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Direct acting

excess pressure valves


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Excess pressure valves for
steam and water mains distribution
Spirax Sarco DEP excess pressure valves are
specifically designed to provide upstream primary
pressure control within steam and water distribution
systems operating at pressures up to 25 bar g and
temperatures up to 300C.
Being self-powered and direct acting DEP valves
provide the benefit of low maintenance trouble free
operation.
Most applications are catered for by a comprehensive
range that includes sizes DN15 to DN100, with
set pressure ranges up to 16 bar g and body materials
that include SG iron and cast steel.
Performance of the range is enhanced by utilising
the superior fully balanced design principle in sizes
DN25 to DN100 providing the benefit of stability
of control over full valve lift.
EPDM fabric reinforced actuator diaphragm provides
reliable but responsive operation. To protect the
diaphragm from high temperature damage a
WS4 water seal pot is available for connection
to the primary pressure signal line.
A version is also available with Nitrile fabric
reinforced rubber diaphragm for oil type applications.
Interchangeable colour coded control springs.
Fabric reinforced EPDM or Nitrile diaphragms.
Spring plate with needle bearing for
easy adjustment.
Bellow sealed stem for trouble free low
maintenance operation.
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Double guided valve stem for extended life.
Model Size Body material Connections
Pressure ranges bar g
Operating limits
DN15 - 40 DN50 - 80 DN100
DN15 - 50 Screwed BSP/ NPT
0.1 - 0.5 0.1 - 0.3 0.1 - 0.3
DEP7 SG iron 0.2 - 0.8 0.2 - 0.5 0.2 - 0.5
DN15 - 100 Flanged BS 4504 PN25
0.5 - 1.7 0.4 - 1.3 0.4 - 1.0
1.4 - 3.4 1.0 - 2.6 0.8 - 2.5
DEP4 DN15 - 100 Cast steel Flanged BS 4504 PN40 3.2 - 7.5 2.3 - 5.5 2.0 - 5.0
7.0 - 16 5.0 - 15 4.0 - 10
How it works
User benefits

Bellow seal stem for trouble free operation.

Fully balanced design,


providing accuracy and stability.

Self-powered fit and forget operation.

Robust reliable construction,


ensures long life low maintenance performance.

Flexibility of comprehensive range that includes


up to size DN100 and 16 bar g set pressure.

ISO 9001 quality approved product.

Supported by worldwide technical expertise


and after sales service.
Water seal pot type WS4
Valve options
Simple spanner adjustment of set value.
Balancing bellow provides increased differential
pressures and stability of control.
Flow from under the seat for improved control and
operating performance.
The DEP valve provides upstream pressure control,
excess pressure relief and steam surplussing
functions.
The valve is installed in the pipework with the flow
acting below the plug and upstream pressure being
transmitted to the actuator.
Control spring tension applies a closing force
preventing the valve plug opening.
Simple adjustment of the control spring tension
increases or decreases the set pressure at which the
valve will commence opening.
Upstream pressure is transmitted to the actuator
diaphragm applying an opposing force.
With upstream pressure below set value the valve
plug remains closed.
When upstream pressure reaches the set value the
actuator opposing force overcomes the spring tension
allowing the valve to commence opening.
Differential pressures acting across the valve plug
are eliminated by the inclusion of plug or balancing
bellow providing stability of control across the
full operating range of the valve.
300C 25 bar g
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Typical steam applications
Packaged steam generators
Steam surplussing
Steam generator
Steam supply
Steam main
Non-critical
steam supply
Compact steam generators provide an efficient solution for fixed or stand alone portable steam supply
requirements providing a compact, energy saving, low cost solution with the advantage of minimal operator
attendance.
Continued supply of steam at desired pressure is an important factor. The DEP direct acting excess pressure
valve provides the ideal self-powered, fit and forget solution with the advantage of simple adjustment of set value.
In many steam plants there are times when the boiler cannot cope with short-term peak demands. When this
occurs it is often desirable to ration steam supplies so that essential plant is kept operating as normal, but
non-essential plant is temporarily shut-down.
To achieve this, a surplussing valve should be fitted. The DEP provides this surplussing function.
Plant connected to the downstream side of the DEP valve will only receive steam if the upstream steam pressure
exceeds the setting of the control spring.
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Typical water applications
Pumped pressure overspill
Spray pressure control
Spray manifold
Cooling water storage
Large pumped cooling water systems normally operate under conditions of variable demand resulting in inefficient
pump operation.
To maintain a constant pumping head the DEP valve provides a simple solution providing pump excess pressure
overspill back to the storage tank.
Many process applications involve spraying liquids where for optimum spray performance a constant delivery
pressure must be maintained.
Installing a DEP valve on the pumped return line provides a simple solution providing pressure control maintaining
desired spray performance.
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10 000
5 000
4 000
3 000
2 000
1 000
500
400
300
200
100
50
40
30
20
100
50
40
30
20
10
5
4
3
2
1
0
.
0
1
0
.
0
5
0
.
1
0
.
5
1 5 1
0
2
0
0
.
0
2
0
.
0
3 0
.
0
4 0
.
0
5
K
v
=

