb
GERMANEXPLOSI VEORDNANCE
Body
Length: 15. 5 i n
.
Body
Di ameter ; 4. 1
i n,
Wal l Thi ckness : 9/ 22 i n. nose to 1 i n. i nbase.
Tai l Length: 12. 4 i n.
Tai l
Wi dth: 3. 75 i n.
Fuzi ng: EAZ( 66) A.
CONSTRUCTI ON
. The bomb body i s a con-
ver ted 105- mmhowi tzer
pr oj ecti l e. ( See f i g. 45
. )
I t i s f or med
of ahol l ow si ngl e pi ece steel casti ng,
i nter nal l y
thr eaded at the nose end to accommo
date the ai r f l ow
contr ol r i ng.

Themai n
f i l l i ng
i s
shapedat thenose
toaccommodate an
NP
10 Ger -
42
Fi gur e 47"
- SBe250- Kg
Concr ete Bomb
Total Wei ght : 49- - 52 kg.
Fuzi ng- 55.
OP
1656
man pr oj ecti l e gni ne whi ch i s encl osed
i n a car d-
boar dsheath.
The
tai l uni t i s of sheet steel and i s f or med
of
f our si mi l ar
secti ons spot wel dedtogether tof or m
the tai l
cone and f our f i ns . The f our f i ns ar e
br aced at thei r r ear ends by a ci r cul ar
stabi l i zi ng
str ut. Thetai l uni t i s secur edtothebomb body
by
cr i mpi ng wi thi n an annul ar gr oove machi ned
i n
the bomb body.
SUSPENSI ON. I t i s r epor tedthat 24
bombs ar e
par r i edi nanAB500- 1Dcontai ner .
COLOR
.
Body i s dar k gr een wi th khaki - col or ed
tai l
.
SBe CONCRETEBOMB150- kg Al , Al l , C, CI I ,
D, El
Fi l l i ng:
I n ear l i est speci mens,
TNT.

I n al l l ater speci -
mens a naphthal ene expl osi ve mi xtur e.
Thi s l atter i s
a l ower per f or mance expl osi ve,
used
per haps
f or
better f r agmentati on.
CONSTRUCTI ON.
The
concr ete wal l s i n al l
these- model s ar e l oaded wi th smal l f r agments of
scr ap metal : ( See f i g. 46. ) The expl osi ve f i l l i ng
of the model A1 i s sur r ounded by a thi n sheet
metal contai ner whi ch acts as a f or mer f or the
concr ete. Thef r agmentati on ef f ect of thi s bomb
was appar entl y unsati sf actor y, owi ngto excessi ve
wei ght of expl osi ve causi ng pul ver i zati on of the
concr ete. Anattempt was made to i mpr ove i t i n
Model Cbyr educi ng the wei ght of the expl osi ve
andi ncr easi ng thethi ckness of concr ete whi l esti l l
r etai ni ngthemetal expl osi ve contai ner. Af ur ther
modi f i cati on
.
al ongthese l i nes was
made i n Model
D, but i t seems that the quanti ty of expl osi ve
had
been r educed
to too
l ow a
l i mi t, andi n Model E
the wei ght
of
expl osi ve
i s i ncr easedi n amount to
be
the sameas Model C. Themetal expl osi ve con-
tai ner ,
however , has been di spensedwi th, andthe
concr ete
has been
pr ecast
on
a gr i dded
steel r od
f r amewor k. Thesteel f r amewor k
i s wel ded to
a
cast . steel pl ug at the nose anda cast steel r i ng
at the tai l . The tai l s ar e of sheet steel . Ear l y
DATA
Al Al l C CI I D E
Over - al l Length___ 42"5 42: ` 9 43"1 42". 7 43". 1 43. "1
Body Length_____ 35' . ' 6 ____ 2870 28"6 28"7 28"7
Body Di ameter __- 7 19 7 . 79 779 779 7 : "9 7"9
Wal l Thi ckness___ '. ' 9 ____ 176 175 2 . "0 175
Tai l Length______ 1670 ____ 16"1 1VT 1e"1 1671
Tai l Wi dth- - - - - - - 11". 0 __- - 11. 70 1174 111. 1 0 11"0
model s had t he t ai l set i n concr et e
. I nt er model s
have a det achabl e t ai l .
SUSPENSI ON. Ver t i cal or hor i zont al suspen-
si on i s used.
COLOR.

Br i ght gr een
over
al l .
SBe 250- kg CONCRETE BOMB
DATA:
Over - al l
Lengt h : 64%6 i n .
Body Di amet er : 145/8 i n .
Wal l Thi ckness :
21/ s
i n .
Tai l Lengt h : 2413, '
16
i n .
Tai l Wi dt h: 20 i n .
Fi l l i ng: Ammoni umni t r at e wi t h a smal l per -
cent age of wood meal and al umi num. Ther e
i s al so a col umn of TNTpel l et s.
Wei ght of Fi l l i ng: 46kg.
Tot al Wei ght : 250kg.
Chg/ Wgt . Rat i o: 18%.
Fuzi ng: ( 55) or ( 25) B.
CONSTRUCTI ON. The
bomb body
consi st s of
a1/$ i nch met al expl osi ve cont ai ner . Sur r oundi ng
t hecont ai ner i s a 2- i nch concr et e apr on wi t h scr ap
st eel i mbedded t hr oughout . Asi ngl e t r ansver se
f uze
pocket i s used.

Amet al pi ece 3, 1,
s
- i nch
t hi ck
of saucer shape, i s t he nose pi ece f or bomb
.

( See
hg.
47. )
Thet ai l i s sheet st eel wi t h f our si ngl e br aces.
SUSPENSI ON. Hor i zont al . Thel ug i s at t ached
t o t he t r unni on band whi ch i s r emovabl e.
COLOR. Bl ue gr een over - al l . St enci l ed i n bl ack
bet ween t r unni on band and f uze pocket .
LF
SBcC
105/ 40
For war d
of
t r unni on band, t wi ce, 180° apar t
110
On
nose
: -
25
B
SA4, 000- kg
DATA:
Over - al l
Lengt h ; 175

i n.
Body
Lengt h: 1381/2 i n.
Fi gur e
48- SA4000- Kg
Bomb
BOMBS
BodyDi amet er : 371/ 2
i n .
Wal l
Thi ckness :
1/8
i n .
Fi l l i ng: Mat r i x
50/ 50 amat ol bi scui t s ; al umi -
num/ wax/ RDX.
Tot al Wei ght :
Appr oxi mat el y 9, 000l b.
CONSTRUCTI ON. Bomb i s made
i n f i ve sec-
t i ons. Thecent r al sect i on i s 2f eet
4%i nches l ong
and r emai ni ng sect i ons ar e 1
f oot 101/¢i nches l ong.
Sect i ons ar e
cyl i ndr i cal i n shape andof sheet st eel
const r uct i on
.

( See
f i g. 48. )
43
GERMANEXPLOSI VEORDNANCE
Each sect i on has
ends
cl osed by aci r cul ar st eel
pl at e i n whi ch si x hol es ar e dr i l l ed and si x st eel
t ubes wel ded i nt o posi t i on . When t he f i ve sect i ons
ar e assembl ed, si x t i e r ods ar e passed t hr ough
t he
st eel
t ubes and secur ed at t he
ext r eme ends of t he
bombby a washer and t wo nut s .
Acent r al expl oder
t ube i s
f or med i n each sec-
t i on i n t he
same manner as t he
connect i ng t ubes.
Twent y- f our pi cr i c aci d pel l et s ar e st owed i n t he
expl oder
t ube of t he cent r al sect i on and 18
pel l et s
i n each of t he ot her expl oder t ubes. Expl oder
44
Fi gur e 49- 1400- Kg Bomben Tor pedo
OP 1666
t ubes ar e
cl osed at
each end
by
a car dboar d
di sc
hel d i n posi t i on
by a
t hr eaded washer .
Aci r cul ar
f el t
pad i s
pl aced bet ween each
sect i on
when bomb i s assembl ed.
Thr ee f i l l i ng hol es ar e
pr ovi ded i n each
sect i on.
The nose f ai r i ng consi st s
of
a t r uncat ed coni cal
sect i on t o whi ch i s
wel ded a convex sect i on
; an
i nt er nal l y t hr eaded col l ar i s wel ded t o t he convex
sect i on. Ast eel t ube 3 f eet 11/4 i nches l ong i s
scr ewed i nt o t hi s col l ar . Thr ee si mi l ar col l ar s at
an angl e
of
120° t o each ot her ar e posi t i oned o$
cent er
on t he
convex sect i on. Thr ee st eel t ubes
91/s
i nches l ong
ar e scr ewed i nt o t hese col l ar s .
The
t r uncat ed
coni cal
sect i on of t he nose f ai r i ng
i s
r ecessed at ei ght poi nt s t o accommodat e bol t s
whi ch secur e
f ai r i ng t o bomb.
The ends of t he l ong and t hr ee smal l t ubes ar e
f i t t ed wi t h st eel cl osi ng pl ugs .
At r ansver se f uze pocket i s l ocat ed i n t he cent r al
sect i on. Fuze pocket appear s t o t er mi nat e at
cent r al expl oder t ube.
No f uze has
been f ound wi t h t he bomb but t he
t hr eaded
hol es
i n
t he st eel cl osi ng pl ugs accept t he
nose swi t ch
of
t he ( 55) Af uze . Al so, t her e ar e
sl ot s i n t he t r uncat ed coni cal
sect i on
of
t he
nose
t hat may be f or el ect r i c cabl e
l eads . Locat i ng
r i ng at t ached t o each bomb i s
of nor mal t ype and
not of sl ot t ed t ype used
wi t h ( 55) Af uze-
Ei ght
bol t s
whi chscr ewi nt o t he ext er nal pl at e
of t he af t er . sect i on appear t o be f or at t achment of
a t ai l uni t , but no t ai l uni t was f ound.
SUSPENSI ON.

The cent r al sect i on i s
f i t t ed wi t h
a suspensi on l ug.
Lug bei ng capabl e of l i mi t ed
l at er al r ot at i on. Sect i on
i s al so r ecessed and
t hr eaded at si des f or
f i t t i ng
of
t r unni ons.
COLORANDMARKI NGS.
Fawn col or ed over -
al l , sect i ons ar e mar ked
1, 11, I I I , I V, and V.
SA4000i s pai nt ed
i n l ar ge bl ack l et t er s on t he
body. The l et t er Vpl us
ser i al number of bomb
i s al so pr esent . The
t hr ee speci mens exami ned
wer e 2, 3, and
7.
BT ( BOMBEN
TORPEDO)
GENERAL. The ai r cr af t
t or pedo i s an expensi ve
compl i cat ed weapon. The pr opor t i on of
expl osi ve
wei ght i s l ow. Mass pr oduct i on. i s l engt hy and
expensi ve. I n addi t i on pr esent day per f or mances
of t or pedo engi nes l i mi t t he speed and r ange of t he
pr oj ect i l e. Bot h of t hese i t ems ar e essent i al s f or
accur acy and saf et y f r omant i ai r cr af t f i r e.
Ar el at i vel y si mpl e
weapon
woul d r esul t wer e
t he t or pedo engi ne and
t he
cont r ol gear omi t t ed.
I f t hi s si mpl i f i ed
weapon wer e l aunched so t hat
t he gr eat er por t i on
of t he di st ance t o t he t ar get
was cover ed t hr ough
t he ai r , as wi t h an or di nar y
bomb, t he i ni t i al
speed of l aunch woul d be r e-
t ai ned over
near l y al l t he r ange. The pr oj ect i l e
woul d ent er t he
wat er j ust shor t of t he t ar get and
car r y on i n t he
di r ect i on of i t s f l i ght i n ai r by
r eason of i t s
moment umi n t he same way as does
a t or pedo. To
pr event i t f r omgoi ng t oo deep be-
f or e det onat i on, a
r el at i vel y f l at angl e of ent r y i nt o
t he wat er
i s necessar y .
Such a
weapon was devel oped i n Ger many dur -
i ngt he cl osi ng
mont hs of t he war , andi t was cal l ed
t he
Bomben Tor pedo. I t combi nes t he char act er -
i st i cs of t he bomb t o t r avel a l ong
di st ance i n a
shor t t i me i nt er val wi t h t he
char act er i st i cs of a
t or pedo i n t hat under - wat er
t r avel el i mi nat es
r ange
er r or s.
DETAI LS. The BT
was devel oped i n f our si zes :
200 kg, 400 kg, 700 kg, and
t he 1, 400 kg. They al l
i ncor por at ed t he same
gener al shape andconst r uc-
t i on, and we' r e
ent i r el y
of st eel . They
wer e con-
st r uct ed
i n t hr ee
pi eces ; t he war head ( t wo
sect i ons)
and t he t ai l sect i on
.

( See
f i g
. 49. )

The
f or war dsect i on
of t he war head
was i n t he shape of
a t r uncat ed cone,
andt he af t er sect i on
of t he war -
head was cyl i ndr i cal
. The t r ansver se
f uze pocket
was l ocat ed i n t he
cyi ndr i cal sect i on
j ust af t t he
poi nt
wher e t he t wo
sect i ons
wer e wel ded t oget her .
The
suspensi on l ug
T- t ype, was
secur ed t o t he
war head
j ust f or war d
of t hi s wel d at t he
cent er
of gr avi t y
.
TAI L
SECTI ON. The t ai l
sect i on was al so i n
t he shape
of a t r uncat ed
cone . Ther e wer e
t hr ee
ver y l ar ge
f i ns spaced 120°
apar t at t he
af t er end
of t he sect i on
. Thi s t ype
of t ai l pr ovi ded
excel l ent
st abi l i t y f or
t he bombwhi l e
i t was i n t he ai r .

The
. ai l sect i on was
secur ed t o
t he af t er sect i on
of t he
war head
i n such a
manner t hat
when t he mi ssi l e
st r uck
t he wat er ,
i t was j et t i soned
.
Ear l y i n t he
exper i ment s,
a BT1000 was wor ked
on and t hi s mi ssi l e
had a
r ocket mot or i nsi de t he
t ai l sect i on. Thi s
i dea
was soon dr opped as
i t
pr oved i mpr act i cal
f or t he
mi ssi l e.
FUZI NGSYSTEM
. Amagnet i c
f uze whi ch r e-
act s
t o t he var i abl e
magnet i c f i el d of
a shi p i s
necessar y f or t he
most successf ul
posi t i on of det -
onat i on under
t he
keel
of
t he shi p.
Wor k on t hi s
899784 o- 47- vol .
3 - 4
BOMBS
aspect
of t he bomb was f oundt o be f ar f r om
com-
pl et e. The
suscept i bi l i t y t o di st ur bances and
t he
r eact i on
capaci t y of such f uzes had not been
i n-
vest i gat ed t hor oughl y
ei t her .
A
magnet i c pr ox-
i mi t y f uze, however , i s necessar y
f or gr eat er
r el ease
r anges and f or cur ved
under wat er t r a-
j ect or i es.
Good
det onat i on posi t i ons can be achi eved
wi t h
st r ai ght under wat er t r avel i f
t he f uze i s set t o
go of f
af t er a speci f i c di st ance
t hr ough t he wat er .
The
angl e of ent r y must nat ur al l y
not be al t er ed
as t he
under wat er t r avel depends on t he
angl e of
ent r y
. The t i me del ay
set on t he f uze canbe de-
t er mi ned most si mpl y by assumi ng - a
const ant
t i me
f or under wat er t r avel .
I n desi gni ng t he f uze syst em, t he
f ol l owi ng
poi nt s must be bor ne i n mi nd. An
i mpact f uze
wi t h or wi t hout del ay i s r equi r ed f or
di r ect hi t s
on t he shi p. Fur t her , t he speed
and r ange of r e-
l ease must be f unct i oned ver y accur at el y
f or a pr e-
set t i me as t he t ol er ance of pl us or
mi nus 0. 1
second can onl y be achi eved wi t h a cl ockwor k
f uze .
Fi nal l y, t he
t ai l sect i on must be j et t i soned by
ex-
pl osi ve bol t s
or by some ot her adequat e
met hod
on i mpact wi t h
t he wat er .
UNDERWATERBEHAVI OR. The bombmust
i n no event
r i cochet of f t he wat er not even i n f l at
angl es of ent r y,
but must cont i nue wi t hout devi a-
t i on of i t s pat h of ent r y.
I t i s known t hat wi t h ogi val noses, as seen
i n
t he
i l l ust r at i on of t he BT1400, a bombwi l l
r i co-
chet
of f t he wat er when i t st r i kes at a f l at angl e.
By usi ng
a f l at nose, as seen i n t he i l l ust r at i on of
t he
BT700, or bet t er yet by usi ng a spoi l er pl at e,
t hi s
r i cochet at f l at angl es i s def i ni t el y avoi ded.
The
f r ont al sur f ace of t he spoi l er pl at e i s made
i n
t he f or mof a sect i on of a spher e of r adi us,
equi vel ent t o t he di st ance bet ween t he sur f ace of
t he spoi l er
pl at e and t he bomb cent er of gr avi t y .
As t he f l ow
of f or ce i s pr act i cal l y per pendi cul ar
t o t he upper sur f ace of t he
body
when
i t i s awash,
t he r esul t i ng f l ow of f or ce must go t hr ough
t he
cent er of gr avi t y and
t hus
i t
causes no t ur ni ng
moment .
Aspoi l er pl at e
wi t h t he same di amet er as t he
bombhowever ,
has a hi gh wat er dr ag. The i deal
si t uat i on i s t o have
t he si ze of t he pl at e l ess t han
t he gr eat est cal i ber
of
t he
bombbody andsoshaped
t hat
onl y t he spoi l er pl at e and no ot her
par t
st r i kes
t he sur f ace
of t he wat er at f l at angl es of
ent r y.
45
GERMANEXPLOSI VEORDNANCE
46
AI RCRAFT TOWEDPARAVANEBOMB( 2
kg)
DATA:
Over - al l Lengt h : 15
. 7
i n.
Lengt h of Bomb: 3. 4
i n.
BodyDi amet er : 3. 2 i n.
Wal l Thi ckness
: 3/s i n.
Tot al
Wei ght : 6. 5 l b.
Fuzi ng: ( 70) B.
CONSTRUCTI ON. The assembl y i s
compr i sed
of t he
Par avane body, t he bomb, andt he modi f i ed
( 70)
Bf uze .

( See f i g. 50. )
The par avane
bodyi s a sheet - st eel
cone, f or med
of t wo sect i ons
wel ded t oget her . At
i t s r ear end,
f our sheet
st eel t ai l f i ns ar e wel ded t o t he cone.
Equal l y
spaced ar ound t he cone, f or war dof
t he
t ai l f i ns, ar e
dr i l l ed f our
l ongi t udi nal r ows of si x
1/8 i nch hol es,
t wo of t hese r ows
bei ng dr i l l ed
sl i ght l y f or war d of t he ot her t wo. The pur pose
of t hese hol es' i s not known.
Towar ds t he end
of
t he cone ar e wel ded f our
equal l y spaced met al pl anes of ai r f oi l cr oss- sect i on.
Theyar e of f set
t o
t he l ongi t udi nal axi s of t he cone.
To one pl ane
i s
wel ded
a
met al
eye
whi ch f or ms
an anchor f or t he t owi ng; l ug.
The f r ont
endof t he cone has a Tsl ot , f or mi ng
t wo
l ugs, t o each of whi ch i s wel ded a boss, one
boss bei ngscr ew- t hr eaded t o accept t he t ensi oni ng
scr ew, t he whol e f or mi ng
a
ci r cl i p by means of
Fi gur e 50- - 2- Kg
Ai r pl ane TowedPar avane
Bomb
OP 1666
whi cht he bomb
i s secur ed t o t he par avane
body.
The bomb
consi st s of a cyl i ndr i cal ' i r on
cast i ng,
open at one
endandf i l l ed wi t h H. E. The
f i l l i ng
i s shaped
t o accommodat e t he
f uze bodyandgai ns.
A
seat i ngi s f or medwi t hi n t he
upper wal l of t he
cast i ng f or t he ( 70) Bf uze
. Above t hi s seat i ng
t he wal l i s bui l t up t o
f or ma bayonet t ype socket
t o secur e t he f uze i n a
si mi l ar manner t o t hat i n
S.
D. 2- kgbombs
.
SUSPENSI ON
. The bombi s suspended
hor i zon-
t al l y by a boss
wel ded t o t he f or war d endof
t he
cone.
COLOR
AND
MARKI NGS. The t ai l andPar a-
vane cone
ar e pai nt ed dar k
gr een; t he bodyi s yel -
l owwi t h a r edst r i pe .
I NCENDI ARY,
SMOKE, ANDPRACTI CE
BOMBS
f NTRODUCZZON
. I ncendi ar y, smoke and
pr ac-
t i ce bombs ar e cover ed
i n t hi s sect i on. They ar e
f or t he most par t l i ke
t he hi gh- expl osi ve bombs
i n appear ance but have f or
t hei r mai n f i l l i ng el e-
ment s ot her t han hi gh expl osi ve
.
I ncendi ar y
bombs r ange i n si ze f r omt he 1- kg
magnesi um
bomb t o t he 500- kg oi l
f i l l ed f l am.
The smal l er t ypes
ar e or di nar i l y
car r i ed i n con-
t ai ner s andt he l ar ger bombs
ar e car r i ed i n bomb
r acks l i ke a si mi l ar si ze
hi gh expl osi ve bomb.
B- 1 ( 1. 3)EZB
STRI KER
DE70NATOR
EXPLOSI VE'
POCKET
The1- and
2- kg magnesi um
bombs of tenhave
a
amal l
anti personnel charge
i ncorporated
i n the
bombtodi scourage
f i ref i ghters.
Thel arger
types,
MODI FI ED
FUZE
Fi gure51- - 1- KgB1E,
B1EZE, B1EZB
I ncendi ary Bomb
BOMBS
al so, usual l y
have a smal l expl osi vecharge
but
thi s i s f or
thepurposeof scatteri ngthe
i ncendi ary
mi xture.
47
GERMANEXPLOSI VEORDNANCE
4
8
Smokebombs
al so
ar e usual l y of convent i onal
si z e and appear ance. They have. & f uz e, usual l y
- mechani cal , desi gned t ooper at e on i mpact , whi ch
i gni t es a
smoke pr oduci ng composi t i on
.
Fi gur e52- - 2- Kg B2EZI ncendi ar y Bomb
RELAY
BOOSTER
PROTECHNI CDELAYTRAI N
SAFETY
PI NHOLE
I NERTI A BLOCK
DELAY FUSE
OP
1666
Pr act i ce bombs ar e cheapl y
const r uct ed. The
gr eat maj or i t y
ar e bui l t of concr et e, a not abl e
except i on bei ng t he
r ocket assi st ed pr act i ce bomb
whi ch i s al most i dent i cal
except f or expl osi ve
char ge wi t h t he
hi gh expl osi ve bomb. They ar e
bui l t t o
si mul at e t he ser vi ce bomb i n handl i ng
and bal l i st i cs .
Most pr act i ce bombs have ei t her
f l ar e or
a smoke pr oduci ng
at t achment i ncor po-
r at ed
i nt o t he bombi n such a
way as t o mar k t he
poi nt
of i mpact of t he bomb.
1- kg and 1 . 3- kg
I NCENDI ARYBOMBS
DATA:
Over - al l Lengt h :
13. 54 i n .
Body Lengt h :
9. 75
i n .
Body
Di amet er : 2. 0 i n .
Wal l Thi ckness : 3/8
i n .
Tai l Lengt h : 4. 75
i n .
Tai l Wi dt h :
2. 0 i n .
Type of Fi l l i ng
:
Ther mi t e.
CONSTRUCTI ON
. The body
i s a cyl i ndr i cal
al l oy
cast i ng,
t hr eaded i nt er nal l y
at
t he
nose t o
r ecei ve
t he f uze
hol der and f uze.
The af t er body
i s
t aper ed t o
r ecei ve t he sheet
met al , t hr ee- f i nned
dr um- shr ouded
t ai l assembl y.
The 1. 3- kg and 1-
kg
bombs ar e
i dent i cal except
t hat t he nose of t he
f or mer
i s made of st eel ,
whi l e t hat of t he
l at t er i s
of l i ght al l oy.

( See f i g. 51. )
REMARKS
. Ther e ar e t hr ee
bombs t o each set ,
as f ol l ows
:
1. Bl Eand
BL3E: Fuze i gni t es
an i ncendi ar y
mi xt ur e.
2. BI EZA
and
B1. 3EZA: Bombi s i dent i cal
t o
1, but a pent hr i t e
f i l l ed
gai ne, t hr eaded i nt o t he
t ai l , det onat es
t her mal l y
i n about 5 mi nut es .
3.
BI EZBand
B1. 3EZB: These ar e
si mi l ar t o
par agr aph
1 but a pent hr i t e
f i l l ed pocket i n
t he
nose
det onat es t her mal l y
af t er about 1/2
t o
5
mi nut es .
SUSPENSI ON.
These bombs
ar e car r i ed i n a
number
of di f f er ent si zes
and t ypes
of cont ai ner s .
COLORAND
MARKI NGS. The
bomb i s un-
pai nt ed
magnesi um;
t he t ai l i s dar k
gr een. The
BI EZA
and t he
BUEZAmay have a r ed A
st en-
ci l ed
on t he nose and
pr obabl y wi l l
have
a
Z
st amped on t he
body
near
t he t ai l . The BI EZB
and t he B1. 3EZB
may
have a r ed Bst enci l ed
on
t he nose and
a Z
st amped on t he
body near t he
t ai l .
2- kg B2EZ
I NCENDI ARY
BOMB
DATA:
Over - al l
Lengt h . 20 . 75
i n.
Body
Lengt h : 12. 25 i n .
BOMBS
Body Di amet er : 2. 0 i n .
Wal l Thi ckness :
?as
i n .
Tai l Lengt h . 9. 5 i n .
Tai l
Wi dt h; 2. 0 i n .
Type
of Fi l l i ng : I ncendi ar y- Ther mi t e
H. E.
Pent hr i t e
and Wax.
Fuzi ng : AZ( 63) .
CONSTRUCTI ON
.

Thi s bombconsi st s of t hr ee
mai n component s :
a t ai l uni t , an i ncendi ar y body,
and an H. E. at t achment
. The i ncendi ar y
body
i s t aper ed
at t he af t er end
t o f i t i nt o t he l ong t ai l
cone
and i s r educed i n di amet er
at t he f or war d end
t o f i t i nt o t he
st eel H. E. cont ai ner . Ast eel
pl ug
i s
f i t t ed i nt o t he
af t er end of t he i ncendi ar y body,
whi l e
at t he f or war d end ar e l ocat ed
an i gni t er
pel l et ,
a di st ance pi ece, a r el ay pel l et
and a bl ack
powder
separ at i ng char ge and housi ng. ( See
f i g. 52. )
The H. E. cont ai ner accommodat es
t he pen-
t hr i t e char ge and t he f uze. The f uze
i s ar med by
a l ong
ar mi ng r od whi ch passes t hr ough t he
t ai l
sect i on
and l ocks a spr i ng- out saf et y pi n.
Amet al
wi nd cap,
or dr ogue, i s at t ached t o t he af t er end
of t he r ed.
SUSPENSI ON. These
bombs ar e car r i ed i n sev-
er al di f f er ent
si zes and t ypes of cont ai ner s .
COLOR
ANDMARKI NGS
.
The
i ncendi ar y
body i s pai nt ed ol i ve
gr een, t he t ai l dar k gr een,
and t he H. E. cont ai ner
bl ack,
unpai nt ed,
or dar k
r ed.
AZi s st amped on t he body near t he t ai l ,
and
a r ed Zi s st enci l ed on t he
nose.
2. 2. - kg B2. 2EZI NCENDI ARYBOMB
DATA:
Over - al l Lengt h : 20
. 75 i n .
Body Lengt h
:
9. 25
i n .
Body Di amet er
:
2. 0 i n .
Wal l Thi ckness : 3/Si n .
Tai l Lengt h : 4. 75 i n .
Tai l Wi dt h : 2. 0 i n .
Type of
Fi l l i ng : I ncendi ar y Ther mi t e H. E. :
TNT.
Fuzi ng : AZ8, 312B.
CONSTRUCTI ON. Thi s
bomb i s si mi l ar t o t he
1- kg i ncendi ar y bomb, wi t h
modi f i cat i ons t o t he
f uze cont ai ner . These al t er at i ons ar e : ext er nal
t hr eadi ng
on t he nose t o r ecei ve a sl eeve ; an addi -
t i onal
hol e t o r ecei ve a spr i ng- out saf et y pi n ; t he
- 7di t i on
of a t r ai n
of bur ni ngcomposi t i on l eadi ng
49
GERMANEXPLOSI VE
ORDNANCE
50
Fi gure 53--2. 2-Kg B2. 2EZ
I ncendi aryBomb
t ot he sl eeve. The sl eeve cont ai ns
a l engt h of
saf et y_ f use woundon a
met al spool . The H. E.
cont ai ner i s t hreaded
t o
t hebase of t hesl eeve and
cont ai ns adet onat or
t o
whi cht hesaf et yf usel eads.
( Seef i g.
53. )
OP 1666
SUSPENSI ON. These bombs
are carri ed i n sev-
era) di f f erent si zes andt ypes
of cont ai ners .
COLOR
ANDMARKI NGS.
The i ncendi ary
bomb
proper i s pni nt edgreen
over-ai l , t het ai l
uni t
i s pai nt ed
dark green; t he sl eeve i s unpai nt edand
t he H. E.
cont ai ner i s
pai nt ed bri ght red. The
l et t er Zi s st amped
on t he i ncendi ary
body near
t het ai l . .
SPRENGBRANDC50( 50-kg
I NCENDI ARY
BOMB)
DATA:
Over-al l Lengt h:
42. 5 i n.
Body
Lengt h : 28. 0 i n.
BodyDi amet er
: 8. 0 i n.
Wal l Thi ckness :
0. 15i n.
Tai l Lengt h :
18. 0 i n.
Tai l Wi dt h: 11
. 3 i n.
Type
of Fi l l i ng:
Burst er Charge: TNTFi re
Pot s : Thermi t e
i n el ect ron cont ai ners . Tri -
angul ar :
Tbermi t e Cont ai ners .
Wei ght
of Fi l l i ng:
20. 01bs. . TNT.
Tot al Wei ght :
75l bs. ( approx. )
Fuzi ng: ( 25) B
or ( 28) Ai mpact
f uzes ; ( 89)
Baeri al burst
f uze.
CONSTRUCTI ON
. Thi s bomb
i s si mi l ar t ot he
50-kgSCType
I I I i ni t s
ext ernal f eat ures, di f f er-
i ngonl yi nt hat
( 1) i t has a
si ngl e-pi ece machi ned
st eel case; ( 2)
t hebase
pl at ei s at t achedby al umi -
numshear
screws i nst -
.
. ad of st eel screws ; ( 3)
a
f i l l i ng pl ug
i s l ocat ed
i n t he nose of t he bomb
.
( Seef i g. 54. ) The
bombi s f i l l ed
wi t h TNTas f ar
back as t he
f uze pocket . Ast eel
di aphragmj ust
af t of t he f uze
pocket di vi des t he bomb
i nt ot wo
sect i ons .

I n
t he f uze pocket i s l ocat ed
abakel i t e
gai ne cont ai ni ng
a bl ack powder
bi scui t anda
st eel -encased
gai ne cont ai ni ng a
del ay pel l et and
det onat or, t he
whol eassembl ybei nghel di n
pl ace
i nt hebaseof t he
f uzepocket by al eaf spri ng.

A
hol el eads t hrough
t heaf t er si deof t hef uzepocket
and
t hrough t he st eel
di aphragmt oasi l k bagof
bl ack powder, whi ch
serves bot h as
t he i gni t i ng
andexpel l i ng
charge f or t he
remai ni ng cont ent s
of t he bombbody.
The i ncendi ary uni t s are
pl aced
aroundal ongt ri angul ar
hol l owst eel col -
umn.

Three doubl e gri ds are pl aced
i n annul ar
f ashi on
aroundt hi s col umn.

Each pai r of gri ds
has
f our orange-col oredbi scui t s of
hi ghl y i nf l am-
mabl emat eri al pressedbet ween
t hem. Thesebi s-
cui t s arei gni t edbyt hef l ash f romt he
bl ackpowder
axrwl l i ng
chargeand,
i n t urn, i gni t e t he smal l i n-
Fi gure54---Sprengbrand
C50Bomb
GERMAN
EXPLOSI VEORDNANCE
cendi ar y uni t s
di r ect l y and
t he qui ckmat ches of
t he si x
l ar ge uni t s . The
expl osi on of t he bl ack
powder char ge al so shear s
t he
al umi numscr ews
secur i ng t he base pl at e and
ej ect s t he
i ncendi ar y
el ement s over an ar ea of
about 100 yar ds
. About
1 second af t er
expul si on, t he del ay el ement
i n t he
boost er r eaches t he
det onat or and f i r es t he
TNT
char ge i n t he
nose
of
t he bomb.
52
BURSTERCHARGE
FUZE25AOR288
01 I NCENDI ARY
MI XTURE
Fi gur e SS-Fl amC250 ABomb
OP 1666
SUSPENSI ON.
The bomb may be suspended
ei t her hor i zont al l y
or ver t i cal l y by an eyebol t .
COLOR
ANDMARKI NGS.
The body and t ai l
may be
pai nt ed bl ue-gr ey or dar k
gr een, whi l e
t he
base pl ug
i s r ed. The smal l i ncendi ar y el ement s
ar e
pai nt ed br own, whi l e t he f i r epot s maybe br i ght
r ed or gr een.
REMARKS.
The bombcont ai ns,
besi des t he TNT
char ge, 6 f i r e
pot s and 67 smal l t r i angul ar met al
i ncendi ar y el ement s
.
250-kg
FLAMC250 A, FLAMC250
B,
and
FLAMC
250 C
I NCENDI ARY BOMB
DATA:
Over -al l Lengt h :
64. i n.
Body
Lengt h : 46. 75 i n.
Body Di amet er :
14. 0 i n.
Tai l Lengt h :
24. 75i n.
Tai l Wi dt h :
20. 0 i n.
Type of Fi l l i ng
. Oi l i ncendi ar y mi xt ur e and
TNTbur st i ng
char ge.
Fuzi ng : ( 25) Aor ( 28) B.
CONSTRUCTI ON
. The bomb,
cont ai ni ng an
oi l
mi xt ur e, consi st s of a st eel body
made of t wo
l ongi t udi nal hal ves wel ded and
cr i mped t oget her .
( See f i g. 55. ) The t hr ee bombs
ar e al most i dent i -
cal , di f f er i ng onl y i n
mi nor const r uct i onal
det ai l s.
The t ai l assembl y
di f f er s consi der abl y
f r omnor -
mnl Ger man
const r uct i on. The f our
f i ns ar e
r i vet ed
di r ect l y t o t he af t er coned
por t i on
of
t he
bomb body
and ar e secur ed t o each ot her
by
5/8
-
i nch
t ubul ar st r ut s .
COLOR
ANDMARKI NGS.
These bombs ar e
pai nt ed
dar k gr een
over -al l , wi t h t wo
5/8
-i nch
r ed st r i pes,
one ar ound
t he nose and one ar ound
t he mi ddl e of
t he body. "Fl amC
250 A( Bor C) ",
and al l f our
f i ns ar e si mi l ar l y
st amped. The sec-
ondar y mar ki ngs depend upon
t ype of f i l l i ng used
i n t he r espect i ve bombs.
250-kg KC250
FLAMI NCENDI ARY BOMB
DATA
Over -al l Lengt h :
63. 0 i n.
Body Lengt h
: 40. 0 i n .
Body
Di amet er : 14. 5 i n.
Wal l
Thi ckness :
; i s
i n.
Tai l Lengt h : 25. 0
i n.
Tai l Wi dt h. : 21
. 0 i n .
THI N I RONTUBE
FI LLI NG:
GHARCOAL AND
MAGNESI UM
Type
of Fi l l i ng : Oi l i ncendi ar y mi xt ur e, wi t h
TNT
bur st i ng char ge.
Wei ght
of Fi l l i ng : 50. 0 kg.
Tot al Wei ght : 110. 0
kg.
Chg/ Wt . Rat i o :
49. ' 57 , .
Fuzi ng: ( 26) .
CONSTRUCTI ON. The
bomb body consi st s of
a st eel cyl i nder t o whi ch
i s wel ded an ogi val . nose
sect i on of l i ght sheet
st eel . Acast st eel nose pi ece
i s wel ded
t o t he sheet
st eel nose sect i on. At r un-
cat ed cone of
sheet st eel i s
wel ded t o t he base of
t hebody cyl i nder
and i s
f i t t ed t o t he af t er por t i on
of t he cent r al expl oder
t ube. Ast eel t ube r uns
Fi gur e 56- KC250 Fi amBomb
WOODMEAL
ANDPETROL
BOMBS
f r omt he nose of t he bomb t o a poi nt on t he f uze
pocket j ust abovet he bot t om
of
t hef uze. An ant i .
br eak- up r od i s pl aced i n t hi s t ube and ser ves t o
act i vat e t he f uze i f t he r egul ar t r embl er swi t ches
f ai l t o f unct i on.

( See f i g. 56. )
The t ai l assembl y consi st s of a cone t o whi ch
f our f i ns ar e wel ded. The cone i s r i vet ed t o t he
af t er end of t he body cyl i nder . Bar - t ype st r ut s
r ei nf or ce
t he f our t ai l
f i ns
.
OPERATI ON. On i mpact t he f uze f unct i ons
and f i r es t he 1. 25 kg TNTchar ge. Thi s expl osi on
not onl y br eaks open t he case but i t i gni t es t he
pet r ol eum f i l l i ng and al l ows t he char coal and
53
GERMANEXPLOSWEORDNANCE
magnesi um
f i l l ed t ubes t o mi x wi t h t he
pet r o-
l eum. Thi s
mi xt ur e cr eat es an ext r emel y
hot f i r e
and a ver y di f f i cul t f i r e t o cont r ol .
SUSPENSI ON. Thi s bomb may be suspended
ei t her hor i zont al l y
or
ver t i cal l y by a si ngl e sus-
pensi on
eyebol t .
COLORANDMARKI NGS. The body and
t ai l
assembl i es ar e pai nt ed dar k gr ey over al l .
50049FLAMC500I NCENDI ARYBOMB
DATA
:
Over - al l Lengt h ;
65. 5 i n.
Body Lengt h: 62. 0 i n.
54
Fi gur e
S7- Fl amC500Bomb
OP
1666
Body Di amet er : 18. 0 i n.
Wal l Thi ckness :
116
i n
.
Tai l
Lengt h :
21. 5 i n.
Tai l
Wi dt h:
24. 0i n.
Type of Fi l l i ng: Oi l i ncendi ar y mi xt ur e 30%
benzi ne 70
J o
pet r ol eum, wi t h TNT bur st i ng
char ge-
Tot al Wei ght : 250kg ( appr ox. ) .
Fuzi ng: ( 25) Bor ( 28) A.
CONSTRUCTI ON. Thi s bomb consi st s of a
cyl i ndr i cal body t o whi ch ar e added a r ounded
nose sect i on and a poi nt ed t ai l sect i on, al l of sheet
st eel const r uct i on.

Asi ngl e f uze pocket i s l ocat ed
f or war d i n t he si de of t he bomb body.

Acent r al
expl oder t ube r uns t he l engt h of t he bomb
case
.
Two baf f l e pl at es ar e wel ded t o t he bomb - body
wher e t he sect i ons ar e wel ded t oget her .
( See
f i g. 57. )
Thef our sheet
st eel t ai l f i ns ar e secur ed di r ect l y
t o t he af t er cone of t he body.
The
f i ns ar e br aced
wi t h bar - t ype st r ut s.
COLOR
ANDMARKI NGS
.
The bomb and t ai l
assembl y ar e pai nt ed dar k gr ey over - al l . Two
%- i nch r ed bands ar e pai nt ed ar oand t he body
9. 5and 33 i nches f r omt he nose.
SUSPENSI ON
. Hor i zont al by means of an
"eye" t ype suspensi on l ug.
REMARKS. Thi s bomb,
when st enci l ed "ABB
500" i n
bl ack
l et t er s, i s used as a cont ai ner f or
1- kg i ncendi ar y bombs.
50- kg BRANDC50AI NCENDI ARYBOMB
DATA:
Over - al l Lengt h: 43: 2 i n.
Body Lengt h : 30. 0i n.
Body Di amet er : 8. 0i n.
Wal l t hi ckness : %i n.
Tai l Lengt h: 16. 0i n.
Tai l Wi dt h: 7. 8 i n.
Type of Fi l l i ng: Benzi ue, 86%; phosphor us,
4%; pur e r ubber , 10%.
Wei ght of Fi l l i ng: 30
l b. ( appr ox. ) .
Tot al
Wei ght :
90
l b.
( appr ox. ) .
Fuzi ng: ( 25) Bor ( 28) A.
CONSTRUCTI ON. Thebomb body consi st s of a
si ngl e
pi ece of st eel
f or gi ng, ver y si mi l ar
t o
t he
SC
50- kggr ade 1bomb, wi t h
a
si ngl e f uze pocket
l ocat ed f or war d i n t he si de of t he bomb casi ng.
( See f i g. 58. )
The t ai l assembl y consi st s of f our sheet
met al
f i ns and a t ai l cone, whi chi s at t ached t o t he
col l ar
on t hebase of t he bomb body by scr ews.
SUSPENSI ON. Thi s bomb may be suspended
ei t her hor i zont al l y or ver t i cal l y by means of a
si ngl e
eyebol t .
COLORANDMARKI NGS
. Thebomb
body
i s
pai nt ed
dar k gr ey or gr een over - al l , wi t h
t he
r ear
of t he
bomb pai nt ed r ed
and
a r ed band ar ound
t he cent er of t he
bomb body. The t ai l assembl y
maybepai nt ed
dar k gr ey or gr ey- gr een wi t hl ongi -
t udi nal yel l ow
st r i pes on
t he t ai l cone.
On t hose
bombs i n whi cht he f i l l i ng
i s encl osed
i n gl ass,
a dr awi ng of a gl ass cont ai ner i s st en-
ci l ed i n
r ed on t he bomb body
bet ween t he f uze
and t he nose,
on - t he si de r emot e f r omt he f uze.
REMARKS. Lat er
model s of t hi s bomb have t he
phosphor us f i l l i ng
cont ai ned i n a
gl ass cyl i nder
i nsi de t he bomb
body.
50
- kg
BRANDC50 B
I NCENDI ARYBOMB
DATA:
Over - al l Lengt h :
43. 5 i n .
( appr ox. )
Body
Lengt h:
30. 5
i n .
Body Di amet er : 8. 0
i n .
Wal l Thi ckness
: %671/ 8 i n .
Tai l
Lengt h: 17. 0i n .
Tai l Wi dt h:
7. 8 i n.
Type of Fi l l i ng :
Whi t e
phosphor us .
Tot al
Wei ght : 771b. ( appr ox
. )
Fuzi ng: EI AZ
( 28) .
CONSTRUCTI ON
. Thi s bomb consi st s
of a
r oi l ed
sheet st eel
cyl i nder , seam wel ded l ongi -
t udi nal l y. The
base and
nose por t i ons ar ewel ded
ci r cuni f er ent i ai l y
t o t he
bomb body. Thenosepor -
t i on of t hi s
bomb i s much
l ar ger t han t hat of t he
Br and C50
A, and t he base
pl at e f i l l i ng cap i s of
. he f emal e t ype
wi t h t wo st uds
pr oj ect i ng r ear -
war ds. ( Seef i g.
59
. ) Z
Thesheet st eel t ai l
assembl y i s secur ed over and
t o t he base
of
t he
bomb body by means
of t wo
scr ews whi ch ent er
t he ver t i cal ar ms
of t he L-
shaped br acket s,
wel ded t o t he shoul der
f or med
at t he base of
t he bomb. Four
posi t i oni ng pl at es
ar e al so wel ded
t o t hi s shoul der and ai d
i n posi -
t i oni ng
t het ai l on t he
bomb.
The bomb
houses a
si ngl e f uze pocket , l ocat ed
f or war d on t he
si de of t hebomb
body. An ext en-
BOTTLES
( PHOSPHORUSFI LLED)
Fi gur e 58- Br and C50ABomb
BOMBS
si on t ubeext ends f r omt henoseof t hebomb t o t he
f or war d si de of t he f uze pocket . Awooden pl ug
was f ound i n t he t ube of t he r ecover ed speci men
of t hi s bomb.
OPERATI ON. When t hei mpact f uze f unct i ons,
t he
det onat i on of t he pi cr i c r i ng i n t he f uze pocket
spl i t s open t he bomb casi ng, ej ect s some or al l of
55
GERMANEXPLOSI VEORDNANCE
t he i ncendi ar y f i l l i ng, and br eaks t he bot t l e
con-

On
t he bomb nose :
t ai ni ng t he whi t e phosphor us, whi ch i gni t es t he-
Redband 3/ i nch wi de.
i ncendi ar y f i l l i ng.

"Br and C50B" st amped on
nose pl ug.
SUSPENSI ON. Thi s bomb i s f i t t ed f or hor i zon-
t al suspensi on
onl y.
COLOR
ANDMARKI NGS.
Thebomb i s pai nt ed
l i ght f awn over - al l wi t h a r ed pr i mi ng coat .
The
f ol l owi ng mar ki ngs wer e f ound on t he speci men
r ecover ed :
56
On
t he
bomb body
"Br and
C
50 B" ( bl ack) .
Red band 5/a i nch wi de.
"l 0 PQ" ( r ed) .
Bot t l e 3i nches l ong ( r ed) .
Fi gur e 59- Br and C
50 8Bomb
BRACI NGSTRUT
WOOD
RI NG
PI CRI GPELLET
OP 1666
250- kg
BRANDC250 ATYPEI ANDI I
I NCENDI ARYBOMB
Tai l Lengt h
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
25. 0 i i i .

25. 0 I n.
Tai l
Wi dt h- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
20. 0 i n.

20. 0 i n.
Type of Fi l l i ng : Pet r ol eum, 8T
. 71/ v ; pol yst yr ene, 11. 7%
;
phosphor us, 0. 5%.
Fuzi ng
: EI AZ ( 25) B i n f or war d pocket . Dummy f uze
head i n
af t er pocket .
DATA:
Types z TYPEI I
Over - al l
Lengt h- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
64. 0 i n. 84. 0 i n.
Body Lengt h
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 46. 7 i n. 48. 3 i n.
Body
Di amet er - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
14. 5 i n. 14. 5 i n.
Wal l Thi ckness
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
0. 3 i n. 0. 3 i n.
CONSTRUCTION. TYPE IXThi s bomb con-
si st s of a one- pi ece
f or gi ngwi t h a f emal e- t ype base
pl at e. Ar ubber
washer i s f i t t ed under t hi s pl at e,
but i s not vi si bl e
ext er nal l y. ( See f i g. 60. ) .
TYPEII. - - Thi s
bombi s of
wel ded const r uct i on
wi t ha f emal e- t ype base pl at e
. A
t hi ck bl ack r ub-
ber washer pr oj ect s
about 1/2 i nch f r omt he
under
edge of t he pl at e.
The f i l l i ng
i s cont ai ned i n t he bombbody i n t he
f or mof a t hi ckened l i qui d
f uel
. Suppor t ed i n
t he f i l l i ng
by f our met al bands f i t t ed t o
a
wooden
f r amewor k ar e 16 br own gl ass bot t l es i n f our
r ows,
cont ai ni ng aver y br i t t l e f or mof whi t e phos-
phor us.
OPERATION
. On i mpact , t he
f uze
f i r es t he
gai ne and t he pi cr i c
bur st er pel l et s, br eaki ng t he
Fi gur e 60- - - - Br and C250ABomb, Types1 and ! 1
BOMBS
case and scat t er i ng t he
f i l l i ng over a r adi us of
about 70 yar ds.
The f i l l i ng i gni t es spont aneousl y,
bur ni ng wi t ha
gr eat deal of smoke.
SUSPENSION.
Thi s bomb may be suspended
ei t her hor i zont al l y or ver t i cal l y by an
eyebol t .
COLORAND
MARKING. The body
and t ai l
ar e pai nt ed bl ue- gr ey
over al l wi t h a 1 i nch r ed
band l ocat ed j ust af t of t he
si de suspensi on eye-
bol t . The af t er end, f r om
shoul der
t o
base pl at e,
has onl y t he usual r ed pr i mi ng
coat . Bet ween t he
r ed band and t he r ear f uze pocket ar e
t he f ol l owi ng
wor ds st enci l ed i n r ed : "Acht ung Vor
Sonnen
St r ahl ungSchut zen" " ( not t obe
st or ed i n t he sun) .
Immedi at el y bel ow t hi s i s
"Br and
C
250 A" i n
bl ack l et t er s. Fur t her
mar ki ngs ar e f ound
be-
t ween t he f uze pocket and t he shoul der .
5
7
GERMANEXPLOSI VEORDNANCE
58
SAFETY PI N
STRI KER
PERCUSSI ONCAP
Fi gure
61-NC50Smoke
Bomb
NC50SMOKEBOMB
DATA:
Over-al l
Lengt h : 26. 75i n.
Body
Lengt h : 10. 75i n.
Body
Di amet er : 7. 75 i n.
Wal l
Thi ckpess : 0. 16i n. -0. 24 i n,
Tai l Lengt h
: 16. 0 i n.
Tai l
Wi dt h: 11. 0 i n.
Fi l l i ng: Li ght
grey smoke-produci ng powder
smel l i ng
st rongl y of camphor.
Tot al
Wei ght : 1091b-
Fuzi ng:
( 46) mechani cal i mpact .
CONSTRUCTI ON. Thebodyi s a normal 50-kg
bomb
seaml ess st eel t ube wi t h
a
cast
st eel nose
wel ded t oi t ,

Theci rcul ar hol ei n t he wal l of t he
OP 1666
bombwhi ch normal l y gi ves access
t o t he f uze
pocket i s covered over by a st eel di sk
wel ded f l ush
wi t h
t he
bombwal l .
The base pl ug i s secured
t o
t he bombbody by ei ght screws and i s pi erced
by
f i ve hol es. The
f uze
i s l ocat ed
over t he cent ral
hol eby f our bracket s
wel ded t ot he f uze andt he
base pl ug.
Beneat h t he pl ug and coveri ng t he
f i l l i ng i s a t hi n met al pl at e al so
pi erced by f i ve
hol es ; 4. 5 i nches
f rom
t he t i p; f rom
t here, f our
one-i nch whi t e bands run
backt o t he shoul der.
"N. C. 50" i s st enci l edon t hebody
andi s bel i eved
t obe an abbrevi at i on f or "Nebel
Cyl i ndri sch 50
kg" ( SmokeCyl i nder
50
kg) .

(
See f i g. 61. )
NC50 WCNCD/SEE-SMOKE
MARKER
BOMB
DATA:
Over-al l
Lengt h:
3 f t . 7 i n.
BodyDi amet er : 7. 75
i n.
Tai l
Wi dt h:
11i n.
Fi l l i ng: Smokeproduci ngcomposi t i on.
Fuzi ng: Mechani cal i mpact
f uze bui l t i nt o
bomb.
CONSTRUCTI ON. The bombconsi st s of f our
mai n part s : t he out er casi ng, t ai l cone, nose and
a cent ral cyl i nder whi ch prot rudes f romt he nose
and
ext ends af t t o t he f orward part of t he t ai l
cone where i t i s t ermi nat ed by a f uze housi ng
cri mped t oi t .

Thi s f uze
housi ng
ext ends t he f ul l
l engt h of
t he
t ai l cone.

Theout er casi ngi s empt y
except f or met al ri bs andbraces whi ch l ocat e and
support t he cent ral t ube.

The f our t ai l f i ns are
t ack wel ded t ot hi s cone.

The cent ral cyl i nder
cont ai ns t he smoke produci ng agent . I t i s hel d
i n t heout er casi ngby si x bol t s at t henose; a rub-
ber washer wat erproof s t hi s j oi nt .

Thei gni t er i s
cont ai nedi n a pocket at t herear endof t hecent ral
t ube i mmedi at el y bel owt he f uze. Thef uze hous-
i ngi s l ocat ed by f our set screws t oi nsure t hat t he
correct di st ance i s mai nt ai ned bet ween t he f l ash
cap andt he i gni t er.

( See
f i g. 62. )
The
f uze has
a spri ng l oaded st ri ke hel d away
f romt he f l ash cap by
ret ai ni ng bal l .
They are
hel d i n pl ace by a rel ease red passi ng down
t hrough t he cent er of t he
st ri ker.
At t he
t ai l
end,
t hi s rod passes t hrougha ci rcul ar pl at eandi s hel d
by a spl i t pi n. Theci rcul ar pl at e i s f ast ened by
t hree screws t oa drogue pl at e whi ch i s l i pped
over
t he t ai l f i ns
. I t i s f ast ened t ot het ai l by f our
proj ect i ons f romt he
f i ns whi ch pass t hrough t he
sl ot s and are t hen bent over . Wat erproof i ng at
t he t ai l
i s pr ovi ded by a r ubber s eal . Oni mpact
wi t h t he wat er , t he
t ai l dr ogue i s wr enched of f and
car r i es t he f uze r el eas e r od wi t h i t . The f uze f i r es
and t he s moke pr oduci ng agent i s i gni t ed. When
t he bomb f l oat s
t o t he s ur f ace, heat des t r oys t he
r ubber s eal and s moke
i s emi t t ed.
SUSPENSI ON.
Ver t i cal or hor i zont al .
COLORAND
MARKI NGS. Bomb cas i ng i s
pai nt ed
al umi num
;
t he t ai l i s ol i ve
gr een; t he
pr ot r udi ng por t i on
of t he
cent r al cyl i nder
i s yel -
l ow. "NC
50 WC" i s s t enci l ed t r ans ver s el y acr os s
FUZE
STRI KFR
PERCUSSI ONCAP
I GNI TER
Fi gur e f i t - - NC50 W. C.
Smoke Bomb
NC250 S SMOKEBOMB
SUSPENSI ON.
Hor i zont al .
SD1 TYPE
PRACTI CE BOMB
BOMBS
t he
body j us t f or war d of t he s houl der .
"Ni ch
f ur
Senkr echt - Auf hangung" s t enci l ed l ongi t udi nal l y
f r omnos e af t t o t he ot her mar ki ng.
SI MI LARBOMBS
. NCD/ See: Thi s bomb, a
f l oat i ng 50- kg s moke bomb, i s cons t r uct ed
s i mi -
l ar l y t o t he NC50WC. I t gi ves of f a
whi t e f og or
s moke. The over - al l wei ght i s appr oxi mat el y
22
kg. I t i s f i t t ed wi t h t he AZ( 46) f uze.
As t he
f uze i s i ns t al l ed whent he bomb i s s hi pped
t he
s af et y pr ecaut i ons mus t be hi ghl y r es pect ed
.
DATA:
Over - al l Lengt h : 5 f t . 3 i n.
Body Di amet er : 1 41 / 2 i n
.
Wal l Thi cknes s :
1 /1 $
i n.
Tai l
Lengt h :
25 i n.
Tai l Wi dt h :
20 i n.
Fi l l i ng: Mi xt ur e of
chl or os ul phoni c aci d
( 40%)
and s ul phur
t r i oxi de ( 60%) .
Fuzi ng: EI AZ( 26) .
CONSTRUCTI ON
. The NC250
S
i s s i mi l ar i n
s i ze and cons t r uct i ont o t he Ger manC250 ( Fl am)
bomb. The cent r al t ube cont ai ns a woodenbl ock
20- 1 /? i nches l ong and 41 /4 i nches i n di amet er , car d-
boar d di s ks , and a ci r cul ar bl ock of TNT9 i nches
l ong and 41 /4 i nches i n di amet er . The bomb i s
f uzed wi t h a EI AZ( 26) whi ch has a nor mal
gai ne
and one pi cr i c r i ng pel l et .
The f uze oper at es di -
r ect l y oni mpact det onat i ng
t he bur s t er char ge of
TNT i n t he
cent r al t ube. The mai n f i l l i ng i s
s cat t er ed t o gi ve a l ar ge concent r at i on of s moke.
( See f i g. 63. )
COLORAND
MARKI NGS. The body i s s i l ver ,
t he t ai l ol i ve dr ab. The
f or war d par t of t he nos e,
a - 3/ 4- i nch s t r i pe par t - way back ont he nos e, anda
1 - i nch s t r i pe j us t
af t of t he s us pens i on l ug ar e
pai nt ed whi t e.

"NC250 S"
i s s t enci l ed af t of t he
s econd band.
REMARKS. The
f i l l i ng i s a cor r os i ve mi xt ur e
whi ch, whomi n cont act wi t h t he
ai r , emi t s whi t e
s moke.
CONSTRUCTI ON. Bomb
r es embl es t he SD1
H. E. bomb and i s of appr oxi mat el y
t he s ame
wei ght and s i ze.
59
GERMANEXPLOSI VEORDNANCE
Body
i s cons t r uct ed
of
concr et e r ei nf or ced wi t h
i r r egul ar l y
s haped met al chi ppi ngs .

( See f i g. 64. )
A
nor mal ei ght - vane t ype of t ai l uni t i s s ecur ed
t o t he
body by a bol t
embedded
i n t he
concr et e
cas t . _
I n
t he nos e of t he bomb a l engt h of concr et e-
f i l l ed, met al t ubi ng i s i ns er t ed
t o
r es embl e
t he
AZ
( 73) Af uze.
Lengt hs of
i r on wi r e s ol der ed t o t he t ai l s ecur -
i ng
bol t andt o t he
met al t ubi ng i n t he nos e of t he
bomb
s er ve t o s t r engt hen
t he cas t concr et e.
COLOR
ANDMARKI NGS.
The s peci men ex-
ami ned was unpai nt ed
anddevoi d of mar ki ngs .
60
Fi gur e 63- - NC250SSmoke Bomb
SD2 PRACTI CEBOMB
OP
1666
CONSTRUCTI ON. Bombcons i s t s of a nor mal
unf i l l ed SD2bomb cas e and i s s ecur ed by a nut
andbol t .

Wel dedver t i cal l y t o t he upper s ur f ace
of t hi s band i s a l engt h of s t eel t ubi ng.

( See f i g.
65. )
Secur ed t o t he s t eel
t ubi ng i s a s hor t l engt h of
s t eel cabl e whi ch i s at t ached t o
t he
nor mal dr ogue
r et ai ner . The dr ogue i s f or medof a cur ved
s heet
s t eel pr es s i ng.
COLORAND
MARKI NGS. The body, met al
bl i nd and dr ogue of t he s peci men exami ned ar e
pai nt edbl ack, and ar e devoi d of
mar ki ngs .
Fi gure64-SD
1 Type Pract i ce Bomb
FELT WASHER . _ -
DUMMYFUZE HEAD
SUSPENSk6NLUG
Fi gure 66-ZC1 049Concret e Pract i ce
Bomb
ZC1 0-kg CONCRETE PRACTI CE
BOMB
DATA
Over-al l Lengt h : 23 i n.
BodyLengt h : 1 23/4i n.
Body Di amet er : 31 /4i n.
Wal l Thi ckness : 0. 5 i n. si de t o
0. 86i n. t ai l .
Tai l
Lengt h :
83/Bi n.
Tai l
Wi dt h:
4b/$
i n
.
BOMBS
CONSTRUCTI ON. - The bombhas a
concret e
body
of t he same di mensi ons as t he SC
1 0. Acon-
i cal dummyf aze head of bl ock
bakel i t e i s f i t t ed
t ot he nose end of t he bomb. Thi s
f uze head i s
Fi gure
65 -SO2Type
Pract i ceBomb

secured by f our evenl y spaced
wi res i mbedded i n
6997040-47-vo].
1 -5

61
GERMANEXPLOSI VEORDNANCE
cement ext endi ng t hr ough t he bomb. The wi r es
pass t hr ough f our housi ngs i n t he bakel i t e f uze
bead,
and
ar e secur ed i n posi t i on
at t he nose by
t ur ni ng
over t he pr ot r udi ng ends
. The ot her
ends of t he f our wi r es ar e secur ed
by passi ng
each
wi r e
t hr ough separ at e eye hol es
pr ovi ded at
t he base of t he sheet met al f i ns and
t ur ni ng over
t he ends .

( See f i g. 66. )
Acent r al
cavi t y 11 i nches i n
l engt h i s f or med
wi t hi n
t he body t o accept a paper
car t r i dge. The
car t r i dge
i s separ at ed at t he nose
end f r omt he
dummy
- f uze head by a 1/8 - i nch
t hi ck f el t washer .
The paper car t r i dge cont ai ns a gl ass ampoul e,
62
TRACER UNI T
I GNI TERS
WI RE LEADS
- TAI L
UNI T
Fi gur e 67- ZCS8 - Kg
Concr et e Pr act i ce Bomb,
Types 1
and. f l
OP
1666
sur r ounded by a f i l l i ng of chal k, t he
ampoul e con-
t ai ns ei t her chl or osul phoni c aci d or f umi ng
hy-
dr ochl or i c aci d. On i mpact ; t he
gl ass ampoul e
br eaks t o r el ease i t s cont ent s
f r omwhi ch smoke
emi t s t o mar k t he poi nt of i mpact
.
The f our t ai l f i ns, compr i si ng t wo
sheet s of
met al whi ch ar e sl ot t ed and i nt er l ocked
t oget her ,
ar e par t l y moul ded i nt o t he concr et e at
t he t ai l
end and
ar e
secur ed by t wo addi t i onal
l engt hs of
wi r e whi ch r un l at er al l y t hr ough t heeye
hol es and
ar e f ast ened
by
t wi st i ng t he ends of t he
wi r e
t oget her
.
COLOR
AND
MARKI NGS. ,
Body unpai nt ed
wi t h 2- i nch
whi t e
band at nose.
Tai l
vanes al u-
mi numcol or ; nose, bl ack. LFB 110 st enci l ed
on body.
ZC
50 CONCRETEPRACTI CE BOMB
TYPES I ANDI I
DATA:
Over - al l
Lengt h :
431/2 i n.
Body
Lengt h :
27i n.
Body
Di amet er :
73/4 i n.
Tai l
Lengt h :
16 i n.
Tot al Wei ght : 50 kg appr ox
.
Fuzi ng : AZ46 char gi ng head.
CONSTRUCTI ON. I n Type I t he nose, body
and t ai l cone
ar e f or med of f i ne concr et e al l i n one
pi ece. The f our t ai l
f i ns of sheet met al ar e f i l l ed
t o t he t ai l cone when
concr et e i s pour ed.
On
ei t her si de of bomb ar e t wo cavi t i es, whi ch
ar e cover ed by wooden sl at s. Cavi t i es cont ai n
paper car t r i dges hol di ng chal k and an ampoul e
of chl or osul phoni c aci d or f umi ng hydr ochl or i c
aci d.
Type
I I
i s ver y si mi l ar , t he di f f er ences mer el y
bei ng t o al l owf or t he i nser t i on of a t r acer candl e,
i n t he t ai l and a char gi ng head
f or i t s i ni t i at i on.
( See f i g. 67. )
Two st eel wi r es l ead f r omt he f uze i nt o t he
cent r al st i f f eni ng t ube
and t hence t o a pai r of
t er mi nal socket s i n t he t ai l
cone. The t r acer i s
f i r ed by t he t er mi nal socket s on r el ease f r omt he
pl ane
and
bur ns f or appr oxi mat el y 55seconds .
SUSPENSI ON. Ver t i cal or hor i zont al .
COLORANDMARKI NGS.
Sand
col or
over -
al l . St enci l ed on body- - - Type
I "ehk el o3" ;
Type I I ,
"ehk
al l 3. "
PC1000RS EXPRACTICE
DATA-
Over -al l
Lengt h : 7f t . 23/4i n.
BodyLengt h : 3 f t . 9 i n.
BodyDi amet er : Lf t .
3Y2
i n.
Tot al Wei ght : 993 kg.
Fuzi ng: Char gi ng head
49BI
EXpyr ot echni c
49BII EX.
CONSTRUCTION.
The body of t he PC1000
RSEXi s i dent i cal i n
cons t r uct i on t o t he PC1000
RS.
In pl ace
of t he nor mal expl os i ve char ge, t he
cavi t y cont ai ns
s andor s ome compar abl e mat er i al
as a s ubs t i t ut e.
( See f i g. 68. )
The f uzi ng s ys t em
cons i s t s of t he 49 BI EX
Fi gur e 68-PC1000RS EXPr act i ce Somb
ROCKET MOTOR
COMBUSTIONCHAMBER
BOMBS
char gi ng head and
t he 49 BII EXpyr ot echni c
f uze f or
i gni t i ng t he r ocket mot or . Compl et e
i nf or mat i on can be f oundi n t he f ol l owi ng s ect i on
on f uzes
.
Ther e ar e 19 r ocket s i n t he r ocket mot or
.

Si x
ar e 221/2
i nches
l ong andhave
21r / 1s
i nches di am-
et er
;
12 ar e
20%8 i nches l ong wi t h
di amet er of
2118
i nches
;
and
1
i s
11
' / 4
i nches l ong wi t h 213/1$
i nches i n di amet er
. Tot al wei ght of r ocket
uni t
i s
263
kg.
The
t ai l i s
2
f eet
4i nches i n l ar ge di amet er
and
1f oot 10
i nches
s mal l di amet er .
SUSPENSION. Hor i zont al by
means of a
H-t ype l ug s ecur ed t o a
s us pens i on band.
GERMANEXPLOSIVEORDNANCE

OP1 666
COMPARTMENT FOR
CHALK ANDACID
AMPOULE
TAIL STRUT
SECTION"A-A"
Fi gure69--ZC230-KgConcrete Practi ce Bomb(Smoke)
ACIDAMPOULE
COLORAND
MARKINGS. Bombbody: r ed-
di sh br own.
Spacer , r ocket cont ai ner and t ai l ,
must ar d col or
.
Mar ki ngs di e st amped
403
unt 18, 7, 43
403
hh9
43CP03
St enci l ed
scbar f
unt 18,
2, 43
499410
PC
1000 RS
EX
ZCZ50- kg CONCRETE, PRACTICE, SMOKE
DATA:
Over - al l Lengt h : 55. 0 i n.
Body
Lengt h : 49. 5 i n.
Body
Di amet er : 14. 5 i n.
Tai l Lengt h
:
25. 0 i n.
Tai l Wi dt h
:
20. 0
i n.
Tot al Wei ght : 250
kg.
CONSTRUCTION.
The body of t he bomb t o
concr et e
r ei nf or ced wi t h
st eel . ( See f i g. 69. )
Evenl y spaced
about t he
body, t hough st ag-
ger ed, ar e si x cavi t i es,
each 13 i nches l ong and
21/2
i nches wi de, housi ng
gl ass nmpoul es 101/2
i nches l ong
and 1
i nch i n di amet er . They ar e en-
cl osed
i n a pr ot ect i ve
wr appi ng of
1/4
i nch t hi ck
i mpur e
chal k r et ai ned
i n a gummed. paper wr ap-
pi ng.
The ampoul es
ar e r et ai ned wi t hi n t hei r
cavi t i es by 1/g
i nch t hi ck
woodcover s, each secur ed
f l ush wi t h t he
sur f ace of
t he bombbody by t wo
scr ews ; t he wood
pr ot ect i ve
cover i n each case i s
weakened
cent r al l y by
a
Y16
i nch deep saw- cut .
Each gl ass ampoul e
i s st at ed
t o- cont ai n 142 gr ams
of chl or osul phoni c
aci d, cont ai ni ng pr obabl y
as
i mpur i t i es, smal l
quant i t i es of sul phur and f er -
r ous sul phat e ; f umi ng
hydr ochl or i c aci d i s sai d
t o be an al t er nat i ve
. On i mpact t he gl ass am-
poul es br eak
t o r el ease t hei r cont ent s
and smoke
ar i ses.
The
sheet st eel t ai l has f our
f i ns .
SUSPENSION.
Hor i zont al by means of an
"eye" bol t .
COLOR.
Br i ght gr een over - al l
.
PYROTECHNICS
INTRODUCTION. Thi s sect i on descr i bes
Ger -
man ai r cr af t pyr ot echni cs . It i ncl udes
Har es,
phot ogr aphi c
f l ash bombs, mar ker s, smoke gen-
er at or s, et c .
Basi cal l y, Ger man f l ar es consi st
of
a
cyl i ndr i cal
cont ai ner housi ng an i l l umi nat i ng el ement ,
whi ch
upon bei ng i gni t ed by n pul l f r i ct i on i gni t er
or
t i me f uze, bur ns vi gor ousl y pr oduci ng
gr eat i l l u-
nni nat i on
andi nt ense heat . The f l ar e
i nay or may
not have a par achut e, dependi ng upon t he use f or
whi ch i t i s i nt ended. The i l l umi nat i ng el ement
consi st s ei t her of a si ngl e or a mul t i pl e candl e uni t
whi ch
var i es i ni nt ensi t y of i l l umi nat i on andcol or ,
accor di ng t o i t s pur pose. Met hods of car r yi ng
f l ar es var y wi t h
t he i ndi vi dual si zes . Lar ge f l nr es
may be suspended
bor zont al l y whi l e smal l
f l ar es
may be car r i ed i n cont ai ner s .
Ger man
phot ogr aphi c f l ash bombs ar e si mi l ar
i n ext er nal appear ance t o convent i onal 50- kg
bombs and par achut e f l ar e cases. Thei r f i l l i ngs
maybe ei t her f l ar e composi t i onor i ncendi ar y mi x-
t ur e, i gni t ed by el ect r i cal or mechani cal aer i al
bur st f uzes .

'
Mar ker s used by t he Ger mans
consi st
pr i nci -
pal l y
of
cyl i ndr i cal car dboar d cont ai ner s, f i l l ed
wi t h
a col or ed f l ar e composi t i on whi ch i s i gni t ed
by an i mpact t ype
f uze. A
f ear i ndi vi dual mar k-
er s do not f ol l ow t hi s pat t er n of const r uct i on.
Some ar e mer el y cont ai ner s of br i ght l y col or ed
powder , whi ch ar e dumped i nt o t he
sea f r oml ow
al t i t udes t o mar k posi t i ons . Ot her s ar e modi f i ed
par achut e f l ar es of var i ous col or s.
Fundament al l y, Ger man smoke gener at or s ar e
smoke pot s modi f i ed f or dr oppi ng f r omai r cr af t .
Each consi st s of a cyl i ndr i cal al umi numcase, con-
t ai ni ng
a smoke
pr oduci ng composi t i on whi ch i s
i gni t ed by a pul l f r i ct i on i gni t er . Apar achut e i s
used i n some cases t o r et ar d t he f al l of t he gener a-
t or . Lar ge smoke gener at or s
may be suspended
f r omr acks whi l e smal l ones,
knownas smoke pot s,
ar e car r i ed i n cont ai ner s .
LC 10 SINGLE CANDLE
PARACHUTE
FLARE
DATA:
Over - al l Lengt h : 15 i n.
Body Di amet er : 3%i n.
Fuzi ng: Cl ockwor k ( 89) Fuze.
BOMBS
65
GERMANEXPLOSI VEORDNANCE
66
Fi gur e 70- - LC
10Si ngl e Candl e Par achut e Fl ar e
- CONSTRUCTI ON
. TheLC10si ngl e
candl e par -
achut e
f l ar e consi st s mai nl y of an al ui ni numcyl i n-
der , t he
f l ar e candl e cont ai nedi n acar dboar dl i ner ,
an 89 cl ockwor k f uze anda par achut e. The f uze
i s l ocat ed i n a st eel
sl eeve at t he nose end of t he
f l ar e body.
( See f i g. 70. ) Thi s sl eeve i s at t ached
t o t he body
by t hr ee scr ews . An al umi num
cap
f i t s over
t he st eel sl eeve l eavi ng t he f uze exposed.
The
par achut e i s l ocat ed i n t he t ai l endof t he
OP 1666
f l ar e body.

The
openi ng
at t he t ai l i s cl osed by a
st eel cup. The suspensi on eye
bol t i s secur ed t o
t he end of t he cup.
OPERATI ON.

The 89 f uze begi ns t o f unct i on,
Fi gur e 71- FO50 Si ngl e Candl e
Par achut e Fl ar e
when t he f l ar e
i s dr opped. At a pr edet er mi ned
t i me t he f uze f i r es
and ej ect s t he candl e and i t s
par achut e f r omt he
body. Thecandl e i s i gni t ed
by t hes ame act i on.
_-
SUSPENSI ON. ABB
500 i ncendi ar y cont ai ner s .
PARACHUTE
FLAREFB50 (SI NGLE
CANDLE)
ANDLC50 F Aus f . C
(FOURCANDLE)
Lc 50
Anr "
C
Over - al l
Lengt h- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - 42. 5 i n.

42. 5 i n.
Body Lengt h- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
425 i n.

42. 5 i n.
Body
Di amet er . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

8. 0 i n.

8. 0 i n,
Wal l Thi cknes s - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

%X.
i n.

%a
i n.
Fi gur e 72- LC50 FAus f . CPar achut e
Fl an
BOMBS
Fi l l i ng : Fl ar e compos i t i on.
Tot al Wei ght : 76l bs .
Fuzi ng: (59)
A(wi t h pyr ot echni c
del ay i ncor por at ed
I n r aze.
CONSTRUCTI O- : .

The body
cons i s t s of a cas e
made
of s eaml es s al umi num
t ubi ng, a pan- s haped
pl at e over whi cht het ube i s cr i mped and s ecur ed
by 24 al umi numr i vet s , and a dome- s haped coyer
s ecur ed t o t he t ube by s i x br as s s hear s cr ews .

A.
concave s t eel pl at e s t i f f ens t he nos e
f ar ver t i cal
s us pens i on.
Af el t di s c
s uppor t s t he par achut e
whi ch i s s t owed behi nd a paper s l eeve. The f uze
pocket i s of s t eel andcont ai ns t hef uzeandwooden
67
GERMAN
EXPLOSI VEORDNANCE
qui ckmat ch hol der . Ei ght semi ci r cul ar f i br e
pads
and one di sc ar e wedged ar ound
t he f uze pocket .
Four st r ands of qui ckmat ch pass
f r omt he hol der
vi a a r ubber t ube and an al umi num t ube
t o a
bl ack powder char ge
i n
t he t ai l - end. I mmedi at el y
behi nd t he ej ect or
cup
ar e t wo f i br e di scs, shaped
t o al l owpassage
of t he
r ubber qui ckmat ch t ube,
68
SHROUD
CLOSI NG PLATE
FLARECOMPOSI TI ON
PLASTEROF PARI S
PAPER LI NER
FLARE
I GNI TER-
EJ ECTI ON PLATE
Fi gur e 73- LC
SO
F
Avsi
.
EPar achut e
Fl ar e
SUSPENSI ON. Ver t i cal or hor i zont al .
LC54F Ausf . EPARACHUTE
FLARE
DATA:
Over - al l Lengt h:
421/ 8 i n.
Body Lengt h :
42x/8 i n.
Body
Di amet er : 711i
s
.
Type of Fi l l i ng:
Fl ar e composi t i on.
Fl ar e Candl e
:
Over - al l Lengt h: 203/8i n.
Di amet er :
4. 8 i n.
Wei ght : 23. 14 l bs.
Fuzi ng: El Zt Z
( 9)
or El Zt Z( 59) A.
St abi l i zi ng Fi ns :
2- 23/4 i n ; 2- 16
i n.
OP 1666
t he par achut e suspensi on wi r es
and
t o accommo-
dat e t he si de
suspensi on bl ock
.
The f our
candl es
ar e hel d t oget her by a st eel pl at e i n t he f or mof a
cr oss bol t ed on t o t hem. Ther e ar e f our eyebol t s
scr ewed t o each ar mof t he cr oss t o t ake t he par a-
chut e wi r es. A3' 1 6- i nch st eel wi r e wel ded ar ound
t he cr oss ensur es easy passage of t he candl es on
ej ect i on f r omt he casi ng. Each
candl e
i s pr ovi ded
wi t h a mat ch i gni t er at i t s base
.
On
r el ease,
t he
pyr ot echni c del ay i n t he
f uze i s i gni t ed
. Thi s f i r es
t he qui ckmat ch whi ch
i n t ur n i gni t es t he
bl ack
powder char ge i n t he t ai l
.
The char ge ej ect s t he
candl es by shear i ng t he br ass scr ews, t he candl es
si mul t aneousl y bei ngi gni t ed t hr ough
per f or at i ons
i n t he ej ect or pl at e.

( See f i gs . 71 and 72. )
Ther e ar e no t ai l f i ns on t he case of t he si ngl e
candl e f l ar e but t he f our candl e f l ar e has f our f i ns
- r i vet ed t o t he case, t wo of whi ch
ar e
16i nches l ong
and
t wo 3i nches
l ong, al l bei ng 2 i nches wi de.
These ar e l ocat ed at t he f ar end of t he case f r om
t he par achut e. The par achut e i s of cel anese, 13
f eet i n di amet er .
I t
i s at t ached t o t he candl es by
12 si l k shr oud l i nes 10 f eet l ong and woven st eel
wi r e.
COLORAND
MARKI NGS. The body, t ai l f i ns,
and domed cap
may
be
unpai nt ed al umi numor
pai nt ed bl ack
al l over . Manuf act ur er ' s mar ki ngs
maybe st enci l ed on t he
case near t he domed cap.
REMARKS. The f l ar e composi t i on i s :
al umi -
num, 16. 5 per cent
; bar i umni t r at e, 75. 8 per cent ;
sul phur , 7. 7
per cent ; vol at i l e mat t er ,
0. 2 per cent .
Bot h f l ar es bur n sl i ght l y l onger t han 5 mi nut es
.
Candl epower
: si ngl e candl e, 216, 000 ; f our candl e,
600, 000.
CONSTRUCTI ON. The cont ai ner of t he par a-
chut e f l ar e i s a dr awn s t eel cyl i nder 1 mm
t hi ck
compr es s ed ci r cumf er ent i al l y t o f or mt wo i nt er -
nal f l anges . The f or war d
end i s encl os ed by a
dome
cover
and
t he af t er end by a pl at e. ( See
f i g. 73. ) Acar dboar d di s c
s epar at es t he
f uze
pocket f r omt he 1 2 pounds of cl ay
bal l as t i n t he
nos e. The car dboar d di s k i s
r et ai ned by a r i ng
whi ch
has
an
L- s ect i on
andi s s pot
wel ded t o
t he
i ns i de of t he cont ai ner
.
Thedomed
cover whi ch
f i t s i ns i de t he cont ai ner i s l ocat ed near t he
f or
war d f l ange.

I t i s s ecur edby t he r i mat t hef or -
war dendof t hecont ai ner . Thef i t t i ng
i n t hecover
i s t hr eaded t o t ake a s us pens i on l ug.
Thewooden bl ock beneat honef uze has a
cent r al
hol e and a s i de channel t hr ough whi ch t he
f l as h
f r omt hef uze i gni t es t he powder t r ai n i n t he
r ub-
ber t ube. Thi s i n t ur n i gni t es t he bl ack
powder
char ge i n t hedi aphr agm. Thedi aphr agmi s
pos i -
t i oned by t heaf t er i nt er nal f l ange and t he pl as t er
of par i s cyl i nder . Thes i ngl e f l ar e candl e i s wi t hi n
t hi s cyl i nder and
s eal ed
by t he was hes . The
par achut e s hr ouds ar e wound ar ound t he
t op of
t he candl e and a car dboar d ej ect or di s c i s
pl aced
bel ow
t he f ol ded par achut e. At i ght
f i t t i ng f el t
pad i s i ns er t ed above t he par achut e and i s
hel d
i n pl ace by t he end pl at e. Thi s l at t er i s s ecur ed
by s i x s of t met al s cr ews whi ch ar e eas i l y
s hear ed.
Of t he f our s t abi l i zi ng f i ns
on t he
t ai l of t he con-
t ai ner , one
pai r i s 23/4 i nches l ong
whi l e t he ot her
i s 1 6 i nches l ong.
Thecandl e i s an al umi numt ube cl os ed at one
end, wi t h a paper l i ner cont ai ni ng t he compr es s ed
f l ar e compos i t i on. A
l i ght al umi num
cont ai ner
i ns er t ed i n t he concaveend of t he candl e cont ai ns
t hebl ack powder i gni t er .
At t he
ot her end of t he
candl e a heat i ns ul at i ng l ayer , cons i s t i ng of cas t
pl as t er , i s pr ovi ded t o pr ot ect t he s hr ouds of t he
par achut e. Thel at t er ar ear r angedi n t wo
gr oups
connect ed by t wo 4- f oot l engt hs of S. W. R. t o
t he
cl os i ng pl at e, whi chi s r i vet ed t o t hecont ai ner .
Thepar achut e,
4
Feet i n di amet er , i s made of
1 2
s ect i ons of ar t i f i ci al s i l k
and
vent edat t hecent er .
SUSPENSI ON. Hor i zont al .
COLORANDMARKI NGS. Ext er i or
pai nt ed
bl ack wi t hone mar ki ng ° Aus f . E" s t enci l ed i n on
a s i l ver pat ch
j us t f or war d of t he f uze
pocket .
The mar ki ngs on t he
par achut e
ar e: Ger at LC
50F Aus f
.
C.
DATA
Over - al l Lengt h: 43 i n.
Body Di amet er
: 7. 87 i n.
Tai l Wi dt h:
1 1 . 0 i n.
Type of Fi l l i ng :
Fl ar e compos i t i on.
Tot al Wei ght : 32 kg
( appr ox. ) .
Fuzi ng :
( 9) or ( 59) B.
BLACK POWDER
FELT PADS
PROTEGHNI GDELAY
LC50F Aus f . G
PARACHUTE
FLARE
BOMBS
Fi gur e
74- LC50 F Aus f . GPar achut e Fl ar e
CONSTRUCTI ON
. The body of t he LC
50 F
Aus f . Gpar achut e
f l ar e i s
cons t r uct ed of s heet
al umi num
. The bas e i s cl os ed
of f by a f l at
pl at e
ands ecur ed t o t he cyl i nder by
1 2 r i vet s . Apar a-
64
GERMAN
EXPLOSI VEORDNANCE
70
chut e cl osi ng
cap f orms t he f orward
end of t he
cont ai ner .

( See f i g.
74. )
The
parachut e
i s f ound i n t he
f orward part
of t he
cont ai ner
bet ween t he parachut e cl osi ng
cap
and t he f uze
pocket . The suspensi on l ug i s
l ocat ed a f ew
i nches af t of t he f uze pocket . The
suspensi on
l ug brace cont ai ns t he bl ack powder
puf f and
al so connect s t he f l ash channel f rom
t he
f uze
pocket
t o t he cent ral i gni t er t rai n. The re-
mai ni ng
part of t he
cont ai ner af t of t he suspen-
si on l ug
i s f i l l ed wi t h
f l are composi t i on.
OPERATI ON.
Af t er rel ease, t he ai rburst f uze
Fi gure
75- , Mark C34 FAParachut e Fl are
OP
1666
f unct i ons t o expl ode 3 grams of bl ack powder i n
bakel i t e gai nes whi ch i n t urn l i ght s pyrot echni c
del ay t o expl ode a powder puf f . Pressure exert ed
by t he resul t ant gases f orces t he parachut e agai nst
t he
parachut e cl osi ng cap
t o
shear t he ret ai ni ng
ri vet s,
and so permi t t he ej ect i og of t he parachut e
i nt o t he ai r st ream. Si mul t aneousl y t hef l ash f rom
t he powder puf f i gni t es t he i gni t er t rai n l eadi ng
cent ral l y t hrough t hef l are candl e t o t hef i ve i gni t er
st ars whi ch
i n
t urn i gni t e
and ensure a
subst an-
t i al l y even i gni t i on of t he f l are composi t i on. I t
appears
t hat t he gases produced
by t he i gni t i on
of
t he
i gni t er st ar s exer t
suf f i ci ent pr essur e
t o shear
t he
r i vet s r et ai ni ng t he
f l ar e
composi t i on cl osi ng
di sc .
REMARKS.
I nf or mat i on on t hi s
f l ar e i s based
upon t r ansl at i on
of a Ger man
document .
SUSPENSI ON.
Ver t i cal or
hor i zont al .
COLORANDMARKI NGS.
Body and t ai l
ar e
dul l bl ack. "LC50 FAusf . G" i s
st enci l ed
i n 40-
mmwhi t e l et t er s on t wo si des of
body 35
mmbe-
hi nd t he suspensi on l ug.
MARKC50 FAPARACHUTE
FLARE
DATA:
Over - al l Lengt h : 42. 0 i n.
Body Di amet er : 7. 85 i n.
Fuzi ng: El Zt Z ( 59) A; El Zt
Z ( 59) B;
Z
( 89)
C.
CONSTRUCTI ON
. The f l ar e body
i s an al umi -
numcyl i nder
wi t h no t ai l f i ns . ( See
f i g. 75. ) The
nose i s a
f l anged and sl i ght l y domed
cap secur ed
t o
body by f our shear scr ews .
Anose eyebol t i s
at t ached t o nose cap. The
i nt er i or of t he
nose
cap i s l i ned . wi t h a f el t pad.

Bet ween
t hi s pad
and t he f uze pocket l i es t he cot t on
par achut e.
The
par achut e, vent ed at t op, has a
ci r cumf er ence
of
21 f eet , 4 i nches and i s
made i n 8 sect i ons .

