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Edexcel International GCSE 2009 in Physics (4PH0)

and Edexcel Level 1Level 2 Certi!icate in


Physics ("PH0)
Edita#le sche$e o! %or&
Practical s'((ort to hel( yo' deliver these Edexcel s(eci!ications
Scheme of work
This scheme of work has been produced to help you implement these Edexcel specifications. It is offered as an example of one possible model that you should feel
free to adapt to meet your needs and is not intended to be in any way prescriptive. It is in editable Word format to make adaptation as easy as possible. (Please note:
the sinle science specifications comprise two papers: Paper ! assesses only content which is not in bold" and Paper # assesses all content incl'din) content in
bold.$
*ther co'rse (lannin) s'((ort
%ou will find other support for plannin the course in the Teacher &upport 'aterials. This is a free downloadable resource that you can access at
www.edexcel.com(icse#))*
+eachin) reso'rce exe$(lars
The scheme of work contains suestions for resources that you can use to support your teachin. These are suestions only of material you may find useful and you
are encouraed to use a wide rane of resources that suit the needs of your students.
*ther Edexcel teachin) reso'rces
St'dent ,oo&s + full colour textbooks matched to the specification.
-ctive,oo& + a diital copy of the &tudent ,ook in the back of every copy.
.o'#le -%ard St'dent G'ide + provides a complete uide to usin the Edexcel International -.&E ,ioloy" .hemistry and Physics &tudent ,ooks to teach
or study &cience /ouble 0ward.
/evision G'ides + help students prepare for their exams.
1urther details can be found at http:((www.pearsonschools.co.uk
Edexcel S'#0ect -dvisors
Edexcel has a team of specialist sub2ect advisors available to help you with implementation of this specification. %ou can contact them by email or phone.
Email: &cience&ub2ect0dvisor3edexcelexperts.co.uk
Telephone: )455 678 ))97
Edexcel additional s'((ort
0sk the Expert + puts you in direct email contact with over #)) of our senior sub2ect experts.
Edexcel:s community forum + these messae boards are desined to enable you to access peer;to;peer support from fellow Edexcel teachin and delivery staff in
schools and collees.
Health and sa!ety
The practicals and experiments suested within the scheme of work are those which we believe are not banned or restricted in any way and are still currently used in
most schools and collees.
The International -.&E and <evel !(<evel # .ertificate encourae experimental work with the assessment of investiative skills bein made in the written
examinations.
We advise teachers and technicians to discuss the merits of the suested practicals when decidin which to carry out and how they will be carried out. 1or example"
will it be demonstrated by the teacher or technician" or conducted by students themselves either individually or in small roups" under the uidance and direction of the
teacher=
%ou may have ideas for practical work which we have not suested but would work e>ually well.
0s in all practical work" a risk assessment is expected as part of ood health and safety practice in all centres and we understand that many schools and collees refer
to the .<E0P&& service: http:((www.cleapss.or.uk( for uidance and support in conductin science practical work.
1e#sites
There are links to relevant websites in this scheme of work. In order to ensure that the links are up;to;date" that the links work" and that the sites are not inadvertently
linked to sites that could be considered offensive" we also have made the links available on our website at www.pearsonhotlinks.co.uk. If you find that a link from the
scheme of work no loner works" please o to the pearsonhotlinks site" where you can also report if a link needs fixin. &earch for this title Edexcel I-.&E Physics
&tudent ,ook or I&,? *74)596*88*)5.
Please note: some of the ,,. websites miht not be available to certain international schools
Edexcel International GCSE 2009 in Physics (4PH0) and
Edexcel Level1Level 2 Certi!icate in Physics ("PH0)
The number of uided learnin hours re>uired for this >ualification is !#);!5)" which e>uates to approximately # hours per week over 8) weeks and reflects how
centres will use time for practical activities differently. -uided <earnin @ours are all the times when a teacher is present to ive uidance.
1ee& Content covera)e Learnin) o'tco$es Exe$(lar activities Exe$(lar reso'rces
1 Section 12 3orces and
$otion
a) Anits
#) 'ovement and
position
&tudents will be assessed on their ability to:
141 use the followin units: kiloram (k$"
metre (m$" metre(second (m(s$"
metre(second
#
(m(s
#
$" newton (?$" second (s$"
newton per kiloram (?(k$" &ilo)ra$
$etresecond (&) $s).
142 plot and interpret distance+time raphs
145 know and use the relationship between
averae speed" distance moved and
time:
averae speed B distance moved(time taken
-ctivities2
C De;arrane formulae and convert
different units" e.. m(s to km(h" and carry
out calculations.
C Plot and interpret distance+time raphs.
C Explain how to find the distance of a
thunderstorm and why the method works.
C Explain how police speed cameras
measure instantaneous and averae
speed.
C Desearch speed records for sports"
escape speed for rockets" speed of
sound in different ases.
Class (racticals2
C /etermine averae speed of
cars(bicycles on the road.
C /etermine averae speed of a ball
bearin or toy car across the floor(table.
C Investiate how the slope of a ramp
affects the averae speed of a ball
bearin travellin down the ramp.
Edexcel International -.&E Physics &tudent
,ook Paes !+9" !) and 67
/istance+time raphs: 0ctive,ook Pae 9"
animation
Edexcel International -.&E Physics Devision
-uide Paes !5 to !7 and Paes *# to *6
-eneral links for materials for all physics
topics:
The Physics Teacher: Eunior .ert Physics
The Physics Teacher: <eavin .ert Physics
2 Section 12 3orces and
$otion
#) 'ovement and
position
&tudents will be assessed on their ability to:
144 describe experiments to investiate the
motion of everyday ob2ects such as toy cars
or tennis balls
-ctivity2
C Plot and interpret velocity+time raphs.
Class (ractical2
C .onstruct velocity+time raphs for
different situations.
Edexcel International -.&E Physics &tudent
,ook Paes 9+*" !) and 67
Felocity+time raphs: 0ctive,ook Pae 7"
animation
Edexcel International -.&E Physics Devision
Edexcel International -.&E #))* in Physics (5P@)$ and Edexcel <evel !(<evel # .ertificate in Physics (GP@)$ &cheme of work H Edexcel <imited #)!!
1
1ee& Content covera)e Learnin) o'tco$es Exe$(lar activities Exe$(lar reso'rces
146 know and use the relationship between
acceleration" velocity and time:
acceleration B chane in velocity(time taken
a B (v + u$(t
147 plot and interpret velocity+time raphs

148 determine acceleration from the radient
of a velocity+time raph
149 determine the distance travelled from the
area between a velocity+time raph and the
time axis.
.e$onstration2
C Ase of electronic timers and low friction
tracks to measure velocity at two
positions and the time between them"
hence acceleration" or video of similar
experiment.
C Ase of data loer with position sensor
and trolley or ball to display raphs
immediately.
-uide Paes !5 to !7 and Paes *# to *6
5 Section 12 3orces and
:otion
c) 1orces" movement"
shape and momentum
&tudents will be assessed on their ability to:
149 describe the effects of forces between
bodies such as chanes in speed" shape or
direction
1410 identify different types of force such as
ravitational or electrostatic
1411 distin)'ish #et%een vector and scalar
;'antities
1412 'nderstand that !orce is a vector
;'antity
1415 !ind the res'ltant !orce o! !orces that
act alon) a line
1414 understand that friction is a force that
opposes motion
1416 know and use the relationship between
unbalanced force" mass and acceleration:
Class (racticals2
C Investiate the relationship between
force" mass and acceleration.
C Investiate how the mass of an ob2ect
affects its acceleration when sub2ected to
a constant force (use mararine tub
propelled by an elastic band$.
C Investiate the forces re>uired to slide
blocks alon different surfaces" with
differin amounts of friction.
.e$onstration2
C /istinuish between vector and scalar
>uantities.
Edexcel International -.&E Physics &tudent
,ook Paes !#+!4" #9+#6" #!" 99 and 67
1orce" mass and acceleration: 0ctive,ook
Pae #6" animation
Edexcel International -.&E Physics Devision
-uide Paes !5 to !7 and Paes *# to *6
<ideo cli(s2
(a$ ,alanced and unbalanced forces !
(b$ Ivercomin friction
(c$ ,alanced and unbalanced forces #
(d$ 0cceleration and force
(e$ @ow is friction created=
(f$ Deducin friction on ice
Edexcel International -.&E #))* in Physics (5P@)$ and Edexcel <evel !(<evel # .ertificate in Physics (GP@)$ &cheme of work H Edexcel <imited #)!!
2
1ee& Content covera)e Learnin) o'tco$es Exe$(lar activities Exe$(lar reso'rces
force B mass J acceleration
F B m J a
4 Section 12 3orces and
$otion
c) 1orces" movement"
shape and momentum
&tudents will be assessed on their ability to:
1417 know and use the relationship between
weiht" mass and g: weiht B mass J g
W B m J g
1418 describe the forces actin on fallin
ob2ects and explain why fallin ob2ects reach
a terminal velocity
1419 describe experiments to investiate the
forces actin on fallin ob2ects" such as
sycamore seeds or parachutes
1419 describe the factors affectin vehicle
stoppin distance includin speed" mass"
road condition and reaction time
-ctivities2
C Ase @ihway .ode to investiate
stoppin distances.
