You are on page 1of 67

i

Torkt' Popova
IU I{ I,I IT FI
ANNUAI
A co(pt't
tit t: KLlfi
yH
(0.\l(l','lTIT IIO :]All \,It lll
rl'tl':lO'!()[t'l]1
RI: DE L,UNI\'ERSITIi
DE
FACUI-'T[: tJI:S I.E'TTI{I:S
VlBL,PCII
SOFIA
TI]T
I 1l{ix
l96r{
l8
rOA14
'trrx LXll.2
'l'orn
I..\ll, 2
ltiorrs,
de r,er,e que p3r leur' iessenrblaitce
,roip'ologiqtre
et phonetique'srt
r
Les vers .,riruJtes ag c"ipr.t Tibullianurir
sont
qin6ralemertt bien
corrstruits du f;ii q;. les auteur's de la porlsie epigraptriqtte..oirt
la piupart
riu ternps enrptol:e ie hexamOt;;,fuCti''li{ue
et le ilistique iesiaqtre' ll est
le. outre a ,rot.'r-ou'.'^:i;;;-i.s
vers conte.ant
ties enrpru.ts titt corpus
lTiul,lrj"uir'uI,, rencoiitre gui.n,.nt cles influertces c'arttres attteurs' Aussi
;;;;;;
ionsiclerer les vers en que-stiotr, a. quelques exceptions
pre's' com-
me de veritabres-compirations.
ce iait revere-t-ir'en
plus les go0ts Iittdrai-
is de Ie,rs uut.,,rs.'Doues
rie ,lont potique*s, ces auteur-s, contraissant
,irt'i. l;';.;riii;;ll;"
*maine et bien qui recoura,t
parrois a des ex'
pressions .nrpiii"te.i,
tuitoi.,.,t preuve tl'orieirralit leur perlnettant de
, crer souvent ctes vers selon i. ,1:th*. adopte. 11 est d'autre part i souli'
l;;; d;;;'pri
.., destination-,
fepigr,nn,e
votive, honorifique
etc' avait
,n rrle pf rs irnporirni ir
iouei
'que'ltpigranlllle
sepulcrale' Atts-si, les pi-
srarnnres
de la premiere categotil iig,iaient-elles
sirr des ediiices' tels'des
f
ternples,
palais imperiaux, i,,, d; la vaisselle, etc. ce fait impo'
I ;;il,";;i;
i 1.,,'i. rri",,tt de
.plus.
grancles. exigences littraires'
En t.,,^nt^';;;;i;
o.r ilrr.rifrtio*s datees, .ous pouv.,.s 6tablir que
l'rrr.rVf
rle Tibul[ ;i celle des autres auteurs du Corptrs Tjbullianum oht
cite imirees par les crateurs o epig,.,nmes ,?tiu-.il
l:ll:-tiii:::t :J:.1:i1
lr., irritatiorrs servilesl'2 il existe des elenrents.
qui,. loitr de constituer des
imitations absolues, lle se rapproclrent de I'ori.qirral
qrle par, leurs
!9nceP:
;'Uli#T;
[:.5;ft;'l;iic.ru'
d.";;t;; ere
iusqu'iu
vr" siecre et proba-
blement iousqu'ir
une poque ulteri.rt., toutes les inscriptions n'6tant
pas datees.
[.lne etude de la diffusion
gdographique d:t
'"*]1pti1':'--:biti
^:
,,ot,.'l'i,,iJ:';;;'pl1#i'?.".oirt1ig'.0*i
le. pJus
_si3"_d: 1"3!:.^
o::r*
i::::: ::"i;,,;';'".#-iirri.,
*pr* -
pie.i.en,ent
.
h Pornp?i et. h Rome' tandis
^-^.,i"^oo
rla
r,*l
'1,.";;,1;""',;.
^'{,J'
itt
.i'i*'iollo::-,T"1;::.-*l't 5:,.3:?J:"tfi*"*q:
lii,illo'l]l
^lll,l,anie,
Egypte,
e.pugl., S!'rie,-cerrnanie,
parriro.ie, Mvsie
e2
Intprim[s ici en carirct0res espacds'
uJ
Irnprirni's en caractires itlliqttes'
Inferieure
et Ttlrace.
E,ii vue d'iltroduire
pius de clartd dans son 6tude, l'autettr etablit
tleux listes co.tenart les'doun?es-
trj.tt.t. ir confrontations'
La premiEre
liste a trait alr.* vers i ctepenclrir..-prosodique,
groups
,selon
leur ntBtre
(voir p. 20 sqq.;.'i.'...on0.
tiit., conte-nani teJetnprul!.s,.est
tabli:::-
ro' r,orcrre suiui'p;; 1", dirfr.nt.s
parties du corpus Tibulria.Lrm, en tn'
rliouant les emprunts i et sans rlepehdance
prosodique, les lietlr Communs
.i
't..
contanririatiorts
(voir p' 25 sqq')'
-
Sont ep oLrtre etablis deux indei
'
t-. premier se rappo-rte b Carmina
Latina epigraphica, cites ci'apr6s le, e,titiont de Buecheler l--ll, Lommatzsch'
Diehl I, F-ngstr6nt, L'Anue. epigtrphiql.
et Petrovski
(voir p
.33
sqq)'
Le seco.ti .o,r.iitu. ,r, index'aiptraoefiqle-
contenant les expressioris
effi-
;;r';t-G
ir, Corpus Tibullianum
(r'oir p' 35 sqq')'
BbPXY
6t)PIIt,
I-F.P()tj
NPOYL{BAHlAI
3A N AAH OTPA
K I'1 hCK I,4TE 3E,N\I'1
NPE3 PI4MCKO
BPE,,IVIE,
tI
.\(]T III
BORIS
GI:ITOV
UNTERSUCHUNGEN
UBER
DIE wESTI.HRAKISCFIIIN
LANDER
IN ROMISCFIEI{
ZEIT
IIITEII,
t{ A }'K A ll l'l 3lt }' t)T ts
()
CoSuH
-.
19ti9
,i
:1.
I
Pe-taxroP : nPorP' -t'P eoprH
,r\llll.'loB
I\',. cEPIi,lliA
I'l TEPIITOPIIt{TA
I I
(rl
Po:l'bn
ixe H Ile'')
5. CEP,iIII(A
d. Jlrtpoe.ttHltt'
Htt ?pdd(t' Ilulttttrtt)ttUtti
3a np'bB n'br Hltero Ha ceplH'le. rr
".1
ce'lrIlr(elo C:i',i;:i't' ce cpelliit
B'bB Bp'b3l(3 c'LC cr,6l'trtgt.;3
np"' 29 lr JB r' nl)' tl' e" noliua'ra Ilil l(pac
cperty
(racrapurrre, pa3*a3aHa i--l,,on
I(acrrii.r 3a rrcrop*r'ra rra
(lep
trriirr
or roBa Bpclre ito c.b3AaBaHero
Ha npoBrHiii,r
't'pariirn,ie:r
{5 r.3 3r.rlre:'r
Calto,
qe
OT CepjltlTe, Kal(TO OT IeHTe':Ie'tllTe
ll ()'t
"lp\
I I{ rpat<lriicr<rl
n'1e-
,reHa, pHlI.rIflHHTe ca 3anoqrr.rrt lu na6trpa'r sOiitlirtttl npe'lil otlie Tpar*ri!-
ciioro
qapcrBo ;;;
A;;; oSrpuaro
B npoBitHrltrs''' -lo
rona BFe)re cep-
;1lIKa
e npHHa.I.flexa.IIa
BeposTHo
I(.bIt B.1a;leIIIiH,ia
Ha o.IlpllCKaTe ;lI,lIiaCTilli
; ;;iy noirrOa;; ;; Tparuficroro
llapcrBo e Brtr3i"ra B
qecrra' Kotrro e
6u.ra ,U,a,nega
,a-eainyntpnC.'He
r,lOxe Aa Ce nptterle,
qe
e tlMaxo pllllcKtl
rapHr.t3OH B Ce,.,tHuIeTO OII(e OT BpesIeTO
Ha lipaC, KaliTO npe!'nO'Iara'i'
HflKOI{aBTOpH,"rr'r'txaroraK}lBllrapHH3oHIlHeet'{}la'IoilpeItl45r'A0pll
pI
Ha H3TOK Ot p. Bar, MeCTa MHOpO
pO'BaXHI{ ti CTpaTerllqec1i6
OTHOUIe-
Hlle.,j 3a HaCTaHflBalleTO
Ha IleTepaHH
B
(iep'ilrra Ollle rlpe]III 45 r' eilBrt
'1t{}IoiKe;(aCeloB'JpIl,Hocne,n.aHeIiCI-lpaHeTt)l]ll.fp.trlirlt0tllelll)li
,i.
BIi'
.tlCT [, I.C},I,1<h.1,, 1.. I-I\:, ii, 1i)59 -
(j()
r i96l).
llaCT Il, l.t]I'.D3Q' l' t.\l'
1, 1967'
,r rL) -- ir^,.or^ rrxRr{*cr u }R{)r) :Jrt
'iitfl
cl,iilttlur f)iet Cas-s', i-1, 2'l'
I
Bx. rio-rope Il, tE t.r. Aonaro
r"laBHltflT ll3B()p
-l--5, :ana or,"ro''r,r'iirauaro
!:paoi npi.tBH,,ilIo, s11g1ir- Hi ce,lslltertl L' I''';s:lxrl
'
rtt-;xe 6lt
5o;1 R.lttflHIte Ha rrpe-laBaH()To
qecTo
Y rp.5uKltTe aRTopIt rlllt' Hil llaliotlcHl'l
'l
i rra'l Sist'i;t
xrro re.;-":=,14, Ill:l. r:'Ri; liiA,"ti:z','go:.
Ilorrpauiara
H:r irr''ltro e \=?z"xi' ce ']'b"1){iH
na T h. ll o rn n1 s e n, Riimische C.tJfiitf i", \" l2' Attut' l' [lporounai!xlt
i.racrrlpullre or
Iirccreu.tu;ra*o,
Ki,i.".rruraiio
-tap.ri,*,t
, npojr i,.'r)KaBa IIpea.lellBllH(ro
I'r\r K irrl rcraBalllHJ
l\1lr:uq, r. t. cenepo3ana;Lga
b'bxrapHH. Ilpea.roxeH"''''
"
norpaRKa Ha I:-;eitz'i; n ls)'(i):-
trx4 (s;x.
.,-aria leitiO K'bM loBa \ltlcTo,1, riO,r KOCTo i'lllc illl e u3BeCrlta no-KbC!{() e'.ll{J
crparer,R o, ,u.i".'Irio,i,,'"o-lt
jrou,ia
cr:ipa rr.raHrrHa, cii Hen[]He:r'r'trit tio H3Ti'KHltri!re
cto6Pax.s'f',lr.,ruunra
t\ftliirir,fl orHoclro f o.t,uHai'r Ha- lllehcHtra tla Tpriruiicxt-rr{r ll r[)c.iBrr
(.1+, -15 n;r6 4o) r,ii.'t. P;;tctr, St',iW'
-;i-t -(1933)'
l-t5; A' S t-e i n' I)it: ri'ritisr':it'-'n
Reichsbeamten
,t"i'prori,.ri Thracia,-ibiti'
t ff';
'l'
e n k' RII' \'lA' i5l ii'
$
Bx. tro-roPe ll, 'lS (::ti.l' 2, 'l)' 53'
I
3l pasaexsnero ll rpaHUIl't't"'i'i'
C' P
'i i:.t^l''
tio' cit" 128 ir'
i
Bx. F. K a nirz.,l-lonarrbuls;;i;"1''i,'
i[52' znh: F]ttss' R.E' IIA' 1'J2:i' 167()'
,i
Bx. crar,sra un Epigraphii'clr;--
b"itii-q'"
.2,,
r
(lesciticltt': dr's me'sischcri l'irnts
in
'orciaudischer
Zeit' Actr antiqtia HLrng'' X\" 1---+' i96;' ui sqq'
ta".:
3ailailHorpaKHilcKrlre
3ellH npe3 pHlrc]io up:]1" 121|
llpol'rrranuR
B l,Px)'
[Onraeso-ii.,raalHeBara
AHHacrH'{
-
roBa e B'b3lloxHo' a npa OIaBHeBIIH
NroxeNr la ro npHel\'IeM 3a cHrypHo'
-IIaKap
u A3 H',Iillalle
":l:...1tf1-':1
a"rapa,trcb(H
AOKa3aTencTBa
3a
-TOBa.:
ocaeH rtttl npeKH H KOCBeHH
'4aHHH
3a rrcTopHrrTa
lra ce.rIHIUeTo npe3 I s. HnMalvle Ap]''rH
CBeAeHH',I'
IIpu Tpaoii tSS-ll7
r'.), HenocpeLcrBeHo
H.,Irl HacKopo cnejl' Btopara
,,r,,riiJ,,a
eoirrra iroo
r.), Cep.lrrsa
no.u,o(luo Ha peAlt[a Ap]'rH
ce"'IHIua B
TilaraH
e rrOJrVqur'Ia
rpailcKa .vpe.n6a,
Kal(TO atlq[l OT enHTeTa l.t Ulpias'
,3Be;r.eH
or reHTn.rrHoro
ttNIe ni'rrtnep3Top
Tpaxu' Toit e 3acBn'{erencrBy-
;;;';";rripr,pcn,rre
naller'rtuH,
Hartepetlrl B calr,' rpa'x' rr rep,rop,tlra
]l\-, B HaAnrrc.trTe,
HaltepeHu
B i"r,, r<OHrO faBaT
CepAltxa Ka'rO pOAHO
ItflCTo
Ha BollHHttr't,n nla, tsoeHHHTe
':'ttn'towtltlo
[l R' MoHeT[tTe Ha l-paAa
or-itirp*
erp..nr6'ao
I'allteu.rt [lo-uHreu3gBeH
rpaACKH x(HBor 3snoqBa
)\a
)KHIlee
rpa.Il,tr or BpeMero Ha XalpnaH'l2
Koero e o6uto nono11(eHge
:la c"b3AaleHli,re
ilpII TpanH
'pra*
'n
TpatiH'l [l llttsart'r'r v flro'reuefi'
r<oiir.o npe:laBa
c'bcTotlHneTo
B HatIIHTe 3erlH cnel .[axnlicxHre
sofiHH Ha
:i;;;;,-C.prr,,*u
e 6wna c'btlio or6e'rsaana.r{
[-lo-Hararbri
HNtero Ha rpaAa
cc cpetua
rrHofoKpaTHo
B Ha-|lll4iltre or cepArlxa
npes II lr lll a''r5 B Ha'I'-
nrrClTe or Pltrrl tt Vlta:tun
oT Iipafl Ha
,ll
H IIl n''1d a HTilltepapHHTe OT
IIIs.HaTar"uK,t;BHCTopnu.t*"t,reorpaScKllreHxarl'lorpatpcr*trec'bqH-
r{eHrl'r
rr R loptl.ltllqecKaTa
naTepaTypa Ao Iipa'r Ha aHTHLlttOCtTa'rs [-lOC'nel-
;;;;'.;r,i.pr,1r.,.,,
.u,oK\,ilrenr,
B roriro ce cnolreHaBa
Hi\rero Ha rpaAa, e
,rrarHiicKr.rr{T
HaArtHc 3a nonpaBKara Ha Bo'{onpoBoAa
Ha CepArtxa npH HM'
;;;;;il.iir6eplrriKoHctaninH(580'].'.,..HueroHarpaAaCecpeuanoA
[:ff^;;#.
-\:;?;i;;)"
i"pir*ilr..serdica'
sartlica
^
Sertica.2, I-lpea u,Inara
8H:.;
TI.IqHocT
rpaJ,'bT
I{rpae Ba)KHa
ponfl B nonHTHqecKllfl'
BOeHHH' H penHrl'Io3-
Hrrq )KHBoT
Ha rparlrfiCrHTe
3eMH, H3 KOeTO Ce A'bnlKH
H MHOTOKpaTHOTO
Nr), cnoMeHaBaHe
B rIplIBeAeHHTe
no-rope nucrleHa AoxY*teuru'2l
;
Bx. fio-IIaTsT.bK
III, crp. 46,:ari. 68, n cTp. l3li. orgocH) HilcIaH,l8.lltlcTo Ha Be-
Ti'n3HH nrllt Q'ragt,eBuH Ha cTpaTerHllecKlt }tecTa tlo ueHTpa':Ill}1fl tl.bT, s;K. B. G r: r o-r., Sitl.
,rli .i,i.,ic.',
Ill. 196i. lll ff'
s
I(llJtrlq,
igib.'C"o*'t"u*'.
LxxVll' 193't'- n" 5l (1)'
,
crr., \,r,3271.{
(13l),32rj2{ iiSj;:
giozs.Ll,l'fi,326{{l (1J5r' 3:\1t
(1'76).
r, ('t[., xyl,"l 16 filol'i
An. cp.' 196^1' n' 26?
17)'
ll
H. ll \, III \l tr n, IHoHetaTe H I{oHeTapHHuHTe.Ha
Cepruxa, 1926, crr,. 5i
_187, n. n.
9, 32, 35, 41,42,"4i'-;g^
b-i--ss, 6i' b9-8d' 5z-ar''s6-6ii'
92' 94-l()l' 103' 109' 110',
I 1;l- 15(\
,1.:i;1,?*r'
ll]'rn,,. e or Bpelrero Ha xaapuan
(l r7-138 r.), IGBulg'
tq25 0 h.
r:'|
Bil(. no-rope I, l0{ (25ti).-c.1.; 6'
I-"
po a, Poua}IH3'b\l' ll' crp' 2 (!8) c't'
lr
B.rerccra sa [-ltoae]tet1, Ill,"il' 12, outto He rpa-la He e 3alla3e'o' Ho ro cflef,Ba
.14 ce il.ltl'b'llIH'
t'"4 *o'o reorpascxoTo
)l'\: nolo)Keune e 3ana3eHo'
ri
Bx. G. irijri'ril"i.
igbiit*' Iv; p':''J-2-2j
ls
Bx. ,,,',-*.r*rt*
fxasa 8' Hace'tettiti ua Cep'ruxa'
-clPf
i'5'7;
1;
Bx<. ,,r-i;;;: ii, 7rlro. +"'e;'-;iu'1{ln'
i"ut'
(l("M i I I e r' IIt' 57E)'
rsi\tccrara'ca .*a;reHr )'^fi-;;';.,'-he, 11e'
iSZJ, tOigiD'oetscheu''Die
t'rickisc'.,,
Spi,,.t,r..i.-,"'iti5Z,
ieb
'ti',
oiut' ei'
.[{
i r'' a i I o v' IGBtrlg' I\"
p' 2'3 sq'
i:r
1,.uese'lier.,
Spate.riectiirit.,
rrnd sp:itlai.ini.it.,'t
Inithrifreh' 1964' n' 3'
r,,
Ll,i. D. Detschet*',
loc."cii.;"C"i1,1
ihaitoi" loc' cit" H rlo-rope ll"l8'
:lllpescPt'I}IoBeKoBHeTO'I4\teToHarpaAae6uaonpeocllUcJIeHoot6r,;raprrea
c1.s1r.rr.u,
ci.rr.-r,eus,
KOero illte or su:aHrHfiCxltre
aBroPH e 6n',ro npeQop,upailo n Tp:c[-
Karo rpaA, ocrroBaH
ttpn TpartH,
!:p1:::'
He ce e pa3n,qa'ara
no
CBoflra
ype46a or ;tp)'rrlre
c'b3AaIeHH
no c'bllt,ro
Bpe{9'
rpa'Il'oBe
n Tpa-
Kvll|,22t{H}-tTonpororune6unoCHoBaHH'lTo,.A,,.y.,NicopolisuEnHp.
Te c.tru(o noxyqH.lH
[paBOTO Aa
ceKaT
lvlofleTH'
HO :]a pa3"lHKa
oT clapIITe
r.plruKH
KOroHHlr
no
.,epnoropanoto-
xparl6pex'He
i'bpxv
T'exHHTe
.lotle'Ill
ce rrBfBa
qecTo [IllteTO
Ha npoBHHltHa';IHplfl
vilpaBHTe']'
xofltro BCeKil tl'bT
AaBaJ,l
pa3peureHHe
3a ceqeHeTO
Ha IIOHeTH
oi no-to""
HOIIHUa':l'
I)'roptt
eAHH 6ener e,
qe
oT TepHTop[IHTa
HM Ca Ce Ha6ttpa,lrt
nofiHrtutl, Aol(aTo
3ll
crapHre
fpluKH rpaAOBe
,o:1. He e 3acBrrAer..r.i"r'rrHo.2"
'f,,
pa:l'lir(*ril
roBop,rr
cnope;
;;a;,,
qe ,ou*r.- tp,i;;;
'n-TpaxHri
e np1:::o
ortro,retrrre
cacTo'InHeAHacTe[eHno.HlICKooTcTapHTerp.bl.lKllqepHo}lopcl(ttrpa.
AOBe,
IOr(aTo
flnxln BH)KAa
B TOBa caMO Apyr
B!t"l flpaRiro
iloJloxeHile'
Hae He npHTex(aBalle
HitKaKBlI AaHH[t
or,oct,o
HaqHHa,
no xofiro e C,fii.
Ha.'}onpeBp.b[taHeToHaceJI'tlueToHaCep]t,IIeBfpa;lCIIepefpIll{aJ'ltio
npaBo.
Nloxeli
calro i(a
,perno.qar.ar\re,
c'r;reiixu
no 3ati'bcHtt'rtoro
p'll.'[!-
T'e B npeATpaflHoBo
Bpelle Ha lle'll'ltt
B',bTpelut{oTpal{Hiicxa
paiioH' u KOI'l'to
ce Halrltpa cepAnxa,
ue [paBOTO
Ha rpaxAaHH
Tvl( ca noJl)'(lllJ']ll
ca\lo
3aBapeHHre
*irrarrH
Ha ce.'Ilt,lero,
KaKTo
ll llpH'l'letleHI'11'e
ual't-ge'ie
oT II:']-
TOqHHTe
npoBltHr.lHH
*oror,rarri.
cr1'urn,
He- e 6rt'r HjleHTHqeH
lt'ttl nojlo-
6es Ha Cnyqafl C QH.lnnO[Ox
H AHinaxO'rpaLoBe
C'L'C 3aBapeH
rpa'lc'ilt )KH-
Bor, Kol-rro e 6Hr Aa.,r
seqe cBoero oTpa)fieHlle
u B'bpxy
H*oHo:l'lt*a'ra
II
K\,"'rrvpara
Ha;;;fi.
I-lpu rua ABa
rpara H,e ocHoBare'/'IHo
Aony'cHilxllc'
qe ,l
qaCTH oT ceJICKoTo
HaceJleH[Ie
ca cTaHa,l[t
n,b.IlHoIlpaBHH
rpax(AaHlr
Ha
rpaAa.e6
EnHrpaQcKH'rr
_rvrai:;;;;
-o"-c.-pau*u
H repuropltnra
H He HH e
Aa.1 Aocera
AaHHH
3a c'butealry""tTo
Ha (rtlatt' Ho a-Ko c'bArllll
no flo"io-
xcHrlero
B Apyrr4re
rparufrtilJ';;;;;t"oy*ono''
Atrxuaro'
Eepoe' Ni-
copolis
u,r lrlr,ur,
^,
iiuuiorrn,"
'-
*nra Mor"IlH Aa
oL{aKBarie'
ue 6l'qetrlrt
HaxoAKl,luepa3pel.UaTBnoIox(HTejIeHcIlplC.bJIlITo'lB,bnpoc.3aaJlultHtt.
crpaTHBHOro
A.r.nr.
II y'CrpoficrBo
Ha Tepnropllflra
l'-^
CtpOItKa
roBo-
pnxlre no-rop; II, 70 .r.,"*.i,l"y-
.rla--prt
C.to Hclia,le
'r'a
lo6as,rt
calro'
qe c'bruec'rBvBaHero
Ha *otup*i''
u
"!:l:rptlflra
Ha CepAur<a
rpeilnoJara
H aAlIHHHcrparHBHa,
H
"p"op'aJlHa
o6oco5euocr
ua ce'loto'1'
l'.E,r, Bx. H3BoPI'lre
H nure-parypaT{t
y G' IU i lt'a i-l o r' loc' cit" ax' o'tile H it' tls:t Il o ti'
fodirae,'ua
*nriu-i,,
,p. Cb,pri,i, rii':'T, ib;'E' t'ep-"-o'
iit';'& 'iil-\\'ll'
l93il' 1;]0' tlo-
BoTou\leceJI},txH.rixio.,.".J*o,u,tt.bpKBaTa..'.'cr..co4ua..,Bx(.xIlTrl)aI\'paTa\.
[i.' lti hri I o i" loc' cit'
\rr'rX;
B]:or'illri,l,#ll_l?fttr,,.'#.n
Norrlqrieclrcntrrrcls,r
t)acien
u*d ,ltisieri. I f{altrb..
1899, 7r"i., isi i" lttJ' oco6euo
79 I'
r{
6. I' e p o R, nosert;teHltre
orHoliletlltH'
22'
'li
B. P i c k, loc. cit'
ro .r Ha,rroo6ulrflT HaJ.tlHc o't hucrr p
::r;6.[-epoB,Ilo3ert'leugreorHoute'ultn.,.49c'l,Ha,trpo6ullflTHailIHco,tl(ucrr
(.nporcr<ol,
C,iol,.*i*',i,
Xii'ff,
lgJj,';:'Sl i+l'
IIa
-e'llla
dxriru'rnr
or tparuilcKir
Irpolrs-
ro,[, R Ko'lTo .\,lt}Kl)T e o3tlllq[,',]
..oL l* KaTo rpax,^,,"
tta Celxttxa'
He t] ]oKa3aTe.lcillo,
rle H )Kr{Tenr{ Ha cenara ca nonyurn,
rpax(,laBcKr^
itptto
llps lplrnil' B cr1'uatt ce Kacac
.{x
r.Dax;[aHHH Ha cepaura,
xoiito"ce
yirrnou'n ]a xHEee lta TOBII ivlficTo'
.'^
'nii$
,,.
t
1
"-X i:;
,l t ,pn*oc,_
1,_r,^::1,,,11'',*r,
e o6rcttcrtr
ilp()cro naro cd'1crin
odi.uana'
*o"to'ttt n'utpnsa
HetlHoto
c'b'l'bpx(atrue'
l;
rl
/ll
t!t
il!
iri
i1:
i)
3lr}npaBJ'IeHI{eT0HaI.paAaIl3aHei.otlIITei!HCTII,l.yqUilI!Ilart{CTpaTH
;ro6pa
np.o.ror,
,, AaBa
i':11. Kattapoar') cnope;1
-
etturpatf cKtrre Mare-
plra.ry!r, t(oHTO ca 6vtnl II3BeCTHII TOraBa (1910 r'1' Flalrepeiittre
llo-K'bcHo
HaJ,tIHCt,IHepa3lutIpHxa3HaqHl'e,,'jHoHail]HTeno3HaHH'IB,bpxYi.npaBneHlI.
elo rrA rpa]a, HO eAHO no-;reiaii;tHO
pa3fnexjiaHe Ha no3HaTplfl Ha Kaqa-
r_.os
lrareplra.rl
Ll Ha HOBrrre Hai.nHc, Hecblrr{eHo
ilio)Ke Aa
pa3ripre rr H.BH'
cTpaur.t
Ha rpa.r,cKOTO
ynpaB.'leHIle.
Il elan o'r tiari-paHultre AaTklpal{!I
HaA-
,HC, oT rpala, xoiiro e o'I l'+jl r.''lt' HallHpalie BCqe HttlioJIKO OT rpaA-
CI{lITe A.].L.)+(HoCT}I;
ToBa n0Ka:,,Ba,
qr
i.pa]CliaTa
}larHC.I.paT}'pa
Ha Cep,u.axa
no
.ro'a
Bpelre e 6lr.ra Hait6.'rrro
pa3Brrra. I'pa,u,'ur ce e
.VnpaB'rlnBa'lI
or
r.paLc*rr.,i
aa,ru1
-(:r,i.i),
oT
tllIeTO Hile tl Or rrirero Ha HapOAHO'rO cl6pa-
Hire {?1po;)
ca 6Nna
'isAaeaHrt
peueH t"itT?':tr lllpaoro
HM cllolleHaBaHe e
i}HaAnHcorl42r.:l?!I[o.HaTaT.bI(TeCeCDelllaTBH'{Ko';IKoHajlll[ICaoT
II R.,,l,r6e3
KariB,ro u ra.'.riiir.ru.
[ipn
(-eneprrre (liap'ar<a'ra tlJll E.rra-
r.rr6a,,,r)
rpai(Cxgtl'f
C'bBeT HOCII Beqe enHTeTa
'pi=ic="'
a
,napoilHOrO
Cl6pa'
IlHe:a;,u=x=oq,,,aIltpnunrelli,lIeTHenpHHa!..[ex(llI(.b}Icltlaulta.lHtlTeTHTJIH'
I(ot{To e pa3]aBa.]a
pn}lCI(aTa B.IaCT, a BTopHfT H'I}ta CaKpa,lHo
3}iaqeHHe.s;
-l,reH Ha rpi.rlCI(utI CeHaT l',c's).e'r:i,i)
Ce
-Cpellta
Bep0tll Ho
:.1-1i'
t^-:1:l
r*l,nr:(:
Or Il--a.,r'l {V:vta'ra
)zr'rt-i
('OTeqeCTBC) 3a}leCTIla.
B e'lt:t{ CnyqaH
cerraril
r*upJrinori"
cir.,p',aHre.''i
,\lit.raapH,re
Ko'lotiH no
"lllaiolla':lHH'I
n-bT, riott"iO !IllaT XapaliTep
Ha nOLIeTHA HaAnllCIl
Ha HllfiepaTOpltTe''li
Ca
It3jI.lIl.eHtloTH}leToHarpaAa-Bepo'ITHonopelxeHlleHarpaAClilt'lCeHaT
H Ha ,rprfroiO
C-r,6paurie,
r'tfi KaTo ce e KaCser'IO MOiKe 6H e fioBeqeT'
cnvqaHAt)?IiTCno.rl[tT[,il.I..*o.,nu...,1..Ilpeallln.Bbp.{yH'tKoLIortgx39
Cep4rrrtt
HocH enHTeTa }'lyt ;.,o,:i4. Tos1. eoHTeT C,I,tuo He npllHaAnexn
rtlr or}trltlHa'IHHTe
THT.'IH, KoHTo e pa3AaBana pITMCI(aTa Blact.{O Toga rg.
({eHenpe3lus.Harpa,u,cKHTeHHcTilT,vIIHI'IC6lecrnttll',tenllTel'll'KOeTO
3aroq,it
o,
"lra"ato-
16 Canrr'rrluli
Ceeep, e xapaKTepHo
3a llgJaTa Hslne-
pIl'r ti e oiltito tI 3a }Iel.tICTpnT}.paTa,
Il 3a Ll}lriepaT0pCI{Hff
',lICT14T\:.t.
-[o
ot.
i)illlfltsll
C.iperrelr(a
jla ce noatirrue aBT.pllTerbr
Ha A'bp)+(aBI{ara
}l il'Hllllllna'rl-
HA'ratlJ'Iat:'rl'lOBpeNleHa)'naA'bKaHaaHTtlqHOTOO5tileCraO'
i Iiiqt'.,to tta rpaICI{oTo },nL]ats,,IeHile
Ci1 CTog",ltI ap.{ot{Ti-I.rc
(i.,.7.r;;3;).
-l-e
odpa:-r'aa;;
*d;. rm (-,'t'tip').'.r1 nu'rr,IL) c n'bpBIIn apxoHr (ii'(ir:c; ap^1t';v)'
.:,li-.II.IirIlapoa,fiplrHot.,29c;r.;B;ii.C,bli(oCTaT}i'ITaliaT'IlsarIoB,Cep]itxa'
\\'. 1952, 167 t."tr'1', 1('l''ltro cc l'(rgi)|[l 3i] TIlrl tl 3a xp]'lil cTpggn
(rT it(IIBCTTa Ha
(l e Drltt
t' lt ' '.''.--
.,,
IOts1lq, 195.t 14i1.
. ..
:iI IJ,xi. n3-.ori"'i,'41'ti9-l),
B:K' orue f il' li a li a p o R' flputtot' 29'
,;:
itBl,i-t i!ll; (,3s), t!)r3 i{,:rr, rel-i, ri,t;. lirle, 1r'r'15 1e7r,' Crlt'rttitrr*'
t'xx\"
i !).1 l, tt. i
'9'1. 'sr
lCtsrrlg' i9i0 (Jil)'
:ti
I'. tl.'li a tr a
1i
o n, [-lprtttoc' 29'
;i
isEllil; ?3JS tifi
Bx(. f,p).i,rn H.111nric
?ir cT,r*oro .qu*e ICB,1s, leLie
('3-e).
:j-
Bx. rr('-l'()pu II, 81.
:r1,
I.lil..l(,, 1gu9, 1993, 2033, 20'19.
^.
t''
ilx. i'l'tt. Iiauapou'
[ipxur-rc'.29'
Iipoi',;s311r;t BLp.\t'33ila:llorpa;ittilcxltie :ie\li1 nl)e3
F:l]1c]lo
Bll'e\l(:
1 a:--
I L' )
rr')iirtt e rilr;r enorr irJ'. B
'rprrre
otlrniqltarHtt Hailntrca, B Ko!'!To ce ctlollellilBa
i(o.ler.HH.ra Ha apxoHTIrre, Tir e t)3HarreHa Ir,'rt e
(llt.ta
03HaqeHa rlor []l'lero
Ha rr.bpi1rfl irpr(oHT-enonrirr
'1
Kaxrn e
(rll,r
6pronr ua apxoHTll're u
()e1l-
.Inria, rre .ritrln or rt{rr HaInticH. r.to rr HaInIICa o'r [-'[lipo'r' o'l' 219 22it r'.r:
r(a'r() enoHi{t,trr ca
jlajleHu
ABe .'rrrtIa,6e3 Aa ca o3Haqeilil Iiaro a|.\otiri'.
Ho HeC"t:jsteHo Ca
(1t.,pr
apxo6TH.Tosr Ha:tnttc HH llaBl! oCHoBal]]ie Ia Ilpl'le-
Ireit,
(te
iro t oile Bpe:,le Ko,'Ierrrtrra Ha apxoitrl.l'Ie n Ctplirria
-ce
c c't:CToll-
.rra O'f .tRalre ;,.\ UIir, KaKTO KOJ'IerHtlTa lia nJ-!'ilrts-t]pHTe
1
I ITa.l l:rl tt 3a-
rla-'l.HHTe pi'lllcK[1 npouttnqrltt'1;l ErHo
'rlLltle
rti--ea II s e tiit'ro rBl iI'brl{
apxoit'i (He rrp't,H) n e r{3rl'b.rlHfltsa.'ro }:Hor-ot(parHo Ap\.i-n no-HH3iJltl
jl.'l},Hi-
Irt-rcrt:.li O,:aeit tiocoqeHltre no-rcpe rpn c./Ivqaii, K1,;'[ero c1'otI l!.'lil e cro-
,lJ'IO IlileTO il3 IIlptltlu apliOHT'eIICHIll'1, Il])a,B apXOIiT, Ce Cpeiria Otlie Il e;tllll
Hallnftc, Kr,lero !rNrero 1,r), e RepolTHo lta:,ttlitpallrl,'i
ll R He;ll'L)o'ittiut Ha -'i-
flnC oT 1 l;] r'.,I'i iroiiio I eila Ka[iHepar a Ha ef t]t{ \l!tlrlll{lila.reH r'1at rl(T})a'i'
B HIt3XoJt{iII pe.1. CnOpe: TO,q HlAntiC ,rli'iUeTO e :lallotlHa"lO CIiO'l'i'l ;'i-ra':1-
Ciiir i(aprtepa Iie'rtl CItTal,l.\
(.;'-:-ii,'1-r,1\, r. C. l"li!i IIC iptl'i, XOiirO Ce e I
ii;li{ie"I
.t.l ilpo-loBo.tcTBHeT0 Ha ri..iJ.a H per\.-ri{pilr{e'1'o tlil fl0.13['r111119 Ueiiii
H.l
,..ti'r{lro. C,'relnantara ilo-t}ilcua li.t'b)titi('cr,
Kotti
i) e tl3ii'l:"IH,lBii.lo .iLliit"io.
e 6rt.ra rrpetrapxHara
leiVr,ti;,y-r;).
Tr{ CL,uir) e 6tr.rya e:tHol'oJ,['illiliil Iloqei'HA
ji.r iJitlroc'r, ,, no,:rHueiicKH nperlexr
", r(olt)'To e
(;ll.'ra
BT)3-II0rieHA f pll)Kill'a
:tJ CnrvpHOC'IT,I,
Lleila
'l
llOpa,{a B rpajia.l;'fltlt AFle -'1,'I-biKIiOCTtl
Ca :lilCili'-
llere.rrcrBvBaHH calro c rorr HaAnHc. I'lecr,rrHeHo Iilil.:iclioro
)'npaB,'leHHt
e
n\ta.'rO r{ OrUe peAH{La npyrH .UJ'bN(HOCTt'I,
KaKB[lTO CpeUlai\Ie i:]
jtpYfHT
I'paIoBe Ha Tpaxr:n (r,zp[a;, ).oytc:'i,;, c:-t'i1'-u'c:, lzd'-:zo< I'l np.), Kol'lTo :Iocera
He ca 3acBrrjieTencTByBaHr,r B HaInrrcrtTe, Ho Il
t{l'ieTo c'blltecTRvBaHe nopaJ.rl
'tflxHaTa
BaxiHOCT He MolKerr Ia ce ,tbr,1t{flBe}ie. fpa.ltcxa'ra l(eCa e 33Cull-
,1ere.tc'r'Bi'BaHa KocBeHo (ii ;lt).::)
p.
e;it.ru Ha;tt'po6eH,
-
Hrl,Lrlllc.f i', c'i''
iiUrfl ua;irrIJC e lla.:lei.rA i1 I'bpxaBHaTa
xa3Ha
(,.--ayzl','rl. KOcileH0 e :laCRii-
1eTe,:ICTBVBaHa il.Ir,itiHOCTTa r,.lMHa3gapx
(r,-,1.i; t::i'*'7-r,;) Upe: C'btlleCTS\'lla^
Her() aa
'
o,;.'ri..l.a,ttt' Il opraHli3aLiHrrra na v6ctio n Ceplllt1ll, 3.a Koero ILte
lr
iCBrrlg. 1.,ilf)i (crr i{? r.), 1926 i,ro', r,r
'lril
iti3 i.),
'199:.i1lJ.
ir .'21-
'jJ:) r').
ij )t;tKe.,lottr:i(ttic rp.r.i{lllc'i3fl K(l,i('ft!rr c rrl:-i;1 i).Jiiarlt.!r;l xli rrl;.:i::L?'/..')\.i; iliil; H,ltit'Jo I
ii;,pnrrn ap\.oHr, tulllellltt l','x rcir:ipl.1g, n;x. L -ii {19;;t, cl. l(,r[]rrlu, 22tr.l'
r':
Ai:iU, \, l88ri. p. 2;38, rr. i (ot.
l:t
Bx. rio-iope I, i3 f i!)it. 109
'(?61r.
Oirrrra Ha-tiir.rca or ilai'ta.'tnir I(lErrlt, l'), !,
K i);t cro i.J ctiHap.\ril'l'a ca .til,ie Hit rpH H.lH
tierr:l)!r .1Ittla, 83RCHn b.l Jpyrale e i'paxilrt rllat--
I a.tr.t ,l . QH.:iil;ttrlr'-,.,r , AeIr'c:a
'[par;ua
lr Nicol:i1i1s atl Istriiilll l',\,ii]ie ;la.ltHo ca\lo l, 1e1t] ]lii
iii,lBiifl ap\oiir', rrx. iCBirlq, iu;2,.q81, i;5;1, i,1;1, iir,r''-155s, d+2. 6E0'
It
IilBril{. 19ll t,",).
ls
I( iBuls, 1911 [,]:ri i'rHflsriiIrro tIa :Jr;riHocrl a
.lp\ l'iI tlO-Hll3tllt, r1)A^iCI{H A.'lla.t'(HOC'l'll C O3HAtl(liC B t'-ii:H
i.'.:-z))pzvcg. Tou;i cra8a flcii() cr cil'bp:{iaHero tla 1o}l
Itoxe 6s n H,.l
l9tl8 (/{i). c ;:-
i 92ri
(38).
1'r
I(lBulg, I953 (.J.i).
{i
B-'r.'. ,'lilicparllparil , ri;.,Ttii)aHa
-u
I'. Ii Ii a u a p o tt,
p o a, ;larrIHaK()-i'pt'iIiii.r .1rll(cllK:l,1tlll B3aH\l(x)i-Eouleitiilr, l't-I
rs
IGIluis, 1960.
iu
{(-r}irll!, igr}5.
,
l(rBulg, :()i2 (9).
...)r;.
ll f,i'
1ir09 tJ91 ri
l.()Bgpr1!r C,,reA IIa.rlKO. C Hajl3gpa npH nOCTpOflBaHeTO
Ha O6IUeCTBeHH H
p..
([rrrro3H, crpaiu ca 6snn lraroBapeHll 'qHua'
KoHTo B HarnHCHTe ce
l] lllqaT ,,,,,,,,,.,,=,1
IIj.IH An"bxHoCTTa
H}l ce [peAaBa c.t,C C.boTBeTHH'I rJIa.
r ..;r T-aruna enulreJrerx
ca HH 3acBl.t.r,erencrByBaHH
_.
elHH' Kol'tro ce
rprrihe,rl [pe3 i55 r. 3a nocTpotlBaHeT0
Ha eAHa Hilrl ABe
o6uIecTBeHU
c"rarg,'-' lpyr
Ha xpalla-- ;; Capanrrc npe3 1 6 1
-
1 63 r"'i'' rpern
-
3 H3jluraHe ,, .rur1'rt-r,a
F'rp1'cult'la,
xenara Ha
'['euuii
(249-251 r')'
ri.r
-f
panHonlr of rrr;r
r
, Hafi-lra.trr(o rBa!1a
3a H3AtlraHero
Ha craryfl
Ha Brr.f,Ho .IIHI{e,
qrlero Hrle He e 3a[a3eHo'
Mox(e 6[L-':t?,i:'i't:,-3":
!l tllfaHTo
Ha
-*p,*,
'u
Kn5e.ra npII Xatpuau rpH)+(aTa
e HMa,,'l HeId.
t, ;1T X(peu.;'j
Or ,Up1'rHre
HHcrl.lrl-UllH
Ha CeplttKa
HH e nO3HaTa rep!'3llflTa' KaUa'
poa,r,; r<oiiro e no3Haila,q calto en,lrpallara'
B l(otlTo Ce
qecrByBa eAHH
I x{e 6rr npeg,CeAaTe.l
Ha rep-V3[rqra OT rep]'3rlaCTIITe'
HoCelliH T]'K H]leTO
1
)cyie;,5* npaeulHo e onpellenHn
xapaKTepa
Ha TaH HHCTHTvIIHfl'
Karo e
H,d,rrH,rr B-r,pxy ueiin,'re ..;;;;t;l-oO,ti.,,rBeHH-
ipi'nxrtur'1,
H3xo)tiAa,"lK,
or Hef{HH1 .\apaKTep B lta,lOaeHiiCKIITe
rpa;1OBe'l"
EAltHnrlT OT HaIlepeHllTe
I a HaLnUL.A{;r) CxeA TOBa Ia,U.e JIOCTa
nOI.pO6HOCTtl
3a OpraHH3aliltflTa
Ha
I pr.allnrA, riofll'o e !tMa.1a c'b*lHTe I.'I'bX{HOCTH'
I(aK',ro rpa'II'CKOTO
-VIpa-
B.,reHue. Tu e 5H",la p'bt(OBoAeHa Or el.HH repy3,apx
(^7e'r"'6'1rx'1()' KOIiIO
^,,steBpeMeHHo
e 6fi.,r n ,o.r.,
-t:io72;=i;1,
T'-e' KoHTponnpan
e (tHnaHco'
i
.ra
qacr Ha rep\-3lr'ra. Cn-ope.l 5t,u.tiir
,or,Clbr e 6nn ut6upag oT
i..poir;;;r;;;,;'l;pr-r;en. EanoBpeMeHHoro
3aeMaHe Ha .u,Bere An'bx(Hocr,
a utAo*ca or Clpifrnu noAr{penf roBa cxBalUaHe. I-lponnHUHaJIHIl'r
ynpa-
!Te.[. oragsai,{xH AoBepHe
Ha repy3HflTa,.
npocTo e B,b3no}K,1-
11Y::]
.,KoBoilHra., ,prrin*riffi
H *ouipon. I-epvarlnra
e HIltaJIa c'bilto i,'p'''c'
r. e. A,'I'bxHocrHo
JIHUe, Koero e 3aBexiAano orrnauconara
ll
qact'62 H
cHH/tHri
(c,tt,fitn;), HerrH ropH-l,HqecKrl
3acttnsttK.6:]
cleAaeaHeTo
Ha rep-Y'
j
rsTa He H3r.rex.r.a Aa e Crallano illgoro C.leI Tp-anH'
}tu
oT TpHTe Haii-
4Ca, B KOrr rO Ce c[osleHaBa rep]'3[l8Ta,
ca oT II n' [-lpe3 n'bpBliTe
'['ece-
T,J,,reTr{, Ha lll B. Cflope;i rperari Ha.lnuc rep\'3rl'Ta
e H3rpaAHila c'bc CBOH
cpe.r,crBa cl-paAa BepoHTHO 3a cBoHTe H]'X(AH'
ir
Bx. n(l-r'''Pe I. 1l I (263)'
:r
ICBrrlg, llit);l
(.']7), 19()'l
(J1)'
''r I(lBtrlq' 19:6 (381'
:'t
lGBtrlg, 1989-
ii
I(lllirl'1, 1914'
:r;
[(lgrrl-, lg25
(71).
''; t'. It.'il a u a p o n, llpulroc'
']()
c"l'
.;
!il:!;
,l?l: llJ]
',
L.
,,,
. l a , rr, cescliicrrre
clcs qricchi-scircn Vercins* ese.n?'
eOe, eB ff., .r. H. otiver. r'r,-.3..r.i'b.'*.".
-ii;ip;;ir:irppl
vt, ll'tl, 3e sqt1" Hi-
.,tr.rria, VII. lS;S,"lii'i(.1t,lt',',-:'t I-
R rr b c r t' Bttll' cp" 1959' t1' hb'
6o
t(-lttuts, 2()10 (J/),^19ttri.
(/?1.
I
Itir,""';i:lrI[:3;:,TS'.:iliill;;'ri31
Scrr* ahrr, RE, rv A, 1e32' 2oelrrt'
rt3{ ii.
r;:-r
B;,ri. no-i'cpe I.' 1i0 (262) c;t' c 'lIlreparyPa'
l.;,'i'
9 nPoi''lBlHtln BtPxy 3-ana]Horpaxillicxnre 3e'\rII rlpe3 pil:'{cKo apcrlt 127
i\l.ra;Iexi'ra e 6wna opraHH3Hpala, o61'uanatta lI B'b:lnLITaBaHa Il rtlIl-
lra3Hogrl 1,"1'ti,.'t'i.a'-.,'r;6a,
xofiio e 3aCBll;1erenCTts\'BaH
Il eXIIH HaiirlllC cl'r Cep-
rt(pKa oT Ii il.';; C)r tBeTe B'b3paCTItl{ KJIaCII' lit,,lcl tt v3',', xarutt't'o H-
c.b,yHeHo ca cbllecTByBa.rrH npH rHltHa3HoHa, enrrrpatpcrlr 32cBt1;1leTe,'i-
CTByBaHa OpraHI!3alIHRTa Ha )io:,'!'i T. e. BTOpa'ra B'l,3pSCTHa I('1-1CA' KO'1T0
e 5l.rla nor.rta;atra Ha BoeHHo oSvqeHue n npu H,\'iKi[a H3no.;i3\BaHa 3a
noX;t'bpiKeHe Ha peJ.a H CHr)-pHOCTTa B rpaj1a H TepltToplltlTa Il\"';i
'Ja
op-
faHu3aquflTa Ha peJIHrltO3Htts )KHBO'I ,l 3a
,vt{aCTH6TO
Ha Ceprtrrtia B Tpil-
rcrtpicr<rrr v.,.irl,, BiI(. no-HaratbK t'tt. 7, li30 crp.
5.
()6ttt,ecmaeH
u K)'-tmypeH )k'tlttotit
[lpOnntt na O5iiieCTtseHHrt )+\IIBOT Ca HI'l 3aCP.Hj1eTe'lCTRyBilHII
ii ni]e3
Tpt4t'e IIepltola Ha pa3qBeT Ha I'pa!,a, a IllicllHo Bpellero- Ha AurouttHrtle
(Xarpnar
-
c-bBMecrHo
)'npairaeHHe
na Mapr< Aape.'ruii tt .,IIvill'ttt tsep),
Bpelrero rra Ceeepure H Bpenero Ha I'a.rueu. Te ce c'bcrotl't B ll3Alll'aHe
Ha noqerlru crar)'H H Harnacrr HA rr\rneparopttTe, cllbp3atio c 06uiec'lBeHtl
rrocrpoitrrr n flonpaBria Ha n'brurr[ara, Ha rpa;lclill ;\lailtcrpa'rlr, Ha ar.ierll
It Ha Ap)'rrr .lrua c no-BncoKo 06tuecrnetto nonox(eHlle 3aPa;lll 3ac.l\i-Ilre
,rlt K'blt rpala, ts ycrpofinane Ha rnatl'laTopct(H 5op6n (ntutltts glatliato-
riupr), 5op6rr c xn,nornH (venatiorres) Lt rHNIHacruqecIitl c'LCTe3aHHrt
(cer-
tanri,ra gvrnlrica).
Oco6eHo e 6orar c rrporrBu or o6utecTBeH xapalirep ['L'pntltlr pa:]uBer
Ha rpaAa. I,llrero Ha Xa,upuaH cron Brpxy crponreilHtltl Ha,lrlHC Ha xpalta
Ha l(n6erra,68 a
glrero
Ha Anrouun flnfi e croflJlo B'bpxy HtllioJKo tlo-
CTpOfiKLI OT O6UlecraeH XapaKTep,tie KaKTO H Ha nO.I,CTaBI(il Ha HeroBt{
craryu.:o flo-aarar-bK npu Torr rrMneparop TIJII Hait-x'r,cHo nprl HeroBIlTe
Hac,1eAHHtltt Mapr< Aepe,rlrii u .II1,'Uuii Bep altaMe CBe]leHH,{ 3a YCrlroirBaHe
Ha pa3Jrur(rHrr Brr{oBe
(top6n
u c'ucre3aur[i.;l IIpea ro,{ nepnol ca 3ACBII-
:t ere,:ICTB_\'BaHH u Hali-ltuoro
qeCTBVBaHI!rl Ha RII
jlH
H JIIIqa oT rpa.lla
-
6H,ro calrocroqre.'IHo c'bc cra'rylr,;: 6rr;to cfiorteHarll lia'l'o ap;tollrll-enoHIt]1ll
IL'rH engrte,lern Iprr rr3rpaj.KJ,aHe'Ha o6tucrBeHIl nocrpolYlxu u xpartoee';'
B
,rH'I
HA.{.IIHCII CC OKA3BAJA I(OCBCHO NOLIHT U HA NPOBflHIIIIA.IIHII E vNPASII'
Te.tH, Ha apxHepeq sa I'bP)xaBHllfl
K\',]T H Ha Ap)'rH II.]'ITIKHOCTHH
JI-lUa, I{aT0
ca 6unu cnolteHaBaHI{ tt}ieHara ,lM.
flpeS BTOprtx ilepttol npe;1]leT I{a o6ulecraeHa npgflBa e Haii-ee'ie
orJraBaHero Ha noql'lT rla ttllneparopa rl Ha Hel'ollH't
jlorl'
'f1'rc
rpntlila r'0
cnolreHelr
rrecrBlBaHe'r'o cb(' 1-frfvrr Ha CenrtllrHii Ceaep lt Kolltte.rttl
F r. P6la n ti,
(icschichte
tles qrit:chisclren Vtrtittsu'estlls. 1l){.)9, 103 f l'
IGBulg, 190;i.
lGBtrlri, 2042 (9t.
bi ni-.ope ti,'SO, sa6.2; B,.' t)ue I" r. P
'r
l:.1 ll tl, ttp' cit', 9'l f f'
IGtsulg, 1925 (71).
ICBulg, 1903 (JZ), 190{ (4/). 190;.
IGBtrlg, I!{}7.
IGBulg, l9l7-1920.
IGBuI'g, 190\ (40), I9i)g (,39), 1913 (4,:r-), I9itj-({'l)'
..
IGBuI[, 1926 (Jdi, BiK. u IGBuls, 19t)i] (,?21' l90i (4/).
Iiopac [-epon
I-lpol''16;11tY '
tjl,prii 3.l nil,lilrrT pll ti lt llt xllTe
i 2,J
lla-r..ra, c.bnp\.rara Ha E"rai-a(la"r. B c'l'arruirrrra
Turres 1[lnpo'r),;t
ria Ceaep
A,rer<casA'bp
B
-.ro*t*r,ru
t.qeti;a
(L'girca) np'l
'/lerua-xaH
1;\lupoeo)
H
rpari ;\ieafpa,?, Ha l\[ap-rfun
'()ratitt.IHq,
C'r,npviara
Ha Qlt"Ittrt Apa6HH, n
.i-urres
r.r E,gerica,i,ilra XepeHau E'rpy'cua;ra,
c'inpvl'a'ra
tla lleqrrfi,
e craH'
,,i,rrri up,, iporornru Bpara.;; T1'r iire orHecell
tt IvIH,qllapHllre Ko"IoHH no
I[erl.Ipa'-IHH'I ti.bT, IioIlTo [i}la,| C.bllio xapaKTep
Ha noqeTHl,I HaInLICH Ha
'irrnepaTOpitTe.'*
IIpea rotl lleptto.i( Ca 6u,'ttt Bl']3o6HoBeHlI
HnH HOBoyqpe-
;(eHr.r rrrt{HaCTHqeCKHTe
C'bCTe3aHllri
tl
qeCT Ha AIIOIOH f-ItlrUiiCxn C Tpa-
i<rriicrrun a",,rarl-Keulpecrriicrrr,
nLra3H)'BaHH
BCeKLI
qertlp[I roAtlHl,' I(aKTo
JlttrIi.r oT noiICTaBiiaTa
Ha cTa't\'rl Ha eAt'lH OT"lHtlH.,l
Ce vqacTHplK B TgX'?g
ElHa rr.1oqa. Ha K(),I'IS Ca ,ao6paa.Hrr 6op6u C x(HtsorHH
(venatioues)' 11o-
,iil3na,
qe Torr
Lro.I
pa3B"leqeuLrr ce e 3A],'bpx(a.l
a ce;'r.ritxa
'u'o
K'bcHo'80
ll npe:r .r,o*rrl-ii,,' Ceeeprire
crpoe)K-b*u
oql:-t1".:j":.:tpa\u'
ar(o n
lre C'bC Cblitttfi Tettn, e npo;l-b.]X{tiJ
I't R'Lp'\v CI'pa'LllTe Ca 0tlnH nOC-raBeHH
llJjlnl.lcii, Kotll'o ca YFtel(oBet{atsa.'IH
1l}teHaTa Ha p'blioBo'd'HH
nllua Ha
i)6rrteC'reelilttl iiiHeOt.'l C.uxtHstlBaHeTO
Ha rpa;[CKI{fl >xttBOT npll fa'trten
e t.,iiterr,3atto
C tl3;'ltll-2He Ha CTaT\:i! Hil tlrtnepal'Opa
It Ha C'bnp)'faTa My
(]a.lrtn
rt tla.-!
Llsxo;ixo
Ha;irpo6ull eliHI'paltil OT L-epJtltta,
CbCTaBeHII
Ila rpqi(H
e3r.tK, C't:BCtt HllaTKII HJH 3anzl3eHII B He3all0BO''IllTe'[tlO
C-bCTOflHlle'8:]
I'O'
BoprrT BCe IIaIi 3a
"'IltTepaTvpHII
IIH'repeCII H- O6pa3OBitHOCT'
Ilo)fie 6n nO-
c.:ia6n, o'ixo.txoro B c'L,cerltara na)'ra'lult"r 3a
"lrrua
n CepauKa'
Kollro ca
5ll,rn oSpaaOealtll
(peToptl, cO{lHcrll, Ioprlcr}l), roBopn c'bLtlo eAHa HaNle-
peHa rpe3 1881 r. pa3rpotrteHa crarys Ha *i*, Koiiro
1rpxrl
cBHrbI(t85
riaKTo o6uxnoaeHO
ca 6u:tu Hso6paanBaH6
Tofl poA x6pa' JlarnHCraTa
Ha'11-
r-po6Ha noe3irr{ e npelcrlueH3 c It3BecrHara
inl'rpa*ra or
LIeKaHr{eBo
oT
rroc"lellHara
qerB-L,pr na Ill s"'i
,,
c,rnr,.,,ilx. I-X\t, I9.ll. 11;, il. l8l: AE'\1, \' l8Err' 238' n' 1 (Ot; rtoxe 6lt
oluc tla I-era' l(rtsrriq, 11)i5
\?l)'
;s
IGUtrlg, l9u2
(11Jt, ll' 'lS3'
;*; giiol,r.'u,,*, t.\X\', 19i;1, n. iSl: It-lBrtlg, 1993'
;;
lOBtrls, i!1U9.
;t
Bix. rro ropc I,9t('l+o), II' 5l'
?o
;r)
!fig11i,1, igl,,'i;;i ;'
""1
l" ll. 1i I il ii p.,r a. I_lpuuoc, 32.
.,,
ICBillg, 1921.
pe;resH. c
",r;,,;;;;.'
ll ;. B';';'n ,,
",]'lE.'\n'
\.
ll'
1919-20' i'16;
t16ALI, I, 1921
*22,21 c.r.r. rrper [v-v n .,o ry*,c*o;;;.*;.;*^"_-Ltjrr),
or E' Hef'
incr,AJ..\,x\lx,l9]5,3iJ,ttpe:\'g.HoHajlultlteToBbp\}'.peI.spaHalt:o6paxeuxn
rrl .\ifrpolHrr-,,
[>pi,uri,,,,,,.'fi.
Xrrir,,r,,,
Rij. il l,'t'-1.;0,5;]ll,
ua Kocio odp'uura
RBr!ranrie u a,. il"Li,"''ii ;rl: iag,,r*.-
-i:,?t,
l,onr.or' 'rt
pe'1eS'br e Ilpeilrprrcrt!nHCK''
l. t'. Haii-K'bclIo or Harla'1(lro ira IV n'
st
lCBulg, 19t)o tJJ)^
. -
sz
ICiBul(', l9ll, 19l2 ('j'r).
-
.:;
IGBulS, igO.l l9ti7
(-/tl, ,i71,
',91o
(/+?)
't ilx. no-t'oPc I, 1J7 (?;ti)'
si
C. .J i re-i" f,, fU.lt, X, 155:. 19' l' ?'
r,;
Bjii. B. C e r o r,, Zur l-esrirrg urrrl [)cutung tlr:s Epigranrttts i-ott CekanIei-o'
I'1sa'
I,{utr. fi'b;tr. e:,, XVI, 1!l6l'i, !17 ca;'
:\lapri Aape;rrrfi u .Iy'rtuii Ilel; { l(;i
-
160 l'.), u r.rpoJ.'b.:I)liaBa r'r0}it'iQCe
rlc'
HeTO C6 C'b(: 3HStllt'te,:lI{t) IlpO{ l:r'lilil.lTeiI}lt{ 11peli.}lCBaHIlil. f]K"'llUr.illT+'.1i1(l Jo
calrocrorrre.:lroT'o ,vnpai,.rtHr.:c
lra I'a.rilru (2(i0 r'.), nprl ttrlii'io Il:'itltli"'ti]'1'll;
Tyti e 6Hra c'b3,,Ia;r,eHil ,:t'Di,,r.,.itBiiit
\ro..reT'apHL!tit-t.s- I',cre c ri:ello ratl IIpil;lll-
.rernfl r{e ce A'L.'riiiH Hii oaoseHoro 5.'lar,tgo."ieripie na }1:iprr ,\i;pe'll'rii, Ii:iiil'o
npUe:ui RuziCka, a e pe3)'itTaT ua iu(OHOl,lHqet'l(Liil
pti3iiitc'1, Ii()['iTO ]loC'll'il a
rpartr n rre..lSriio Tparirir rl LraBij(replrero Ha I'lapr,.or'rai{cliiI're
iltliir;ir. I'1.:-
BecrHrlre
j(ocera Ilolierll Ha CepAI'lr(il,
tiiriiro 6poii e 3He'i;1Te'lc'tr' I{"'l;{T
B-bpxy nl:ileBaTa cH c]'piltra illteHaTa riii Cr'ieJltll'i8 l'lrlneiliiTopll I.l
(i.:lei!ciec
Ha r6xHrire
Qaurt.rurr:
11. Anpe.rlrii, 11. ABpg'1p11i u ,,1r'lirrii- 13e1',
"llr
iirili
[]ep,
qrs.ycttiua,
C'bnp-\'t'a'ia ,ia ,\'1. AaPe;iriii, Cenru:'titti Cenep, I()"'ll'rt
Iotrua.
cbnp),rara xa
(1,:irlriirnii
Ceeep, iiapaiia.r;t, [-i.':avttl.la, c'bilrYia ra
,ri Kaparca,,rzi, I'era, E.,ral-a6;.'r (?), I-a.rueit lt Ca.'iotittHll, c-bllD'rr',lra tia I','^-
.tr{eH. B'titx1,' }toHerlTe ita ,'l-r'riiiii Bepr r{
(FlilC
ittsa ct ,lililBa Ii:':ero iiii
npoBtlrrrgatlln lnpaBiITeJ Aniti K.ran;rnii I'\ap,tlta."
(l6l--1r'rll r ), I'ior io
Ioga3Ba,
qe
l{oHeroceqeHero Ha Ceprr.rrxi e 3ituottHii,lo o:lie i] clil,loro t'lLi-
qaJro rra c'bBMecrHoro \'fli)ap.rerrrie Ha Ii. Ai;pe.'rnii tt .lYti;rii [3.:pr. $'1,p';i'
qacr
or Iroi.rerHTe Ha Ceirrn:,urii Cenep ce rrBr33T ii\teila'ra Ha ili)oillliillii-
rlflHnre yrrpannrenrl Tur
(lrurn,ruii
6ap5ap
(195_.197 r.)_ II fall l-leuHna
,.tiapr (197-198 r.), roerr: noria3Ba.
qe
r\;orieToceqellero e oll.{o IIoIHoBeiio
1p; Cinrnrraii Ceeep (193
-21I
r.) Hair--ribcHo tipe3 196-197 r.
"rluiicaia
Ha ItoHeTH Ha Ba"rleptratt
(25;l--200 r.), 5.llliara IIa I'ar:lieu, Aa33' o(lliilil3'
Ht{e Ia Ce I]pHeMe,
lic
;.I{]HeToceqCHeT() C'lejl 3Ha[ltI1.e'ItI() iiIlSl-,...r,,.ii. e
6trrrcl ito.r,goLleHo npH c:iliocroRTeilrio'ro )'ilparl''clille
)iil I-r.ilietl, li')tl ir) 3.i-
IroqBa or ,,I1Toro Ha 260 r-., Kt) rarc, []a.:elrlraii e 6rt.'r n.1ei'{eH,-" tl Q,' ci"ol-ro
cneir roBa ro e 6alo ilpevcriitioueHo. il
't'lttii.t
Cei-','r.rlxa iie c.ttlc &lojr:TlJ
Bepo'lrHo npH Cal'toc'rotire':lt{oro \'flpiiB'leriHe lla M' AaLrr-:'ilrii (1il:-l -f
ir t'')
, lnr_l,p]o nnrr Kolro;t
(i76- 192 r.) rr flpr3 neprto:r.a 222 iriall-ii LCHi)) -
i 2!l
e. lvlo it t' tlt o L' t'tl I l! i'
tlc
Li()[ieTII cl]ati]{ii't-e.:iir() tr,/-1.-i,ciio r)- .'l1''.'-
it IIaq;1,'IOTi) Ha c',bill,l(lcTiioTo i'tlpilri'lttlilc
ii,i
il-,ti. :1,,, il li.i-r.
j,aiii
:,fr)tlrl iil[)ii:] ;.:;i,r Il;l
C.:piiuia 3arrL-ttsa Ari
rHTe rpaliHi.icl(1.1 fpa;tCrle,
I\.L) !lo:1
n ilKa,
(
!:
1
j
;t
,:j
.:,
fi
,ii
.I
lir
t!
:$
:l
il
t.
{
7
it
it,
i
:i
ri
t
.!
:
:l
rl
:i
,j
.t
I
;
i
ii
li
ri
)i
a:
ir
tl
iii
ix
(:
li
i,
,:
i$
ig
.{
li:
ll
,.':...
A. Clrristettscn. Tlte
i7t.
(iit
tnbridg,-r A nc i c n t Iii :itor,\', 1ll3!),
I-lPo1''reanur Bt,Px-! 3ana;iltorFaxullcxltrc
Seltll nPe3 pllncKo Bpe
jie
I31
t,
259 l'.,")
,1OKa'l'0 tlpK'bCuoHeTo
Ha MOHeTOCeqellc'l'O
nlltl
\'1'lpK
Ao?:']oli
^_
Iioraol rvroiKe ,, ia o6scus
c KpH:lara, riorrro npe:+illBtlBA rpalla,T or
170 r'. HaTa'r'bri lt KOtlro e t-)lI'1a ilpeollo'lstla
ejlBa ilpH Cen'rtlltu[t
Cenep'
:ta
gpeK'bcnaHeTO CneA Vtiltl IIpll F'rarada"l, aa e:lIIH nepll()jl OT OKO"I()
40 ro,I,r,Hrr, ,,r. lprOBa ,.a
ce rbpctlr ,.p)'rH
npllrlltHrr' Tpn6aa ;La ce or'
tienex<n orrte, ue ,nroHetttre,
aauanu, nptr Iiapal(a'lil'
no 6poil IIpejtcTaBtlT
JLRe rperrr or BcHqKrr H3'ecI.Hpr
uoHe* Ha
'paji.a
, no cBor're
pa3Ho()6pa3-
Hr.t TgrroBe Lt BapHaHTI t
-
CtlOpei t ]lvttluOn
nOBerJe OT ll0tl J'3'"IH
Hajfll,HaBaT
prrrfioOpa3HeT0
rrpir oCTaHa.IIrlTe
l',rlllepaToptl'
B:'leTIl 3ae'u'tto'
'foga
roBopil, oT eitHa cTpaHa, no-cKopo 3a npo"l"b'4iKuTe'rIHocT
Ha IIOHeTO-
CeqeHeTO
NIO)Ke ilrl npe: Itrl lO'I() \'npaB;leHtle
Ha TO'l tlllnepaTOi) t4 eillla
.tfluor{ieAacecB'bpxecrlocellterlllerollaKallara'rancep:rtranpe:l
2l-t r.,1,r r.r,li rato iO Hrl e o3HalleH'BaHo
c'bc ceqcHe'ro
Ha cneltllailHH
uo*er,, riariro e cJlvqasr
c
rf'rr'rurronb.l' 91
'r1p1'l'a
cTpaHa To'l Heo6nrno-
BeHpa3IIr]eTH?llroHerocetletleToCA-I,.'tzhIIBepo,lTHotIHa[tKoHo}lHqe.
cr(H npr{qgHH, T'bii KaTo c'bP,naila
c Bp]']-\HaTa TOqKa Ha RTOpH',t nojle!v"
r<oii'ro I-pa"t'LT npe/KITBHBa
nplr
('eaeLrltre' Iio"trrorrsRaHero
Ha l'olleroceqe'
HeTO itl-)H I'a;itteH, KOeTO e otl.'lo c'I',BCII KpaTIiO', HO tIc-HaTaT'l)l(
e 6r',rao
no]eTollojl.tpopnrataHa],bpxaBHoi\IoHeToCeqeHeHeTpaflno
olueno.'IotsI{HBeK,C,bBnajlaClpeTIIfinept!ojl.Hatlo!.eIlHarpa,'tanpll
[.arueH. 3ae]uo c orlessos
il Atigtrsta Traiatrit
(.epllrxa e [tei+(.lt-Y fpajto'
ReTes]Io.rHaNtr,rr"ltl'parttn,KOtl'tOnoc"lejtliltllpecTaBaTIaceKaTllo'
HerH.{,2
(inapaHero Ha }loHeToceqeHero
Ha tpt-loYt.^t^lt"ano
cnopeA
;;;; ,aroffiil no HapexAa,e
Ha
p,ncKara Bnacr, 3a Aa
6t,'ar Ha"IoxeHH
aHTOHHHHaHHTe,
a cflope.L
'trp)'rrl'
aRtopttsa
,.
rpalloeete
caMH nocTeneHHO
CupenH Aa
CeKaT IlloHeTH, no,ex. ToBa He 6ano tseqe Il3ro.II.Ho 3a Tflx
-
cailtlltlT Nlareprlaa crp)'Ban
noBeqe or MoHerara llM' Koqro 6u;ra npllpaB'
HeHa c aHToHr,rHrr*r.
ka*ro rip!'rrrre
rpa;loBt' n Tpaxun, ocI{oBaHLl
npH
TpanH, Cep]lrrxa
e Httrta.'Ia npii l!,oHeroceqeHe'ro
TpaAHlltltt'
Ha liotlTo Aa
Ce OtIpe, Ho TpajLrlqHOHHI{
CTaHa"lH T}'F( HtIKO}l Tt{nOBe rraOt5paXesHs'ei
I,{spa6orBaHe'ro
Ha }loHertlre'
I'(o:To
ii.::i:
Ha :\{ecrHH rrrattcroprl' e no-
CpejiCTBeHo
H x\.,1.ox{sCTBeHaTa
H}I cTot,iHoCT
He e BI'CoKa. Ho Te ca Ba.
