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Mobile Wimax- RF planning

A good RF plan should address the coverage and capacity requirement of

the area considered, but also be sufficiently flexible to allow network expansion
without major change of the existing sites.
As with any communication network, the
cornerstones of the RF planning process are:
Balancing coverage, quality,
and capacity
Minimizing costs and
!o design a network that successfully addresses these "asic
tenets of network planning, we need to create an accurate
model of the radio propagation and of the su"scri"er traffic#
!he accuracy of the network model is highly dependent on
the accuracy of the data we use as the foundation of the
pro$ect are given "elow#
%p&to&date geodata '(lutters, )eights * +ectors files,
Accurate and up&to&date survey data 'B!- latitude *
.ongitude, heights and etc,
!uned propagation models that are
appropriate for the environment and data
Accurate and up&to&date site
configuration information' /rientations ,tilt,
0ower, (01 and etc
Model tuning '(2R !est analysis,
Mobile Wimax RF
Network optimization can initially be seen as a very involving task as a large
number of variable are available for tuning impacting different aspect of the
network performance

Even after careful RF planning, the first step of optimization should concentrate on
RF. This is necessary as RF propagation is affected by so many factors (e.g.,
buildings, terrain, vegetation) that propagation models are never fully accurate.
RF optimization thus takes into account any difference between predicted and
actual coverage, both in terms of received signal (RSCP) and quality of the
received signal (Ec/No). In addition, the same qualitative metrics defined for
planning should be considered: cell overlap, cell transition, and coverage
containment of each cell. At the same time, assuming that a UE(User equipment) is
used to measure the RF condition in parallel with a pilot scanner, reselection
parameters can be estimated considering the dynamics introduced by the mobility
3 During network planning dynamics cannot be considered, as network
planning tools are static by nature, only simulating at one given
location at a time, irrespectively of the surrounding. In addition, once
the RF conditions are known, dynamic simulation can be used to
estimate the handover parameters, even before placing any calls on
the network.
Service optimization is needed to refine the parameter settings (reselection,
access, and handover). Because the same basic processes are used for all
types of services, it is best to set the parameters while performing the simpler
and best understood of all services.
This is fully justified when the call flow difference for the different services are
considered. Either for access or for handover, the main difference
between data and other service is the resource availability.
Different set of parameters are likely to be tried to achieve the best possible trade-
3 Coverage vs. capacity,
3 Data access (Mobile Originated and Mobile Terminated)
3 Reliability vs. call setup latency,
3 Data retention vs. Active Set size... to name only a few.
The selection of the set of parameter to leave on the network will directly depend
on the achieved performance and the operator priority (coverage, capacity,
access performance, call retention performance)

RF planning and optimization:
3 By focusing on "oth qualitative and quantitative
metrics, the main RF issues 'cell overshoot, lack of
dominant server, frequent change of "est server, are
3 0arameter setting: "y isolated parameters in groups
access, handover 4, that can "e isolated, the
tuning process is
Mobile Wimax drive test
!his is the way to confirm mo"ile 2iMA5 coverage and
provide "asic trou"leshooting tasks to assess signal quality#
!ools that help them quickly esta"lish and maintain the planned
coverage and quality of your network# Multiple technology and
multi&"and measurement support in a single receiver unit#
!he purpose of the drive test activity is to capture actual data of
the current wireless network and to show the condition of the RF
environment there"y improving the performance of the wireless
system to the optimal level
1very wireless system '(6MA, 7-M * 2ima, has its own
parameters to determine its performance# 6rive test will record all
the parameters "y going around the intended RF environment
and logged data will "e analyzed in the 8post processing9 ':n
house, using tools like Agilant, Actix and ZXPO-!"A# and
necessary optimization proposals will "e made# ;ormally these
proposals related to "ut not limited to Antenna height, tilting *
orientation of antenna#
7enerally the receiving power and transmitting power are the
indicators of the coverage signal# /ther system specific
parameters will "e used to reduce interference from other RF
!he drive test is also used to record call statistics like call
success, call fail and call drops so that after the rectification the
end user will en$oy continuous conversation without any
interference or interruption# !he logs will "e made for "oth
continuous call '.ong call, and short call#
-ince all the wireless system now used for data transfer apart
from voice call throughput of data service on forward and reverse
link also logged using drive test#