Class (racticals2
C Investiate terminal velocity" usin cake
cups or parachutes made from bin liners.
C Investiate the terminal velocity of a ball
bearin fallin throuh oil or lycerol.
.e$onstration2
C &how that a feather and coin fall at the
same rate in an evacuated tube.
Edexcel International -.&E Physics &tudent
,ook Paes #8+9!" 9# and 67
@ammer and feather droppin on the 'oon:
0ctive,ook Pae #4" video clip
&toppin distance: Pae #8" animation
Terminal velocity: Pae 9)" animation
Edexcel International -.&E Physics Devision
-uide Paes !5 to !7 and Paes *# to *6
<ideo cli(s2
(a$ Which falls faster=
(b$ Why does a human have a different
terminal velocity to a mouse=
(c$ The risks of drivin when tired
(d$ .rash Test: #))4 &mart .ar 1or Two
6 Section 12 3orces and
$otion
c) 1orces" movement"
shape and momentum
&tudents will be assessed on their ability to:
1420 &no% and 'se the relationshi(
#et%een $o$ent'$= $ass and velocity2
$o$ent'$ > $ass ? velocity
p B m J v
1421 'se the idea o! $o$ent'$ to ex(lain
sa!ety !eat'res
1422 'se the conservation o! $o$ent'$ to
calc'late the $ass= velocity or $o$ent'$
o! o#0ects
-ctivities2
C Desearch and compare the typical
momentum of different ob2ects" e..
collidin ruby players and bullets.
C Investiate collisions and how crumple
Kones can be used to reduce the forces
in collisions.
.e$onstration2
C Ase air track to show conservation of
momentum durin collisions.
Edexcel International -.&E Physics &tudent
,ook Paes 95+94" 5! and 67
.rash testin: 0ctive,ook Pae 94" video clip
.arriae crash challene: Pae 97" animation
Edexcel International -.&E Physics Devision
-uide Paes !5 to !7 and Paes *# to *6
<ideo cli(2
(a$ Two ,all ,ounce
7 Section 12 3orces and
$otion
.onsolidation and assessment C Devision exercises
C Proress test
Edexcel International -.&E Physics &tudent
,ook end of chapter checklists
Edexcel International -.&E Physics Devision
Edexcel International -.&E #))* in Physics (5P@)$ and Edexcel <evel !(<evel # .ertificate in Physics (GP@)$ &cheme of work H Edexcel <imited #)!!
5
1ee& Content covera)e Learnin) o'tco$es Exe$(lar activities Exe$(lar reso'rces
-uide
8 Section 12 3orces and
$otion
c) 1orces" movement"
shape and momentum
&tudents will be assessed on their ability to:
1425 'se the relationshi( #et%een !orce=
chan)e in $o$ent'$ and ti$e ta&en2
!orce > chan)e in $o$ent'$ti$e ta&en
1424 de$onstrate an 'nderstandin) o!
@e%tonAs third la%
-ctivity2
C Introduce examples and calculations
involvin F B p (t
.e$onstrations2
C &how how the use of a crumple Kone
increases the collision time and thus
reduces the collision force (use plastic
cups as crumple Kone for trolley down a
ramp$.
C &tudent and teacher hold either end of a
ruler. Teacher is able to pull and push
student.
Edexcel International -.&E Physics &tudent
,ook Paes 9*+5)" 5! and 67
Edexcel International -.&E Physics Devision
-uide Paes !5 to !7 and Paes *# to *6
<ideo cli(s2
(a$ ?ewton:s Third <aw of 'otion
(b$ ?ewton:s three laws of motion
(c$ ?ewton:s &econd <aw of 'otion
9 Section 12 3orces and
$otion
c) 1orces" movement"
shape and momentum
&tudents will be assessed on their ability to:
1426 know and use the relationship between
the moment of a force and its distance from
the pivot:
moment B force J perpendicular distance from
the pivot
1427 recall that the weiht of a body acts
throuh its centre of ravity
1428 &no% and 'se the (rinci(le o!
$o$ents !or a si$(le syste$ o! (arallel
!orces actin) in one (lane
1429 'nderstand that the '(%ard !orces on
a li)ht #ea$= s'((orted at its ends= vary
%ith the (osition o! a heavy o#0ect (laced
on the #ea$
-ctivities2
C .omplete examples usin moments
formula.
C /iscuss the moment exerted by steerin
wheels" handlebars" crowbars"
screwdrivers to remove the lid from a tin
of paint" and nutcrackers.
Class (racticals2
C &imple experiment with pivoted half;
metre rule and small known masses to
establish principle of moments.
C .reate a seesaw weihin device.
.e$onstration2
C &how how difficult it is to open a door as
the force applied moves closer to the
hines.
Edexcel International -.&E Physics &tudent
,ook Paes 5#+57" 54 and 67
&tability and topplin: 0ctive,ook Pae 58"
animation
Edexcel International -.&E Physics Devision
-uide Paes !5 to !7 and Paes *# to *6
9 Section 12 3orces and
$otion
c) 1orces" movement"
shape and momentum
&tudents will be assessed on their ability to:
1429 describe experiments to investiate how
extension varies with applied force for helical
-ctivity2
C .omplete examples includin
calculations.
Class (ractical2
Edexcel International -.&E Physics &tudent
,ook Paes !4+#)" #! and 67
Edexcel International -.&E Physics Devision
Edexcel International -.&E #))* in Physics (5P@)$ and Edexcel <evel !(<evel # .ertificate in Physics (GP@)$ &cheme of work H Edexcel <imited #)!!
4
1ee& Content covera)e Learnin) o'tco$es Exe$(lar activities Exe$(lar reso'rces
sprins" metal wires and rubber bands
1450 understand that the initial linear reion of
a force+extension raph is associated with
@ooke:s law
1451 describe elastic behaviour as the ability
of a material to recover its oriinal shape after
the forces causin deformation have been
removed.
C /etermination of the force+extension
raphs for a metal" a helical sprin and a
rubber band by suspension of masses.
.e$onstrations2
C &tretch helical sprin to show elastic
deformation.
C &tretch warm strip of toffee to show
plastic deformation.
C <oad copper wire to breakin" showin
plastic deformation" and notin when
copper starts to Lneck:.
-uide Paes !5 to !7 and Paes *# to *6
10 Section 12 3orces and
$otion
d) 0stronomy
&tudents will be assessed on their ability to:
1452 understand ravitational field strenth" g"
and recall that it is different on other planets
and the moon from that on the Earth
1455 explain that ravitational force:
C causes moons to orbit planets
C causes the planets to orbit the &un
C causes artificial satellites to orbit the
Earth
C causes comets to orbit the &un
1454 describe the differences in the orbits of
comets" moons and planets
1456 use the relationship between orbital
speed" orbital radius and time period:
orbital speed B (# J M J orbital radius$(time
period
v B (# J M J r$(T
1457 understand that:
C the universe is a lare collection of
billions of alaxies
-ctivities2
C .omplete examples includin
calculations.
C Desearch different comets.
C ?0&0 solar system activities.
Class (ractical2
C Ase fallin ball bearin to determine a
value for g" droppin it from different
heihts.
.e$onstration2
C Whirl a lare bun attached to strin
around head in a horiKontal circle. -et a
student to note how many rotations the
bun completes in !) s. Depeat for a
variety of orbit diameters.
Edexcel International -.&E Physics &tudent
,ook Paes 5*+66" 68 and 64
@ow @ubble works: 0ctive,ook Pae 6#"
video clip
Ellipses and orbits: Pae 5*" animation
Edexcel International -.&E Physics Devision
-uide Paes !5 to !7 and Paes *# to *6
&olar &ystem Exploration: .omets
?0&0Ns The &pace Place: &olar &ystem
<ideo cli(s2
(a$ -ravity and air resistance on the 'oon
(b$ ?0&0 scientists may have found !)))
new planets
Edexcel International -.&E #))* in Physics (5P@)$ and Edexcel <evel !(<evel # .ertificate in Physics (GP@)$ &cheme of work H Edexcel <imited #)!!
6
1ee& Content covera)e Learnin) o'tco$es Exe$(lar activities Exe$(lar reso'rces
C a alaxy is a lare collection of billions of
stars
C our solar system is in the 'ilky Way
alaxy.
11
Section 12 3orces and
$otion
.onsolidation and assessment C Devision exercises
C End of &ection test
Edexcel International -.&E Physics &tudent
,ook end of chapter checklists
Edexcel International -.&E Physics Devision
-uide
12 Section 22 Electricity
a) Anits
#) 'ains electricity
&tudents will be assessed on their ability to:
241 use the followin units: ampere (0$"
coulomb (.$" 2oule (E$" ohm (O$" second
(s$" volt (F$" watt (W$.