)KeH H3BOp 3a peJrrrrrrTa,
r,rcrop,rrTa. ,KOHOrvrrr(ATa
s ronorparl)LrffTa
Ha
rpaAa, KaKTO llte RtI;(llll no-Harar-bK'
r)rr
[]PfiQroro 01. 1rflr(ou aBr()pn
(ux. E. B.r h-e lo n' Op' cit'' ll' I' l()22' sqt1" Irluss'
RE, Ii r\, 167()) \roHcrocerreHc
IIa i:.pi'i;
"1'"t
Cto"p Ar'exr'au;tr'p,--('222-235
r') He or-
1-OBaprr u. .tCtlCrtlitre.'IHOT()
,,a,.',n*"tt"'
'\loser:ri'l'
nbt'o Taxe'ra 1n;ri' I!1 ]'
lu \t o B' tLltT'
cr,q., l3l; or:rana";;'E.;;;r
6a,:r
{2if,--2'2')
r'.), e cttuptla' nollajltt Koero [" I? rr z i c k l' oP'
cit., 5, crtHTa,
r{e Bctlc llpH Toll I{.ltlleparop
-Cepruxa
rlt e ceKxa r{oHerll'
1r1
S;6. I.. Ruzicli.l,
o,'cit',
ir: n' lt-tjtul'ol]'
ttHr' ct"l'' 3 c;t" 23: T' t'epllcH-
rt o Br,!'t11,,il;l'n1:?:',,i:l.:l
1'o*i,^Biz1'e
-,1,,
PttJl:i:l:,,.:"li';i,,";l',?i'l1i"",li:T;:''"
'i1,1
@u.run Apa6u,
(i,i;
l'i
i,-,' i
).
r iir.;i:,'qL;i.,,p;rii
xl.i:i,ol::-:1^l'lt'rrn'
Ancltialtrs
u Ha'
rlrian.poris
_
,lu,l"a"oryltli,i'i'sg-:+.r
i.;,-a ocrauArr{re
rparcBrr' -- or*e lro-pa.o'
.."
rir
T. li e i ir:r,'tr. BCH, lS9ti' 5'lri st1'
,
rir
L. H o *1o, op. cit., 172;' i"t,.'fi
"
h d e' Dir: llii,zc, tlcs I(ristrs '\ltreliantts'
t[i81,
;]69.
l':'
H, M,\'ltj rl o ar IlllT' c'l'tl't J'
C)5rrxuoneHo
ce ilpllelt:!,
qe orl(piliilHero
lla A'I)piiiiliiHa
llotle'rairtlillia
n Ce,;ttlKa e CTari*O rlpe3 260 r'., C'qe.I. npei'3(:IIal{eTO
H;l
'\ttTrlrlxttq
oT
ltapIH,re, riaTo Tairo11]HaTa iuoileTapHllt1a e 6u'ra npe]lecTelia s cepittll<a'1"i
()6aqe
xpot{o"rot'ilqecKI'lTl .llatlHlI 81,pxy pllrtctiil're i\Ii)rlerr!' cerleHll t1
(le1l-
,,i*, ,,1ini t'r.rttett, CotlaT
'(patl
Ha tlerosoTo
viipaRJetllle''';
(''t'ttio 6ponr'
,a l,roHerrr.rt {}' ir1-Lrr,rrca
'l}$
3aerHo c
'irrir *a c::.1ori,titil.l 3'it tte|}to.'[ or
fl rojtil,H, C-biroC-,larari,
c 5pOt Ha IIotlt'1'tlTe liil Al;l;e.'litait
('i i\'1r'ttlrton
142:anerrofHillHoi'npqn'rexrre)tlnpl{ll1lo('(128:}i}lrlcc'rl'o':tilriiH()
i ;;o;;.,*re),
rre roBoprr ts no.,.r3a Ha npo,'r.'b.:r i!'lr re.irto ilt()He'l'oceqerre
II
Pll
l'allreH. IIplr ToBa no;ro:.IieHlle OCTaBa oTI'(pllT B'l^,np()(11"r, Iiora npll ['a'rttctl
e 6rr.ra c h3ila.lletla A'bpil(aBllara
lloHerapHHtl'a B Cep''titr<a'
()csert c Ilr':ero
rrl [-a.tltett I'l tli.l C-bIIpvl'a ra lly
(]a'fOutttra
i\ll]1CI(li
]!OtitTli Ca CeqeHil ]]
(.eplrrria nOqTIt Itpll BCt:qKtl ,'1erilrHiltHIt
pill,lCh:ll IIlttl'''paTOpll lO IiOrrCTaF;-
l.,.tH Re.llrxrr, a HlteHIIo npII K.rasArlii II
(2h8-_- 27(.) r')"'.
-An,p-erltatt
Q7A-275
r.) H c r{}rero Hr.l iKeHa }l}'
(.eaepirua,
'l'auH'i
\27-0--276
f')'
)tr"opu'au (27ti r.), IIpo6 f27tj
-282
r.), Ilpll tlllrleparopplre
Ha rerpap'\lI'lril
(284
-305
,'.) ,' np" .iltttiitHnii
(308-- :iz+ r") II IioHcran'raH Be'ruxrr
1:loe_-esz
r.1. I_Ipuerra Ce,i}1, 9e tIpll K;lagllrii II
jloHeTapHHusTa e }lofJIil
iu
pu6or,r nox(g 6rr e.lHa roAttHa tt
qe
'lt)pil.lll
rorcKoro HauecrBHe e
6tr:ra npeHeceHa s Kuslax. l{o aro MoHerHre 581--58{ y M-r'grtoe C HaA-
n,c VICTORIAE
GOTHIC npoH3xox(!,ar
jreirrcrBrr(,.;rLio or cep.a,rrrcaiicxara
MOHeTapHHUa,flcHoe,qeTecaceqeHHC'Iie''[roTCIiOTOHalI]ecTBHeHCne-
IoBaTeJIHO
3alipuBaHeTo Il npeHaCflHeTO H s I{H3HI( cTaBa npc6'neuaTgq69'
iip, nrpa.rrur'Trr
e pa6orn.ra, Karo
tl,cr'Ioro Ha areJlllerara AocrIIrHaJo
Ao
qerHprr, a KaqecrBoro n, inrrtra [t H3pa6orliara
6wnx no'r'o6penu
u
TerJ'rOTO
vBeJI[IqeHO, a O[le npeAa TOBa tire B'bBeIeH KOHTpOI
qpe3 nO-
craBrr*e Hr 3HauH Ha Mo'erap,Huara
, are,'rHeraTa.l'ro
nprr l-lpoi-r ce npt{-
eilra,l0l ue il.roHerapHHuara
e pa6orl'l"la H3BecrHo Bpelle' Ho He ilpe3 lltl'
noTo llry ynprrranra. Xpouo.,'torttqecraTe AaHHI'r
Bbpxv lloHeTllTe oTllBaT
Ao 279 r.t02 Or Kap (282-283 r.), H1'rreprrau
(283-28{ r')-rr Kap,nu
(283-285 r.) HrrlraMe IIoHe'rtI. I-locnefirr ca cer.rri n Cep.u,nxa
'ilrrt{Huaii
n
ko-narunrru
'Be,tnxu.
Cep,u,uruliCxara A''pxaBHa
I\toHeTapHI'IUa e CeK.la
;;;;;;; Cpe6-spuu n 3rrarHn MoHerg, Ho He npu BCrttlKII HMneparoptr ca
6tt:tvt ceqeHLI Bcll(llix BH/ll,oBe'
z. [[xouo.ttttK0
3a ltrOtlOlIItKaTa Ha I'eprlTopIItlTa
Ha Ceplr'ttra R rlpe;lpHllCIiaTa eiloxA
HHe roBopr{xMe no-rope.r('l
'.]Iea
filaBHH
Qariropa
ca oilpejl'eJIIt"IIl IIKOHO-
lo
iJ.
jW y tu lt o n, ["H]1, I\', 1922--25' i67 c'r't'
rrr
$s. H. Iv1 y rll it o t], Ilur. ."u', 139 c;t', n' n' 54;-i47" tribttrtitia pcrtcstas \\'I
12ti8
r)'
p.
D r me ra u, Kaiscr cleuclitrs II Gotictrs (l(lio, tsl'':'):l^:)i.'-2il)' I934' l5' iro'
rpetilHo cMr{Ta,',* ,,ir,, Kaaeruil Ii ue ca 6rla ceqesl'| ;\lotleru B LepltlKa'
''--
i,e
H. 1\l y ur ri o B, ur{T. c-L{., 33.
10o
I-. H, ;,;:' np.' .it., 16't ;qq., tt'l; H.-Nl-V^F
trt o B, rIHr' cbrr" 30 cr;t'
101
H. M y ur M o B, uHT- ..,u.,
'37,
fl{i[,-lv, t922-25' 167 cl':'
to:
11. r\t y ur M o B, uHT.. c'btl., 163, n. 76i.
1'rJ
li, 3 can', 1'l c,'t., 62 cia,
1,)2
Bop;tc a-.lon
IIpcyuaatill,t B'bpx\' 3aliailllorpaxrilcxurc
3cMu IIpe:] pHllcKo BPe:'lc l3l1
1?
I{6riaTa ua c:pjtrrria
ilpe.l pt{}lcl(aTl enoxa -- oT eLHa cTpaHa' He}{l{0'i()
:\leCTononoi{(eHt,le
IiaTo lteHT-bl) Ira eI.Hi{ CpaBHtlTe.:lllo
ro,'I'Iili CK0ToB.b;IeH
H 3elreIe,,rcKtr
paiiou, Kali'bBrt; e npeLCTaB"IHBaJIO
lll',lHarH co(lrriict<o
no':Ie
c np'i.rrelKarrtr.rre
Mi' tr.larlrHct(tt
noipaiiHrlrlH,
rI, or xp)'l-ar
aeifHo'ro
pa3rlo-
,roiKeHIIe
Klt'ro Kp't.,cron'br
ria-.cr,'l6tit,,re'tn''''e
;trlllllll or Cpeauo'rvlIaBCI(llg
6aceiiu 3a i\Ia.ra Asr,r rr or
(,;;yi,.i r* o6.racr
::a I,,rulr /11'Hra.
F)aaRrt-
'rHero Ha ce,lttllie'fo
Ha cepIllTe
-e
rp'brHano- c rtcl-6'up3 Telllt c'lell aHel(-
cHpaHero
ua 1'paxHricroro uap:lBo
n.ptl K-r-aelrlii
91 llocrpo'l8111ero
Ha
rr.rrBHHr BoeHHrr n-brsrr(a
upu'l-lepoH
(a;x. no-r()i]e li, 75 c'r')' []eqe npe3
BTOpaTa rlor'roBt{Hil
rrd I n. ro HaRflpHO e-tlpHB'1fl!i'Io
Il3Bec'ieH 6poli 3aHa-
,iTqrrH tI T-bpr-oBr.ut
vt e 3ailoqHa.lo J.a lo6r'rea
rptl:rtoHo:'tnn
Ha T'LproBCtil{
rr 3aHaflrqnlicxN'li.t'ip-"
('ofr'licro ilor-Ie '-
[]'r's;tHraHero
HJ cr"'llllltro
R
l.pa;I. nprr TpanH Bepo,lTH0
e aaaapH.,Io
B Hero Beqe tpopllllpaltl Ce I.pa.].cI(H
iKlr'or. c-.1\,qaflr
H TII He e otl.l no-pa3"I,qeH,
OTtio'llioTo
a cpe"titocTp'Il-
cKn.rc oS.tacr II rrLrtr flal'ra;tlln
(s;s. no-rope 1,57
[209.!'
133
[285i)'
I-[r'x-
.tr.Ht.e
ua 6.up:o HapacrBar*HH
ipii np, XalpnaH
'rl
AHrottHrr Iluii H
tie-
(-TOTO ilLrecTolBaHe
tla utliicxoutt
tl3cTlI vl npel'ilHaBaHeT()
tl\l B
tle'tHptl
irocoKll Ca AOnpllHec.Il',!
3a pa3BIlTtleTo
Ha 3altatlTllTe
R rpaila il Hit 3e]1e-
;[e,]lte'rorrcKoroB"t,]lcrRorolrHeroBararepHrgp']:]:-I":i.,fu"rriln'bprlttt{
pa3rtBer n, ,prir, xoitro np.aioirn
I'lapr<orraHCKttre
.t'riittl't' ttte
'rp'rn6aa
jlaoTHeCe}IB,I,3H[II(I]aHeToHllllpe]ilo.laf1exlTeoT'Hac'r}p|otsCKu[eH-
l.poBe (ernporia)
-
e.[,Ho nptr cratltlit'{ra
I trrres
tllrrpot) It :tpi'ro
nPH
CTaHItH,{TaHgerica(,,rlerrraxair)!pI|I,Ixruruan'oT.II.aJIeqeIlHHa,{BaAH[l
nlT OT cepruxa
(nx. no-rop_. il' 76,80, rr- T)'K r,'1.6), KOI4TO e rpn6aano Aa
o6c.[r'xsm
nra..oin"'o
Ha lluptrrcKo
rr"l'lxrltuaHcl(o'
Beqe npe3 n,I,pBaTa
no.,o,,nu
Ha lI B. e 3ilCBII.iI.eTe''ICTB\'RaI{o
en[I.
i?i,h::: :^i:l"i:r;:ll;;,:,'.1#::,;io":.,,ffi::,';T':'i;l;,.n-,iHiii,il,:
llac HallI'pooel
_ser, vus) actlorl ---pg-rt
Ha p;rlrcKr{u rpax(raH,H
OT t't3TOqeH IIp()tl3xo;t
Doinitius
Nicarrtler. XapariTepH0
3a rr:rrilep&ropcKa'ra
tno)1, e or-l'e"lflHero
, er,pr.rre .o3err.reHrr
u.',r^.rrir,"ru--Haii--tobp"i
vqac'''sx'
xoiiro e 6tt'r cro-
rraHHCBarr npfKO Of 3t\leBJIa.:(e'leqa
qi-)e:-i Hel'oB actor H'rlt villcrrs vt o6pa-
6ornarr or po,irr, roKaro
.rlp)'r.ara
qacr or rrrr*rrreTo
e 6lr,ra pa3nilere"I,Ha
rra i\r3.,ii(ii
],1t.icT'brlrr
g
oTJ,SBAHi'l
IloI apeH.lla Ha ce'rttll{lt
(colorli)', KOHTo ca
I{lvlaiiil a3BeC',fl{tI 3ll:\'b'1r(eHIIfl
B pr6tlruir AHtl
li'b\l C'rotlaHCTBOTO
Ha Ilpl{-
TeiKare.],r.10;
Tprr6sa J.2
rtpHe\IeilI)
qe
TOBa e:LPO 3e]leAe'rcKO
CTOilaHCTBO
ce e nu,,,,pr.ro'"'J"o..,I-
nunuup.oo. ;toKaro
calittflT npH're){(are'1
e ilit'l-
Brr.rr ,,o BCHKa Rel-roflTHoa,
'l
Ceplana'l'r'r
Xy.6anrl
ttapailoreHara
HaA-
rpo6lratl'loqaCB}IICTe;.ICTBVBa3a'\,iaTeplla.'IH()loilo.']o)KeHlleHilHeI.oBIl'{
lrnpaeltre,'r-Po6.
3a C,bllleCIB\.BaHe'ro
Hit e.xpo 3e}le8.{a.:leHlIe
otioIO Cep;tltra
,l\Ia}Ie
fioBeqe :ionn,i-
oi IV B. HaTaT,bK
B oTKpHTIITe
HHKo.IIIio
BI,I.{!l B CarlaTa
1,)r r'. <Du;ros, tltiA.'L Itl, 1:ri2' 1i cj', l1:.E
(9/l'
I):, a. s c h u il;';"'ilie
iiirnir.tr.n
cruntlherrschaften,
1896,
u.6. t'epoB' []o:ert''teut'lre
orHoltlctt*o'
fCyOtF' I'' 2' 1955' 45' 5+
ir'j
Bx. llo-H?Tilr.tt(
l"'l'
'\'
6.,-Ill3Kll or(o.:rLi()cT ira rpaj(a rlr'[l A.'lert:iluApoBcKaTa
5o"'tHlttla
(cet'a
BnCru ilte,t[tIiHtICKLI ttHCt[tTv't'), C. Op"raH]lOul(H'
(lia'rUHa' IleCTuOclra ['e-
peila (cera KB. c,r-.
.Ka1.t,--r*r,1
11 B car'IH're flOiiLrafttiitutt lla t'paIa' cIeA
TOBa npu Ce.rraTa O6e.rrr rl
,[rH,rurioul(H, npl,t rapa }'lcr<lp [I,:l
jronHaT3
qa::
Ha
(-ayOriOaa,rOrO nO;re tlpH i-rltnurelO Ce.'IO IllarUlragOeO
(L{a}l\p''al{ti), Cera
B
qaillaTa Ha s3oBtrp.,l,{Ch:t
p'.PaaxpHTaTa
npe:-J 1922 f- I'o"IIflt'la CrpajIit ilpll
A.rerCa'.r,po,CKa.ra'6O.'rr*rUa
e 6rr.ia nO Bcr{l(a Repo,lTHOCT 6t-rl.To xpair-
;;;;;;;rl
r"; .lnitro )+.titror e 6rr.r :locril
npoA-b"Ir(llrexeH' O'ixpuTa'ra
,nu MOaarira e Hec.btlHetr0 I('i;C110, Ho HaMepetlt'lTe TilI',l ch\"'lii'i\'fiHI'l IJ3tl-
6paxeHrrr n.rrr p..iif,, t,,,
Acr,,renilii, Aqbpo;tnta. []au. .'lttontrt',
rr:rc(liia-
it(eHIIfl Ha )l([IBOTHH, L)pOtl:]oRrl f]raryptr), Qparrrenilt
OT I(O'lOlltl' t(AtltlTeJlll
r{ apxtiTet( t};pHil
qaCTtl COqa'r li'b}l elLHa IO-pAHHa enOxa' II i]' Iiar;rO ntl-
r(a3Bar HalrepeHure rau Ii'JIierrr Ha Ba'ieHrttiruaH
(36'1- -:17i. r ),1^:.i..L:l:
rroprili (395-.,1211 r.), RH.laTa e npoci,tllcTB\83.'I3,
IlOi'lle oH C I'l3BeCrHtI
npefi'bcBaUttr, Uail-Ma.I1.O ll.O Hatlil"lOTO Ua V R' II"III ilo X\:HCKol'O HalgeCT-
ni,r, ({17 r . ). []'r-,Sr,lo,rtiHO e B'1,ts Bp'b3l(a C ra'l BIt'la I3 e C'roH'1a MOr14"laTJ'
,aar,rb 6a r,,r,,i,orr,eHa npe:,, lf);18 r. Itpt't ll:rl(ollt:re 3i1
('r[iili(ara Ita ll ]'l'l'i]itrrl
I'll\iHll3llttIlilo-(KOtlTo',-,.HallepeHpa3'rpol:leHpllI!cKI.l..captttlrlal"rt'-tsr.,:
ocrjuir:r H;l ocra.f.huir opnr,,,,nrr
c,pr.-t,i I,lg. Be.rt-ot
lrrl)
.1or;\chil
xpafi-
tpa.lciiH Btr.l[r lra HnKO,'irio ]recTa n Haia-SrrIl3liaTa
)l-()'nH(lcl' riil cep,,ltt;a'
cel'a Be'qe B
qeprara Ha rpa;la : He ceiJe[iot'l31'oti
or l]o;rl'rrrier
r-)"ll'l3o
il(.'
e c-'[errre ,,,O.,,r1,,-r..r,roar'l'lanOpure
(aepo'lTHo pa3l(onaHaTa npe3 l!]66 r'
;,;;; r n.. Cr.
'Kapalxa),
Ap]'l'a
R lllecrHocrra Iloli'n-Hclio n'la"lHrlule'
Haqa.roro Ha 1'n. ,i-rnqu;,
Tpera Ha fleeu'{ Sprr tra B"ra:'aticr(a peKa'
),.r. ,,B.ucrpeCeHHe"'(cera
Vl. ,Brr3paX/(aHe").
[1pn npol(OnaBatleTo Ha Iia-
ira.r, s 6rraiuara ,,llr.lraHCxi
MaxaJIa", 6nnaO AO rpo6, .{aTHpai{
C MOHeTI{
rra lioucraHTHH I, e 6n,:a HalrepeHa
LierapHKonHa I(oJ'IecH14lla'ltt' Ilpgqg-r111
C'boStttatia, oa
'npai
18SG I'. Stl.lrt o'rt(pilTI{ Ha 3ana
jIHH'i ilprrt'
IlaIloayHrrCIial.il(Ilep.loacxara)L)t<aCCHoBI-ITetlaCrpljill,;I.b.lI.ll
5()ilC.bCC'[eHallrjle6e.ra,rpaIeHaBopuStrtixtLtntIIC'rpIl()T,qe,ie.
ilalr. iJ Hr,r 6utpt HalrepeHfl ruoHerr{ rra IiOHCraHTHs. toer-o e Vria3eHiie,
rie
crpa.I,eTa e Hali-ri'ucHo oT KoiicraHrtlHoBaTa
elloxa' ,[L.r.lr|i
1"t':
e ill'laiio
Ce,'uuue, Kat(To npeJ.no.lara I'lpeuerc, H'lrt TOBa Ca OCTaHKII o'i xilliiirp:t'tcx-r
'tr.-Ia,
He MOtf(e .tla Ce VCTeHOBII. PttliCfa,a
Bil"lA ts \leClHOCTTA
('TXOAO'r
nprr Op.rraIiAOBIlll,
KOqTO fipeACTaBtl
yKpeneHa rtpai'lrpalCtia 8ll'iiil'
qtillTL')
c.tetri.r, 3aLt6TeHg c Kyitri, Hano,to(rsna1 cTeHrll'e Hii ceBepHo'l'0
pa3;Llll4pe-
flHe Ha cepllrxa. Irptriiajl.rre)'f([] crlope'rt cllotl I'pa-'.eili ilil IV f]', BeliOtiTHo
1',;
illletut-,.10)KeHrltto ua I{. }1 y trr rt tl s, ,lieltoKprlrllH' ll, Itr]J' xri' i7 l':' '1ll) c;t'l'
(;a r,n pa3roilK!t Bui. oT Cl,Iltirfl roirp ottte Oi. f]Ail: II, l92l' 23:
'\I^t'tt':rr':'c
]i \lout:rai\-
ir,r*rra urr
(jr:p-1rr6a, ti c.r.;,
tt;l
touit 6s:i'.-i csel'H.'llllue na Acx'rtliitil' t'ttltt Bil;1 cllllii'to[)]'t\-\'l
'
lue \loiKe A,,l ce llo..l],bpxiil: rlil(.,,,,," I,iu. B e ..r * o o, I-H),1, I\'. 1922
-2i,
l'15 C;r.1.; IlrjAtl,
ii. lgzo-27, 3l?, \" l92S'-29, il67 c.r.. vill, ll)'l r, t{7 c;t'
,nt
T. t'epa'cH \rots. tltiAII, Xl\', 19i0-{l 'jig'
1,)s
[1 ri. B e.1 K o s, il6Al.f ,
'\lV,
19{{) 12.
,265
c.1. i B. C-t.r(rrriicra npaB]il o-l
l(). Ii lg5ii.3a ss.rara B KB. Cr. ftafnrix. ,ri*. 11. Cran'ltBa, clr. Co'ftrrl, X, lgtj7, iitt' 7,
28 c.r.
llir[.18.8t.:il8.:lllKor,'lJlaxttiici(il'ratio,lccilllu:l'1900'i{'
111
C. i r r e Ic k, AE]'l, \, l8El;, ?0+
ir,
'.s^
.:F
''il
5!) f., 76, S-1, 93. s;r'
L,l .
t7
lipoy'unarrntt
Il l,px\' 3,ltla.lllorpatuilcxtrre
3crlll Ilpc3 pllIcKo Bpc\lc l:15
l6
134
6opttc fepon
Ha KoucranrrrHOBaTa
enoxa
(rx. no.-HaTa'l"LK
rJI' 5 a)'
HarrrepeuHTe B
Herr lroHer, ,rro-ur.i
c Maxctlrrran Eafia
(305-313 r') H 3aB'bplxBar c
Teorocuiir
ll (40;lJ+f-..),i,
BeporrHo
xVHCI(oro
HarlecrB,e
npe3 447 r'
;
-6;
-;;
,;,i*r *rroi. Ha;rttqrtero
Ha xrrnHIIIHH
lr cronaHCKH crpaAH'
r(Or.lTO Ca Hape.U.eHH OKO,IO AtOpa,
H uet'innre
pa3Mepn (lralro noBeqe OT
e;lriH aexap)
noKa3BaT,
qe Ttl e IIOncKa B!.ila' ueHT',bp
Ha eAHO HlvleHlle oT
r{eroiifi}.1
pa3rlep, 3a
r{lleTo c'bulecTB)-BaHe
IIpeAH IV n' HMaMe cepHO3HH
AaHHlt.
I-lal,repeH,LrflT
TAM' ynorpe5eH
KaTo crpoHTeneH
illaTepHan uaArPo-
6etr HaAnl{c lla nperopuaHeu
o"
"op"ra-llojLoBnHa
Ha III s'lr'} roBopu 3a
,acraHeH
Tyr( BerepeH,
KOT1TO e Ani.,r cBorr iurrtlus Ha Totsa Nrrrcro. Brrrara
rrp6 rapa Hcx.rp,-.HeAareq
Or- 3anaAHHs
celvlatpop
Ha rapara' e 6una ctro-
pe.u. LIe. Berrxos,ia otnopega
nocrpoi-IKa'
IIo-ro'rIRMa
no pa3Mepu or BHJIaTa
npH oplau,u.oBllll,
H Ha[oilIH'IJla
IIo THn paHHopHilicKHTe
B}IJI[,. Toea o6cro-
nteacrao
6n Morno Aa
roBopn 3a Bp'b3xa Ha rafl BVila cbc cronaucTBoro
ua /]olpluni.i
HuranA'bP,
KoeTO Hl{ e 3acBg'leTencTByBaHo
s tl?ApPO6UUs
HaArrrrc or [IanqapeBo
(nx. no-rope rvK crp' l-l)' IIpea nocJleAiirtre
TOAHHH
tiaxa OTKpLtT[r
noJICKu BLtttH,
qrriro pa3KonaBaHe
npol'bn]KaBa
orqe' npn
c. Cde.rs u eulanoBU,,
n. ,unuitr'C-ep^axa.
Bxurara rp, O6e'rn cnopeA
npeABap,rar"*o-iloo6uretr.
Ha Xl. CranqeBall6
npeAcraBtl
3HaqHrerHo
c'ronaHcreo.
UI(oJIo
eAIiH roJIeM npaBo'bflnex ABop
ca pa3noJlox(eHu cKJIa-
.rr.oBe,
rorBapHHrlH,
xHJIHuHr,
"noii.lu*n"'
Bunari'
q,rlro nocrpofiKn ca
or lV 8., e
(tttna pa3pyuleHa
BeporrHo npn xyHcxoro
Hal'uecrBne npe3
.+47 r. Bu.nara nplr oU,nHnoBqH,
quero H3rpaxAaHe
ce oTHacfl clLllo K'bIII
IV 8., naK cnopcA npeABap,r[rito"o
ilo6riren,e
Ha M' Cran'{eBa'r10
3aeMa
O6rUapua
nd'lotq C'bc CTonaHcKH
rl X(HJIHU{H}I crpaAu' PasrpHTa
e nonyKptrna
KO.qoHaIr.prr,ryc20r'ruc[oAoBaMO3afiKa'c'buloeAHanHcuHHa[I
xp.vl.H
r{acTr.r ot apxare6TypHHa
KOr}lnrtexc'
Ts c'bulo e 6rrla pa3pyueHa
npH x).HC',oro';#;;;**.'
hru*r,.BaHero
Ha rHrr 3eMeAeJlcliu
cronaHcrBa
e cTaHa,lo
3HaqtrTe.{HO
npeAlr IV tt. }'xa3anue
3a TOBa HHe BHiK'X'aMe
B
HaAnHCa or ll Il. Ha eAgtl rep)3llacT oT CspAHKa oT Tpal(ltfict<tt npop3xoA'
r(oiiro npa'H rroceeuleHue
nu" nrlron
-,
-trL*.rpu
-(?).1"
Beponrno
roti e
lt,air c'oe'io
Hl,teHr,e TyK a paiioHa Ha ce't'ata OgnHnoeUll
rI HsanRue'
ri.bAeTo
e Ha\repeH HalInL!clr.
PsltcKaTa
BHJIa npll c' LUuultanoBo'
B
tIHllTO
cronaticliH
rlollelueHHfl
nllaro rbxaqHIILla
u paSorplJlH!lUa 3a Ao5HBaHe
H
o5pa6o,rraHe
}Iil xeJI'130,
e 6tt,ta, Iilo Ce oTtiacfl Ao
nocrpofirare,
oT
-.1r,
irr. ocJlr{os,
i16A!.1, xll, lg3g,4()g c;r;r., s. co,}ui'lcxa
npaBAa or l0' Il 1956'
l'rc,.,Ht*Hrr,
,*ro,,i--oi opl1H.loBUH
e 3acBH.LereJcTB)',BaH
it c aHr,"l-eu B0-lonDoBo'u'', H c Mo'
Irerrr u. Asacrr*rii I (49r-5lB ..;T'K;;;r i5i8l;i;1,
"r'i'r.
Be'r nou' P,EAI'{' vl'
l{}i0._3i'r'"1*;".1
K oB, ,EAI,,, xll, tg38--Bg, {11 c;r. (9i)' Tau ca Ba}repet*r rt 6par-
.. eHrl'!,,?',,i
s: H i'TI{t i,iAifi , 1,Tilui!:,l.:%:i, &
:'a
11 ir x. rra A n or o tt'
1l:'
Nl. CragqeBa,
cn. Co$utr,..igoz,8
xg., 2.{ cx.; Bx(. I{ P. Ka tnHqapoB,
Ap*torluot'r1'#;lnu:'r-j:
-];rlt;., cn.cogrrn,
re6-r, r<s. 12,22; cjr.; B)i(. u P' KarIr Bqa'
O O B, [IHT. U.
'
- -'r,
lcBulg, 2ol0 (3/1'
rr_rv e.rr" iro Halreper{r.r.c
Ta}i }roHe.r., or
pervre'arx Il[ .ito
Kouc'rau,nH
Be,rnxlt ,oKa3BaT,
qe llA l'OBa MflcTo e Itllarto )l([lBO',t Ollle o'f I
g' Ha H' e'
I-Iaotttepeluqa}leCfaBolio;ItIoCTI,ITeHaCo$urrCecoqaToCTaHIiLl
or aHTHqrrrr
nocrp.rirr*.r,
Kotl'to ,,;;;; n;
5'r'Aar tl aHrllt{HH airalt
(ex' no-
H0raT'r,K r,T. 6).
(,
ocrattt<rr
o' ,urlrlrrlun"
cP'bpl-Ba n' Ae'lHpaAeB
c'IIe'
AnTeorlioCTl-.oiiria3analI.Ho.oT,c.}tpalrop.lil'HaInLICrIKaToTe3HoT
c. rv-lacltreo,ll,,
Koi.rTo au'np,uror"^r,roaatit'
(tarrti;lllH or ropHtlfl caofi Ha
Hace,re$lle.ro
c nlecra B Teplr'r'opnflTa
Ha CepAlrrta,
c'bulo H BoeHHH AH-
n,,tctpr,l2i
yKa3Bar 3a e.[po 3e]teB';IaAeHHe
Ha T'rlf Illecra (ex' no-uaralbl(
rl.6,ra.7).E.sAeuil:,reapxeoJ'IorttlieCKHnpo}'qBaHH'lIIienoKaxaTBeI)o.
qrHo c'btuecrB)
BaHero Ha lll!"'ln oue Ha pe'r'llu' rlecra ol(olo CepAHxa'
OrAocerauHllrenpolt{BtlHtt'lHaBliltlTeBCenaKlvlorarn'aceH3BaAflT
Hrrrio, 3ar,;Jr()qeH
Ltrlt a uuenurl: l. t{asc'rHHa
orKpHTLlre
cl'paAH Ha BI'lJI[t
ca oT IV B. rI )IiHBoT.bT
I] T'Ix e npoI.,bJIxH..I
[]pe3 Tofl BeIi H H293,1oTo
Ha V s. Ao
xyHcKoro
HaLilecrBtre'
L)6aqe
noqra HaBc'tiil']Ae ca HaMepeHtl
}laTeplta.rill,KotlToy.Ka3BaT3aC,blliecTByBaHeToIlunpe3eA[{ano-paHHa
eno.\a, lil u .t,opll
I[ s. or H. e., a HaAn]lc'bT
Ua l-laHqapeBo
u3plltlHo ro-
Bopir 3a eApo 3elteAe.ltle
ollle ,ipea n'ope"a
IIor'IoRHHa
Ha II a' 2' L)'rt<pn-
TrrTe Br4,1, c H3r(JloqeHrre
n, ,r, npn Susure'lo
c' LUlrutltaHoBo
ce KoH-
rleHTpHpar
onoio ceplurca
Ha or.a,a.leqe,lle
or I'pa.lia He noBetle or Aecc-
THHa KrrjloNlerpa,
Karo Ha H3T.H He )r[!HaRar o,eiuA
periara LIcrir,p'r. i'lcra
lvltIceAflMHCJI'I,qeToBa.eSlutn,bpBoHaqa.IlHll'ITo6xsatuaco(lcr'BeIIaTa
repHTol,nn
Ha r.pa]a (regro.-seraice,tsiurn,;,
ps3rlleHo. ot arort6vi'lLloaHHrc
K.bryr Hefl Apyr*
ce.rc*H ,.g,o,i*
na civitai ie"lictnsiu'n
('*' i-'o-iope II'
70). Bts BCeKH Clvqaft Jlex(aulara
Ha H3roK or p' I'lcxr'p
qacr
or repll-
;;;r;;;
r, c.prrKa
no AocerauH,re
cH apxeorrorHqecKr{
AaHHTI
c,']3'x'aBa
BneqaTJreHHe
Ha cencKa TepHTOpH
s. ilanw
npeBp'LIr(aHeTO
Ha ceJlHlue'ro
Ha cepAirre ;;"r';;;--;;p-
ipu"n e 6rt,ro c-bnpoBoreHo
c .rpolrettn B 3e-
}leBJa,ileHIIeTo'erl.bqHoltaCeKa)+(enoAaI]HIlTe,CI(()u'9_-pi.,:]:.]1^,,1,:
cera.r'zr l.,4poro 3e)leB.rialeHHe
Tvli' KOeTo He e 6tl'no or l'o'tnll illall\A0' e
N,Iof .'Io ll.a ce A'bn:'i(H
Ha tlbpBoHaqa':IHrt
MaxK]]^-.:'.::::"u'
KoHIietr-
TprrpaHrI
B[OC.{eAcrBt{e
B p'o,1ira Hil orjte"IHtl
tlptll'eiKaTe'lll'
Iiaro Tatl
KoH(eHTpauLIfl
e lltol-,]a Aa
t].b3HHKHe
tl nocTeileHrro
6e: B6tltl]Ha Ha}!eca.
[-pa:rcrcnte
TepII'lOplllI
!I:vleHHo ca 6u;tu ]ltlcToTo' Ha KOeTO Ca tlloI"ItI Aa
ce pa3BHfT no3eIIJIeHll'ie
B.]a:[eHHr{
Ha fL)a]cl(oTo
Hace'rleurte'12'r
1--,rpo.lo
:JelleB.:laIeHlle
IIOHe B
'fHtl \qacT'blu'l'
I(OI{TO CA
(lltatt
c't()-
raHHCBaH6
flpf6o OT Textl,Te cOticrneHnitir
ax'
(no-r'ope ryli' crP' 1-l)' e
1.r\
Ar. Mu,,'r,rcu
u H. Ilerros.
l'C]'Ql'l'D. ['V, l96i' i' ?']l c'r't' [3epc'iil'tl() I]l'lr
BDb3Ka c Tafl
'a.Ia
ca fl.r.Ba1 o ry*rao, ipoi,a, Hallepttlti
nph ctJloio' Llttl" C'U'r'' 22()'
Itli
tl.;1enHpa1es,
Crl' tllr c-r'rcra'"
"t"'1"'nliitn"
6altxlt' \X' lgll' xtl'
g"i:j'
r':r'
IGBtrlg' 2023 {2il'
lrr
clL' X'i"i"iio'liio);
e'r' ip" 196'l' n' 2(r9 (7t'
122
ToBa e :!torno ia Ce HalIpaBtt tlo tlocoKflTli
HA H3jIH:]atull,|e
tlr Co.ilurl Il,I,1.I{il[tl 1
KpbCTocBaluBTe
ltI
'lo,I
llpaB.br.I,il lllrTHLti?l Il oTcTo}1Il!leTo
IIa ThJl Kpa,cToIi,t,THIua
B,J]Ital.x
c,rer Oceo'5o:rretlueto,
K()[aro rpaffbT e ilttr B^ce.oiue \la]lbx'
lJ;t
i!I. [t.sto\vzc\\',
fii"t'.,],ii,
3il; e;x' E' [-ep';a' [-lo3e\txe*'r'1re
or!r.-
uei'lH,l-CVrl.,4r,1.,2.19,ri,_43.3ac'bilrecrBvBlller()xarcgioHerpara'pa3i'liitiEauicl-
"ii.. "*.
An' 6Pr., 19'-'6, n' 2i2'
l:, I
'i.
i
i., 1
-' :
'l
!
i
!
I
it
,{
t
t;i6
Bopuc l^epoo
lrt [11rO1 UnailrttI I]1,p:i-\'3atia;lliclpltxHiiCxttrc.JeIlH llllci
[)11
\lCFrt 111t,'1'g l;Ji
U3lIe"'IHfl C'Ir;IOBe,,'IIlirllIIIr K!'nTOBl{
Haii-oce3areilHHTe ocrS'r biitl o': ilcrii;i:
BHeC,lC fiO-,VC,bB.bpigeiicTBy'BaHlr
cnocoSll 3a otip;r6oreaHe Ha 3elusTa
H '':'
r.prrlrilr 3a lroJA6px(aHe Ha o6plr6oraaevlllre
ililolurl
qpe3
o'rBoAHrBaHe fi '
,apyru
i\lepKlr.irl Hy*frta
I{a rlapacTBalUrlrI rPal Ca tt3I'lCKBa"IH cIHo no-
trH'r'eH3llBHO 3ellelleJIt{e B IIeroRa'i'a 5'iHer(a oKoJIHOCT
3a 3ua,reu,;;;;,
nr*ro e 6uro orAauatto lia 3eMejle,lue1'o, cBHAereJI-
C'fBVBa'f Lt II3O6pa)iieiilltlT:1
Lr-sDx.,- xlolteTt'lTe Ha fpaAa, KOJIiiOTO H UIa-
6,rcHuu n KOH,eHqgoHr..lHir ea ia Te. Li.r,pxy Nro,leTr.r ua cepa'ilKa c HMeTo
Ira BcHqKh r.rlrrieparoprr, ilpir iiorrio lpar,'br ceqe r{oHerH, cror'r 11306pa3eHo
Ce;1flglg peqHo 5O:t:,:CrgO, Oqes[ILilO OeSCUS, KOeTO ;t'bpxu
B eAHaTa CH
pbKa I(,'1OHqe, CLI.v-lBO.1 lili rl''!J-lOpO'IileTO, a C., LplraTa Ce OIIHpa Ha CKaIa'
'3
KOttt'O LI3BIIpa B(-)j1a, Il,lii tlsK iia lprlA' ;(p:rtI
Bap[laH'l'[l AaBaT 6OXe'
CrB0To l(aii l(.bpi6p: uBeTe,
I(,ryaCL\Be ujll| .,'Io.iil C rpo3,[., CLIMI]Ol'l Ha xo3ap-
CTilO.te,l'l;
roe'io e BHpee.l{) B Ci;tfrliicntl AOp'l
j1g BTOpaTa nOJIOtsHHa Ha
i,irnrrri, Beri.1'j{; 3a KV,{Ta Ha l'{uorlrc,
r(oiiTo c'bttro raKa },Ioxe Aa ce
cB.r,,)t(e c .'r03apcriloro, HI,re foBopnlr no-iIa'tar-bK rr'I. 7. 3a Kv,'ITa IIa l-l'{y-'
.i.o,
,1 ;1e*,er[a
Ka'io 6oi'ose H.] 3e]rre.tt!e't'o B)t(. no-HaraT.bli rx. 7-
r\pxeO.rOrliqeCr<arir
Ira I'ep[taJ, xrliirO e Hai:i-tsaiKHI'iuI rl3BOp 3a 3aHa'I'
TltTe u Cep;iuria fipe3 n-bpEl;l'rl TPtl Bel(3 Ha prrMcl{.Ta enoxa,3a c'bxaJle'
rine n IioBe'qeTO CjIyri6'J ,'- e CtiCTerlaTl'i3ltpaH,
Ilpoyqetl II IsTllpaH' flpe-
Kil',t'cllal1H,l,l(aKBIlTOCallil-(IILtcl''feT\jK,,caoTKpatllaTaflencxaHJIHoT
C.Te.(Batt(i.it'a
e[Oxa. OrrT rt Kpafi Ha Iil B' e Bepo'lTHo IiaAIIHC'bT-Cfll{CtK
r{a 3aHaflTririlire or Cepallr<a,le;
KoiiTo tlL AaBa
HflI(o.lllio or 3aHaflTI'lTe'
iioriTo Cii 6Hntt pasarrril TOraBa n Cep;tara, a Hl,leaflo oClpa6otnaueTo E8
u,r*,
ir(e.r,i3oTo
rt MeATa 3a pasJlHqHH I{eJIH, t,rt6apcTBo, npoAax(6^
:^-'1-1o...I,ffi
tiararcxi, .rotiil,'-"poir*0,
Ha xpaHnrenHH npo!',vI(rH, H3pa6orBa,g ':.It'ffi
ripoAa)K6a
Ha B'r,JrHeHr.r H ApyrH
BHJ,CBe T',briaHn: Ecrecreexo roBa ue ca :f,fail
5'lrr BC'qiiLi'fe nllaKT;iKyBaHPI
TOfaBa 3aHaflTH B rpaAa. cnuc'ltt'sT noKaSBa "'.
e;rr{o
j'rocra :(-raiinupaHb
saHatlrtiHticrBo,
Koero or cBo,l .:qiii:lt{i'-
.lafa c'bLI{ecT8vRaHeTO
Oiqe Ha .1pyr}l
3aHa'IIH
',t
BIIAOBe CTOIIaHCHa AeIC-
11rlc,r.. cLtLp3aHa c Tflx. B rona oTtlo[IeHHe cep.u,nria He ce e oT'rt.lqaBaJIa
0 r ['[ar"ialltri.l:'
jlgrir.rniiire1o Hil xe,Ifl3o,
lleA H 3,{aTO B TepHTOplItlTa Ha CepAuKa
1on,.
i,r-.ope II, b2 c.a,r.) e AaBano
B'b3uolgHocr Aa Ce pa3Bile H3pa6orBa-
rie'io Ha :-lel,ic:lenclilt ceriHBa, oT KaKBI'ITO Ca ce Hyx(AaenH BHHafH 3e-1e:
,iara,,,,ta
plliitt:in OI(OJO I'pa;I,a,l::i' s3 IililIeHOJ,e'rICKll I{HCTp}'}leHTH' KaKBHTO
-
"t
r.;u. ,,,,,rp. npu fiea,runcxa 6:ttrr (ex. II, 66),^r-oiilro cxopo c.'ler Ocso6ox,eeuueto
e i-i'.i,ilipiltic:r 6itcel'li1, nollloBeli no-"'c'io n1''ti 1932-r''--r9'l'i]^
?t::p
ce e sarlupan
;.;;,r i',.,,,'i'1.,;.-" P;r;;,1,;;;or..n,
(il a.), roiiro e 6u,'r crKpt{r ua
.7
n Ara6outtHa'
no'
xri.]i,,.
.c rr*o.'ri{,n;';.;p;;; ;"ii.i . bu,
.otoo.'.""u,
3a Ja \rox(c ra 6r'':c }t3ipcacHa rarl
r -/t lrt.
"' 'ii.'
L. ii.
'
z i c lia, urlr. c':,'l', E; H' 11 j'.i,].tl.o R' t{Hr' cLtr" o'
r:,i
A. ii iu rr p K 0 B, I-pat COt}rltl flpe3 .\\ It t., / cit.l'
i'i;
I(-iilr: i{, 1\\22 (70).
i'ls
3,'. rt0-r'r'pc I, lJ.'t (2b6).
1:1r
Jgr13le.,rcKtr ccquEa cir HalrcpeH!{ npil pa3KpBEaHCTo Ha ueHTbpa ua Co'f,un npe3
1,ljJ r. (a;:r. .'i.
jI u l;l r.r p O e, floc;re;luilre apxeo.lor:lqecKIl pa3KollKH' i955, 50 C"r')' a
\
)i.-''i:l.i'iit In'i-Iii'-'rtt at il.l]'leoell'l il3 iiu',':o t''Jt'tt (e:x' c"t'to ]"1' C r a
g r:
e B a' Cooun'
ce 6lr,rr.t HeoSxoAr.lrrr{ 3a }roi{}}reHTa,rnr,I're crfoe/kH u l
l)a,'{J,
Ha IipeJ,}lerIi
Hii !r;1,1gg1nnn 6tIT H 3a
)'Kpaca
Ha )KH.'Il.nlta, xpalioBe
pl ()olltec'rtseHI'l NIe-
cra rr HA npelilrerrr 3a r(i'.'rronn rle.rLr. Cep:irrra e 5ll.la eraneH IIi:HKT B
nprrllBr.txBaHero Ha eoircKiire r{ 3lHaflTqutITe rvK c'bllt() ca 6nttt a}il'ar{(ll-
paHII, IIaKap [l OTqaCTH, H B nO,t;1'bPXaHeTO B rl3npaBHO(:'t Ha ts'bop'b)l(e-
HI{ETO HA
P!{MCKATA
B()I,iCKA.I;}O B ACYCITJ,ICKHTC CTONAIICTtsA B TCPHTOPIIH,I.A
Ha rpa,rla, oco6eHo B no-olAtJaqeHure, I{ ts e;1Hil no-l{'hcHa eiloxa, Kol'art)
caillo3a.'[oBoJIr{BaHe'ro fiopa;lH Haulecrl]t'l,l II Hecrl[]'pHocl' e Hapaclla''l(), c3
6lt,tlt c-b3Aa.d,eHi.t c.birto paSorH.'IHrrllir, B r(otiro e 6tl.'t H3pa5or8:til t!
nonpaBrrlr 3eIIeAeJCKnrrr HrrBeHTap. Toaa e vcraHoBttio E|'bB Brt"lltTa rll\;i
llluu-ruarioBo (BiK. no-rope ryr{ crp. l6 c.l.t.
I,lspa6orBaiiero Ha 6porr3oBH nperlrer[I
-_
rplrdi'"'ltl, t-pl'tBHtt, Ilp'b(:l'elltr,
anJrniaunr,, crarvtirl.t - -
(:'L,ulo 'rpfl6Ba
;la ce ilpHeete,
LIe
e cralla.lo it
[paAa, aKo rr Ha]tepeHitTe T\'K H B TepilTopliti'til rlpe.I[teTil nopil.'tt{
'l,lxHaTll
IeKa itpeitoctrliocT Aa ca ItoI'Jltr Aa npoH3\oli.'ia'i' tl o'r Ip\ I'[l rlo-/la.;lctlllri
Ile[1;1.i:]l C.urriO itt Baii(rr [r 3a r,3pa6OreHItTe OT Cpe6pO rtF]e;lIie'rll l']a \ Iii)tl-
ca - - cI bpxiliui, rpfiuHtt, il11't cTeHtt.r'lJ
,\lorre'roceqeHero n Cep.rirrria, .la Koe'[o I'or]opttx]tt Il{)-rope (rl ri crl).
I I c.rn.), Lr oco6eHo npe3 tsToprirr M\' rrepIto,'( o'i i'it.'iiteti Haralbii, l(o-
raro
'rti1
e 6a.la c b')ral{eHa ;l r,p)ffaBria uoHe'fai)ttttLlil, B liott't'o c3
(-)l'l.llt
Ceqeilrr ]rOr{t'r9r OT lvteJ,, CpedpO il 3.1aTO, e allr'ii){iiIpil.lO :'lHliqll'r'e.1eli
6pcii uir3exboprr-.\yAoxHHtlr{ H pe6o irinttn 3a Ito:tro roBh'a'[a Ha ],{e la.'lrl
H CeqeHeTo ua ltouernre. KOlroro [I MoHeTi{tlTe TIIIioBe iI3 Ca 6ltrttt
ycrauoBena H o6ttlu rt 3a ApyrHTe
fpaAoBe, a fio-ii'rcHo I{ 3a lP,\'rltl'e
AT,piHaBHa MoHerapHHI{H, H3pa6orKara H}I e H3rtcxBana !l3Bei:'tHo x,\:.lorlic-
cTBeHO ilraficTopcTBo.
flponsaoAcTBoro Ha rpbHttapcF;tI
9rt.rf, :l
n. r)'x.!II II KeperIII-rr{
-
L 1953, l.ll). lll.reur,r c pc.tr'rlHo u:o6p.t:,r(r'ntte, BtPTIHTIIo
PIlr'lcl\ll,
iiiiiir:ptrl [i,r
nJ. ,CB. He1e.tu" (,,,iettutt'), \ p. ,I a lt o a, [.lBAil, \i, i9;]7, lgd crr., e i.ji.l .l11 e 1:cclrril
rusira6o'rrit.
'
1:',0
Tyf 1e e [t1ta,'ro il 6fiOta lLpi6aBHn tllrr-,1tilra 3a Op.Lxaf . C'utrio Itoltp3ht(ilT;l Hii
Opb'+irteTO B itO-fO.leynTe BOctIHH
ttJCtll Cc 143lJl,ptlJilA.iO OT BOe,IIICCx-\')Ketlit{ 3alliitl"ttlll(1.
Bo rrpelrHHaBaruure n()-lril.rKtr
qacrtt c
'rpn6naao
ra tiptt6ttrnar tt .to \'('Jyl'tl1e IIil \lclrtt;l
3AHAHTIIHII.
t3l
Or Cotltun Ir ir..tir3xara ir oxo.ruocr npolr3xo*\titr c.Te.luItTe 6ylott:1n]t yKp.ltileHIltr:
no3jlareita l'naa;t Ha Ano.ron (T. I'e p r c i.r rr or. tliiAI,l, Xt\:, l9l()._ ['], 259 cr" rr. 13i,
6ncr-anluriituuH rra l,luHepua (8. ,D li .r. a,
pI6A,'1,
l[, l'.]ll, 270) ctaii'llxr (iiap' uv.ieii,
uuu. 136E), ilBc rpi!rlnu H rrprcrcn (ir. .lr
i{.'I o
g,
I,li;Ail, III, 191 t, 278 cr.), ns:l Cl,.ail C
narr{ricKH H;i.f,nuc i14EAt.t, Xil, 193.s-3g,
-1.13, 9l), veri},riHo or'rc.Ia.lo c
)/Kplica
-(lif;AI'1.
I,
i92l-_22, 288 crr..y, uitcoKo x]'iIoixecrBeHa craryflra lta Bsxrorrlis (5.
q,
tt .rl o tl, K)fiirreiltrit
t(irHr:t Ha rp. Corpua, i9?8, 4.1 c.r.). Or repHroptllril Ila Cei',,irrx;t^ IlpoH3ro)+(:t:lr Io e,]Hil
i:pousoaa i:ia11'r)ra or
(lauc,t;i,r
rr flp,nono
(S. Ii e in l c lr. RA, 1699, I, 122, ii. i?, 1''{97'
Ii,23;;, n.35), or c. I-l6ep (lip.
Iponrrit.ToB, E1pe.l. 3l), or liperiiit(ottiil.-!_n1,,1-
3oBA no:l.rareHa Kp'bcroni.r.rsa
$u(-l1'.ra
ri 6pouacn (laroc
-
ilil.'tHKatil:it
(6. rD
u;r on, I'lilA^t,
II, l!ii l. 270).
1:12
Cpedrpua orbDjn{[a or oxoireocrra Ha Caltoxos (6. <I; s a o s, I'llir\.{, lV, lgi i,
28i AA, XXIX, l9l'1,
,i25),
cpe5!,pna lopl(Ba or liypruro (8. clr
rl ,r
(.1
B, kl6Aji, IIi, 1912,
3311, cpc6t.l)eH nl)r,creri or6eiefiua na
(lo.rvteptre
ttr (cerrt ilrillMl ttpo:ir,ilr), il'1 B. B e
"l
i.i o i1.
l,l5Ati, II, l.;2.j-?.i, 2l:').
t
L
t
t
I
t
I
t
I
II
;J8
llp,.li,'urauurl
tll,p\y 3allaAHC'rparniicxurt
3crltl nPe't pttYcK: BpeMe I ;11)
iropirc 1'ePon
2l
20
.x,peBHa
r(vn.fypa, Hec'brvlHeHo
e 5tlrto ulHpol(o
pa3BHTO' Mareplla'l'r',r
O6aqe
nort,rLr He e npol.qB:lH
H Ct{cTeMaT[r3rrpaH
AOCIera.r:::
Iipali I'pa!.a [l B He-
oBara 6.;rg:ra orioflHocr
ca
pa6orlr.rrr rp'brrrr,pch:[t
nettttl tt T]x'laptlHIl?t'
. {a sanaltHNn
r<pafr Ha R'3BH,-,!a,,,t.,o
Ha I-opurr
'rloeeneu
Hai{ r'x'lapcKrlre
fa(lpur<u
Ca 01KpHTH
CneAtl OT CeJlHIIle
C rp'bHriapCIiH
pa6orruttlllUH'
KaKTO
-ptqrt o.t tltKO,'iKO
to aHTHqHH Iletllrr, ruepHH. 3a BoAa w iltl{o)KecrBOTO
Ke-
)alrHqrrr tppar,lreHTtl,
HalIePeHH
,a'i.'tr Nlaricropllre
B rp-bHqapcliHTe
are-
,lr.reTa ca A'bPxa"IIt
3a Hrlero cH' KaKTO ce llltx.{.a oT noAnHCa
Ha eAHI{
TaKbBrpbHtlapB.bpxynpeAHa3HatleHaTa3a}'KpacaoBHeIII[lar.{aBaHaeAl,lo
!)."[ToBo orrrriqe o. r(eJITCKI4 TIln. npo"sxo'ii:l'atqa
BepotlTHo
oT Bu'taTa
rpN Op;rrnoorlir.i,
tlp.. no'li'bcHa'ra
enoxa
Hllalle cBe'ieHHf
3a C'blr(e-
c.IByBaHeTO
Ha Tyx.,lapcKH
pa6orlr.rHtturr
alio He B ciillltl'i rpaA' TO
xpair HerO H.ltl nO-HaAaJIeq,
qufl'ro I-OJ'IellHHa e 6ala OnpeAeneHa
C'bC 3a-
KOH
qpe:l pa3NlepHTe
Ha TtIXHOTO,lHeBHO
npolt3BOjtctno'1r6
l-lpes Tafl enoxa
r'x.,raTa
g
ypnar.a ce H3non3yBaT
IIlHpoKo npH norpeSeullflTa
H I)tpNlI
'IfIX
ce nocraBtl
HeptlAtio
H HaAipo6Husr
HaAnHc'13i
06pa6orsaHero
Ha pa3nrtqHHTe BIIAOBe Kalvl"bK 3a HylKjlllTe
Ha pen?t-
r'r!03tlH tl o6tuecrEeHH
crpaAtt lt
LlacrHll
AoeloBe
B 6roriose c'L'c Hil[{ oe3
yKpaca,crarvH,peaeQrl,?!:'Ba3u'na1rpo6HHtl'roqHHnp'Hec'bllHeHoe
(tn,lo ulrpoKo
pa3BHro, ocotieno flpe3 nepHoAHre
Ha fioAelt Ha rpaACKHfl
iKHgor. 3a rona cBHAere.:ICTBvsar
i'au'Jlo HJlt'l
(lparlvreurnpano 3ana3etllTe
nareTHl.rrr,,
3a I(oHTo Htle ure roBoprlll no-'uti''bl('i't*
Iiaueso'u'e'1c'tBoro'
oSHxuoseHo
H XyAox(ect"aro,
e 5tt'lo' I(aKTO lt3rile)KAa'
B ptlleTe Ha
rvrar.icroplr ot ,ag'roqHHte.
npoBHHllt'lt4'
KaKTO TOBa e 3acBHAeTencTByBaHO
enrarpa{rcKg
3a tV s.
"'ruO,ir.ri'
e1nn k$oup'Jfu'
rto-[p-ol{3xoA
cHplteU'l3e
[:AuH Ka1teHo1eneq
c He3ana3eHO
t43qfln9 1at"i'' BepoflTHO
rD'bUKo' e H3pa-
(;orru eAHa apa or c' Iv1pluop
H er'HH uanrpbOeH
n',a11t o'r CoQrln't{o
[1, ,fop'a
,, lrr.r ua4rpo6uure
nJIoqH or
'Cepfunia
ca cnope'u' ;1' Anrtn'
'rt')()B rtoA B,'ll{,{HrIe
Ha
'u;ttpo6nu'u
nJIacrllKa B 3a[laAH[tTe
ptl]lcKtt Ilpo-
ru:rirttirtt.l,, K'U, Xy,U,OX(eCTBeHtlTC
3aHa,T[t
ilp'lHa'I''''leXiH
U napa6OfeaHeTO
,-^^rrrr.o p ll\,rtrl11_
13i
Q.q11g Kepl\lttKillt,
HarlcpeHa 8l e'llIJ or aHTltqHl''Te crpll'lH na Cep'fttxa' e n1'(rltr
KvrraHa, e. r; r-llL ;";;';;,'c;pir";;,
i, G-01,.-13i cr.r. Tarr e uarrepeua 6Htosa H xyxo'
ilieCIBtjtla
NeP l\laKa' BHOCH,iI H IIecTHil' t'rr II-lV S'
r3r
Ll B. Bc.,rKoB,
ftp,,po:ri,"'iif,'r63r,'*,i
'-r,
tl7 c"1'; B' Co'fuflcxa
.pa3'In or
1t). II. 1957.
t:li\p.AasrlB,-l'16Al'1, Xt' 19'17'3uo ct'(901;
B)+('T' t-epacH\{ol}'
flAt"l'
xx'ri,,,,i1dg^Hlil'rt5r;,'fr3'(i-:.-,:"8-.
ll,iln',1' rgrg, u, 3re,.. 17r);E',K:'rillu'
*. -!{!r: Il. 6 eii,., u.,r H e B,
ryq,1.1o.i,,",i
i.r. i;
-;1,
jtrSor
K1':tautrux;
Biii' n bl' B t
'1
t( oB'
irn,oliil,IotUll;JL,
\Xtliilii,:'
l3!ril1r,l.
( ,;1. S e u r e,
B4,..reIe,
II, ij5{, n.' r75);
li,tisarr()ur,"i'H.vl,lg22--25'iii-'rs:lrri'rt"'i'"ul'tlEAII'\'f'r93{)-31'30?;
l'. li l .r a c
Il
"'ir,'
.rltiI"o,
-f
g+Z'
5it (s:'rt' llo-rope'
LI'
a'o)'
l:ir
B{(. r.raoa 5,t
^ 'nuui'il";;
'i"p;n-'
./]oa':niu npo-tt3roiKr'a
qacr or xiepr-
,ctrlrK, vKpaceH
c r,p.trrH^r, , o"".r*i'.rru.r,
6. O;.;;;, tlf'eJi, Ili' 1912' 330'
r:;r)
v. Bt:$cr.^r iev, spatsii.fii;lq1ll:I,il
,pitiiici.isclre
I*schririterr'tr'
8; sit;' otue
p.
l-. Za \-o I t., Episritpttic:t,
\iii' i9+f; (19-t5)'
-87
sqq' 3a tilrteuore'luII
or H3rotreH rpc-
rr:JKo.r, iiorrro cu pa6ore,tr."-.gls-..]ry;;;;;;:
,il rlieriql tt, sua u cll-, lll' i{'109'
rli
1613u1,r,'2lll5
(38), 1959 tJJr'
1+1
l. -I
rt rt H r p o B' cn' ript)ii"itn' \'il' 19-12-43' xu' 2' 3"'
Ha MOaaiirHre,
I(al(BLI'rO
Ca HaivlepeHtt
B'bB BIIJI[tTe
npH A'lexCaugpOa-
cr(ara 6o.rsaua
tr c.
(DHrt{flotstia, ; craHqHflTa
Crperncr<a
rt B calv'ara
Ceplnra
Ha ,,r,ror,,-o
,i.iru. I-lo re C3 xapal(TepHH
-ea
c'rleABaitlara
enoxa
(lV n.).
ranr,,FAr\r(r.r.r r,tv II 3a T'bproBclitlTe
gp'b3i(tt
3arlproBHilraBrpa'x'aHTeprtToprltl'ra1'ylI3albproB(
Ha cep,u,rrKa
c'bc c'bceAHHTe
t't no-Aa',leqHllTe
pafionr{ iiloxetl Aa
c'b'I'llll
ocBeH no anor,*urr,"
no-rope trr:naip.
18)-u-a.u.hr'rc-cnrlc'bl(,
oule !l tlo illtlo-
r.OTo tstrAOBe
H BapHaH'r.H.
,,one:ri,,
xOrr,l aa"1 rpaA'br,-:'^
1or'l''lxHOro
pa3-
npocrpaHeHHe.
3-#asr,,,*icxoro
nporrro,o.crBo
ta rpaAa
e 6tt"ttl npe-(rrle'f
ila T,bproBcKr.r
o6lreu
IiaKT0 C. ){(t'tTeIHTe
Ha rpa;'la', Tal'ia
-1-:
*ot;1e tlrSro
B Her.oBara
TepHTOpHrr.
Il ueiiairie
no-o'r^aneqeHH
u reorparircx'
o6oco'
6e*lr paiioHr.r ca B'3HHKHaTH
BepoHrHo
,.,pe3 l]ropara
"o''-oin'n'
tra II I]'
T,bp),t(Hrrta
(enrporia,l,
I(.bAeTo
oK0JIHOTo
HaCe,,]eHHe
e }l0r'1o .ita o6rteHg
croKllrecH,oe3AilxoAIlu'p'lu.,l'arrtna-.rbpxttlltaHIleBHXiAarlccno-
peA errrrpascrnre
AaHHr{
B n.brHH,re
.rr*t#-frrr.r
(Iiupor) rr Hgericir
(.r,.lerrta xaH npir klxrt{,v-toH),
orCrotllttrl
Ha ABa 'ltHt't
n'bT oT Cep;ttlxa'
otttc
11o:+(e
itH n ptlivlcKo'ro tt'u"t-np"
illea'a'pa'
-licero
cf ilto e 6lt'ro B
'repll-
TopHflTa
Ha Ce-p:r'L?'"'
3ac'r}'xiea
A0
ce orSe'teiK:l'
qe Ko'IlltqecrBoro
Htl
MoHerllre
or li a III n', n"'tp*n'
"-d:tt"]""t''
e c'bBC\l
He3HaqttrerHo
B cDaBHeHrre
c r(oJrrLrecrBo'ro
Ha *loHerhTe
o't TeI'paPlrrrra
tl pa3uBera Ha
r.paAa npes lt; a.,r* HarlexAa,
qe *,onarrr"
n,
'ceptlrxa
He ca 6t:"tlt
oco,5eHo
txHpoKO
pa3npocrP3HeHl{r
KaKro
IYIOHeTHTe
Ha H',IKOll ApIfH
Tpa-
r<ulicrlr rpaAoBe,
,iunp. *, fful]tr.ir".
Ma'q'ut<
e 6poar
Ha vl(pllr,re
rlo-
HerHH c'bKPoB,lrta
or
"p'"of'il'
',1-c;11lo*t'
Konro c'bA-bp)Kar
cepA*-
xHfrcxr,l rvroserul{6 ;
c'bulo ,,
'6po"'
ua noAo6HHTe
c'bl(poBl'lllla'
HaMepeHlt
H3B.bH TepHTOpHrITa
Ha rpaAa, cpaBHrtTeIHO
He e rojlqu'1r6
l-lpuunHaTa
3a
roBa ,1e rpn6na
qa .. ,-p.i,
-;;;
Qarra,
LIe no Bpe'\Iero
Ha Haii'ro'rs-
ruoTo
,vKpHBaHe
Ha MOHeTHt!
c'bKpoBpltua,
"tpuoro
<l>u'tun Apa6rru
lleuHii tZ++--iS
I ,.),," v npe3 npelluectetisattiltre
ARe :l'ecerH"lerll'l
Ceplura
He Ceqe \lOHeTH- H
.CJIeIOBaTeJIHO
rsiua'La ULIpK\"lattllt{
TOfaBa
e
6rr.,rir c-bBceI,r
orpaHHqeHa.
3a
'bproBcKHrr
)r(rBo'r n CepAurra
cBltlle'l'eJ-
cTByBa ,, n1..rrri
Ha xeprrec
(nx. no-HaTa'bli
r,r' 7),
'{lrero
u'ro6pairce-
HHe HarrHpaMe
B"bpxv rron.rrri"*i,
tpu^'' Mar<ap II Ceplura na
He e
"le-
)Kaita Ha r-o.;Ifl!ta
pel(a' Iiot{TO ila
c']}'x(tl 3a tsoIeH n.bt' AO6pHTe
n-bTIiltla'
cB.bp3Bar'!r-,
c.r,c 3arraA,Hre
nposaiiqurl,
c i'il; A""' I"riircra'r-a
u
g;'
HaBCKaTaoo'laCT,Cacnoco6crB},Ba,IlHi]ano:t]I.bP}KaHeToHaT.bproBcKtt
x
tru;;ril
il,l^il'i,'1d,1,,,-;:I'::"t::s'
''
{E8-te'
\-r r\., rvr 2, 2is.
,r
f.rR. Berxos,
!I6At,r. i,"i,Ii-z-2.^.zzt;
ll.
<Ds.ro-B-,-Il9.Af' I\" 1v12' 2;9'
iiE.1r, K\,, re-rti, 2:1,'xr,.relJ..tri,,V,1^1gb{,-jhz''
r'isil' iii' tgtz' 3:ri' tlAtl' xx'
itir,,tft
lgJ;iIil,,,
l, ii,u*.tli,
\'-\'1i,',dpli';rsiihpo'rxosuu),
xlvlL Ie6+, 23e lMearpa)
r*:
.1.
[- e'D a *{ }ro e, tt6,\ii;ti''ili,'"idi+,
'iod" ii""r.,*iolr'tui;
Xttt' 1939' ii]::l ("ll'r-
eeruxo)t XV,,
'td;ir.'
lii
'
tjp,lio,up,
llaraprxuu'*oi'
-l{Xtt'
i9;g' 36J c'r' ( l't-r;topu-
qaHe, ;-r'xoo,,r.*J,"'k
uli*,'oil,^
t ,i#.'-bi,'"ti:.'il
o o p'i'J u
'i""iito'
ritt' 18sd'
'10; (ct-
r.lrrrrroBo):-i.iiorr*o,t-tl.rAIl,li':'ibtb-:Li'ft''''.(li-rit'rrr'll'roui;rut:;io)'
1r;
B. G e r o v, Actr antiqur
i)hilippopt.rritan1'-
si"tii'
hislorica ct plrilologica'
1963, 129 f.
o
I-'t:'t
e 1{i
l,t(_)
t'11uc ftpol
-,-
Bp'b3K[I c 6.nrr:t<t't LI no-r'{a"Ieqtlll
illecra' Atio ce c-bi(i'l
rra ej{,Ha }totiera' K'b-r'ero e npe'r'crIrBe
HO Soxecrnli
o
i, pir.,r,''. Te{leHrtero
tla l'lr:r<lP e 6lr.,ro t'l3rto"l3vBaHo
nopi't{[{
qe.i}1.
.'[er(.,,BaHe'IO
Ha XOpa t'l N'ltBOTIlll t{ C'bllleC'IB}'BarleTO
Ha
'7]CI(apCKO
Cb-
cJoBre
Lr rpilJa AOCera
He e 3acBrur.ereJCTqvBario
e,irrpatilcx'. Ho
;;;;;-. a..r1,'qafiHgc.r.
I-l6e He rro)+(erl lla crt rFleACraBrll'1,
r{e
ejlHH rpaA
r(aTO Cep;flrica e tirr;t ililtUeH O'I' ]'leI'tlltHtlClftI
f ptl)KIL I illripOrrtn' AaHHH
OT rro-r(I,CH.r^
-
an.*a (l\I --\' o.) I-OiloptlT :ta
'Iicliitpt:Ko
ll3l(VcTBo OT
,uaonrtt.tilCa,ril,iiceT(lilec'b:,tH?it$nolrllil:lti'Lp:i\'ilo'irlli')li.I;"I/i(!iTeillHa
'rLlejltlllrlfl.
t). ['
P
a r )Lt'r'L' itt
P
o l't c ill 6o
Cep;ttrra
3anoqHana Ia Ce pa3LltlRa B n'latlLloaH
L4 6'laro1'c'rpOfraaUt
ce roar[ o.r
"pairaro
Ha TFattH, Itora'ro e i1o'lyqll'1il
I'pa;i('!ii]'ra cil
]'pe'x'6a'
[-1,pnO,o
tt3r]eCTHe O6aqe ea fiOCTpOrrBaHeTo-
Ha Cipa;tll' Il C-]\'qaH C peall-
r.ur).1i.{t) rpejlriir3iraqeHtle,
t oi ;;;l';tt Ha XiilP"at'i
li7-- l3'$
.1.:';].-.?. 111'
(),rHorireH{.re cepiirira
He npautt It3ti'ti()qeHIIe
o'r i.p'i'tlTe
'l'i'liilllltcFil{ rpa-
,'lotse,
ocHoBaHlt no c'btltoro Bpelte'? oruoc;lil
D!)e\iero Ha ot'pa)&IaHero
llaI.paAaClCcTeHl,l,qtlltToocrani..lcanpase.liIBHHart!r]iletIaT,ieHHeHa
ll"b'rctIleCTBeHIILllITe
ts \ttIHa'1OTO' a ll -lHeC
iIpOll'b"LKa''iaT Aa
Ce OTKpIIBaT'
H3ria3BaHh
ca pa3JIHqHIt npeArlono)+(eH,lfl'
KOHTO ca ce fpale':III
''o-ct(opo
Ha CnyqaiiHn
Ha6,'IIOAel{LIf'
OTKOIKoTO
Ha CHCTeNIHII HayqHLI npO}'qBaHUS'
IiABa ro.relrnTe
CTpoexH
npe3 noc,'IeAHlITe ;lecTHJITlIf
Ha Haulllc Ber
(nocrpoiit(ara
Ha A{areAor.*,r, Aol\t,
Cu1e6uara
flaJlara'
'lVllruucrepcTBoqo
H 8 r'lKTprq,,,,iurf
Hrrra, tlaprrrii HHtl IoM,
(eHr pa"rH,tl vHHBepcaneH
uara3l{H
rr .81)p3a'H.re
c Hero crpalrr) rar,oxa
B'b3NIo){tHocr Aa ce pa3l'(ptlflT ro-
.']e}!Ii
qaC.rlI oT f pa..Clfa.I.a CTetIa it ]1& ce }IaIlpaR,{T no-Ilb.'IHi,I npo\
qBa}illfl
g
riait.rtrlj(euilrt.