The
par achut e shr ouds
ar e ar r anged i n
t wo gr oups
of f our , each gr oup bei ng connect ed
t o a suspen-
si on cabl e. Thet wo suspensi on
cabl es ar eat t ached
t o t wo
br acket s whi ch ar ebol t ed t o
t he candl e uni t
l i d.
An ol d f l at t ype l ocki ng r i ng
secur es t he
59A
f uze i n t he f uze pocket . The
ej ect or cup
i s a
sl i di ng f i t i n t he f l ar e body
but i s
pr event ed f r om
movement by
t he i ndent at i ons ( unt i l
t he ej ect or
char ge f unct i ons) .
Ret ai ned i n posi t i on at
t he base of
t he f uze
pocket by a smal l gr ub
scr ew i s t he
qui ckmat ch
hol der mount ed i n
pl ast i c mat er i al . The
bundl e
of
qui ckmat ch i s pl eged cent r al l y down
t hi s hol der
t o connect at r i ght angl es wi t h
t he qui ckmat ch
r el ay.
The
qui ckmat ch r el ay "l ead- i n"
t ube, whi ch i s
f or some di st ance
of r ubber and t hen of al umi num
al l oy, passes t hr ough
sl ot s i n t he i nt er veni ng
pl at es,
and ext ends t he l engt h of t he
candl e uni t
t o t he
ej ect i on char ge.
The candl e uni t measur es 22 by
4 i nches
di am-
et er
and bear s mar ki ng
si mi l ar t o t hose f ound
on
BOMBS
t he f l ar e body.
I t i s pr i med at t he
base
wi t h an
i gni t i on composi t i on
.
Pl aced bet ween
t he candl e uni t
ej ect or di sc
and
t he
t er mi nat i on of
t he qui ckmat ch r el ay i s a f ur -
t her l ayer of i gni t i on
composi t i on
.
The ej ect i on char ge
consi st i ng of
"Pebbl e" gun-
powder i s cont ai ned
wi t hi n a f el t
hol der . The
r emai ni ng space i n t he
base of t he f l ar e
i s occu-
pi ed by t wo
packi ng washer s, one of
f el t , and one
of cl ay.
Ri vet ed t o
t hef l ar e bodyi s
t he domed base cl os-
i ng cap whi ch
i s f ur t her secur ed
by an
i nwar d
t ur ni ng- aver of
t he cyl i ndr i cal
body t o
over l ap
t he cl osi ng cap.
OPERATI ON
. Dur i ng t he
f al l of t he
par achut e
f l ar e, t he aer i al
bur st f uze
f unct i ons and
t he f l ash
i s passed t o
i gni t e t he
qui ckmat ch
wi t hi n t he
qui ckmat ch
hol der . I t i s
r el ayed vi a t he
r ubber
t ube and
t he al umi num
al l oy t ube t o
i gni t e t he
pr i mi ng
composi t i on. Thi s i n
t ur n i ni t i at es
t he
gunpowder
ej ect i on char ge.
The gases
f or med by t he
bur ni ng of
t he gun-
powder
f or ce t he
ej ect or di sk and wi t h
i t t he can-
dl e
uni t ej ect or cup,
and par achut e
t owar d t he nose
cap.
The
pr essur e of t he par achut e
agai nst t he
i nt er i or
of t he nose
cap shear s t he
f our scr ews
per mi t t i ng t he
par achut e and
candl e uni t t o be
ej ect ed f r omt he
f l ar e body.
Si mul t aneousl y t he f l ash
f r omt hebur ni ng gun-
powder has i gni t ed
t he pr i mi ng
composi t i on at
t he bot t omof t he
f l ar e t o i gni t e t he
f l ar e compo-
si t i on.
No i nf or mat i on
has been r ecei ved
r egar di ng t he
bur ni ng t i me of
t he candl e uni t .
COLORAND
MARKI NGS. Body,
i s bl ack over
al l . St enci l ed
on body i n
gr een pai nt :
"Mar k
C50FA" or
"Mar k 50 F/A
. " The
par achut e i s
mar ked
LETTERUNGS- NT6
EESFELD
ANGEFEI TI GT
SEP. 193
B. G.
TEXT12
WERKE
K. G. S.
HENKI NG
BERLI N- TEMPLEHOF
MARK50
KASK
TARGET-
I NDI CATI NG
FLARES
DATA:
Over - al l
Lengt h :
41
. 0 i n.
Body Di amet er : 7. 7 i n.
Tai l Lengt h : 15. 0 i n.
71
GERMANEXPLOSIVEORDNANCE
72
TOPPLATE
IGNITION
PARTITIONS
(CARDBOARD)
Tai l
Wi dth.
10. 3 i n.
Fi l l i ng : Il l umi nati ng composi ti on, bl ack pow-
der expel l ant
char ge; smokel ess powder i gni -
ti on
di sks .
Fuzi ng ; 89Bf uze.
CONSTRUCTION
. The body i s a cyl i nder of
sheet metal wi tha constant
exter nal di ameter . A
tr uncated
cone of concr ete i s f i r ml y f i xed to the
nose
by a 0. 75- i nch bol t. (Seef i g. 76. )
The f uze pocket contai ns a dr i l l ed
hol e to al l ow
passage
of f l ame to the r ear of the contai ner.
Immedi atel y to the r ear of the f uze
pocket
i s the
char ge
contai ni ng pl ate,
so
posi ti oned
that the
hol e i n i t i s
di r ectl y over the f l ame por t i n the
f uze pocket . A
bag of bl ack powder l i es i n the
char ge contai ni ng
pl ate.
To the
r ear of the char ge and r esti ng on the
char ge r etai ni ng
pl ate i s the pr essur e pl ate.
Thi s
pr essur e pl ate
has a centr al f l ash hol e thr ough i t
and
al so has
an extensi on wel ded to a cutaway
semi ci r cl e
on Zts
ci r cumf er ence to al l owf or move-
ment of the pl ate
wi thout hi ndr ance f r omthe i n-
ter nal por ti on
of the suspensi on eyebol t .
Resti ng on
the pr essur e pl ate i s the f i r st
of thr ee
i gni ti on
par ti ti ons . Eachpar ti ti on consi sts
of two
per f or ated car dboar d
pl ates, between whi ch ar e
pr essed
di scs of
smoki ng
powder -
A
bundl e of 20
tar get i ndi cati ng f l ar es r ests on
the i gni ti on
par ti ti ons
. Each f l ar e i s
appr oxi -
Fi gur e 76- Mar k 501(ask Tar get i denti f i cati on Fl ar e
PRESSUREPLATE

CHARGECONTAINING
PLATE
CONCRETENOSE
PIECE
EXPELLANT CHARGE
(BLACK
POWDER)
OP1
666
matel y 6 i nches l ong and11/2i nches i n' di ameter .
The outer cover i ng of each f l ar e i s waxed car d-
boar d andther e i s a smear of
qui ck- f i r e composi -
ti on
at
one end. The f l ar es ar e pl aced so that the
endon whi chthe qui ck- f i r e composi ti on i s l ocated
i s
towar dthe f uze pocket .
Above the l ayer of 20
f l ar es ther e i s another
i gni ti on par ti ti on, then
a bundl e of 21 f l ar es, f ol -
l owed
by
sti l l another i gni ti on par ti ti on and21
f l ar es,
maki ng a total of 62i ndi vi dual f l ar es con-
tai ned i n the body.
To the r ear of the
l ast bundl e of f l ar es ar e two
pads of f el t and one
car dboar d pad. The top
pl ate r etai ns al l the
contents i n the contai ner and
i s f i xed to the body
by means of f our l i ght al umi -
numshear r i vets
. Thetai l consi sts of f our stabi -
l i zi ng f i ns wel dedat
90° i nter val s ar oundthebody.
SUSPENSION
. Asi ngl e standar d Ger man eye.
bol t scr ewed to
the si de of the body suppor ts the
"Mk 50 Kask" i n the pl ane.
REMARKS.

As the mi ssi l e f al l s to
ear th af ter
r el ease, i t mai ntai ns anose down posi ti on i n f l i ght
due to the
wei ght of the concr ete nose pi ece. The
f uze f uncti ons
whi l e f al l i ng. The expel l ant
char ge i s i gni ted,
bl ows the pr essur e pl ate to the
r ear ,
shear i ng the r etai ni ng r i vets, andtop pl ate
f al l s f r ee, ej ecti ng the i ndi vi dual f l ar es . At
the
same ti me that the ej ecti on i s occur r i ng, the f l ash
f r omthe pr opel l ant char ge i s tr ansmi tted
to the
i gni t i on par t i t i ons whi ch i gni t e t he
t ar get f l ar es .
Once i gni t ed, t he f l ar es bur n wi t h a
whi t e f l ame f or
1 second and t hen wi t h a r ed f l ame.
PARACHUTE FLARE, SI NGLE
CANDLE FLARE
( PULL
FRI CTI ON
I GNI TERS)
DATA
:
Over - al l Lengt h .
42. 0 i n .
Body Di amet er : 7. 8 i n .
Fi l l i ng :
Fl ar e composi t i on.
Fuzi ng : El . Zt . Z ( 59) Band f r i ct i on i gni t er s
.
FLARE UNI T
PADS
EJ ECTI ON CHARGE
CONSTRUCTI ON. Thi s f l ar e i s si mi l ar i n si ze
and gener al const r uct i on t o t he Mar k C50 F/A
f l ar e. The pr i nci pal di f f er ence i s t hat t he candl e
i s r ever sed and
i gni t ed by pul l f r i ct i on i gni t er s
i nst ead of bl ack powder char ge whi ch ej ect s
i t
f r omt he mai n casi ng . ( See f i g. 77. )
The f r i ct i on
i gni t er s ar e si mi l ar i n desi gn t o
t he ZDSCHNand
29 pul l i gni t er wi t h t he addi -
t i on of a pyr ot echni c
del ay of 3
; /2
seconds scr ewed
i nt o t he base . Ar ound
t he end of t he pyr ot echni c
t ube of bot h i gni t er s a l engt h of qui ckmat ch i s
Fi gur e 77- Par achut e
Fl ar e wi t h Pul l I gni t er
BOMBS
73
GERMANEXPLOSIVE
ORDNANCE
secur ed by t hi s
cor d.
Immedi at el y bel ow t hi s
qui ckmat ch at hi n car dboar d
di sc hol di ng a bl ack
powder pr i mer cl oses t he base of t he
f l ar e candl e.
Thi n cor ds connect t he i gni t er s t o t he eye
f or t he
par achut e shackl es ; each of t hese cor ds i s
knot t ed
ar ound t he weakened cent er s of t he wooden de-
t ent s bef or e passi ng t hr ough sl ot s i n t he met al
di sc. The det ent s act as asaf et y devi ce by
f oul i ng
74
Fi gur e 7B- Par achut o Fl ar e (Whf r a"i ngl e Uni t
OP1
666
t hemet al di sc shoul d t he cor ds be pul l ed
whi l e t he
candl e i s st i l l i n pl ace.
OPERATION. Apr e- set t i me af t er r el ease
f r om
t he ai r cr af t , t he (58) Bf uze oper at es and
vi a t he
qui ckmat ch t r ai n f i r es t he ej ect i on char ge.
Ri vet s
r et ai ni ng
t he
nose cl osi ng capar e
Shear ed and t he
par achut e and candl e ej ect ed. The pul l of t he
par achut e
i s
f i r st t aken by t he f r i ct i on
i gni t er
cor ds
and t he candl e i s i gni t ed af t er
3Y2
seconds,
by whi ch t i me i t i s suspended nor mal l y f r om
t he
par achut e. The candl e bur ns f or
5
mi nut es
.
SUSPENSI ON. Ver t i cal or
hor i zont al
.
COLORANDMARKI NGS
. The casi ng i s
pai nt ed bl ack over
al umi num. Thr ee panel s on
t he out si de sur f ace
ar e l ef t unpai nt ed and t he f ol -
l owi ng t ypi cal mar ki ngs
ar e st enci l ed i n on bl ack
Nur f ur et c
50 VI I I
DEPYFAG- - M
39. Li ef $.
SI NGLE
CANDLE UNI T, PARACHUTE
FLARE
(WHI TE)
DATA
Over - al l
Lengt h : 13. 25 i n.
Body
Lengt h : 13. 25 i n.
Body
Di amet er : 2. 40 i n.
Wal l Thi ckness : 0. 45
i n.
Fi l l i ng : Fl ar e composi t i on.
Fuzi ng : Anumber (31)
pul l - per cussi on i gni t er
i s used t o i gni t e
t he f l ar e candl e ; a Zt Z
(89) Bcl ockwor k aer i al
bur st f uze opens t he
cont ai ner .
CONSTRUCTI ON
. The body
i s
an al umi num
cyl i nder cl osed at bot h
ends . Thenose cl osi ng cup
i s appr oxi mat el y 2
i nches l ong by 2. 25 i nches i n
di amet er and i s
cr i mped i n posi t i on by f our i n-
dent at i ons. I t
i s open at t he nose end and per -
f or at ed at t he
base wher e i t i s seal ed by a sheet
of t i nf oi l . Cent r al l y
i n t he base of t hi s cup i s
secur ed
an i nt er nal l y
t hr eaded bush t o accommo-
dat e t he (31) i gni t er .
The 4- i nch deep t ai l cl os-
i ng
cup i s secur ed
bymeans of 8 r i vet s and car r i es a
suspensi on
eyebol t
cent r al l y. The par achut e, at -
t ached t o t hi s eyebol t
by means of a wi r e cabl e 36
i nches l ong,
i s 4
f eet - , i n di amet er wi t h a 3. 75- i nch
ai r vent
i n t he cent er . Ei ght shr oud
l i nes f r om
t he par achut e
t er mi nat e i n al oop whi ch i s
i n t ur n
at t ached
t o t he (31) i gni t er .
(See f i g. 78. )
The candl e
uni t consi st s of
acyl i ndr i cal pr essed
car dboar d
case appr oxi mat el y
10. 75 i nches l ong
and 2. 3 i nches
i n ext er nal di amet er . Thi s case,
0. 1
i nches t hi ck, cont ai ns t he
f l ar e composi t i on at
t he head of whi ch i s a
car dboar d washer wi t h a
pr i mi ng of bl ack
powder .
BOMBS
OPERATI ON
. Onr el ease of
t he cont ai ner
f r om
t he
ai r cr af t , t he ser i al bur st
f uze Zt Z (89)
B
oper at es t o
open
t he
cont ai ner and t o scat t er
t he
41 f l ar es .
The par achut e on each i ndi vi dual
f l ar e
opens t her eby exer t i ng
a pul l on t he (31)
i gni t er
f i r i ng cabl e. The sl ot t ed st r i ker cyl i nder
i s
pul l ed
back, compr essi ng t he st r i ker
spr i ng, unt i l
t he
f our st eel bal l s ar e ej ect ed
i nt o t he r ecessed end
of
t he f uze - body and t he hol l ow
st eel bal l - shaped
cl i p
i s pul l ed f r ee. Thi s r el eases
t he spr i ng- l oaded
st r i ker whi ch i s i mpel l ed ont o t i
: e det onat or . The
f l ash f r omt he pr i mer cap i gni t es
t he bl ack powder
pr i mer whi ch i n t ur n i gni t es
t he f l ar e composi t i on
.
REMARKS
.

Thi s f l ar e i s bel i eved t o be si mi l ar
i n si ze and
const r uct i on t o t he r ed si ngl e candl e
f l ar e car r i ed
i n t he Mar k 250- BKcont ai ner .
SUSPENSI ON
. 41 of t hese si ngl e candl e f l ar es
ar e cont ai ned
i n t he Mar k
250- LK
cont ai ner s.
COLORANDMARKI NGS. Unpai nt ed al u-
mi num. Longi t udi nal l y near suspensi on l ug
mar ked
FERTI GUNFI RMA
dbc
LI EFERUNGSNUMMER46/ 42
PARACHUTEFLARE, SI NGLECANDLEFLARE,
I WHI TE ANDI I RED
DATA. :

vt i - s, TM REv
Over - al l
Lengt h- - - - - - - - 19 i n.

13. 3
i n.
Body
Di amet er - - - - - - - - -
33/8 i n.

3. 4 i n.
Fi l l i ng
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Fl ar e composi t i on
.
Fuzi ng- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Pul l
f r i ct i on i gni t er s.
CONSTRUCTI ON. The body of t he whi t e f l ar e
i s of al umi numwi t h a sheet st eel cap at t he t op
secur ed by adhesi ve t ape. The f l ar e i s f i t t ed wi t h
t wo pul l i gni t er s, one i n t he si de of t he case and
one i n t he t op of t he f l ar e candl e.

(See f i g. 79. )
Ther e ar e t wo bl ack powder char ges i n each f l ar e,
one t o bl owout t he par achut e, housed i n t he t op
of t he case, and t he ot her t o i gni t e t he candl e.
When t he ai r bur st f uze causes t he cont ai ner t o
open i n mi d- ai r , each f l ar e f al l s away and i n so
doi ng oper at es t he si de pul l i gni t er whi ch f i r es a
bl ack powder char ge bl owi ng out t he par achut e.
As t he par achut e opens, t he pul l i gni t er at t he
t op of t he candl e oper at es . Thi s
f i r es a shor t
l engt h
of saf et y
f uze whi ch bur ns f or about 16
seconds, bef or e i ni t i at i ng t hesecond bl ack powder
char ge whi ch i gni t es t he candl e. Thi s f l ar e bur ns
wi t h a whi t e l i ght .
75
GERMAN
EXPLOSIVE
ORDNANCE

OP 1666
76
C11NDXEi GNIF:ON
BLACK
POWDERCHARGE
Fi gure79-ParachuteFl are[Redl --Si ngl eUni t
CANDLESUSPENS-ONRi V5
-

_ .. . ME-G=
RING
_METAL
RING
Af l ar e has been r ecover ed
whi ch
i s si mi l ar i n
const r uct i on
except t hat t he case has been cut
1 / ,4 i nch above t he met al r i ng washer and t ur ned
over t he washer t o
secur e i t i n posi t i on
. The
over - al l l engt h
i s t her eby r educed and onl y one
i gni t er r emai ns.
On r el ease f r omt he
cont ai ner ,
t he par achut e
opens and oper at es t he f r i ct i on i g-
ni t er . The f l ash i gni t es
t he saf et y f uze and af t er
a pr edet er mi ned
del ay t he i gni t er and ej ect i on
char ges
f or ce of f t he
nose cap and ej ect t he candl e
whi ch si mul t aneousl y
i s i gni t ed by t he pr i mi ng
l ayer
composi t i on.
Ther e i s no bal l ast i n t he
dose of t hi s f l ar e.
I t bur ns f or apl i r oxi mat el y 6
mi nut es wi t h a
r ed l i ght .
SUSPENSI ON- Ten
of t he whi t e f l ar es
ar e f i t t ed
i nt o t he ABB500
M1 0 cont ai ner
or ni ne f l ar es
pl us si x SD2
bombs ar e f i t t ed
i nt o t he Mar k 500
Boden 6 SD2
cont ai ner . The
r ed f l ar e was f ound
i n cl ose pr oxi mi t y t o a 250
BKcont ai ner . Each
f l ar e i s at t ached
t o t he cont ai ner by n
shor t l engt h
of wi r e cabl e,
secur ed at one end t o a br acket i n
t he cont ai ner and
at t he ot her t o t he pul l i gni t er
i n t he si de of t he f l ar e .
699794
0- 47- vol . 1 - - - - - - 6
Fi gur e 80- Mar k
S
Fl ar e,
Types J and 2
MARKS
FLARE, TYPES 1 AND2
BOMBS
Dat a :

TYPE1

Tyr o 2
Over - al l
Lengt h- - - - - - 1 1 . 5 i n.

7. 5 i n.
Body Di amet er - - - - - - -
7. 5i n.

7. 5 i n.
Fi l l i ng
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - Fl ar e composi t i on.
Fuzi ng- - - - - - - - - - - - - -
67/ V f uze or pul l f r i c
t i on i gni t er .
CONSTRUCTI ON-
Each f l ar e i s composed
of a
buoyancy chamber , a candl e uni t ,
and a f uze .
( See
f i g.
80. ) The
buoyancy chamber i s con-
st r uct ed of sheet
st eel and i s r oughl y cyl i ndr i cal
i n shape wi t h
t wo f l at t ened sur f aces t o f aci l i t at e
packi ng wi t hi n t he cont ai ner
. I t i s seal ed at bot h
ends by a sheet met al pl at e . Thr ough t he cent er
and wel ded t o t hese
pl at es i s a sheet whi ch pr o-
vi des pr ot ect i on and suppor t
f or t he por t i on of t he
candl e uni t ext endi ng bel owt he
buoyancy cham-
ber . The candl e uni t s consi st of t wo candl es f i t t ed
wi t hi n t he cent er t ube
and secur ed i n pl ace by a
wooden wedge. The mai n f l ar e composi t i on i s
cont ai ned i n a waxed car dboar d t ube whi ch i n
some cases f i t s wi t hi l f an al umi numout er casi ng.
Bot hf l ar e candl es ar e seal ed at t he base
wi t h ei t her
77
GERMANEXPLOSI VE
ORDNANCE
at hi n coat i ng of r ed pl ast i c pai nt or f abr i c coat ed
wi t h shel l ac or i n some cases l ef t open exposi ng
t he f l ar e
composi t i on. At t he head of
each
candl e
and set wi t hi n
t he mai n f l ar e composi t i on i s
an
al umi numcup f i l l ed wi t h
gr ey
powder . Above
t hi s i s posi t i oned
acar dboar d washer pr i med wi t h
coar se gr ai ned bl ack
powder . I f f uzed wi t h t he
f i 7/ Vt he head of t he
.
candl e uni t
i s
encl osed by a
met al cap.
Passi ng f r omt he f uze bet ween t he
met al cap and
t he body of t he f l ar e candl e i s a
l engt h of saf et y
f use whi ch t er mi nat es wi t hi n a
shal l oon bag cont ai ni ng
bl ack powder
.
Thi s bag
i s posi t i oned i n t he
cent er of awooden col l ar . The
f uze i t sel f i s secur ed
t o t he f r ame by a br acket .
At t ached t o
t he base of t he f uze i s a bakel i t e
adapt er t o whi ch
i s f i t t ed t he saf et y f use f r omt he
head of t he f i at
candl e.
Ast at i c cor d f r omt he f uze ar mi ng pi n i s se-
cur ed t o abr acket i n t he l ower sect i on of t he con-
t ai ner . I f f uzed wi t h
a
pul l i gni t er , t he candl e
head i s f i t t ed wi t h
br ass wi r e gauze beneat h whi ch
ar e f i t t ed one and a
hal f i nf l ammabl e bi scui t s.
The head of t he candl e
i s
open
exposi ng t he car d-
boar d washer pr i med wi t h coar se, gr ai ned gun-
powder . The i gni t er i s secur ed t o t he br acket at
t he head of t he
buoyancy chamber so t hat i t s nose
78
Fi gur e
81- Smoke Fl ar e, Or ange, 160
makes di r ect cont act
wi t h t he i nf l ammabl e bi s-
cui t s. The st at i c, cor d
r uns f r omt he i gni t er
t o a
br acket i n t he f l ar e cont ai ner
.
Type
2
f l ar es
may
be
f oundwi t hout ei t her af uze
or i gni t er i n whi ch case t he head of t he f i r st candl e
i s cl osed by
a met al cap i n whi ch ar e t wo hol es.
Beneat h t he
cap i s a wooden col l ar housi ng t wo
shal l oon bags, t he f i r st cont ai ni ng nor mal bl ack
powder and t he
second a l i ght gr een compound.
Exact l y
how
t hese
unf uzed f l ar es ar e i gni t ed
i s not
known.
OPERATI ON. When t he cont ai ner opens, t he
f l ar es f al l f r ee. The st at i c cor d f unct i ons ei t her
t he ar mi ng devi ce of
t he 87/ V
or
t he
pul l i gni t er ,
whi chever i s f i t t ed t o t he f l ar e. The f l ar e ent er s
t he wat er andr et ur ns t o t he sur f ace, f l oat i ng wi t h
t he bead of t he f l ar e j ust cl ear of t he wat er .
When t he f i r st candl e i s t hr ee- quar t er s bur nt , a
pi ece of saf et y f use r unni ng t o. t he second candl e
i s
i gni t ed
and
af t er
a
shor t del ay t he second
can-
dl e i s i gni t ed. Each candl e
has
a
bur ni ng t i me
of appr oxi mat el y 2%mi nut es whi ch, al l owi ng f or
over l ap when bot h candl es ar e bur ni ng, gi ves a
t ot al cont i nuous bur ni ng t i me of
5
mi nut es
f or
each f l ar e.
SUSPENSI ON. The
f l ar es ar ecar r i ed i n "Mar k
70
S" and "Mar kAB70- 1"
cont ai ner s ; t wo t ypeI
and one t ype2f l ar e
i n
each cont ai ner .
COLOR
AND
MARKI NGS. Thecandl e uni t i s
unpai nt ed
al umi num
or car dboar d ; t he buoyancy
chamber i s
unpai nt ed
s t eel . I f t he 67/ Pf uze i s
us ed, t he
del ay i s
mar ked on t he buoyancy
chamber .
SMOKEFLARES- ORANGE
160,
ORANGE
80
DATA:

180
80
Over - al l l . engt b____-
4. 0"

3. 4" .
Body Di amet er _____ 1. 81,
Wal l
Thi cknes s _____ %e'
t . appr oa .
e"
(appr
o
x. ) .
Tape of
M111139- - - - - -
Smoke
comp.
Wei ght
of F1111ng- __.
52. 0gr ams

37. 0. gr ams .
Tot al wei ght - - - - - - -
132. 0
gr ams

74. 0 gr ams .
Chg/ wt
Rat i o______ 40. 0%

50. 0%.
Fuzi ng_____________ Pul l
i gni t er s
CONSTRUCTI ON
. - The
out er cas e of t hef l ar e
i s an al umi num
cyl i nder wi t h
bas e. Apus h- on
t ype l i d i s hel d i n
pl ace over
t he t op of t he cas e
by a s t r i p
of adhes i ve
t ape. I ns i de t he f l ar e,
at
t he
bas e- i s a l ocat i ng
pi ece wi t h a r ai s ed s ect i on
at t he cent er
over whi ch s l i des
a per f or at ed al u
mi num
cyl i nder .

On
t he out s i de of t hi s cyl i nder
i s wound
a l engt h
of qui ckmat ch,
t he upper f r ee
end of whi ch
pr oj ect s i nt o t he
t op of t hecyl i nder .
Fi gur e 82- - SmokeFl ar e, Or ange, 80
BOMBS
Bet ween t he
per f or at ed cyl i nder and t he out er
cas e i s t he s mokef i l l i ng. Theper f or at ed cyl i nder
i s
pos i t i oned at t he upper end by a l oos e- f i t t i ng
di s c over whi ch s i t s a met al r i ng. (Sewf i gs . 81
and 82. )

The i gni t er i s l ocat ed i n an i nver t ed
cap, hel d i n pl ace
by a
l ocknut
.

Thecap has f our
s mokees capes
cover ed by cel l ophane.
Theor ange 80 di f f er s f r omt he 160 i n t hat t he
al umi numl ocat i ng di s cs and r i ng of t he 160 have
been r epl aced by s i mi l ar i l y s haped car dboar d
pi eces . Thei nver t ed cap t o whi ch t he i gni t er i s
s ecur ed cont ai ns s i x hol es i ns t ead of f our . The
out er
cap i s hel d by a bayonet j oi nt and adhes i ve
t ape.
OPERATI ON
.
Bot h
i gni t er s
f unct i on
on
t he
s ame pr i nci pl e. The i gni t er cont ai ner s hol d
a
compr es s ed
powder pel l et (i i i t he or ange 160) or
a r ubber t ube cont ai ni ng a l engt h of s af et y
f us e.
Abovet he powder pel l et
or
s af et y f us e i s
a f r i c-
t i on cap t hr ough whi ch pas s es t he f r i ct i on wi r e.
The
f r i ct i on wi r e i s coi l ed at i t s l ower end t o r es i s t
t he
pul l . Apul l - chai n i s at t ached t o t he r i ng at
t he t op of t he f r i ct i on wi r e. When t hi s i s pul l ed,
t ho f r i ct i on wi r e pas s es t hr ough and i gni t es t he
cap whi ch i n t ur n i gni t es t he powder pel l et or
s af et y f us e.
REMARKS. Thes ef l ar es ar e us ed
as
wi nd
dr i f t
i ndi cat or s .
SUSPENSI ON. Pl aced and i gni t ed by hand.
79
GERMANEXPLOSI VEORDNANCE
80
Fi gure 83-SmokeSi gnal Fl are
Fi gure 84-Smoke Si gnal Fl are A. R. D. R.
OP 1666
1 . SMOKESI GNAL
FLARE; 2.
SMOKESI GNAL
FLAREA. R. D. R. ; 3. DI STRESS
SI GNAL
TORCH
Fi l l i ng : Smoke-produci ng f l are compound; posi t i on.
Fuzi ng-
Pul l i gni t ers.
CONSTRUCTI ON
. I . Case i s asheet al umi num
cyl i nder wi t h base
f ormed as part of t he cyl i nder
and wi t h upper di sc cri mped t ot he body. The
f i l l i ng i s cont ai ned i n a ri bbed pl ast i c cyl i nder.
( See f i g. 83. )
2.
Case i s a
sheet al umi numcyl i nder wi t h bot h
base and t op pl at es cri mped i nt o t he body. A
l ower andan upper spacer di sc wi t h hol l owcyl i n-
ders at t ached l ocat e f our perf orat ed al umi num
t ubes. Acardboard di sc i s pai nt ed wi t h bl ack
powder andrest s ont he upper di sc. Amet al ri ng
hol ds t he cardboard andspacer di sc i n pl ace. The
f i l l i ngi s di vi ded
i nt ol ayers
by
di scs
. , ( See
f i g.
84
. )
DATA:
Over-al l
Lengt h
-------------- 4. 9"
8. 81,
12. 5"
Lengt h
of Body--------------
3. 6" 8. 0"
11. 3"
Di amet er
of
Body------------ 1. 8" 3. 4" 1. 41,
Thi ckness of Wal l ------------
0. 04"
5/ 64
' "
3. Case i s a sheet al umi num
cyl i nder .

The base
i s a cement di sc secur ed by f our scr ews and
r et ai ns
t he f ol di ng handl es, The t op pl at e i s
cr i mped
i nt o t he body and t he i gni t er i s
cover ed by a cap
hel d i n pl ace by adhesi ve t ape.

Above t he cement
base di sc ar e t hr ee pr essed cyl i nder s of f l ar e com-
posi t i on whi ch bur n r espect i vel y r ed, whi t e,
and
r ed. On t op of t he upper f l ar e cyl i nder i s a di sc
of i gni t i on mi xt ur e. A, car dboar d washer
above
t hi s i s hel d i n pl ace by a met al cyl i nder .

( See f i g.
85 . )
I n al l t hr ee t ypes t he i gni t er i s hel d i n pl ace
by
t wo l ock nut s . The cl osi ng di sc of t he f l ar es
may
have one or mor e hol es t o emi t smoke.
REMARKS. 1 and 2 ar e used as navi gat i on
ai ds
by pi l ot s ; 3 i s used as a di st r ess
si gnal .
COLOR. 1. Pai nt ed yel l ow; cap of
i gni t er i s r ed;
2 . Pai nt ed t o i ndi cat e col or of
smoke, so f ar ei t her
r edor vi ol et ; 3. Pai nt ed r ed wi t h whi t e
paper st r i p
ar ound body at l ocat i on
of
whi t e f l ar es.
PHOTOGRAPHI C FLASHBOMB
BLC 50
( 3049)
DATA:
Over - al l Lengt h :
43. 0 i n.
Body Lengt h : 26. 4 i n.
Body
Di amet er : 7. 8 i n.
Wal l t hi ckness :
3%2
I n
.
Tai l Lengt h : 16. 0
i n.
Tal l Wi dt h ; 21. 0 i n.
Fi l l i ng : Fl ar e
composi t i on.
Fuzi ng : ( 9)
f uze,
CONSTRUCTI ON.

I n
ext er i or appear ance, t hi s
bomb i s si mi l ar
t o t he SC 50- kg t ype I except t hat
t he case
i s made of sheet st eel wi t h a heavy nose
sect i on. Ther e i s a ci r cul ar
st eel pl at e j ust f or -
var d of t he f uze pocket and t he
nose
sect i on i s
not f i l l ed. The base pl at e i s at t ached by shear
scr eens . The t ai l i s si mi l ar t o t hat of t he
SC
50- kg
bomb consi st i ng of
f our
vanes
wel ded t o a cone
whi ch
i s r i vet ed t o a base pl at e. .
( See
f i g. 86. )
SUSPENSI ON.

Ver t i cal or hor i zont al .
COLORANDMARKI NGS. Thebomb case may
be pai nt ed yel l owor
al umi numwi t h "BLC50" and
manuf act ur er s' mar ki ngs
st enci l ed i n bl ack . The
t ai l assembl y
i s pai nt ed
dar k gr ey.
FLASHPELLET
I GNI TI ON MI XTURE
PRESSEDCYLI NDER
FLARECOMPOSI TI ON)
Fi gur e 85- - Di st r ess Si gnal Tor ch
BOMBS
BLC 50PHOTOFLASHBOMB
DATA-
Over - al l Lengt h ; 42
. 9 i n.
Max. Body Di amet er
: 8. 0 i n.
Di amet er Acr oss Tai l f i ns :
11. 0i n.
Lengt h of Det onat i ng Fuse :
31 . 5 i n.
Wei ght of St andar d Char ge : 15
. 0
kg.
Peakl i ght I nt ensi t y : 450mi l l i on
Hef ner candl es .
Ti me of Pet &I nt ensi t y :
70mi l l i seconds.
Tot al Li ght Out put : 63 mi l l i on
I nt
.
candl e
seconds.
81
GERMANEXPLOSI VEORDNANCE
82
Fi gure86-BLC30(30-Kg) Photofl ashBomb
GENERAL
. I t has been found that - the Luft-
waffeempl oyed
aphotofl ashbombcontai ni ngpow-
dered al umi num,
whi chwas
scattered i ntothesur-
roundi ng ai r
by
the expl osi on of the i nner core
of bl ack powder. Dueto theheat of theexpl osi on,
theal umi numpowder
burned i n
theoxygen of the
ai r and produced arapi dfl ash
.
Thebombwei ghed
consi derabl y morethan
the
conventi onal type of
photofl ashbomb, whi chempl oys
an
i nti mate mi x-
ture
of
powdered oxi di zi ngagent andmagnesi um
or al umi num,
and i t produced a sl i ghtl y l ower
peak candl epower
output . Theti metoreachpeak
i ntensi ty
ryas al so l ower.

However, the
German
OP
1666
bombpossessed avery
great advantage
i n fact that
i t . wasnot sensi ti veto bul l et i mpact, andwasthere-
foremuchsafer toempl oy.
DESCRI PTI ON. TheBLC50photofl ashbomb
consi sts of acomparati vel y l i ght steel casi ng ap-
proxi matel y 42. 9 i nches l ong and 8 i nches
i n
di ameter. (Seefi g. 87. ) Thetotal wei ght
of the
bombi s 42 kg. There i s a heavy concrete
nose
pi ece whi ch acts as abal l ast tostabi l i ze the fl i ght
of the bomb. The bombi tsel f consi sts
of three
approxi matel y concentri c tubes. The outer
tube
contai ns 15kg. of al umi num" pyroschl i ff, "
whi chi s
an extremel y fi ne, fl aked al umi numpowder,
havi ng
thefol l owi ngcharacteri sti cs
Metal content : 87-9 2%
.
Fat
content :
Lessthan
0. 17c .
Moi sture: Less than 0. 5%
.
Another tube pl aced
wi thi n theouter
tubecon-
tai ns 3. 5 kgof
bl ack powder, servi ng
as theexpl o-
si ve whi ch scatters and i gni tes the
outer charge
of al umi numpowder
.
The
bl ack
powder, " Ma-
ri ne-Geschutz" pl uver, possesses the fol l owi ng
characteri sti cs :
Moi sture content : Less than 1. 3%.
Granul ati on range: 0. 68 to 1. 3 mm.
Chemi cal composi ti on
Potassi umni trate: 7517o.
Sul phur : 9 %.
Beechcharcoal : 16%.
Thebl ack powder i s expl oded by means of an
80-cml ength of detonati ng fuse whi ch i s pl aced
i nsi de a thi rd tube
passi ng
through the bl ack
powder charge. Theends of the detonati ng fuse
aredi pped i n a4percent sol uti on of col l odi on, and
al l owed todry.
Thebombi s i gni ted
by means of
the standard
type of
el ectri cal l y i gni ted del ay fuze whi ch
i s
i nserted i n
thefuzewel l i n thesi deof thebomb.
REMARKS
.
I n order to i ncrease the usabl e
l i ght output of the BLC50
photofl ash bomb, the
fol l owi ng researches were carri ed out recentl y
A. The fi ne, fl anker al umi numupyroschl i ff
powder was repl aced wi thanatomi zed al umi num
powder
cal l ed " gri m. "
Thenew, atomi zed pow-
der possessed spheri cal parti cl es, and therefore
had approxi matel y twi ce theapparent densi ty of
the fl aked form.
Approxi matel y 30 kg of the
atomi zed powder coul d be pl aced i n the vol ume
formerl y occupi ed by 15 kgof al umi num" pyro-
schl i $. " Thi s
procedurei ncreasedthepeak' i nten-
si ty from450to800
mi l l i onHefner candl es. How-
ever, the fl ash was
very much sl ower, that i s, the
ti me to reach peak
i ntensi ty was l onger, andthe
total durati on
of the
fl ash was
l onger
.

I t
was
al so
Fi gure87- BLCSO/APhotofl ash
Bomb
BOMBS
stated that the resul ts coul d not be reproduced,
becauseof vari ati ons i n thecharacteri sti cs of the
atomi zed al umi numpowder.
B
.
The 15 kg chargeof fl aked al umi numpow-
der was
repl acedby 28kgof pel l ets (13
mm
di am-
83
GERMAN
EXPLOSI VE
ORDNANCE
et er and7 mm
hei ght ) composed of t he
f ol l owi ng
composi t i on
Magnesi umpowder : 39° 70 .
Bar i umni t r at e . 53%.
Synt het i c phenol i c r esi n: 6%.
Tal cum. 2%.
These pel l et s wer e packed i n t he
out er t ube of
t he
bombt oget her wi t h 9 kg of
bl ack powder andt hen
a l engt h of det onat i ng f use added
.
Thi s bomb, whenexpl oded, pr oduced
apeak i n-
t ensi t y whi ch was onl y 80 per cent of
t hat of t he
st andar d BLC50 bomb. The t i me t o
r each peak
i nt ensi t y ( 100 mi l l i seconds) was l onger
t hant hat
of t he st andar d bomb, and t he
dur at i ons of t he
f l ash at one- hal f andone- t ent h
maxi mumi nt ensi t y
wer e much l onger ( 230 and 550
mi l l i seconds, r e-
spect i vel y) . I n addi t i on, t hi s bomb
was f ound t o
be
sensi t i ve t o bul l et i mpact .
C. The st andar d 15kg al umi num
powder char ge
was r epl aced by one huge pel l et
wei ghi ng 24 kg.
The composi t i on of t he pel l et was as
f ol l ows
PTN: 50%.
Magnesi umpowder :
50
°70 .
The r esul t s of t he f i r i ng t est s
conduct ed wi t h t hi s
bomb wer e ver y di sappoi nt i ng. They
i ndi cat ed
apeak i nt ensi t y onl y one- f i f t h of
t hat of t he st and-
ar dbomb
. The f l ash
wasver y
sl ow, si nce t he
dur a-
t i ons at one- hal f and one- t ent h maxi mum
i nt en-
si t y
wer e
500
and
1, 000 mi l l i seconds, r espect i vel y.
D. The st andar d
15- kg char ge of
al umi num
powder was r epl aced by one composed of
28 pel -
l et s of t he f ol l owi ng composi t i on
84
Sodi umni t r at e : 45%.
Magnesi um; 54d7c.
Wax :
5170 .
Each pel l et hadhol l ow axi al space,
wei ghed900
gi n,
and measur ed 60 mm
di amet er and 220 mm
i n hei ght . The t ot al wei ght of pel l et s pl aced i n
t he bomb was 25. 2 kg. Al engt h of det onat i ng
f uze was passed
t hr ough
each pel l et and al l of
t he ends of t he f uze boundt oget her .
The
r esul t s of t he f i r i ng t est s conduct ed wi t h
t hi s
bomb i ndi cat ed t hat t he t ot al peak i nt ensi t y
was appr oxi mat el y t he same as t hat of t he st and-
ar d bomb
. However , t he peak i nt ensi t y measur ed
t hr ough a yel l ow f i l t er ( whi ch i s consi der ed i m-
por t ant when phot ogr aphi ng at ni ght i n t he pr es-
ence of a sl i ght
gr ound
haze) was 20 per cent
OP 1666
gr eat er . Al t hough
t he t i me i nt ensi t y
cur ve f or
t he f l ash
r ose at t he same r at e as t hat of t he
st and-
ar d bomb, t he dur at i on of
f l ash was
ver y much
l onger , bei ng
400
and
800 mi l l i seconds at
one- hal f
and one- t ent h maxi mum
i nt ensi t y
r espect i vel y.
Thi s i ndi cat ed
t hat t he t ot al l i ght out put
was
ver y much gr eat er t han t hat of
t he st andar d
bomb.
However , t hi s
l i ght woul d not be usabl e i f shor t
exposur es wer e
empl oyed
.
I n addi t i on t he
bomb
was f ound t o be sensi t i ve t o
bul l et i mpact .
E. I n or der t o decr ease
t he t i me
of
t he
f l ash,
and t her eby r ai se t he peak
i nt ensi t y and
concen-
t r at e i t
i n asmal l t i me i nt er val , abomb was l oaded
usi ng t he same gener al pr ocedur e as C, but pr ess-
i ng each pyr ot echni c pel l et i nt o a separ at e st eel
case
i n
or der t o i ncr ease t he conf i nement . Det o-
nat i ng f uze was i nser t ed t hr ough each pel l et as
bef or e, The r esul t s of t est s wi t h t hi s bomb showed
t hat t he peak
i nt ensi t y coul d not be appr eci abl y
r ai sed.
The bomb was al so f ound t o be sensi t i ve
t o
bul l et i mpact .
F. The
r esul t s of al l of t he above t est s i ndi -
cat ed t hat t he peak
i nt ensi t y, and t her ef or e t he
t ot al usabl e l i ght out put ,
i n ashor t exposur e t i me
coul d
not be i ncr eased
appr eci abl y. However ,
most of t he
exper i ment al bombs pr oduced
l onger
f l ash dur at i ons, wi t h i nt ensi t i es
consi st ent l y as
hi gh as t hat of
t he st andar d bomb- Ther ef or e,
ef f or t s wer e
di r ect ed
t owar d t he ut i l i zat i on of
l onger exposur e t i mes.
Acamer a, known as t he
empl oyi ng
a movi ng f i l mhol der t o
com-
pensat e t he
movement of t he
ai r pl ane, was de-
vel oped r ecent l y
( Sour ce B) . The "E- 5" camer a
makes possi bl e
t he use of ver y l ong
exposur e t i mes,
andt hus
per mi t s t he use
of phot of l ash bombs pr o-
duci ng a l ong, sl ow
f l ash. I n
t hi s manner t he
t ot al
usabl e l i ght
out put can be
mul t i pl i ed t hr ee
t o f our t i mes.
Saf e
phot of l ash
bombs, empl oyi ng out er
l ayer s
of l ar ge
amount s of
at omi zedmagnesi um
or al umi -
numpowder can
t hen be
used, because
al l of t he
l i ght
of t he r el at i vel y
sl ow f l ash i s usef ul
.
TARGET
I NDI CATOR
( RED)
DATA:
Over - al l
Lengt h : 13
. 25 i n.
Body Di amet er : 3. 4
i n.
Fi l l i ng
-, Fl ar e
composi t i on.
Fuzi ng :
Pul l i gni t er .
CONSTRUCTI ON. Fl ar e
composi t i on i s
con-
t ai ned
i n a car dboar d cyl i nder whi ch f i t s i nt o an
al umi numcasi ng and seat s agai nst a
washer t ouch-
i ng t he suspensi on pl at e. ( See f i g. 88. ) I t i s
se-
cur ed at t he nose end by t wo pl at es, t he end of t he
casi ng bei ng sl i ght l y i ndent ed t o hol d t hese.
The
suspensi on pl at e hol ds an eye t o t ake t he par a-
chut e shackl e, and a pul l i gni t er whi ch i s con-
nect ed by a
43/ 4
i nch l engt h of saf et y f use t o a
smal l bag cont ai ni ng gunpowder . Thi s ser ves
bot h t o set of f t he i gni t er pel l et i n t he t op of t he
candl e and t o ej ect t he l at t er f r omt he casi ng when
i t f al l s f r eel y t o ear t hand act s as a gr ound mar ker
.
The pul l i gni t er i s at t ached t o t he l oop of t he
shr oud l i nes by a cor d ;
t he
openi ng
of
t he par a-
chut e gi ves t he necessar y
pul l f or
oper at i ng t he
i gni t er .

Ther e ar e t wo smal l f i ns at t he nose end
of t he cont ai ner ; t hei r pur pose i s not cl ear .
REMARKS. Cont ai ner f r om whi ch i ndi cat or s
wer e r ecover ed
was mar ked wi t h a r ed band cor -
r espondi ng
t o t he col or of t he f l ar e.
SUSPENSI ON. The
i ndi cat or i s car r i ed i n Mar k
250
BK- 3 SD2 cont ai ner .
MARKER
BOMB( SEA)
DATA:
Over - al l
Lengt h: 4f t . 81/ 2 i n.
Body Di amet er : 8
i n.
Wal l Thi ckness :
1
; 3 2
i n
.
Tai l Lengt h :
9 i n.
Tai l
Wi dt h: 10 i n.
Fuzi ng : I ner t i a
wei ght swi t ch.
CONSTRUCTI ON
. The sheet
st eel , bomb- shaped
body i s suppor t ed
i nt er nal l y
by a ser i es of ei ght
annul ar
st r engt heni ng bul kheads
. Wel ded t o t he
af t er end of t he
body i s a t ai l
cone whi ch t er mi -
) at es i n a shor t
par al l el si ded t ube over whi ch
i s
assembl ed
an adapt er desi gned
. t o accept t he al umi -
numbody of t he
l amp uni t . Four
st abi l i zi ng f i ns
ar e wel ded t o t he
t ai l cone and
st r engt hened by
met al st r ut s.
The nose por t i on
of t he bomb body
i s wel ded t o t he
par al l el - si ded por t i on
of
t he
body
and t er mi nat es i n . an
annul ar f l ange
t o whi ch t he
sol i d st eel
nose pl ug i s bol t ed
t hr ougha cast el l at ed
col l ar . The r ear
f ace of t he nose pl ug has
been
r ecessed t o f or ma
housi ng
appr oxi mat el y
11/ 2
i nci ses deep
f or t he bat t er y uni t
whi ch i s assem-
Fi gur e 00- - Tar get I ndi cat or ( Red)
BOMBS
bl ed i nsi de
a
cent r al t ube of dr awnst eel 181/2 i nches
l ong and
41/ 8
i nches i nt er nal di amet er . The bat -
t er y uni t consi st s of a ser i es of
smal l dr y cel l s
cont ai ned wi t hi n an i nsul at e
cyl i nder . ( See f i g,
89. )
Pr ovi si on i s made f or si x cel l s i n each l ayer , t he
cel l s bei ng ar r anged ar ound a cent r al t ube t hr ough
whi ch a r et ai ni ng bol t passes t o secur e i t t o t he
nose pl ug. The r ear end of t hi s t ube i s cl osed by
means of a cl osi ng cap t o whi ch an annul ar br ass
cont act di se i s secur ed and whi ch i s l sel d i n pl ace
by means of a washer andnut . Acont act i s l ocat ed
i n t he t ai l adapt er by a gr ub scr ew and sl ot ar
r angement
.

Passi ng t hr ough t he . cont act bush
and scr ewi ng i nt o t he t ai l adapt er i s a l amp uni t
whi ch consi st s of
a cast al umi num
body wi t h
an
83
86
GERMANEXPLOSI VEORDNANCE
SPRI NGSWI TCH
I NERTI ASOLT
I NERTI A' WEI GHT
Fi gur e
89-SeaMar ker Bomb
i nsul at ed
cont act r od secur ed t hr ough t he base of
t he
cast i ng by
t wo gr ub scr ews . At t he base of
t he r od, a spr i ng swi t ch
i s mount ed wi t h l eads t o
t he
bat t er y uni t and t he l amp uni t .
OP 1666
Posi t i oned bet ween t he t woar ms of
t he spr i ng
swi t ch i s an i nsul at ed
i ner t i abol t whi ch
br eaks t he
cont act unt i l cl osed on i mpact . The
l amp uni t i s
spr i ng mount ed t o pr ot ect i t f r om
shock and
cover ed by a l uci t e t ype dome. When t he
mar ker
i s r el eased f r omt he ai r cr af t , t he i ner t i a
bol t i s
posi t i oned bet ween t he pl at es of t he spr i ng
swi t ch
and one
si de of t he ci r cui t bet ween t he l ump and
t he
bat t er i es i s br oken. On i mpact , t he i ner t i a
bol t
i s
f or ced out of posi t i on and t he ci r cui t bet ween
t he l amp and bat t er y i s compl et ed. As t he
bat -
t er i es
f i l l , onl y apor t i on of t he bombbody and
al l
j oi nt s ar e made t i ght by r ubber washer s,
t he
mar ker f l oat s on t he
sur f ace of t he wat er , and
i t i s
assumed, pr ovi des
ar ecogni t i on or bear i ng
poi nt
f or ai r cr af t
.
SUSPENSI ON
.
Ver t i cal .
COLORAND
MARKI NGS. Pai nt ed
yel l ow
over -al l .
Nomar ki ngs .
LUX EZ 50SC(SEAMARKER)
CONSTRUCTI ON. The mar ker
i s const r uct ed
i n t wo
par t s . The r ear por t i on consi st s
of acyl i n-
dr i cal st eel cont ai ner
t ot he r ear end of whi ch
ar e
at t ached
f our met al f i ns ; behi nd t hese i s si t uat ed
a
f l at met al base pl at e of t he same
di amet er as t he
mar ker and havi ng at t ached t o i t a spr i ng-l oaded
pl at f or mwhi chi n t ur n houses agr een
si l k dr ogue.
Pr oj ect i ng al so f r omt he
base
pl at e
i s a f r ost ed
gl obe.
At t he ot her ext r emi t y of t he r ear
por t i on of t he
mar ker i s si t uat ed a f uze pocket seal ed by a st eel
di sc and l ocki ng r i ng. For war d of t hi s
and next
t o i t i s acar r yi ng l ug. The f r ont por t i on of t he
mar ker consi st s of a heavy st eel nose whi ch i s
i nt er nal l y at t ached t o t he r ear por t i on, t he j oi nt
bei ng vi si bl e as at hi n gr oove .

Scr ewed t ot he end
of t he nose
i s
aci r cul ar st eel pl at e whi ch ser ves
as
akopf r i ng.

(See f i g. 90. )
The f or war d por t i on of t he mar ker cont ai ns
anot her f uze pocket . For war d of t hi s i s asmal l
hol e cover ed by at hi n st eel di sc
hel d by
aspr i ng
cl i p ; asi mi l ar hol e i s si t uat ed on t he ot her si de of
t he nose di amet r i cal l y opposi t e t o i t . Passi ng
down t he si de of t he mar ker i s a pi ece of t hi n
S. W. R. whi chpasses t hr ough a smal l hol e wher e
t he t wohal ves of t he mar ker
j oi n t oget her .
OPERATION. . Immedi at el y upon r el ease f r om
t he ai r cr af t t he dr ogue i s pul l ed out by
means
of
a
r i p cor d at t ached t o t he ai r cr af t and t he ( 17) A
f uze i n t he f or war d endof t he mar ker i s char ged.
The speed of t he mar ker ' s
f al l i s
sl i ght l y r educed
by t he dr ogue. Upon st r i ki ng t he wat er i t si nks
t o t he
bot t om,
bur yi ng i t s nose.
Af t er a pr eset
del ay up t o 72 hour s, t he ( 17) A
f uze f i r es a smal l char ge
of
gunpowder cont ai ned
i n a bakel i t e gai ne. The pr essur e cr eat ed by t hi s
expl osi on r el eases t he cat ch hol di ng t he t wohal ves
of t he mar ker
t oget her .

The f r ont por t i on of t he
mar ker
i s f or cedof f t he r ear por t i on
by
i t s spr i ng-
l oaded pl unger . As soon as
t he
t wo hal ves sepa-
r at e, t he
el ect r i cal hydr ost at i c swi t ch on t he r ear
por t i on i s f r ee t o cl ose on r el ease
of
wat er pr essur e.
The r ear por t i on
of t he mar ker havi ng posi t i ve
buoyancy nowr i ses
t o t he sur f ace of t he wat er ,
unwi ndi ng as i t does so
t he S. W. R.
cont ai ned on
t he dr umof t he f or war d
por t i on of t he mar ker
whi ch nowact s as
an anchor .
As soon as t he cyl i ndr i cal
r ear por t i on
r eaches
t he sur f ace,
t he hydr ost at i c swi t ch cl oses . The
bat t er y
i s nowconnect ed up i n par al l el wi t h t he
mot or and t he
l amp. The mot or r evol ves and by
means of a gear
t r ai n oper at es a cont act br eaker ,
t hus
causi ng t he 24- wat t
bul bt o emi t a ser i es of
l i ght f l ashes.
The f r equency, al t er nat i on,
anddu-
r at i on
of
t he
. f l ashes emi t t ed var y
i n
each mar ker .
Thecl osi ng of t he
hydr ost at i c swi t ch al so al l ows
t he
bat t er y
t o char ge t he ( 17) Af uze. Af t er a
del ay
t he f uze f i r es. Theel ect r o- magnet i c cur r ent
i nducer at t ached t o i t pr oduces
a f l owof el ect r i ci t y
whi ch f i r es
t woi gni t i on br i dges i n t he end pl at es
of
t he mar ker . The f l ooder pl ugs ar e bl own out
t hus dest r oyi ng t he
mar ker by per mi t t i ng i t t o
si nk.
SUSPENSION. Hor i zont al
by st andar d Ger -
i nan eyebol t .
1EMARKS.
Asol ubl e pl ug on t he dr ogue hous-
i ng al l ows t he
dr ogue t o br eak f r ee f r omt he
mar ker af t er i t has
ent er edt he wat er .
COLOR ANDMARKINGS
. The compl et e
mar ker i s col or ed f awn
andhas t he f ol l owi ngst en-
ci l ed
i n bl ack on t he
si de :
Kennung K. B. , Sei kl ange 200
m,
ZW
Ver br auchen B
15
Ont he nose i s
st enci l ed: LUX. E250.
SHOOK PLATE
Fl gum90- - t ux FZ50SCSea
Mar ker
SINGLE UNIT GROUND
MARKER,
MARK3 GRUN
DATA
Over - al l
Lengt h :
13i n.
Body Lengt h . 11. 75 i n.
Body
Di amet er :
3. 25 i n.
Wal l Thi ckness :
0. 25
i n
.
Fi l l i ng: Fl ar e composi t i on.
Fuzi ng : ( B7) .
BOMBS
CONSTRUCTION. Theout er casi ng consi st s of
a t hi n
sheet st eel cyl i nder wi t h a si ngl e seam
r un-
ni ng t he ent i r e l engt h of t he case. Two sheet
87
GERMANEXPLOSI VE
ORDNANCE

OP 1666
88
Fi gur e 91Mar k3Si ngl e Uni t Gr ound
Mar ker ( Gr een)
s t eel s t r engt heni ng bands ar e f i t t ed ext er nal l y t o
t he s t eel cyl i nder . Each s t r engt heni ng band i s
s ecur ed
i n pos i t i on by a nut and bol t . A
car d-
boar d cyl i nder wi t hi n t he s t eel cyl i nder f or ms a
l i ni ng f or t he pyr ot echni c compos i t i on. Acyl i n-
dr i cal wooden bl ock
i s hous ed i n t he
upper por t i on
of
t he car dboar d
cyl i nder . The wooden bl ock,
car dboar d
cyl i nder , and a s t eel cyl i nder ar e s e-
cur ed t oget her by means
of t hr ee
s mal l panel pi ns .
Apr es s ed s t eel cover cap
f i t s
over t he upper por -
t i on of t he car dboar d cyl i nder
and
wooden bl ock
pr ot r udi ng beyond t he s t eel cyl i nder . The cover
cap i s des i gned t o per mi t ent r y of t he f uze body
but engages t he f l ange
on t he upper por t i on of t he
f uze body .

The cover
cap i s s ecur ed t o t he
car d-
boar d cyl i nder and woodenbl ock
by means
of t hr ee
panel pi ns
.

( See f i g. 91 . )
The s t eel
hous i ng f or t he ar mi ng
vane
i s s ecur ed
t o t he cover
cap by means of t wo nut s and s cr ews ,
t he s cr ews bei ng f i t t ed
wi t h di s t ance pi eces . The
wooden bl ock i s count er s unk
at t wo poi nt s t o as
, ommodat e
t he s cr ewheads
. The f l anged por t i on
of
t he
ar mi ng vane hous i ng
has ei ght vent hol es .
The l ower
cyl i ndr i cal por t i on of t he hous i ng has
a s l ot f or obs er vi ng
t he pos i t i on of t he ar mi ng
s pi ndl e of t he
f uze ; i t i s al s o r eces s ed at t wo poi nt s
on t he l ower s ur f ace
t o per mi t t he hous i ng t o f i t
over
and engage t he
upper s ur f ace of t he pr oj ect -
i ng l ugs of t he f uze . The
upper cyl i ndr i cal por -
t i on of t he
hous i ng i s dr i l l ed at
f our
poi nt s f or
hous i ng t he s af et y wi r e ;
i t al s o has a r eces s f or
accommodat i ng t he
ar mi ng wi r e at t achment l ug
on t he ar mi ng
vane . The ar mi ng vane cons i s t s of
aci r cul ar s heet s t eel
pl at e, t wo s egment s of whi ch
ar e bent over i n
oppos i t e di r ect i ons at
an
angl e
45° .
Ten i nches of
l i ght s t eel cabl e i s s ecur ed' t o t he
ar mi ng vane and t he
ar mi ng s pi ndl e of t he f uze .
The ar mi ng
vane i s
a l oos e f i t wi t hi n t he ar mi ng
vane hous i ng.
The s t eel cabl e i s s t owed bel ow-
t he ar mi ng vane, t he
l at t er bei ng r et ai ned i n pos i -
i on by t he s af et y wi r e
.
The f uze i s a nor mal ( 67)
f uze f i t t ed wi t h a
bakel i t e gai ne cas e f i f l ed wi t h
gunpowder . I t i s
bel i eved
t hat abur s t i ng char ge
i s i ncor por at ed i n
t he l ower por t i on of t he
pyr ot echni c f i l l i ng i n or -
der t o di s cour age at t empt s
t o ext i ngui s h t he t ar -
get mar ker on t he
gr ound.
OPERATI ON. On r el eas e
f r omt he ai r cr af t and
s ubs equent openi ng of t he
cont ai ner , t he s af et y
wi r e
i s
wi t hdr awn
pr es umabl y
by means of a s t at i c
cor d.
Al t er nat i vel y' t he s af et y
wi r e may be wi t h-
dr awn
pr i or t o
s t owi ng
t he mar ker i n t he
con-
t ai ner . The cur r ent of ai r pas s i ng t hr ough t he
vent hol es i n t he ar mi ng vane ej ect s t he ar mi ng
vane . By r eas on of i t s s hape, t he ar mi ng vane i s
r ot at ed as t he mi s s i l e f al l s . Thi s r ot at i on un-
s cr ews t he ar mi ng s pi ndl e of
t he f uze
t hus per -
mi t t i ng t he cl ockwor k mechani s mof t he f uze t o
f unct i on.
The mi s s i l e f al l s t o t he gr ound and once t he
pr es -
ent del ay on t he f uze has expi r ed, t he gunpowder
i n t he gai ne cas e i s i gni t ed. The r es ul t i ng f l as h
i gni t es t he pyr ot echni c compos i t i on andej ect s t he
cover cap, f uze, and ar mi ng vane hous i ng.
The
pyr ot echni c
f i l l i ng bur ns
wi t h a s t r ong
gr eeni s h f l ame
f or
appr oxi mat el y
31/ 2
mi nut es . A
s l i ght expl os i on occur s when t he bur s t i ng
char ge
i s i gni t ed
.
COLORANDMARKI NGS
.
Fawn- col or ed.
Mar k 3 ( r un. "
PARACHUTE RECOGNI TI ONSMOKE
GENERATOR
BOMBS
DATA:
Over - al l
Lengt h :
20 i n.
Maxi mumDi amet er : 8 i n.
Fuzi ng : Pul l f r i ct i on i gni t er .
Fi l l i ng :
Smoke
pr oduci ng compos i t i on.

( Heat
s t abl e bl ue dye 42%
mi xed wi t h pot as s i um
chl or at e 337o
and l act os e 25r j o- )
Tot al Wei ght : 27. 5 l b.
CONSTRUCTI ON. The s moke gener at or has an
al umi numcyl i ndr i cal - s haped body di vi ded i nt o
t wo s ect i ons .

One s ect i on hous es t he s moke- pr o
duci ng par t s and t he ot her t he par achut e .

( See
f i g. 92. )
The s moke- pr oduci ng s ect i on i s di vi ded i nt o s ec-
t i ons by 3 met al pl at es . Thes e met al pl at es ar e
connect ed by 12 met al di s t ance r ods . Ei ght of
t hes e di s t ance r ods ar e equal l y s paced ar oundt he
ci r cumf er ence of t he pl at es whi l e t he r emai ni ng
f our ar e s paced equal di s t ance f r omand cl os er t o
t he cent er . The s moke
cani s t er s ar e hel d i n t wo
t i er s ,
each of f our cani s t er s .
The ar r angement of
r ods ens ur es t hat t he s moke cani s t er s ar e f i r ml y
hel d.
Four
1. 4- i n. hol es
ar e
dr i l l ed i n t he pl at es
f or
t he i gni t i ng t ubes .
The i ndi vi dual s moke cani s t er s ar e al umi num
cyl i nder s l i ned wi t h s t i f f wat er pr oof paper . They
cont ai n
f our annul ar bl ocks , t hr ee of
s moke com-
pos i t i on
and one of a
cl ay- l i ke s ubs t ance . The
8
9
GERMANEXPLOSI VEORDNANCE
pri mi ng
composi t i on i s gunpowder and each of
t he t hree smoke
composi t i on bl ocks has a smal l
quant i t y pl aced
i n l oose at t he base bef ore press-
i ng t o ensure i gni t i on bet ween one bl ock andt he
neat . Each cani st er emi t s smokeof good densi t y
f or
about 26 seconds.
9
0
Fi gure 92- Parachut e Recogni t i on Smoke
Generat or
PULL I GNI TER
PEFI CUSSI QN
CAP
EJ ECTI ONPLATE
FELT RI NG
OP 1666
The i gni t i on pel l et s are
arranged t o accept f l ash
of ej ect i on
charge and di st ri but e i t t o t he f our
i gni t i on
t ubes, each of whi ch pi erce t he cent er of
t wo smoke cani st ers . At ot al of 14 gunpowder
i gni t i on pel l et s are packed i n t hese t ubes. The
ej ect i on charge consi st s of one- hal f ounce of
f i ne
mesh
gunpowder . I t i s posi t i oned
di rect l y bel ow
t he
pul l i gni t er . Bel ow t hi s i s
t he f i rst
met al
ej ect or
pl at e. I t has a hol e i n t he
cent er whi ch
al l ows
t he f l ash t o i gni t e i gni t i on
pel l et s. I n t he
l ower part of cont ai ner, di rect l y
above t he para
chut e, t he second ej ect or pl at e i s posi t i oned
.

Thi s
prevent s t he parachut e f rombecomi ng
damaged
or ent angl ed i n
t he out er cont ai ner.
The parachut e canopy i s made of
cont i nuous
COMBUSTI ON CHAMBER
WAI ER PORTS
BURNER
OUTLET VALVE
Fi gure 93-LuxNFl ame
Fl oat
BOMBS
f i l ament vi scose rayon. I t i s bui l t up f rom12
panel s each 4 f eet 11 i nches wi de by 6 f eet 10
i nches hi gh. At t ached t o t he canopy are 12 ri g-
gi ng l i nes each 13
f eet l ong whi ch i n t urn are at -
t ached t o an
eyel oop whi ch i s secured t o t he t op
pl at e of t he
cont ai ner .
OPERATI ON. The t ransi t cap i s removed; t hen
t he f ri ct i on i gni t er knob i s unscrewed andpul l ed
l ongi t udi nal l y . The generat or i s t hen al l owed t o
91
GERMANEXPLOSI VE
ORDNANCE
f al l cl ear . Af t er a del ay of
4 t o 5 seconds, t he
i gni t er
f unct i ons
and
t he f l ash f r omt he det onat or
passes t o t he ej ect or char ge,
whi ch on expl odi ng
f or ces
out
t he cont ent s of
t he cont ai ner t o be sup-
por t ed by par achut e when t hi s
opens. Pel l et s on
i gni t i on pass t he f l ash t o
t he per f or at ed i gni t i on
t ubes .
DATA:
Over - al l
Lengt h :
3f t . 6i n.
Body Di amet er : 8 i n.
Tai l Lengt h : 15. 75 i n.
Fuzi ng : None. Fl oat i gni t ed by chemi cal
r e-
act i on bet ween cal ci umphosphi de and wat er
.
CONSTRUCTI ON. The body i s made of t wohol -
l owcyl i nder s wel ded
t oget her
. ( See f i g. 93. ) The
nose
i s wel ded t o t he body and i s
pr ovi ded wi t h
a wel ded col l ar whi ch i s t hr eaded t o r ecei ve ei t her
a nose pl ug or a suspensi on l ug. J ust f or war d
of t he nor mal suspensi on l ug i s an i nset si mi l ar
t o a Rbei nmet al f uze head.. Four sheet st eel f i ns
f or mt he t ai l .

Pr oj ect i ng f r omt he base i s a smal l
compar t ment ar ound whi ch t he si l k moor i ng cor d
may be coi l ed. Two wooden gr i ps ar e at t ached
t o t hi s cor d. Two wi nged nut scr ew pl ugs ar e
f i t t ed on opposi t e si des of t hi s compar t ment gi vi ng
access t o t he
buoyancy compar t ment . I nt er nal l y
t he f l oat i s di vi ded
i nt o si x
compar t ment s- - - t he
cal ci umcar bi de cont ai ner , t he acet yl ene gas com- .
pr essi on chamber ,
t he cal ci umphosphi de
chamber ,
t he buoyancy chamber , t he wat er i nl et chamber ,
and t he combust i on
chamber . On
l eavi ng
t he
ai r -
cr af t , a r ubber bung
i s
wi t hdr awn by pul l i ng t he
ar mi ng wi r e. The f l oat si nks bel owt he sur f ace
on i t s i ni t i al di ve and wat er ent er s t he por t s and
passes down t he i nl et t ube i nt o t he cal ci umphos-
phi de
chamber t hus gener at i ng; phosphi ne.

The
phosphi ne passes
up
t he
out l et t ube t hr ough t he
nonr et ur n
val ve
t o t he bur ner wher e i t i gni t es
spont aneousl y
t o f or ma pi l ot j et .
At
t he
same
t i me wat er
er i ' t er s t hr ough t he channel s i n t he
nose
and passes
t hr ough a per f or at ed t ube i nt o t he
car bi de compar t ment
. The acet yl ene evol ved
passes t hr ough t he
per f or at ed di aphr agmi nt o one
compr essi on chamber
and t hence t o t he bur ner
wher e i t i s
i gni t ed by t he pi l ot j et .
Accor di ng
t o t he i nst r uct i ons
st enci l ed on t he
body t he f l oat ,
once i t has ser ved i t s pur pose,
shoul d
be sunk by r emovi ng
t he wi nged nut scr ews
92
"LUX N" ( FLAME
FLOAT)
whi ch per mi t s t he buoyancy chamber t o f i l l wi t h
wat er
.
SUSPENSI ON. Ver t i cal or hor i zont al .
COLORANDMARKI NG. Yel l owover - al l wi t h
t he f ol l owi ng st enci l ed mar ki ngs
Ar ound body
At t ai l
al ong
body
LUXN
969
VORHANDARWURF SI CHERUNGSSEI L
AUSZI EHEN
Di agonal l y at t ai l :
OP
1666
MACHRETTUNGGERAT VERSENKEN
DURCHENFERNEN DER FLUGEL-
SCHRAUBEN
FLAMEFLOAT, LUX S ( TYPE 1,
TYPE2, TYPE3)
DATA
:
TYPE
I

TYPE` l.

TYPF S
Over - al l Lengt h- - - - - - - 20. 9"__ 20. 9"__ 20. 9"
Body Di amet er - - - - - - -

5. 5"- - ' 5. 5"__

5. 0"
Fi l l i ng : Cal ci umCar bi de and Cal ci umPhos-
phi de.
Wei ght of Fi l l i ng_____ 3. 9 l bs . 13. 5 l bs. 13l bs .
Tot al Wei ght 14. 3 l bs.
CONSTRUCTI ON:
The
body
i s sheet met al and
i n t he f or mof a cyl i nder . ( See f i g. 94. ) At t he
si de t her e i s a l ever , t he f i xed end bei ng embedded
i n l ead. At t he t op t her e i s a capst an f or med by
t wo f l ange- l i ke pi eces of met al . Asi l ken moor i ng
cor d
i s
wound ar ound t he capst an and at t ached at
one end t o a wooden f l oat and by t he ot her end t o
one of t he f l anges. Acent r al j et pr oj ect s f r omt he
t op of t he cyl i nder f r omwhi ch acet yl ene gas i s
emi t t ed
when t he f l oat i s act i vat ed.

I t i s encl osed
i n a shor t t ube,
wel ded t o t he t op of t he cyl i nder
t o f or mt he combust i on chamber . Asecond duct
t o
emi t phosgene gas i s f or med by a nar r owt ube
cur vi ng t owar d
t he cent r al j et t hr ough a sl ot i n t he
si de of t he
combust i on chamber . The sl ot al so
al l ows any wat er col l ect i ng
i n t he combust i on
chamber t o dr ai n away.
OPERATI ON
. The l ever ar ml ocat ed at t he si de
of t he f l ar e i s f r eed f r omi t s saf et y wi r e andpul l ed
out war d,
br eaki ng i t away so as t o l eave a
hol e
of ent r y f or wat er . When i n t he
sea, wat er ent er s
t o r eact wi t h cal ci um
phosphi de and
car bi de.
Acet yl ene gas i s pr oduced
f r omi t s j et and i s
i gni t ed by phosphi ne gas emer gi ng
f r omt he ot her
j et .
Phosphi ne i gni t es i mmedi at el y on
exposur e
t o ai r , t hus
i f t he acet yl ene i s ext i ngui shed
by a
wave, i t
wi l l
be
r e- i gni t ed by t he phosphi ne
. I t
t akes
appr oxi mat el y 3mi nut es f r omt he
t i me of
i mmer si on f or t he
phosphi ne t o be evol ved i n suf f i -
ci ent quant i t y t o
pr oduce f l ame. The acet yl ene
gas
may t ake a l i t t l e l onger
and may not i gni t e
unt i l
a per i odof 10
mi nut es
has
el apsed.
REMARKS.
Al l t ypes ar e si mi l ar i n
oper at i on
wi t h onl y sl i ght var i at i ons i n
const r uct i on
and
appear ance. The Lux Sdi f f er s l i t t l e
i n i nt er nal
f unct i oni ng f r omt he Lux M.
The Lux Scan be seen f r oma di st ance
of ap-
pr oxi mat el y 6. 5 kmat nor mal eye
l evel when t he
obser ver i s st andi ng 3 met er s
above sea l evel .
COLORANDMARKI NGS.
-Yel l ow
over
al l
wi t h t he wor d "Lux S" st enci l ed i n bl ack on
si de.
CONTAI NERS
I NTRODUCTI ON
Ger man
cont ai ner s can be
subdi vi ded i nt o ( 1)
t hose
desi gned
t o
scat t er t hei r cont ent s bef or e
i mpact and ( 2) t hose i nt ended t o car r y t hei r con-
t ent s
saf el y
t o ear t h. The l at t er ar e
f ewi n num-
ber andsi mpl e i n pr i nci pl e. They ar e a means of
get t i ng l i mi t ed quant i t i es of suppl i es t o speci f i c
l ocat i on
.
I n
gener al ,
t hey consi st of a compar t -
ment t o house t he suppl i es and a par achut e t o
br i ng
i t saf el y t o ear t h. No expl osi ve openi ng
devi ces ar e i ncor por at ed.
Cont ai ner s desi gned t o scat t er t hei r cont ent s
f r oma hei ght canbe subdi vi deduponei t her of t wo
bases
:
a. Dr oppabl e cont ai ner s and cont ai ner s r e-
t ai ned i n t he ai r cr af t ; or ,
b. By cont ent , as bombs, f l ar es or a combi -
nat i on
l oad of bot h bombs andf l ar es .
Nondr oppabl e cont ai ner s may be j et t i soned
but
ar e pr i mar i l y i nt ended
t o be used r epeat edl y
.
They ar e const r uct ed
t o car r y and scat t er a gr eat
number
of
smal l
i ncendi ar y bombs, t he r el ease
mechani sm
bei ng such
t hat desi r ed spaci ng of
t he
bombs
i s possi bl e.
Dr oppabl e cont ai ner s
ar e f i t t ed wi t h f uzi ng and
openi ng
devi ces desi gned
t o r el ease t he cont ai ned
mi ssi l es
af t er a pr edet er mi ned
t i me of f al l f r ont
6997940- 47- vol . 1- 7
BOMBS
Fi gur e 94- l ux 5 Fl ame
Fl oat , Types
1, 2,
and
3
t he ai r cr af t .

Some of
t hese cont ai ner s ar e
mer el y
cl ust er i ng devi ces,
some
ar e
bomb shaped and
hi nge at t he
af t er end, ot her s
r el ease mi ssi l es
t hr ough l ar ge
por t s.
The cont ent s of
bomb cont ai ner s
ar e chi ef l y
smal l ant i per sonnel
or i ncendi ar y
bombs and
f l ar es, t he 1- , 1. 3- , and
2- kg el ect r on i ncendi ar y
bombs, SD1, SD2 and SD10
AJ Pbombs bei ng
t he
ones most f r equent l y used.
Acommon
pr act i ce i s
t o i ncl ude a
smal l number of SD2 bombs
i n
a
con-
t ai ner of f l ar es.
BDC10,
CLUSTER
CONTAI NER
DATA:
Body
Di amet er : 10 i n.
Fi l l i ng: 5- SC10 ;
5- SD10A bombs.
Fuzi ng:
Z69CI I .
93
GERMANEXPLOSIVEORDNANCE

OP
1666
94
0
O
z
s
w
r r
3
N
z
a
M
a
w
k
W
N
a
m
e
e
a
C
O
U
r .
w
a
a
e
w
ti
CONSTRUCTI ON. Bombs ar e hel d t oget her by
a band of met al 51/ 2 i nches wi de, and by a doubl e
" spi der " whi ch hooks
t hr ough t hei r suspensi on
l ugs,
t he out er spi der bei ngconnect ed t o t he saf et y
pi ns by smal l chai ns.
The t op hal f of
t he band
i s at t ached t oa beamcar r yi ng t he suspensi on l ug
and a char gi ng head si mi l ar
t o a
Rhei nmet al l f uze
head. Al ead f r omone pl unger
i n t hi s head
goes
t o a socket , and i nt o t hi s socket
f i t s
a pl ug f r om
t he r el ease devi ce. The
l ower hal f of t he
band i s
at t ached t ot he upper by wi r e hi nges hel d t oget her
by t wosaf et y pi ns, one on each si de. These pi ns
ar e at t ached t o t he out er ar mi ng spi der by smal l
chai ns. The l ower hal f
of t he band i s
spl i t and
f i gur e 96-AS23SO2 Cont ai ner
BOMBS
hel d t oget her by t wo " bot t l e scr ews" f or mi ng
n
means of t i ght eni ng t he band ar ound t he
bombs
dur i ng
assembl y.

( See
f i g. 95. )
OPERATI ON. On r el ease
f r omt he
ai r cr af t , an
el ect r i c cap i n t he
ar mi ng spi der i s f i r ed;
t hi s,
af t er a shor t del ay, i gni t es a smal l char ge whi ch
bl ows of f t he f r ont spi der , t hus pul l i ng
out t he
saf et y pi ns of t he i ndi vi dual bombs and
al so t he
saf et y pi ns whi ch hol d t he band t oget her . The
bombs t hen separ at e and ar mas t hey f al l . Thi s
car r i er
gi vesamuchcl oser " pat t er n" ont he gr ound
t han
coul d
be
obt ai ned
by dr oppi ng
t he bombs
i n
a st i ck.
95
GERMANEXPLOSI VEORDNANCE

OP 1666
CROSS
SECTI ON
"A- A" OPEN
CROSS
SECTI ON
"A- A"CLOSEQ
Fi gure
97- AB24T
SD2Conl oi rrar
AB2, 3 SD2 CONTAINER
DATA:
Over - al l Length : 43. 5 i n.
Body Di ameter : 8. 0 i n.
Tai l Wi dth: 11 i n.
Fi l l i ng: 23
SD2 bombs; str i ps of metal
coated
paper
.
Total
Wei ght :
101
l b
.
esti mated.
Fuzi ng: ( 79) A; ( 79) B.
CONSTRUCTION. The contai ner hol ds 6
bombs
i n the f or war d compar tment and 17 i n the af ter
compar tment. Compar tments ar e cr eatedbysheet
metal di scs hel d i n pl ace by steel r ods. The case
i s di vi ded i nto twohal ves l ongi tudi nal l y. When
the bombs ar e
pl aced ' i n the contai ner , these
two
hal ves ar e hel d together
by a shear
wi r e whi ch
passes thr ougha steel anvi l , i n
the l ower par t of
the f uze pocket.
Whenthe aer i al bur st f uze oper -
ates, thi s wi r e
i s shear ed by the expl osi on of the
smal l expl oder
under the f uze . The case opens
and
al l ows
the bombs to f al l out. The f uze pocket
i s sur r ounded
by a r owof r i vets whi chhol d the
steel washer i n pl ace to suppor t
the pocket.

( See
f i g. 96. )
By r emovi ng the two
bul kheads on ei ther si de
of the f uze pocket,
these contai ner s can be em-
pl oyed to dr op str i ps
of metal coated paper f or
di sr upti ng r adar oper ati ons
.
SUSPENSION. Hor i zontal
by means of an eye-
bol t .
COLORAND
MARKING
. The body i s pai nted
dar k gr een
andhas two
r ed bands r unni ngl ongi -
tudi nal l y
the l ength
of the tai l f i ns.

Betweenthe
tai l f i ns andsuspensi on l ugs ar e stenci l ed i n
whi te
the f ol l owi ng l etter s
( 79) B
o. V. f ur 1000 bi s 1900
M
m. V. f ur 1900 hi s 2500 M
2 cmal 42
In l ar ge bl ack l etter s : AB23SD2.
Between
the
f uze pocket
and
nose,
i n whi te :
79AFur
m
. V, f ur 1000 bi s 1900 M
Setti ngs f or f uzes ar e al so stenci l edonbomb.
AB24T
SD
2 CONTAINER
CONSTRUCTION
.
The AB24Tcontai ner has
seven mai n par ts: the saf ety pi n, the spr i ng-
l oaded l ocki ng pi n, the cotter pi n secur i ng the
spr i ng- l oaded l ocki ng
pi n, the l ocki ng ar ms, the
r etai ni ng cotter pi ns, the suspensi on l ug ( secur ed
to the l ocki ngpi n) andthe doubl e " bar r el ed" con-
tai ner , Each " bar r el " contai ns 12
SD
2 bombs.
Thi s contai ner i s ver y si mi l ar to the AB70- 3 con-
tai ner
except f or the r el ease mechani sm. ( , See
f i g. 97. )
Af ter the contai ner has beenl oaded onthe pl ane,
the saf ety pi n i s r emoved. Onr el ease, the spr i ng-
l oaded l ocki ng pi n, l ocki ng ar ms and suspensi on
l ug
assembl y move downwar d. Thi s movement
i n conj uncti on wi th
the
f or ce
exer ted by the 24
sets of SD2 wi ngs causes the two outboar d
si des
of the doubl e " bar r el ed" contai ner to 1! y open,
ther eby r el easi ngthe SD
2 bombs.
SUSPENSION. Hor i zontal .
COLORANDMARKINGS. Li ght gr ey or sky
EYE
FOR PERMANENT
SUSPENSION
IN AIPORAFT
Fi gur e 48A8
36 Contai ner
BOMBS
97
GERMANEXPLOSI VEORDNANCE
bl ue.

St enci l ed
on body i n r ed : "Vor n" ; "Nor -
f ur aussen
Auf hangungen. " I n bl ack : AB24T
SD2.
REMARKS
. Cont ai ner i s not sui t abl e f or r e-
l ease above 300 f eet .
At t hi s hei ght bombs cover
an ar ea of 60 t o 100 f eet wi de, and 100
t o
200 f eet
l ong wi t hgr eat est
concent r at i on i n cent er .
AGer man document
st at es cont ai ner cannot be
j et t i soned saf e but
ai r cr af t ar e per mi t t ed t o l and
wi t h cont ai ner .
AS36 ANDBSK
36
THREE- SI DEDCONTAI NER
DATA:

AI 3
36

Bsx36

3- SI DED
Over - al l Lengt h____ 42 i n.

43 i n.

42 i n.
Body Di amet er ___- _
8. 0 i n. 8. 0 i n. 8. 5 i n.
Fi l l i ng:
AB36- 36 1 kg 1 B' s or 24 2kg1B' s .
BSK
36- - 16 2kg 1B' s .
3- si ded
cont ai ner - 36 1 kg 1B' s .
Fuzi ng:
AB
36- - Cl ockwor k
or
el ect r i cal l y f i r ed det o-
nat or .
BSK
36- - Cent r al r el ease r od.
3- si ded- - Cl ockwor k
r el ease mechani sm.
CONSTRUCTI ON
. The AB36 cont ai ner i s of
98
Fi gur e 99- - BSK36 Cont ai ner
sheet st eel const r uct i on .

( See f i g. 98. )

I t
i s di -
vi ded al ong i t s l ongi t udi nal axi s i nt o t wo hal ves
whi ch ar e wel ded t o a hi nged bot t ompl at e. The
openi ng devi ce i s usual l y an el ect r i cal l y f i r ed
car -
t r i dge wi t h a powder t r ai n del ay; however , a
cl ockwor k r el ease mechani smmay be used.
The cont ai ner i s r el eased. Af t er a shor t del ay
t he openi ng devi ce f unct i ons. The t wo hal ves of
t he cont ai ner hi nge out nvar d and t he bombs f al l
f r ee.
SUSPENSI ON
. Hor i zont al
.
COLOR.

Dar k gr een over - al l i n eol or .
CONSTRUCTI ON. TheBSK36 i s a r ect angul ar
al umi numcont ai ner wi t h a 43- i nch ver t i cal r od
r unni ng up t hr ough t he cent er . ( See f i g. 99. )
The r od car r i es t hr ee t r ays wi t hf el t pads on whi ch
t he i ncendi ar y bombs ar e st acked ver t i cal l y ar ound
t he r od. When r el eased t he r od and t he bombs
f al l away; t he r ect angul ar cont ai ner st ays wi t h
t he pl ane.
SUSPENSI ON.

Ver t i cal . The
r odcar r i es a l ug
at i t s
t op end
whi ch
i s engaged wi t h t he bomb
r ack of t he car r yi ng ai r cr af t .
COLOR.
Gr ey
or al umi numover - al l
.
CONSTRUCTI ON. The t hr ee- si ded cont ai ner i s
SLOT FORELECTRI C
CABLE
Fi gur e 100- - Thr ee- Si ded Cont ai ner
OP 1666
SECURI NGBAND

Fi j 9PDf - 2J Ah' 4Z
Cprtf ai ner
SUSPENSI ON

CHARGI NG

METALCOVER
LUGBLOCK

HEAD

PLATE
CHANNEL GUI DE

SECURI NG

RELEASE

CHANNEL
BAND
_

CATCH
ADJ USTI NG
SECURI NGBAND' ' "

SCREW
BOMBS
FUZE
HOLDER
RELEASE STEEL
\

METAL
CATCH BLOCK
I
TAB
of sheet steel constructi on.

( See
f i g. 100. )

I t

rel ease mechani smi s used to dump the l oad by
consi sts of three si de pi eces and a separate pi ece

separati ng the cyl i nder parts.
whi ch together . f orm
a cyl i nder .

Acl ock work

SUSPENSI ON.

Verti cal
or hori zontal .
GERMANEXPLOSI VEORDNANCE
COLORANDMARKI NGS. Grey or
bl ack
over- al l .
Thecl ock work rel ease mechani smhas i nscri bed
on i t . "Acht ung1" ( not e) .
"Versogerungswerk Auf Zi echen" ( Wi nd up re-
t ardi ng mechani sm)
.
AB
42
CONTAI NER
DATA:
Over- al l
Lengt h: 281/2
i n.
Wi dt h:
. 73/ 4
i n.
Hei ght : 9i n.
Fi l l i ng: 421 kg i ncendi ari es .
Fuzi ng : 69Band a chargi ng head.
CONSTRUCTI ON. Thecont ai ner i s const ruct ed
of wood wi t h smal l met al f i t t i ngs . Three doubl e
compart ment s 133/4i nches l ong aref ormed by f our
wooden part i t i ons %6 i nch t hi ck. Compart ment s
are rect angul ar i n
shape
wi t h t he corners cut of f .
Thet op
and bot t omspars are, madeup of f i ve t hi n
pi eces of wood
gl ued and nai l ed t oget her
. They
are of f l at cross
sect i ons and
t hei r i nner si des are
shaped t o f orma seat i ng f or t wo rows of 1- kg
i ncendi ary bombs . The t hree cent er spars are of
ci rcul ar cross sect i on 1 i nch i n di amet er . They
pass t hrough hol es i n t he i nner part i t i ons and are
gl ued i nt o recesses cut i n t heend part i t i ons. Each
compart ment cont ai ns 14 1- kg i ncendi ary bombs
hel d
i n a cl ust er agai nst t he round wooden spars
by
a st eel securi ng band whi ch passes t hrough
sl ot s i n t he
t op and bot t omspars .

The t op spar
carri es a suspensi on
l ug bl ock, t he chargi ng head
and t he
f uze hol der. Two i nsul at ed wi res passi ng
t hrough
a channel cut i n t he t op spar connect t he
f uze wi t h t he
chargi ng head.

( See f i g. 101. )
Fromt he
si de of t he
f uze
hol der
a
short met al
t ab proj ect s
t hrougha sl ot
i n
t hesi de of t hemet al
cover pl at e.
Abowden cabl e, passi ng t hrough
t hree
al umi numchannel gui des, i s connect ed t o
t het ab at one
end and a weak anchorageon t here-
mot e end
of t hecont ai ner at t he ot her . Thecabl e
has t hree
smal l st eel bl ocks, each l ocat ed by t wo
smal l
bol t s. Eachbombsecuri ng band i s f ast ened
by a rel ease
cat ch on one end of t he band, whi ch
passes
t hrough a sl ot i n t he ot her end, and whi ch
has a smal l
hol e dri l l ed i n i t . Securi ng pi ns pass-
i ng t hrough
t hese hol es l ock t he bands . These
pi ns
are carri ed
by t hree smal l pl at es, whi ch are
t hreaded on t he
bowden cabl e. Adj ust i ng screws
are
provi ded f or t he
band
assembl y.
100
On rel ease f romai rcraf t , t he f uze i s charged
.
Af t er a set del ay, t hef uze f i res, f orci ng of f t he
part
of t he f uze hol der t o whi ch t he met al t ab
i s at -
t ached. The bowden wi re i s t orn array
f romi t s
anchorage
at t he
remot e
end and t he t hree bl ocks
beari ng agai nst t he f l anges of t he pl at es ef f ect t he
wi t hdrawal of t he securi ng pi ns . The
securi ng
bands aret hen f ree t o open and rel ease t he
bomb.
SUSPENSI ON. Hori zont al .
OP 1666
COLORANDMARKI NGS. Bl ack or grey
over-
al l .