242 understand and identify the haKards of
electricity includin frayed cables" lon
cables" damaed plus" water around
sockets" and pushin metal ob2ects into
sockets
245 understand the uses of insulation" double
insulation" earthin" fuses and circuit breakers
in a rane of domestic appliances
244 understand that a current in a resistor
results in the electrical transfer of enery and
an increase in temperature" and how this can
be used in a variety of domestic contexts
246 know and use the relationship:
power B current J voltae
P B I J V
and apply the relationship to the selection of
appropriate fuses
247 use the relationship between enery
transferred" current" voltae and time:
-ctivity2
C .omplete examples includin
calculations involvin electrical power
and enery.
Class (racticals2
C Fary the p.d. (voltae$ across a liht bulb.
.alculate the power of the bulb at
different p.d.:s.
C Investiate the power consumption of
low;voltae electrical items.
.e$onstrations2
C <ook at barrel fuses and circuit breakers.
C Ase wire wool as part of a circuit
containin liht bulbs to model a fuse.
C <ook at the trace from a sinal enerator
(a.c.$ and a battery (d.c.$" usin a .DI.
Edexcel International -.&E Physics &tudent
,ook Paes 6*+85" 86 and 4*
Electrical enery: 0ctive,ook Pae 85"
animation
Edexcel International -.&E Physics Devision
-uide Paes 9) to 9# and Paes *8 to *7
<ideo cli(s2
(a$ 0n introduction to electricity
(b$ /irect current vs alternatin current
(c$ Electric shocks
Edexcel International -.&E #))* in Physics (5P@)$ and Edexcel <evel !(<evel # .ertificate in Physics (GP@)$ &cheme of work H Edexcel <imited #)!!
7
1ee& Content covera)e Learnin) o'tco$es Exe$(lar activities Exe$(lar reso'rces
enery transferred B current J voltae J time
E B I J V J t
248 understand the difference between mains
electricity bein alternatin current (a.c.$ and
direct current (d.c.$ bein supplied by a cell or
battery.
15 Section 22 Electricity
c) Enery and potential
difference in circuits
&tudents will be assessed on their ability to:
249 explain why a series or parallel circuit is
more appropriate for particular applications"
includin domestic lihtin
249 understand that the current in a series
circuit depends on the applied voltae and the
number and nature of other components
2410 describe how current varies with voltae
in wires" resistors" metal filament lamps and
diodes" and how this can be investiated
experimentally
2411 describe the >ualitative effect of
chanin resistance on the current in a circuit
2412 describe the >ualitative variation of
resistance of </Ds with illumination and of
thermistors with temperature
2415 know that lamps and <E/s can be used
to indicate the presence of a current in a
circuit
-ctivity2
C .omplete examples includin
calculations.
Class (racticals2
C /etermine the resistance of different
arranements of resistors of known
resistance.
C Investiate how the resistance of a </D
varies with liht intensity.
C Investiate how the resistance of a
thermistor varies with temperature.
C Investiate how the resistance of a
pressure sensor varies with pressure.
.e$onstration2
C Ase <E/s to show the passae of current
throuh a circuit.
Edexcel International -.&E Physics &tudent
,ook Paes 75+7* and 4#+47" 4)" 44 and 4*
Asin a </D: 0ctive,ook Pae 45" animation
Asin a thermistor: Pae 45" animation
Edexcel International -.&E Physics Devision
-uide Paes 9) to 9# and Paes *8 to *7
<ideo cli(2
(a$ &eries and parallel circuits
14 Section 22 Electricity
c) Enery and potential
difference in circuits
&tudents will be assessed on their ability to:
2414 know and use the relationship between
voltae" current and resistance:
voltae B current J resistance
V B I J R
-ctivity2
C .omplete examples includin
calculations involvin V B I J R and Q B I
J t.
Class (ractical2
C Plot voltae+current characteristic raphs
Edexcel International -.&E Physics &tudent
,ook Paes 75+7* and 4#+47" 4)" 44 and 4*
Edexcel International -.&E Physics Devision
-uide Paes 9) to 9# and Paes *8 to *7
Edexcel International -.&E #))* in Physics (5P@)$ and Edexcel <evel !(<evel # .ertificate in Physics (GP@)$ &cheme of work H Edexcel <imited #)!!
8
1ee& Content covera)e Learnin) o'tco$es Exe$(lar activities Exe$(lar reso'rces
2416 understand that current is the rate of flow
of chare
2417 know and use the relationship between
chare" current and time:
chare B current J time
Q B I J t
2418 know that electric current in solid metallic
conductors is a flow of neatively chared
electrons
2419 'nderstand that2
C volta)e is the ener)y trans!erred (er
'nit char)e (assed
C the volt is a 0o'le (er co'lo$#
for a wire" a resistor" a liht bulb and a
diode. ?ote that the radient is e>ual to
the resistance.
.e$onstration2
C Ase a camera flash to show how a
relatively small chare produces a lare
current when dischared in a short lenth
of time.
<ideo cli(2
(a$ Desistance in a circuit
16 Section 22 Electricity
d) Electric chare
&tudents will be assessed on their ability to:
2419 identify common materials which are
electrical conductors or insulators" includin
metals and plastics
2420 descri#e ex(eri$ents to investi)ate
ho% ins'latin) $aterials can #e char)ed
#y !riction
2421 ex(lain that (ositive and ne)ative
electrostatic char)es are (rod'ced on
$aterials #y the loss and )ain o! electrons
2422 'nderstand that there are !orces o!
attraction #et%een 'nli&e char)es and
!orces o! re('lsion #et%een li&e char)es
2425 ex(lain electrostatic (heno$ena in
ter$s o! the $ove$ent o! electrons
-ctivities2
Desearch into daners of electrostatic
chares" e.. when refuellin aircraft and
tankers.
Desearch uses of electrostatic chares.
/iscuss desin of cables and use of
insulation for safety.
Class (racticals2
C Ase plastic rulers and pens chared by
rubbin on a 2ersey to pick up tiny pieces
of paper"
C Dub polythene and acetate rods to
chare them and then see the effect on a
stream of water from a tap.
C Investiate forces between chares.
.e$onstration2
C Ase a Wimshurst machine and a Fan de
-raaf enerator to enerate sparks and
make hair stand on end.
Edexcel International -.&E Physics &tudent
,ook Paes 88+7#" 79 and 4*
Paint sprayin: 0ctive,ook Pae 7)
Photocopiers: Pae 7!
Edexcel International -.&E Physics Devision
-uide Paes 9) to 9# and Paes *8 to *7
<ideo cli(s2
(a$ Electrostatics: types of chare
(b$ The daners of electricity
(c$ -eneratin hih voltaes usin a
Wimshurst machine
Edexcel International -.&E #))* in Physics (5P@)$ and Edexcel <evel !(<evel # .ertificate in Physics (GP@)$ &cheme of work H Edexcel <imited #)!!
9
1ee& Content covera)e Learnin) o'tco$es Exe$(lar activities Exe$(lar reso'rces
2424 ex(lain the (otential dan)ers o!
electrostatic char)es= e4)4 %hen !'ellin)
aircra!t and tan&ers
2426 ex(lain so$e 'ses o! electrostatic
char)es= e4)4 in (hotoco(iers and in&0et
(rinters
17
Section 22 Electricity .onsolidation and assessment C Devision exercises
C End of &ection test
Edexcel International -.&E Physics &tudent
,ook end of chapter checklists
Edexcel International -.&E Physics Devision
-uide
18 Section 52 1aves
a) Anits
#) Properties of waves
&tudents will be assessed on their ability to:
541 use the followin units: deree (
o
$" hertK
(@K$" metre (m$" metre(second (m(s$" second
(s$.
542 understand the difference between
lonitudinal and transverse waves and
describe experiments to show lonitudinal
and transverse waves in" for example" ropes"
sprins and water
545 define amplitude" fre>uency" wavelenth
and period of a wave
544 understand that waves transfer enery
and information without transferrin
matter
546 know and use the relationship between
the speed" fre>uency and wavelenth of a
wave: wave speed B fre>uency J wavelenth
v B f J
-ctivities2
C .omplete examples includin
calculations.
C Pupils label a diaram of a wave and use
a ruler to measure amplitude and
wavelenth.
.e$onstrations2
C &how transverse and lonitudinal waves
usin a slinky" chanin fre>uency and
identifyin wavelenth.
C Ase a row of students to show a
transverse wave (as a 'exican wave$
and a lonitudinal wave.
Edexcel International -.&E Physics &tudent
,ook Paes *!+*5" *4 and !#8
Edexcel International -.&E Physics Devision
-uide Paes 56 to 54 and Paes *7 to **
<ideo cli(2
(a$ Transverse and lonitudinal waves
19 Section 52 1aves
#) Properties of waves
&tudents will be assessed on their ability to:
547 use the relationship between fre>uency
and time period: fre>uency B !(time period
-ctivity2
C .omplete examples includin
calculations involvin f B !(T for sound
and electromanetic waves.