3a C'biliaIeHIIe
HHc OlUe Htllalle IttIJOCTHa nr'6;ttirarlng
Ha
Ht ItPa Be HIire Ilpo)'qBat{iltl''l
3aCera
He np6TeiKaBa:,le
HIIKiIKBTt AaHHH
3a
i'Kpeni{Baue
Ha CepIHKa
B
gpeApttltCliara enoxa n 3a ileprrola Ha pHIICKOTO ll'rlaii6qeCTBO
B TpaxUr
oi4;'r.Jtoi\laproivraHclitlTeeoirHH.*EeuuHallepeHnpe3t9STf.CTpoll-
Te',IeHriaj(n[ICnpe;I.CeBepi]aTaBpaTaHarpajl.aH[I:lalen.i,ptsoToH3BeCTI4e
3a 11oci.poiarca
Ha ;pa,r.cgtt ar.*i
-t
Cep;it'ria H c roBa c'lox(H xpari ua
ll-
I1. l'1
Y
iu :"1 o I' uttT' cl'q''-6'
rrx
x. u ti. ul-";'p;;;,-,rt.'0,
ii, 1E90, 56 c.r., rlorit.tu, 1898, 12()' c'i'oStuauar
ga
H:ilicn.jtt
o ap,rfr,,rui ',ap"',,
roiiro e 6ll;t lpililillrllpaH B llrioi'o rlpaBH'1IIL' ll3pn:iatI rptf'
I'-.';
-ir."tl
Ir;-;' l-p**o,.'o':nrr'
Ill' 1951' xri' {' 70 c:r'
r
i(l"lulq, 19?5 (71)'
3
l-{ill4-paHHOTo
H3BecTt,e 3A n0clpoHBltHeTO
He cl'pa'ia a navra'lliJI il oI 1'15 t"' eX'
I' 130 ti}',I*,rr.-,.rcriara
J,Ecepri!ulra
Ha cr. Eoq;l;i*teB BT'pxy creuttre rii ceptltxa
He e
rri6,rHxvBattc.
I'l:nol.l):Balle
fl B llFc]noxegara
lt:a tlc'iilr $cp't'
B roll II na pesv'lraruTe
oT lo.lr'!lHr"
pas*OttrH B UeHT'bpa lta COtpt; :t'
-
I
-la
n.rxa:agoro :,l8eHta3, ut C"pi''ti- 6t''.'' ul'3JiiihI{fi"1a oI pll)'lclill lillCfe;I' }13-r'ltrEaT
oru,l tiil BPC\itro ,io'Xpui iZg
t' np' rr'' e')' 8'+:' iio-lL\ptl crir' 3' -:ai-r' 5'
.'r.'b.'ll
u5l cnoD I(Ora cep'irll<a
e Io'1y'qHiia
3a np'b3 ii-br creHu';' Ho ilepe:l:elt
ocTaHS
ii.bnpoc-rr]., Ha KOrr Bpelvle;a
npLlllajl-rlellial'
3elIla3eHHTe
qacTll tlll
C'reH[lTe.[.IerrlooropeIIIelllIe,3alioeToHe,lHIlCBaI.ofl}lTII,eTp)'AerIIlpo.
r--r,1ell, r'r,r'r iiaro N'lHofoC)poiirtHte
pa3p\ Illeilllii' nonp-aBIilt,
nl)e)'crpciic'raa
11
np. Ca Ce ttaC,lOHr'IH t] Ilpojt'b.'IX(elll'e
Ha tseKOBr''l
('r'tiit-l Tal(a iloflLl-'tII ,,tIII-
Ca Ha pa3lioilKIt rt np0vqtsaHII,I
He e \'C.raHoBetlil
Bp.i:3'..iii,l.?
H:r. CeBepHo.i.o
pa3Ul,l'e*tte
IIA Cep;[rrr<a
C IIpl'CTHi'l
CTeHlt oi(OJO ItCtlT'F;pi1 ilil CO'{'uri'
()nur
,1a 6'r,ta'r
peuiellH Tvttt B'bIlpocH
e HanpaBll'l
ll Cr" tioH''l)iilleB
i]
-*lCeDTatlLLI'Ia.,ctt,
HO ll y Hero B'bnpel('!
3Haqtt ieJIHllfl tlallllejl.br< ,.Otl'L'.,IHli-
Te.lHti nocTpolll(tt
I{ nonpaBKII
B CTelltlTe
cA cB'bp3allH ltocTa
xlllloTeTit(lHo
(r r.{c',.opuqecKrr
ilr5nr,n. H1',n n, ao olll.e npo}'tlRaHri'{
H pa3-li()nKtl' 'ta Ja ce
xB.I,p,,'Itt CBeT.'III}la
B.bp:(}' IJCTop[l'lTa
Ha tlH'IIaTa l5ile.|l,'l'|,,]lltt
C,lCTelia
HIi
prrI,rCKa Cep;rlrira.
tlnople HOPOHallelleHH'l
na,rirll; C'I'eilllTe
Ca
(ttl'rlt l'10-
cTpoeHH npu c.blrillecTHCTO
VtlpaBJeHi',le
Ha lua[lx Aspe"rrlii
Il Ctltla i'li'
Iiouo:r, r. e. \teiti.:t\' 27 *u.r,up,..17r.i.
rr 11..:''pt 1S0 r'' npll IrpL)HIrr'llIl'lrl''i-
rrrrfl
.\,npaRHTe.rl
-
nr- l'po,a,,n A:e.lrrii Fltlt"tl:lttl''
T' e' no c'blli0'lo
npe:'1t'
r(ol-llT0 ctt
itrr,-]'r oitt'pallerttr
c'bc cTetlll cllle pr'llltlla fpail'oEe Ha celiel) ll
Ha h)r o'i Iia.rraua.ri I lP i
tltlHara 3a
'i'afl IUIlpolia lKpeilllTe'1Ha
aKli't]i i.t
,\,111:;rru
iI 1-llatillx Ce ii'bn)litl
nO uCflliA PepO'lTtiCCT
Ha HillllC'IBl1c
I O tili
xocro(ror*rtc
,-.pe3 170 r., Hoero e t!]ta.ic tiiHpot(Ll
pa3]lel'll ll e llpllqilHll'1c)
o1
Lt)
ilo !1306paxeHueTo
Ha F-crvc c BecJIo
C'trI
r) :la TpaHC-
i
I:. I(anitz, Dr,rlall)rllgarien,
il, l''El, 2l'6' tl c Ii(lo I";lir'itotllllits'
I)t'
l''rlr,'ia prrr'i*ci.t n,rirraur, 1898]
qO,
orllac'lrlt
!: rrlJjlirlaE('io
lla cTcllt,'TC;\'l']i
Rl'(']:cru t!'i
Airpe;lua*. xr*,.'u*oro'*per"-oe
c*,oucH .;,a rH orpett i''-t'-il' S o o'] t n' Cellirl*a'
'i9'i3'
.19 c.r.,
q111rpeJ *o,'iio ,,ri ou 6c.legI B rpaJ,exie Ha ceBcpH:tra crella' a Itllt[ltlo JlHl]carJ IIil
Tv.\.lctl nPhuec 81,B BilpoRH' pa-3rRo-ir r irp" roBopenH
'"
'u"'
Il(1 uoHcTH' Hilr:cf clrlt B
roate){i, *r.,, narourirrut.:r""i,'C
r. Ir1 ,'* r'n'' n-n,
'l'ttt'
-np '
l5' i95ll' 5{7' ',ritrtlpaluc
cre-
,i,rrc np":r tti s. n...,1, o,-,, o r, Cc.Suricxar;;;:p-;;
6s' f1r$HH' 11ll'3' l(l' oe HE lrtrtrtrlc'
rr('
H3t.,a)Kla'cr(r
,a cr*lurr e
..tor.'rL)
.[a c'raHc iiaii-paHo
'i1,t]'
t\'
-o'
I" il' ti a lt a
i)
() rr' [lprt-
uoc, 27, f-lc nrl :,rHellire,
rtt tlo cl'tofl rpx,lcx( crerirl-r1
- 5i
t'r locrllttHilioBo
BIre\le' Ilo lle
6il.,ut r.t.iit:t*.,r,:iia Br,3rtcir(Ilocrra la ci ,, o, tlc-('l,cllil elioxa' Ila'rlt'tner0 ua c6pi:;t tta
r.r\arlcKara bortrrrn, vBeHr.liirra a a,rrou, rrruraiis, qr'p\l'
\lollel ll ll:l Ceprrrxa' ceqeH!l III)ll
iL).rxrr {outtrt
(2i2 r'.1, lii,lxV
"r*.
o'
';t
; oitl6etta 'IRvK'y''la
IoJru]la Hl Cretla
(i'' Ii tl-
..: i c ir a, Op. Cit,, {ir, ne cC
- -ll.}cl,lAtue
tloJ. tsilHl't:i lllte ("'i' C soirpai'.eitltaril
3:t rou'l \'
C. ff . Li o 6'l e B, uilr' csq" 15)'
6
Fi;r.
(1. H' 6o6'ttl3'
l1!!r' ct"t"5l c;r"i'; i{''1
uri[lrPoB'
Iioc're't:titrc:i1]\e(r'i(]'
r',iteCHlr p,,:r,,11*n, f.q;i, l.,,l) a,t. P't\Jpl"ileHll
'l
l1 CTCllilTt' Il()t'aT 'll'a
C-C"il1)t:lliO''lilll
i Ill-'ll
rorcr(Hrc Hi*rccrrius.
I-le;ttti,t*tr.. ,,..tuir.;;;
;;,' t'''"i*""" c;;;';;
(lCutrir:' l9i l' 1'-ll l1'
ce cBr,p3*r,, n, \".'\';ik,; ,',
-,frctit,lt'ieilt
.
t[3aprrrra't)'
)i' 19iE' l]'i' c trorrpilitK,r. r{t
lDa.ICi(ltrc crclltr, oi C' l'l iir rr iit' r"' tdfit'tf
itil l'
'c
r' Hap' Bclltirn Serdictn"t'
e;x'
.1. Slr(c1, Sitril;r, 1, ll)ii.3 sqclrT. [-epacrt\ii)l]'
A;rr:rrerrvpa
H--crDo:lrc;tciso'
III'
l!],t,j, rcrr. i- 8. li c;., nirrterra o0tIlo'
qe pitrt'l'"H'lr t'pi'1 6lr'r pe:llyrueu B Kpa'l ua lll rr'
oT rorilTe .la Oir::t-ttl Hr Ceplniia.or
n-ett1i'l';lTC'll1
npe: Il ltnii' nO'CKopO lll B'
--
cll()perl
i.;1. Cr a iiq e s a, Ctptirr<1, I' 196{, I 17 i:t'
.-
cBit'lerijrcrili'Bll
Ha}'repeHltre rp'tii crclltlrc
liadr.r, KoHTo Ca c.F,n.bpir(a,,,
c\to,1a. }riorya,-'ruu'a
K:iTo :;iulltrtio cpe'tcT80 Cpliu-\' Ilil-
rIaJaTenltTe.
* lf.?lh,;J-t-t1'on,. cra*a.ro or np,-')rrrrr sa 177 ro ece*r'r ira 179 r"' ri'ii nrro
:ri{:,urtItlr ce3o}l nl ri'o'r 77 v 179- ll10 r' rDtlilna ltil ie lf iKrlioqtl'
e
c. Iuihrrilo.,.,,
srutii u.::i"ail,'"i.-s.'8,
:(\\\',l--2,
19'ji,5 sq(l
'
B:',li u n0-
rope I, i28 ('80)'
[1po}'unaxrfl 8l,px\' 3ana]]lorpaxitilcxure-
3e]rH npe3
!ll].cHo
Bpe]le 143
2c
Iiopnc fePon
142
Han.b.irrro
,rceH, rro H3r.re)KAa,
qe Ha ror or \'.,r. ililauos"
_(,,Illr,o'rcrta".)
yjrHtlHara rrpexa e 6u.ra cilope;1 TpartttonHtt
II.'laH' Iialiro noKa3Ba orKpH-
TaTano.tMar<ejl.oHCI(H'{i(o}ICi.pa]a,l.ot(aTonoCoI(aTaHaKpeii()CTHaTil
CTeHa rr0 tia CeBep cTotl K'bl'l u,a&fo B
..'brb"rl
oT 75 rpa:i'ca
(Cr' EoH:t-
)KHeB, 4lrc')' fltl Ha ttlt' no v'r'l'
"'r['ut'"u
xpenocri{ara
c'l'eHa s JlotlrH c'to-
6paaeHa
c TIertttrlettfl
nJIaH'
j{ocl<opo tipenocTHrl're
cTeHtl Ha cep,'ttllia
ce pa3l"1e)+(jta'\a
iiaro efllli
It,t,-IOCTet{ tlp LCTe Il, H3rpa.{eH
llt) eIHO U C.J'llto
.
BpeNle' a I( }il(HeTa
'\tf
qacT'
gT/,r.e.IeHa
qpe3 CTetlaTa IO
]'.4'
-,,Ei"p*
['lOCrr(";
rr \"'1'
"1"
R'tittltttl'TOH"
(,.,iloucxa.), KaTO B.bTi)e[lHa
rpalcra'cTelIa.l6
l-lo oTKpHRilHeTO
Hil :lReTe
r.paJ.cKrr
pcprrr, H3ToqHarr,
,,r'6!r. ,,J,o4,0.1"Ko3"
npe;' llaprHirrttn llou lr
ceBepHar
a Ha
(11',r.
,,1'. 1'[nrtttrIon.
^:.
.:ir"..eqKara
]l]' C
]''1'
'F'xSaJ't1
[iOCtt,f
*,,,
MairKO CeBepHO OT IiOeTO ]rtltlTO 5tl HallepeH
II CTp.,ll-re"IHIl'11'
Ha;lnt,IC,KaK.I'oHpa3tipl{BaHeToHal.o.,leI,HqaCTttoTCTeHIlTenoKa3axa'rle
It:vtaille Ha.'I[,lle ,'1Ba OCHOBHI'I nepllOJ'3
R H3l'paX(jlaHeTO
Ha C'reHHTe
--.- e]tt-
HuH no-crap or'ri.i,.'ro
.o
flapx_Aape.rrrii,
Ko'aro e 6rr'r H3r'pa'1eH Io){i-
HIIRT np.bcTeH,
rja;a.]eH o,t Ct.. 6o,r,'ixlren
KaTo Cep;lttria I, r<oiiro o6.
xBatrla Cerattllllltl
IIeHT'r,p Ha I'pa,I'a! H
"lpvrl'ttI
il.-li'bceH'
tIpH xOfirO e 6tt'rO
lioSaBeHo
HA CeBepHaTa
cTpaHa
pa3llJHpeHlle
Ha rpaAcKaTa
creHa' o3Ha'
rr3HO Or cr. Eoslxaes
KaTO Ceprrrra
'll.r$
(lreHrlre Ha IoiKIlHtl np-bcTeH
(:a
ABoilH"
_';;;;r,na (l) c ,l.e6e;lurra
2,15 \r [r r(p'br.1r1 K\'.'Irr t4 B'bH-
ruHa (81 a Aa6e,n*ia
1,80'rvl H Tprl'br-b"rlHt'l
K)"rln. KaTo;tBeTe
CTeHII Ca TtlCtio
np.JeneHH
e.n Ha K'bilt Apy.r.'!'
OScrosre'{crBoro'
qe
B'bHLUHHHT
notc
3acrbnBa
qoK"bna Ha BbrpeIrIHHfl'
noKa3Ba'
qe
rofi e no'K'bceH
(cr' Eoxr-
)KaeB, AHc.).
rCj*nrrt-Qp'onr
Hlvla no-roJlfl$ta
ruHpHHa
-
2'6(l Ha B'bHllIuIt'I
noflc, a B.rrTpeuHHflT AOCTHTa
Ha eAHO MffCTO I'O
iJ'15 rvr' Bltcoqrtuara
Ha
rtrrrrara creHa 6w:ta cnope.r, ir:'H;;;;^9.
",
. Ha Kvnt{re
--
l0 rr' I Ia
NleCTaTp[l,I)r.b./'IHHTeKynHcanpocronptlcTpoeHIIK.b}1C'feHaTaCKp.br''IlI
I{VJIH, Ha rlecTa t(p'brnHTe
K}'JlH ca no'{yqH'rllI
HoBa o6susr<a'2"
Llacrlt
o'r
CTeHt.rre Ha r.,)KHHrr np'bcTeH
'6gXa
U3geCllHrt
!t
',penlI
iO"Iillt'lT
pa3KOIIKtI
nDe3 flerAecelle
ToAHHII Ha Tofl Bet(' Karo I] pa3'ltlqHHTe celi'ropll e 6u'la
rr3ilrepeua
purri u,,"-Ae6e'r,r';,
"2i^0
l^?tu-O. "i
'[ rvt' 5
'r'
5'35 u' ti'50 ]r'
KoeTo roBopl{ 3a noI] paBKH, n p}lcTpofiea ne tI noACll.lBaHe
Ii a CTe-
HaTa IIpe3 p?3;lllciHII enoxH
[l ce no'tB"bpx(j(aBa
H OT pa3"IllqHtlfl HaqllH
Hacrpoex.:tloxiriaraCTeHaeB.bpB'l.laHaoKo']o2()IICeBepHooT
,;"a.
;. 6o6q cu, cePrux-a, 19'13' {5'
17
C. H. fi o 6
q
e n, i.lAt,l, Xifi,j,'l'gdi,
16.i; Cosercr;trt
ap\et|'lorrrs'
1!t.rS' xs"l'
:ii; c,ePC'.*t
o''r'rolt; l1;]'onr.rro'H,r,
^1,
, ,lgi?l..I.l'
'l-{' ''i5
c'r'r' I( t'st no'to(rtr() r',e'
-ruuie
Kr'IoHI't
"
i'oi'ti'ute'*r'paSoru
tt C' H' 6o6qcu'
1rBx. tis. Be.txos,
f'fS.flf,'i"i9ii-Zf
2li' rilnr'1-t{
C' H'l>o(reee'
llpnpoaa,
tl, tgSa, *'' S' 5ti c'r'; ti'
'lf
n x e ll;1 L)
?'
l'lcrop' np'' IX' 1953' 5+7'
2n
H;r y.,r. ,,Jlet'e' irot rtacax;';:
.qiqo'i''
t' ts6r'' rarj'rr' ll'
ll
Bx. C. H' [i
'-r6't
e r" Cep'rnia' l9'1'j' crp,'2i'-
'''"2+'
ctp'-26'- rr' 32' tt' ii1: tlpn-
piraa, ll, r,ts. xlr. ;, ;.; .i.;' T.
'r;';;.i,',,'u n.' riL;iii'
-(t\"'
19{() -lJ'
25ti' 258 c'r';
Apxntexrypa,
crp,onre.lcrBo,_rtt,'tbJ'.l,;;.
i-s, 17 c;t.; cr. i\il'txilr'l'totr'
Ilcrop' rrp''
IX, 1g;3. 5-17. cr.'6ou.L:,xrres i.irrc.) ;;;,, ;;"po6u,-'c1rr
3a pa3',l,trrHltrt ceKrol)rr rr vcraHoBnBa
6 rtlrquHa Ha ipa;lc)r(, Hac,'toeHH
u'#tl' oi'rlleitttlurl
IIoflc' tt 5 u'lprV 8t'HtllHutl'
i
:
a
!
I
.{
t ll
I't-l
Eop:rc [-cpoa
).J.
., A.lai)i1H,,,
r1:l,ro({HaTa [O.ll crpaIHTe no 3ana]HaTa cTparla Ha yn
'."r1:re,,
ll KOC0 npe3 y.T. ,,Cepr1nt<a" ;Io
y.'I. ,,Eaqo
I{llpo", CeBepHaTa C
,*i.u it.)BnBKa (Cr. Dos,{;iiueB.-,Illc.),
o5rrto- 83eTo, rtoA Crpalplre tIo ceBep-
HaTa CriraHa nr-ir. ,,Et<aapx
L"locrrrf'" AO 6y.'r. ,,[. ,1altuTpOBu'32
BlnpOC,"T
Z,r 3aria.lr{ara CTeHa CTOII TaKa: OT CeBepHaTa nopTa, IiOt]TO e O6pa'
lJ-\',,a.,a c'bc ceBepi{aTa c'reHa T'btI
'brb'],
TH e noe}Ia']a I()ro3ana'IlHa no-
(-'oKa Lr c ilBe
Lly'nliil, eJ,llara tlo-1. xaj'IHTe H Ap)-faTa
Ha
)'''I'
'Tpate3nqa"
1Cr..
6On1;iiltee,'jt.rtC.),
e B'bpBH"IA nOqTH B IO)4.lla 1OCOKa nO yn' ,'flaae"ien'
(J-r
Herr CA OTKptt'rtt
qaCTtl
IIO,1. Xa.-itlTe, Ha npeceqKaTa Ha yn',,i|.(4aHOBn
i,illlporcHz,,),
i rpr'urr.rna K)'.IIa tt C Ie6ertlHa
2,10 II' eAHa Xp)'ra TpH'
1,r-b.1ria Kyna Itojl CrpallaTa Ha .NlttHrrCrepCrEoTO
Ha HapoAHaTa npOCBeTa
,ra 5..r. ,A.r.
(].rar,r50,raircr[r".2:t c-bo6tltaira ce c-blllo 3a
qacTH
oT cTeHa Ha
ilpeceqiiara
Ha
-Oi,
,,A;. Crarr6o.rttiicxl't"
tl Ha ,Uap
60pHc"' Cnope'u' Cr'
IjofirxHeB
(itHC.) 3arra.ilHara c'reHa e rocrnt'aJa
loi+(Hara Ha y.'1.
,IaneJIe"
H Ao'
CeraIlIHoTo
CxBaIltaHe'
qe
lox(HaTa CTeHa npoAb;'lN(aBana Ha 3aIIa,u, oT Ta'I yna-
Iia, He iuor-Jo Beqe Aa ce rroA.1,1.,pi+(a. Koll e 6a,la nplttlltHaTa IO){(H!t8T nl)'bcTeH
,n',,a
6ue lr3r'pa,teH nta (topr,taTa Ha npatslr.letl
qeTllpH'bfb,llHaK' 3aCera
ilopaiit ..rr.!nca Ha pa3KOrrr(H or no-ro.'rfllu lratira6 Ila .3aila,{ or 6v.r.
"r'
i{lt-
i\iilTpOB"
I.le tvtOxte
jlil Ce Kaxie HiltltO tto.lOiKHTeJtIO' i\tOrar
'll,a
Ce Hatlpa-
R'lT c.leJI.ltItTe
Ilpel[o',]0xeHH,I,
3a Bc'IKo oT KoETo H}Ia HRHaK.bR AoBoA:
i.JacenpHe}Ie,qeoTI(.r]oHeHIteToHailocoKaTaT)-1.:..{}.]*,'HaxapaK-
repa He
.repeHr,-'noliro
u 0,r., no-H,c-bti [l ilopa,u,H ToBa :a6.tares'e{ 2' ila
CeIlpHe}te'qeHenpoyqeItHflTaHTHqeHI(BapTanoKonoTon'.'IH,IiltI.IHepaneH
uiroi,, *odro no6a3Ba eAHH Ap-)-r
nJaH, pa3ngqeH or rofl Ha Tpaauoaa
C_"nnrir<a
(eN. no-uaraT'bK cTp. 32), e Hanox(HJI Ta3H opHeHTalIHs Ha 3ana^'
;ri;'.i.nr. Io ues*rrrBaHero
IIa rH, B'brpoclr np,qlrHara 3a nocol(ara Ha
3ANA.I,HATA
CTEHA II[C OCTAHC IIE\''ICHCHA'
CreH*re
Ha i()ir1rrrrr,,;rr,cr.,,
ca
(rrl.-lu
c il'b''Ix(llHa cnope.l, a!-'\'C. H'
Iio5uea, Kari'ro Cr're,'[B? : I())liilaTa cTetlil 337,50 ivl, tl3Tor]l{aTa 550 U, Ce-
;;..t;;ra 250 rnr.*-Te ca o6xHarrra.r,r erHa tl.rottt or ot(o,'Io lti() .uerapa
r{J, Cn,peA lt't,.'I)KlItlllTe,
IiOr{'to .XaBa BOa.lNlten, 1"15-15(-) AeKapa'
IIpO}'-
qeHI{Te ocTailrilt oT TflX llaTilpaT oT HHI{O,TIKO efioxtl,5ea iia Nloxe 3acera
.:ta ce
i'cTar{oRrri
ilo 6e3Clloperl
}iatliltl I(OII
qacrll
ca oT ll'bpBoHarilf
il.'
rVlaplraapefirrellil
CTe'a. BO6qes Btl)ii1a oCTilT'blIIl OT He'I ts T'x"IeHaTA 3t'I-
;.tl;;
*i, 6:.r-,,Jlunr1,',.oB'.!ti
()nope: (lr.
Lloslxtrea
(eHc') Niapr'iaepe"Iae-
Ba'ra
("re:{a e
(tlt"la
,s,'1-'61ana H3lul.'lo or rvxJ'III, roqHBauILl Bvpxy lloK'bJI
o, AOOp*
OSpaSoreHrr
pICTIlltllPallll HBa,-lpll' Kaxro Beqe Ka3axlle'
'taIl'
K'IeTO CTeHaTa e l\'6.rupaHa,
Tr{ e npejtcl'aBtl.'Ia B'bTpeuHaTa cTeHa I{'IIH
,,
c. rt. 6 o i., ,r
e rr, ceplrrxa, 1q13,
-cjp.
?.2 i,:.,
tt. 21, crp. 25, J1'
'11-),
ct'p' 33' n'
(i: ilr-r. Be.rxos,klBAI{,
I, lgjf-*Z':, 2ai;;U. Ctasqeea,cn.
(-or}urr, i, 1953,
i30 c'r'
T. t-e pilcrMos, L1E,\1.t, XI\', lg{t)--12,
]5!-
clurnrr y.X,'
jlrrrrurpoe' [lo-
c,rtJ.Hrlre
ap.r'co'lorHqecKH Ira:lxoliKil'
1955' i'2 ct'i C' H' B o 6
q
e e' CoscrcKa'l apreo'lo-
rrtfl, 195S, xrr. il' ?lt'
3r
lJ;ri. r tj. l-i. 6 o 5,r e e, Ctpttt<l' l:){';' h(3pra III
-sa
pe're$a Ha rcpcHil'
.::,
g.
11. ijoo',, .u, ccplax3,.i, l:,6.t, I2,3,
(,rioprr cr.6on.uHir{eB
(,ruc.)}oit(HaTa
Crctls
t', ilu"i, '3iU,
u-rto'tllara
--
5ai' cet;epuara - l9() rt'
:ri
naK rarr, i2i'
2i I-lpoy,rna u u
q
Br,px)r 3a I Iai,IIor p:trlt ll cxrre 3elrH IIpe3 pHlitcKo Bpelle 115
r{eiiHeTa oCHoBa, R'I:px} I(o,trc C"lell pa3pydIeHllfl npe3 C,''IeAtsatl(H're Bel(oBe
ca non,b.rrHeHr.r H r{oBou3rpajteHij,ructlu. I-iauepeHlt it{oHern or Ill B. ll I'pa-
.leixa':, ca AoKa3are,rcrBo
3i1 Toga. Pasr<pltrrrre HynH npll rpailcKHTe nop't}r,
eIHa r.la ceBepHa'i;] rr LBe Ha H3TOqHaTa, ca TDttbt'bJlHH H Cne,U,oBaTe.rIHo
irpfirrajl.reriar Ha VI R.
^\io;xe
6s vKa3aHHe 3a
qelHpl{'brb.'lHara tprlpura
Ha n'bpBOHaqa,'IHIlTe KvnH
j(llBa e-lllH pe.rleQ Lia fpaJ.CI(a n0pTa, HailIe-
peHa o Ceplura.2' Il-v,i,'rrrparre'ro
lra creHara c H)Ba creua, cHaf)ileHa c
Tpg-bf-bnHi.t K)','tH, rr nocrpotiKara Ha rpit'brb.IIHt'l t():JIH Ii'b_M carlll.ecrB)'Ba-
rqara Beqe creHa. KoHTo He e ei'6.,rHpaHa,
e craHa'Io upe3 lOcrnnaanoBa'ta
e[Oxa,2l'KaTO H TyK CHr]'pHo e [l]12.,'lO nonpaBl{t'l OI no-K'bcHa enoxa' Cno-
pef Cr. []oxl:,xaen (fuc.) r]'bnurHnHT floflc 5Hx H3rpa,r.eH npe3 BTopara rlo-
,rroBaHa Ha V B. nprr l\lapqHarr rr.ilrr iltn I.
CeeepHoro pa3rirlrpeHrre rra ripeilocrHHTe creHrt, 03HaqeHo or Cr. [jo-
s.q,ir(He6 Karo Cep.nur<a II, e Sytno npula.l.et{o K'brI H)/KHIlfl np'bcreH no'
KbCHO. flOpafA TL,Ba,
qe
l'i.l,t CTeHa e,Ie)I(a,Iia B rtO-fol1flIIaTa CII
qaCT
B'bH
or crapa Co{rur, Trr e ,:rrrqa"llt no-Ao6pe H e 6u,ra no-[t3BecrHa Ha nbre-
UIeCTBeHHUHTe npe3 IlOC,rlt/llll.lTe BeKOBe II Ha H3CneAOBST,'IIITC OT HOBO
Irpelre. Or Karl,ti nr I Ipe,rex"" riayqaBa\re,
r{e
rtt e 6sta cHa6,r.eHa c Kplrl'nrl
riy'ng. Ho r13cJreABllHr.rrrra na rlo6peBCKlt
H ortiptt'rH're H ilpo!'qeHIt lio-KbcHo
qac'rH oT Herr noKa:laxa,
qe
ocBeH c Kp'brnH iiy.rll,, [o-roJIe]!H oT THtl Ha
cep,ruxa I, rr e 5rr.rra 3atr[prTeHa u c rrpaBo'brbJHpl KVJIll, H ,[,BaTa BHla
BrpafeHII ts CTeHaTa !t n3,laBalllrl ce c e.I,Ha cBoH
qacT
B'bH OT Hef. Ha
ceBepo3a[aAHtrq
'br].[ creHara e 6uta 3atrIHTeHa or rorflilla ocMo'b[bJlHa
KV,'IA, KO'ITO C H3IH3AJA B'E,H OT CTEHATA, AOKATO
HA CEBCPOH3TOTIHHfl
'bT'bJ.I
e 14lraJlo Ap)'ra roJlttivta K\','la c Kp'brna
Qopua.:rl
flpoyuenure
qacTIl
oT
cTeHara noKa3BaT,
qe
rfl e 6u,ra H3rpaAeHa oT peqHir KaM'bHH, cIIoeHH C
BapoB pa3TBop, a or B'r,HutHara crpala.
-
c no-e.{paliaMbHH H.rlH o5'IHIIo-
BaHa c foJ'IeMr.r JlnJaHrr
rialrbrlu. JeSenltHara
Ha creHara B ociioBara e
(lua
oKo.rro 3,70 lt, a Ha IIoB't,pxtioCTTa
-
2,85 xl.33 Flal't-fo6pe e npoi'-
qeH
CeBepHHflr (lpOnr rra CTeHaTa, XOiirO e 3anoqlla'l OT
Yn.-t:Oxpu1",
Ce'
BepH1; or 6lteutara 6apeHa t|laSplrria ,'
j\larie,loH[1,I.. (cera ,'rlio,'II,IH..),
H e
3itB-r,prr.rBa,I Hii yn.
,Bec.qerl"
3a;r. TpalrnaiiHoro Aeno c A'bJiKllHa oKo"lo
700 *r.3,r 3ana.r,HLI,rr tfporrr Ha creHara e no3Har clrlo B HeroBHrl ceBepeH
2;
C r. .\1 u s a il ;t o n, [lcr. rrp.. l\, 1953, 547.
:*
[J;ii. Ccpruxa, I, 196+, ,]0. oop. 53. C r. Ii rt it;r xi Il c l] (,lttc.) llpe.lno.l;lra,
ttc
l'r3-
TOrtHATlt TIlt!t,t-h.tHa IiJ'Ja tla CCCepUaTa tlOPTa e 3irltllll.'lil It()-C'lii[)ll IiO.]li(lBO(rt--ll'rl3tiA tt'ttt
KBaIilaTHil K\"',I4.
"'r,
B^.'C. il. 6 o 6,r e n, Ccp,trrxa, 191,-i, 52 c,r.: Crtt'cettala 3ljjl;il)Iitl, 19t]?, 2t
r: (,t-r-
BercKafl ap\eo.toiulr, l{158, rrr.'l}, 2,I51 Ilp1p9.ia_,.11, 195i;' xu. i' ,',r0 c,r.: i'lAll' x\l\',
1961; 103 i;r,r.; B. ts e n K o B, tlAI'1. X\l\', 1961, 1.{7 ca,r'
:l()
F. I(anitz, Doparrbll{;rricn, II, 1882,219 C.1., C.,l irtdtli, Hccrstrirssc. 27.
ll'sryaauux, 7; flctt, I, i"982, xs. 2, ti-l.
';r
6. io'OpeBcKu, )'rpetireaHc_lra po_r16gara, 1-16 c;1"r., i'. ll' Katirl
Potr,
Ilptrurlc,
2ll; C. H. ir o 5.i c s, Ceprrrxa, i9i:1, I7, n. 3 (ra6;r. \'l)'
:t2
Bx. f. 11. l( a-rt'a p o e, Ilprtttoc, 2-l c.r.r.; I'1 n. I] e ;1 K o s. t"lllAil, Xl\', 19'10--+2,
265. :aea Ae(terrrsa He crcHaril 1a 1ir. ,,Ko:;iO.A1'fi'
3,50 lr; c. H. 6 o 6
q
e s, ceplttra,
1943, crp. 19, rr. 7 r.i crP. 30, n. i3.
':lii
3a LrcraH5lrre or'ceBepHHn tlrpour Ha creuara sxi. ['. ll. Ii a u a p o e, ['lpanctc, 2ti;
C. H. 6o6qen, Cep.utlna,.19j3, 17 c:t:t.,n. li.3-6,8.
1() fo-llrllrluri Ha .t,rltt'.tlct'il rro 3.ltlrl.ltttt tptr,to ttit!ltt
2) I-lpoi'uaartr!tl
B1,px)' 3aila.lrlorilat<tl
flcrare 3e:'t11 npe3 pltrlcKo RPCr{e 117 .:,I;
28
Fopuc l-ePoa
r46
yqacrbK,3r
Taxa
qe Bp'L3Karll
M!'. c ioxHLlfl
l!:tttn
ocralla 3acera HeflcHa'
':
Crtrtoro
Bail(H II 3a H3roqHIItl
''|ponr
.Ha
ttt-n11;,,l']',1'?,
;r,iH:::*;:
:'J:f$,"ff,:;,:J;,;;;-;;:."ilJ:;,:]l..":::?o"l.,li.l?;,,;.lJ,,;,;'..:3$ffii
C rox(HHrr rlp.bcTeH
He e yaTuu,irasn.ili'r
B rt*t^ *l ol'paHHqeHH,
CeBepHHflT
nprAar.E,K
e 3aervraJr eAHo ,,poarp,-ircrllo-or
60--(i:l xexrapa'- [lo crpoexa
Ha K\"1H,re
.r.HH
creHtr ,,po,rorr.;;;-n.
lt,, 8., Bepo,lrHo
Hll Koncraurrtno-
Ilara enoxa.,,;,,, floAo6Ha Qopua
Hil Ii\'l,rlHTe
e 3aiBtlIeTt'IIcrBvBaHa
R pe-
AHr(a
rpaAoBe ;";;;;;r'n,
IlauoHrrrt,
r<'urero
re ca
1:]iP:
nLro'\'qeHH H
orHeceHll or H3c.'IeAoBare'lHTe
Iibll I(orlcrautLtHL)tla'ra
erloxa;:'i
Oco6eHoto
npeAnoqt{TaHHe ,
KCeTO
e HllaJI I{OHCraHf
ttU Ii I>l'l Cep'lttXa''ti
O6qCunna H
rptliKtlTeNl},3a3alllrl1'aTaHHai]bHilIHHTeKBa'J.l.a.ltlHar.paJ.a.
IJa uaroqHara crparra
Ha ip;;;;;r;
c.p:*".a
e 6rt;t npa6aaeH
cnopeA
CxBaIIlaHeToHa6o6.ierreA}Ill}KpeneH,,IiaCTe']..,ltoiir.oe3ae}IaJInpo.
crpa HcrRoro
Mexi*,v y.l hUtr','.,,,ti;,;;.i,,11,,'
6t nnout t(H
u
H' C'l aRsH CKa "'3u
t].p}'rrr
aBTopI,l ro il,i,ra.l.
3a pa:]uIHpeii!le.
^,:1'
rpl.IJ(n B H3ToqHa
noCora.s$
3a.c.teluorcreHHcKp't'l"llll(\''tlltce-cso5lllaBa3aceracallonoceBep'
HaTa CTpaHa
Ha TOrr rrpHAaT't,1.,
;ii, pl6a Ha
.'epacaTa
,te/i(A)'
'v;i'
NloC-
r(oBcKa" n 61'",t. ,.ilou:i)'KoBu''d
3a c'btl\ecrts\
Bal{ero
Ha H3rotlHa
II nx{Ha
creHa 3acet'a HHNtalle AaHHu'
f i"oltopt'
l[l' ;]:l' BtlrHx]te'
qe creHara
Ha
Nlapx Anpe.rlrir
B TOtl cel(Top e npecHli"la
\''itlllil'l H
t{'l oT Il'b[rl]oHaqaflaafl
rpaA ca oc'raHaJltl
pa3pvllleH"
"^ti"
t-::-",,:
riert' I"'ttttlu ca HillleDeHH
rloA
K.oilepaTI.IRHaTA
Crpa,]'a
Ha CeBtpHIIH
--Pj:,
n.,,.n,o,,..,. ,,1)
ceri'iertnpn..I1
flpu cnux(aBaHero
Ha n.ro,,,rr-r-;;;;
tfie8 r' 5rr'ru orlipflrlt
lrfl(oilKo
'::ffi
'rj'l.ffi
-::
yr:r$#,iJ[,
C,:prrrr<a,
teJ3, crp. 19. n.7, crir. 30 c.r., n. 13; [lrr'BerKo"tt',$i
trllir\tl, iir;,- lg{rt--{2,
265'
^.rn
{!rr..,
.rRil
Rr,3uo jl{!r.crH: l. lIop;rru
rc83, 'le
K))I(- '
-,".'l;.:,;;,,::,:,1,[';:.li""')"?i':il'*ii
;fiffiXl':*'ffi;1,lJ;;:::t*i'X;
2. I-lo rBt)p-le seponruo-6rr,1o
c"btrlo rll .lil cc c aoopto"'i
cr'c cegl':'uta
I s:ttlcre
qynxlt
Ha ceBepHara ir ireHa. B r;txL,R c;r'q:tii u'n.lara
yKpetlt'rc'llla
chcTc!la
tta cep'tara
npe3
IV B. 6rr l{u;r.tlr tiopstitrlt IIe.l'o'1tl.r'lil
oc:'illl:il'
lti5 r. rtpu Ba.ren-
lliri
f 1' ti o
q
'i
x i! c R ('iuc') otiuf it itrrcrpoilra'lrl
Ila cltltilTa IIpt3
'l
T,HrtaH, a pi.lpyltltlll!}JTr-)
ir tgt:f eC'"r"ttt' ttt'tnUit llO'K'l'CllO'
rlO BPerle tl'l f (ITCKO'tO UalUe'
cTBHe. Ll, rosit B[)t:!e llar;l.il,li CTerl:]ril tlt 5ll'rlt
""o";'lu-'i*r'r'
Ptri6up:.-tt'"*ttll
e,'Ha xE-
I-loTc:]a Ce IIV:K,l .le ()T CCpll0.iIilt ,loHil:}il1.(:.1..T1],1.
,.... *,,,',..,, tl1.,tt ctt.atttubto
C,t,CTC,ItlkIe
Ha H.].
C,'Ief ltili{'rltlla'1
l't ilC l}AT'
:i;i
S;6. rrrcp.rrYpitrrt ','
;\' J'f i c s v' I?l:' S:ilt]l:.
"''
i!i(jl' 636 f '
Hrtil-patttrHre
i\ro'
Heiu L)T BHr'lAril rrplt Op'lau'l(.)utit'l
'
Kottro- e 6tl'ra u*pt"tiit
n"
'itlin6e*r
Hiltlt!11'
'ca
uit lltrx-
cHrlIIH Iaiia.l()5-31;"
I'-' rliti' r-vli crp' 1o' ila c'f irlara tt"t'*ti'i*p'ri
rra lll
-=H'hI)uilra
rlo'ltBHHaHa
lV n.) ttp:tir:l t,a*r, ttu-tO'il'titl
*pt'''"Illlt-Cl"jlI:l
trlt A6lirr'r' it lla lltl(O'
I't'"tut*ll
KACl'eJIt
n ilocr'y.rN.,
n,oli.'i':;;r,..
A.li.-,itit.
pt'il -t'.r''lT'tli"i'
'il';
r';Coi*l
trrachi'St'
;,;',Y;,!'iliiiil6hl..li,,l'll,:11i'u1:,1;,1
','i,,,,,,,,,.,cri'ti*uirit,
Nlirrtrr, FH(i, 1\r, p' ree'
c. 15, l; tIr<' u \" \'t tli o v tttt"iLt'fli'i"titit'"s"
III' llrti':r' 55'
:rs
C. H. s L';,, e rr, C,:p,rirria.
x\'. l:]l"l' 173 c't'
)iiro ce c'b*HflBa
B
sr,
TaKa c-r. lt tt r a i1 ,i
" ",
i'rtini'
'"1.,''
f\',.1.1'l''
*"' 5' i{ i' K(
c.r,ruecrB\-rJaHc,ro
I,.i roEa p,,r,,r,'pai*i.'.'{],,u1'',a.'
}lelo
"KllCTC;l'}rT"
ce e Hllil ilpar
''bTpe
B
rnaua, oKo,() rr.r.-.,JIer*lrr.i
*, .t1axi',,;,;,'r;;
',uri.
tiar', [""""'P""""
ro c]:sira
'
T' f t p a'
c [r ]t o ri
]. A. il ,"r, ,, T p.g-[]. Il,,c;r.'LIltlit'
iil)\e()''o'n''"ii'l
,a3K(]llKH'
1(')'')')' 52 C'r'
n'
r,, (1. .r ir e It, li, At:]1,
', ''*.,1"",','l.i';
rlt;i'l'-l'-,ii'
,l,.trr1',,ltt. 'lt'tt'BaHt't'r'
r'
rpe6er*r,,
IiOllTO Clu.ttt OT III -lV R',*2 II ,nBtl C'rapOXpllCTt{llHCirl!
ria'til'ttttirt
OT IV il V 8., B.r'opa're CTp()el{a
il'i.px}' [)a3p]'Llletla
nO-CTapa' lial(1'o II e'il'lLl
Cranrrrcrepuil,
cer,,epHO Or rterr. Il'r,liriria'Le
He Ca cr'o(rpa:eutt C oplleli'l'allll-
,t.ra Ha Via pri,cipalis, 6.,tltStiO AO
i,gxo,ia ,u
"o"'o
& 6t{''1I{ nOc'pOettt"t''l';
()'rrttxl\aHtlH3lll'oH,,liacre'II"!!;'I[{no-cl(opo"pa3uIilpeHHeHal'i)a-1a"
NIora,rlilCerIan}-)ai]H.|C.le]HIlTeI'ipejlno.'joxeHI{fl:liaC,t().rHeI-oCn!]!lIla.
A;,re)Kd,rr3 .r1O llapi< Anlle.rnit
nutt
-.ptria'
C;rel
riaTaCTlltlrlrara
tii)e:t 17lJ r'
Tarr
qacT e ocfaHa.'Ia
lle:-lacTrceila
ll no-ii'bcHO
Ilpe3 lll H uoitic
(l;t qacT
or l\: n. e
(';rr.ra
[r3no.,I3\'tritHa
r'a"uai"pon-o.,'
Ar<o rlltt
qacr e
(ltt"t, tl6rpa-
Ierra
c.h(: creHL!, ToBa e c'i'itnuio ,,i'a', Koncran'iiliioijara
ctloxil' T'l'ii KaTo
CRejleI.lIl'l.Ia.KotlToIllIa}ie3a.I.'Ii,}Ka3Ba,fHaCl,UtIl']I.paIe)'K'ItaIiTotipi'I
CCBepHOTO
pa3lllllpeHIle
H.l t,ep.llllia, a tl ll3lio"i3\'tlalleTO
Ha pe''re(ra Ha Te'
perill e c-brrlo xapar(Ttpllo
3,ll cTpoeiKa Itzl I(petlocTI'I
IIpe3 Tatl enoxa' To-
r.aBa ,eporrrHo ai rirrlir ,,:,t'1',a;ei,tl oI'Houo
-H'lHoII
crpaIII B c'Lce'lcrllo
c
rr3r.ortH:lTa ar'.n.
(or,. n,;-r,,ir.'t-bK
C Ip. 4il. 6l c'l')'
(-)iite e,tHH B'bnpoc Tilfloita
ji;l 6'r,te li3'lcHeH,
ga
Ail Il\laiie no-orIpe-
Ie.lerra
rr!lexcTsBa
3a
il33RtlTIleTO
ila vKpeilllTe'lllATa
ct{crelia Ha cepjtrrxa
II 33 Ci.iiiitrt rpa:\
-
Ii'l,ili)CC'bT 3a lleK!lOnO"I[lTe'
I"']ar:HILI'f
Het(pOnO'1' XOiirO
ni)e3 K-bciiaTa aHTgrn{oc'r
ce e ltailllpa,l lia ll3TOI{ or TpaHtroaa cep]tliKa'
B f..raBgtr r'tr.tHII[r ]reI(jl]'
(lel'illlllillTe'61"lenap;t:t
";flt)ll1\'liOB"' "1'O"I5y'Xt'tU"
rr
,
f
,\.ciiH.,,rr
Karo e,1r!rllr,,'r1 ni,rpedetryrn
ca Hallepettll
I{ tla It3T{"lK{5, Il Ha
IOI.t,i Or rrrt rpaHIIrtil, e B c-blltHoCT C'rapiltIT
npe':ispilcrlIflHCKI!
HeKponoi]'
rOrlrO C .\pllcTl4litil3plp;itleTo
Hil rpaAa noc'l'eneHHo
e npellnHan B xpHCTll-
rrHCKtI. Be!',osHOrO
l,lY 63,tlo;13)'BaHe
npe3 nepHO;la
I\"'-VI n' H npe3 Cpe'X''
HoBer(os,ero
nocreneHHo. i',,,,uio*r.rottotpe6en,nta
tlr II- Ill s"6ea ra
!Io-
111e Aa:la.'ILIqh
Ha1i'ir.;1HO C.IIeAIITe
ltu.3a C.bl11eCTByFalieTo
Ha Hel(pOnOX Ha
TOBa Itrrcl-o npe3 Ii- lll R. .laHiltlre
ca c"le]HHrC;
L)triparrrre
norptSeHHa
c lrolrerir no
'iltrp*
-Au;,.r,,i,,
Cenr,,,,ttii
Cenep, ii'rasAHri ll I'o't'cxtt tt
l.l
i]. .li u r o n, [,lcrop'r,i ir i-ci]r!r,r,.lruir.
I, 195.\, rtt.
i, 6i; ]1'
ll
it'l:l K o B a' Ap'ret'''
l;
,\1.
(l
r a rli e n a,
(-tpt;tr"t l' i!ih-l' lii) c;l'r'
ll ()lpa,rrrraijiiIICTo Ilil Tt);i IItliIrOIio.l oTF:.t,ll 3alla-t c
1';i'
"I.ctli'cucK!l
"
u:l(' ii'
'l'll-
.r. a, Cor$,r,f a*u*i"ul,p'*"*
Lr. C,,,piirr-,'6i
cr.; li
P.
,l\1 rr x i e o,
^len.irarttrHara
x*'BL)ili'ic Ha
Coipuiicxun r"*po,,i,,i'iij:;,
t.lri,;;i; 1",-tgaZ, *ir. tj, 7 c.r., Hc \rc,'e
lia cc tro'rrt''xi:l
Berte cJr.( orKp,*ilHeio
Ita ti()r-l).ir",iiiu-i',i
*,.' ,,9 ccrlrcrtnott"
(ax' v6' 4')\ x B itlLriia tia
(rnatiilut
ilBopug,
sx. lirl. .'l i,.e
rr c II 3 o il A, P3'llitllili'l
It
'int'''"utl*ttt"'
I\"
'9J0'
1i'-r c'rr'
(:V. BcSev f i'.'i,,
^.(p:i,url..lrisclri'ti. 'sfriirleiniscl:e'liscltriIt''rt,
11' 7)' Orri'" rrpe'
189.t r. ca 6u.tu
()TKl)1,!iri lrr-1cpc,ie",,,",,.,i
rrpircrpoilxu-Te
}Ia .1ljtrpeti;1,
t],+\. B' .li o i
P
v c li t,t.
Mc6, xilt, rgtjir. '' -i ;.
"U-
- -ii.,,po,,urri. '
ua-..ceprtrxa
BIK' nll:t F' I I , ii o u'
r. t.!. Kauapos, i(). [-ocrrorrriL-o.
tlpe,ucropnqecrlt
u xprlcri4tlllcKH tlrl\lcllltrrllt
or
CoSar n o*o,.,ro.r-,'iiqii,
,17-c;r.r-., i+'.rrl 3a uaroqrrt{fl HtKIollt.-"I tr;'ir' oue C' I{ 6 r-r6-
,r
e a, ccp;iuHa, lg.ill,
-lz c;r.;
il.. _o
r r.-" o *, cep.e.ura,
I,' 1961, 153 c'r'; I-'''
rD u I o a'
I,IEAL II, l9ll,268 cn.; lll, 19i2,3'2s;rv'rgl+'izrif'l'st5'222:ila'BejlKoe'
Li6All'
*"'
'?,9,1',nill'l;',
orr.(pHrr{ ,oj1 c-i'prrr{re rIa Hapoauara
5s'iauotcxrt, corg,i'lct{HH
ytl,Bep-
cHTer, *oon.prrrisurori
cr-p-a;rir .,.;leBcKit". Ao na\ler"oi*'
'n
B' ileecrs' eix' ii(p') N1(nn'
reo), l,lEAI,,I, t\', lg2b-i7, ZvS .rl:"C: H. 6;6,{ e B, !i6AI'1, Xl\', i910--{2, 238 c'r'r';
B. I'lsaHoBr''ioti-i'r:1''1';
T' I-epacH11.{)B',rart'
262' rt' l8'
{,,
l-p,r6l*r** Ha
1',r..-,1-1'pxo
*
"l
y-n- ,l'p:t$-.l'frHarilcs"'
Bx' f' Vl' ]( a rt a p o e'
tr.lBAL I, i9itl,'i;;--irr-; ti' b'u"' oo' tlu'\if i\" 191-l' 278 c;t'
'n!;1,'.';L:l#ll1'r;);' ,il
:l'il:
ii,ii',".'p'+'l'
"p
ztt' rr e
rr r. F{ B o ir'{. *:"b;;.;*u,
'19'1;"'
crp' 2'} c't" rt' 2a'
148
6opuc l-epon
31
Ot ctnocTa8nHero Ha apxeonorr{qecKHTe AaIIHH oT H3ToqHHg HeKpo-
[O.:I B TA'I NI}'
qACT,
IiO'IT() C BITI3A.TIA B H3TOI{HOTO
PA3I.UHPEHHC
HA TPAAA
[pe3 lV a., H AaHHHTe
:3a ol'paxAaHero My C'bc CTeHH H cJIe]uTe or cl'paAll
H \'/IHIIH B HEfg }IOI-AT AA CE HAIPAB'IT CNCAHLITC 3AKTIOqCHHfl : CCPAHI{A
rollapxAepe'rafltBH3'IoqHaracHcrpaHaeo6xBall(a'rlaHrepeH'KofiTo
He e Craa Bt(j.rioqeH nprr rr.trpiliK,rlaHero Ha creHllre. Orrpnrnre
)'nIIIIH
Ha
CeBep OT t!.totllaA ,,9
CerrTe]tBpH" IIO v.IlIqKaTa ,,Nla.txO
TlpuOnO", KaliTO
H npoL.b.rlx(eHr.teTo Ha v.rrHqHaTa nrpe)l(a npe3 cTeHaTa H OTKpHTHTe cfpallt
nOA HapO;1Hr.rH M\'3eti rt llaprufiuan AO]l nOKa3BaT, He Lt B Tafl
qaCT
e
Hlra,ro xtrJrgrrteH r(Bapra.rr rr nocrpofit*r.'s [-lpea III u Haqa'rloro Ha IV s.
Torr repeH e 6N.,t r43no.rl3\'BitH 3a HeKponon LI TvK ca 6lurt nocrpoeHll
U-bpKBH. CeaepHara CTeHa Ha rr3Tot{HoTo pa3ull.,peHLte,
qHHTo
He cbBcelll
cHt'\'pHu !,aHHH
nOIia3BaT C'.t,llllltl fpaAex(, KaliTo cTeHHTe Ha ceBepHoTo
pa3iuHpeHrre, e.IBa ilH e o'fLrBaJIa TOJIKOBa Ha H3TO[(, KaKTO TR e HaqepTaHa
or C. H. 6o5qeB. Ao
Kpa'{ Ha III s', Kaliro nolia3Bar Kepe}lnileHtlTe rpo-
6one, HillrepeHrr no.x, cera pa3p)'uleHHTe CTOnaHCIiH CrpalLt Ha ABOpeUa,
ToBa pa3rullpeuHe He e c'btrlecrByBaJo, 3auoro B'brpe B Hero ca 6lt'rlt He'
B'b3uoxHrr 11peAxptrcrHrrHCKrr florpe6euufi cnopeA c'btltecrBvBall(ara ype,r'eHa
c-r,c 3iltioH pHlrcKa nparirur(t. C;reAogare.rtHo Het'onoro lt3rpa)KAaHe e cra'
HaJO 11pe3 i\, ,. iuOXe 6U olr(e cJe.r, .xvHCKOTO HarrecTBrre To e 6arro
g3OCTaBeHO H TepeH'bT lvly OTHOBO H3IIO;13\'BaH 3a HeKpOnO"I.''', CeeePHaTa
crpaHa Ha TpariHoaa CepAHKa, K'bllero ca ce HaMHpanH xpatlotsere, noqrll
He e H3non3yBaHa 3a norpe6eHuq ocBeH
proxe
6a Ha ceBep or xpaMoBere.
Cnotrerrarara no-rope (crp.30)'rpo6Hrlua, AarupaHa
c MoHera- Ha CenruuHfi
C.r.p, HaMepeHa Ha y-r. ..nouira*
(,,1-. Bautanrrou") H ,Knpnl
H IVle-
TOAr.riln, e ,tloKa3aTe.IICTBO,
qe
CeBepHOTO pa3l.UHpeHae He e C'btl{eCTB\IBailo
n ) ToBa Bpeivre. I*lpea VI 8., BeporrrHo npn lOcruultaH, us.'IocrHoTo no.{'
rr )3,rr]1He Ht KpenOCTHHTe C1eHH Ha ,,KOHCtauTHHOBa
Cep,A.uxl" e 5ttlg
H3OC.r.aBeHO It TOIaBa Ca ce B1,pH3.rllt 0THOBO K'bilI KpenocTHHTe cTeHLI Ha
llapri Anpe.luii.'io
'
[] unpoc.br 3a rpaloi'crpoiicrnoro Ha pHucKa Ceplara c.Iex. pa3Kpll-
BaHe ro Ha uenrbpa ua CoQnn ilpe3 fier.(ece'rre roAl'lHH Ha roH BeK [I n]'-
6.rar<arIHLrre na C. H. Eo5qes,
-f.
I'{aauoB, I'{a. BeHeAHI(oB
1
T' I*lerpoe,
r(aKTo [r npe]ttsapr{Te.,,rHHTe c'so5tueHrtq Ha T. I'epacttvtos, Cr. Nllrxafiaos
tl iM. CrauqeBa, e cera 3HrtIHTe'r'IHo [t3rcHeH, lllo ce orHacg Ao neriHara
rr3ToqHa
qacT.
c)crasa 6tqerulr pa3KoitFir4,{a vscHnT u Heiisara
5s
T I' epacr\loB, tlA[], XVIII, l9'52, {01'
i:i
UoHer;re o rpo6t)gere rro-( npr.rcrpoilxrr.r'e Ha IBopctta--tl, oI^l\oKcHllHaH ['aacpull
(?93-3li r..) u fOcrunnasl u II, sx.'8.
Ao6pycKu,
Mc6, XIll, lEgti,435, r' e.-rrpejll{
n:JrpalK;Ianero H cxel H3ocrasflHero rry. I-po6nllUara or .lBopa
!q
.Xnopeua e ot V uall
iii;., srx. Ils.
jlperlcH3oBa, Pr:ronxu rr rlpo)'turaHI4fl, IV, i95tl, ll5 c'rl., r. e' cnejl
u3ocTaBgHCT() lly.
tio
flpoyqatlrltt,lra lI pa3KotlKltre Ha
rescu, Il. FIor esctl, P. Dil contt,
Torr Kilcren e 6u;t rpH tll,Tl.l pa3p]'llIaBalI
c.lr,rHoro rly B'b3craH()B,lBaHe npe:t VI a.
t{cTBbpT OT n'bpBOHaqaxlloTo.
Kacrc,ra [(artu,u,aaa e flo6pyaxa
(nx. G r. F I o-
Capiclava, 1958, Qesttm6, p. 257) noKa3Bar'
r{(l
H Tpn II'bTn oTtIOt]o H3rp,ixi,lAH Il
qe
tlPH no-
HefoBoro npocrp{lHCrRo e 6u.'to 8a}laneHo Ha eilHa
Ipoyunalra,r Bbpxy 3atraJ.rrorpltxr.l'!cxsre :clrr.r nle3 pH]lcKo Bperle
!{e
Terpapxuflra.{? Ha n,r. ,8.
/lesct*t" e HaMepeH CapxoQar or II n'rs Cap'
KOq)a3H1'e V rpO6Hr,rrlnTe, H3rPa.1eHll OT KallreHHH n,l6tlH, OTKpIITH OIiOnO
qepriBaTa
,,Cn. CO(1Hfl", Ha 6poii C'eAel,,, Ca CnOpeI HaMepeHHre B Tflx I'lO-
nti' n' IIi u IV B', a B caltara
qepriBa rpH rpo6a ca-J\arupaHrl c N'toHerH
Ha Aape.laa a (27O- 275 I'.) rr Inot'.reurrarl
(284--:ltl5 r.)."' /laara
rpo6a
Ha ytl.,,lieUKOeCXtt", OTIipHTH HaflOc/leA'bl(, Ce LaTUpa'r
C'5lltO npe3
III--iV a.;() 3uaqgTer,reH 6pol'r i'p'brUirr n .rtarHHCIiH Ha:l.rpooHH HaAntlcH or
II U III B. Ca HaltepeHH, O6Ht<tlolleHo npe)'nOTpe6eHa,_HlteHHO
B
'}431OtlHHfl
HeKponon, fr'IaBHo oKono H B
qepl(Bara
,,cn.
cotlutt"'n'
-
BrOpunr Helipongn. xOiirO, I{3r./iexl.a, e CaMO XpHCTHTIHCK14, Tatl L aTO B He-
ro He ca HatvlepeHH AOCera
[o|pe6eHIIH O',r II n lll n., ce e Ha]lHpan Ha 3anal
Or Cep.UaKa B paiiOna Ha Crpa.I,aTa Ha flaHltC'l'epCTBoTO
-f
a- :ielleJ'e"IHeTO
(6aaUfa Or<p'r,XHa na,'laTa),
)'r1. ,f1O3ttraHO"
U,,Eir,XCrOH'''l"l IlOrpe6eullRTa
i1'n ., or
'lV
B. HaraT't,r. Ha CeBep or_.Tpantrona Cep:fura Ca Ha:tlepeHH
Aocera ABe rpo6uurlu, eAHara Ha
)f.',.,1'.
Batttttt{t'T'otj" (,rlolrcra") ll ,Klt-
pn, u Ivle1o:ir.pi" c 6ponaoaa *,onLru ua Certrttlraii Ceuep (l\):,1- 2ll r')'-']
; ApyraTa
Ha 6yn. .['. f,alrrlrpOa"
rt \:J. ,Kt'tptt.'t
rt.i\lerolHii",
B KOtITO
e HalrepeHo 3a3HAaHo r"bpHe c'6poH:onu lroueii'r or Fla'lenr 1o XoHoprrfi
(36{-i23 r.).0, Ha ceBep or ceBepHoro pa3LlIHpetlHe Ha_l'pajla, Ha ll3'roK
or rapara, ca HalrepeHtl TpH norpe5eHtttt illoHertt or I{oHc'raH'tllHoBara
XHHaCTHH
(AO 361 r.).5; 3a IuaCOBll rpo6HI'tltll - - Hetl3BeCTtto OT KOe
Bperue
-
flat( B TOfl paiiOH ltllalle -lBe
CBejlellllfl.;t; Blrpe n TpaanOaa
CepArxa Heralre K.bceH xpHCTHrrHcrilr HeKponon olioflo
qepKBara
,Ca' ['eo-
pr;".rt Ha rcr or rpaAa JCBeH Ha roroH3Tot{nHtt
'brbJl Ha creHara, K'bAero ca
orKpHrH urrru* .po6nIa1t, (nx. no-nararbK crp. '14), Apy'ru
llorpe6eHufl
He ca H3BeCTHH AOCera.
t;
P. tlolrrlt, I-. Ll. KaUapOa, [t). I-OCno.'lHtI()ll, tlllt.
CoQrrilcxard tl.r,pKBt Cs. Corfun, 9'6; B..I[.o
]
p
l't
x,u,^,11c6' XIll'
'
ls
l'1. C r'a u
It
e B a, cn- Cotlrts, ll, i\'5s, xtt' li, 2()'
r1'
[1. Q rt.'I o Ir, Ctl$nilcxara
'u-t'pxna
Ca' Cocprilr, fi5 c'r': 69'
otuc I I6A.1, \', 1915, 222. 3a usncr:r1'l]illi('r() IIa IIeKpcrIlo,ril I p.-3
r e a, Cep;iuxa, I, 1937, xtt.
(i,
7 c;t.1.
so
,'1. O r H e Il o Il il, l-Ill1'. cr.
:,r
I(rFlrrlg, 1956 (,r,y), 19i7 (,iJ), l:rri{)
1965 (rZ). l96ii; ir. Ii a I i tl l( a, n. ils;l (6111: I''
97 ca. (64,1.
:,2
B;ri. P. norror), f.11. Kauapoi; u K). [-octto,ll'iHoB, tiHr. c'uq,39 C't'r;
T. I-epacHuoB, Lil-iAil, XIV, lg+ttt-'t2, li5: Il QH.'Ion, I'ltjAJ, II' 1!)11,27\t'
i3
E.
(D
,,, o u, i:inf.'f , f , igf O. 222. )1o;rc 6n rra\repet{Hrt R rotr paflon dpar:'reH-
rapHH rp'blilill nu;luitt', 1tlilt'i-q' 1959 ('ff i967' yxasBilr c1 IIto Hrl ttorpeiteHu'l r]'K IIPe3
II-lll r.
.,1
B Q u rr o rr, I,JiTAL III, 191'1, 32\.
ri
B.
,I, ir,,r o B, I4EA:|, II, l9l I, 269.
rri
C. .l ire i:eh, AE,\l, X,'1S,CO, $; C. tl. 6o(t't eB, Cep.tura, 19'l'1,31,
n.
-16.
ii
Ha 3auaJ or 6Hsulu,t xore.T ,KourutteHTa,r"
(lra l\lrlcroro Ha ctt'alllllt4}l i]errtar),
Haqa,loro ua 51';r. ,A.,r. Cran6o.rsr:icxlti, 6. O H iI o Il' tl6Ajl, III, 1912, 32E cr', e
-orlipura
rpo6ttttua, xOgio CI.tr)'pHo nprlHa.[ne)KH Ilil IIeKpolloJlil rlxo'ro ,Co
l-eo;rrt", 3a HoiiTO B)t<'
t'i n. BeHeAtIKoB"n f. ficrpou,
(ieptuxa' I, 1!)6-1, 1o;l'
' i,'.:;..,
.l:.T.1
$.
'd]r':
Jjr:'
-
...i .
i
t
{
i
tl
c't,';., 69; 6.
tP
tt ,r o a
lEll6, +35.
77, E6, ,37, 99 c.r.r.; Bx.
III n. nx. rr I(. ,\1 u a-
t-
33
32
[ipo-r'unalrirfl rrbnx_\'.r:luarlg(]rpaKxil('xuTe 3e]ril,rpe3 pHucr(o Bpeue
r5r
cne.[H oT ilero He cir o'l'ripil'rH
ltocel'x B Ip]'I'HTe
qacTH
Ha rpajla.'is no-
Palu
ToB:i,
qe
3aila.'[Hal'a
qacr
r-la cep;trrrra e c.,]a6o npovrteHa, ttfl,'IocTHHflT
n.taH Ha rpara He e
_\'c'rlrioBeH.
Apx. C. Iio6,res npejtno.rarx'i" IBa Bapu-
al{'ra: l. Illect n'rr.'lutr clponre.rnn 6.rorirt r] uocoKa lr:lror(--3ana;'( c'bc ce-
ilu l"rrHrIH
--
ner cpe.'tilit rr j(8e KPaiiHrr, rr;rr otirrta urtrpHHa :155,20 lr,
paBHa Ha I2(.)O purrcKn c'r'r,nrlr H.'rrr tro/roBnu lleHT)'pHrr. 2. I,le.xoxlaiirlr
OT illot{\'rteHTajlHaTa CI'pa.'ia II().'t
ttr]priBaTa
,Cn. I-le-[e.rlt
u,
KOflTO MOitie
,da 6.ole ilperopn.\'It,:JaL'Itatrl lleirrl)a.lro Mgcro rto tIIHprrHaTa Ha rpa-
AC, TOii IOnYCKA,
qe
cr[);tH[<a e ]rorla Aa [r]ra orrte .lBa cTpott-
Te.1Hu 6lot<a H iItse \'.1Itt{u rJ 3anail.Ha nocoKa n B Tar('bn c,r,t,{aii LrJItpH-
Hara lr tt3l'oti--3anail
,[a e 6tt,la I(;00 plrilrcKn c'r'brrr(n lr.Trt 2 ,i pa.ucra
ueHr)'plrH.
MapxaBpe.rueBara creHa, B'bnperin
qe
e Irpec,ui,)'ra c u3To(rHun crr
{rporrr
crponre,'rnH 6.roxone, e 6n.ra, ofirrto ts3ero ocBeH B Hn3Cr'tr.
BaHara 3alla-'tHa
qilcr,
--
c'so6pa:ulra C'bC CrrC'ie.\rara Ha HHc\'.'rrrre. I) toaa
uTHOllleHlle TVK IlMaMe c,rr'l.t"ii, KaKT() nprl il3rpaxjiaHcTo Ha cTeHtrTe Il
rpa,toBe liaro Atrgusta l'trurinorrrnr (.Toprrrro). Ernoira (,t1ro6.11111";, Tharrru-
gaJi
i'frrllra.l
n Atllpirriil), jlor(aro ,r3r'or{H01o rr ceBepHo'l'o pa3trrupeHrre nt
crer{lre (nx. tio-rope crp. 27,')8) lrpilHaI.'re)r(ar r('biu B'ropnl
'l'nn
Ha oipa-
l'r(.'tarre ila l'pAlotscre, rr()3t-lar Hrr rr[r11 .\ugusta lllrurica (()rcr), (]olorria
'['rel'eroruirr
(Tprrp) rr Averrticunt (Anaililr), nprr Koero ce e r(er.'re-
JIO tA Cc Ot--rXnauaT II I]p'bcHaTtl're Crpa.(ll B'btl OT IIHC\,rlapllllTa Ctt-
ctetta.iu
.\'.na,luara NIpe)Ka Ha Cep.u.ara Hu e Beqe 3aJ.orioJrll'r'eJrHo nosuara. LUu-
pHHara Ha via principalis (decumanus), KoflTo e 3anoqBa.na o'r H3ToqHaTa
tspara, e 5u,ta npH eBeHT)'a.'IHir lio.qoHaAn I6.!t ( .=55 pllircxH crbnKu),i1 3 rlr:p-
BottaqaJuara uttrpirHa ria troBerreio orripaTIt r,ocera \',nnrln e 6rr.:a 5,1)2
(;,i)i)) rt, paBHtlBatL(lt ce Ha 20 plrlrcKrr c'L'snrrr.;3 Ilo-.rra.ri<a rr flo-r'oJrrrlta
riiHpiltre e orSe.lrr:taua B cek'Topa o(o.:to
qeprna'ra
,,Cn. I'eopfiin, r\oero ce
A'b,'liKII H.ltl Ila n1)pilOHaqa,lHtllt Il.[alt tl()piijtll HVil\;la.fa Ia Ce OCnOSOltt
"'Crpo.tt'tiltloro
tt HBo ttit irrtticsitlt Knili)IJ,t Hc c
_\'criltrotjcH('
tr I;oi)a:1 TCI:il Ite \toiiie
;l;l CC VIOtlll'rl IIefOlloTO BpC\le. Ho
'tC
Iltl Bl)uIlr' Iiil 3ACTpoti ttiIIieTO Ita Cl,CejlttllItl 6.rOXOne
C.ll,pxllHO C)!tTKa 3X IIel'OBtlfl ILi;lII,.'lHtlH OT OI)ll(li1':lllHrll:l Ha e;lHII OT'l,l,ltlTe ltA THrt
f).tok()Be. Ett rtor,ro jl:t ce npL',lIto.t6t't, r1g
li'l,f uoltArl;l.Tno Ceplx s;t e 6u.rl n,tatiupaHa IIit
C'l,llCtll II;lJIIill n,1()llI Or\O.1O \lIlHCpa.lHl!rt H:.lBOP ll
rlC
li.'lilll'l,T tla T;l,l
tl:lCT
e 6t:,t:;lna:eH tr
Iio-Kl,CHo, KorATo e 6lt,r Itl)lt.1ox(ett
'l-paituoauur
nriru. [lo tt 6nrr .1]lr' n.'litnirpAHlfl c pa3nHrtHa
opHelITallHtl ll or nll(f
Pa:r.-lurIlrH
ei:oxH Huarre s SaYari;i (Szcrtrillrtlrelr') s ilalicHI]l (o;x.
A. 11 ri c s
]',
Arclr. I:rtesitii, 92, 1965, l, 27 s11t1.), K'I,,[ero c.Ie.'rHre or rro-ctltpufl nnarr cit
oTr(pHTU IlO.l tto-Fl-bCHurt. li l,rr Korj Bpe Me 6rrt}tc Ilor',rrr{ ;la OTIICCeil il.;lillrElallcr0 H;t 6ttH-
cr.iHrr KBapra,r ? Fi'r,:rrox(Iro e roBa ,ilil e crauaxo cKopo cne.u, aHt.KCul.arrero ria rp: xulcxor o
llapcrt]() lt .lll c 6n,rti cRt,p3aHo c HecraHriuitH(r() HJ $(frepaHH (nx. Ii. I- e p o n, ilti:err,le-
HHrc oritouteltH,r, {,ri; Strrdii cllrsice, lll, 19(il, ll2, BiH. il G. }l i lr I i i() v, l(lBrrlq, IV,
p. 23L
-Iv1rr-{S
f]L- \'Ka3a}ui() :-ia ror}a ra Hyarrr. ri nccri;to1'pu6ara Iu li;r Ha e,u}rri nperopHa-
ttt:tt, CIL, \'1, ii7l,r t (1,i//). ts'sa ticeKH c.'I1'r1'1il .'ro pa3KpuBaHero rra 6ascxr.rs KEapra,r H
VHCHRBaHeTO IIll [i3allNl()OTIIOillellr{'l;8,}til .1B3Til l!.liiHlt rJt flpoc-t,]' Itle ocTalte oTKpHT.