"AB42" i s st enci l ed i n red on t he end
.
AB70- 1
OR
MARK
70 S CONTAI NER
DATA:
Over- al l
Lengt h:
431/2 i n.
Body
Di amet er :
8 i n.
Wal l Thi ckness : 1/16 i n.
Tai l
Lengt h:
16 i n.
Tai l
Wi dt h :
11
i n.
Fi l l i ng: 3 Mark
S
f l ares .
Fuzi ng:
Z
( 89)
B.
CONSTRUCTI ON. Cont ai ner
i s i dent i cal i n ex-
t ernal const ruct i on t o t he
AB
23
SD
2
cont ai ner .
( See f i g. 102. )
The bot t omsect i on of t he. cont ai ner i s di vi ded
by t wo wal l s, f ormi ng t hree compart ment s . The
f orward
compart ment houses a short ened versi on
of Mark
S
f l are
.
The
cent er compart ment pro-
vi des cl earance
f or
t he
f uze pocket ai l d t he rear
compart ment
houses t wo
Type
1 Mark Sf l ares .
When charge i s passed t o f uze, predet ermi ned
del ayst art s runni ngout . Fuzet henf i res i ni t i at i ng
burst er charge wi t hi n gai ne. Expl osi on f orces
anvi l f romt he f uze pocket , sheari ngt heshear wi re
and causi ngcont ai ner t o hi ngeopen. St at i c cords
connect each f l are f uze t o t he cont ai ner . When
f are
f al l s
away,
f l are f uze i s t hus i ni t i at ed.
SUSPENSI ON
. Hori zont al or vert i cal . An i n-
t ernal l y t hreaded suspensi on bol t i s wel ded t o nose
of bot t omsect i on and a t wi n bar of st eel , sur-
mount ed by an i nt ernal l y t hreaded suspensi on eye-
bol t housi ng i s wel ded t o bot t omsect i on 2i nches
i n rear
of t he
rear wal l .
COLORANDMARKI NGS.
Li ght
khaki over-
al l .
Dul l red
st ri pes bet ween t ai l f i ns
.
St enci l ed on cont ai ner
:
Ei t her Mark 70 Sor
Mark
AB
7G- 1
3 Marks
"Rot " or "Wei ss" ( Red or
Whi t e) .
When
cont ai ner
i s s t enci l ed
"Br enndaner 4- 5"
f l ar es ar e nor mal l y f i t t ed wi t h f r i ct i on nondel ay
i gni t er .
I f s t enci l ed "Br enndaner 5- - 15" t he f l ar e i n t he
f r ont compar t ment f unct i ons
as
abovebut t het wo
r emai ni ng f l ar es ar ef i t t ed wi t h67/ V f uzes s et t o
f unct i onaf t er 5 and 10 mi nut es .
AB
74- 3 CONTAI NER
DATA
:
Over - al l Lengt h: 39. 75 i n.
Body Di amet er : 7. 5 i n.
Wal l Thi cknes s : 0. 06 i n.
Fi l l i ng : 22 SD2 bombs .
Tot al
Wei ght : 52 kg.
Fuzi ng : Z
69D.
CONSTRUCTI ON.
Thecont ai ner cons i s t s of a
cent er beamand
t wo cas i ngs , each of whi char e
Fi gur e 102- AB70- - 1 Cont ai ner
BOMBS
at t ached
t o t he
cent er beam
by
t wo hi nges
. The
cent er beamcons i s t s of t wo s heet
s t eel
pl at es , s pot
wel ded t oget her
al ong t hei r l onger f l at axi s ,
t hen
f or mi ng di ver gent ar cs t hat conf or mt o t hecur -
vat ur eof t he
SD
2 bombs . ( Seef i gs . 103A, 103B,
and 103C. )
A
U- s haped
br acket
i s
f i xed bet ween t he
t wo
s t eel
pl at es of t hecent er
beam
by
means of
r i vet s .
Thi s br acket s er ves as an at t achment f or t he
s us -
pens i on
eyebol t , t he f uze
as s embl y and t he
bomb
r el eas euni t .
As t eel t ube,
par al l el wi t h
t hel at er al
axi s of t he cont ai ner ,
i s
s ecur ed
t o
t he
t wo s t eel
pl at es of t he cent er beam, wi t hi n
t he U- s haped
br acket
by means of - f l anged s ur f aces at t heends
of t he
s t eel t ube.
The
t wo upper ar c- s haped por t i ons of t hecen-
t er
beameach have11 U- s l ot s t o per mi t , depend-
ent
upon t hemet hods of s t owage, t he pr ot r us i on
of
ei t her t he ar mi ng cabl es or s af et y pi n l ugs of
GERMANEXPLOSI VEORDNANCE

OP 1666
102
Fi gur e 103A-AB70-3Contai ner
Fi gur e
1038--AB70-3
Contai ner
t he vanes
of t he SD2 bombs. Two st eadyi ng
br acket s ar e wel ded t o t he
cent er beam
.
The char gi ng head i s scr ewed
t o
a smal l st eel
pl at f or mwel ded t o t he cent er beam.
A
f l anged
st r engt heni ng pl at e i s wel ded
t o t he
l ower ar c-
shaped por t i ons of t he cent er beam. The r ec-
t angul ar
f l anges, at t he ext r emi t i es of t he mai n
beamand t he
casi ngs, r et ai n t he SD2 bombs
wi t hi n t he car r i er i n
t he l ongi t udi nal axi s . A
st eadyi ng pl at e i s spot wel ded
t o each of t he
cas-
i ngs. Ther e i s a smal l sl ot i n each of t he casi ngs
opposi t e t he U- shaped br acket t o accommodat e
t he t wo secur i ng r ods.
The base pl at e of t he f uze pocket i s secur ed
t o t he U- shaped
br acket by means of t wo nut s
and bol t s. The
f uze pocket and encl osed spr i ng-
l oaded el ect r i c
t er mi nal ar e secur ed t o t he base
by t wo scr ews .
Ast eel ci r cl i p ar ound t he 69D
_ f uze pr ovi des t he
negat i ve cont act f or t he f uze.
Two r ed cover ed
cabl es,
encl osed
i n
a
yel l ow
wa-
t er pr oof cover , com*t e
t he el ect r i c ci r cui t f r om
t he char gi ng adapt er
t o t he f uze assembl y
.
Ast r ong st eel sl eeve, wi t h a
t hr eaded st eel cap,
i s a sl i di ng f i t over t he
f uze pocket . The t hr eaded
st eel cap i s f i t t ed wi t h a smal l
ci r cul ar pol yst r ene
wi ndowf or vi sual l y
checki ng t hat t he f uze i s
pr esent
. The st eel ' r el ease r od
i s at t ached t o t he
st eel sl eeve by means of a st eel cl i p. Thi s r el ease
r od passes t hr ough an aper t ur e i n t he f uze pocket
base and t hence t hr ough openi ng i n t he U- shaped
Fi gur e 103C- - - - AB
7"
Cont ai ner
BOMBS
br acket and st eel t ube. When assembl ed, t he st eel
sl eeve i s secur ed
t o
t he f uze pocket by wi r e. Two
secur i ng r ods, wi t h "eyes" f or med at ei t her end,
secur e t he casi ng t o t he cent r al beamaf t er t he
l oadi ng of t he SD2bombs. The i nner eyes ent er
t he st eel t ube i n t he cent r al beam, i n whi ch posi t i on
t he end of t he r el ease r od passes t hr ough t he eyes,
t her eby r et ai ni ng t he
secur i ng r ods . The out er
eyes pass t hr ough t he sl ot s i n t he r espect i ve cas-
i ngs, and ar e secur ed on t he out si de of each casi ng
by t he st eel spl i t pi ns. The cont ai ner i s l oaded
wi t h 11 bombs bet ween t he cent er beamand casi ng
on each si de.
OPERATION. On r el ease f r omai r cr af t , an el ec-
t r i c char ge
i s i mpar t ed t o t he
69D
f uze
vi a
t he
char gi ng
adapt er ; af t er a
del ay of 1 second,
t he
pr opel l ant char ge wi t hi n t he f uze i s i gni t ed.
The gas pr essur e gener at ed dr i ves f or war d
t he
st eel sl eeve, di sengagi ng t he r el ease r od f r omt he
i nner eyes of t he secur i ng r ods. The casi ngs ar e
f or ced out war ds by t he wei ght of t he bombs and
t he t endency f or dr ogues t o spr i ng open. ( See
f i g. 103B. )
SUSPENSION. Hor i zont al .
COLORANDMARKINGS. Li ght br own over -
al l .
St enci l ed i n bl ack:
( 69) DAB 70- 3F
22
SD
2
St or
.
Gew52 kg
103
GERMANEXPLOSI VEORDNANCE
104
Fi gure 104--AB7001Contai ner
AB70D1 CONTAI NER
DATA:
Over-Al Length . 43. 5 i n.
Body
Di ameter : 8. 0 i n.
Wal l Thi ckness : 0. 03
i n.
Tai l Length : 16. 0
i n.
Tai l Wi dth: 11, 0
i n.
Fi l l i ng: 50
SD1 bombs.
Total
Wei ght : 56 kg.
Fuzi ng: El Zt Z ( 79)
A.
CONSTRUCTI ON. I n the
f orward compart-
ment between
the f orward and
central bul khead
are stored acl uster of ten bombs, l oosel y
hel d to-
gether by a stri p metal cl uster band.
( See
f i g.
104. ) Thef orward bul khead i s
perf orated by 11
hol es but bomb f uzes do not protrude through
these hol es,
I ntheaf ter compartment f our cl usters of bombs
are stowed. Each cl uster l oosel y hel d by a stri p
metal
cl uster
band. Of these
f our af ter cl usters,
the f uzes of the f i rst protrudethrough the 10 per-
f orati ons i n the af ter bul khead. Whi l ethe f uzes
of theremai ni ngcl usters arei nserted i nthehol l ow
tai l s of thecl uster i n f ront.
Whenaeri al burst f uzeoperates, wi rei s
sheared
by the expl osi on of smal l expl oder under
f uze.
Case opens andbombs f al l out.
REMARKS. AGermandocument states that
the
AB70D1l oaded wi th
SD
1 bombs arenot
enti rel y
saf e i n transport . Ai rcraf t are not
permi tted to
l and
wi th AB
70D1contai ners.
I t i s i mpossi bl e to
j etti son AB70D1saf e. Mi ni mum
hei ght of re-
l ease
i s 150 meters.
SUSPENSI ON. Hori zontal or verti cal .
COLORAND
MARKI NGS. Fi el d grey or ol i ve
greenover-al l .

'
Stenci l ed ( near
tai l ) : AB70D1.
Stenci l ed ( f orward
of
f uze pocket)
: Gewi cht
CA
56 kg.
AB250-1 CONTAI NER
DATA:
Over-al l Length : 6414 i n.
BodyDi ameter : 151/8 i n.
Wal l Thi ckness :
s/ a2
i n.
Fi l l i ng: 96 SD2bombs.
Fuzi ng: Z 69D.
OP
1666
CONSTRUCTI ON. Thecontai ner consi sts of a
center beamto whi ch are
attached three pai rs of
semi ci rcul ar casi ngs
. Thewhol ef ormi ngacyl i n-
der bi sected verti cal l y bythecenter
beam.
Thecenter beami s composed of twomi l d
steel
pressi ngs,
wel ded
together to
f orm, i n cross sec-
ti on,
anoctagonal tube extendi ngtoanupper
and
a
l ower doubl e-sheet webwhi ch open at thei r
ex-
tremeextremi ti es to f ormV-channel s.
Theupper
and l ower channel s are rei nf orced by
pressi ngs
wel ded wi thi n the V-channel s.
Spaced wi thi n the octagonal tubeare
f our pai rs
of octagonal pl ates, grooved at ri ght
angl es on
thei r i nner f aces. When f i tted together,
the
grooves correspond
andmake f our
i nterconnected
radi al tubes i n the
f ormof across.
Hol es dri l l ed i n the center beam
correspond
wi th each hori zontal tube. Extensi ons to
the
verti cal tubes are f ormed wi thi n the upper and
l ower webs. Gui de pl ates central l y dri l l ed
are
spaced wi thi n each l ower verti cal tube.
The hol es cut
i n the
wal l
of the
center beam
accommodatethearmi ngcabl es of theSD2
bombs.
Di stance pi eces aref i tted to theexternal
f aces of
thecentral beam.
Arel ease pl ate hi nged at i ts
f orward end i s
f i tted to theoutsi deof each casi ng.
Asmal l
sl ot cut i n therel easepl ate
corresponds
wi th
asi mi l ar sl ot cut i n each casi ng.
Bomb posi ti oni ng ri bs are wel ded to the
i nner
f ace
of each casi ng.
Af ter l oadi ng the contai ner, the hol es cut
i n
each casi ng permi t the wi thdrawal of the bomb
saf ety cl i ps. Thenose f ai ri ng andthe tai l dome
are f ormed by wel di ng metal pressi ngs to
the
f ront andrear pai rs of casi ngs respecti vel y. The
chargi ngadapter i s screwed to asmal l stud pl ate
f i tted wi thi n the
upper channel
.
The
suspensi on
l ugpl atf orm, contai ni ng
the
suspensi on l ughous-
i ng, i s wel ded to metal arms
ri veted
to the wal l s
of theupper channel .
The l ateral gui des wi thi n the l ower channel ,
f ormseati ngs f or the bracket of the f ront, central
and rear rel ease
rods. The steel l i nk rods
are
f ormed wi th
"eyes" at each end. The i nner eye
enters a hori zontal tube, i n whi ch posi ti on the
appropri ate rel ease rod passes through the eye,
thereby securi ng the l i nk rod. The outer eye
RELEASEPI STON '
BELLCRANKLEVER
LATERAL
GUI DE

RELEASE
PLATE
Fi gure205- AB250- 1Contai ner
RELEASE
ROD

RELEASE
PI STONROD
BOMBS
passes through
the sl ots i n the casi ngand rel ease
pl ate
andi s
secured on the outsi de by asteel spl i t
pi n. Doubl e
compressi on spri ngs are f i tted i n
the
l ower verti cal tube between
the gui de pl ate
and
the rel ease rod bracket . The
base pl ate
of the
f uze pocket i s secured
wi thi n the l ower
channel s
by means of twonuts and
bol ts.
Af uze pocket
andencl osed spri ng l oaded el ec-
tri c termi nal
are secured to the base pl ate by two
screws. Asteel ci rcl i p
around the f uze provi des
thenegati ve
contact f or the ci rcui t .
Onered covered and
one yel l ow covered cabl e
encl osed wi thi n a red waterproof cover compl ete
the el ectri c ci rcui t between the chargi ng adapter
andthe f uze
assembl y.
Astrongsteel sl eeve
wi th athreaded steel cap,
i s asl i di ngf i t over the
f uze pocket . Thethreaded
steel capi s f i tted wi thasmal l
ci rcul ar pol ystyrene
wi ndowf or vi sual l y checki ng the
presence of the
f uze.
One extensi on rod passes
through the f ront
l ateral gui de and f ront
rel ease rod bracket, thus
retai ni ngthe f ront
rel ease rod.
Thel ongi tudi nal bracket f orms agui de
f or the
rel ease pi ston. The
rel ease pi ston rod, , passi ng
through thecentral
l ateral gui des, retai ns thecen-
tral
rel ease rod. The rel ease pi ston
spri ngs are
compressed between a seal i ng machi ned
on the
rel ease pi ston rod andthe
central l ateral gui de.
Thebel l crankl ever
pi voted i n the l ongi tudi nal
bracket has asmal l
metal pl ate l ateral l y attached
toi ts l ong arm. Thenoseof the
bel l crankl ever,
passi ng through the
l ongi tudi nal bracket, retai ns
the rel ease pi ston. Thenotched pl ate at
the tai l
105
GERMANEXPLOSI VE
ORDNANCE
of t he bel l cr ank
l ever bei ng r et ai ned by t he ex-
t ensi on r od pr event s
t he r ot at i on of t he bel l cr ank
l ever . Asi mi l ar
mechani smt o t he r ear of t he
cent r al r el ease
r od pr ovi des f or t he oper at i on
of
t he r ear
r el ease r od, t he except i on bei ng
t b%t t he
r ot at i on of
t he second bel l cr ank l ever
i s pr event ed
by t he
r el ease pi st on
r od.

( See f i g. 105. )
106
Fi gur e
106- AB
250- " 2Cont ai ner
OP
1
666
OPERATI ON.
On r el ease f r om ai r cr af t ,
t he
f uze f i r es af t er
t he appr oxi mat el y 1- second
del ay
pr opel l ant char ge i s i gni t ed. Pr essur e
dr i ves t he
st eel sl eeve downwar d, t he st eel
sl eeve ext ensi on,
and ext ensi on r od. The ext ensi on r od
di sengages
f r om t he f r ont r el ease r od br acket
. The f r ont
r el ease r od under t he i nf l uence of
i t s spr i ngs moves
downwar d
and f i r es t he l i nk r ods .
Ai r f l owpass-
i ng under t he r el ease pl at e causes t he
casi ngs
t o
move out war d, t hus f i r i ng
t he bombs . Thi s
move-
ment i s assi st ed by t he wei ght
of bombs and
t he
t endency of t he dr ogues
t o spr i ng open.

The f i r st ,
bombs
t hen f al l away- As t he ext ensi on
r od moves
f or war d,
i t i s al so di sengaged f r om t he not ched
pl at e at t he
t ai l of t he bel l cr ank l ever.
The bel l cr ank l ever i s now
f r ee t o r ot at e and
t he r el ease pi st on moves f or war d
under t he i n-
f l uence of i t s spr i ngs and bear s
on t he nose of t he
bel l cr ank
l ever r ot at i ngi t out of t he pi st on gui de
.
Thi s r el eases
t he pi st on r od br acket , t her eby
r e-
l easi ng t he cent r al casi ng.
The r ear casi ngs
ar e
nowf r eed i n
a
si mi l ar
manner . The smal l pl at e
on t he. bel l cr ank l ever
appear s t o pr event t he
si mul t aneous r el ease of t he casi ngs
. On r el ease
of t he f i r st pai r of casi ngs,
t he bel l cr ank l ever
r ot at es
unt i l t he smal l met al
pl at e bear s agai nst
t he casi ng. The
bel l cr ank l ever i s
nowunabl e t o
r ot at e f ur t her
unt i l t he f r ont casi ngs
ar e cl ear of
t he l ower channel .

Thi s
moment ar i l y del ays
t he
r el ease of t he second pai r of
casi ngs .

Thi s
ser ves
t o i ncr ease t he scat t er
of t he bombs .
AB
250- 2 CONTAI NER
DATA
Over - al l
Lengt h :63. 7 i n.
Body Di amet er :
14. 7 i n.
Tai l Lengt h :19
. 7 i n.
Tai l
Wi dt h. 14. 7 i n.
Fi l l i ng:224
SD1 bombs, 17 SD10A
bombs,
144 SD2bombs.
Tot al Wei ght :221 kg.
Fuzi ng :( 79) A; ( 69) D; 79 B;
69
E.
CONSTRUCTI ON. The
body i s of mi l d sheet
st eel i n
t wo l ongi t udi nal hal ves hi nged
at t he
t ai l . I t i s di vi ded i nt o
t hr ee compar t ment s
;
dame- shaped nose
compar t ment , cyl i ndr i cal
cen-
t r al compar t ment and
cone- shaped t ai l compar t -
ment . The nose
compar t ment houses t he f uze
pocket wel ded t o a br acket
whi ch, i n t ur n,
i s
wel ded t o t he upper hal f
of
t he
cont ai ner . The
t wo
hal ves
of t he cont ai ner ar e pr esumabl y
hel d
t oget her by asecur i ng nut anda shear wi r e whi ch
passes t hr ough an anvi l i n t he l ower hal f of t he
f uze pocket . ( See f i g. 106, )
The sheet st eel t ai l of f our f i ns, br aced by t wo
bar s r i vet ed t o opposi t e f i ns,
i s
wel ded t o bot h t he
cent r al cyl i ndr i cal and cone- shaped t ai l por t i ons
of
t he cont ai ner .
The SD1 bombs ar e housed i n t he cent r al com-
par t ment . No packi ng
pi eces have been
f ound.
When t he
SD
10A
bombs ar e car r i ed,
a t hr ew,
pl ywood or car dboar d
par t i t i on i s
i nser t ed mak-
i ng t wo compar t ment s .
The f r ont
compar t ment ,
hol ds ei ght
bombs andt he r ear ni ne. The bombs
ar e posi t i oned
by a wooden st r uct ur e pl aced i n
t he cent er of t he compar t ment s . The odd bomb
at t he r ear i s st owed wi t hi n t hi s st r uct ur e.

Each
cl ust er i s hel d by smal l wooden bl ocks bound by
t wo st eel t apes .
SUSPENSI ON. Hor i zont al . Wel ded t o t he
l ower hal f at t he poi nt of bal ance of t he l oaded
cont ai ner i s a st out met al t r ansver se suspensi on
st r i p pr ovi ded wi t h a met al pl at e t apped t o t ake
a
suspensi on l ug.
COLORAND
MARKI NGS. Khaki over - al l
wi t h t wo r edst r i pes
on t ai l cone.
St enci l ed on
cont ai ner f or SD1 bombs :
AB250- 2
224SD1
Gew215 kg
( 79)
A
( 69) D
St enci l ed on cont ai ner f or
SD10A
bombs :
AB250- - 2
17 SD10A
( 69) E
( 89) B
AB250- 3
TYPES
I AND
I I CONTAI NER
DATA
Over - al l l engt h : 63. 7 i n.
Body
Di amet er : 14. 7
i n
.
Tai l
Lengt h : 19. ' 1` i n.
Tai l
Wi dt h. 14. 7 i n.
Fi l l i ng : 108
SD
2
bombs.
Tot al Wei ght :
250 kg.
Fuzi ng : ( 89)
B.
CONSTRUCTI ON
. The cont ai ner i s si mi l ar i n
const r uct i on t o t he
AB
250- 2
. I t however , has
been modi f i ed by
addi ng an addi t i onal pai r of st a-
bi l i zi ng f i ns and
i s f i t t ed wi t h si de t r unni ons f or
BOMBS
Fi gur e 107- AB250- 3Cont ai ner , Types 1 and1l
empl oyment wi t h di ve bomber s.

( See f i g.
107
. )
Type I I has a dummy f uze pocket added.
REMARKS. The SD
2 bombs f ound
i n
one con-
t ai ner
wer e of t he modi f i ed
desi gn, wi t hout dr ogue
andwi t h
t he
ar mi ng
vanes
cut t o a t r i angul ar
shape.
COLORANDMARKI NGS. Dar k gr een over -
al l wi t h t wo l ongi t udi nal r ed st r i pes on t ai l cone.
St enci l ed on Type I :
AB250- 3

( 89) B
108 SD2ZT;

Gew250 kg.
St enci l ed - on
Type
I I :
AB250` 3

( 89) B
105 SD2ZT;
107
GERMANEXPLOSI VEORDNANCE
POSI TI ONOF
SUSPENSI ON
LUG
Fi gure 108--AB250KZBadenContai ner
AB250
KZBODENCONTAI NER
DATA:
Over-al l
Length : 49. 0i n.
Body Di ameter :
14. 5 i n.
Wal l
Thi ckness . 0. 075 i n.
Tai l Length: 19
. 5 i n.
Tai l Wi dth
: 13. 5 i n.
Fi l l i ng: 19
parachute f l ares 3
SD
2bombs.
Fuzi ng: ZT
89B.
CONSTRUCTI ON. The
contai ner body i s made
of sheet
steel . z I t i s bui l t
i n twopi eces, hi nged
at the tai l .

( See f i g.
108. )
Asubsi di ary
contai ner f or 3
SD
2-kg.
bombs i s
secured to the
bottomhal f of the
contai ner by
means of awi re
cabl esecured
tothebaseof thesus-
pensi onstrut.
OPERATI ON
.
Onrel ease f romtheai rcraf t, the
cl ockwork
mechani sm
of thef uze i s
i ni ti ated and
af ter the
predetermi ned
del ay peri od the f uze
10
8
AB250KZBoden
19 Mark SB2
OP 1666
f uncti ons to i ni ti ate the bursti ng
charge. Thi s
shears anunusual l y heavy shear pi nand
thenthe
contai ner opens onthe
tai l
hi nge
. Thef l ares f al l
away andare i gni tedvi af ri cti on
pul l i gni ters
at-
tachedby ei ght cordl oops tothemai nshroudl i nes
.
The
subsi di ary SD2contai ner f al l s away and
on
reachi ng the endof i ts cabl e recei ves
a j erk
causi ngthel ocki ngwi re
to break. Thecontai ner
opens andspi l l s the three SD2bombs.
The
f l ares are themetal cyl i ndri cal type, 13
. 5
i nches l ong, 3. 25i nches di ameter .
SUSPENSI ON. Hori zontal .
COLORANDMARKI NGS. Khaki .
Stenci l ed
on
body
MK
250LKANDMK250BK
FLARE
CONTAI NER
DATA:
Over-al l Length: 49 i n.
Body Di ameter : 14. 5 i n.
Wal l Thi ckness : 0. 075i n.
Tai l
Length
: 19. 5 i n;
Tai l
Wi dth:
19. 0
i n.
Fi l l i ng:
LK, 41si ngl e, candl e parachute
f l ares .
BK, 25 modi f i edred f l ares andthree
SD2
bombs.
Fuzi ng: Zt Z( 89) B
CONSTRUCTI ON. The Mk 250LKi s con-
structedi n two hal ves, whi ch openal ongthe l on-
gi tudi nal axi s andwhi ch i s hi ngedat thetai l .
The nose and tai l cone i s secured i nsi de the
body byspot wel ds.
Onthe l ower hal f of the body, astrengtheni ng
ri b i s wel dedto the bottoml ongi tudi nal l y. Seven
l ocati ngpl ates arewel dedi nsi de thej oi ni ngedges
of the twohal ves to i nsure al i nement.
The
f uze pocket i s wel dedto
the upper
hal f of
the contai ner . Thel ower endof the f uze
pocket
i s
i ncreasedi n wal l thi ckness. I nserted i nto the
l ower part of the f uze pocket, andsecuredby a
5/32-i nch steel shear pi n, i s thesteel anvi l .

Around
the base of the anvi l i s acol l ar uponwhi ch the
base of the f uze pocket i s seated. Asteel tube,
wel dedto the undersi de of theanvi l , i s i nternal l y
threadedto recei vethecontai ner
l ocki ng
bol t .

A
steel col l ar i s i nsertedi nthe f uze pocket andrests
onthe top of theanvi l , andwhenassembl edthe
f uze gai ne l ocat es i nsi de t hi s
col l ar . (See f i g.
109. )
Thecont ai ner i s hel d cl osed by
t he l ocki ngbol t .
Locki ngbol t i s hel d i n t he t ube whi ch
i s wel ded
t o t he
anvi l . The anvi l
i s
hol d by t he shear
pi n.
Whencont ai ner i s dr opped, t he f uze i ni t i at es
t he
bur st er char ge. The expl osi on f or ces t he
anvi l
down. The shear wi r e i s br oken. The
l ocki ng
bol t i s t hen f or ced out and cont ai ner
opens.
Four t ai l f i ns ar e spot wel ded t o t he
cone, t he
t wo on t he upper hal f bei ngsl ot t ed t o
f aci l i t at e
l oadi ngont he bombr ack. Anor di nar y
st r engt h-
eni ngst r ut i s r i vet ed bet weent he pai r s of f i ns on
each hal f of t he t ai l cone.
6997940- 47- vol
. 1- 8
Fi gur e
109- - Mar k 250 LKCont ai ner
BOMBS
TheMk 250BK
di f f er s f r omt he Mk250LK
i n
t hat no cut away por t i on exi st s i n t he upper t ai l
f i ns and t hat i t cont ai ns a subsi di ar y cont ai ner
f or t hr ee SD2- kg H
.
E. bombs si mi l ar but of ap-
pr oxi mat el y hal f
t he l engt h of t hat descr i bed
under
t he
Mk 500Boden 6SD. Thi s cont ai ner i s
secur ed t o t he bot t omhal f of t he l ar ger cont ai ner
by means
of a doubl e wi r e cabl e secur ed ar ound
t he base of
t he, suspensi on st r ut .

Lar ge cont ai ner
oper at es t he same as Mk250
LK.

The SD2con-
t ai ner f al l s
unt i l
i t
r eaches t he end of i t s cabl e.
The r esul t ant j er k causes
l ocki ng wi r e t o br eak
and i t t hen
opens.
109
GERMANEXPLOSI VEORDNANCE
41 Wei ss
( 89) BOF
Mk250 BK
i s marked
Mk250 BK
SUSPENSI ON. Hori zont al . Thesuspensi on l ug
t hreads
i nt o a suspensi on bl ock wel ded t o a sus-
pensi on
st rut whi ch i t sel f i s wel ded t o t he bot t om
of t he l ower
hal f of t he cont ai ner . Arect angul ar
pl at e i s wel ded
over t he t op suspensi on bl ockand
bears on t he
undersi de of t he upper hal f when t he
cont ai ner
i s cl osed.
COLORANDMARKI NGS
.
Bot h cont ai ners
are khaki col ored over- al l , but t he body marki ngs
di f f er .
Mk250
I Xki s marked
Mk250 LK
3SD2
A
redbar S i nches
l ong and
1
i nch wi de i s st en-
ci l ed
i mmedi at el y above t he nose wel d.
Fi gure
110=- BSB
1000
Cont ai ner
BSB360, BSB700, AND
BSB1000
I NCENDI ARY BOMB
CONTAI NERS
OP
1666
BSB360,

320 1 kg 1 B' s.
BSB700,

702
1 kg 1B' s.
BSB
1000,

570 1 kg 1B' s.
Wei ght s
BSB. 360,

435 kg.
BSB700,

900 kg.
Fuzi ng
BSB360,

cabl e rel ease.
BSB700.

el ect ri cal
sol enoi d rel ease.
BSB
1000,

el ect ri cal rel ease uni t .
CONSTRUCTI ON. TheBSB
360
i s
asheat st eel
cyl i nder
wi t habl unt nose andt aperedt ai l sect i on.
DATA:
BSB
360 BsB
zoo 13SB1000
Over- al l Lengt h- - __ 7' 9"
10' 3" 8' 11"
Body
Lengt h- - - - - - 1' 8"
2' 2" 2' 2"
Wal l
Thi ckness_____ 0. 06" 0. 06"
0. 09"
Fi l l i ng:
The cyl i nder i s di vi ded i nt o f our compar t ment s ,
each cont ai ni ng ei ght bombs . The t wo door s of
t hecont ai ner ar eopened manual l y by a cabl e, each
door openi ng t wo compar t ment s and r el eas i ng
bombs i n gr oups of 180. Thi s cont ai ner gener al l y
r emai ns
i n t he ai r cr af t af t er dr oppi ng t he l oad.
SUSPENSI ON
.
Hor i zont al . Cont ai ner r e-
t ai ned i n pl ane.
COLOR
.
Bl ack over - al l .
CONSTRUCTI ON.

TheBSB700 i s a s heet s t eel
cyl i nder wi t h
a bl unt nos e and coni cal t al l s ect i on.
Cyl i nder has s i x compar t ment s ,
each
cont ai ni ng
117 bombs .

Thecont ent s
of eachcompar t ment
ar e
r el eas ed by means
of t r ap door s oper at ed f r oman
axi al s pi ndl e, t he
r el eas e mechani s m bei ng con-
t r ol l ed el ect r i cal l y
t hr ough a s ol enoi d . Bombs
ar er el eas ed i n bat ches
of 69 and 48 f r omeachcom-
par t ment . Each
compar t ment has an expendabl e
out er door and i nner
r ot at i ng door ( r ot at ed by ac-
t i on of t hes ol enoi d) .
Thi s cont ai ner r emai ns i n
t he
ai r cr af t af t er dr oppi ng
t he l oad.
SUSPENSI ON.
Hor i zont al . Cont ai ner r emai ns
wi t h pl ane,
COLORAND
MARKI NGS. Bl ack over - al l .
St enci l ed
on bomb
body
Bet adezant 7{10
Leengewi cht 205 kg
Ges amt gewi cl i t 900 kg
CONSTRUCTI ON. The
BSB 1000 has a s heet
s t eel cyl i ndr i cal body . The
bl unt nos e and coni
cal t ai l s ect i ons ar e at t ached
by bol t s and r i vet s .
The
nos e and t ai l s ect i ons ar e r eces s ed
t o t ake a
t r ans por t
l oadi ng bar . The mai n body i s i nt er -
nahy
di vi ded al ong i t s l ongi t udi nal axi s by a hol -
l ow
cent r al bul khead whi chhous es
t her el eas er ods .
Each
hal f of t hemai n body i s f ur t her di vi ded i nt o
5 compar t ment s
by bul kheads , t hus maki ng 10
compar t ment s
.
Ten
s pr i ng l oaded compar t ment
door s ar ehi nged
t o t heunder s i deof t hecont ai ner .
Thes e
door s ar e hel d by hook r el eas es whi ch ar e
connect ed by t her el eas er od
t o
t he
el ect r i cal r el eas e
uni t s f i t t ed wi t h manual l y
oper at ed r el eas e
s wi t ches f or us e i n l oadi ng
. No f uze i s f i t t ed and
i t i s as s umed t hat t he el ect r i cal
l ead pas s es i nt o
t hej unct i on
box and s el ect i on mechani s mhous ed
i n t he t ai l , t he
l at t er f unct i ons t o s pace t he 570
bombs
as des i r ed. I n oper at i on, t he el ect r i cal
char gepas s es t hr ought hej unct i on box and caus es
t he s el ect or mechani s mt o f unct i on . Cur r ent i s
pas s ed t o r el eas e uni t s , and t hes eopen t he r el eas e
hooks t hr ought hemedi umof t her el eas er od, The
wei ght of t he bomb f or ces door s open and bombs
f al l , t he s pr i ng l oaded door s t hen cl os i ng t o pr e-
s er ves t r eaml i ned cont ai ner s . ( Seef g. 110. ) Thi s
cont ai ner al s o r emai ns i n t he ai r cr af t af t er dr op-
pi ng
t he l oad.
SUSPENSI ON
.
Hor i zont al .
BOMBS
COLORANDMARKI NGS. Li ght khaki or gr ey
over - al l . "Leer ewi cht 210kg" i s
s t enci l ed on body.
AB 500- 1 CONTAI NER
DATA:
Over - al l Lengt h: 80 i n.
Body Di amet er : 18%i n.
Wal l Thi cknes s :
1/ s
i n.
Tai l
Lengt h: 28. 75
i n.
Tai l
Wi dt h: 24%i n.
Fi l l i ng :
37 SD10Aor
392
SD
1,
or
184 1- kg i n-
cendi ar y
or 28 SD10
FRZ,
or 116
2- kg
i ncen-
di ar y.
FUZI NG: 89B; 69E; 69D; char gi ng head Lede-
kopf MVOV500- 1. Two f uzes and a char g-
i ng head ar e us ed.
CONSTRUCTI ON
. Cont ai ner
i s
di vi ded
al ong
l ongi t udi nal axi s i nt o t wo hal ves hi nged at t he
t ai l . Thenos ecompar t ment cont ai ns t he f uze as -
s embl y, t he cent r al compar t ment accommodat es
t hebombs , and t het ai l compar t ment bei ng empt y,
f or ms par t of t het ai l s t r uct ur e. Amet al s t r i p i s
wel ded t o one- hal f t hecont ai ner and f or ms a s pi got
f or t he t wo hal ves t o cl os e on. Apr es s ed met al
pl at e
havi ng a cent r al channel r uns t he
l engt h
of
t he cent r al
compar t ment .
( See"f i g. 111. )
Thei nt er nal s t r uct ur e var i es as t o bombs car -
r i ed.
When SD10 FRZbombs
ar e car r i ed, t hey
ar e l oos el y
packed.
Fi f t een bombs ar e car r i ed i n
r ear of cent r al compar t ment and t hi r t een f or war d.
They ar e not s ecur ed by bands . Cont ai ner s f or
SD10Abombs ar e di vi ded i nt er nal l y i nt o t wo
compar t ment s
.
The cent r al compar t ment of
t he
cont ai ner i s di vi ded i nt o t wo hal ves by a pl ywood
s heet . Ei ght een bombs ar e accommodat ed i n t he
f or war d hal f and ni net een bombs i n t he r ear hal f .
Eachcl us t er i s s ecur ed by s t eel bands whi chcl i p
i nt o t he
chanui el on one s i de and ar ewedged i n by
t he wood s t r i p. On t he ot her s i de t he bands ar e
s ecur ed t A) get her by s pl i t pi ns whi chpas s t hr ough
GERMAN
EXPLOSI VEORDNANCE

OP 1666
BRAGKET
89BFUZE
SECURI NGBOLT
Fi gur e 111AB300- 1Cont ai ner
'
111
. X 11I 1_
, ALI Ll a 1A
!
I t 1, t
0
SHEARWI RE
ANVI L
SECURI NGBOLT
69I 7 FUZE
SECURI NG
BAND
SHEARWI RE

X- SD10 BOMBS
l oops at t he ends .

Met al st r i ps l ooped ar ound t he
st eel bands spl i t t he pi ns. Wooden packi ngbl ocks
ar e r ecessed t o r ecei ve t he bands
.

I n
t he
f or war d
compar t ment t he cl ust er
of bombs i s di vi ded by
sl at s of
wood
and t he
suspensi on st r ut .
The sheet met al t ai l f i ns of each hal f ar e br aced
by a bar wel ded bet ween
t hem.
The char gi ng
head Ladekopf
MVOV
500- 1 i s
housed i n a
st eel bl ock wel ded t o t he cont ai ner
wal l about
mi dway down.
A
f our - cor e el ect r i c
cabl e f r omt he
char gi nghead t o t he nose i s car r i ed
i n a met al t ube
wel ded t o t he i nner wal l . The
cabl e ent er s t he nose
compar t ment t hr ough a hol e
dr i l l ed i n t he f or war d
bul khead. The f uze pocket
i s l ocat ed i n t he nose by t wo br acket s
and
wel ded
t o t he f or war d bul khead and
si des of t he
con-
t ai ner .
The l ower end of t he pocket r ecei ves t he
anvi l r et ai ned by t he shear wi r e . At ubul ar ex-
t ensi on t o t he anvi l i s ar r anged
t o r ecei ve t he bol t ,
whi ch secur es t he cl osed
cont ai ner af t er assembl y.
Wel ded t o t he si de of t he
f uze pocket i s a shor t
: engt h of t ube whi ch
cont ai ns t he Z69Ef uze ; t he
bayonet f i t t i ng t hr ee pi n
pl ug cl oses t hi s t ube and
connect s t he f uze wi t h t he char gi ng
head. AZt
( 89) Bf uze i s hel d i n
t he f uze pocket by usual
l ocki ng and l ocat i ng
r i ngs and i s connect ed t o t he
char gi ng head
by
a char gi ng at t achment
. Access
t o t he f uze assembl y i s gai ned
by a
hol e cut i n t he
wal l of t he nose,
and cl osed by a cap havi ng a
bayonet f i t t i ng.
OPERATI ON- On
r el ease f r omai r cr af t , an el ec-
t r i cal char ge i s t r ansmi t t ed
vi a t he char gi ng head
t o ei t her or bot h f uzes . Af t er a pr edet er mi ned
del ay, dependi ng
on t he f uze sel ect ed, f uze oper -
at es t o det onat e t he bur st i ng char ge
: Thi s
over -
comes t he shear wi r e
and f or ces anvi l f r omf uze
pocket . The t wo
hal ves of t he cont ai ner swi ng
back on t he hi nge and cont ent s
spi l l out .
SUSPENSI ON.
Hor i zont al .
COLORANDMARYI NGS
.
Li ght Khaki over -
al l .
Accor di ng t o cont ent s, f ol l owi ng st enci l i ng i s
I n cont ai ner s
f i l l ed
wi t h SD1' s t he
69Dhas
been pai nt ed out and a wooden pl ug r epl aces
t he
69D
f uze .
AB500- 3ACLUSTERADAPTER
DATA
:
Over - al l Lengt h . 311/4i n.
Body Di amet er
:
161/2i n .
x
173/4i n .
Fi l l i ng: 4
SD50 kg
or
4SK70 kg,
or
50 kg
and
100
kg Fr ench bombs.
Fuzi ng: 69 ser i es f uze, char gi ng
head Ladekopf
15.
CONSTRUCTI ON. The cl ust er i s bui l t
ar ound
t wo l ongi t udi nal channel pl at es 1/8 i nch
t hi ck.
They ar e
pr essed i nt o
spl ayed
U- shaped channel s
at t he
t op and t he bot t omof t he assembl y r espec-
t i vel y and j oi ned t oget her by t wo st eel
pl at es
whi ch f or m
a cent r al
l ongi t udi nal
bul khead wi t h
a doubl e wal l . Tr i angul ar pl at es wel ded bet ween
t he bul kheads and t he out er ends of t he upper
channel act as st i f f ener s .

( See f i g. 112. )
At about t he mi ddl e t he t wo pl at es, f or mi ng t he
bul khead, ar e t hen shaped t o f or ma r ect angul ar
compar t ment . I t i s pr esumed t hat when
Ger man
bombs ar e car r i ed t hi s compar t ment
cont ai ns a
j unct i on
box and
char gi ng
at t achment f or t he
Rhei nmet al l f uzes mount ed i n t he
bombs. Hol es
ar e punched i n each si de
of
t he compar t ment
and
ar e shaped t o t ake f uze bead at t achment s . Ahol e
i s dr i l l ed i n t he t op mai n suppor t i ng pl at e t o en-
abl e a connect i ng cabl e t o be t hr eaded t hr ough t he
bul khead.
At each end of t he t op channel a pai r
of
shaped
st eel cr ut ch pads ar e pi vot ed
on
ei t her
si de of t he
pl at e. They ar e t o f ol d over t he t op bombs and
act as' pr essur e pl at es f or st eadyi ng br acket s i n t he
ai r cr af t bomb r ack.
Wood packi ng, shaped l i ke saddl e pi eces f or t he
bombs, ar e cl i pped t o
t he
si des of t he cent r al
bul k-
head.
Two wi de t hi n sheet
st eel
car r yi ng
bands ar e
hi nged t o t he t op channel and l ocked i nt o t he
bot t omchannel by t he r el ease mechani sm. Each
band i s i n t wo hal ves coupl ed by an adj ust abl e
r i ght and l ef t handed scr ewwhi ch f unct i ons
as a
t ur nbuckl e
.
Suspended f r omt he- nose of t he t op channel i s a
r i gi d st r uct ur e of st eel st r i p i n t he f or mof
t wo
i nver t ed Y' s. Thi s i s pr esumed t o car r y a l ocki ng
devi ce f or mechani cal l y ar mednose f uzes, mount ed
i n Fr ench bombs.
BOMBS
f ound
on body :
AB500- 1 AB500- 1
DB
500- 1
Fur 184B1
. 3EZ 37 SD10A 392SD1
Fur 116BZEZ
Gew47 kg Gew415 kg
89B
69E 89B
69E 89B
69D
GERMAN
EXPLOSI VEORDNANCE

OP
1666
Fi gure 172-ABSOO- 3ACl uster Adapter
Thecont ai ner has an
el ect r opyr ot echni c f uze of
t he 69 ser i es. A
Ladekopf char gi ng head i s
mount edon a st eel
pr essi ng, wel ded wi t hi n t het op
channel t owar ds
t he r ear end. An el ect r i c cabl e
passes f r omt hi s,
t hr ought he cent r al bul khead
t o
t he 69 f uze whi ch
i s mount ed on t he si de of t he
r - l easemechani sm,
wi t hi n t hebot t omchannel . A
second cabl e
may be connect ed t o a j unct i on box
wi t hi n t he
r ect angul ar compar t ment , when t he
cont ai ner
i s l oaded wi t h Ger man bombs.
Ar ect angul ar pr essed
st eel box i s secur edt o t he
endof t hesuspensi on
bar , wi t hi n t hebot t omchan-
nel , by a nut
. St eel box angl es
sl ot t ed t o engage
r ound t he
bar , and whi char e
r i vet ed t o t he l oops,
sl i de
i nt o one anot her and beneat h
t he st eel bog.
Fi gur e
113- - A9 S00- I S Cont ai ner
AB 500- 1B CONTAI NER
DATA
:
Over - al l Lengt h
. - 80 i n.
Tai l Lengt h: 29
i n
.
Tai l
wi dt h:

17
i n
.
Di amet er of
body :

18 i n
.
Fi l l i ng: 28
SD10FRZbombs.
Fuzi ng: 69E
.
BOMBS
Thel oops ar ehi nged
t o t hebot t omof t hecar r yi ng
bands. St eel
wedges
ar e
r i vet ed t o t he r ever se
si des of
t he l oops t o keep t he assembl y wedged
wi t hi n
t he channel .
Smal l
st eel t r i angul ar boxes ar e wel ded t o
t he
bot t omof t he car r yi ng bands
t o f aci l i t at e r el ease
.
Theassembl y
i s l ocked whi l e t her e i s upwar d
t ensi on on t he
suspensi on bar .
On ei t her si de of t heassembl y,
t wo br acket s ar e
wel ded wi t hi n t he channel .

At hi r d br acket
sup
por t s t he
f uze pocket .

Ast eel pi n, at t ached
t o t he
r emot e
end of t he f uze pocket i s t hr eaded
t hr ough
hol es dr i l l ed on t hebr acket
and l ocks t he suspen-
si on bar and assembl y i n t he
"up" posi t i on shoul d
t ensi on on t hebar be r el eased
. When t hecont ai n-
er i s r el eased f r omt he
ai r cr af t , an el ect r i c cur r ent
i s pr essed
vi a t he char gi ng
head t o t he 69 f uze
.
Af t er a set
del ay
t he f uze f i r es, f or ci ng of f t he
r e-
mot e end of t he f uze pocket , whi ch
car r i es t he
l ocki ng pi n wi t h i t .

Thet ensi on oi l
t he car r yi ng
bands t hen f or ces t he suspensi on
bar down and
t he l ocki ng assembl y i s r el eased.
When Ger man' bombs ar e car r i ed,
a second ci r -
cui t f r omt hechar gi ng head passes
t heel ect r i c cur -
r ent , vi a a j unct i on box, i n t he
cent r al r ect angul ar
compar t ment , t o t he Rhei nmet al l
f uzes i n t he
bomb.
COLORANDMARKI NGS
. Khaki over - al l .
St enci l ed
i n bl ack on body : AB
500- 3A.
CONSTRUCTI ON
. TheAB500- 111cont ai ner
i s
si mi l ar
t o t heAB500- 1.

( Seef i g. 113. )
The
28 SDFRZbombs
ar e accommodat ed i i )
t he
cent r al
compar t ment of t he cont ai ner , 15
bombs bei ng
accommodat ed i n t he r ear por t i on
and 13
bombs i n t he f or war d por t i on
.
Bombs ar e l oosel y
packed nose t o t ai l and ar e
not secur ed by bands.
MARKI NGS
. Mar ki ngs on cont ai ner : 28 SD10
FRZ
.
GERMANEXPLOSI VE
ORDNANCE
ABB500 CONTAI NER
M
DATA:
Over - al l
Lengt h :
69. 6 i n.
Body Lengt h :
25. 2 i n.
Body Di amet er : 18. 4 i n.
Wal l Thi ckness : 0. 05 i n.
Tai l Wi dt h: 25i n.
Fi l l i ng: 133 . 1- kg
i ncendi ar i es 2, 200 "cr ow' s
f eet . "
Tot al Wei ght : 152. 4 kg.
Fuzi ng: El Zt Z( 9) A; El Zt
Z79A; Z 89.
CONSTRUCTI ON. The
body i s cyl i ndr i cal
shaped
si mi l ar
i n
appear ance t o a SCbomb
except
f or t he nose,
whi ch
i s mor e
bl unt . ( See
f i g. 114 . )
The bomb i s di vi ded i nt o t wohal ves
l ongi t udi -
nal l y anduni t edby
a
r ol l ed j oi nt .
The vanes and
ot her f i t t i ngs ar e wel ded.
Al oadi ng bat ch i s
scr ewed t o t he body j ust f or war d of
t he f uze
pocket . Ther e i s onl y one
f uze pocket whi ch i s
7%i nches i n dept h
. Fuze pocket cont ai ns
one
Fi gur e 114 - - ABB
300Cont ai ner
OP
1666
annul ar pi cr i c aci d pel l et
f umand a
wooden
cyl i ndr i cal packi ngpi ece.
OPERATI ON. The
aer i al bur st act i on of t he
f uze and
pi cr i c aci d
pel l et spl i t s t he case i n hal f
downa weak
wel d.
REMARKS. The bomb
cont ai ner i s a C500
f l am
casi ng adapt ed t o
car r y appr oxi mat el y
133 1- kg
i ncendi ar y bombs.
Among t he 1B' s f ound
i n one cont ai ner
wer e
some
chal k cement r ods
( wi t h a wi r e cor e)
1. 9
i nches
i n di amet er ( possi bl y
usedas f i l l i ngpi eces) .
SUSPENSI ON.
Hor i zont al .
COLORAND
MARKI NGS. I nsi de
and out si de
of
cont ai ner i s pai nt ed
a dul l sl at e gr ey.
Ther e
ar e
t wor edbands ; one i s
ar ound t he
mi dsect i on of
t he bomb
body, andt he ot her
i s ar ound t he nose
of t he bomb
.
Let t er s "ABB500" ar e
st enci l edi n bl ack at cen-
t er of
bombbet ween t he
f uze pocket and
t he sus-
pensi on l ug.
Let t er s "194 1
bbZ170T" appear on
t ai l f i n.
"STREUBRANDC500" CONTAINER
DATA
Over - al l
Lengt h: 69. 5 i n.
BodyLengt h: 18 . 8 i n.
Tai l
Lengt h : 24. 5 i n.
Tai l Wi dt h: 25. 0 i n.
Fi l l i ng: 1, 200
gr een cel l ul oi d i ncendi ar y boxes
i mmer sed i n wat er .
CONSTRUCTION. Cont ai ner
i s
si mi l ar i n ap-
pear ance and di mensi ons t o ABB500 cont ai ner
wi t h t he except i on
t hat l oadi ng hat chi s absent as
i n t he AB500- 1
.

( See f i g. 111. )
A%G- i nch i nt er nal
di amet er st eel t ube,
wel ded
t o t he upper hal f of t he casi ng di r ect l y above t he
l ongi t udi nal
j oi nt of t he t wo hal ves of t he con-
t ai ner , connect s at r i ght angl es
. t o t he si de of t he
f uze pocket t o whi chi t
i s al so wel ded.
Asi ngl e l engt h of gr een det onat i ng f uze l eads
°
r omt hi s t ube t o t ur n al ong t he l ongi t udi nal j oi nt
and
r unr ound t he nose of t he cont ai ner , r et ur ni ng
vi a t he j unct i on of t he t ai l
t o
ent er t he
T/18
- i nch
t ube. At i nt er val s al ong t he l ongi t udi nal j oi nt
Fi gur e I ISMar k,
500Roden
Cont ai ner
REMARKS
.
The st r eubr and C500appear s t o
have
been an
i nef f i ci ent i ncendi ar y weapon, and
t he met hod of separ at i ng
t he t wo hal ves of t he
cont ai ner mayhave been f oundt o be unsat i sf ac-
t or y i n pr act i ce si nce damage t o exposed det onat -
i ng f uze woul dr esul t i n f ai l ur e.
MARK500 BODEN
CONTAINER
BOMBS
st eel cl i ps ar e pl aced
t o
secur e t he
det onat i ng f uze
f i r ml y
i n posi t i on.

I
The t wohal ves ar e her met i cal l y seal ed t oget her
by wel di ng at t he l ongi t udi nal seam. Insi de
t he
cont ai ner i s a st eel st r ut , whi ch i s used t o gi ve
suppor t t o t he t wohal ves of t he casi ng. The st r ut
i s weakened i n one pl ace.
Scr ewedt o t he f uze i n t he nor mal wayi s a st and-
ar d gai ne pr oj ect i ng i nt o a wood packi ng pi ece.
One end of t he det onat i ng f uze i s housed i n t hi s
packi ngpi ece t o cont act t he si de of t he gai ne.
On r el ease of t he cont ai ner , f uze i s char ged.
Af t er a shor t del ay, f uze f i r es, f i r i ng gai ne whi ch
i n t ur n det onat es t he det onat i ng f uze. Det onat i ng
wave t r avel s r ound t he seamof t he cont ai ner t o
separ at e t he t wo
hal ves . The weak par t
of
t he
i nt er nal suppor t i ng st r ut i s br oken and t he t wo
hal ves ar e par t ed
.
DATA:
Over - al l
Lengt h :
69. 6 i n.
Body Di amet er : 18. 4 i n.
Wal l Thi ckness : 0. 05 i n.
Tai l Lengt h : 24 i n.
Tai l
Wi dt h:
2 i n.
Fi l l i ng: 9
or
15si ngl e candl e
f l ar es and6 SD
9-
bombs.
Fuzi ng: El Zt
Z
( 9)
A; 79; 89.
CONSTRUCTION
.
Thi s
cont ai ner i s si mi l ar t o
t he AB
500
. The
t ent h f l ar e nor mal l y car r i ed
i n t he
ABB500
has been
r epl aced
by
a subsi di ar y
cont ai ner f or
6
SD2 bombs.

( See f i g. 115. )
Inst ead of t he usual
openi ng devi ce, t he con-
t ai ner i s opened by means of a cont i nuous st r and
of det onat i ng cor d ( gr een wi t h pi nk f i l l i ng,
t hought t o be pent hr i t e) whi ch ci r cumscr i bes t he
cont ai ner at t he j unct i on of t he t wohal ves.
The subsi di ar y cont ai ner f or t he 6 SD
2 bombs
i s
anchor ed by t he doubl e
wi r e cabl e t o t he U-
shaped br acket posi t i oned i n t he l ower hal f of t he
body t o one si de
of
t he i nt er nal suspensi on st r i p.
The 6
SD
2
cont ai ner i s f or med
al ong t he l ongi -
GERMANEXPLOSI VE
ORDNANCE

OP 1 "B
Fi gure
1 1 6-AB1 000-Z
Contai ner
1 1 ?sul as1 uX1 1 \ X1 Xs\
W. 1 1 1 -4
41 "1 1 1 I I F[I [I ' ' l I f I
XI l ° 1 1 l 1 X1 ' , 1 l i 1 ` I l Xl Xl v
XI l Xf f X! XXI I ( _I ` I XI hI
_' l l l 1 ' X1 ' 1 \ I t, 1 1 X 1 1 l '
1 1 1 1 1 WHI I Al t
t udi nal axi s i n
t wo hal ves, r et ai ned by
t he t wo
st eel f emal e
end caps dr i l l ed at t he
si de t o admi t
t he t hi n cont ai ner secur i ng wi r e. Secur ed t o
each
end cap i s a U- shaped br acket , a 0. 25- i nch r ound
bar ,
t o
whi ch
i s at t ached t he doubl e
wi r e cabl e.
Af t er t he 6 SD2 cont ai ner f al l s f r ee, i t i s ar -
r est ed by t he doubl e wi r e cabl e. The j er k i s so
appl i ed t o t he end cap t hat i t suf f i ces t o br eak t he
secur i ng wi r e and t he end cap i s pul l ed of f . The
bombs t hen ar e f r ee t o f al l away.
SUSPENSI ON. Hor i zont al .
COLORANDMARKI NGS. Sl at e
gr ey or bl ack
over - al l . St enci l ed
bet ween f uze
pocket and sus-
pensi on l ug :
Mar k 500 Boden
6 SD
AB 1000- 2 CONTAI NER
DATA:
Over - al l
Lengt h : 123 i n.
Body Di amet er :
26i n.
Wal l Thi ckness : 0. 075 i n.
Fi l l i ng : 620 1kg 1B' s, or 246 1 kg 1B' s and 234
2 kg B. 2 EZ, or 372 2 kg
B. 2
EZ.
Fuzi ng : TwoZ( 69) D, Zt Z89Band a char gi ng
head. Thr ee f uzes i n al l ar e i n cont ai ner s
i n addi t i ou
t o char gi ng head.
CONSTRUCTTJ ON. The body
i s
T- shaped i n
cr oss sect i on. The l ongi t udi nal
axi s of
t he con-
t ai ner i s f or med by
t wo sheet st eel pl at es 261/ 2
by
70 i nches. I ndent ed
t oget her wi t h ci r cul ar spot
wel ded pr essi ngs
and wel ded al ong t hei r gr eat er
di mensi ons t o t wo
U- shaped gi r der pi eces . Two
ci r cul ar sheet st eel pl at es f or m
t he nose
and t ai l
bul kheads. Asl i ght l y
domed sheet st eel nose
i s
wel ded
t o t he nose bul khead and
i s
r ei nf or ced l i y
a t ubul ar
st eel sheet appr oxi mat el y 8 i nches l ong
wel ded t o. bot h t he bul khead and
t he
domed nose.
Asheet st eel
t op pl at e i s wel ded t o t he upper
U- shaped gi r der
t o f or m an ar c- l i ne canopy ex-
t endi ng 131
/ 2
i nches on ei t her si de of t he gi r der .
The t op pl at e
i s r ecessed t o r ecei ve t he H- t ype
suspensi on
l ug and t o accomodat e t he f uze pocket .
( See f i g. 116. )
The cent r al suppor t
f or t he t ai l uni t i s
a
st eel
bar wel ded t o a squar e
pl at e whi ch i n t ur n, i s
r i vet ed t o t he t ai l bul khead.
Af l anged ci r cul ar
sheet st eel pl at e i s spot wel ded
t o t he t ube and
BOMBS
t ai l cone f or added suppor t .

The t ai l
f i ns consi st
of t wo l ayer s of sheet
st eel pr essed t oget her ,
each
l ayer bei ng par t
of t he adj oi ni ng quadr ant s
of
t he t ai l cone- Fuzes ar e housed i n a t hi n
sheet
st eel
box i nsi de t he t ai l cone and ar e wel ded
t o
t he t ai l
bul khead. An i nspect i on hat ch i n t he
t ai l gi ves access t o t he f uzes.
On t he under si de
of
t he f uze
box
ar e
t wost eel
cl i ps whi ch accomodat e t he 4- ounce
pent hr i t e
char ge pr ovi ded
t o
dest r oy
t he el ect r omagnet
gener at i ng uni t s . at t ached t o t he bot t om
end of
f uze. Fi ve sect i ons cont ai ni ng i ncendi ar y
bombs
can be ar r anged
i n
each si de of t he
cent er bul khead
of t he cont ai ner . Each sect i on
i s separ at ed by
semi ci r cul ar sheet st eel
separ at or - pl at es. The
bombs
ar e hel d i n pl ace by f i ve sheet st eel r et ai n-
i ng bands whi ch
ar e
dr awn
t i ght l y _ar ound t he
bombs and, cont ai ner
by t ur nbuckl es . Each st r ap
i s hel d i n posi t i on
at t he l ower edge of t he ver t i -
cal posi t i on
by a l ar ge spl i t pi n anchor ed t o a
br acket suppor t
whi ch car r i es a smal l char ge con-
si st i ng
of t wo det onat or s . Twor ect angul ar
st eel
pl at es
near t he nose hi nge out war d when t he f or -
war d band i s sever ed and f or mai r br akes.
The
f uze pocket accommodat es t he char gi ng
head f r om
whi ch si x or ange col or ed cabl es ar e l ed
t o t he f uzes,
Two of t he cabl es ar e connect ed by
a f uze
char gi ng at t achment t ot he head of t he ( 89)
Bf uze ; t he r emai ni ng
f our cabl es ar e connect ed
i n pai r s t o t wo bayonet j oi nt char gi ng
at t ach
ment s housi ng t he ( 69) Df uzes .

Si x l eads pass
f r omt he f uzes t o a j unct i on box i n t hq t ai l
uni t .
Leadi ng
f r omt he j unct i on box ar e t hr ee cabl es f or
each
of
t he
si x poi nt s ( f i ve r et ai ni ng bands and
t he dest r oyi ng
char ge on t he st eel f uze box) , pl us
si x bl ack col or ed cabl es, al l of whi ch ar e encl osed
i n a gr een cover .

Four of t hese l eads br anch of f t o
each of t he f i ve r et ai ni ng bands ( t wo wi r es
t o
each
det . ) and f our l eads br anch of f t o t he sel f -
dest r oyi ng char ge.

Al l det onat or s on t he ( 89) B
f uze ci r cui t ar e i nst ant aneous whi l e t he
det onat or s
on t he ( 69) Df uze ci r cui t s have del ays var yi ng
f r om 1
t o 6 seconds, t he var i ance bet ween det o-
nat or s bei ng
1
second. They ar e so pl aced t hat
t he 1- second del ay i s
on
t he band near est t he
t ai l
uni t , t he 2- second del ay i s next , et c.

The 6- second
del ay det onat or i s used on t he sel f - dest r oyi ng
char ge
of t he f uze box.

On r el ease, an el ect r i cal
char ge i s i mpar t ed t o one of t he pl unger s of t he
char gi ng
head, dependi ng on whi ch of t he f uzes
GERMANEXPLOSI VEORDNANCE
120
Fi gur g
117- MessageTube( seal
SUSPENSI ON. Hor i zont al .
OP 1666
i s t o
be used.
The
f uze f unct i ons and i gni t es
a
bl ack powder
pel l et
whi ch
dr i ves api st on f or war d
.
Apr oj ect i on of t he pi st on st r i kes asof t
i r on cor e
i n
t he cent er of a coi l of copper wi r e
encl osed
wi t hi n a magnet i c sheat h. The r api d
di spl ace-
ment of t hi s i r on cor e i nduces an el ect r i c
cur r ent
i n t hecoi l whi ch i s passed t o t he
j unct i on box and
t hen t o t he det onat or s whi chsever
t he bands.
Cont ai ner s can be dr opped f r oml ow
al t i t udes
wi t h t he ( S9) Bf uze and i nst ant aneous
det onat or s
used t o secur e a heavy concent r at i on
of bombs, or
cont ai ner s can be dr opped f r om hi gh
al t i t udes
wi t h t he
( 69) D
f uze
and var yi ng del ay det o-
nat or s used. Thi s woul d gi ve
a- wi dedi sper si on
of
t he
bombs.
COLORANDMARKI NGS.

Li ght khaki .
Mar ki ngs on body ar e:
AB100a- 2
B. 1. 3 EZ
B2EZ
MESSAGETUBES I SEAANDLAND)
DATA:

SF+
LAND
Over - al l Lengt h________ 14. 75 i n.

15 . 75 i n.
Body Di amet er _________

2. 6 i n.

2. 0i n.
Tot al Wei ght ___________ 2. 25l b.

1. 5l b.
CONSTRUCTI ON. The sea message t ube i s
made of al umi numand i s pai nt edyel l ow
.
Thet op
i s cl osed by
a
di sc wi t h af r i ct i on i gni t er t hr ough
i t . The i gni t er has ar ed t op and a del ay pel l et
gi vi ng
adel ay of 1 second-
Theal umi numsmoke
cont ai ner i s bel owt he i gni t er . I t cont ai ns ar ed-
di sh br own powder , t he sur f ace of
whi ch
has a
bl ack powder char ge t o st ar t t he bur ni ng of t he
smokemi xt ur e. Thecont ai ner i s madewat er t i ght
by t i ght eni ng t hewi ng nut .

( Seef i g. 117. )
Thesmokecont ai ner i s 5. 4 i nches i n l engt h, has
adi amet er
of
1. 75 i nches and wei ghs 0. 75
pound.
The l and message t ube i s made of al umi num
and i s pai nt ed r ed. The t op cover hol di ng t he
r ed- t opped f r i ct i on i gni t er ( 1 second del ay) i s a
push f i t over t he cont ai ner
.
Thr ough a hol e i n
t he cup- shaped
al umi num pi ece
near t he cover
pr ot r ude
t he
ends
of f our st r ands of qui ckmat ch.
These st r ands r un down t he si de of t he smoke
cont ai ner and meet
sever al pi eces of
f i r e
qui ck-
mat ch bel owt he
smoke cont ai ner .

( See f i g . 118. )
When i gni t ed,
t he r eddi sh br own powder gi ves
of f a ver y
br i ght yel l ow smoke.
The
smoke cont ai ner i s 5 i nches i n l engt h, has
a
di amet er of 1. 75 i nches and
a
wei ght
of 10. 3
ounces.
Fi gur e 118Message Tube I f and)
BOMBS
COLORANDMARKI NGS.

Yel l ow
over 611 .
Mar ki ngs :
Af el debusche ( l and)
Unegef ahr l i ch. ( not
danger ous)
Wecht i ge
Mol dung ( i mpor t ant message)
Sof or t Wei t er geben ( f or war d at once)
GERMAN
EXPLOSI VEORDNANCE
OP 1666
AI RCRATr DUTY RANGESi v Mn. a s
I
BomPOUg- LOKAOSNb
. YI N
Ta bl e 1. - Loa ds
of
I
Bo1RSTOWAGBS: WEI GHTS
[x KI LOcRAHS
Do 17Z- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - R; NF; B- - - - - - 880- 1440- - - - NI L, 2, 200- - 2
x
50or 2 x 250.
DO18- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - R- - - - - - - - - - - - 1845- 2640- _- - - 440- - - - - - - - - 4x 50.
Do 24- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - R; B- - - - - - - - - - 1485- 1800__- _- - - - - - - - - - - - - 12 x50.
J u86
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Tra ns port_____ 800- 98D
- - - - - - - NI L, 2, 200___ 4x 250or 16 x 50or.
J u87B a nd
R- - - - - - - - - - - - - -
DB; GA_______
370- 975- - - - - - - 990, 2, 200- - -
1
x250
( or
500)
a nd
4 x 50or 1 x
1000or 4 x
50a nd 4cl us ters of
a nti pers onnel
5 x 12 or 4 x 50
a nd
"ba nded" 5 x 50.
J u87D- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - DB- - - - - - - - - - - 100- 1220- - - - - - 2, 200, 4, 040__ 1 x 250a nd 4x
50or
1
x
1400
or
1 x 1800or 1 x
500( or 1, 000) a nd
4x 50( or 2 x 250) .
J u87C- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - DB- - - - - - - - - - - 370- 975- - - - - - - 990, 2, 200_- _ I x 250( or 500) a nd 4 x 50
or
1 x
1000or E torpedo 740- 900.
J u
88- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
B ; DB; ML; 1140- 2680_____ 4, 400,
6, 400__ 10x50a nd4x250or10x50a nd
CyA 4x500or2x50Qa nd2x1000or
2 x 1400or l x 1800.
J u88
B- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
B ; I t _- - _ _
990- 1160
- - - - - - 4, 400, 8, 800__ 4x 1000.
J u88Fi ghter
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - NF; GA- - - - - - - 654- 1538- - - - - - 1, 100- - - - - - -
10x
50.
J u
90- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - Tra ns port- - - - - 785- 1830- - - - - - 7, 700- - - - - - - 8x 250a nd 30x 50.
Me 109E- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - GA; B- - - - - - - - 450- - 1050- - - - - - 550- - - - - - - - - 4x 50or 1 x 250or 92 x SD2.
Me 109FBomber- - - - - - - - - - - B;
GA
- - - - - - - - - 450- 570
- - - - - - -
550- - - - - - - - - 4x
50
or 1 x 250or 92 x 5D2,
Me 109 G
Bomber- - - - - - - - - - - B; GA- - - - - - - - 420- 550- - - - - - - 550- - - - - - - - - 1 x 250or 4x 50or 92 x SD2 or
1 x 500.
Me
109
T- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - F; B - 400- 950-- - - - - - - 550- - - - - - - - - 4x 50or 1 x 250.
Me 110
Bomber_____________ B; GA________ 630- 735- - - - - - - 2, 640, 4, 000__ 4x 50a nd2 x 500or I x 500a nd
l x
1, 004or
4x
50a nd I x 500a nd1 x
1, 000.
I na ddi ti on96x SD
2.
J u86- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - R; B__________ 1, 400- 1, 750_- __
550, 2, 200- __
1x250or16x50or4x250
.
BOMBS
NB: AC: Army
Cooperat i on. B; Bomber. DB: Di ve Bomber. F: Fi ght er. GA: Ground at t ack, ML: Mi ne
Layi ng.

NF: Ni ght Fi ght er
.

R: Reconnai ssance.

T: Torpedo Droppi ng.
Ranges and bomb
l oads are normal and maxi mum.

Thef i rst bombst owage i s normal , t he ot hers al t ernat i ve.
123
German Ai rcraf t
AIRCRArT
Dory
RANrrs INMILES
BOYE"LOAD$LN
POUNDS
$OMBSTOWAGE&WEIGHTS
IN
KILOGRA1
B
He III- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - ML; R; B; T__ 540- 1, 930- - - - - - 4, 400, 7, 620__ 32
x
50 or 8 x 250 or 32x50 ( or
8
x
250)
and
I ( or 2) x1, 000 or 1x
1, 800
or 1x
2, 500.
He 115- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - R; B; ML; T_ 1, 380- 1, 975___
.
1, 750,
2, 200__ 4
x250 or 2x500 or 1 x1, 000 or
Torpedo °40- 900.
He 129- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - GA: DB- - - - - - 350- 690- - - - - - - 220. 770- ____ 2x50 or 4 x50 and 48 xSD2or
2x50and
I
x250or 2x 50 and- 96
xSD2or6x50.
By 138- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - R; B; ML_____ 990- 3, 120___- - - 660_________ 6 x50 or 2x250.
By 141
B- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
R; GA________
550- 720- - - - - - -
440_________ 4 x50.
Fi 167_____________________
R;
T;
B- - - - - - - 540- 1, 120___ - 2, 200- - - - - - - 4
x
250 or 2x500 or Torpedo 740-
900
.
177_____________________ B; T; R- - - - - - - 3, 000- 3, 150- __-
15, 800- - - - - -
2x2, 500or4x1, 800or10x250and
2x1, 800or 96 x50.
FW
189- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - AC; GA- - - - - - - 620- 970- - - - - - - 440_________ 4 x50.
FW190Bomber- - - - - - - - - - - - B; GA
- - - - - - - - 410- 960- - - - - - -
550, 1, 100___ 1x250orIx500or96x8D2.
AT
196_____________________
F; R; B- - - - - - - 350- 980- - - - - - - 220_________ 2x50.
FW200 C( "Konder", "Kur-
ML; T; B_ 2, 270- 2, 430_- - - 3, 300, 8, 800_ . 6
x
500
or 4 x 500 and 2x1, 000
or
i er", "FW200 K") . 2
x
500 and2x 250 and 12
x50 or
2Torpedoes.
Me210Bomber ( 1) - - - - - - - - - - B____ __ _ 1, 49, 5- 2, 605____
2, 200, 4, 400- -
2x 500or 2x250or I xI, 000or I x
1, 000
and2x
250 ( or 500) .
Do
215- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - R; NF; B 810- 1, 450_____ 2, 21) 0 - - - - - - - 20 x 50 Or ( 2 x250) .
Me 210 Bomber ( 2) - - - - - - - - - - B; GA; F __ 1, 310- 1, 460____
1, 100, 4, 400__ 2
x
250 or
1x 500
or
I x1, 000 and
2x
500
.
Do 217 Eand K- - - - - - - - - - - -
B; DB; ML; T- 1, 165- 2, 445____ 4, 400, 6, 600__ 4x 50and4x5Wor2x1, 000 or
8 x50and2x500or 2x1, 000and
2x500or 1x1, 400 or I x1, 800or
Torpedo 740- 940.
Do 217- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
NF; GA- - - - - - - 1, 180- 1, 975___ 880_________
8 x50
.
GERMANEXPLOSI VE
ORDNANCE

-

OP
1666
124
TYPEI

TYPEI I

TYPEM'
Fi gur e 119- - - Types of Fuse
Const yuct i or r
TYPEY
TYPEI XA

TYPEYi
I NTRODUCTI ON
GENERAL
.

Thedevel opment of el ect r i cal
t i me
and
i mpact
f uzes has been car r i ed on i n Ger many
si nce 1926
.

Thegr eat er par t of t he wor k has been
done by
t he
Rhei nmet al l Bor si g or gani zat i on.
Al l
t he wor k i n t hi s l i ne was under t he di r ect i on of
Her r H. Rhul emann.
The or i gi nal
obj ect of t he devel opment
was t o
pr oduce an el ect r i cal
t i me f uze f or pr oj ect i l es,
whi ch coul d be set
at
t he
i nst ant of f i r i ng.
Thi s
par t of t hedevel opment l agged
i n t he
ear l yst ages,
and t he devel opment
of
el ect r i cal
bomb f uzes
was
begun. Thi s wor k was ver y
successf ul
and t he
,
l ect r i cal bomb f uze
was adopt ed by t he
Luf t waf f e
i n 1937. I t i s est i mat ed
t hat about 1
mi l l i on t i me
f uzes and 20 mi l l i on i mpact f uzes
wer e
used si nce
t hei r adopt i on.
CONSTRUCTI ON
.

Theconst r uct i on of el ect r i -
cal bomb f uzes has r emai ned gener al l y t he same
si nce t hey wer e f i r st adopt ed i n 1937. For t he
pur poses of t hi s book, const r uct i on wi l l bedi vi ded
i nt o
case and i nt er nal ci r cui t const r uct i on.
A. Case Const r uct i on.
The f uze cases
f or al l
el ect r i cal bomb f uzes
have mai nt ai ned.
gener al l y,
t he same
ext er nal appear ance even t hough t her e
ar esi x di f f er ent t ypes
of
const r uct i on. Al i ext er -
nal
vi ewof a t ypi cal el ect r i cal
f uze i s shown
i n
f i gur e, 120.

Fi gur e
119 shows t hesi x t ypes of con-
st r uct i on. Al l
t ypes of const r uct i on useal umi num
f or t he case except
t ype 5 whi ch l eas a t hi n sheet
st eel case.
The r ai sed por t i on
on t op of t he f uze i s cal l ed
t he f uze head or
boss, , Oneor t wo pl unger s, de-
pendi ng on t he
t ype of f uze,
ar el ocat ed i n
t he
f uze
head and ar e i nsul at ed
by bl ack eboni t e col l ar s .
Thesi de of t he f uze
head i s gr ooved t o accomEno-
dat e t he
char gi ng head f r omt he el ect r i cal char g-
i ng uni t i n t he
ai r cr af t . The f l at por t i on sur -
r oundi ng
t hehead i s r ef er r ed
t o as t hef uze shoul -
der . Ont he si de
of t he f uze shoul der and i n l i ne
wi t h t he t wo pl unger s
i s a smal l l ocat i ng pi n
whi chser ves t o
keept he f uze i n t hepr oper posi t i on
Chapt er 2
GERMAN
FUZES
i n t he f uze pocket . The f emal e t hr eads at t he
base of t he f uze ar e t her e t o r ecei ve t he st andar d
expl osi ve gai ne.
B. I nt er nal Ci r cui t Const r uct i on. Thei nt er -
nal const r uct i on of t he t ypi cal el ect r i cal bomb
f uze can be di vi ded i nt o t wo sect i ons : t he upper
sect i on, and t he l ower sect i on. ( See. f i g. 121 . )
Fi gur e 122 shows t he var i ous t ypes of t r embl er
swi t ches f ound i n Ger man f uzes . The
upper
sec-
t i on i s cal l ed t heswi t chbl ock. I t i s a pol yst yr ene
moul di ng whi ch has been machi ned t o t ake t he
var i ous pl unger cont act s, t he t r embl er swi t ches,
and i n somecases t he l ong del ay i gni t er br i dge.
Thel ower sect i oncont ai ns t hest or ageandf i r i ng
condenser s, t he r esi st ances, and t he i nst ant aneous
and
shor t - del ay.
i gni t er s. These par t s ar e
hel d i n
pl ace
by
t hebl ack bi t umen cal ki ng subst ance.
The condenser s ar e const r uct ed of met ' al f oi l
st r i ps separ at ed by wax paper and al l wound on
one car dboar d cyl i nder . The car bon r esi st ances
nor mal l y f i t i nt o t hi s cyl i nder . I t may al so con-
t ai n t hel ong del aycol d cat hode t ube whi chi s t r ue
f or t he El AZ( 9) .
Fi gur e 120- Typi cal El ect r i cal
Bomb Fuze
GERMANEXPLOSI VEORDNANCE
VERTI CAL
TREMBLERSWI TCH
Fi gure 121--I nfernal Constructi onof El ectri cai BombFuze
Thei gni ter
bl ock fi ts i nto the bottomof the fuze
and contai ns 6he
bl ack powder fl ash pel l et, three
hol es
l eadi ngfrom
thepel l et to thei gni ter bri dges,
andtheshort
del ay trai n.
ELECTRI CAL
PRI NCI PLES. To i l l ustrate
the pri nci pl eof
thethree ci rcui t el ectri cal fuze, a
schemati c di agram
i s shown i n fi gures 123 and
130.
A.
Chargi ngCi rcui t
Operati on. Thechargi ng
ci rcui t i n the
pl ane i s of speci al i nterest . As the
126
" ' '
l Al l l l l l l l l
uei n
I
=
qz
fi i r
/ 1/
O
6+
a
-HORI ZONTAL
TREMBLER
SWI TCH
CONDENSER
I GNI TER BLOCK
OP 1666
bombi s l oaded i n the ai rcraft, the chargi ng head
i s cl amped on the fuze head. Thechargi ng pi ns
contact thepl ungers anddepressthemsothat they
makeel ectri cal contact wi th the storage condens-
ers. Thetwo chargi ng pi ns are connected to the
sl i di ng
contacts
l ocated i n the chargi ng arm.
Thesecontacts cl osewhenthebombhas fal l enfrom
one to three i nches fromthe rack. Thi s prevents
chargi ngof thefuze whi l ethebombi s sti l l i n the
ai rcraft .

Thetwo sl i di ngcontacts are connected
totheposi ti ve termi nal of
the240V. battery. The
Fi gure 122-Typesof Trembl er Swi tches
FUZES
127
.
i
, .
, . /pr i i i
;
TRANSVERSE VI BRATORY
VI BRATORY FUZE 50
VI BRATORY FUZE 50
FUZES 15
AND EARLY
25
sYr
f
u
I NERTI A
BOLT
SWI TCH GLOW DI SCHARGE
TUBE MERCURY
SWI TCH
FUZES 28 B
SERI ES
FUZE 9
FUZE 50B OR`Y"
FUZE
' f 1s I S
X X FUZE
POCKET

,
`
\XXX\
. i ce\
XX
X/
.
AL PI PE
I r
I NNER
PLATE
i n
M..
I
OUTER PLATE
VI BRATORY
AS
SPECI AL I MPACT SWI TCH
FOUNDI N
MOST FUZES
FUZE 26 (RECONSTRUCTI ON)
XXS. TJ J I I //I J J f
I NSULATI ON
' \
%f ry
;
A
METAL
SECTI ON A-A
TO NOSE
AXI AL VI BRATORY
I MPACT
SWI TCI +
OF
BOMB
FUZES
15 ANDEARLY 25
FUZE 49BME
GERMANEXPLOSI VEORDNANCE
128
VOLTAGE
SWI TCH
MASTER
1
SWI TCH\
_X
\\\XXXXXXI
I l Xl Xl l i
CHARGI NG
HEAD
15ov.
240
V.
El ect ri cal Fuze
Fi gure 123-Wi ri ng
Di agram
of Three Ci rcui t
Bpl unger ci rcui t i s connect ed
di rect l y, whi l e t he
Apl unger
ci rcui t i s
connect ed t hrougha "ZSK"
or sel ect or swi t ch. Thi s swi t chhas t wo
posi t i ons :
open(MV), wi t hdel ay; andcl osed (OV),
wi t h-
OP 1666
out del ay.

Thebat t ery i s t apped at 24(1
vol t s
and
150vol t s . These t wol eads runt o
t he vol t age
swi t ch.

The vol t age swi t ch can
be set at 150
vol t s
f or l evel
bombi ngor 240vol t s f or di ve
bombi ng
.
I t cannot be used t oopent he ci rcui t.

The
vol t age
swi t ch
i s
connect ed
t o
t he
mast er swi t ch whi ch
i s
usedt oj et t i sont he bombs .

Supposedl y i t i s cl osed
onl y whent he ai rcraf t
i s over enemy t erri t ory .
The mast er swi t ch i s connect ed
t o t he chargi ng
head
whi chcont act s t he
f uze head and compl et es
t he el ect ri cal ci rcui t t hroughout t he f uze body t o
t he st orage
condensers
.
B. Fuze Ci rcui t Operat i on. For t he purpose
of i l l ust rat i on
we.
shal l assi gn
armi ng t i mes f or
t he t hree ci rcui t s as f ol l ows : I nst ant aneous
ci r-
cui t , 8seconds ; short del ay
ci rcui t , 8seconds ; l ong
del ay ci rcui t , 2 seconds
.

' .
Whent he sel ect or swi t ch i s cl osed, bot hst orage
condensers are charged i n t he manner descri bed
i n t he above
paragraph. (See f i g. 123. ) The
charge pl aced ont he st orage condenser C-1 l eaks
sl owl y t hrough
t he resi st ance R--1 i nt o t he f i ri ng
condenser C-2
. The, t i me requi red f or t he cur-
rent t opass t ot he f i ri ng condenser C-2 and bui l d
upsuf f i ci ent l y t of i re t he
i gni t er
i s
cal l ed
t he
arm-
i ng t i me. At t he same t i me
t he charge
ont he
st orage condenser C-3
i s l eaki ng t hrough t he re-
si st ance
R-3
i nt o t he
f i ri ng condenser
C-4
and
t hrough
t he resi st ance R-2 i nt o t he f i ri ng con-
denser G5
. Oni mpact t he t rembl er swi t ches,
S-1, S--2, andS-3
moment ari l y make cont act wi t h
t he t rembl er cavi t i es causi ngt he
current t of l ow
t hrough t he i gni t er bri dges .
The bri dges become
heat edandf i re t he mat chcomposi t i on
surroundi ng
t hem. Whenal l t hree i gi i i t er bri dges f i re at t he
same t i me t he i nst ant aneous
bri dge f i res
t he f l ash
pel l et anddet onat es t he
bomb t hrought he normal
expl osi ve t rai n. The
short andl ong del ay t rai ns
j ust st art ed t oburnat
t he t i me of det onat i on.
I f t he
sel ect or swi t ch i s hel d
open,
t hen
no
charge
wi l l pass t ot he
i nst ant aneous ci rcui t but
t he Bpl unger, remot e
f romt he l ocat i ng pi n, wi l l
carry t he charge t o t he
st orage condenser C-3.
Theci rcui t
t hrought he resi st ance
R-2t ot he con-
denser C-4
becomes armed
bef ore t he ci rcui t
t hrough R-3 t o C-5.
I f t he bomb
has been
dropped
wi t h a f al l i ng
t i me of l ess t han 8
sec-
onds, t he l at t er ci rcui t
wi l l not be armed
bef ore
i mpact and t he
i gni t er bri dge used
wi t h t he
t rembl er swi t ch S-2
wi l l f i re t he
l ong del ay pel l et
whi ch,
act i ng t hrough t he
expl osi ve t rai nof t he
f uze,
wi l l detonate the bomb. I f the bombi s
dropped wi th a f al l i ng ti me of greater than
8
seconds, both
ci rcui ts wi l l be armedbef ore i mpact
but because of the shorter del ay trai n
used i n con-
j uncti on wi th the trembl er
swi tch
S- 4,
the short
del ay wi l l
i ni ti ate
the f i nal
expl osi ve trai n.
Ti me f uzes contai n
essenti al l y the same
basi c
parts
as the i mpact f uzes except that the
trembl er
swi tches
are
repl aced
by
a
vacuumtube whi chbe-
comes conducti ng at a cri ti cal known
vol tage. At
the
i nstant the bombi s started on i ts traj ectory,
an el ectri c charge i s pl aced on the storage con-
denser, and another smal l er charge
i s pl aced on
the f i ri ng condenser. The ti me setti ng of the
f uze i s adj usted by varyi ngthe amount of charge
pl aced on the f i ri ng condenser. Duri ng f l i ght,
part of the charge on the storage condenser l eaks
through the resi stor to the f i ri ng condenser. As
the charge on the f i ri ng condenser i ncreases, the
vol tage across the tube i ncreases. Whenthef i ri ng
vol tage of the tube i s reached, the f i ri ng condenser
di scharges through the tube and i gni ter, f i ri ng
the f uze.
Both the storage and the f i i ng condensers
of
German
el ectri cal ti me f uzes are charged
i n order
that
the
vol tages used can be kept reasonabl y
l ow.
An i ncreased ti me setti ng requi res an i ncreased
vol tage.
Advantages of El ectri cal Fuzes
A. The f uzes can be set by remote control
i m-
TYPE I TYPE 2
Fi gure 124- - - Methods
of Securi ng the Fuze i n the Bomb
medi atel y pri or to the i nstant of f i ri ng.
Dead
ti me
i s el i mi nated i n ti me f uzes, andi mpact
f uzes
can be set f or i nstantaneous or del ayed
acti ons
as
each bombi s used.
B. El ectri cal i mpact f uzes are extremel y
rapi d
i n
acti on because the onl y mechani cal part, the
trembl er swi tch, has but l i ttl e i nerti a andf ri cti on.
Wi th
an "i nstantaneous" f uze setti ng, a bombcan
he made to expl ode wi thout deep penetrati on
of
the target .
C. The, el ectri cal scheme has great
f l exi bi l i ty.
The same components were used i n
a
vari ety
of
ti me and i mpact f uzes havi ng nearl y
i denti cal
appearance but a wi de range of
characteri sti cs.
D. The f uzes are saf e to handl e, shi pandstore.
Whereas i n most mechani cal f uzes the
source of
energy to i gni te i s al ways present (as a stresses
spri ng, f or i nstance) , energy i s not i ntroduced i nto
the el ectri cal f uze unti l the moment of
use
.
Ex-
tensi ve tri al s were made wi th vol tages as hi gh as
2, 000, 000
vol ts, whi ch showed that properl y de-
si gned el ectri cal f uzes are not af f ected by atmos-
pheri c el ectri ci ty.
E. The el ectri cal f uzes are l ess expensi ve to
manuf acture than mechani cal f uzes havi ng the
same characteri sti cs, when made i n
comparabl e
quanti ti es . The cost rati o i s about two- to three.
Another f eature whi ch reduces the cost
per uni t
i s the f act that parts whi ch are out
of tol erance
f or
ti me
f uzes coul d be used i n the i mpact f uzes.
TYPE 3
FUZES
129
GERMANEXPLOSIVEORDNANCE
130
Marki ngs andIdent i f i cat i on
f i gure 125--Fuze Marki ngs
TYPE
A
Met hods
of Securi ng t he Fuze i n t he Bomb
Three met hods were usedf or t hi s purpose; t he
bayonet j oi nt t ype, t he securi ngpi nt ype, andt he
l ocat i ng and l ocki ng ri ng t ype. The l at t er was
most commonl y
used duri ng t he war.
In
t hi s
t ype, t he l ocat i ng
ri ngkeeps t he f uze i n
t he proper
posi t i on i n t he
f uze pocket and
t he l ocki ngri ng
secures i t t here.
( See
f i g.
124. )
Fuzes general l y
have t he
marki ngs
ont he f uze
shoul der, al t hough cert ai n ol der desi gns hadt he
marki ngs
on t he f uze head The marki ngs. on
TYPE
B
Fi gure 126-Ext ensi onCaps
OP
1666
German f uzes must
be not ed very caref ul l y
f or
i n most cases t hey are
t he onl y means of
i dent i -
f i cat i on,
( See f i g. 125. )
Themost i mport ant marki ng
ont he f uze i s t he
number, whi ch i s usual l y
ci rcl ed. Thi s number
desi gnat es
t he t ype of f uze. The uni t s di gi t
i s t he
t ype
number ; t hat i s, t ype 5f uzes are
el ect ri cal
i mpact f uzes; t ype
7f uzes are t i me f uzes; t ype
0
f uzesare prot ect i ve f uzes,
et c. Thi s number i s
pre-
cededby anumber
of abbrevi at i ons; t hus,
El
.
A.
Z. means El ect ri cal
Impact Fuze. The l et t er Z
i s
usual l y f oundj ust
at t he l ocat i ng pi n wi t h t he
number desi gnat i on f ol l owi ng.
The "cpp
1941' ' i s t he
f act ory
desi gnat i on
and
t he dat e of manuf act ure. The
"l b" i s t he f act ory
l ot number andt he Germaneagl e st ampi ng
i s t he
i nspect or' s st amp.
Any of t he l ast t hree
may be
omi t t ed.
At t achment s
A. ExTExsi oN' CAPS( f i g. 126)
. -These are used
onl arge SCbombs, andal l
PC
bombs.
B. Dummy FvzF
HEADS
( f i g.
127) . --These are
usedont he SD250andont he vari ous C
2, 50i n-
cendi ari es
.
C. BRACKETS. -These are
usedon t he
PC
500,
SD500andt he SC500.
D. TRANSITCAP( f i g. 128) . -These
are f i t t ed on
al l Germanf uzes pri or t o l oadi ngt he bombs i n t he
ai rcraf t .
TYPEG
SPRI NG,

z FI BER DI SC
LOCATI NG
RI NG
TYPE I
WALL OF SO250
EXTENSI ON
PI ECE
TYPE2
Fi gure 127-DummyFuze Heads

Fi gure 128-Transi t Caps
Fi gure 129-El ectri cal Symbol s
FUZES
(1 71. L
I TEM SYMBOL
REMARKS
8
T
PLUNGERI SADJ ACENTTOAND"B" PLUNGER
I S REMOTE FROMTHE LOCATI NGPI NOF THE
PLUNGERS FUZE
.
PLUNGERSARESHOWN
I N
THEUNDEPRESSED
POSI TI ON.
DOWNWARDMOVEMENTOF PLUNGERSCHANGES
r- s
POSI TI ONOF I NSULATEDANDCONTACTSURFACES
CONTACTS k
I N RESPECTTOWI RECONTACTS.
I NSULATEDSURFACESSHOWNI N BLACK.
RESI STANCE
A MA
I MS1- I MEGOHM" !,000,000 OHMS
CONDENSER
A
I / 4 F -
I
MI CROFARAD
I GNI TERBRI DGE
I MPACTSWI TCH
VI BRATORYTYPEUNLESSOTHERWI SESTATED.
PYROTECHNI C
SHORT-LESS
THAN
ONE
SECOND.
DELAYS LONG-ONE
SECONDANDOVER.
GERMAN
EXPLOSI VEORDNANCE
TYPE
I

TYPE2
E. CHARGI NG
HEADS( f i g. 130) . - Thesear eused
on cer t ai n i ncendi ar y,
ant i per sonnel , and PC- RS
ser i es bombs.
Typi cal
Nomencl at ur e
ATA:
132
ELECTRI C
CABLETOFUZE
Fi gur e 730- Char gi ng Heads
( 41)
MECHANI CAL CLOCKWORK
Bombs
Used i n : SD2Abut t er f l y
bomb.
Col or :
Unpai nt ed.
Mat er i al : Zi nc al l oy case
ar ound br ass and st eel
mechani sm.
Possi bl e Act i ons
: Aer i al bur st or i mpact .
Ar mi ng
Ti mes : 2. 3 t o 3. 5
seconds.
Pr i nci pal
Mar ki ngs :
( 41. ) .
Secondar y
Mar ki ngs :
Zei t bl x, AZ34- 41.
OP
1666
DESCRI PTI ON
.