Edexcel International -.&E Physics &tudent
,ook Paes *9+*7" *4 and !#8
Edexcel International -.&E Physics Devision
Edexcel International -.&E #))* in Physics (5P@)$ and Edexcel <evel !(<evel # .ertificate in Physics (GP@)$ &cheme of work H Edexcel <imited #)!!
9
1ee& Content covera)e Learnin) o'tco$es Exe$(lar activities Exe$(lar reso'rces
f B !(T
548 use the above relationships in different
contexts includin sound waves and
electromanetic waves
549 'nderstand that %aves can #e
di!!racted %hen they (ass an ed)e
549 'nderstand that %aves can #e
di!!racted thro')h )a(s= and that the
extent o! di!!raction de(ends on the
%avelen)th and the (hysical di$ension o!
the )a(
Class (ractical2
C &how diffraction in ripple tank(s$ with
obstacle" with aps of varyin siKe" and
various wavelenths.
.e$onstrations2
C Ase an applet to show diffraction.
C Ase sinle slit and laser to show
diffraction of liht.
-uide Paes 56 to 54 and Paes *7 to **
There are a variety of diffraction applets
available on the Internet.
19 Section 52 1aves
c) The electromanetic
spectrum
&tudents will be assessed on their ability to:
5410 understand that liht is part of a
continuous electromanetic spectrum which
includes radio" microwave" infrared" visible"
ultraviolet" P;ray and amma ray radiations
and that all these waves travel at the same
speed in free space
5411 identify the order of the electromanetic
spectrum in terms of decreasin wavelenth
and increasin fre>uency" includin the
colours of the visible spectrum
-ctivities2
C .omplete examples.
C Investiate the areas beyond the visible
spectrum" such as the work of @erschel
and Ditter in discoverin ID and AF
respectively.
Edexcel International -.&E Physics &tudent
,ook Paes **+!)9" !)8 and !#8
Edexcel International -.&E Physics Devision
-uide Paes 56 to 54 and Paes *7 to **
<ideo cli(2
(a$ The electromanetic spectrum
20 Section 52 1aves
c) The electromanetic
spectrum
&tudents will be assessed on their ability to:
5412 explain some of the uses of
electromanetic radiations" includin:
C radio waves: broadcastin and
communications
C microwaves: cookin and satellite
transmissions
C infrared: heaters and niht vision
e>uipment
-ctivities2
C .omplete a poster of the electromanetic
spectrum or a poster dealin with one
particular reion of the spectrum.
C Investiate the absorption of liht by
translucent materials in order to simulate
P;ray absorption.
Edexcel International -.&E Physics &tudent
,ook Paes !)!+!)9" !)8 and !#8
Edexcel International -.&E Physics Devision
-uide Paes 56 to 54 and Paes *7 to **
<ideo cli(s2
(a$ Ases of electromanetic waves
(b$ -amma rays treat brain tumours
(c$ 'edical uses of P;rays
Edexcel International -.&E #))* in Physics (5P@)$ and Edexcel <evel !(<evel # .ertificate in Physics (GP@)$ &cheme of work H Edexcel <imited #)!!
10
1ee& Content covera)e Learnin) o'tco$es Exe$(lar activities Exe$(lar reso'rces
C visible liht: optical fibres and
photoraphy
C ultraviolet: fluorescent lamps
C P;rays: observin the internal structure of
ob2ects and materials and medical
applications
C amma rays: sterilisin food and medical
e>uipment
5415 understand the detrimental effects of
excessive exposure of the human body to
electromanetic waves" includin:
C microwaves: internal heatin of body
tissue
C infrared: skin burns
C ultraviolet: damae to surface cells and
blindness
C amma rays: cancer" mutation
and describe simple protective measures
aainst the risks.
(d$ AF0
(e$ 'edical uses of visible liht
(f$ Infrared
($ 'icrowaves
(h$ Dadio waves and 'DI scans
21 Section 52 1aves
d) <iht and sound
&tudents will be assessed on their ability to:
5414 understand that liht waves are
transverse waves which can be reflected"
refracted and di!!racted
5416 use the law of reflection (the anle of
incidence e>uals the anle of reflection$
5417 construct ray diarams to illustrate the
formation of a virtual imae in a plane mirror
-ctivity2
C .omplete examples involvin ray
diarams and reflection.
Class (ractical2
C Ase a plane mirror and ray box to
measure a number of anles of incidence
and correspondin anles of reflection.
Plot raph of anle of reflection aainst
anle of incidence.
.e$onstration2
C &how the difference between real and
virtual imaes.
Edexcel International -.&E Physics &tudent
,ook Paes !)7+!)4" !!8 and !#8
Edexcel International -.&E Physics Devision
-uide Paes 56 to 54 and Paes *7 to **
<ideo cli(
(a$ <ateral inversion
22
Section 52 1aves .onsolidation and assessment C Devision exercises Edexcel International -.&E Physics &tudent
,ook end of chapter checklists
Edexcel International -.&E #))* in Physics (5P@)$ and Edexcel <evel !(<evel # .ertificate in Physics (GP@)$ &cheme of work H Edexcel <imited #)!!
11
1ee& Content covera)e Learnin) o'tco$es Exe$(lar activities Exe$(lar reso'rces
C Proress test Edexcel International -.&E Physics Devision
-uide
25 Section 52 1aves
d) <iht and sound
&tudents will be assessed on their ability to:
5418 describe experiments to investiate the
refraction of liht" usin rectanular blocks"
semicircular blocks and trianular prisms
5419 know and use the relationship between
refractive index" anle of incidence and anle
of refraction:
n B sin i ( sin r
5419 describe an experiment to determine the
refractive index of lass" usin a lass block
-ctivity2
C .omplete examples includin
calculations involvin n B sin i(sin r.
Class (racticals2
C Ase rectanular lass or Perspex blocks
to determine the anle of incidence and
correspondin anle of refraction for a
number of liht rays. Plot a raph of
anle of incidence aainst anle of
refraction to obtain value of radient
(refractive index$.
C Investiate models to show refraction"
such as toy cars travellin into a reion of
sand.
C Investiate the behaviour of converin
lenses" includin real and virtual imaes.
.e$onstrations2
C Ase an applet to show refraction.
C /emonstrate apparent depth of an ink
spot seen throuh a measurin cylinder
of water" apparent bendin of a pencil in
beaker of water.
C &how refraction throuh different prisms
and water containin fluorescence.
Edexcel International -.&E Physics &tudent
,ook Paes !)*+!!6" !!8 and !#8
Defraction of waves: 0ctive,ook Pae !)*"
animation
Total internal reflection and optical fibres:
refraction: Pae !!9" animation
Edexcel International -.&E Physics Devision
-uide Paes 56 to 54 and Paes *7 to **

Defraction applet from Internet" e.. walter;
fendt
<ideo cli(2
(a$ Deflection" refraction and diffraction
24 Section 52 1aves
d) <iht and sound
&tudents will be assessed on their ability to:
5420 describe the role of total internal
reflection in transmittin information alon
optical fibres and in prisms
5421 explain the meanin of critical anle c
5422 know and use the relationship between
critical anle and refractive index:
-ctivities2
C .omplete examples includin
calculations involvin sin c B !(n.
C Investiate the critical anle for
Perspex(air or lass(air or water(air
boundary.
Class (ractical2
C Ase semicircular blocks to determine
critical anle and refractive index.
.e$onstration2
Edexcel International -.&E Physics Paes
!!#+!!6" !!8 and !#8
Edexcel International -.&E Physics Devision
-uide Paes 56 to 54 and Paes *7 to **
Total internal reflection applet
<ideo cli(s2
(a$ Total internal reflection
Edexcel International -.&E #))* in Physics (5P@)$ and Edexcel <evel !(<evel # .ertificate in Physics (GP@)$ &cheme of work H Edexcel <imited #)!!
12
1ee& Content covera)e Learnin) o'tco$es Exe$(lar activities Exe$(lar reso'rces
sin c B ! ( n C Ase an applet to show total internal
reflection.
(b$ Total internal reflection in water 2et
26 Section 52 1aves
d) <iht and sound
5425 'nderstand the di!!erence #et%een
analo)'e and di)ital si)nals
5424 descri#e the advanta)es o! 'sin)
di)ital si)nals rather than analo)'e
si)nals
5426 descri#e ho% di)ital si)nals can carry
$ore in!or$ation
-ctivities2
C Produce a presentation listin the
advantaes of diital sinals over
analoue sinals.
C Encode short words usin a diital
alphabet.
.e$onstrations2
C &how how messaes are transmitted
usin the 0&.II character code.
Edexcel International -.&E Physics Paes
!)9+!)6" !)8 and !#8
<ideo cli(s2
(a$ Decordin sound+analoue vs diital
(b$ 0naloue and diital sinals
27 Section 52 1aves
d) <iht and sound
&tudents will be assessed on their ability to:
5427 understand that sound waves are
lonitudinal waves and how they can be
reflected" refracted and di!!racted
5428 understand that the fre>uency rane for
human hearin is #) @K + #) ))) @K
5429 describe an experiment to measure the
speed of sound in air
-ctivities2
C .omplete examples includin
calculations of the type re>uired to work
out the speed of sound.