'
ti:i
C. 6 o
(;.r
e n, Ccp,ruxr; l,!96t, ll-t, ra6;r. \l\'.
7')
ts;r. .,\1 r'r c s r', Arch. i:i'tesitii, 92, l9tj,>, l, 27 sqt1.
;l
C. 6 o 6
't
e B, rlrrr'. cr,,I., 117.
;z
C. 6o6,r e ts, urrr. c't'r., li5, i17, ll8.
i0
Eopuc I'epoe
rnaI,Ha
qacr.
cera HnMa c'bMHeHHe,
LIe
rpaj('br
: I?1.}^::1.-.tto'
ir'naro-
:r-.iicrBeH
nna; np, TpanH cropeA pHMcKIrrc rpaAo!'crpoilcrBetlH
npa-
t1 KaTO nOHe B pa3KpHTHTe
qaCTH He e 6HnO it'bpx{aHg
C}'teTKa 3a C'b-
eL^syBaru,re
.;p;;;.;t---Jr.rponBaHero
Ha
.crpo,rerlHHre
6'ro*one' lla-
)a)KAaHeTo Ha Bo,I.onpoBoAa.[,t
Bo,[.onpoBo.,lHaTe
t.I I(lH3;'Ill3aII.HoHHaTa
Ilpexa
I aAa, KaKTO H nor(pHBaHeTg Ha ynHultTe.c KalleHHtl 6aoKoBe e cTaHa"'lo
ta o npH XrapraH-(ii8-.137),
AHroHrrH IIrrii (138-l6l r') rt HAqe'Io,o
;"r,;;;;-';;fr
;^ Mnpn Arp6i,r,',
(irpeeu t70 r.). Toaa e e.r.Ho o6uto
l.rlo){(eHH
B Or'lzfo)'cTpottBaHeTo
Ha rpaAoBe're t] I'l3Tot{tlaTa
noJioullHa Ha
al rHCKHrr no;ryocipo'n. !,anurtre
3a
'l'oBa ca KaKTo ap'\eonol'tlqecKL'
;; ,,'.ni,rprrpcxu:
H3rpax(AaHero
Ha xpa,a
(?) Ha Kn6e'la e cratra'Io
rope,1 eAHH Ha1nrac npll Xa1po,ru:'' tipea'155 l" Cnopeil ABa
Ha'il'nrlca6:) ca
t4ifti rr3rpaAeuH eAHa lrnH ABe O6ttrecrsellrl
cl'pajlH' a xparl'bT Ua lOrlnrep
ai .rHC e 6u, nOCTpOe-H B COrv-tOTO Haqa.l' Ha
1:npan.rlenl,eT9
Ha lViapr
;i ;;ii
al6t-
l6i i.1.n* noA crpatara
I{x r. Hap. 6y'reerepHou
e
)'cra-
oBella CTeHa oT Apyra
[o.cTapa crpax.a' xlTlP,n,
c MoHeTIl Ha AHroHtlt.l
irrrr
tf
a-S-f Of ,.1; I,lapr Aape.'rHfi
(161-18(J r.).';; ilpyrH
MoH\'Iretr'rrr'rHrr
rp [tr, oT
LIlIgTo-yr(paca ca 3ana3eHi'l ct\v,:IaTvpHo
[I apxllTeliTvplto
o6pa-
or
-.M
t{ac
rH rr lpfrui"ettrH,
coqar cnoper crl.'J']a [I lt3Il'bJIHeHlle'ro
cll naK
.br!r
ll B.';,i Orpax.ir,aHero
Ha CeplHKa c'bc creHll npeg 177
-'
l7t) r' e npe'
llii- ) Ha lt3TOqHaTA CTpaHa y,lIIUtr, ilaBItpaHII C ro"leltll 5'nOxOne
(nX' rf'r Crp'
.lt
c.srlro
pa3rIBeT.bT Ha rpal,cl(Hfl )KIlBOr npll Aut'outttl Ihrr'r npeInO']aI'a
C or.rtCrrlyu.r,.io-
n, Hea$xoAHMHTe
3a ToBa CrpaArl
-
6y'reaTeplloH'
HMHa3HOH,
ailtQBTeaT'bp
H np'
I
PasrpaTrrTe
qacT?r OT rpaAa [oKa3BaT,
qe
Tofi e 6n'n nnaHl'paH C
]'nHU[1',
pl ;,;;;;i,; .i. noe npaB'b.bn, H ts crpoHrer'H
6'roxose
(insulae) ca'c crpaH,'
rpr!HTHpilHII ro He6ecHIITe nOCOKll. OrxlOueHIIe'rO
C 80 rllt CeBepOH3TOK'
:oe.t.o [Iolia3Ba n.latl'bT, cc A'bJIXtl
Ha foJ.HtuHoTo
Bpe]le' npe3 I(OeTO e
ilrl ilair1;)+(eH, IialiTO ToBa e
)'CTaHOBeHO
rl Iprl ilp]'rtl
rpaIOBe B pa3'4!lqHa
Ti eII ll flocol(a' Carro uenpol''reHara
qac'r
olio.llo aHTllritlttre 6asrl llo-
:a3Baj{p}'raOptleHTaII}Ifl--oTKJIoHeHtIeoTllocoI(aTaHatlectttttattusC
iu).$, Tvr< lroiK,Jxr Aa
npelnoiiaraNle
e,1,HO no-crapo [peATpalllIOBO
II'ra'
,t He, I(OeTO e O6-xailltano CaIIO KBapTana OKO'IIO 6aUlt're'
'l'"l'il KaTO
'-1
c1
01xlrttrlTC
ocralttitt or clp.l;1a ilo.1 l'\'ilToI\lltl t((r\lll'let<c
"Cn'
I'copt'it"' l]tpott illo or
iprljinir\rcK.r,
.''orr"li;;;;;r-;,,-
p.r..,r',,n liit cr'c 3rrloBe' H3rpalreHH or K:l\r1'Irr'' ctloetrtr
'd t'lt pl3r'op rr c trLrcoi*'ttotp-tti;";t';,,;;;t.-i''o:tni"r"['lnarrotru
c' lio6'tea'
lcl axa, I, lgtil, li: l,la. Bcu^err'*ou
-,,
t. flg.lpos, uHi. c'r'tl', l()7, B)ti' ollle
-. r,. li o
(r q c n, ConercraR up*to'o*"'-t-95S'
xH lJ' 2l5i' ca 36ccra He,.,ocr:I,'LqHl''
s;t Ad
.oBopril\i:la
il..taHr.!paHe Ha Itperplttr{cKoro
cenl'lue no ue6ectluie llccolil!' Ho
jloc.l arl'lHIl
lii t,-. .r,li,t3ATL'.1CTB(')
3a C'bllleCTByBaIielO
rl8 CTptr-eX\H il Iipe'lplll'iCxa
()t'p"tttxlt'
"r
;;i
iiig,,i.{, lg:15 (7/1, a:x. no-trarat'rr rt. 7. Pe'rttrtto:ittI
)L:rrrior'
,,:r
lCtrul{, i903 (J7), 1901 (1/).
,,,
iilg;"riI, Ig26 (3sj; sx.
-no-riaratbri
t'r' 7' Perurttc'3clI
)'t(!'rB')r'
ri
T. t.l Balros li c. Eo6,l.u.'g.,r.,r;,*,r,
i, tgo'1, tt, c.1.; B:l(. 1l I\i' crautleB'l'
lo rr, I (XVII). 1953, 131'
'";
1-. t> o'6
q
e n, Ceptttxa, I' l9ti{' 4'i c't'r'
67
C. E o 6'i e B, ultT' c'r'"1', l18'
tI
:i.tr
,,-i
. .:tl
\.i.
-t
-a'
.U.'r'
'.::)
}$.
jr
i-j).
t'3
,-'+4,
.B*-
.*
#-{i
,;+6
i:-i;i
DJ Ipoyunauul B'bpry 3anaAHorpaxntlcrrire 3e$lu r1[re3 pl,\{cl{o BpeLIe l5:l
152 6opnc ['epoa
TepeH 3a rvroHyMeHraJrHH nocrporft(t4 Kpafi
dropl'rra
H Aa ce c'b3AaAe Bropa
npe,IICTaBHTeJrHa yJrHUa, IXHpOKa 9,40 u, KOflTO e 3aB',bpr,UBa,Ta Ha
o0pyMa
c apKa, Hitr4 ToBa e cTaHa,rro B eIHa no-r('bcHa e[oxa (lll B.) naii [opaAH
rpaAoycrpol:IcTtseHH H),x1u.?'r CrecHflsaue (na 4 rrr) ce Ha6,rrro,{,aBa H np&r
\'.,1H(2T3, Korrro e BoAena or rfropl'lra K'blr ceBepHara nopra. flpecava-
Hero Ha H3TotIHHTe crpoul'enHa S.qoKone or .NlapF(aBpeJrr.reBara crerra e Ha-
JIoxHJro Aa ce orr(pae nor<paii Herr \'.lrrua, Korrro e c'brrlo c /tBa Nrerpa no-
TflcHa or Ap)'rHTe.7't
@op1'rvra:',
qaero
ruecronaxox(AeHue 6e
1,'lorneHo
npn nocrpolir<a'ra Ha
xore.Il ,BalraH", ce e lta1l1upa.,'I orqacrH uoA 3anaAHara
qacr
Ha xoreJla,
orqacrH iloA nn.
,,IIeHltuu,
ilrexx\'6)',r.
,,A"t. C'raivr60.laiicr<a" Lt ceraurHoTo
napfo npeA L{eurpa.uurrx
}'HrrBepca,reH
lrara3rrrr.;n l'ofi e Hrrai'r cfroprvrara
Ha yA'bnlKeH
qerapH'brb.;rHr.rK
rro nocoxa ceBep-rcr c o5rrloro 3a rirana
orI(JIoHeHHe or 8') n urlpnHa 26 lr, Karo npoyqeHara rvrv
qacr
or A-bnx(H-
Hara Aocrara 65 lr. I-ioci,.IaH e 6ar c o6pa6oreHrr riailreHHrr 6.ryoxoae n
no .u.b.ilxllHara ot-paAeH c 6oplropfi.7'i Or H3ToqHara M,\r crpaHa, Koqro e
H3creABaHa Ao5pe, n'bpBoHaqa.rrHo e crorr,.'ra crpaAara c ilrar-a3uua (or III a.),
B'bpxy
qacr
ot
qni'rto
repeH rto-K'bcHo nplr KoucraHTaH e 5u.ra rr3rpa.reHa
K)"'rTOBaTa CrpaAa (rvraprnpul'lr), a rpe3 vnirrlaTa B ceBepHa nocoKa
n'bpBara crpaAa Ha no-K'bcHara alrQr,rrearp?.,'rH2 nocrpor'rria, r. Hap. 6y,'ree-
TepHoH. OuIe no Ha ceBep noA cerauHoro napro e rr\,ra,rro Ap,\'ra nocrpoli-
Ka. Or ras crpaHa (Harouuara) o$opn,rBaHero Ha
Qopy
lra e rperbpnrrJo
nporvrflHa K'br,r Haqa,loTo Ha IV a., KaTo HoBonocTpoeHaTa cfpaAa Ha Map-
rHpHyMa e 6a.rra orApbnHara Ha H3roK r
Qopyvrrr
e nonyqn.rr pa3rxape-
HHe B'bpxy repeHa Ha no-crapara pa3pyueHa crpaAa, raKa
qe
npeA Map-
THpH)'Ita H npevcTpoeHHrr rlo c'br.ltoro BpeMe ,,6!'leBTepHoHu ce e o6pa-
3yBano e.rr,Ho BAaBaHe na
Qopy'ilra
B H3ToqHa [ocoKa.?i Or loxuara crpaHa
rpopl'lrsr e 6r,r orpaHr4qeH or eAHa crpaAa, or r(orrro e oTKpr.rra
r{acrra,
,'rex(atIIa noA I()ro3aI]aAHoro KpH.,'Io Ha xoren,,Ea.nKaH" H NroAepHr,rre
crpaAu rto Ha H3roK. flo ceoq rpaAex rarr crpaAa e BeponrHo or III s.?8
Or
ganaA
(topyvrrr e tla,r o5rpaAeu or eAHa ruoHyMeH'raJ'rHa o6rtecreega
crpaAa, I(ori'ro npHHaAnexa Ha BTopara no,rroBnHa Ha II n., nJra Bpesrero
Ha Ceneprare.?:' ,{ortAe e Aocrnra,r
Qopynarr
Ha ceBep B'bpx-y nJrarHoro
Ha Jraproro, 3acela He e
,vcraHoBeHo.
l,lsrrexla,
qe
B Tarr ca t]oprvra
So-
p)'r,r'br e 6a,r oipopueH npe3 III s., Karo ecrecrBeHo or 3araAHara crpaHa
crpaAara e Mor,'ta ,qa 6u.ae nocrpoeHa r.r [o-paHo. Kaxea e 6nla Bp'b3rara
r{a
Qopyrra
c uaft-rurony}rerira,'IHara crpar,a ua CepAur<a, crpoeHa BeporrrHo
;3
T. l'lBaHos n C.6o6qeB. IIHT. c'r,r., 13 cr;r., 123.
7{
3a ylnuHara ilrpex(a, orKpura ro 1942 r., Bi{i. C. H. B o 6,1 e a, Cep.uura, 1943,
.i5.3a
orxplrrnTe ynnqpt np?t roneilrnre clpoe:+(lr Bl+(. oue upe.iBapurr.lurre cro6uieHlrfi IIa
C. H. 6 o6
q
e a, I-lpapoaa, II, i953, 5 ru., 56 c,r.; Coecrcrarr ap-\eo.TorHrr, 1958, 3 rcw",2i5;
Cr. MnxafirroB, [4crop. np., IX, 1953, xu.,5, 5t6; T. I'epac]r]ron, Apxurexrypil H
crponrercrno, III, 1953. 7-3 ru., 17 cr.
7;
Ha ctlrtoro .\,rxcro t.o nocraBsue C. H. Ii o 6
q
e s, Cep]ur<n, 1913, -i5.
;6
T. I,lBaHoe lr C.6o6qeB, ulrr. cr.u., l{) c.r.
i;
I,ls. Bere.q,rrKos x T. [-lerpoB, u[rT. c'r,,1., l0tj.
ts
T. ['1 B.tHoa u C. Bo6.rcB, ri]rr. c'lr,37 c,r.
?v
T. I,lBaHoa H C. 6 o6qeB, urrr. clu., 43 ca,r.
3..,
1'Sii,
]',F
,. :ir:
-iri!
C'btUO npe3 Ill s.,
ttHHTO
OCHOBTI .[ex(aT noA
qepKBaTa
,,Cn'
HeAe'rs" H [JIO-
Irtilil,,IIeuuH", 3aceia ocraBa HeH3BecrHo'
fpalcr<ara KaHa/ta3atlHfl, KOrrro NlHHaBa Henocpe.n.crBeHo noA naRailiil
rra
)'xHIU.ITe,
e ;1O5pe npO)'qeHa. Ts AaTHpa
B r.IIalJHtl .i-IttHHIl OT n'bpBIl'l
rrepHo.{ Ha crpoe*irr. Ha'CepalrKa, r. e. o't Bpellero Ha Xa:tpaati Arr-
.loiryt'r
[Iaii, T'LI:I KaTO e CB'bp3aHa C'bC CaMoro noKpaBaHe Ha Y'ILItIIlre C
fi.rroqrr. ['.{aaHHTe $ BTopocreneHHLITe KaHa.IIH HMar e.r,HaKi]o
1'crpoi:tcrRo
--
3Hilar{it ci.l oT TyX,IIII H,II[t T]',XJtl rl I(3i\l-bK [l tlocT"IIaHII C T\"\"IH' a Oilie
,c-Ila.lKryre H-."r paa,i.no*reHHr ca f.rtuHeHI.r H,'IH o.[oBrrtt rprrSll.-*"
()6cr()tlTe.'l-
c1.BO.i.O,
Lle
I{aHaJt.bT, KOtTTO
ygHaBa floll (topylla [I 11o cBol cTpoeiK rlpl{'
Hal(.,reiKt{ Ha fi'bpBaq rtepLIoA, He e c'bo5paaeH c II.IIaHe Ha rpa.{a"r, e;1i]a
'!il
IroiKe .lr.a ce r.[..[KvF]e i(t'ro rlo-paHet{ nepHo.'[ I{a tl.rlaHllpaHe l];l Cell:litr;lr
rroHe B pa3l{p[1ra'i'a it
qacr.
Ilo;tocua6rl,flBaHero
Ha ceplrrKa e cTsBa.rlo ulaBtlo
tlpc:l
Bo.rlollpoBoJ,
r<6iirO e lltBa.{ OTK'b}l Bu'tOtua, HO }leCTOilaxOX(il.eHI'leTO
Ha KaIITa}lie }l}'
;Iocel'a He e vcraHoBeHo. Toli e 8.,'Irr-]&.'I B tpaAa orli'bM I()){(l{.}'ta ;\l}'
cl.paHa. IleporrrHo pa3IIpe,u,e.rrHTe.tH3ra Nl]' Iiaiilepa c pa3NtL'l-rLl ti Ha 6 ]l e
6rr,,ra oiKpHTa rtpe3 tsig r. rlpe3 IoiKHa'l'a fpajlclia cre'rla Ao )"'i'
,'AJa6rllt"
rrpe--( Ct:e5nara n3.rara.'2 Cnope.u,
(-r.
6oq:r.)KIIeB,
(rrrc.) Broptl Rororpo-
BCA nplcuqan Io)+(uara creHa B !t3'roqHItfl H r(pilii, a
'rpertt ll:lroqHarA
creHa 11oA crpaJ.ara Ha Korrnrera 3a crpcure,'ICTBo vl apxHl'eri'l']'pa.
t{ac'rrr
oT r..IaBHH,{ BoAotIpoBcAeH KaHaJ.I' KaKTo H oT BoAonlroBoAHa.l.a [lpexa Ha
rpala Ao Harl-Mlr'rKHT H pa3KnoHeHHr{ B CrpaAHTe ca HaMeDeHII Ha MHoro
ruiecra.s3 EcrecrseHo orKpHTHTe
qacra
or BoAonpoBo.ilHara
Mp_exa' oc9-
5':n-r rfltrgeHItre Tp'b614, 11pHHa,(nex(aT Ha pa3nHqHa Bpe]leHa' Karo uafi-
HeO6XOAHT,IOTO C'b9pbl+(eH1te Ha e.u.LIH rpa,I BOJ.OnpOBoA'bT e 6nl BllHarll
rpHx(a Ha rpaAcKoro y[paBJ'reHHe, 3a Koero ctsHAere.lcrBIBa
pl
Hai'i-K'bcHlltlr
:larra3eH aHTHqeH nuAn,,c' o, CepInra, C[opeA Kor'11'o nprr Ta6epr]rl KoH-
irrrrr" (.pe: 580 r.) Haper c Ap)'rrrre
nonpaB6a Ha crpaA1't n Cep.trrria
e du.r no[paBeH H BoAonpoBojl'br.s1 BepoqrHo Ha RoJ,onpoBo;ll1 npt'lHa]1re-
iKar orKpLrrHTe Ha paBHLr pa3cronHrrfl \'c'toLt uoxpral'r B brl)eulllera c1'paria rla
II3TOI] HATA CTC HA.:i,,
i
ir
il
,l *
l'
i
!
I
I
sil
T. tr.lBaHos
g
C. Eoirqen. Cep.tltra, I, 1961, 1() c.r.l.: C. Il'rillt) B, llllr' cl't]''
115: C. H Bo6qen, Ceplltxa, l9{.3, 5ll:
.1..
l.epilC.iI\I o3, \p::rtr.txrr.pa tI C'tlx)I11.(|.1.
.rri,lif,-lg5B,7-.8'xu.,'t7
c,r.: Cr. t''1 s;iaii ,toe, ilcrrtp. lrp., I\, 19')3,5 xr.,51(i:
,\1. Crastreaa, CoQun, I (X\ril), 1913, 130 cr'
rl
T. t,l B il H O s'11 C. 6 o
(t,r
e t], UtIr. c-uu., 11 C.r.
sz
i. f epaclr!roB, ll6Atl, Xl\', 19i0-'12, 257;C. i-1. Flo6'tcs,Cosercxar al\r'o-
.lorsfl. 1958, xH. 3, 216.
ss
ti. [tp.ut*, itcu, I, 1882, 2,63; C. H. p o6vee, Cepiuxa, ]-9-lll,'19: T' I-':-
pacHrou, Ap*nr**rvpa rr crpor{re.rcrBo, III, 1953,7-8 rs., l7 c:t.:,.v1. Crailqt'Bil,
i';er;: i
t,ff
iil, rSi3. iai; C i. l1r, x a il r o e, I'Icrop. Iip., I\, 1953,,5"xtr., 5l(i: T. l-t-
;,r;i;;, il
il.. i, nim p o n, flocre-;rur{re
_apreororuqect'tt
pa3Kolrlitr. 1^155' 51 cr': C. H'
i;oOueu, Coaer.or, ,il*.o.iorns, 1958, 3 xn.,2161 T. i'lsaHoir s C' Iio(r'{'rn' Ct'-
,inir, t, t'go+, 13. 3a KaHa'lH:iilllHfira H BolofipoBo;lllre Bifi' rI crarl-l'ira Ha
'f'
Ii a a H o n'
Apxeo.rorus, IX, 1967, 2, 15 c,r,r.
8r
[.{r]. BeHe:ri nolr, l.fscreisilrltrrtB
rrecrHa:lx:l:te\ttlti ji.'i.c'tcB,'[ 9,8,.323-3i-]1;
\I. B c i e r'! i e i'. Sp:ituriet"hisclre und Snritlateinisclie Inscltrift,:tl, 1901, n- 3.
si
B:x. rt. C i:!
"?re
a a, C'6un, I (tVii), 1953, l3l.
!-
DI
IlpoYunautl,I B I,P\Y 3a Ilajt llor
Pax
tl fl cti ure rle\1ll nptl3 plt\lclio BpeNle 155
6opuc [-ePrrn ,il
Lrx.,tnqeHule
rtrex(Ay
qerHpII
)'nHIllI
crpoure.IlHH
6'noxone,
9'':q11r1-IP.'n
.:t
crpoeiKHTe B rr3roqHara
qacr Ha cep.lirK,
H}lar Ha Iof or
"''_!:1t]?1',1t
:
e[ocpeAcTr]eHo
H3TOLTHO AO
(lOpy'r"la (lopliara ua ylt'l,JliKeH npaBo-bfbJl-
nK ItO nOCOKa !l3Tgli--3ana;1
(70 lr) C rUapgI{a rlo-luaJlKO OT nO'rlOBHHaTa
nrv; A.r,,.lxiirHa,''tj
Herr\o, Koero ce e Ha.'iox(Hflo o'r xaP:ll(::Pa Ha caMI{Te
..r.parH.
c rporr.runii. n.bK 6roxoee Ha ceBep Or v.ia
.
principalis HMar
,opi,r, 6ari:xa
^o
*rr.opar_
(513,30 irr tt3roii--3anaA
A 4'1,4(J u ceBep-rcr,
.,.J,1J0 rvr H3l'oK-3arla;1
H 42 lr ceBep-lof ).*i Hai'r-fi3ToqHHTe
6'qoxose ca c
no-lra.lriH
pa3}leppl no nocoKa H3TOI{
-3aIlaA oT pa3NleptrTe ceBep-rcf no'
raAlr ToBa,
qe
ca 6u.rrr npeceqeHll OT CTeHaTa. B.rror<oaera,:1
6'.ana nJI'bTHo
acTpoeHil, KaTO Calio llplr Tlrfl, KOHrO Ca ceBepHo oT via principalis' Mo-
i.aT Aa ce npeAnoJraraT n'r,rpeurHtl ;l,BopoBe.
I-l|to,v-ueHlI're
cTpoHTeJIHtl 6'qo'
KOBe noKa3BaT HTIKOJIKO nepHoila Ha cTpoex(, KaTo cJ']ejll'lTc OT nOC'ne'II',HHf
;a Hali-stlaqtire.rlH
H.
01 ecpr,ix6 aHTI4qHH crpaAn ua Cepllll(a,
qfiero c'btltecrB)'BaHe
e ycra-
HOBeuo AOCer.a,
ej(HHcTBeHlrTe
oqe.'re.Irr Cfpalll ca
qepKtsrlTe
"cn.
cosaa"
i, ,,(1,.
i-eopr.a:, ,
,.or,ro ca 6nnu H3nOn_3) Ba-Hrr rroqrH HeIIpeK'bcHaro or
rtpeBirocrra Ao ;o;; tspeue-.Llepxeara ,,C;.
Cotluau npttHal'leiru
naii-pano
ta B.l'opaTa fro.'roBr{Ha
'n,
v s., c,le1, pa3pyuieHHeTO
Ha Ceptttt<a npe3
447 t.. or xvHHTe, KaTO BeporlrHocrTa Aa
e I'paAeHa Ilpe3 VI s' e Hafi-
io.rnlla.'" Tri e 6rt,ra lt3rpaAei{a
B'bp-\!' TepeHa Ha .(Be
noc"le'u'oBaTeJlHo
pa3p)'[reHll e.nHa cneA .[,p]'ra ur,prsa.
Br,pxv lvlo3altqH,lu rtOA Ha n'bpBaTa
or rrrx, no-crapara, ca orr(pl4rn eAHa illoHera Ha IIHUHHufi (l)08-3241']^1,*'''
[{affi,ffi
pffifit*i*,1:3*ff
;i#i'Egffi
no,lrn H3r(Jrr(lqeHa. Harraqllero
Ha eAHa eIHHCTBeHa
IvloHel'a Ha Jlul.J..utluw
-
i'
''
npu n'b.,tHaTa .'tltflCa Ha illOHeTu OT KOHCTaUTIIHOBaTa !'UHACTVIII
H npll Ha-
.,'tnHi.lCTO tta 3tiljtll4TC,IeH OpOll iliOHeTlI OT BTOpaTa IIOIOBaHa ua IV B'
-
iloria3Ba,
qe
Tlt e 6vtna H3rpaAeHa Cxej{ CpeIaTa Ha IV u pa3py[ieHa B Ha'
pagxonr<ure orriprxa
geliHoro ,,poA,,.{)'iieHrre
K'bivr 30,3[ Il sefiHltR r'/'IaBelI
BxoA. t]po1'unaggflra
no6a3axa,
qe rtl Jle)+(H R'bpxy enlla tto-CTapa npaBO-
ui-nu hocrpoi,uca c ABa crpollrenHu
[eplloAa, crpoeHa B flperKollcrarl-
THHOBa.ia erroxa (lll o.), KOflTO e O6xaa[iarra
IIr'IH'I CTpoHTeneu
6'lOK"'2 a
oilIe no_paHo, npii I *i. or H. e., o.fqacrrr noA Hefl ce e HaN{Hpata
u,lpyfa
CrpaAa, uairi-crapara VcraHotserir- ,.oaatu
B Cep'u'raxa''''r
l-lpu KoncraHrttn
ri,rr.t npe3 n'bpBaTa nO.;rOB6Ha Ha IV n.r'r T) K e 6n;ta [OCTpoeHa CrpaiiaTa
Ha,Cs. I-eOpflr", KOqTO e OO:iBaHa.la
II3TOqHaTa
qaCT Ha CTpOtlTe"lHILI
6.{Or.i,i Ts O6aqe e IIOi-l}tin.Ira
jtp}'f a OpHeHTaUH'I,
C 18" OTKilOrieHtle
h'b\1
ceBepo,3ro*,
^onaro
o6irroro i'u- C.pr\r,,,
orKnoHeH14e
e 80' flo-x't'cHo'
rrpe3 BT'OpaTa *no*n, na IV 8., Ttl e 6a'la pa3llllrpeHa K'blvl 3a[a]1 C e"it10
;;|,;il;p;;.1,d llrpncHaqarHoro
npeJ.'!-ta3riaqeHIIe
Ha crpa'il'ara cir(jpe;l tr3-
CrelBagero Ha lle. BeHeAltt<oB II T. flerpoa e 6lt;to Aa
C'I]'iKLI 3a llapl'rl-
Irrl\.'\r.r,?
fiocrpOaeaLieTO
I{a npeIABeptlcTo
CTOH B'bB Bp'L3Ka C o6pi'iita-
Fie.ro Ha nrrpr,,pirl*a e 6anrrcrepltli,
o, KaK'bBTo ce flBtl'Ia IiviKita IIprl'
IrilCoBo'iO xpttCTHt{Hlt3rlpaHe
npe3 BTopaTa
nolOBHHa Ha IV B' PaSpl'itte-
HI.ieToHaCl.pajl'aTaeCTaHaJotsepoflTrIonpIIx\'HcKoToI]aIlJeCT?]]:^i]l:',
.t17
;. IIp-,,r, i,r;rirnron
rg e 6H.ra Beqe tlbp..Ba, h:aKro nol(a3irar IIol-peoe-
uriira oKo.4o Heg.1''
Ha lreror or ,,c4.
['eoprrt" c'IIeABallttl'lT
cTf]oliTe;1eu
6;toti e 6H'r 3ae'I
oT ,,K\:.,'I1.OR
*O^rnnana", t<ol'tto tio-K't,cHO
qpe3 noc'rp-oiina
Ha o'lTap H alicii-
lle oT H3TOqHara rvr)' cTpaHa e 5a;t o6lpuar
n xpal{' Ilpenpael(tl'fe
Ha Ho}i-
II.,]eI(Ca,
IiH'ITo nocrpot:Ixa Ce oTHaCfl
K,b}I l(pa'{ Ha llI lr.rit HaLiaxo,lo tla
IV 4.,1'd npoAtJIx(H.rtH
H npe3 cDeil.HoBeKoB[tero'
I-la ceBepo3anaA or u.p,.titu ,Ca-.-feopru'
noA ceBepHoro
Kpuno Ha
xoTerr ,,tia,rKaH.,
6e pa3Kpp'ra npei 1952 r- CrpaAa C [Oqrlt KBaApaTHa
rpoprra
123,7
25,2,t), n KotlTo e tsK'rlloqeH ornp'i' n'r''t CeBep arttltrtearr'p:
cep;rrrxa, I, 19i17,3xH.,8
Cr;r.i-fl.tiapacll\l-e-oIltlB',
l'Hll' \'tl' tsl-i2' 1i-i5c'r'r'
.r..
I-epacHuon,ift,{it,-\l\;,.lgili--iiiqri
C-ll.-6u6'{eB,
(Jtrp.tirr'a' 1913' lti c;i;t'
H. it il ir p o.r,, r, n n. Ctp,ru+la,
-\lV,
1951' 122'
- -^ -
| n7 rtir
rr:
l'. LI uuio-u; b' Eo6"to' Cep'iux.' I' l96l' 27 c'r'r'
r'3
Bx<. Iio-tope r)'li crp. 32, sa5' 61'
gtBKpaqnal\,-ttrlt,uuo,o,o Hit Vil.g,li-lTHpii,i.,t.
lltlail CBuC.}>o6qcLi,
c"pt1ll"b,l
i'rl,lr;1;a.*pocrp"HeHHe
rril rplrcril,rHcIBoro
s ccP:iBx:r r'oBoIIt 3nricu'i'r -r,0
rrrinrmissiti itt cccleiirl or lllti
""'iia
i'l cotr' Irrst'' I' 13' 1" orilP'iiBeit Jo ctp-ti!ririi-
*irrfl e.iicKorr ilpor.o.err.
')ri.
\'. \'c f lii., t:,'Stu,fir M''S" Drittt'r"
1't1it)' 3 i5 ii' f i't;ttt'rri-
c"iO Ha tilltcliol;[I I
(]t'p;ltiKa nO TORa 8,e]le loBOpIl ]l 3il C'LiUeCT[]]'t]illlr'lo
H:t IpilCTltHIl-
rllitl -\pil}{.
^\ .,.ro., lDorluarn lrnHr{it l.lexiH Hi C-blllH}l tle-
'"" 'i;;'Cnoper
T. [[aaxos
(rr C. Bo6qca)
,pe't:eel]Hero
llprtHa't'lexi
l)ilrr1
1i1 CTpc)ex.
t|?
['I ',. BeuetruI(og
tt T. flerpoa, Ctp:tltxa, I, 19tj.l ,77
cll., oco6euo 1()i) C'.Ij.]
.i..1-epilcrrIroB,l.itlr,l,7,3apa:so,txltlelt;t('olllcNl'craIlqeBA'f6'|itl'l'1gili'
1Bl; Cr.. Muxal.t.roe,
iicrop.
"p.',JX,
lgSJ. 5i8; T. I-epacrrir
oB, Af\rrr(Kr)'Pir
H
crDoirre.lc'reo' III, 19;3, 7-8 *tr" ii;
";
'At
ll
',r
u-" r p o Ii' Ilocrc itrillc sorti)''it)t'rj'iccti!l
I)ir3r':or:iiil'
1g5'i' ;i i''' c' n
P
q'i'i
.-i r'"
llpu'ptr
la' li' 1-'r53' sH 5' 5ti c'r'r': Cr;ucrcria'{
i;',i;;;;;;'r,- rgss,-s, it;t: tlA'1I.,.'\xl\" leoi' 173 c'r'
'
"-:f
B]',,1"i'r"[',;
Jr;'dJl;rllrr'T;=:1,;or
ur, re5B, r.:rr. :t, 2'i3i rlALr,:{xl\', redl, 1sr'
1,r i, 16ii. 168, i71.
I.g
il,
q:1,'ii)'i0 Ha V Il.
Llepr:sa1a
,Cs.
I-eOprHu CIIOpeI npovqBaHrltt'Ia AO
Il[)tr noirprt;irnaHero
Ha xore'rl ,,1)alitau'
ce c]1flTatlle
uT pliilcKa oaHri c bc 3ana3eH'l Aea 5aceiiua, nocTpoeHa
foJlellHTe
pa3KO[Kll
3a uacr (caldaritrm)
rrpe3 II rr,rn Ill e.et
s'i
T. l!saHoa rl C. Eo6'r eB, tirtr'Cl'e- l3'2i' 42'
';
(1. tic6'teu, Cep.itrxa, I, 1i)(i-1, 111' 115'
" [;.
'l)
i! .'l o B, Cor!nrlcxlrii Ii1'pHtlil
('a' ('o$rrl' l9l;]' l1-l'
:u
$.
tp I{,1 o B. ttttr. c'btt', 58, ll5 c't'
urj ?lt rt},pHnrr;.t Cs. Cctlila, ur,.-o,,r.--C"l iredeli"\llM'
X' 188ti' 47 f'; A' Top'
H i,o B, clr. lrtiA-1, VI, 1901, 7 KH''- f iA'i"'' A' Il portll' Apxrtrcr'irot]ltrecxara Soprta
,il cogHiicKa,i.a u'bpr(Ba Ce. Co$Nn, tfril;
g.
Ll-s^a H'o u',- ttll'li' tt'" i922-25'
'133 c"I';
[,..1rrr"ron, K)(rlt.itr'iiHa KHHra Co,P'ri',''o:fr 50-^c:r.;r'; t' fi' Eo6qcs' Ccp;trrr<a'
19"13'
iri c.r:r.: H. l\laBpo^tHHoB,
cn' Ctfi'nt'1ift'
f95i'
119 c"r;r'; F"nsaHrnficxrtra
apxllreK-
rr.'rrn- 1955. rj7 t'.1'r:Cr. L-'oHJ.*iues' liac':e,,';l,lltl o'i*t ii' i*'a'
'l'
Aeqcs''
1958'
;ll.''.;,"'dt'r ,,,iinor,irsotl.r' rl igoz, s.:z'
. 10^ oc .-- A:
^,
tl
Il. O u .1o B, Coip,rrricrar, ,,,'p*u''- Cn' I'':oplu'.1933' 26 c1'r'1
Q5
c'r'r' 3a u'bpKBara
ijri(. orrre
q.
tirtr i'e li, AENI, X, l,i,SO, +Al q.-O,n-oo, I'li;A"l' V 1915' 208 c't'i
t'ilr.,t, lit, 1921, 183 cx.q.; Orqe'r
"r'nfif,'
if , lgZZ, 22 ti; B' tleau o e a' I'HNI'
lV'
lg22-.2:t,{;2;
E. Qir.rroe, io6lraeflria'-'irl.,
Co$r'rr, 1928, 46 c.;ra'; Kp' NlHf reB'
[Iol crpaAara e orKprrT 3HA oT no-Crapa nocrpofira, clo6paaeu C nlasa
'
Ha Ceplrara,
nOiiro e IaTHpaH
C lloHerl'l Ha AHroriaH IlHii H Mapr
Aape.rlrr'r. An{rurearpa.:rHara
cfpala e 6nna. H3rpaAeHa B'bpxy Tafl no'
cTpoliKa, KaTo e 3aeJra tr
qacr
or r'rrurrr. cnopel T. I4aarroBro',) Tfl HMa
Aga
11epiloIa Ha CTpoex. [ItpnoHaqa.rHO
rtl e npeACTaBsJIa CaMO
qeTHpI{'
'bt'br'rH3 CrpaAa, TIOCTpoeHa Hali-K'bcHO IIpe3 TpeTaTa
qeTB'bpT na III e'' a
IIo-K.r,cHo, frpv ,{uor,,reunau
lJlrl lioucraHrHH, e 6ula npe}'cTpoeHa B aM-
tlnreartp C KalvleHHH crbnaJla. Cncpe,l H3KaSaHI'ITe AOCera
npeAnonoxe'
rur.tf CrpaltaTa e CJI'xena no-CKOpO 3a rpaICKII C'bBer
(6]"rreerepnoH), oT-
KOIKOTO 3a TeaT.bp. I-lpocrpaHCTBOTO
Ha H3TOK OT Her{
qaK
AO
H3TOqHaTa
rpaACKa CTeHa e 3aeTo OT MaCHBHH O6tttecrseHI'l Crpa'II'H, npOyqBaHVnTa
B'bpxy Ko,,tTg OlUe He Ca ny-6.rHI(\'BaHH.
HalHqlterO Ha Cne'II'H B Tflx OT
rr.bpBllfl CTpoHrer'IH rtepHOA Ha Cep.Lur<a
e AOIia3aHo
C lloHe'ta'tol IlO'U'
CeTaTUHOTO
,rapro, CeBepHO OT ,(ly.lesrepaoHa",
e
)'CTaHO,BeHa
CrpaAa OT-
ri.bl{ Cpe;1a'til ,r-iff a.,tiz a loxHo oT
qepKBaTa
,Cn'
I'eoprH" rt no Ha
rr3Tor(
-
cr.palH oT Kparr Ha III t'ttl]H HaqaIoTO Ha IV B.to:r l-o'lqNt apxu-
TeKT)'peH KOMIl,Iet(C, OT KOt-tTO Ca OTKpHTH Crpa!,tl' pa3IIOJIOX(eHI'l OKOJIO
riBaApaTeH ABOp,
$lO3aHIleH nOiI' .\tlnOKaVCT, KO"IOHaIa ,
6alfl, A'bfOO6pa3eH
.BOA II flP., Ce e HaMlrpa.','I
-ceBepHo
oT xoTe"I
"PH"Ia"',
li'bNl y"1'
"[{ap
Ka-
Jror,,, rr 6\'r. ,,Ananaurllp
Crun Ooaul'tcxtt'.lii'l
ls1.Be or roJItlNIa nocrpoi"l*a
ca dH..rH ornprr, ;;;-y;. ,flo3grauo"
H ,,[[aP
Ka,rosuu.rrtn fl3 y'ry'
,l-lo-
ir.rrno* noA dasuara fyxonna
a*aAeMHtt Ca oTF(prlTt, oCHoBH Ha aHTHqHa
crpaAa, KoJIoHH, apxHreKrypHH et cKynrrypHH Q-P3r*:-^'.TH'
no'uc'raBKH oI{,
cTaryrr H MOHeTH Or Kpaf Ha III u Haqa.noTo Ha [v 8.106
-
.]
flon roxHaTa
qacT Ha nng[laA ,,IIeHHHI
t't no;1 CaMaTa
qepKBl
,^C:t
I-{ene.ns., Ce Ha}rHpaT OCHOBHTe Haxafi-npgcTpaHHaTa
u MOHVMeHTaJIHa OT'
Kptrra Aocera crpi4a Ha CepAHrca, Kotlro Mox(e Aa Ce orpeAeng IIopaAI4
IIeCTOHaXO)+(LeHLreTO
CH C 1O-pO.IIHilta BepOqTHOCT KaTO praetOfium,loi OT'
ri,i)
T. L1 sa*oe u c. liO6,rea, ccp:nxa, I, 19ti-1, 17 c'In'; Bxi. oure c' H' 6O6'
u e n, npupo.ta, ll, igir3, ;r. ;,- S6 c''1', bo'e'c*'u apreonol'tl't' 19;18' rH' 3' 215; LlAll'
x\l\,, 1961, l5l; T. t- e p a c H rr o B, Aprnr.*ryp, l.r crpourer'lcrBo, lll, 1953, rH. 7-8,
l7 cr.: ,i y I. it'r ri , rpo n,__floc.reAnttre apxec,lortt'tecxn
p-a3KollKH, l!)55, 50 cr';
i\1. Cra*r{.o., io4,,o, i,"fg;g, iifr.r.; Cr'Nl nxafl.ron, t'lt'op' ttp" IX' 1953'548'
clrtl'a ci'pailara sa altr!tlrtalr,p ll t cBlp3Ba c uHpKoBllre HI'pll'
tr)r
C. [i o
(t q
e a, Ctreerc,,^,, ,p*.o'.ronufl, 19b8, xn. 3, 215: flprrpota, II, 1953, xH' 5'
i-,u c.t.; A. 6 a.1 K a H c x a, Cep,rttxa, I, 196'l' 137'-
1r)r'l'.
tteanoB I't C E'o6qeB, Ccpitllxa' I' 1^96'l' {9 c.Il'
1,i
T. I,tnaaorj H C.6oor.u, C;ti;;;;, i, tgo+,'az crn.;-BiK'^orttc C' H' Eo6-
,r
e,, Cep.laxa, 1gt3,"3i,;. 4i; CooetcKafl ap\eorlorun, 1958, xH' 3, 213, 21;l; T' [-ep a-
c H \r o a, t.l1jAil, xlv, 1g l0-42, Zil, i. i; Apxurexrypa H crpo,re,'rcrBo, lll, 1953,'
xrr. 7_=8, 17 c;t'
r){
8,.
.} H ;r o r, tIEA,l, I, 1910, 222; IIi, t^9]?, 329; c. H. E o 6-
q
e s, ceplttra'
l9-ii1,20, n. til; M. CraHqeuA, iJp;;, i;; r-g-OZ,'**"'U,-Z+ c''1'; IX' 1966' ru' 2'
30 c.r. -trr,
T. f epacH rtos, [IEAI'{, XI\/, 19it)-42,2'7, n'
9,-,.-
ruri
E. o r,, oi,' ti'{i, iii, rbOi. i3t', tl s. B e.1 K o B' I{6A'1' I' 1921
--2')'
211'
1,-)i (-.
H. 6 o 6
q
c n, Cep.rrrra, f S+1, 26, n. Sll, cip.-+S;- Ct'"..r,ira 3tlllapHn, l9!!'
6. Ef r,l ti'I()pH rep\ltI Ha'e.l c TeplluTe oito;lo rtttncpa'Utirs II3BOP He 6nxa 6ulu ottpaB-
.[aHr{ B Celllltr;a.
I-lpOyunanufl B'r,p1<1r :afia:uOrparnflcxure 3,'vtH npe3 pHMc6o Bpelle 157
rio.tKoro Karo 5ass.lo8 Creuare, .x.e6e.rrw 2,50 !I H H3rpaAeHI'I or JIClieHtl
KaNt'bHH H nOHCH OT TyX,,Ilr, HlvlaT nO npoTe)+(eHAeT0 CLI 3aCBO.lleHll I(allA.111'
BHCoKH 2 L1 ulrpor<a 0,(i5 Nr, c or.J.vurHHt(t, orc'rotrllIH eAHH or ,Itp)'r na
6 tr 4 Iu. Orripilr e xHI-loKa\ICT'br Ha crpailara' llo'ro6rra crpaAa 6e or-
r(pHTa B F-cr<yc. Ha unr<o"'rKo n'r,Tlr cIpaAara e 6rraa 3actlraHa npI'l pa3iiHqHII
rpa;lo)'crpoiiirneuHpalorl Ha rrJroirlaAa,6es-Ila Moxe Aa 6'bAe cller ue.[rltlr
u- n,'raH H Aa 6t.qe ilpoyqeHa rto'ocHoBHo.lcl' flopallr roBa He e
]'CTaHo-
6eHo H B'bpxy KaKBH no-paHHI-l Ct'paAII e 6uta noCTpoeHa Tfi. B'u: ocsoaa
Ha HaerqpeHaTe B Hefl rvloHerH, BrpadeHn (rparneHra or a)a:rH H KalIllTe,'IIl
n Ao6rp CrH.:I BoSqen f
.4ar:Hpa
npe3 III B.rlo B Her{ e Ha}tepeH rl e,ItHil
VKpaceH ut.teirt.lll Crpa,l,ara e C'bO5l-)a3eHa C
_n,,'IaHa
Ha CepIHI'(a Il npt{HaiI.-
Jrex(g 11T,trr roro3afialHrrn Cerirop Ha i'paAa. Or ror CeKTop' KoriTC) e C.1a5o
npoyqeH, AaHH[{ 3a crpalrl Hrial{e Ha cxeAHHTe I\lecra: Ha \'"'I. ,,(-9.
[-le'
Aenq',
(.Ao ll.rt.,,,TeHHH"), K'bAero e HaltepeHa n,'IoLIara c UtlpF:ollrll'e
Hr"pntl:. Ha yn.
,,Ca. COrlUn'H ,l-lo3u'raHO"
ivloHvilteHTa,IHa Crpala C_bS
3HrXoBe oT Kaxt'br( H noncH oT T)'Xr'IH, Kat(To tl T)'xxeHL't 6a3H oT F;o,'loHttlf
i;
Ap)'r'a cfpaAa c BTopHriHo tsrpaAeHr,t rro-paHHIl NtaTepHanH e orr.IIa oTKptlTa
Ha
'bf-bJIa
Ha II.,I. ,r,rleH!tH"
tt 6)'., , A,:. C'rall6onrttiCxau u nOjl. C.le.ltsalilIItl
Ha 3ara.{ nap11e.rr N! llJlri; ua 6r'.'r. ,,A.r.
(-tau6o,rniicru" l5 e 5rr.rr orKI-rllr
r('bM 1910 r. eAr.tH apxHTpaB, BTopHqHo vnorpe6eH, KopiTo r{ockl Ha.r,nilca
3a nocTpotiKaTa Ha rep\'3afTa.tl' B'ugrroNuo e Ha ToBa IIHC'ro Ia Ce e
HalrHparra cfpaAara Ha rep)'3tlnTa. Ha ceaepHara CrpaHg,IlA'6y:]. ,,Ar.
Ctart-
6o.'rHricKa't no.r, crpaAara Ha iVkaHuctepcrBoro Ha
f#.0BoIHfIa
npocBe'ra
(Baeg:an
flrpxanen
KoHrpo;r) ca orK-pHTH ,q,Be
'I@rfn"
'o6uecrBel]tl
crpa4a.ltc fl2 3ana,4HaTa cTpaHa Ha
QopyMa,KaKTO
mlsxmi Beqe, TyK Crp.
34, e HMaJro MoHyilreHTan*a crpaAa Ha ABa eTa)Na, or Kotlro ca 3ana3eHll
rer"r3oHH H apxHTpaBH.
rus
xp. !;r u o B, B. 3opa or 13. \'1. 19,36 rr or 1.t. \',11. i936, IlEAtl. \1, i1-)37, 196.
t.l
3i r.tp1,8 nlr ca orrpr,rrH H olrHcilHg
,racrH
or [Iefi
-rrpe:
ltir(] r. (lrrrr ]la-lK() llo-
pauo), ex. B.'C r o fl H o u, tli:n, \'il, 1890, Kn. 3t, 582 c.r. [lpe:; 1932 r. e itu.ra r]rlil)Hril
oKoJ.lo 25 rt rcrou3, ortHo or
rtcpKBara
,,Cn. Herre.ln"
rtacr
or aHTHrleH 3H,ll, ea xoilr'tt
C H. Eo6qeu, Crp_llrxa, l9-13. 21, n.27, rrpe.Ir]().'Ia|a,
lrc IIpilHa.I,ltxll Ha rafl ct'pa.]a.
l-lpe:1936 r. rrprr rrr.lcrpoitxaril rra
-t()cKopourHara
cflilpKa Ha Ktl,lxeRCK;1rA rpartttat'lttlt;tu-
r,,in e 6u.ra orxpura e.rHa or ocrroBHTe Ha crpa;lara H e 6a1 npr.)cne.1cH Kall?'ll,r B HeH IIa
.r.'b.tx6Ha noBerre or 3t) rr I pa36.loleHI?Hra ir1' (nx X p. il il Il o R, ltur. c1'., Il T. l- t p a-
i i' *'o s, I,l6AIi, lgiO-42, ?5.q, n. 7): ex. tr [-. Kox-r'.xapoa, Apxco,'lorHtl,
\"1, .gti'!, xlt' 1,1 c;t;t'
1lt,
C. 6 o 6
q
e n, Celt-tttxl, I, l9{i'1, 122.
tti Y
;r. A a s oB, [,lEAl.'l, XI, 1937, l9(j crr.
r12
Il.'Qu.roa u I,1 n. Be.,rKoi], I.ltiAI, \'ll, l9l9- 2t), liti't'is. ile.rH(ltr, IIFA['I,
I, l92l-22,2i c;r; O. H. frc6qes, Ceptrtxa, l9[3,21, n. lE.
'
113
T. I'e pacrruos, l.lFlAi..l, il\,,'19.i()-l'2,257, n.5; C. H. Iiu(r,teB, Ct1,1116",
l9-i3, 29, n. 38.'Iol C'r,,re5sartr nara'ra ]rexl]' y'1.
"flosaratio"
II ,.,'laee"ie'
npe3 K"t,t'ttilra
aHTLIr{Hocr e Hua,ro'ro.rrlrra rpuxopa6nit 6asu.':lttta, T. I- e p a c H:,t o B, ttHT. c'brl" 25(i. 3a
rl)\'ra 6asu;trxa B Ioro3an3rlrirlt 1t1,.1 nat. Cr. 6o,tfxtlen (.ru^c.).
rlr
H. C. 6o6,ieB, Cep;lur;r, 19.[t, 28, n. .]7, ctp 30, n.
-t0; T. [-e pac tl ]toB,
I'ltr.\l'1, l9{0-'12, 261, n. 16.
rii
1. I-e pacHMoe, t,l6AI'1, XlV, i940-'12,261; I(ltsulg' 190ti (J2)'
116
C H. E o 6
'{
e e, llpltporra, II, 1953, xH. 5, 56 c;r.
39
!56
Bopnc fepoa
,l
T
t
,
::.ii
,:;,
lL:
l5B
Eoprc l-epoa
B cenepolt3ro(lrlllfl ceKrop
(cenellrto or I'ia prrirrcipalis vt [I3ToriHo
ca116) ca
)'claHotseH[r
-
ocBeH 6aHcxltfl I(o]trlflelic
=-
oce]l cTpollre
6,ror<a, or KoHTo Jre){(arrtitTe noI L{eurpa.trtran yHItBepcanetI
_tuara3HH
n
*;
I\luHucrepcKrrH c'bRer cil lloi-.'lll .4a 6'r,:(ar npoyqeHtt no-1o5pre, Ho He
i,
rian'b.rlHo nopalr{ ToBa,
r{e
IleJl!rIT TepeH He e 6lt'tt pa3l(onat{, a AP}'rHTe
ca ocraHr.rlr Hso5rrlo Henpo]'.re stt. B Haii-ao5pe npoyt{eHHfl crponTe"IleH 6aox
iro-t rofo3anaAHaTa
qACT
HA HOBaTa Cfpala ca oTKpIITII He\'tICHeHa MoHy-
i\reHTa.'rHa flocrpoftxa H Ki]\reHuH 6.roroBe, apxttrpaBH, IiopHa3tt, 6azu H Ko-
,,roris, KoHTo npeilcraBnr ocrriHKI{Te Ha o6tttec't'BeHa crpara, crpoeHa I('br!I
r(ljarr Ha III n. Hsraexj{a.
qe
crpa^Iara e Hrta.ta B'LTpeuIeH ]lBop, s xoiiro
npe3 \'l s. e 6lr.r nocr[)]eH ira.lbr{ }to.{}'}leHTaneH xpt{cltltlHcKrl l\loHonrep-
xeKCaror,.lli B .nexarrlufl nr) Ha ceBep crl)oitre.rleH 6,tor<, r<oiiro e 6lt;t ottle
no-c.la6o npOvqeH, e
)'CT:li03eHo
Ha.'lllriIieTO Ha npe)'no'r1.;gfitH1I tlo-paHHa
irarepga.rtl, x[tnoKavcr I] nl. Il:r"lexi-ta,
qe
ll roii e 6lu nepurfrepuo 3a-
crpoeH. Ceneposanfil(Hlrnr
trb.r Ha 6.rot<a e orpa3aH Ir c'no6pasen c n,[a-
r{a Ha 6aHcr<ax r(oMrr.teKC.::' fipoyttBaHero Ha ocraHaJltre crpoLtre"rtnlt 6;lo-
Koue B Ton cet(Top e oira no-c.lafto.l13
lrattCKHr]T KOMnd'IeKC. SOii;O, rl3f.leiKjJa, 3aeivia.[ 3HatlllTe,'IHa tl,'lt.lltt, Ttt]i
riaro
qacrpr
or Hero ca 5;r.-:ir orKpurn Ha ceBePHara crp:ltta Ha L[eHrpa.r-
Hr!ir vriprBepca.leH Mara3t!-i ir lioL ceraIIIHaTa crpaLa Ha co(luiicxara 6aan,
e HMa.T Ap)'ra OprIeHTaUils.
pa3JHqHa oT Tatt Ha
ynHUHTe u CrpOI'lTe'{HI'lTe
rl.roxoee na CeplHKa
-
.it)r orr.roHeHrle oT nocoKara H3roK-3a[a.rl (n;x.
crp. ,32). Cnop.g&Cr. Eoti:xuee (,rac.) rprl ceBepHara ropra e ort{pnra
CrpaAa c nenpa$ri.rrHa
B.pna
H OT,I,'leHo oT 3anaAnara CTeHa C yngqa,
2,15
"-l
uapor(a.l,lgroquaia crpaira Ha crpalara onpeAenx eAHa_ yJIHua,
qHflTo
rrocoKa He cbBnaAa c no--oK3TA Ha r.rIaBHaTa ynlrqHa illpex(a. Tfi croa l\oco
C11pH]tO Ap]:fttTe
yntlqll B 3O:II OT nOpTaTa K],ilI KanTaXa Ha ]II'IHepa.IlHI{Te
6arrrr. tlpri H3rioirr{Te Ha -'::J''::{[tre
5aFIrl rtpe3 l9L)7 r. ca 6ptnn HartepeHII
OCHOBTII apxt.t're KvpHtI ::.::'.i:eta (e:uo noBeqe or 6 II /l'bJ'Iro NIparlOpHO
CT'brtaJrO or 6aCefrH (?), : ,':'.e IO-paHo
qaCT
Ol xtlpltro.!?t' CrrOpel I'la.
Rer:xon121 nllee 1902 r. .':i::::{T pll}tcKII Kau'rax(, HeH3ilecTeH Ha r_\'ptltJTe,
6lr.'r r{a\repeH a r1onpaBej ii :?rIroJ.eH 3a I-{eurpa"rHara cotf.rrlficxa 6aus.
flpes 19;5 r. e 5lr.rr orl: .: :Ja noBIIs Ka[Tax( Ha 6auqra priucl(Httr I{au-
ra>ri 4 Ha -1 lr,lle R'r,pxr' ;,i;l:,-: noX ca Hitt,tepeH14 ivteAHu xtoHerII Ha rpa-
r'ionere I-Iavrl,'lax,
rDuittitrr,--.r ;r AjlpitaHotior't, ceqetttt nplr Niapx Ar:pe,,.rnii
11:
T. t- c p a c H Iro B, _t
- i:,.--'
ilfl
r.r cTpolrrercrts(1, III, 1953, 7-8 xu., I7 cit.;
Crrlr,o
)',1.,1
L!v!t Tptla, [. .
=-:r-i;]p\e().'ll1[tdtitcK_llJ]:l3KollKH,
1955,57c.r.: M. CraIr-
,rcBa,CoQun, I, 19.13, I.j: .-
"1
sraii'roa. l1crop..-.rlq.,]Illgtij, 5"18; L-.H.
E o 6
,r
e o, flplrp6,r;r, il, 19i,,' ..i- ' --o c;r.; IIAI'1, XXIV, 196i, 159; Cep.rrrra, I, igti'[,
I l1 c.r.r., l2o, 122.
ttq
C. H. 6O6,ien, C.:i-i-
lrri
C. H.6o6,ren, Ct:-,-:
l9-6 (,9i).
-
l:I
B.
(lorhuiicra npaBla
-
rr'.!
C. fl. ii o 6
q
e e, C,:r,::-:.i
'.
:961, i i-i c.r.
,. lgS i, i , ri c.r;r.
i.
-'.',(l;
g.
-l
c
(r
p
1,c
ri tr, 1,1c,5, Xil, lE9;, :\'2:3 .lGBiiig,
,-. 195t', r.
:3lico.ruflrr{, 19.i8, xn. 3, 216; CeprlrKa, I, 196-1, 116.
I-lpoy,rnanlrri,;lr,pxy 3anaJHorpaxnflcrure 3elru npe.3 pl IlcKo Bpesle
r59
c rruero Ha
(Da-vcr'lrHa
Nl,raAa.t?3 Tona ilor(a3Blr,
.re
fiaHnra e a)r.!iTa riocr[)oeHa
Ilpe;1rr 175 r., ivrolKe 5rr orrte np!r AuroHiru fluii. Beponruc B.r,n Bpb3r(a
c Sault ia ca croff,rtH u orKpLirt{Te :l}.riloBe npr.r rt}HaNrr4ATa, u3fpa.rieHrr or
ro,lelrlr r-16pa6rtrer{r.r Ka}r'bHn u KBaJI-\arH}r 11'x.,ir.r.t:'1 [-laarprro IL)n 6ar]rrra
ce e Harrrrpa,'rA [I
qeurMaTa,
H3o6pa3eHa B'r,px\' Spousoaa 140He'fa Ha ]'palli:r,
ceqeHa npn Ka par(a.ra.llr'
Or crpaJrrre Ha ceBepo3anarlHurr ceKTop Ha Cep:tura, ceRep'do or
via principalis u 3arlarHo or cardo, 3acera ca Hr{ rr3r]ccrrr}r :,rutoFre or
A'r,.;rra aHTirqHa nocrpoiira, oTripHTu ni)a xa,'IHTe, KoHTo no ca0,r fpa;leit(
Ipr{Ha-lxexiar Ha IV s.t'']t; C511(o 3rrJ,oBe ,r :.rpaMoprltr apxHrerirYpHrr
(1)par-
rreHTH ca
(tu;tvt
orripr{Tn no Ha ceBep, e 6rrRlttrrs naprle,r 2l rra 6_r'.r. ,,i'. ,1rr-
rvrurpoB",l!i Kariro tr H3'roqHara crpaHa Ha ilBa crporrre,rtHn 6,roxa.l2' I-la
npellKoHc'iaHTrrHoBara erro.\a rrpr.rHail.le)fi[{ orr(pHrara npe3 l3:] I r. n[)rr
n3r(ontrre Ha MareAoHCK14r{ Aoilr He \',r. ,.il(naHos. ([lrrporcria) rr .,1'. Ila-
untHfroH" (,,rtlorrcKa") 3Haqure,riHa cipeila, KoH'to Eo6qegtJl' onpeJe.l:.t tiATo
xpau ua I'1r.rrpa, nocTpoerr B F(parr Ha III H,ru Haqa.loro Ha I\i n., Ho rrpo-
C1-,IlteCTR)'na"II Ao l(parr Ha IV B. (rroHerrr Ha Apxalrri'r).
(,rpa,lata
riu.ra
rrpeT'bpnflxe noilpaBr(H orrle Ipe3 IV 8.. Ho 6uta H3noJ3i/Barrx rr rronPaBei{a
rI npe3 VI a.l:r0 K1,.,r'roBtI ocraHriH B Tar{ crpa]1a of,in,ig He ca rrar.reperin.iril
FJarnttcrr, R I(oliTo ce ctroMeHaBa rrrilrHa3HoH6T,l32 e HaMeperr ]{a
-\'.r.
,,[[ap
.\cegu npa Karo.rraqecKara II'bpr(Ba. Br,:uo;xuo e t-ir\rHa3lroH'hr.Ia ce e Ha-
iirrpan or 3arraAHara crpaHa Ha Cep.r.iu.:a.
,r{ocerau:Hr.rre
apxeonoraqecKr{ npo},qBaHHrr Ha crpajlure Ha Ceprlrr;a,
rioJlKoro H Hen'b,'IH[r Aa ca re, HH no3BoJlflBar Aa .ito6neu ece [ar( ejlnil
oSula npeACTaBa 3a pa3BHTHero Ha crpoureJrcrBoro H 3a HeroBara ilep!,o-
Ir.r3arIHfl, cts'bp3aHa TflcHo c HcTopl{rrra Ha ceplura. I-lr,peoHa.rra.rrHrrflT n.-rirrr,
3ailo)+\eH OrUe nplr o6pru{aHeTo Ha ceptr.rra B rpall, e ocTaHa.rr Ba,lrjjlerr
AO ripafl Ha aIiTHr{HocTTa c }ra,IKH rr3}1eHeHr.,rfl B uinpHHaTa Ha \',rlritlH'ie,
Ha.lO)KeHH OT CTpOIITeJ'IHH H_\'XAtl, I{ C eBeHTVa.lHO npeNlaxB:1He i{A Hlll(Ott
Ira,rIKLr \I.IIru{n. I,{srae;r.:r,a,
qe
}ra;'iKo Herrlo e orle.'Iri.rc) ni)e3'cJIejiBantn're
nL'KoBe or crpa.:lure, tiocrpoeHn JIo ]/0 r. (a>L. no-rope cr;r.
jll
c.,r.). Be-
ponrHo rHrr crpa.{H B rto-roJIHnrara cr.I
rrACT
He ca 6u.rrr ]roHvil'reHTa,rHn H
TflXI{OTO VHHIltO)+(eHHe 6ll,'tO BC,'rerl,CTBi.te Ha rratl]eCTB[reTO Ha rioCTO60rilr'fe,
r23
T. I-e
1.l
a c H r{o n, t'lAt'{. XX, 19;5, 6i1.
lrt
C. H. I> o 6,r e s, Ccpgs62, 1913. 3?, ir. '-;0.
t'ri
T. I-e pac Hlron, Cepauxa, X\', l9;2, 177 c;r.: tlAtl. \X, 19,1,1,
r"rt;
C. H. Eo6,ren, I,1r\ll, XIX, i955. 2t],7 cx.r.; C. ii. Ilo5,r r n
l9hi. 165.
;r,i I c.r. ;.
IIAII, T.Ti\,'
il; ('.
Fi. I; r,r i,,r e a, Cep,ruxa, 19"1,3. ll1, rr {i.
l::
[. 6 o ir,r r r],
(lctr):tuxa,
I, 1961, I i6 c,r.
r?:)C.H.
I>o6,reB,t.l.\t'|, XIX, 1,)55, 207c;;t.; T.i-epil clu(-)B, [![jA:1, II\',
19 10
-+2,
2o7 , n. 2
i;i(j
C. H. [rr-r5qeB,
(].iicccnaru
rruJalllrfl, 19i2,:it). Cr. 5o,lit){rreB (ruc.) BIt).ti.ra
B iAH crpa.tl u 6actiirtu.
131
Pr:aeQ ua 1\{urpa ci,c 3uaqHTC;1Hi.! pil3uepir e Ha}.repe}r B Kpafl r}t }ulnil,rHfl BeK B
aHTHqHa crpaa:r, 6,ri,:ro ro
qepKBara
"Cn.
fie:t'.ru", ts. ,'[ o 6p v c ri u, 11c6. \\'l-\\'il,
19()0. 37 c.r., (pHr'. 1ti: I(lBuls. 1:,?,,7 (7.1).
tn:
I( lBulg, i 905.
1l
i
t
I
I
I
t
I
1n;
.-
160 Eopuc l-epon
urrilo Iopa.ut H]'xllHTe Aa ce nocrporrT Ha Tr{xHo ivrrrcTo tro-r{]>cHo co-
JrIrilH[r H rIo-]l-L',q6or<o tpvH;upanu nocrporir<rr e /loBe,ro Ao n-b.'rHoro 3a,:'tfl-
raBaHe Ha cJIeAHTe [rl,r Ha ]rHofo ruecra. Broprr nepr.roA B crpofiTeiicrBoTo
ra Cep,r.ar<a e Bpeltero Ha Ceaepare, Kora'lo rpar,'br orHoBo ce c'bB3er,ra.
L)r rona Bpelte HNIaMe c'bttto ettarpatlcxlt vr apxeonorHllecKu AaHHH 3a
crlloex(a Ha o6uecrneHu crparrr.l13 Ho ap\eonor-HqecKHre c.,'IeAH oT
'rpoexH're
npe3 Tor{ nepHo.rl ca He3HaqHTer'rHr,r vtlLl He NrofaT Aa ce oT-
:pHrrT l]oil no-K'bcHrrTe cTpoex(r{ nopa]H c[a3BaHeTo Ha nbpBoHaqa.,lHHrr
n.'IaH. I'orcxoro HarrrecrBHe npH ,I,eqnii (250 r.), c6rrlo KaKTo HatuecrBHero
rrpe3
170 r., a3r-,'rexi(a, e 3acerHano rexrio fpa;12.1:lr Tpern rtepflojt e Bpe-
rero ua fa"rxeH (260-268 r.), Koraro rpnlaa ta ce rpeAnoJrara H3BecrHa
-Tporrrenua AerlHocr B Ceplaxa BrB ep-b3Ka c'L,c 3HaqeHHero, r(oero rpa-
l'r,r Ao5HBa c orKprrBaHero Ha MoHerapHHr{a'ra. Ho apxeonoraqecKu rofl
-repHojl
He Moxe Aa ce oT;le.rrrr pfl3Ko oT c.rteABa[[Hrr Bpe]reTo Ha
{uorreunau-l(oHcTaHTHH, Koraro Cep,uarca e Beqe rJraBeH rpaA Ha Bb-
r ptuHa
fiar<nn. Or ros noc.re,qeH neppro;l ca ocraHKilTe oT crpailH, Koaro
Halrrrparue iloqrrr HaBcrrK'bAe.t)i l-lpovqeHHTe crpaJH or ros ilepriojt Hocrir
ot{Trr HaBcrrr('bAe o6rrtecreeH xapar(Tep. Cepaara r:pe3 TCBa Bpe]re e aA-
rnHircrparlrBeH, TbproBCKu Lr 3aHasrqpuircr:a ueHT'bp. flocraex ce
gbrrpoc'br,
ri'b:r,e ca x(HBe,'rH o6ararerrrre i4. F.uurpatfrcKrrre cBeAeHIrfl 3a rfl.\ or roBa
BpeNIe ca rB'bpAe ocK'bAHr.r. l\loxe 6n re ca xHBe,,Itr B ropHnre erax.H Ha
rLlaALITe c Mara3HHrr H B Hepa3KpHTHre nepurf epHn
qacrn
Ha rpaAa
.tH B"bH o'r cTeHHTe My. Brguoxso e cburo
qacr
oT rpaAcKara 3e-
IiCBJIAACJCKA APHCTOI{PAqil'I AA C )KHBflJIA B CBOHTC TPAfiTPA4CKTI HMCHH'I,
3a Koero HMaMe H3BecrHH yKa3aHHrr (ax. no-rope III, 18 c,rn.).
folonerure B'bnpeKa rparHIlHoHHHre cv H rua6.noHHu naoSpaxeHHff,
6rr{lr ?r 3a ruoiieraTe Ha ApyrHTe rpa.roBe, Morar B HflKoH cnyqan Aa 5r-
llaT r13[o.'r3YBaHH 3a
]'CTaHOBrrBaHe
C'b[leCTBYBaHerO Ha Xpa]rOBe, rpaJ,-
^KI.I irOpTH, ,[pVI.H Crpalrr rI rlalreTHr.rrIil rr IIpoH3BeIeHHrr Ha fi3riYCTBoTo.
.oraro eiHo 6oNecreo e [pe!,cratseHo B'bpxy rvroHerare Ha eAHH rpa]t B
.\pau u.lLt Heronoro rlao6pax(eHHe HocII 6e,reau, no KorlTo rro)Ke Aa ce
c'bAr,
rle
Bb3npoH3Bex.la Ky'J-IToBa crar\-fl, B TaKbB c"'tv.laii [rox(e]r Aa
pHeilreNr,
qe
5ox<ecrBoro e rrillailo xpa\r n rp3;1a.l;lti L)r Hririo.rKocTornHTe
rr-1oBe u BapnaHTrr Ha MoHern Ha Cep,rrrra. Aa.r,eHrI l'
Nlr,tttuon, otio,'ro
Anarecer Rirra Hr,rar Ha onar(oro crr lrso6pa>iieHurr Ha crl-)aALI
-
xpar,ro6e
rr rpa.rcK[{ nprarli.l:r? B'b3 ocuosa Ha rua trao6paxeHxri Moixe ril ce nptr-
xrc,
qe
B Ceplrrxa ca cbrrtecravBa,IrH xp'aNroBe Ha Ano"rrou v na Acr.;ie-
Hii.lir\ IlocrporrBaHero HJ Trlfl xpalroEe rrle rpn6aa Aa orHeceNr uaii-rrccuo
K'blr Bper,rero Ha CeHeplrre, T. e. K'irlr Kpar{ na II Haqar'Ioro na III n., rtii
(a'ro r-rso6paiKeHrrero r.rlr HalrHpaNre Beqe B'bpx\: ilroHerr.rre, ce,{eHrr nprl
apaKa.ra. Brs ocHoBa Ha uso6paxieHrre Ha Capanirc Bbpx)' lrone'rli Ha
I J,t
1:i I
131
1 3fi
I liS
T. i,Inil HoB u
(1.
6o6,rt,n,
(lcprxxa,
I, 196"1,53.
C. E o 6'r e B, Cepluxa, I, 1git+, 122, ycialr(rrJrrBa ncriapu orioiro cpe.r.aril Ha Ill n.
tl. F o ir .t
c n, Ccp.o.nra, I. 1gil+, 122.