The ( 41) f uze i s a smal l cl ock-
wor k t ype f uze whi ch
t hr eads
i nt o t he SD- 2but
t er f l y bomb.

( See f i g . 131. )

I t has t wo
possi bl e
oper at i onal act i ons : aer i al bur st or i mpact .

The
f uze i s ar med t hr ough act i on of t he dr ogue
vanes
whi ch t ur n as t he bomb descends, t hr eadi ng
t he
ar mi ng spi ndl e out
of
t he pat h of t he
r el ease ar m.
When t he bombs ar e r el eased f r omt he cont ai ner ,
t hedr ogue vanes r ot at ecausi ng t hear mi ng
spi ndl e
t o t hr ead out of t hepat h of t he r el ease
ar m.
OPERATI ON
.

Thef uze may
be set f or ai r bur st
( " zei t " )
or i r npact
( " AZ" ) .

I f set on " zei t " , t he
set t i ng but t on
( 12)
depr esses t hei ner t i a pel l et ( 4) .
Thi s al l ows t hest op ar m( 5 ) , r el ease ar m( 8) , and
r el ease
cam( 6) t o r ot at e cl ockwi se unt i l t hesl ot i n
t he
r el ease cam( 6) i s pr esent ed t o t he st r i ker ( 9) .
Thest r i ker i s
t hen
f r ee t o movei nt o t he det onat or .
I f t he f uze i s set t o f unct i on on i mpact t he set -
t i ng scr ewi s t ur ned t o " AZ" and t hef uze f unct i ons
as f ol l ows : Pr essur e of spr i ng l oaded st r i ker ( 9)
on r el ease cam( 6) t ur ns r el ease ar m( 8) cl ockwi se
t hr ough gear t r ai n ( 1) unt i l st op ar m( 5 ) bear s
agai nst spr i ng hel d i ner t i a pel l et ( 4) . On i m-
pact t he i ner t i a pel l et ( 4) f al l s f r gmt he pat h of
t he st op ar m( 5 ) al l owi ng i t t o cont i nue i n a
cl ockwi se di r ect i on unt i l t he gr oove i n t he r el ease
cam
( 6) i s pr esent ed t o t he st r i ker . The st r i ker
( 9) i s t hen f r ee t o movei nt o t hedet onat or .
REMARKS
.

The
f uze
i s
scr ewed
i nt o t hebomb.
( 41) AMECHANI CAL
CLOCKWORK
DATA
Bombs Used i n : SD2B
but t er f l y
bomb
.
Col or : Unpai nt ed.
Mat er i al : Al l oy casi ng, st eel and br ass mech-
ani sm.
Ar mi ng Ti mes:

2. 9 t o 3. 5 seconds.
Pr i nci pal Mar ki ngs :

( 41) Acot . ; AZ( i mpact ) ;
Zei t ( aer i al bur st ) .
Secondar y Mar ki ngs : Z/ 42.
DESCRI PTI ON. The oper at i on of t he ( 41) A
i s t he same
as
t he oper at i on of t he ( 41) .
( See
f i g . 132
. ) The
( 41) A
di f f er s
f r omt he
( 41) i n
t hr ee ways : The ( 41) Ai s hel d i n t he SD2B
by means of a bayonet j oi nt and E1- shaped secur -
i ng st r i ps. The vanes ar e V- shaped and have a
gr eat er pi t ch t han t he vanes of t he ( 41) . The
det ent
i s
i n t he shapeof a t r uncat ed cone
i nst ead
of a cyl i nder . Thi s shape i s associ at ed wi t h t he
GERMAN
ARBt t KVI ATI ON
GERMAN ENGLI SH
1 .
El . A. Z__ El ekt r i scher - - - - - - El ect r i c
Auf schl agzunder __ i mpact f uze.
2. El . Zt . Z__
El ekt r i scher - ___- - El ect r i c
Zei t zunder _____- _ _ t i me f uze.
3.
El . Z____- El ekt r i scher - - - - - -
El ect r i c
Under - - - - - - - - - - _ f uze.
4. L. Zt _ -
Langzei t - _- - __- __ Long t i me
( del ay) .
5 . M.
V__- __ mi t
Ver zoger ung- - - wi t h del ay,
6. o. v- - - - - -
ohne Ver zoger ung- wi t hout del ay.
7.
- - - - - - - - - vor Bel aden
ent f er - t o be r emoved be-
nen.
f or e l oadi ng.
8
. - - - _- _- - -
Ver zugszei t - - - - - - - saf et y t i me.
9. V. Z_
Ver sugszundung___
saf et y f uzi ng.
l o. Z- - - - - - - -
Zunder - __ . . - - - - - - - f uze.
11.
Zt - - - - - - - -
Zei t - - - - - - - - - - - - - - t i me.
12. Zus- - - - - -
Zusat z- - - - - - - - - - - addi t i on.
13. - - - - - - - - - -
Zunder zwi schen- f uze ext ensi on cap.
st uck.
Fi gure
131-(41) Mechani cal Cl ockworkFuze
FUZES
133
GERMAN
EXPLOSIVEORDNANCE
" al l - ways"
act i on. Thespr i ng hol di ng t hi s det ent
i s st r onger t han t he
spr i ng i n t he ( 41) andt her e-
f or e t hi s f uze
i s l ess sensi t i ve.
( 3)
MECHANICAL IMPACT NOSEFUZE
DATA:
Bombs
Used i n : 12
kg A/PSC10.
Col or .
Unpai nt ed al umi num
.
Mat er i al :
Al umi num
al l oy.
Possi bl e
Act i ons : Inst ant aneous
or
. 6
second
del ay.
Ar mi ng Ti mes :
2. 5 seconds .
Pr i nci pal Mar ki ngs
: AZC10 ( Hut ) ' ( 3) .
Secondar y Mar ki ngs
: Rh.
S.
195 1938.
DESCRIPTION.

Theupper body of t he f uze
i s
cone- shaped
. A
suspensi on l ug i s t he cl ock- wor k
ar mi ng
mechani sm.
Sever al r ecesses f or scr ews,
and spanner
openi ngs ar e
cut i nt o t he l ower par t
of t hecone. A
cyl i ndr i cal
pi ece, t hr eaded t o scr ew
i nt o t he
noseof t hebomb,
i s f or med wi t ht he
l ower
134
Fi gur e
132- 14TIAMechani cal Cl ockwor k Fuze
OP
1666
coni cal sect i on
. Thi s cyl i ndr i cal
par t i s bor ed
t o
r ecei ve t he pr i mer
housi ng whi ch
sur r ounds t he
st r i ker channel
. Bel owt hi s
i s pl aced a f i t t i ng hol d-
i ng a
powder t r ai n wi t h
a cap beneat h and
t he
base i s
cl osed wi t h a st andar d
gai ne. ( See f i g.
133. )
Desi r ed set t i ng
i s obt ai ned by adj ust i ng
a gr ub
scr ew
whi ch i s scr ewed
i nt o t he f uze body
and
i nt er r upt s t he f l ash channel
.
OPERATION. When t hebomb
i s r el eased
f r om
t he
cont ai ner , t he saf et y pi n i s
wi t hdr awn
and
r el eases
a spr i ng- l oaded saf et y bol t
whi ch f r ees
t he
hammer . The hammer i s a
par t of t he
sus-
pensi on l ug.
The
r emoval
of t he
saf et y pi n r e-
l eases t he spr i ng
l oaded saf et y bol t whi ch
engages
t het eet h on
t hepi ni on. As t he saf et y
bol t moves
i n a di r ect i on per pendi cul ar
t o t he
pl ane of t he
paper , i t r ot at es
t he pi ni on whi ch i n
t ur n moves
t hegear t r ai n.
When a r ecess on t he
saf et y bol t
comes
opposi t e
t he spr i ng- l oaded pl unger ,
t he
pl unger
spr i ngs out
di sengagi ng t hei ner t i a
st r i ker
t hus ar mi ng t he f uze.
On i mpact , t he st r i ker
i s
f or ced
downwar ds agai nst
t he cr eep spr i ng and
det onat es t he
per cussi on cap. If t he f uze
i s i n-
t ended
f or i nst ant aneous
act i on, t he f l ash
f r om
t he
cap passes t hr ough
t hechannel t o t he
expl osi ve
cap whi ch
i n t ur n det onat es t he
gai ne.
( 23) AMECHANICAL
IMPACT TAIL FUZE
DATA:
Bombs Used
i n : Br and,
10
kg; NB; 2 kg;
SG,
3 kg; si ngl e
uni t par achut ef l ar e.
Col or :
Tr eat ed met al .
Mat er i al
:
St eel .
Possi bl e
Act i on : Inst ant aneous.
Ar mi ng Ti mes :
3 t ur ns of ar mi ng
spi ndl e.
Pr i nci pal Mar ki ngs : None.
Secondar y Mar ki ngs : None.
DESCRIPTION.
Thi s f uze i s
const r uct ed en-
t i r el y of st eel
and t he unpai nt ed body i s
devoi d
of mar ki ngs . ( See
f i g.
134. )
The
f uze
i s f or med
of t wo mai n
por t i ons, t he f uze body
and t he
st r i ker
mechani sm. The body consi st of a
st eel
col l ar , ext er nal l y
t hr eaded t o scr ew i nt o t he
mi s-
si l e,
and a st eel housi ng seat ed wi t hi n t he col l ar .
Ar et ai ni ng r i ng, scr ewed i nt o t he upper
por t i on
of t he
st eel col l ar , r et ai ns a st eel bl ock.

The
st eel
bl ock f or ms a cone shaped seat i ng. Asi mi l ar
seat i ng i s f or med at t he base of t he st eel housi ng.
Fi t t ed bet ween t he t wo coni cal
seat i ngs i s t he
st r i ki ng mechani sm, consi st i ng of
t he st r i ker ,
st r i ker gui de, and det onat or cap hol der
. The
st r i ker has a r ounded head whi ch si t s i n t he upper
coni cal seat i ng. The st r i ker i s dr i l l ed t o
house
t he t wo di amet r i cal l y opposed
st eel r et ai ni ng
bal l s.
The st r i ker gui de i s a sl i di ng f i t over
t he st r i ker
and scr ewed
t o
i t s
base i s t he
det onat or caphol der .
The hol der i s r ounded and seat s upon
t he coni cal
seat i ng of t he st eel housi ng.
Bet ween t he st r i ker
head and t he det onat or cap hol der
i s a cr eep
spr i ng.
An ar mi ng r od scr ews i nt o t he st eel
bl ock, pass-
i ng i nt o t he st r i ker and f or ci ng t he
st eel bal l s out -
war ds
.
A
l ug f or med
on t he
ar mi ng r od, f or ms
an
anchor age f or a
st eel wi r e, 41/2
i nches l ong, t o

DESCRI PTI ON.

The ( 24) i s basi cal l y i dent i cal
t he
ot her end of whi ch
i s at t ached
an ar mi ng vai l e
.

t o t he ( 24) A.

The oper at i on of t he t wo f uzes i s
Fi gur e
133- ( 3) Mechani cal Mot e I mpact Fuze
( 24) MECHANI CAL I MPACT AND
BREAK- UP FUZE
DATA:
Bombs Used
i n: SC
2, 500 kg.
Col or : Dar k gr ey.
Mat er i al : Li ght al l oy, br ass and st eel .
Possi bl e Act i ons : I nst ant aneous or shor t
del ay
( l engt h of del ay not known) .
Ar mi ng Ti mes : Saf et y ar mi ng t i me of 10 sec-
onds pr ovi ded by gear t r ai n.
Pr i nci pal Mar ki ngs : ( 24) wi t h cancel l at i on
( X) over st amped.
Secondar y Mar ki ngs : Ser i al number st amped
on f uze.
FUZES
135
GERMANEXPLOSI VEORDNANCE
136
GRMI NG1' 4; VE
Fi gure
134-(23)AMechani cal Tai l I mpact Fuze
i denti cal
. Thef uze
i s secured
i n
thebombi nthe
same
manner as the (24) A.
Twopi eces
of wood secured together by f our
wi re
stapl es f orm
anannul ar packi ngbetweenthe
upper and
l ower f uze bodi es on the
(24) . The
OP 1666
(24) Ahas metal case surroundi ng
thi s porti on.
(Seef i g. 135. )
RE:NI ARKS. Thi s f uze has the same anti -
break-updevi ce as the (24) A, toprevent
break-
i ng
upof
the
bomb
orn
i mpact wi thhard targets .
(24)AMECHANI CAL I MPACT AND
BREAK-UP FUZE
DATA:
Bombs Used
I I I
: SC2, 500kg.
Col or : Dark grey.
Materi al : Li ght al l oy brass and steel .
Possi bl e Acti on: Short del ay_ -break-up

(i n-
stantaneous) .
Pri nci pal Marki ngs :
AZ
(24)A.
SecondaryMarki ngs : None.
DESCRI PTI ON.

The AZ(24) i s a
mechani cal
i mpact f uze wi th
asaf ety
armi ngperi od
of 10sec-
onds provi ded bythecl ockworkgear trai n.
There
are twostri ker systems i ncorporated :Ani nerti a
stri ker systemto operate
on i mpact
and ananti -
rupture stri ker to f uncti ma i n ri se there
i s any
di storti on, of bombor f uze pocket oni mpact .

(See
f i g. 13B. )
Thetwostri ker systems are l ocated at opposi te
ends of the f uze separated by a f l ash channel ap-
proxi matel y 200-man. l ong.
There are two
pi eces of wood secured
together
by 4stapl es tof ormthe packi ngbetweenthe two
secti ons of thef uze.

Theonl y di f f erence between
the

(24)

and

(24) Ai s i n the. metal coveri ng
around the wood
packi ng.

The (24)
A
has the
metal coveri ng and the
(24) does not.
OPERATI ON.

Onrel ease f romtheai rcraf t, the
cover and saf ety pi n are pul l ed away f romthe
f uze al l owi ng the detent bar tomove across.

The
speed of thi s movement i s governed by acl ock-
work gear trai n.
Af ter 10seconds the detent bar has movedsuf f i -
ci entl y f or the spri ng
l oaded pl ungers A
and
B
tomove i ntothe recesses
i n the detent bar. The
movement of pl unger
Arel eases and arms the
stri ker systemand the
movement
of pl unger
B
rel eases ashutter whi chi nturn
al l ows the
spri ng-
l oaded detonator to move al ong the channel and
posi ti on i tsel f opposi te the percussi oncapof the
bottomof the f uze. The percussi on cap i s part
of the anti rupture devi ce.
Oni mpact the i nerti a
stri ker pel l et
pi erces the
detonator cap, the
f l ash f romwhi chi gni tes the
L - !
Fi gur e 135- 424) Mechani cal Ant i br eak- up Fuze
L EADAZI DE
DETONATOR
DETONATOR
SHUTTER
SPRI NG
L OADEDDETENT
FUZES
13
7
GERMANEXPLOSI VEORDNANCE

OP
1666
138
I NERTI A STRI KERPELLET
DETONATOR
POWDER
PELLETS
Fi gure 736-424)AMechani cal
I mpact
Fuzewi thAnf i break-upSwi tch
GAI NS
Fi gure
137-4A) El ect ri cal I mpact Fuze
powder pel l et s
.

Thi s s econd f l as h t ravel s t hrough
t hechannel
t o t hes pri ng-l oaded
det onat or
.

Thi s
det onat or s et s
of f t he gai ne
and
mai n charge.
On i mpact
s houl d t here
be an exces s i ve
di s t or-
t i on of t hebomb
or f uze pocket , t he s t ri ker i n t he
ant i rupt ure devi ce
i s f orced by t he rami nt o t he
percus s i on cap.
Thef l as h f romt hi s capi gni t es
t he det onat or, whi ch
i n t urn s et s o$t hegai ne and
mai n
charge.
( A)
ELECTRI CAL I MPACT FUZE
( OBSOLETE)
DATA:
Bombs
Us ed i n : H. E. bombs

duri ngSpani s h
Ci vi l War ; now
obs ol et e.
Col or :
Unpai nt ed.
Mat eri al :
Al umi num.
Pri nci pal Marki ngs
: ( A).
Secondary
Marki ngs : None.
Pos s i bl e
Act i ons :
I ns t ant aneous . Short de-
l ay-l es s
t han 1
s econd.
DESCRI PTI ON
: The f uze cont ai ns t wo f i ri ng
ci rcui t s , one charged
f romeach pl unger. . Saf et y
s wi t chi ng i s accompl i s hed
by depres s i on of t he
pl ai n pl unger B,
s wi t chi ngof f bot hf i ri ng ci rcui t s
.
( See f i g. 137. )
( 5) ELECTRI C
I MPACT FUZE ( OBSOLETE)
DATA:
Bombs
Us ed i n :
H. E. bombs.
Col or :
Al umi num
or bras s wi t h whi t e
ri ng
around chargi ng
head.
Mat eri al :
Al umi numor
bras s.
Fi gure 138--( 5) El ect ri cal I mpact Fuze
( 15) ELECTRI CAL I MPACT
FUZE
( OBSOLETE)
DATA:
Bombs
Us ed
i n :
H. E. bomb&
Col or : Al umi num
.
Mat eri al : Al umi num.
Pri nci pal Marki ngs
: El . A. Z. C50 ( 15)
Secondary Marki ngs :
Rh. S. 195-37
Rh. S. 195-38
Rh. S. 195-39
Rh. S. 195-40
Rh. S. 325" -1935
Rh. S. 325-1938
Rh. S. 325--1939
Rh
.
S
.
325-1940
A
.
D. 1940
B. C. 1940
FUZES
Pos s i bl e Act i ons . - I ns t ant aneous .
Short del ay
( l es s t han 1 s econd) .
Armi ng Ti mes.
Pri nci pal Marki ngs :

El . A.
Z. C50 ( 5)
Secondary Marki ngs : Rh.
S. G.
Rh.
S. 1936
25 d

30 e
. DESCRI PTI ON:

The ci rcui t di agramof t hi s
f uze
i s t he s ame as t hat of t he28 ( ' ) .

1t empl oys
t wo
ci rcui t s , one of whi ch charges f romeach
pl unger.

Thecons t ruct i on of t hi s f uze i s Type1.
SAFETY
SWI TCHI NG: Depres s i on of t he
pl ai n pl unger
Bs wi t ches of f t he i gni t er bri dges.
( See f i g. 138. )
139
GERMANEXPLOSIVEORDNANCE
140
- WXl
Fi gure 139-415) El ect ri cal Impact Fuze
DESCRIPTION. The f uze has t hree f i ri ng ci r-
cui t s
and i s of t ype 1 const ruct i on . It may be
f ound reversed
i n t he f uze pocket ( rot at ed 180°)
anda st oppl ug
i nsert ed i n t he base of t he f uze t o
di rect
t he f l ash f romt he i nst ant aneous puf f er t o a
1-second del ay
pel l et .
SAFETY
SWITCHING. Depressi ng t he pl ai n
pl unger
Bswi t ches of f
t he i gni t er bri dges vi a a
separat e
swi t ch.

( See f i g. 139. )
ARMINGTIMES
LEVELFLIGHT
( 150V. )
1.
Inst ant aneous. 7. 5-
11.
8 sec.
2. 0. 05-sec
. del ay.
13. 0
sec.
3.
8-sec. del ay.
sec.
NORMAL
SETTINGS
1. Inst ant aneous
.
2. 0
. 05-sec, del ay.
3. 8-sec. del ay .
8. 5-
1. 5-3. 0
POSSIBLEACTIONS
DIVINGFLIG$T
( 240
Y. )
3. 7-5. 6
sees .
5. 7-8. 7
sees .
0. 9-1. 6 sees,
RES' EESED
SETTINGS
1
.
1
. 0-sec. del ay.
2
.
0
. 05-sec. del ay.
3. 8-sec. del ay.
( 25)
( OBSOLETE;
( 25)A; ( 25)A*; ( 25)A**-
ELECTRICAL
IMPACT FUZE
DATA
:
Bombs
Used i n :
H.
E.
bombs.
Col or :
Dark grey.
Mat eri al :
Al umi num.
OP
1666
Pri nci pal Marki ngs : El . A. Z. ( 25) ; ( 25) A;
( 25)A* ; ( 25)A** .
Secondary Marki ngs :
Rh. S. 1939

FC1940
Rh. S. 1940

AC
1940
Rh. S. 195-1940

edr 1941
AD1940

gyx
1941
FC
1940

dt f 1941
AD1941

wt f 1941
1940

BC1941
AB1940

edr
1941
BC1940
DESCRIPTION
.
The
f uze has t hree f i ri ng ci r-
cui t s and i s of
t ype 2 const ruct i on . Ascrew i n
t he headoperat es
a swi t chwhi chcut s out t he short
del ay ci rcui t l eavi ng onl y t he l ong del ay under
pl unger
B.

( See f i g. 140. )
SAFETYSWITCHING. Eachpl unger cut s of f
t he opposi t e armi ng ci rcui t when depressed.
ARMINGTIMESFOR( 25)
200Mn 15
Mrs
asset.
Fi gure 140--i 251
El ect ri cal Impact Fuze
LEVEL FLIGHT
DIVINGFLIGHT
( 150v. )
( 240
v. )
1. Inst ant aneous. 10. 0-
5. 5-8 . 5 sec.
15. 5 sec.
2. 0. 08-sec. del ay. 10
. 0- 6 . 8-10. 2 sec.
15. 3 sec.
3. 14-sec . del ay
. 0. 8-1. 3 0. 4-0. 8 sec.
sec.
POSSI BLE ACTI ONS FOR( 25) ,
OTHERS
SI MI LAR
Swi rcHSMI "rI NO I
1
. I nst ant aneous .
2
.
0
. 08- sec. del ay.
3. 14- sec. del ay.
Swi rc H
SCETTuzi i 11
1 . I nst ant aneous.
2
.
0
. 08- sec.
del ay cut of f .
3. 14- sec. del ay .
REMARKS
.
The ( 25) Adi f f ers f rom
t he ( 25)
i n t hat t he 200 Mresi st or i s reduced t o
60 D1. Arm-
i ng t i me i s about one- t hi rd. The
10, 0{}0- ohmre
si st ance i s omi t t ed.

The ( 25) A*
di f f ers f rom
( 25) Aonl y i n wi ri ng connect i ons.
( 25) 13; 2513- ELECTRI CAL
I MPACT FUZE
DATA:
Bombs Used i n :
SC
50- 500, any i ncendi ary
re-
qui ri ng i mpact f uzi ng, and possi bl y PC
bombs.
Col or : Dark grey.
Mat eri al : Al umi num.
Pri nci pal Marki ngs :
El .
A.
Z. 25Band ( 25) 13 ;
El . A. Z. 25Band ( 25) B; El . A.
Z. ( 25) 13.
Secondary Marki ngs :
drz 42

dt f 1942
dt f 1941

cpp 1942
gyx 1941

BC
1941
cpp
1941

bm
1942
edr
41

bmv1941
edr 42

bl

42
gyx 1942

cpp 1940
DESCRI PTI ON. The f uze i s of
t ype 2 const ruc-
t i on wi t h f our f i ri ng ci rcui t s, t hree
of whi ch are
under B
pl unger. Ascrewi n t he f uze head oper-
at es a swi t ch whi ch cut s out
t he t wo short del ay
ci rcui t s,
l eavi ng onl y t he
l ong
del ay ci rcui t under
pl unger
B.
SAFETYSWI TCHI NG. The
depressi on of
ei t her
pl unger swi t ches of f t he opposi t e armi ng
i rcui t .

( See f i g. 141
. )
POSSI BLEACTI ONS
3. Short del ay ( under 1
see. ) .
4. 17- sec. del ay.

4. 17- sec, del ay.
REMARKS. Thi s i s t he most commonl y used
i mpact f uze.
699794 0- 47- vol ' 1- 10
h
bi x
r
MX
. 35XI AF
. 2XAF
17 SEGS.
33M
i sk
50Mn
Fi gure
141- ( 25) BEl ect ri cal I mpact Fu; e
FUZES
( 25) C AND ( 25) D ELECTRI CAL
I MPACT
FUZE
DATA
:
Bombs Used
i n
: H. E. bombs as f or ( 25) B.
Col or : Dark grey.
Mat eri aI : Al umi num
i n

( 25) C.

Al umi num,
sheet st eel and
pl ast i ci n ( 25)
D.
Pri nci pal Marki ngs : El
. A. Z. ( 25) C; El . A. Z.
( 25) D.
Secondary Marki ngs :
BL42 on ( 25) C.
dt f f 15e on ( 25)
D.
DESCRI PTI ON. The f uze i s of t ype 2 const ruc-
t i on and
has f our f i ri ng ci rcui t s,
t hree of whi ch
are under pl unger Bi n a
paral l el - seri es arrange-
ment . Ascrewi n t he f uze head
operat es a swi t ch
whi chcut s out one of t he
short del ay ci rcui t s l eav-
i ng one short del ay and t he l ong del ay under
pl unger
B. Swi t ch i n posi t i on
I - - ON; posi t i on
I I - OFF
.
SAFETY SWI TCHI NG. The
depressi on of
ei t her pl unger swi t ches of f t he opposi t e
f i ri ng ci r-
cui t s .

( See
f i g. 142. )
Swrrox S=1Pa I SwI rcf i SMI NO11
1. I nst ant aneous
.
1. I nst ant aneous .
2. Short del ay ( under 1 2 and 3. Bot h short
de-
sec. ) . l ays cut
of f .
GERMANEXPLOSI VEORDNANCE
WMJ1
1
W-0- 1-mm-NI NE
®
101
"F
."F
45Mta
Fi gure 142--(25)C
El ectri cal I mpact Fuze
POSSI BLEACTI ONS
:
50MA
REMARKS
.

The
(25) Dresembl es the (25)
tp
i n materi al
and
constructi on, but i s operati onal l y
i denti cal
to the
(25) C.

I n onerecovered
(25) D
the setti ng
screw
had been repl aced by a
metal
pl ug.

The
l ong
del ay of the (25) Di s
reportedl y
12.3
seconds.
(35)
ELECTRI CAL I MPACT FUZE
DATA:
Bombs
Used i n :
H. E. bombs and commonl y i n
PC
bombs f or
penetrati on.
Col or :
Dark grey
wi thyel l owpai nt on shoul der,
Materi al :
Al umi num.
Possi bl eActi ons
1.
0.06-0.08
(not vari abl e)
del ay.
2
. 0.06-0.08
(not vari abl e) del ay.
142
Pri nci pal Marki ngs
: El . A. Z. (35) .
Secondary Marki ngs :
AA
1940

cpp1941
AB1940

AB1941
rhs
1940
DESCRI PTI ON.
Thef uzei s of type2
construc-
ti on and has two f i ri ng ci rcui ts,
both of whi ch
charge
f rompl unger B.
SAFETYSWI TCHI NG. Depressi on
of pl unger
Acuts of f both
armi ngci rcui ts.

(See f i g. 143
.)
ARMI NGTI MES
:
' I I rvttaa FZJGBT
(240-v.)
1.4-2.2 sec.
1.0-1.5sec,
OP
1666
(45) AND(45)AELECTRI CAL
I MPACTFUZE
DATA:
Bombs Used i n : (45)
not yet recovered i n any
bomb.

(45) Ai n
SC
50.

'
Col or : (45), dark grey.

(45) A,
unpai nted f uze
head wi th yel l owshoul der .
Materi al : Al umi numand sheet steel .
M.os-.0e
SEC.
Fi gure
143--435) El ectri cal I mpact Fuse
..SETTI NG1
SETTNG11
1. I nstantaneous
. 1. I nstantaneous
.
2.
Short
del ay (under 1 2. Short del ay (under
sec
.) . sec.) .
3. Short del ay
(under 1 3.
Cut out.
sec.) .
4.
8.5-sec. del ay.
4. 8.5=sec
. del ay.
: 301
LFvmFWGHT
(150v.)
1. 0.06-0.08 sec, del ay
12
M,
2.1-3 .0sec.
2. 0.06-0.08
sec. del ay
1.(t-2.0
sec.
Fi gur e 144- - {45) El ect r i cal i mpact Fuze
Possi bl e
Act i on :
Unknown
f or
( 45) . As f ound,
t he f uze gi ves onl y i nst ant aneous act i on.
However , i t i s pr obabl e
t hat
var i ous- del ay pel -
l et s can
be
t hr eaded i nt o t he f uze above t he
gai ne. The ( 45)Agi ves ei t her i nst ant aneous
act i on of 0. 05- second del ay.
Pr i nci pal Mar ki ngs : El .
A. Z.
( 45) ; El . A. Z.
( 45) A.
Secondar y Mar ki ngs :
Rh.
S.
1940
on ( 45) .
cppa 16 e on ( 45)
A.
DESCRI PTI ON. The
( 45) f uze i s of t ype 5 con-
st r uct i on and has
one f i r i ng ci r cui t whi ch i s
char ged f r omt he Bpl unger. The ( 45) Ai s a t wo-
ci r cui t f uze.
SAFETY
SWI TCHI NG. Depr essi on of t he R
pl unger cut s of f
t he ar mi ng ci r cui t .

( Seef i g. 144. )
2. 14- second
del ay.
Pr i nci pal Mar ki ngs
: El . A. Z. ( 55) ; El . A. Z. 55,
El . A.
Z
. ( 55)t p; El . A. Z. ( 55) : r ai sed l et -
t er s i n sunken panel , and El . A. Z. ( 55) :
r ai sed
l et t er s i n t wo sunken panel s.
Secondar y Mar ki ngs :
FUZES
DESCRI PTI ON. Thef uze i s of t ype 5const r uc-
t i on wi t h t wo f i r i ng ci r cui t s, one of whi ch i s
char ged- f r omeach
pl unger
.

( See
f i g.
145
. )
SAFETYSWI TCHI NG. Depr essi on of ei t her
pl unger swi t ches of f t he opposi t e f i r i ng ci r cui t .
ARMI NG
TI MES:
I xvELFLI GHT

Dmf t a Fr Ag$T
( 150 v. )

( 240
v. )
1. I nst ant aneous.

3. 0-

1. 7- 3. 6
sec.
7. 0 sec.
2. 14- sec. del ay. 0. 7- 1. 6

0. 4- 0. 9 sec.
W. ) .
Fi gur e 145- 1551 El ect r i cal I mpact Fuze
143
bm
41
cpp
1941
amh 42
bg 41 edr 41 bo
41
Rh. S. 1940
bn
1941 dnv 41
gyy 41 bn 41 dmo 41
by 41 gyz 41 VJ 40
bl 41 er m1941 FF 40
dvw41 emh 1942 bg 1941
AA 1940 FN40 cr m42
dr z 41 dms 41 FB41
bt 1941 bpt 41 cpp1942
cr r n 1941 FD40 bmv 1941
FW40 be 1941 bmv 1942
FB40 GB40
( 55) AND( 55)t p ELECTRI CAL I MPACT
FUZE
DATA:
_ I
MI N
44Mn
uI an
Bombs Used i n : SR
bombs, SBebombs, and any
bomb r equi r i ng i nst ant aneous
act i on.
65, 1t I r t 5, , a
F
Col or : Dar kgr ey ( 55)
t p- al umi num.
Mat er i al : Al umi num, sheet st eel ,
and pl ast i c . 25. A-
l opoo
F
OHMS
Bi d
F
Possi bl e
Act i ons :
r
1. I nst ant aneous.
GERMAN
EXPLOSI VEORDNANCE
144
( 55) A, ( 55) A/ M, ( 55) A* ELECTRI CAL
I MPACT FUZE
DATA:
Bombs
Usedi n : SDbombs, Sbe bombs, or any
bomb r equi r i ng
i nst ant aneous f uzi ng: ( 55)
A/ M
used i n SB1000 H. E, par achut e bomb.
Col or : Dar k gr ey
or unpai nt ed.
Mat er i al . Al umi num,
sheet st eel , andpl ast i c.
Pr i nci pal Mar ki ngs
:
El . A. Z.
( 555)
A, El e.
A.
Z. ( 55) A.
El . A. Z. ( 55) A*, El . A. Z. ( 55) A/ M.
Secondar y Mar ki ngs
:
cpp 1942
cpp 1940
cpp
x wi t h El e A.
Z. ( 55) A
gyx a wi t h El . A. Z.
( 55) A/ M
DESCRI PTI ON
. Thef uze i s
of t ype5 const r uc-
t i on
andhas t hr eef i r i ng
ci r cui t s ; t woi 11st ant ane-
ous ci r cui t s f r omA
pl unger , andone l ong
del ay
ci r cui t f r omt he
Bpl unger .

( See f i g. 146. )
SAFETY
SWI TCHI NG. Depr essi on
of ei t her
pl unger
swi t ches o$t he
opposi t e ar mi ng ci r cui t s.
POSSI BLE
ACTI ONS:
1.
I nst ant aneous - by a nor mal
t r embl er
swi t cher .
. 3, 4e
F
21A
F
5Mn
. 35
MF
. "F
45Mn
NOSE
SWI TCH
Fi gur e 14G- ( 55) r 4 El ect r i cal i mpact Fuze
I ]
Mn
OP 1666
7
. 5 SEC.
2. I nst ant aneous- - byan ext er nal
cont act
swi t ch.
3. Long del ay- 7. 5 sec. f ox El . A. Z. ( 55) A; 9. 0
sec. f or El . A. Z. ( 55) A*
; and12
. 7 sec. f or
El e. A. Z. ( 55) A.

Not known f or El . A. Z.
( 55) A/ M.
ARMI NGTI MES
LEvEL FLI GHT

DI YI m1' LLGHr
( 150
v. )

( 290 v. )
1. I nst ant aneous ( i nt er -

2. 2 sec.
nal 4. 2- sec . swi t ch) .
2. I nst ant aneous ( eat er -

2
. 3 sec.
nal 4. 9- sec .
swi t ch) .
3. Long del ay 1. 0 sec.

0. 55 sec.
26, ( 26) ELECTRI CAL I MPACT FUZE
{SPECI AL)
DATA
Bombs
Used: KC250
KC
250 "Fl am. "
Col or : Gr een.
Mat er i al :
Al umi num.
Possi bl e Act i on: I nst ant aneous.
Pr i nci pal Mar ki ngs: El .
A.
Z. 26 and El
.
A
.
Z.
( 26) .
DESCRI PTI ON.

The26 el ect r i c i mpact f uze
i s
of a speci al type usi ng onl y
a si ngl e
f i r i ng ci r cui t
under the Bpl unger. The
Apl unger mayor may
not be pr esent . The r eser voi r condenser can be
char gedaf ter depr essi ngthe
pl unger
r emote
f r om
the l ocati ng
pi n
. Thi s acti on
i n addi ti on to char g-
i ng
the
condenser
al so ser ves
to
br eak the connec-
ti on
between
the f i r i ng condenser andthe i gni ter .
I n addi ti on
to
an
i mpact tr embl er swi tch of the
nor mal type, a pr essur e
swi tch i s i ncl uded con
si sti ng
of twosmal l di scs
of
thi n
metal .

Theouter
di sk
i s
mounted
0. 1 i nch f r om
the
f i xed i nner
swi tch. Thi s
metal i s usual l y
br ass. An open
tube l eads
f r omthe nose of
the bombto thi s pr es-
sur e swi tch,
contact i s
made thr ough the si de of
the f uze pocket
. . The ai r
pr essur e swi tch as i t i s
commonl y
cal l ed, i s cl osed when the bombi s a f ew
f eet away f r omi ts
tar get . Thi s condi ti on i s r e-
sul tant
of an i ncr eased
aer odynami c pr essur e i n
the ai r
col umn f i l l i ng the
tube. Shoul d thi s ai r
pr essur e swi tch f ai l
to f uncti on the nor mal vi -
br ati ng
tr embl er swi tch
oper ates on i mpact, deto-
i oti ng the
expl osi ve char ge
of the bomb i nstane-
ousl y.

(See f i g.
147, par ts AandB. )
OPERATI ON.

The f uze
i s l ocatedi n the bomb
wi th the B
pl unger r emote
f r omthe nose of the
bomb. The
stor age condenser
i s char gedthr ough
Fi gur e 147A- - 1261
Ei ectr i cal i mpact
SSpeci al )
I s Mn.
Fi gur e 1478- 126)
Ef ectr i cai I mpact (Speci al )
Wi r i ng Di agr am
(46)
MECHANI CALI MPACTTAI LFUZE
FUZES
thi s
pl unger and when the pr oper char ge has
l eakedthr oughthe r esi stance, the f i r i ng condenser
i s then char ged and the f uze
i s ar med. Futur e
f uncti oni ng of the f uze i s nor mal except i n the
case wher e the ai r pr essur e di aphr agmswi tch
oper ates. The most l i kel y use f or the f uze as
menti oned above, i s i n bombs havi ng a vesi cant
l i qui d f i l l i ng
to i nsur e good scatter i ng of the
f i l l i ng.
DATA:
Bombs Usedi n : KC50gas bombs.
Col or :
Char gi ng head, al umi num; f uze body,
bl ack.
Mater i al : Al umi num, steel , br ass,
etc.
Possi bl e Acti ons : I nstantaneous.
Ar mi ng Ti mes.
Pr i nci pal
Mar ki ngs :
A.
Z. (46) .
Secondar y Mar ki ngs
: cmar.
DESCRI PTI ON. Thi s i s an el ectr i cal l y ar med,
mechani cal tai l f uze. Achar gi ngheadi s secur ed
i n the tr ansver se f uze pocket of the bomb by
l ocki ng and l ocati ng r i ngs. Thi s f uze pocket
i s
mer el y a wel l to hol d the char gi ng head, andi s
not a f ul l
scal e tr ansver se f uze pocket .

The wi r es
f r omthe char gi ng headr un al ongthe i nner wal l
of the bomb
case to the tai l thr ough' a pi pe wel ded
to the wal l andendi n a f emal e el ectr i cal pl ug.
145
GERMANEXPLOSI VEORDNANCE
146
LEADS TO
ELECTRI CPOWER
Fi gur e 148- 4461 El ec t r i c al I mpac t Tai l Fuze
Amal e pl ug i s
i ns er t ed i nt o t hi s and i s c onnec t ed
by a doubl e
wi r e t o an el ec t r i c al s qui b i n t he r ear
of t he
mec hani c al por t i on of t he f uze . Thi s
mec hani c al por t i on
of t he f uze,
whi c h c ons i s t s
of
a f uze body, s qui b hous i ng, gas c yl i nder , s t r i ker ,
l oc ki ng
bal l s , c r eep s pr i ng, and det onat or hol der ,
i s s hi pped as
a s epar at e c omponent i n t he pac k-
i ng box
c ont ai ni ng t he bomb, and i s pl ac ed i n t he
bomb pr i or
t o l oadi ng i n ai r c r af t . ( See f i g. 148. )
OP
1666
OPERATI ON.

On r el eas e f r omt he
ai r c r af t , a
c har ge of el ec t r i c i t y i s s ent t hr ough t he c har gi ng
head t o f i r e t he el ec t r i c al s qui b. The expandi ng
gas es pr oduc ed by t he f i r i ng of t he
s qui b f or c e t he
gas c yl i nder up and of f t he f uze body r el eas i ng
t he
s t r i ker l oc ki ng bal l s .

The f uze
i s nowar med.
On i mpac t t he s t r i ker
over c omes t he c r eep
s pr i ng and f i r es t he det onat or .
( 66) SPECI AL I MPACT FUZE
DATA:
Bombs Us ed i n : SD10A.
Col or
:
Dar k pl as t i c f uze c as e, Vane
as s embl y
unpai nt ed.
Mat er i al : Pl as t i c , s t eel , zi nc ,
al umi num,
et c.
Pos s i bl e Ac t i ons : I ns t ant aneous .
Ar mi ng Ti mes
.
Pr i nc i pal Mar ki ngs : Z( 66) ( not vi s i bl e i n as -
s embl ed
f uze)
.
Sec ondar y Mar ki ngs : edr Z15.
DESCRI PTI ON. Wound on a pl as t i c f or mer ( 1)
ar e 54t ur ns of s hel l ac i ns ul at ed c opper wi r e of 30
SWG. The mean di amet er
of t he c oi l s o f or med
i s 0. 75 i nc h . Two t hi c knes s es of t hi n pl as t i c s t r i p
ar e wound ar ound t he c i r c umf er enc e of t he c oi l t o
i ns ul at e t he wi ndi ng f r omt he
t wo s of t i r on pi ec es
( 2) and ( 3) , whi c h enc l os e
t he t hr ee ext er nal s ur -
f ac es of t he
c oi l and ac t as a magnet i c s hi el d agai ns t
any s t r ay ext er nal f i el ds . ( See f i g. 149. )
The c oi l as s embl y i s hous ed i n t he bl ac k opaque
pl as t i c
mol di ng ( 4) , and i s r et ai ned i n pos i t i on
by
t he
t r ans par ent pl as t i c mol di ng ( 5) ,
whi c h
i s
a
pus h f i t .
Mount ed i n t he mol di ng ( 5) ar e
t wo
met al pi ns ( 6) and ( 7) t o whi c h
ar e at t ac hed r e-
s pec t i vel y t he c ont ac t
pr oj ec t i ons ( 8) and ( 9) .
The ends of t he
wi ndi ng
of
t he c oi l ar e t hr eaded
t hr ough a ni ppl e whi c h pr oj ec t s
f r omt he f or mer
( 1) t hr ough t he s of t i r on
pi ec e ( 3) . One of t hes e
ends i s at t ac hed t o t he
met al pi n ( 6) whi l e t he
ot her i s c onnec t ed t o
one end of t he s pr i ng wi r e
( 10) .

A
s mal l quant i t y of bi t umas t i c
( 11) c om-
pl et es t he i ns ul at i on.
When t he f uze i s
as s embl ed t he al umi numal l oy
c ol l ar ( 12) i s r et ai ned
wi t hi n t he mol di ng ( 4) by
a magnet i zed s t eel c yl i nder
( 13) . Thi s l at t er i s
a pus h f i t wi t hi n t he
c oi l as s embl y and i s i t s el f
r et ai ned
by t wo s mal l pr oj ec t i ons ( 14) on t he
mol di ng ( 5) . Sc r ewed
down i nt o t he c ol l ar
( 1Z) ,
whi c h i s i t s el f pr event ed f r om
r ot at i ng by a key-
way ( 15) , i s an al umi num
s pi ndl e ( 16) . When t he
f uze i s i n the unarmed
condi ti on, aproj ecti on
( 1' 7) ,
f romthebase
of thi s spi ndl e retai ns
thespri ngwi re
( 10) i n the posi ti on
shown dotted
so that i t makes
contact wi th the
proj ecti on
( 8) thus produci ng
acl osedci rcui t i n
the coi l .
The base of the mol d-
i ng ( 5) i s then
cl osedby a
pl asti c di sc ( 18) , whi ch
i s pressedi nto
posi ti on .
0
( D
Fi gure 149--{66) Speci al Impact Fuze
FUZES
Mountedon the spi ndl e
( 16) so that i t can
ro-
tate f reel y i s the zi nc
al l oy. casti ng ( 19)
wi th si x
i mpel l er bl ades on i ts
outer surf ace. The
casti ng
i s retai ned i n
pl ace by the composi ti on
washer
( 20) , whi ch
i s hel d by turni ngover the
edge of
the casti ng.
The i gni ter uni t
i s housedi n aseparate
hakel i te
147
GERMANEXPLOSIVEORDNANCE
mol di ng ( 21) i nt o whi chpl ugt he met al pi ns ( 6)
and ( 7) t o make cont act wi t h t he wi res l eadi ng
t o t he f i ri ng bri dge ( 22) .
Thi s compl et e
assembl y i s housed i n a st eel
adapt er ( 23) , t he met al pi ns ( 6) and ( 7) bei ng
i nsul at ed f romi t by a cardboard washer ( 24) .
Theassembl y i s ret ai ned i n posi t i on by t hescrew-
t hreaded st eel col l ar ( 25) whi ch surrounds t he
i mpel l er bl ades andi s perf orat ed by f our ci rcul ar
hol es t o al l owt hepassage of ai r.
OPERATION. Whent hef uzedbomb
i s
rel eased,
t he f l oes of ai r over t he surf ace
of
t he i mpel l er
bl ades andout
t hrought hehol es i n t hecol l ar ( 25)
causes
f ree rot at i on of t he cast i ng ( 19) unt i l such
t i me
as t he rot at i onal speed i s suf f i ci ent t o bri ng
t he
saf et y cl ut chi nt o operat i on. Thi s l at t er con-
si st s of
a spri ng l oaded i nert i a bol t ( 26) , whi ch
i s housed i nt he
channel ( 27) .

Cent ri f ugal f orce
causes t he
i nert i abol t t o compress t he spri ng and
move al ong
t he channel so t hat t he f l ange ( 28)
engages
wi t h t he knurl ed
surf ace of t he spi ndl e
( 16) andcauses t hi s l at t er
t o rot at e wi t ht hecast -
i ng
( 19) . Thi s rot at i on causes t he
spi ndl e t o
wi t hdrawf rom
t he col l ar ( 12) t hus rel easi ng t he
spri ngwi re
( 10) whi chf l i es across andmakes con-
t act wi t ht he pi n ( 9)
bri ngi ngt he
i gni t er bri dge
Q3w
02
#
F
Q4/AF
Q3
AF
INERTIA801. 7
SWITCH
A
45Ma
FUZE80DY
8
4SMQ
Fi gure
150- IT6IAEl ect ri cal Impact Fuze
OP 1666
i nt oseri es wi t ht hecoi l
.

The spi ndl e ( 16) cannot
compl et el y wi t hdraw
f romt he col l ar ( 12) , si nce
t he base of t he t hreaded
port i on of t he spi ndl e i s
t urned
over.
On
i mpact wi t h t he ground, t he
spri ngl oadedpl unger ( 29) at t achedt ot hecast i ng
( 19) and proj ect i on downt he cent er of t he spi n-
dl e ( 16) i s depressedandt hespi ndl erammedi nt o
t he f uze agai nst t he st eel cyl i nder ( 13) .

The t wo
proj ect i ons ( 14) are t hen sheared and t he com-
pressi on of t he spri ng i nsures t he sudden rapi d
movement of t he magnet i zed st eel cyl i nder ( 13)
causi nga magnet i cf i el d t o pass rapi dl y across t he
coi l s of t he wi ndi ng, andt hus produce a smal l
f l owof el ect ri ci t y whi ch f i res t he bri dge ( 22) .
Thef l ashf rom
t hi s
bri dge t hen passes t ot hest and-
ardgai nescrewedi nt ot he
base of t he
st eel adapt er
( 23) .
REMARKS. The armi ng t i me of t hi s f uze de-
pends
upon t he speed of rot at i on of t he cast i ng
( 19) , whi ch i n t urn depends upon t he ai r f l ow
over t he i mpel l er bl ades. Thi s canbe regul at ed
by
t he si ze of t he hol es i n t he st eel col l ar ( 25) .
In anot her speci men recovered t hese hol es were
el ongat ed
and had
evi dent l y
provedunsuccessf ul
si nce a second col l ar wi t hci rcul ar hol es
hadbeen
wel dedi n posi t i on over t he f i rst .
( 76) - A ELECTRI C I MPACT FUZE
DATA
BombsUsedI n: H. E. bombsagai nst r esi stant
tar gets.
Mater i al
: Al umi numhead, sheet steel body,
pl asti c
base.
Col or : Dar k gr ey.
Possi bl eActi ons
: I nstantaneous; shor t del ay.
Mar ki ngs: El . A. Z. 76- A17cppY300x-!- 10o. v.
DESCRI PTI ON,

The
bodycasi ng,
pai nteddar k
gr ey, i s of seaml esssheet metal constr ucti on.

I t i s
si mi l ar to the 55
f uze constr ucti on. Thenor mal
type f uze head
i s unpai nted.
Thepol ystyr ene mol di ng
hasbeen cut away i n
one pl ace to
accommodate the newi ner ti a bol t
swi tch. Thi sswi tch i s
api stonpl unger typeoper -
ati ng
agai nst a cr eep spr i ng.
On stati c l oadi ng,
a f or ce of 2608- 3008
i s r equi r ed to cl ose the
swi tch.

Some
f uzeshavebeen f oundwi th a ver y
shor t powder del ay
tr ai n.
Ther ear etwo
f i r i ng ci r cui ts char ged one f r om
each pl unger. Theci r cui t under theBpl unger i s
f i r ed by
the usual i mpact swi tch and i ni ti ates a
shor t
del ay. Theci r cui t under the Apl unger i s
f i r ed
thr ough the i ner ti a bol t swi tch. Saf ety
swi tchi ng i s
accompl i shed by depr essi ng both
pl unger s
ther eby di sconnecti ng the r eser voi r con-
denser s f r omthe
twof i r i ng ci r cui ts. ( See f i g.
150. )
Thecondenser r ol l i s i nser ted f r om
ther egul ar
pr acti ce. Thel eadsf r omthe
condenser tags ar e
embedded i n
theouter l ayer s
of
paper .
OPERATI ON.

Theoper ati onof thi s
f uze i s the
sameas f or al l nor mal
el ectr i cal i mpact f uzes.

I f
onl y theB
pl unger i s char ged, the r egul ar i mpact
swi tch f i r es a shor t del ay
. I f both pl unger s ar e
char ged the i ner ti a
bol t swi tch f i r es f or i nstan-
`aneous acti on. Then i f the
i ner ti a swi tch f ai l s,
. he del ay wi l l
sti l l f uncti on
and f i r e the mai n
char ge.
{106) * ELECTRI CAL
I MPACT FUZE
DATA:
BombsUsed
i n, Fl yi ngbomb
( Peenemunde
16) .
Col or : ( 106) *, dar k
gr ey; ( 106) , headhal f r ed
andhal f
gr een.
Mater i al : Al umi num, steel
andpl asti c.
Possi bl e Acti on
: I nstantaneous.
FUZES
Ar mi ng Ti mes
: Dependson setti ng of swi tch
i n
Veeder
counter mechani sm
.
Pr i nci pal Mar ki ngs:
El
. A. Z, ( 106) * .

Ent.
( 106) compl ementar y
component f or El .
A. Z.
( 106) * .
Secondar yMar ki ngs . eppa5; cppy3.
DESCRI PTI ON.

TheEl . A. Z. ( 106) * i s
essen-
ti al l y a swi tchi ngdevi ce
f or
thr ee
el ectr i c i gni ter s
wi thi ni t, andi s nor mal l y
batter y oper ated.

Ent .
( 106) i s a compl ementar ycomponent acti ng
asan
el ectr i c
r eser voi r , whi ch cansuppl y suf f i ci ent cur -
r ent to
f i r e theel ectr i c i gni ter s ( r ) and( w) of the
( 106) * f uze i f thel eads f r omthe 30 vol t batter y
shoul dbe damaged.

Nei ther the ( 106) * nor the
( 106) haspl unger s andonl y the ( 106) * contai ns
expl osi vecomponents.
Thef uze case ( 5) i s of mi l dsteel , andi s of the
type
wel l knowni n the ( 55) f uzes. Ther ei s no
char gi ngboss, however ; thetop ( 6) of thef uze i s
f l at and f i tted wi th twoni ppl es ( 7) and ( 8) ,
thr ougheach of whi ch twor edl eads pass. These
ni ppl es
takethepl aceof thechar gi ng pl unger sof
theor di nar y "condenser " f uze.
I mmedi atel y
under thetop of thef uzei s amol d-
i ng ( 9)
of br ownpl asti c whi ch hastwohousi ngs
contai ni ng
sockets ( 10) , ( 11) , to take the pi ns
of two
pl ugs ( 12) , ( 13) . ( See f i g. 151- A. ) One
pl ug may be
di sti ngui shed f r omthe other when
vi ewed f r omtheoutsi de of the f uze by a nar r ow
unpai ntedsur r ound
totheni ppl e r emotef r omthe
l ocati ng pi n of
the f uze; the sur r ound of the
ni ppl e
adj acent tothel ocati ng pi nbei ng pai nted
dar k gr ey l i ke the
r est of the f uze. Nodi sti nc-
ti on can
be madeby thel eads- - al l f our bei ngr ed.
I nsomef uzes
theni ppl esr emotef r omthel ocati ng
pi n
of thef uze i s al so unpai ntedandtheni ppl e
i tsel f has
cr ossed
gr ooves
( knur l ed) , whi l e the
ni ppl e adj acent
tothe pi n i s pai nted
dar k
gr ey
and has l ongi tudi nal gr ooves ( spl i ned) . The
thr eaded
r i ng whi ch hol ds the pl ug adj acent to
the l ocati ng pi n
i n posi ti on i s stabbed i n. The
other r i ng
i s not so connected.
Theupper mol di ng ( 9) - contai nsanel ectr i c
i g-
ni ter ( p) i n a metal tube. Under thi s mol di ng
i s another mol di ng ( 18) of br ownpl asti c whi ch
contai ns thr eeswi tches ( 1) , ( 2) , . ( 3) anda smal l
metal pot
( 19) of ther mi te. Thi s
ther mi te
i s
i gni ted by the i gni ter ( p) . I t i s possi bl e that
ther ei s a
smal l del ay pel l et
between the i gni ter
andthe ther mi te. Aspr i ng ( 20) tends to open
149
GERMANEXPLOSI VEORDNANCE

OP 1666
I SO
SECTI ONTHRJ PLUGS ANDSOCKETS
SECTI ONB-B

SECTI ONA-
A
Fi gure
I SI A-4106)*El ect ri cai I mpact Fuze
PLANOF
BASE
PRESUMEDCONNECTI ONS
NOSE

PRESUMED
SWI TCH

CONNECTI ONS
J

TOBATTERY
-+%-- r
XI
I I
I GNI TERS
WHI CH
FI RE
SWI TCHNO. 3
CLOSED

GAI NE
FUZE
I N UNARMED
POSI TI ON
swi t ch
No. 2, but i n t he unarmed
f uze i t i s pre-
- . nt ed f rom
doi ng so by t he
presence of a smal l
, ol yst yrene
pel l et ( 21) ( t ubul ar
f orabout hal f
i t s l engt h) .
Swi t ch l oo. 1 i s hel d
open andswi t ch
No. 3i s hel d
cl osed by t he rest rai ni ngpul l
of short
wi res
at t ached
t o t he t hermi t e pot ( 19) by
bl obs
of f usi bl e Woods
met al i n t he groove ( 22)
agai nst
t he spri ngs
( 23)
and
( 24) whi ch
t end t o open
and cl ose t hem
respect i vel y.
The t hree swi t ches
operat e. by t he
subst i t ut i on, agai nst
a spri ng con-
t act , of
a met al segment
f oran i nsul at i ng
one, or
vi ce versa, i n
t he same
way as t he chargi ng
pl ungers of
an ordi nary
el ect ri c i mpact f uze.
PRESUMED
CONNECTI ONS
NOSE

PRESUMED
SWI TCH
/ I
CONNECTI ONS
TO
BATTERY
I GNI TERS
WHI CH
FI RE
SWI TCHNO. 3
OPEN

GAI NE
FUZEI N
ARMED
POSI TI ON
Fi gure 1518---11061* El ect ri cal I mpact Fuze
Wi ri ng Di agram
FUZES
Above t he t op of
t he
mol di ng ( 18)
and i n a re-
cess i n t he mol di ng ( 9)
i s an i nert i abol t swi t ch
( 25) marked "150 g±10%",
so ori ent ed t hat i t
cl oses t he ci rcui t when t he f l yi ng bomb f al l s on i t s
nose. At t he bot t omof t he mol di ng ( 18) and
t owards t he base of t he f uze i s a mol ded pl ast i c
f i t t i ng ( 26) i n whi ch t here are t woi gni t ers ( r)
and ( w) of t he green t i pped andhence, presuma-
bl y, of t he "sensi t i ve"
t ype. These i gni t ers are i n
such a posi t i on t hat t he f l ash
f romt hemcan pass
di rect l y t o a normal German gai ne whi ch screws
i nt ot he t hreaded hol e
( 27) i n t he pl ast i c mol di ng
( 28) whi ch f orms t he bot t om
of t he f uze.
GERMANEXPLOSI VE
ORDNANCE
152
Fi gur e 152- - t 17i El ect r i cal
Cl ockwor k Ti me Fuze
The f l yi ng bomb i s f i t t ed
wi t h t wo f i r i ng
s wi t ches ext er nal
t o
t he f uze ; a nos e s wi t ch
and
a bel l y s wi t ch. The f i r s t i s of t he di aphr agm
t ype
as us ed wi t h f uze (55)A. - I t cl os es t he
ci r cui t
when t he nos e of t he bombhut s a t ar get , t he
mov-
abl e di aphr agmof t he s wi t chbei ng
f or ced i nt o
cont act wi t ht he f i xed pl at e by t he
s pi ndl e of t he
ai r - l og. The s econd i s a
s i mpl e pus h but t on
s wi t chcover ed by a
s t r eaml i ned pl as t i c
mol di ng;
t he pus hbut t on bei ng
depr es s ed by t he mol di ng
when t he f l yi ng bomb"pancakes . " Thes e t wo
s wi t ches ar e el ect r i cal l y i n par al l el and
cl os i ng
of ei t her of t hemf ar es t he
i gni t er (w) (s ee ci r cui t -
di agr am) .
A
30- vol t dr y bat t er y i n t he ai r cr af t
s uppl i es t he ener gy f or f i r i ng t he i gni t er s i n
t he
f uze (106) *, connect i ons bei ng made vi a t he uni t
(106) and a cont act i n t he Veeder count er of t he
f l yi ng bomb.
Bef or e and f or a f ewmi nut es
af t er t he f l yi ng
bomb has been l aunched t he f uze i s
unar med.
Swi t ch1
i s gpen and hence
acci dent al cl os i ng of
t he i ner t i a- bol t s wi t chcannot
f i r e
t he i gni t er (r ) .
Swi t ch 3 i s cl os ed and t hus
s hor t - ci r cui t s t he
i gni t er (w) and pr event s i t f r om
bei ng $r ed by
acci dent al cl os i ng of t he nos e or
bel l y s *i t ches .
Swi t ch 2 i s cl os ed. Sever al mi nut es af t er
t he
bombhas been l aunched ¬a cont act i n t he
Veeder
count er i s cl os ed
and
appl i es t he- bat t er y t o t he
f uze (106)" vi a t he uni t (106) t hus f i r i ng t he
i gni t er (p). The l at t er i gni t es t he t her mi t c, t he
OP
1666
heat f r omwhi chs of t ens t he pel l et (21) al l ow-
i ng s wi t ch 2 t o open
and t hr ow
t he i gni t er
out of ci r cui t . (The obj ect of t hi s appear s t o be
t o pr event. a dr ai n on t he bat t er y due t o any
r es i dual conduct i vi t y i n t he i gni t er . ) The heat
f r omt he t her mi t e al s o mel t s t he
bl obs
of f us i bl e
Fl oods met al i n t he gr oove
(22) .
Thi s al l ows
s wi t ch1 t o cl os e and, s wi t ch3 t o
open, ar mi ng
t he
f uze. When t he f uze i s ar med, cl os i ng of t he
i ner t i a bol t s wi t ch or t he nos e or
bel l y s wi t ches
al l ows cur r ent f r om
t he bat t er y t o f i r e ei t her of
t he i gni t er s , t hus det onat i ng t he bomb
.

(For
wi r -
i ng di agr amof t hi s f uze s ee f i m
. 151B. )
(17) ELECTRI CAL
CLOCKWORK
TI MEFUZE
DATA
Bombs Us ed i n :

SC
250 and SC500 has been
f ound
i n ot her bombs .
Col or
: Al umi numor dar k
gr ey.
Mat er i al
: Al umi num.
Pos s i bl e Act i ons :
Long del ay t i me- 1x/2 t o 80
hour s
del ay af t er i mpact . Set t o
oper at e 2
t o 72 hour s af t er i mpact
wi t h : : t 10°f o ac-
cur acy.

'
Pr i nci pal Mar ki ngs : El . A. Z. (17) .
Secondar y Mar ki ngs : Rh. S.
1940.
DESCRI PTI ON. The f uze,
i s of t ype 3 cons t r uc-
t i on and has a
s i ngl e el ect r i c f i r i ng ci r cui t under
pl unger B.
Depr es s i on of pl unger Bs wi t ches of f
t he ar mi ng ci r cui t.

(See f i g. 152. )
The cl ockwor k t i me mechani s mi s
cont ai ned i n
an al umi numcas e
whi cht hr eads i nt o t he
bot t om
of t he el ect r i c f uze.
As pr i ng l oaded pl unger
pr oj ect s i nt o
t he bal ance wheel and pr event s t he
cl ock
f r oms t ar t i ng. The s t r i ker i s
hel d by a pawl ,
whi chi s
r et ai ned by t he cams ur f ace of t he
panel
r el eas e ar m. Rot at i on of . t hi s ar mi s pr event edby
an el bow
pi ece whi chr es t s agai ns t t he t i mi ng di s c.
The t i mi ng di s c i s r ot at ed by t he cl ockwor k; one
r evol ut i on equal l i ng 72hour s .

At r i ppi ng s l ot i n
t he t i mi ngdi s c r ecei ves t he el bowpi ece and al l ows
r ot at i on of t he pawl r el eas e ar mat t he pr oper
t i me.
The cl ock i s s et by t ur ni ng t he t i mi ng di s c i n
a count er cl ockwi s e di r ect i on. To pr event f i r i ng
dur i ng s et t i ng, a pr oj ect i on cal l ed t he s af et y s ec-
t or
i s l ocat ed under t he t i mi ng di s c. Thi s s af et y
s ect or bear s agai ns t
t he
el bowpi ece unt i l t he cl ock
s t ar t s t o oper at e.
On i mpact t he el ect r i c f uze oper at es
and f i r es
a pyr ot echni c pel l et . Thi s pel l et bur ns
out and
f r ees t he spr i ng l oadedcl ock r el ease pl unger f r om
t he bal ance
wheel of t he cl ock al l owi ng t he cl ock
t o st ar t . The cl ock t ur ns t he t i mi ng
di sc i n a
count er cl ockwi se
di r ect i on
by
means of a r educt i on
heat syst em
. Whent he t r i ppi ng sl ot comes oppo-
THERMI TE
PELLET
SAFETY PLUNGER
DETONATOR
Fi gur e 153A- i 171AEl ect r i cal Cl ockwor k Ti me Fuze
FUZES
si t e t he el bowpi ece,
t he spr i ng l oadedel bow
pi ece
dr ops i nt o i t . Thi s causes t he
pawl r el ease
ar m
t o r ot at e and f r ee t he,
t r i ppi ng pawl f r om
i t s cam_
The pawl i s f or ced asi de by t he spr i ng l oaded
st r i ker whi ch st r i kes t he det onat or
. The
f l ash
f r omt he
det onat or t r avel s t hr ough a channel and
f i r es t he gai ne.
153
GERMANEXPLOSI VEORDNANCE
154
Fi gure 1338-4171AEl ect ri cal Cl ockworkTi me
Fuze
Wi ri ng Di agram
REMARKS.

Thi s f uze maybe used f or
demol i -
t i on by chargi ng t he f uze f roma
bat t ery. The
st orage cap may be repl aced
af t er t he f use i s
armed
.
( 17) A, ( 17) A*, ELECTRI CAL-CLOCKWORK
TI MEFUZE
DATA:
Bombs Used I n. SC250 and SC500; has been
f ound i not her bombs.
Col or :
Al umi numor dark grey.
Mat eri al : Al umi num.
Possi bl e Act i ons : Long del ay t i me--11/2 t o 80
hours' del ayaf t er i mpact . Set t o operat e2 t o
72 hours af t er i mpact wi t h t 10%accuracy.
Pri nci pal Marki ngs : El . A. Z. ( 17) A; may be
unmarked ; L. Zt . Z. ( 17) A*.
Secondary Marki ngs : Rh. S 1940 ; may have
none; bmv 1941; bmv 1942 ; by 1941.
DESCRI PTI AN.

Thef uzei s of t ype4const ruc-
t i on and
has a si ngl e el ect ri c f i ri ng ci rcui t under
pl unger B.

Depressi onof pl unger Bswi t ches o$
t he armi ng
ci rcui t. The Apl unger i s usual l y
mi ssi ngi nt hi s f uze.

Thewi ri ngdi agramf or t he
( 17)
f uze al soappl i es t o t he ( 17) A.
The
cl ock mechani smand i t s case are hel d i n
posi t i on under
t he el ect ri c f uze by an al umi num
or a mi l d st eel sl eeve whi ch t hreads ont ot he el ec-
t ri c f uze.

( See f i g. 153A. )

Thest eel sl eeve has
OP 1666
a rubber sl eeve around i t s l ower sect i on.
The
cl ock case maybe madeof al umi numor pl ast i c.
Thecl ockwork i s si mi l ar t o t hat i n t he ( 17)
wi t h t he addi t i on of a saf et y pawl whi ch wi t h-
hol ds t he st ri ker f romt he det onat or. Thi s
i s
a spri ng l oaded sl i di ng pawl , and not a
pi vot.
The pawl i s hel d by t he saf et y pl unger,
whi ch
rest s agai nst a pol yst yrene pel l et hel d i n an al u-
mi numcol l ar. The col l ar i s set i nt o a pl ast i c
moul di ngi n t het op of t he cl ock case ( f i g. 153A)
and f i t s around t he al umi numproj ect i on ont he
bot t omof t heel ect ri c f uze.

Thi s proj ect i on con
t ai ns a charge of t hermi t e.

The cl ockwork
i s i n-
vert ed t o pl ace t het i mi ng di sc di rect l y above
t he
gai ne hol e and so si mpl i f y wi ndi ng and
set t i ng
t he
cl ock.

Af l ash channel , l eadi ng
f romt he det o-
nat or
t o t he
gai ne, i s cut i n t hesi de
of t he cl ock
case ( f i g. 153A) .
OPERATI ON.
On
i mpact t he el ect ri cal f uze
operat es and f i res t he t hermi t echarge whi ch mel t s
t het wopol yst yrenepel l et s ( m. p. =90°
C. ) .
The
pel l et ont he l ef t ( f i g. 153A) al l ows t he saf et y
pl unger t o move up and rel ease t he saf et y pawl ,
whi ch sl i des away f romt hest ri ker shoul der. The
pel l et ont heri ght al l ows t hecl ock rel easepl unger
t o operat e
f reei ngt he bal ance wheel . Thecl ock
st art s and
rot at es t he t i mi ng di sc i n a count er-
cl ockwi se di rect i on t hrough a syst emof reduct i on
gears. Whent he t ri ppi ngsl ot comes t ot heel bow
pi ece, t he spri ng-l oaded el bowpi ece f al l s i nt o i t
al l owi ng t hepawl
rel ease armt o rot at e and f ree
i t s camf romt he
t ri ppi ng pawl . Thi s pawl i s
f orced asi de
by
t he
spri ng l oaded st ri ker. The
st ri ker hi t s t hedet onat or
whi chf l ashes t hrought he
channel andf i res t he
gai ne.
REMARKS.
L. Zt . Z. ( 17) A* i s si mi l ar t ot he
( 17) Abut has a
l onger del aybet weent het i met he
i mpact swi t ch f unct i ons and t he st art i ng of t he
cl ock. The ci rcui t i s si mi l ar t o t he ( 17)
( f i g.
1538) .
t 17) B, ( 17) B*, ( 171
b*, ELECTRI CAL
CLOCKWORK
TI MEFUZE
DATA
:
Bombs Used
i n: SC
254and SC500. ; may
be
f ound i not her bombs.
Col or : Dprkgrey; marki ngs
i n whi t epai nt on
( *) model s.
Mat eri al : Al umi num.
Possi bl e
Act i ons : Long del ay
t i me- 3 t o 135
mi nut es del ay af t er
i mpact .
Set t o oper at e 5
t o
120 mi nut es
af t er i mpact wi t h i t 10%
accur acy.
Pr i nci pal
Mar ki ngs : - El . A.
Z. ( 17) B, st amped ;
L. Zt . Z.
( 17) B*, pai nt ed; L.
Zt .
Z.
( 17) b*,
pai nt ed.
DESCRI PTI ON.

The
( 17) Bser i es f uzes ar e t he
same as t he
( 17) Ai n oper at i on
and const r uct i on
except f or a change
i n t he number
of gear s and
gear r at i os i n t he cl ock
of t he ( 17)
Bwhi ch shor t ens
t he possi bl e t i me set t i ngs
.

( See f i g.
154. )
Z. 17 Sm.
MECHANI CAL CLOCKWORK
TI ME
FUZE
DATA
:
Bombs
Used i n : Hs 293
f l yi ng bomb,
SC1000,
PC1000,
SC500, BSB
1004, et c.
Col or : Top,
al umi num;
body, r ed.
Mat er i al :
Al umi num, br ass and
st eel .
Possi bl e Act i ons :
Long
del ay t i me- - - 3 t o 135
mi nut es del ay
af t er i mpact
. Set f or 5 t o 120
mi nut es del ay
wi t h ±107
0 accur acy.
Ar mi ng Ti mes
. - Ar ms when
ar mi ng pi n i s
pul l ed.
Pr i nci pal
Mar ki ngs
: Z17 Bmst enci l ed
on f uze
head.
Secondar y
Mar ki ngs : cpp f t .
Fi gur e
154- - 41718 E1ecf r i cal Cl ockwor k Ti me Fuze
FUZES
DESCRI PTI ON.

The Z17
Bmf uze has a cyl i n-
dr i cal body wi t h an i nner f l ange
at
t he
l ower end
t o ser ve
as a seat f or t he al umi numsl eeve cont ai n-
i ng t he nor mal
( 17)
B
t ype i nver t ed cl ockwor k,
and i nt er nal l y
t hr eaded at i t s base t o r ecei ve t he
gai ne
. The cl ockwor k r el ease mechani sm,
whi ch
t akes
t he pl ace of t he el ect r i c sect i on
of
t he
( 17) B,
i s l ocat ed
j ust above t he cl ockwor k. Thi s mecha-
ni smcont ai ns a Y- shaped r el ease
pl at e wi t h t he
r el ease pl at e spr i ng bet ween t he ar ms
of t he
Y.
One of t he ar ms of t he Y r et ai ns t he spr i ng
l oaded
bal ance wheel st op pl unger
. The ot her ar mr e-
t ai ns t he
spr i ng l oaded saf et y pl unger , whi ch
hol ds t he
saf et y pawl under t he f i r i ng pi n shoul -
der . The r el ease pl at e i s cent r al l y
pi er ced t o ac
cept t he end of t he saf et y pi n.

The
base of t he Y
r i des i n a gui de sl ot and l i mi t s
t he l at er al mot i on
of t he
r el ease pl at e. The compr essed r el ease pl at e
spr i ng
t ends t o f or ce t he r el ease pl at e away f r om
t he t ops of t he pl unger s
whi ch bear agai nst t he
ar ms
of t he Y.

Thi s act i on i s pr event ed as l ong
as t he saf et y pi n
i s i n pl ace.
Cl osi ng pi ece, cent r al l y pi er ced
t o t ake t he
saf et y pi n, cl oses t he t op of t he f uze body. The
saf et y
pi n i s hel d i n pl ace i n t he f uze
by
an al umi -
numpl at e, whi ch
i s at t ached t o t he
saf et y pi n
and l ocked t o t he cl osi ng pi ece by
a
r et ai ni ng
washer . Apul l r i ngi s at t ached
t o t he t op por t i on
of t he saf et y pi n.
155
GERMANEXPLOSI VE
ORDNANCE
156
RELEASE PLATE
DETONATOR
CAP
STRI KER
SPI NDLE
SPRI NG
TI MI NGDI SC
OPERATI ON:
Onwi t hdr awal
of t he saf et y pi n,
t he r eal ease pl at e spr i ng f or ced t he f r eed r el ease
pl at e ar ms cl ear of t he bal ance wheel
pl unger
and t he saf et y pl unger. Bot h pl unger s,
under
t he i nf l uence
of t hei r r espect i ve spr i ngs,
ar e f or ced
RELEASEPLATE
ARMS
CLOCK RELEASE
PI N
RELEASEPLATE SPRI NG
RUBBERWASHER
Fi gur e 155-217 8m. Mechani cal
Cl ockwor k Fuze
OP
1666
upwar d
al l owi ng t he cl ock t o
st ar t andat t he same
t i me al l owi ng t he saf et y
pawl t o move f r om
under
t he st r i ker shoul der .

The, r emai nder of t he
f uze
oper at i on i s t he same as
i n t he ( 17) A.

( See
f i g.
155. )
( 57)
ELECTRI CAL
CHEMI CAL TI ME FUZE
DATA:
Bombs
Used i n : Not
f ound i n bombs.

Enemy
documents
state " f or
use i n H. E. bombs
( Stabo type) . "

Coul d
be used i n anyH. E.
bomb
wi th an
anti di stur bance
f uze.
Col or :
Dar k gr ey;
yel l ow pai nt
ar ound head.
6997940--47-vol
. 1--11
Fi gur e 156A-d57) El ectr i cal Chemi cal Ti me Fuze
FUZES
Mater i al :
Al umi num.
Possi bl e Acti ons: Long del ay ti me, anti wi th-
dr awal , and anti r uptur e.
Pr i nci pal
Mar ki ngs: El . A. Z. ( 57) .
DESCRI PTI ON. The f uze i s of type 2 con-
str ucti on and i s f i tted onl y wi th the Bpl unger .
The
Bpl unger i s connected di r ectl y thr ough a
GERMANEXPLOSI VE
ORDNANCE
158
Fi gur e
156B- - J f 571Fl et t r i cal
Chemi cal Ti me Fuze Schemat i c Di agr am
smal l r esi st ance t o t wo i gni t er s, whi ch f i r e on r e-
l ease f r omt he pl ane,
( See
f i gs. 156Aand156B. )
Essent i al l y f our par t s house t he component s of
t he f uze : The head, wi t h a si ngl e bl ock pl unger ,
cover i ng t he pol yst yr ene moul di ng andt he f i r i ng
bl ock ; t he pol yst yr ene moul di ng hol di ng t he
pl unger and wi r i ng ; t he f i r i ng bl ock wi t h t wo
pi t ch seal ed chamber s cont ai ni ng t he i gni t er ( 16) ;
and t he mai n al umi numbl ock whi ch i s machi ned
t o r ecei ve t be: f ol l owi ng component s
1. CHEMI CALLY OPERATED COMPONENT
. The
sol vent i s cont ai ned i n t he chamber ( 12) , sep-
ar at ed ( i n t he unar med f uze) f r omt he pl ast i c
di sc ( 10) by a t hi n al umi numdi sc ( 11) . Aper -
f or at or
( 22) i s mount ed i mmedi at el y above t he
al umi numdi sc .
2. STRI KERCOMPONENT.

The st r i ker body ( 6)
i s hol l ow. I nsi de i s f i t t ed t he st r i ker spr i ng ( 8)
under st r ong compr essi on, one end of whi ch bear s
OP
1666
on
t he st r i ker and
t he ot her on t he shoul der of
t he
pl unger ( 9) . The
st r i ker i s l ocked i n posi t i on
by
t he t wo st r i ker
bal l s ( 7) whi ch pr oj ect
out si de t he
st r i ker and
ar e hel d i n t hi s
posi t i on by t he
pl unger . The
st r i ker bal l s r est on
t he r et ai ner
bal l s ( 5) hel d i n
t he r et ai ner bl ock ( 3) .
3. Bl oc$
COMPONENTS. The saf et y
bl ock ( 1) ,
t he kni f e
edge
( 2) ,
and t he r et ai ner
bl ock ( 3) ,
al l
pi vot on t he pi n ( 25) .
4. ANTI WI THl l RAWAL
MECHANI SM. The ant i -
wi t hdr awal
pl unger ( 15) i s
under st r ong spr i ng
pr essur e
f r omt he spr i ng ( 18) ,
but i s l ocked i n
pl ace by t he
kni f e edge
( 2) , a bevel ed edge of
whi ch engages
i n one of t he
gr ooves i n t he
pl unger
.
5.
Aami NOMECHANI SM. The
t hr ee bl ocks, ( 1) ,
( 2) , and ( 3) ar e l ocked
i n- posi t i on by t he det ent
( 19)
whi ch i n t ur n i s r est i ng on
t he pi st on
( 21)
pi nned t o t he f uze - body by
t he shear pi n
( 20) .
OPERATION.
Upon
r el ease fr omthe pl ane, a
char ge passes thr ough a smal l r esi stance andfi r es
the twoi gni ter s ( 16) and
( 17)
i mmedi atel y.
1. MECHANICALARMINGAcTIoN. The
expl osi on
of the ver ti cal i gni ter
( 17) dr i ves the
pi ston( 21)
downwar d shear i ng the
shear pi n
( 20) . The
detent ( 19) i s now
fr ee tomove
i nto the space
for mer l y occupi ed by
the
pi ston, r el easi ng pr es-
sur e onthe kni fe edge ( 2) whi chal l ows the anti -
wi thdr awal pl unger ( 15) to move downwar d
agai nst the pi cr i c r i ng pel l et . Thewi r e ( 4) i s
hel dupi n posi ti onby the safety bl ock ( 1) . On
i mpact, the safety bl ock ( 1) pi vots towar d the
nose of the bombfr ombeneath
the
str i ker , andi s
l ockedi nposi ti onby a spr i ng- l oadeddetent . The
fuze i s nowful l y ar med. Note, that befor e thi s
ti me the chemi cal del ay featur e coul dnot oper ate
the detonator because of the pr esence of the safety
bl ock; i . e. , i mpact i s necessar ybefor e the fuze can
fi r e.
2. CHEMICALTIMEAL' r i oN. Thefor ce of theex-
l osi on of the hor i zontal i gni ter ( 16) i mpi ngi ng
onthe sol vent
chamber cover ( 14) dr i ves the per -
for ator ( 22) down
thr ough the
al umi numdi sk
i n ( 11) . Thi s per mi ts
the sol vent to
attack the
pl asti c pl ug ( 10) .
After the r equi r ed
del ay, the
pl asti c pl ug i s soft enough to per mi t the pl unger
( 9) ,
i mpel l ed by the str i ker spr i ng ( 8) , to r i se
andfr ee the str i ker bal l s ( 7) , whi chmove i nwar d.
Thestr i ker , whi chhad
beenhel di n
posi ti ononl y
bythe pr essur e of the str i ker bal l s
( 7) on
the r e-
tai ni ng
bal l s
( 5) ,
i s fr eed by the i nwar d
move-
mept of thestr i ker
bal l s, andi s dr i ven
homebythe
str i ker spr i ng ( 8) agai nst the "26" cap ( 13) to
i ni ti ate the expl osi ontr ai n.
3. MECHANICALANTIWITHDRAWAL AcnoN. If
any attempt i s made towi thdr awthe fuze after
i mpact, the anti - wi thdr awal pl unger ( 15)
wi l l
move downwar di mpel l ed by the spr i ng ( 18) . As
`he anti wi thdr awal pl unger ( 15) moves
down-
. ar di t
car r i es
wi th i t the wi r e ( 4) unti l the
wi r e
i s pul l ed fr omthe r et. 4i ner
bl ock ( 3) .
The r etai ner bl ock T3) ( contai ni ngthe r etai ner
bal l s) i s nowfr ee topi vot out fr omunder the
str i ker , i mpel l edby
a
smal l
spr i ngand
the str i ker .
The str i ker conti nues
downwar d, fi r i ng
the cap
( 13) . Tests
i ndi cate that a wi thdr awal
of onl y
1; 18
i nchor one tur nof the l ocki ngr i ngi s necessar y
toper mi t the anti wi thdr awal devi ce towor k. No
attempt shoul d ever be made to wi thdr awthi s
fuze-
4. ANTIRUr r UREDEVICE. The anti r uptur e
de-
vi ce i ncor por atedi nthe fuze depends onthe
weak-
eni ngof the wi r e ( 4) , whi chpr events the r etai ner
bl ock ( 3) fr om
pi voti ng out fr ombeneath
the
str i ker . 11 the bombshoul dstr i ke a har dtar get,
r esul ti ng i n excessi ve decel er ati on, the r etai ni ng
bl ock
( 3)
wi l l set for war d, duetoi ner ti a, bendi ng
or
shear i ng the wi r e ( 4) .

Themovement thus al -
l owedto the r etai ner bl ock ( 3) di spl aces the r e-
tai . - l i ng bal l s ( 5) r el ati ve to the str i ker bal l s ( 7)
suffi ci entl y toper mi t thestr i ker ( 6) tomove down-
war dand
fi r e the
detonator ( 13) . Al so, any ex-
cessi ve di stor ti onof the
fuze i n
the bomb
wi l l
op-
er ate the anti wi thdr awal devi ce.
( 67) MECHANICAL. TIMEFUZE
DATA:
FUZES
13ombs Usedi n: SD2B
"Butter fl ybomb. "
Col or : Gr ey.
Mater i al
: Zi nc al l oy casi ng. Br ass andsteel
mechani sm.
Possi bl e Acti ons : Longdel ayti me. Set for de-
l ay fi r i ng fr om0 to30 mi nutes after i mpact .
Pr i nci pal mar ki ngs : ( 67) .
Secondar y Mar ki ngs : eov 3/ 42; AZZei t .
DESCRIPTION. Fuze i s l ocated centr al l y i n
upper l ongi tudi nal sur face of bombandi s secur ed
i nbombby twopr oj ecti ons
whi char e hel d i nthe
gr ooves i nbombbody. Fuze i s l ockedi nposi ti on
by twosecur i ng str i ps whi chfi t i ntothe gr ooves
andi ntothe under cut onthe twol ugs. The tabs
seated i n the sl ots, pr event r otati onal movement
of the fuze wheni nposi ti on
.
Over - al l
di mensi ons ar e the same as ( 41) . The
fuze consi sts of thr ee casti ngs, the
cl ockwor k
mechani sm,
andthe
ar mi ng r od. The ar mi ng r od
i s
si mi l ar i nal l r espects tothat of the ( 41) andi s
oper ated i n exactl y the same
manner .
Fi gur e 157 i s di agr ammati c andr epr esents the
r el ati ve posi ti ons of the movi ng
par ts of the fuze
i nthe unar medandfi r ed posi ti ons. In
the un-
ar medposi ti on the spr i ng l oaded
str i ker i s hel d
cockedbya pr oj ecti ononthe
str i ker camengagi ng
i nasl ot i nthe str i ker ar m. Keyedtothi s spi ndl e
i s the str i ker ar m, the other endof
whi chabuts the
setti ng
pl ate
camandthus pr events r otati onof the
str i ker camandr el easeof the str i ker.

Attachedto
a col l ar whi chcanr otate i ndependentl y about the
str i ker cami s a spr i ngl oaded
l ever ar mfi ttedwi th
159
GERMANEXPLOSI VEORDNANCE
160
TI MI NGSTUD
an upst and
and a cl ock pi n. When t he armi ng
spi ndl e i s screwed
f ul l y home, t he cl ock pi n en-
gages wi t ha bal l ance
wheel and t hus l ocks t he es-
capement
of t hecl ockwork mechani sm.
Thef uze
i s armedwhent hearmi ngrod has been
wi t hdrawn Y¢
i nch. Thel ever armi s t hen f reet o
move, andt he
cl ock pi n rel eases t he escapement of
t he
cl ockwork mechani sm
.

Themovement of t he
l ever
armi s l i mi t ed by means of a st op whi chal so
prevent s rei nsert i onof t hearmi ngrod.
Themai n
spri ng of t hecl ockwork mechani smi s
ARMI NG SPI NDLE
Fi gure 157- 4671Mechani cal Cl ockwork Ti meFuze
OP
1666
housed i n a casi ng secured t o t he reverse si de
of t he pl at e. Oneend of t hemai n spri ng i s at -
t ached t o t he. casi ng, and t he ot her t o t he boss
of
t he
t i mi ng di sk.

