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In the past, we learned that if we add a single harakah, or one sound, to the end of a singular word, we
can determine if its Raf, Nasb, or Jarr status. These are known as ending sounds. If we add a few letters
to the end of the word (as we did to make words pair in the preious session!, thats called an ending
combination. Toda", we will learn another set of ending combinations# the people plural combinations.



$hen an ism ends with an

or and

, its talking about a group of people. This combination is


neer used for an"thing that doesnt hae a brain. In the %uran, "ou will see this set of combinations
used for angels and &inn, as well.
Note: $heneer "ou are tr"ing to determine the status of an ism, "ou hae to ask "ourself, 'Is this
an ending sound or an ending combination( )ou should ALWAYS check for ending combinations first.
*nce "oue decided that its an ending combination, "ou cant &udge it as an ending sound. If "ou cant
find a combination, then look for ending sounds.


1.+ ,roperties of the Ism-.tatus (,eople ,lural /ombinations!

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EXERCISES:
In the following list below, see if "ou can tell the status of each of the red words. 1ake sure to check for
combinations first.

.1



.0


.2

"

&

'

.3

)
*
+'

%'

&

'

.4

*
-'

.'

/

.+

&

1

.5

2

.6

'

'

/
*

8
7

.7

*
5;

<



.18

'

* =

.11

>

@ A

B

.10

?C


*
E

D

.12



.13

I

.14

"

"

K

.1+

I

.15

6
*
N

O'

.16

E



.17

6
*
?

'

.08

'

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ANSWER KEY:
1. 9nding /ombination# ,air, Nasb or Jarr
0. 9nding .ounds# Jarr (first word!, Jarr (second word!
2. 9nding /ombination# ,eople ,lural, Raf
3. 9nding /ombination# ,eople ,lural, Nasb or Jarr
4. 9nding /ombination# ,eople ,lural, Raf
+. 9nding /ombination# ,air, Nasb or Jarr
5. 9nding .ound# Raf
6. 9nding .ound# Nasb
7. 9nding .ound# Nasb (first word!, Jarr (second word!
18. 9nding /ombination# ,air, Raf
11. 9nding .ound# Nasb (first word!, Jarr (second word!, Jarr (third word!
10. 9nding /ombination# ,air, Raf
12. 9nding /ombination# ,eople ,lural, Raf
13. 9nding .ound# Jarr
14. 9nding .ound# Raf
1+. 9nding /ombination# ,air, Nasb or Jarr
15. 9nding .ound# Jarr
16. 9nding .ound# Jarr
17. 9nding /ombination# ,eople ,lural, Nasb or Jarr
08. 9nding /ombination# ,air, Nasb or Jarr