[-. I? ri z i c li a, ()p. cit., 6.
C. H,6o6qea. Cep-ruxa, l!)-13, f-i.
B;r. rto-irararr,x III, 169. 97, 1t)1.
{J I-lpoyusanus B'r,pxj i,ana.urrolpaxaflcxlrre 3eMu npe3 prrucKo BpeNle
16r
Ceplar<a Iluzicka""' rlon,t,atiattte c'btttccrRyt.laHero a Cep;Itlra Ha Ii,\'.t't'oBa
crarvfl Ha roBa 5oxiecrno. llo rrpee lg-lL) r.6e orKpHT rr xpau'r,T i\l)' H3-
n'LH lox{Hara cTeHa na Ceprtrtra
(sx. no-Hararbr( crp.4,l;. Cnoprel bo6qestr0
6oxecreoro He e 5a,ro riso6lla:eHo Ha rroHerrrre B xpaIl nopar'lH Heronnrr
Heorfnrlrra,'reH K'rr,.'rr il rpajla, Ho
(iapannc
B Cep:.Hxa e or-b)ff;tecrBeH c'r,c
3t'nc (ax. no-Hararr,r III, r",r. 7). 3a HaoSpasatsaHero rra rllaj(criu lioprn
ua Cep:rrKa B'bpxv NloHerH Bx. ro-rope III. crp. 27.
B rrtrttqgoro pa3urIrireHHe, rJJtI
,,
KacreJI ", Hii
(
.eptrria, nK.'tKlqeHo
npn(teuz*rre,ruo [.{e)I(A}'
.\'Jrr.rrlrrre.,,flereu, ,/Vloclioacria", ,.EenHoBCrir.l"
Ll
,,C"'IaBfiHCriA", cJler,ir or aHTHqHII crpailr ca HarrepeHtl n 3ana/lHara,\,{v
qacr.
tipe: III u IV n. HeroBlrrrr repeH e 5n:t u3no,'r3\'Ban 3a Her(ponc.rr H
rvr( ca 6unu
pt3rpa.r,eHu
rIr,p6slr (ax. i:o-rope IIi, 29). [{o .uo itoc'rpour]a-
Hero Ha rPalcrara creila IipH l\lapr Anpe.rrli 3anaAHara
qacr
Ha ror{
Tel)eH e nprrHa.l"re){ia,ra K'bir rpa;i,a. Orxpnrara npe3 1939 r. no.l crpa-
Aara Ha cerau!Har Air.xeo.rolnqecK[r lr\,3erl (lNauurra) T)rJroBa
r{acT
or
K"bcHoaHTHqHa crpa.].a, c'r,o6pa:ena c n.'raHa Ha rpaIa,l{t !r HalrepeHoro
'ral'r
ropco Ha crar\'n Ha
.{aaua B ecrecrBeHa ioJlerlruHa rroKa3Bar rv,o;*(e
6u.
qe
Ha roBa Mrrcro e Hr\ra.Io xpailr Ha
f{rraua,
B"b[rxt xofiro c.re.r pa3-
p)'ueHIlero )ty e 5lt.na H:irDaAeHa npe3 r('bcHara aHTHqHocr Apyra crpa.(a.
IIpa H3KonaBaHe Ha ocHoBnre Ha IiaprrziiHH,r llorvr e orr(plir 3n;1, l2iupaH
c IIoHerH or II'bpBara rr(r.roRriHa Ha iV s.ll: )';1p1q11 ca 6a,rrr pa3r{pHTH noJ,
for'Ifllrara riooneparHBHa crpara, Kofro orpax,(a fl.rrorr{aA
,9
cenrelrBpH"
or ceBep.lr:i I-IoA )KrrJrrrrrtHara crpaAa
,Ea"lxan"
Ha 6yl. ,XoHryroe" ca
6unu orKpr{Trr npe3 1936 r.
qacr
or 3rrAoBere Ha rorrriil,a, BepoflTHo K'r,c-
HoaHTHqHa crpaAa, c'bo6pa3eHa c nilaHa ua rpaAa.ll{
Ha H3ToK H Ha ror or ,,pa3urupeHueTo" ca orripurn npu pa3.TnqHlr
c,ryqau aHTHqHH 3LIAoBe, KorlTo, o6uio B3ero, ca 6rraa c'bo6pa3eHH c iroco-
Ka'ra Ha vnHuHTe Ha rpan,a. Tara pa3rpr.rra ca 6u,",u 3HAoBe rrpe3 l1):18 r.
Ha
yil.
,,[ieHxoBCKH" sarr ]luugcrepcrBoro Ha npaBocr,ltuero (cera ]inuu-
crepcrBo Ha B'bHuIHHTe pa6orH),tin npes 1942 r. npu 143Konrire 3a Te.re$oir-
Hara qeHTpana Mexjlv \',1HI[!tre
,,cr. Kapa].j/t{a" v
nl-1'pr.cou,t,,,
r,1:es l!j-10 r'.
npu H3tionnre z1 npacrp.orirKara Ha Rr.nrapcr<ara .rel,reAeJrcxa 6auxa Ha
),,'i. ,6 cerrTeirrBpri" n
,,['{a.
Baeoe",']7 npe: 19211 r'. IpLr n3Konrrre 3a
Ceo6orHrrrr vHnBepclrrer (cera BVlL,l
,,I{apa ,.\lapric") rra
1'.r.
,, Paxon,.:r}t".i'rH
[J roq repeH ca orKprrrrr rr xprrcrHrrHcxN rpo6Hr4uu.lrlf
l:lrr
f.. Puzicka, op. cit.,6.
ll(-)
C. H. Il o
(t,l
c B, Cerr.rrrxa, l!j{3, 14.
lir
T. I'e pa c u Ir o n, I'l6Atl, \i\', i9{0--12, 259, n. i2.
1r:.:
l'. f-c p a c H rr o s, i.lAtl, XVIII. 19i2, 401.
1ll:i
C. f{. 6 o 6 e e a, Cep,rura, 19-i3, 23 c.r., n. 2o.
itl
T. I-cpacnIr0s, l,ll)Ai,l, XI\', 19{0-+2, b7.
rl.'
C. H. B o i-r q
e B, Cep.-lrrxa, 19.1i,33, n. 7.
rrt;
C. t{. 6 o 6 u e a, Cep.ruxa, l9-i3, 31, n. -18.
It;
C. H. ij o 6,r c s,
(jepnsx1.
19.+3, 3(), n. {2.
lr'C.
H. 6o6,{ es, tleparxa, l9.l;j, 2i, n. 22.
1l;r
Bxi. sa,l. -16 ua crp. 29.
I i I-olrrirruirri ni
,Fruir'.tlela
no 3ltrrl.Irrrr (r;1,19,1s.,,n
,'..
,* li
.'ffi:
;,F*",
ii,
r62 Eopuc [-epoo
Ha ror oT rpaAcKara creHa ca HalrepeHrr c'brr{o ocraHr*r or aHTr,rriHH
crpaIu, Hrrr{oa or Koaro, nocrpoeHLt Ao /VIapxouaHCKHTe noiiua, ca ocTa-
H?r'It{ B'L'H or creH}ITe. Tar<ts e c.r\.qafl'r c xpaMa Ha 3eac-(,apanHC, c'brpa-
AeH npe3 t6l- 163 r. (uo. III, r.r. 7.1 B paMcr(o-r(opnHrcKn cru.r, no-
KbcHo np-es Iil e. pa3p.vuerl orriacrir rr B'b3craHoBeH K'bxr r(pafl Ha cro.rre-
Tuero, Koraro ca Sunn H3rpareHr.r Be!-rorrrHo nepHcrvt'br a
ApyrHTe crpa.qa
IIa qe,rtHu I(ovrn,TeKC oKoJro Her-o. Orouqarc,'rHorCr l,r)' pa3p]'uairaHe
e
CTaHa":Io IialM Kpafl Ha IV s.1'rtt CeaepHo or xpaltoBnr{ KonrrIJreKC
Ha
)'.T. ,,I-pa$ I,lrnaraea" N! 2 rr + ca orKpnrn aHTHr{Hrr rpo6uaqu u
oliono rflx 3p1,loBe, KoHTo 6o6qes larupa npe3 III s.rtr Ha
J-Jr.,Burorua"
.\e 6 ca orKpHrH rpe3 1!)39 r. ccHoBure Ha crpa.{a c nepucrrr,r c npatso-
.bT.b.IIHI{
6ASiT HA KO.IOHH OT BAPOBIIK II NOCT"IAH ABOP C [,'IOSH.I;]
Har:i-orlaJreqeHHTe ocTaHKrr or crpaAa B 3anaf Ha nocoxa cit oT-
KpHlw, npelrtonaraeivro B'L,H or rpa.f,critrre creHrr, rpe3 1906 r. rJa xrrcHara
crpaHa Ha 5r'.rr. ,Al. Cralr5o,rpticxr.r* B rapqena Ireixry
)'n. ,l{ap Bcrprrc I, H
,,Uap Caul'r.ur". 3a c'bx(aJrel{rIe no-ToriHH vKa3aH[.rH 3a Tafl aHTr.rqHa crpa;Ia
,r nnc
gat.l;'l
Ha ceRep or &lapriaBpe,IlHeBara creHa ca orKpHTn ocHoBure Ha Hrr-
KO,IIKO Crpa,IH, Ivler{ily KOI4TO Ha npeAiiOHCTaHTHHOBaTa enoxa Ha n-bpBo
rrrrcro nllaHar.lelr(r4 xpalrbr Ha xnncrrcr (6)sis i,!:c:c11,tnt orr(par npe3
1S)49 f. na 5v,'1.,,f.
{lrlrHTpoB" n
}'"rr.,,KApnrr
[r .\leronlui".'l'oii e 5ra;t
I't3rpaAeH B clleceHa 3prAapurr c noflclr or rpn pe,u,a ryxirlr. Bts ocHosa
Ha rpaAexa, cTuila H HaNIepeHHTe ralr NroHerra 6o6qee orHacfi Tafl 3HaqH-
TeJIHa no pa3Mepl4 crpala npe3.lil B.1t6
AaHHH or ecTecTBo ,u,a noKalr(ar
cto6paatBauero Ha crpaAara c r,raHa Ha rpaAa He ce c'bo6uaBar. Au-
THqHH 3LlXOBe BepOfTHO Ca 6a.tlt OTKpHTH H Ha yn.
,,CTpvrua. J\'e 3 (AO
6\','1.,,[.
flanHrpoB").ln'i IIpH llsxonaTe aa 6Heruua Xorer
,,CaBofl,, Ao it-
uoBHf llocr ca 6wnw orripl.trn rpe3 1927 (?) r'. 3Haqrzre.rrHu aHrrrqHu JLt-
Aoae.t;' flpea 1951 r. ua 6y.'r.
"['.
-frzvrurrpoB. 35 ca 6unu orxparlr 3a-
AoBe Ha roJrrrvra aHTrrqHa nocrporixa, rpaAeHa B crreceHa
gaiapnr{.
B c-b-
ce.xcrBo c ilefl ca 6rv:tvr HaNIepeHi-r ipparr,leHrll or o6poueu pe,rerp Ha
Aci<,renlrui a ro.'IrrMa HaxoAKa oT cilceHu H cHJ'IHo noBpe.l,eH[r ],roHerH or
III u IV s. 6o6qea Aon),cKa,
qe
r)'K e irlraJo cBerrj"rrlrrr(e Ha Acr<.uenrai'r.1':,,s Ho
cfpalart'I, KouTo e K'bcHa, erBa Jrlr 6a rrorJra la 5r,r,e caMtrr{T xpar,r. llpea
193;l r. ca 6nnu orr(pr.irll Ha 6)',r. ,,1'. ,{urrrrrpoB" 55 Nrelfiry
}'n. ,,LIap
1:rr
C. H. 6 o 5,r e B, I,lSAi.i, XI\', 1910-.12,
'218
c,r;r ;Cuecenara 3rrlapu,r, 1952, 8;
T. I- e p it c u 1r o B, I'lBAtl, XI\'. 19{0-_.i2, 2r,0, u,rrra, ue
{pouroHrl
}r tp}'rHTe ap\urcr(-
Tj'pHLrpparrteHrrt 6u.ru AoueccHu or.tpvra.t,e rr ue npilHa.'[,'reiKar i{a orHprrrHl xpa.rr. Bxi.
orue T. ['e p a c u:rrr] n, Ceprxra, X\', 1852. 17/ c:t.
151
C. H. Eo6q e s, l/1A11, XII\', 19ti1, 15.t.
1i2
T. I- e p a c rr ]r o n, I,16All, XI\', l9-i{)--+2, 260.
t53
C. H.6oir,reB, Cep.rura, 19-l;1,2(). n. 11.
rir
96. III, r.l. 7. Pe.rrrruo3ei{ x,rBor.
1i5
C. H. Bo5,reB, Crreccalra 3u-ftpitfl, 9; Coscrcfi.tq il!;xeg,'r111 srr, 1g56,3,2l,l;
T. f epacHuoB, Cep.lirxa, X\', 195.1, 177 c.r.
r.i{'
C. FI. E o6 u e a, Cepruxa, lgt,i, ;i3, n. 3.
li;
C. H. E o 6,i e il, Cep;tura, lg{,1, JJ, n. 2.
l's (-.
H. E o 6 { e e, Cosercxa'I ail}:uc.rorrs, 1951i, 3. 213; l,lLt/I, XXI\', 1gijl, 1()5
l-lpoyvoaHrrr B'bpx\' 3anflnHorpexuilcrure 3er!,u [pe3 pu]rcfio Bpe]re 163
Cirrreou" lI ,,Kr.rprr;l lr &1ei'o:tlui" ocH()Bi.rre Ha 3'daqnreJlHa ai{'i'rrqi-i:r (': i)alla
c Saslr r{a Ko,Torlrr irr sitLr H riai{a"'ri;.raur,r{. Ilocor<nre Ha c'feHii're cl ("Do-
6paaeirrt c n"ryarra rra Cepiiuiia.iit Iipu I'paueafiuoro Aeilo riir 5r'",i. ,.1-..ilu-
lirrrpoB" ca 6rr.rtr{ o1'rlprrrrr np,-':l lll+2 f.3rllloiJe Ha nocrpoiirra, 3rrarur're.lio
AeSe;iir r,r c'so6pa3enn c rrocoria'ia Ha rr3ToLrHA'ra crerra Ha ceBei]irur{l
I-,a:-
tillrpeHrre Ha Ceplillria. Or 3eirriTa 6n,'trr rr3Ee.r.eHIr i,rHol+.ecrBo
rroBeurHII
Koc'rl{ 6e: nptraHartrr ira peioBrrri nolpe6eHUir.til" X1ox..e tirr re cil B'bR Bp'b-
3r(a c norpedeLrrrflTa, 3a Kotrro roBoprr L.lpe.ieii.1';t
C xanora Ha Cep:uria npe3 r('rrcHara aHTi'r,{rioi:r (tri,pnara no.'rct'rirHa
na IV n.) e iru,ra cB'bp3aHa r('bpr(BaT'a, r(onro ce e Hdvt!pa.ra B l"opnrr,Io-
3eHeq Ha rlricoqurrara Ha T1^x.rapHnre rfra5p1111p1, pa3riplra npe3 1953- 1954 r.rrr:
Csrpsnauero ii c'bc Cep;lrii,rriicrru:i c'r,6og-l ni-,-'a ;-l+;l r. e IJanpaBeuo onte
n!re3 XVII e.
,\1-..11'r'a''rypHol'o Ir x)'J,oxiecrBeHoTo o,liol-:,lflBaI1e ll;1 crpa;Irrie,
-\"-rit-
Il.ilTe iI II,]olllaJ.ilTe c.']elr. noc.re{r{rrTe r().1elv[I
llS3ricririlr
cTaHa tiJ-ircHo,
Nrariap
Lie
3a uH,:IocrHirH n3rne.l Ha Cepttrxa Irfe3 orre.rHii're rtei-]i:o.lrr Ha
HeiiHir;i x(rrRor gorinirrie
Aocera De3i'.'rrarir ca HeAocrell,LIHlr. Orio.'ro
(rop1'ua, rteHTt,pa ira o6rrteclaerrrui ii.:iiBor rra rpr.:llr, ca ce H3jlrrra"rrr irpe:l
BCLlttliiiTe CTpO,iTextill IIep--rlOlill IIa Ctlp"iHtra CO.II!iiiitl CfpaII{ C il,-ll,illrli{-
cTpaTr.rBi{o, o6uec'l'Ber"io, T'b[)foBCIro rr pe,IIIfir03rio lrl-t.iHa3iiaqeHire. [1pe::
nbpBur{ nepiloJ, Bne}lero na Xalprrari Aiirorriiu firrii, le ca 5u,trr iro-
cripolrHrr, Ho [pe3 c.]erBarr{are rrepnoJ,ir, oco,ieuo Bper.lcro Ha KoHcraH-
TIIH, Te ca 6a,rlr 3S}reHerrr{ c'bc co"rrl-lHH i!{oH,!'}reriTarlir:.r crpalIr. 3aria.[.uara
qacr
Ha rlopyNra e 6s:ta o$oplreHa nplr AuronuHare u.'ra Ceaeprtre c -uo-
HvlreHTa.lHa nBy'erair{Ha o6ruecreeHa crpaJ,a, vrpaceHa c eAnr<y.rs. Or
H3TOqH.lra CTpaHa eIHa rrririloKa
y.rlHua
e ilr,re.[e ilpH B.rIi{Bar{eTo crr B'bB
r|lopl'r,rr iipKa,
qarrro
nocrpoiir<ir rrlrrJl& crurc'rr.rr irpe,1l pa3rxrip,raaHero
ua tfopl'rra B rr3To'.rHa rro(:oriA (siii. III, 3+). Cr-pa.t:r,
qrrurTo
,ir:rca5,ir cil
5it.rrr otfrrtpugpli c Ko,r()Ha-1rr npa3 ri'bcHara zHTirrrHoCT, ca orripirrir Ha H'A-
rio.']KC r{ecTa. Aplxrrrer,TYpHrrTe YKpac!r, Koil'io ca Harre
i)eHi.r
rirl iiflifo.:Ilir)
)recTa, roBopr{T c'btt{0 3a t,ioHYiteHTa.rIHl.t ciil,ljr"it.
Liacruli
J.L-i\io3t Ii
xpaiirpalCi-.lr BHJIt c'bllio Ca no";IVt{H,'ilt Moit}'}reF.ta.:I.'ia lirpiirrioi)ria \iii.lL:1.
I isl.re;i:,r,a,
qe
xo via prittcil-.liiis, e lilia.lo Ko.'Ioll.r-,.0.:ti;i B'i,'i!rt:iir-{,i're IF-rolloEe
Ha ireilu(!epno 3:lc'i'i-.oeHfiTe tiloiione Bepo:iTHt) ca rri,rii,iirl c'Lrrlo lllr:iilTe K-
TypHo o(toplrxaaHe. Xprrc'rLrHHCiiirrir Ky.-rroB i\ioHoil'ieD nu-t .)'Hirrirpca.ruirrl
I,Iara3irrI, ror,iro crou Bbll R'bl'peuiioc'r'ia Ha c'rpcure.,riir,rrr 6,'iori, llcir!e 6it
e Hac;Ier.Ilx rpi'fii, rio-crapa K\'.'rroBx crpar,a.16t ['1sr.:re-.riJi,r,
qe
Ha o(riiie CT-
BeHO irrflcTo (n"rorrirg?) ce e iiaur.ipaJa eAHa ap^rrreiir)'pHo o,lt0p:'ieua
1-',)
C. H. 6o 6 u e s, f.;rilii.i, I9{3, 25, rt. 29 (t,rip. lir), 3;i, r,. "1.
1il0
C. H. 6 o 6.r c s, C.:p.l;ixr.t, i9+.1, 31, n. -15 (ra6,r. I.r.,1.
tt;1
C. .l i re i e k, Aiill, X, iti;:il, -17 (nx. n lll, ,3()).
1'rl
6. Qltron. I,lllArX, I, 19i0,22;l'; ?la. Be,rxoe, iiprtpo:;, lil,i95i,
C. H. E o 6
q
e a, tr,lAl,l, X.il\;', 1961, 159 c;r.
163
T. f epachuoI v .1.Auur.IrpoB, floc.'t:Juttit ?p-\o;1orul{cci(il
1955, 52.
t61
l4 cBeTurlrnlc Ha roBa \rrlcro
1953, 548.
:'.&' t
, I 17 c,'r.:
pa3TrOilli!!,
nP'' IX' roBopr Cr. Muxaitroa, I,lctop.
tr
I64 46 Eopac l-epoa
:LIIMa, H3o6pa3eHa B'bpxY MoHera or BpeMero Ha I(apar<a.la. I-epacHruosltr;
npe,{[oJrara,
qe
rfl ce e HaMupana B c'bceACTBo c xpa]ra Ha Acr<,renaii n
"i
BoAara h e 6wna NIHHeoairFra. Ho rrqcroro Ha xpaMa Ha AcKnenul-i raro
: ilH rpn5na l,a ce rbpcH B'bH oT creHHTe Ha fpaha. fio-fliopo rax
rclrlM? e [ro[.,Ia l,a 6'al,e B c'bcercTtso c .\paNra Ha Anolou-,requTer. fipo-
HaBeAeHHa Ha lr3l(ycrBoro, o6HxHoBeHo crar),H Ha 6oxecrna Hil1 rioggfl
'
IIorI]'.1npHH MHTOJIOfl4qeCKH CUeHH, Ca yKpaCflBaJA He Cailro xpaMotseTe,
) H 06lUecrBeLH IuecTa, qacrHH
AolroBe u r<par:irpa4cr<u s11r11.rriri tlpes
no-K'bcHara enoxa (ot npeuero Ha KoHcrasrun- n.aiartr) o6aqaii e L'r'a-
Hano
qacrHHTe
AolroBe H o6ruecreeHuTe crpaAn Aa ce yKpacrrBar c [oAor]H
r3afirn, 6acel"lul.t H frp., KaKB[rro ca oTr(pHTH Kariro B rpaAa, TaKa u B
rafirpa4cxHTe BHJTH.
Btnpoctr 3a Mricroro Ha xpalroBere Ha rrpcAxpHCTHrr-rcr\a Cep-
lrHKa e rB1,pAe HHTepeceH.
,r1oxaro orKpHrHre Aocera paHHoxpHCrH-
tcKH u'bpKBtt c H3KJIIoqeHHe Ha rHfl, Korn'o ca o6c,tt'xaaJla Het(pono-
iTe, ca B'bTpe ts cTeHHTe Ha K',bCHOaHTHqHHTT |L)ait, AOCera He e vcraHo-
BeHo no 6escnopeH HaqHH c'bruecrBvBaHero Ha Hrrro e.u.Ha npe;1xpHCrHflH-
,-"0
KvnroBa crpaAa B'brpe e r-pajla.1,i; HanporrrB, orKpHTHTe Aocera xpa-
)Be ce HaMllpar B'bH or ,\lapr.caBpe,rrHeBara creHa: Ha Caparruc Ha lor or
,r,al,a,,Ha Seig U,|lcro< Lt eBeHTva.rlHo Ha Acrlenlrfi Ha ceBep or rpa.{a,ros
Ha Ka6e.na, aKo ce cbAu rro
jvrec'roHa.\o)+(jleHrcTo
Ha HaltnHCa, Ha ceBepo-
I
ToK or rpal2.ttit) ]Vloxe 6w caI,ro xpalt'br Ha Anorou-;re(*treJr,
qsliro
I
"rt
B Cepeur<a e uafi-crapHrrr, rue rpn6aa Aa ce T'bpca B HeH3c.rreABaHHfl
Aocefa TepeH OKOflo IvtHHepanHHfl H3Bop. HnrvraMe oCHoBaHHe
Aa rrpeAno-
JIaraMe,
r{e
tlo BpeMe Ha nocrporrBaHero Ha xpaMoBere uilH yqpeAflBaHero
{
rylroBaTe Mecra Ha IIocoqeHHTe no-rope 6oxecrsa re3a rlrecra ca ce
i ivrnpa;rn s rcpafiHara rox<Ha H ceBepHa
qacr
Ha rpaAa (ax. no-rope III,
24), r'rii Karo Io)I(Hara H Nroxe 6n u ceBepuare crpaHa HA J\lapranpe,'rrre-
Bara creHa He e npecrKna crpou'reJHr 5noxoee Ha rpa.u,a.
l'f
I o. noctr,'u4tu,Hktr{T ill.ttso't ts lEpnloptrflTA HA cEprntiA
nPE3 PLlllCf\A'f A hlIO\A
CleArtre Ha aHTHqHara K)'nrvpa H Hir ce.rrrrrtara npe3 pprrucKara erroxa
I TeprITopHnra Ha
(lepeuxa
He ca Sutu rro.r.{arar*r Aocera Ha cncrerrHrr
H3I.HpBaHHfi H npoyqBaHrrfl. I,lsgecrHoro Hrr 3e rrix ce A:birxll Ha c.'r_t'qal'.iurr
oII(pH1'Hfl, pa3KOIIKH, H3,'IO)keH]I OT CTpOexr{ VJlrl npoBeAeHH Ha OTAe"TjHLI
1t;'1
f. I- e p a c H Ir o a, Ceprrxa, X\', 1952, l17 c:ut.
166
@p'lt'\teHTrl Ha raKHBa crarylr ol
(-rpotr:
H upa]rtp B ecr('crtrcH:l l o.TC],nBa ca cr-
r(pnlu Ha Hrrr(olKo \recra (T. I- cp a c E It o u, CoQur, I, 1953, 1;l-l c.'1.,1. C'nruo 3ac.rvx(r.t.'lH
r' rpala JIHIIa cil Ilo.lyqaBarIl crarvapHu u:o6paxeHun (C. .l ir c I e k,'AEll, X, iSSti, -19,
r 2; rx. IGBule, l95C).
.'-"
3o npe,f,noreIae]rirrr xprrr Hil
jllurpa
lo;I tUaxc^tc HCKHI .lou rl,h. uo-rope,
III, +i.
lr:s
Bx. no-Hararbr lll,99, H rro-rope III. {{ E,rurr olrap. nocaercH Hil rr:; 'i,pui,.,
I )rrlg, 1947 (72), e HarrepeH npu Ilrnonufl \rocr. Crur-r orrapurc. nocscreHn xa Ca,5a;ufl,
I itrlg, 1927, u Arro.roH, 1928, ca Hauepeuu Ha 6yn. ,[-. Jlurttrrpon", ..,roxe 6fi s.r,H or
c. - ilaTa Ha |pa.la.
ttlt
3x. III, r,'t. 7. PerrrruoseH xuBor. Ha:trrxc:,r e Ha[repeH Ha \'.t.,,Bcc;tru" {7.
47 I-lpo\,,raaHus Br,pxy 3ana,lHorparuilcxlrre
165
o6ercrr, H3o.lI'IpaHH npo-!ripaHHrr HJrH rpocro na6rrcAeHt4fl u BneqaTreHHg.r
llopaau rcBa lt'btlHo e B r,rHoro cn]'qau
Aa ce oTAe.rru pgMcr(oro or no-
K'bcHoro H ollle no-Tp\'llllo e Aa ce AaAe eAHa no-ToqHa xpoHonorrrs. Karo
cHl')',pHH i'Ka3aHHtl 3a c'bIIlecrB,\'BaHero Ha ceJrHIrla npe3 pHrucKara enoxa
Moxerl na cllrflTaMe nbrHrrre craHllgr.t no (eHTpa,rIHHE
n.rrT (ax. no_rope
ll, 73 c.a,r.),
LrHero
MecToHaxox.u,eHHe iloqra HaBCrrKbIe e ycraHoBeHo He-
3ABI,ICHMO N,ANH TAM C N.OHA3AHO H IlO APXCONOTHqECKH N'bT CbII(CCTBYBA.
tlero Ha ce'1Hlua, HJIH He. I'IxoHoivlHqecriH npaqHHH Bt4lat14 H HaBCflK.bAe,
KaKTo e H B uafi-soiro BpeMe, ca c.b3AaBarn oKoJo nbrnrire cTaHIIHH ce-
JIlrtua, KOHTO npe3 pHN,rcriara enoxa ca uMaJH H CnOfi ropHra.recxa craryr
(ax. no-rope II, 7l). Ha.riuqliero Ha no.rrcxH BHIH, KaKBHTo Hanoc"rreA.bK
6n.xa oTr(pHTH Ha HflKo"lro lrecTa oKoJIo Cepaaxa, Ta Aoprr xoraro Tex-
HHTe cl-pa4H AarHpar oT IV e. HJ:H ca flo-KbcHrr, roBoprrr 3a nocenH[leH
)+(HBOT HA iIAAEHHTE IMECTA B .II.HO NC.PAHHO BPCME, tIfi KATO CIPOTO
3elleBJIaIeHHe H CBlp3aHare c Hel-o noCei'lHIIla Ha pa60rHoro rrace.reHHe
,T.VK
CA NO-CTAPTT. PATTUOXPTICTH'IHCKH
U'bPKRH, HEKPONOJIH H OTACJHH rP06.
HHIIH (lV
-
\,'l a
) I'xaaHar
aa c'bn(ecrB)'Baux no roBa RpeMe B TrxHara
OKO"IIHOCT CCJIHIIIA, qAETO
BIb3HIIKBAHC B IOBCqETO C.TYqAI' C CT?Ha;]O B E,{HA
[o-paHHa enoxa. IircHopuMCKH r(penocrn (l\,--vl n.), H3Ar..rrHarH Ha M.6r{HO
IoCTbnHH Nlecra, KoHTo Ca cx)'xexH aa
_r'6exHlqe
Ha HaCe"'IeHHero, roBo-
prrr c'bfilo 3a ceJrgtua
g
6rprsKara oKoJrHocr, qaeTo
c.butecTB_\.BaHe tue
rpa6na ra npHeMeM H 3a e.{,HB no-paHHa eroxa. Hafi-cerHe r},r( ips6aa
,qa
orHeceM u MorI{JrHHTe r{eKpoflonH HaqHH Ha norpe6enae, KofiTO e
no3Har or xanqarcKara (nlx.
1o.-1op_e-ll,
I0, ll crr. 13) uar ro xpacrnrH-
cxara-enoxa (nx. no-rope I, lT4
[526)).
Karo H3xoxIaMe or rHfl yKa3aHHr H ,rBHo 3acBprAerencrByBaHprre
c'lerH Ha xHBor npe3 pHMCKara enoxa, HHe Iqe ce onltraMe Aa Aa,uelr
I(APT[IHATA HA NOCEJ'IIiIIIHIIfl }t(HBOT B TCPHTOPUNTA HA CCP,I.UKA, .[OKONKOTO
no3Bo.'rflBar Tun jtaHHH.
II{e aanoqHeM c Hai'r-6rrH3Kara 3anaAHa oKoJrHocr
Ha Ceprrptxa, KoflTo He e 5lr"ra HenocpeICTBeHo cB.bp3aHa c rpala. C,rcAH
or rlocerHlqeH xHBor rpe3 pHllcl(ara enoxa (lll n.) ca HaMepeHH B c. Eo-
flHa, K',bAeTO e VCTaHOBeHO C-bIUeCTIl!'BaHeTo Ha cenHtue c[te npe3 Xa,,,I_
rqarcKara enoxa (nN. no-rope II, I l). [{sr,qexAa, qe
ocrar.brlHre or rro_
crpoiir<a H creHH ca cpeAHoBeKoBHH,r'r Ho r),b( ca HalrepeHH H aHThr{HH
lJarepHanH,2 H uoHeTHH C.br(poBgrrla H oTAe.,rHH NroHeTH oT III H IV e.3
AHraqno cerfiIlle, qrrero
MecToHaxoxAeHge fre e \:craHoBeHo
Aocefa no
apxeonorHqecKH ntT, ce e Hail,rHpa,.'ro B pafioHa Ha ceJrara I4saHgHe, @u-
I
E^lg:t [pe3 nocneJHi.rre l'oAHHr{ ca npeilrtpHera or Co$uilcxuu tpa,tcKH ]t],3er-t c1-
creuHr.r pa3KonKH ua xpaflrparrcKHTe BUxH.
].5..-LIpeqer,
[lr,r1'aauun,Tl; B. HBaHoaa. HEAll, XIII, lg3g, BlZ.
3
B BofiucKara ulptiBa 3a_ o.qrap c{ry}k!
_H
cera KopHHlcKH KanureJr, or6ealsaH oule
or K. I,l p e u e x, flr,rl'sauurr, 6E; f]cn, I,- 1882, 2, 67.
3
MoserHo c'bKpoBHrue c lre,[Hrr ]torrerrr
11
l-lpo6-- (27-o-2fl1, Ha]repexo orue nperfl
ocao6ox4eHnero, K. I,l pe rr
e K, flrryaaurn, Tr; B. Aj 6 p
] c K'a, Mi?, Itt, rigo,'ai';
IloHcrllo cbKpoBIIIue c {t{/ aHToHHHHaHH or l-a;rrres (26()-26i)
.to l-lpo6 (276-2g2),
Il.
(,a;ron,
[.164..]- I, ]9i0,223; nx. H.It).^rrr]ros, i-H]l, tfr, tgZZ_'ZS, f)rj;.pJJj
peH lfe.:raruou Ha KorcrasuHfi II (337-3d1), T. f epacHlroB, 1,16.{1,i,'xlll,
1939, 339.
,._:*
ll.: lHMcr(:_
Bpe}'c
j
t.l
-
tFc
J
l
6opnc l-epon
rHnoBuH, fvpuasoBo H EaHrq. To e 6r.uo oSc.nyxnaHo npe3 V H VI s.
)T (Bere q6pKBr{, orI(pHTH npa I,laangHe Ha pa3crotlHlle I rcvr eAHa oT
11] ra.a B n'bpBara rI'bpKBa e HaMepeH rYx,'reH JTaTHHCKIT xpacrl4rHcKa HaA-
'd
ies ua,qnac,6 a ilpa BTopara
-
roJrfliyr HerporlOr'r. Ktrlr ernH no-paueH
ieprroA o? ctrlecrB)'BaHero Ha ce.,rr.itrtero (ll--lll B.) ute rpn5ea Aa ce
)T"rcar Har,repeHaTe B ron pafioH Tppr rpariKr{ HaAnuca
-
eJ.tiH oSpouen
)'{ .-1'puaaoao, HaMepeH cpe.l clle/'(tt oT' crpaAa, BeponrHo cRetr"iiatqe,6
tilrr o6poqeH B'bB Bropara rIlpKBa npH IIsaFIsHe; u tpeiuar ua;1rpo6en
ia crruoro n,tscro.e tlpu Qu,rHnogqa e orr(prlTa rro"TCKa BHna (ex. III,
q :Tp.),
qHHTo
nocrpor'rxir ca or IV 8., Ho
,.riie'io
B'L3HLIiipaHe Hec'brrHeHo
ll
)-paHHo. 3a crapo ci'":irrlqe, HeIi3Becrilc ot I(oe Bile:,1e, ripl{ c. Ma;ro
)f ir.ruo croSrrtana Ha. Be,rxon.{)
F{a cetsep or Ceprtraria, no
"rreBrrfi
5L.rrr Fra Hr:r<tp, aHTHqHII }larepuaJrrr,
(q ) ilplr, Ko.roHrr u 6a3w, odpa6oreuii
t5.':ortoBe.
ocHoBlI I{a crap}r crpaAa,
Iq lrrca, Korrro cBrrAereJ'icrB),Bar 3a Ce;rurli? LrJIr, flocrpolixa or pH&ICKara
:noxa, ca Har,reptHrr Ha HiiKo",'rKo ilrecra: nplr c. Bpr6Hutla, np,r 05paaon-
Ir{ u I,l.rneHi1r.r, rprr rt}pF.Bara naTpeSirq-IIcr,'IeAert u npt K1'rraHntla (I(y-
ig1 :oso).r0 L,r K1'pu"ro niroti3xoii(Ia ilccEeIItetlt'tero Ha ASpo,irrra, Koero
: I I)-)Ke"'Io 3t npecro"Teu i(altal( B IIo.r.rt-b5opena
,,.'IarHHCKa"
I1-bptiBa Ha
leBCporr3Tori or ceJroro,ll N cpeS'bprr:r prnicKaropKBa.'l trle.Be,tronl'] croS-
wal
ga peAr{t{a Kpe[ocrrr H rpalr{ri{a Ha ceBep H 3anail or ce.1010, no-
'ei
'l'o
or riorITC 6rr.rn cpe.(HoBexoBHlr, no B Hrri(on oT Trrx ce Halnrpa,lla
'.,:"
r . paxaiicr<a KepalrHria. B ros pariorr ce HaN{Hpa rr orl(pllrara rpa O6e.us
)HIlcKa BlrJra (ax. Iil, lti crp.), 3a Kolro Balxrl Ka3aitoro 3a Bll,tlara npa
I;r--nnosqu. 3a crapo cerrrrqe BCe B TorI palioH B il,recrHocrra Nlauyp,
ld J_-3, r*i 3anaAlio or c. Mparaop c
t{c'proBatl{e
,Cs.
I-lettp', cto6ula-
i0r B. Aodp)rctl{
t{ 5parn Ilircopnu.rl.ll
U oiioJruocrra Ha liocrrrn6po,a ocBeH il'brHara craH(IIrr Scretisca,
t11
'o
rpajr.rrlrle. c'bx'r,l))Kairto airrrrqHrr nocrnoi:ir(pr H IIareprra,IIii or III-lV e.,
, I :.riirruero oiio.{o Helo nce orrie ocraBer irepa-?KplrTrr It Herr3c.IIeABaHu
I
B Ilaarrcna, l-[iJI, IV, 19:]2-25,,i111,
.lid;
9, , -l1i:
H. Maspo.lrIHou, Bu:ltsritilcxara
i. . D o 6 'r e D, tlAll, XXI\', 1961, 175.
.
B. iis a u o n a, [-H)1, I\', 1922-*-]5, ++5 (3ri
ipiitlat. Insciir., 1964, n. 27 (V nex).
';
ICDulg, 2()14 (rr).
?
ICI',i;lg, 2()10 (,1/).
s
I(:Bri!!,, 20ll G0i.
rr
iln. iJ e.r ii o o, iltrupola, II, 1911, xn. 3, 1t),.r c.rr.
l't (.lnope-l
uu,,i.irc,ter*:;r rra ['l s. B e
jl
[i o B, a. CoQrrilcria nlltB,]a or 1(). II. 1956.
tt
ICLIi:lq. 19.sS (1ri).
rr
E.
(D
i!'.r o B, i.lUA.1, Iil, i912, 331.
r:i
!!p. B.:;r x o n, Iipn,rvrrr F:pcrocrlr, 19,38. l1-l c"r.r.
1{
B. rio6p}'cru, Alii-lirI, I, 1917, 1e0 c.r.:\. ir ii. Iilxopnit.r, }loi'tiair, 1.39ti,
12. Orrarr irnoH3\ox(;Irr flocBeuleH;rcro HA 3crc ir \epa, I(iBulg, 2017 (25),.\cp:,rarir,
ll- ig, 2L):0, H rro,:Biriier{riero sa Acri.renril r Ani,r.r)u, I(:i.}u1g, 20i8
{)6
n), H uoner!I
;r ilrcrnill;t:: 12.15-ilr'r;; r.), a iroiHe 6u ir nocacriri'ilireT'o IIa 3cac Ca6a:*l1 , ICilulg,
ti {25'). B. f J 6 p
}'.
ri u, uirr. }r., roBopri H 3a .ip}'ro
r{rp(oBlrule
,Cs. Tpollqa" c'bc
iap npecToilcH Ha\lax.
fipovunaHur B]pXv 3ana,rHorpaxHficxnre 3eNrH rrpe3 puucKo Bpesre
167
(nx. il, 78;,t'-' vcraHoBeHo e Ha,'IIrqHero Ha cer'IHIiia H noce,,ruilreH )KLIBoT
npe3 pHMCKara elroxa orrte Ha c.;rer,Hr{Te Mecra: nprl ce.rro IparoauxlHua
B MeCTHOCTTa ['paAHrrleTo, B'b3tsHIUeHile OT pa3Ba"{HHETe Ha pHMCFiH nO-
crporixlr H ocraHr(H Ha creHrr cbc ..c'raptr" MoHerrr H ApvrH lvrarepria,Ur,
KOHTO CBrrXeTe.[CTBvRar 3a }KABOT npe: IV n. HO
qe
Cenfl[{ero e C',brrle-
CTBVBaIO H B IIpeAKOHCiaHTHHOBaTa enoxa, nOIia3Ba HaMepeHaTa Tai\,I fJIaBa
or crar)'tixa ua flo"'lllfierr.it) Ocraprrr or cfpa.qa I{ erHo rrocBeirleHHe Ha
Ca6asuii ca Havrepega nprr c. O6eir,uHeiiue (6uaure i\lac,rono)t;. Crparara,
IioHTo e nocrpoan nocBerH'feJrrrr Ha Hair,fraca, e 6uta BeporrrHo xpaNr Ha
6oxecrnoro. (3a n'brHa craHqr.rq B Torr pafiou npri c. Barxonrin Bx(. no-
rope II, 92.) Oure no Ha 3araA r('blr c. I'r;rrSoeriu e iuecrHocrra fler,rrcii,
I('b]CTO TIOCC.'IIIIqHHNT x(HBOT C 3ACtsHAETC.iCTBYBAH OUIC OT HEOJII,ITH'!'I fiE.
puo.[ (ex. no-rope II, 6), npea K'bcHopn]rcr(ara enoxa e Hr,raiio ceJr.trrle ri
i(penocT,l-
B paiioHa Ha n'brHara craHrrers lleldia (nexr1' Iparonau u C.raeHnria,
B)+(. no-rope ll, 77) cJre.llLr or ar{Tr.rriHr.r crpa;Ir.r rr Nrarepua.'rH, riou'ro roBo-
pflT 3a ilOCe.'IHIUeH }I(I4B0T, Ca HSBeCTHH IOCera OT C.Tt'.{i{HT }lecTa : fipi.I
c. A,'r:o.lrapoBuI{ B }recrHocrra I,lasop I-oJqMo aHTiiqHo ce,'Ipriue c x,rorir.'IeH
Heripono.{,l" Ha H3ToK or liparl,ruxoeo aHTI,IqHo ce.!Lrnle c ocrar{Krr oT
cfpaArr c apxHTe611,pHo-cKv.'rnly'pHa
)"Kpaca
U oT BofonpoBojl:". Br:reau:e-
Hrero L{apuvnHa Mexqy rapa Aparorrau [{ c. flploetllt iiprle n ce6e crr
ocraHKI4 OT aHTHqHO CeJrHrrle. [1O-paHO Ce npeArroJrara[te,
qe
ra]r e t5lrla
cra Hr.Il,rflTa
jv-leid
ia2
t.
B noxpafiHHHara Bype.n, rcro3anaAHo or rapa
fparolraH,
c lreHrtp
c. HeAernue, Korrro e rlo-Ao6pe no3Hara 6JlaroAapeHple Ha H3cJIeABaHero
Ha Kp.
ApoHurrroB,22 c.qe.[,H or crapn ce,rlrlua u noceJIuIIieH x(HBor,' Hri-
1,
He e scuo .xa.qn cno\reurroro
1'
I,l n. B e,r r o i;, Iipouf ilr fiDt'rccrlr, i933, 118 c.i.,
,
r().tfluO
gltSaHrr4flCxO
Ce,'rHiue ' flplt C. Iit'.'IIItia He e CexllllleT{i oKo.lo n'bTIlATS CT;}lILlirtl
screti::cil.
li;
A. JJ H Ir ri r po B a, Apxeo,rorus, \'. 19tj3, 2, 69 c..r.'r.
t;
T. ll B A H o a, Ap.':eoroi'us, III, 196!, +,
.10
c.r. : ICBtrlg,202:)
\27).
l'['la.
Be.txoa, fipou-t'rH lipenocrr, 1i-l c.r,r.; H. IIcrKots, IlAll, \.\\'i, 19(]3,
777 ct:t. I\Io;xc
(ru
:a Cr,rr{ara Kpenocr roBopH C. .l i r e d e li, AEM, X, 188{i, ;6; [ir,ry-
uaHHrr, {S9. Cnope.l H. fi e r r o a, LIEAI'1, XVII, 1t1-t), !07 c,T., rair 6r.ra uriuepeHr! u cpe-
6r,pulr pulrcKH ltoHerH.
1i'
X. n Ii. ttl K o p n H,n, MoIa.rH, 112. Huueperri,rc xrorlerlr Hocejrr{ HarrrHC .\1e;r:rn-
der Pirrs Arrg. B rirrvnarjrpara irfl Ceacp A;iexcaslt,o 022-');35), oi;aq He cc cperua
ennrera Pius. 3a cexrrruero i,ir. orle H. il e r K o ts, l.lEAI,l, \'ll, I932-33, 373. Or A.'r-
,loMrrpoBuH rlpoH3xolKJ.a u eAHo \rorrerHo c'bKpoBHU{e. YIipHrO npH roTcKoTo IIailrecTBr.le
nprr !euuil, I,{6i\['1, \\I, 19.i6, 2il]: ex(. Il.
(-r
t r o i', ..\cte anti(ilra Philiopopolit.rnrr, Stit-
dia histcrica et plrilologica, 1963, 1{5, n.8-i. ii.\,iatlttrIpollUH e orKpitr I.t Kl,cIIoaHrHrreH,
olracrH us,lra6aH B cKa,'Ia, ortiacrll 3ux,aH rpoir, ['lEA['1, XI\'', 19+0-- {2, 2ii6.
20
X. rr Ii. tll K o p rr u.r,
j\ic5,
\'lll, 1892, 66. it. l(); Bli. ouie C. .l ire ir ii, AEl"l,
X, 1886, 56; ['lr,r5'sarir.rx, -1E9. f11,-rper Iliropnrt.r rau 6u;a Ha]tepeHa nocraueHa B HulrrarJ
Ha c1HH 6"lor rHura c [rerarnrr KopHr]a. Or 6par';rilKoBo Ilpou3sox(.ta u larsHcliit Hrrrpo-
6es nalnuc, CIL iil l2-135, Mod\e 6n sa BoeitHo ;tllut.
il
B. ,f, o 6 p.v c r< u, flcr, VI, 1888-9, 28-31t, 52i, sx. u no-rope lt^, 77.
':'.:
I( p. Il p o n
q H ir o n, 6yper. AHrponoreorpa$cxo upoylrtsaHe, fcyliOO, XI]i, 1i,j:1.
3a ct;xa,reuue 06H;ttrnre cBe,x,eHrrff. xonro roii :1aBa 3a crapHHi{Te, He rtot'ar B roBtqerc
cx)'qart Ia IIoc,i]'xaT 3a pa3['pirrHqaBaIIe Ha arrTilrilroTo oT cpe]u'.)BeKoIlHoTo.
49
{i:;
..i*-,
, :4J-
.!,.i
,r11:
ll6AI,l, \'lil, 193{, 22(), c.r.r., XIi,
:ipxulerirvpfl, 1955. tj I c.l.'r.;
-
V. Bcie,.'lier', Spiitlr. und
,-
l
Eopuc l-epos
:.rrAe c flcHH yKa3aHHs 3a pHr,rc6aTa enoxa,
jlpyraAe_6ee TaKHBa, HaMH-
lar..-
gpH
cenar; [-a6ep, B^rrArarutur,
L{.vr<oae:ep,
Eaxalttu, ft6otuua,
^4
,rtpuuQnuK tr Ap'raAe.
OCo6eHcl 3HaqHreJIHII Ca oCratlKI'1re Ha ceJlplllte
,ri'rurc*ira enoxa npLI c. I'a6ep, Kb.ile'io Ca HaNIep_er-y
:t'liloBL'
oT ro'1e*lH
rocipfiirn C pHlvlcKtl Tyx.IIH, 3HjlaHa rpc6uHqa, craryl'tx^a-Ha ,xieHa"'
Hljl-
ltll,aHaCeBepoTCe.[oToI.paAHIIle,BepoflTH0l('bCHo.2lflprrB.la,tuc.lastIH
, ,i CTHOcTTa l-paula.la Ca oTKpHTII oCTaHI':ll o.I 3HAoBe, pHi\{CIiH Tvx'[rl,
16!r6Oreurr
Kall'bHH, rr,HeHll rp*,6H OT BOJ.OrlpoBOil, BapoBll'(oBa I(O'IoHa
I OCHOBHTe Ha rolfltua cfpala. Iiprr c'bllloTo ce.[o ce Halltlpa K'bcHOaHTII-
iei
(?) uexpr)1oJr, or xofiro e pa3tipaTa erHa 3plAaHa rpo6Htlua c Aue
)rl ieHlrs.rl tiprr Hec,ra ce HaMIrpa HaI't-rorrtMoro rpai1Hllte B ra3tl Ilo-
(par.iHHHa. KOeTO Cnopel rpaAe)fia cll i\loiKe ila 6ue K'bcHoallrl'lqHo I'l''Irl
;pFlr,HoBeKoBHO.B
oxo.rrHocTTa Ha ce.rloTo ,lllqaT c.'IeAflTe Ha cf pa:Lt'2; ]'p-',-
rral a
-
HeH3Becl'Ho oT r(oe BpeMe
-
ce HaIlHpaT npH ce.IIaTa lllttuene,
lil
iorn. rj;;ce.Io, lloea.rrHp'b)K, Kpyua, [-pr.nuia na.II,HHa a l]pat'otnntltt'26
vlLr,;t iiaprdpoa ri Bpa6ua B llecrHocrra Kanatla Hpeuex
q\:.r, qe
HNIa"rlo
.K,o^,r'bHII c JIa'fHHCI(l{ HaAnltcltu2T. HtII(oH or rpaitHllia'fa H oc'raHKIITe or
;l
,H CenHrua ce c8.bp3Bar or rrecrHoro Hace.leHr{e c ,,.IarHHUH",
Koero,
irl ..ra
-nor,,
HittiaKBo xpoHo.IIorntleCIto
C'bt'bpxaHHe' T1'x He CtloivleHaBalle
t.t,pr(BHIrlaTa
u MaHacTHpHLUa'ta, Htll(oH oT KOtiTO tsepotlTHo JIeiI{aT Bbp'\y
lHr lqHlI cBeTHJIHUIa'
"l
no nnf-ropgoro reqeHHe Ha Huuaaa, Koero H3o6I4.IICTB)'Ba c'bc c,rle-
U,l, rid CT?pH CenHUIa u KpenocTur2s nocelnlqeH xuBor npe3 pHMCKaTa
3n6xa e 3aCBHAeTeJCTByBaH
npH lO,u,eq u Ty.Ueu'[lp' I'OAeq a lvleCTH6CTTa
r,1 itHr[e. BeporrTHo ocTaHKH OT aHTHr{HO CeJIHlUe, e HaMepeH HaArpo6eH
;d ir.;;'**'r,o-K'bceg
or n'LpBHre AecerHJIerHs
Ha III a', n 3acBo'[eHa
ri.bcHoaHrrrqHa
rpo6urua.3o [Jprr TyleH ce HailtHpa tpaLrt]Ie, Bepofr:Io
11-
rHriHo CBeTH,,ruIrie (nx. III, r.r.7), s Koero Ca HaMepeHa^H'lKoJIIio
rpyoH pe'
;;
'
;; , .rrrt,i*rr c Harrrrcn rr ApvrH
rtatepuantt.:it Cttllecrn)'BaHero
Ha
;i ;' ; ,"ii palioH, a,I\rHHHCrparHBHo opraHH3HpaHrl B xwp'aT'|ix
(sx'
-O-aOp. II, 7r)), e 3ilCBll-IeTeJ'ICTByBaHO
e ABz
OT T)'K HallepeHIlTe Ha'I'-
ntt(.a. I,lsroqHo Ao ce.roro
"
n,ecrrocrru Paloeeu npe3 l95ti r' ca 6lr'rlt
;l ;,,;;; u.iinurr. Ha aHrHqHa HnH cpe.r,HoBeKoBHa crpa1a H Kpait Hen
;l [;;;,,-.n.r.rH
c BepHrrr Ha p'blle-'i
9rco-no
n'brHara craHIItrn Ea.lau-
i.,.po nprr c. F.ilrorrrno (Bx(. ro-rope lI, 77. 86) e R'b3H!lKHaJIo c'blllo
'l'aKa
c(-:ilitc. B rioe.fo e ilile.ro HacraHeHr{ BoeHHOOpl'aHH3l'lpailII
tserepaHII :la
I
I .-:i
I(p. .t[)oH
qgloI, uur. c.b,r., 211 cr.: iGBtrlg,2031
(/(9),2030 (19).
':r
K
l.
jl
i,o
rur u.1o B, unr. c"uq., 219.
,.
ij.'
j
ii! r
"
ri,'een, i, i886, so;
{^p.
.1 p.(:H
q
II .r o R, Ilrtr m'q.. 22?'
|
:,;
Kn. ,lporrrrn.!roR,
,,*r..r,,i.,-g.i, sd c..,.,'15s, 102, 173, 175, 1E?, 186, 1q9,2{ts:
",]
..,,,r. b. .i i'r e I e x' AE]I, X, 1866, 56'
'rr
Jt-t.
.l i r e ie k, AEI1, X, 188(1, 56, Antn' 17'
'-r*
C. .l i r c
(" t, enlf , X, t88tr, 52, 86; [-p'l'nattnrr' lS7 c'r'
''s
ItrBrrlq, 2o 17 (11).
3d
X. u ti. Itl K o
PII
u;r, }loru'rrr' 45.
I ;;
iiiti,,rn, zi,jl-riii,'ziiri tr,ii,"'zriis t10),--'046
(!!li.Lll'Be'1 xoe, rlEArl' \'l'
l9llri-r,
:i[i;=ii- ll p i vi x, I-lrryaauur, 'l-E9-;- A.q']l.' K, ls86'
-52'
sl
'6.
C H !t e o n o u, El:rrapcin esnx, XIV, 1961, 4-5' 386'
l
ilpoyuaauun Bbpxy 3anarlrorpaxuflcxure 3eMH Ilpe 3
lrl4NlcKo
Bp-eMe r69
D1
6i
I
! i*-
o\paHa Ha npoxoAate.lr:;K-5lt rona ce,lHIIte rpn6na Aa oTHeCeM Hal,lepeHllTe
np; Kaaoruno .t,rpotsHlrla c lvioHerH Ha K;lanlnfi II (268
--270\,
Aepe"ruaH
1270-275)
n I-lPo6 (276--282)."{
lloceJrr.trltH]t,iT ueHr]p Ha flr.rpoTCxO IIOIe npe3 pHlvlcKaTa..I9*'
:
1pr;t n.brHaTa C'taHIIHI{ Ttrrres tlpH CerauHIIn [lrlpor (sx. no-rope I[, 76 c'r')'
I,1:rr.neXla,
qe
TOBa C3,IHLUe, OTtlTOrlIqO Ha ABa AHH Il'bT Or Cep;itll(a' Ce
e oQoplpr.rr6 KaTO aXMHHHCTpaTHBeH H 3aHalTLlHr'rcxo-rr'pfoBcrll
lieHt'upiri'
Ha TOri xpat? lr e IIi-lHBnflK,IIO fipeCe,IIHl'lUH
.9,
CepZ,raxa' KOllTo T]'l( Ca Ha-
rvrpHi'rr.r no-:ro6pa
)
cnoBr{q 3a cnonra leliHocr.
Tona iIAHt4 or rlocBellle-
HHeTo Ha h;sa(
':i,!:s:oi,
za KoeTo roBoplltvl nc-HaTa't'bK (lll,.r.r. 8). Or-
.r'aM
nl,ron3xoxAar H iAHH tfp-arureHr or ua.lrpo6eu n'AnIt"" H 6ptlri:otllt
arorl'ri,r, Ha Xepar.1,n vtEpoi'it, Kal(ro tI HoBoHar'lepeHrltlr o6poveH pe' t(l tla
Ano.rroH H Acx,renrrii (nx. III, ra.7,1. }KHaor n [lHporcKo npe3 pH]lcKara eiloxil
C Or6C.rggAU HA HHI(O.IIKO TlEC'iA C HAINHCH, KOH'TO CBHJIETCNC'I B} BA'I' 3A
ceJrrllta: Ha ceBep or [lupoi npLr Oclraroeo c .r,Ba o6pounrr Hailtitlca:'* rt
,,pLr'l'elicrio c.:rar]lrcKH HaArpo6eH Ha.x,ntlc,'r, Ha 3anar rlptl ['o''tHivr
(J1'xo-
Ao.'r lBe.lnr<n
C1'uolO;r) C tjOCBellteHrle BepotiTHO Ha H'lKahBa KV'lr0Ba IiO-
,!.rri,*,, rrpu Iiocrl'p'c Halrpo6eit Ha4nttc,lr tla It)l' nprl Borineroeetl C
rp-biiKH Ha.a.nac.ar Ocrauxrr o-t pruvrcF(o ce.[tlule (ct'pa-ltt, BoJ,onpoBoltHtl tl
KaHa,.'IH3atlHOHH[l rp.},6t-t,
'!l03aHr{eH
nOA H llp}'l
11 ap-\eO''IlOI'lIqeCKlI }la'fe-
pua,lH) Ca Har,lepeHrt npll C. Kp1'neU,- Iib.I,eTO tll,a TOn'bJ IlHriepa'1eH
Ir.opi, Or I-loraHoao npo,3xolK,r.a o6pouHa nnoqKa Ha 3eBC c rp-billitl
Hajlngc, HaMepeHa B ocraHlill Ha crapo ce.'IHllle,{r H Taill ca Ha}lepeHll l!lo-
n.i, na fOlnfi [eaap, Anpe.tnan, KoictaHTHH u iOctaHHaH,{; Koero ctsrl;1 e-
TencTByBa 3a 111uBoT Ha ToBa IvttlcTo npe3 IIH;aTa pHN'c1(a eiloxa' npH
fl'brHara CTaHUHTI .u,o Cyroao Translitae
(sx. lI, 77) e
-HaMepeno
rpe3 MH-
Harmfl BeK ronrrl1o pHrrcKo NroHeTHo c'brpoBnrue or IV B,t'j a or [-]naHtl'
nn ,{, (Llapu6poecr.ro) BoeHHa AHn.xoNIa or 222 r.li' [Jace'leHr{ero Ha
*,
O, ar,rr,oro
rrepKotsilrue
,(-rr.
1'po-rtua", cBe{)o3ailartlo o r [ill.rotu IIo, IIPoH:]x('ih,lil
rr *-brHara Ko,rorra oi o*o.ro 2-17 r'., ICBrrlg, 20:17, a Hoxe c'n tI ll.l,TIlill'a I'('il()lla
ICIltrlg, 20;Jii.
11i'T.
f epacHlloB' klA[], X\1, 1957,321, XX\', l9ri2' 226'
3;r
i11o*a
^6rr
rl.x ulralte empol'itrru, 3a Koero irlrra rtorau .tlt clill;1('Te.'ICTB)'Bilr Il:i;'HI'-
Harirre crar.\'H
"o
'nii,,,-lp"top119^
Cerlrurruil- Cttitp
.
rt tlil )hetllrie H;1 E'rlra6al rt
rl'it'lt'tti
nporrir, C,.n'."un, ifii, isar, 282; AElvl, x, l.sStl, 23E, tr. l; Ctto"tcttiii:, l-X'i\', n'
i81. rx. 0tuo tl. 185.
''
iir
FI. B
i-r
tt h, Citolte+rttK, I-XXV. 1933, n' 189'
s7
S. t i j. K rt
ii d, Zi'a antilt.t, \lll-Xl\r, igu-t, 1l]5 ca'r., Iiis cra.
3-'
H. tsy r,;l; ili,o.'"",,*, LX\\'ll, 193"1, 52 ({)' \CYiii, l9+l-j8' 281 (')'
3:r
H. Bl';r n h, CtloueHux, XCVIIl, lJ{t-48, 28+'
lr g. g j:r,in, Cnori.rrn, XCVIll, l9{l-18, 280 (3), ulrrrepe:I ts }'rrciitc,ct ['pa]itiitt'
lr
IJ. B
-v;r
rr h, Ctlortetltlr, l-XX\rll, lg3l, n'- 5l^(l)'
lr
H. B
1'a
n li, Crtoucunr, XCVIll, 194i +'c' 281'
rs
tl. tiL t p o e u h, Crapuuap, 196i
.
5. (1966)
'250'
{-r
H. 8,,,1H h, C,,or,.rr*, XC\r{ii, 19-11-- i8, -189. 3rr aHrllrillil're Haxo:KI'l r:ptr Ilora-
HoBCKIIfl lrtHacrttp Bx' Ilo-rope, I, 173 i-?30)'
r:'
C. .l i r e-ie k, AI:li, X, l8sij, 52 f'
'tti
C. .J ir e ie k, loc. cit.; tl'sr1's.ttl"ttr, 'lE9'
17
Au. ep., 1964, n. 269 (7).
!-
170
6on1c I-epon
t7l
ron rpafi npe3 puMcKara enoxa e 5uro rpaxHiicxo, KaKTo Jtr4tlr or rlo'
cBeLUeHHrra H na4rpo6ulrre HaInHCu, a L] n'brHHTe CTaHIIHH ce e Hacra'
12il1o H rpaACKo HaceneHHe or CepAul.a, I{aKTo roBa IloKa3Bar HaAnHcHTe
)r l-lapor n KocrYP.rs
E,AlrHcreeHHTe aHTHqHu pa3Ba.'ItrHrr Ha ,IIto.nHH, u3BecrHrl Aocera
MexAy
HrrKo.rrr(oro rparHi.ua or X n XI-XII e., ca l-{tprnaulero, Koero ce HaMrlpa
ja
HalYr-sucoKara roqKa Ha Ey'ultr:oAepBeHTcKHtl npoxoll u Kpl'le BepoflTHo
JcraHKHTe rra pHlrcKa n'brHa craHlrl.rs Ha n'brr Ceplur<a -- [layrar,un um4
nbK Ha cBer6Jrllu{e. iVlecrnocrra oKo.ro [-['rpxeaulero II cera Hocfi HNIero
Iia;r4'r,p'trta. Or rsa pa3Bailu:Hu Ca ,I,OHeCeHH
B IvIaHaCTHpCKaTa I{T,pI{Ba
..Cs. Cnac,, [plr c. I-o"'rsno B}'uauo lee no,.'IoB][lH or MpaMopeH apxHTpaB,
a lpyru
apxareKrypHu
Qparrueuru
ce HallHpar B crapllre rpo6ulUa Ha
ce,roio.r', flpu B.ryaeaq ca^ 5H;rH HaillepeHrr 3Ha_qgTe.rreH 6poir r\leAHH lvloHerI{
or IV-V B.i0 Beporruo u cK,roHoBere Ha Bnroua Ha.[ cenoro ca B,4H-
3aJH R )Iie"1e3ogo6r"*r" pafio6, 3a xofiro roBopnxMe llo-rope (1, 102
[2;{I).
' 'Ha
ror or Cepeuxa aHTLrr{Ho ce.:rnule, BepoflTHo B'bB Bp'b3Ka c pa3pa'
6orsauero Ha )+(e;ie3opvAHHTe HaxollrrtrIa no H3ToqHpt're cK.roHoEe Ha Blr-
TOIrA, e HManO np6 C. El.rCrpnUa. B IIIeCTHOCTTa Ka.nvrepOBg JIITBaAH, Ha
ceBep oT ce,:IOTO, Ca Ce HaMHpa,irl B l(paf Ha NIHHaJIHfl Bel( ocTaHKH OT
CTapH Cipa.ltr, T)'x,TII ll DuitlCKH LI Ap):il{
MOHeTH. IlpeS 1917 r' Ha 2 I{M
H3TorrHo or ce,,roro B crapa I{'bpKBa e- 6lt.ria orripl{Ta 3acBoAeHa rpo6Hllqa,
rpaAeHa oT KaM'bK H noflclI oT lto TpH
_P9Aa
TyxxH. I-lO HailIepeHI{Te B
Herr MoHern rpO6HHIIaTa ce,(aTapa npeS IV-n.lru HaqaIOTo na V n. Cle.U,u
or rpaAexH ca orKpHTa H s ,nicrnocrra Ma.rllt Aon
H oKoJIHHTe HHBH.61
fpair.rufara no ,qeBnfl 6pnr Ha I'Icrlp B rofl palloH H rpaAl'Il[ero npn
C. 141a.oaenrrUa;2 ca no BcrKa BeporrTHOCT Cpe1HOBeKoBHH. Orrpatute
ocraHKI{ or crapl{ 3HAoBe npu c' i'op1'5"rnue B c'bce/l'crBo c HaA'rpo6Ha
Irotu.lai,;r He Ca npOYqeHIl. 3a pHllCKaTa 6aas a I-lanuapeaO u CTapHHHTe
orc.'ro Hel BiK. no-rope II, 66.
C.'relure Ha aHTHqHaTa I()','ITVpa I'l 11OCe/lhtUHHfl X(IIBOT npe3 pLI]i'
cr{ara enoxa B H3Tor{Hara
qacr
ua Co0ut'til'o [o'!e ca aaii'stcHo AonoBHill]I
rroKpait ueHTpanHrrrr
n'bT u n'bTll[laTa, K0HTO Ce OTKJIOHSBaT OT Hel'o.
Ctuecra)'BaHero
Ha ce,{a B S,rugrcaia oKoJIHocr Ha H3ToK or CepAI'lKa
e 3aCBHIeTeJCTByBaHC
OT IV e. s HaAnllC, HOl"iTO e C,'lyX(e.'I AO
pa3rpa'
Hilr{H 3e}rJlitulaTa Ha.u,Be HIH Tput ceila,
tiHHTo
HMeHa He ca 3ana3eHH H3'
tll.'io.s1 npll Kaaaqeue Ce Ha:vlllpa CTapo
qI
pKCBI'ju(e' B KOeTO OCBeH CPe.U-
lgtseKOBHH NIaTepHa,l u lttttu uai,.peurr- a 6poH3oBH MoHeTH or IV e' Kacae
rs
Kararor- Ha crapHHure or pHucxo Bpe.\re^ n_lirrporcxq u
^$aqli-po,lcKo
ranar A1' s
fl. I'a p a in.i H H H, Apseo;ro*rxa ia;raeiii,ra 1'
!n,i1:1;1,
ig5i, 169-171 rr 211.
*)
I,{ ts. ts e;r,x;';,-il;;p;iu, tt, tg:-+, r*r. 3, 1ti5 c.rr., Ex. L no-ropc I, 87 (?39), II,
75, 2a6.2.
:'r
T. f ep a cu Il o B, tIAl'I, XVIII, 1952,'lii0'
::t
$;11. no-rope II, 6-l H ,'trlrepar:ipara ,.T6'^11
t2
B. C r o,r; o e, ilcn, \:lll, iS92, xu' {0,
(-;92'
51t
t.lilAil, x\,, 1glD.2?E.
5r
v. BeSevlieu, Spitgr. u. spatlat. inschr., 196-1, n. 26 (95a).
[1po_l'Uanllufl Br,pXy 3analHOTpaxitilcrnre 3eNlIl npe3 pllNlCF(o Bpe]le
ce BeporrTHo 3a patlHoxprlcTllfltlcKa ll',bpliBa, KorlTo e npoc'bt(ec'IB)'Bana H
npe3 cpeAHoBeKoBflero.ni, Hec'tlrHeHo rn e o6c,ryr<Ba.Ila ceJHIIIe Ha roBa
rvrqcro. B caMoro ceJro IiaeaqeHe klpeuer e BHAflr ,,opHaNIeHTHpaHI'l
Kal'l'bHll",
KanHTe,,rH or Ko,roHu H x,pyrn l,I&Tepr,I3.,1tl.5'r Ha6JIH3o ce e H&MHpar'I? n'bl-'
HaTa CTaHUltn F.xtuomtie
'Qescoamile),
aa KosTo roBopi4xMe no-rope (ll,
79). llprr c. I-epuaH e HaMepel{a 3u;laHa 3aCBoAeHa rpo5rialla,5? KoqTo' aKo
ce c15.r,t{ no tHna lr, rt1e rpn6na Aa orHeceM xr,u KoHCTaHTHHoBaTa HJII
c;reABzrilara e[oxa. Kpenoirra npn rola ceJlo, H3BecrHa roA
pI]Iero
I'pa-
A6rrte, e KtcHoaHrrrqHai,* c lroHera or Tu6epuir II (578-582) u i\lanpHrr'rii
(582-602). Ceeru.,rHrie Ha Xepa u 3eec ce e HaMupa.ro nprl c. IoaHlr
,lioaeu, RepoflTHO Ha t,tlCToTo Ha IIitpflKr'lltC? ,,Ce.
TpoLIUa", CeBepuo oT
ceJloro 11o fiocoKa r(-biir Pasuo ro.re (Frapnero, Po6eprono). Or roea cBe-
Tr.r.rtrIIIe npo!I3xoiti:tAT nocBeIUeHHe Ha Xepa, pe.leQ Ha 3esc u Xepa. ap-
xr.rrer(Typnlr
QparneHTII
H Ha CaIIoTo I.,tflCTo C.IIeAH 0'r Crpa,[a.i' Caliara
NrecrHocr HocH Hrvrero Craporo f Da,r,r!ue, Koero yKa3Ba Ha craDo ce,IIHIIle.
Erirtrerlt, t':oiito Hocll Xepa il e.xHo or nocBellleHH'ira
__ 'Appl't)'l,"'i,,
yria3Ba nopajrrr ronoHOi{aCTnqHI.{rr CII ttpoLt3xo.1, uoxre 6u Ha rpalilriicxcro
rrlre Ha ce.-rrjriie'ro. I-palnrrtero irprr Ce;1o I'opult
"lloaen
rio crapuq IIbr 3a
CalrctKoa e cilopeir. I,ls. BeJrKos or BDelrero Ha IOclt{HHaH.'ii) [lax cnopel
I Ia. Be.txoe'i1 Hi n'i,Trr Cep;rlrria
-
rDr.'rnnoilo.,I npa I-opHu /]oaeu ce tla:vIHpa.:1o
3rraqHre.rHo pHII CKo Ce .,tUItie . ,\laHacrprpqeTo ,, Cu.
qeTH pH;ieCeT M'bqe'
Hrrrl6", 3ana,X,HO OT Ce.rIoTO, 5ri,rO H3rpa]leHo Blrpx)' aHTHqHa nOCTpOI'iKa.
I-lo Ha H3T6K centlu{e npe3 pn}rcKara enoxa e rtMa"{o tlpu Honrt xau
B-bpxy Heo.,'rnrHoro cenHUIe (Bx{. ro-rope II, 5) B MecrHocrta Kanarcrtnr,
K'bi(eTO Ce HaNII{paT IIapaK,IIICHTe ,,Ce.
KOHCTaHTHH U E1euau u
,,Cg. .U,VX".