Rot at i on of
t he
t i mi ng di sk
causes
a
t i mi ng
st ud
prot rudi ng f rom
i t t o
en-
gage i n t hesl ot s of t heset t i ng pl at e and rot at e
t he set t i ng pl at e
cam
. When t hi s set t i ng pl at e
moves cl ear of t het i mi ng st ud as shown i n f i gure
157, a sl ot i n t he set t i ng pl at e campermi t s t he
st ri ker armt o move across t hus rel easi ng t he
st ri ker, whi ch f i res a cap and i ni t i at es t hebomb.
Three rot at i ons of t he dri vi ng pi ni on
are re-
qui red t o move t he set t i ng pl at e t hrough
t he f ul l
l i mi t of i t s t raverse. Eachrot at i on of
t he pi ni on
t akes
approxi mat el y 10 mi nut es, accordi ng t o t he
st at e
of t ensi on of
t he
mai n
spri ng, t hus maxi mum
t i me del ay possi bl e i s 30
mi nut es . I f t he set t i ng
pl at e i s di sengaged bef ore f uze
i s armed t he
f uze
wi l l f unct i on as soon as t he
armi ng rod i s
wi t h-
drawn.
By
varyi ng t he i ni t i al posi t i ons
of t he
t i mi ng
st ud and
set t i ng pl at e, t he f uze can
be
set t o f unct i on
at
any
desi red
t i me del ay f rom
zero t o 30 mi nut es af t er armi ng rod i s
wi t hdrawn.
67/V
MECHANI CAL
CLOCKWORK
TI ME FUZE
DATA:
Bombs Used i n :
Mk
A. B. 70 cont ai ner
t o i gni t e
2 of t he 3 candl e uni t s housed i n t he
cont ai ner.
Can be used i n any H. E. bomb
wi t h
st andard
f uze pocket or t he f l yi ng
bomb
as a del ay f uze
i n normal
operat i on, or f or del ayeddemol i t i on
.
Col or : Bronzed grey.
Mat eri al : Mazak, brass
and st eel .
Possi bl e Act i ons : Ti me
del ay- 0 t o
3 mi nut es
set t i ng wi t h ±10of c accuracy.
Recovered
wi t h
10- and 20- mi nut e set t i ngs .
Armi ng Ti mes : I mmedi at el y on wi t hdrawal of
saf et y pi n.
Pri nci pal Marki ngs : 67/V.
Secondary Marki ngs : eov ; 20 ( del ay set t i ng i n
mi nut es) .
DESCRI PTI ON. The 67/Vi s
a
67f uze whi ch
has been modi f i ed and
encased i n a f uze body
t hat
f i t s t he st andard German
f uze pocket .
The t wo
mai n
part s of t he 67/V
f uze are t he modi f i ed
67
f uze
and t he ext ernal
f uze body. The
67
f uze
has
Fi gure 158- - 47/VMechani cal Cl ockwork Ti me Fuze
FUZES
GERMAN
EXPLOSI VEORDNANCE
been modi f i ed ext er nal l y so
t hat i t wi l l f i t i nt o t he
upper par t of t he
f uze body. Aci r cul ar
boss,
whi ch has been machi ned
cent r al l y t o accommodat e
t he hol l ow ar mi ng r od and
i t s spr i ng, i s
sweat ed
t o t he squar e boss on t he
upper sur f ace of
t he f uze
head. The ar mi ng r od i s
i nt er posed i n
t he pat h
of t he bal ance wheel st opl ever ,
t her eby pr event i ng
t he cl ockwor k f r om
f unct i oni ng. The
ar mi ng r od,
whi ch i s spr i ng l oaded
upwar d, i s hel d
i n t he down
posi t i on
( saf e) by
t he l onger ar mof
t he E. - shaped
ar mi ng
r od
det ent , Thi s det ent i s
i n t ur n under
pr essur e
of a
spr i ngwhi ch t ends t o
f or ce i t t owar d
t he out si de of t he f uze
body. The
ar mi ng r od
det ent i s pr event ed f r ommovi ng
out war d and r e-
l easi ng t he ar mi ng r od by t he
saf et y pi n, whi ch
passes t hr ough a hol e i n i t s l onger
ar mand ext ends
down t hr ough t he hol l ow
ar mi ng r od. ( See f i g.
158. )
The ext er nal f uze body i s compr i sed
of an upper
and a l ower sect i on. The upper body i s
f or med
wi t h t he nor mal f l ange and l ocat i ng
pi n. An ex-
t er nal l y t hr eaded boss i s posi t i oned
above t he
f l ange . The bees accept s t he t r ansi t cap. The
head of t he body has been under cut t o
accommo-
dat e t he saf et y pi n pl at e whi l e t he upst and i s
spun
over t o secur e t he r et ai ni ngpl at e i n posi t i on. Four
r ei nf or ci ng but t r esses ar e equal l y
spaced ar ound
t he i nt er nal wal l of t he body and
f or m
a
seat i ng
f or t he head
of t he 67 f uze
.
OPERATI ON.

On wi t hdr awal
of t he saf et y pi n,
t he
ar mi ng r od det ent spr i ngf or ces t he
det ent out -
Fi gur e 1S9- 1281* El ect r i cal I mpact Fuse
OP 1666
war d i n i t s sl ot f r eei ng t he ar mi ng r od. The ar m-
i ngr od spr i ngt hen f ar ces t he ar mi ngr od
upwar d,
di sengagi ng i t
f r omt he bal ance wheel
st op l ever .
The st op l ever i s f or ced t o r ot at e cl ear
of
t he
bal -
ance
wheel . The r emai nder of t he f uze
oper at i oi ,
i s t he same as t hat of t he 67 f uze.
REMARKS. Ei ght i ndent at i ons on t he upper
sur f ace of
t he i nner housi ng pr ovi de
a posi t i ve
means of
i dent i f yi ngt hi s f uze when t he saf et y
pi n
has been wi t hdr awn, and di st i ngui shes i t f r omt he
VZ( 80) , ( 8( l ) A, and Z17 Bm, whi ch ar e si mi l ar
t o i t i n shape.
The del ay t i me i n
mi nut es
f or each f uze i s
st amped i n t he out er wal l of t he f uze body beneat h
t he l ocat i ng pi n and i s r epeat ed on t he body of
t he 67 f uze and t he mai nspr i ng casi ng.
28M
ELECTRI C
I MPACT FUZE
DATA:
Bombs
Used
i n :
H. E. bombs.
Col or :
Dar k gr ey.
Mat er i al :
Al umi numor br ass .
Possi bl e Act i ons :
( a)
I nst ant aneous .

( b) 0. 15
see.
del ay.
Pr i nci pal Mar ki ngs : El . A. Z. C50 28
Secondar y
Mar ki ngs
Rh. S. G.
( br ass case) .
Rh. S
. 1936.
Rh. S.
195- 36.
DESCRI PTI ON
. Thi s f uze, si mi l ar t o t he El .
A. Z. C50
( 5) , has t wo f i r i ng . ci r cui t s, one char ge
f r omeach pl unger .
Ear l y model s of t he f uze wer e
const r uct ed of br ass,
but l at er ones ar e made of
al umi num.

The desi gnat i on of t he f uze
i s mar ked
on t he f uze
bass .
Saf et y
swi t chi ng i s accompl i shed
by depr essi ng
t he Bpl unger , whi ch
swi t ches of f bot h f i r i ng ci r -
cui t s.

( See f i g.
159. )
ARMI NGTI MI I S
LEY6I . Fi t oax

Dr nma Fr aoHT
( 150 v . )

( 240 v. )
I nst ant aneous
: 3. 6- 5. 1 see.

2. 0- 2_ 9 see.
0
. 15- sea
del ay : 1. 5- 3. 3 see.

0. 9- 1 . 6 sec.
REMARKS: 1.
Thi s f uze i s obsol et e.

2. Type
1
const r uct i on .
35MA
wXooo
OHMS
o - i s
SEC3
REMARKS: 1. Type 2 const r uct i on.
n we
Fi gur e 160- 4281AEl ect r i cal I mpact Fuse
( 28) AELECTRI CI MPACT FUZE
DATA
Bombs
Used i n :
H. E.
bombs, as f or
( 25) B.
Col or : Dar k
gr ey; yel l ow pai nt on
shoul der .
Mat er i al
:
Al umi num.
Possi bl e Act i ons :
( a)
I nst ant aneous.

( b) 0. 15-
sec . del ay.

( c) 14- sec . del ay.
Pr i nci pal Mar ki ngs : El . A. Z. ( 28) A.
Secondar y Mar ki ngs :
AA1940
cpp
1942
.
AB1940 Rh.
S. 1939.
FC
1940.
cpp 1941 Rh.
S.
1940.
DESCRI PTI ON: Theci r cui t of t hi s f uze i s si m-
i l ar t o t hat
of t he ( 38) , al t hough t heval ues of t he
component s
di f f er . Thr eef i r i ng ci r cui t s ar ei ncor -
por at ed.
Saf et y
swi t chi of
ei t her pl unger ar mi ng
ci r cui t s.
ARMI NG
TI MLevar .
FUOU( 150 v. )
I nst ant aneous :
0. 15- sec. del ay:
15
sec. del ay:
Fi gur e
161- ( 2818El ect r i cal I mpact Fuse
( 28) B ELECTRI CI MPACT FUZE
FUZES
DATA:
Bombs Used i n : SC
bombs agai nst sea t ar get s.
Possi bl e Act i ons :
( a) 0. 06- sec
.
del ay. ( b)
0. 12- sec . del ay.
Pr i nci pal
Mar ki ngs : El . A. Z. ( 28) J 3.
Secondar y
Mar ki ngs .
DESCRI PTI ON.

Theci r cui t of
t hi s f uzei s si mi -
l ar t o t hat of t he ( 35)
t hough t he val ues of t he
component s di f f er .
Bot h f i r i ng condenser s ar e
char ged f r om
t he same char gi ng condenser , and
t hedel ays ar e
bot h l ess t han 1 second.

Theval ues
of t he del ays ar e
var i ousl y gi ven i n Ger man docu-
ment s, and
r ange f r om0. 09 t o 0. 12 second.
Thi s f uze i s not
commonl y f ound, t hough i t was
desi gned t o be
empl oyed i n medi umand heavy
SC
bombs agai nst sea
t ar get s_ I n t hi s empl oy-
163
ng i s accompl i sh
, whi ch swi t ch
( See f i g. 16
ES
dbydepr essi on
s of f
t he
opposi t e
. )
ment , however , t he
f uze was r epl aced by t he
( 28) B07, whi ch i n
t ur n was r epl aced by. t he
( 25)
B.
( See f i g.
161. )
128) B2 AND( 28) 1r ELECTRI C
I MPACT FUZE
T Dr nse M. t awr
DATA
:
( ` ? 44
v. )
Bombs Used i n : H. E. bombs.
1. 6- 2. 8
sec. 1. 0- 1
. 5
sec.
Col or
.
Dar k gr ey
;
yel l ow
pai nt on shoul der .
2. 1- 3. 3sec. 1. 4- 2. 2sec.
Mat er i al :
Al umi num.
0. 7- 1. 3sec. 0. 3- 0. 7sec.
Possi bl eAct i ons : ( a)
I nst ant aneous . ( b) 0. 06-
0. 08 sec . del ay.
GERMANEXPLOSI VE
ORDNANCE
1001
10,000
OHMS
:7f F
15Mn
. 25,4. 4 F
3. 5M
. a s - . oe_T
.

I
?
1 SEC.
Fi gur e 162- - ( 2$18° El ec t r i c a l I mpa c t Fuze
Pr i nc i pa l Ma r ki ngs :
El .
A. Z. ( 28) Bz.
El . A. Z. ( 28) ( B) 2.
El . A. Z. ( 28) Bg.
Sec onda r y Ma r ki ngs :
AA1940bmv1940.
AA1941 bmv1941.
FC1940
bmv 1942.
c 1940
Rh. 5. 1940.
DESCRI PTI ON
. Two fi r i ng c i r c ui t s a r e
em-
pl oyed
i nt hes e
fuzes , bot h c ha r ged t hr ought he
Bpl unger
. The i mpa c t s wi t c h c l os i ng
t he i n-
s t a nt a neous
fi r i ng c i r c ui t i s a ni ner t i a bol t
s wi t c h
a nd
oper a t es onl y
a ga i ns t r es i s t a nc e t a r get s ;
i . e. .
upon
dec el er a t i on
of a bout 5,000g.
Sa fet y
s wi t c hi ng i s a c c ompl i s hed
t hr oughde-
pr es s i on of
t he Apl unger , whi c h
s wi t c hes off
bot ha r mi ng
c i r c ui t s .

( See
fi g. 162. )
REMARKS
. 1. Type
2 c ons t r uc t i on.
2, Thes e
fuzes
ha ve
a l s o been
r ec over ed wi t h t he
c ha r gi ng
c ondens er
c onnec t ed t o t he
Apl unger . 3. Ani n- '
her ent
del a y
of a bout 0. 01s ec ond
i s pr es ent
i nt he
i ns t a nt a neous
c i r c ui t .
164
( 2818°' ELECTRI CI MPACT
FUZE
OP
1666
DATA:
Bombs Us ed i n: H. E. bombs .
Col or :
Da r k gr ey ; yel l owpa i nt on
s houl der .
Ma t er i a l : Al umi num.
Pos s i bl e Ac t i ons : ( a ) I ns t a nt a neous .

( b) Shor t
del a y. ( e) Shor t del a y.
Pr i nc i pa l Ma r ki ngs : El . A. Z. ( 28) B°T.
Sec onda r y Ma r ki ngs : bmv 1941. bmv 1942.
DESCRI PTI ON. Thi s fuze di ffer s
fr om t he
ot her ( 28) B t ype fuzes i n ha vi ng t hr ee fi r i ng
Qi r c ui t s , a l l
c ha r ged fr omt he s a me c ha r gi ng c on-
dens er . I ns t a nt a neous a c t i ona nd t wo s hor t de-
l a ys ( ea c hl es s t ha none s ec ond) ma ybe obt a i ned,
but t he i ns t a nt a neous s wi t c hi s of t he i ner t i a - bol t
t ype a nd
wi l t oper a t e onl y a ga i ns t hi ghl y r es i s t a nt
t a r get s .
Sa fet y s wi t c hi ng i s
a c c ompl i s hed
by
depr es s i on
of t he A
pl unger , whi c hs wi t c hes off a l l a r mi ng
c i r c ui t s .

( See fi g. 163. )
REMARKS. 1. Cons t r uc t i ont ype 2
2. Thi s fuze i s bei ng r epl a c ed by t he ( 25) B.
Fi gur e
163- 42818' " El ec t r i c a l I mpa c t
Fuze
ARMI NG
TI MES
X. r ETEI
.
FLI GHT
DmNa FLI GHT
( 150v. )
( 240v. )
I ns t a nt a neous .
1. &- 3. 2 s ec .
1. 4- 2. 2 s ec.
Shor t
del a y .
Fi gure
164-4381El ect ri cal
I mpact fuze
( 38) ELECTRI C I MPACT
FUZE
DATA:
Bombs Used
i n :
H. E. bombs.
Col or
:
Dark grey.
Mat eri al
:
Al umi num.
Possi bl e Act i ons :
( a)
0. 05-sec. del ay.

( b) 0. 2-
sec. del ay .

( c) 5. 0-sec. del ay.
Pri nci pal Marki ngs:
El
. A. Z. ( 38) .
Secondary Marki ngs: Rh. S. 1940 bmv 1941;
Rh.
S. 1941 bmv1942 . Rh. S.
1938bmv42.
A. A. 1940
Rhs. 195-1940
.
DESCRI PTI ON. Thi s fuze was desi gned for
use agai nst sea t arget s i n
SC
bombs from250 t o
1, 800kg. I t has al so been found i n
SD
bombs 50
t o 500kgand i n t he Fl amC250, and i s empl oyed
i n t he 1400
FXbomb. A250-kg bomb, wi t h or
wi t hout a short ened
t ai l , has been
fi t t ed wi t h t hi s
fuze for use as an
ant i submari ne bomb
.
There are t hree fi ri ng ci rcui t s i ncorporat ed i n
t hefuze: t woshort del ay
and one
l ong.
Safet y swi t chi ngi § accompl i shed by depressi ng
ei t her pl unger,
whi ch swi t ches o$ t he opposi t e
fi ri ng ci rcui t .

( See fi g. 164. )
ARMI NGTI MES
LEVEL rMGHT DI VI NGMGHT
( 150v. )

( 240v. )
0. 05-sec. del ay :
7. 3-13. 8 sec.

3. 6-6. 0 sec.
0. 20-sec. del ay: 6. 2- 9. 8
sec.

4. 1-6. 1 sec.
5. 00-sec. del ay : 1. 2- 2 . 0 sec.

0. 6-1. 0 sec.
REMARKS.

( 1) Type2 const ruct i on .
DATA:
Bombs Used i n : H. E, . bombs.
Col or . Dark grey.
Mat eri al : Al umi num.
Possi bl e
Act i ons:
( at i ) 0. 05-sec, del ay
.

( b) 0. 20-
sec. del ay.

( c) 5. 00-sec. del ay.
Pri nci pal Marki ngs: El . A. Z. ( 38) .
Secondary Marki ngs : bmv. . . a
. . .
14e,
DESCRI PTI ON.
Thi s fuze i s i n al l respect s
i dent i cal t o t he normal ( 38) fuze, except t hat an
addi t i onal swi t chhasbeen added
t o
t he-l ong del ay
fi ri ng ci rcui t ,
wi red i n paral l el wi t h t he
usual
swi t ch.
The addi t i onal swi t ch
i s
of
t he normal vi bra-
t ory t ype wi t h i t s
axi s paral l el t ot hat of t hefuze.
The axi s of
t he usual swi t ch i s t ransverse t o t he
axi s of t he fuze.
Thi s swi t ch arrangement i s
presumabl y i nt ended t o
gi ve great er cert ai nt y of
act i on i n l ow
l evel at t ack,
for whi ch t he fuze
woul dbe set
t o operat e at rel at i vel y l ongdel ay.
Safet y
swi t chi ng i s accompl i shed
by depressi ng
ei t her
pl unger, whi ch
swi t ches o$ t he opposi t e
fi ri ng ci rcui t .

( See
fi g. 165. )
FUZES
( 381MODI FI EDELECTRI C I MPACT
FUZE
Fi gure 165-138) Modi fi ed
El ect ri cal I mpact Fuze
165
GERMANEXPLOSIVE
ORDNANCE
ARMING
TIMES
1. EYS1
.
FuGHTDi vi i ruFLIGHT
(150VOLT)

(240VOLT)
0. 06- sec. del ay- - - - - - - - - - - _.. 7. 3- 13. 8 sec.

3. "Asee.
0. 20- sec, del ay- - - - - - - - - - - - - - 6. 2-
9
. 8
sec.

4. 1-, B. 1 Bee.
5
. 0o- sec.
del ay______________
1. 2- 20 sec.

0. 6- 1. 0 me.
REMARKS: 1. Type 2
const ruct i on .
(380 ELECTRICIMPACTFUZE
Bombs Used
In : SC
250kg, usedas dept h bomb.
Col or : Dark grey or green.
Mat eri al :
Al umi num.
Possi bl e Act i ons: (a) short del ay; (b) del ay
(approa 1 see. ) .
Pri nci pal Marki ngs : El . A. Z. 38 sl .
SecondaryMarki ngs : cpp1942; cpp1942, 539.
DESCRIPTION. Thi s f uze was devel oped t o
supersede t he (38) when empl oyedi n t he SC250
kg used
as an ant i submari ne bomb. Thi s f uze i n-
corporat es
t wo f i ri ng ci rcui t s, a short del ay of
under 1 secondandal onger del ayof about 1sec-
ond. The l onger del ayi n t he green f uze i s 0. 75
second; t hat i n t he
dark grey
f uze i s 1. 3
seconds.
Saf et y
swi t chi ng i s accompl i shed by depressi ng
ei t her pl unger
whi ch swi t ches
of f
t he opposi t e
f i ri ng
ci rcui t .

(See f i g. 166. )
REMARKS.

1. Type2const ruct i on .
166
Fi gure
166- (38 s1} El ect ri cal Impact Fuze
5 SECS.
0. 2BEGS.
Fi gure 167- - 438 u) El ect ri cal Impact Fuze
(38 u)
ELECTRICIMPACTFUZE
OP1666
DATA:
Bombs
UsedIn : H. E. bombs.
Col or
: Head l ess boss l i ght bl ue red band
around
body.
Mat eri al
: Al umi num.
Possi bl e Act i ons :
Inst ant aneous.
DESCRIP' T' ION. The (38 u)
wasf oundf i rst i n t he
SC50
kg bombs andi dent i cal wi t h t he El
. A. Z.
38
i n al l
essent i al s . The onl y
known di f f erence i s
i n col ori ng.
The f uze i s of t ype 5
const ruct i on .
For wi ri ng di agram, see
El . A. Z. 38.

(See
f i g.
167. )
(38)B
ELECTRICIMPACT
FUZE
DATA:
Bombs Used
i n : F. X. 1400andH. E. bombs.
Col or :
Dark grey.
Mat eri al
: Al umi num.
Possi bl e
Act i ons : Twoshort (l ess t han 1sec. )
pyrot echni c
del ays.
Pri nci pal Marki ngs : El .
A. Z. (38) B.
Secondary. marki ngs
: edr 42bmval e ; bmv
42;
bmvq.
DESCRIPTION. Thi s f uze
i ncorporat es t wo
f i ri ng ci rcui t s anddi f f ers f rom
ot her t ype 8 f uzes
by havi ng an addi t i onal
condenser addedt o t he
ARMING
TIMES:
Fi gure
1GB-438)8El ect ri cal Impact Fuze
Bs i de t o i ncreas e t he armi ng
t i me.

Bot h vi bra
t ory s wi t ches arecoaxi al
wi t h t he f uze.

Al l ot her
f uzes have one
s wi t ch t rans vers e
t o t he
f uze' s
axi s .
Bot h ci rcui t s
have s hort pyrot echni c
del ays , each
of l es s
t han 1 s econd .

( See
f i g. 168
. )
Saf et y s wi t chi ng
i s accompl i s hed by depres s i ng
ei t her pl unger,
whi ch s wi t ches of f t he oppos i t e
armi ng
ci rcui t.
0EDl 1VABY1axrrrs SENSITIVEIGNITER
ASi Dt

BSIDE

ASIDE

BSIDE
150-ool t ------------ 15. 7 s ec.

22. 0s ec.

9. 4s ec.

14. 6 s ec
.
240-vol t ------------

8. 1s ec.

13. 1s ec.

5. 3s ec.

9. 9w.
( 38) CELECTRIC
IMPACTFUZE
DATA:
Bombs Us ed
i n : F. X. 1400or H. E. bombs.
Col or :
Dark grey.
Mat eri al .
Al umi nul p.
Pos s i bl e
Act i ons : ( a) i ns t ant aneous
; ( b) s hort
del ay ( l es s
t han 1s ec. ) .
Pri nci pal
Marki ngs : El . A. Z. ( 38) C.
Secondary
Marki ngs : app.
Y.
DESCRIPTION
. Thi s f uze i s i dent i cal
i n al l
res pect s t o t he ( 38)
B, except t hat t he As i de of
t he ci rcui t i s f i t t ed
wi t h i ns t ant aneous act i on
rat her t han
s hort del ay.
Fi gure 169-{91El ect ri cal Aeri al Burs t Fuze
FUZES
( 9419) A, ( 9)* ELECTRICAL AERIAL
BURST
FUZE
DATA:
Bombs Us ed i n
Mk500Boden 6 SD2.
ABB500
M10
( Boden) .
Parachut e f l ares .
Phot of l as h bombs .
Col or : Red.
Mat eri al : Al umi num.
Pri nci pal Marki ngs :
El . Zt . Z. C50( 9) .
El . Zt . Z. C50( 9) * .
El . Zt . Z. ( 9) .
El . Zt . Z. ( 9) A.
El . Zt . Z. ( 9) .
DESCRIPTION.

Thi s f uzei s s i mi l ar t o t henor-
mal Rhei nmet al l el ect ri c f uze wi t h t he except i on
of a t hi rd pl unger i n t he head of t he f uze.
It
i s s mal l er t han t he t wo normal cont act pi ns and
i s us ed f or t es t purpos es onl y . The Aand
B
pl ungers are connect ed, when depres s ed, t o t he
f i ri ng
and res ervoi r condens ers res pect i vel y .
Saf et y s wi t chi ng i s accompl i s hed by depres s i ng
bot h pl ungers . Each pl unger di s connect s one
pol e of t he i gni t er bri dge. ( See f i g. 169. )
The El . Zt . Z. ( 9) Ai s i dent i cal i n es s ent i al s
wi t h f uze ( 9) except t hat t he res i s t ance i s 22
megohms i ns t ead of 42 megohms. Thi s reduces
del ay t i me
50
percent .
OPERATION.
The
Apl unger
( cont act pi n)
conveys
an
i ni t i al
charge
t o t he f i ri ng condens er.
167
GERMANEXPLOSI VEORDNANCE
The amount of t hi s char ge det er mi nes t he t i me
l apse
bef or e f i r i ng and i s cont r ol l ed. The
char g-
i ng
condenser i s l oaded as
usual t hr ough t he B
pl unger .
Thi s f uze i s desi gned t o oper at e af t er a
pr e-
det er mi ned t i me
. The gl ow
di schar ge t ube act s
as a swi t ch i n t hi s f uze. When t he vol t age on
t he f i r i ng condenser
bui l ds
up
t o
t he r equi r ed
f i gur e, t hegas ( Ar gon)
wi t hi n
t hegl owdi schar ge
t ube i oni zes and al l ows t hechar ge t o pass t hr ough
t he
t ube
.
Thi s f i r es t he mat ch composi t i on and
subsequent l y t he powder del ay t r ai n.
( 29) MECHANI CAL AI RBURST FUZE
Bombs Used I n . LC10f par achut ef l ar e.
Col or :
Dar k
br own.
Fi gur e
170- - 424) Mechani cal Aer i al Bur st Fuze
OP
1666
Mat er i al
:
Body,
bakel i t e; mechani sm, st eel and
br ass
.
Possi bl e
Act i ons : Aer i al bur st af t er shor t del ay.
Ar mi ng Ti mes ;
I mmedi at el y on r el ease f r om
ai r cr af t .
Pr i nci pal Mar ki ngs : None.
Secondar y Mar ki ngs : None.
DESCRI PTI ON.
Thi s f uzei s used i n t heLC10f
si ngl e candl euni t
par achut ef l ar e. I t i s pr esumed
t hat asmal l r ange of
var i abl e del ays may beused
wi t h t he f uze by f i t t i ng
var yi ng l engt hs
of
saf et y
f uze i n t hesaf et y f uzehousi ng. Thef uzeconsi st s
of a bakel i t e housi ng cont ai ni ng a cl osi ng cap,
wi t hdr awal l ug, a saf et y spr i ng, a st r i ker pel l et
gui de, a st r i ker pel l et , ast r i ker det ent pi n, a
f i r i ng
spr i ng, t wo bal l det ent s, and a st r i ker r et ur n
spr i ng.

( See f i g.
170. )

Thewi t hdr awal l ug and
t he cl osi ng cap ar e r et ai ned
by a cor d
whi ch i s
at t ached t o t he f l ar e par achut e.
OPERATION. As t he f l ar e f al l s
away, t he saf et y
spr i ng i s ext ended unt i l i t i s
t ensi oned
suf f i ci ent l y
t o wi t hdr aw t he st r i ker
det ent pi n
. The bal l
det ent s ar e now f r ee t o move i nwar d,
and t he
st r i ker pel l et i s f or ced
by
t he f i r i ng spr i ng t o
car r y
t he st r i ker i nt o t he per cussi on cap. At
t he end
of
i t s t r avel , t he st r i ker pel l et cat npr esses
t he
st r i ker r et ur n spr i ng. The f l ash f r omt he
cap i g-
ni t es t he del ayel ement , and af t er t he
appr opr i at e
del ay, t he f l ash f r omt he saf et y f uze
f unct i ons t he
mi ssi l e. To
al l ow
t he gases
of combust i on
t o es-
cape, t he st r i ker
r et ur n spr i ng moves t he
st r i ker
pel l et back a suf f i ci ent
di st ance t o r emove
t he
st r i ker poi nt f r omt he cap.
(49)AAND(49)8
ASSEMBLIES,
ROCKETBOMBFUZES
DATA:
Bombs Used i n : PC
500
RS;
PC1000 RS.
Col or : Al umi num.
Mat er i al
:
Al umi num.
Possi bl e Act i ons
:
(49) AI and BI- Char gi ng head.
(49) Al l and BII- Pyr ot echni c
aer i al bur st .
(49) AIII and BIII- El ect r i c
i mpact f uze.
Pr i nci pal Mar ki ngs :
(49) AI, (49) AII, (49) AM.
(49) BI, (49) BII, (49) BIII.
DESCRIPTION. (49) AI and BI : Thi s
f uze
consi st s of a char gi ng head, l ocat ed
i n t he si de of
t he di st ance pi er s
of t he
r ocket . Thi s char gi ng
head houses t he pol yst yr ene mol di ng housi ng,
t he
pl unger s, and t he cont act wi r es l eadi ng t o t he
bakel i t e mol di ng
. Two U- shaped cl i ps, at t ached
t o t he bakel i t e
mol di ng, secur e i n
posi t i on t he t wo
pi n pl ugs, one of whi ch i s r ed, t he ot her bl ack.
These pl ugs ar e gr ooved
t o
r ecei ve t he cl i ps . An
i nsul at ed t hr ee- cor ei abl e, onl y t wo cor es of whi ch
ar e used, l eads f r omt he bl ack pl ug t o t he r ocket
i gni t i on f uze, whi l e a t wo- cor e cabl e l eads f r om
t he r ed pl ug t o t he
bomb f uze.
(49) AII and BII .
Thi s f uze, somet i mes f ound
unmar ked, i s a pyr ot echni c aer i al bur st f uze
t hr eadi ng i nt o t he f or war d
end of t he r ocket con-
t ai ner . It i gni t es
t he r ocket pr opel l ant
af t er a
del ayof
about 3
seconds af t er t he bombi s dr opped.
The f uze body i s t hr eaded i nt er nal l y at t he
upper
end t o r ecei ve t he al umi numcl osi ng cap, whi ch
i s
bor ed cent r al l y t o admi t t he t hr ee- cor e cabl e. Two
l eads of
t hi s
cabl e pass t hr ough a r ubber
washer
and
a
bakel i t e di st ance pi ece and ar e sol der ed
t o
t he t wi n t er mi nal s i n t he bakel i t e pl ug. The l ower
f uze body i s scr ewed t o t he upper f uze body and
houses bot h t he al umi numhol der cont ai ni ng t he
i gni t er i nt o
whi ch
pass
t he t wo l eads
f r omt he
t er mi nal s,
and t he
del ay pel l et hol der , whi ch
con-
t ai ns
a powder
pel l et i n i t s l owest por t i on .
The
l ower f uze body r ecei ves t he powder t r ai n hol der
whi ch i s t hr eaded ext er nal l y t o scr ew i nt o t he
r ocket pr opel l ant chamber .
(49)
AIII
and BIII : Thi s i s an el ect r i cal i mpact
f uze l ocat ed i n t he base of t he bomb pr oper . The
f uze head consi st s
of
agl and set i n a bl ock of br own
i nsul at i on.
The
t wo- cor e cabl e passes t hr ough t he
gl and.

The f uze i s f i t t ed wi t h onl y one f i r i ng ci r -
cui t , i ncor por at i ng a shor t del ay f or penet r at i on
pur poses . The Bpl unger i n t he char gi ng bead,
on depr essi on, swi t ches
of f t he ar mi ng ci r cui t .
(See f i g. 171. )
OPERATION.

On r el ease
f r omt he ai r cr af t , t he
char gi ng head i s
char ged. Si nce t he head
domai ns
BLACK
RED
PLUG
PLUG
ROCKET

3RD
CORE
FUM

Dome
IGNITER

NOT
cat +- SOOT

IGNITER
NECTER
FUZES
Fi gur e 171- (491BRocket
BombFuze
Assembl y
GERMANEXPLOSI VEORDNANCE
170
DATA:
Bombs
Usedi n : PC1800RS.
Col or :
Al umi num.
Mat er i al : Al umi num.
Possi bl e Act i ons:
( 49)
C: Char gi ng head.
( 49) CI : Di st r i but or.
( 49) CI I : Rocket i gni t er .
( 49) CI I I : Bomb' f uze.
( 49)
CASSEMBLY, ROCKETBOMBFUZES
no condenser s, t he char ge passes
di r ect l y t o t he
r ocket i gni t i on
f uze and
t he bomb f uze. I n t he
r ocket
i gni t i on f uze, t he
i gni t er br i dge f i r es t he
del ay pel l et
and t hence t he
powder t r ai n whi ch
i gni t es
t hepr opel l ant i n t he
r ocket chamber.
The char ge
ent er i ng
t he bomb f uze passes
t hr ough t he r esi st ances t o t he st or age condenser
andt he ci r cui t i s compl et ed by ei t her of t wovi -
br at or y i mpact swi t ches. Thef i r i ng of t hei gni t er
br i dge det onat es t he gai ne and t he bomb.
Fi gur e 172- 44910
Rocket BombFuze Assembl y
OP
1666
Pr i nci pal Mar ki ngs
: ( 49)
C,
( 49) CI , ( 49) CI I ,
( 49) CI I I .
Secondar y Mar ki ngs
: None.
DESCRI PTI ON.
( 49)
C
CSARaI No HzAn : The
char gi ng head i s
l ocat edi n a r ecess af t of t he
sus-
pensi on l ugon t he bomb
pr oper . I t i s connect ed
by a connect or
pl ug and pr ot ect ed cabl e t o
t he
di st r i but or.
( 49) CI Di sTxmuToa : The
di st r i but or i s
l ocat ed
i n t he si de of t he
di st ancg pi ece separ at i ng
t he
bomb
f r omt he r ocket pr opel l ant
cont ai ner . I t s
f unct i on i s t o pass
t he char ge di r ect l y f r om
t he
char gi ng
headt ot hebomb
f uze, andt o t her ocket
i gni t i on
f uze af t er
a del ay. The del ay i s accom-
pl i shedby a
condenser - gl owt ube
ci r cui t , asi n t he
( 9) f uze.
( 49) CI I
Rocxr r
I oxr noNFuzz : Thi s f uze
i s
si mi l ar t ot he
( 49) BI I .
( 49) CI I I BomB
Fuzz : Thi s f uze i s
si mi l ar t o
t he
( 49) BI I I f uze.
OPERATI ONS. On r el ease f r om
t he ai r cr af t ,
t he char ge passes f r omt he char gi ng head t o t he
di st r i but or , andf r omt he di st r i but or di r ect l y t o t he
bomb f uze and af t er a del ay t o t he r ocket i gni t i on
f uze . Dur i ng f l i ght , t he r ocket i gni t i on f uze op-
er at es andi gni t es t he r ocket s
. On
i mpact
t he bomb
f uze i ni t i at es
t he expl osi on of
t he bomb, af t er a
shor t del ay f or penet r at i on pur poses . ( See f i g.
1T2. )
( 59) MECHANI CAL AI RBURST FUZE
DATA,
Bombs
Used i n: Par achut e
f l ar es ; phot of l ash
bombs .
Col or :
Unpai nt ed
.
Mat er i al : Al umi num.
Possi bl e Act i ons : Aer i al bur st af t er shor t del ay.
Ar mi ng Ti mes : I mmedi at el y uponr el ease f r om
pl ane.
CORD FORREMOVI NG
RETAI NI NG
PI N
Pr i nci pal Mar ki ngs : ( 59) .
Secondar y Mar ki ngs : None.
Fi gur e 173- 459) Mechani cal Aer i al Bur st Fuze
DESCRI PT10N. The f uze body consi st s of
a
cyl i ndr i cal l ower case, whi chi s par t of t he shoul der
or f l ange of t he f uze . Pr oj ect i ng down f r om
t he
f l ange i s a met al r i ng whi ch f i t s t he si des of t he
f uze pocket . Anot her met al r i ng pr oj ect s upwar d
f r om
t he f l ange. I nsi de t he openi ng f or med by
t hi s
r i ng
f i t s
a saf et y cap
hel d i n posi t i onby t hr ee
spr i ng- l oaded bal l s. Ar et ai ni ngcol l ar f i t s ar ound
t he
r i ng
t o hol d t hese
spr i ngs
i n pl ace. Under t he
saf et y cap i s coi l ed
21/
2 f eet of l anyar d t wi ne at -
t ached t o an ar mi ng pi npl aced i n t he cent r al hol e
i n t he st r i ker pel l et . Rest i ng agai nst a shoul der
of a t aper ed f i t t i ng i nsi de t he f uze and l ocat ed i n
a
channel
i n
t he st r i ker pel l et ar e t wo st eel
bal l s,
whi ch pr event movement of t he spr i ng- l oaded
st r i ker .
Beneat h
t he st r i ker
i s
a per cussi on
cap,
and
scr ewedi nt o
t he base of t he f uze i s a pyr ot ech-
ni c
del ay of 71/2 seconds .
STRI KERRETAI NI NGBALLS
FUZES
GERMAN
EXPLOSIVE
ORDNANCE
5-10SECONDS
UZEBODY
B
30-40
SECONDS
Fi gure 174-4591AEl ect ri cal Aeri al Burst Fuze
OPERATION. Whent hebombi s pl aced i nt he
pl ane,
t he t wi ne out si de t he cap i s secured t o t he
droppi ng
gear . Whent he bomb i s rel eased, t hi s
t wi ne unreel s
and becomes t aut by reasonof t he
knot under
t he saf et y cap. Thi s knot pul l s of f
t he cap, uncoi l s
t he
2%
f eet of t wi ne, and wi t h-
draws t he
armi ng pi n. The bal l s t hen f al l i n-
wards, and
t he st ri ker i s f orced by i t s spri ngi nt o
t hepercussi oncap. Thef l ashf rom
t hecap i gni t es
t he 71/2-second
pyrot echni c del ay t rai n, whi chi n
t urni ni t i at es
t he bombor f l are.
REMARKS
.

1. Thi s f uze i s bel i eved t obe
obso-
l et e.

( See f i g. 173. )
59A( 59) A,
ELECTRICAERIAL BURST FUZE
DATA:
Bombs
Use4In: Ant i personnel and i ncendi ary
cont ai ners.
Col or . Red or unpai nt ed.
Mat eri al
: Al umi num.
Possi bl e Act i ons: Ai r burst
: ( ra) 12 sec ;
( b) 41sec. ;
( c)
58
sec.
Marki ngs
: El . Zt . Z. 59A;
El
.
Zt . Z. ( 59) A_
DESCRIPTION
. Thi s f uze consi st s of
t wo
i g-
ni t er bri dges
connect ed di rect l y t ot het wopl ung-
OP 1666
ers wi t hout any i nt erveni ngcondensors
or resi st -
ances. Thebri dges . are t hus f i red as
soon as t he
bombor f l are l eaves t he ai rcraf t ,
i ni t i at i ng pyro-
t echni c del ay t rai ns whi chprovi det heseri al burst
f unct i oni ng. Theshort er del ay i s f i red f romt he
Apl unger, t he l onger del ay
f romt he Bpl unger.
If
bot hpl ungers
arecharged, t heshort del ay wi l l
f unct i on;
i f t he Bpl unger onl y recei ves t he
charge, t hel onger del aywi l l resul t .

( Seef i g. 1T4. )
REMARKS. The onl y i mport ant di f f erence
be-
t weent he 59Aand t he ( 59)
Ai s i n t he l egnt h
of
t he
f uze body. Thi s f act or i s si gni f i cant
mai nl y
f or purposes of i dent i f i cat i on.
The ( 59) Ai s
approxi mat el y t wi ce as l ong as t he ori gi nal 59A.
The i nner const ruct i on i s essent i al l y
t he same
except t hat i t i s spread
over a great er area.
( 59) BELECTRICAERIAL BURST
FUZE
DATA:
Bombs Used i n: SC250; parachut ef l ares, IXC50,
FA50.
Col or : Red.
Mat eri al : Al umi num.
Possi bl e Act i ons: Ai r burst :
( a) 12 sec. ; ( b)
41 sec. ; ( c) 58 sec.
DESCRIPTION. Themai npurposeof
t hi s f uze
Fi gure 175-45918 El ect ri cal
Aeri al Burst Fuze
i s f or us e i n par achut e f l ar es and ot her ai r - bur s t
muni t i ons .

I t has been us ed i n H. E. bombs but
not wi t h t oo much
s ucces s .

I t gener al l y r es embl es
f uzes of t he 59 and
79 s er i es , but i s ext er nal l y di s -
t i ngui s hed f r om
t hes e by t he pos s es s i on of a r ot ar y
s wi t ch i n t he head.
Thi s s wi t ch i s l ocat edbet ween
but s l i ght l y of f - s et f r omt he t wo char gi ng pl ung-
er s . The s wi t ch can be t ur ned t o t wo pos i t i ons
mar ked "58" and "41" r es pect i vel y .
I nt er nal l y
t he f uze di f f er s f r omt he ones men-
t i oned above
by havi ng t hr ee i gni t er s i ns t ead of
t he
convent i onal t wo. The s hor t del ay ci r cui t and
i gni t er ar e
under t he Apl unger whi l e t he ot her
. ; wo
ci r cui t s
ar e under t he Rpl unger . Achoi ce
bet ween t he t wo
ci r cui t s under t he Rpl unger can
be made by means of
t he r ot ar y s wi t ch.
Ther e ar e t wo pyr ot echni c
t i me- r i ngs j oi ned i n
s er i es and each of t he
t hr ee i gni t er s can' i gni t e
t hi s pyr ot echni c t r ai n at
an appr opr i at e poi nt gi v-
i ng t hr ee pos s i bl e del ays
. ( See f i g. 175. )
OPERATI ON. The
i gni t er under t he Apl unger
i s i n s uch a
pos i t i on as t o gi ve a 12- s econd del ay
.
The
ot her t wo
i gni t er s ar e under t he Rpl unger
and
gi ve 41- and
58- s econd del ays r es pect i vel y .
Fi gur e 17"90El ect r i cal
Aer i al Bur s t Fuze
FUZES
I f t he s hor t del ay i s r equi r ed, bot h
pl unger s
ar e
char ged and when t he mi s s i l e i s r el eas ed f r omt he
ai r cr af t , t he i gni t er under t he
Apl unger
f i r es ,
gi vi ng t he mi ni mum
12- s econd del ay. I f a l onger
del ay i s neces s ar y, onl y
t he Rpl unger i s char ged
and t hen t he act ual del ay
r ecei ved i s dependent
upon t he r ot ar y s wi t ch s et t i ng.
69 CI I , 690, 69E, ELECTRI C
AERI AL BURST
FUZE I PRDTECHNI C
DELAY)
DATA:
Bombs Us ed
i n .
AB250, 500and 1000;
AB
36;
BDC 10.
Col or
: Unpai nt ed.
Mat er i al : Al umi num.
Pos s i bl e Act i on : Aer i al bur s t .
Mar ki ngs
Z69B 1. 3- 3. 5 s ec. del ay.
Z69C 0. 3- 1. 0s ec. del ay.
Z69D0. 7- 1. 2 s ec. del ay.
Z69E 4. 0- 5 . 5 s ec. del ay.
DESCRI PTI ON.

The Z69Di s an
el ect r i c aer i al
bur s t f uze wi t h apyr ot echni c del ay.

( Seef g. 176. )
173
GERMANEXPLOSI VEORDNANCE
The body i s of al umi num
and has a s mal l f l ange
at t he t op. I t has s t amped al ong a ci r cumf er en-
t i al gr oove i n i t s wal l , t he
mar ki ngs :
Z 69Dcpp
1a Y. Scr ewed i nt o t he bas e
i s an al umi num
col l ar
whi ch hous es t he
f i r i ng devi ce.

Thi s l at t er
cons i s t s
of abr as s cont act
whi ch i s i ns ul at ed f r om
t he col l ar by a mol di ng of
pl as t i c.

Lyi ng on t op
of t hi s i s t he i gni t er br i dge.

The gr ound r et ur n
f r omt hi s br i dge
t o t he
f uze cas e i s made vi a t he
pr oj ect i on i n
t he br as s
was her , t he al umi num
s ecur i ng r i ng,
and t he
col l ar i t s el f . The cavi t y
s ur r oundi ng t hef i r i ng br i dge i s f i l l ed wi t h a quan-
t i t y of
l oos e bl ackpowder and
i s cl os ed by a t hi n
al umi num
di s c hel d
by t he was her whi ch i s r e-
t ai ned i n pos i t i on
by
t ur ni ng over t he end of t he
col l ar .
The j oi nt i s made
wat er pr oof by a t hi n
coat of
gr eenpai nt cover i ng t hi s end
of t hecol l ar .
At t he ot her
end a t hi ck coat of
whi t e s eal i ng
compound
i s appl i ed af t er t he col l ar has been
s cr ewed
i nt o t he f uze body.

( See f i g. 176. )
OPERATI ON. On r el eas e f r omt he pl ane, t he
i gni t er
br i dge f i r es , i gni t i ng t he l oos e bl ack pow.
der ,
whi chi n t ur n i gni t es t he del ay mi xt ur e. On
expi r at i on of t he bur ni ng of t he del ay, t he s ol i d
bl ack
powder pel l et and t he per f or at ed bl ue pel l et
ar e i gni t ed
. Thes ei n t ur nf i r e t hegai ne, al l owi ng
t he cont ai ner
t o open
.
174
Fi gur e 177- 79
El ect r i cal Aer i al Bur s t Fuze
OP
1666
REMARKS
.
Thi s f uze
i s empl oyed i n t he
f uze
as s embl y f or t heAB 250- 2 cont ai ner
andpr ovi des
an al t er nat i ve del ay t o t he ( 79) , a f uze whi ch
i s a
par t of t he as s embl y.
TheZ69CI I i s us ed i n t he BDC10
cont ai ner
f or t he SC
10- kg
bombs . I t i s s i mi l ar
t o t he
Z69Di n al l r es pect s s ave i n t he
compos i t i on of
t he
powder i n t hedel ay channel , gi vi ng i t
as l i ght -
l y s hor t er del ay t i me.
The Z69Ef uze i s s i mi l ar
i n oper at i on t o t he
Z69Dbut di f f er s s omewhat
i n i nt er nal and ex-
t er nal cons t r uct i on. I t i s empl oyed
i n t he Al
500- 1 cont ai ner and
i s us ed i n conj unct i on
wi t h
t he ( 89) B f uze. The f uze i s r epor t ed
t o gi ve
a
del ay of appr oxi mat el y, f i ve
s econds .
79 ( 79) , ( 79) AELECTRI CAL
AERI AL
BURST
( PYROTECHNI C)
DATA:
Bombs Us ed i n
Par achut e f l ar es .
Phot of l as h bombs .
A/P
and
i ncendi ar y
cont ai ner s .
SC
250
and SC500
.
Col or
79- - unpai nt ed.
( 79)
and
( 79) A- r ed
.
Mat er i al :Al umi num.
Pos s i bl e Act i ons
79- - - 5 and 25 s ec.
( 79) - 3 and30 s ec.
( 7J ) A- - 3and 10 s ec.
Pr i nci pal Mar ki ngs :
El
. Zt . Z_ 79.
El
. Zt . Z_ ( 79) .
El . Zt . Z. ( 79) A.
DESCRI PTI ON. The Z 79 f uze r es embl es t he
59A. Ther e ar e t wo f i r i ng br i dges , one l ocat ed
i n t he pl as t i c mol di ng and one wi t hi n t he al umi -
numbl ock on whos e out er f aces ar e t he powder
del ay t r ai ns .
Thef uze i s unpai nt ed al umi num. The
pl unger s
ar e of t ype 14and t he t i me del ays ar e appr oxi -
mat el y
5 and 25 s econds .

( See f i g. 177. )
The Z( 79)
r es embl es t he s hor t f uzes 59A. I t
i s pai nt edr edand has t wo del ay per i ods of 3 and
30 s econds
.
The
Z
( 79) Af uzes r es embl e t he ( 59) B
. The
pl as t i c mol di ng i s t he s ame as i n t he l at t er
f uze
except t hat t he s wi t ch i s
omi t t ed, t hough t he
met al l i c
cont act s ar e i n pl ace, and t hus t her e i s
no al t er nat i ve
del ay i n t he ci r cui t .
( 89) CLOCKWORK
AERI AL BURST
DATA:
Bombs
Used i n : Phot ogr aphi c
f l ash bombpar a-
chut e
f l ar e- LC 20
cont ai ner s- ABB 500
M. 10
( Boden) .
Col or : Red.
Mat er i al : Al umi num
( const r uct i on t ype
VI ) .
Possi bl e
Act i ons : 80- sec. del ay
maxi mum.
Ar mi ng Ti mes :
I mmedi at el y
on
r el ease
f r om
pl ane.
Pr i nci pal
Mar ki ngs :
Z( 89)
;
Zt . Z. ( 89) .
Subsi di ar y
Mar ki ngs :
1941 by 395; 42 by e.
DESCRI PTI ON
. The l engt h
of t he f uze i s 22
i nches
and t he head i s
over si zed ( one- hal f i nch
l ar ger t han
nor mal ) . Wi t hi n t he f uze
case i s a
cl ock
mechani sm si mi l ar i n
oper at i on and con-
st r uct i on
t o t he cl ock used i n t he
( 17) ser i es. The
gear i ng has
been changed t o gi ve del ay
t i mes up
t o 80 seconds.

Thi s del ay may be var i ed
by, r ot at -
i ng
t he set t i ngbut t on.

Apr oj ect i on on t he
under -
Fi gur e 178- - - ( 89) Cl ockwor k Aer i al Bur st Fuze
FUZES
si de of
t he set t i ng but t on
engages a- nub
on t he
t i mi ng di sc and t ur ns i t t o t he desi r ed set t i ng.
The cl ock i s pr event ed f r omst ar t i ngby a spr i ng
l oaded pl unger passi ng t hr ough t he bal ance
wheel .

The pl unger i s hel d down by a l ead pl ug
seat ed i n a r ubber col l ar .

The col l ar i s r et ai ned
by a br ass di sc .

The
l ead pl ug
i s connect ed t o
t he dr oppi ng gear by a 3- i nch br ass cabl e.

( See
f i g.
178. )
OPERATI ON. When t he bomb
or
f l ar e i s
r e-
l eased f r omt he ai r cr af t , t he l ead pl ug
hol di ng
down t he ar mi ng pl unger i s pul l ed f r ee
of t he
r ubber col l ar by means of t he br ass cabl e
at t ached
t o t he bombr ack. Thi s act i on al l ows t he spr i ng-
l oaded
pl unger t o r emove i t sel f f r omt he bal ance
wheel .

Thecl ockwor k i s nowal l owed t o st ar t and
af t er
r unni ngt he pr eset t i me, i t r el eases t he st r i ker
t o
f i r e t he f uze.
REMARKS
. The ( 89) has no char gi ng pl unger
and i s t her ef or e easi l y
di st i ngui shabl e f r om al l
ot her
( 9) t ypes. The f uze i s not i ni t i at ed el ec-
t r i cal l y and t he t i me del ay i s pr ovi ded
by t he
cl ock.
GERMANEXPLOSI VEORDNANCE

OP 1666
17
6
Fi gure 179--[89)8Cl ockworkAeri al Burst Fuze
(89)B 189)C CLOCKWORKAERI AL BURST
DATA
:
Bombs Used i n : AB250, AB 500, AB1000,
FA50 "Mark 50 F/A. "
Col or : Red.
Mat eri al :

Sheet st eel
and al umi num
.
Possi bl e Act i ons :
Z. 89B- 1- t o80- sec . del ay.
Z890- 2 t o 160
sec.
Marki ngs:
Z89B, Z89Con t he spri ng l oaded
chargi ng
pl at e i s "Nurf ur Hand Ei nst el -
l ung"- - Not
f or hand set t i ng.
Armi ng Ti mes: I mmedi at el y on rel ease f rom
ai rcraf t .
DESCRI PTI ON
. The Z89B i s an el ect ri cal l y
i ni t i at ed cl ockwork
f uze t ogi ve aeri al burst . The
mechani sm
i s encl osed i n asheet met al casi ngsi mi -
l ar
t o t he 55 t ype f uze. The head of t he f uze i s
machi ned t o t ake a normal chargi ng
head but has
one
si ngl e chargi ng pl at e I nst ead of t he t wocharg-
_ng pl ungers. At t ached t o
t he
chargi ng
pl at e i s
t he cont act
rod, t he l ower end of whi ch i s ma-
chi ned ext ernal l y
t o accept
t he
i nsul at ed
boss.
The t i me
set t i ng bush
i s
rot at abl e
and has a
sl ot on t he
upper surf ace t o
t ake t he t i me set t i ng
key. Proj ect i ng
f romt he l ower ext remi t y of t he
t i me set t i ng bush
i s a l ug whi ch cont act s t he nub
on t he t i mi ngdi sk.
The met al l i c st ri p A
makes el ect ri cal cont act
wi t h t he cont act rod when
t he di sc i s depressed.
St ri p A
i s cont i nuous
wi t h met al ri ng Bagai nst
whi ch
spri ng st ri p
Cpresses. The l at t er met al
st ri p
i s i nsul at ed
f romt he body of t he f uze and
i s
connect ed t o t he
f i ri ng bri dge by means of an
i nsul at ed
wi re. The ret urn
ci rcui t i s compl et ed
t o t he body
of t he f uze by asecond i nsul at ed
wi re.
The wi res are
ext ernal t o t he
cl ock
.
Thecl ockwork
mechani smi s si mi l ar t ot he (17)
cri es
cl ock. I t has one
spri ng- l oaded det ent t o
hol d t he f l ywheel
of t he
cl ock i mmovabl e and a
second
spri ng- l oaded' det ent f or saf et y devi ce.
Thi s second
det ent hol ds t he
st ri ker saf et y shut t er
i n pl ace.
The
el ect ri cal i gni t er i s soposi t i oned
t hat when
i t i s f i red, t he
t hermal act i on
creat ed removes t he
det ent s, ret ai ni ng
t he pl ug, al l owi ng t he spri ng
l oaded det ent s
t o remove t hemsel ves
f romt he
cl ock. Nowt he
cl ock can run i t s
set t i me. (See
f i g.
179. )
FUZES
OPERATI ON. Whi l e
t he
bomb
i s i n t he ai rcraf t ,
t he
chargi ng pi ns keep t he chargi ng pl unger
de-
pressed. On rel ease, a charge i s passed t hrough
t he i gn1t er vi a t he cont act ri ng and second
con-
t act st ri p t hereby f i ri ng
i t
.
The expl osi on as ment i oned above
by ei t her
f orce or t hermal act i on removes t he
ret ai ni ng
pl ug, t he det ent s
f l y out
and
t he cl ockwork begi ns
t of unct i on . When
t he
sl ot
i n t he t i mi ng di sc ro-
t at es
t o apoi nt opposi t e t he rel easeni b, t hi s spri ng
l oaded
ni bmoves i nt o t he sl ot . Thi s act i on f rees
t he
st ri ker whi ch i s f orced ont o t he det onat or
f i ri ng
t he f uze.
(89)0 CLOCKWORKAERI AL
BURST FUZE
DATA
BombUsed I n : Cont ai ners.
Col or : Head- al umi numwi t h red ri ng on
ci r-
cumf erence. Body- dark grey.
Mat eri al : Head- al umi num; Body- - - sheet
st eel .
Possi bl e Act i ons: 2- - 831/2 sees.
Armi ng Ti mes
:
I mmedi at el y on
rel ease f rom
ai rcraf t .
Pri nci pal Marki ngs : drh Z(89) D
58.
DESCRI PTI ON.

TheZt . Z. (89) Df uze i s si mi
l ar t o t heZt . Z. (89) B.

On rel ease f romai rcraf t ,
t he i gni t er i s f i red el ect ri cal l y, t he cl ockwork
mechani smst art ed and t he saf et y shut t er rel eased
i n
an i dent i cal manner wi t h t hat of t he Zt . Z. (89)
B. The
t i mi ng di sc, operat ed by t he cl ockwork
mechani sm,
rot at est o
bri ngt he t i mi ng
di sc sl ot i n
l i ne wi t h
t he ni bof t he st ri ker rel ease arm. When
t hi s
posi t i on i s reached, t he st ri ker rot at es, due t o
t he
act i on of t he camsurf aces of t he st ri ker
pro-
j ect i on
and st eel pi l l ar act i ng under t he i nf l uence
of t he
st ri ker spri ng. When t he st ri ker proj ect i on
i s cl ear of t he st eel pi l l ar, t he st ri ker spri ng
f orces
t he f reed st ri ker on
t o
t he det onat or
cap.

(See
f i g. 180. )
REMARKS
.
Thi s f uze has never been
recovered
i n a
cont ai ner and t heref ore t he t ypes i n whi ch
i t i s used arenot known.
ZUS. 40 (TYPE 1)
MECHANI CAL
ANTI WI THDRAWAL
FUZE
DATA:
Bombs Used i n : SC250 &500 Under a (17),
(17) A,
or (17) B.
Col or :
Unpai nt ed.
GERMANEXPLOSI VE
ORDNANCE
178
Fi gure 180-4891D
Cl ockworkAeri al
Burst Fur*
OP
1666
Fi gure 181- - - ZUS
40(Type1) Mechani cal Antl wi thdrawal
Materi al : Al umi num
.
Possi bl eActi ons :
I nstantaneous,
onwi thdrawal
of (17) type
f uze.
Pri nci pal
Marki ngs :
Zus . 40.
Secondary
Marki ngs :
AA1940, 392, bmv41.
DESCRI PTI ON: Thi s f uze i s desi gnated as a
protecti ve devi ce
to prevent wi thdrawal of ati me
f uze f roma bomb.
Thef uze f i ts around thegai ne
of theti me
f uze whi chi t i s protecti ng, andanother
gai ns i s
threaded i nto the base
of the Zus. 40.
(See f i g.
181. )
Thedevi ce
i s cyl i ndri cal wi th
acentral openi ng
i ntheupper
surf ace
to recei vethegai ns of thef uze
whi ch i t protects
. I n one si de of the wal l
i s an
arm
attached to
aspri ng- l oaded
stri ker sl i di ngi n
FUZES
a
channel .

Thi s armi s
restrai nedbythegai ns of
the
Rhei nmetal l f uze. A
detonator i s l ocated at
the
other endof thi s channel
and
i s
hel di nposi ti on
by athreaded brass pl ug.

A
smal l f l ash channel
bel ow
thedetonator l eads to
thebooster pel l et .

A
smal l bl ack powder charge
i ntensi f i es the f l ash
f romthe
detonator
.

Locatedi n achamber bel ow
the stri ker i s a spri ng- l oaded detest hel d i n posi -
ti on by a steel bal l .

The base of the Zus. 40 i s
cl osedby
apl atethreadedto
recei ve agame.

To
prevent
wi thdrawal of the
Zus
.
40when the ti me
f uze
i s removed, spri i f g- l oaded kni f eedges i n thi s
model are
pl aced i n the upper surf aceof
the
de-
vi ce. Two kni ves wi th pi ano wi re spri ngs bi te
i nto thesi des of thef uze packet andresi st upward
movement.
179
GERMANEXPLOSI VE
ORDNANCE
Fi gur e 182-ZUS 40 ( Type 111) Mechani cal
Ant i wi t hdr awal
w
OPERATI ON
.

Bef or e t he f uze i s pl aced
i n t he
f uze
pocket , t he s t r i ker i s r et ai ned by t he s pr i ng-
l oaded det ent and bal l . When t he t i me f uze gai ne
i s i ns er t ed i nt o t he t op of t he Zus . 40, t he s t r i ker
ar mi s
f or ced back i nt o t he body of t he Zus . 40.
Thi s moves t he s t r i ker
back
agai ns t i t s s pr i ng
and
r emoves t he s houl der of t he s t r i ker f r omt he de
t ent .

On i mpact , t he s t eel bal l moves t owar d t he
nos e
of t he bomb, f or ci ng t he det ent upwar d
180
STRI KERCHANNEL
SLOTTEDI NSET
DETONATOR
SAFE
FI RED
SPRI NG
ARMI NGPI N
RETAI NI NG
BALL
RETAI NI NGBALL
OP 1666
t hr ough
cammi ng act i on. As s oon as t he bal l i s
f r ee f r omunder
t he det ent , t he det ent moves down
and out of
t he s t r i ker cavi t y. TheZus . 40i s
now
ar med. When t he t i me f uze
i s wi t hdr awn 0. 6
i nch t he
s t r i ker ar mi s f r eed, andt hes t r i ker moves
acr os s t o hi t t he
det onat or . The det onat or f i r es
t he r el ay,
whi ch f l as hes t hr ough t he hol e t o
t he
gai ne, expl odi ng t he
gai ne andt he bomb.
DATA:
ZUS. Z. 40(TYPE 1 1 ) , MECHANICAL
ANTIWITHDRAWAL FUZE
Bombs Used i n :
SC
250and500under a (1 7) ,
(1 7) A, or (1 7) B.
Col or : Unpai nt ed.
Mat er i al : Pl ast i c .
Possi bl e Act i ons
: Inst ant aneous, on
wi t hdr awal
of (1 7) t ype f uze.
Pr i nci pal Mar ki ngs: Zus.
Z.
40.
DESCRIPTION.

Thi s f uzei s si mi l ar t ot heZus.
40, but i s made of l i ght pl ast i c mat er i al and has
t hr ee kni f e edges
t o pr event r emoval
f r omt hef uze,
pocket . Thesekni f eedges ar eact uat ed by spr i ng-
l oaded pl unger , r at her t han by l i ght pi anowi r e, as
wi t h t he Zus. 40,

In al l ot her r espect s, t hi s f uze
i s i dent i cal t ot heZus. 40.
ZUS. Z. 40 (TYPE
1 1 1 ) , MECHANICAL
ANTIWITHDRAWAL
FUZE
_) ATA
BombsUsedi n :

SC
250
and
500under a (1 7) ,
(1 7)
A,
or (1 7) B.
Col or :
Unpai nt ed.
Mat er i al : Al umi num.
Possi bl e
Act i ons: Inst ant aneous, on
wi t h-
dr awal
of (1 7) t ype f uze.
Pr i nci pal Mar ki ngs
: Zus. Z. 40
.
DESCRIPTION.

Ext er nal l y t hi s f uze i s si mi l ar
t o t he Zus. Z. 40pl ast i c (t ype II) model , but t he
body i s made of met al , and t he component par t s
have i n
some cases been r edesi gned andt he mode
of oper at i on al t er ed. (See f i g. 1 82. )
The
body of t he f uze has been dr i l l ed ver t i cal l y
beneat h one of t he
t hr ee kni f e- edged
r et ai ner s,
t o accommodat e t he
st r i ker , st r i ker
spr i ng, and
r et ai ner pl unger.
The det onat or i s l ocat ed i n a
' ) ousi ng f or med
ver t i cal l y beneat h
t he st r i ker
- sousi ng. Int er posed
bet ween t he
st r i ker and t he
det onat or i s t he st r i ker det ent . Thi s det ent , de-
si gned on t he l i nes o? t he st r i ker of t he ear l i er
t ypes of
t he Zus. Z. 40i s dr i l l ed t o pr ovi de a
st r i ker channel , whi l easl ot t ed i nset , secur edi n t he,
f or war d ext r emi t y of t he, det ent , accommodat es
t he st r i ker poi nt andal l ows
f or
movement of t he
det ent al ong i t s housi ng. The st r i ker det ent i s
machi ned on i t s under si de t o accept t he st emof
t he ar mi ng
pi n, whi ch, when t he f uze i s unar med,
i s r et ai ned i n posi t i on by
t he
r et ai ni ng bal l .
ELM
I
F
AIUF
SMa
Fuze Boer
B
FUZES
Fi gur e
1 83- 50
El ect r i cal Ant i di st ur bance Fuze
OPERATION. Bef or e i mpact t he
r et ai ni ng
bal l
l ocks t he ar mi ng pi n i n t he housi ngon t heunder
si de of t he st r i ker det ent .
The st r i ker
det ent
masks t he det onat or andr et ai ns t he st r i ker poi nt
wi t hi n t he sl ot . On i mpact ,
t he r et ai ni ng bal l i s
f or ced out of
posi t i on f r ombeneat h t he ar mi ng
pi n, and t he ar mi ng pi n
spr i ng f or ces t he pi n
cl ear of t he st r i ker det ent . The st r i ker det eut i s
nowhel d i n posi t i on onl y
by t hedet ent ar m, whi ch
bear s agai nst
t he
gai ne of t he t i me f uze. When
t he t i me f uze i s wi t hdr awn,
t he det ent i s f or ced
al ong
i t s housi ng
under t he act i on of i t s spr i ng.
Thest r i ker channel i s t hus br ought i nt o al i gnment
wi t h bot h t he st r i ker and
t he det onat or , and t he
st r i ker i s f or ced by i t s spr i ng
i nt o t he det onat or .
Ther esul t ant f l ash, passi ngt hr ought hef l ash hol es
i n t he base of t he f uze, i ni t i at es
t he gai ne and
subsequent l y t he mai n char ge
of t he bomb.
50
ELECTRICANTIDISTURBANCE FUZE
DATA:
Bombs UsedIn : SC
250and 500i n conj unct i on
wi t h at ype 7 f uze.
Col or : Gr een.
Mat er i al : Al umi num.
Possi bl e Act i ons: Inst ant aneous, on
di st ur bance
of bomb.
Ar mi ng Ti me: 3 mi n. (appr ox. ) .
Pr i nci pal Mar ki ngs:
50.
Secondar y Mar ki ngs: None.
GERMANEXPLOSI VE
ORDNANCE
DESCRI PTI ON. Thi s f uze
cont ai ns onl y one
f i r i ng
ci r cui t and
i ncor por at es a ver y hi gh r esi st -
ance t o gi ve a l ong ar mi ng
t i me, al l owi ng t he bomb
t o be compl et el y at r est
bef or e t he f uze ar ms.
The t wo swi t ches ar e t ypi cal
i ner t i a t ype, onl y
mor e sensi t i ve t han t hose f ound
i n or di nar y i m-
pact f uzes. They oper at e on a
decel er at i on of
onl y 1/ 3 g.
Saf et y swi t chi ng i s accompl i shed by
depr essi on
of t he
A
pl unger , whi ch
act s as a swi t ch i n t he
gr oundci r cui t . Depr essi on of
t he Bpl unger wi l l
f i r e t he f uze. I f t he Bpl unger
i s f ounddepr essed,
r el ease of t he pl unger may al so cause t he f uze t o
f i r e .

( See f i g.
183. )
REMARKS.

1. Const r uct i on t ype 2.
( 50) ELECTRI CANTI DI STURBANCEFUZE
DATA
:
Bombs
Used i n : SC250
and5{10 i n conj unct i on
wi t h a t ype 7 f uze.
Col or :
Gr een.
Mat er i al : Al umi num.
Possi bl e
Act i ons : I nst ant aneous,
on di st ur bance
of bomb
.
Ar mi ng
Ti me : 5 mi n.
( appr ox. ) .
Pr i nci pal
Mar ki ngs :
El . Z. ( 50) .
Secondar y Mar ki ngs : AA1940 cpp 1941.
DESCRI PTI ON.

Thi s f uze i s si mi l ar t o t he 50,
but
i ncor por at es t wo f i r i ng ci r cui t s
. The
B
Fi gur e 184- - ( 50) El ect r i cal Anl i di st ur bance Fuze
182
OP
1666
pl unger char ges t wo r eser voi r condenser s, each
of
whi ch i s capabl e of f i r i ng t he si ngl e i gni t er
br i dge
t hr ough
i t s own sensi t i ve swi t ch
. The swi t ches
ar e si mi l ar t o t he vi br at or y t ype f ound i n t he 50
f uze, oper at i ng on
1/ 3- g
decel er at i on.
The Apl unger act s as a swi t ch i n
t he gr ound
ci r cui t , whi l e depr essi on of t he
B
pl unger
wi l l f i r e
t he
f uze.

( See f i g . 184. )
The r esi st ance i n t hi s f uze has been
i ncr eased,
gi vi ng a l onger ar mi ng t i me ( about 5
mi nut es)
t han i s f ound i n t he 50 f uze.
REMARKS.

1. Const r uct i on t ype 2.
( 50)
YELLOWTOP ELECTRI C
ANTI DI STURBANCEFUZE
DATA:
Bombs Used i n : SC250 and500 i n conj unct i on
wi t h a t ype
7
f uze.
Col or :
Gr een; yel l ow ar ound f uze
head.
Mat er i al : Al umi num.
Possi bl e Act i ons : I nst ant aneous, on di st ur bance
of bomb.
Ar mi ng Ti mes : 3. 5- 4. 0 mi n.
( appr ox. ) .
Pr i nci pal Mar ki ngs : El .
A. Z. ( 50)
.
Secondar y Mar ki ngs : cpp 1941
.
DESCRI PTI ON. Thi s f uze i ncor por at es t wo
f i r i ng
ci r cui t s andi s si mi l ar i n al most
al l r espect s
t o t he or di nar y ( 50) f uze.

The Apl unger , how
ever ,
i s of
a newt ype.

Ondepr essi on
i t act s as a
1
Ij r / womm" I
Xs
.
. , 4TXF
600mst
ma
FUZEBODY
s
Fi gur e 183- - 150) Yel l ow Top El ect r i cal
Ant i di st ur bance Fuze
swi t ch i n
bot h t he armi ng and f i ri ng ci rcui t s .

i ndi cat es t hat t he f uze i s unsui t abl e f or
l owl evel
( See f i g. 185. ) .

at t ack.
The yel l ow
pai nt around t he head of t he f uze

REMARKS.

1. Type 2const ruct i on .
Fi gure 186A---50b or "Y" El ect ri cal Ant i di st urbance
FUZES
183
GERMANEXPLOSI VE
ORDNANCE
184
3VOLTS
ARMI NGCI RCUI T DI AGRAM
VI BRATORY SWI TCH
1V
i 6

X

ARMI NGSWtTCH- PX
FI RI NGCI RCUI T DI AGRAM
Fi gure 1868- 50bor "Y" El ectri cal Anti di sturbanc
Wi ri ng Di agram
506 or "Y" ELECTRI CANTI DI STURBANCE
FUZE
DATA:
Bombs
Used i n : H. E' . bombs,
al one or
wi th
other
Rhei nmetal l f uzes .
Col or :
Darkgrey.
Materi al : Al umi num.
Possi bl e
Acti ons :
I nstantaneous, on di sturbance
of bomb.
Pri nci pal Marki ngs : El . A. Z. ( 25) B; El .
A.
Z.
( 25) B.
Secondary Marki ngs
:
Fuze head.

Fuze body.
cpp
Y2a.

bmv 13e *42.
cpp
Y3a.

506 cpp *38.
1942.
OP 1666
DESCRI PTI ON
. The f uze consi sts
of two mai n
parts,
the upper part whi ch has a
l i qui d- ti ght
cl osed
i nner
end i s very
si mi l ar
to
the
upper por-
ti on of the ( 17) Af uze and
serves
a si mi l ar purpose
( heat f roma
thermi te charge, vi a
an al umi num
cyl i nder,
arms the l ower part
of
the f uze)
. The
swi tch on the f uze bead i s a dummy, as al so i s one
of thepl ungers .

Onespeci men has
been recovered
wi th noswi tch on the f uze head.
The l ower secti on of the f uze contai ns a
pol y-
styrene mol di ng, whi ch houses a si mpl e wi ri ng
ci rcui t, whi ch connects two 1. 5- vol t dry cel l s wi th
a l ow
tensi on el ectri c i gni ter. The ci rcui t i s
con-
nected i n
paral l el wi th f our sensi ti ve
swi tches.
Three of these are of the mercury type, whi l e the
f ourth
i s a
normal vi bratory swi tch. Twoof the
mercury swi tches are i n the hori zontal pl ane, at
ri ght angl es to each other . The thi rd mercury
swi tch and the vi bratory swi tch are i n the verti cal
pl ane, paral l el tothe l ongi tudi nal axi s of the f uze.
I n the hi nge of a col l et whi ch recei ves the al u-
mi numi ncendi ary boss
f rom
the upper
secti on of
the f uze i s a f usi bl e metal pl ug, whi ch anchors
one end of a
spri ng under tensi on.
Thi s spri ng,
whi l e
so
anchored, acts as a saf ety devi ceby short-
ci rcui ti ng
the el ectri c i gni ter . Asecondary saf ety
devi ce
i s contai ned i n the f l ange of the col l et, where
a pol ystyrene pel l et i s posi ti oned to prevent a
spri ng- l oaded el ectri c contact pl unger f romarm-
i ngthef i ri ngci rcui t. ( See f i g. 186Aand 186B. )
Agai ne i s screwed
i nto the base of the f uze, and
the f l ash channel of the gai ne contai ns a pressed
powder rel ay pel l et .
The base of the
f uze
i s
coni cal i n shape, and
around the
base runs a spl i t steel ri ng. When the
f uze i s wi thdrawn,
the ri ng ri des up the sl ope of
the cone
and j ams agai nst the si de of the f uze
pocket, preventi ng wi thdrawal of the
f uze
.
OPERATI ON. On
i mpact the thermi te compo-
si ti on
hel d i n the contai ner i n the upper secti on of
the f uze i s i gni ted
by the f l ash f romr. he i gni ter
bri dge. Thi s
i ncendi ary composi ti on heats the
wal l s of
the al umi numboss of the f uze body whi ch
mel ts both the
pol ystyrene pel l et contai ned i n the
f l angeof the col l et and
the f usi bl e metal pl ug con-
tai ned i n the
hi nge of the col l et .
Under the i nf l uence of
i ts spri ng, the contact
pl unger
moves f orward to,
arm
the f i ri ng
ci rcui t .
Under i ts own tensi on,
the metal spri ng i s drawn
cl ear of
the f used metal pl ug and
ceases to short
ci r cui t t he i gni t er
br i dge. Thef uze
i s nowf ul l y
ar med.
Thef uze
nowoper at es as anor mal
( 50) f uze so
f ar as t he vi br at or y swi t ch i s concer ned,
whi l e
a
r ot at i on of 2° i s suf f i ci ent t ocl ose one or mor e
of
t he mer cur y
swi t ches . These f our swi t ches
ar e
wi r ed i n par al l el , and
t he
cl osi ng of any
one, wi l l
i mmedi at el y compl et et hef i r i ngci r cui t andf i r et he
i gni t er
br i dge. The f l ash
f r omt he l ow
t ensi on
i gni t er br i dge i gni t es t he r el ay. pel l et i n t he gai ne
hol der , andt he f l ash f r omt hi s pel l et i ni t i at es t he
expl osi ve
gai neanddet onat es t hebomb
.
Fi gur e 187-FZ60Cl ockwor kAer i al Bur st Faze
FUZES
185
GERMANEXPLOSI VE
ORDNANCE
REMARKS.

1. Const r uct i on
t ype I A.

2. I t i s
r epor t ed t hat t hi s f uze can
r emai n act i ve f or
sever al mont hs .
FZ 60 CLOCKWORKAERI AL
BURST FUZE
DATA:
Bombs Used i n : Suppl y- dr oppi ng
cont ai ner .
Col or : Unpai nt ed.
186
RESTRAI NGARM
STRI KER
SPRI NG
DETENT LEVER
DETENT SPI NDLE
I NERTI ABLOCK
SPRI NGSTEEL
Fi gur e 789={70l 8
Cl ockwor kAnt i di st ur bance Fuze
Mat er i al
: Al umi num.
Possi bl e
Act i ons : Up
t o 60seconds af t er
r el ease,
Ar mi ng Ti mes :
I mmedi at el y
on r el ease.
Pr i nci pal
Mar ki ngs :
FZ
60.
Secondar y
Mar ki ngs : dr h 1943.
DESCRI PTI ON.

The f uze i s empl oyed
t o shear
a
cabl e on a suppl y cont ai ner t o r el ease t he
par a
chut e
.

The f uze i s housed wi t hi n a r ecess
cut i n
RELEASE PI N
MAI N SPRI NG
DRI VI NGWHEEL
DRI VI NG
WHEEL
TOOTHLESS SECTOR
STUD
OP
1666
one
of t he f our t ai l f i ns of t he cont ai ner and i s
secur ed
i n posi t i on by t wo met al st r aps
.
( See
f i g .
187
. )
The
f uze consi st s of a nor mal cl ockwor k mech-
ani sm
housed i n a cyl i ndr i cal al umi numcont ai ner
.
The
f uze i s hel d i n t he unar med posi t i on unt i l
r el ease
f r omt he pl ane by a saf et y pi n
.
Thi s
saf et y
pi n hol ds an ar mi ng det ent upwar ds agai nst
t he
t ensi on of i t s spr i ng and i n engagement wi t h
t he
escapement mechani smof t he cl ock
.
OPERATION
.
When t he cont ai ner i s r el eased
f r om
t he pl ane, a st at i c cor d r emoves t he saf et y
pi n,
f r eei ng t he ar mi ng det ent and al l owi ng t he
cl ock
t o begi n f unct i oni ng
.
When t he cl ock has
r un
out i t s pr escr i bed set t i ng, a st r i ker i s f r eed
and
al l owed t o st r i ke a det onat or
.
Thef l ash f r om
t he
det onat or passes t hr ough t he f l ash channel i n
t he
base of t he f uze body and i gni t es t he powder
pel l et
l ocat ed i n t he game
.

A
ci r cul ar kni f e, r e-
t ai ned
by a shear wi r e, i s l ocat ed beneat h t he
owder
pel l et i n t he gai ne, and t he par achut e r e-
. ease
cabl e i s passed t hr ough t wohol es i n t he base
of
t he gai ne i mmedi at el y bel owt he kni f e
.
The
expl osi on
of t he powder pel l et f or ces t he ci r cul ar
kni f e
t hr ough t he shear wi r e andcauses i t t o sever
t he
cabl e
.
( 70) A
CHEMICAL- MECHANICAL LONGDE-
LAY
ANDANTIDISTURBANCEFUZE
DATA
:
Bombs
Usedi n
:
SD2B
.
Col or :
Unpai nt ed
.
Mat er i al
:
Al l oy
.
Possi bl e
Act i ons
:
Ant i di st ur bance
;
l ong del ay
.
Ar mi ng
Ti mes
:
5 mi n
.
( appr ox
. ) .
DESCRIPTION
.

Al t hough
t hi s f uze has not as
yet
been r ecover ed, i t s exi st ence has been ascer -
-
. i ned
f r omexami nat i onof manycapt ur edenemy
uocument s
.
The
f uze i s an ant i cbst ur bance f uze, dependi ng
on
posi t i on, wi t h a chemi cal l ong del ay of f r om
4
t o 30 hour s as a sel f - dest r uct i ve devi ce
.
The
f uze
has t he same appear ance as t he ( 41) Af uze,
wi t h
smal l di f f er ences i n t he spi ndl e andt he f uze
head.
The f uze i s par t i al l y ar med by t he r ot a-
t i on
of t he ar mi ng spi ndl e, and i s f ul l y ar med
af t er
about J 5 mi nut es, whent he cel l ul oi d pl at e on
t he
shor t del ay st r i ker di ssol ves
.
If t he bomb r e-
mai ns
wi t hout di st ur bance, t he l ong del ay mech-
FUZES
ani sm
comes i nt o oper at i on as a sel f - dest r uct i ve
devi ce.
The
f uze can be used i n t he SD2B( "But t er f l y
bomb") ,
whi ch has a bayonet t ype f i t t i ng f or t he
f uze.
Empl oyment
of t hi s f uze agai nst a r et r eat i ng
enemy
i s f or bi dden because of t he danger t o own
t r oops .
Li ke t he ( 70) Bf uze, i t i s t o be used
agai nst
t ar get s behi ndt he f r ont l i ne f or har assi ng
ef f ect
onl y
.
( 70)
B, ( 70) B/ 1, CLOCKWORKANTI-
DISTURBANCE
FUZE
DATA:

_
Bombs
Used i n
:
SD2B
.
Col or :
Unpai nt ed
.
Mat er i al :
Al l oy met al
.
Possi bl e
Act i ons
:
Ant i di st ur bance
.
Ar mi ng
Ti mes
:
5 seconds af t er i mpact
.
Pr i nci pal
Mar ki ngs
:
( 70) B, ( 70) B/ 1
.
Secondar y
Mar ki ngs
:
"cj a" anddat e, - i s
:
"8/ 42"X
et c.
DESCRIPTION.
Thi s f uze can be di st i ngui shed
by
t he mar ki ngs andby t he r ai sedboss ont he f uze
head.
It i s ot her wi se si mi l ar i n appear ance t o t he
( 67)
f uze
.

( See
f i g
.
188
. )
The
cl ockwor k mechani smcompl et es i t s r un i n
t hr ee
per i ods
:
dur i ng descent , f or about 1/ 2 second
;
on
i mpact , f or about 5 seconds
;
af t er di st ur bance,
f or
about 1 second
.
The
mai nspr i ng of t he f uze i s woundar ound a
st ud
and engages a r el ease pi n, t endi ng t o f or ce
t he
dr i vi ng wheel i n a cl ockwi se di r ect i on
.
Thi s
dr i vi ng
wheel , mount ed on a boss, car r i es t wo
pr oj ect i ng
pi ns and has a sl ot t hr ough whi ch t he
ar mi ng
r od passes i nt o t hel ower f uze casi ng
.
One
sect or
of t he dr i vi ng wheel i s t oot hl ess
.
The
bal ance wheel cont r ol s t he r unni ng speed
by
t he act i on of t he t wo pal l et bosses on t he es-
capement .
At t ached t o one of t hese bosses i s a
smal l
spr i ng ( not shown) whi ch bear s agai nst
t he
ar mi ng r od and so l ocks t he mechani smunt i l
t he
ar mi ng r od i s wi t hdr awn dur i ng descent
.
An
i ner t i a spr i ng i s anchor ed by a scr ewand
car r i es
on i t s f r ee end a st op pi n pr oj ect i ng f r om
a
wei ght ed boss
.
Al oosel y mount ed i ner t i a bl ock
i s
suppor t ed by a l engt h of spr i ng st eel hel d i n
pl ace
by a st ud
.
The
st r i ker assembl y, cont ai ni ng a st r i ker spr i ng,
st r i ker ,
and cap, i s i dent i cal t o t hat of t he ( 41)
f uze.
The st r i ker i s hel d cocked by t he det ent
187
GERMANEXPLOSI VEORDNANCE
spi ndl e, on whi ch i s mounted the str i ker detent
l ever ,
whi ch i s pr evented f r omr otati ng by the
r estr ai ni ng ar m.
OPERATI ON. The saf ety pi ns or wi r es
ar e
r eeved thr oughthe hol es i n the studs
on
the
top of
the f uze head and al so thr ough the hol es i n the
ar mi ng r od. These ar e r emoved bef or e the
bomb
i s l oaded i n the contai ner .
On r el ease f r omthe contai ner , the vanes r otate
and
wi thdr awthe ar mi ng r od f r omthe f uze body,
f r eei ng
the bal ance wheel . Thi s al l ows the cl ock
mechani sm
to r un unti l the r el ease pi n comes
agai nst
the i ner ti a spr i ng stop pi n.
On
i mpact
the i ner ti a moves downwar ds, cl ear -
i ng the r el ef se pi n.
The cl ock
mechani sm
then
r estar ts unti l the stop pi n comes up
agai nst the
ni b on the i ner ti a bl ock
. Thi s l eaves the f uze i n
a f ul l y ar med condi ti on
.
Any subsequent
shock wi l l di spl ace the l i ghtl y
bal ance i ner ti a
bl ock, di sengagi ngthe ni b f r omthe
stop pi n. The cl ock mechani sm
then begi ns i ts
f i nal
r un.
Af ter
r unni ng f or about 1 second, the toothl ess
sector of the
dr i vi ng wheel comes i nto l i ne wi th
1 88
Fi gur e 1 89- 4701 HModi f i ed Anf i di stur bance Faze
OP
1 666
the pi ni on of the escapement
whi ch
ther ef or e ceases
to contr ol the
r unni ng speed of the cl ock . The
dr i vi ng
wheel conti nues to r un wi th i ncr eased mo-
mentumunti l the r el ease pi n hi ts the r estr ai ni ng
ar mand di sengages i t f r omthe str i ker detent l ever .
The compr essed str i ker spr i ng i s then f r ee to f or ce
the
str i ker i nto the cap and expl ode the bomb.
REMARKS.

1 . The ( 70) B/ 1 i s i denti cal to the
nor mal ( 70) BTexcept f or mi nor modi f i cati ons i n
the cl ockwor k mechani sm.
( 70) B, CLOCKWORK
ANTI DI STURBANCE
FUZE
( MODI FI ED)
DATA:
Bombs Used i n : Ai r cr af t towed par avane bomb
.
Col or : Unpai nted.
Mater i al
: Al l oy metal .
Possi bl e Acti ons :
Anti di stur bance .
Ar mi ngTi mes :
About 5i /2
seconds
af ter ar mi ng
vanes r el eased .
Pr i nci pal
Mar ki ngs : ( 74) B.
Secondar y
Mar ki ngs : 1 3.
DESCRI PTI ON. The modi f i ed ( 70) B
f uze i s
si mi l ar t o t he nor mal ( 70) B, wi t h
t he f ol l owi ng
except i ons
:
A.
An ar mi ng vane st em, wi t h an
ei ght - bl aded
ar mi ng vane at t ached, i s
f i xed t o t he ar mi ng
spi n-
dl e by t wo scr ews i n t he nor mal
manner ;
B. No i ner t i a spr i ng i s f i t t ed
;
C. The st ud whi ch f or ms
t he dr i vi ng
wheel
pi vot i s pr ovi ded wi t h r i ght - band,
i nst ead of
l ef t -
hand t hr eadi ng;
D. I n st or age, a t hi n
wi r e secur es t he ar mi ng
vane t o t he saf et y pi n.

( See f i g.
189. )
OPERATI ON. When t he ar mi ng
vanes ar e
r e-
l eased, t he vanes r ot at e and wi t hdr aw
t he
ai mi ng
spi ndl e. When t he spi ndl e has been
wi t hdr awn
about one- quar t er i nch, t he escapement
l ocki ng
spr i ng i s f r eed and t he cl ockwor k
mechani smcom-
mences t o ar mt he f uze.
Af t er about 51/2seconds, t he
dr i vi ng wheel st op
pi n i s br ought t o bear agai nst t he
ni b of t he r e-
l ease bl ock, and t he cl ockwor k i s st opped
by t hi s
engagement .

The f uze i s t hen f ul l y ar med
.
Any subsequent di st ur bance of t he f uze' or bomb
wi l l causet he f uze t o f unct i on i n a
manner i dent i -
cal t o t hat descr i bed f or t he nor mal ( 70)
B.
VZ ( 80) MECHANI CAL
I MPACT
"ALL- WAYS" ACTI ON FUZE
DATA:
Bombs Used
i n : HS
293 ( t o dest r oy equi p-
ment ) .
THREADS TOTARETUBE
CONTAI NI NG PENTHRI TE
WAX
Col or
: Unpai nt ed.
Mat er i al : Al umi num.
Possi bl e Act i ons
. I nst ant aneous .
Mar ki ngs : VZ( 80) cpp3by.
Fi gur e 190- VZ( 80) Mechani cal Al l - Ways Act i onFuze
DESCRI PTI ON_ Thi s f uze i s
housed i n t he
r a-
di o
compar t ment
of t he HS
293 i mmedi at el y t o
t he r ear of t he war head.
I t i s a sensi t i ve "al l -
ways"
act i on i mpact
f uze
and i t s onl y f unct i on
i s t o dest r oy t he r adi o equi pment .

