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# CHAPTER 2: SUMMARISING DATA

EXERCISE 1:
The table below shows the daily sales (VND 1,000) of internet cafe in Nov/2009 as:
00 9!0 "# \$"0 \$0 \$90
9#0 "#0 #0 \$#0 \$## \$0
"0 %# "00 \$0 920 "90
"20 %0 \$%0 \$"0 #0 1000
!0 \$00 #0 "\$0 \$\$0 90
a& 'e(resent the data )sin* *ro)(ed fre+)ency distrib)tion with ! classes and sa,e class width&
b& Deter,ine the (ercenta*e of days with daily sales e+)al to and ,ore than VND \$00,000&
c& 'e(resent the data arran*ed by a((ro(riate dia*ra,&
EXERCISE 2:
-ere are the raw data of total e.(ort val)e (/0D ,illion) of %0 enter(rises in -anoi in 2010:
"# "# #\$ " "\$
!# # ! #2 \$0 "1
#" 0 !0 2 "# \$
!2 "# # #2 !# ""
# "9 #0 "# "" "#
a& 'earran*e the data&
b& 'e(resent the arran*ed data dia*ra,,atically in an a((ro(riate way&
c& 1o,,ent on the (resentation&
CHAPTER 3: STATISTICAL MEASURES
EXERCISE 1
-ere are the sales of bicycles (n),ber of bicycles) over !0 wee2s in a sho(, as follows:
!! !0 \$0 "\$ !! #0 !9 #" "\$
#" !\$ ! #! \$ #\$ !" 9 "! 1
"2 #2 ! "% #\$ % "! !" #" "9
"2 !\$ "" #\$ #1 0 ! " #2 #\$
3)estion:
1& 1reate the fre+)ency distrib)tion with ! classes4 h54
2& Deter,ine the avera*e n),ber of bicycles sold in a wee26 7ode6 7e6 8 of the n),ber of bicycles
sold4
%& 9ive a concl)sion for the characteristics of this distrib)tion (7oderately :eft 02ewed4
7oderately 'i*ht 02ewed4 ;r 0y,,etric4)
EXERCISE 2
The table below shows the a*e of wor2ers in a co,(any:
Age No of workers Age No of workers
20<2! 9% !#<!9 %"9
2#<29 1122 #0<#! #92
%0<%! !1! ##<#9 \$2#
%#<%9 2# =ro, "0 210
!0<!! 2#\$ and over
3)estion:
1& Deter,ine the avera*e a*e of wor2ers4 0tandard deviation of a*e4
2& >f yo) are a -' ,ana*er of this co,(any and want to ,a2e a (olicy that reaches the de,and of
wor2ers
There are % *ro)(s of de,and after research:
<9ro)( 1: ?eo(le fro, a*es 20<%!: Need for increasin* salary
<9ro)( 2: ?eo(le fro, a*es %#<!9: Need for increasin* ti,e for rela. and
entertain,ent
<9ro)( %: ?eo(le fro, a*es #0 and over: Need for increasin* ,ore benefits after
retire,ent
@hich *ro)( do yo) choose to satisfy their de,and4 @hy4
EXERCISE 3
The table below shows the avera*e inco,e of wor2ers in % co,(anies, which have (rod)ced the
sa,e ty(e of (rod)cts :
over 12 ,onths of 2009 (/nit: ,illion VND)
A %&% 1&\$ 2 2&1 2&! 1&\$ 2&1 2&2 2&! 2&% 2&! 2&\$
B % 2 2&1 2&2 2&% 2 2 2&1 2&% 2&% 2&# 2&\$
1 2&\$ 2&1 2 2&! 2&% 2 2&2 2&% 2&2 2&! 2&% 2&"
1& 1alc)late the avera*e ,onthly inco,e of a wor2er in each co,(any
2& Deter,ine the ,edian of ,onthly inco,e of wor2ers in each co,(any
%& Deter,ine the standard deviation of ,onthly inco,e of wor2ers in every co,(any&
!& @hich co,(any sho)ld we a((ly for, if other conditions are si,ilar (,obile
(hone s)((ortC)4
EXERCISE 4
Deter,ine the avera*e inco,e and variance of inco,e in both *ro)(s in a ,an)fact)re and *ive
a concl)sion:
Grou 1 Grou 2
I!"o#e No of workers I!"o#e No of workers
\$1%%% &ND' \$eo(e' \$1%%%
&ND'
\$Peo(e'
1200 % 1#00 "
1#00 \$ 1\$00 11
2100 10 2100
2200 " 2200 !
2#00 % 2#00 2
EXERCISE )
The avera*e wei*ht of st)dents in a class is ## 2* with the standard deviation as "2*&
The avera*e hei*ht of st)dents is 1"# c, with the standard deviation as \$ c,
0t)dents in the class are si,ilar in ter, of wei*ht or hei*ht4
EXERCISE *
'esearch on the avera*e (rice and standard deviation of (rice of 2 ty(es of stoc2s over a (eriod&
1o,,ent on the variability/ dis(ersion of those two stoc2s&
Ty(e
Avera*e ?rice
(vnd/share)
0tandard Deviation
(vnd/share)
A 20000 !000
B %00000 !0000
EXERCISE +
=ind the wee2ly stoc2 (rice of @al<7art for the last si. ,onths (*o to htt(://,oneycentral&,sn&co,)
Do) can as2 for the si.<,onth chart and e.(ort to a s(readsheet&
1& 1alc)late the ,ean and the standard deviation of the stoc2 (rices&
2& 9et the corres(ondin* data for Tesco and calc)late the ,ean and the standard deviation&
%& The coefficient of variation (1V) is defined as the ratio of the standard deviation over the ,ean&
1alc)late the 1V of @al<7art and Tesco stoc2 (rices&
!& >f the 1V of the wee2ly stoc2 (rices is ta2en as an indicator of ris2 of the stoc2, how do @al<
7art and Tesco stoc2 co,(are in ter, of ris24
#& 9et the corres(ondin* data of the Dow Eones >nd)strial Avera*e (DE>A) and co,()te its 1V&
-ow do @al<7art and Tesco stoc2s co,(are with the DE>A in ter, of ris24
CHAPTER 4: REGRESSI,N AND C,RRELATI,N ANAL-SIS
EXERCISE 1
-ere is an esti,ated ,)lti(le re*ression ,odel:
D
.1.2.%
5 b
0
F b
1
.
1
F b
2
.
2
F b
%
.
%
@here:
< D: n),ber of (rod)cts sold in the ,onth (1000 )nits)
< G
1:
n),ber of (eo(le in the area (1000 (eo(le)
< G
2
: )ne,(loy,ent rate of the area (H)
< G
%:
3)estion:
a& Deter,ine the (o()lation ,)lti(le re*ression ,odel to find o)t b
0
, b
1
, b
2
, b
%
b& Ass),e that we have already deter,ine:
b
0
5 <%&!