Oxo,ro Tflx .{uqaT oCTaHKLI oT cTapn nocrpotlxa, a BTop[ItlT llapaK.{Hc e
B'L,pxy OCHOBH OT C6uIHpHa Crpala. flpecrO.tHpl're KaM'bHtl H B ,U,BaTA
na-
p3K,,1[rC2 Ca aHTI4LtH[I, a HeAa"'Ieq oT ToBa ]lqcTo e oTKpIIT aHTI',tqeH XanTax.'i!
iltn nptaxa c npeilpllx'lcKoro ce.rlHllie Ha roBa Mgcro IIte rpfl6Ba !'a ce
IoC,iaBI'I Tpalirl}"IcKoTo
}.F;pei]eHo
y6exirrrte Ha.{. Hoga xaH i,( CBeTI,I''IIIule'r0
B 1rero (B)K. rc-rope I[, 13). tlpes pr{lrcKo Bpe}Ie e 6nlo rl3rpaAeHo cBe-
Trr,'rirrue Ha orcpeiilulra 6pnr Ha peKII-.rrarz, !^o ct{a,'Iara I'apaan Ka),l'br,
i(-bAero ce BHiriAar ocHoBnTe Ha HflKor'ilio crpa]trl rl
Qparlteurll
or Bapo'
Bnr(oBrr Ko.rIoHKH. ilo toxHlllr cK.TroH ce il::iKI(ar 3HIoBe or NIHol'o no-
crporiixri, oSssaHarH 3ae.rHo c'bc ctsert.r,'Intiiero or o6ttt au;1. T1'x ca HaNIe-
li. u K. lil x o p jt rt r, Irlorit,rtt, 160 c.l.
15; He. Be,rror, B. I'l:rPea or
f,,
1.
.t:+
I i{r
l'"
i''n
i
Q i{ ,'t tr ;;,
.Jirei,-t
uK.
I,16AI,
l;, A[:]1,
III, 1912, .:1,10 c.'1., B)l(.
X, 1El:6, [i,q.
B.
B.
Be;t
tJe.r
Be.lt
KOts, B.
(o8,8.
KOB, U.
lll x o p n H,'t, illoi'u.:u, 1,398,
R, flpo,rvnr Kperlocrit, 1933, 1l8 c,r.
(r.
ni ih a i 1o l', iGllrtlg, I\"', p. 7,\,
1912, 330: A c. Ba c rt;t,: s, Pas-
rr, .i\!cir, X\u'l-XVII, i900, ;-;8, n.
I,i:rper; ot 8. II. 1951 r.
Cr-'r,[riiiicxr FpaBJa or ]0. II. 1956 r'
Corpuiicxa ripaa:a or 8. Xll. 1955 r., Bit(. oiqe a. Ilsrpeo or
-
l
'"4
57
\
nrrc u c Hso5paxreuue,s{ a or Anprr.:oeo
__(Clrn,p''t1en9)
npoH3xoiKjla
qacr
n.r- ro.rrlr,ia eAHI{v,ra c rp'btltia Ha.1,nHc.';' [16-pr:pe
(il, 44 c'r', 89 c'1') roBo-
i
,*r,a 3a p6l,rcKoro centrrtle 11pH c.
t]erasqeBo,
3a Koero cBHAere'IIc1B,vBa
,rrH
t{fltiol'a 3HaqnTeIeH HeI\pOnOn OT l(paff Ha IIi n', xoliro ce e Ha}lHpaJI
Ha eCTeCTBeHaTa MOrfi,'Ia
"\'rOpelUua,
O5lpHara nO-K'bCHO B I(DenOCT, II B
r--,ce,I,CTBOCHetl,KaKTOlIAp)'fllapxrlTeKT)'pHIlXIaTepl'la'rilloTTa:viI{
ril3riaTa oKo,lHOCTs,j. BOeHHlrRt xapeliTep Ha HaceJIeHHeTo Ha TOBa Ce-
',rrrrlle Ce nOTBbp)fiAaBa He CalviO OT II3.Xa.lieHI'la OT Kalirlka
Ha4iltlC,s; B
I(OiiTO Haltupal,li elUU SCutariuS, Ho II OT Ha;InttCa, [a3eH Cera B IBOpa
I M?B3or,refl Ha Bareu6epr LI Aa.{eH
B CHllvKa y H. fletros'*,
IiT'>lteTo Ce
rT proteCtor. Eetlt<lr Ha BCHqlill II:rtseCTHI'I Ha,nIIHCH OT HCIipOIOJIa e
lerHrrcxH.'1, Toea BoeHHo opraHrr3trpaHo HaceJeHlle, Il3r'rleiliAa,
.qe
e 6H'ro
HaCTaHeI{O He CallO npll
LieSarttienO.
HO R eIIIH no-lIIIII)OK
pallOH' I(OI'ITO
OSxealltarr tI I-OpHa lla.lr'Irra, I'I n'bT:{3Ti1 CTailUilfl E1''p|aparia
rlpllrieC'
tao
(O1;ltarr.lufi)."
B'riafi-ilAToqHaTa
qaCT
Ha Co$lrilcriO nO"'Ie, Beqe R 3ana:lHItTe CI{JIO-
Hr)Be na CpelHa fopa, C.re:lu oT IloCe.lIIIIlel{ x(linoT npe3 plllltCI(aTa enoxa
j HailltpaT npl.l fO.rslta PaKOetlUa, Ii'bIeTO IO;'I(HO OT Ce"IOTO Hrla fpa-
,rule, O6rpaleHg C Ae6e.TII
CTeHpl H poB II C'bC 3alUHTHa K)"'Ia' iiacae Ce
Birgfl1HO 3a KbCHOaHTHqHa IiperlOCT. B IIeCTHOCTTa CrpaXata,
I(a'IeTO
i,,\1a
pa3Ull,II.tHH Ha CTpa)-KeBa I(\'.rI3, e IIlla'IO CBeTH'{Iltlle
Ha TpalitriiCXrtg
'
:rrHi,r. Or fol;rrra PaKossria flpolr3xox(Aa fi KbcHoalirllqeH JIa'tl{tlcKH
i..;;;;;'ulpry;
iy*r, (V n.).rrr I-lo'Ha H3roI( oKo'irHocrare Ha KavreHrtqa u
Cllo;tcr<O npi4CiuuflT pafiOH, HaSHTCH CBc cTapHHH, Kol4TO roBOpflT 3a
I
:rrBoT Ha ToBa IvIfiCTO irpea III u C.leLBaqgTe BeKoBe: KpenOcT, B
Ill4eTO
I
"ce:crBo
e orKpHTa rI'bpKBa or VI B., crapo cenlillte c *Iorl'lJleli Hel(po-
llO,1, NIOHeTHII C'bl(p6BIIIUa OT CpeAaTa Ha III B.
pI
Ip.1)e B,.3lartttuI(OTO
nOJIe
e n-IBeCTHO aHTHtII{OTo CeIIIIIte npll E.reHCKaTa ll'lbpKBa'r):i
i
Ha iof IIO BaXape,rcKirTe B'b3BUrrieHr.rr{ c.IIe.'illTe IIa aHTIlqiii'tra K}'J-
I
.up,
ca 3acBrrAereJrcrBvBaHrr
Haii-Beqe oI(oJto (eHTpzr'IHllll nbr. LIa crpa-
st
H. n c r Ii o s, I'lAll, X!ll, 195t1.201'
s:t
111t t,,0. ,n"'
i{i
\. u ii. LiI K o p n u l, .Uoi'lt.ru, i1.7'.
_]l/li.
()llic
-rerir.1r1n.(a,
1937, 27; H. IIe t x o u, !1.\ll, lr.\ ll, 1'50,
';
E. IiaIinlia, n.3til.
ss
H. [I e r K o R, uur. crar]lc,198, o6p. 13?'
slr
T. [-cpacrr]toB e HanpaBrln npei rpnlccerre ro.lilllll cKItlilt Haticllii'1t{ Il'lotlu c
:1'lIHCKtt HaAIlltclt, Nte)+(Iv KollTo e H n.lloqaTa c protector'
lril
Bx(. no-HararbK-lli, ra. 8' Hace.reuHe Iia Cepauxl'
sr
lje. Be,rxos, I'ft.u. II, Idii;;";d^'.r-., ll'-i6zi,2(-)8 cr',
-n'-11,21i;
I'l6AI'l'-]'l'
,
,\tB0-31,
3()t; rHxln,'rl, rg,io,'nii"'":"3"1i^-"t
.16.
IIl. l93i: G. I' Ii a zaro rv' Thr'
leitergott, n. 878, n. 379 1..,lABuf
el f"S'g+,"i-.gji, tt. B c i e r'l i e r', Spiitgriechischc
und
; patlailinische Inscltrif ten, 1964, n. 29.
ez
LIs. Be.rr<oe, l'HM, lll, l9;j; 239 c;r.; t'Ailn, II, 1950, 173;LLAL|, xVlil' 1952'
:lE{ cn.; T. I'epr.i,i,o., i'tA[l, X1;it, 1950, 321; XXI, 1957,323 c'r'; A'Uouuee'
IAMn, I\r, iii6n. 206 c.l.; BlK. ,
g.-C-e'ror', Acta antiqLia Philippol,'olitrna' Studia hi-
torica et philt.,loq'ica, 1963, 145, rt. 85.
rj
i:.'il p e
.r-e
r, Iltryaayus, 297,,j113 t'.r.; n. ]!t
]'r
a
S
q tl.e B, Crapn rpaAu[la H n'L-
Tirua no Crpeul ,- To,,or,,',rur, 3j a-., ag. 3a ctepuuu o*t'Jo lVllrpxono ax' A'
'lVl
u I u e n'
Sturlia Skorpil. lii c;r'
I
Eoprrc I'epoa
56
F. E tr ,l .l c
tl
e ll, cTlltlc.l lStlllcKll
198 c;t.
l1ptlyunanufi B6pxy 3ar-taauorpaxat'lcrare 3eMtt npe3 pI{il,cxo Bpeve 175
Hn oT rl'brfl HrJaMe eAHa HaxoAKa Ha c'bAoBe oT c.
t[1'xypoBo,
Koriro e
Aarnpana c lroHera na A{ar<cr.r}ruaH
(286-305 r.).1'*R rroltpaiiultuara llaxa-
pe"rl noce,lLlrriHHsT x(14BoT e 3acBH]Ie're.rrcTB)'Bar{ c oKo.Io ;l() IVIo-
rrr.rrH. ParronaHare or rrrx ca c'b.lr,p)Ka,rn [orpe6eHUq
tlpe3
H3fapqHC, 5e3
Aa HMalle Ap)'rH vKa3aHHtl 3a BpelvleTO, OT KOeTO npOa3xoil(A3T.r''' C'urUO
TaNr ca
yCTaHoBeHH
Ha HflKoJIr(o NrecTa C.relH oT cTapH nocTpotiKl.l B
l,recrHocrra [-l.leuraaa nptr p. I-a6oa, Kollio BeporrHo ca cpeAHoReKoBI]l{,
H npu c. PtN.aua, Kouro f. l-yuuen olbxAecrBflr]a c n'brHara craHuiirl
Sparata (nx. uo-rope JJ, SLt). Tarr roii e Biritrr Ha Hr{Ko":lt(o Jletiapa npo'
crpaHCtBo K'L,coBe
'il qe,'rlr 5,rorcoee oT TVXJrr,
qacru
or liepeNILIIII Lt r,IIt4'
HeHH C-r)IOBe. I-lO-par{O TaNr Ce Brli+(na.:rA r.r llpyrH
iltarepHaaH. flo: }la.\a-
,'tara l-lorrosqa e Hlra"lo c'brlto ce"rlrr(e, IraprirpaHo c ocrarbu!{ or crpalll'l,
MorH,'IeH HeKponoJ u NIoHeTII, oT I(oH'ro e
jiHa
3.,IaTHa Ha Au,lcracr.rtt
(491-5i8 r.), Ho Haii-neqe Me.iHn o'r VI a. Ha orioro i xlvt II3roqHo ce
Halilrpa 6aH.loeoro Ka,Te, Koe'ro cnoper, HarrepeHare raNI lIoLIerpr rr rpir61'"ra
c JaTHHCKH Ha,nlir.rc e or cbg(ara e[o.\a. llplr ucpKoBMl{ara, KoHTO Ca
ill)eAHlrHo Ha Br.rcor{r-rH[i, ce oTKpilBaT aHTiiqHr{ }raTepHa.Ia. Toaa nolia3Bil,
qe
Te .lexaT B'bpx_v aHTHqHLT cileTH.'urrrta. IIprr H3rpa)+!J,aHeTo Ha rlapa-
K.rirrca ,,Cn. I-lerr,p" Ha 6pruxona r(rrrtiA e 5r.r.ra HaI'tepeHa IioHeril IIf,
Oavcraua
(ll e.)."'j
B tr l.rruvraHCrioro no,'Ie cJ'IeJ,rrre Ha aHTlrr{FIara I<\'.IITvpa ca :lacBttJ,e-
Te.'rcTB),BaHH r,rraRHo oKo.'ro n'bTHr.rre cranrtr.ru lrgirca (Lgerica) nprr ,t]elita
>;au. Helice (Hilica) n HxruMaH u Soneiurn (TpanHoBr.r Bpara), B/K. no-rope
II, 80 cn. Ha oKono 3 K[r ceBepon3ror{Ho or l,lxrallau ce e Ha]utrpa.lo
cperHoBexoBHoro cenaure H r(penocr Stiponion,
qr-rero
HMe ce e 3a[a3Lt.IIo
B r.rMero Ha Bp6x Cron n Ha eAHa rrxrr-rMaHcKa Maxala [lunoHu.
jlarrt
He3HaqHTe.lHHTe CneAH OT TOBa Ce.Ir.Iqe Kpr.rflT aHTHI{HH }IaTL'pHa.rIL, AOCefa
He e vcraHoBeHo, Ho HaMepeH[rre rarr 6pouaonn ]roHeTII Ha Matie.toHCKIITe
t{ape fOBOpgT 3a )hI'IBOT Ha TOBa ivl,qCTO Otlie npe3 er''II{HIICTHqeCIiaTa efiOxa.1';
Ha calrHx Bpr,x Eeuxoncra (E.,rel;xlrx) ce HaivlLlpa rparriue, c'bttlo Ha
Bp'bx Blrcox orK'bM c. lVll'xoeo."s ilo reqeHprero Ha p. Mr'runrrp Ha ot(o.to
4I ,
qaca
n'br or [{xrutraH ce Ha}rapa cpejlHoBeKoBHara Iipeilocr Cepcerr-
Kaire, Korrro e ,lelKaJla Ha n'brfl, IiotlTo ce oTAenrx or 6)'prapaxa (ilec'
HoBo) H npe3 Ee.raruxara rrraHrri{a e rocrura.,I p. TononHllua II B'bpBrI.{ rto-
HaraIbK aa
tDli,rarolo,r (aN. no-rope II, 88). iKaeortr ot(oJlo roBa Iia.le
npe3 K'bCHaTa aHTHLIHOCT e 3aCBtr:leTenCTB)'BaH C xpHCTplflHCKH r'I&TllHCI(II
HaArtuc.ll'3a aHrr{qHara 6aHq n Co.,r1,.e,eoBeHT (illouau flpoxoit) u nocrito}i-
If{
B 6e,rcxiKaril }tH 3a rari Hrrolxa c}rr rrpo[i'crIa.T Iv!lcroro Ha ttt'6.lltHliuttsr.l it.
1r:)
[-. [' v H
rI
e o, Baxapel, 69.
116
f. f
]-
H
q
e B, uur. ctq., 67 c.l;r.; il6A[], XiV, 19+)- 42, 279.
r'7
C..liredek, Herrstrasse,
gl;
AEM, \, 1886, 89, fllrYuattuR, 111; XP.Ce'
rr eprx(rreB, uul. c.r,rr. i()2: K. I!1uate a, l-Ht\{, IIl, 1921, 25'}; [.6a,lacuetr, ]ia'
ua.ro, 19.12, 57.
e\
I(. l,l p e
r{
e r, Ii'urynauus, I I tr.
l'r'
IlpeAu Ocgo,ioxleHlreTo trpa Kpelroctra 6n,rtt Hspoiiriuu ll oxu
"6e.tE
li:ipn", ct'ulo
11'x 6u.lr Ha\iepcHn err:asruilcxu ItoHeri,r. OceeH upuBe.teHara rro-rope (ll,88).lrlreparj'pa
Bx. orue [I. rVl
.vratpqaeB,
Crapu rpaiiurua H rp]']roBe no Crperra il T,;no.rutiqa,58;
K. I,l p e
,i
e K, il'slvi;aurrs, 1l'1.
1.,.. r
':'fu." 1
a.
7N
58 59 177
r.lre oKo.rro Herr roEop14.\Ire rro-r'o1-rg (ll,
(17,
96). Flr,lllo rparllllte ,, [(o-
Hri,. Ha!, eAHa Ma,IKa peKIi'iKa. KOflTO
(e Bxu}a n CO.l,r'IepBeHTCI(aTa
eil e 6ttao Bpr6s111o
rr{lcr
or \:Kperir.rTernara cttcreua Ha TllarlHoBH
Pl
a'
l(x)
'
f{o,rHo6aHCKoro
Ioire nolo6Ho Ha HaIi-[opHltre l.oi]tl]{II
Ha p_eKHTe
,[g^r2i{)r u l{cntp e 6ertuo Ha crapuHir or iloroHcraHTHHotsara
etloxa.OcneH
,A{ e iltOHeTHII Cbr\poBtllllll, eAHOTO C i\lOHeTA Ha NIaKeIOHCI(HTe liilpe H
it1..
tlro c
i)HrvrcKH
pe il\'5ilrrKaHCKH MOH3T1111'z lr
0Plf.NIeHTI'l
OT r.IIllHeHII Cb-
.OBe C pe.rreCIHH H306palheHHrl OT plllICKaTa eno:(?,1"" TyK He Ca HailtepeHH
.[]r H IlilTeptIfl,,lH, I(OHTO .[a rOBOpflT 3a K]-'IIT]'peH ;t(HBOT npe3 pl'l]lCliaTa
n,l a. Ir:ete fpa;lHIIIa .,1'O,'lflIIO"'pl ,.lUa,rr<Ou,
KOHTO Ce HallllpaT Ha JIeBHff
rf , urreH Spnr Ha p. Nlapnrla Hal Ao.r
Ha 1aHfl, ca Hari-paHo K'bcHoaHrH'lHrl.lo{
ia Hgro.'trioro Niortr.'tLl, KoHTo Morar Ia 6'aAar Hel([ionon K'bNI aHT[tqHo
ei trte, HflIlaNre HrttiaKBII ;1aHHH. llpeuex c'bo6lltaBa 3a ,.crapH rpo6oBe"
rpl Ou1'rrra tr Baclt,utua.ltti, f12p6 ce.'rurne,
qLIero
c'blllecrByBaHe e 3acBH-
tere.rrcrB-\:BaHo npe3 ri.t,cHara aHTrrLIHocr, e Llilta,'lo
lPH
Kocresett. Parilro-
:pncrrrfHcKa'Ia tt'bpKBa OT V u,la Faqa.'IOTO Ha VI s. e B'bB Bp'L3Iia C
:irl ocrra.
rt14liro
ocraHKrr ,'rltqar HA Bt!coqHHara Ha.r, KocteHeu, lt c oc-
;1 rtare or nocrpotiKtl Il NlecrHocrra flpeuero,
R Aora ceBepHo or llbp-
:BaTa.l,,'iOKo.ro rotr,rHq ivrHHpzr'reH H3Bop He Ca orKpHTH aHTItqHH c'rpoex?I
,,1)ir no-rope II, 6ti), Ha rpaHtluara ltteix.r.]' Cep,uHxrrlrlcrata it Oa,runoror-
\]
a repHTopnfl ce e H?rvrHpar'ro aHTrrrrHo ce.,'IHlue rlpn Cecrpialro,
qHHTo
Jt-.N (ocHonrr Ha crpanlt, TyxJIH, I(epellHAH, fPdMaAHH ACJIBH, IIOHeTH,
,roru,,IeH HeKponox) ;rexar Ha I KM nroH3ToqHo oT CenoTo. Orrarra npo-
t3J'^X(/[a ]I C',brrpoBIIUle,
qHHTO
MOHeTH CTnraT Ao KnaBAplflll.tot
I nporrKBaHero Ha aHTHqHara K]'.rrrypa R'bB BHCoKoro Cantoxoscxo
rol,. B'bpBfl.'ro 5asuo r.r orr(pHrnre Aocera uefiuu cneAu coqar ilpeAHMHo
l.1Ha no-K'bcHa enoxa. llHeruHHsr Cauoxoa e HoBo ceilIIIIle,
qHero
B'b3-
li.rt aHe eABa
"rrr
e no-paHr.lo or K'bcHoro cpeAHoBeKoBHe. AHraqHoro ce-
,,,1 e,
qtieTo c-btlleCrByBaHe e 3aCBHJ.eTe,lcrB) BaHo orK'bM V_-VI B.' ce e
ra^rprpa"lo Ha ror or rfa.i{a flpu Ee",tropa u],pt(Ba.
K'bAero e MtlHatsa.'I crap
1br, e.f,.HH oi Bapr.{aHTlrre Ha n'brfl
tlrrt.runonol
-
I-lavra.'rllr (e>x. rlo-rope
i,i
,i,
ea6.2). B rpaluutero Ha roBa ce.rrrrrte 6e orxpllra tt'bpl(Ba c
"ra-
:t{ riH Haitn}rc or V--VI e.10" leere
}rot-H.rtH ni)H ce"lHIIleTo cBt,lere,l-
lrBYBar Mox{e 5l'r sa e'{llH no-paHeH neplloA or c'blllecrB}'BaHero lr-r" or
6oprrc I'epoa
lrrr
fl. 11
I'r
a
Q
u 6 e s, Cranrrrrr jtp_\'u npc: 1'parrHoBLl Bpara, 9ll c"'t.
i'r1
B){(. rro-r'oi)c I, 65 (?17)c;t.
:r)2
Bx. no-r'opc I, 90
12121.
I(il!
[-. B a.q a i
q
e
g, I-iu,rrapcxutc 3c]nr n[]e3 noc-lc.iHtlre ,ltccrtl'lettltl IIA X r;r'ri, 1928,
:ri',- 2;1,1 n. Be.tKot tt XP.Aatlos' Il6.ql!, \li, ]936''f iti'
lrlt \p. ()elr epliKr.reB, Cauoxoe H oxo.THocrra, l91lJ, 26{i; [. [ia.rag11 s1;, tlrl1'.
O2; K p. .\'1 a n i e a. t'16Ail. \', l92E
-1919,
;i17.
trri
lr. ilpeuex, [l-srvsagus, 114.
tu6
B. lliasoait, I-HXI, \'1, 1932-''l-1,i95c'r'r.
lU7
t. EaeacqeB, iUltul,ro, 1{r12,'i8 c'1.1.. Bdi.H llo-rc'pe II,9{c"i'
ir'ri
F.,!n.ryoa, t{BAjI, III, 1912, il3l;irx. a Xrr. CertcPJ,diHCB, Cartoxon n
..rocl.ra u1', 1913, l0l,25ll: B. LlsaHoBa, I'H.\l, \-1, 1932-34, 3lS c;r. i\'. Be ie-
i c r', Splitgr. rr. spiitlat, It:sclir., n. {3).
lipoyvaanufl Bi'pxy 3analiHorparltflcxrtre 3er{It npe3 paltcKo Bpe}le
ca$rHrr Cauor<os u or rllltarara riv or(o.rrrocr rlpotr3xoil{Aar eAHa I\tpa}t()[-)Ha
r,raBa or crar)'fl (attcoulrHa 2U ctt;, uoxe 6w Ha Qayc'raHa,rt'rt e;UlJ rlptl-
Nrr4TnnHa 6poHsoaa rpurl'prra Ha 6palar I,rbifilr0 I{ eAHa KbcnopIIttcKa cpe-
6'upHa omrpxtrt1a.ttt [4Ho NloHerHo c'br(poBr,n(e,
]'Kplrro
npe3 rorcKoro Ha-
IrrccrBLte nptr HMileparop Iequii, 6e HalrepeHo ts c. firsp)IIIil.lHoBo,
ceEepHo
or rpaAa.rtr fipn ce,Io flpotauonrtrr, Ha 2--3 KNr 3anaJ.Ho or rpala, e ItltaJo
ariTLIqHo ce,lHrrte c ocTaHtiH oT ct'pa;1,!r rt Her(polloJI, B xoii'ro ca HaillepeHlI
ivroHerr,r or KapaKaxa (21 I --217 r.) ao lOcruulrau (527-5(i5 ..),"" KaKro
I{ BoeHHa Aun.ro}ia Ha rpaKneq or 237 r.LLl Hsrontioro }Iorn.rlLI. Ivtex(A-r' rio.
HTO eAHa 3HaqHTe,rtHa I]O pa3[1epH, ca
qacT
oT Helipoilo"l.t Ha ce.rltllleTo.lr"
I*lpea nocJre'.lHrrre roAHHit rarr 6e HalrepeHo c'br(poButue c MeJHI't MoHCTH
Ha rpariur,icxnre rpaAoBe or npeltero Ha Cenluutrfi Cenep.lro L13r.IIexila,
tle
Tvr( e 6u.{ noce.)'rHIrtHIrRT rleHT}p Ha no.lero B no-paHHara tterneparopcKa
enoxa.lri flpy,ro anrrrrrno ce.:rHrrie rrte
'rpr6aa
Aa ce rbpcu nptl c. Iocneii,
K'brero ulralre uorH.leH Heripono.r. Talr ca HalrLIpaHn rvloHerH ua Cenrprlrlrli
Cenep n erHo c'br(poBurite c Nrerrur r\,roHerr.r or IV u.ttB 7{aTe
li2;.'te'ra, r-
rroTo Ha ceBepo3anBjI rr;1p'r-i'foro Ha H3Tor( oT ce,loTo, ca BepotlTlio cpeA-
lroBeKoBHr.r.lll 3a Ao6rtaane'i'o Ha irie,'rrr3o rtprr roBa cer-Io npe3 pH]lcKara
enoxa BiK. no-rope II, ti3. B aarra;r.Hara
qacr
Ha rro,'rero B llopeqHero Ha
p. lialaxaptn no-3HaqHTe.lHrI ocraHrir{ or aHTrrr{Ho cenr{rue e HrtaJo R
rvrecTtrocTTa .,I-paArrrrteTo", NrelKJ.)' ceJrara flp"rono H KosaqesllH. B Haqa-
JOTO Ha TOBa CTO,rteTrre ,rtr{rre,]r.r Tai\t Ha eIiL? 3HaqHTeIHa IIIOTII OCTaHKtt
or ocHoBn, a
,6azn"
6tt.la pa3HeceHr.r no oKo.rrHHTe ce,ra. LisxonananH
6unu c,rulo MoHerH c prtiltcKll HaAnllc6.t!0 [-136 B paiioHa Ha rurl ABe cera,
Aero ce pa3AeJrfl n'brHT, Hf tsaru or c. )l(e"resHrrrla, 3a Aa ce ornpaBll I('bM
TflX, Ce HalrHpa flHrcoao fpaAHrrte, oSrxo.neHo c ltBo?iHa creHa,l:h Moxe 6lI
K'bcHoilHTtrqHo LtJtH cpe.ir.HoBerioBHo. c)r c. tlp.rono i]por't3xo]hAa eIHa
6pouaoea crarylixa ua 5o;recrno (Ano.rroH?),':! ot c. KosaqeBurl
-
t(a]teHtta
KSJIoHa.l::t E.r,Ha peKHt{Ka IpH rroc.'reilHoro ceJo Hoce.IIa cIopex [1. 3aHltog
lttrr
|Js11 yi.r..ruK)-BaHa, i-iap. rrt':e11, ()orluu, uuri \'" 17,i7.
ru
S. li c in a c h, RA,' i$:;g, I, l!2, u. ll.
Iil
B. Ir i I o r., A.\, XXIX, igl{, {25 .l,l5A.'1, I\" lgl i, 2i1.
ll!
T. [- e p;r c rr ]r o n, t.lAt''I, XXII, 1959, 35i, uir. B.
(i
e r o r', Act: r\tlti,itrrl Pliilip-
popolit.rna. Stritlia lristorica ct plrilr-rlotica, 196'1, I ll, rr. 25.
ll:i \p. Ceueplxru,(8, rlur. c1q.,263; Biri. H nrl-rol)e I,9() (l't:) c-bc 3ili,. i.
ilr (-LL,
XVI, l+6 (//rt).
lri
X. n K. tli K o p It i'I r, Mr)t-tlrrr,77, i60 c.r'
Itti
T. ['e p a c H ]r o a, IIAll, XXII, l1']59, 362.
l1; Y p. [ta p x o 3, [iprrr{OC K}ir trlcropnnlir ua c. .{oCiitil, lgi(i,
'i },
Bi,t]l"rtrirt ipau-
Tactitrli{ilTe cBbp.lBaHHll , KOllTo aBTOp}T IIpABH B1'B 8p"b,}Ka c Tolla.
ris
f,p. rftOpriOB,
glrT.
c-r,,,., 13; Xp.Ceucp,liKueB,illtT. C'r,'r.,261; f. t-epa-
c Lr u o e, il6Atl, XIII, 1939, 312.
lilr \ p. Ilap KoB, ut{T. c-o,r., 7 c,r.I.
1?l Yp.
Celrep-tiKlIeR, IIHr. c-r,q.,26ll;l'ln. Be"irou. Ilprlpo:a, l\', 195D' xil.3,
,-99, roaop { 3a cpe^IuoBeKoBHo rpa.lttue ttprr llp;roso.
121
X p. C e rt e p.n iK H e B, uttr. cr,q.,102.
122
Heo6H'poauaHa, Hap. uysefr, Co$ttl, uus. N! 1368.
1:3 x p. Xl a p x o e, Eenurtttra 6ass rt uet'luata oxo,'IHocr, 1905, 10.
12 lo;irru.tHir rnt rf,ax]".rte'f11 Ito 3-,na.iittr (trratl.Ioi lttt
i?
:t
.l )
!!
r8 6opuc l-epon
Cera HMe OT TpaKHiiCKH npog3xOl.le{ flpa c. A.tltuo, K'bAeTo HMa'/'Io
:TAHKH OT AHTHI{HO CC.]IA[\C, CTO'{.{ B HAqANOTO HA TO'I BCK |PAHHTCH
;; 11H capKo6ar.l2;3a Eelquucr<a 6aHq roBopnxlle no'rope, II,66' 3a cBerH-
i,1 rO Ha Tpaxaficrcus xepoc nptl C. Palioeo ax. tlo-Haralur.3a ,,'TIaTHHCKa..
IH ,,eJ-IHHCKa* U'bpKBa,
B KOflTO IvIeCTHOTO HaCe,''IeHHe He C"I)')Ke"IO, C'bO6-
.ar^ Xp. MapKoB.r2t)
3 Hari-AonHara
qacr
Ha noJero rvrox(axa La 6'bl..ar Hal]paBeHll llpo]'ti'
lH..,r H pa3r(o[r{H B 3elr,'rLrtqara Ha ce,rlara ['opurr I-lacape,r, IiaJroeo a
IUTUUaHOBO, O6pa3yBa1llr
qagaTa Ha n3OBHp ,,!'ICr<'up",
1tpe.[,H 3anHBaHeTO
rr.
'1ape4
i NrarepuanuTe or Heoi'rHTHara s )KeJItt3Hara enoxa (n;rc. no'
)p II; 8, 11, 12) 6erue
,vCTaHoBeH
noce'lrlu(eH x(HBor npe3 HNlreparop'
{aTa enoxa Ha HflKO,,IKO MeCTa: K'bCHOaHTHtiHO Cer'IHUie (lV-V e.) H
orrr.[Hrr HeKpono,lu (ll-lll e.) n pai:roua na I'opuu l-lacape.rl, I('bcHoaHrHL{Ho
; u. lttt..-V
n.) ripn Hono ce.rro u Kperocr (ll-tv e.)^ npx lo,'lHu
K( .,2; Ocrauxx or ce,'rarue HaA c. LLIupornJ\oJt, HapeqeHo
',UTaporo
rpa-
rrlUe'., 6axa H3BeCTHI{ OT no-panO.12B flpu LLIr'tutuauoao5eoTKpHra
prl}lCKa
nira oT lll-lv 8,, HO IKHBOT Ha ToBa MHCTO e yCTaHoBeH H 3a enHa IIO-
aF I enoxa (eix. lll, 16 c.rr.). IIpu ,{o.rHn
IIacapefl e nnlaJlo cBerIl.rlIrlue (Bx(.
I, rp. 66). F.XHH orfloNl'bK or pe'reQ na ApreuHla rlpou3xoxLa or C'b'
IOTO CeJIO I.1.IIH Or f OpHl.t flaCape;1,'2r'OTK'tr:IeTO
tlNIai\le H e.[,Ha KO"'IeKTHBHa
av-^{,Ka or 3JIarH}t MoHerH sa Xottopuil (39i1._423 f')'13o
C;leApr or iloceJgrr(eH xaBor or ABere crpaHa na I'lcxlpcl{Hfl crapo-
JrrI..fiHCKH nponoM npe3 paMCKara eloxa ca HaMepeHH TJIaBHO nO n6TH-
laTa, Koaro BoAfr ot CoQuricr<o no.{e xlu !,ynaBcKaTa
paanaHa (ux'
*
t.
II, 90 cn.). Ce,rraru,i ce ycraHoB-s-Bar Ha cJIeAHHre Mecral'rl : npH
)sr d, rp; I,lcr<peq (c vlonerrr ol III ra lV a.), r's.lero Ac. Baca.nnen npeA-
oircrr4 H paHHoxpncruqucxa rl-bpKBa,l32 ro UlaxaJlara I-panaa!.a Ha-c. Bpeae
, *onarr'o, II_-IV n.). 3a ,,eepKonurleu
Nlex(A]-_-C. 5^q9ae ra 3arlxane
q raHKrI or crpaAH H C MoHer!{ Ha frrUanuri
(308-324 r') u aa
,cBe-
,"{ rrle..Ha Bp.6x Cro,'r Ao 3arsxase, K'bJ,ero ca orKpi.ITH
pLIIucKIr pelly'
,,,[lxagcxtr ilroHeTlr, c-bo6ll(aBaT 6parrr ll-lxopntt,r.l:r:i no-HaTaTbI{ B MeCTHOCT'
a Cpe6tpHHK, u3Totlt{o OT C. Nleqa IlO.rsHa, Ce e HaMfipano ceJIrtIIe H
,p, sil.rat' )'crauoneHlt Ca Ceni{I]{a oil{e nprl4 C. Llep^eqen
-
AB1
'flarpru-
i: o
:e"rrrrr\e
nplr c. i\lauacrrpaue, ceBepHo o'r 3acene, npu 3auore c
jt
i:!:
I-lpoyvzauufl Bbpxy 3ana.aHorpaxttilcxllre 3ertu nPe3 pullct(o Bperle 179
tvrorrern or IV B., npt4 fy6irc,'ran c N{oHertt or II-IV u VI 8., npll r{axa'
Jrara Oceuopaneu c ruoHern na Anpe.nvatfl or lV B.,3anaAtto or c.
(-)'itlH-
,4on -- Mupoao cenuue c NroHerrr or IV ra VI n., r\'lanacrHpnruero H [-lpo-
cBerHHr{a npu c. ,IIaxa'rHllr< (rar,r ce HaMHpar Ir e.r,rJHCTBeHIITe B npo.'torla
rpH r!ra,'IKtr lroru.nu) li orqe Hlxo.ru(o ce.rlatIIa ilo p. fa6poBaUa.t;;5 [6111t1-
HH're cenyula or ABere crparrrr Ha HcrspcxHl npo.rolr ca pa3tio"rtolxettll
Ha 3apaBHeHH Hnu c,la(to HaKJToHeHH npuneqHu llecra.
"\'iliecrHoro
HaceJleHHe re Hocrrr nivrero ,i]arprucroro ce,rnu{e fl.lu caN'Io Ce.luttierotr'1.
Bre Bp'b3ria c rlrr{ ceJrnura, Kon'ro nora3Bar, He oS,racrra Ha IIpo-
.rrolra npe3 pr.rMcrio Bperlre e 6rr.ra no-Hace.leHA, orr(ontioTo tl rtpeApttt\tctiara
enoxa (exi.
II, l4), crou rr rbcrara ilrpe)+<a or lpaAutqa, Koitro ca IioHTpo-
nHpa"'rH n'brfir(ara HJrrr Irpr'3 K'bcHara aHTHqHocr (\': rr vl s.) ca c'r)'xe.]ll
3a
)'6exralua
Ha oKo.rrHoro Hace,'reHHe nprr Henpasre.acxll HanaAeHHs. Te
ce HarltHpaT Ha Br.tCoqriltlr, or KorrTO Hlra [,IIAI(3 H,111 Ha/l-]IaJKo Ce BHI{(Ia
c'bce.{Horo rpaAuute. Orrope re rrMar }raJrrio paBHo npocrpaHCTBo, 3aut.tl-
TeHO OT CTp'bNrHH Ir CriSr'rHCTtr CKJOHOBe H AOCT',bnHO Calio oT eAHo ttscTo,
orr('blr HflKoe cbceAHo 6u"ro. f]o rsx oSlrxsoaeHo ce Harlnpar ccraHI{H or
T-VX.III" XOPOCAH,
POBOBC,
OCHOBII HA 3IIAOBC, OCTAHI{I,I OT BOAONPOBO.I.TI
xei're3HH B'bpxoBe Ha CTpe,rH, KoCTu II np. OT ltotteTI4Te, HBMepeHH B
Trrx II c'bceAHHTe HNI ce.rlptu{a, ce BH:.K,U,a,
qe
re ca 6ula H3noiI3}.BaHII
rJraBHo npe3 ribcHara aHrurtHocr (IV-VI s.). Or Kypulo ua ceBep or
ABeTe cTpaHlr Ha p. Hcxtp ,rl. IaneB .u,aBa c,IIeAHItre rpa.l.ltlUa: Ee.nrpa.L
(c uonern or III n.), Opeao, fpaeo rpa BJIIIBaHeTo Ha Ear)'nniicxara
peKa,ls? rpaAnqe 3a[aAHo or rapa Pe6pono, londpro a Ma,ro rpaAltLue npn
ilraxaJrara 6a6y.rr ("rlyroncr<o), fpa4euxa KaM'bK nplr Maxailara Enpenre
(c. I-lepeqer:), npr.x fpoxaren, ceBepHo or Ceore (c lroHeru or IV H VI e.)'
Bpbx fpaaaue Ha Apyrara crpaHa Ha I,lcrr,p, Eoecxo rpaA[tli{e, to)I(Ho
or Bon, 3ace,rct<o rpaAHule ,u,o c. 3ace,le. [apuHa
npu c. 3auore
(c lto'
HerH na lypaqo or II a. np. H. e. H IlIoHelI or IV n. Ha H. e.), 3auoxt<o
rparaule, OcaxoncKo rpa,r,nlrie B i',{axa,'Iara Pxlrtua, cpeuy rapa ,l-lararHl4l(,
BuuonrpoA s faxarHuturo, OnlereHcKo rpaJ,rrrqe npII c. Onlerug, PaJoa
Bp'bx npn c. Oqari.qo,r, E,:ir.rcelicxo rpaAHue npr.r E.nrtceliua, ;,ne rpaArttlla
npll c. 3nepuHo, Kopureu I-pae rr ou{e eAHo rpaAr4ure nre/i(Ay
t{epeiit'ruitii'ln
naHaCTHp Lr ,rhoru6pof. B fo,rsntara L.'IaHllHa fl, 11rarren
e orde.[flsa"r
CJTeAHHTe rpaAH[Ia: fpa4.irule npn C. }Ke,txsa, Ororlcxo rpaArtuie (c ]\lt)-
HerH or VI n.), E1'xoecr<o rpaIHiIIe, I-p.a,a,cxara
r'lyra
rr I'pa,r,o H3'roqHo or
Byxoeo,
"IIro.u,cxn
fpart rrprl c. OceHon,lax, Ka.uero I{3Tot+io or }laHacrl'lpa
,,CeAeu
flpecTonaul]ij, nerroBa
qyxna
lt ]le,ruaiurinKaNI'bi( BCe B roa pait'
oH, c. Hrnaruqa B Nraxa,rara fpa,qeuxrr ln;r. B Nlalara n.IIaHIIHa n. il't-
HeB AaBa Cbrrlo i'oJrrrrvr 6port rpa,{r4uia: HaA ce,lara KlrHHa u Ba.ruta, rplr
135
JI. AuHee,
136
Jl. f[uuea,
137
Or 6ary,run
vlll, 193+, 467.
r3s
fl. MyraS
rlcTo 3a.'receHLrfl Bpbx
tt 6n.r xopocaH'.
UUf. C't'U., 4'1.
ur.rT. M.
H HaxoAKa or 6pousonu IIoBerH ot VI 8., T. f e p a c tt lt o s, ['lAi'I,
q
u e B, C6. 6AH, 15 (27), 1931,30, c'Lo6ruaea 3a ,crapo rpa.rulre Ea
ceBepHo or Mauacrupa ,Ce;ert npecroJa', rpa,(euo oruoMeu KaMIK
121
-J.
Z ai m o r:. Lingrr. Baik., VI, 1963, 82.
)21
te-
r':i
1r. 11a p * ou, B-.nurrHcKa
9yl,9i_Xp.
C e rt e p,1)K u eB, Ilrlr. clq', 2h2'
rr+i \
b.
l\1 a
ir
r o u, Mc6', XV, 1898, 2ti7.
12;Ar.MuaqersH. Ilerxoe,t-Cy'Oi,l'D,
l-\:, 19ii1, 1, crP. 195, 196c'ra"
c..,.r., i{5, 2{I; Bx. c'r,rlc} H. tl c r i( o B, LIA6, XXil, 19,)7,'{9 c;l;1.; ux<. oure \ p' C e-
r, x( u e B, Ilur. c-lq., 263.
t:s
Xp. Celtep-lx(HeB, unr. cl'i',263'
r::r gjo5rrpoauau,
Cofrrilcxrr uap. u1':;ei1,..nss' N! 2tj,\8.
130
T. tef acrrM0n,'tlAtl, XX' 195'5,60'l--
l:]r jl. j[ rr n e s, Ce,rururrirra oat,racr iro llcrupcxlra npo.lo]l, I-C]'l'l'1"0, XX\lX,
91 -43,
46.
13?
,\ c. B;1 C rr.t ir e B, IraSXorttitt II IIr)OY({BaHits, I\', 19'19, 59.
r33
X. n K. Ui*opnria,
j\lorltau,
lI2, 115,-117; sx' rI ro-roPelI' 17'
t:il
Bx. c'blr(o Ac.'BacH;1 HeB'uHT. c-t"l',63c"t'
tr
li
r
,o0
63
6opuc l-cpor
Maxa"ra CaslrH
(c. L{aperlrr.rHa), Ha Bp'r,x 3aulaeseq Me)fiit}' c.
Lltr6aosu,a
a
Uepeqen,
I-pagauiero u Ky.uara n
LiH6aoscro
3erlJrlllle, rpallHtlte B 3eNI-
.lll,eroHac'flpluu-'a,tpaAt"'te]lej+(11]'c'6y'uuHnpoxo'lH3aerr4onqa'
i yucxo .palrrit. Ha J-loNrcKoro uloce.t'il' Iia.'roivrrrp Ao I'lcrper1, NLexay
a.'Epara a'3arr,xeHe, IVIa,rxa !lorrl,'la lo c. Cvro [iparr'oarlH, nPH l1Y'nHIa
Bn-bx, rpaAnttta nta BpauaHcKara n.IlarillHa npH C. Oqau Ao'rl H Ha Bp'bx
,n.i,o ilp, pa3r\oIKHTe B pa3RaniiH14re Ha crapara I{T,ptiBa npu ilrorr'r6po.q
r HaNIepeHII MOIIeTI.t Or TpaaH, liapar<a.ra, Cenep A.ryexcaHAlp, KoHc'raHttufi
X;lop H KoscraHTHH Berrnru. LJr rlrr pa3Ba,'IIaHH npotl3xoxla H xpHCTHflH-
r"r4 TIaTLIHCKH HaAnltc o'r V-VI B.tit
[-lo-rope, ll, 71, uae AaAox]re
H:\,reHara Ha ABe ce,'Ia o'r reprlrol-'HflTa
r,.. CepAVKa,' 3acBHAereJrcrByBaHH B HaJ.nucH or VrathH,r.l2
qHero
Jol(<1'1ll-
3Hp6He rrr'rH or-b)i(AecrBrrBaHe c HHr(oe or
)c'l'aHoBeHIlre
IIo apxeo.Ilol'l'lqe-
t t4 n.br ceJrHrua ilpH AaHHHTe
Ha HajlnHCHTe e HeBb3IIoiKHo. I-la nocBe-
I 3Hlrrrra oT Cep.lr.rrca H TepHToprrrTa lr pas,rHuHtt' 6oxecrtsit lloctlr rloHfl-
Kora en6Ter],, H3BeAeHH or MecrHIl HMeHa:
'Ail')Ta?l;t';,.'Av1'o'i'r,'r'':' I]e)"",
l\epzts).r,.tcq, Ze),a,r,Vl"q, Z;.to)z;';r14;, liz,s'.1t:r,'tL;,l0td...rlti;, Ko'izolcoryiE,
',
,:,rtrr),r,,i;. \zcd.r,'tcq, ):Va'r'.1r,'tl,: ll ...-7.^{r,'ti;',tt' Kottro llp)'rail'e He ca 3a-
r t.r.Ierej'rcrts\'BAHH.
L{e
HflKor.t or rHx 6eacuopuo ca t,l3BeileHH or H}leHa Ha
Ce.,IHIIla, a He Ha MecTHo(llH, rloKa3Ba ertuTer.br ',\l\'nz7t,'tLq' Ilptt ToBa
THrl OT T'IX, KOHTO Ca B HaJ,nncH He or rpa;Ia, a o'l'ce"IcKa'te'tepHTopHrl'
i TB-bpA roJIflMa BeporrTHocT oTpa3fltsaT r'tecTHrI HlleHa or TepHTopHrITa
I rpaAa, MexAy Konro rlMa H H\leHa Ha Cefla. [lo-rope, II, 55, Hae A?-
AOXMe
OCHOBaHAHTa 3a drroKaJlH3HpaHeTo Ha ceIH[[eTO, OT KOe',rO e H3BeAeH
.-HHKoH'br }xolg,voq. flporonafi' (De aeciif . IV, l, 3l Sq. Ir IV, 4) clo6-
, tBa,
qe
[OCrltHUaH C'bfpaArl.I uJllt nonpaBlrr'l HpeIIOCTIr, KOHTO Ca Ce Ha-
t,..lpanu B TepI4TopHflTa ua Cep.llnxa, noBeqero or KoIITo He lvlol'ar 3acera
BCe OrUe Ia Ce JIOKaJI[l3HpaT. I,lrueuara Ha Hfll':OLI OT TtlX Ca. rpattutlcXn,
rvrH yKasBar Ha Ke.ilrcKlI npol'l3xolt
(ax- no-rope II,46, aa6' ti,55), uo
B IBaTa C,qvqaq Te ca cTapH Lr B'b3\o)&AaT l('brl npe!.pH\lcKaTa e[oxa.r{]
7. PE.:lt{t'kl(-)3EH /htlBOT B CEPfI'lli.\ t'I 1'E:)llTOPtlt{'lA I'l
Pe.ltrrII03Hptgr x(HBor Ha pll\lcKa Cep'1p11;o e II-lJIo)+teH :locra nol'pct6-
or I'. kl. Kartapoe, [lpuuoc r\"brl cra])ara HC'roPilrI Ha cOtllurr, l9l0'
llilr
]\!1rigg 6g 0t,rHaTa CTllHtlrrfl, OT r\t]](TO npOU.]Xr].h.lil HaJilHC'I'f Of HepOHCltO tifcMe'
. rlo-rope ll, 75, sa(r. 2.
l{r} rI.
A s rr e B, urrr. ctq., -lll c.'r.r.
lti
B. I,laann'ui, fHll. \'1, 1932-34,.il8 c;r. (\'. tit'5tvlicr',-op.S.rl,ti.J+)'
1rr yico
Itiaeari. if i. f , fi5;1 (120; rnidne- Poteltrr:t', CIL' \'l :12567 2.s19 11-)'9)'^
rr,,
16131,1"., iszi
(iti, zoo:t (g,9), zr'(ts,
!qg3
(d9):.191i-t (106t. i997 (1001, 193{
(76),
2E (/i), 2025 (22),2050,202ti. no.r 3s)...., ICBuiq,200,\ c(r r:pIe HefotlrHo rrecrl'o l,ltcr
. D. D c t s c lt e 1', Dic' tlri'akischert Sllrlcltrestc,
{.\ I.. K-l 1t1"^- C'l .1il;teHt! JlIltlli}-1 lr
IrecrHu HaulrcrrcBalrurr,3auoritJii ulu c 3=7.-. --ia
Beptt"s\r,'r;,; lilh. IVK crp.65. 3a l()'r,?"'1"6; nx'
3. I- o
rr
e B Ar .\pxeo.rolufi, 1967, l, 57 c,r;r. Q4u1. .la ttrttHara Ha !lte l'rl'l rf'H ce"la- H3-
:
u,o oi C.'proi11a tlx. \i. Beirr. licr', Spirgriechisclre untl :piitlrtttinisclte Ittscltriften'
d-1, n.
'25
(9ia1.
114 ('
,'toKaJlt3HpaHcTt) Ha rllH Kpetl(Jcrtl H 06tlcHeHlltT(
iloHacrorlLltelt B. Eettleaattee.
lipoyunauul B'LpxY :ralaaHorpaxuiict'ittre 3eil{u npe3 pH}tct(o Bptue l8l
crp. 38 --70, cfiopeA apxeo"lor-uqecr(riTe H el]urpacpcxure MarepaanH, KoLITo
ca 6unvr H3BeC'rHa AoTot'aBa. HarvrepeHHTe CneA ToBa HaAIIHCH u H3o6pa-
)*reHH,{ u OTt(pHTllTe .\paNtoBe I{ CBe'rH,r1tltlla, I(aKTO H IIpOyqBaHfinTa B'bpxy
rvroHertrre Ha Cep.unra o'r' Ruzicka, N\t'utlros a I-epacatror o5orarplxa
pt
pa3r.xapHxa HailHTe no:JHaHIrq B'bpx)' penHrHo3HHTe K-yJITOBe B pfiMCI{a
CeplHlca n B Her.iHara reptrropHfi. Hauara
qen B Hacrost(ara r.,raBa e He
la
pa3r'neAalle
AeTarlnHo
peJHrHo3HHTe nalIeTHHUH, a Aa AaAeM eAHa
o5rrla KaprHHa cnopeA cerarrrHoro c'bcrogHHe Ha MarepHanaTe I{ npoyqBa-
HHflTa B',bpxy rrlx.
fio-rope HHe 3acef Hax sre pe,rrHrHo3HHfl xHBor Ha HaceJleHHero Ha
npeApalrcr(a CepAHF(a v repHTopnrrra H, KoliTo e Hziltepltil H3pa3 B K)'n-
TOBHTe
Qnryprr
Ha Heo,qltTHaTa H eHeonHTHaTa x1',rri,'pat H B eBeHT)'a,;I-
HUTe CBeTHJrr.[rla,
qt{eTo
c'bt[ecTByBaHe [pe3 xaJI[laTcKaTa H JIaTeHCKaTa
enoxa lroiKe Aa Ce npelflo,r]afa Ha Hr{l(OH IlleCTa H oCo6eHO Talvl, K'bAeTO
npe3 pHil{cKara efloxa riNrA]le 3aCBHAeTeJICTBVBaHH cBerltnHula
2
B.bn Bp'b3Ka
C ToBa rpn6aa Aa o'r5e.le/kuNl otUe TYK, a ilo-rloApoSuo no-HaTaT'bK Ha
C'borBerHure IueCTa,
qe K,\',rtrbr Ha itoxecrgara or rp-bl(o-ptlNICKHfl rlaH-
TeoH ce e Haciropr"ri oco6eHo B ceJrcriuTe cBerH,rIuuta B'bpx)' K)'nra Ha
NrectHa Soxecrsa or rrpeApHMcKara enoxa. OcaeH ToBa or JIareHCKara
efloxa Aopu Ao ll-lll e. Ha H. e. B pa3r.rlelaHara oT HaC o6xacT u B
c6ce.{Hr.tTe H pa['{oHH e c'bu{ecTByBa,rr AoHeceHIltIT oT KeJITCKHTe 3aCeJIHlIqLI
Iivxr Ha .[,oir1auHoro or-HHIr]e.:i Bcuqxo roBa not(a3Ba,
qe
I{ e o6.'tacrra Ha
penarurrra, KaKTo t4 B ApyruTe odnacrlt Ha I(-).IITypHHfl xrlBor e Cbu{e-
cTByBaxa npHeMCTBeHOCT H
qe
CneAHre Ha npeApHMcKHTe pe.,'lHIHo3HH npeA-
CTaBH H KyJITOBe He Ca MofJ'llI Aa 6lAar 3aJIHqeHH Haij'bJlHO oT BHeceHHTe
orB'bH Soxecrsa H KyJITOBe.
B caMara Cepaara uafi-pauuurr KVJIT, IioiiTo no BcaqKo H3r,IIex,la,
qe
e npeAptllvtCKH, H TO yTBbpAeH npe3 KeJ'ITCKI'lt{ IIepHO.I, Ha Ce.[lllileTo,
e K\'.t'r'b'r Ha Ano.noH-.reqHreJI (Apollo medicus).t l-lpea pHMCr(ara ertoxa
5oxecrsoro e 6uno rIor{rlraHo B [recro'brlr,,IeH .\patvt c IioHllqecliH noKpHB.
[-lpe.rnoaara ce,
t{e
xpa}r'br ce e HaMHpan npII rtuHepa,rHtt,{ u:;aop, a .II.Bere
t'bpeera,
Konro ro orpa)K,Xar R aao6paxeH14ero I\l)' B'bpxv eilHa NtoHera,
lo6t:lBar,
qe
rofi ce e Haltrtpa.'I CpeA A'b6paBa.; Qoputara Ha xpalla H cra-
TyapHarrr rurr Ha Soxecreoro ca 6rt"rH Hacne.[,eHrl o't npei(pHMcKHg ne'
pirol Ha CepnHKa. [Ipece.rHur(Hre or ,\la;ra Aanr, Koaro ca c'bcral]t{JM
3Haqr.tTe,lHa
rtacr
or Hace.,reHr4ero Ha I-Pala or BpeMero Ha TpanH Hara-
T-l:K, ca yKpenHJ,tH K\',rt'ta Ha Ano,rog v ca BHecrtt HoBLI acneKT[I B Hefo.6
Iiur
Bx. II, crp. i, 7.
Bx. I[, ctp. t0, l.] c.t., Bx. oltle I r'. \'e lk or', I;estschrilt I?. Egqer, 29, 32 ff.
B:x. rto-ropt II, {2 c.t.'l.
3a Ano;tott-.{crntre.r, rrol. KilK-r,rJTo ae Ircrir tttil e 6tt.'l elsnpuer or pH}tiltlH}lrc, I}iti.
i, a i t c, R(rtitisclre Religiortsgeschicltt,:, 1961), 221 f f .
Bx.rlt-r'ope il, {-t: s;'ti.-- otue i'. H. KauapoB, llpttuoc, t6: T. ['epaCll]l OB,
crr. Corlnn, I. 1953, 13-t: t'iAl'1, XX, 1955, 581 c;i.
,i
'Crropel
G. i. K a z a ro \v, RE, \'l A (1gij$), 5(l(), xr-;l'rr,r rrii Ano.rou
crprlnrrJr e ipaxau rrt-bprr: paHo (rr qe
l)Ho\ropctlrre
t'pe-toec (r.laauo Arlo'routtn)
c KVJTJ Ha lrecrHo cpcxuo 6oxecreo.
62
.t,i I
t
!:
.,I
j
ce pailrrpo-
H CE CI'IJI
Ha LrlreHal';l IIll ce .iitHti rlaBa
r-
1
Eopuc fepon
ffil
b5
lR?
B repraro pt4flTa Ha rpaAa r(ynr6T Ha AnonoH-Jlequren o6aqe ce e Sana3IilJI
rrucr H ce e cJrfln c Kynra na Tparnficr<ns xepoc. I-lopa,u,lt cBoflTa nony-
i )HOCT, KOflTO HaNII{pa H3pa3 B nOcBeIII elLttl, NSO6paXeHHf (Craryapnu,
i re$un H B'bpxy MoHerH),-nuruficxure
urpu H flP.-, Anouos Ce oqepraBa
i,r;;*;;;tno Obiecrno ,r"C.pArxa,i
t{Ht-tro
Kynr e 6un otpuuua'neH' OcseH
6aTO AnO,1OU-JIeIlnTeJI, raaO6paaen Bbpxv NIOHeTI{Te CaNl Ltltu c ACr'nenafi,
t I ce cpeu{a LI Karo Anolon-xnrapoA. Cnopee Ruzickas oco6eHara Qopua
r I(HTap aTa H ApexaTa
My HH nO3BO ilflBa Aa npaeNlelvl,
qe
B Cep'U'ura e
I{}laJIO HerOBa KynTOBa CTaTytt, Cpo;lHa C,lC
-cTaTyflTa
Ha AnO'nOu-uy3areT
n- s BarHKaHa. H. *onarrr. Ano.nou e H3o6pa3eH H Karo Bonus Eventus
t eA OxTap,g KO6TO e yKa3aHlle 3a C'bII[eCTBvBaHeTO Ha HerOBa I{ynTOBa
C. Jryrr a ClpAuKa. AronoH ce CpeIIla rrao6paseH B'bpxy MoHeTrlre C.sulo
3aeAHO C Epoc.ro
Haii-panuHflT cnrypeH HaAnr4c, s Kotiro ce cnoMeHaBa AnonoH, 6eg
j e ficHo IIOpaA[I noBpeAa Ha Hafnllca B KaKBa Bp63Ka, e eAHa IIO-
Karra oT MarHCTpaTtITe Ha CeplHxa K'blI HaCeJIeHpIeTO Ha rpaAa 3a npa3--
HrrK B
qecr
,, hrro"rir l-Iafr'(139-161 r.).t' Ha eropara no"IoBI'lHa Ha II
r rr Ha HaqanoT6 Ha IIt e. npHHaAneXaT ABa
HaAIIPICa OT rpala, B I<OHTO
, IO,,IOH HOCE enI{TeTHTe l'avcite}.r16; n Zs).eq'ti;, H3BeAeH}I OT NIeCTHII
tMer{a.12 Bla nropun HaAnHC Tol'I e orbiKAecrBeH c Tpaxaiicxas K0HHHK,
r,oero rtopaAH errnTera e rB'bpAe BeponrHo H za n'bpBlla HaAnuc.lts Anolott
i ., .nri.ru I(e(v)Dprlo[r1v6s] BepoqrHo B Apyr
HaAilrrc or CepAHxa, no-
( ereH HeMy , ni ;;il&t#a 6es- Aa e H3o6pa3eg Bbpxy pe.rre$a.lt EAIIH
ot- i,uf-*y6ieHre naMerHHqH Ha CepAnra e no3Jlare6ara 6poH3oBa UIaBa
n- ar.ry" r, Anonou (no llparcnrel) B ecrecTBeHa ro,leMlrHa.'E Or
PIdM-
r dTfl BLt,,Ia ,pt OprurAorqr' npon3xoxAa Topco oT CTaTyfirca Ha Ano-
.^-n." np, f<upu*riu
iiif
-217'r)
Beposrno ca 6vrtw yqpeAeHll a Cep-
Alrga
c'bcTe3aurrfi B
qecT
Ha Ano,'tou, KOI1TO HOCflT HMeTO nnrl'tilcrn n
I
;;"-;-rpn6na,ro Aa 6"r,Iar noBraptlHu Bcel(LI
qerupu roAllHrl'ls
7
L. I? u z i c l< a, Die .Nliinzen \'on Serclica, Nrtnt. Zeitschr., XLVIII, 1915, 6 f';
I'. H. KauflpoB, tlprrHoc,.4-l crr.; if.,rt-tr.t,o,r,,rylonetn..
H }toHerxpHltullre ua Cep-
;;n.,
f
g':0,
Z; lt,lor.ti,lsit rs,trx Ha rpaA Cb,pnx, 1928, 28 c;r'
3
I-. R u z ic li r, op. cit., 7.
e
L. R nzicka, op. cit.,7.
1r)
f. LI. [( a rt a p o a, I-lptttloc, 46.
rr
l(iBulg, 1917. Br,srroxHo e .la ce ronl.'rHlr Hllero ua Ano,'lou Lr-B lp)'f ualnLC
,ror,r,io o, il.pru*r,-*,i.o . or Tpo"uoiio Bpe\te, I( a I i n lt rt, tt. 162 (47l.
'
r':
l(rBrit,{, l928l7Jl, 1930
(8Jr).
ra
3r orr,;*;,aiiorrrirero Ha i,,o"log c Tpaxtrrtcxu,l KoHIIIIK RiK. I r'. \'e n e d i l< or',
Acta
philippopolitana,
Srutlia arct aeoiofica, l96l',, l{)0 sqq. B}K. }I G. L Ii Llzxt o r'v, RE,
Sirpnl. III (1913), l1+3.
' 'rt
!()Birl-g, i92J (7J1.
,,,fp;;;i;(usr xoni,!.rK 3ae.[Ho c rpr{rc unut}u ce flBrBa s o6pouua r,'Ioltl(a or f]tlgoc,
.,. I. I( iz a r o rv, Titr. Reiter, n. 150. I-lopa.ru J,b.lrlra Apexa, Koj]ro^ Ilocll, Be_potlrllo r):K
Hlralte or6t+(J.ecrri..,i c ,aao Anoaos.
LIe
noa AnoloH c cnlrrcra IisvEpr;;o; e 5sl IloqItTaH
Tnarafict<r-trr, *orrrrr*,
"rr,'i,
o. pereQure ICBrilg,-1,
-9-21
u I'l6AIi, XV, 1916' l+3'
-
r0
T. l-epac tlt{oe, I'IDAL'I, XIV, t9+0--l?, 259 c.ll', n' 13'
li
?1s. B e I x o s, ll6All, XII, 1938,
'112.
13
IGBulg, 1910 (.1./); B)r(. oue IGBulq, III, l, 8E9,u.(arrcHara Jll{reparypa npH .[Bara
Ha,InHC.l Blpxy nuri.rf,cxare cbcre3aHnr a cep:Hlia H QHntlnonol.
flpol'usauurl B6px)' 3anarllorparuflcxttre
gelttu
npe3 pilllcKo Bpelle 183
HaatH CepLar<a K\rJrrr,T Ha Ano,ros e 3acBt lerencrByBaH Aocera
Ha rpH Mecra. Brs scairxu cJr)'qan Tyr( Ano.nou e noqHTaH Karo 6or sa
,reqeiaero. B cneinnarr{ero npu H3Bopa xpafi Onauaerle tofi HocH enarera
\xo7-,?rlt6i2o H e orbirAecrBeH c TpaxuficKng xepoc, xofiro e npeACTaBeH Ha
pe;reSa Karo Acxlenaii c 6pa;1a.2t Karo KoHHHUH, oqeBHAHo orbx(necrBeHu
c TpaxHficxHfl xepoc H npeACTaBeHrr r{aro
f,aocxvpaTe,
ce ,IBqBar Ano.nou
Lt Acrleullrl B HoBoHaMepeHHr HaAnHC or Kp)'neU
(l-laporcKo).2e Te Hocqt
TyK C'bUtO enHTeT OT TonOHOivtac'rHqeH npoH3xol Re1axe)'r1V65, xaxrO
r-oea e o6nqafiHo 3a TparHfrcr<Hn KoHHaK. Eana apa, HaMepeHa I(pall Ko-
cruu6po1,2:l e rocBerera c'bnlo Ha.lBere 6oxeclaa.
I-lo,{HrareJrHTe Ha Arto,roH,
qrar:iro
6poit nopa.{H xapaKTepa I4r'IH CbC-
ToEHHero Ha Ha,u,nHCI{Te e rvra,rt'bK, npoH3xox(.[ar or rpal(Hi'rcxoro Hace"rle'
Hlte2{ H/IH or por,taHH3HpaHHTe Mv e.rleMeHTH.2n CloieerHo Ha rorl }ia-
x'bK 6pofi t4 TeoOopHt{HHTe HMeHa,
pI3BereHH
or HMero Ha Anolou, ca
peAKH.2d
Bce ete Bp'b3Ka c ron,{r{fl rlrr.tHepa.{eH H3Bop npe3 pulvlcKara enoxa e
6H,r sHeceH B Cep.u,ur<a a r()-,rr1br Ha Acr,rlenaii u Ha ApyrHTe
'{eKapcKlt
6oxecraa.2i Btpxy ruoHerHre Ha rpara H3o6pa3nBaHero Ha AcKnenufi u
XHrHs e r.xapor(o 3acrbneHo,:s Ho Tenecrlop ue e 3acBItiIere.IIcrB)'BaH ocBeH
B eAlrH cblrHr4Te,'reH cn)'qaryr.2r' kl:r.rexila,
qe
n Ceplarca c [IHpoKa non)'-
,tlrrpHocr ce e [on3]'Ba.[a e.nHa craryapHa rpv1ta, npe.r,craBtlula Acr<''renltl"t
H cuHa ilry fugct<oc, or Kosro r.rlra Me MoHerHH H3o6pa)KeHHt{ B ro,'IlM
6pofi npes qrrnoro BpeilrerpaeHe Ha MoHeroceqeHero.:io I'lao6pasaBaHero Ha
Acrnenafi atpxy MoHerH or BpeMero Ha Kaparca.na u fa.nneH, 3acrauaJl
npaB B xpaM c ipntrt.rreH
QpoHToH
r{
geTHpH
KofloHH, [oKa3Ba,
qe
6oxe'
crBoro e HMaJro cBerxnnrue B Cep,uuxa, Ho roqHoro My JIoKaJIH3HpaHe He
ce e yAano Aocera. llpe.u,no,roxeHuero Ha lVlyuruoe,sr
qe
xpaMtT ce e Ha-
tvurpa.'r npu AneKcaHApoBcr(ara 6olsHua, noquBa Ha noipeulHoro ivl)' T'b.rI-
r(\'Bat{e Ha orKpnTara rai!{ Bttila (ax. no-fope III, crp. l5) Karo aCI(JIe-
lHoH. fepacaruon32 AonyCKa,
qe
xpaNl'b'r Ce e HaNrnparT B C'bCeICTBo C
trr
IGBulg, 2025
{22;.
3')
3a ros elrrrer
git. Ilo-rope II, 55.
2t
Bx<. flpe.qxo.xuara crpaHuua.
23
n. nlrpoB uh, Crapuuap. X\I-XYI, 1gti+-b5 (19ti6)' 250,6 (6u)'
33
IGBulg, 2018.
:r{
IGBulg, 2025, (22), 1930
:5
IGLlulg, 1929 (7,3), 1928
zo
ICBulg, 1906 (42).
(8e),
(7,5): a'x. n 6a.
2:
['. H. I{ a rt a p o s, llpitttoc,
.N'loHerare H IIoHeraptt,rtiaTe, 7 c:tn.i
n 6r,araprts, 1931, I l. 3a xt'ara rla
RE, VI A (1936), 4\15 ff., a s:o5rr{o
Kurt Latte, op.cit.,225 ff.
46 c.r;r.;:l-. Rrrzicka, op. cit.,7; H..i\1 vrlllloB,
6. II n r, ,lVlouersll s3oarpaiKellllfl or pt'l\!cl(aril enoxa
nexapcrure 6o;xecrnlt a Tpaxt:n ex.-C. I. I( lt z a ro \\"
3a K)'.rra IIu tlx(. no-rope I, 116 (2,;8) sa6. 1, ll otqe
rs
IJ;x. L. R tr z i c li a, loc. cit.; H. l'1
1'tu
u o B, uHT. i!t.;
X\', 1952, 177 cnn.: cir. Cotfrrr, I, 1953, 137; tlAtl, XX, 1955,
le
H. i\l y Ix M o R, ul{r. c'b'I., 9.
30
T. f epacrItrloB, cu. Co$nn, 1, 1953, l3'1.
:il
H. M1;utrtoB, IlllT. c's'1.,9; c'biuo C. I' Kezaro\\"
32
T. f e p a c h.1't o B, I'IAtl, XX, 1955, 5E1 cl.
T. I' e p a c H :,r o n, Cep.{ux:t,
581 c;t.
RE VI A (193ti), 4e8 f.
l-
184
Eoprc [-epon
u,..JepaJIHHfl H3Bop. Ho clttlo ra6a Toli 6a rutorl.n Aa ce lbpcH H Ha ceBep
oT CTeHHre Ha Cep4axa, K'br,eTo Ha 6yn.
,f. illrrvruTpoB"
35 npn H3KonHa
p
'roTH
e HaMepeH
@parrrrenT
or o6pouen pe;reQ ua Acxnenufi u orKtAeTO,
u ,'rexAa,
qe
npog3xoxAa c'b1-(o e.[,Ha apa Ha Ag<rrenaflt.;tl
1Ha
ceBep or
Ccpanrca e 6ut H xpaillbr ua 8s|; ii,!'.s:,,;.) N1,l'iuMoasr npe4no.Ilaraue,
qe
xpalrlT e 6Hn ctrpaAeH npu Kaparca.na It B'b3nPoH3BeAeH 3a [p'bB n'bT
B )xy Morrerrire no cnvqal'r nocerUeHHero Ha rofl HMneparop n Cep,u,lrra
n :3 214 r. Ho xvlrbr Ha Acr.renufr e 3acBHAe r;tcrtsvBaH c rtocBettleHne
Beqe [pe3 BTopara noJroBHHa Ha II n.35ilp1'ro nocBetueHHe nMatvle or t\,IalKo
ilo-Kt,CHO BpeMe, MOx(e 6u Haqa.IoTO Ha III t.'rt; B Hero Act<'ryenul:t HoCH
e rTerHTe ziptoE vt n?o7',i1rg u eTHHKoHa or Tpal{Hficra npoH3xoA Iiaui-
y"
cmyt6;. BeponrHo r1'r AcrlenHir e orblr(rrcrBeH c TparHficKHrt xepoc,
Ha Koero vKa3Ba lr rpaxar)icKoro Hlre Ha llocRerHTe.rtfl. 3a rptrlxut !;ynr
H, Acrnenuir ce Kacae BeposTHo npH n'bpBolo IlocBeII{eHHe, HanpaBeHo oT
,'I te c fpbuKrr [poH3xo]I, rre pHrrcfiH fp3]K.r,aHriH, KOeTO e 3aeMa.IIO MHO-
rL-.paTHo BHctuLr rpa,l,cKH AJrbxHocTrr. E:tiio TpeTo nocBeuleHHe, B KoeTo
Hiltero Ha 6oxecrsoro He ce c'to6trtasa' n3l"'iex{J'a,
tle
e c'btlio Ha Acr<'te-
tt- '!, axo ce c'bAll oo }recToHaxo)fr.leHileTo Itv il Teo0opnvrroro llivle Ha eAaH
o nocBeraTe.ture ilIv.'li
B repr.rtoprrrrra na CepAuria Ky,rrbr Ha Acx.lenal'r It Jlet(apcrure 6o-
x{ec'rBa e 3acBHAereJIcrBvBaH flo-qecro. I,lar,rexAa,
qe
r,\'K rofi ce e Ha-
c, uuJrI B c'brr(ecrB)'Baulu Beqe cBerHJI[rrla Ha Tparaftcxss xepoc, KaK'bBTo
e o BcflKa tsepoflTHocT cnyqasT c'bc cBerHJrHrrlaTa npH C.nltsHHtla, flo.rlHH
fiacape;r H eBeHryanHoro cBeruJrnrue npu l-o.nrlto ceJlo (l-Laporcro). Or
cBeTflJrI4IUero npr.r [o.unH
liacapel, K'bAeTo e 3acBuAerencTByBaH [l Kyn-
T ua Tpaxptfict<ttg xepoc (nx. nO-nararbK Tyt{ B rt.7), nport3xoxAar .IIOnHa
q
r or nao6paxeHae na Acxrenurl, F(ofiTo rylt HocH enHTerHTe x'3plc6 u
\:7a';,.v1vi;, nropuqr or ronoHttivlllqeH npou3xoil, H Topco or craTyfl Ha
6pXecreoTo.']B B ;tp1'r'lrre ABe CBeTH,'IHttla,'i" IiaKTO u B'bpxy CoOi\teHaTHf
ni e pe.rleQ or lip.r'ner1 roii e orbx.r,ecrBeH c
'l'par<rrr'rcxaH
xepoc (aN.