0
.
1
0
.
2
0
.
3
0
.
4
0
.
5
K
v
=

1
2
3
4
5
K
v
=

1
0
2
0
3
0
4
0
5
0 K
v
=

1
0
0
2
0
0
3
0
0 4
0
0 5
0
0
C
A
B
F
D
E
G
Sizing and selection
The sizing chart shown below can be used to determine
the K
v
value of the valve for water applications by
plotting:-
Maximum flowrate.
Maximum valve pressure drop.
Where the K
v
value is known the chart can be used to
determine pressure drop across the valve for any given
flowrate.
Note: Sizing charts are empirical and should not be used for critical applications
The sizing chart shown below can be used to determine
the K
v
value of the valve for steam applications by
plotting:-
Upstream pressure.
Maximum valve pressure drop.
Maximum steam load.
Where the K
v
value is known the chart can be used to
determine pressure drop across the valve for any given
flowrate.
C
r
it
ic
a
l p
r
e
s
s
u
r
e
d
r
o
p
(
b
a
r
)
S
t
e
a
m

f
l
o
w

k
g
/
h
I
n
l
e
t

p
r
e
s
s
u
r
e

b
a
r

(
a
b
s
)
F
l
o
w

m

/
h
K
v
sizing example:
Maximum flowrate 1500 kg/ h
Upstream pressure 9 bar g (10 bar abs)
Maximum pressure drop 0.5 bar
Draw a horizontal line A - B at 10 bar abs.
At intersection with 0.5 pressure drop draw a vertical line C - D.
Draw a horizontal line E - F at 1500 kg/ h.
At intersection G read the required K
v
= 32.
Valve size required DN50 having the next highest K
v
of 40.
K
v
sizing example:
Maximum flowrate 10 m / h
Maximum allowable pressure drop 0.3 bar
Draw a horizontal A - B at 10 m / h
Draw a vertical line C - D at 0.3 bar pressure drop.
At intersection E read the required K
v
= 20.
Valve size required DN40 having the next highest K
v
of 24.
Steam applications Water applications
500
400
300
200
100
50
40
30
20
10
5
4
3
2
1
0.5
0.4
0.3
0.2
0.1
0.05
0.04
0.03
0.02
0.01
4
0
3
0
2
0
1
0 5 4 3 2 1
0
.
5
0
.
4
0
.
3
0
.
2
0
.
1
0
.
0
5
0
.
0
4
0
.
0
3
0
.
0
2
0
.
0
1
4
0
0
3
0
0
5
0
0
5
0
4
0
3
0
2
0
2
0
0
1
0
0
5
3
2
4
1
0
.5
0
.4
0
.3
0
.2
0
.0
5
0
.0
4
0
.0
3
0
.0
2
0
.1
0
.0
1
1
0
B
D
C
A
Kv
m
/h
1
0
0
0
Pressure drop bar
7
0
100
200
300
0 72 145 217 290 362
572
212
32
25 20 15 10 5 0
392
0
100
200
300
0 72 145 217 290 362
572
212
32
25 20 15 10 5 0
392
Technical information
Valves
Operating range DEP7
Operating range DEP4
T
e
m
p
e
r
a
t
u
r
e