( See f i g.
190
. )
The f uze i s const r uct ed so as t o f i t i nt o t he st and-
ar d f uze pocket . The f uze bo{l y i s t hr eaded i n-
t er nal l y at t he base t o t ake a st andar d gai ne and
ext er nal l y t o t ake
t he char ge case whi ch i s f i l l ed
wi t h pent hr i t e wax ( appr oxi mat el y 6 ounces) .
Achamber machi ned t hr ough t he l at er al axi s
of t he f uze accommodat es t he st r i ker assembl y.
The i nner wal l of t hi s chamber i s a
concave
t r un-
cat ed cone agai nst whi ch t he det onat or hol der
bear s
.
The st r i ker assembl y consi st s of t hest r i ker body,
st r i ker needl e, cr eep spr i ng and det onat or hol der .
The
head of t he
st r i ker body i s coni cal i n shape
and bear s agai nst t he ci r cul ar cl osi ng cap whi ch
i s
posi t i oned i n t he
mout h of t he machi ned cham-
ber .
When t he st r i ker assembl y i s assembl ed i n t he
f uze, t he st r i ker body
par t i al l y ent er s t he det ona-
t or
hol der
and
i s
r et ai ned cl ear of t he det onat or
by means of t he cr eep spr i ng.
FUZES
189
GERMANEXPLOSI VEORDNANCE
Asaf et y f eat ur e i s
i ncor por at ed by means of
a st r i ker det ent . Adet ent
r et ai ner , one end of
whi ch i s at t ached t o a wheel
i n t he cl ockwor k
mechani sm, keeps t he st r i ker det ent i n posi t i on
unt i l appr oxi mat el y 5 seconds af t er t he bomb
l eaves t he ai r cr af t . The cl ockwor k
r egul at es t he
l engt h of ar mi ng t i me.
OPERATI ON. When t he bombi s
r el eased f r om
t he ai r cr af t , an ar mi ng l i nk or st at i c cor d pul l s
out t he saf et y pi n whi chl ocks t he
st r i ker det ent r e-
t ai ner . On t hi s act i on t he ext ended spr i ng
at -
t ached t o t he st r i ker det ent r et ai ner exer t s
i t s
f or ce
upon t he
r et ai ner
movi ng i t cl ear of t he st r i ker
det ent . The speed at whi ch t hi s t akes pl ace i s
gover ned by t he cl ockwor k gear t r ai n. When t he
r et ai ner i s cl ear of t he st r i ker det ent , t he det ent
spr i ng f or ces i t away f r omt he st r i ker assembl y .
The f uze i s nowar med wi t h onl y t he cr eep
spr i ng mai nt ai ni ng
t he
st r i ker cl ear of t he det o-
nat or cap. On i mpact ,
t he
st r i ker body moves f or -
war d agai nst
t he cr eep
spr i ng and t he poi nt of
t he st r i ker
i mpi nges upon t he det onat or
f i r i ng i t .
The f l ash
passes t hr ought he
channel as shown and
190
WI RE
LEADFROM
NOSE
SWI TCHTO MAI NFI RI NG
CI RCUI T
Fi gur e
191A- Dust Fuze f or SD10Bomb
OP 1666
set s of f t he gai ne and t hen t he mai n
char ge ;
t he
mai n char ge consi st i ng of t he pent hr i t e
wax i n
t he
cont ai ner ar ound t he gai ne
.
( 80) A, MECHANI CAL
I MPACT,
"ALL- WAYS" ACTI ONFUZE
DATA
Bombs Used i n . "V- 1", f l yi ng bomb.
Col or . Unpai nt ed.
Mat er i al : Al umi num.
Possi bl e : Act i ons : I nst ant aneous.
Ar mi ng Ti mes : 6- 7 mi nut es .
Pr i nci pal Mar ki ngs : ( 80) A.
DESCRI PTI ON. Thi s f uze i s ver y si mi l ar i n ap-
pear ance and const r uct i on t o t he VZ( 80) but di f -
f er s f r omi t i n t he f ol l owi ng r espect s : ( a) The
l ower par t of t he f uze body i s not t hr eaded
t o
r e-
cei ve t he speci al expl osi ve- f i l l ed pocket
whi ch i s
f i t t ed t o t he
VZ
( 80) ; ( b) t he cl ock- wor k
whi ch
cont r ol s
t he
ar mi ng t i me r uns f or 6
or
7
mi nut es
bef or e t he f uze
ar ms,
as
agai nst
about 5 seconds
f or
t he VZ
( 80) .
There i s no marki ng
on
t he
f uze
head.
OPERATION.
When t he bomb i s l aunched, t he
armi ng ri ng of
t he f uze i s pul l ed, removi ng t he
cent ral part
of t he al umi numdi aphragmand t he
s pi ral l ed armi ngwi re.
Theremoval of t he l at t er
rel eas es a l ever whi ch f rees t he bal ance wheel of
t he cl ock
and al l ows t he cl ock t o begi n operat i ng.
Af t er B or
7 mi nut es , t he armhol di ng down t he
armi ng bol t
s pri ngs t o one s i de, and t he armi ng
det ent
i s
f orced
out by i t s s pri ng. The f uze i s
nowf ul l y armedand
f unct i ons i n amanner i den-
t i cal t o t hat of t he
VZ( 30) .
DUST FUZE
FORGERMANSD10 BOMB
DESCRIPTION,
The
pri nci pl e of chargi ng a
condens er
el ect ros t at i cal l y bymeans
of
a
dus t
f i el d
was devel oped
s everal years ago by t he el ect ri cal
f uze l aborat ory of
Rhei nmet al l Bors i g. It was
deci ded earl y i n 1943
t o i ncorporat e s uch a pri n-
ci pl e i nt o f uzes f or t he
proj ect i l es ands mal l bombs .
The ori gi nal t es t s on
t he f eas i bi l i t y of dus t t ype
armi ng f uzes f or s mal l
bombs were carri ed out
us i ng t he
El 224. 02 37- mm.
proj ect i l e f uze es -
peci al l y adapt edf or
t he SD4 ant i pers onnel bomb.
Thet es t dat a res ul t i ng
f romt he us e of t hi s equi p-
ment
proved t o be very
i nadequat e.
In order
t o f urt her devel op t hi s
pri nci pl e f or
us e i n bombs ,
an i mpact nos e f uze was
devel oped
f or t he SD10
ant i pers onnel bomb whi ch i ncor-
porat ed a l arger
s t at i c
generat or t han whi ch has
previ ous l y been
us ed.
Thi s f uze
was s o des i gned t hat t he
s t at i c, gen-
erat or neces s ary f or
creat i ng t he requi red el ect ri -
cal charge coul d
be i ns t al l ed i n
t he bas e of t he ol d
A. Z.
C.
10
mechani cal i mpact
f uze. For t he s ake
of s i mpl i ci t y t hi s
f uze can be di vi ded i nt o t wo
mai n
part s :
A- t he upper hal f whi ch cons i s t s
of
t he s t at i c generat or
and one i mpact
s wi t ch, and
t 3- t he l ower hal f
whi ch cons i s t s of t he body
of
i e f uze. Apl eai gl as
i ns ul at i ng ri ng
s eparat es
t i e s t at i c generat or
f romt he mai n
body of t he
f uze. ( See f i gs . 191A
and 191B. )
The
cons t i t uent
component s f or each
part are as
f ol l ows
A. Upper part
( s t at i c generat or)
1. Cent ral
s haf t .
l a. Nos e
i mpact s wi t ch.
2. Out er generat or
cone.
3. Inner generat or
cone.
4. Pl exi gl as
i ns ul at i ng ri ng.
s ot s
Fi gure 191B- Dus t Fuze f or SD10 Bomb
Wi ri ng Di agram
FUZES
B. Lower hal f ( f uze body)
1. Fuze body.
2. Pl as t i c ci rcui t hous i ng.
2a. Tumbl er s wi t ches .
2b. Condens er.
3. Squi b.
4. Tracer cup.
5.
Tracer cup cover
.
The cent ral s haf t perf orms
t wo f unct i ons
.
It s
pri mary
f unct i on i s t o hol d t he s t at i c
generat or
t oget her . Thi s i s accompl i s hed by t hreadi ng t he
l ower end of t he s haf t i nt o t he
pl as t i c
hous i ng
wi t hi n t he f uze
body
i t s el f . Byt hi s means t he t wo
generat i ng cones are f orced down on t he i ns ul at -
i ngri ng and
hel d f as t
. Thes econdary f unct i on of
t he s haf t i s t o hous eonei mpact s wi t ch of t hef i ri ng
ci rcui t andt he i ns ul at ed t ube f or t he el ect ri c l ead
t o t he s wi t ch.
GERMANEXPLOSI VE
ORDNANCE
The over - al l
di mensi ons of t he
f uze ar e as
f ol l ows :
Hei ght :
4 i nches.
Di amet er : 2. 7 i nches .
Theover - al l hei ght does
not i ncl ude
t he gai ne
or boost er whi ch nor mal l y
t hr eads i nt o
t he base
of t hef uze.
The out er gener at or
cone di mensi ons ar e as
f ol l ows
Over - al l hei ght : 1 1/ 2 i nches .
Out si dedi amet er at base
:
2%s
i nches.
Out si de di amet er at t op:
1 Y1 6
i nches.
Over - al l t hi ckness of cone
wal l :
71 32
i nch.
Number of sl i t s : 1 7
or 1 9 .
Lengt h of sl i t s : 1 1/2
i nches
appr oxi mat el y.
Wi dt hof
sl i t s :
1 /32
i nch.
Thei nner gener at or cone
di mensi ons ar e as f ol -
l ows
Over - al l hei ght : 1 3/8 i nches
.
Out si de di amet er at base:
1 1 71 6
i nches.
Out si de di amet er at t op.
s/4i nch.
Over - al l
t hi ckness
of
conewal l : 3/32 i nch
.
Number of sl i t s
: 1 3 t o 1 5.
Lengt h
of
sl i t s :
1 71 8
i nch
appr oxi mat el y.
Wi dt h
of
sl i t s :
%2
i nch.
Thei nsul at i on
di mensi ons ar e as f ol l ows :
Out si de di amet er : 22%2.
i nches.
I nsi de di amet er : 1 3
/ 1 6
i nches
.
Gener al t hi ckness :
X32
i nch.
Bui l t - up t hi ckness at out si de
per i met er :
i nch.
7/ 32
OP 1 666
Thef i r i ng ci r cui t i s set up al ong t he l i nes of al l
st andar d f uze f i r i ng ci r cui t s. The gener at or
i s
connect ed t o
t he condenser by a wi r e
l ead whi ch
r uns up
t hr ough t he pl ast i c housi ng, acr oss
t he
upper si de
of t he pl exi gl as i nsul at i ng r i ng
and
makes
cont act wi t h t he out er gener at i ng
cone.
Theot her l ead f r omt he condenser i s gr ounded
t o
t he l ower f uzebody. Al ead f r omt henoseswi t ch
i s connect ed i n ser i es wi t h t he t wo spr i ng t ype
t r embl er swi t ches and al so t he squi b and
t hen
gr ounded.
OPERATI ON. The pl ast i c cap cover i ng t he
sl i t s
on
t hehead of t he f uze i s r emoved j ust bef or e
t he bombs ar e dr opped. As t he bombs f al l f r ee,
t he ai r st r eament er s t he f uze vi a t he sl i t s i n t he
out er gener at i ng cone. Thi s act i on di st ur bs t he
t al cum dust and cr eat es a dust scr een i n and
ar ound t he f or war d par t of t he f uze.
The el ect r ost at i c char ge i s devel oped when t he
dust par t i cl es come i nt o vi ol ent cont act wi t h each
ot her andwi t ht het wo gener at or cones. Thecon-
denser i s
connect ed t o t he t wo gener at or
cones anc_
dr aws of f t he char ge as i t i s bui l t up.

Achar ge
mor e t han suf f i ci ent f or i gni t i ng t he det onat or
on
i mpact i s devel oped by cont r ol l i ng' t he quant i t y of
dust wi t hi n t hef uze.
Anyoneof
t hr eeswi t ches ( t wo t r embl er
swi t ches
set at r i ght angl es t o each ot her , and a nose con-
t act swi t ch)
wi l l
cl ose
t heci r cui t
and f i r e t he f uze
on i mpact . An ext r emel y l ow ener gy el ect r i c
i gni t er i s used wi t h t hi s t ype of f uze so t hat
even
t hough a smal l par t of t hechar ge l eaked
of f of t he
condenser , t hechar ge l ef t woul dbeenough t o f i r e
t he
f uze.
Gener al
I NTRODUCTI ON
Theval ue of
t he r ocket as a weapon of
war has
been pr oved dur i ng
t he conf l i ct of t he past 5
year s .
Even
wi t h t he
vast amount of wor k t hat has
been
done on t he
r ocket dur i ng t hi s war ,
t her e i s a
gr eat
deal of wor k
st i l l t o
be done
i n
per f ect i ng i t .
Dur i ng
t he
past f ewyear s r esear ch
wor k i n t hi s
f i el d has
br ought about
t he f ol l owi ng i mpr ove-
ment s
over t he ol d
t ypes
1. The
accur acy has
been i ncr eased
by r ot at i ng
t he
pr oj ect i l e.
Thi s i s
ef f ect ed by usi ng skew
vent ur i .
The r ot at i ons
devel oped
r ange bet ween
: , 000
and 1, 500 r . p.
m. and
consi der abl y r educe
t he
devi at i ons of
t he pr oj ect i l e
due t o t he i nf l u-
ence of t he
wi nd.
2
. The r ange
has been
i ncr eased by usi ng
a
gr eat er
wei ght of
pr opel l ant
i n addi t i on t o t he
devel opment
of a
new powder : Ni t r odi gl ycol
.
Thi s new
powder
i s mor e ef f i ci ent
t han bl ack pow-
der and
r esul t s i n
gr eat er r ange
and l ess smoke
f or mat i on
on f i r i ng.
3
.
Mul t i bar r el
pr oj ect or s car r yi ng
up t o 42
r ounds have
been devel oped
by t he Ger mans
t o
ef f ect a gr eat er
r at e
of f i r e.
Rel oadi ng t hese
new
pr oj ect or s
i s car r i ed
out
mechani cal l y.
When t hese
f i r st
newef f or t s pr oved
successf ul ,
gr eat new
exer t i ons
wer e
made on t he par t
of t he
Ger mans
t o devel op
mor e ef f ect i ve
r ocket weapons
:
r ocket - pr opel l ed
dept h
char ges, ant i t ank
weapons,
ant i ai r cr af t
r ocket s,
f l ar es and ai r cr af t
bombs
wi t h
r ocket
pr opul si on
wer e t r i ed out ; and at t he
peak of t he
r esear ch
er ogr amcame
t he r adi o- con-
t r ol l ed
l ong r ange
r ocket
whi ch was st i l l
under
devel opment
at t he
end
of t he war m
Eur ope.
Sol i d Fuel
Rocket s
For
t he pur pose
of t hi s
book i t i s not
necessar y
t o go i nt o t he
or i gi nal
wor k
done on t he
powder
r ocket .
The
f ol l owi ng
i s a br i ef
r esume on t he
const r uct i on
of t he
r ocket
at t he begi nni ng of
t hi s
Chapt er 3
GERMANROCKETS
war. The r ocket mot or consi st s of
t he combus-
t i on
chamber seal ed at one end and t he
base pl at e
whi ch
t hr eads i nt o t he openend of t he
combust i on
chamber . The base pl at e has a ser i es
of hol es i n
i t
some of whi ch ar e par al l el t o t he axi s
of t he
r ocket and
some of whi char e i ncl i ned 45°
t o t he
axi s .
PROPELLANT.

Thepr opel l ant used
at t hi s t i me
i s t he sol i d ni t r odi gl ycol t ype.

I t s advant age l i es
i n
t he hi gh cal or i f i c val ue and
smokel essness, al so
i n
t he sl ow r at e of bur ni ng. I t s
densi t y i s 1. 5
kg/ m
e,
whi ch i s l ess t han bl ack
powder , but
t hi s
i s compensat ed by t he hi gher
cal or i f i c val ue.
The
r ange f or an
8. 6 cmr ocket usi ng t hi s t ype
of pr o-
pel l ant i s 1, 200
met er s. Maxi mumvel oci t y
i s 200
m/ sec wi t h a bur ni ng
t i me of 5 seconds . Thi s
i s
not
consi der ed ver y good per f or mance
and so t he
r ocket
i s used onl y agai nst l ow
l evel at t acks .
As l ong
as l ong r ange i s
not r equi r ed, powder
may be
used f or r ocket pr opul si on.
I t must , how-
ever ,
be r emember ed t hat powder
r ocket s ar e
heavy ( heavy
combust i on chamber )
and t hat t he
char ge wei ght
r at i o i s smal l . An at t empt mi ght
t her ef or e be made
t o devel op powder r ocket s
of
l i ght const r uct i on,
by usi ng some
ar r angement s
f or
r el oadi ng t he combust i on chamber
so t hat a
l ar ger
wei ght of pr opel l ant may
be car r i ed. Thi s
shoul d
i ncr ease t he r ange. Exper i ment s
on t hese
l i nes have been
car r i ed out i n Ger many, but i t
was
f ound t hat i n or der t o i nsur e r el i abl e
oper a-
t i on, t he
const r uct i onal compl i cat i ons
becamever y
gr eat . Thi s
r educes use of t he mai n advant ages
of r ocket s- - l ess wei ght andsi mpl e
const r uct i on.
l yTAanI ZATI OY
. Thef oundat i on f or t he met hod
of
st abi l i zat i on was t he spi nni ng shel l . By pl ac-
i ng t he
vent ur ei s askewt o t he mai n axi s of
t he
r ocket
pr oduced a suf f i ci ent spi n. Thi s act i on
gi ves r i se
t o
a
gyr oscope ef f ect and t ends t o r esi st
al l
ext er nal di st ur bi ng f or ces. Thi s met hod has
gi ven ver y good r esul t s and i s gr eat l y
super i or t o
t he f i n
st abi l i zat i on, whi ch i s i nher ent l y
subj ect
t o
wi nd er r or s .
193
GERMAN
EXPLOSI VE
ORDNANCE
19
4
OP 1666
Li qui dFuel Rockets
The l i qui d f uel r ockets ar e super i or to powder
r ockets as r egar ds
to
1. Wei ght r ati o
of the pr opel l ant
car r i ed.
2. Gr eater ener gy
avai l abl e i n the
l i qui d pr o-
pel l ant .
LI QumPROPELLANT. For exampl e, when 5 gm
of powder i s r equi r ed f or
an
i mpul se of 1 kg- sec,
onl y 0. . 3 to 0. 4 gm
of
hydr ogen- oxygen mi xtur e
i s r equi r ed f or the same
i mpul se. I t
wi l l be seen
that ther e i s, i n thi s
case,
a
vast
di f f er ence i n the
ener gy content
of the pr opel l ant, mor eover ,
the
densi ty
of the l i qui d
f uel s i s f ar gr eater
than
that
of powder .
The ti me
of bur ni ng i s
i ncr eased,
gr eater vel oci ty
i s r eached, and al together the ad-
vantage l i es i n
much l i ghter constr ucti on, i . e. .
deadwei ght of the
r ocket, si nce the f uel andoxy-
gen
contai ner s can
be made of thi n steel sheet.
The combusti on
chamber al so becomes l i ghter .
However , the l oad
on the combusti on chamber
) ecomes
a pr obl em,
because of the gr eater ener gy
and
ther ef or e hi gher
temper atur es; but thi s pr ob-
l emwas sol ved. Combusti on
temper atur es f or
powder r ockets
ar e appr oxi matel y 980°
to
1, 000°
;
they ar e
3 , 000° to 4 , 000° f or oxygen- hydr ogen
mi xtur es, and i n
addi ti on ther e i s the boi l i ng poi nt
of the mi xtur e, the
boi l i ng poi nts of hydr ogen and
oxygen
bei ng - 253 °
and - 183 ° r especti vel y .
These
temper atur es make
sever e demands on the
mater i al , and
i t i s necessar y to
l ook f or newal l oys
whi chcan
wi thstand these demands.
I t i s,
of cour se, possi bl e to consi der other
f uel s
than a hydr ogen- oxygen
mi xtur e, e. g. ,
petr ol ,
benzol , methyl
al cohol , petr ol eum, spi r i t,
etc. , to-
gether wi th l i qui d
oxygen. These f uel s have
the
advantage of a hi gh
boi l i ng poi nt and do not r e-
qui r e
speci al mater i al s
f or the tanks; these ar e
onl y
needed f or the
oxygen.
FUEL
TANKs. For the
hydr ogen and oxygen
contai ner s,
f or exampl e,
i t i s possi bl e to use an
al l oyed steel ,
cover ed- - wi th a thi n
l ead coati ng; i f
the
r ocket i s to
be used onl y once
. At l owtem-
per atur es (- 183 °
to - 253 °) ,
al l metal s except
copper become
har d andbr i ttl e
; however , copper
r emai ns ducti l e
even down
to such temper atur es,
and i s ther ef or e
the best
. mater i al to use f or
the
f uel
tanks.
The
contai ner s
f or l i qui d f uel s
at temper atur es
l ower than
- 160°
ar e best made spher i cal
(e. g. ,
V- 1) , si nce
thi s f or mof f er s
the gr eatest
str ength.
ROCKETS
They

must be

i nsul ated, - but

thi s
of f er s no
di f f i cul ti es
.
PC 14 00 FX RADI O- CONTROLLED GLI DER
BOMB
DATA:
Over - al l Length: 13 0i n.
Length of the Contr ol Uni t Housi ng: 16 i n .
Length of Fi ns at the Root : 3 15/8 i n.
Lenthof Fi ns at Outer Edge: 181/4 i n.
Lengthof Fi n Leadi ngEdge: 185/ 8 i n.
Max. Wi dthof Tai l Uni t : 4 8 i n.
Mi n. Wi dthof Tai l Uni t : 3 3 3 / , 1 i n.
Span of the Fi ns : 583 /4 i n.
Wei ght of Fi l l i ng: 270 kg.
Total Wei ght (Appr oxi mate) : 1, 650 l eg.
GENERALDESCRI PTI ON. The
PC
14 00 FX
i s a r adi ocontr ol l ed gl i der bomb desi gned f or at-
tack
agai nst capi tal shi ps or si mi l ar tar gets. The
compl ete
mi ssi l e consi sts of thr ee di sti nct uni ts
the
H. E. ar mour pi er ci ng war head, the contr ol
uni t housi ng,
and the tai l assembl y. Ther e ar e
f our al umi numal l oy f i ns secur edto the mi ssi l e at
appr oxi matel y the center of gr avi ty. Thepur pose
of these f i ns i s to gi ve the bomb suf f i ci ent l i f t so
that
the contr ol sur f aces i n the tai l uni t can exer -
ci se
adequate i nf l uence.
WARHEAD. The war head i s an or di nar y PC
14 00kg bomb to whi chthe f our above menti oned
f i ns havebeen attached. I t has onetr ansver se f uze
pocket l ocated
af t the
H- type suspensi on
l ug. Two
hor i zontal expl oder tubes ar e center ed i n the war -
head to i nsur e hi gh or der detonati on
or l i mpact .
(See f i g. 192. )
The
usual f i l l i ng f or the war head
i s 50/ 50 amatol .
Fuzi NG. The type f uzi ng gener al l y used has
the
El . A. Z. 3 8Bel ectr i cal i mpact f uze set to
oper ate
wi th aver y shor t
del ay.
Thef uze i s
some-
ti mes
f i tted
wi th
an
extensi on cap. Al ter nati ve
f uzes whi chhave been f ound i n the mi ssi l e ar e the
El .
A. Z.
28A
andthe El . A. Z.
3 5
. The wi r i ng
di agr ams and the oper ati on of each of these f uzes
can be f oundi n the bomb f uze secti on.
CONTROLUNI THousi wp.

Thecontr ol uni t hous-
i ng,
made of cast
magnesi umal l oy, i s attached
between the base of the H. E. war headandthe tai l
uni t . Thi s space contai ns the gyr oscopes, r adi o
r ecei ver , power sour ce, and a smal l demol i ti on
char ge f or destr ucti on of the contr ol uni t .
195
GERMANEXPLOSI VEORDNANCE
Ther e ar e twogyr oscopes mounted90° to each
other i nthe af ter secti on of thecontr ol uni t. These
twogyr os
contr ol the
stabi l i zi ng f l aps on twoof
the tai l sur f aces .
The
di r ecti onal
appar atus
consi sts of the r adi o
r ecei ver
andthe ser vo
motor s whi ch take the i m-
pul ses
f r omthe r adi o. The
power sour ce i s a 24-
vol t batter y. Thi s equi pment
oper ates
f our contr ol
sur f aces measur i ng 8 cmby
1I / 2
cm, whi ch ar e
l ocated on the
tr ai l i ng
edge of each of the f our
f i ns- These contr ol sur f aces ar e actuated i n pai r si
two of themcontr ol the l ater al di r ecti on of the
bomb, and
the other two,
i ts tr aj ector y.
Thedemol i ti on char ge consi sts of appr oxi matel y
1I 1>
pounds of penthr i te wax. I t i s f uzed usual l y
wi th the VZ80 " al l - ways acti on" f uze. The mai n
pur pose of
thi s char ge i s to destr oy the di r ecti onal
equi pment i n case the f uze f or the mai n char ge i n
the war head
f ai l s to f uncti on.
TAI L UNI T.

The tai l uni t consi sts of an i nner
cast magnesi um
al l oy tai l cone f i tted wi th two
l ong
andtwoshor t case magnesi umal l oy str uts.
OPERATI ON
. Bombi ng wi th the PC1400 FX
i s car r i ed out i n
conj uncti on wi th the Lotf e 7D
bomb
si ght . The onl y extr a duty of the oper ator
bei ng to swi tch on
the gyr oscope of the bomb some
2 mi nutes
bef or e the moment of r el ease. The
ai m
of the bombar di er
i s takenthe same way as i n or -
di nar y
bombi ng.
As the
bomb
i s r el eased, the ai r -
cr af t i s thr ottl ed
back and put i nto a cl i mb wi th
the
f l aps down.

Thi s acti on i s to i nsur e not over -
shooti ng
the mi ssi l e. Oncethe r equi si te
r educti on
i n speed has been
ef f ected, the pi l ot f l attens out .
At thi s ti me,
cor r ecti ons
i n
the
cour se of the mi ssi l e
can be taken
i ¬ necessar y. At the moment
of r e-
l ease, the bombar di er
star ts a stop- watch goi ng.
The bomb
cannot be contr ol l ed dur i ng the
f i r st
15 seconds
af ter
r el ease.

Onthe 16th second, the
oper ator
takf p contr ol of the mi ssi l e.

I t has been
esti mated
that the mi ssi l e
can be gui ded wi th a
mar gi nof
er r or of onl y 50 meter s f r oman
al ti tude
of
7, 000 meter s .
The
bomb takes 42
seconds to r each the gr ound
f r om
7, 000
meter s, and 38 seconds f r om
6, 000
meter s
. Thel owest
possi bl e hei ght f or sati sf actor y
r el ease i s 4, 000 meter s .
At the moment of
i mpact,
the bomb,
dr opped f r om
7, 000 meter s, i s sai d to
have a
vel oci ty
of 270 meter s per second.
196
Hs 117
OP
1666
DESCRI PTI ON. Thi s mi ssi l e, pr obabl y better
known as the " Schmetter l i ng, " i s a r ocket pr o-
pel l ed, r adi o contr ol l ed, mi ssi l e f or use agai nst
bomber f or mati ons
.
Same ver si ons ar e f or gr ound-
to- ai r and some f or ai r - to- ai r oper ati ons.
The
f usel age i s of the
conventi onal
type mounti ng a
si ngl e ver ti cal tai l sur f ace anda si ngl e hor i zontal
sur f ace. The hor i zontal sur f ace i s mounted wel l
above the center l i ne of the f usel age. The
ar r ow-
head wi ng i s mounted on the center l i ne of the
f usel age.
The f or war d secti on
of the f usel age i s
nonsymmetr i cal i n or der to accommodatea pr ox-
i mi ty f uze and a pr opel l er - dr i ven
gener ator .
Thi s mi ssi l e
i s
l aunched
f r omthe gr ound f r om
si mpl e two
ar med
zer o l ength r ai l l auncher .
The two ar ms suppor t the mi ssi l e at the wi ng
r oots at about the center of gr avi ty. Twoassi sted
take- of f uni ts ar e used f or gr ound l aunchi ng,
one
above and one bel owthe f usel age. At the
end
of bur ni ng these ATOuni ts ar e j etti soned
b3
means of expl osi ve bol ts whi ch thr owthemcl ear
f r omthe ai r f r ame. The ai r l aunched ver si ondoes
not use ATOuni ts but i s si mpl y dr opped f r oma
standar d bomb shackl e.
Some of these model s ar e automati cal l y homed
and some ar e r emote contr ol l ed. Asi ngl e gyr o
automati c pi l ot i s used f or stabi l i zati on.
DETAI LS
AI RFRAME. TYPEANDDEscmr Ti oN. For gener al
di mensi ons and outsi de appear ances see f i g. 193,
Model C. Themai n uni ts
of
the
f uel
systemf or m
the backbone of the f usel age. At the f or war d
end
i s the
steel ai r f l ask nested i nto
the f or war d
end of an al umi numSal bei tank. Next comes an
al umi numcasti ng thr ough whi chpasses the mai n
wi ng spar , and whi ch i s al so used to space the
hydr ocar bon tank f ur ther af t f or the pr oper di s-
tr i buti on of the C- G. of
the f uel si nce i t i s desi r ed
to have the f uel C. G.
coi nci de wi th the
C. G.
of
the enti r e ai r cr af t. On
the af ter endof thehydr o-
car bon tank
another al umi numcasti ng i s bol ted
whi ch suppor ts the mai n pr opul si on uni t andthe
ai r
stabi l i zer str uctur e. Al l o¬ these tanks and
casti ngs ar e secur el y bol ted together ,
f or mi ng the
enti r e backbone of
the ai r cr af t. Thi s str uctur e
i s cover edwi th sheet
al umi num. Thenose secti on,
al so f or med of
al umi num, i s scr ewed to the f or -
war d
end.
CCMTPCL SPC! LEP
APPPCX! NAT POX 7! CMCF EXPLCS! \EC¡APCE
CCMTPCL
NEC¡AM! SN¡CLS! MC
Thewl ng and
| al | ar e bul | | - uþ sec| l ons consl s| -
l ngo
¬
a cas|
magnesl umf r amewl | han a| uml num
cover l ng Thecase
magnesl umwl ng f r amel s ex-
| r eme| y | l gh| l n
wel gh| andl s r l gl d
AEPCEYMAN! C
C¡APACTEP! ST! CS C| | PEC- CL! AP! -
T! ES

Thl s ml ssl | e
l s con| r o| | ed l n r o| | by sþol | er s
on
| he| r al | l ng edges
of | he wl ngs

Thesesþol | er s
wor k ou| of þhase
wl | hone ano| her
Theml ssl | el s con| r o| | ed
l n e| eva| l on by | r al | l ng
edge sþol | er s on | he
hor l zon| a| s| abl | l zer These
sþol | er s wor k l n þhase
wl | h one ano| her
Yawl s con| r o| | edby | he
| r al | l ngedgesþol | er s on
| hewl ngs
Sþol | er con| r o| was
used f or | hl s mode| because
as
l n o| her ml ssl | es l | gave
adequa| e andeasy con-
| r o|
as comþar ed | o o| her
sys| ems
and
þr oduced
| ess dr ag
Thesþol | Ls a| so
þr esen| a muchmor e
sl mþ| e me| hod
of con| r o|
| han o| her sys| ems
Thl s ml ssl | e
l s r a| her
unl que l n | ha| assl s| ed
| ake- of f
r ocke| s ar e
þ| aced bo| h above andbe| ow
| he f use| age
moun| ed
l n | hever | l ca| þ| ane of | he
cen| er | l ne of | he
f use| age
! | l s
a| so l n| er es| l ng
| o no| e| heex| en| of asym-
me| r y of | he
f or war d
þor | l on of | hef use| age ! |
was
consl der ed by | he
desl gner Pr of Wagner
| ha|
hor l zon| a|
asymme| r y wou| d be | ess har mf u|
¡CLS! MCFCPPPCX! N! TYFLZE
Fl gur e 1D3- ¡s 117( ¡s 2D7) "Schme| | er | l ng"
| han ver | l ca| asymme| r y | he asymme| r y bel ng
necessar y | o cor r ec| | y þ| ace | he gener a| or þr o-
þe| | er and| he f uze
For r easons of s| abl | l | y | heml ssl | e uþongr ound
| aunchl ng makes a| | eas| one comþ| e| e r o| | abou|
l | s | ongl | udl na| axl s ! f a| | heendof | hl s r o| | | he
al r sþeedl s no| gr ea| enoughf or adequa| es| abl | l | y
l | wl | | makeasecond comþ| e| e r o| | Se| dom how-
ever
l s | he second r o| | necessar y
Thl s r o| |
even|
l s bul | | l n| o | he con| r o| equl þmen|
and
l s
en| l r e| y
au| oma| l c

Eur l ng
| aunchl ng | heacce| er a| l on l s
abou| Sg
EES! CMAMEPEPFCPNAMCEEATA
PP! MC! PALE! NEMS! CMS
Leng| h over - a| |
42D
cm

Leng| h of f use| age 35Dcm

Sþan of wl ngs
2OOcm
¡el gh| of ver | l ca|
r udder D2cm
El ame| er of f use| age 35 cm
PCCKETS
PP! MC! PALWE! C¡TS
Wel gh| emþ| y 15Okg
Launchl ng wel gh| 43Okg
Wel gh| a| | ar ge| 175 kg
Wel gh| of assl s| ed | ake- of f unl | s ( each DO
kg) 18Okg
1D7
GERMAN
EXPLOSI VE
ORDNANCE
Mai npower f uel : 12. 7 kg.
Mai n power oxi di zer : 59. 2 kg.
Compressed ai r : 3kg.
Expl osi ve: 25 kg.
PERFORMANCE
Maxi mumvel oci t y
:
250 m/ sec.
Average vel oci t y
:
240 m/ sec .
Maxi mumrange: 20 km.
Servi cecei l i ng: 10. 5 kg.
Absol ut e cei l i ng
: 13
ki n.
MAI NPROPULSI ONSYSTEM. The mai n
power uni t
i s
a l i qui d rocket wi t h a pressuri zed
f uel f eed and a vari abl e aut omat i c t hrust . The
f ol l owi ng are wei ght s, perf ormance and di men-
si ons
of
t hemai n
uni t :
WEI GHTS
Mai n power f uel ( Tonka) : 12. 7 kg.
Mai n power oxi di zer ( Sal bei ) : 59. 2 kg.
Compressed ai r . 3. 0 kg.
Charged wei ght : 159
. 0 kg.
Wei ght
empt y :
80. 0
kg.
PERFORMANCE:
Tot al l aunchi ngi mpul se: 14. , 000 kg. / sec .
Mai nt hrust uni t i mpul se: 12. 500 kg. / sec .
Tot al
i mpul se: 26, 500 kg . / seal
Launchi ng t hrust ( see Operat i ng Techni que)
3, 500 kg, / sec
.
Maxi mumt hrust
of mai nuni t :
380kg.
Mi ni mum
t hrust of mai n uni t : 60 kg.
Burni ng
t i meof mai n uni t : 40- 90 sec
.
Maxi mum
combust i on
chamber
pressure:
40
at m.
Average
t hrust :
220
kg.
Average
t i me of burni ng
:
57 see.
DI MENSI ONS
( COMBUSTI ON
CHAMBER)
Over- al l l engt h of mai n t hrust uni t
: 17 i n.
Over- al l di amet er : 41/2 i n,
Throat of nozzl e di amet er :
1%6
i n,
Exi t of nozzl e di amet er : 27 /8 i n.
OPERATI NG, ANDOPERATI ONAL TECH-
NI QUE
OFT' HE
HS
117 PROPULSI ONSYS-
TEM. Because aerodynami c charact eri st i cs at
hi gh
speed change rapi dl y wi t hsmal l changes i n
speed, t o
make t he cont rol probl ems as si mpl e as
possi bl e, i t was deci ded t hat t he speed of t hemi s-
si l e shoul d behel d
as nearl y const ant t hroughout
t he f l i ght
as was pract i cabl e. Thi s was accom-
pl i shed by aut omat i cal l y regul at i ng
t he t hrust
out put of t he
mai nj et i n rel at i on t o t hevel oci t y of
198
OP
1666
t hemi ssi l e, 240m/ sec . bei ngt hearbi t rary average
vel oci t y
. Thi s
regul at i on was accompl i shed
by
bal anci ng t he t wo
pressures t aken
f roma pi t ot
st at i c t ube across t woopposed aneroi d baromet ri c
el ement s whi ch, i n t urn, by means of el ect ri cal con-
t act s, act uat e
an el ect ri c mot or whi ch
operat es a
f uel cont rol
val ve l i mi t i ng t he f l owof f uel
t o t he
combust i on chamber . Aconst ant proport i on
of
t he t woreact ant s ent eri ng t he combust i on cham-
ber must be mai nt ai ned at al l t i mes at a rat i on of
2 part s ni t ri c aci d t o 1 part hydrocarbon. I f one
or t he ot her of t he react ant s i s al l owed t o col l ect
i n t hecombust i on chamber anexpl osi on wi l l occur .
Theni t ri c aci d i s al so used t o cool t henozzl e.

I t
f l ows i nt o t he
cool i ng
j acket at t he af t er end of
t he nozzl e and t hen f l ows f orward and ent ers t he
combust i on
chamber where
i t meet s
t he
hydro-
carbon. No
i gni t i on apparat us
i s necessary as
t heset wof uel s are sel f - i gni t i ng.
Prof essor Wagner
was not
sat i sf i ed wi t h t he
mot ors whi ch were devel oped by Dr.
Sbyrowsky
of BMW, f eel i ng
t hat t hey were
t oo
heavy.
Dr.
Conrad, of t heBerl i n Techni cal Hi gh
School , had
been obt ai ned by BMWt o i mprovet hemot or de-
si gn. Dr . Conrad was experi ment i ng wi t h un-
cool ed l i qui d f uel mot ors f or t hi s proj ect and at
l east t wo f orms of
combust i on
chamber mat eri al
had
been
t ri ed ; one a f ormof graphi t e
and t he
ot her a mat eri al bui l t upof many l ayers of a very
pure cerami c mat eri al such as si l i ca or al umi na.
These showed consi derabl e promi se and mi ght
have been i ncorporat ed i n l at er desi gns. Ot her
l i qui d f uel s wereal so bei ngconsi dered. By
means
of vari ous ref i nement s i t was hoped t hat t he
mi s-
si l e speed coul d be rai sed f romaMachNo. 0. 7 5 t o
0. 8.
Bot hreact ant t anks are bui l t . of al umi numand
are caref ul l y machi ned. The out si de cast i ng i s
bored so t hat a cl osel y f i t t i ng pi st on ( wi t hout
ri ngs) wi l l sl i de i n i t . I n operat i on t he l i qui d
si de of t het ank i s i ni t i al l y f ul l , f orci ng t hepi st on
agai nst t he head. As ai r ent ers t hehead, t he pi s-
t on t ravel s t o t he ri ght , f orci ng l i qui d out of t he
t ank.

The obj ect of t hi s desi gn i s t o i nsure t hat
when t het anks are l ess t han hal f f ul l no sl ugs of
compressed ai r are f ed down t he react ant pi pes
as
t he
ai rcraf t perf orms t i ght maneuvers
.
Al -
t hough t he mot or woul d re- i gni t e af t er st oppi ng,
a
col l ect i on of oneof t het wo
react ant s woul d
cause
anexpl osi on.

Ont hef orward si de of t heai r bot -
t l e i s a connect i on t o whi chi s Ted a f i l l i ng pl ug
andpr essur e gage whi ch r eads up t o 250kg/
sq . cm.
The bot t l e i s char gedwi t h ai r t o 220at ms . Ont he
af t connect i on t o t he bot t l e i s adi aphr agm
whi ch
i s punct ur ed
by an
el ect r i cal l y f i r ed squi b. The
out l et f r om
t hi s connect i on l eads t o
a r egul at or
whi chdel i ver s ai r t o t he t wo r eact ant t anks at 40
at ms. ( 590 l bs . / sq. i n. ) .

Oneach
si de of each r e-
act ant t ank t her e i s a di aphr agmval ve whi ch i s
bl own when t he 40 at ms . pr essur e appear s at t hat -
poi nt .

Thi s i s done t o pr event any possi bl e con-
t act of t he r eact ant s dur i ng st or age or handl i ng,
and al so t o i nsur e t hat bot h f uel s ent er t he com-
bust i on chamber at t he same t i me i n or der t o pr e-
vent an expl osi on.
At f ul l
t hr ust , ni t r i c aci d
ent er s t he combust i on chamber t hr ough 16 hol es,
and t he hydr ocar bont hr ough 8 hol es of equal si z e.
The t hr ust r egul at i on i s obt ai ned by t he af or e-
ment i oned r egul at or mot or , oper at i ng ( t hr ough a
gear t r ai n) a r ot ar y val ve pl at e whi ch bl ocks of f
t he hol es l i mi t i ng t he
amount of f uel
whi ch can
ent er t he combust i on
chamber ( f uel
pr essur e be-
g
const ant ) andal so mai nt ai ni ngt he f uel r at i o
of 2t o1 .
I NTELLI GENCE
ANDCONTROLSYSTEM
( ELECTRI CAL) ;
TYPE ANDDESCRI P-
TI ON. Thi s
mi ssi l e at f i r st mount edaFr i esi cke &
Hopt ner r ecei ver whi ch
oper at ed at
about 6 m.
The equi pment was consi der ed
as t oo
compl i cat ed
and heavy f or t he mi ssi l e and consequent l y was
super seded
by a f ur t her devel opment of t he
"St ar e"
r adi o r ecei ver f or t he Hs 293.

Thi s new
r ecei ver was
of t he super - r egener at i ve t ype havi ng
amuchsmal l er
f or mf act or t han t he pr evi ous Hs
293 r ecei ver , and
was desi gnat ed t he E230- 3.
For cont r ol l i ng
t he mi ssi l e, t he cont r ol l i ng
gr ound st at i on sends
out a hi gh- f r equency si gnal
whi ch, by modul at i on wi t h
a l ower f r equency and
appr opr i at e keyi ng,
conveys t o t he mi ssi l e di r ec-
t i ons f or al t i t ude,
or el evat i on, andaz i mut h. By
der r i ng
t o i t s gyr o t he
mi ssi l e i s abl e t o i nt er pr et
andf ol l ow t hese
si gnal s .

Ont he gr ound, t he si g-
nal s ar e
manual l y i ni t i at ed
by means of a "j oy-
st i ck" cont r ol
whi ch set s t he pi t ch andyawdi r ec-
t i ons f or t he
mi ssi l e t o f ol l ow,
and
whi ch
t he mi s-
si l e wi l l f ol l ow
unt i l t he posi t i on of t he st i ck
i s
changed.
Ont he
gr ound, t he cour ses of
t he t ar get andt he
mi ssi l e ar e f ol l owed
by means of
an opt i cal si ght -
i ng
devi ce. Fr om
obser vat i ons wi t h t hi s devi ce,
mi ssi l e cour se
cor r ect i ons
ar e set whi ch wi l l br i m
WARHEADANDFUZE
ROCKETS
i t t o
t he t ar get .

No homi ngdevi ces had
been ap-
pl i ed t o t hi s mi ssi l e, al t hough t hey had
been di s-
cussed and wer e under devel opment i n
sever al
f i r ms.
Pr of essor Pet er son of AEGhad been
wor ki ng
f or some t i me onauni ver sal r adar gr ound
comput er f or gui di ng f l ak mi ssi l es t o t hei r
t ar get .
RI Mwant ed Wagner t o i ncor por at e t hi s
i n t he
Hs 117 cont r ol , but he wi shedt o keep i t i n
i t s or i gi
nal si mpl e st at e.

I n t he f ut ur e he i nt ended t o de-
vel op homi ngdevi ces t o suppl ement hi s vi sual con-
t r ol f or use i n t hi ck weat her .

I t i s r epor t ed
t hat
Wagner woul d have l i ked t o have t hi s mi ssi l e
beamgui ded t o a r adar f ol l owed t ar get , but
he
f el t t hat Ger man r adar was t oo i naccur at e f or t he
j ob
.
Var i ous devel opment s f or
t he
r adi o cont r ol of
t hi s mi ssi l e wer e bei ng car r i edout by sever al f i r ms.
Some wor k was bei ngdone i n t he r ange f r om20 t o
40cm. These f r equenci es wer e desi r abl e si nce t hey
coul d be beamed andwer e i nt er f er ed wi t h l ess by
t he j et t han t he l onger wave l engt hs. Shor t er
wave l engt hs wer e not consi der ed, si nce sui t abl e
t ubes wer e not devel oped. I n some cases, j et i n-
t er f er ence coul dbe r educed
bychangi ng r eact ant s .
I n al l cases sol i d powder gave
t he most
t r oubl e.
I t was consi der ed t hat Tel ef unken was doi ng t he
best wor k i n r adi o cont r ol . They wer e concen-
t r at i ng on 40 cm.
The
el ect r i cal power
f or t hi s mi ssi l e was del i v-
er ed
by
a pr opel l er dr i ven gener at or l ocat ed i n
one of t he
t wo
noses
of
t he mi ssi l e. Ont he gr ound,
bef or e l aunchi ng, t hi s same
gener at or was dr i ven
by a mot or i n an out si de
power sour ce. Dur i ng
t hi s per i od t he pr opel l er
di d not t ur n as i t was
pr ovi ded wi t h a t hr ee
bal l f r ee- wheel i ng ear n
devi ce,
The mi ssi l e i s st abi l i z ed
about i t s l ongi t udi nal
axi s onl y by one gyr o.
LI MI TATI ONSOF THE
CONTROLSYSTEM
ANDMI SSI LE. The onl y
appar ent l i mi t at i on
of t hi s mi ssi l e l i es i n t he f act t hat
i t cannot
be
seen and consequent l y f ol l owed
i n over cast
weat her , I f homi ng devi ces, ot her t han opt i cal ,
wer e i ncor por at ed, t hi s l i mi t at i on woul dno l onger
exi st .
WARHEAD. Consi der abl e
di ver gence of opi n-
i onexi st ed
i n t he RI M
ont he ef f ect i veness of war -
heads wi t h
bl ast ef f ect
onl y as agai nst f r agment a-
t i on or i ncendi ar y pel l et
f i l l i ng,
but when
t he t est s
199
GERMANEXPLOSI VE
ORDNANCE
200
a
N
x
E
a
m
a
N
p
!ti
m
1
a
OP
1666
of t he Hs 117 hadbeen compl et ed
i n t he summer
of 2944, t he f i rst seri es was ordered
i n August
of t hat year wi t h a bl ast ef f ect warhead
wei ghi ng
25 kg f i l l ed wi t h "Tri al en" whi ch was manuf ac-
t uredby Wasagat Rei nsdorf near
Wi t
t enberg
.
FUZE.

I t was i nt ended t o use a proxi mi t y f uze
whenever devel oped andavai l abl e. The perf orm-
ance speci f i cat i ons f or t he f uze requi red operat i on
bet ween 6 t o 10 met ers.

I t was_i nt ended t hat a
smal l cl ock work armi ng devi ce woul d armt he
mi ssi l e about 10 seconds af t er t ake- of f . Anot her
devi ce i s i ncorporat ed, probabl y worki ng of f of
t he cont rol gyro, whi ch expl odes t he
mai n charge
i f t he mi ssi l e rol l s over on i t s
back i n f l i ght , i n
whi ch case
al l cont rol s woul dbe
reversed, maki ng
t he mi ssi l e uncont rol l abl e f romt he ground
by an
operat or
who
woul d not be aware of t hi s
condi -
t i on. Anot her t i mi ng devi ce was i ncorporat ed
whi ch operat ed 120 seconds af t er l aunchi ng t o
dest roy t he mi ssi l e.
_- XUXI LI ARYEQUI PMENT FORTHEMI S-
SI LE.
Thi s mi ssi l e i s equi ppedwi t h
t wo assi st ed
t akeof f uni t s,
one above and one
bel owt he f use-
l age, each
provi ded wi t h nozzl es of f set
at an angl e
such t hat
t he
l i nes of t hrust i nt ersect ed at
about
t he
C.
G. of t he ai rcraf t .

I n l aunchi ng, t he l ower
boost er i s f i red f i rst , t hus f orci ng t he mi ssi l e up-
ward and f orward of f t he l auncher whi ch i s a
si mpl e t wo armed cradl e support i ng t he
mi ssi l e
at
t he
wi ng
root s ( zero l engt h rai l s) .

There
i s
a
21/
2- met er f i ri ng l anyard, whi ch f i red t he t op uni t
aut omat i cal l y. Bot h uni t s t hen burn unt i l t hei r
powder i s burned
out by whi ch
t i me t he mai n j et
has been i gni t ed and
t akes over.
Each assi st ed
t akeof f uni t has at ot al wei ght of 90 kg andcon-
t ai ns 40 kg of powder charge. Burni ng t akes
pl ace f rom t he i nsi de out onl y si nce t he out si de
i s t reat ed wi t h "Pol ygon, " a pl ast i c preparat i on
whi ch prevent s burni ng on t he surf aces t o whi ch
i t i s appl i ed. The boost er t hrust t ot al s 3, 500 l eg
l ast i ng f or about 4 seconds.

I t burns at a rat e of
about 5. 8 grams
per sec. Thi s t hrust
bri ngs t he
mi ssi l e up t o a speed
of
about 240 m/sec.

These
boost er uni t s are
known
as
SG( Schmi ddi ng
Geraet ) 33.

They were devel opedby Schmi ddi ng
i n Bodenbach, and
used powder made by Wasag,
l ocat ed near Wi t t enberg.
At t he
end
of
t he
boost er burni ng
t i me, t he boost ers are j et t i soned
by means of a power
charge and pi st on devi ce.
Al so under di scussi on as a met hod of droppi ng
t he boost ers was a
devi ce whi ch depended
upon
t he reduct i on of t he pressure
wi t hi n t he
boost er
uni t i t sel f .
LAUNCHI NG
DEVI CE. Thi s mi ssi l e
i s
l aunched f rom a
si mpl e t wo- armed cradl e whi ch
support s each wi ng at
i t s root i n such away t hat
an upward and f orward
mot i on of t he proj ect i l e
wi l l carry
i t f ree
f romt he l auncher. There i s no
movabl e dol l y on t hi s l auncher . The l auncher i s
i uanual f y ai med i n el evat i on and azi mut h i n re-
sponse
t o
si gnal s recei ved f romaf i re- cont rol poi nt .
Si ght i ng devi ces f or t he l auncher were cont em-
pl at ed but were never
i ncorporat ed.
DATA
Hs 293 A- 1
Over- al l Lengt h
: 381 . 9 cm.
Span of
Wi ng: 310. 0 cm.
Span of Hori zont al
St abi l i zer : 113. 6 cm.
Span of Vert i cal
St abi l i zer : 98 . 0 cm.
Di amet er of Fusel age
: 47. 0 cm.
Di amet er of
Power Uni t : 33. 0 cm.
Over- al l Hei ght ( Approx. ) :
109. 0 cm.
Average Chord( Approx. )
: 79. 3 cm.
Wi ng Area ( Tot al ) : 2. 4 sq.
met ers.
Wi ng Loadi ng ( Launch) :
441 . 0 kg/sq.
Wi ng Loadi ng
( Target ) : 390. 0 kg/sq.
Wei ght of
Warhead : 500. 0 kg.
Wei ght . of Launchi ng:
1045. 0 kg.
Wei ght at
Target : 967. 0 kg.
Wei ght of Fuel
: 78 . 0 kg.
Maxi mumVel oci t y .
260. 0 m/sec.
Average
Vel oci t y : 230. 0 m/sec.
Maxi mumRange at -
22- kmal t . : 4. 0 km.
4A- kmal t . ; 5. 5 km.
5. 0- kmal t . : 8 . 5 km.
Radi us of Turn : 800. 0 met ers.
Desi gned. "G" : 3. 0- g.
ROCKETS
m.
m.
DESCRI PTI ON. The Hs 293 A- 1 has
pri nci -
pal l y an. al umi num, st ressed
ski n, spot wel ded
st ruct ure. The f orward
port i on of t he f usel age
i s st ruct ural l y t he bomb casi ng
wi t h an al umi num
coveri ng or f ai ri ng. ( See f i g. 194. )
Fast ened t o
t he rear of t he bomb i s a
vert i cal pl ast i c beam
( about 3/s i nch t hi ck) whi ch
, runs
t o,
andi s f as-
t ened t o, t he af t er port i on of t he
f usel age. The
radi o and t he associ at ed
gear f or t he cont rol l i ng
of t he bomb are mount ed on ei t her si de of t hi s
pl ast i c beam. On t he af t er corner of t hi s beam
201
GERMANEXPLOSI VE
ORDNANCE
i s
mounted a r ol l er . The af ter por ti on of
the
f us el age i s a s tr es s ed- s ki n,
s emi monoques tr uctur e
wi th a r ai l ( f or the af or ementi oned
r ol l er
on
the
pl as ti c beam) mounted on the
top i ns i de of the
s tr uctur e. Qui ck di s connecti on
f as tener s ar e
mounted at theconnecti on
betweenther ear of the
bombf ai r i ng andthef or war d
endof ther ear f us e-
l age
tobe
qui ckl y
detached
andr ol l ed o$thebomb
andpl as ti c beam, gi vi ng qui ck and compl ete acces s
to al l of the contr ol gear . The wi ng andtai l ar e
al umi numandof the us ual
bui l t- up type.
AERODYNAI SI CCHARAcr zRi s ncs
.

The mi s s i l e i s
contr ol l ed i n r ol l by thenor mal typeof ai l er ons on
the
tr ai l i ng
edge
of the outer
por ti on
of
the wi ng.
Theai l er ons
al s o
contr ol theyawef f ect . I t
i s
con-
tr ol l ed i n pi tch
by
the nor mal type of contr ol
s ur f aces on thetr ai l i ng edge of thehor i zontal tai l
s ur f ace.
CONTROL SYf zm. The contr ol s ys temcons i s ts
of the f ol l owi ng par ts
A.
Recei vi ng s et F- 230. Thi s uni t coul d us e
any
one of the 18 channel s , each of whi ch wer e
100 ke apar t i n thebandbetween 48 and49
. 7
me/ s
andcoul d be changed eas i l y i n thef i el d to s ati s f y
the oper ati on r equi r ements
f or
f r equenci es .
B. "Auf s chal tger ate" f or dampi ng ands mooth-
i ng the r ecei ver s i gnal s .
C. Thr ee- phas e
ACgyr o
f or s tabi l i zati on i n
r ol l
andyaw. I t has a pr eces s i on r ate of 2° per
mi nute.
D. Hi gh
r es i s tance doubl e potenti ometer f or
pr opor ti oni ng
thedata.
E. 210- vol t
.
D.
C. gener ator f or the r ecei ver .
F. A
tr ans f or mer wi th bui l t- i n r el ays to acti -
vate the ai l er on
s ur f ace
magnets
.
G. El evawr mechani s mwi th an"Oemi z" motor
and
potenti ometer f or r etur ni ng the el evator to
i ts nor mal pos i ti on
.
H. Ani r on ni ckel
pl ate batter y of
24
vol ts wi th
appr oxi matel y 14 amp/ hour s .
Thi s
mi s s i l e, becaus e
of
thetype
of
i ntel l i gence
us ed, i s
l i mi tgd to us e i n good, cl ear weather
and
wi th ai r
s uper i or i ty. I t i s s ubj ect to j ammi ng,
and
thi s , ther ef or e, may l i mi t the us e to tar gets
wher e
j ammi ng equi pment i s not i ns tal l ed. -
Aj oys ti ck type of contr ol was us edi n thepar ent
ai r cr af t . Thi s contr ol box made us e of
a ver y
cl ever cam
ar r angement whi ch gave pr opor ti onal
contr ol .
WARFmAD. The
war head was cons tr ucted i n
one
s ecti on of dr awn s teel .
The bas e pl ate was
20
2
OP 1
666
wel ded, i n_ pos i ti on. The nos e f i l l i ng
pl ug
was
thr eaded and hel d i n pl ace by two s et
s cr ews . A
kopf r i ng was wel ded to the nos e j us t
behi nd the
nos e pl ug. Onetr ans ver s e f uze
pocket was l ocated
af t
of
thes us pens i on l ug.
Acentr al expl oder tube
was us ed
i n
the expl os i ve
cavi ty to i ns ur e hi gh
or der detonati on
of
the
war head on i mpact wi th
thetar get .
OPERATI ON. Upon l ocati ng the tar get,
the
car r i er ai r cr af t makes i ts appr oach to the tr aj ec-
tor y di s tance, andi n the l as t par t of i ts di ve,
s ets
acour s e s uch that thetar get can be s een
30° to 60°
to the r i ght of the cour s e. Shor tl y
bef or e r el eas e
ti me and par ti cul ar l y at the moment
of r el eas e,
the car r i er ai r cr af t mus t be i n a
hor i zontal po-
s i ti on. At the ti me of r el eas e the
ai r cr af t mus t
have ami ni mums peedof 334 km/ hr
i f theHe I I I
i s us ed, and 400 km/ hr i f
the He17 7 or the Do
217
ar eus ed.
The
mi s s i l e i s r el eas ed anddi r ected to the tar -
get by the bombar di er
.
I mmedi atel y af ter r e-
l eas e,
the s peed
of the ai r cr af t
may be r educed,
but the r el eas e al ti tude and di r ecti on
s houl d be
mai ntai ned f or a per i od of appr oxi matel y 10 s ec-
onds . Af ter thi s i nter val of ti me, i t i s not es s en-
ti al to mai ntai n r el eas e al ti tude andcour s e di r ec-
ti on. I t i s i mpor tant that any change i n f l i ght
cour s e be done s l owl y and car ef ul l y s o that the
tar get r emai ns on
the s i de
of
the
bombar di er dur -
i ng
the
enti r e f l yi ng ti me of themi s s i l e. Thef i el d
of vi ew of the
oper ator and the f r eedom
of
the
car r i er pl ane i n appr oach var y accor di ng to the
typeof ai r cr af t . I nal l car r i er pl anes , ther es houl d
be a f i el d of vi ew of appr oxi matel y 110° to the
r i ght. Thef l yi ng ti me of the Hs 293 A- 1 s houl d
not be gr eater than appr oxi matel y 100s econds .
REMARKS.

TheHs 293i s theoutgr owth of the
"Gus tav
Schwar tz Pr opel l er wer ke" gl i de bomb
whi chwas f i r s t des i gned i n. 1939. Thef ur ther de-
vel opment of thi s gl i de bomb by Hens chel r epr e-
s ents thei r f i r s t attempt
at a r adi o contr ol l ed
mi s s i l e.
The or i gi nal Schwar tzdes i gn was a pur e gl i de
bombgui ded on as tr ai ght cour s e by means of an
automati c
pi l ot . The method of attack entai l ed
hi ghal ti tudes
f or thecar r i er ai r cr af t i n or der
that
s uf f i ci ent r angecoul dbe
attai ned ands ti l l be out
of
anti ai r cr af t f i l e.
Hens chel took over thewor k of
f ur ther devel op-
i ng thi s mi s s i l e i n
ear l y 1940, andi t was deci ded
t o use some f or i n of pr opul si on
f or
t he mi ssi l e so
t hat at t acks
. at
l ow
al t i t ude and i ncr eased r ange
coul d be made. The
Hs
293A-1was t he f i r st model
t o be used oper at i onal l y
wi t h t he new
mot or .
I n as much as al l f ut ur e model s under devel op-
ment wer e ver y si mi l ar
t o t he Hs
293 A-1, i t wi l l
be t he onl y mi ssi l e of t hi s ser i es di scussed i n det ai l .
The f ol l owi ng
i s
a l i st
of pr oj ect s
whi ch emer ged
f r omt he or i gi nal Hs 293 A-1:
Hs 293 B: Thi s was a wi r e-cont r ol l ed ver si on
of t he or i gi nal
r adi o-cont r ol l ed ser i es, desi gned t o
be used i n
t he event of a j ammi ng of t he r adi o
cont r ol
mechani smof t he or i gi nal ser i es bombs.
The G. A. F. consi der ed t hat
up
t o 70 per cent di s-
t ur bance was per mi ssi bl e bef or e a change-over t o
t he
wi r e-cont r ol l ed ser i es woul d be necessar y.
Si nce
t hese condi t i ons wer e never at t ai ned, t he
Hs 293Bwas never
put i nt o oper at i onal use.
Hs 293C
: Thi s mi ssi l e was amodi f i ed ver si on of
t he
Hs
294 and had a det achabl e war head,
et c . , i n
t he same manner as t he
Hs 294, but a convent i on-
al l y
shaped body. The f uzes i ncl uded an i mpact
f uze
wi t h a shor t del ay t o al l owf or penet r at i on
i n cases
wher e t he mi ssi l e st r uck a shi p above i t s
wat er l i ne, an i mpact f uze
whi ch det onat ed i mme-
di at el y on i mpact
af t er i t had ent er ed t he wat er ,
and a f uze
oper at ed by a spi nner whi ch det onat ed
t he mi ssi l e af t er a passage of 45 met er s t hr ough
t he wat er .
Thi s subt ype was desi gnat ed t he Hs
293
C
dur i ng
i t s devel opment st age, but when
l ar ge scal e pr oduct i on
was t o st ar t , i t was changed
t o
t he
Hs 293A-2, and was
t o r epl ace t he or i gi nal
r adi o-cont r ol l ed
ser i es f or gener al pur pose use
agai nst shi ppi ng t ar get s.
Hs 293D: Thi s was a pr oj ect ed t ype of mi ssi l e
t o be f i t t ed wi t h a t el evi si on camer a i n t he nose.
The camer a
was desi gned t o r epeat dat a back t o
t he mi ssi l e
cont r ol l er . The camer a was desi gned
t o swi ng
. ver t i cal l y and was ai med i n t he l i ne of
f l i ght by a
smal l wi nd vane on t he out si de of t he
pr oj ect i l e .
As
t he
pr oj ect i l e was r udder l ess, and
i n t heor y shoul d
not yawi n f l i ght , t her e was no
need t o al l owf or ani t r aver se i n t he camer a
mount -
i ng.
About 20of t hese mi ssi l es wer e bui l t and
t est
down, but t he t el evi si on gear
pr oved unr el i abl e,
and t he pr oj ect
was abandoned.
Hs 293 E: Thi s
was pur el y an exper i ment al
model
bui l t t o t r y out a
syst emof spoi l er cont r ol s
t o
r epl ace t he
convent i onal ai l er on mechani sm.
These
cont r ol s wer e i ncor por at ed
i n t he f i nal
model of t he
Hs
293
A-2 ( above) , but wer e never
empl oyed oper at i onal l y, si nce by t he t i me
t he
bomb was br ought i nt o l ar ge scal e pr oduct i on,
t he
G. A. F. had
no ai r cr af t l ef t f or ant i shi ppi ng
pur poses
.
Hs 293 F: Thi s was a t ai l l ess mi ssi l e
whi ch
was
never devel oped
beyond t he desi gn st age.
Hs 293 H: Thi s mi ssi l e was
i nt ended t o be
r e-
l eased and cont r ol l ed
i n
f l i ght by
one ai r cr af t
and
det onat ed by a second obser vi ng
ai r cr af t , whi ch
woul d be f l yi ng i n posi t i on wher e i t woul d
be easy
t o obser ve t he i mpact of t he mi ssi l e agai nst
t he
t ar get
. The pr oj ect was abandoned because
i t was
f el t t hat t he det onat i ng ai r cr af t woul d be
unabl e
t o r emai n di r ect l y over t he t ar get l ong
enough t o
car r y
out i t s f unct i on.
Hs
293
V6: Thi s subt ype was devel oped
f or
l aunchi ng f r omj et -pr opel l ed ai r cr af t
at l aunch-
i ng
speeds up t o 200 met er s/ second. Thi s
i n-
vol ved modi f i cat i on of t he wi ng span of
t he mi s-
si l e so t hat i t coul d be
car
:
l i ed wi t hi n t he under -
car r i age
of t he ai r cr af t . The
Ar . 234 ai r cr af t
was t o be used as t he par ent pl ane,
and si nce i t
was not as yet avai l abl e at t he concl usi on
of t he
war i n
Eur ope, t he mi ssi l e never pr ogr essed be-
yond t he desi gn st age.
Hs 298
ROCKETS
DESCRI PTI ON. Thi s mi ssi l e was desi gned pr i -
mar i l y as an ai r -t o-ai r weapon t o be car r i ed on
f i ght er
ai r cr af t as wel l as t he bomber t ypes . The
f usel age
i s of t he convent i onal t ype mount i ngt wi n
ver t i cal t ai l sur f aces at t he ends of t he si ngl e hor i -
zont al t ai l sur f ace, -t he hor i zont al t ai l sur f ace
bei ng
mount ed
hi gh on t he f usel age. The ar r owhead
wi ng
i s pl aced about
t he cent er of t he f usel age
.
The nose, . l i ke t he Hs 117, i s symmet r i cal , t he asym-
met r y on t hi s mi ssi l e bei ng i n t he ver t i cal pl ane.
For t he pr opul si on syst emt hi s mi ssi l e uses a t wo
st age
powder
r ocket . Spoi l er t ype of aer ody-
nami c
cont r ol s i s used.
Thi s
mi ssi l e used a shor t l engt h of l aunchi ng
t r ack mount ed under neat h t he par ent ai r cr af t .
DETAI LS. The f ol l owi ng det ai l ed r epor t i s
wr i t t en ar ound t he
Hs
298
V-2,
as t hi s model i s
consi der ed t he basi c model of t hi s ser i es.
AI RFRAME
TYPE ANDDFscmr Ti oN. The f usel age
i s
a
st r essed al umi numski n
st r uct ur e . ,
The wi ng and
t ai l ar e cast magnesi umwi t h an al umi numcover -
203
GERMANEXPLOSI VEORDNANCE
i ng.

Thecas t magnes i umwi ng f ramei s
ext remel y
l i ght i n wei ght andri gi d.
AERODYNAMI CCHARACTERI STI CS
ORPECULI ARI -
a ,
ms .
Themi s s i l e
i s
cont rol l ed i n rol l and yaw
by
t rai l i ng edge s poi l ers on t he wi ngs. I t i s con-
t rol l ed
i n el evat i on by
s poi l ers on t he hori zont al
s t abi l i zer . Trai l i ng edge
s poi l ers were us ed be-
caus e t hey gave an adequat e ands i mpl e cont rol as
comparedt o ot her s ys t ems and producedl es s drag.
Thef orwardpart
of
t he f us el age of t hi s mi s s i l e,
l i ke t hat of t he Hs 117, i s nons ymmet ri cal ; how-
ever, i n t hi s mi s s i l et heas s ymmet ry i s i n t hevert i -
cal pl ane. The reas on f or t hi s
change
i s
not
known. Theaf t er s ect i on of t hef us el age
al s o has
a
pecul i ar s hape i n t hat i t ends
i n t wo t ubul ar
s hapes , pl aced one above t he ot her . The
t op one
i s t hes mal l er of t het wo and accommodat es ei t her
a f l are
or a l i ght f or t hepurpos eof
recogni t i on
and
enabl i ng t he pi l ot t o f ol l owi t .

The l ower ci rcu-
l ar cros s s ect i on accommodat es t he powder rocket
mot or.
DESI GNDATA
Pri nci pal Di mens i ons .

v-1

V-2
Lengt h Over-al t ------------ 328

249cm.
Lengt h of Fus el age--------- 180

191 cm.
Span of Wi ngs _____________ 129

127 cm.
Span of Hori zont al St abi l i zer

53

53 cm.
Hei ght of Vert i cal Rudder__

29

31 cm.
Di amet er of Fus el age___. . _ 39 x 20 39 x 25 cm.
Pri nci pal
Wei ght s :
Launchi ng wei ght : 120 kg.
Wei ght
of Target : 98 kg.
Wei ght
of Propul s i on Uni t
.
33 kg.
Expl os i ve
: 48 kg.
Perf ormance
Average
Hori zont al Speed: 240 m/ s ec .
Mach.
No. : 0. 75.
Max.
Range ( approx. 5, 000 mal t . ) :
3. 5 km.
Mi n.
Range: 0. 6 km.
Cei l i ng
AboveLaunchi ngPoi nt ; 1
. 3
ki n.
Max. El evat i on
f or At t acks f rom
Bel ow:
50° .
I n Apri l 19A,
product i on of 2, 500 Hs . 298' s was
ordered by
RI Mwi t h a peak product i on rat e of 300
ai rf rames
per mont h.

I n J ul y 1944, t he
RI Mor-
dered
t heproduct i on
of an addi t i onal 2, 000.
POWER
PLANT.
PROPULSI ON MoToR DATA.
Thepower
pl ant i s a powder rocket
wi t ht wo com-
bus t i on chambers
exhaus t i ng t hrough
t he s ame
nozzl e
and
havi ng t he f ol l owi ng
component
wei ght s
204
Tot al Rocket Mot or Wei ght : 27 kg.
Boos t er Charge Wei ght : 5 kg.
Mai n Powder
ChargeWei ght : 6 kg.
Wei ght Empt y:
16
kg.
Tot al Propel l ant Wei ght :
11
kg.
OP 1666
The
f ol l owi ng
i s
t herocket mot or
perf ormance:
Durat i on of Burni ng of Mai n Rocket : 25 s ec .
Durat i on of
Burni ng
of Boos t er
: 5
. 5 s ec.
Thrus t of LaunchWi t hBoos t er : 150 s ec .
Boos t er I mpul s e: 1, 200 kg. s ec.
FUEL. Thef uel s of t hi s mot or are dry powder .
The boos t er i s a s i ngl e perf orat ed charge wi t h a
hi gh burni ng rat e. The mai n f uel cons i s t s of a
round hol l ow s haped charge havi ng a very s l ow
burni ng rat e. . I n t he hol l owcavi t y of t hi s charge
arepl aced al t ernat es l ugs of mat eri al , f i rs t a s l ug
of
powder wi t h a very hi ghburni ng rat e ( apparent l y
s i mi l ar t o bl ack powder) f ol l owed by a s l ug of
i nert mat eri al . Thes es l ugs arepackedoneagai ns t
anot her t hroughout t hecoreof t hemai ns l owburn
i ngpowder.

Thi s combi nat i on pres ent edonl y f ew
probl ems , t he mai n one bei ng t he s ens i t i vi t y
of
t hef uel
t o
t emperat ure.

For
a
t i mei t was t hought
neces s ary t o heat t he
proj ect i l e whi l O
s t i l l at t ached
t o t he
l aunchi ng ai rcraf t , but
experi ment s i n t hi s
di rect i on hadnot been
compl et ed
.
OPERATI ON.

Apparent l y t he- powder avai l abl e
f or t he mai n charge
burned t oo s l owl y t o
us e t he
s t andard
end
burni ng t echni que, s o a compl i cat ed
procedure was worked out . I n order t o obt ai n
s uf f i ci ent area f or burni ng, a coni cal burni ng s ur-
f ace i s us ed. To prevent t hi s s urf ace f romde-
generat i ng t o a s ect i on of a s phere as t he charge
burns , t hepecul i ar core cons t ruct i on was devi s ed.
Thi s cons i s t s of
al t ernat e
pl ugs of an i nert ma-
t eri al
anda very
rapi dburni ng
powder. Wi t ht he
proper geomet ry of t hes epl ugs , t he s peedof core
burni ngcan bemai nt ai ned whi chwi l l pres ervet he
ori gi nal core angl e. The chamber pres s ure i s
l ower
duri ng t he
burni ng
of t hemai n charge t han
duri ng t he boos t . I t was des i red t o
decreas e t he
t hroat di amet er of t he nozzl e t o
compens at e f or
t hi s ef f ect , but t hi s was never achi eved.
I NTELLI GENCEANDCONTROLSYSTEM
( ELECTRI CAL) . TYPEANDDEs cRI PTi ow. The
radi o recei ver
and ot her el ect ri cal equi pment of
t hi s mi s s i l e
was made
as
s i mi l ar as pos s i bl e t o t hat
of t he Hs 117,
t he mai n di f f erence bei ng t he
ar-
rangement s t o
accommodat e t he t wo-wi re
cont rol
t hat i s us ed f or t hi s mi s s i l e. Si nce al l
r adi o di -
r ect ed mi s s i l es ar e s ubj ect t o j ammi ng,
t he Ger -
mans , i ncl udi ng Wagner ' s gr oup, have exper i -
ment ed ext ens i vel y wi t h t hi s t wo- wi r e mi s s i l e con-
t r ol . Al l Hens chel mi s s i l es ar e adapt abl e t o wi r e
cont r ol .
I t i s i nt er es t i ng
t o not e t he cr ude
f or m of ai r
s peed meas ur i ng
devi ce i nt ended
t o cont r ol t he
t hr owof t he s poi l er s i n
t hes ame
pr opor t i on t o t he
mi s s i l e s peed. Thi s
devi ce i s
mount ed on t he t op
of t he t ai l por t i on. Thi s r es t r i ct i on t o t he t hr ow
of t he s poi l er s i s pr obabl y done - by i ns er t i ng t he
s poi l er s ol enoi d
ci r cui t s by means of a r es i s t or
on t he
pi vot ed, s pr i ng r et ur ned s uppor t of
t he
pear - s haped s peed meas ur i ng pl ug-
Power f or t he el ect r i cal
s ys t em
was obt ai ned
f r om a pr opel l er - dr i ven gener at or . Thi s mi s s i l e
wi t s l i mi t ed t o us e agai ns t t ar get s wi t h
a
s peed of
140 met er s a s econd or
l es s .
WARHEADANDFUZE. WARHEAn. Thi s mi s -
, l e cont ai ns
a 48 kg t hi n cas e bl as t ef f ect char ge.
I t i s r epor t ed
t o be pl aced ar ound t he out s i de of
t he pr opul s i on uni t , whi ch appear s neces s ar y f r om
s pace cons i der at i ons and i s des i r abl e i n t hat t he
C. G. of t he pr opel l ant char ge can be hel d near er
t o t he C. G. of t he ent i r e uni t . As mal l amount of
i ns ul at i on
pr ot ect s t he expl os i ve f r omt he heat of
t he pr opel l i ng char ge
.
FuzE
.
The mi s s i l e was des i gned f or
t he Gg8
"Abs t ands zunder "
hi gh f r equency pr oxi mi t y f uze ;
however , near l y
any of t he ot her pr oxi mi t y f uzes
woul d
wor k. Thi s mi s s i l e al s o i ncor por at ed a s el f -
des t r oyi ng f uze
whi ch oper at ed at a cer t ai n t i me
i nt er val af t er
l aunchi ng.
LAUNCHI NG
DEVI CE. Thi s mi s s i l e us es a r ai l
t ype l auncher
60 cmi n l engt h hung
on
t he car r i er
ai r cr af t on
t he under s i de of t he f us el age
or
wi ng.
of ei t her bomber or
f i ght er ai r cr af t
.
GENERAL. The
V"- 1 i s a bomb cons t r uct ed i n
t he f or mof a mi dwi ngmonopl anewi t h a s i ngl e
f i n
and r udder . The af t er
por t i on of t he f us el age i s
s ur mount ed by a
j et - pr opul s i on uni t : Twogener al
t ypes wer e f ound;
t he aut omat i cal l y cont r ol l ed
mi s s i l e, and t he
pi l ot ed mi s s i l e.

( See f i g. 195. )
Gener al per f or mancef i gur es ar e
as
f ol l ows
Speed at End of Launchi ng Ramp : 400 km/ hr .
Ai r s peed of Recent Model s : 900 kn1/ hr .
Ol der Model s
Ai r s peed : 800 km/ hr .
699794 0- 47- vol . 1- 14
ROCKETS
Maxi mumRange
( appr oxi mat e) : 200 km.
The
bomb i s l aunched
by
a
f i n at t ached t o
a pi s t on
f i r ed f r oma l ong cat apul t . The
cat apul t
t ube has
a s l i t r unni ng i t s ent i r e l engt h t hr ough whi ch t he
f i n pr oj ect s
. The
l aunchi ng f uel s ar e hydr ogen
per oxi de and pot as s i um per manganat e us ed
i n
combi nat i on. Ei t her t ype of mi s s i l e can
al s o be
l aunched f r om
H. EI l l
or
H. S.
177ai r cr af t .
Cont r ol of t he
V- - 1
i n f l i ght i s ef f ect ed by an
aut omat i c pi l ot uni t moni t or ed by a magnet i c com-
pas s . The onl y cont r ol s ur f aces ar e a pai r . of
el evat or s and a ver t i cal f i n. The cont r ol equi pment
caus es t he V- 1 t o
A. Cl i mb- t o a pr edet er mi ned al t i t ude and
l evel
of t ' .
B. Execut e a r i ght or l ef t t ur n of pr edet er i ni ned
dur at i on, i f des i r ed.
C. Mai nt ai n t he cor r ect al t i t ude.
D. Fol l ow t he des i r ed compas s cour s e.
E. Af t er t he pr oper di s t ance has been t r avel l ed,
go i nt o i t s f i nal di ve.
The model s whi ch wer e modi f i ed t o have a human
pi l ot
aboar d had t he
convent i onal s t i ck
and
pi vot ed- cr os s bar f l i ght cont r ol s . Agyr o compas s
was mount ed i n a chock- mount ed br acket wi t h a
s mal l 24- vol t wet bat t er y and a 3- phas e i nver t er .
Thi s as s embl y was mount ed on t he deck bet ween
t he pi l ot ' s knees , s o t hat t hecompas s was dus t bel ow
t he i ns t r ument panel .
Thes e bombs wer e i nt ended s peci f i cal l y t o be
l aunched
f r om
ai r cr af t . The pi l ot was t o f l y hi s
mi s s i l e
t owar d
hi s t ar get unt i l he was r el at i vel y
cer t ai n of accur acy, t hen l ock t he cont r ol s and
at t empt t o s ave hi ms el f .
Al t hough t he pi l ot s wer e
equi pped wi t h
par achut es , accor di ng t o
one Luf t -
waf f e execut i ve i n a V- 1
as s embl y pl ant , i t was
expect ed t hat 99 per cent woul d not s ur vi ve.
AI RFRAME.

The V- 1a
i s cons t r uct ed i n t he f or m
of a mi d- wi ng monopl ane
s ur mount ed by a j et -
pr opul s i on
uni t . Except f or t he nos e and t he con-
t r ol s ur f aces whi ch ar eof l i ght met al ,
t hes t r uct ur e
i s ent i r el y of
s t eel .
Ther e ar e var i at i ons of t he
or der of t wo f eet
maxi mumi n t he di mens i ons of
var i ous model s , but
t he f ol l owi ng char act er i s t i cs
ar e gi ven as r epr e-
s ent at i ve
Lengt h
of f us el age :
6, 655 mm.
Lengt h of
pr opul s i on uni t : 3, 415 mm.
Over - al l l engt h :
8, 325 mm
.
Maxi mumdi amet er
of f us el age :
840
mm
.
205
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Maxi mum
di amet er of pr opul si on uni t : 577
mm,
Wi ngSpan -
5, 370 mm.
Root Chor d
: 1, 220 mm.
Ti p
Chor d : 813 mm.
Wi ng
Ar ea ( Gr oss) . 5, 116, 000 sq. mm.
Aspect
Rat i o : 4. 7
The
mai npl ane i s bui l t ar ound a cont i nuous
t ubul ar
spar whi ch
passes
t hr ough
asl eeve
mount ed
acr oss
t he cent er
of t he
pr essur i zed
f uel t ank.
The t wo
wi ng sect i ons
whi ch
ar e
of st eel con-
st r uct i on
t hr oughout ,
ar e desi gned f or r api d as-
sembl y
on t he spar .
Ther e was no ai l er ons and t he
pl ane
has no
di hedr al . .
The
t ai l uni t has
a si ngl e f i n and r udder and i s
mount ed
on acone whi chf or ms
t her ear
end
of t he
f usel age.
The pl ane i s f i t t ed wi t hel evat or s whi ch,
t oget her
wi t h t he r udder , ar e oper at ed by
a pneu-
mat i c ser vo
mechani smhoused i nsi de t he f usel age
.
The
f usel age houses t he f ol l owi ng
uni t s :
Magnet i c
compass .
War head
.
Pr essur i zed
f uel t ank.
Compr essed
ai r t anks.
Aut omat i c pi l ot
cont r ol uni t .
Radi o t r ansmi t t er
( i f car r i ed) .
Pneumat i c ser vo
mot or s.
I NTEI J AQENCE
ANDCONTROL
SYSTEM. The i nt el -
l i gence and
cont r ol syst em
i s made up of t he f ol -
l owi ng pr i nci pal
uni t s
Mai n st eer i ng
cont r ol gyr o.
Rat e gyr o f or
t ur n cont r ol ,
Rat e gyr o
f or
pi t ch cont r ol .
Aner oi ds
al t i t ude cont r ol .
Cl ock
f or t i mi ng
of t ur n.
Magnet i c
compass
f or moni t or i ng gyr o.
Ai r l ogf or
det er mi ni ngr ange
.
Spr i ng- oper at ed
di vi ng mechani sm.
Pneumat i c
ser vos .
Af t er
l aunchi ng, t he V- 1a
cl i mbs unt i l i t
r eaches t he
al t i t ude f or whi chi t has been set i nt o
t he
cl ock
mechani sm, and st r ai ght ens out ont o a
cour se
cont r ol l ed by
t he compass t hr ough t he
gyr o. Af t er t he
ai r l og r egi st er s t he pr oper
di s-
t ance t r avel l ed,
t he spr i ng mechani sm
r emoves
t he gyr o cont r ol
and set s t he mi ssi l e
i nt o i t s f i nal
di ve.
MAI NSTEERI NG
CONTROL
GYRO.
The
mai n gyr o
i s l ocat ed
on t he f or war d
si de of t he aut omat i c
pi l ot assembl y
and
consi st s of an ai r - dr i ven
gyr o,
ROCKETS
doubl e gi mbal mount ed, wi t h
nor mal axi s
of spi n
i n a ver t i cal pl ane
t hr ough t he mi ssi l e' s
axi s and
i ncl i ned about 30° f r om
t he hor i zont al .
Thei nner
gi mbal axi s i s
nor mal l y i n a ver t i cal
pl ane at
r i ght angl es
t o t he axi s of spi n and
t he out er
gi mbal axi s i s
hor i zont al and at r i ght
angl es t o
t he
axi s of t he
V- 1
.
Camf ol l owbr s wi t h
mechan-
i cal l i nkages
ut i l i ze t he mot i on of t he gyr o
i n each.
of i t s t wo
component s r el at i ve t o t he chassi s
t o
t r aver se a smal l
compr essed ai r nozzl e acr oss
t wo
hol es, t hus bui l di ng
up a hi gher pr essur e i n
one
or t he
ot her of t he
pr essur e t ubes when t he
posi -
t i on
i s of f nor mal ,
Two pr ecessi og
magnet s ar e mount ed
on t he
si de of t he gyr o, one
f or pr oduci ng
r i ght - hand
pr ecessi on f or
azi mut h cont r ol , and t he ot her
l ef t -
hand. The
ci r cui t s f r omt he magnet s ar e
con-
t r ol l ed by t he
cl ock dur i ng t he t ur n
and by t he
magnet i c
compass t her eaf t er .
Pr ecessi on
i n a ver t i cal pl ane i s
pr oduced by
ar eact i on
f or ce f r omt heescape t hr ough
si de vent s
of t he
compr essed ai r af t er i t has
been used t o
dr i ve t he gyr o
mot or . These vent s ar e
on t he
si des of t he f or war d
bear i ng housi ng and
ar e
par t i al l y
cover ed by
t wo pendul ous st r i ps of
br ass .
I f
t he spi n
axi s, owi ngt o _ f r i ct i on or any
ot her
cause, t i l t s up
or down f r omi t s desi r ed
posi t i on,
t he
pendul ums
wi l l cover mor e of t he vent s
on
one
si de and l ess
on
t he
ot her , r esul t i ng i n ahor i -
zont al
r eact i on f or ce and causi ng
aver t i cal pr e-
cessi on back t ea t he pr oper
angl e of
t i l t .
The mai n
gyr o i s l ocked i n i t s nor mal posi t i on
dur i ng t he
l aunchi ng and uncaged
el ect r i cal l y
when
aswi t ch on t he f usel age i s
oper at ed by
a
pr ot r usi on
on t he endof t he l aunchi ng
r amp.
RATEGYao FOR
TURNCONTROL. The
auxi l i ar y
gyr os
ar e f or t he
pur pose of i nt r oduci ng
ar at e-
of - char ge el ement
i nt o t he cont r ol , so as
t o avoi d
t he
j er ki ness and
possi bl e "hunt i ng" i nher ent
i n a
cont r ol whi ch
i s di r ect l y pr opor t i onal
t o er r or.
The hor i zont al r at e gyr o spi ns
nor mal l y about
a
hor i zont al axi s at r i ght angl es t o
t he shi p' s axi s.
I t i s mount ed
i n a f r ame whi ch can
have a r e-
st r i ct ed
mot i on about a f or e
and af t hor i zont al
axi s .
Thi s f r ame i s hel d
i n a nor mal
posi t i on by
a
l eaf spr i ng, and
i t al so has an ai r dashpot
f or
dampi ng
. As on t he mai n
gyr o, t he f r ame
car r i es
an
ai r j et whi chpl ays bet ween
t wo r ecei vi nghol es,
and pr oduces a di f f er ent i al pr essur e i n t he con-
nect i ng
t ubes whenever t he r at e gyr o i s di spl aced
207
GERMANEXPLOSIVE
ORDNANCE
fromi t s normal posi t i on
. Theout put t ubes
are
cross- connect ed t o
t hecorrespondi ng
t ubes from
t hehori zont al t ake- off
el ement of t hemai ngyro.
In operat i on, a sudden change
i n hori zont al
angl eof t heshi p wi l l resul t
i n a correspondi ng
changei n rat egyroposi t i on rel at i ve
t oi t s frame,
provi di ng a
pressure di fferent i al opposi ng
t hi s
change. Thespri ngforce, modi fi ed
byt hat of t he
dashpot , gradual l y bri ngs t herat e
gyro back t o
i t s normal posi t i on. It act s duri ngt hi s
t ransi ent
peri od onl y, smoot hi ngt heresponseof
t hemi ssi l e
t ot hemai ngyro.
Thepressurp- 6 i n t he
di fferent i al t ubes arere-
sul t ant
or composi t e
pressures frombot ht he
mai n
gyrohori zont al
t ake- off
el ement andt hehori zon-
t al rat e
gyro. The
di fferent i al pressurebet ween
t he t wo t ubes
act uat es
t hepneumat i c servo de-
scri bed bel ow.
RATEGYROFORPITCHCONTROL.

Therat egyro
for pi t chcont rol i s
a
dupl i cat eof t hehori zont al
rat egyrobut has i t s normal axi s of spi n vert i cal .
It s di fferent i al pressuret ake- off t ubes arecross-
connect ed t ot hosefromt he
el evat i on el ement of
t he
mai ngyro.
ANEROID
ALTITUDECONTROL
. . Thi s i s an al t i -
t ude
cont rol wi t han adj ust i ngknobgraduat ed
i n
mi l l i bars
at mospheri c pressure
bet ween 700 and
1, 000. Turni ng t heknobchanges t het ensi on of
a spri ng
whi chi s bal anced agai nst at mospheri c
pressureon t he
pri nci pl eof
t heaneroi d barom-
et er. A
pneumat i c servocont rol l ed by t hi s uni t
t i l t s t he
framework support i ng t hemai ngyro.
In
operat i on, as t heV- 1 cl i mbs t o hi gher al t i -
t ude, t he
l ower baromet ri c pressure resul t s i n a
backwardmovement
of t hespri ng, di aphragmand
pi st on,
and a t i l t i ng upward of t heframe. The
gyro
mai nt ai ns i t s ori gi nal angl ebet weenaxi s of
spi n and t hehori zont al , and t here
i s produced a
rel at i ve
mot i on bet ween t heai r j et hol es
of t he
vert i cal
t ake- off whi chact s i n t he end
t hrough
servos,
t o l ower t heel evat ors andt hus reducet he
cl i mb
of t herl ane. Thi s cont i nues unt i l anal t i -
t ude i s at t ai ned
at whi cha proper bal ance i s
reached,
andt hemi ssi l et hen fl i es a l evel coursei n
an
at mospherewhosepressurei n mi l l i bars i s t hat
at whi cht headj ust i ngknobhas been set .
CLOCKFORTIMINGof
TuRN
.

Thecl ock cont rol s
t hedel aybeforet het urnbegi ns, andt hedurat i on
of t het urn.