II'
,
tj,:r). Or c. I'paaerl rrpou3xox,rta NrpauopeH l(parep, nocBereH Ha Aui.le-
nnii.{,' I,Ieo6rrto c}recBaHero Ha K}'nra Ha Acr<.nerlrrfi c'bc 3aBapeHIIfl I(}'nr
H^ TparuircxHrr xepoc u noqaTaHero ua Acx.renufi t(aro
'l'pai<ufrcrcu
KoH-
H : e eAHO Tts.r,pAe
qecro
xa6arcAaBaHo flB,leHlle e Tparrrn.rl B e.x,aH-
_l
33
C. H. 6 oi.r,r e u, Coaercra,r apxeoxornrr, 195E, Kn. 3, 213 VAL1, XXI\', 1961, 1ti5;
ICarrls, 1935 (8rr).
3{
[J. IU
]'
lu r\r o B, u]rr. c lq., 8.
:!5
ICBuI(,, ilt3l (,96).
io
IGBulg, i9J+ (7t,).
:t;
IGBulg, 1936 (8.3). TetiQopuurrH rruerra,n3Be.(eHrr or Acxlertuii, Hauttpaue u B e.tHrl
3j 3aoa3eH KarrJloi. or II s', rto;xc 6u a;l6)r( Ha K)'xloBo c6tuec'rLlo r:a Acr"terttlil, ICBulg'
Ir ) (78).
:r5
ICBulc', 2ti51'1 ' B. Aoopycxu, ,i\1c6, XVI-XVII, 1900, .9,n.'1.
Itg
ICBulg, 2D)g (20\; G. I. K azat orv, Thr. Reiter, n. 381.
l0
3. f t) { e B a, Apxeo.rr.rran, 1967, 1, 57 ca.
{l
Bx:. G. I. Ii azar o\r', RE, Suppl. Ill (1918), ll'{i: Ir'. Venedikov, op. cit.,
1 sq.
67 [1por',rnaulrH nbp\v'3ana,lrroTparurilcxure:]e]rH rrpe.r prrNtcKo trpriue 185
eTHHCTBeH cJr)'qari HaMlrpalre nocBerueHue Ha Acr,renul'r u Xaras (Ocua-
KoBo
-- I-laPorcr<o).4''z
I-loqnrareJruTe Ha Acx.rrenrafr or repaToprrflTa Ha Cep,uuxa,
qHHTo
ltIIe-
P.A CA HI.I H3BCCTH'.I, CC CBC)I(AIIT AO ABANIA EAilHHfl C HC3ANA3EHO I,I3.
IIflJIO rp'brlt(o Hrvle 6 AP,\fflrr pHNicKH fp'-r)+(AaH[tH c H3rlrrJro pHrvrcKo HNIe.r:l
TeorlropHqHnTe HMeHa, H3BeAeHu or l.rN,rero Ha Acr<renuli, ca cpaBHi.!TeJrHo
,{ecrr.t,{1
Koero ce A'E,JI)KH BeporrrHo Ha nott]'nrrpHocrra Hd K\';rril uy u:r,6rtt.o
n rpaxnricKuTe 3eMH.
K1-.nrrr Ha 3eac H Xepa, KaK'bBTo ro rro3HaBaMe or reprtroprrrra Hir
flavra.rufl
(sN.
no-rope I, I l7
[269]
cr.). e 3acBrrAerencrB]'Barr B repu'ro-
plrflTa Ha CepeHKa no-qecro, orroJlroro B caivrHR rpag.{n B'r,pxv uoHerrr e
Ha rpaAa ir,BeTe Soxec'r'aa He ce H3o6pa3rrBar 3aeAHo, a 3eac ce HRnBa
c0}rocTorrTe,lHo B c'bIIIHTe THnoBe, KoHTo no3HaBalre oT []avla.,rnfl, r(or,To
e eAHo o6trto nonoxeHHe B MoHeroceqeHcTo Ha rpaAogere B Tfrarir.,rr n
r\lrrslrr H Hrrlra orHotueHi.re K'r,M cnerilrQtrxara Ha Klv'rra n rpajla.lii []ce nar
1'O CbBrral.a c Hrrrio[r acneKTrr Ha KvnTa ilry, KoHTo tro3HaBaNte or Haj{Ilrr-
cLrre u
pr3oSpa)KeHHrrra.
ts'spxy MoHerHTe Ha CepLrrrta ce cperrta usoCrpa-
3err rr Zeus lieraunios,i; no.rprTau y rpar(prre Karo 3ae.'tc1'pll,rts rio He:lacBu-
IeTeJICTRvBaH AoCefa C iloCBell(eHrltl CT Ceplnrrxa H TepllTOptlfil'a lr. B elHu
or Haii-pauuare t{altnHcrr (138-ltil r'.) ce cro}reHaBa O"ruunuiicrlrrr 3eBc,rr}
roitro B'bp:iy NroHeruTe ce rrso6paanBa c r(pu.,'raT0Til Hare B p'br(a lr
.rriiL't-)
Ii\'.r'tr e pa3nHqeH or otpaqr,ra.rHprn ,u,'bpx(aueH Kynr Ha IOntrrep. !laxeaHe'ro
ua Oatttvtnuticrns 3esc B eAHH orlnqHa;reu HarnHC iloKO3Ba,
qg
K\';rrrbr rvr)'
e 6un orlaqnaaen 3a rpaAa.'ro Prucxlrsr AbpxaBen r(v.rrr ua tOnurep, o6HK-
HotseHo
qecrByBaH
Karo [OnHrep Kannro.rraficxu H.nx Iuppiter optirnus ma-
ximus B JraTr{HCKH Ha4nHCH,i,r e 3acBuAencrByBaH B rpa.rla KocBeHo B HaA-
nnca B'bpxy xpaMa Ha CapanHc or l6l-l(i3 r.,n2ri-b;tero Capanrrc-Xe.rynoc
e orbxiAecrBeH c }Onlrrep KanHro,'rul'rcrpr. Ton xpalr ce e Halrapan H3B'brJ
cTeHHTe Ha IOr OT rpa;1a,;:lHO Xpailr Ha 3eBC Aocefa He e HaMepeH e cep-
rrrxa. 3a K)/,rrra Ha 3eBC B rpa.rla roBopnr H .[,Ba rpparlreHra or H3o6pa-
)KeHtrfl Ha l'anttlrx, eArrHHr{T or liepa;\rHrrHa [.roqa, a Apvf rrrrr or crar],iiria.'-,+
[]tpxl, rvlonerHre Ha rpaAa Xepa ce ,rBrBa caNroc'roHi'e,irHo c'],n(o B Frr-
{:r
H. B y.l u h, Crrovelrax, L\XVII, 193.1, n. 52 (/).
{3
I(lBulg, 2029 (201; n. B5'a u h, Cnorrunrrr<. LX\\'ll, lf)34, n. 52
U).
It
i(lBulg, t92'2 (77), 1923 (.27), 19i16 (&?), 1957 (,iJ), 2012 \9.
{:'Bx.
n1'.L|. Iiaqapos, flpuuoc 69.3a K\'rra Hai}esc uXepaR Tparir,r u }1r-
3Url rro-rope I, l18 (270) za6. L
I.. Ruzicka, op. cit.,6;H. ,\lyrrruon, ,\iunerurc H ltoHrraprruurrre, 12 c.l.
H. I\1y rrr Nr o B, tllr'. cbq., n. 237
B;x. C. I. I(a z a ro w, I?ir, VI A (1930), Slti.
IGBulg, 1917.
H. I!11'urrroB, rlHT. rr., t<o]r\,To rorr Ha,lntrc uc e 6rr.r ir3BecrcH, e Ha up()rirts-
HOTO IrHerlltc.
It
Iiurt Latte, op. cit., i5l ff.
,-r2
ffignlg, 1926 (Jgt.
i:l
Sxi. ro-rope III, -[+.
5t
116A.(, I, I910, 233, II, 191t, 2ti9,
0rrn.
2,
ll, n. 237, n. 253.
#r{
66
l*'
!
Biti.
lri
{;
.lr
t1)
i0
,,r
1('
55 llpoyuaanuf, B'bpxy 3ana.[Horparsilcrure 3eMH npe3 plrl\{cKo BpeMe t7:)
6opuc t'epol 54
aHTitqHlI \rareJl!:a,lll cT oKo,i-
r.
i\l asp o.n H Ho B, Baeastflfi'
peHlr r.|rparlreHra or MpaMopHH crarvn, BeponrHo Ha 3esc u Xepa,_uacra or
HeDaMfirrHH C-b.r.oBe,T),xJrH H IIp.,u2" e.r,HH odpoqeH HaAnHC H Apyr tfrparrureHr
rl, o6poueH Hail nnc.tilB ceBepo3anarH:lra
LIacr
ce HaMHpa .Ilpyra ro-K'bcHa
fl{ Tpo[-lrla, Cera ,,.r'leTHH CR. HHKO,Ia".d{ CRetnrtpttUeTO e 6a'lo nO BCflKa
ReporrrHocr o6rrto Ha 3eBC r Xepa, Honro ryti ca Hoce,'Itt ennTera I(apcl-
1t,.,.,i1,
resp. lieporycr;ii,, ttOXe 6U H3tse.X,eH OT HMeTO Ha Ce"rIHllteTO HilH
I1' : Ha CaMaTa IvIeCTHOCT OKOJ'IO CBeTHT'lHlUeTO'
B cenepHara
qacr
Ha CoQHlicxo [o.'Ie rO AeCHHrl 6pnr Ha p. Llcxlp
IIOCenHIIIHHTIT )I(HBOT npe3 pHr\tCI<O BpBr\lt' e 3aCBI'lAeTenCTByBaH Ha HfII(OJIKO
rvrr
-Ta.
npt4
t{enuHqrr
ca 6HilH orKpHTH B l{pafl Ha Mu*ar:lar BeI( npa I-o-
Jrt tara Nlorldr.'ra xpafi ceJloro ocHoBHTe Ha crpaAa c ABe orAe"'IeHllfl' KoHTo
Hor"rex(Aa,rrr
qacr
or tro-roJrrrMa crpa.{a, 3acHraHa or luol-H'rara.';; I-lptt cl-
ltoro ceJo, H3Tor.tHo or Hero Ao Morn.'tHTe, HMaJIo cBoAecra rpodHIiUa,
H, O,rr3)'BaHa npe3 Tpr.r,u.eceTTe foiiHHH Ha TOtl BeK 3a nocTHHlla. I*lolo6Ha
3
j aHa cBoAecra r-po6Htiua, oC''rpuaia c'btlro B nocrHuua, H ,1,o Hefl
3Hjr.oBe Ha crapnHHa crpaAa ca 6unu ort(pttra nptt c.
t{eloneqeHe-6';
Te3[{
rpo6H H:g.v, a BepoflTHo H crpaAHTe oKoro rtlx eABa JIH ca no-paHHH oT
1i B. H rvro..Ke 6^ cronT stB Bp,'t,3r(a c no,'lcKH BL1ilH Ha rlltt rrecra. C)r
c,
,eAHoro
ce,ro Heroeau npou3xox.1a eAHH o6poueH HaAnllc Ha Herlrle-
H)'BaHa 6oraHs (AQpo4ara, Xepa?), n xoiiro Ce cbo6tltaBa 3a H3ilHraHero
67, uefiua CTaT)'a flpe3 240 r.'j? C;re,u.u oT cTapo Ce,lHll(, KT,,[,eTo e HaMe-
p
eparlreHT
or r.loqKa Ha TpaKlriicxHq KorIHltK, ca orKpptrH H npH [lo.q-
i; ,epirrn Ma6acrr,rp.t;a flpu XperuHxoBuu ca 6unu HaMepeHH MeTaJIHH yl(pacn
or pgrlrcKo BpeMe,lL a B c. Cecrasqu eAHa aHTHqHa noAcraBKa or craryfl
c,-',)KH B u.bpr(Bara 3a onrapHa Maca.;o r\lanacrspqero ,Cn. fletxau H3ToIlHo
oi Kaqa.nxne, KBapTan Ha Lo.nnn
6Orpea, 6u,ro H3rpa1eHo ts'bpxy aH-
Tr.-.tH1 nocrpof,iKa, a nplr PaaHo fio,lre ce HaMHpaJIo 3HaqHTeJIHo palvtcxo ce'
luuie.Tt 3a i"errnrru.ero Ha TpaKtilicKltfl repoc npn 6oryueq Bx. III, rt.7,
E
Jlr.t14ria'r'a npH 6yxoacr<rtn MaHaCTHp
"Cn.
Nlap.'un''
(,,Epe.rtur"),,xoRro IIo
,il lsrara kt l-paAexa cv rtpHHa.u.nex(;I Ha lV IIJIH Haqa'IIoTo Ha V B.,il no
cRgHTe ro,trvtH pa3Meplr e Hec'brvlHeHo l{-bpl(Ba Ha 3HaqltreilHo cenHllie (HJH
cerrrrrleH partoH),
qaero
c'bruecrB)'BaHe nper,H IV n. ue noilJle)Kll Ha c'bilI-
li rye. B MecrHocrra Jlaurop ca orKpHTu ocraHKH oT crpaAa, a B Mecr-
rr :1.r.a )'pcyl
--
crapo ce.rr[lrr.e, B Koero ca HaMepeHt{ pHlllcKH penl'5,ru'
IaHCKH
ubuera. Ha ceBep or ce.'Ioro, B Io>t.HrlTe noJIlI Ha llypraur, Hua
I;?]
t.l e. B e "T
K O B, U?,T. CTaTHrr.
r;:r
f(1gu!u, ll,\l\7 (100), 1998.
t;t
['lg. BelroB, ua'r. crargfl.
6.-, x. u li. tllKopnu;r, llora,lu, ltlJ: u.A. oiuc I'. [irJIactleB, C'rapoc.naeecxu
c- r't,iILtttIa, l9;17, 28.
r;r;
Il. [] c r K o s, IlEAtl, \'lll, 1gli{, {-19'
'i;
ICBrrlg, 1986 (101a).
ti:r
X. H
(.
U F( o p r u,r, l[c6, VIII, 1892' 77, n' 58 (:'lcRulg, 1987)'
r;r,
6. O u Jl o B, ['IEA,.L II, 1911, 270.
rpaAHrrte, H3no,,r3)'BeHo Karo y6exairte ottle B npeApttvlCl(ara enoxa, Kb-
AeTo Ca Ha:,tepeHH MOrret'H oT BpeNreTo ua
(.eHep[ITe
H oT KoHCraH'il'fHoRaTa
enoxa.TjI L)T Iii'xono ttporr3xoir(]a eAHa zp0, nocBereHa Ha Ca6aarrri or
BOeHHO ;tttrte.;r AtiO TOII BOeHHoaflttlHHCTpaTIJBel{
qllnCgHax;;
e 6lr;r C;y'
xe5tto Ha rona ilrncro, ce.tHu{ero Hu3;'Io Hrtt(aiiBo 3HaqeHlte }I B'bIt IloellHo
irJrr arltnHHCTparLiBHo orHoureHHe. C)T c'bce;IHolo c. }KelHna rL)olt3.\oil:.lla
Topco Ha crarvfl.?'i nO Ha H3ToK npH c. I'pltrope0o e 6una ortip)nra 3LlAaHa
rp06HHila, fioKpu'ta C KaMeHHII nJor]t{, a NIe)fi-[\- Heti vl [rertiga i\iOftl.:]a
Hrlra.,'1o c.'renH or ce.'rHrue. Tavr ua5.ryireo 6u:ta HaltepeHa NrpoMoptia n,loqa
c r.r3o6paixeHfie Ha Heue:lrra.;; KrcHoaHrHqeH rpo6 c'btlto e HaNlepeH nptl
HOaOCe,,I116,;' a lre)K/l)' [lOaOCelqu U [lOgll XaH --- pa3BaluHrt Ha CTapa
Kpenocr, uaperleHa Acap,arrr<, Lt Ao Herr uofnJeH Het(pono,'I'r) HeH3fiec'iHo or
r(oe Bpe)re. Pnucru pa3tsanlrHH ce Haunpar Ha oKo.'tc 2 t(rt IoxHo or I'io-
Boce.'rt1n, r('bJ,ero cera Hlra rtapaK,rutc. I'ln. []e.rrros rH cB'bp3Ba c ptt]tcliara
)'Kperetra
craHrlHfl Eyprapaxa fipu ,ilecHoao (OprraH.rrl).'o 3a rart craHI{ll,I
B)K. no-fope II, 79 c.'r.
Crre.u,n or 3Haqure.lHo ceititrr[e r(ar(To i]pe3 paHHat'4, TaKa I{ n[)e3
K'bcHara [r]rneparopcKa enoxa Ha]rtrpa rre a parioHa Ha ce.ta'ra I'o_plrra tt
lo.lra }la"raHa H Anpu,rono. t{ar:r-:uaqnrrHIIr ocraHKII rvli ca I'pa:rr-
rrle'ro l,te/F:,r,)' ceJrara I-opua H
f,olua
Nla.rrrxa, Koero nperlcTaBt{ K'bcHoaH-
rnqHa r(petlocr BeponTHo Or VI B. C pa3i\lepir l0U '.' 150 It, orpaAeHa C
ilBorlua cTeHa, H33HIaHa O,[
"rONreHu
Ka.\,I-bHH U 6H.'r Xopocau v cHa6Aena
Ha u3'roqHaTa crpaHa c
qeTrrpH'brb.rrHa
K)'.[a, oSlpHara B Hol]o Bpeil1e Ha
napaKxrc
,Cs.
Koucraurnn n Elesa".*l Harnqaero ua Anolisa creHa vKa3ta
rvroxe 6rr Aaa nepHoAa B H3rpaxjtaHeTo Ha Kpe[ocTTa. HaivrepeHHre MaTe-
puawt B rpaAarq,ero roBoprr o6aqe 3a x(HBor Ha roBa Ir{ttcro B eAHa no-
paHHa enoxa. Kaxlo Ba,X,sx'\te no-rope (ll, 5, .3, l2), xuaoTT,T
'l'\'K
e
3-
cBLr;leTe,IICTBVtsaH npe3 HeOJIlrTHaTa, eHeo.'IlITHaTa H .'laTeHcKaTa enoxa. I{a
pH!rcKara enoxa
yKa3aar orKplrrnre
QparlreHTII
or pereQrr Ha lepa lt
ilarpa u pnlrcKr.r lvroHeru Ha CenrrruHii Cenep
(193 --2ll r.) u 1]rror.le-
r.IrraH (281--30i). HenocpelcrBeHo Ao l'paAarrtero B ]lecrHocTra ,\u:trt'
rrero,
K'bjlero ca orripHTr ,t l,roHerH or lll 4., e IIaNIepeH r,artHCI(II HaA-
rpo6en HaAnric, BepoHTHo Ha BoeHHo rHrle.'l 3? cBerrt"Ilttulara Ha Tpaxlril-
cK6rr rioHHHK B ivrecrHocrra i{a6Koeurta
LI Ha Bp'bx Ea6a Ha.I c. Anplt.loao,
KottTo Ca CTon"{H It'bB Bpr,3Ka C aHTl'ltlHoro Ce.rl'llue, ts)+(. III, r'1. 7.':l
B ntpeoro cBeTrrJIHilte e HaNrepeHa fi Ko,.ToHa C Heqer.IIIlB .{aTHllcl(l{ HaI'
ir
X. rt I(. IIlKopn tt;t, lvloru.'trr, 102; B.Io6pycxrt, i\1c6, \\'lll, l9(t1,7'\2 c'r;r.
;t
I(ltsuls, l9E5 tl05t.
ii
6. t'e p u a, ,lercur;uruHre B3anuoolrlorrreHHfl. I-Cl'tlrD4;, \l-ll, l9-15 lti, 22 ct.
;r;
1r1 ,. il e r x o s, ilpou1'ru Kpertocrlr, l1'l c.t"t.
;i
H. nerKorr, L16Att, Vtll,'ltlll],419; 1,1 n. Br.rros, I"lFiAll, I, lll2l--'22,211-
:s
E. Q H.r o B, tl6Ail, ll, 19i1, 2Io.
7lr Y.
s Ii. tll K i) p ir rt;t, iVtoru,ru. 1'lg.
\r)
i,l e. B e;t r o e.' I'HM, II, 1920, 59; a. 3opa or 16.11!. 19,11 r-.
st
H. nerKon, klSAtl, \'ll, 1932-31j, ij77 c:t.: tle. Bc.rKoB, [1pr"t','rrl I(pcnocru,
19,38, ll3; I-HMII, it, i9.:0, l7;j; H. [lerrotr, I'{AII' XVll, l!f5(), 2{)1; B' N1 xxoa,
[lperucropuqecxu ce.'ruula, 1933, 39.
s2
I-1. I-l er K o B, l'1BAI,l, \'ll. 1932-33, 3i7c:t. (107).
*3
Bx<. u
(r.
I. I( a z a tt'r 1', 11,t. Il.. n. il6?.
irr
1;t. M u r I il ;1o a, LIAVI, XVII, 1950, 297. l3a -ipyrlt
H rra H:t cl,itlolo ce.ro Bx(. I'1EA,il, VII, l9l9-2t)' l+7'
;t
l,l rr. B e'1 K o u, n. CoQrtiicxa npau.la ur 10. ll. 1956
;::
B. tl ts I H o r a, ['H;\1,' VI, 19i2-3{, 300 c;ra.; H.
cKara apxHreKr)'pa, 1955, 32 cn,
t'
t
*i
+l
!|r
r86
,HS_E-.
i
.S;;:'
'l
6opnc fepoa
69
68 Iipoyuraltufl BT,pxy 3anaAHorpaxuiicxure 3ellH IIpc3 ptli\lcKo Bpelte
t87
r{,.rrco rtfia.:'; HaAnacu H rcofpaN(ennfi Ha Xepa or rpaAa sacera o6aqe
He ca H3BeCTHH, HO 3Haqr.rTeJIHOTO pa3npOCTpaHeHHe Ha r(y"rrTa ra a repH-
T )WflTa MV I\aRa OCHOBaHHe Aa nprreMeivr,
qe
Trr II B rpaAa e HMaJIa
N "IHTATCNH.
I-lo-urapoKoro pa3npocrpaHeHr.le Ha Kynra Ha 3enc n Xepa BbH or
Cep,u,nxa ce A'bJr)KH tseporrrHo Ha o6crorire.,rcrBoro,
qe
r1,r roii ce e Ha-
C )tr;{ B'bpx}' KVJ'ITa Ha MeCTHH 6OXeCrA?,5'i 3a KOerO rOBOpfT H e[HTe-
T
'e HM, LI3BeAeHH oT MecrHtr HNreHa
-'.\p,uou).tpi,
Iiapc'-p:rpti, npu Xepai,r
u 1,.'topeoir,v5g npu 3esc.;s B [ocBeueHrrrla 3eec [r Xepa ce rBrrBar no-
qecTo
caivlocToflTeJlHo, oTKoJIKoTo 3aeAHO, aKo H B rroBeqeTo CnyqaH CBe-
T rrrutara Hrlr Aa ca 6unu o6utu. Ilnere 6oNecrsa HocflT enurera x,3p;oE,
c )TBerHo x,t?it,"r' e,raH TB'bpAe urpor(o 3acrbneH enuTer ua 5oxecTBara
n TpaxHa, oco6eHo rtpa Xepoca.B ap1'rH nocBerrreHr4r{io 3esc HocH enarera
;t:?$to
-c,
o3HatraBau{ BeporrTHo ,,o6[u flpaoTeq.., DrroKpoBHTeJI Ha celtefi-
C IOTO.., ,,NOqI{TAH OT ACAHT',6, a enHTeTa ini,zacq ,BCJIvI-UBaIII Ce B IvIo-
.rI :BHTe"02 HocflT H ABere 6oxecrsa B nocBetrleHuero or KocruH6poA.
Karo [o3HaTa 6ornus s cBoero cBerH.'rarrle H,'rtr B'bH or Hero Xepa lto-
H--iora He e HMeHyBaua. Taxta e c,,rvqaflT c apara oT lopHH fo3eH'i:l a
B
lofrHo c nocBetr{eHHero ot HerogaH.'jl
B e:tso flocBeuleHrle c6c 3eec e orbxAecrBeH Cadaeuii,'j6 a B Ap]'ro
8ei6 ii,|r*og.o0 Heo5nqafiso e cB'bp3BaHero Ha Xepa c Tpaxar'rccrifl xepoc,
k :To HailrupaMe B eAHo HoBoHaMepeHo [ocBerrleaae.6T B cnyqafi HtraMe
cr tcBaHe Ha r(ynra Ha 3esc c Kynra ua Tparrfrcxr.rs xonHHxus HnH cMec-
BaHe Ha Xepa c eAHH xeHcKH naHAaH rcrvr Xepoca.dri Ho ereMoxHo e roBa
cB'bp3BaHe Aa e noBJIHrrHo !t or eAHaKBHfl r'nacex Ha HMeHaTa Ha ABere
61 KecrBa. 3esc ra Xepa ce flBflBar cbrqo B eAHo rrocBeuteHHe 3aeAHo c
rl ire uulrrpu.;o Pe.rre$u 6es HaAnHcr.r Ha 3eec n Xepa 3aeAuo;t rtrn caMo
r'3
1.. Ruzicka, cip. cit.,
(l;H.
Ill-vur\toB, uHT. cr,q., 13.
I
i'j
c. I. li a z a r o \i,, RE, \'l A (193-ti), 512.
I
;t
IOBrrlq. 2003 (9.9/ or Ao;rus ,'lo.ren, 1997 ( 100) or Hosa xan.
'
;3
I(-iBtrlg, 1981 (106) ot Ioroii. B rroceeu{enrrero or Kocrrrui,rpoa, ICBulq, 2()li (25)
IBere 6oxecrer Hocrrr He Han'rr.ruo 3ana3eH enlrrer or rorIoIIH:\rrrrren IIpoH3\o!.
:"rr
IGBulg, 2013 (12) u 2011 (13) or'fy:eu, 2r)17 (2,5) or Kocl'uu(rpo.r.
6tt
I(llJulg, 20+2 (9) ot
Llenrparruuu;
H. B y.r u h, CrroueHr.rx, XC\,'lit, l94l-{S,
n, ,SP. or l-loraHoao.
';l P. L a v e cla n, Diction:rire tie 1a mt'tlrr,iogic et des antiquitcs, 1026.
fi: (r.
I. K a z ar o u', RE, \'i A (1916), 177.
u3
IGBuls, 2001(99).
';l
IGiJulg, 1986.
u:
IGBrrlq, 2015 (28) or Mpauop.
';a ICBulq, 201-+ (29) or I-1'puaeoso.
';i IGBulg, 2035 (l7t or {parolras. 3a ci.lr,p.rtsaHero uaXepoca cr,c3eac ex. G.
z
'a
\r', RE, Stippl. III (1918), 1143.
iiii
Bx. Ir'. Venedi kor', op. cit., 16l f.
*;s
$x<. Iv. Venediliov, op. cit., 159 f.
;"
IGBrrlg, 2031 (181 or l-a6ep. fioro6uo ctr,P3BaHe n perefia or AiiBaroso
]r'rqur!, ilm)BiiuBcxo), IGBirle III, I, 1509; B;x. u Ir'. \'e n e cl i It o \', op. cit., 16-1.
;1
B. ;i o ir p y c r u, l{cit, \\'l
-XVii,
1900, 57, n. 16 or flo;rnn ,,'loseH H
n] : (6apueeo, Po6eproao).
I.Ka-
(LLI u ut.
Pasuo
ua Xepa?2 ca HavrepeHH Ha HrrKoJrKo Mecra B CoQnricrco. Bcuqro roBa
roBopu 3a noiry.{npHocrra Ha rarr 5oxecrea R Tepllroparra ua CepAuxa,
KOeTO Otue BeAH',bX rrOKa3Ba,
qe
Te Ca H3IleCTvlilH CTapa rparaficra 6o-
xecKa ABoriKa H
r{e
K}nrbr HM T}'K He e 6un oQatlua;rtaflT pH}IcKt Kv.IIT
Ha [O[HTep Lr IOHoHa. I{esaancaMo Aairu 3eec H Xepa ce flBflBar 3aeAHo
Htlt nOOTAei',rHO, HaBCflK'bAe R TepuTOpHflTa Ha ceplraxa ur<oHorpatp-
CI(HxT Hlr THn e eAraueu. Te ce flpeAcTaBfr C xe3'bn B JIflBaTa p'bra rl C
narepa B ArrcHara,
Karo npx KpaKara Ha 3eac crou BIIHarH opeJl'br,?3 rroriro
ce tBaBa caivlo B eAHH c.rrl'uafi n npr Xepa.Tr Tos ran Har{HpaMe H B'bpxl
qacT
or MoHerHTe Ha Cep.r,Hria. EAHHcrsenuflT cnyqai.i, B l(otiTo ce rBrIIra
plrlrcKrrrr A'bpiKaBeH K)'nr na Iuppiter optimus maxilnu.>^, e nocBetltetiLiero
or LlxrrrMaH, B Koero eAHH BerepaH orllaBa rtoqirr Ha H]rfleparop Qrt.tttn
Apa6Hu Ir caHa uy (214-2-19 r.).i5
Caerr.r.'rurua ua 3eec u Xepa Ha 3arraA or CeprHKa e I{}IaJIo Bepo,rrHo
eAHo npn c. T1'Aen B pr.rlrcr(oro rparHrue, orK'bAero npotl3xo)xAar uocBe-
rueHr.rrrra r.rtrr,l'; Lr Apyro npa c. la6ep.;; iJe e rcHo i.arrr B ltecrHocrra
Xlrruyp nprr KocruH6po.n e Hr/rairo cBerH,IIr.rlrte Ha 3esc t'r Xepa I'i,'III Tex'
HHflT Ky',]T ',r'\:r(
e Harvleprr.l .locT'bll B Apvfo cBeTL,,lHllie (Hanp. Ha reI(ap-
cKure 5o;xecrea).;' l-la naror< or Cep,uaxa cBerrr.rrllrua Ha 3eac u Xepa e
rrlra,;Io nplr o6pouuuiero ,,Cs. Tpontla" Ao JonHii
,;lo3es;1r tt Ha l'apBaFI
riaM'bK npr.t HoBr.r xaH.s'.' B's:irroixHo e c'brr{o o5pouultxr pe.'rerfr IIa .Jeec
or i\,recrnocrra
!,r.rcNul
npa c. [loron Aa npotl3.\o]+(Ia or cBerrl.lLIU(e
Ha 3eBc.sl
I-loqnrareJrlrre Ha 3esc N Xepa, KaKBrrro HalIHpaMe 3acera calto B
HaAnHCHTe OT TepHTOpHflTa Ha cepAnXa, na pa3r(pHBar cr,Ll\ara nbcrpoTa
HZI Hzcer'IeHHero, KoflTo HH e LI3BecrHa o6ulo or HallnHCHTe Ha Cep.u,uria r't
TeplrToprrflra ir. Ha ntpao NrflcTo TyK cror{T nHuaTa oT TpariHiicxu upoll3-
xox He3aBr.tcrrlro Aailfi HrreHaTa rrM foBoprrT 3a npollec Ha por'laHll3allrlfl
HiItI e.riHHH3aqrrl.\2 C.[eAaar noqtrrare,,'tHTe,
qlrr.lTo
ulvleHa pa3tipprBar rtpHHa-
Are)'t(Hocr
K'bNr fp'bqF(aras3 ll,il.r pHIlcKaras'l
qacr
BepoflTHo Ha fpatrcl(oro
Hace.[eHHe Ha Ceplur<a. TeotpoprrqHn rrMeHa, ii3BetreHI{ or I't}reHara Ha 3esc,
Ca pfi.[,I(OcT H ce CBex(AaT Ao HMero AllT:vr;;s;, KoeToHetllo eIBa JII{ illoifie
;g
Co0. uap. rr1':eir, uHe.7858 or i-aflraueso; fHlln, II, 1950, 173 (-llB,\il, \'ll,
1932-33, 377), or ['optta Ma.:una.
zr
lLrtsulg, 20{4 11J), 2035 (17\, 2t\+3 (/2), lg"s-t (106), 2031 (1J); B. I o ir p 1' c ii ir,
n'1c6, XVI-XVII, 1900, 57, n. 1S, n. 17: I16At,l, \'ll, 1932-33,377.
ir
icBulg, l_qg7
u00).
ii
E. I(alinlia, n. 125 (lll1, 3a r}..rra rry n Tpariar nx<. Ll. L Kazato..i', RE,
vt A (1936), 517.
i';
Bx(. II[, 50.
;;
llx. III, 5L).
;s
Bx. III,71.
ie
B;r. III, 48.
st)
$;ri. III, 53 c,t.
st
IGBulg, 198{ (/rd).
s':
IGBulg, 1997 (100), 201.7 (25), lg.q+ (!rd), 2U3l (88).
':!
IGBuls, 2012 (9), 2035 (17).
5{
lGBLrlg, 2003 (9,9,1, nx. no-IlararbK III, rl. 8.
si
IGBulg, 1912 (35), 1960 (6/).
!'
il
l,
t,,
i
!
i;
i
I
$
t'
i
i
T,
I
t
I
t
!
i
t
t
$
t
t
:
t
*
t88
6apuc f-cpotr
.I. CC CrrflTa r(aTo He[ocpeACTBeHo orpa3Htsatrto x]'.,'lra
AaIeHHrr c/r1'qari.
Ha IpeceJHHrlr.r or .lVlarra Aeus ce .r.'b,T]r(rr HaBrlpHo pa3npocrpsHeHn-
e] r Ht KvJ'rra Ha 8el; ii'!n=c;n" n Cepltr'rxa, Koitro B HaqaJ''Iol'o Ha III s. e
Irl.,,.lr'I
"eu-a
Er fpa;la caoi.i'*por,. B rotl xpalI, t(ofiTo Ce e Hatvttrpax H3B'bH
c'l'eHrrre Ha Ceplirxa, 6nugo Ao ceBepuara lr [Jpara Ha ilircroro Ha cra-
pl a
(.l,re6na
na.'IAra
t3 ?:'r.
,,f. IttuHl'poB",
6gxa orKparll uecr apa,
n1
'BereHIr
Ha rofl 6or.e; Oarror,
qe
B'bB tscntIKIITe uecr Soxecreoro e
Hapeqerro []':66, eAHo He]'Tpa,'IHo o6o:uaqeHIIe, Koero e B Ayxa
Ha pa3npo'
c'r'paHrrBaruHrr ce MoHoTeH3'bM u Ha xapilKrepHoTo 3a eBpel.icKaTa pent,fHf
o]
,HI{aHHe
Ha Ap!'f}rre Ky,'IToBe,'* noKa3Ba,
qe
K\:.IIT'br }l,v rYK e 6rr.q s
c1 fl vra.loagrrr'rcKH acneKTfill H
qe
e 6rr.r pa3J,rHqeH or I()'xra Ha 3erlc, Ka-
r(T,BTo ro rI03HaBaMe or naMerHlrr{[ITe ]r], a Ceptaxa rI Tep[ITopLIflTa H.
C)caeu efiIrrera i;'i,xooq, r. e.
,,BCJIVuIBarrt
ce B ]ro,IHTBttTc", xotiro 6ox<e-
cl oro tr.ua B erHo or rlocBerrteHHflTa,l"' To He HocLr HHKaKBn /lpyftt e[II-
:'l Lr Lt He ce rrBrrBa cB'bp3aHo c Api'ft{ Soxecraa, Koero ce rbr'tiKrt Ha
Ir3T'biiHarLrre Beqe HeroB[r
qeprfi.
I-]alrerHlrtlr.rre rvr], or CepArtxa, KotITo ca
3[-", c'E,uto He HrI roBoprrr Hrrruo 3a oco6eHocrrrre Ha HeroBH,r t\y"ir. &Ia"r-
Kl o rrlreHa Ha llocBerHTe.rllrre loBoprrr 3a nr{ua o'r lp-l't,t1t<t1lrt u'rparutlcxit:'2
n[,-ltaxo]1 u CoqaT Ha Bpe]teTo IIpe.{,H Kapar<a,ra.'r;i Ho TvK KapTIrHaTa }10/Ke
,Ia 6'r,r1e Aofl'b,'rHeHa c nocBeiqeHllero or llaprlr, aa Koero ue foBopll]l
c.l A Ma.Trio. Etua n"bpBoHaqa,,rHa eapeircra Ko,.rloHHtI u CeprHI(a LJ.tIIt ultit-
Irl Ko npece.,'rHHr1il or p3nHrno3Ho noB,rra,rHHle or eBpeH3iltr oauacru B
Nl'ir"na Aguq:la ca AoHecna Kynra ua esi; i3'lsic:,xofiro e Halrepnr oAerlrH
lr cpeA ocraHfroro HaceJIeHlIe Ha rpaAa.
I B repHropHrra Ha Cepaarca Klxrbr ua -):i; ii'|rctoE e 3flCBH;IerJI-
al
c'l
,yBaH
c eilHo KvJIToBo o6utecrso (to,-'tc't), ctrHCbK Ha
qHHTo t{,'IeHoBe
H}I
AaBa
eAHa apa Ot [1npO'r.l; BOxeCrsOro H T]'K ttOCH e[HTeTa tr.^ipor,;.
C)6rrrecrnoro u[,a ceotl ni]e;[ceAare.Il (;?r'z=i::rf) u cBo]'I xpeq (iepeOl).
I il
jrrara H:r-'taBar nbcrpara r(aprnHa Ha nrirla or rp'L,qrin H i'pat<nilcr<u
njl rr.l:ioA, Hririon Bepor rHo Beqe pHlrcF(H rpaiKAaHH trln poIlaHu3ttpai{t.l
$leCl'tlt{ )KLITr'III, I(aliBaTO KapTNHa npe,fCTaBr{T ilillTe.IrlTe Ha Ce,'IAIIIe C
Hii,'pe;{Hax rpaACKu }I(HBor. Ho nHe Hfl}ra}re oci-roBaHHe Aa ilIIIC"Itt}t,
qe
re
I
I n',
3a prr.-rrrpoc'rprutuuero rr-\' B
'l'paxur
nx.
(i.
I. Ii a z il ro rv, IiE, \rl A (1936), 529.
";
I(lBulg, l9{1-19 L3 (79
-,91),
191+-1:ilo. Oi ci,ir-tH,r xpau npor(3\o)K.ta }ro.leil or
r'.rHna rril e;irrK,!:,.ta c pe;retp Ira opc.'r, Il.
(l
r a Il
q
e it lt, [1r::eu H na\tertlHILtt Ha KJrrr\'l)aril.
VI lgti;,2,6 t:.r;i.
| '- lt. l. N i I s s t-r n,
(lesclriclrte
dcr qric;lri-cclren lleligi,rn, II, 19;(), 316, 551,
I
r;;-16 rt.
I
I
Clill
K;il
tel
I
l
.'q
11. P. N i I s s o n, op. cit., 63tj ii.
1"'
IGBulg, l9-11 (79).
r't
IGtsulq', 1913 (81), l9'+l (79).
It::
ICBulg, l9{2 (8r).
1t3.3a:,rOttr)Tr1IC't.rtHUltTe
TeH.ieHUHl
pa eftO..iaTa
yria3BaT U reOtpO;rttrilrHTc HlrHtl,3a-
icrJCrBvBarrH uexly noqlirare,lure Ha 6oxcc i'toro { ilivfila, tle6Dr,'i.oS, sx.
ga6.
11_
tl:{)'
-) H B jtpyr-Hre na.tiin., or Oeprura : 8=c1).r1, Hei,atoS, \-t.D"aal.;, ICBtrlg, 1957 (,t2)'
ur
[-'r. C ir rn o n t, Lts r,:ligions oricntales dans 1c pagtittisttrc rcn':liirt, 1929, 59sq.
u5
A. V. Domaszervskf At^lt, X, 1E86, 238 t.,-n.2151, Bx(" H IGBulg, 192-1.
I-lpoyuuirHnrl B'r,priv 3ana.rnorpaxullcxsre 3ellu npe3 pi,lr{cKo BpeMe t89
ca ir(HBee.lt n CepluKa H oule [o-i!rAr'rrio,
qe
na]rerHr.tK'br e rlperteceH or
(ie;r4uxa.
I-Io-aelloxrHo e,
qe
K\.1T'L'r Ha t)ec; i1'2'.r7., e IotleceH Tvl( or
HacraH[r,trrre ce tt n'brHa'ra craHlllrr ]'urres KaTo rbprogt(r.t I.I 3aHa,i'rttttt{
it{nre"rrlr rra Cep.rtrrra. I,lueuara B Ha!.nuca co'{aT I('br,t Bpeuero HA Ceaeptt're,
rro npeAH eIHI(Ta Ha Kapaxa,ra.
R rrocseuleHHero or [-]'pNIa3oBor)ti Oeta'i'\::;r( e orbxjtecrBiH c'bc 3eRc,
5oixecrso, Koero e 6alo trrnporo not{urai:o r] TepuropirflTa ttil
(,eprlrt<a,
r(itr(To Btrjlr{x}te BeLre. I IocnerrrreJrr.rT' TpaKHetl e;IBa .rn e npou:]xo)Kjla,r or
llHcroro Ha nocBeuteHHero, rtii Karo ,!Hlle c6c c'bluoro LI]!e, BepoHl'tlo
c'bUloTo, e Han[-)aBH"'ro Ai]e tIocBeuleHrrfl Ha 3enc Br,n
tDrt,lanono.t u NIoiKe
Crrr rpero Ha Xepoca B cBerr.r.'u{nlero r,rv npr{ Batx-t'H.'f; IlocnettieHl{ero o'f
I'1'plrasoBo e Ha \tepe no Cpe.U C,IIe-ttt oT CrpaAa. lJrrgrtox< s o e TVIi Ia e
II ilr a
"'I()
cBer H.'1 Ir tlle.lrs
3a cpojlHrrr{ c Kvrrd H3
{aouirc
K.\'.rrr IIa Ca6aauii tt CepAttt<a II Te-
pnTopHHTa lr u H306trto 3a roH Kv,'rr I(artapon e ir.a.1 eAHo ;toc'ta no-.ipo(trto
n3.lOiKeHrre cnopejt cl,tltecTBvBautnTe IIo HeroB0 Bpeue cxBlllttaHtlil."1', hacae
ce 3a elrrH K_\'.rIT, xoftro He3aBHCalro o'f npoir3:iola Ha cilbp3BilHoro c
Het'o rparuiicxor"" ulLl tra.roaatti.ict<o iroixe^'r"ro1rrr e nptie,T Iipre3 a,'rrt*liCTuLIe-
criara H pLtrrcr(ara eIoxa non B.,1rr{Hrre Ha e{i|.)eficKara pe.lllrnfl noun
qepTil,
KorrTo cil ro c5"[uixn..rur orue noBeqe c F(\'.]Ta Ha .f,noHrtcl":
II B Tog HoR
acner<t roli ce e pa3npocrpaHu.rr B rp-brlxlrre npoRHHu,nLI tia ultrleprtflTa.
[] repnroprrnTa na CepauKa
-
a BepoHTHo roBa e no.:IoiKeHaero ,t u ocrll-
Ha.'rnre rparcuficxa 3eMH Torr Kvrr ce e Hacilot{n B'bpx}' Ap,vt iloAo6err
rparnlicxu Ky,[T,3aruoro HHaqe He 6ax]re NroriIH.(a cH o6sculnt c-btttecr-
RVBaHero Ha cBerlt,'rHruara My H3B'bH rpaloBere B ceJICKara oSnacr. ;'{oprt
eIaHCTBeHiltrT IIaMeTHHK Ha KvJITa Ivl,V B cepAUra, nocBeTeH Ha Lt'ei.ti
)z,l*i,.o:
'Ai).,.lrzp1'r66,ttt:t
ttoria3Ba H3pr.rt]Ho.
qe
rvK rcii e npeHeceH or rpar'.uii-
cKo ce,qo B"bB lr.-rr.r B'bH or reprrro[-)Hnra Ha Cep.llrxa. CnerllrQllqHure
qe[)TIt
Ha TOfl KV,'IT He HH Ce pa3r{pHFraT o'r' nocBertleHi.JflTil ocBeH iloiKe 6rl s
e-inH-e!.r{HcTtseH c.,r\'93ii, 3? xoii io rue roBopnNI c.'re.x, }{aJI(o. I'.nltreru're,
Kotiro Hocl.t Ca,5asali, a 14yeH Ho z"t,r'.r,EL'tt 11 ili1x',.,;,1''; He HII lIaBar HI'ttllo xA-
paKTepHo 3a HeroBirfi rl'lr, r'sii r(aro'r'e ca c6rriu II 3a.1pvt'n 6oii<ecrua,
I(ariro Beqe BtlilnxNre. Ctlt(oro e H c-bc carrara tlroprlra Iia lroL:BetrieHtI,r'fa,
:l r;
:r;
I(rBrrlc, 2()1 t (2.9).
(r. I. K a z Lt ro t', RE. \-l A (iii361, 515 f.: I(rBrilq, 1l[, l, $ri,:r, I't(i6, ll](rl). .'larr-
Trrfl Ha-'tuacll IIe rlpoTllt;cpe{iaT Illt
-l
(}ii;.1 H,lr'ilillrpi{uai)alte.
B;x. IIi. 18.
t. t'1. Karrir ptrB, flJitrroc, -19*57, nx.olttc l?L:., I A (19i1), lii5; \'i A (11'i',t,
f(arktltor; [oriVCKir rio.rr3Kil Ha K'y'xrt ua Crira.lt.lt't c x-','ri,1 tt;t'i'1t.txnt'i(:HIIfl:ieijrrc.
l3a x-v,rra Ha Ca(ra:;ril,i v rpaxtrre r.iir(. triue P. P c r rl r iz r t, Citltes t:t ttti'tltrs tltt
1910, p.5;i sqc1. (\'l Dion5sos--Sabazit.s).
l'1. P. N i ls s oli, op.cit., 6il0 L
Bx. Ni. P. Nilssor.'l , op. cit,63 I ff. Hn,rcos r lra \ntcr{}tc, Iic
c6,tu'r'esttclo e
nopa.llt ilo;t(-,i-)[cTCr lta hlreTo Sill:azios He C'bC Sail;tr:11t, I'.ilKTo lr[)11c]li.l Ir r'. C u III c) l1 t,
ttO, Ho c'rc Sabbirtlt, npaaUu,rH14fl jteH Y ruprHTe Il cit bp3ilHi-lTe c llefo II'(rlllcitll ,1,
IGBulg, le2i
{77).
lCRulq', 203+ (10. ,iparcrrau), 1927 (/7, Ceprrrxa,.
ICBulq, 2t)2:\ (27, llac.rono), lt)85 (10,i, Evroeo).
70
Ha 6oixecreoro B
7t
:
I
II
!I
'10
*,i': I
I
Eoprrc l'epoa 72 73 flpoyvnanurr B'bpxy 3anaf,Horpaxuilcrnre 3e]rx npe3 plrtlrcxo BpeNre
t91
Kotrro BcHqKH ca apa H He HocET HrrKaKBa yKpaca. EAaucraeH enl4TeT
tL.tit//.x6<, KofiTo Cadazuu HocH B nocBelrleHl{ero or 6yxoBo,rot) yKa:lBa xlo)ffe
I,
qe
TyK 6OIKeCTBoTO e SrrlO [OqHTaHO H OT XeHH, MexLy i(OI'lTO e
uta il lrarirara Ha [ocBernreJfl. Tafl crpaHa or l(ynra Ha Ca6azui\ HH e
3aCBH.[,ere,'ICTB]B2H3 n Aruna B e.'lHa TB'bpAe paHHa elloxa (rpaa
1a
V n
-.). rr. e.).107 B naAnrrca or c. Alparrop Ca5aaai.i e ortxilecrBeH ctc 3eec.t08
e H3qHJIO 3aIla3elrHflT U He AOCTaT',br.lHo
qeT.rlHIl
HaA'lHC AaBa llNteTo Ha
-jrrH
xperr-Tpar(lleu a orrle HflKorKo rpaKuiicrH uMeHa. Kacae ce tsepotlrHo
3a KvJrroBo o5ulecrao. Teorfoptrr{Ho Hlre, ,I3BeAeHo or Hvlero Ha CaSaarrii,
rlxlle caMo B eJ(HH cryqali
1"3
fllpaata noroBr{Ha Ha III a. e UBerylltrlflT
lprro,u, 3a Kynra ua Ca5asuli xar<ro n Cep,u,rtra, TaKa Ir B TeprlToplltlra H.
r roCBLr[ HvtflTa H3pHr{HO CBr{LeTe,lCTr]\'BaT,
qe
TOraBa Ca 6rt.rtH H3rpaAellH
xLraitoBere liy a Cep:ur<a rr l\1ac.:oitolr'1
pl
ca 6unn !l3I'rIrIIarI{ onrapilre llly
61'xoso rI n ceerH.;IHuteTo Ha Bp'b.x
LIenau
Hal IparoillaH.lrr
Kpaii 61'xOno n
eCTHOCTTa ,,'lauOp HMa OCTaHKn oT aHTI.tqHa Crpa,la. fiann
TvK He Ce e
Hallnpadl xpaltbT Ha Ca6azuilt, OTK'b.leTo La
e npeHecena apaTa,
le
e
t,crarioeeHo.rl! Csers.rarrtero Ha Bp'bx
LicnaH
e onllcano or I(auaponllii no
te:1HHfl HaqHH:
,,Fla CSLIIifl Bp'bx B CKa,'IaTa e H3;lflr'IaH e,[,llH npaBO-
r"lbirHuri, l.i lr A,t,ntr lr 5 lr rilupor, Har l(otiTo HaBflpHo ce e H3AHTaJI
cr(polreH xparr na Ca6a:uri. FIa ceBepo3analntrt npai't Ha npaBo'brb.rlHIIIia e
.rpa5oreuo
or cKa.'Iara Herr{o Karo ilraca, B KoflTo ca usAt.nSaHII ,u,Be
vnKH. Ha cperu)'fionox(Hara crpaHa ce orKpHBa BxoI, B eAHa NIaJ'IIia ile'
..(epa c ABe oTAe.IIeHHs, eAHo noA Ap)-ro; B AonHoTo oTAeJIeHHe eABa ce
cr,6upar 4 ayura; B rafl [euepa BHcH cera I(aHAIIJIo, 3a[Ioro rr H cera ce
'
3celrtaBa oT Ce.,,IEHHTe. Vl z CTapo BpeMe Mox(e 6u ts e cnyxPIJIo A2 C
r6prrBar B Herr Ha nocBerqaBaHrTe raiiucreara Ha CaSazuit..Bcsxa roAHHa
.;t cB. Ilertp ce.rrflHtrre H3,rrH3ar ry-r(a r.a KonrIT K]-p5aH." PasnoroxeHrlero
Ha TOBa CBeT[rJrHIUe, KOeTO OTrOBapfl Ha IvlecToIIonoxeHI'leTo Ha cBeTHJIll'
iara Ha Ca5asui\ y rpaKlrre, onucaHo Hrr or &laxpo5ufr, Satttr., I, 18, 11,tt't
i OKa3Ba,
qe
TyK H[,IailIe npenpHIICKO CBeTllJIHlIle, HO BCe IIaK OCTaBa OT-
riprrr n'brrpoc'br, Ha Koe 6oxecreo fl'bpBoHaqaJlHo e 6r,rlo cBeTHJII'lluero,
,i Ca6aauii HJrur Ha Tparuilcxnn xepoc, rui Karo 3HariHre.'Iefi 6porl uo-
aeuteHHrr ua Tpaxrucxvrs KoHHIITI ca 6atu orxpttrt't B Hero. B-1,3 ocHoBa
lr)'i
IGBulg, 19.!5 (1rJ).
lu;
BH(. I-. i,1. K a tI a p o n, llPirttcc, 52 c.r.
toY
iGBulg, 2015 (28).
1{i3
AF,\,{, X, IilSti, 238, n. 2 (,j).
tttr
i63u,n, 1927 (77), 2A2i Q7).
trl
IGBrllg, 1985 (105), 2031 (/6).
112
Biti.
g.
,q o 5 p y c r u, Mc6, Xvlll, 19(ji, 7'32, n' 93; Bx. lI III, 54'
113
I-. LI. i( a u,
bi,
e, Iipr.rrroc, 5tr cr., B:.ri. orue K. u X-_tll r< o p tl 14 iI, i!1c6, VIII
)92,77; Xlornau, 115; B. Ad6pycKH,
X'1c6, IVI-XVII, 1900, 80; cae,rx or crpa.rare
Ha ToBa cBeTr.rnnrue ca ce BH)K,1a;rH Bce oue B Kpa,I Ha NIuHarI',r{ aex. Tyr e 6sa noquraH
a Tpaxur:lcxurt KoHHIIK, 3a Koero cRlr.lere,lcrBvBar
_lruoro6poilutt
orr'lolrlauu or HeroBH
5pounu rrxorlxu; sx. X. n K. LUKoprru,'r, ullr. u.; I-. 6a,'tilcqeB, Craporparufl;,xtl1e
,arrnr,ur, l!)32, 26. 3a ryrroaH c,ltrAH B c-r,ceJ.crBo c roBa cBerlrnuue sx' kl s' B e'r-
o B, Bexone, I, 1931, xH. 3, {5.
111
Bx. I'. LI. li a u a p o t, [lpnuoc, {9.
Ha bencclictio Latina, Koero Halrrrpalre H B .{Bara Kv,rra, Kaqapon e cr(,'ro-
HeH Aa npr{e}re 3aBHCrtiocr }reiKA-\: Kynra Ha Ca6azui\ n Tparlrt:icK}tH
xepoc.lr;
I,lar.rexla, He c"t_1:qniis6,
qe
R TpHtrt; or jtou-InHTe
.u.o Hac fier rrocBe-
ueHHfl ua Ca$6s:i1 fiocBerHTe,THTe ca ,Tarla c BoeHHa Kapr.repa, ripor.r3xor(-
rarqpr or cexcKcro HaceneHple B TepHToptlrrra Ha Cep.nlrra, r(aji.ero ca ce
HalrripaJln cBerr.r,:rnulara. Haprcruua BoeHHr.rr{T e"Te}reHT npe3 n'bpBara no.[o-
BrrHa Ha III n. cJeI perpoprrrara Ha Cenrnlruri Cenep e rB'bp;te aKraBeH, Ho
TOBa He il{Oilie Aa ce Ka)Ke 3a,4pvrr4Te KV"rtToBe, Hailp.3a KvJTa na 0::;
:j,ls:cq,
xoriro ce oqepTaBa Karo ttpeAa]{Ho rpaxcKtr r{}',rrr, cB'bp3aH c rp,rjI-
cKa'ra rbpfoBcria H 3aHaflTqniicxa
qa(:T
or Hace,'IeHr.Iero Ha Ceprl*:a. Ho
H B ocraHa.,rHT ABil Ha;1nACa,11? xrAeto ce rrBrIBar iKperIH, noc.'reJ.LIlrre ca
naK Tpar{H H cnHC'bK'bT Ha
q",reHoBeTe
BeporrTHo Ha KVnToBoTo oSrrtecrao
Ha Cadaguit B elHoro riocBerqeaae c'b.t'bp)Ka rtaK rpararicxlr LrlreHa. Bcuqxo
Torla rOBOpll R nOJ3a Ha H3Ka3aHOTO Beqe npeLnOJIOiKellHe,
qe
;'[OHCelIHtlT
BeporrHo or lla;ra Asus KVJrr na Ca6a:rlrii s HerotsHfl e.'raHrrcrriqeciin ac-
IIeriT e B'b3poJl.rn cTap rtollorleu TpaKr.riicr<lr KVr'IT H e Hll:,repii.rr nplrelr
B HeroBIITe cBeTrI.'IHula.,11' oule [oBeqe,
Lie
pri36a fpat{titla ivtex(j1y rparilrii-
cKurI H Ma.roasrri.icxaq alnexr Ha K\:,'rra Ha Ca,5aar*i eIBa .rrr e c'birte-
crB)'BaiIa.rli'
Ky';rrrr Ha
{aonuc
BepoHTHo noA Her-oBrrri rfrprrrriiicr<H acneKT Karo
6oxecrno Ha Bererauur{Ta H n.loAopo;taero,12') e 3acBnJ,erencrB}'BaH KaKTo
B'bpxy MoHerI{Te Ha rpa.{,a, TaKa H B rrocBerqeHur H pe.rret}u or Cep,{.ur\a
H repnTopuflra h. Brpxy MoHerH Ha Cenrslu.u)i Cenep, Kapaxa.ra
II fanHeH faourrc ce rrBsBa H3o6pa3eH caM I,rJrH n'br( npnjlp)'x(eH oT nau-
Tepa H.:IH fl3Aerrl naHTepa.t:r IrlsoSpaxeHHrrra My'He .{aBar ocHoBaHHe Aa ce
npl{eMe,
qe
Tofi e Hr\,ra,I xpa}r n rpaAa, Ho }rexJ,y HnKoJIKoTo HefoBH KoH-
BeHqHoHanHH o6pasa ce or.I,e.rJ{ cnopel lepaot'rout2!
g1uH,
xotlilo He ce
cpelua .4p)'raxe
-
yKa3aHHe,
Lre
roii e HNra.r crar\'r{ B rpaJa. Pe,retpx c
:r.1
G. I. Kaztsrou., RE, \'l A (19:16), 1E5 f.
lrti
[(]$11!o, 1985 (105). 202:l (27), 2034 (16),
1r7
JGBuls, 1927 (77),2015 (28t.
tt8
[y6 rpu5ua Aa B3eue]r orprruare.rHo
()rHonleHUe K'b]r u3Ka3aH(,T'o Lrr iJ. S e
J'r
i g,
BCFI, LI,2ll .q.. uueurre (ax.
(i.
I. Ii a z a ro \\', RIj, \'l A (1936),
.iE5;, ttt
K-r'tr'l,r H;l
Ca6a:ui1,
rrirHTo
HocHre.rH ca B noBerrer() c,ryqax nor'lHrrrlu, cc
(ru,'t
pasnpocrpauur s Tpa-
I(Hn no il-ulHruarir, Korrro BoAgr or I,larox KIM IIvHaBCKHTe 3euH, II
qe
B'bB B'brpettrHocrTa
Ha crpaHara He u3l'xeix;ta,ro Aa e fll)oHHKHan. Tprr6na ra or6ercxlri\r,
r{c
u B TDlrre c.-rvqafl,
K'b,rero nocBerurexnre ca aoflHuutr, Te cA 6lt;ru na c;ryxira B l'lta,utrt
-
ABa]ra B lipcrop-
cr(Hre Koxoprn s Puu u cnrrH e lcgio II Partlrica H:r rxpHr43ou s Albano ro Puu,'rara
qe
ne
(rnxrte
lrorJIrr H B Tprrre cn-v'{afl Ja Bn)+i:ta\re I Trix JIr.rua, Bb3rrpr{e.'u{ Torr Ky;IT B H3Tor{-
Hure llpotsnHulur. il s ocraua,lr.ITe rl,Bit c.:tvrr:rl rror{HTare.rrrr ca rpaKu II Bp'b3r(HTe HM C H3-
Tor{HflTe ilpoBuuuHH ocraBar He.foxa3aHa, oco6etto BbB BTop[rq c.ryuaii, K'F,Ae'ro HNra]te K]'nroBo
o6ulecrso, c'r,craBeHo or TpaKu.
1le
B'/ii. C. I. K a z at o u', ftE, \'l A (1936), -180, qae'ro uueHHe c'rrrJilara c uHeHucro
Ha PoctoBuen.
120
f. 14. Ii a u a p o c, I'lpuHoc, -12 c.r,r., RE, \'l A (1936), 188 ff. 3a apr,:xa IIa Kyxril
:ra iluouuc c Tparuflcxus xepoc ei{t. G. I. K a z it o u', op. cit., -186.
l:r1
L. Rriziclia. rrp. cit.,7; H. MvruNlos, trlouerure fl lrorrerapHuuure, ll c;r.
i:'r
1'. l'e p a c H Ir op, crr. CoQrlr, I, 1951, 137 ca.
.,1
r:il
:t
rl
i
t
,}
I
I
I
I
,i
,:
i
t
Itl
i
T
ll
:t
I
I
:,
i
I
i;
I
t
!t
!
I
i
-t
!
i
i
l
t
j
t
:
i
lr
I
i
i!
g
t
i
lt'
fi
,ifri;
f,r
*
f,.
{l
I
il
I
192
6opuc fepon
;]irOur.tCCBH
CtteHtI 6e3 nOCgetIteHtte, KOI{TO ('jIFJa JIil Ca [lMa.iIH I(YJ1TOBO
rpeAHa3HaqeHrre, KaKTo H cTarvr.i(rr ca HalrelleHu R Ceplnra H 6.rlterara iI
or(oJHocr.rz3 B eAHH or rrrfl pe.retparrl roii e u3odpa3eH c XeparbJl
-
cBbp-
.rBaHe, Koero e 3acRHiIereJCTuvBaHo ollte npe3 VI a. np H. e. Ha o-8 Ta-
coc.rx, B repuropurrra na CeplrrKa K-\.rrbr Ha ;:iHoHHc e 3acBuiterencTByBan
rra C.reIHlITe rrecTa : rt'bTHaTa cTaHIIHI Byprapaxa ("rlecuono)
--
c TopCO
o'f ilraJlria CTarvnrs*'; Onuqner c pe.rerfr, a roiiro luonlic
HoCH enHTeT,
H:JBeAeH BeponrHo oT MeCTHo Hlte, H rto3HaTHfl eflHTeT x\p;oEl2i;[>e;ruqa
-
C
apa, a Kotrro
{HoHnc
HocI{ c'brrlo ertaTer, n3Be.i(eH or NIecrHo Hlte.l2s 3anaaenoro
r-rMe Lr calr;ra5ro [oJro]KeHHe Ha nocBernTenfl noKa3Bar pltrtcl(H rpaxAaHHII or
TpariHr,icKr.I npor.r3xoll c BoeHHa r(aptrepa. Tosa odcrosreflcrBo, KaKTo H Btt-
i[-r,T Ha nocBerrleHrero --- apa, c6nuxaBar ron naMerHrK c rtocBetueHnara
Ha Ca6aeltii or repuropunra Ha CepAttra.lse B ras C.,'llt{la ca Kacae 3a
rivJrroBt{ fiocr]enteH[rq. OrpaixeHrre Hi1 pe.,rt{tuo3HH npeAC'raBLI, cB'bp3aHH c
r!'.,rra ua
laoHHC,
Brrx:.(ar HHKoH H B Halrpo6Hara creJa Ha Aelia Claudia
or
LIeraH.Ie80.1'10
C)r rpyrurre SoxecrBa Ha rp'r,rtKr{fl [aHreoH e 3acRt{ilerencrRyBaH B
(iep:llrr<lr
lr repn'ropH uta il npe.'tu ECIrqrio I(\'":t'r'bT ua Aprer,Hila. Br,pxy rvro'
IIE'f}I T'I CE JIRHBA C K\'LiEII E.lCH H B H'I(O.'It{O BAPIIAH'TA HA.IIOBHA CUCHA.IsT
flllr c,rt'.rarinn pa3KorrKi.t B rra3e'ro Ha ApxeoilorHqecKptx lt\/3eli e orKpHTo
Topco or rrpalropHA crarvr{ Ha AilreunAa B ecrecrBeH p'bcr, I(oero IIpeA-
craRrr
(rorxuflra
s ri'bc xHToH or raKa HapeqeHHrl THn Ha l]epcaficrara
Apreivrrrla. Ha crrruoro rrrrcro ca oTKpHTH H ocraHKH or creHu.r'r2 BlgMoxtto.-
e rv6 Aa e HMaJo xp?rv-r Ha AprellraJ.a H HaNlepeuoro ropco Aa e or He-..i-r:.l
rorlara KyJIroBa CTarVfl. Or CepAHxa npog3xog.U,a H e.X,Ha apa C nOCnQ;
'
rrteHrre Hi Aprelrrr;1a,,.'l ,,orro ryK HocH enHTerare xvpix (Heaanasen), ra-
tVha u ir-i,xo
i,
no3Harr{ Hn }r npH /rp}'rH 6oxecrsa. floceetHreJlflT
.e
pglrcrirt rpaixAaHt!H c rua6,roHHo pHlrcKC IlIIe, BeponrHo poNIaHH3tlpaH npo-
BLrHr(Hr1r'rLrc'r c BoeHHa riapr.repa. H:-lnr,u Ceplrrxa K\',rrbr ua AprevrlAa.e
3acBII.r,ere.'ICTBvuaH c elltlH pe;let! or Bpai'x1e(iHal:l'r ll or.rorl'bli or Apyr
pe'rreQ,
r:3
[t. ;ll ir ir
11 .1.
c r rr. X1c6.
RIl, \'l r\ (19;iti1, 1)l; n:rt. rr III,
cKara 6o.rnttua.
X\:l XVll, lS0O, E7 c.r,n., n. 8, n. 9; G. I. Ii a z a ro w,
l,:. :a crar-\'rlril , Hallept'Ha BrB Btt.'lilTl ttpu A.nercaHjipoB-
r2t
l'. il. I( a tt a p o n, Ilpuu,tc,
-l;l c.l.
1r:, (1.
I. Ii;r z a r o \\" \'.[, .\ (193.;), l9{. Br,s BtrpelllHocrra Ha Tpaxun KynrtT Ha
ilrtouttce3aclrl,.lcrc.rlcrB\-BaHilttleIpe3'lllB.lll).H'e.,B)li'lGBtrlg,lll,2,ll32crET'
pirr-\'pir.
'
- r
rrB
tl B. B e,r x o s, I-HiU, 19:0, 5.q: tlti.\;, \'ll, 1919-2(), 14; ; B' 3opa or
16. lll. 1931.
' ' --ir;
itlB,rtg, 20lri. lt t\ rur.t )B rri)c-t.rarJ itl3\ro)*\tIo Lorl't,.'tBaHe Ha elli{rera Lr6''i,^irp66,'
r:s
l(
j g11irr
, 2(Y22 (2 l).
l:1r '3a
roea c6.{uxaBaHe Bx. I.t G. I. Ii Lt t ilr o tt', RE, \'l A (1930), -186'
t:r,r
R. Egqer, Der
(lrabsteirr
\.rrn f..,n;*,'o, l!)50;Alp-h.on-!g..A. Ilarb, S)'ria,
xxlx, 1952, 27O; Btli. orlre B. G e r
() \" II:e. llHcr. 6l,rr. e3., xvl, 196,9, 97 c.:r,l.
131
I-. R it zicka, oP. cit., 7, H. ,\1 \'rtl M o Ir-, M-o-sernre,6'
132
T. t'ep ac,rniou, !16Ai'1, xlv, i9+0-42,259,n. 12.:XV, 1946 185'
rr;
IGBrrlg, tgli3 ig4).
1r,r tu1sfi,
xl, lgg+, 94, n. 3.
l.) I-lpoy,rnauux ri hp\-\ .laria-tHorpaxuficxgre 3ellH rrpe3 puucKo Bpe ilc
HaillepeH_-llptl flaca;:re.:.1;l;'Or t(v.'rra Ha cl)r)rr{ara r: A1t'reilrn,la rl)ilrlrrlcxa
ftorrrHs 6enllr:ta Hrrlrrll{e Ira :vrerunLlH.tx,i
Kt',rrr-,r Ha ,{rpporlu'rill"i e :ja('rJIr]e're,'rcrn\ Bau riaK'to n cep:lrrria, TaKil
H B T('pfiTOpr!rrra iI. B'r,pir uoile rr.rre, (:e(lelJn
Iprr
()ene1''1119
rr IaltteH,
Tfl ce HB,rBa B o6pa.ta na liarrrrio.,rruii:r<ar';r Ilr:11qp;1 C.r.c
g.rrr
5r,;t jleflrlrrrH.r;q
/lp-vra crar)'apHa rp\-'tIa il I px\' \r()ncrrr rl)e.'t(: ran,r i('r,leptara ce Arlrpg-
IHTa, 3a06HKO.'letta ()'i jLite
;.fierin - Ctri.te1i'1t{i1o
't
3r)[)r,ri5o ita plrrCKaTa
eIoxa.1:e Crai]';t e itarte])eria II D'r'tJ Iur.ta'ra nl)ri A.ierii'2ri-ri)cs(11i11';1 6q.,r-
H!Iua (a;ti. I]1, 1ir).
Ane apr,, e.'tua'ra or Iir'1'rrr.ro:
rr,
ir ,1ilvr.a'ra c rrerrl-
RecrHo i\te('Tolia\olKJ.eHrre, rr() c!rr'\ pHo or le ptl1.,',,,,,,'.r, Uir flep.'tiri(it,i il
Ca
tlocBereH[1 iliL\rflpltl;trria o'l' e,,'I.it,l u c r,!rril ;.tierra,
(itre'r'o
r!i!e IroKil:]Ba .rrario-
a:plfictttt U[)()r,.1.\().rt. []rtt-lilt,i'iil tlr)(.ti rt ir
j(Bil
r;l u;t ltirr(-a ,.ilirre
.t-d .t_.tc:-2.
().r
IIerr'luan IIllr)n..r-\,.)zt(-'[,] e.jlno It()(.'r]eirtetuie rit Iretrii('lt\ Raiia 6ttr.rrun, quero
It:o6pa;relltlt' e ct'oruro 1r())irr' 6n B-r:,pxi' riilil I,ria. ,,rr rioii't'o e l;:;;l i,.t6att
Iailnitc t,1'.'l] B I, ruo;tirro e
't';ll
6,1'tinlr rl;t e r-)u.'tit
,\ilrpc,'ilt.ra, ,trriiro
Kvrr
e 3aclri'I-'te i'e.'I(l'!'B-\'ttatl l1 (rli(),'lliOi'ii'a, II() rt-t,lrto I.t .rplt'a 6ot'ttutt
lXepa
Ititill)ilIIel)r, t )r' (lelr:tprritt
ll[)(_)[r_].\o)ri,r,.l \li),il\r(il)itA r
[r',
tt:t ]til 1\r[rpoitil.t.a H
I'.|1;i-.i
r:r
,i{atttt[{ :]it H;1.'riiriire i'o n;l xt-a}t I{il .{,ift;ro.,111.1,1 ,, Ce11.11111g ..!acel.a
H rIlt il trt e.