Class (ractical2
C 'easure the speed of sound in air
outside with the echo method" usin a
distant wall(hih wall.
.e$onstrations2
C Ase evacuated bell 2ar to show that
sound needs a medium to travel throuh.
C /emonstrate the reflection of sound with
cardboard tubes and a >uiet source such
as a tickin watch.
C Ase a microphone and .DI to show the
trace produced by various vibratin
ob2ects. .ompare fre>uency of vibration
with rane of human hearin.
Edexcel International -.&E Physics Paes
!!4+!##" !#6 and !#8
Edexcel International -.&E Physics Devision
-uide Paes 56 to 54 and Paes *7 to **
<ideo cli(2
(a$ @ow does sound travel throuh the air=
28 Section 52 1aves
d) <iht and sound
5429 'nderstand ho% an oscillosco(e and
$icro(hone can #e 'sed to dis(lay a
so'nd %ave
5450 descri#e an ex(eri$ent 'sin) an
oscillosco(e to deter$ine the !re;'ency o!
a so'nd %ave
-ctivities2
C .omplete examples comparin different
sound wave forms (loudest" >uietest"
hihest pitch" etc.$.
C /emonstration:
C /isplay sinal enerator traces on a
.DI. @ave a loudspeaker attached to
link fre>uency with time period and
Edexcel International -.&E Physics Paes
!#!+!#5" !#6 and !#8
Edexcel International -.&E Physics Devision
-uide Paes 56 to 54 and Paes *7 to **
<ideo cli(2
(a$ &ound waves
Edexcel International -.&E #))* in Physics (5P@)$ and Edexcel <evel !(<evel # .ertificate in Physics (GP@)$ &cheme of work H Edexcel <imited #)!!
15
1ee& Content covera)e Learnin) o'tco$es Exe$(lar activities Exe$(lar reso'rces
5451 relate the (itch o! a so'nd to the
!re;'ency o! vi#ration o! the so'rce
5452 relate the lo'dness o! a so'nd to the
a$(lit'de o! vi#ration.
loudness with amplitude of waves.
C Ase musical instruments to demonstrate
the loudness" >uality and pitch of the
sound produced.
C 'easure the speed of sound in air
indoors usin a .DI.

29
Section 52 1aves .onsolidation and assessment C Devision exercises
C End of &ection test
Edexcel International -.&E Physics &tudent
,ook end of chapter checklists
Edexcel International -.&E Physics Devision
-uide
29 Section 42 Ener)y
reso'rces and ener)y
trans!er
a) Anits
#) Enery transfer
&tudents will be assessed on their ability to:
441 use the followin units: kiloram (k$"
2oule (E$" metre (m$" metre(second (m(s$"
metre(second
#
(m(s
#
$" newton (?$" second (s$"
watt (W$.
442 describe enery transfers involvin the
followin forms of enery: thermal (heat$"
liht" electrical" sound" kinetic" chemical"
nuclear and potential (elastic and
ravitational$
445 understand that enery is conserved
444 know and use the relationship:
efficiency B useful enery output(total enery
input
446 describe a variety of everyday and
scientific devices and situations" explainin
the fate of the input enery in terms of the
above relationship" includin their
representation by &ankey diarams
-ctivities2
C /iscuss the enery conversions takin
place with the use of various household
devices" e.. iron" television" microwave
oven" etc.
C Desearch the efficiency of different
electric devices includin liht bulbs.
C .arry out an enery audit of the school.
C /raw &ankey diarams for various
household devices.
.e$onstration2
C Ase an enery circus" showin different
forms of enery bein used by different
devices (clockwork toys" candle" electric
circuits drivin bulb and motor" sinal
enerator and speaker" microphone and
.DI" bicycle dynamo" solar powered
device" mass on sprin" balloon to be
blown up and released" etc.$.
Edexcel International -.&E Physics Paes
!#7+!9!" !9# and !8)
Thorpe Park rollercoaster: 0ctive,ook Pae
!#*" video clip
Thorpe Park lo flume: Pae !#*" video clip
Doller coaster: Pae !#*" animation
Efficiency and enery transfers: pendulum:
Pae !#*" animation
Edexcel International -.&E Physics Devision
-uide Paes 6* to 8! and Paes ** to !))
<ideo cli(s2
(a$ The conservation of enery
(b$ Perpetual motion machines
50 Section 42 Ener)y
reso'rces and ener)y
trans!er
&tudents will be assessed on their ability to:
447 describe how enery transfer may take
-ctivities2
C .omplete examples.
C /esin a beaker to keep a hot drink hot
Edexcel International -.&E Physics Paes
!99+!5)" !5! and !8)
Edexcel International -.&E #))* in Physics (5P@)$ and Edexcel <evel !(<evel # .ertificate in Physics (GP@)$ &cheme of work H Edexcel <imited #)!!
14
1ee& Content covera)e Learnin) o'tco$es Exe$(lar activities Exe$(lar reso'rces
#) Enery transfer
place by conduction" convection and radiation
448 explain the role of convection in everyday
phenomena
449 explain how insulation is used to reduce
enery transfers from buildins and the
human body.
or cold drink cold" reducin heat transfer
by all three methods.
C Pupils to research the reduction of enery
loss from homes" to include roof
insulation" cavity wall insulation" double
laKin" drauht excluders and carpets.
C /iscuss El ?iQo and <a ?iQa.
C Investiate how the nature of a surface
affects the amount of enery radiated or
absorbed.
Class (racticals2
C .ompare heat loss from dull matt and
shiny silver surfaces e.. plottin a
coolin curve for each" usin a data
loer.
C .ompare the heat loss from boilin tubes
with different insulation.
.e$onstrations2
C Ibserve convection currents in water
with suitable dye.
C .ompare the thermal conductivity of
different materials.
C .ompare the rate of absorption of
thermal radiation by dull matt and shiny
silver surfaces.
<and and sea breeKes" 0ctive,ook Pae !96"
animation
The @ockerton @ousin Pro2ect" 0ctive,ook
Pae !97" video clip
Deducin heat transfer in the @ockerton
houses" 0ctive,ook Pae !97" animation
Edexcel International -.&E Physics Devision
-uide Paes 6* to 8! and Paes ** to !))
<ideo cli(s2
(a$ .onvection and insulation
(b$ .onduction" convection and radiation !
(c$ .onduction" convection and radiation #
(d$ @eat transfers and the vacuum flask
(e$ @eat transfers
(f$ Preventin heat loss from the body
51 Section 42 Ener)y
reso'rces and ener)y
trans!er
c) Work and power
&tudents will be assessed on their ability to:
449 know and use the relationship between
work" force and distance moved in the
direction of the force:
work done B force J distance moved
W B F J d
4410 understand that work done is e>ual to
enery transferred
-ctivity2
C .omplete examples includin
calculations on work done and enery
transferred.
Class (racticals2
C .alculate work done in liftin masses and
show that this is e>uivalent to -PE
ained.
C /etermine the efficiency of an electric
motor liftin a load.
Edexcel International -.&E Physics Paes
!5#+!56" !5* and !8)
Edexcel International -.&E Physics Devision
-uide Paes 6* to 8! and Paes ** to !))
Edexcel International -.&E #))* in Physics (5P@)$ and Edexcel <evel !(<evel # .ertificate in Physics (GP@)$ &cheme of work H Edexcel <imited #)!!
16
1ee& Content covera)e Learnin) o'tco$es Exe$(lar activities Exe$(lar reso'rces
52 Section 42 Ener)y
reso'rces and ener)y
trans!er
c) Work and power
&tudents will be assessed on their ability to:
4411 know and use the relationship:
ravitational potential enery B
mass J g J heiht
-PE B m J g J h
-ctivity2
C .omplete examples includin
calculations of -PE.
Class (racticals2
C Investiate the loss of -PE of a bouncin
ball" notin maximum heiht of ball
followin each bounce.
C Investiate factors affectin the heiht of
rebound of bouncin balls.
C /rop ball bearins into suitable material
to create cratersR investiate how heiht
of fall affects crater depth or diameter.
Edexcel International -.&E Physics Paes
!55+!57" !5* and !8)
Edexcel International -.&E Physics Devision
-uide Paes 6* to 8! and Paes ** to !))
Information sheet on crater creation: 'ake a
.rater
<ideo cli(s2
(a$ Potential and kinetic enery
(b$ .reatin craters
55 Section 42 Ener)y
reso'rces and ener)y
trans!er
c) Work and power
&tudents will be assessed on their ability to:
4412 know and use the relationship:
kinetic enery B S J mass J speed
#
GE B S J m J v
#
-ctivity2
C .omplete examples includin
calculations of GE.
Class (ractical2
C Ase a toy car or air track to measure the
GE of different masses travellin at
different speeds.
Edexcel International -.&E Physics Paes
!56+!57" !5* and !8)
Edexcel International -.&E Physics Devision
-uide Paes 6* to 8! and Paes ** to !))