Thet urni ngfeat urei s for t hepur-
poseof
enabl i ngt heV- 1 t obel aunched agai nst a
t arget whi ch
i s not i n
l i ne wi t ht he l aunchi ng
20
8
OP1666
ramp, and maki ng i t more
di ffi cul t
for t heenemy
t odet ermi ne
t hel ocat i on of t hel aunchi ng ramp
by observat i on of t he l i ne of
fl i ght
. Thedel ay
before t urni ng al so reduces t he probabi l i t y of
crashi ngsi ncet heV- 1 i s enabl ed t o at t ai n a more
sat i sfact ory al t i t ude and
vel oci t y
beforeat t empt -
i ng any evol ut i ons. Thedel ay mechani smruns
for a maxi mumof about 10mi nut es, al t houghi t
has scal emarki ngs onl y up t o 3mi nut es (on t he
mi nut e wheel , pl us 60 seconds on t he second
wheel ) . Thet urni ng t i memaybe set anywhere
bet ween zeroand60seconds.
Thet urni ng
i s effect ed byt hecl osi ngof oneof
t hehori zont al
precessi ng magnet ci rcui t s by t he
cl ock mechani sm
. Thedi rect i on of t urn i s con-
t rol l ed byaswi t ch
mount edont hecl ock, andt he
rat eof t urn maybe
set bet ween t hel i mi t s of ap-
proxi mat el y one- t ent h
degree per second and 1
degree per second by varyi ng a regi st er i n t he
magnet ci rcui t .
MAGNETICCOMPASS
FORMONITORINGGYRO.
Aft er compl et i on of t he
t urn, t hecl ock mechani sm
compl et es t heci rcui t s
bywhi cht hemast erygyroi s
cont rol l ed i n
azi mut hby t he magnet i c compass .
Themai n shaft of
t hecompass, whi chi s housed
i nt henoseof t he
mi ssi l e, carri es a camsoarranged
t hat i t s edge
wi l l part i al l y bl ock t hefl ow of ai r
bet weenei t her
of t wopai rs of j et s . Thi s produces
a
di fferent i al pressurei n i t s out put t ubes when-
ever t he mi ssi l e i s
not on t hedesi red magnet i c
course. These
out put t ubes are connect ed t o an
ai r rel ay whi chenergi zes t he proper precessi ng
magnet t o bri ng t hegyro
t o i t s desi red set t i ng.
AIRLOGFORDETERMINING
RANGE
. Rangei s
det ermi ned by an ai r l ogdri ven byasmal l pro-
pel l er- l i kespi nner
l ocat ed at t henoseof t hemi s-
si l e. Count er wheEl s
cl ock off t heai r di st anceand
at a pre- set di st ancean el ect ri c cont act i s made
whi chdet onat es asmal l charget o operat et hedi v-
i ngmechani sm.
. SPRING- OPERATED
DIVINGMECHANISM. The
charge det onat ed by t heai r l og mechani smre-
l eases a spri ng- l oaded l ever whi chdepresses t he
el evat ors t o
t hedi veposi t i on andl ocks t hem. It
al so l owers t wo
smal l hi nged pl at es beneat ht he
l ower surfaceof t he
hori zont al st abi l i zer, whi ch
areof di fferent si zes and cause
t heV- 1
t o t urn as
i t di ves i n.
PNEUMATICSERVOS. In al i ght t hecont rol
sur-
faces of t heV- 1
areoperat ed bypi st on- t ype, -
pneu-
mat i c servos
dri ven byai r from
t hemai npressure
bot t l es,
andpneumat i cal l y cont rol l edby t he di f -
f erent i al pressure out put s f romt he aut omat i c pi l ot
cont rol
uni t .
RADI OTRANSMI TTER
. Some V- 1 bombs were
equi ppedwi t h aone- t ube
radi o t ransmi t t er f or t he
apparent
purpose of enabl i ng
t he
l aunchi ng
crew
t o f ol l owt he f l i ght s
wi t h di rect i onf i ndi ngequi p-
ment
i n
order t o obt ai npl ot t i ng
and
wi nddat a.
When
t he radi o was
usedi t was mount ed
i n t he
t ai l of t he
f usel age abaf t t he
aut omat i c
pi l ot uni t .
I t i ncl udedawheel
t ype codi nguni t andbat t eri es
t o power bot h t he
t ransmi t t er andt he codi nguni t .
The ant enna, whi ch
i s approxi mat el y450f eet l ong
i s woundon
a l ong rodandarrangedi n such a
manner t hat i t wi l l
be drawnout by t he ai rst ream
af t er t he mi ssi l e
i s l aunched.
PROPULSI ON
UNI T. The propul si onuni t , whi ch
i s mount edabove
t he af t er endof t he f usel age, has
an over- al l l engt h
of 11 f eet 3 i nches . I t t apers
down
f roma maxi mumdi amet er of 1 f oot
103/
4
' nehes at t he
f orwardendt o 1 f oot 4i nches about
. . al f wayal ong
i t s l engt h ; t he rear port i oni s cyl i n-
dri cal . The uni t
i s carri edabove t he f usel age on
t wo support s wi t h
shock- absorbi ng mount i ngs t o
i nsul at e t he
cont rol syst emf rom
vi brat i on.
At t he
f ront of t he uni t t here
i s a rect angul ar
gri l l openi ng
whi ch i s bui l t up f romaseri es
of
f i nned di ecast
st ri ps . Bet ween each pai r of
di e
cast i ngs t here
i s a f l at
st ri p bui l t up f romt wo
pi eces of sheet
st eel . A
seri es of smal l spri ng
l eaves i s di sposed
al ong each si de
of t he st ri p.
Eachpai r
of l eaves
i s securedby t wo hol l ow
ri vet s
whi ch al so serve
t o hol d t he st ri ps t oget her .
Ai r
pressure at
t he f ront of t he gri l l , combi ned
wi t h a
vacuumat t he
rear, causes t he spri ngl eaves
t o open and
admi t
a
charge
of ai r . The f uel i s
f orcedby ai r pressure
f romt he
t ank i nt he f use-
l age t o ni ne j et s whi ch
proj ect
f romt he back of
t he gri l l .

The f l ow
of f uel t hrough
t he f eedpi pes
arranged t o
synchroni ze wi t h
t he openi ngand
cl osi ng
of t he spri ng
l eaves, so t hat apul sat i ng
f l ow
of f uel i s obt ai ne(k
The j et s,
whi ch are i n t hree
rows, proj ect i nt o
t hree vent uri
openi ngs.
These openi ngs are
f ormed
by
t wo
hol l ow
members ext endi ngacross
anopen
box st ruct ure
securedt o t he rear of t he
gri l l , andhavi ngt wo
si des shapedt o compl et e
t he
upper
and
l ower
vent uri
.
I noperat i on,
a charge i s admi t t ed,
t he f uel i s
i nj ect ed, andcombust i on
t akes pl ace. The
ri se of
pressure i nsi de t he combust i on
chamber cl oses
t he
Di amet er, 580- 600mm.
Range : 700km.
St at i c
t hrust :
500
kg.
Speed: 640
km/ hr.
Wei ght : 215 kg.
Pressure rat i o i n compressor : 2. 8. .
Speci f i c f uel consumpt i on: 1. 4 l bs/ hr .
ROCKETS
spri ng l eaves andt he exhaust gases
are expel l ed
t hrough t he openrear end
of . t he t ube. As
t he
pressure i n t he combust i onchamber
f al l s, t he
ai r
pressure agai n
causes t he spri ng l eaves
t o open
andaf resh
charge i s admi t t ed andt he cycl e of
event s
repeat ed.
The f ol l owi ng
est i mat edf i gures were obt ai ned
f or t he
equi pment :
PRESSURI ZED
FUEL COMPARTMENT. The f uel
compart ment
i s l ocat edi nt he cent ral sect i onof t he
f usel age
andconsi st s of ast eel cyl i nder of 130gal -
l ons
capaci t y wi t hnoarmor prot ect i onandno sel f -
seal i ng f eat ure.
The f uel used i s al owgrade avi at i on gasol i ne
si mi l ar
t o t hat whi ch t he Germans used i n t hei r
t rai ni ng
ai rcraf t . Ai r f romt he pressure bot t l es
i s suppl i edt o t he upper part of t he f uel compart -
ment andf orces t he f uel out t o t hej et s i nt he com-
bust i onchamber, bywayof acont rol
uni t i ncorpo-
rat i ngdi aphragmval ves.
PRESSURE BorrLES. The pressure bot t l e com-
part ment
cont ai ns t wo spheri cal compressed ai r
bot t l es 1 f oot 91/2 i nches i n di amet er . Theai r f rom
t he bot t l es,
whi ch are f i l l ed t o about
2, 100
pounds
per
square i nch i s usedt o keept he f uel under pres-
sure andt o operat e t he aut omat i c pi l ot andservo
uni t s.
WARHEAD. The warheadi s bol t edt o t he f or-
wardendof t hepressuri zedf uel compart ment and
i s approxi mat el y equi val ent i n si ze and
ef f ect
t o
t he German
SB
1, 000- kg t hi n case bomb, t he
charge- wei ght rat i o bei ngexcept i onal l yhi gh. The
t hi ckness of t he bomb casi ngi s about 2 mm. The
expl osi ve f i l l i ng i s TRI ALEN106, same as t hat
usedi n t he SB1000. There are t hree f uze pocket s
i nt he warhead: Twot ransverse f uze pocket s whi ch
house t he
mechani cal del ay f uzes,
and
one cent ral
expl oder t ube whi cht akes t heEl . A. Z. 106el ect ri -
cal i mpact f uze at t he f orwardend.
Fuzi NOSYSTEM. I ndesi gni ngt he f uzi ngsyst em
of t hi s bomb, t he Germans want edt o i nsure det o-
nat i ononi mpact , so t hey i ncl udeda"bel l yswi t ch"
209
GERMANEXPLOSI VE
ORDNANCE
i n addi t i on t o t he nose swi t ch, and
t he i ner t i a bol t
swi t ch. Theset hr ee swi t ches
al l oper at ed t hr ough
an
adapt at i on of t he Rbei nmet al l el ect r i c
f uze El .
A. Z. 106.
I n addi t i on t o t he el ect r i cal
syst em,
t wo mechani cal
f uzes ; one
" al l - ways" act i on i m-
pact f uze and
one mechani cal
cl ockwor k del ay
f uze, wer e used t o f ur t her
i nsur e
det onat i on of t he
mi ssi l e.
ELECTRI CAL SYBTEM. The
el ect r i cal syst em
consi st s
of
t he
i mpact f uze El .
A.
Z.
106, t he Ent .
106
whi ch
i s
mai nl y a cont ai ner
f or t he second
condenser and
t he choke coi l s, t he
" bel l y" swi t ch,
and t he nose swi t ch.
The El . A. Z. 106 i s
l ocat ed i n t he
axi al f uze
pocket and i s essent i al l y a
swi t chi ng
devi ce. The
al umi numf uze head has t wo
f emal e
el ect r i c i nl et s .
The el ect r i cal connect i ons
ar e made by
means of a
t hr ee- cont act pl ug, t he
l ar ger pr ong
ser vi ng as a
l ocat i ng pi n. Under t he f uze
head i s
a pl ast i c
moul di ng whi ch houses an
el ect r i cal
i gni t er .
Bel ow t hi s a second housi ng
cont ai ns a
t her mi t e
pot ar ound whi ch ar e gr ouped t hr ee
spr i ng l oaded
swi t ches.

One i s hel d i n i t s
cl osed posi t i on by a
pol yst yr ene pl ug, t he ot her
t wo ar e connect ed t o
t hebot t omof t he t her mi t e pot
by means of l umps
of Wood' s mat er i al .

An
i ner t i a bol t swi t ch r at ed
at 150 g pl us 10 i s mount ed so
t hat i t wi l l be act i -
vat ed on nose i mpact .
The Ent . 106 i s bol t ed t o a ci r cul ar
br acket on
t hewar head, cl ose t o t he El . A. Z.
106
.
I t cont ai ns
al ar get i nf oi l condenser , t wo i r on cor e
choke coi l s,
a 0. 95 Mohmr esi st ance al l separ at ed by
bees-
wax and hel d i n pl ast i c housi ngs.
The nose swi t ch i s di r ect l y behi nd t he
r ear end
on t he ai r l og shaf t . I t consei st s of
a di aphr agm
swi t ch mount ed on a col l apsi bl e
r od
. On
i mpact
t hi s nose swi t ch can be cl osed
ei t her by t he shaf t
of t he ai r l og bei ng dr i ven back, or t he
out er t ube
maycol l apse and make cont act wi t h t he
i nner t ube
compl et i ng t he ci r cui t . These t wo swi t ches wi l l
f unct i on onl y i f t he nose of t he bomb i t sel f i s sub-
j ect ed t o i mpact $ and di st or t i on .
The " bel l y" swi t ch i s on t he under si de of
t he
nose housi ng i n a pr oj ect i on cal l ed t he bl i st er .
I t i s a si mpl e push but t on t ype of swi t ch whi ch
wi l l cl ose
t he f i r i ng ci r cui t
i n t he event of a bel l y
l andi ng.
As t he bomb pr ogr esses t hr ough t he ai r , t he
ai r scr ew of t he ai r l og r ot at es and causes t he
Veeder count er t o r ot at e backwar d t o zer o.
The
l engt h of t he
saf et y per i od i s det er mi ned by
t he
OP
1666
i ni t i al set t i ng of t hi s
Veeder count er .
At t he zer o
mar k, i t
cl oses t he el ect r i cal cont act and t hr ows
t he 30- vol t dr y bat t er y i nt o
t he f uze ci r cui t
. Thi s
causes t he condenser i n t he Ent . 106 component
t o become char ged and f i r es t he el ect r i c br i dge
t hr ough swi t ch No. 1. Thi s el ect r i c br i dge i gni t es
t he t her mi t e pot di r ect l y bel ow i t , whi ch i n t ur n
mel t s t he pol yst yr ene pl ug on t he spr i ng- l oaded
swi t ch No. 1, and t heswi t ch opens. Theheat f r om
t hi s t her mi t e pot al so causes swi t ch No. 2t o cl ose
and swi t ch No. 3 t o open. Thi s oper at i on r emoves
t he shunt acr oss t he i gni t er No. 2and put s t he r e
t ur n l i ne t o t he bat t er y i nt o t he
ci r cui t .

The el ec-
t r i cal
syst emat t hi s
poi nt
i s
f ul l y
ar med.
I f t he bomb st r i kes nose f i r st , t he di aphr agm
swi t ch wi l l cl ose and f i r e t he war head t hr ough
i gni t er No. 2, or t he i ner t i a swi t ch i n t he El . A. Z.
106 wi l l cl ose and f i r e t he war head t hr ough i gni t er
No. 1. I f t he
bomb gl i des t o t he gr ound,
t he bel l y
swi t ch whi ch i s i n
par al l el wi t h
t he nose di a-
phr agmswi t ch wi l l f i r e t he war head.
MECHANI CAL
FuzESYsTEm.
The mechani cal
f uze syst em
consi st s of t he 80 Aal l - ways
act i on
i mpact f uze and t he Z. 17 Bmcl ockwor k del ay
f uze. These t wo
f uzes ar e usual l y f ound i n t he
f or war d and af t t r ansver se
f uze pocket s r espec-
t i vel y.
The 80 Ai s used
pr i mar i l y as i nsur ance agai nst
t he possi bl e
mal f unct i oni ng
of t he el ect r i cal f uze
syst emon i mpact
. The di agr ams and oper at i on
of t hi s f uze can be
f oundi n t he Bomb Fuze sect i on.
The Z. 17 Bi n i s i nt ended
onl y as a demol i t i on
f uze. I f t her e was ever a
compl et e f ai l ur e of bot h
syst ems when t he bomb l anded
on enemy t er r i t or y,
t hi s f uze woul d det onat e
t he war head wi t hi n af ew
mi nut es af t er t he
mi ssi l e had l anded and
t her eby
keep t he val uabl e
i nt el l i gence out of t he
enemy' s
hands.
DESCRI PTI ON
. The V- 2,
al so
known by
t he
Ger mans as t he A- 4, i s a st r eaml i ned
mi ssi l e 45
f eet 10 i nches l ong wi t h
a
body
di amet er of 5 f eet
5
i nches : The nose i s ver y shar pl y
poi nt ed and t he
af t er body car r i es f our ext er nal f i ns
mount ed i n
quadr at ur e
. The wei ght at t ake- of f i s 14 t ons, of
whi ch - 1 t on i s expl osi ve, and
9
t ons i s used up i n
t he f i r st mi nut e.
Al ar ge st eel vent ur i i s used f or pr opul si on .
The
f uel s, al cohol and l i qui d oxygen,
ar e pumped i nt o
t he mot or at t he
r at e of 9 t ons per mi nut e by a
manganat e- hydr ogen
per oxi de
t ur bi ne whi ch
8vel ops
460hor sepower
.
Thet hr ust
pr oduced i s
28 t ons .
I n f l i ght t he
mi ssi l e i s
cont r ol l ed by f i ns
i n t he
t ai l
sur f aces
whi ch
ar e posi t i oned
by hydr aul i c
ser vo- mechani sms
cont r ol l ed
by an el abor at e
i n-
t el l i gence
syst em
The
i nt el l i gence
syst emconsi st s
of t he f ol l ow-
i ng:
1 . Two
gyr os
t o pr ovi de
st abi l i t y
about t he
t hr ee axes
of t he
mi ssi l e.
2. Ar adi o
( opt i onal ) t o
pr ovi de azi mut h
con-
t r ol by f l yi ng
on a
beam.
3.
Ar adi o
or
i nt egr at i ng
accel er omet er
t o t ur n
of f t he
mot or at
a speci f i ed
vel oci t y, t o
pr ovi de
r ange cont r ol
.
4. A
t i me swi t ch
cont r ol
t o bend t he
mi ssi l e over
t owar d t he
t ar get
af t er
i t i s l aunched
ver t i cal l y.
Af t er
an el abor at e
pr epar at i on r equi r i ng
much
t i me,
per somi el
and
equi pment ,
t he V- 2 i s
f i r ed
ver t i cal l y f r om
a met al
mobi l e
st and.

A
f ewsee-
ds af t er i t
i s i n t he
ai r t he
t i me swi t ch
cont r ol
causes i t
gr adual l y
t o bend
over i n t he
di r ect i on
of t he t ar get
.
Af t er 1
mi nut e
of f l i ght t he
mot or
i s t ur ned
of f , t he
mi ssi l e
bei ng at an
angl e of about
45° and
havi ng
a vel oci t y
of about
3, 400 mi l es per
hour . For
t he
r emai nder
of
t he f l i ght , t he
V- 2
f ol l ows t he
t r aj ect or y of
a
f r ee body i n
space,
r eachi ng a.
maxi mum
hei ght
of
about 50 mi l es be-
f or e r et ur ni ng
t o t he
sur f ace
of t he
ear t h.

About
5
mi nut es af t er
t ake- of f
i t st r i kes
t he
ear t h some
200
mi l es f r om
t he
l aunchi ng
si t e wi t h
avel oci t y
of
appr oxi mat el y
1 , 800
mi l es
an hour .
At t hi s
i nst ant
t he war head
and
any
r emai ni ng
f uel ex-
pl ode
.
TECHNI CAL
DATA
OF THE
APPARATUS
.
Thef ol l owi ng
det ai l s
i ncl uded as
per t i nent
i nf or -
1 1 1 1 1 t i un of
t he V- 2
wer e
t aken f r om
t he
t r ansl at i on
of aGer man
Manual
on
t i r e subj ect .

( See f i g.
1 96)
MEASUREMENTS
:
Lengt h
of
war head
:
2, 01 0
mm.
Lengt h
of
cont r ol :
1 , 41 0
r am.
Lengt h of
t he
mi ddl e
par t - 6, 21 5
mi n,
Wi dt h
of t he
vent i l at i ng
spl i t
bet ween
t he mi d-
dl e
par t and
t he t ai l
: 5 mm.
Lengt h of t he
t ai l :
4, 401
mm.
Tot al l engt h
of t he
A4: 1 4, 036
mm.
Cal i ber
: 1 , 651
mm.
Lengt h of
f i ns :
3, 935
mm.
Di amet er
of out er
edge
of f i ns : 3, 564 mm.
B.
WEI GHTS
:
1. War bead
: 1 ; 000 kg.
Payl oad
: 750 kg.
Empt y
wei ght
of nose. 250kg.
2. Cont r ol :
450 kg.
+Addi t i onal vent i l at i on
:
+30 kg.
"Mi schger at " :
1 7 kg.
"Ver doppl er " :
1 4 kg.
Gyr o
( r ol l
and yaw) : 4. 2
kg.
Gyr o
( pi t ch) :
5. 4 kg.
Two
bat t er i es
: 52 kg.
Fuze
f i r i ng ci r cui t
: 5kg.
"Kommando" bat t er y :
8. 7 kg.
3
I nver t or s : 38
kg,
3
Regul at or s
: 4. 8 kg.
"Kommando"
r ecei ver : 1 9 kg.
Mai n j unct i on box :
30
kg.
Pul l
away pl ug
( si de
of body) :
8 kg.
3.
Mi ddl e
sect i on : 742
kg.
Shel l ( cel l ) :
41 8 kg.
Condui t
and Cabl es :
30 kg.
Fr ame Ri ng:
1 8 kg.
Fi r e
Wal l
:
1 1 kg.
A- Tank
: 1 21 kg.
B- Tank
: 76 kg.
4.
Engi ne Bl ock :
931
kg.
Mot or
: 422 kg.
Fr ame :
56 kg.
Pump:
1 59 kg.
P- Bat t er y:
75. 5 kg.
T- Syst em:
73 kg.
Heat
Exchanger :
6. 7 kg.
5,
Tai l : 750
kg,
Tai l
Ri b
Sect i on : 49- 5 kg.
Ser vo- Mot or s :
1 60 kg.
6.
Remai nder
: 1 05
kg.
Pr essur e
Pi eces :
60 kg.
ROCKETS
7.
Tot al
Empt y Wei ght
of A4: 4, 000 kg.
8.
Fi l l ed Wei ght
of A- Tank
.
( t o
over f l ow) : 4, 900
kg,
9. Fi l l ed
Wei ght
of B- Tank.
( empt y
space
of 0. 29 cubi c met er s)
: 3, 800 kg.
1 0. Fi l l ed
Wei ght
of T- Tank : 1 75
kg.
1 1 .
Fi l l ed Wei ght
of Z- Tank
: 1 3 kg.
1 2.
Tot al Wei ght
of a4 Ful l y Tanked
: 1 2, 700-
1 2, 900
kg.
1 3.
Wei ght of
Fuel s ( i n
Pi pes Cool i ng
J acket
Heat
Exchange
and T- Syst em) :
21 0 kg.
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C.
PERFORMANCES: I ndi vi dual
Par t s
1.
Cont r ol
Room:
Two Bat t er i es
: 27
vol t s, 20 amper e hour s.
One
"Kommando"
Bat t er y : 50 vol t s, 1
. 3 am-
per e
hour s.
Fi r i ng
Ci r cui t :
27
vol t s
.
Thr ee I nver t or s
:
DC/AC3- phase.
I nver t or s :
Mot or :
27 vol t s, 12 vol t s, 10, 000
r. p. m.
Gener at or :
40 vol t s, 500
cycl es, 180 wat t s.
Thr ee Regul at or s
f or
I nver t or s
: Regul a-
t i on 1 per cent .
"Ver doppl er "
Tr ansmi t t er
: Out put 15 wat t s,
wavel engt h
6. 5
met er s, f r equency 46 Me.
2. Engi ne
Bl ock
:
El ect r i cal
Ar mat ur es
: Const r uct ed f or 24
vol t s.
Tur bi nes :
Capaci t y
Ca. : 21
kg/sec .
Revol ut i on : 3, 800
r. p. m.
Out put : 460
hp.
Addi t i onal
t hr ust by
Vent i ng Ca. : 50
kg.
A- Pump:
Revol ut i ons
Ca
. :
3, 800 r. p. m.
Out put :

190
hp.
Out put
pr essur e :

18
. 7
at m.
Out put
Ca.
:
72 kg/sec.
B- Pump:
Revol ut i ons
Ca
. :
3, 800 r. p. m.
Out put
:
270 hp.
Out put
pr essur e :
22 at m.
Out put
Ca. : 58
kg/sec .
T- Syst em: T
and
Zout put pr essur e
: 31 at m.
T- St uf f
Fl ow
Ca.
: 2
. 1 kg/sec.
Z- St uf f
Fl owCa. :
0. 2 kg/sec.
Pr essur e
i n St eam
Chamber
:
25 at m
.
St eam
Pr odnced
: 2. 3 kg/sec .
Fr esh
St eam
Temper at ur e : 385°
C.
Pr essur e
Reduci ng
Set t i ng:

31 at m.
P- But t er i es :
Number
of Bot t l es- 7.
Cont ent s
: 7 l i t er s
per bot t l e.
P- Pr essur e
: 200
at m.
Tot al
Amount :

12
. 25
kg=9, 600
l i t er s.
Heat
Exchanger
Fl ow: 0. 3
kg/sec. of A-
St of f , , 2
. 3 kg/sec
of st eam.
Temper at ur e
of
Out f l ow
:
280° C.
Temper at ur e
of A- St uf f
( Af t er Goi ng
Thr ough
Heat
Exchanger )
Ca. : 0° C.
Mot or :
Fuel
Consumpt i on per
Second i n
Pr el i mi nar y
St age :
A- St uf f
Ca. : 38 kg.
B- St uf f
Ca. : 35 kg.
Tot al
Ca. : 73 kg.
ROCKETS
Fuel Consumpt i on
per Second
i n
Mai n
St age :
A- St uf f
Ca
. :

72 kg.
B- St uf f
Ca. : 58 kg.
Tot al
Ca. : 130 kg.
Mi xi ng
Pr opor t i on : B: A: 0
. 81.
Fuel I nj ect i on
Pr essur e i nt o
Mot or :
18 at m.
Pr essur e i n
Combust i on
Chamber : . 14
. 5 at m.
Temper at ur e

i n
. Combust i on

Chamber :
2, 0000
C.
Exi t Vel oci t y
of Gases Ca. :

2, 000 m. /sec
.
I nner
Ef f i ci ency ( WA/WA
TH=Act ual
t o
Theor et i cal Exi t
Vel oci t y) :

95 per cent .
Thr ust : 25, 700 kg.
3. Tot al
Appar at us
Shoot i ng
r ange
Ca : 300 km.
Cei l i ng
Ca. : 80 km.
"Br ennschl uss" hei ght
Ca. : 28 km.
"Er ennschl uss"
r ange Ca. : 25
km.
"Br ennschl uss"
Maxi mumVel oci t y
Ca
. : 1, 500
i n/sec.
Bur ni ng t i me
Ca. : 60- 63 sec.
Fl i ght t i me
Ca. : 320 sec
.
Speed
at t ar get
Ca
. : 800
m/sec .
Angl e wi t h
Per pendi cul ar
At
"Br ennschl uss"
47° .
Gr eat est
I mpact
Pr essur e : 8- 10, 000
kg
sq/met er
( Reached i n
45 sec
at 12 km
hei ght at 650
m/sec) .
Hi ghest
heat i ng of t he
Ski n : 300' - 5000' C
.
Li f t i ng
Accel er at i on Ca. : 1g. ( 9
. 81 m/sacs) .
Maxi mum
Accel er at i on ( at
Top of 25- t on
t hr ust ) Ca. . 6g.
D_ OTHER
DATA- TOTAL APPARATUS
.
Evapor at i on
Out of t he Fi l l ed
Devi ce of t he
A- St af f
I n
t he f i r st hour
Ca. : 320 kg.
I n t he second
hour Ca. :
160 kg.
I n
t he t hi r d
hour Ca. : 130 kg
( and f ol l owi ng
hour s. )
Ri gi di t y
of t he appar at us
:
Unt anked :
upt o 23
m/sec wi nd speed.
Tanked:
upt o 35 m/sec wi nd
speed.
Tr anspor t at i on
.
Hei ght of t he
Devi ce : 4. 2
met er s .
Tr anspor t at i on.
Wi dt h of t he
Devi ce : 3. 22 met er s
.
Tr anspor t at i on.
Lengt h of
t he Devi ce : 14. 7
met er s.
213
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Theappar at us wi t hf ul l
A- St uf f can st and up t o
6 hour s wi t hout i mpai r ed
f unct i on.
The
ser vo- mot or s must war m
up 30 mi nut es
bef or e shoot i ng. Taki ng
i nt o consi der at i on
t he
i nsul at i on condi t i on
of t he wi r i ng syst ema
de-
t anki ng
of A- St uf f can not
t ake
pl acei n
t he
mean-
t i me, si nce i n
most cases an undesi r abl y hi gh
de-
t er i or at i on of t he
condi t i on of t he wi r i ng syst em
i s unavoi dabl e
as a r esul t
of t he sweat i ng. The
i nsul at i on coef f i ci ent
f or t he
27
vol t s wi r i ng
sys-
t em
measur ed
at t hebr eak- away pl ug at t er mi nal s
1- 4 agai nst
t hebody i s 10, 400
ohms.
Fi gur e 197B- X- 4
Mi ssi l e
ROCKETS
GENERALDESCRI PTI ON.
TheX- 4 i s
a f i n-
st abi l i zed
gui ded mi ssi l e wi t h a pr oxi mi t y
f uzed
war head
devel oped speci f i cal l y f or use by
f i ght er
pl anes agai nst
enemy bomber f or mat i ons
. ( See.
J i gs . 197A and 1975. )
St abi l i zat i on
i s obt ai ned by f our l ar gef i ns f i t t ed
symmet r i cal l y t o t hebody
andst eer i ng i s achi eved
by
r ake spoi l er s
oper at i ng i n f our smal l t ai l f i ns
whi ch
ar e
i nt er di gi t at ed wi t h r espect t o t he l ar ge
f i ns,
I n appeant nce, i t i s qui t e
si mi l ar t o " Fr i t z
X"
except t hat i t i s much
smal l er , t he war head
21 5
GERMANEXPLOSI VE
ORDNANCE
wei ghi ng onl y 20
kg and t he t ot al wei ght bei ng
60 kg. I t i s l aunched
wi t hout as s i s t ed t ake- of f
f romf i ght er pl anes . I t can
be ei t her wi re- con-
t rol l ed by an operat or i n t he
f i ght er pl ane or i t
can be us ed as a s el f - s t eeri ng
t arget s eeker by t he
us e of acous t i c homi ng. I f i t i s
wi re- cont rol l ed,
s ome s ort of rocket propul s i on i s t o be
us ed;
whi l e i f acous t i c homi ng i s us ed,
i t i s propos ed t o
di s pens e wi t h t he rocket
propul s i on uni t .
OPERATI ONAL ASPECTS.
The pri nci pal
operat i onal us e of t he X- 4
woul dbe f or f i ght er
us e agai ns t l arge enemy bomber
f ormat i ons . Of
cours e, t he wi re- cont rol vers i on woul dneces s i t at e
t he l aunchi ng pl ane remai ni ng i n t he vi ci ni t y i n
order
t o cont rol t he f l i ght
of t he mi s s i l e andt hi s
woul d i n, t urn s eri ous l y
res t ri ct i t s maneuver-
abi l i t y. On t he ot her hand,
i f acous t i c homi ng
were us ed, t he X- 4 coul d be
l aunched and t he
parent pl ane coul d i mmedi at el y
execut e an evas i ve
maneuver .
Wi t h t he 20- kg warhead, i t i s
ext remel y doubt -
f ul t hat much damage coul d be done
t o a f our-
mot ored bomber at a di s t ance of
15 met ers , t he
operat i ng range of "Kni ni ch. "
The ef f ect i venes s
woul dundoubt edl y be i ncreas ed
i f t he power pl ant
were di s pens ed wi t h and t he
payl oad doubl ed, as
woul d
be t he cas e i f acous t i c
homi ng were ut i l i zed.
I f t he X- 4wi t h acous t i c homi ng were us ed i n
conj unct i on wi t h
a
pl ane of t he ME262 t ype, i t
woul d be qui t e a f ormi dabl e weapon t o count er
enemy bomber f ormat i ons , and coul d probabl y be
us ed f or ot her t act i cal purpos es as wel l .
DETAI LS. AI RFRAME. The
ai rf rame
of
X- 4
cons i s t s of a cyl i ndri cal body 190 cmi n l engt h and
22 cm
maxi mumdi amet er on
whi ch are mount ed
f our l arge pl ywood
f i ns
f i t t ed t o t he mi ds ect i on of
t he mi s s i l e and f our s mal l t ai l f i ns i n whi ch t he
rake
s poi l ers are mount ed.
The mai n wi ng s pan
i s 58 cm.
Rot at i on about t he l ongi t udi nal
axi s achi eved
by s mal l t ri df t abs at t ached t o t he f our l arge s t abi -
l i zi ng f i ns . Thes e gi ve a rot at i onal
s peed of
1Y2
r. p. s . , whi ch i n t urn i s us ed t o gi ve
great er s t abi l -
i t y i n f l i ght andal s o permi t s
great er manuf act ur
i ng t ol erances i n t he ent i re
as s embl y.

The mai n
f i ns ares wept backat
an
angl eof 45°, whi ch gi ves a
maxi mumai r s peed of 270
m/ s ec.

However due
t o t he comparat i vel y s hort range over whi ch t hi s
weapon i s t o be us ed, i t
i s not expect ed t o at t ai n
21 6
OP 1 666
a vel oci t y of great er t han 240 m/ s ec bef ore i t
reaches t he t arget .
St eeri ng
i s ef f ect ed by means of rake s poi l ers
l ocat ed i n t he t ai l
f i ns . Thes e s poi l ers vi brat e
at
a rat e of 5 cycl es per s econd,
cont rol
bei ng ef f ect ed
by maki ng t he peri od duri ng whi ch t he s poi l er
proj ect s f romone s i de l onger t han t hat duri ng
whi ch i t proj ect s f romt he ot her .

When t he t wo
peri ods are equal , no cont rol i s appl i ed. Thi s
met hod of s t eeri ng has t he di s advant ages of ap-
preci abl e drag and acert ai n amount of del ay, but
has t he advant age of s i mpl i ci t y andi ns t ant aneous
mechani cal res pons e.
DESI GN
DATA:
Launchi ng
wei ght : 60 kg.
Wei ght l es s f uel :
50 kg.
Wi ngs urf ace :
0. 56 s q. m.
Wi ng l oadi ng:
200 kg/ m. 2.
Maxi mums peed i n
hori zont al f l i ght
at
6, 500 i n
al t i t ude : 270
m/ s ec
.
Lat eral
accel erat i on i n hori zont al f l i ght at
6, 500 al t i t ude : 40 m/ s ec. 2
.
Tot al energy avai l abl e duri ng 33 s ec burni ng
t i me : 1, 600 kg/ s ee
.
POWERPLANT.
The Bi - f uel l i qui d propel l ant
mot or i s t he
BMW109- 548 rocket mot or us i ng a
mi xt ure of
Sal bei ( 98 t o 100 percent ni t ri c aci d)
andTonka250 ( 57 percent crude m- xyl i di ne wi t h
43 percent t ri et hyl ami ne) . Thi s mot or i s
capabl e
of del i veri ng an i ni t i al t hrus t of
150 kg whi ch
drops t o about 25 kg
af t er 30 s econds .
The s ol i d propel l ant
whi ch i t was propos ed t o
us e
was "Mi xt ure
167" by Was ag. I ni t i al t hrus t
i s 120 t o
140 kg whi ch i s al s o
reduced
t o
about
25
kg af t er 30 s econds .
Of cours e, t here
were al s o pl ans under way
t o
el i mi nat e t he
propul s i on uni t ent i rel y, i n whi ch
cas e
t he payl oad coul d have been
appreci abl y i n-
creas ed
.
I NTELLI GENCEANDCONTROL
SYSTEM.
I n al l t he propos ed vers i ons of X- 4, t he
mi s s i l e
rot at es and t heref ore
onl y one gyro i s needed.
When wi re cont rol i s us ed,
t he pri nci pal purpos e
of t he gyro andcommut at or s ys t emi s t o
t rans l at e
t he ri ght - l ef t andup- downs i gnal s
i nt o t he proper
pul s es t o f eed t o t he rake s poi l ers
i n t he t ai l f i ns .
The gyro i s s pun up whi l e t he
mi s s i l e i s s t i l l
at t ached t o t he
l aunchi ng ai rcraf t . Duri ng t he
f l i ght of t he mi s s i l e, t he gyro
i s not power dri ven.
The gyro
was
made
by Th. Horn. Lei pzi g.
Thewi r e cont r ol
syst emconsi st s essent i al l y of
a smal l
j oyst i ck cont r ol uni t mount ed i n t he ai r -
cr af t , a pai r
of cont r ol wi r es anda r ecei vi ng uni t
i n
t hemi ssi l e consi st i ng of a gyr oscope anda pai r
of r el ays. The cont r ol uni t cont ai ns t wo dr ums
whi ch r evol ve
at a r at e of r . p. s . , one dr umcon-
t r ol l i ng azi mut h
and t he ot her el evat i on. The
cont r ol wi r es
consi st of 2 i nsul at ed si ngl e st r and
Swedi shspr i ng- st eel wi r es
of 6, 000 m
l engt h and
0. 22 mmdi amet er .
The r ecei vi ng uni t i n t he
mi ssi l e i s qui t e
si mpl e consi st i ng pr i mar i l y of a
pol ar i zed r el ay f or azi mut h
cont r ol and
unpol ar -
i zed mar gi nal r el ay f or el evat i on cont r ol . The
pol ar i zed r el ay
r esponds onl y t o pol ar i t y changes
i n t he di r ect i on of
t he cur r ent f l ow t hr ough t he
wi r es whi l e t he
unpol ar i zed mar gi nal r el ay r e-
sponds onl y t o
changes i n t he val ue of t he cur -
r ent , r egar dl ess
of i t s pol ar i t y. I n t hi s way, bot h
azi mut h and el evat i on
cont r ol si gnal s can be
t r ansmi t t edsi mul t aneousl y
over t he same pai r of
wi r es.
Ther el ays ar econnect ed
t o t hespoi l er sol enoi ds
i n t he t ai l f i ns, t hr ough
t hegyr o commut at or sys-
t em.
Thi s ar r angement
conver t s t he l ef t - r i ght
andup- down
si gnal s i nt o t hepr oper pul ses whi ch
ar et o be
f edt o t hesol enoi ds act uat i ng t hespoi l er s
.
The power suppl y
i s a smal l 9- vol t dr y bat t er y
l ocat edi n t heaf t er body
of t hemi ssi l e.
Dur i ng t hef l i ght t est s, t her e
wer e
no det r i ment al
ef f ect s f r om
st at i c el ect r i cal char ges accumul at i ng
on t he wi r es and
t he mechani cal di f f i cul t i es had
been sol vedby payi ng
out t hewi r ef r omt hebobbi ns
on t he mi ssi l e andsi mi l ar
bobbi ns on t he par ent
pl ane
si mul t aneousl y.
Wi r e cont r ol
was
sel ect ed
pr i mar i l y
because, compar ed
t o r adi o r emot e con-
t r ol ,
i t i s pr act i cal l y j ampr oof .
I n Mar ch
1945, t her e
was al so under devel opment
a pl an t o
di spense wi t h t he
power pl ant andwi r e
cont r ol and
t o use an
acoust i c homi ng syst em
"Pudel " as t he
cont r ol devi ce
. Thi s syst em i s
. Ased on t he same
f undament al
pr i nci pl es as t he
acoust i c pr oxi mi t y
f uze "Kr ani ch. "
I t consi st s
essent i al l y of a
mi ca and 0. 03 mmal umi numf oi l
di aphr agmconnect ed
t o a car bon mi cr ophone, t he
out put of whi ch
i s f ed t o a si ngl e st age ampl i f i er
and r el ay out put .
Thi s assembl y i s mount ed at
an angl eof appr oxi mat el y
60° t o t hel ongi t udi nal
axi s of t he body
and t he sound passes i nt o t he
di aphr agmt hr ough a
ser i es of wi r e mesh scr eens
whi chser vet o
at t enuat e
di f f er ences of ai r pr essur e
due
t o r ot at i on
but not t he
sound of mot or s and
ROCKETS
pr opel l er s
of enemy ai r cr af t . Asmal l l yr e
ar -
r angement
i s at t ached t o t he
vi br at i ng
syst em
i n
such
a
way as t o br oaden out t he
mechani cal
r esonance
cur ves of t hei ndi vi dual component s
of
t he
syst em
.
Thecomposi t e cur ve of t he acoust i c
syst emwi t h
t he15- wi r e
l yr e
at t ached i s pr act i cal l y
f l at f r om200 t o 400 cycl es. The
wi r e
mesh
scr eens
at t enuat e t he sl ow ai r pr essur e var i at i ons
about
40 or 50 db, wher eas t he sound vi br at i ons
of 200
t o 400 cycl es ar eat t enuat ed onl y 1
db
.
As t he X- 4 r ot at es, i f t he mi ssi l e
i s
homi ng
di -
r ect l y on t het ar get , t heout put of t hemi cr ophone
wi l l
be const ant andt her e wi l l beno modul at i on
out put and consequent l y no st eer i ng cor r ect i ons
.
I f t hemi ssi l e i s not ai med di r ect l y at t he t ar get ,
t her e
wi l l be gener at ed a modul at i on f r equency
of
11/ 2
cycl es per second, t he r ot at i on speedof t he
X- 4. Thi s modul at i on f r equency of 11/2 cycl es
per
second i s used t o t r ansmi t i nf or mat i on t o t he
spoi l er s t hr ought hegyr ocommut at or syst em.
For
t hi s pur pose, t he nor mal gyr ocommut at or syst em
has been modi f i ed t o someext ent . Onl y 8 model s
of "Pudel " have been bui l t and so f ar no f l i ght
t est s havebeen
made.
Themodi f i cat i on of X- 4 wi t h"Pudel " and
al so
equi pped wi t h t he "Kr ani ch" acoust i c
pr oxi mi t y
f uze when l aunched f r oma f i ght er pl ane of t he
ME262 t ype appear s t o be a weapon of gr eat
pr omi se, si nce af t er l aunchi ng, t he f i ght er pi l ot
can
i mmedi at el y t ake evasi ve act i on. The r ange
of t he acoust i c
homi ng devi ce i s expect ed t o be
about 1, 000 met er s,
so
t hat i f i t wer e l aunched
at
a r ange of 2, 000 met er s, t he f i r st 1, 000 met er s of
i t s f l i ght woul dbeuncont r ol l ed.
WARHEADANDFUZE. When X- 4 was or i g-
i nal l y
concei ved, i t was expect ed t o use a 20- kg.
cast - st eel war head encl osi ng t he expl osi ve
mat e-
r i al . However , due possi bl y t o t he shor t age
of
st eel i n Ger many
at t he
begi nni ng of 1945, some
t hought was bei ng gi ven t o t he use of an uncased
mol ded pl ast i c t ype of war head whi ch was t o be
at t ached t o t heaf t er body by woodscr ews andhad
an adapt or
f or t he nose f uze at t ached t o t he nose
i n t he same way.
Thef uzi ng syst em
consi st ed of t heacoust i c pr ox-
i mi t y f uze"Kr ani ch"
whi chf or ms t he nose of t he
mi ssi l e,
an i mpact and gr aze f uze, and a sel f -
dest r oyi ng f uze
whi ch oper at es 35 seconds af t er
r el ease. Theacoust i c andi mpact f uzes ar e
ar med
7seconds af t er r el ease. Theacoust i c f uze consi st s
of a l i ght di aphr agmact uat ed mechani sm whi ch
21 7
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r esponds t o t he sound
of ai r cr af t pr opel l er s at a
r ange of 15
met er s . Thi s f uze has a t i me del ay of
1/5o second t o make
i t mor e ef f ect i ve. Acompl et e
descr i pt i on
of "Kr ani ch" has been gi ven i n
ot her
I nt el l i gence Repor t s. Speci mens have been
shi pped t o Naval
Resear ch Labor at or y, Washi ng-
t on, D. C. , on Consi gnment
Tag No. 3980.
LAUNCHI NG
DEVI CES. Or i gi nal l y t he X- 4
was bei ng car r i ed
onl y
by t he Focke- Wol f 190.
However , i t was l at er pl anned
t o use i t al so i n con-
nect i on
wi t h ME282 and
DO335. The mi ssi l e i s
suspended f r omt he par ent
cr af t by means of
ETC70AI , whi ch i s
a.
modi f i ed
70- kg bomb- r ack
wi t h a 7- pr ong umbi l i cal cor d and pr ovi si on f or
t wo
cont r ol wi r es. The X- 4i s r el eased el ect r i cal l y
when
t he pi l ot pr esses t he
bomb r el ease swi t ch.
WASSERFALL
C- 2
GENERAL
DESCRI PTI ON
A. Thi s f l ak r ocket was gi ven
t he name Wasser -
Pnl l and
t he desi gnat i on C- 28/45
.
B.
The C- 2 was desi gned
t o be l aunched ver t i -
cal l y f r omt he gr ound, and
t r avel i ng at a super -
soni c speed
t o be gui ded i nt o
bomber f or mat i ons
wher e i t woul d
be expl oded.
C. The
Wasser f al l r esembl es
a hal f - si ze V- - 2
wi t h smal l wi ngs
. I t has a si mi l ar mot or and i s
l aunched i n
much t he same manner . I t s cont r ol
gear i s al so si mi l ar .

( See f i g. 198. )
I t
coul d r each a maxi mum
speed of about 770
met er s
per second i n about 45
seconds af t er whi ch
t i me
t he speed woul d decr ease
as t he f uel woul d
be exhaust ed.
I t coul d st i l l
chase t ar get s ' unt i l
i t s speed had
dr opped t o
about 350 met er s per
second. I t s
maxi mumf i ght i ng
r anges wer e : 18
ki l omet er s i n hei ght
and 26
ki l omet er s i n hor i zon-
t al r ange. I t was
desi gned t o wi t hst and
maneu-
ver s of up t o 4. 4 g.
The mi ssi l e was
gui ded by
r adi o si gnal s f r om
t he gr ound unt i l appr oachi ng
i e t ar get at whi ch
t i me a sel f - cont ai ned homi ng
syst emwas t o l ead
i t i n. I t was pl anned t o i ncor -
por at e a pr oxi mi t y
f l ae t o expl ode t he weapon
cl ose
t o t he bomber s.
Wi t h t hese
pr oper t i es t he Ger mans expect ed
ever y ot her mi ssi l e
t o br i ngdown a bomber maki ng
2g
evasi ve maneuver s
at a speed of 250met er s per
second.
OPERATI ONAL ASPECTS
A. The
Wasser f al l was pl anned
f or
use
f r om
t he gr ound
agai nst ai r t ar get s, speci f i cal l y bomb-
use.
DETAI LS
ROCKETS
er s. Suggest ed
l ocat i ons f or l aunchi ng si t es
wer e
al ong
t he Fr ench coast and t he appr oaches
t o
maj or t ar get s of
bomber s.
B.
The l aunchi ng si t e r equi r es
much equi pment
and, al t hough mobi l e, woul d t hus be
subj ect t o at -
t ack.
Lack of maneuver abi l i t y agai nst
r el at i vel y
sl ow ai r pl anes
woul d have i nhi bi t ed i t s ef f ect i ve
C. The
Wasser f al l was expect ed t o be bot h
cheaper
and mor e ef f ect i ve t han or di nar y f l ak f or
t he
r esul t s obt ai ned. Onl y oper at i onal use coul d
pr ove
t hi s poi nt .
Coxcl . usi oNs . The Wasser f al l was
not com-
pl et ed and
t hus of f er s no
i mmedi at e
possi bi l i t i es
as a weapon . wi t hout
much f ur t her wor k on t he
cont r ol
syst em.
RECOMMENDATI ONS.
I t i s
bel i eved
t hat an i n-
t ensi ve st udy of t he Wasser f al l wi l l
yi el d much
i nf or mat i on
on
t he pr i nci pl es
and t he use of a
super soni c
gui ded
mi ssi l e
.
AI RFRAME. A. TYPEANDDEscRnmsox.
I n
over - ai l
appear ance t he Wasser f al l r esembl es a
hal f - si ze
V- 2 wi t h smal l
wi ngs
. The appr oxi -
mat e di mensi ons
ar e
Lengt h : 7, 800 mm.
Cal i ber : 880 mm.
Wi ng span : 1, 890 mm.
Tai l span : 2, 500 mm.
Ther e ar e f our smal l bi convex dor sal wi ngs at
t he cent er of gr avi t y t o assi st i n maki ng t ur ns.
I n l i ne wi t h t hese wi ngs ar e f our st abi l i zi ng f i ns
at t he
t ai l . Cont r ol sur f aces ar e f i t t ed on t he
st abi l i zi ng
f i ns bot h i n t he ai r st r eamand i n t he
gas
st r eamof t he j et mot or .
B.
AERODYNAMI CCHAaACTERI sTI ca The Was-
ser f al l
i s desi gned t o cat ch,
whi l e
t r avel i ng at a
super soni c speed, a t ar get havi ng a vel oci t y of 250
met er s per second doi ng 2 gmaneuver s .
Essent i al l y t he mi ssi l e t r avel s at and
i s de-
si gned f or super soni c speeds . However ,
t he
t r ansi t i on f r omzer o speed at l aunchi ng
t o
t he
super soni c r ange i s not i nst ant aneous and
some
addi t i onal cont r ol i s desi r abl e
dur i ng t hi s i nt er -
val
. Thi s i s suppl i ed by t hegas
st r eamf i ns whi ch
ar e pr esent f or t he ar st
5~- 15 seconds of f l i ght ,
Once t he super soni c r ange i s
r eached t he ai r
st r eam
f i ns suppl y suf f i ci ent cont r ol whi l e t he
j et
st r eam
f i ns add a dr ag. Consequent l y t hey
ar e
j et t i soned at t hat t i me.
21 9
GERMANEXPLOSI VEORDNANCE
Themi ssi l e i s desi gned t o st and maneuvers
up
t o
4. 4
g. The wi ngs wi l l support a l i f t of 8, 000
kg
per pai r t o whi ch t he
body, t ai l , et c. , add about
anot her 4, 000 kgmaki ngat ot al
l i f t of 12, 000 kg.
The mi ssi l e wei ghs about
3, 500 kg at t ake- of f ,
but
t hewei ght drops cont i nual l y t o about 1, 500
kg
by t het i me t hef uel i s exhaust ed. Thus at t ake- of f
t he l at eral accel erat i on shoul d not exceed 3 g,
i n-
creasi ng t o 4. 4 gas
t hef uel i s consumed. To
al l ow
f or t hi s t he cont rol
appl i ed t o t he servo i s made
weak at f i rst and i s
gradual l y brought up t o i t s
f ul l power.
Wi nd t unnel
t est s of
model s mademay be f ound
i n report
No. UM
6013 dat ed February
1945
i n t he
Goet t i ngen
document s.
Evi dence obt ai ned at t he
wi nd t unnel s at Kochel shows
t hat at l east si x di f -
f erent shapes have been t ri ed out
t o get t he best
aerodynami c resul t s .
C. DEsi owDATA. The
mi ssi l e
i s
f abri cat ed f rom
mi l d st eel
t o t he shape
shown i n Fi gure 198. I t
may
be broken down i nt o t he
f ol l owi ng part s :
1
. Nose : Cont ai ns t he
homi ng devi ce ( z i el -
suchendes Geraet ) f uz es ( Zuender)
and expl osi ve
( Sprengst of f ) .
2. Ni t rogen
t ank ;
( Druckl uf t behael t er) .
3. Vi sol t ank : ( Brennst of f hael t er) .
4. Wi ngs
: ( Fl uogel ) .
5. Sal bei t ank: ( Sal bei behael t er) .
6. Cont rol syst em: Mount ed t o rear of Sal bei
Tank.
7. Tai l : Support s mot or ( Brennkammer) , t ai l s
( Fl osse) , ai r rudders ( Luf t ruder) , and j et rud-
ders ( St ahl rader) .
D.
PRonucrl oNDATA. Thef ol l owi ng remarks
appl y t o al l part s of t he mi ssi l e. Theonl y pro-
duct i on was
by
t he El ect romechani sche Werke at
Peenemunde
f or t hedevel opment al
t est i ng.
Est i -
mat es of t hi s
product i on range f rom
40
t o
2' 75
uni t s .
Est i mat es
mere drawn up f or t he
men,
mat eri al
and spaceneeded
f or t hemass
product i on of 5, 000
mont hl y.
PROPULSI ONSYSTEM. A. TYPEANDDE-
smpTl ox. Al i qui d
j et
mot or dri ve i s used whi ch
devel ops an 8, 000 kg t hrust f or 45 seconds . The
mot or burns a sel f - i gni t i ng. mi xt ureof Sal bei ( ni -
t ri c aci d) and Vi sol ( n bydro- carbon mi xt ure) i n
a chamber
wi t ha vent uri noz z l e.
OP 1666
I 3 .
CHARACTEBI STI CS:
Thrust : 8, 000 kg.
Tot al
i mpul se: 360, 000 kg.
Launchi ng
accel erat i on : 1. 2
t o 2. 6 g.
Fi nal accel erat i on : Ca . 4 g.
Fuel
consumpt i on
: 41 kg/ sec.
Speci f i c
i mpul se:
180 t o 195 sec.
C. DESI GNDATA. The general arrangement i s
i ndi cat ed i n f i gure 198. The f oremost f l ask con-
t ai ns ni t rogen at a pressure of 200- 300 at mos .
Thi s f l ask i s 8 t o 13 mmt hi ck and i s not wi re
wound
.
The compressed gas passes t hrough a
reduci ng
val ve t o 30 at mos and i s used t o f orce
t hel i qui ds
out of t hei r st orage t anks. Thi s f l ask
and t he
t wo st orage t anks are made of rol l ed and
wel ded st eel .
The f orward st orage t ank cont ai ns about 400
kg or 430 l i t ers of Vi sol . Vi sol i s a rat her vari -
abl e f uel accordi ng t o t he i ngredi ent s avai l abl e
or t he i nt ended use. At ypi cal Vi sol mi xt ure i s :
40 percent i soprophyl al cohol ; 40 percent vi nyl .
et her ; 2 percent wat er ; 18 percent of f our ot her.
i ngredi ent s
i ncl udi ng 1 percent of a dopet o con-
t rol t he
i gni t i on del ay t i me.
Vi sol i s a
cont ract ed code name' f or vi nyl i sobu-
t yl et her
.
A
Di esel oi l may al so be used i n pl ace
of
Vi sol .
Therear
t ank cont ai ns about 1, 500 kg or 1, 100
l i t ers of
t he oxi dant Sal bei . Sal bei i s a mi xt ure
of 90 percent ni t ri c aci d ( i ncl udi ng 3 percent
wat er)
and 10 percent sul f uri c aci d. No
at t empt
i s made t o
maket he aci d wat er f ree as i t woul d
be
reabsorbed f rom t he ai r
bef ore
i t was ever
used.
The sul f uri c aci d was added t o prevent corrosi on
by t he
ni t ri c aci d of t he st eel avai l abl e f or
t he
t anks.
As al ready ment i oned,
t he
f uel and
oxi dant
were
f orced out by pressure. The f uel i s re-
moved t hrough a swi ngi ng pi pe hangi ng down
i n t he t anks. As t hi s pi pe i s subj ect ed t o
t he
same accel erat i on as t he f uel , i t s end i s
al ways
covered by l i qui d. Thi s desi gn
gi ves
a
l i ght -
wei ght removal syst em
whi chremoves pract i cal l y
t he l ast drop of l i qui d
al t hough t he l i qui ds are
bei ng swi shed around . i n
t he t anks. I t i s sai d
t hi s syst em i ncreased t he
maxi mumal t i t ude ob-
t ai nabl e by 4 ki l omet ers over a pump
arrange-
ment t hat was t ri ed.
Bot h f uel and oxi dant ,
are passed t hrough a
val vi ngarrangement whi ch
i nt roduces bot hl i qui ds
i nt o t he mot or at t he
same t i me under f ul l f l ow
.
Val ves i n t he
var i ous pi pe l i nes ar e opened si mul -
t aneousl y by
expl osi ve char ges . J ust bef or e each
l i qui d ent er s t he
mot or t her e i s a di aphr agm.
These di aphr agms st op t he l i qui d unt i l i t has bui l t
up t o pr act i cal l y f ul l pr essur e
at
whi ch t i me t he
di aphr agm
bur st s and al l ows
a f ul l
f l owof l i qui d,
f r omt he
st ar t , t o ent er t he mot or .
The r at i o of
l i qui ds by wei ght i s Sal bei t o Vi sol
f r ont 5
t o 1 up t o 8
t o 1 dependi ng upon t he act ual
Vi sol mi xt ur e bei ng
used.
The Vi sol i s f ed di r ect l y t o t he nozzl e head. The
Sal bei f i r st passes t hr ough t he cool i ng j acket of
t hemot or
bef or e goi ngt o t he nozzl e head. I n some
cases
some of t he Sal bei i s al so i nj ect ed t hr ough
cool i ng hol es
i nt o t he combust i on chamber .
The
t wo l i qui ds
i gni t e wi t hi n 0. 01
t o
0. 1 second af t er
cont act .

An expansi on r at i o
of
2
. 5 t o 1
up
t o
3. 9
t o 1
i s obt ai ned i n t he mot or .

The gas exi t
vel oci t y
i s appr oxi mat el y
1, 850 met er s . per
second.
Br ennschl uss
( t ur ni ng of f of t he mot or ) hadnot
been set t l ed.
Pr ovi si ons wer e made f or sever al
net hods,
whi ch wer e
1.
Let t i ng
t he mot or use up al l . of

t he f uel
2. Tur ni ng
of f t he mot or by r adi o si gnal
3. Tur ni ng of f t he mot or at a pr edet er mi ned
vel oci t y by means of an i nt egr at i ng accel er omet er .
I NTELLI GENCE
ANDCONTROL SYSTEM
A. TYPEAND
DEscRi moN. Many syst ems wer e
t r i ed
or pr oposed
whi ch, al t hough r adi cal l y di f f er -
ent i n det ai l s, ar e ver y
si mi l ar i n f unct i on. Thr ee
gyr os ar e used t o pr event
osci l l at i ons about t he
t hr ee
axes
.

Remot e r adi o cont r ol i s used t o gui de
t he
mi ssi l e t owar d t he
t ar get . Ahomi ng devi ce
i s
t o be used i n t he f i nal par t of t he chase t o gui de
t he mi ssi l e t o
wi t hi n ki l l i ng di st ance of t he t ar get .
Fi nal l y a pr oxi mi t y
f uze i s t o expl ode t he mi ssi l e.
I n addi t i on
t her e i s a r el ay t r ansmi t t er i n t he
mi ssi l e t o enabl e
t he per sonnel on t he gr ound t o
: ol l ow i t .
B.
CHARAcr Eai sTi cs. The cont r ol syst em must
be capabl e
of gui di nj t he mi ssi l e ver y cl ose t o a
t ar get whi ch
i s maki ng 2gcur ves at a vel oci t y
of
250 met er s per second.
C. DEswN
DATA.

1 . RUDDERS ANDRUDDERMA
cHI NER.

I n
each of t he f our t ai l f i ns t her e
i s
n pai r
of r udder s
i n t he ai r st r eam and t he j et st r eam.
Each pai r of
r udder s i s dr i ven by one al l - el ect r i c
ser vo mot or . The
ar mat ur e of t he ser vo mot or
osci l l at es at 50 cycl es
a second t o r educe t he back
ROCKETS
l ash t o al most zer o.
Rol l cont r ol i s appl i ed t o
al l
r udder s.
2.
GyRos. Thr ee
cour se
gyr os ar e used t o pr e-
vent t he mi ssi l e f r om osci l l at i ng. The
t ake- of f
car ds on t he gyr os ar e posi t i oned by t he
r emot e
r adi o cont r ol t o
keep t he gyr os
or i ent ed wi t h
r e-
spect
t o t he desi r ed pat h.
3. REMOTECONTROL RADI ORECEI VER
.

Thi s uni t
r ecei ves commandsi gnal s f r omt he gr ound
cont r ol
st at i on t o di r ect t he mi ssi l e t owar ds
t he t ar get .
The "St r assbur g" E230V i s
empl oyed as t he
r ecei ver .
4. RELAY TRANSMI TTER.
A
t r anspondor
t r i g-
ger ed f r omt he gr ound r adar t o i ndi cat e
t he angl e
of
r ol l of t he mi ssi l e by measur ement
of t he pol ar i -
zat i on of t he
wave
t r ansmi t t ed
i s known under t he
code name "Reuse. "
5. "MI SCHGERAET" . An
el ect r i cal comput i ngde-
vi ce whi ch
r ecei ves si gnal s f r omt he cont r ol r adi o
and t he gyr o, mi xes
t hese si gnal s, and sor t s t hem
out f or t he var i ous r udder mot or s
.
6. Homi Na DEVI CE-

Adevi ce t o make t he mi ssi l e
home i n
ver y cl ose t o t he t ar get . None had been
suf f i ci ent l y devel oped
t o t est
i n
t he mi ssi l e. I t
i s
a pr er equi si t e
as t he gr ound cont r ol i s nbt suf f i -
ci ent l y accur at e t o gui de
t he
mi ssi l e cl ose enough
t o
t he t ar get t o do damage.
7. POWERSCPPLr - Bat t er i es, i nver t or s, r egu-
l at or s, et c. , t o power t he cont r ol syst em.
WARHEAD, FUZE, FI RI NGCI RCUI T.

About 305
ki l ogr ams
of expl osi ve wer e t o be used. Of t hi s
about 100 t o
150
kg woul d be concent r at ed
i n
t he
nose. The r emai nder woul d be di st r i but ed
t hr oughout t he
body much
i n t he
f or mof pr i mer -
cor d. Thi s di st r i but ed char ge was necessar y t o
dest r oy t he mi ssi l e i n mi d- ai r as i t woul d be used
over f r i endl y t er r i t or y. The war head was ex-
pect ed t o have adest r uct i ve r angeof 40 met er s.
9 .
AUXI LI ARYEQUI PMENT. The Wasser f al l r e-
qui r ed consi der abl e gr ound. equi pment f or t he r e-
mot e cont r ol . Equi pment i s r equi r ed not onl y f or
t he t r ansmi t t al of cont r ol si gnal s t o t he mi ssi l e,
but al so t o t r ack bot h t he mi ssi l e and t he t ar get .
The mi ssi l e i s gui ded so t hat i t i s ar r ays on t he
l i sl e
bet ween t he t ar get and t he gr ound obser ver .
Pr ef er abl y t he t r acki ng i s done opt i cal l y. Tn
t hi s case, t he oper at or has onl y t o keep t he mi ssi l e
and t he
t ar get l i ned up
i n
t he opt i cal f i el d. How-
ever , r adar r t r acki ng must be pr ovi ded f or t he
221
222
many t ames
t hat opt i cal t r acki ng wi l l be i nade-
quat e. The r adar
t r acki ng syst emand cont r ol sys-
t emknownas t he
"El sass" consi st s of t he f ol l ow-
i ng
f unct i onal par t s:
Mannhei m
r adar . - Radar set t o t r ack t het ar get .
I t al so measur ed
t he di st ance bet weent he t ar get
and t he mi ssi l e.
Rhei ngol d. - The
Rhei ngol d f ol l ows t he mi ssi l e
and
measur es t he r ol l
posi t i onof t he mi ssi l e by de-
t er mi nat i onof t he angl eof pol ar i zat i on
of t he
si g-
nal s sent out by t he "Ruese"
r el ay t r ansmi t t er i n
t he mi ssi l e.
I ndi cat or . - The
i ndi cat or di spl ays i nf or mat i on
obt ai ned
f r omt he Mannhei mand t he Rhei ngol d :
Azi mut h and el evat i on of t ar get and mi ssi l e.
Di st ance
t o t ar get and mi ssi l e.
Rol l posi t i on of
mi ssi l e.
KeVcont r ol t r ansmi t t er
. - Anoper at or
si t s be-
f or e t he i ndi cat or and
bymeans of aj oyst i ck con-
t r ol keeps t he mi ssi l e i n
l i ne wi t h t het ar get . Thi s
j oy st i ck cont r ol s
t he command si gnal s sent out
by t he "Kehl " cont r ol
t r ansmi t t er t o t he "St r ass-
bur g" r ecei ver
i nt he mi ssi l e
. Byt hi s t r ansmi t t er
t he oper at or
mayal so f i r e
af uze i nt hemi ssi l e when
hi s i ndi cat or
shows t he
mi ssi l e i s at t he t ar get .
TAI FUN
BI LI OUI D ROCKET
GENERAI , The
r ocket Tai f un i s a bi l i qui d
r ocket r eput ed
t o be f i r ed
i n gr oups of 65 f r oma
l aunchi ng
machi ne
knownas t heDobger at e. Fr om
al l
i ndi cat i ons, i t
never passed beyond t he exper i -
ment al st age
.
The pr oj ect i l e
i s appr oxi mat el y 2. 1 met er s l ong
and 1 0 cent i met er s
i n di amet er . The gr eat er par t
i s t aken up wi t h
t he f uel t anks whi ch cont ai n
Vi sol and aci d. The
aci d i s housed i n acent r al
al umi numt ank, whi l e
t he Vi sol i s cont ai ned i nt he
annul ar
t ank bet weent he
i nsi de t ank and t heout er
ski n of t he mi ssi l e.
The wal l s of bot h t anks ar e
1
mmt hi ck.

( See f i g
1 99. )
The aci d t ank
i s suppor t ed i nt he r ocket shel l
by
t wo
al umi num
end pl at es bol t ed t o i t s end f l anges
.
These end
pl at es ar eper f or at ed
so as t o connect t he
f uel t anks at t he upper
end t o t he
car t r i dge pot ,
and at t he
l ower end t o t he l i qui d
spr ays. At hi n
al umi numr upt ur i ng
di aphr agmcover s t he
hol es
i n
t he t wo end
pl at es .
Behi nd t he sol i d st eel nose pi ecet her e i s
ahol l ow
chamber f or housi ng
t he 500 gr ams
of expl osi ve,
t he i mpact f uze, andt he
i gni t i ng devi ce f or
set t i ng
o$t he car t r i dge pot .
The car t r i dge pot
i s j ust af t t he chamber
whi ch
houses t he war head and t he f uzi ng syst em.
When
t he cont ent s
of t he car t r i dge pot begi nt o
bur n, a
gas i s gener at ed whi ch
i s used t o expel t he l i qui ds
f r omt he t anks
r i nd f or ce t hemi nt o t hecombust i on
chamber .
The combust i on chamber and
vent ur i ar e made
of mi l d st eel most l y I
mm
t hi ck,
but t he t hi ckness
i ncr eases at t he vent ur i t hr oat t o 21 /2
t o 3 mm. At
t he end of 2 seconds oper at i on, t he
t emper at ur e of
t he vent ur i r eached 300"
t o 400° . I t was possi bl e
t o use avent ur i exper i ment al l y
f or f i ve r uns, af t er
whi ch i t had t o be r enewed.
DATA:
Di mensi ons
Tot al l engt h : 2. 1 0 met er s.
Maxi mumdi amet er : 0. 1 0
met er .
Lengt h of t anks
Aci d
t ank : 1 . 1 5 met er s.
Annul ar
t ank : 1 . 20 met er s.
Di amet er of
t anks :
Aci d t ank : 0. 08
met er .
Annul ar t ank : 0
. 1 0 met er .
Wei ght s
:
Nose Pi ece ; 1 . 30 kg.
Out er
Shel l : 3. 25 kg.
Tanks ;
1 . 75 kg.
Combust i on Chamber : 1 . 50 kg.
Thr ust Bl ock : 0. 73 kg.
Thr ust
Di sk :
0. 70 kg.
Rest : 1 . 77 kg.
Tot al ( empt y) : 1 1 . 00 kg.
Char ge
i n War head : 0. 50 kg.
Expel l ant
Car t r i dge:
0
. 50 kg.
Aci d :
8. 60 kg,
Fuel
( Vi sol ) : 2. 30 kg.
Tot al ( l oaded) : 22. 90 kg.
FEUERLI LI E MODEL 1 - 25
ROCKETS
DESCRI PTI ON. The F- 25 i s one of t he
"Feuer l i l i e" ser i es of r ocket - pr opel l ed
mi ssi l e whi ch t he LFA ( Luf t shr t f or schung-
sanst al t Her mann Goer i ng E. V. )
l ocat ed at
Vol kenr ode/ Br aunschwei g, Ger many, was
devel -
opi ng
i n or der t o obt ai n aer odynami c dat a i n t he
near soni c and
super soni c r egi ons. Al t hough t he
pr i mar y pur pose
of t he Feuer l i l i e ser i es devel op-
ment was t o obt ai n aer odynami c
dat a, some
gui ded
223
GERMANEXPLOSI VE
ORDNANCE

OP 1666
224
w
h
i
a
i
w
m
7
O
0
H
O
7
w
t hought
was al so bei ng gi ven t o t he
possi bi l i t y
of
usi ng
cer t ai n model s, such as t he F- 25, f or act ual
pr oduct i on
as a weapon of war . Thi s model has
af usel age 2 met er s i n l engt h and 25 cmmaxi mum
di amet er wi t h t wo wi ngs at t ached t o t he mi dbody.
The mai n wi ng span i s 112 cm. The r ocket dr i ve
i s of t he sol i d pr opel l ant t ype. The F- 25 was
a gr ound- l aunched r ocket , whi ch coul d r each
an
al t i t ude of 3, 000 met er s
wi t h a hor i zont al r ange
of 5, 000 met er s
.
HISTORY
OF DEVELOPMENT
. Devel op-
ment wor k
on
F- 25
was st ar t ed
i n t he spr i ng of
1943 by Dr .
Ger har d Br aun of LFA. The
f use-
l age was bui l t by
t he Ar del t Wer ke,
l ocat ed i n
Br esl au. About 20
model s
wer e
bui l t ,
of whi ch
10 or mor e wer e t est ed
successf ul l y
at Leba, near
t he Ost see i n Pomer ani a. However , t he l ow
maxi mumspeed of 220
met er s per second
makes
t he r esul t s of
no gr eat si gni f i cance. Devel opment
wor k was st opped
i n t he f al l of
1944
.
CONCLUSIONS
. Si nce
.
t he
Feuer l i l i e F- 25 was
pr i mar i l y ar esear ch pr oj ect , i t
i s
of i nt er est f r om
an hi st or i cal st andpoi nt onl y .
DETAILS. AIRFRAME. The ai r f r ame of t he
F- 25 consi st s of
a 2- met er f usel age t o
whi ch t wo
mai n wi ngs ar e at t ached near t he mi d body. The
wi ngs ar e pr ovi ded wi t h ai l er ons t o gi ve r ol l st a-
bi l i zat i on i n f l i ght .

( See f i g. 200. )
POWERPLANT.
The power pl ant used f or
F- - 25 i s of t he
sol i d pr opel l ant t ype RI 502 and
was bui l t
by Rhei nmet al l - Bor si g.
DESIGN
DATA
Wei ght of pr opel l ant
: 17. 5 kg.
Bur ni ng
t i me :
6sec.
Thr ust : 500 kg.
Tot al wei ght
of mi ssi l e : 115 kg.
To pr oducean even t hr ust f or aer odynami c dat a
pur poses,
a bl owof f val ve
l ocat ed
bet ween t he t wo
vent ur i s i s
pr ovi ded Thi s val ve opens at a pr es-
sur e of 100
at mos.
CONTROLSYSTEM.
The r ol l
st abi l i zat i on
sys-
t emused f or
F- 25 *as t he same as t hat used f or
Hecht
;
i .
e. , one gyr o was i nst al l ed wi t h i t s axi s
per pendi cul ar t o t he
mi ssi l e axi s i n such a way
as t o
i ncr ease t heef f ect i ve
moment of
i ner t i a of
t he
mi ssi l e
i n r ol l . If a di st ur bance set s up a r ol l mo-
ment , t he gyr o woul d
t end t o pr ecess, whi ch
woul d
ROCKETS
i n t ur n cause t he ai l er ons t o
r ever se
t he r ol l of
t he mi ssi l e. When no dampi ngwas pr ovi ded wi t h
t hi s syst em, excessi ve r ol l occur r ed. Amechani cal
dash- pot was added t o r emedy t hi s condi t i on.
The mai n r eason f or t he choi ce of t hi s t ype
of gyr o cont r ol was t hat t he wei ght and space
r equi r ement s wer e l ess t han f or t he convent i onal
avai l abl e aut o- pi l ot devi ces. The gyr os wer e . pr o.
cur ed f r omKr ei sel ger at , Ber l i n.
No at t empt was made t o r emot el y cont r ol
t he
f l i ght of Feuer l i l i e F- 25.
WARHEAD
AND
FUZING.
Si nce t he F- 25
was onl y at est model , no war head was pr ovi ded.
ARhei nmet al l - Bor si g t i me f uze was used t o i g-
ni t e t he
f l ar es mount ed on t he
wi ng
t i ps t o i nsur e
sat i sf act or y
t r acki ng of mi ssi l e i n f l i ght .
LAUNCHING
.
The F- 25 was
l aunched f r omt he
gr ound
at an
angl e
of 10°- 30° t o t he ver t i cal .
FEUERLILIE MODEL
F- 55
DESCRIPTION
.
The
F- 55
i s anot her of t he
Feuer l i l i e ser i es of r ocket pr opel l ed
gui ded mi s-
si l es whi ch t he LFA( Luf t ahr t f or schungsanst al t
Her mann Goer i ng E. V. ) l ocat ed at ' Vol ken-
r ode/ Br ounschwei g, Ger many was devel opi ng
i n
or der t o obt ai n aer odynami c dat a i n t he t r ansoni c
r egi on. Al t hough t he pr i mar y pur pose of t he
Feuer l i l i e ser i es devel opment wor k was t o obt ai n
aer odynami c t est dat It , t her e i s evi dence
t hat a
cer t ai n
amount of t hought
was bei ng
gi ven t o t he
possi bi l i t y of usi ng t he F- 55 as a weapon.
The Feuer l i l i e F45 has a f usel age 4. 8 met er s
i n l engt h and a di amet er of 55 cm. The wi ng
span
of t he t wo mai n f i ns whi ch
ar e
at t ached t o
t he af t er body
of t he
f usel age
i s
2- B
met er s. The
f i r st
F- 55 had asol i d
pr opel l ant r ocket
dr i ve, but
l at er model s used a l i qui d r ocket mot or wi t h a
dr y powder assi st ed t ake- of f uni t .
The F- 55 was t o be gr ound l aunched and i t was
expect ed t o
r each
an al t i t ude of 4, 800 met er s wi t h
a maxi mumhor i zont al r ange of 7, 500 met er s.
El abor at e pl ans wer e al so bei ng made t o i nst al l
t el emet er i ng and t o f ol l owt he f l i ght pat h of t he
mi ssi l e by t i ne- t heodol i t es.
HISTORY OF DEVELOPMENT. Devel op-
ment wor k on F- 55 was st ar t ed about May 1944 by
Dr . Ger har d Br aun of
LFA
. The body f or t he
F- 55 was
bui l t
by Ar del t Wer ke, Eber swal de,
Br esl au
.
225
GERMAN
EXPLOSI VE
ORDNANCE
The pr oduct i on
schedul ed
f or exper i ment al
model s of F- 55
f or
t he
year 1945
cal l ed f or a t ot al
of 35 wi t h del i ver i es
of at l east
3 per mont h f or
t he f i r st 10 mont hs of t he
year .
These wer e t o be
t est ed wi t h var i ous
st abi l i zi ng syst ems
and t he
l at er model s wer e
al so t o be equi pped
wi t h t el e-
met er i ng and r emot e
cont r ol equi pment
.
Thef i r st model of F- 55
wi t h sol i d pr opul si on
was t est ed at Leba, Pomer ani a
i n May 1944,
wi t h
sat i sf act or y r esul t s, a Mach
number of 1. 25
bei ng
at t ai ned. The second model
wi t h a l i qui d f uel
syst em
and t ake- of f uni t was t est ed
at Poenemunde
on 11
December 1944 ; t hi s model
went i nt o a spi n
about
i t s pi t ch axi s shor t l y
af t er l eavi ng t he
l aunchi ng t r ack. Thet hi r d model
had been sent
out t o Poenemunde f or t est i ng,
but had not yet
been t est ed.
CONCLUSI ONS. Si ncet he
Feuer l i l i e F- 55was
pr i mar i l y a r esear ch pr oj ect , i t
i s of i nt er est
l ar gel y f r omt he st andpoi nt of t he
met hods t r i ed
and t he t echni ques of f l i ght
obser vat i ons used.
As t heF- , 55 l i ke t he F- 25 was
a mani f est at i on
of t he Vel kenr ode r esear ch
gr oups' i deas, i t un-
doubt edl y r epr esent s a hi gh
or der of an aer ody-
nami c devel opment and
r equi r es t r eat ment as such.
The Br aunschwei g
document s, dupl i cat ed by t he
Uni t ed
St at es
Ar my Ai r For ces and evacuat ed t o
Wei ght Fi el d, Dayt on, Ohi o, i ncl ude
compr ehen-
si ve r epor t s on t he Feuer l i l i e
ser i es.
DETAI LS. AmwRAam. The
ai r f r ame of t he
Feuer l i l i e F45 consi st s of a f usel age
4. 8 met er s
l ong, and havi ng a maxi mum
di amet er of 55 cm.
Ther e ar e t wo shar pl y swept back
wi ngs havi ng
a span of 2. 4 met er s. Two
ver t i cal f i ns ar emount -
ed at t he ext r emi t i es of t he wi ngs, t hi s posi t i on
bei ng
chosen t o keep
t hemout of t hewakeof t he
body
.
The out er hal ves of t he t r ai ni ng edges of t he
wi ngs ar e movabl e so as t o gi ve ai l er on cont r ol .
No
r udder i s pr ovi ded, yawcont r ol
bei ng
obt ai ned
f r omai l er on
ar t i on.
POWERPLANT. Thepower pl ant used f or t he
f i r st model of F- 55was t heRI 503 sol i d pr opel l ant
t ype bui l t by Rhei nmet al l - Bor si g. For t he sec-
ond and t hi r d
pr opul si on
uni t desi gned by Dr .
Cont r ad
of DVX( Deut sche
Ver suchsanst al t f ur
Kr af t f ahr ceug
and
Fahr t zeugmot or en) l ocat ed i n
Ber l i n. I n addi t i on, an assi st ed t ake- of f uni t .
" Pi r at , "
a sol i d pr opel l ant r ocket was used.
RHEI NTOCHTER
OP 1666
DESI GNDATA:

SG
20

PMAT
ATO.
Thr ust - - - - - - - - - - 6, 400 kg

10, 000 kg.
Ti me of bur ni ng. 7sec

2. 7 sec.
Wei ght
of f uel _ _ _ 210 kg

150 kg.
I mpul se
- - - - - - - - - 45, 000 kg sec

27, 000 kg
sec,
CONTROL SYSTEM
. On t he f i r st model
of
F- 55, no r ol l st abi l i zat i on
was used.
On
t he
sec-
ond and t hi r d
model s, gyr o equi pment devel oped
by Fi schl of DFS
( Deut sche For schungsanst al t
f ur Segel f l ug)
was t r i ed. Thi s syst em used a
si ngl e gyr o wi t hAskani a
pneumat i c r ubber ser vos.
I t
was expect ed t hat t he
r ubber woul d pr ovi det he
necessar y
mechani cal dampi ng, but due t o t he f act
t hat t he
onl y t est f l i ght on
whi ch
t hi s syst em
was
used
f ai l ed, i t was i mpossi bl et o det er mi newhet her
or not t hi s was t he case.

On subsequent model s, i t
was
pr oposed t o usea Hor n gyr o syst emconsi st i ng
of t wo
gyr os, one of whi chwas used f or dampi ng
onl y. Thi s
syst emwas al so t o be used wi t h t he
Askani a
pneumat i c ser vo syst ems of r emot e con-
t r ol .
I n
connect i on wi t ht heFeuer l i l i epr ogr am, a new
t el emet er i ng syst em " St ut t gar t " had been devel -
oped
whi ch had 12
channel s and gave 20 val ues
per second
wi t h an accur acy of
±5 per cent
.
Thi s
syst em
was desi gned by t he
For schungsanst al t
Gr af
Zeppel i n, l ocat ed at
St ut t gar t / Rui t .
WARHEADANDFUZI NG.
Si nce t he F- 55
was pr i mar i l y
a r esear ch mi ssi l e i n t he
ear l y
st ages of i t s
devel opment , t her e was no
pr ovi si on
made f or a war head. Li ke
t he
F- - 25,
a Rhei n-
met al l - Bor si g
t i me f uze was used t o i gni t e t he
f l ar es mount ed on
t he wi ng t i ps t o i nsur e sat i s-
f act or y t r acki ng
of t he mi ssi l e i n f l i ght by means
of
ci ne- t heodol i t es .
LAUNCHI NG.
TheF45was l aunched
f r oman
i ncl i ned r amp bui l t by
Ar del t Wer ke, Br esl au.
The l ami chi ng
angl e was 20° t o t he
ver t i cal .
GENERAL
DESCRI PTI ON. The
Rhei nt ocht er
i s a
r adi o- cont r ol l ed
ant i ai r cr af t r ocket desi gned
f or gr ound
l aunchi ng agai nst
bomber f or mat i ons.
The f i r st
model Rhei nt ocht t >r
1, i s a t wo st age
r ocket havi ng
a t ot al l aunchi ng
wei ght
of
1, 750
kg.
Thest ar t i ng r ocket has
a bur ni ng t i me of
onl y 0. 6 second, af t er whi chi t
dr ops of f , t he
mai n
st age
t hen bei ng aut omat i cal l y
i gni t ed. St abi l i -
zat i on was achi eved
by si x f i ns. at t ached t o
t he
r ear of t he
mai n body of t he
r ocket and f our f i ns
at t ached t o
t he s t ar t i ng uni t . The
r ocket was t o
be r emot e
r adi o cont r ol l ed
wi t h t he pos s i bi l i t y
of
us i ng ani nf r a- r ed
homi ng devi ce t oget her wi t h
a pr oxi mi t y
f uze t o
det onat e t he mi s s i l e i n t he
mi ds t of t he
bomber
f or mat i on. The cont r ol s ur -
f aces wer e
l ocat ed
at t he nos e of t he mi s s i l e. I t
at t ai ned a
f i nal vel oci t y
of
360
met er s per s econd,
and coul d r each
a hei ght
of 6 ki l omet er s wi t h a
maxi mumhor i zont al
r ange
of 12 km.
The Rhei nt ocht er
1 was r epl aced by
t he devel -
opment of t he
Rhei nt ocht er 3. The r emai nder
of
t hi s di s cus s i on
wi l l be
on t he s econd model and
wi l l go i nt o
cons i der abl e
det ai l .
I n t he, Rhei nt ocht er
3, t he r ear t ake- of f
uni t was
di s pens ed wi t h
and r epl aced by t wo
auxi l i ar y
t ake- of f
uni t s mount ed
on t he s i des of t he body of
t he r ocket .
The mai n
r ocket s t age coul d be ei t her
a l i qui d
or a s ol i d
pr opul s i on uni t , dependi ng
on
t he avai l abi l i t y
of f uel s. The Rhei nt ocht er
3 i s
des i gnat ed as
R- 3f when a l i qui d pr opul s i on
uni t
_ s
us ed and R- 3p
when a s ol i d pr opel l ant
i s em-
pl oyed i n
t he mai n r ocket
s t age. The cont r ol and
s t eer i ng'
mechani s mar e i dent i cal
i n bot h Rhei n-
t ocht er 1
and Rhei nt ocht er 3.
The Rhei nt ocht er
3, however
i s al l owed t o
r ot at e about i t s axi s i n
f l i ght and i ns t ead
of s i x s t abi l i zi ng
f i ns , i t i s pr o-
vi ded. wi t h onl y
f our .

( See f i g. 201. )
DETAI LS
. AI kF- mAx&
The Rhei nt ocht er 3
con-
s i s t s of amai n
f us el age 500
cm. l ong and 54 cm. i n
di amet er ,
havi ng f our l ar ge
s wept - back mai n f i ns
and
t wo auxi l i ar y
t ake- of f
uni t s mount ed on t he
s i des of t he
body bet ween t he t wo
pai r s of
f i ns
.
As i n t he
Rhei nt ocht er l , t he
cont r ol s ur f aces ar e
mount ed
i n t he
nos e s ect i on but ar e
of a s ome-
what
di f f er ent aer odynami c
des i gn.
The mai nf i n
s pan
i s 220 cm. t he f our f i ns
bei ng'
at t ached t o
t he
body s o t hat t he angl e
bet ween
s ucces s i ve
f i ns i s 90° .
As i n
Rhei nt ocht er
1, t he mai n f us el age
i s con-
dr uct ed
par t l y of al umi num]
pl at e, par t l y
of s t eel
al l oy pl at e and
par t ] Xof a
mat er i al cal l ed ELES-
TRON. The f i ns
wer e t o be
cons t r uct ed of LI G-
NOFOL, a
hi ghl y compr es s ed
l ami nat ed
wood,
but f or
mas s pr oduct i on
pur pos es , pl ywood
coul d
have been
us ed.
DESI GN
DATA
Di mens i ons
Lengt h : 500
cm.
Span: 220
cm.
Di amet er : 54 cm.
Wei ght
Empt y: 525kg.
Take- of f uni t s : 440 kg.
Mai n s t age f uel : 88 kg.
Mai n s t age oxydi zer :
336 kg.
Mai n
s t age compr es s ed
ai r : 18 kg.
Expl os i ve : 160 kg.
Launchi ng
wei ght : 1, 570 kg.
Wei ght
at t ar get : 685kg.
POWER
PLANT
ROCKETS
A.
R- - 3f
Li Qui n PROPUMI OD7 UNr r .
The R- 3f
l i qui d
pr opul s i on uni t r equi r es f uel t anks
car r yi ng
336 kg
of Sal bei , 88 kg of Vi s or and
18 kg
of com-
pr es s ed ai r at
a pr es s ur e of 250
at mos pher es
t o
pr ovi de pr es s ur e
f eed t o t he
combus t i on chamber .
B. R- 3p
SOLI DPROPELLANT
UNI T. The R- 3p
s ol i d
pr opel l ant uni t ut i l i zes 5
r ods of di gl ucol di -
ni t r at e
wei ghi ng 90kg
each, maki ng a t ot al wei ght
of 450 kg.
DESI GNDATA( R- - 3f )
Launchi ng al t i t ude : Angl e
.
Tot al l aunchi ng i mpul s e : 105, 000
kg/ s ec.
Vel oci t y
at end of
combus t i on:
410
m/ s ec.
Vel oci t y
at t ar get : 400200
m/ s ec.
Take- of f
uni t s : 2 dr y powder r ocket s
.
Take- of f
uni t i mpul s e : 25, 000 kg/ s ec.
Take- of f uni t t hr us t
: 28, 000 kg.
Mai ns t age r ocket
i mpul s e :
80, 000
kg/ s ee.
Mai n
s t age bur ni ng t i me : 45s ec.
Mai n s t age t hr us t : 1, 700- 2, 300 kg.
CONTROL
SYSTEM. Si nce r ent ot e cont r ol
r a-
di o r ol l
s t abi l i zat i on was f ound t o be uns at i s f ac-
t or y,
i t was deci ded t hat Rhei nt ocht er 3 woul d
be
al l owedt o
r ot at e at . t he r at e of one r evol ut i on per
s econd about
i t s l ongi t udi nal axi s , j us t as X- 4 r o-
t at es. Si nce
t he X- 4 gyr ocommut at or s ys t emf or
conver t i ng
cont r ol i mpul s es t o t he pr oper cont r ol
s ur f aces i n
t ur nwas avai l abl e, i t was t hought t hat
t hi s s ys t em
coul d al s o be us ed f or Rhei nt ocht er 3.
Thecombi nat i onr adar t r acki ng
andr emot e con-
t r ol
s ys t em"El s as s " or pos s i bl e
"Br abant , " t he
deci met er ver s i on, was
t o be us ed f or gui di ng t he
f l i ght of t he
"Rhei nt ocht er 3, " j us t as pr opos ed f or
Rhei nt ocht er 1.
However , t he "El s am" devel op-
ment was not
f ar enough al ong t o per mi t f i el dt es t s
t o det er mi ne whet her i t was s at i s f act or y.
WARHEADAND
FUZI NG. I nt he l i qui d
pr o-
pul s i on ver s i on R- 3f ,
t he war head i s car r i ed be-
t weent he
Sal bei andVi s ol f uel t anks i n t hat
s ec-
GERMAN
EXPLOSI VEORDNANCE

OP 1666
228
z
d
Q
2
a
4
3
Y
z
Q
F
. . J
w
z
w
O
Y
Q
T
a
X
Q
z
0
z
a
n.
0
V
r.
a
h
t i on of t he
mai n f usel age t o whi ch t he mai n f i ns
ar e at t ached.
I n
t he sol i d pr opel l ant ver si on R- 3p, t he war -
head i s l ocat ed f ar t her f or war d bet ween t he con-
t r ol compar t ment and t he pr opel l i ng char ge. The
war head consi st s of 150 kg of hi gh expl osi ve.
The f uzi ng syst emf or Rhei nt ocht er 3 had not
been f i nal l y deci ded upon. Sever al pl ans
wer e
un-
der consi der at i on, al l
of
whi ch cont empl at ed t he
use of
a
compl i cat ed f uzi ng syst em, whi ch woul d
not onl y ser ve t o det onat e t he mi ssi l e, but al so t ake
car e of det achi ng t he ATOuni t s af t er one second
and i gni t i ng t he mai n j et . I n addi t i on of cour se,
at i me f eat ur e woul d be embodi ed t o det onat e t he
mi ssi l e af t er 50 seconds i n t he ai r so t hat i t woul d
not f al l and expl ode on f r i endl y t er r i t or y. The
Rhei nt ocht er 3was al so t o be f i t t ed wi t h an i mpact
f uze and a pr oxi mi t y f uze of some sor t , ei t her
acoust i c, i nf r a- r ed, or r adi o.