, b
1
5 0&#2, b
2
5 0&"", b
%
5 0&%%

Deter,ine the stat)s of those fi*)res and their ,eanin*&
c& Based on the res)lt fo)nd o)t in b, forecast the sales of that (rod)ct in the area, whereas the
n),ber of (eo(le is 2#,"#0 (eo(le6 the )ne,(loy,ent rate is #H6 and the e.(endit)re of
IGI'1>0I 2
A,erican I.(ress 1o,(any has lon* believed that its cardholders tend to travel ,ore e.tensively
than others J both on b)siness and for (leas)re& As (art of a co,(rehensive research effort
)nderta2en by a New Dor2 ,ar2et research fir, on behalf of A,erican I.(ress, a st)dy was
cond)cted to deter,ine the relationshi( between travel and char*es on the A,erican I.(ress card&
The research fir, selected a rando, of 2# cardholders fro, the A,erican I.(ress co,()ter file
and recorded their total char*es over a s(ecified (eriod& The data are as follow:
Tr./e(
#0(es
1har*es
(/0D)
Tr./e(
#0(es
1har*es
(/0D)
Tr./e(
#0(es
1har*es
(/0D)
Tr./e(
#0(es
1har*es
(/0D)
Tr./e(
#0(es
1har*es
(/0D)
1211 1\$02 2%2* 2%0# 2*11 %%1 3*43 #29\$ 4)33 "0#9
134) 2!0# 2133 %01" 22%* %99\$ 32)2 !\$01 42%4 "!2"
1422 200# 22)3 %%\$# 3%22 %### 4%33 #1! )%1% "%21
1*2+ 2#11 24%% %090 32%1 !"92 42*+ #%\$ )233 02"
1241 2%%2 24*2 %"9! 34** !2!! 4412 "!20 )431 "9"!
CHAPTER &: TIME SERIES ANAL-SIS
EXERCISE 1
A fir,Ks sales for a (rod)ct line d)rin* the 12 +)arters of the (ast three years were as follows:
-EAR 3UARTER SALES
\$1%%% USD'
-EAR 3UARTER SALES \$1%%%
USD'
1 1 "00 % 2"00
2 1##0 ! 2900
% 1#00 % 1 %\$00
! 1#00 2 !#00
2 1 2!00 % !000
2 %100 ! !900
Isti,ate a trend line and forecast each +)arter of the fo)rth year )sin* least s+)are ,ethod and fo)r<
+)arter ,ovin* avera*e ,ethod&
EXERCISE 2
1alc)late the trend val)e )sin* ,ovin* avera*e ,ethod with three and nine<wee2 (eriod, as followed:
@IIL A1T/A:
DI7AND
@IIL A1T/A:
DI7AND
@IIL A1T/A:
DI7AND
1 \$00 11 100 21 2!00
2 1!00 12 1#00 22 2"00
% 1000 1% 2%00 2% 2000
! 1#00 1! 2%00 2! 2#00
# 1#00 1# 2000 2# 2"00
" 1%00 1" 100 2" 2200
1\$00 1 1\$00 2 2200
\$ 100 1\$ 2200 2\$ 2#00
9 1%00 19 1900 29 2!00
10 100 20 2!00 %0 2100
IGI'1>0I %
Me)s 1o,()ter 1hi(s, >nc&, )sed to have ,aNor contracts to (rod)ce the ?enti),<ty(e chi(s& The
,ar2et has been declinin* d)rin* the (ast three years beca)se of the d)al<core chi(s, which it cannot
(rod)ce, so Me)s has the )n(leasant tas2 of forecastin* ne.t year& The tas2 is )n(leasant beca)se the
fir, has not been able to find re(lace,ent chi(s for its (rod)ct lines& -ere is de,and over the (ast 12
+)arters:
200# Act)al
de,and
200" Act)al
de,and
200 Act)al
de,and
> !\$00 > %#00 > %200
>> %#00 >> 200 >> 2100
>>> !%00 >>> %#00 >>> 200
>V %000 >V 2!00 >V 100
1& =orecast the fo)r +)arters of 200\$ )sin* least s+)are ,ethod to esti,ate the trend line4
(Techni+)e for calc)latin* seasonal variation is A44050/e #o4e()&
2& =orecast the fo)r +)arters of 200\$ )sin* fo)r<+)arter ,ovin* avera*e to e.tract the trend4