54 Section 42 Ener)y
reso'rces and ener)y
trans!er
c) Work and power
&tudents will be assessed on their ability to:
4415 understand how conservation of enery
produces a link between ravitational
potential enery" kinetic enery and work
4414 describe power as the rate of transfer of
enery or the rate of doin work
4416 use the relationship between power"
work done (enery transferred$ and time
taken:
power B work done ( time taken
P B W ( t
-ctivity2
C .omplete examples includin
calculations.
Class (racticals2
C /etermination of power enerated by
student climbin a fliht of stairs" timin
the ascent of a known vertical heiht.
C Investiate power by liftin ob2ects of
different weihts.
Edexcel International -.&E Physics Paes
!58+!54" !5* and !8)
Edexcel International -.&E Physics Devision
-uide Paes 6* to 8! and Paes ** to !))
<ideo cli(2
(a$ .onservation of enery
Edexcel International -.&E #))* in Physics (5P@)$ and Edexcel <evel !(<evel # .ertificate in Physics (GP@)$ &cheme of work H Edexcel <imited #)!!
17
1ee& Content covera)e Learnin) o'tco$es Exe$(lar activities Exe$(lar reso'rces
56 Section 42 Ener)y
reso'rces and ener)y
trans!er
d) Enery resources and
electricity eneration
&tudents will be assessed on their ability to:
4417 describe the enery transfers involved in
eneratin electricity usin:
C wind
C water
C eothermal resources
C solar heatin systems
C solar cells
C fossil fuels
C nuclear power
-ctivities2
C 'ake a presentation to explain a type of
electricity eneration.
C /iscuss the benefits(drawbacks of
nuclear power.
C .reate a >uestionnaire about nuclear
power.
Edexcel International -.&E Physics Paes
!6)+!67" !6* and !8)
Edexcel International -.&E Physics Devision
-uide Paes 6* to 8! and Paes ** to !))
<ideo cli(s2
(a$ Enery from wind power
(b$ &olar power plant
57 Section 42 Ener)y
reso'rces and ener)y
trans!er
d) Enery resources and
electricity eneration
&tudents will be assessed on their ability to:
4418 descri#e the advanta)es and
disadvanta)es o! $ethods o! lar)eBscale
electricity (rod'ction !ro$ vario's
rene%a#le and nonBrene%a#le reso'rces.
-ctivities2
C Desearch and list advantaes and
disadvantaes of different renewable and
non;renewable resources" in terms of
cost" pollution" time to replace
renewables and response time.
C /iscuss pumped storae systems to
meet sudden demand and use of off;peak
electrical power.
Edexcel International -.&E Physics Paes
!67+!64" !6* and !8)
Power station: 0ctive,ook Pae !69"
animation
Denewable enery: Pae !69" animation
Edexcel International -.&E Physics Devision
-uide Paes 6* to 8! and Paes ** to !))
58 Section 42 Ener)y
reso'rces and ener)y
trans!er
.onsolidation and assessment C Devision exercises
C End of &ection test
Edexcel International -.&E Physics &tudent
,ook end of chapter checklists
Edexcel International -.&E Physics Devision
-uide
59 Section 62 Solids=
li;'ids and )ases
a) Anits
#) /ensity and pressure
&tudents will be assessed on their ability to:
641 use the followin units: derees .elsius
(
o
.$" kelvin (G$" 2oule (E$" kiloram (k$"
kiloram(metre
9
(k(m
9
$" metre (m$" metre
#
(m
#
$" metre
9
(m
9
$" metre(second (m(s$"
metre(second
#
(m(s
#
$" newton (?$" pascal
(Pa$.
642 know and use the relationship between
density" mass and volume:
density B mass ( volume
-ctivity2
C .omplete examples includin
calculations.
Class (racticals2
C /etermination of the (volume and$
density of reularly and irreularly
shaped ob2ects
C /etermination of the density of irreularly
shaped ob2ects that float in water
C 1ind the mass and volume of Plasticine
balls of different shapes and siKes. Plot a
raph of mass aainst volume to
Edexcel International -.&E Physics Paes
!8#+!89" !84 and !74
Edexcel International -.&E Physics Devision
-uide Paes 8* to 7# and Paes !)) to !)!
Edexcel International -.&E #))* in Physics (5P@)$ and Edexcel <evel !(<evel # .ertificate in Physics (GP@)$ &cheme of work H Edexcel <imited #)!!
18
1ee& Content covera)e Learnin) o'tco$es Exe$(lar activities Exe$(lar reso'rces
B m ( V
645 describe experiments to determine
density usin direct measurements of mass
and volume
determine the density (radient$.
.e$onstration2
C .arefully place syrup" then water and
then oil into a tall cylinder. The oil floats
on the water which floats on the syrup. ,y
lowerin different materials into the
cylinder" their densities can be compared
to the different li>uids.
59 Section 62 Solids=
li;'ids and )ases
#) /ensity and pressure
&tudents will be assessed on their ability to:
644 know and use the relationship between
pressure" force and area:
pressure B force ( area
p B F ( A
-ctivities2
C .omplete example includin calculations.
C /iscuss cases where lare(small area
affects pressure" e.. carryin a carrier
ba" carryin a parcel by strin" usin
snow shoes" usin lare tyres on tractors"
and why damae to a wooden floor can
be reater from stiletto heels than from
an elephant.
Class (racticals2
C 'ake a water rocket.
C 1ind area of shoes usin raph paper
and weiht to determine the pressure
exerted on the floor by each student.
.e$onstration2
C .alculate the pressure exerted by a brick
while restin on different faces.
Edexcel International -.&E Physics Paes
!85" !84 and !74
-as pressure: 0ctive,ook Pae !79"
animation
Particles in a as: Pae !75" animation
Edexcel International -.&E Physics Devision
-uide Paes 8* to 7# and Paes !)) to !)!
<ideo cli(s2
(a$ 1orce" pressure and surface area
(b$ Pressure exerted by a tank vs a ballerina
(c$ @ow sharp is a knife=
(d$ Pressure
40 Section 62 Solids=
li;'ids and )ases
#) /ensity and pressure
&tudents will be assessed on their ability to:
646 understand that the pressure at a point in
a as or li>uid which is at rest acts e>ually in
all directions
647 know and use the relationship for
pressure difference:
pressure difference B heiht J density J g
p B h J J g
-ctivities2
C .omplete examples includin
calculations.
C /iscuss the use of a mercury barometer
and how much taller it would be if water
were used instead of mercury.
C .alculate thickness of atmosphere.
.e$onstrations2
C &tab holes in a plastic carrier ba and fill
with water" to show water leavin in all
directions.
C 0llow atmospheric pressure to crush an
Edexcel International -.&E Physics Paes
!86+!87" !84 and !74
<ideo cli(s2
(a$ 0ir pressure
(b$ @ow drinkin straws work
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19
1ee& Content covera)e Learnin) o'tco$es Exe$(lar activities Exe$(lar reso'rces
evacuated can.
41
Section 62 Solids=
li;'ids and )ases
.onsolidation and assessment
C Devision exercises
C Proress test
Edexcel International -.&E Physics &tudent
,ook end of chapter checklists
Edexcel International -.&E Physics Devision
-uide
42 Section 62 Solids=
li;'ids and )ases
c) .hane of state
&tudents will be assessed on their ability to:
648 'nderstand the chan)es that occ'r
%hen a solid $elts to !or$ a li;'id= and
%hen a li;'id eva(orates or #oils to !or$ a
)as
649 descri#e the arran)e$ent and $otion
o! (articles in solids= li;'ids and )ases
Class (ractical2
C Plot coolin curve for ethanamide" notin
flat reion of curve to determine meltin
temperature. Explain what will happen if
the li>uid is impure.
.e$onstration2
C &how the meltin of various solids and
sublimation.
Edexcel International -.&E Physics Paes
!8*+!7!" !78 and !74
Edexcel International -.&E Physics Devision
-uide Paes 8* to 7# and Paes !)) to !)!
<ideo cli(s2
(a$ <atent heat and chanes of state
(b$ .hanes of state + water
(c$ .hanes of state + particles
(d$ &alt chanes the meltin point of ice
(e$ /oes mass chane durin a chane of
state=
45 Section 62 Solids=
li;'ids and )ases
d) Ideal as molecules
&tudents will be assessed on their ability to:
649 understand the sinificance of ,rownian
motion" as supportin evidence for particle
theory
6410 understand that molecules in a as have
a random motion and that they exert a force
and hence a pressure on the walls of the
container
-ctivity2
C Dead the text on paes !7)+!7!
reardin particles in the three states of
matter and answer the >uestions on
paes !78 and !74.
.e$onstration2
C Ibserve ,rownian motion usin a
microscope and lass cell lamp.
Edexcel International -.&E Physics Paes
!7)+!7!" !78 and !74
<ideo cli(2
(a$ ,rownian motion
44 Section 62 Solids=
li;'ids and )ases
d) Ideal as molecules
&tudents will be assessed on their ability to:
6411 understand that there is an absolute Kero
of temperature which is + #79T.
6412 describe the Gelvin scale of temperature
and be able to convert between the Gelvin
and .elsius scales
-ctivity2
C .omplete examples involvin the
conversion of temperatures in . into
temperatures in G.