Among t he pr oxi m-
i t y f uzes consi der ed wer e "Kr ani ch, " "Kakadu, "
"Mar abu, " "Fox, " and sever al ot her s .
As poi nt ed out i n t he Hi st or y of Devel opment ,
pl ans wer e
al so under way t o ut i l i ze some sor t of
homi ng
devi ce i n "Rhei nt ocht er , " but t hese pl ans
wer e st i l l
i n a ver y nebul ous st at e.
AUXI LI ARYEQUI PMENT
.
Li ke Rhei nt ocl i t er
1,
Wasser f al l and t he ot her gui ded AAr ocket ,
Rhei nt ocht er
3, r equi r es a gr eat deal of auxi l i ar y
gr ound
equi pment , such as comput er s, opt i cal
gear , r ange f i nder s, et c. ,
f or r emot e cont r ol
pur -
poses.
LAUNCHI NG
EQUI PMENT. The l aunchi ng
equi pment f or
Rhei nt ocht er 3 i s i dent i cal wi t h
t hat used f or
Rhei nt ochht er 1 and has al r eady been
descr i bed i n
t he r epor t on t he l at t er mi ssi l e.
GREAT ENZI AN
DESCRI PTI ON. The Enzi an was concei ved
as
i gr ound t o ai r f l ak weapon.
I t s
secondar y pur -
pose
was t hat of an ai r - t o- ai r
weapon
.
Model s
E- 1, E- 2,
and E- 3 wgr e t he t est and exper i ment al
ar t i cl es. Al l
f l i ght t est s wer e car r i ed out wi t h- t he
E- 1. The E- 4
was t he pr oduct i on desi gn usi ng
an
i mpr oved r ocket mot or ,
desi gned by
Dr .
Con-
r ad i nst ead of t he
Wal t er bi l i qui d used i n t he
ear l i er desi gns.
As t he f or egoi ng i s t he onl y ma-
j or
di f f er ence i n t he f our
model s, t hey wi l l be di s-
cussed as
one : however , t her e exi st s
anot her t ype,
E- 5, whi ch bei ng
a basi cal l y di f f er ent t ype
wi l l be
cover ed i n a
separ at e r epor t t o avoi d conf usi on.
ROCKETS
The
E- 4 i s a f l yi ng wi ng desi gn
OT st r i ki ng
si mi l ar i t y
t o t he Me- 163. I t s t ot al
wei ght i s
1, 800 kg whi ch
i ncl udes t he wei ght , 320
kg of
t he
f our assi st ed t ake- of f uni t s . The
war heads
wei ght i s 500 kg. The ai r pl ane i s const r uct ed
of
wood, havi ng an over - al l l engt h and span
of f our
met er s . I t at t ai ned i t s vel oci t y
of
300 m/ sec
wi t h
a mai n t hr ust uni t del i ver i ng 2, 000 ki l ogr ams
i ni -
t i al l y
decr easi ng t o 1, 000 kg dur i ng t he f l i ght
.
Dur at i on
of power was 72 seconds, r esul t i ng
i n a
ver t i cal
r ange of 16, 000 met er s and a hor i zont al
r ange
of 25, 000 met er s .
The f our assi st ed t ake of f uni t s
del i ver a
com-
bi ned
t hr ust of 6, 000 ki l ogr ams
f or 4 seconds, gi v-
i ng
t he mi ssi l e whi ch at t ai ns
an end speed of 24
i n/ sec and
an
accel er at i on
of 3. 6 g f r oma l aunch-
i ng
r amp 6. 8 met er s i n
l engt h. The assi st ed t ake-
of f uni t s ar e
j et t i soned af t er 5 seconds.
Al t hough
i t was ant i ci pat ed t hat F- 4
woul d
be used as an ai r - t o- ai r weapon wi t h sl i ght
modi f i -
cat i on,
pr i nci pal l y r educed f uel l oad, al l
exper i -
ment al f l i ght t est i ng had been done f r om
gr ound
t o
ai r . Ast andar d
88 mmgun car r i age
was
adapt ed f or use as a l aunchi ng pl at f or m by
t he
si mpl e
addi t i on of t wo i r on r ai l s 6. 8 met er s
l ong.
A
t r aver se of 360° and a ver t i cal f i r i ng ar e
f r om
0° t o 85° wer e obt ai ned. Ai r l aunchi ng
of t he
devi ce was r out i ne ; i . e. , dr oppi ng f r ee f r om
under -
neat h t he par ent ai r cr af t
f l yi ng i n t he di r ect i on of
t he t ar get .
The
speed on l eavi ng t he l aunchi ng r ai l s
i s 24
m%sec ;
t o avoi d t he possi bi l i t y of st al l no cont r ol
i s appl i ed unt i l t he f l yi ng
speed has r eached ap-
pr oxi mat el y
55 m/ sec. For pr act i cal pur poses an
el apsed t i me of 5 seconds i s al l owed bet ween t he
t r i gger i ng
of t he l aunchi ng mechani smand t he
' f i r st cont r ol si gnal .

The Enzi an, as wer e pr act i -
cal l y al l Ger man gui ded mi ssi l es, was di r ect ed
t o
t he t ar get vi ci ni t y by r adi o cont r ol . When t he
t ar get
appr oach was wi t hi n t he r ange of t he hom-
i ng devi ce, t he l at t er t ook char ge of t he mi ssi l es
f i nal
r un i n. - Coi nci dence
or
l i ne of si ght navi ga-
t i on was used under f avor abl e condi t i ons ; how-
ever , sever al met hods wer e accept ed f or ni ght or
r educed vi si bi l i t y use.
AI RFRAME. The Enzi an E- 4ai r f r ame was a
f l yi ng wi ng
t ype
havi ng
no
hor i zont al st abi l i zer
and a f i xed ver t i cal f i n. Cont r ol was ef f ect ed
t hr ough t r ai l i ng
edge f l aps
whi ch act t oget her
as
229
GERMANEXPLOSI VEORDNANCE
230
w
e
a
c
w
a
0
r
0
as
w
OP
16"
el evat or s
anddi f f er ent i al l y as ai l er ons.

The basi c
di mensi ons ar e
as f ol l ows :
Lengt h: 4
met er s.
Span
: 4
met er s.
Maxi mum
di amet er , f usel age ( Ci r cul ar cr oss
sect i on) : 0. 88
met er .
Root
t hi ckness
:
20
per cent r oot chor d.
Ti p
t hi ckness
: 10 per cent r oot chor d.
Wi ng
ar ea : 5
squar e met er s .
Ai r f oi l :
NACA
symmet r i cal ; no t wi st .
Di hedr al :
Zer o.
Chor d
r oot : 1 . 25
met er s .
Chor dt i p:
0. 98 met er
.
Sweepback : 30° .
Wei ght E- 4
compl et e : 1, 800 kg.
Empt y
( i ncl udi ng War head)
: 833 kg.
War head: 500 kg.
Mot or : 97 kg.
Fuel : 550 kg.
Assi st ed
t ake- of f
uni t s :
320
kg.
Ai r f r ame,
I ncl udi ng Cont r ol
Gear : 333 kg.
For t he pur poses
of an ai r - t o- ai r
mi ssi l e t he
f uel wei ght
was r educed
t o 150 kg andt he
assi st ed
t ake- of f uni t s
di scar ded.

( See f i g. 202. )
The ai r f r ame
was desi gned
t o be bui l t of wood
because of cur r ent
met al
shor t age, but pr ovi si ons
wer e made f or
conver si on
t o met al st ampi ngs .
The pr oduct i on
pr ocess was t o use hot
pl at e gl ui ng
met hods
f or f abr i cat i ng
a pr essed or pl ywood
mat er i al .
AERODYNAMI C
PECULI ARI TI ES
AND
CHARACTERI STI CS
Aer odynami cal l y
t he E, 4 appear nor mal .
I t s
st abi l i t y
i n f l i ght
t est s was accept ed as good.
The
E- 48s desi gn
per f or mance
f ol l ows :
Maxi mum
vel oci t y ( desi gn) : 300
i n/ sec,
( Measur ed
Wal t her mot or ) : 240
m/ sec.
Endspeed
l aunchi ng: 24 m/ sec.
Mi ni mum
speedf or saf e
cont r ol : 55 m/ sec.
Ver t i cal
r ange : 16, 000 met er s.
( Measur ed
Wal t her mot or ) : 7, 000
met er s .
Hor i zont al r ange : 25, 000
met er s .
Tur ni ng
r adi us : 500
met er s.
PROPULSI ON
UNI T.
Al t hough t he Wal t her
power
pl ant was
or i gi nal l y i nt ended f or t he En-
zi an andwas
used i n t he
t est f l i ght s, i t was ent i r el y
unsat i sf act or y
andr epl aced
by t he Conr ad mot or .
Abr i ef
di scussi onof
whi chi s consi der ed suf f i ci ent
f or t he pur poses
of t hi s r epor t .
Combust i on chamber : 24 kg.
Ai r bot t l e : 19 kg.
Spher i cal t ank : 30 kg
ROCKETS
The bi f uel l i qui d r ocket
mot or uses Sal bei
( 92%
HNO, +8%H, SO
. )
and
Vi sol , t he r at i o
of
wei ght s
bei ng 1. 4 t o 1. The t ot al
quant i t y of
f uel , 550 kg, i s
exhaust ed i n 72 seconds
dur i ng
whi cht i me t he t hr ust i s r educed
f r omi t s i ni t i al
2, 000 t o 1, 000 kg
at endof bur ni ng. As pr essur e
r educt i on bet ween t he ai r bot t l e
and l i qui d
t anks
i s
t hr ough a si mpl e or i f i ce pl at e, t he
pr ogr essi ve
r educt i on i n
t he combust i on chamber oper at i ng
pr essur e i s t he di r ect r esul t
of t he ai r bot t l e' s
gr adual exhaust i on.

Equal
pr essur e i s
appl i ed t o
bot h l i qui ds and met er i ng
i s ef f ect ed by t he r e-
si st ance of t he connect i ng pi pes
and not t hat of
t he
nozzl es. The t ot al i mpul se ( 108, - 000- 110, 000
kgsec) cor r esponds
t o
a mean
S. I . of 199 ; how-
ever , Wur st er st at es t hat t he meanpr opel l ant
con-
sumpt i on 5. 5 gm/ kg
sec r i ses t o 5. 6 at st ar t
and
end of bur ni ng oper at i on and
t hat t he S. I . i s of
consequence appr oxi mat el y
182.
Al t hought he mi xt ur e,
Sal bei
and
Vi sol , i s spon-
t aneousl y i nf l ammabl e, t he Enzi an mot or
used an
el ect r i cal l y i gni t ed
powder st ar t er i n t he combus-
t i on
chamber t o ef f ect i gni t i on. Thi s syst emhad
t he advant ages of smoot her i gni t i on and
l ess r i sk
of expl osi on t han spont aneous combust i on.
A
f ur t her
pr ecaut i on agai nst expl osi on was t aken
by st ar t i ng
t he sal bei f eed f i r st by shor t eni ng i t s
suppl y
pi pes and set t i ng i t s bur st i ng di sks at
sl i ght l y l ower pr essur e t han t hose of t he
Vi sol
syst em
.
The pr opul si on uni t ' s ar r angement , di ct at ed by
C. G. consi der at i ons, as
f ol l ows :
( 1)
Ai r bot t l e ;
( 2) vi sol t ank ; ( 3) sal bei t ank ; ( 4) combust i on
chamber . The ai r f l ask
was or i gi nal l y i nf l at ed t o
a pr essur e
of 200 at mos.

( See f i g. 202. )
The l i qui ds ar e r et ai ned
i n
t hei r t anks by
means
of bur st i ng di sks sel ect ed t o r upt ur e at 15 at mos-
pher es at ent r y and 36 at mospher es at exi t . Al l
t anks ar e made of mi l st eel 2 mmt hi ck andno
cor -
r osi on
t r eat ment , enamel , or pr ot ect i ve coat i ng was
empl oyed as t he onl y Gener al St af f r equi r ement
was t hat
t he
cont ai ner s shoul d
wi t hst and 6 mont hs
" st or age af t er bei ng f i l l ed wi t h sal bei andf uel .
The wei ght s of . component par t s of t he mot or ar e
as f ol l ows
23
1
GERMANEXPLOSI VE
ORDNANCE
Ef f ect i ve S. I . Fuel andMot or=199
x
550
=170
647
Rel at i ve t ouse of anai r pressure
f uel f eed syst em
versus a t urbi ne- pump syst em,
Wursl er st at es t hat
accordi ng t oGerman f i gures t he
f ormer i s l i ght er
up t o i mpul ses of
200, 000
kg/ secs
andhas t he addi -
t i onal i mport ant advant age of requi ri ng no t i me
f or runni ng
up t o speed
.
He
ci t ed t he ME163
whi ch requi res 4- 5 seconds t o runt he t urbi ne
up
t o i t s operat i onal speedof 30, 000 poi nt i ng out t hat
such del ay
i s prohi bi t i ve f or
af l ak rocket .
I NTELLI GENCE
AND
CONTROLSYSTEMS.
Operat i onal l y
i t
was expect ed t o use t he Enzi an
i n t he f ol l owi ng manner : Launch i t t oward and
di rect i t t o t he t arget vi ci ni t y under radi ocont rol
usi ngt he
newGermanequi pment Kogge
andei t her
l i ne of si ght or radar navi gat i on. When t he mi s-
si l e' s approach t o t he t arget came wi t hi n t he op-
erat i ng range of t he part i cul ar sel f seeki ng head
empl oyed t he l at t er woul d assume cont rol and
di rect t he
Enzi an t o t he
t arget ' s proxi mi t y on
a
modi f i ed homi ng course. The proxi mi t y f uze at
predet ermi ned di st ance act i vat es t he warhead
whi ch was desi gned
t o
ensure maxi mumcoverage
and
ef f ect i ve damage of t he t arget f rom45 met ers.
( See
par.
on warhead bel ow. ) I t i s consi dered
pert i nent t onot e here t hat t he Germans were doi ng
ext ensi ve research work on t he t heory of homi ng
courses
. Thei r pri nci pal i nvest i gat i ons appeared
t o
be based on compromi ses l yi ng bet ween a pure
chaser or
homi ngcourse andast rai ght i nt ei ;
.
cept i on
rout e
procured by i nt erj ect i ng sel f navi gat i on i nt o
t he i nt el l i gence
syst em.
I ni t i al pl anni ng
provi ded
f or t he Enzi an' s use
of one of
several t ype
homi ng devi ces
and
proxi m-
i t y f uzes
current l y bei ng
devel oped
or
combi na-
t i ons of t he above. Test s had not progressed
beyond operat i on
wi t h t he
st andard Germanradi o
cont rol , t he 6- met er "St rassf urg- Kehl , "
devel oped
by Tel ef unkea and St rassf urt Rundf unk. The
"Kogge"
desi gned by Tel ef unken t o operat e on
a 24- cmwave l engt h was dest i ned f or use i n t he
product i on Enzi ans.
The I . R. devi ce, "Madri d, " devel opedby Kepka
of Vi enna, an acoust i c devi ce devel oped by Tel e-
f unken
and Messerschmi dt , or anel ect roni c devi ce
were proj ect ed f or use
as
homi ng heads.
These
ar-
t i cl es had been l aborat ory t est ed by t hei r i uanu-
f act urers onl y as separat e ent i t i es.
232
Spheri cal t ank : 24 kg; 97
kg.
Fuel wei ght .
550 kg.
OP
1666
Met amorphosi s of
t he i nt ernal
cont rol syst em
f romt wo axi s st abi l i zat i on i nvol vi ng t he
use of
f our gyros t o
accept ance of one axi s
st abi l i zat i on
usi ng aHorngyrohavi ng t wogymbi l ri ngs i s out -
l i nedabove under experi ment al t est i ng. St andard
Si emens el ect ri c servos are used t o act uat e t he
cont rol surf aces.
WARHEADANDFUZI NG
. Three t ypes
of war-
head of equal
wei ght , 500 ki l ograms, were
pro-
j ect edf or
t he E, 4. The t ype whi ch seemed
t o
have
accrued t he most f avor among t he Messersehi ni t t
engi neers andt he l ocal f l ak of f i cers was bui l t up
of
amet al shel l or
cont ai ner 1' /
mi n. t hi ck. The shel l
was l i ned wi t h cyl i ndri cal
pel l et s
cast of mi l d st eel
20 by
30
mmcont ai ni ng an i ncendi ary core! The
expl osi ve cast i nt o t he resul t i ng cavi t y cont ai ned
a boost er charge andf uze i n i t s f orward end on
t he l ongi t udi nal axi s.
Test s of t he above t ype warhead showed
t hat i t
coul d
be
expect ed t o put 1 . 5 pel l et s i n
an area of
1
square met er at a range of 65 met ers .
The second t ype of warhead i ncorporat ed 550
smal l rocket s dri ven by gunpowder ( see sket ch be-
l ow) whi ch hadbeen devel oped by one
of t he SS
l aborat ori es and
were t o
be
used
as part of t he
armament of t he ME262. The rocket s were
mount ed i n t he warhead t o
f i re
f orward i n a 30°
cone f roma
maxi mum
range
of
300
met ers
;
t hei r
ef f ect i ve range, however, was 550 met ers and at
t hat range each rocket was consi dered capabl e of
dest royi ng a bomber .
The t hi rd t ype warhead was st rai ght expl osi ve
dependent onl y onconcussi on t o dest roy t he t arget .
Bot h proxi mi t y and
sel f - dest ruct i on
f uzes were
provi ded. The proxi mi t y f uzes were proj ect ed on
t he I . R. , El ect roni c,
andAcoust i c pri nci pal s
;
how-
ever, t he l at t er had
essent i al l y been
dropped by
t he desi gners as t he maxi mumrange at whi ch t he
act uat i ng i mpul se was of suf f i ci ent magni t ude was
t oosmal l t o deri ve
most ef f ect i ve resul t s f romt he
warhead.
AUXI LI ARYEQUI PMENT. Four powder j et s
assi st ed t ake- of f uni t s del i veri ng a t ot al of 6, 000
ki l ograms . t hrust f or 4 seconds are used t o l aunch
t he Enzi an. The J ATO' s produced by Rhei n-
met al e- Borsi g
wei gh 80 pounds each. They are at -
t ached by
expl osi ve
bol t s
whi ch
rel ease t he cases
by f i ri ng at
t he endof burni ng- Smal l wi ngs f i t t ed
t ot he J ATO' s assi st i n t he j et t i soni ng
A-9
A-9,
A-10LONGRANGE
MI SSI LE
GENERAL
DESCRI PTI ON. TheA-9i s s i mi -
l ar i n appear ance
and r es ul t s t o t he A-4b but i s
of di f f er ent i nt er nal
cons t r uct i on
.
I t
was pr o-
pos ed t o devel op and manuf act ur e t he
A-9
i n
pl aceof t heA-4;
however , t hi s woul dr equi r e
much
r econver s i on and
t he
A-4b,
whi ch
coul d be put
i nt o oper at i on much
qui cker , was
bei ng pus hed
as a s t op-gap. ( See
f i g. 203A. )
I t was t o have a
St i l bei -Vi s ol
r ocket mot or ver y s i mi l ar t o t hemi s
s i l e Was s er f al l .

I t
i s s hot i nt o t he ai r l i ke a
V-2
and bent t owar d t he
t ar get , but r at her t han f al l -
i ng, i t gl i des
over t he t ar get wher e i t goes , i nt o a
ver t i cal di ve.
I t woul d t r avel about 600kmi n
17 s econds .
Apr opos al
was made t o l aunch i t f r om a cat a-
pul t
at s uper s oni c
s peed t o i ncr eas e t he r ange.
I t
was
al s o pr opos ed
t o i ns t al l a pr es s ur i zed cabi n
Coas t of
Fr ance
A-10
Fi gur e303A-A91A
10Long RangeMi s s i l e
Fi gur e 203H-A9/A10
Long RangeMi s s i l e
andus ea human pi l ot . Thepi l ot woul d dr op t he
war head on t het ar get andt hen r et ur n t o hi s bas e.
Ar et r act abl e l andi ng gear woul d be us ed i n t he
l andi ng whi ch, i t was f el t , coul d be car r i ed out at
a s peed as l owas 160kmper hour .
Al t hought heA-10was never bui l t ,
t he' cal cul a-
t i ons
wer e compl et ed f or t hi s uni t whi ch was t o
be us ed as an as s i s t t ake-of f mot or f or t he A--9
.
I t s uppl i es
a t hr us t of
200
t ons and
woul d
be j et -
t i s oned af t er i t had s er ved i t s pur pos e. When t he
A-l 0i s j et t i s oned, t he A-9woul dhave a vel oci t y
of
1, 200met er s per s econd and t he A-9 mot or
woul d begi n
t o
f unct i on . The ul t i mat e
vel oci t y
was expect ed t o
be
2, 800met er s per s econd
. The
A-9/A-10combi nat i on was expect ed t o have a
r ange
of 5, 000km. I t was al s o pr opos ed t o us e
a human pi l ot
i n t hi s
combi nat i on.
( See f i g.
203B. )
FYs s r Yor k
ROCKETS
233
GERMAN
EXPLOSI VEORDNANCE
SPLI T CTL?NDER
PERCUSSI ON
CAP
Fi gure204-7. 3-cmPropaganda
Rocket
7. 3-cm
PROPAGANDAGRANATE41
DATA:
Wei ght
( wi thout l eaf l ets ) :
7pounds 3ounces .
LengthOver-al l :
16. 1 i nches .
Wei ght
of the
Propel l ant : i pound1 ounce.
Wei ght
of Propel l ant
Uni t : 3pounds .
Maxi mum
Di ameter :
2. 85 i nches .
OP
1666
DESCRI PTI ON
.
Theproj ecti l e cons i s ts of two
s teel tubes , s crewedi nto a central j oi nt. The
l ower
tube contai ns the rocket motor andthe
upper tube s erves as acontai ner f or the l eaf l ets .
The
proj ecti l e i s s pi ns tabi l i zedandi s f i redf rom
the
Propaganda
werf er, whi chi s as i ngl e l aunch-
i ngtube.

( Seef i g. 204. )
Ther ocket mot or i s f or med by t he l ower t ube
andas cr ewed- on
bas e pl ug. Thebas e pl ug has 12
vent ur i s et i n 2 r i ngs
; t hos e i n t he i nner r i ng
ar e s t r ai ght and
t hos ei n t he out er r i ng ar eof f s et .
Acopper
per cus s i on cap i s l ocat ed cent r al l y i n
t he bas e of
t he pl ug.
The pr opel l ant
cons i s t s of a cyl i ndr i cal s t i ck
wi t h ni ne
l ongi t udi nal dr i l l i ngs . Oneof t hes e i s
cent r al , and
t he ot her ei ght ar e i n a r i ng ar ound
t hecent r al
dr i l l i ng. Ani gni t i on char gei s l ocat ed
i n
a
hol der at t he
f or war d end of t he pr opel l ant .
Thi s i s f i r ed by
t he f l as h f r omt he per cus s i on cap
pas s i ng up t he
cent r al hol e of t he pr opel l ant .
Theupper t ube
i s . t he l eaf l et cont ai ner andi t
i s
cl os edby abakel i t e cap.
Thel eaf l et s ar econt ai ned
wi t hi n a cyl i nder
s pl i t l ongi t udi nal l y
and ar e
wr appedar ound
as t eel s pr i ngwhi ch
i s
kept
under
compr es s i on. Bel ow
t he l eaf l et s , one
bakel i t e
was her andt wo car dboar d
was her s , i s
t hebur s t i ng
char ge, i ncor por at i ng
a del ay
t r ai n whi chi s f i r ed
by
t he heat f r om
t he i gni t i on
char ge f or t he pr o-
pel l ant .
OPERATION. The
oper at i on
of
t hi s
pr oj ect i l e
i s ver y
s i mpl e. When
t he heat f r omt he
i gni t i on
char ge
i gni t es t he
bur s t i ng char ge, t he
cont ent s
of
t heupper t ube ar e
ej ect ed; as t hes pl i t
cyl i nder
emer ges ,
i t f al l s apar t
and al l ows t he
compr es s ed
s pr i ng
t o s cat t er t he
l eaf l et s packed ar ound
i t .
7
. 3- cmRAKETEN
SPRENGGRANATE
DATA:
Gener al
:
Cal i ber : 7. 29
cm.
Over - al l l engt h.
11. 09 i nches
.
Over - al l
wei ght : 6. oo
l bs .
Nat ur e
of t he
f uze: Nos e per cus s i on.
War head
Mat er i al
: St eel .
Di mens i ons
Over - al l
l engt h:
4. 22
i nches .
Maxi mum
di a*t er : 2
. 85 i nches .
Di amet er
at nos e: 0. 81
i nch.
Wal l
t hi cknes s : Var i es
f r om0. 23 i nch af t
t o
0. 12
i nch f or war d.
Wei ght :
Wei ght
of f i l l i ng:
o. 62 l b.
Body t ube
Over - al l
l engt h:
6. 34
i nches .
Over - al l Di amet er
. 2. 60 i nches .
Wal l t hi cknes s - : 0
. 10 i nch.
ROCKETS
Bas e
Over - al l
Di amet er : 2. 86 i nches .
Over - al l hei ght : 1. 29 i nches .
Number of Vent ur i : 14; A. 7 of f s et
( out er
ci r cl e) ;
B. 7s t r ai ght ( i nner ci r cl e) .
DESCRIPTION.
Thi s i s a s pi n- s t abi l i zed
pr o-
j ect i l e of convent i onal des i gn,
cons i s t i ng of
a
war head and a r ocket mot or .
The pr oj ect i l e i s
es s ent i al l y t he s ame as t he
7. 3- cm pr opaganda.
gr anat e
41, except t hat .
a
war head
pr ovi ded wi t h
a
per cus s i on f uze and s el f - des t r oyi ng
del ay has
r epl aced t he
l eaf l et cont ai ner .

( Seef i g. 205. )
The pr oj ect i l e
i s f i r ed f r omt he Fohn
Ger at ,
a 35- f r ame l auncher wi t h f as t
el evat i ng
and
t r ans ver s e
gear s . The l auncher
i s capabl e of f i r -
i ng
35 r ocket s s i mul t aneous l y.
Thes el f - des t r oyi ng
f eat ur e of t he r ocket pl us
t he
char act er i s t i cs of t he l auncher
s ugges t
t hat
t he
pr oj ect i l e i s i nt ended
f or us e agai ns t l ow
f l yi ng
ai r cr af t i n t he f or mof bar r age
f i r e.
Wexnxen.

Thewar head
i s ogi val i n s hapeand
open at t he r ear wher e i t i s t hr eaded
i nt er nal l y
t o r ecei vet her ocket mot or .

Theexpl os i ve
f i l l i ng
i s a pr ef or med char ge of 280 gr ams of RDX/
TNT/wax
pr es s ed
i n abl ock andwr appedi n wax
paper .
Thewar head i s doubl y f uzed, bei ng f i t t ed
wi t h
a nos e
per cus s i on
f uze
and a s el f - des t r oyi ng bas e
f uze. The RAZ51 i s s cr ewed di r ect l y i nt o t he
nos e of t he war head. In t he bas e of t he char ge
i s a cavi t y whi chaccommodat es t he s el f - des t r oy-
i ng del ay, l ocat ed i n a t ube s cr ewed i nt o amet al
pl ug i n t he f or war d endof t hemot or .

Thedel ay
cons i s t s of a qui ck- f i r e i gni t er , i ni t i at ed by t he
mot or i gni t i on
char ge,
and what appear s
t o be a
t r acer
compos i t i on
.
When t he
t r acer
compos i -
t i on bur ns out , i t gas hes t hr oughan or i f i ce i nt o a
pr i mer - det onat or whi ch det onat es t he mai n
char ge.
RocxEr Mor om Ther ocket mot or cons i s t s of a
pl ane cyl i ndr i cal body and a cup- s haped bas e
pl at e. The body i s
s cr ewed
i nt o t he war head
at
t he f or war d
end
and
i nt o
t he f l ange of t he bas e
pl at e at t her ear .

Thef or war dend of t he r ocket
mot or has af l ange bel owwhi chi s l ocat ed amet al
cl os i ng pl at e whi ch s epar at es t he war head f r om
t he
pr opel l ant compar t ment and'
al s o hol ds t he
r ear end of t he s el f - des t r oyi ng as s embl y f or t he
235
GERMANEXPLOSI VEORDNANCE
expl osi ve char ge.

Bel owt hi s pl at e i s a st amped
met al
suppor r i ng
r i ng; cont ai ni ng t he i gni t i on
char ge
f or t he
pr opel l ant .
The base pl at e,
whi ch scr ews on t he r ear
end
of
t he body, has
seven out er of f set
vent ur i , seven
st r ai ght vent ur i ,
and a cent r al
dr i l l i ng f or a per -
cussi on
pr i mer .
The
pr opel l ant
char ge consi st s of a si ngl e
cyl i n-
dr i cal st i ck
wi t h a cent r al
per f or at i on
and
ei ght
out er per f or at i ons
. Rai sed
r i bs ar ound t he ci r -
cumf er ence of t he
pr opel l ant ser ve
t o keep i t cl ear
236
Fi gur e
205- - 7. 3- cmI t . Spr gr Rocket
OP
1868
of t he mot or body and
per mi t ext er nal
bur ni ng.
Two 1/8- i nch bl ocks of
powder , cement ed
t o
t he
base of t he char ge,
act
as
spacer s
and keep t he
vent ur i f r ee f r om
obst r uct i on.
The char ge i s i gni t ed by t he f l ash f r omt he
per cussi on pr i mer . The f l ash i s t r ansmi t t ed al ong
a cel l ul oi d t ube i n t he cent r al dr i l l i ng t o t he i gni -
t i on char ge at
t he f or war d end
of
t he
pr opel l ant .
The cel l ul oi d t ube
i s
of convent i onal desi gn.

I t
cont ai ns a- qui ckmat ch t r ai n and i s cl osed at each
end by a cyl i ndr i cal bl ock of gunpowder.
8- cm
RAKETEN
SPRENGGRANATE ( H.
E.
AI RCRAFT ROCKET)
DATA:
Gener al
Cal i ber : 78 mm.
Over - al l
l engt h . - 28. 5 i nches .
Wei ght

( compl et e r ound) : 15
pounds 3
ounces .
Fi l l i ng :
Fl aked TNT.
War head:
Mat er i al : St eel .
Di mensi ons
Lengt h : 8 i nches .
Di amet er : 3 i nches .
Rocket mot or :
Mat er i al : St eel
.
Di mensi ons
:
Lengt h ; 12. 8 i nches .
Di amet er ( out si de) : 3. 07 i nches .
Di amet er ( i nsi de)
: 2. 75 i nches .
Wei ght : 4 pounds, 1. 2115) ounces .
Vent ur i : Mat er i al : St eel .
Di mensi ons
Lengt h! 7. 48 i nches
.
Out si de l engt h of f i ns . 5. 31 i nches .
Rear
di amet er acr oss f i ns : 7. 87 i nches-
Ext er nal .
I nt er nal
: 3. 34 i nches .
Wei ght : 2 pounds,
0. 25 ounces .
I nl et :
Maxi mum
di amet er : 2. 48 i nches .
Mi ni mum
di amet er :
0. 782
i nch.
Lengt h : 0. 02 i nch.
Thr oat : Di amet er : 0. 782 i nch.
Out l et
Mi ni mumdi amet er :
0. 782
i nch
.
Maxi mum. di amet er :
1. 653 i nch.
Gr i d
Di amet er : 2. 72 i nches .
Thi ckness : 0. 51
i nch.
Wei ght : 3 ounces .
Pr opel l ant : Doubl e base
powder i n mono per -
f or at ed st i ck f or m.
DESCRI PTI ON.
Thi s i s
a
f i n- st abi l i zed pr oj ec-
t i l e wi t h
an appear ance
t ypi cal of
smal l
cal i ber
ai r cr af t
r ocket s . The
i nt er nal ar r angement of
t he
pr oj ect i l e
suggest s t hat
i t was possi bl y copi ed or
adapt ed f r oma
st andar d Russi an ai r cr af t r ocket .
Al t hough
t hi s r ocket
al most
cer t ai nl y wi t s
de-
si gned pr i mar i l y
as an ai r cr af t weapon, i t was
al so f i r ed f r om
a mul t i pl e- f r ame gr ound l auncher
known as t he
8- cmRaket en Bi el f achwer f er . The
pr oj ect i l e consi st s basi cal l y
of an H. E.
war head,
888T94 0- 47- vol . 1- 16
ROCKETS
a
r ocket mot or , and a t ai l uni t i ncor por at i ng
a
si ngl e vent ur i and st abi l i zi ng f i ns .
WAA$EAD
.
The war head of t he pr oj ect i l e i s
a
st eel cyl i nder wi t h an ogi val nose i nt o whi ch i s
bui l t a f uze syst em. The r ear of t he head
i s
cl osed by an adapt er pl ug whi ch al so f or ms t he
j unct i on wi t h t he r ocket mot or .
The mai n H. E. f al l i ng consi st s of a pr essed f l ake
TNTand i s bui l t up f r omt hr ee per f or at ed pel l et s
whi ch f i t ar ound t he expl oder t ube i ncor por at ed
i n t he f uzi ng syst em. At t he nose end i s a smal l
car dboar d washer ; at t he base ar e t wo waxed-
paper washer s ; and ar ound t he expl oder maga-
zi ne i s a waxed- car dboar d t ube. Bet ween t he
shel l wal l and t he expl osi ve i s a t hi n l ayer
of
bi t umi nous mat er i al . The out er sur f aces
of t he
pel l et s ar e waxed
.
ROCKET MoToa. The body of t he mot or i s
f or med by a
cyl i nder
whi ch
i s
machi ned
down
sl i ght l y bet ween t he ends . The f or war d end
of
t he cyl i nder
i s t hr eaded i nt er nal l y t o scr ew over
t he adapt er pl ug whi ch f or ms t he j unct i on wi t h
t he war head. Four st uds i n t he body, t wo at each
end, gui de t he pr oj ect i l e i n t he l auncher . The
base of t he mot or body i s cl osed by t he mot or
cl osi ng pl at e, whi ch i s i n t he f or mof a si ngl e
vent ur i t o whi ch f our st abi l i zi ng f i ns ar e spot
wel ded.
The pr opel l ant consi st s of si x st i cks, of whi ch
t wo ar e sl i ght l y shor t er t han
t he ot her f our . The
f our l onger st i cks ar e l ocat ed
by
a
suppor t i ng
gr i d whi ch i s a push f i t i n t he
vent ur i assembl y .
The ot her t wo
st i cks ar e suppor t ed on t he t wo
pr i mar y i gni t er s at t ached
i nt er nal l y t o t he wal l s
of t he r ocket mot or .
The
i gni t i on syst em consi st s of t wo i gni t i on
char ges, one at each end of t he pr opel l ant , and
a pr i mar y
i gmai t er
. The pr i mar y i gni t er i s i n t he
f or mof t wo copper t ubes, each scr ewed i nt er nal l y
over t he
end of t he
st eel gui di ng st uds whi ch pass
t hr ough
t he
mot or body at t he r ear end. Abr ass
r od,
i nsul at ed
by
a
r ubber sl eeve, passes
t hr ough
t he gui di ng st ud andbear s agai nst a
br ass cont act
i nsi de t he copper t ube. Thi s cont act
passes
t hr ough t he t ube i nt o t o smal l car dboar d
cont ai ner
hol di ng a l o<Zse
composi t i on char ge of gunpowder
.
Wi r es f r omt he
cont act t o t he wal l s of t he
copper
t ube ser ve
t o
i gni t e t he char ge. The
ci r cui t i s
pr esumabl y f or med by t wo
l eads, one t o t he br ass
r od i n each gui di ng st ud,
and i s gr ounded t o t he
r ocket body.
237
GERMAN
EXPLOSIVE
ORDNANCE

OP1666
238
CENTRAL ADAPTER
RING
SLACK POWDER
IGNITER
SLEEVE
Fi gure
206--8-cmA1rcraf Rocket
Fuzi NGSYSTEM
.

Thi s r ocket
has a f uze whi ch
has been
desi gned
speci f i cal l y f or i t .
Thear r ange-
ment of t he
syst em
i s . shown i n
f i gur e 206. The
f uze consi st s
of
a st eel nose
pi ece whi ch cont ai ns
a l i ght al l oy
st r i ker
suppor t ed
by a l i ght cr eep
spr i ng. Bel ow
t he
nose pi ece i s a st eel
magazi ne
t ube, i nt o t he
f or war d
end of whi ch
i s scr ewed
t he
det onat or
housi ng. Di r ect l y
bel owt he maga-
i ne t ube
i s t he ar mi ng
mechani sm
whi ch consi st s
of a met al
sl eeve
cont ai ni ng a spr i ng
l oaded
scr ew and
t he
pl unger . Hol di ng
t he
spr i ng
l oaded scr ew
and t he
pl unger
i n posi t i on i s a
f usi bl e met al
r i ng. When
assembl ed,
t he pl unger
f i t s i nt o t he
l ower
end of
t he magazi ne
and t he
boost er
pel l et s r est
on
i t .
When i n
t he
posi t i on as
shown i n f i gur e
20B
t he
det onat or
i s beyond
t he r each of t he
st r i ker
and t he
f uze i s unar med
.
When t he
r ocket i s
f i r ed, t he . heat of
t he
bur ni ng pr opel l ant
i s con-
Fi gur e 207- 8
. 6- cmH. E.
! l ocket Waval l
ROCKETS
duct ed
t hr ough t he wal l of
t he spi got and
mel t s
t he
f usi bl e
met al r i ng. The
pl unger , magazi ne,
and
det onat or ar e t hen
f r ee t o move
f or war d
under
t he- act i on of t he spr i ng.
The ext ent
of
t hi s f or war d
movement depends
upon t he
accel -
er at i on
of t he r ocket . Appr oxi mat e
measur e-
ment s
i ndi cat e t hat i f t hi s i s l ess
t han 40- 50 g
t he
det onat or
i s suf f i ci ent l y f or war d
t o be f i r ed
by
t he st r i ker
.
8
. 6- cmH. E. ROCKET
( SPI NSTABI LI ZED)
DATA
Nat ur e
of pr oj ect i l e : Mul t i pl e
base- vent i ng,
spi n- st abi l i zed pusher r ocket
.
Cal i ber :
8. 6 cm.
Over - al l
l engt h- 1625 i nches,
Over - al l
wei ght : 17pounds 15
ounces.
Nat ur e of
f i l l i ng : H. E.
Nat ur e of f uze : Base.
239
GERMANEXPLOSI VE
ORDNANCE
Warhead
Lengt h: 9
. 55 i nches.
Di amet er : 3. 35 i nches
.
Type
of
f i l l i ng: Cast TNT
.
Rocket Mot or
Lengt h: 6. 7 i nches .
Lengt h of propel l ant chamber
: 6. 08
i nches.
Ext ernal di amet er :
3. 18 i nches.
I nt ernal di amet er : 2. 94
i nches .
Wei ght of f i l l ed mot or : 6
pounds 12. 25
ounces.
Propel l ant l engt h: 5 . 90 i nches
.
Di amet er of propel l ant
:
2
. 7 8 i nches .
Wei ght of propel l ant : 2 pounds
7 . 7 5 ounces.
Anal ysi s
Pot assi umni t rat e: 7 5 . 5
percent.
Carbon : 15 . 35 percent .
Sul phur : 9. 15 percent .
Vol at i l e mat eri al : 0. 86
percent.
Fi gure 208--4 . 6-cm
I l l umi nat i ng Rocket I Nava11
240
OP
1666
DESCRI PTI ON.

Thi s rocket consi st s of aH. E.
head, a mot or,
and a vent uri assembl y. An i n-
t egral basef uze,
cent ri f ugal l y armedandpressure
f i red, i s
l ocat ed i n t he base
of t he H. E. head.

A
st andard
boost er assembl y i s
empl oyed.

( See f i g.
207 . )
TheH. E. head t hreads
over t he rocket mot or
housi ng, whi ch cont ai ns
asi ngl e, mul t i perf orat ed,
propel l ant grai n. A
vent uri assembl y, wi t h ei ght
j et s
dri l l ed i n i t , i s t hreaded t o
t he base of t he
mot or.
Asi ngl e t hreaded hol e
i n t he cent er of
t he
vent uri assembl y cont ai ns a
percussi on pri mer.
On t he
f orward end of t he mot or housi ng i s a
f i t t i ng whi ch
recei ves oneof t hree
i nt erchangeabl e
del ay t rai ns .
Therocket s bear
marki ngs t o i ndi -
cat e whi ch of t he
del ay t rai ns have been assem
bl ed.

Thosemarked
"/ 400/ " and
"/ 800/ " cont ai n,
i n addi t i on t o t he
del ay t rai n, af uzewi t h a
st ri ker
ret ai ned by f our armi ng
bal l s andaspri ng col l ar.
A
l i ght ant i creep spri ng
i s pl aced bet ween t he
st ri ker and t he det onat or
.
Cent ri f ugal f orcecauses
t he bal l s t o move out -
ward agai nst t he
col l ar and armt he f uze. The
del ay t rai n i s
i ni t i at ed by t he propel l ant
grai n,
and when t he
del ay expi res, t he pressure
devel -
oped f orces t he
st ri ker agai nst i t s spri ng andi nt o
t he det onat or
. I mpact wi t h some
resi st ant ob-
j ect bef ore t he
expi rat i on of t he
del ay wi l l f orce
t hest ri ker i nt o
t he cap. I n t he case
of t he round
marked
"/ 600/ " no st ri ker
mechani smi s i ncl uded,
andt he
del ay i ni t i at es t he
det onat or andboost er
di rect l y, gi vi ng
onl y sel f -dest royi ng
act i on.
REMARKS.
Thi s i s a
naval round,
desi gnat ed
"8. 6 cmR. Spr
. 400 Wsm. ( 600
Wsm, 800 Wsm. ) . "
The H. E.
head i s pai nt ed
canary yel l owover-
al l ; t he
mot or body, dark
green.
I t i s
est i mat ed t hat t hi s
proj ect i l e woul d
reach
a maxi mum
hei ght of 8, 000
f eet , i f f i red at a
quadrant
el evat i on of 90° .
8. 6-cmR
Lg 1000 ROCKET
DESCRI PTI ON.
The8. 6 cmRl g
1000 ( f l are)
and t he
8. 6 cmRDg
1000 ( wi re) di f f er onl y
i n
t he
cont ent s of
t he body. The f l are rocket
con-
t ai ns a
parachut e-suspended
f l are havi ng a burn-
i ng
t i me of 30 t o 35
seconds. The wi re rocket
cont ai ns, i n pl ace of
t he f l are el ement , a spool of
wi re whi ch i s
suspended by t he
parachut e. No
expl osi ve i s
at t ached t o ei t her
t he parachut e or
t he wi re.

( See
f i g. 208. )
Thef l ar eel ement i s contai ned i n a l i ght metal
can whi chi s di r ectl y abovethebas e del ay
pyr o-
techni cf uze. Thepar achutef i ts abovethewooden
pl ug
mi dway
up the tube. Thef or war d end
of the body i s cl os ed wi th a l i ght bal l i s ti c
cap
whi ch' i s pus hed out by theej ecti ng par achute-
f l ar e uni t . Thebas eof
the
body i s cl os ed wi tha
wooden bl ock whi ch r es ts on the l i p of the
adapter .

Theadapter
i s
wel ded to thebody and
s er ves as a bour r el et as wel l
as
theattachment be-
tween themotor and thebody. Thepyr otechni c
ti mebas e f uzeof 8. 5 s econds bur ni ngti mei s i g-
ni ted by the
bur ni ng of the
pr opel l ant i n the
r ocket motor .
Themotor i s s i mi l ar to that of the8. 6 cmR
Sgr L/4. 8 except that thenozzl es ar echanged to
accommodatether educed pr opel l i ng char ge.
Thebl ack
powder pr opel l ant gr ai ns 100mm
l ong
and TO mmi n di ameter , wei ghi ng 750 gr ams , i s
mounted i n
a manner s i mi l ar to theSpgr L/4
. 8.
Thedi gl ycol
pr opel l ant cons i s ts of two
concentr i c
cyl i nder s 80 mmi n l engthandhavi ng di ameter s
of 70/40
and 35/5 mm, wei ghi ng 420 gr ams . A
f l as htuber uns thr oughthecentr al 5-mmdi ameter
hol eof thei nner gr ai n f r omther ear i gni ter up
to thef or war d
i gni ter . Thei ngni ter s and
gr ai ns
ar ehel d i n pos i ti on by a thr ee-ar medgr i dat each
end of the gr ai n.
I t i s i ndi cated
that thegr i d
i s of pl as ti c mater i al i ns tead of theus ual metal
cons tr ucti on
.
DATA:
Motor
Pr opel l ant :
Bl ackpowder ,
di gl ycol .
Nozzl es : 8, 4.
Thr oat di ameter : 4. 50, 5. 45.
Cant angl e: 9° .
Nozzl eK: 234, 480.
Per f or mance
Thr us t :
150.
Bur ni ngti me
:
1
. 20.
I mpul s e: 80.

, .
Range: 1, 000 m.
Nozzl edes i gn
f actor s :
Di ameter of
J et
r i ng :
69±0. 1 mm.
Entr ancecone
angl e ( f i r s t) : 60°.
Entr anceconeangl e
( s econd) : 15°±15 mi n.
Lengthof cone( f i r s t) : 1. 5 mm.
Lengthof cone( s econd) : 5. 5 mm.
Thr oat l ength: 3. 0±0. 5 mm.
Expans i oncone
an
-i e
: 1. 0° : - 10 mi n. .
LAUNCHI NG. The
l auncher us ed i n the
var i ous
tes ts
cons i s ts of a
s i ngl e bar r el wei ghi ng
40 kg.
I t i s denoted i ts the8. 6 cmRAgM42
.
8. 6-cm
ANTI AI RCRAFT ROCKET
SPI N
STABI LI ZED
DATA.,
Over -al l
l ength
: 16. 5 i nches .
Di ameter ;
3. 39 i nches .
Total wei ght : 3. 1. 0 pounds .
DESCRI PTI ON. Thi s r ocket i s cons tr ucted of
s teel i n f our s ecti ons ; Pr oj ecti l ebody, par achute
contai ner , cabl e contai ner , and r ocket
motor.
( Seef i g.
209. )
ROCKETS
DELAYTUBE
MOTOR
BASE
BLACKPOWDER
PERCUSSI ON
GAP
Fi gur e209---8. b-cmAnti ai r cr af t Rocker ( Naval )
241
GERMANEXPLOSI VEORDNANCE

OP 1666
242
Fi gur e 210-8
. 8-cn+ X+XXl X+WChase Ant i t ank Rocket
PRoj Ecri LE
BODY. The proj ect i l e body con-
s i s t s of a
cyl i ndri cal cont ai ner, i nt ernal l y t hreaded
af t t o recei ve
t he rocket mot or and open at t he
f orward
end t o recei ve
t he parachut e cont ai ner.
Thebody of t he proj ect i l e has
a
rai s ed pres s i ng
near t hecent er of i t s l engt h t o provi de a f orward
beari ng
s urf ace whi l e i n t heproj ect or.
PARACHUTE
CONTAI NER. The parachut e con-
t ai ner i s di vi ded
l ongi t udi nal l y i nt o t wohal ves
hel d t oget her by
adhes i ve t ape and i s a s l i di ng
f i t i n t hef orward
endof t hebody. Theparachut e
meas ures 20 i nches
deep by 36 i nches i n di amet er
when open, . and
i s madeof yel l ows i l k wi t h a red
s t ri pe runni ng
down t he cent er of each gore.
CANECONTAI NER. The
cabl e
cont ai ner
i s l o-
cat ed i n t he body j us t af t
of t he parachut e con-
t ai ner
. Thecabl econt ai ner i s not hi ng moret han
a s t eel
cyl i nder f i l l ed wi t h 310 f eet of s t eel wi re.
The f orward end of t he wi re
i s at t ached t o t he
parachut e s hrouds . Separat i ng t he cabl e con-
t ai ner f rom
t he head of t hemot or i s a perf orat ed
ooden di s t ance pi ece, whi ch i s reces s ed t o f orm
a s eat i ng
f or an ej ect i on charge and cent ral l y
boredt o hous e adel ay
t ubecont ai ni ng bl ack pow-
der.
ROCKET MOTOR.

The mot or cons i s t s of a s t eel
t ube 1/8- i nch t hi ck, cl os ed at
i t s
f orward end,
whi ch
i s dri l l ed cent ral l y
and t hreaded t orecei ve
t he del ay
t ube.

The propel l ant grai n i s a s i ngl e
s ol i d cyl i nder,
and i s pri med at t he bas e endwi t h
gunpowder.
Themot or i s cl os ed at t he af t er end
by at hreaded
vent uri as s embl y dri l l ed around t he
out er peri phery t of orm
8 j et s .

Apercus s i on cap
i s f i t t ed i n acent ral
hol e i n t hebas eof t he vent uri
as s embl y.
OPERATI ON.
Near t he
end of t heburni ng pe-
ri od of t he
rocket mot or,
t he del ay t ube i s i ni -
t i at ed
by
t he heat of
t he burni ng propel l ant and
event ual l y i gni t es
t he
ej ect i on charge at t he bas e
t he cabl e
cont ai ner. The
expl os i on of t hi s
charge ej ect s
t he cabl e and parachut e cont ai ners
f romt hef orward
end- 6f t hebody ands pl i t s open
t he parachut e
cont ai ner. The parachut e
opens
and
wi t hdraws t he coi l ed
cabl e f romi t s f al l i ng
cont ai ner.
REMARKS. ( 1) . Thi s
round was ori gi nal l y de-
s i gned
t o prot ect s mal l naval
ves s el s and mer-
chant
s hi ppi ng f roml ow- l evel
at t ack, but i t may
havepl ayed aground
rol e as wel l . Thecei l i ng
of
t herocket
i s es t i mat ed
at about 8, 000 f eet .
8. 8- cm H. E. HOLLOWCHARGE
ROCKET, FI NSTABI LI ZED
ROCKETS
DATA
Nat ure of proj ect i l e: Mul t i pl e- vent i ng,
non-
rot at i ng, f i n
s t abi l i zed pus her mot or.
Cal i ber :
8. 87 cm.
Over- al l l engt h ( compl et e round) : 19 . 4
i nches .
Tot al wei ght ( compl et e round) : 5
pounds ,
13. 6
ounces .
Nat ure
of f uze: I ns t ant aneous nos e percus s i on
.
Nat ureof f i l l i ng : Cycl ot ol .
H. E. Head
General s hape: Cyl i ndri cal
mai n body;
t runcat ed, coni cal i mpact cap and
rear
s ect i on.
Di mens i ons :
Over- al l l engt h: 10. 47 i nches
.
Di amet er of Beari ng
Surf ace:
3
. 494 i nches .
Dept hof cavi t y l i ner : 3. 67
i nches .
Wal l t hi cknes s :
Mai n body : 0. 045 i nch.
I mpact cap : 0. 090 i n.
Cavi t y Li ner
: 0. 06 i nch.
Forward Di amet er,
I mpact
Cap :
1 . 356
i n.
Wei ght s
Empt y:
4 pounds 0. 75
ounce.
Fi l l i ng: 1 pound 7. 14
ounces .
Fi l l i ng: Cycl ot ol .
Marki ngs
Cyl i ndri cal Port i on of Body
St enci l ed
i n purpl e: WaA424.
St enci l ed
i n bl ack : Thn 2. 3 . 44D
LM4312.
Rear Port i on
of Body: St enci l ed i n whi t e
. 43
f cc 47 .
Fuze: Ei t her A. Z. 5095
or
A.
Z. 5095/ 1 i ns t an-
t aneous nos e percus s i on
f uzes .
DESCRI PTI ON
. Thi s proj ect i l e i s f i red f rom
t he
mobi l e ant i t ank
rocket . l auncher 8. 8 cmRake-
t enwerf er
and i s
s i mi l ar i n appearance t o t he 8
. 8
cm
Raket en Panzerbi i chs e
Granat e 4322. The
proj ect i l e, whi ch i s f i n- s t abi l i zed,
cons i s t s ba-
s i cal l y
of an H. E.
head, a mot or t ube, and a t ai l -
f i n as s embl y.

( Seef i g. 210. )
H.
E. HEAD. Thehead
of
t he
proj ect i l e cons i s t s
of t he body cont ai ni ng t he cycl ot ol
hol l ow-
chargel ocat ed
by aeat zi t y l i ner andan i mpact cap.
The
i mpact cap i s f l anged at t herear end
t obear
agai ns t
t he cavi t y l i ner and
i s f i t t ed at t he f or-
ward end wi t h
an adapt er, t hreaded t o recei ve
24
3
GERMAN
EXPLOSI VE
ORDNANCE
ei t her of t wo nose
per cussi on f uzes, t he
A. Z. 5095
or t he A. Z. 5095/ 1.
244
Fi gur e 211--15-cm
H. E. Rocket
OP 1666
Two pr essed f l anges at
t he f or war d end of t he
body secur e t he i mpact
cap and t he cavi t y l i ner .
The
r ear end of t he body i s coni cal
i n shape and
f i t s over a
t ai l adapt er whi ch f or ms t he j unct i on
wi t h t he mot or
t ube. Ar ei nf or ci ng sl eeve i s
pr essed i nt o
posi t i on over t he
cyl i ndr i cal por t i on
of t he body and
pr ovi des t he f or war d bear i ng
sur f ace of t he
pr oj ect i l e .
At t he
l ower end of t he cavi t y l i ner i s a f l ash
t ube bel owwhi ch i s
l ocat ed t he gai ne ; t hi s consi st s
of an al umi numcup
cont ai ni ng a char ge of PETN
and wax and a
det onat or . The gai ne i s sep-
ar at ed f r omt he mot or t ube by a wooden pl ug
whi ch act s as a buf f er and whi ch al so pr ovi des
t he necessar y t her mal
i nsul at i on bet ween
t he mo-
t or and t he gai ne.
14f ozox TUBE. The f or war d end
of t he mot or
t ube i s seal ed and t hr eaded t o scr ew
i nt o t he
t ai l
adapt er . The r ear i s scr ewed i nt o t he vent ur i
bl ock.
The pr opel l ant consi st s of a si ngl e st i ck wi t h
14 smal l l ongi t udi nal per f or at i ons and a si ngl e
axi al dr i l l i ng of l ar ger di amet er
.
Thr ee l ands
ar ound t he out si de of
t he st i ck keep t he pr opel l ant
f r omt ouchi ng t he i nsi de of
t he t ube and ensur e
an ext er nal bur ni ng sur f ace. Two
gr i ds, one at
each end, ar e used t o
suppor t t he pr opel l ant ; each
gr i d i s a t r i angul ar met al
pl at f or mon t hr ee l egs .
At t he r ear t her e i s
a wi r e mesh bet ween t he gr i d
and t he pr opel l ant
t o pr event any unbur nt par t i -
cl es f r ombl ocki ng
t he vent ur i dr i l l i ngs.
Bet ween t he gr i d and t he
pr opel l ant at t he f or -
war d end i s
an i gni t i on char ge mount ed so t hat
i t i s f r ee t o bur n on
bot h sur f aces . Acel l ul oi d
t ube, cont ai ni ng
a
t hi n
st r i p of what appear s t o
be ni t r ocel l ul ose
powder , i s l ocat ed i n t he axi al
dr i l l i ng of t he pr opel l ant
; bot h ends of t he
t ube
ar e capped wi t h a bl ock of
bl ack powder . Thi s
t r ai n ser ves t o t r ansmi t t he
f l ash f r omt he pr i mer
t o t he i gni t i on char ge at
t he f or war d end of t he
mot or t ube.
TAI L-FI N
ASSEMBLY.

The t ai l -f i n assembl y
con-
si st s of a
vent ur i bl ock, st abi l i zi ng
f i ns, obt ur at or ,
and per cussi on
i gni t er .
The vent ur i bl ock,
whi ch i s scr ewed over
t he
end
of t he mot or t ube,
has si x vent ur i dr i l l i ngs
par al l el t o t he axi s of
t he pr oj ect i l e . These ar e
each f or med
by t wo dr i l l i ngs of di f f er ent di am-
et er ; i nst ead of
t aper t her e, i s
a
sudden st ep
f r om
t he smal l er t o t he
l ar ger di amet er . The bl ock
i s
dr i l l ed and t apped
i n t he cent er t o r ecei ve
t he
f i r i ng- pi n
adapt er . A
col l ar on t he r ear of
t he
f i r i ng- pi n
adapt er hol ds t he obt ur at or i n posi t i on
ar ound t he r ear of t he
f i n assembl y
. A
per cussi on
cap i s mount ed
i n t he f or war d end of t he f i r i ng-
pi n adapt er ,
i mmedi at el y i n r ear of t he qui ck
mat ch t r ai n.

The adapt er
i s machi ned
down
t o a
separ at i on poi nt near
t he r ear end; when t he
pr oj ect i l e i s f i r ed, t he adsi pt er
sever s,
and t he r ear
por t i on
r emai ns i n t he
br eech
t oget her wi t h t he
obt ur at or .
The si x st abi l i zi ng f i ns ar e mount ed i n t hr ee
pai r s ar ound t he vent ur i bl ock
and
ar e st r engt h-
ened by a sl eeve f i t t ed
ar ound t he f i ns and under
t he f or war d l i p of t he
obt ur at or .
REMARKS. 1. The Ger man desi gnat i on f or
t hi s r ound
i s " 8. 8 cmR. Pz . B.
Gr
. "
2. Thi s
same r ound, modi f i ed f or
per cussi on f i r -
i ng,
i s used i n a si ngl e t ube,
t wo- wheel l auncher ,
t he " 8. 8- cmRaket enwer f er
43. "
15- cm
H. E. ROCKET, SPI N STABI LI ZED
DATA:
Over - al l l engt h :
38. 55 i nches.
Di amet er :
6. 22 i nches.
Tot al
wei ght : t o pounds.
Pr opel l ant wei ght :
14 pounds.
Type of f i l l i ng :
TNT.
Wei ght
of f i l l i ng : 4
. 5 pounds.
Fuzi ng .
Bd. Z. D. O. V.
DESCRI PTI ON
. Thi s r ocket r esembl es an
el ongat ed gun
pr oj ect i l e wi t h a bul bous nose cap.
The r ound consi st s
of a f or war d mot or body con-
t ai ni ng t he seven
si ngl e- per f or at ed pr opel l ant
gr ai ns and t he af t er
H. E. cont ai ner . ( See f i g.
211. )
An enl ar ged di amet er
ogi val bal l i st i c cap
i s t hr eaded t o t he f or war d
end of t he mot or , and
avent ur i assembl y
wi t h 26 dr i l l ed j et s t hr eads over
t he base of t he mot or .

The
vent ur i assembl y al so
3 t hr eaded ext er nal l y at
i t s af t er end t o r ecei ve
t he machi ned
st eel bur st i ng
char ge cont ai ner . An
H. E. char ge
i n a f i bak cont ai ner
i s pl aced i n t he
st eel shel l
case, separ at ed
f r om t he base of t he
mot or by an i r on
spacer t o pr ovi de an i nsul at i ng
ai r voi d bet ween t he
H. E, and pr opel l ant char ges .
Aboost er adapt er ,
cont ai ni ng t he boost er char ge
and t hr eaded
t o r ecei ve t he base f uze, scr ews i nt o
t he base of t he H. E.
shel l .
The pr opel l ant
gr ai ns ar e suppor t ed f or e and
af t
on a pai r of met al gr i ds. Abl ack powder
i gni t er
char ge i s pl aced over t he r ear gr i d, and
a
second bl ack powder char ge
i s
cont ai ned i n an
al umi numhol der bet ween t he head of t he
mot or
and
t he f or war d gr i d.
The t wo char ges
ar e con-
nect ed by a bl ack powder f i l l ed cel l ul ose t ube,
whi ch passes t hr ough t he per f or at i on of t he cen
t r al gr ai n
.

An
el ect r i c i gni t er i s f i t t ed i nt o
1 of
t he 26 j et s.
REMARKS
.
1. Thi s r ound
i s
desi gnat ed
" 15-
cm
Wgr
.
41 Spr . "
15- cmSMOKEANDCHEMI CAL ROCKET,
SPI N STABI LI ZED
DATA:
Over - al l
l engt h :
40. 16 i nches .
Di amet er : 6. 22 i nches .
ROCKETS
BASE
FUZE .
Fi gur e- 212- 75- cmSmoke and Chemi cal Rocke!
245
GERMAN
EXPLOSIVEORDNANCE

Of
1
246
Fi gure21 3-1 3. 2-cmAnti ai rcraft Rocket
ROCKETINITIATINGCHARGE
ELECTRICALLEAQS
TOINITIATING
CHARGE
Tot al
wei ght : 79 pounds.
Pr opel l ant wei ght : 14 pounds:
Type
of f i l l i ng : Smoke composi t i on.
Wei ght of f i l l i ng : 8. 5 pounds
.
Fuzi ng : Bd. Z. D.
0. V. Zl dg. C/ 98 Np.
DESCRI PTI ON. Except f or t he shel l af t er
body, t hi s r ocket i s i dent i cal t o t he 15- cmH. E.
r ocket .
The mot or ar r angement i s i dent i cal t o
t he l at t er , and
t he shel l i s si mi l ar l y at t ached t o
t he mot or . The
shel l f or t he smoke r ocket i s 4. 5
i nches l onger
t han t hat f or t he H. E. r ound and
i s somewhat
di f f er ent l y const r uct ed. The shel l
consi st s
of a t hi n- wal l ed st eel cyl i nder wi t h a
l ong bur st er
char ge cont ai ner t hr eaded i nt o t he
af t er end. Thi s
cont ai ner hol ds 3. 05 pounds of
pi cr i c aci d.

The
cont ai ner i s t hr eaded t o r ecei ve
a base f uze and a
shor t expl oder . The smoke
composi t i on i s l ocat ed
bet ween t he shel l bodyand
t he out er wal l
of t he bur st er cont ai ner
. ( See
f i g. 212. )
' I EMARKS
. 1. The Ger man desi gnat i on f or
. hi s r ound
i s "15- cmWgr . 41 Nb. "
2. Thi s r ound may
al so be empl oyed as a
chemi cal shel l . When
so used, t he Ger man
desi gnat i on i s "15- cm
Wgr . 41 Gr unr i ng. "
15 . 2- cm
ANTI AI RCRAFT ROCKET,
FI NSTABI LI ZED
DATA
Over - al l
l engt h . - 58. 2
i nches.
Di amet er
: 7. 09 i nches
.
Tot al wei ght :
15o pounds
.
Pr opel l ant
wei ght : 11 pounds
10ounces.
Lengt h
of gr ai n: 11. 7 i nches
.
Cabl e
l engt h : 950yar ds.
Di amet er
Mai n par achut e
: 11 f eet .
Pi l ot par achut e :
6 f eet .
Type of f i l l i ng:
Upper H.
E. char ge :
RDX/ Wax, 95/ 5 .
Lower H. E.
char ge : RDX/ Wax,
95/ 5 .
Wei ght
of f i l l i ng:
Upper
H,
E.
char ge : 2 pounds 6ounces.
Lower H. E.
char ge : 1 pound
10ounces.
DESCRI PTI ON.
Thi s pr oj ect i l e
i s of t he
"aer i al - wi r e- bar r age"
t ype and
i s used t o pr oj ect
a st eel cabl e i nt o
t he ai r by means of
a r ocket .
( See f i g. 213. ) One
end of t he cabl e i s f i xed
t o .
t he
gr ound and t he ot her
t o a l ar ge suppor t
par achut e and a smal l er
dr ag par achut e.
When
ROCKETS
t he cabl e
has pai d out , t he par achut es ar e pul l ed
f r om
t hei r housi ng. The pr oj ect i l e i s
f i n- st abi l -
i zed
andconsi st s, f r omnose t o t ai l , of t he
r ocket
mot or , par achut e housi ng, and upper and
l ower
cabl e housi ng.
ROcKr r Mama. The r ocket mot or
consi st s of
a mot or body, whi ch i s scr ewed i nt o
t he par a-
chut e housi ng, andan ogi val nosepi ece
cont ai ni ng
a
TNT dest r uct i on char ge. The mot or body
i s a
cyl i nder
cl osed at t he f or war d end and
open at
t he
r ear . Ther e i s no base pl at e, but t he
pr o-
pel l ant
gases ar e al l owed t o escape t hr ough
f our
vent ur i dr i l l i ngs i n t he f or war d end
of t he par a-
chut e housi ng. The pr opel l ant i s a si ngl e, cyl i n-
dr i cal , mul t i per f or at ed st i ck and i s i gni t ed by
means
of an el ect r i cal base i gni t er , a t r ai n al ong
t he cent r al
dr i l l i ng, and an i gni t i on char ge i n
a
gr i d
at t he f or war d end. Leads t o t he el ect r i cal
i gni t er
pass t hr ough one of t he vent ur i dr i l l i ngs.
Adel ay f uze i n t he f or war d end of t he
mot or
body i gni t es t he dest r uct i on char ge i n t he
nose-
pi ece.
PARACHI I TE
Hor si wo. The par achut e housi ng,
whi ch i s a. cyl i nder
cl osed at t he f or war d end,
ser ves not onl y
t o house t he l ar ge mai n suppor t
par achut e
andt he smal l er dr agpar achut e, but al so
as a base pl ug
f or t he r ocket
mot or
. The f or war d
endhas f our vent ur i dr i l l ed obl i quel y
i n t he si des
of t he body.
At t he f or war d end of t he par achut e housi ng
i s a
TNT dest r uct i on char ge encl osed i n asbest os.
Al t hough
t hi s has a
pr i mer ,
t her e i s no means of
i ni t i at i on
; i t i s assumed, t her ef or e, t hat t hi s
char ge
i s set of f by sympat het i c det onat i on f r om
t he char ge
i n t he nose of t he pr oj ect i l e. Bel ow
t hi s dest r uct i on char ge i s t he mai n
par achut e
wr apped i n asbest os and bel ow i t t he smal l dr ag
par achut e.
CABLE HOUSI NG.
The cabl e
housi ng
i s con-
st r uct ed
i n t wo separ at e hal ves. . The upper hal f
i s at t ached
t o t he base of t he par achut e housi ng
and accompani es t he pr oj ect i l e on i t s f l i ght . The
l ower por t i on of t he housi ng has a f l anged base,
whi ch f i t s i nt o
t he
mount i ng
and
r emai ns
on t he
gr ound.
The f i nned t ai l uni t i s spot wel ded t o
t he
upper hal f and f i t s over t he l ower por t i on.
Thi s mai nt ai ns t he pr oj ect i l e i n posi t i on unt i l
i t i s f i r ed.
Asl ot i s pr ovi ded i n t wo of t he
f i ns
t hr ough whi ch a wi r e
i s
passed, hol di ng t he l ower
sect i on i n posi t i on; t hi s wi r e shoul d be r emoved
bef or e f i r i ng.
247
GERMANEXPLOSI VEORDNANCE
Acont i nuous l engt h
of
appr oxi mat el y 950yar ds
of Vs- i nch st eel cabl e i s coi l ed i n equal l engt hs
i nsi de each por t i on of t he cabl e housi ng. The
end
of
t he
cabl e
i n t heupper por t i on i s at t ached
t o t hepar achut e,
and
t heot her end passes t hr ough
a hol e i n t he bot t om of t he
l ower por t i on and
t er mi nat es i n an eyebol t secur ed t o t hel aunchi ng
f r ame.
24
8
Fi gur e
214- - 20- cr n Ant i ai r cr af t Rocket
OP
1666
OPERATI ON. The act ual bar r age consi st s
of
t hesuppor t par achut e, dr agpar achut e, and cabl e.
Thepr oj ect i l e i s evi dent l y l aunched f r om
some
ki nd of
f r ame ( no speci men
of
t hi s had
yet been
r ecover ed) ,
t o
whi ch t he l ower por t i on
of t he
cabl e housi ng i s
f i xed
.
When t he
pr opel l ent
char ge i s i gni t ed, t he pr oj ect i l e cl i mbs unt i l ,
t heor et i cal l y, t hewhol eof t hecabl ehas pai d out
.
The dr ag
par achut e and t he mai n suppor t par a-
chut e ar e
t hen wi t hdr awn f r omt he par achut e
housi ngand
t hemai n uni t cont i nues on i t s
cour se,
l eavi ngt he
cabl esuspended i n t heai r.
When t he pr opel l ant bur ns out , t hedest r uct i on
char ge i n
t he nose pi ece, act uat ed
by
t he del ay
f uze, dest r oys t he
r ocket mot or
. and par achut e
housi ng. I t i s
pr esumed t hat t he char ge
i n
t he
f or war d end of
t he par achut e housi ng
i s at
t hi s
poi nt set of f by sympat het i c det onat i on t o assi st
i n
t hi s
dest r uct i on.
20- cm
ANTI AI RCRAFT ROCKET,
FI N
STABI LI ZED
DATA:
Over - al l l engt h: 64. 3 i nches .
Di amet er : 8. 4 i nches .
Tot al wei ght : 159 pounds 3 ounces .
Pr opel l ant wei ght . 11 pounds 9. 5 ounces .
DATA:
SPI N
STABI LI ZED
Over - al l l engt h:
49. 2 i nches
.
Di amet er :
8. 27 i nches.
DESCRI PTI ON.
Thi s r ocket i s si mi l ar i n de-
si gn
and oper at i on t o t he 15. 2- cmant i ai r cr af t
r ocket but i s much cr uder i n const r uct i on. The
r ound
consi st s of a r ocket mot or at t he f or war d
end, a mi ddl e
compar t ment cont ai ni ngt hepar a-
chut e and t he cabl e
housi ngsur r ounded by t he
f i n sl eeve.

( See f i g. 214. )
OPERATI ON. On f i r i ng, t hecabl ehousi ngr e-
mai ns on t hegr ound, and t her est of t heassembl y
i s pr oj ect ed
i nt o t heai r , uncoi l i ngt hecabl ef r om
i t s housi ng.
When t he cabl e i s compl et el y un-
spool ed, t he
par achut ei s wi t hdr awn t hr ought he
f i n sl eeve
. Thesepar at i on of par achut eand mot or
oper at es a pul l i gni t er , whi ch i ni t i at es a
demol i -
t i on char ge
cont ai ned
i n
a cent r al t ubei n
t he
mot or
.
REMARKS.

The r ound i s pai nt ed. dar k
gr een
over - al l .
21- cr n H. E. AI RCRAFT
ROCKET,
Tot al wei ght :
241
. 3 pounds.
Pr opel l ant
wei ght :
39
. 5
pounds
.
Lengt h of gr ai n:
21
. 67 i nches .
Di amet er of gr ai n :
2
. 46 i nches .
Type of f i l l i ng : Amat ol
40/ 60
.
Wei ght of f i l l i ng : 22
. 4
pounds.
Fuzi ng : Z23
LA0. 15 ; P. D.
F. wi t h i nst . or
del ay set t i ng. Hbgr .
Z. 35 KSJ 30
M. T. F.
DESCRI PTI ON.

Thi s
i s a
st r eaml i ned ai r cr af t
r ocket pr oj ect i l e, consi st i ng of an H. E.
shel l ,
ext er nal l y t hr eaded at t he base t o scr ewi nt o
t he
r ocket mot or and at t he nose t o r ecei ve a
bal l i st i c
cap. ( See f i g. 215
. ) A
boost er cont ai ner i s
t hr eaded i nt o t he nose
of t he
shel l and r ecei ves
t he nose f uze.

Awooden act uat i ng r odsepar at es
t he f uze f r omt he t i p of t he bal l i st i c cap.
The mot or body
i s
a
cyl i ndr i cal
st eel body ma-
chi ned ext er nal l y
t o f or mf or e and af t
bour r el et s.
Avent ur i assembl y, dr i l l ed t o f or m22 j et s, t hr eads
i nt o t he base of t he mot or . The j et s ar e i ncl i ned
t an angl e of 16°
t o i mpar t a r ot ar y
mot i on t o
t he r ocket i n f l i ght .

Anel ect r i c
squi b i s t hr eaded
i nt o t he cent er of t he vent ur i assembl y.

The pr o-
pel l ant char ge
consi st s of 7 si ngl e- per f or at ed
gr ai ns suppor t ed by
a met al gr i d at
t he
af t er
end.
A
r i ng- shaped bl ack powder i gni t er i s pl aced at
t he base of t he
char ge and a second i gni t er i s
l ocat ed at t he f or war d end of t he char ge. These
t wo i gni t i on char ges
amconnect ed by a l engt h of
qui ckmat ch i n a cel l ul oi d t ube, whi ch passes
t hr ough
t he per f or at i on of t he cent r al pr opel l ant
gr ai n.
REMARKS
:
1.
The Ger mandesi gnat i on f or t hi s
r oundi s x° 21
cmWgr . 42 Spr . "
2.
Ther oundi s pai nt ed
gr een over - al l .
28- cm
H. E. ROCKET,
SPI N
STABI LI ZED
) ATA
Nat ur e
of pr oj ect i l e : Mul t i pl e
basevent i ng,
spi n- st abi l i zed,
pusher r ocket .
Cal i ber :
280 mm.
Fi l l ed
wei ght ( compl et e
r ound) ; 83 ki l ogr ams
( 183
l bs. ) .
Over - al l
l engt h ( compl et e
r ound) : 1, 190 mm
( 46. 41 i nches)
.
Nat ur e
of f uze : Nose per cussi on
del ay
act i on.
Nat ur e of f i l l i ng :
H. E.
Maxi mum
r ange: 2, 339 yar ds
.
WARHEAD:
Gener al shape : Cyl i ndr i cal
cani st er
wi t h
r ounded ends, one of
whi ch r ecei ves t he
f uze
and t he ot her t he t ai l uni t .
Mat er i al : Sheet st eel ,
Fi gur e 215- 21- cm
Ai r cr af t
Rocket
ROCKETS
249
GERMANEXPLOSI VE
ORDNANCE

OP 11566
VENTURI
ELECTRI C
I GNI TER
Fi gureZ16-Z8-cmH. E. Rocket
Over - al l l engt h : 720 mm.
Di amet er : 280 nzm.
Wal l t hi ckness : I mm.
Wei ght of f i l l i ng :
36 ki l ogr ams.
Fi l l i ng : Amat ol or
TNT.
MARKI NG
On nose : 28 cmWk.
Spr
.
On
body:
13 Mr . 5. 6. 42
. G.
METHOD
OF I GNI TI ON
I NI TI ATOR.

A
separ at e el ect r i cal i ni t i at or en-
cl osed i n an al umi num
t ube andbakel i t e con-
t ai ner , andwhi ch
maybe f i r edf r oma 4- vol t bat -
t er y, i s scr ewed
i nt o t he cent r al dr i l l i ng i n t he
base.

For
f i r i ng si ngl e r ounds, i ni t i at or s
am
pr o-
vi ded,
connect edby15 i nches of t wo- st r and i n-
sul at edwi r e
t o
a
pl ug, andact i on i s i nst ant aneous
on appl i cat i on
of vol t age. For f i r i ng f r omt he
Wur f ger at ( f our - f r ame
st and) , f our i ni t i at or s, ex-
t er nal l ysi mi l ar
i n appear ance, ar e pr ovi ded, wi r ed
i n ser i es . One
onl y ( t agged" 0" ) i s i nst ant ane-
us and
t he r emai ni ng t hr ee ( t agged" 2, " " 4, "
and
" 6" ) i ncl ude powder
pel l et s so as t o f i r e af t er i n-
t er val s of 2, 4, and6
seconds r espect i vel y.
I GNI TI ONCHARGE
Nat ur e
Read:
Compr essed
gunpowder .
Base : Ni t r ocel l ul ose i n powder i n t he f or m
of si x- poi nt ed,
st ar - shapedf l akes.
Wei ght
Head
Base : 10 gr ams.
Cont ai ner
Head: Fl at , ci r cul ar
al umi numwi t h open
end
t owar ds pr opel l ant
.
Base :
por ous,
r ough- cl ot h bag.
Posi t i oni ng
Head:
I n a
pr essed- st eel housi ng suppor t ed
by
a f l anged
spl i t r i ng.
Base : I n
cent er of gr i d.
Mar ki ngs
:
Head: None.
Base :
Wx. Man. St . P ( 2
. 25/ 23) dt 1938/ 5
WO. 7. 842W.
DESCRI PTI ON- - GENERAL.
Thi s i s a spi n-
st abi l i zed
pr oj ect i l e consi st i ng
of a l ar ge war head
wi t h a r ocket mot or
of smal l er di amet er at t ached
at t he r ear .
The pr oj ect i l e i s el ect r i cal l y f i r ed
f r omt he wooden
cr at e i n whi ch i t i s car r i edor
f r oma mul t i pl e
l auncher consi st i ng of a number
ROCKETS
of
f r ames of si mi l ar di mensi ons. The
l ayout of
t he compl et e
pr oj ect i l e i s shown i n - f i gur e 216.
WARHEAD. The war headi s a t hi n st eel shel l
seal ed at t he r ear , wher e i t has a f l ange t hr eaded
t o t ake t he r ocket mot or . Two r ai sed bear i ng
sur f aces on t he bodyl ocat e t he pr oj ect i l e
i n t he
f i r i ng f r ame
andal so r educe l at er al f r i ct i on.

An
adapt or
i n t he nose of t he war headi s t hr eaded
t o t ake a
nose per cussi on f uze anda gai ne hol der .
ROCKETMoxox.
The
r ocket mot or i s
i n t he
f or mof a cyl i nder scr ewed i nt o t he
r ear of t he
war headandcl osedat t he r ear bya pl ug
i n whi ch
ar e a
number of of f set vent ur i dr i l l i ngs .
The pr opel l ant , whi ch consi st s of a si ngl e st i ck,
i s l ocat ed at t he f or war dendbya f l angedmet al
spaci ng r i ng whi ch- al so cont ai ns t he
i gni t i on
char ge, and
at
t he r ear bya met al gr i dhol di ng
t he
r ear i gni t i on char ge. The base pl ug
scr ews over
t he
mot or bodyandhas a cent r al dr i l l i ng t apped
t o r ecei ve an
adapt or
f or t he el ect r i cal i gni t er .
REMARKS. 1. Thi s r ocket i s desi gnat edt he
" 28
cmWf k. Spr . "
2. The r oundi s pai nt ed
gr ey
over - al l ,
wi t h
st enci l l i ngs i n bl ack andwhi t e l et t er s.
30- cmMEEH. E. ROCKET,
SPI NSTABI LI ZED
DATA.
Nat ur e of
pr oj ect i l e : Mul t i pl e base- vent i ng,
spi n- st abi l i zed, pusher r ocket .
Cal i ber : 30 cm. Over - al l l engt h ( Compl et e
Pr oj ect i l e) : 48. 44 i nches.
Over - al l wei ght ( Compl et e Pr oj ect i l e) :
278
pounds .
Nat ur e
of
Fuze
. Nose
per cussi on.
Nat ur e of Fi l l i ng : Amat oL
Maxi mumRange : 4, 976 yar ds ( r ange t abl es) .
War head
Gener al shape : El l i pt i cal wi t h r oundedf or -
war d
endandt r uncat edt ai l
.
Mat er i al : Sheet st eel .
Di mensi ons :
Over - al l l engt h :
29. 5 i nches .
Maxi mumdi amet er : 12. 125 i nches
( acr oss
r i b) .
Wal l
t hi ckness :
0. 109 i nch.
Di amet er
at
Tai l ,
Ext er nal :
8. 938
i nches .
Di amet er at Tai l , I nt er nal : 8. 625
i nches.
Di amet er at nose : 4. 563 i nches .
251
GERMANEXPLOSI VEORDNANCE

OP 1666
252
ELECTRI CI GNI TER

!

-

- - - VENTURI
Fi gure 217- 3D- cmH. E.
Rocket
Wei ght s
Empt y: 49
pounds 12 ounces.
Wei ght of
Fi l l i ng: 98 pounds 6 ounces,
Fi l l i ng:
60/ 40 amat ol .
Marki ngs
St amped on Nose of Head: 23.
St enci l ed
i n Whi t e Approxi mat el y 4 I nches
Bel owFuze: 30 cmWK42 Sp.
St enci l ed
on Rear Cent er : 13 J g29 942.
St amped
on Lower End-
42, CKI .
Fuze:
Nat ure :
Poi nt det onat i ng i nst ant aneous nose
f uze Wgr. Z50+
Wei ght
wi t h Adapt er :
1 pound.
Act i on: The f uze i s armed
i n t wo st eps . by
wi t hdrawi ng
a saf et y pi n
bef ore f i ri ng and
by
cent ri f ugal act i on af t er f i ri ng.
DESCRI PTI ON.
Thi s proj ect i l e
i s si mi l ar i n
desi gn t o t he 28-
and 32- cm
rocket s, bei ng spi n-
st abi l i zed and
consi st i ng
of a. f orward warhead
t o t he rear
of whi ch
i s at t ached a rocket mot or
of smal l er
di amet er .

( See f i g. 21' x. )
WA$HEAD.

Thewarhead i s const ruct ed of t wo
sect i ons of sheet
st eel , a nose pi ece and a t ai l , t he
f our sect i ons bei ng
j oi ned t oget her by ci rcum-
f erent i al wel ds.
Asi ngl e ri b around t he cent er
of t he proj ect i l e
serves t o reduce f ri ct i on agai nst
t he
si de of t he l auncher
.
The nose
pi ece i s t hreaded
t o recei ve a nose
f uze, Wgr
. Z. 50
anda gai ne, and t he t ai l
i nt ernal -
l y
t hreaded
t o screwont o t he f orward end of t he
rocket mot or.
The H. E. f i l l i ng consi st s
of 96
pounds of amat ol .
Rocxvr Marox. The rocket
mot or i s of con-
vent i onal
desi gn and consi st s basi cal l y
of a cyl -
i ndri cal
body and a vase pl ug i ncorporat i ng t he
vent uri and
i gni t er assembl i es.
The body i s machi ned
i nt ernal l y and ext er-
nal l y and i s cl osed at
t he f orward end, wherei t i s
t hreaded t o screw
on t he t ai l of t he warhead.
Thi s
end sect i on i s dot
f l at but i s sl i ght l y con-
cave
i nt ernal l y t o permi t
a more even di st ri bu-
t i on of
pressure. The rear
end of t he body i s
t hreaded
i nt ernal l y t o
recei ve t he base pl ug whi ch
has
18 of f set vent uri dri l l i ngs
and a cent ral dri l l -
i ng
t o t ake an el ect ri cal
i gni t er.
The
propel l ant , whi ch consi st s
of
seven
mono-
perf orat ed st i cks,
i s l ocat ed by t wo gri ds, one
at
each end of t he mot or body.
Acel l ul oi d t ube.
cont ai ni ng a qui ckmat ch t rai n
and pl ugged at
699794
0- 97- vol
. 1- 17
ROCKETS
each end by a gunpowder pel l et , i s l ocat ed
i n t he
dri l l i ng
i n t he
cent ral st i ck and
t ransmi t s t he
f l ash f rom
t he
i gni t er t o t he i gni t i on
charge
at
t he f orward end of t he mot or
.
REMARKS. 1. The German desi gnat i on
f or
t hi s
round i s "30 cmWkf . 42 Spr. "
2. The round i s pai nt ed dark green
over- al l ,
wi t h bl ack and whi t e st enci l l i ngs .
32- cmI NCENDI ARY ROCKET,
SPI N
STABI LI ZED
DATA:
Over- al l l engt h
:
48. 6 i nches.
Di amet er : 13. 0 i nches .
Tot al wei ght : 174 pounds.
Propel l ant wei ght : 14. 24 pounds.
Lengt h of grai n: 161/ 4 i nches .
Di amet er of grai n : 47/8 i nches .
Type of f i l l i ng: Kerosene mi xt ure
.
Wei ght of f i l l i ng: 87. 69 pounds.
Fuzi ng:
Wgr
. Z. 50.
DESCRI PTI ON. Thi s rocket consi st s
of a
l arge,
bomb- shaped head, f i l l ed wi t h an i ncen-
di ary mi xt ure and burst er i gni t i on t ube, and a
mot or body t o whi ch t he head i s t hreaded. The
head
has rai sed ri dges f ore and af t t o provi de
beari ng
surf aces, and near t he nose i s a f i l l i ng
pl ug. An adapt er
i s
t hreaded i nt o
t he burst er
cont ai ner, t he base
of
t he adapt er cont ai ni ng a
boost er charge. The burst er cont ai ns t wo set s
of one sol i d and one ri ng pent hri t e pel l et .
Bet weent he set s of pel l et s i s l ocat ed a magnesi um
f i l l ed i gni t i on charge cont ai ner, t hrough t he cen-
t er of whi ch passes a burst er st i ck of pent hri t e.
The mot or cont ai ns a si ngl e propel l ant grai n
wi t h one cent ral perf orat i on and ei ght smal l er
perf orat i ons arranged at equal i nt erval s around
t he cent ral one. Ei ght l ongi t udi nal grooves are
f ormed al ong t he ext eri or of t he grai n. I n each
groove i s f i t t ed
a
t ubul ar cel l ul oi d i nhi bi t or .
Through t he l arge cent ral perf orat i on i s passed
a
l engt h of qui ckmat ch i n a cel l ul oi d t ube. Thi s
serves