C
T
e
m
p
e
r
a
t
u
r
e

F
Pressure psi g
Pressure bar g
T
e
m
p
e
r
a
t
u
r
e

C
T
e
m
p
e
r
a
t
u
r
e

F
Pressure psi g
Pressure bar g
Technical data
Maximum temperature
EPDM diaphragm 125C
Nitrile diaphram 110C
Maximum operating pressure
Pressure Maximum set Spring Actuator Actuator
range pressure (bar g) colour type pressure
DN15-40 DN50-80 DN100 rating
1 0.5 0.3 0.3 Yellow 11 PN2.5
2 0.8 0.5 0.5 Yellow 12 PN2.5
3 1.7 1.3 1.0 Blue 13 PN6
4 3.4 2.6 2.5 Blue 14 PN16
5 7.5 5.5 5.0 Blue 15 PN25
6 16.0 15.0 10.0 Red 15 PN25
Material
Actuator housing
Type 11-14 Carbon steel DIN 1614 St W24
Type 15 Carbon steel BS EN 10025 S355 J2G3
Diaphragm
EPDM
Fabric reinforced
Nitrile
Spring Steel Chrome vanadium
How to select
Valve selection is derived from the following:
Connection DN15, 20, 25, 32, 40, 50,
sizes available 65, 80 and 100
DN25
Valve type DEP DEP
Body material
4 = Cast steel
7
7 = SG iron
Stem sealing B = Bellow seal B
Spring setting range (bar g)
DN15- 40 DN50- 80 DN100
1 = 0.1 - 0.5 0.1 - 0.3 0.1 - 0.3
2 = 0.2 - 0.8 0.2 - 0.5 0.2 - 0.5
3 = 0.5 - 1.7 0.4 - 1.3 0.4 - 1.0
2
4 = 1.4 - 3.4 1.0 - 2.6 0.8 - 2.5
5 = 3.2 - 7.5 2.3 - 5.5 2.3 - 5.0
6 = 7.0 - 16 5.0 - 15 4.0 - 10
Option N = Nitrile diaphragm N
Connections
Screwed BSP or NPT
Flanged PN16, 25 or 40
PN25
Water seal pot WS4 or WS4- 3 BSP, NPT or
(if required) butt weld connection
WS4 BSP
Example: DN25 DEP7-B2 flanged PN25 with
WS4 water seal pot screwed BSP.
Note: For oil applications add suffix 'N' for Nitrile diaphragm eg:
DEP7-B2N.
Actuators
Steam saturation curve
Steam saturation curve
The product should not be used in the red area.
Materials
DEP7
Body SG iron DIN 1693 GGG40.3
Bonnet SG iron DIN 1693 GGG40.3
DEP4
Body Cast steel DIN 17245 GS C25
Bonnet Cast steel DIN 17245 GS C25
DEP7 and DEP4
Valve plug Stainless steel BS 970 431 S29
Valve seat Stainless steel BS 970 431 S29
Valve stem Stainless steel AISI 316
Bellows Stainless steel AISI 316 L
Bonnet gasket Reinforced exfoliated graphite
Maximum valve differential pressures
DEP7 and DEP4 DN15 to 50 25 bar
DEP7 and DEP4 DN65 to 100 20 bar
K
vs
values
Valve size DN 15 20 25 32 40 50 65 80 100
K
vs
3.4 6.5 11.4 16.4 24 40 58 92 145
Some of the products shown may not be available in certain markets.
D
E
P
Connections
Valve
BS 4504 Upstream pressure range
PN40
size
Flanged Screwed 1 2 3 4 5 6
A1 D A2 E B C B C B C B C B C B C
DN15 130 97 88 38 553 305 516 250 459 208 459 168 459 143 459 143
DN20 150 107 102 38 553 305 516 250 459 208 459 168 459 143 459 143
DN25 160 117 134 51 562 305 525 250 468 208 468 168 468 143 468 143
DN32 180 142 144 51 632 305 595 250 538 208 538 168 538 143 538 143
DN40 200 152 150 62 632 305 595 250 538 208 538 168 538 143 538 143
DN50 230 167 180 71 635 305 598 250 541 208 541 168 541 143 541 143
DN65 290 187 - - 635 305 598 250 541 208 541 168 541 143 541 143
DN80 310 202 - - 637 305 600 250 543 208 543 168 543 143 543 143
DN100 350 237 - - 744 305 707 250 650 208 650 168 650 143 650 143
Dimensions
(approximate)
in millimetres
Flanged valves Screwed valves
Type 11 12 13 14 15
Weight 12.6 6.5 4.0 2.6 2.7
Actuator weight kg (excluding valve)
Valve size DN15 DN20 DN25 DN32 DN40 DN50 DN65 DN80 DN100
DEP4
Yellow/ Blue spring 11.6 13.3 16.7 21.4 23.7 26.3 37.7 46.0 69.8
Red spring 13.1 14.8 18.2 22.9 25.2 27.8 39.4 47.7 72.5
Yellow/ Blue spring 12.1 12.8 15.7 20.3 22.3 25.5 33.7 38.3 62.3
DEP7 Red spring 13.6 14.3 17.2 21.8 23.8 27.0 35.4 40.0 64.9
Reduction for
screwed connections
- 1.7 - 2.2 - 2.2 - 3.6 - 3. 9 - 5.5 - - -
Valve weight kg (excluding actuator)
WS4 water seal pot - 1.7 kg (empty) WS4-3 water seal pot - 5.4 kg (empty)
Spirax-Sarco Limited, Charlton House,
Cheltenham, Gloucestershire, GL53 8ER UK.
Tel: +44 (0)1242 521361 Fax: +44 (0)1242 573342
E-mail: Enquiries@SpiraxSarco.com
Internet: www.SpiraxSarco.com
Copyright 2000 Spirax Sarco is a registered trademark of Spirax-Sarco Limited
SB-S12-08 CH Issue 4
E
A2

A1
D

Typical specification
Excess pressure control shall be achieved using direct acting valves with stainless steel bellow stem seals and
fully balanced trims. Trim balancing shall be by stainless bellows on valves DN25 to DN100 and by plug
balancing in smaller sizes.
All valves shall be controlled by high quality chrome vanadium springs and fabric reinforced diaphragms.
Valve bodies shall be SG iron PN25 or cast steel PN40 depending on the maximum operating pressure.