Class (ractical2
C Decord data for lenth of air column in
capillary tube at different temperatures.
Plot column lenth aainst temperature
Edexcel International -.&E Physics Paes
!79+!76" !78 and !74
Edexcel International -.&E Physics Devision
-uide Paes 8* to 7# and Paes !)) to !)!
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19
1ee& Content covera)e Learnin) o'tco$es Exe$(lar activities Exe$(lar reso'rces
6415 understand that an increase in
temperature results in an increase in the
averae speed of as molecules
6414 'nderstand that the "elvin
te$(erat're o! the )as is (ro(ortional to
the avera)e &inetic ener)y o! its $olec'les
and extrapolate to determine absolute
Kero temperature.
46 Section 62 Solids=
li;'ids and )ases
d) Ideal as molecules
&tudents will be assessed on their ability to:
6416 describe the >ualitative relationship
between pressure and Gelvin temperature for
a as in a sealed container
6417 'se the relationshi( #et%een the
(ress're and "elvin te$(erat're o! a !ixed
$ass o! )as at constant vol'$e2
p1T1 > p2T2
-ctivity2
C .omplete examples includin
calculations.
C -raph;plottin exercise with data
provided.
.e$onstrations2
C Ase simulation to show chanin
conditions of a as.
C ,oiled e sucked into a bottle as
temperature of air in bottle is decreased.
Edexcel International -.&E Physics Paes
!79+!76" !78 and !74
Edexcel International -.&E Physics Devision
-uide Paes 8* to 7# and Paes !)) to !)!
&imulation to show chanin conditions of a
as
47 Section 62 Solids=
li;'ids and )ases
d) Ideal as molecules
&tudents will be assessed on their ability to:
6418 use the relationship between the
pressure and volume of a fixed mass of as at
constant temperature:
p! J V! B p# J V#
-ctivities2
C .omplete example includin calculations.
C Ase syrines" holdin finer over end as
pluner is inserted. &tudents experience
increase in pressure as volume
decreases.
C Investiate the temperature and volume
relationship for a as.
C Investiate the volume and pressure
relationship for a as.
Class (ractical2
C Ibtain the pressure and correspondin
volume of as in as syrine and plot
raphs of pressure aainst volume and
pressure aainst !(volume.
.e$onstration2
C &how increase in volume of a balloon or
marshmallows in a bell 2ar" as the 2ar is
evacuated and the pressure is reduced.
Edexcel International -.&E Physics Paes
!7!+!79" !78 and !74
Edexcel International -.&E Physics Devision
-uide Paes 8* to 7# and Paes !)) to !)!
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20
1ee& Content covera)e Learnin) o'tco$es Exe$(lar activities Exe$(lar reso'rces
48
Section 62 Solids=
li;'ids and )ases
.onsolidation and assessment
C Devision exercises
C End of &ection test
Edexcel International -.&E Physics &tudent
,ook end of chapter checklists
Edexcel International -.&E Physics Devision
-uide
49
Section 72 :a)netis$
and electro$a)netis$
a) Anits
#) 'anetism
&tudents will be assessed on their ability to:
741 use the followin units: ampere (0$" volt
(F$" watt (W$.
742 'nderstand that $a)nets re(el and
attract other $a)nets and attract $a)netic
s'#stances
745 descri#e the (ro(erties o! $a)netically
hard and so!t $aterials
744 understand the term Lmanetic field line:
746 'nderstand that $a)netis$ is ind'ced
in so$e $aterials %hen they are (laced in
a $a)netic !ield
747 describe experiments to investiate the
manetic field pattern for a permanent bar
manet and that between two bar manets
748 describe how to use two permanent
manets to produce a uniform manetic field
pattern.
Class (racticals2
C 'ake a manet by strokin a nail with a
permanent manet.
C Investiate and draw manet field lines
around a bar manet and between two
manets" usin iron filins.
.e$onstrations2
C &how manetic repulsion(attraction
between manets.
C &how manetic field lines around
manets" usin iron filins.
Edexcel International -.&E Physics Paes
!7*+!4!" !48 and !*7
Edexcel International -.&E Physics Devision
-uide Paes 4) to 4! and Pae !)#
<ideo cli(s2
(a$ 'anetism and manetic poles
(b$ 'anetic field of a bar manet
(c$ 'anets and their invisible force
49 Section 72 :a)netis$
and electro$a)netis$
c) Electromanetism
&tudents will be assessed on their ability to:
749 understand that an electric current in a
conductor produces a manetic field round it
749 descri#e the constr'ction o!
electro$a)nets
-ctivities2
C Dead the text on paes !4#+!46
describin the shape of manetic fields
around conductors and answer the
>uestions on paes !48 and !*7.
C /iscuss the benefits of electromanets
over permanent manets.
Edexcel International -.&E Physics Paes
!4#+!46" !48 and !*7
Edexcel International -.&E Physics Devision
-uide Paes 4) to 4! and Paes !)#
<ideo cli(2
Edexcel International -.&E #))* in Physics (5P@)$ and Edexcel <evel !(<evel # .ertificate in Physics (GP@)$ &cheme of work H Edexcel <imited #)!!
21
1ee& Content covera)e Learnin) o'tco$es Exe$(lar activities Exe$(lar reso'rces
7410 s&etch and reco)nise $a)netic !ield
(atterns !or a strai)ht %ire= a !lat circ'lar
coil and a solenoid %hen each is carryin)
a c'rrent
Class (racticals2
C Ase iron filins or plottin compasses and
a straiht wire" a flat circular coil and a
solenoid to determine the manetic field
shape when each is carryin a current.
C 'ake electromanets and compare their
strenth (how many paper clips are
picked up$ when the number of turns or
current is chaned.
.e$onstration2
C &how the use of very stron
electromanets.
(a$ Electromanets
60 Section 72 :a)netis$
and electro$a)netis$
c) Electromanetism
&tudents will be assessed on their ability to:
7411 'nderstand that there is a !orce on a
char)ed (article %hen it $oves in a
$a)netic !ield as lon) as its $otion is not
(arallel to the !ield
7412 understand that a force is exerted on a
current;carryin wire in a manetic field" and
how this effect is applied in simple d.c. electric
motors and loudspeakers
7415 use the left hand rule to predict the
direction of the resultin force when a wire
carries a current perpendicular to a manetic
field
7414 describe how the force on a current;
carryin conductor in a manetic field
increases with the strenth of the field and
with the current
-ctivity2
C .omplete examples showin the direction
of movement of conductors in different
manetic fields.
Class (racticals2
C 'ake a model loud speaker
C 'ake a model motor.
.e$onstrations2
C &how the movement of a piece of current
carryin aluminium when located in a
manetic field.
C Watch applet showin the motor effect
Edexcel International -.&E Physics Paes
!47+!4*" !*6 and !*7
@ow a simple electric motor works:
0ctive,ook Pae !4*" animation
Edexcel International -.&E Physics Devision
-uide Paes 4) to 4! and Pae !)#
Electric motor applet from Internet e.. walter;
fendt
<ideo cli(2
(a$ @ow does a loudspeaker work=
61 Section 72 :a)netis$
and electro$a)netis$
d) Electromanetic
induction
&tudents will be assessed on their ability to:
7416 understand that a voltae is induced in a
conductor or a coil when it moves throuh a
manetic field or when a manetic field
chanes throuh it and describe the factors
-ctivity2
C Plune a bar manet into a coil of wire
connected to a alvanometer. Ibserve
that the induced E'1 depends on the
rate of plunin.
Edexcel International -.&E Physics Paes
!4*+!*5" !*6 and !*7
Electromanetic induction: 0ctive,ook Pae
!*)" animation
Increasin the siKe of an electric current:
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22
1ee& Content covera)e Learnin) o'tco$es Exe$(lar activities Exe$(lar reso'rces
which affect the siKe of the induced voltae
7417 describe the eneration of electricity by
the rotation of a manet within a coil of wire
and of a coil of wire within a manetic field
and describe the factors which affect the siKe
of the induced voltae
7418 descri#e the str'ct're o! a
trans!or$er= and 'nderstand that a
trans!or$er chan)es the siCe o! an
alternatin) volta)e #y havin) di!!erent
n'$#ers o! t'rns on the in('t and o't('t
sides
7419 ex(lain the 'se o! ste(B'( and ste(B
do%n trans!or$ers in the lar)e scale
)eneration and trans$ission o! electrical
ener)y
Class (racticals2
C Ase a motor as a enerator.
C Investiate factors affectin the
eneration of electric current by
induction.
.e$onstrations2
C &how the production of an induced E'1
by movin wire in a manetic field.
C Watch applet showin electromanetic
induction.
C Watch applet showin the eneration of
electricity.
C Ase a dynamo attached to a .DI and
lamp to demonstrate the eneration of
electrical enery.
C <ook at the structure of a transformer"
with laminated core" thick wire coils" etc.
C &how how the same transformer can be
used as a step;up transformer or a step;
down transformer when used in reverse.
Pae !*)" animation
'akin a dynamo: Pae !*#" animation
Edexcel International -.&E Physics Devision
-uide Paes 4) to 4! and Pae !)#
Electromanetic induction applet: 1araday:s
<aw
-enerator: simulation of eneratin electricity
with a bar manet
<ideo cli(2
(a$ Workin to maintain the ?ational -rid
62 Section 72 :a)netis$
and electro$a)netis$
d) Electromanetic
induction
&tudents will be assessed on their ability to:
7419 &no% and 'se the relationshi(
#et%een in('t ((ri$ary) and o't('t
(secondary) volta)es and the t'rns ratio
!or a trans!or$er2
in('t ((ri$ary) volta)e o't('t
(secondary) volta)e > (ri$ary t'rns
secondary t'rns
V( Vs > n( ns
7420 &no% and 'se the relationshi(2
in('t (o%er > o't('t (o%er
V( ? I( > Vs ? Is
!or 100D e!!iciency.
-ctivity2
C .omplete examples includin
calculations involvin the transformer.
Class (ractical2
C Investiate the efficiency of a transformer.
.e$onstration2
C &how how chanin the ratio of primary
to secondary turns affects the ratio of the
primary to secondary voltae.
Edexcel International -.&E Physics Paes
!*9+!*5" !*6 and !*7
Edexcel International -.&E Physics Devision
-uide Paes 4) to 4! and Pae !)#
Edexcel International -.&E #))* in Physics (5P@)$ and Edexcel <evel !(<evel # .ertificate in Physics (GP@)$ &cheme of work H Edexcel <imited #)!!
25
1ee& Content covera)e Learnin) o'tco$es Exe$(lar activities Exe$(lar reso'rces
65
Section 72 :a)netis$
and electro$a)netis$
.onsolidation and assessment
C Devision exercises
C End of &ection test
Edexcel International -.&E Physics &tudent
,ook end of chapter checklists
Edexcel International -.&E Physics Devision
-uide
64 Section 82
/adioactivity and
(articles
a) Anits
#) Dadioactivity
&tudents will be assessed on their ability to:
841 use the followin units: bec>uerel (,>$"
centimetre (cm$" hour (h$" minute (min$"
second (s$.
842 describe the structure of an atom in terms
of protons" neutrons and electrons and use
symbols such as C
14
6
to describe particular
nuclei
845 understand the terms atomic (proton$
number" mass (nucleon$ number and isotope
844 understand that alpha and beta particles
and amma rays are ionisin radiations
emitted from unstable nuclei in a random
process
846 describe the nature of alpha and beta
particles and amma rays and recall that they
may be distinuished in terms of penetratin
power
-ctivity2
C .omplete examples includin
calculations to determine the number of
electrons" protons and neutrons in
various atoms.
.e$onstration2
C Watch applet of alpha and beta decay.
Edexcel International -.&E Physics Paes
!**+#)8" #)7 and #9#
Protons and neutrons: 0ctive,ook Pae #)!"
animation
Edexcel International -.&E Physics Devision
-uide Paes 4* to *! and Paes !)9 to!)5
0lpha decay applet
,eta decay applet
<ideo cli(s2
(a$ Introduction to radioactivity
(b$ 0lpha" beta and amma radiation
(c$ 0 comparison of alpha" beta and amma
radiation
66 Section 82
/adioactivity and
(articles
#) Dadioactivity
&tudents will be assessed on their ability to:
847 describe the effects on the atomic and
mass numbers of a nucleus of the emission of
each of the three main types of radiation
848 understand how to complete balanced
nuclear e>uations
849 understand that ionisin radiations can be
-ctivity2
C ,alance examples of nuclear e>uations.
Class (ractical2
C Ase coins or dice to simulate radioactive
decay.
.e$onstrations2
C Watch applet showin the radioactive
decay of a sample.
Edexcel International -.&E Physics Paes
#)#+#)5" #)*+#!#" #)7" #!6 and #9#
Edexcel International -.&E Physics Devision
-uide Paes 4* to *! and Paes !)9 to !)5
Edexcel International -.&E #))* in Physics (5P@)$ and Edexcel <evel !(<evel # .ertificate in Physics (GP@)$ &cheme of work H Edexcel <imited #)!!
24
1ee& Content covera)e Learnin) o'tco$es Exe$(lar activities Exe$(lar reso'rces
detected usin a photoraphic film or a
-eier+'Uller detector
849 explain the sources of backround
radiation
8410 understand that the activity of a
radioactive source decreases over a period of
time and is measured in bec>uerels
C Ase a -eier+'Uller detector to detect
backround radiation.
C /emonstrate the penetratin power of
ionisin radiation usin radioactive
sources" -eier+'Uller tube" lead sheet"
thin aluminium sheet and paper.
67 Section 82
/adioactivity and
(articles
#) Dadioactivity
&tudents will be assessed on their ability to:
8411 understand the term Lhalf;life: and
understand that it is different for different
radioactive isotopes
8412 use the concept of half;life to carry out
simple calculations on activity
-ctivities2
C .omplete half;life calculations.
C Ase software to determine half;life of
various sources.
C Play radioactive datin ame usin
simulation.
Edexcel International -.&E Physics Paes
#!#+#!5" #!6 and #9#
Dadiation and half;live: 0ctive,ook Pae #!9"
video clip
Edexcel International -.&E Physics Devision
-uide Paes 4* to *! and Paes !)9 to !)5
Dadioactive datin ame
<ideo cli(2
(a$ Dadioactive decay and half; life
68 Section 82
/adioactivity and
(articles
#) Dadioactivity
&tudents will be assessed on their ability to:
8415 describe the uses of radioactivity in
medical and non;medical tracers" in
radiotherapy" and in the radioactive datin of
archaeoloical specimens and rocks
8414 describe the daners of ionisin
radiations" includin:
C radiation can cause mutations in livin
oranisms
C radiation can damae cells and tissue
C the problems arisin in the disposal of
radioactive waste
and describe how the associated risks can be
reduced
-ctivities2
C .omplete examples involvin the use of
radioactive datin.
C Desearch the &hroud of Turin.
Edexcel International -.&E Physics Paes
#!8+##9" ##5 and #9#
-amma camera: 0ctive,ook Pae #!8"
animation
Edexcel International -.&E Physics Devision
-uide Paes 4* to *! and Paes !)9 to !)5
<ideo cli(2
(a$ Dadiation in medicine
69 Section 82 &tudents will be assessed on their ability to: -ctivity2 Edexcel International -.&E Physics Paes
Edexcel International -.&E #))* in Physics (5P@)$ and Edexcel <evel !(<evel # .ertificate in Physics (GP@)$ &cheme of work H Edexcel <imited #)!!
26
1ee& Content covera)e Learnin) o'tco$es Exe$(lar activities Exe$(lar reso'rces
/adioactivity and
(articles
c) Particles
8416 describe the results of -eier and
'arsden:s experiments with old foil and
alpha particles
8417 describe Dutherford:s nuclear model of
the atom and how it accounts for the results of
-eier and 'arsden:s experiment and
understand the factors (chare and speed$
which affect the deflection of alpha particles
by a nucleus
C .omplete examples on Dutherford
scatterin" includin past International
-.&E >uestions.
.e$onstration2
C Watch applet showin Dutherford
scatterin.
##7+##4" #9! and #9#
Dutherford+-eier+'arsden experiment:
0ctive,ook Pae ##7" animation
Edexcel International -.&E Physics Devision
-uide Paes 4* to *! and Paes !)9 to !)5
Dutherford scatterin applet
<ideo cli(2
(a$ Dutherford:s experiment
69 Section 82
/adioactivity and
(articles
c) Particles
&tudents will be assessed on their ability to:
8418 understand that a nucleus of A;#96 can
be split (the process of fission$ by collision
with a neutron" and that this process releases
enery in the form of kinetic enery of the
fission products
8419 understand that the fission of A;#96
produces two dauhter nuclei and a small
number of neutrons
8419 understand that a chain reaction can be
set up if the neutrons produced by one fission
strike other A;#96 nuclei
8420 understand the role played by the control
rods and moderator when the fission process
is used as an enery source to enerate
electricity
-ctivity2
C ,alance fission e>uations.
.e$onstration2
C Watch applet showin nuclear fission.
Edexcel International -.&E Physics Paes
##4+#9)" #9! and #9#
1ission and fusion: 0ctive,ook Pae ##*"
animation
Edexcel International -.&E Physics Devision
-uide Paes 4* to *! and Paes !)9 to !)5
0pplet showin nuclear fission
<ideo cli(2
(a$ 0n introduction to nuclear fission
70
Section 82
/adioactivity and
(articles
.onsolidation and assessment
C Devision exercises
C End of Anit test
Edexcel International -.&E Physics &tudent
,ook end of chapter checklists
Edexcel International -.&E Physics Devision
-uide
Edexcel International -.&E #))* in Physics (5P@)$ and Edexcel <evel !(<evel # .ertificate in Physics (GP@)$ &cheme of work H Edexcel <imited #)!!
27