[(r',rtr,r Ha I i,,r',"rorr n _{eut'r1rx e .]AClrrrlte
j.t,tlrrr.}'ililii
n CeIr;t,ttxa r
TeptiTO[)llrlTa lr C ertrlo Ci'f ill.'lrrtl:.e ilpn C. [ [nan,rrre ,t r]-L,p\\ ]rOHeTltTe
Ha I'paJ,a. U r ('Berlt.'lIluIc;'r)
ltt-roit-]'-o't(*ia e.'ilr:r n()npejieHa ]rpa]roprra r(o/toHa.
B-bpxv KorI'ro ce
qe'ie
ili\le'f o lla I
j.'i
t'trttti
I l.
j{arrrt
e CTor.To vt HrteTo Ha
Jelvter:pa, ne rroxe Aa ce
-\'craHoBn.
R'r-,pxt rroHerlrre na Cep.{nKa
{ervre-
Tpa ce ,lBtlRa H3o6pa3etla It Hrtio.-IK(.) Trina (c xurrrr r(JacoBe
yt
rfaraa B
pttle, cbc 3NIrrn H lutc'iHqecKa KoruHlt11a, H? Ko,tecr{rrqa H 11p.),,.1; KoiITo
B'bnpeKfi cBoflTa KoHu(lrjttnona.rH{lcI I'oBo[rlr 3a K\-.,]Ta na 6orrrrrrrra B
3enteIe.lcKilTe paiir.rHrr or(().1(.) (_eirlrrria.
F{e e c..r\-,iaiiHot..r BepoHTtro, qe
cBerll.'iilrrlero Ha [1.'ri'rtlrr ('e
e rra]rHpil.'r() ]ra .ttilit.'l o'r cep.'tHKa, ri.b{ero
Ilpe3 rlOC.leJlltl'ie I
(l/'inuit irrr:<:t {) i'iil)i{ I'1 pilrrr'611 rjg.tit.li,; []OCAelIegIteIO
npt-tHajl.IIelKII IIA e,'tira e.litrin:rirlilte T'p:rrirritct;;t rlrarnr.trrit or n03elr.,leHara
apHCToripattt.tri nil
(lep-r
rrr<.r.
; ia.rrr K\'.1 f t,t. rril i-itir 6r);t.'i,clrxt r-\,K e irtt,r
-
:f:
Hap. rrr':erl tttin. .\r l;rirl (st: e or6t'.r,i.i;rltn r.l rr c itrpHr u,rH Jo.rrlr [1,rcap,,.rr.
-
136
Aparl (: Ilr;lilljc [(ll]r,i-,
'titiir
(J0]
1c ('I,rtl,ir,h.t ,r'ri t.n,ia i,er.l]rra. 3a xi..tra
Ha Apr_errrjta-Fi,:H:rlr.lrr B-i'[.'rr1i'1il 8,r.. (j.
l. I..;t zA(o u:, ttF.. \t.-\ (lql;{i}.
ifr5 1f.
13; Lla
K\-.1 iit ua.\rirpr,. 1rn,r rr'J-Jr;rriillr R;.ri.
(1.
L I(lrr:;tr,,u, ir,il \-i ,\ 1i.l.l6),52a.
lss
[.. Il'llzii'lirt. ,iir. 'ir.,7.f{.
}1
,r';li
rr,,B, .\1,,rre;.it.it., l]: i. I'cp'oiruoo
crr, CoSrrs, I, il)5.1, liji c..i.
13!
T. ['e D.t c u.,r () i]. ,lt. i ,rilrrrir. i, igi.l, l3.t c.r.
tto
IGBulg, i:rE6
110)t.
l{1
B. 6 e Lit e B r't I{ e B, [.riiti
l;r.i,r-1i!1
rit){lHo('tt, n. ]S 11il it.
11?
iGBrrlg, 1966 tl0la).
r{3
[?.\, l!2; II. p. ?1. ir" ].1l
i{r
IGlrritli. 2,r"r\ (,31).
I'15
L. Rriziika..o[].--cir- 6.lj. tri,r rur{ oB,on. cit..6, B,h. r.{ l-. t.1. Kauapoa.
[1puxoc, 6F, ir uo-rr'pe I, i 12
(?n{)
,-;r.
t{s p*.
IIt. ltj.
1.3 I,-,rin,,,nri H.l tl)r.\y iierg :ro 12n.riirifl ,f x,.ro r,,:trrr
t
.,j
r,lii
',il
i
:li
194
Soprc l-epon
HacnoeH B'bpxy crap rpaKHficliH K)"]T Ha nOAO6HII 60x{ecrBa,11? anr.l
nbK
e 6nn HoBoyqpeAeH c KynrnBapaHero Ha rofl patioH, e rpyAHo
Aa ce
yCTaHOBH nopaAH yeAHHeHoCTTa Ha Cnyqaq. Ha llau AoCefa HMaMe
HaMe-
peHo caMo eAHo H3o6palxeHne or Brt,Tara ilpH Anexcas.(poBcl{ara 6onnnqa
(ax. III, 15).
K.v"rrtr Ha XepaK'bJr, xor.iro e npoHHr{Ha.II oilte npe3 IV B. np. H. e.
s Tpaxarr or rp-brrKrrre KoJIoHHH no 6pera ua
L{epno
H Eretlcro Mope
u
oco6euo or Koivro,a HararbK, e 6a,'r rxHDoKo noqHTaH cpe.q eoficrara l{8
g
3acBuAerencrByBaH B Cepaurca c eAHa MpalropHa craryr, rro-roJrrrMa
oT
qoBeruKn p'bcr, qnaro
Qparr'renra
ca 6uu,r HaMepeufl npe3 1943 f. Ha
yn.
,,CepgHr<a"
25, erpa4eHa Karo crporTeneH IvIarepHaJI B eAHa aHTHqHa
crpaAa. Cnopee fepacurvrostrr) uapaSorxara Ha craryrlTa ure rpr6Ba
Aa
ce orHece xtlr II e. Brss,roxHo e roBa Aa e KV,IIToBara craryrr Ha xpaM
Ha Xepar<u uJtvt rl'bK Trr Aa e cJrvx(era 3a
]'ripaca
Ha craAHoH, naJlecrpa
HnH rrnoruaA B rpaAa. Ha e.II,HH pe.reQ or Cepaura HaMapail,re Xepaxta,
aso6paseH 3aeAHo c flaoHuc.l;0
Toea cB'bp3BaHe, rB'bpq,e pa3npocrpaHeHo
n Tpaxua u H3ToqHara
qacr
Ha .Nlaalrn, Koero ce aBflBa orlle npe3 enHHH-
crr4qecKara efloxa, npeAcraBn Xepax-r'/r r(aro noKpoBHTer'I, or eAHa crpaHa,
Ha cKoroB'b.qcrBoTo, no3apcrBoTo I., uaoSuto Ha Bererallusra, a, or Apyra,
Ha BeceJrHero H Ha npa3HeHctgata.lnl Btpxv MoHerHTe Ha rpala or JIy-
rtaii tsep Ao la.uneH Xepaxbn ce tBqBa
qecro
rrso6paaeH caru HJ'nr c Teae-
Qoc,
c ABere Brvralr, B'bpxy JrbB H
)'AyuaBaut
;t'r8.152 Toaa ca KoHBeH-
uHoHa,'IHH THnOBe, KOHTO Ce Cpeuar B'bpxy MOHeTH H Ha Apyrfi rpaAOBe.
Or repraroparrra Ha Cepaur(a KyJrbr Ha Xeparblt HLt e H3BecreH c eIIdB.'
..
onrap or rrbrHars crauunn Ballanstra npu Ka.norauo,t53 flocBereH BepostUg_,1'
or c'brr{ecrByBaulara raM opraHH3auHrr Ha eBoKarHTe.ln4 Tyx Xepaiiuli;I,
xofiro Hocpr rlo3HarHrr erraTer x!-tp'.og, e rroquTaH r(aro 6or ua
@asauecrarC
cw.na, Ha sorinlrqnre H 3a[ur.rrHuK Ha LrMnepuflTa
(Hercules
Romanus).'*
B elno KynroBo o6u{ecrso Ha }lapc H lXepar<r.r Ha rrperop},auua or PHU
q/reHvBar
a sorlHHi{a or repaTop!{rra Ha CepAuxa.l'{; Bce or rar
qacr
Ha
TepHTopHHTa npoH3xoxAa u 6poHsoBara craly'fixa Ha Xepaxbr'r, Harvtepena
R crapo ce.ryHrr1e rprr -\\a.,rrr Cro.rr (,-li'xnuqa) ro flupor.l;i TeoQopHqHH
1l;3a
HacnoflBaHCTo Ha tpbur(HTe xroHHrrecKrr 6oixerlBa Bbpx.-v craplt rparul'lcxu
xroHrr{ecxu 6oxecraa Bxr. G. I. Ii a z A ro \\', RE, \'l A (19.16),
-i22.
KauapoB, u}rr. trt-,
BHx(-ta xroHHqecKu 6o;,xecrea H B-bpxy uoHcrirre na Ceirrura H ApyIHTC rpanoBe na Tpa-
KHr, KbilTo re ca o3HatleHH KaTo Concordia u,ru Alltttttlaittiit.
lrs
G. I. I( a z irr o rv, RE, \:l A
(193ii1, 518 f f.
r{e
II6,1l,l, X\', 19{6, 185 c,r.; cn. Co$rrr, I, l9;13, lijri c.r.
1'-tt
1'. I'1. K a rr a p o u, [1puuoc, -13 c;r.
13t
T. S a r a f o r,, Acta intiqria Philippt,polit;rit;t, Stirriia arcltaeologica, 1953, 177 sq.
lJ:
J-. Ruzicka, op. cit.,7;H. i\ivurtoB, itH't. cs't., 1'] c.r.;f. l'1. KauapoB,
f1puHoc, T{);T. f epacr}roB, cir, Co(rrur, I, 1953, 13,5 c.r.
ris
lQg11ls, 2it;lg (39).
r'-rl
$,s. no-rope II, 86, :a6. 2, u l, i-ti (2()5).
r.-)i
T. S a r a f o r', op. cit., 172 f., 180.
r:c
611, Vt, 32567 (t2B).
f i7
S. K o ji d, triva Antika, \lll-\l\', l'i6{, 135 sq.
77 fipoyusaurs B'bpxy 3ana.{Horpaxuflcxrte 3e},u npe3 puucfio Bpene
196
HMeHa, H3BeAeHH OT
qernpH
c.ryvar.168
i.Iilrero Ha Xepax'r-,"'r, c? 3acBaAerr'ICTB)'BflHH
Xeprvrec ce cpeLua
qecro
Hao6paseH B'bpxy uroHerure Ha
(-,eptlrr<a
or
lv-lapx Aape,naii Ao ['anlreu.t5l] 1-1a.oBr,r rocBerr(eHHrr o6aqe or Ceplr-rra ao-
cera He ca u3BecTHH ocBerr eAHa NrpaMopHa u.locKa crar,vfixa, KoHTo
rr:o6paanna Soxec'rBoro r(aro e3.rr,aL{
-
exaH TLtn, c'r,3,rla.'te H B Tparaa rr
rIpeACTaBsrrt o'r'b)r(IecrBflBaHc Ha Xepuec c Tpar<aiicxtzx 11111111p6.1tir) Karo
rroKpoBHTe.'r Ha flhrHrr{ara Xepvrec e r]peACTaBeH c
qeriipH
JILrua Ha ejtHa
xepMa, HaurepeHa NleiKA\'
^N'ipanop
lr KocraH6po4,l';l n c AIte.rHI{a Ha xep}ta
or BHrilaTa npn cDrr.rrr.rnoBqrr,lf;2 t<orrto ca cJIyxe,rlH itepofl't'Ho :ta orpaAa Ha
rraCrlHHa. 1'eorfropaqHr-r HNreHa, H3BereH,r or Hlrero Ha Xeplrec, uMaMe B j(Ba
c,[v,{af.f
i:l
K1'.rrlr,r Ha uulrtplrre e LrMa,rl c'buio cBoHTe rto(rfir'are,'ut n Ceprturia t{
Teprrropur{Ta H.l6r ts rpala e Ha}repeHa o6pouua r,rolrr(a, Ha l(orro ca
tr:o6paseHI{ Tpr.rre Huivrrpu, Ho rrocBetrleH]rero, no ecHr{Ko H3r.TeiKjla, e 6u,ro
ocBeH Ha rrrx H Ha Ano.rc.u KerrlprecaiicrH.lti; Te c-bulo ce cperltar B'bpx)'
\roHerLrre Ha fpa;Ia B Hrlrio"'rrio [or']oifieHHH.lt)ti 3a eAHo or rrrx Ruzicka
npelno.:rafa,
qe
B'b3rjpoI.r3Be),Kjla oco5eHo riynl'oito H3or)pal.heHHe Ha HHM-
tpnre Ha p. Ecxl'c, Ho locere He e ork"pHl uurtrpevrt n rpaAa. B repa-
TopHrra na Cep,u,rrKa K\'.r'r'br Ha Halr(rare e :lacBallere,'rcrByBaH Ha HgKoJIKo
rvrecra. flpa ronJurr ilrHHepa,'reH n3Bop e I-]auqaDeeo e HrvraJro aalrQey&I, or
KofiTo ca 3ana3eHrr Hai[rrirc]r, pe"retprr v rpvlH ltarepuala.f
i;
Halt(rnre,
cBbp3aHrr c'bc 3eec lr Xepa, BeponrHo Karo 5oNecrea Ha n;ro.r,oporHero,
HaMupalre B eAHH pe"ue$ or fa6ep.t0s Pe;reQ Ha rpnre uulrtpa e HalvrepeH
H B n'brHara cTaHr{Hs Burgaraca npH ,r]ecuoao.16lt ;lourrare,'rare Ha HHM-
rpare, AoKo"rlKoro HMeHara HM ca 3ana3eHa Hilu ,ra.r.eHlr B HaAnacHTe,
pa3KpHBar [o3Harara HA KapTHHa Ha rpHTe erHaqecKlr e,rerieHra.170 Cpan-
HHTe.rrHo urHpoKoro pa3npocrpaHeHrre Ha K\'.,rra Ha ulrlr(lrrle B TparrH
noKa3Ba,r
qe
T\:K e c'btuec'IBVBa,T Ir tIpeiipu]rcKaTa et]oxa Kv.rtT Ha H3BopHlr
60ruHrr, xoiiro ce e c,'rrrJr c nHeceHtrr{ orB-bH r(\'.'rr Ha Hnrvirpr.rre (interpre-
tatio
(lraet'a).1 ;l
r.-,{
IGIl,r,I(', 1925 (,;1), 201,.'
(ll).zt)U) (i/;, ?(_r?.i i--,,,).
tiri
J.. R tzic ka, t,p. cit., 7. H. r\,1
i'uJMori,
unr. ct,rr.,
lipunoc, 7().
lti, (r.
I. Ii a zar o ',r', AA, \l.l\', 11129, 3.1-l i., n. ,1 : tli--,
Itil
K. n X. UI Koprr H.1, ]I(rrlr.'rn, 189S, l1l:l'. ll. iiair
.r3 ca., rr. 16(,--.lGBulq, 2()10).
163
P. KaruHqa[)oe, ApreollorH',], \.II, 1:16 l,
jJ,
E,?,.
r,r:j
lGBllq. 10.17 (11), 2()lt], U l\.
ln{
$s K,\'nra ua Hurrtpure o
'lpaxttg
D:*(.
(i.
I. Ii.r z a r o
t6.i
IGBulg, 1929 (7,J); f. tl. Kanat)oe, l-ipxuoc,7t).
166
J-. R u z ic k a, op. cii.. 7: I-1. ,\1 y ur \t o B, ur{r. c},{..
rr;7
ffignlo, 20i]6, 2t\07 tgTal; B)n. t{ rlo-rope II, 66.
tcs
[Qgi1lg, 2(),31 (1,9); ax. H no-rope Iii, 6E.
lne
HEAil, I\', 1911, 280 c.r.
1;o
lG$i1[o, 1929 (7,3),2A07 Q7a), 2031 (/E).
171
G. I. Ka zaiorv, RE, \'l A (i936), 509 ff.
l{ c;r.: t. iI. [i a ir a p o n.
Vt A (lrt,;1;1, 52(r f.
a
I)
o R, IIF.\rl, \,'ill, 1934,
u', RE. \'l A
18.
( 1,J36), 509.
196 6opxc l-e1,6s
Kl"lrtr Ha Herae:ar1a, roiiro 3ael,ra 3Haqrlre,riro i{rrcro r,rexAy
Boil-
HHIUKHTe li\'.rll'otse Ha /I)'HaBCKi.lTe 3ellH, e Aotx'b.{ or l,lsroi< irpea Tpai<ar.
flpe,lno,rara ce,
Lre
roti e fipoHnxHa.'r rvK onte B rrperpnlrcKara
eroxa.l?2
B pasr-'lex(1a.Ha'fa oT Hac o6.racT Toi{ e 3ac8r{;ieTe"lc'ftr_\'Baii c ejlHa cTaTyfiKa
or c. l'-t'leHl;:i H eilHa o6pttuHa li,roqa or c. I'pliropueno.i;1 tieMeeaa'a
-cl
cpellta c'btl(o nao6paeeult I.r ts'Lltx\' IioHeTrr're Ha f par13.i75 [3 cepaHn,
-u
6rt,ra iloqH'iaHa c'brrlo 1'.t1t;, riori'i0 ocBeH B'irpx_\' ivrotie'l.rrTe ot cinrn*rrfi
Ceaep Ao
.l'a;rrreHi;r;
ce rrtsriBa H B'F,px\: Ane (rpar-rreurapuo Barra3eHH
no-
csetrlenss.li; liurr-uHnla Ha no6e;tara FItrr<e (Victt;ri;1; ce H3i]t[rp? uao6oa_
3eHa B'bpxy NIutleTHTe Hil fparta Ha }lapri Anpe.'rrli H I'a.lueU1;t rr B e,n,Ha
c rarviiria o't'
()ep1uxa.i7"
Xeiiara Ce.,leHe, rir)rrto it'i.pxv .\roHe THT Ha
rpaxrrlicxrt're i'pll-1.()Be He ce ,r6)-ruJ, e 3ilcHtJ:tet'.J.'t(:'iitvuaHa n-bpxy MoHe-
Tl.tre rJa
(-eperr661:t)
Ir Harroc"'re,,r.'bii c rtoctsetrleui!e or i{apa6po4.r-si
Epoc
ce HBrrBa ri'bp.\v N{oHel'r,rre, lt3oriJtii3g,l B HnfforKo T,.rna u c f]cllxe HaH
il.iltl ['-pcca.t-: li.tttocre,f i,ii 6e uar'repeHa 6plrtH:rlta cra'i't iixa Ha Epoc n
rlecrHocrl'li I-lla.ttlu nplr Iillpt,l'i.rt' lili Kor.r 6oxecrHa, 03,ro,,eHH riaro':i,puteg,
e nocReTeHttttr o'i eJuu T'paKirc'rl cii'iap or'
()eplaKa.lsl
ocraBa Iren3BecrHo.
llaii-cel'He r;'i ct'prtr.lKa llp(tr'r';g;;'.:te'i' rr jlpl.rH IlocRctrierirjH, r] KoHTO Hr]re-
HaTa rra 6tt;iiecTsr l'a He ca 3aila3eH!1.i.5
[]'i,pxf i,ttttte'l'ti rra Cep;iHrii: ria]r!rparie lr:ru5r-,a:reHrr I.r rp1,'p" Soixecrna
OT fp-briO-pl'lllCKHH naHTeOH, lia KOPITO j[tJtiel'O He Ca ]I3BeC'lijH nOCBeUIeHHg
or rpala II i'ei)ul'opnfila ur'. .'vloirei'iir!Te
pllr
H3oSpaxeHrrH He yxa3Bar Ha
c-bll(ecrll]'PaHe Ha xJ)a.\ioilrl It Ilpe-IilBa: o6ur+roBeHIrre lnt ranoBe, IIo3HaTH
HtI OT iltuHe'ri.tie n ua Ailii'iiTe rpaJoBe n TpraKLU1 H lla36s. Tas 6Oxe:
crBa ca c,'reAHHTe: Xeaaoc (*roaeru Kapar<a.la ia.::aen), Tpnnroaelrr;,
(I{apaxa.ra u fera;,r',; Apec B pa3.'r}rqHn rr.rnoRc (Cenraur.ri.i Ceaep f i
.'IHeH),tt'? :\ruHa B Hrr{oirKo rro.roxeHr4fl (liapr< Anpe.rrair
-
fa.raeH)lsr=
l;3
C. I. [i a z tt r o \',', oi). cit, 526.
1;1r
I(l 13 u I g, 2t)16 t,//).
1;r
H r'. Ii c.r x o n, llEi\[,], I, l9?l-2], ?.1l; n:x. ;r Vill, ilJl,
.l{9.
li'r
Li. )1
-r-
ru \l t) 11 , 111i r. c bI{., il c.r.
]11 ll..
li y rrr \r i) t!, riirr. ci,q., 20; i-. ll. li I ri.r p c) 6, fipiruoc, 7().
t;7
l(ji.\111r, lgil:i (&;), I
g,{{r.
i7:
1-. [,] lr z ie l: ;r, t p. iir., 7; ti. Iti'..ilr trr u r), ilu1.. c.l,ri., ?[).
l?r.r
['. I i. i( ;: r:. i]
l)
Lr n. Iii-urirr:c, it_.r.
l'tt
1.. i? ri ;: i c ii lr, olt. cit., 7.
lsi
n. ii e :' p r; n rr !r, CrapriH; p, X\'-i.-,.'1, lllfi i-(i.i (lg6ri1, 2{9, n.
Xesaia e T1r111;;1i;, s;;i. (1.
i. Ii a z L) r o \', RE, \'i A (11r.,6), .1( 8.
lsl
[.lir: ;:icli:t,,;1'r. cit.,7;I.i..\1 \':ir]ioii, urrr.rr,,l., 17 c.r.; T.
:n. Cttdxtu, I, 19':ril, l,iN.
IIpoyreanr,fl Bl,pry 3anrrHorpaxuilcsure 3eun npe3 puucxo Bper{e
197
eAHHHrrr o'r /f rrocrvpHre (lia paxa;ra u [-a.nHei1';.t'tt Ocsen roBa B'r,pxy
rloHeTL'lTe I{a}iHpaIvIe H,lo6pa3eHH Hf{KO.,]KO nepCOHHrpHr(atttlH: Concurdia
("r11'uuii B.p
--
i'araerr.), Arririitas (Cenepu:'e) u Bonus Lventus (,.,J_r'ituir
Bep
-
I(aptatit.ttt.tl3i, 6es i\a e lla cFliI.i(ere,IicrByBaH 14Haqe rexHHgr KI.,ir. llgnus
Evcntiis ce rIBr{Ba R troii,iru'ie, orbz{'IecrBeH c Antl;.tott.1e1
L)r ltl;ro,{HrITe Kvil'icBe, Kouro ca HaMeDH,'Iir npHer{ B Cep.rtuxa, Hafr,-
paHo:lacBr{.l(e'ie,ric'rB_\:Bait e rbpHrrriicl..riiir r(yJl'i Ha i(irrje.ra.ri2 Beqe rrplr
,,\a:piraH Toii e Huar-I n r-pir,lI ctiopej, e.tr{H,rta'iHHCr(rr Ha;1tiHCi"3 cBoH Ilo-
qrl'fa're"'IH,
opraHLI3HpaHII B ri_i,'JtoBa rio.rerHrr cr,c csoi.i ripeit, a ileporrrrio
Lt co6crBeH xpat"r. Karrc nora:-]Ee H3jtt.x6iii'ri.!HT Ha ri,pda Ha ,'ttrur{cxi{,r
Ha;inHC
xp)'r fp'btt(lr Ha;lirirc, xoiilo e Io-K.I)ce H, *t;119irarli r(o"reinfl,
KonTo HocH cppnrHiicxoT'o Cii rnie Eclgr.< c enHTrr .,CBeu(eH"
(tsii1.i,
e npo-
A'b,'r;{(aBa.rra la c'brr(,..cTB\Bi] H iJ ri[)arr Ha Ii ri.,il.r Haqa,'roTo Ha ill
g.
Ario
Ce C'bilH rl() lleCTOHaxO;.{i,ltefirieTo Ha IriliinnCa. v,ry.
,, L3ec,leq' 47, xpa}1'bT
rJa Klr6e.Ta ce e Halutpax B'r:ir or creHu'r'e Ha
(,eprrrxa.
floltallr rp'r'rrc-
'rpe6ara
Ha CTpoLITCTHHf{ Ha-rir}rc i{a xparvra aa a.:6-r u Ha r(-\'.-ilotiara rro,re-
I'tril IIIe rpH6na )\a npI!e\rerr,
qe.\ll:i\i1,r'e
reihiio liocrpa.'ta,'i lJrr e 6u,r
Hitttb,rlHo pa3p\ueH npr{ HauiecrRi.:ero Ha riocloScxrrre rif.e3 i7U r". n
qe
Ha cbuioro lrffcTo e irH.'t ii ilo-ii'bcrirrlrr xf)alr, n3r'la,reH n[ru Cenlrir,llrti
Cenep. I-ie no-r''scua or B.iopriH na;lirr:c r,:rr.rexi.'ia,ra e rr erHa c'ra'r]'iiKa
Ha Krr6e.'ra c rpbllKLI HaIflrrc, Ha],rr.r-'eFi,1 i-] r'!'t.'i3.r:'t ll'r,pxY iioHerrt'fe Ha
CepAlrr,,a
(nprr
i(apaxa.'ia) iiu,5e.-:a e ir:,o6pa:,eHa BeiH'bx r: I-luxe rr ne.tu'b)r(
,{:1.'tetl(a.l'bB.rer .ilatntcxutit e-"t!r( Ha fi1rpr'(-rfe rrocFelllenrie Ha I.,lr6e.,ra lt
HMero Ha uefiHllfi xpetI, Hoii'ro e pt.tlrcKtr f[-raiK. arriui, noria3Ba,
qe
K\'.rIT'br
H B',bilpeKH H3Tortitr{fi cH npon3xor e 6u,r loueceu B Cep-tHr<a or 3anaA-
H[iTe fipoBHHIlIlIl, Kb.Ilero Toii ce e pa3[pocTpaHH.] HaruHpoKo. CnolieHa-
THTe n0qHTaTe,/.]1r B ,IaTHHCrirrfl Ha.{nHC, eIrrH t.tiuIlepa'icpciiir
t06
oT [i3To-
qeti
Ilpol!3xojl, e{Ho .rli]lle c HeH3BecTHo Io.'Ioxiet{ite ci,ni.r) oT it3TorleH
npon3xoA r.r e;'trrH pnucr(H rpaj+i.rlaHltH. r!oil:e
(ru
c BoeHHA Kairrlepa, or
nporlrntlHit,TeH llt.1()t1l-txojl. xoii'lo e lt
j.r.;l
etI rilt rorr ri\',1r. ci'ropitprlT cdtrto
fia ('i\r:,ti.3Ti-i, ()'1' KorrTo ca iilt.rtt Itt'[.ir_r Bi'tiji{ a]en'rrrTe riA Kl:tie,'ra. B no-
Ii'I)Cill{ti I'fr'I:lllitl He.'lililC. KoiiTo Itl-'e,1C't iit-i,r CilirC't:,Ii HA ri\'.iTrf.1 r\o,'lerHr{,
o'f tioiir'.) 3ana3eHilTa
qacT;'titBa
!tlrttHSTil Ha HflKC,,tKo I-iocPeTeHII Il H\'.lTa
x(eHpr (;r'io;p:zl), ocBeH Il':iitr:r" tlendrr:pi11,ruil, TnrJIa, KoflTo e roJ-'tvLtaBA,ja
x(elllTa Ha )lipelia I4.'ltl rlie.l.cclr.aTe,1rr Ha Ko"'refHffTa, !r otrie e.nHa xeHa,
Ha IiMe Arrrelilr. Iiotllo cil
fri\icrilr
rpax(IaHKIr, ocraHa,'IIrTe HflIlrar paIICKo
islt
1. 11 lr z ic ir lr, op. cit., 7: IJ. M,i'lu \l o B, ritrr. cr,'1., 16.
190
11. it l ''" iit :.r o n, ultr. ct,(r., 2(, c.1.1.
rlil
[-. J? ir z i c li ;r, op. cit., 7 .
tri2
3a rol K\-.'rl lr:lc(rurr-l eit. F r. C u in o n i, Les religions nrientalrs rlans le pJga-
ni-sllic rotttaiit, 1929. {jt st1i1. 3a p:r3rrpocltrirur}ri;rro uv a Tpiixrrr u;x.
(i.
I. Ii lr z a r o \\',
Ril, \'l A {tg;lii), 5'ls f.
lr:)
tfifi11lo , il)2i (; !1.
tet
l(lg11lrr, 193,\ (.j.J).
::t)
f .. [r' ti z i c li a, op. cit., 8: H. ],,1 1'rrr u o B, uur. cr,u., L6 cJr. 3a KVJI?a lra Kl-
(rera
s Ct'p.rrrra s:.r<. E.
<Dir.ros,
i\Ici-,, Xx'il--X.\lll, 1906-7,i c,r.rr.; t'. t.l.'KauapoB,
Iipnrioc, 6l cl.r.
79
'&
i
1'r
S. Ii o j i (.
liv;t Antiliu, Xiil --lil\', 196+, 1.15
is,r
f1ig11lo., l9-l.T (72).
r'i
ICBirlg, i!).1S, i9.{9 (87), ig50 i.lo;, 1951.
:l\ri
J-. I? u :t i c it a, o1l. cit., ti; H. 11
,\'
iti ]r o B, r.lltl.
:-lpxuoc,70.
l\7
H. nl v ru r{ o B, uu'r. c'bq., 12; I.. I? ir z i c li;i,
Kacile sa Apec l, xoil\.cKa B'L3)lo)fiHocrrj cril;31361 tr.1
xepoc;B;'h. ortie f. I.l. Kauapoa. Ulruuoc, i().
rrp. cii., i. uc e clrvpes ilaillt cc
6r,te Ha Virtrrs ailH Ha Hixaxat
si1rl.
C i,'i., 1i c.r. ; [-.
5. 3a n'lra ua
I'epacH.\,o8,
l'1. KaurPoBr
lld
[-. Ruzicka, op. cit.,7;i{. )llluHuB, tt;ir-. ci,,r., 18;
lpaxrra sx. G. I. Ii a zat o w', RE, \11 i\ (19;6), 52ri.
3a Kyrra
ga ArHHa
r
t98
6opuc I'epoa
8l [ipoyunaurrl B'bpx]* 3anarHorpaxnflcxnTe
3eMH npe3 pl{Mcl(o Bperle 199
fpalKAaHCTBO H IIpHHaAJIeX(aT K',ITNI no'Io'lHHTe cJIOeBe Ha fpaACKOTO HaCe'
,;il;. Tpaxulicxrr HMeHa,'IHttctsar. Ho
qe
!l rpaKHre ca 6uttu)'B'''IeqeHH or
rof KYJTT, JIHqH oT ApyroTo
nocBeLuelifle Ha Krr6e,la, B KOeTO tlocBeTl{-
TeJIflT e TpaKrleq.
Hpauixutt'I K)'JIT Ha illn'rpa, pa3npoc'IpaHeH B 3ana.{HLITe npOBIIHLIHH
iI Ha .[,onn, Ayuaa
TJIaBHO
qpe3
BOilCXaTa, e HMaJ'I c'bttlo noqHTaTenfi u
.u.rr.ilUfa o Cepluxa H TepLtTopllflra l4.rs" Cnrlpe/1 apx. EO6qests: IvlHTpeyM
cbc 3HaqHTenHh pa3MepH, H3rpaAeH npe3 lll n., e 6pr,r HallepeH npH H3KO[-
HHTe pa6Orrt aa NtarceAOHCKHr{ llorl. }iscroro IvI}' B'bTpe B CTeH}lTe Ha
rpaAa; AoKaro
'xpaNroBere
Ha ltpi'rttt'e
6oxecrna c H3liJtK)qeHHe lvloxe
dvr Ha ,rurpann;-11"r-r
Ha Ano.roH-,'IeKap -- ca B'bH or creHIlTe' 6yan
H3B.CTHO C.bMHeHge.ren l-lo aupe66 TOBa Tl-rfl6ea ]1a [pl4elvle]1,
qe
ltllt'rpe]'vl
Ha roBa HJ,H Ha Ap)'fo
MHC,O
"
c.pr,,,,, i,na.lo, T'bL"l Karo B cep.*xxa
nU n.IIOtt{aA .,Cn.
'Hele,'lfl"
(,,feHlru") e HaI'tepeHa
qaCT..
OT eAHH 3Haql4-
TeJ'IeH nO pat3Mepn pene(l Ha ,\larpa B rpII noflca,les KOIITO npHHaAnelI{H
1OAO6HO Ha paffi, bt a. Taea,rltqtlgs6;?rr0 l('bll iI]'HaBCKHH
THtl pex-eq6 Ha
iVirrpr.rrt Bepotlruo ToBa e 6a,lo K\',lroBoro
pl3o5pax(eHrle Ha 6ox(eCr-
tsoro: llauuu,e
Ha HaAnHCa It Ha pe.Te{ra
'Ka3tsar
Ha Bropara noJIoBHHa
Ha II n., a HIvteTO Ha nOCBeTHTe.-Ir{
-
Hil pa}lcKl{ rpaiKAa-HilH C BOeHHa
r,(apgepa oT npoBHHIlHaJIeH npoll3xo.{. OrlepuToprlra
Ha CepArrra iloBet{e
narrerHHllll Ha KYiira Ha Mnrpa ca HallepeHH B 3anaAHara r'r
qacr: or
[InpOrcro
c. Ocrrtaxoeo C naTHHcKll HaAnH C Ot 237 r'202 u C' Pa'U'eUta2's
c Aocra
c,,roxen pe.rreQ, u or coQr.[icKo
-
C. oa.tlanoeuH c peno. B..ABa
flOflCa
.H qeTnpr{ CUeHH B AOnHHf
ngsg.zo+ Q1 H3TOqHaTa
qaCT na COQafiCxO
flone HLI e H3BecreH eAaH tpparlreur or peneo Ha Nlarpa or fpaAHluero
,;pH C. i'opHa tv'larHHa.2rt trliviesaTa Ha IOCBeTHTeJIHTe
Kal(TO B I{aInHCa OT
CepAr.rr<a, TaKa II B
'rofl
OT OcraaxOag rOBOptlT 3a allqa C BOeHHil Kapllepa'
Cr,utO ilOCRettteHIIeTO OT I'OpHa l\la.ruHa npOII3xOXAil OT Ce'lHIIle' K'b'II'eTO
npHC'bCTRLIeTo
Ha .al.llta C BOeHHa l(ap6epa e 3aCBHAeTe'{CTByBaHO'206
CaUUrr
THg Ha pe,IIe{)tlTe
yKa3Ila
C'blll0 Ha RJIH,tHIIe OTKb}l I'\'HaBCKLtH
Jlt{}teC'
f!:n rpoOr, .1a orHeceNI u K\'.:ITa Ha r' Hap.
',
AyHaBCIill
IiollHI{I1H "207'
lxrj
3a rporr.rxr).ra u pa3rrpocrpaHeHr'rero Ir)' Bx. F r. C tr ill o I1 t, nl'-..).lt^,, l:]1,-sqJ,,,,,,,,,,,,,,,1'
3it C.r,u(nOCTTa Ha I.i\'.tTa H tlal{eTHHIlLtTtl \ly Or CepAnxa J'OCra rtOnpO6Ur'r t(}ttgptl H I
'
t'l'
Kauapon, llpnHoc. Sti cr.r.;o6tuo'-.r''fpr*rrl-t,.
I. Iiazrrbr'', RE' \'l A
(1936)'
53tj : s,K. t't tttl-r,rPe [, 121 t?73t.
I):
Il)ii. lll, { 1 .
tls
Ha\lcp(,trHflr Tily $parueHr
or Ha-tIuc, i(lFJLrl{i, 1920. nnua HHIIIo o6luo c Kynra
xa llarPrt.
1r'e
[(lH,ul-, tgij; (74).
:rlr)
Bx. lrtr-r.oPe I, i(-;3 (;115).
:r'l
Bx. Il. C;p H a, Crapunap, III (ce-pux I!),
r0?
H. H t'r r ii, Crrorreurri, X(lVlil, I9{l-{8,
2(':3
CnoyeHHx, LXXVII, 19;1.1, rr. 7.
2t)t
VlB. B e "r
x o e, t.lEAII, \'ll, 1932
-'13,
4u2'
?rri
H. il e r x o s, L16Atl, \'ll, 1932--33, 377 ;
106
B,xi. III, u. E.
:r0?
Bx. no-rope I, 180 (332;.
KOftTO B repgrgpgflTa Ha Ceprrtrra e npeACTaReH C eAHa TJIHHeHa ilIOqKa
or Berquu tCr',i'"-ot.*o;."-
-5;
pe'refa or fipyneu Bx(' no-rope III' 65'
Ky,lrtr Ua eraneTCiio-e,,IHHHCT[lqeCKOTO
6OXet:rnO CapanuC2oe
e eAsH
or panHo Bl3IIpHeTHre n
(-epgrrxa
KynToBe. Tyrc-CapanHc.Ce
tlBflBa orbx-
i..ir.,
c o6sqg aifit4tt prrN{cK6 1t[*rr.,
6or lOnurep Kanuronsfict<lt
vl
eno,lYql,I.lxpa}l,H3rpaAeHo,r|paICKtITeIvIafHCl.paTHBHaqa,rloToHa
)'rrpaB.rreHHero
ua Nlapx Aape.,rrrr"r
(aN. no-rope III, 67),' KoeTo rOBopH sa
HeroBirfl orpaUnaaeu xaparirep B rpata. Bipxl' MoHeTHTe Ha Cep'u'uxa
(iUupn Aape,rari
_-
Kapar<ara) Crpnnrc ce flBtlBa u3o6pa3eH B HflKo;IKo
THna, K0HTO rOBOprlT C'bllio 3a c'bIuecTB)'BaHeTo
Ha HefoBa KynToBa cTa-
Tyfl.2lo lVloHerira-re'H3O6^pa)+(eHHq AaBaT
OCHOBaHI4e lia Ce [pIIeMe,
qe
Capa-
n,c e
(nn
norriun a iepeur(a ocBeH l(aro 60r Ha He6ero, o'Lx(IecrBeH
c.bc 3egc, orrte vt KaTO XTOHIIqecKo 6oxecreo
-
oT'bxIecTBeH
C xaJl'ec
([-l.rvroH),"' [oKpoBtITe.{ tla fl'rlo/topoAtlero
H 3enHIITe 6orarcrBa ]I 60r-
,.uirr".r'Ip)'r,.t
er,nercKlr Soixecrea, KorlTo ce cpelttar tt3o6pa3eH,l Bbpxy
,orarrra'ria"
()epf,Ka,
6e3 ,tocera Ia Ca HallepeHr{ T}'K Ap!'rH
naNIerHllU}l
Ha rexnr{fl r(.v,rtr, Ca L4zula tl Xapnoxpl'r
(Xopr c) B NloHe'f Ll Ha }lapr
Aaperur't u I-era u KaParca,ta.2t?
c lora,ren xapar(Tep, Ho .u,ocTa
3acT'bneH n cep.urKa, aKo ce c'bAH
nO )tOHeTHttTe NI\' ,SO6paXeHI'lr{ I]pLI BCHLIKII Hr'tllepaTOpH, nptl KOLTTO Cep-
AHKaceqeMoHerll,eSn;rKlrrILTHapeqHIIfl6orE'cKVc'2r3I'l3o6pa3eH
KaTo noKpoBuTe.l Ha nnoAopoAHeTO C iI{HTHII KnacoBe H l-po3Ae H np'
THnOBe, no36a.fg HH H OT MOHeTTITe Ha Apyfn rpa,[,oBe. ,Iloxa'neu xapaKTep
v4a
g
rpaACKaTa 6oraHq Cep4uxa,
npeACTaBeHa c KpenOCTHa KopoHa' C
naTepa H cKr{nT.bp, ceAHa,,ra
-Ha
TpoH C pora Ha llrolLIJIHeTo HJII4 C KaJIaT
Ha r.rlaBaTa, C Mar.'I'bK per{eH OOr B KpaKaTa, c HHxe B AnCIIaTa
p'b[a2r{.
:-
rg11OBe Ha I'paACKI{Te 66t'rtnrt, !l3BeCTHa Lt npu Ap}'rII rDa'f,OBe' Ruzicl<a
ilpejlilOnafa KV.'ITOBa crarvtl Ha 6orHHtiTa B rpalla'
tJafi-urrpo,,o
pa3npocTpaHeHHrIT
Ii,VnT cpeA ceflclioTo Hace"''IeHHe B
repr4'iopnflTa ,u CJpAri,, ,..tn,n.no e K)"''Irbr Ha fparcuiicrllr Xepoc'
oqepi,aBalII Ce KaTo f,,IaBHo 6oxecreo Ha TpaKHTe, C KoeTo JIeCHo Ca Ce aCI,I-
NrHJt-tpaJIil B npeAcTaBrrTe Ha o6uxHoneHttti
iloqLlTaTeJI BHeCeHHTe o'IB',bH
'J,)s
B. llo(rp)'cKlI,
AilHi\l, I, 1907, 113,tt. 199;nx' u I-' LI' Kauapoa' I'16A[l'
il
ail
t1
:I
:;
ii
!r
j,1
1923 (1925), {7 cr,r'
rr. 282 (Jt.
II e. ts c,'t h, o e, [-H]l[-].r, ll, i950, 173'
I, 192t,
-22,
1il7 c;r.ry.
:'ru
Bx. Ilc-ropc I, 121
(2;il) tr [r r' C
Ii r z a r o \\', IlE, \il A (1936),531 f.l aso6ruo a
aoxeo,'torxfl, t\r, 1961
'
277.
'
,1,,
t-. I? rr z ic k a. op. cit.. 6
211
L. Ruzicka, oP. cit.,8
[iouxoc,68.
Itr
I. Rtrzicka, oP.cit.,8
[-lonsoc.68.
'
:rr3
L. Ruzickt, op,cit.,8
rr ll1 t) n t, op. cit., 69 sq. ; 3a Tpmua G' I'
6-u.rrapur, fl. NIla-1 eHoBa, LoBeicKa'I
H. M,\' tll !l o B, ttl'IT. cr'q', 15'
H. 11 t'rl:rtoB, urlr. ctq., 15, 19;l-' LI' KauapoB'
H. ,\1]'itt Il o B, tll'tr. clu', 20; I-' tl' Ii a u a p o 8'
H. Nl v ur rt o B, tlur. c6'1., 5 c'r'; D' [1 u x, IUoHersa
6-u.rrlpun, 1931, 11.
I n. ivt y ltt irt o B, Irl{T. c'bt{', e ;
E' fI u x' uar' Nl';
uso6paxeul.tfl or pl'llucKara elioxa B
'rlr
L. R u zl c k a, op. cit., 8
I". 14. IiauaPoe, llPltutlc,70.
II
?00
E3
Eoplc I'epou
HynroBe
u nperrrrrHc r(},nrbr Ha ,retiapn'i'c-6oxecra2.:ts
['[3secrHHRT 3acera
eiarpaecKg
6 apxeonorlrqecr*r
)ra'repria.r tte itaBa ocl{oBaHHe na ce rtpne-
,ra,
qe'
roi:t e uilail
(-'Be'l'ti,r[r{tle i] creHll'te Ha l'plAa. Bt3rtoittno e raKoBa
:Be,r}l'[tlU.{e Aa e C.btItecTI],\'tsA,:Io
Ha it.]1.0ti oT t.i)a,]'a nptl CefaUIHtIfl xpau
,A,r.
FleecK6-, npH r.r3K()iItITe Ha
qHH'r'(l o(lH()BII e 5tl"na HallepeHa
qacr
oT
Itpal,ropeH penetlr Ha [(orrrtltxa tie:r I]il
jttlt'tt:. l't).1e ]lrl lc pa3l'lepH iIa TOg
2ire,p,
q[r)I:ro
3arra3eHa
qacr
e t),9(l il ultcct(a rr [),17 ]i tuttpoKa,2r6 AaBaT
lcHoBaHI{e Aa ce IpeAn()Jara,
,le
rr-tii e
(1"11'Ol]O tl3oSpaxeHHe o1' cBeTH.
,r,r,a. OL. ,ap)'rnre
Tpu rrocBenteurrr Ha Xepocil or Ceplllffia"tt; callo rpe-
To.ro e Ha\repeHo [i] cTeHr.r'l'e ua l'p:t^1i1. [] rn,puoro IIocBellteHHe, KaKTo
rJtrArrxlre flo-rgpe
(lll, b11, C Hel't) e O'l'bililleC'rileil Anr3,tOu.rrs
B repryrolxrryrit Hu Ceplluril K\'.1'i'r,'t Hr.t
'l-pariai"rcxllr
Xepoc e 3acBH-
:lercncrts)'BaHHaluHoi-ortec'ra'Ot'npit'i'it'rellocefacBe'fll'.'IHLltaca6nnu
npg11IIT6BHrr rr Clt Ce HAlIllpil,'ltI Ha BilCUtllltlll tl''lll npil Il3BOpt'l, a O6pOU-
HHTe trorrrilr
g
IIoBerte'to c,T\'(larr
-- .'r:uueuu o't' HS.InHca.zts I Iptt cBerI{-
J,tt'r(a, K'bIeTo e vC'tllHOBeH I(\"'lT'L i ii:l jl.p)'l tl 6OXeCrna ACr<lenHfi,
Iriurirr, Ca6asqri.
-
o()'r'aBa oTt;irr{T iJ'r,n[ioc-bt', ila.'ltl
re He ca 6lt.nu nbp-
BoH:.lrla,,IHo cFjeTrt,,tiltLla Ha h.t-rHriltrrt.?i0 ti ttitii-lanltilHef il
qac'r
o'r
'rep!{To-
;;;;r-
;; Cep;rnra K\'.'iT'r,l Nrv e 3rldiln.tererct'rlYRaH rtp!t_ OcnaKoeo H
iirrn, lillpo.icr<0)22I,
; HoBoHaMclteHIttt 1-rt,ret!
na I!Pl,,.rt ([luprorCxo)z:z ,
np, ..
'[J.,riigr
(l{apri,ipo.:1cxo),2'l3
t.toc.te Ha Bp bx
t{e1ar{
-_optl
!,parorvtau,
ri.E,,.e'ro e
galrepeitt; IIOCBetUeHtleT0
Ha Ca6a3[lii.2?'t
(-)r
i[paroilaH
[pOH3-
;;;r* u ,re,-l6riqaiiHoro o6ruo rocBeuert;te Ha
_,\epo9g
ra Xepa.rs Ha ti-7 rn
ceBepo3afiaAHo
or C.ruerrrrua Ha cKJIoHa Ha Mexa L[p'r,a e 6n,ro or[(plrro
npe3 lg30 r. cBert.r,rrprule Ha TpaxHficr'Hfl KOHHITI(, OTqaCTI{ CKaJIItO, orl-lacrH
f.
[. igir;
13(r
it. lStr
r881, l:',i2.
.l()llVCllil\ile
Iil l,iii.lecIiitlBlitlc
'l'plt.ttiicxan
Ilpol.uoaHu,r B.r,p\y 3arraIltoTparuilcxute 3eIlH npe3 p]l]lcKo Bpclte
rpaAeHo. B H3ps3aHuTe B cKa.rrara Hur.uH ca 6rt,ru nocraBetlll o5pounr
[,.loLrKH. HaltepeHu're r]'I( ABe nocBeLtteH Htl, R ej(Ho or Kol'lro 6oxiecTnorcl
e OTT,)KAeCTtseHO C ACX.letlil["t,'r':n a ]lp-\'fOTO 6e3 HaAnl'lC.?2r XetitO II HaIle-
peHa.ta rai\r MoHera Hal )laxcrrlrrraH??3 I'olJopr{T 3a xHBo r B cBerllJillttero
a, ripaff Ha III B. Kpari rr3Bopa rrplr c. Onuueel'e rtllaJo BepotiTHo c'btuo
cBerH.lr{tlle Ha Xepoca.t2e
[J rr:.i'ttqHa.ra
qac'r
Hil Co{trriiulo lto,te cBe'tptJlltlla Ha'fpar.'lrircruH
Xepoc ca 016purtr Ha c.'rejlHu're vrec'rlt: Ilplt 6olvueu, K.bjle'ro 6tt.rtt HaIle-
peHl AecergHa H3Tpltu n.roqrr.r 6eg Ha:ltincH 3ae-lHo c x.pvri{ npeil}ierrl B
cJreAIr o'f clpaIa.'r3i
,D!',arlreHT o'r r.ltipotna tt.'toqr(a e Ha]lepeH rlpll I io.r-
f\'IlepcKlg lvrilHfl[111p.::ri cgerH,'tt'ttlle e lli,la,lo Ha Bpb\ 6a6a Ha,t c' l\lrpu-
.toBo (C"r,rrrp,rlteBo). r('r,jIe'io 6tr,'ttt o'tKpHTII K'btl Iiparl Ha NIi'lH:1"11'l,t ileK [l
npe3 lg3;.i r. rrrroro6poiirHn or;rou'butr o'r pe.ae(lu
1a _l'paxlttictitilt
Kot-;t'ltlt(.:32
Ii.r si.l ceBep e r.rli3,1o cRerrr.rllrte B IrecrHocrra {a6r-coutttt[t
]lii,'[ c. l'itpua
lltr,tuua, o'l'ri'bjte1'o npoit:lxoxjta c.'[Ha tt6pouHa il,]oqa c oC'tiiT.t,lill or
,,rAn,,c.ir3 Cset'rt,t[tttteTo, IioeTo e
(ilt.ro pa3r\prll'o nPe:J 191] I l'.'
pl]la
Ltae-
yeptt
5,5 Ha 5 sr Lt e !r3r[)aiIeHo or c]'\a 3tt1aplla.2:'{ B
.:.e}1,:l}!llte'i'()
Hli
t{exauqeBo
cBerur,rnula e !r}ra.rro BeposrHo Il \recrHoc'iIlTe i\la.lttltlt liatiplr,r,
['prnala lr eC'teCTBeHaTa, ]IOl'tt.'la I'rCrpe.rtrHa, Kt,;leTo Ca oTiii)llTH pe.'reQrr
Ha TpaKltiictlur r(onHr.rK.23, B'r,pxl, tlKo,'IKo oT Halll'po6Hl.lre n'lotltl o'l'
nocire.[HoTo rltHCTO e H3o6pa:-]eH
'fparut'tcr<lttt't'
KoHHHIi.236 [ io Ha tl3Toti
cBerlJllrte e orr.(pHTo nprr I-o,rNua Parionatla, orl('b,r,ero nporl:lxo)Kll,ar Tptt
rlparuenra or o6povuu nJloqxll.rr: Q1 i,lx'ruuancKoro no,'Ie HII e H3Bec'reH
CaMo e.[HH pe,'reQ 6es HaAnr'lc oT C. Boeprarla
(Xa1xaau3a),'3t H oT I llrp-
Aoncro
(c.
I-laaaip _-
6ueure Patoc"qaeoBo) c'bttto_eAHa o6po'lHa r"toqKa,2se
a or Hir:r-r,rsroqHara .
qacr
Ha repHTopLflTa Ir:l Cepltttxa, or Cecrptluo,
::o
lGitulg, 2ol9 (Jri).
'.1'l:
(',. L I( rr Z- a i ti u',
'l'ltr.
Reiierir,lt, 11 . iiSl).
':r-
H rr. Fi e.r x o U. ill,Ail, \ I[, i93-'
;i,i. -li,-l: I'. Il i,. a
1q;il 1 c.r.; C. I. li rr i'l rl lrr n'. T1:r. [ltit':r'-'rrtt. S 1':r2
:'11,
il,)d. rr(.)-t'ope 11;, tii.
'r:i('
I{.
(l
e r rir ir, tl6All, \ 11. i$'ll 'i3, i-ti Lr'r' I i
'
xl Vlil, l9;l l, 2.
'i3l
IU LII lg, I
,).\
i.
'l:r \. rr
'K.
ttlx o
l)
rr tr.t. llo|rr.'ru, 1.qgE, I l7: I'. i,;i,r rt crl r.'tt, (,lap,rrpan_Hilcxit
c8e*l.Ir{i*l u 6oxet'rgr. igi32. l(.r: il. I^l e'r H () B, tlliAll. \\'ll, lit;
(),
lt)? :
(l'
L I( a z rl-
; i;i.:, T1r, Ilciterglltr, lt. 85g. I lpe.rrr L)crir,rirr,,;r(.ie uu('r'o r,\ I\ e- 6ttr il()tltll'aH t'pt-r''-.r't, i tl&
\loxe\lc;lagcKu cBe1r,1, O1'-ir'T() nprll! il:o)i.la ll H\lt1'O HA 8',1,p\il .
(]erlt
rll rt utle \l&HacTtlP
,,Cs. Curreou", xoilto Bel)olrHo e rJr,3()6Hotsi.t.1 crilpil xpiicrljltniHa lpE.Hitux' TvK hriavt
Ol1Ie eJ.Htr C,ryUarI .l.t lipHeItCI BeHOCI 1';t Hli pC.ltl rt,O:HH1i Xiiltlt,'i c)T Ilpe,X.XptiCiHltI{CkllTe
c8(:TH.',rHIU.a, Bx. llu-i't)pt ll, 1li,:1a6. ti u IIl. 72-
'.:}t (1. I. It e z.;t t o u',
'l'lrr.
R., rt. 3X?.
:l:tt
H. [l e r x o rr, iiAll, \\'l[, 1950, 201.
'-r;:'
H. [] e r x o tl, lll.ll'. cn,'t., i97 c.'t.
r:ri
B.;[ofipiin", rU.''r;, ,\VI -\\'ll, 1t)00, 8, n. 2: E. iiatirrki], op. cit., t1'
38{: H. Ile L x o B, utt.r. cr,'t., lgfl, o6p. 132'
---"::i;
I(r8.1{i', 1994, 199i;(i. I. I(azaro\\'. l'lrr' I?c'iter{9tt:,i:.;199.j }lr- Be'1 L:oB,
fH^\1,11,1920,-60:111,1921,?i),3c.i.:['.tl.KajIapou,CrrBAH,XI.\'111,193{,1'
r:ls (1. I. I( a z a i t\ u-, Tlrr. Reitrrqrltt, tt. Sif {.
::;rr
i(lg11lrr. 1938 (ll0l.
2At
ii:t [) i) r;
(-ir
LTAII, )i-\')li,
ii. [.. ii ii c
1l
o a, Lrr[rA[i,
tt;t'[paXrtfl(]r,l'n KOHHHK Ca
ii. : \'l A (t9,36), -178 f.;
la-
Die
srl(1.
I'
t.
ltcirergott,
6opnc i-epoe
8i_ I-lpoyusauu,{ B'bpx\' 3ana,rHorparuilclure
t_t1'
lpe3
ptiMcY BpeMe
tt, ill l.
203
02
rlparrvreuT OT IIJIOqKa.2r0 B CBeTHJ'lHllleTO
npH IIO'rrua
[-lacapen e 3aCBHAe-
^e/ICTB)'tsaH C'bLlto KyJIT'bT Ha XepOCa'2{r Hair'CerHe CBeTt'lJlHLI(e Ha 6OXe-
TBOTO a or,.-p-* u'B caltoxoacxo
no.le nprl c. Pal',roeo, K'bAeTO B eAHa
,,3trrHHa KapHepa ca HalllepeHH
qeTIIpll
{tparlreura
oT nIoqKH c'sc caa6u
cneAH or nail.lucu.2{2
()6uqar-lHHr|r eilHTeT na Tparut'icxrilr
Xepoc t"':'t'rto; H
.TyK
Ce Cpe[(a'
T3ivr, r(.ble,r'o xepoc'bT e cHHIipeTll3!lpaH
c AttoloH uJlv Acr<'renafi', HocH
H Ap)'fH
e[aTeTH OT TOnoHoMacTHqeH
rlpon3x6il' flocsetHTe'rIHTe B MaJI-
KLt,te ceJICKLI cBeTHJIlttl(a, AOI(O"IKOTO
IlOi'trC Aa
ce c'bAt',i I1o [INIeHaTa HM'
a
,IPar<H.2{r
Cgerararr[a,
npeAnoJrarae]rn
r{,rrr lIoKa3aHo
c'b[recrByBallttl, 6es Aa
IvloiKe Aa
Ce \,CTaHoBH Ha KoH 6oxec.raa, ce CoqaT I{a C'.IeAHt,lTe IvIeCTa:
Ha Bp.bx CrOa Ao C. 3at'lxaHe
B llcxlpcn"'
[pOIOIvl'2{1- B C' Tpe6uu
-
lOrleAert
Or(OJ,to ti'bpl.(BaTa,
K'bAeTO Ca HallepeHlr O6pa6OTeHlI
Kall'bHH LI
:l(Hs 3Po,"' k\ HaA c' [-ralurono
Ha B'raoa Kaivl'bK'rt6
o.lHofir0 opt'aHH3aLlHflTa
Ha pe'lltrHo3HH',{ XtIBoT a
()eptut<a
H TepH-
".optl'lTa
H rille HMaxMe u.u. .,,,qalr Aa
roBopllrvl Ha HflKo.lKo nbTlr. no.
lt[rpoKo 3acT'bneHltTe
KyJITOBe, KOHTO Ca HNIa';IH CBOH CtseTU/IHII[a' ca HMaJIH
.recbrvlHeHO
't
K),.rrToBH KOJIet.Hr,t.
'l'ax'sn
e c,rlyqaH-f c K-Y.-nTa ua osi6 6'|ro:05,
3a
qrr,TO KVJTToBa Ko,,'IefHtl B tl'bTHaTa cTaHuttR
'l'urres
([1rrpo't) foBopHxMe
ro-rope
(lll,
'ff
i0.i.
_Orolo
xpaMa Ha c'brrloro
6oxecreo a CepAuxa
Bifi. rro-rope,
-
Ift, ctp. 70.) Hec'bltHeHo e c'bllrec'rByBano
cbuo KynroBo
o6iltecreo,
He3aCBHAeTencTByBaHO
enHrpa(tcrr'r AOCefa'
KoeTo e HMaJIO
CBOfi XpeU.2{7
tlaCr
OT cnIlC'bK Ha
qIeHOBeTe Ha KynToBa KOJIerl{f npeA-
:TaBrr Bepo'rHo
HaAnHC'bT Or Benl.Kn C-v-nO'U'O'rr
(tlraporcKo)' KOfiTo c'LA'bpxa
raMo ,prnrr.n"r-;;;;.,.'
3, ;i;;;;oib o6orecrBo
npn xpaMa Ha Kn6e'na
B Cepauxa
roooprixMe
no-rope-
(lll,
9rp.
79.).
fIn'
QparueurHpana
Mpa'
MopHa n"r6qa, HtlNlepeHa
rpH nocrpofirara
Ha L{eHrpa'rrnuH
yHHBepCaneH
uar.a3r.rH,
r(ofl't'o e or oKoJo apaluiu Ha II B', c'bA'bpxa cnuc'bK Ha HMeHa'24e
Brgltoxuo
e H Tl-K !'a
"it'it
a'l6r'rr Ha HflKaKBo KVJ'IToBo o5ulecrno'
uoixe
(tr.r Ha i\cr.c.rrenrali,
arco ce c'bAl'l no ABe're
reorlopraqHl4-
HMeHa B Hefo'
I(araro*r
Ha 3aHaflTqHHTe
or cepluKa2-ic
6rr uror--bJr ila 6ue nocBeI,Ie-
HHe Ha H!:nepaTopcKH,
AOIVI'
KaKBOTO e nocBettleHI'reTo
oT c' Lo"lactoBo"t'
Ho 6rr uolrJl .ila'6lee
v ctlHc'bK Ha vqacrBYBauIHTe
B H3rpax(AaHero
r4ltu
,onpaB'Hero
Ha
qacr o, .prl.*u'u CreHa (fieclatura)' I-lp' xpaMa Ha Ca-
:lo 11. I. K a 7.at o ri', Tirr. Rcitergott, t.r'
l!9'
:rt (-r. I. K a z ar ou', Thr' Htiitig"tt' rr' 251
i-
u*' H rro-roPc lll' 66'
':r':
l(lg11lg, 2l)51 {ll,;1;
ti. i.'i<i-' i t'., tt,
'I'r'
I?titerqolt' n' S23; E' @ n r o n'
I Iti.\.'[, II, 191 I ,
28ti.
)i,,
169',ig,
2051 (l1,1), lg:s:l (ll0).
rlt \. ,, ttt. Uf lt-o'p n *
''
Molu'rrr'' 189S' 1l'l'
:r;
!1 t'. B';;;;,'*'
Cotpuilcra rpaB'la t'r 10' II' 1956'
|{i
14 B. ti e,r r o n, I,16AI,I, xiia rb+o--}?, 209; BiK. H no-rope ll, l-{.
'.:l;
{(lg11lo, 194'1.
'-:ls
H. R 1''.1
n h,
(lnoureuux, KCVIII, l9'1i-4's' 2tJ0 ('3)'
'-:rrr
11_1fl11icr, 1923 e,7l
r:"r
I(-rBtrlE
'
1922 1Ztt\'
'-:ir
l(l$11tJ',2211,'o*.
no-rope I, 207 (;ii9t' n' 1{5'
6aZilit e Cep.U.ax Azi2 V B C. r\lpalrOp'rs CT'LllO-e Uvla'rIO t()*'IITOBtt O6uteCraa
c.bc cBoH X(pertrr (rx. no-rope, ill, 7'2). ceeru,'IH ule'f o Ha xepa nptl
a.-Ior,r,r ,rlOien e [{}la.,o BepOt]THo C'bt,.o CBO'i'ra K'nTOBa Ko,erlltl C'bC
atOr'i X(peU.2j{ Tar<ta e 6U.,r C,'lvqatIT H C ,[.p]'[lITe
CReTI'l'[!iula'
B eAau HOBOC'b3Aarlerr fpa.[, K3K'bl]TO e 6lt.T
(Jeprnxa' c'bc c[leceH1;
Hacer'leHlIe, AOUITO
oTtlacTl'l OT I',l3TOqHIlTe.,I]poBItHl-(ulr
Ha H]it]epH,ITa', oT-
qacTrr C,I\,iKI.1JIO IIpOI'b,'llKHTe,IIHO
ts'btl AOiiCi{ara Il HOCetUO B Ce6e CH
paaHoo(tpirnn, peJrHr!i03HH rrpejrcraB!{
tt K\r"1ToBe' e 6tt"to c'bBCe}t ecre-
cTBeHO pr,,'rHfg03HHrrT ir(HBOr la
6'rrAe KOHUeHTpHpal
B K\"'lTOBll 06luecrBa'
xOilro Ca o6e.llttHtt.r,tl Ioqt{Tare.IIttTe
Ha o'rJ.e"IHLlre
(loxecraa [l Ca Ce IIo-
fpl,txrr.,IH 3a C'b3IaBaHeTo Ha KV,ITOBH SlecTa' a BIIOC'Ie'il'CTBLIe
H 3a H3-
rpa/KAaHeTO Ha xpallOBe. T-vx He CallO OptleHTe"lCKHTe
li\'"{'l'OBe' HO }t
6oixecraaTa Ha fp-bKo-prrrvrcKfir{
naHTeOH Ca 6a;tlt BHeceHrl oTB',bH tl npe;lll
KynT'bT Ha I'JIaBHLITe OT
'l'flx
.[a 6'r,:te Iprl3HaT 3a Or!raqrta';IeH OT C'l'paHa
Ha rpai1cKar, r:np,,uu, a 6un rp6)fia Ha Kl',II'toBo o6rqec'rso' Herlttlqettae
e rrpaBe.l ts TepHTOprrHTa Ha fpa:r.a 3arlapeHL1i11
(\"IIT Ua 1'paxlrilctiilrt
xept'rc,
a n'cepAH'ra oepo"THo ri)'JIT'bT Hil Ano,'tou
Iet{l',lTe'1.2is
p.brrc-rso,,taruioro ,,, o6rusa.rjHHq A'bpiliaBelI
ptlIlcliH K\''1T Ha IOnlt'rep
Kannro.raiicxrr e 5n,to BepotlTHo opraHH3HpaHo
Ilo C'b'lltI{tl n'u'-t]l---T^'.:-1:.'
u--ifr1'ronHH
(1, 122
[27-lj),
n Ko.rerrtfl )+(peu, IIeqe',o c e]tll{ aDxHepell,
KOrrro
jl"rr.bxHocr ce rrtsfBa B r(apHepara Ha ejlttH BHCLII Ilafllcrpar Hil
Cep,f,aXa?s6 H B Ap\'ftl ABa OtllHqlta,.rHn Ha,{nl{Ca OT lpll,{,a,2-r7 B IiOtITO CTOII
;;;;; rpa6na Aa ce Ao*brtHH
H HMero Ha HeroBara xeHa apxuepen'
C apy,
rlparueHTgpaHo 3aIIa3eH
HaAnt4c?ss HaM,palvle or'oBo eAHa xeHa
Karo apxuepes. B e1,nn rpern oQr'rUHa.nen HaAnl{c Ha rpaAa Ce flBRBa eAtlH
)Kpeq Ha OnHrnricxus 3eec.2ie Oi CeplHKa e H3BecreH H eAIIH igexip'f,<,26o
BHA nOqeTHa AI'bXHOCT,
I(OqTO C CTOf;Ic B'bB Bp'b36a C rpartlUiCKOTO
np6-
BHH;rHa.,rHo C'b6paHue 1:;
v".,'-lL't ;ritY
F)pzzdtt) rr car'p:aHllre c Heto cBeiUeHo-
AefrCTBHH,
Ipa:]HeHCTila II C'bCTe3aHlltI
u e HI'1a"Ia OTqaCTtl Li CaKpa'{eH
xapaKTep B'LB Rp'L'3Ka C HllflepaTOpCKH'l
I(\''IT'?61
t)r pa3rile;1aHHTe noOTIe.lHO Iiy'rlToBe n L-epAttxa
II TepllTOpllHTa [l
MoraTAaCeHaIIpaB'ITCjIeAHI!TeH3t](),'(lI3ilpeJIHrH03Ht,l'li-,1'-":^T'i^'.'p,}:
CKOTO U CeJICKO1O Hace.rleHHe. Puvrcxara OKvnatlatl
u O[lpr'UlauerO
Ha
ce"rtHrrleTo
I{a cepJI.LlTe B I'paA ca :laBapH'rli'l R Cep'nHxa
K\:J'ITa Ha Ano'ron-
r,IeKap, AOHeCeH
O',t Ke,rlTCKHTe 3aceJ'lHHIitl H JIOKail[l3t'lpaH
npH TOnflHfl
MLIHepa.IeH H3BOp, il B Tepl',lTopllfiTa
Ha l-paA''l K\"'ITa Ha llollauHoTo
of HHII{e'
.::,:;
lQg11lg., 2015 (28).
':it
11r3111o, 200{ (.(i9).
l1; '-!'r
xf ii'ou,a.e Koilel'Hll sx' 11' P' N i ls s o n' op' clt''
'r:ri
[(rlJr-l(r, 1953 (J.3).
r'';
IGBuli, l9ls, 1919.
r:'.
IGBulg, 19{9 (,92).
2.,:'
ICB1|tr, 1917.
rfir)
IGBllo, i972 (16).
'l6t
Bx. 6I F e p o e, .llercsxa.ruure 833H\{oorHotueH}lH,
1,27 ctn.
t,
ll
i!:
li
i
79 cr.. I-Hr\1tl;r' II, 19-{ij,
,l !;
il Xi,
fipoy'vraHntl B'l,pllv 3ana;lllorpaKHficKHTe
3crlH npe3 pHrlcK(1 Bptlrie 2(t5
B Cepluxa, Ho c.bltteBpe!teHHo
oT6e,rrt3axtue li Tpal(H:lrlpaHero
Ll]', Koero
II3r'r,1e).tiila,
qe
e 5l.t.lo Oi<Onqare,rlHO 3all'bptlleHO nl)e3 B'l'O[)aTa tI()'rIot][llla Ha
C.f O./IeT6e1O. F.ttlit'patf Ct<rtl't' \laTeptle':1, XOi'tfO 3iltl(r(lllO T-\'t(, KaKTO rr I lar'-
Ta.lrrB,r e,1Ba O'i BpeNte'l'() Ha XaApllatl tl e eIr'lllC'i'BeHll'll'tl3rlOp
Hit (11'Hti-
qecr<t{n c.t craB Ha Hace,'reHueTo
Hll Ctll.tttr,,a t1 I'tll)t'l'lopi.itll'a il IIf)e:l ll ll
Ill 8., Hrr pa3ripitBa tro3Hal'ara H o1' lr.l)-\'t'tf ie
'rpaxitiictitt I'1)a-'[oBe I(ilpTrl'
Ha II[)IIC.ITCTI]Ile i] Cil}Itifl I.pi]jt IlA
,il)ilIiit,
I.t,i)Illl }l pu.\l.Ii'iHlI Ll II|)oIteC
Hilp()}'Ii]HiI3IlpaHeLIe.l}IilII:]tl})aHeHa.t[]llKIl.ier
Flaii-crri\-i)H,.trif
ile.rer'3a 1'!)arilliicr<a'i'a rr[)llllli]1..'lex(Hoc't
tla ellHo.lllt(e
lr.tg ellHa tlrayrr.,ri.ra n.tH 3:r Te:iHnrt rilar;ltiict<tt tlp()tl3.\o/l ca Hec'b\llieilt)
rp.axHiicrHte HrltHa. Ilolta,trr c'brrtcrl'l'B\'Ilallta'l'a
npe:l
i,)l'tNlcliil'ta
etlo\a tlo-
C't'oHHHa TeHilerrLl6rr I a Ce. 3it.rut.tilFlil I',ctlC fl't Fi u'[ol)o Ij IIo-[)tl.1l(o tJ
'ri]e
rcl
IIOKO,leHtie il.leltelrHil,tr ttpon:xr',^l I{it poriatiltJllpailttl'l'il ce ll.ltl e'rtltlll3il-
Dailla ce tlta,vtrr,tar,
'l'l)itIiH!icriltre HlleHa B I'iHittle pttllclill tl.'li'l I
f)'btlKIl
titalttt,tt.ttz Cil C'F,BCe:,1 CIll'\'peH 6e,lel'3il Tpal(llliCt<lllt tl\l Ill)Orl:l'\Ol1 rtati-
lla.tr(o fto e,I.Ha o'f ;,rBet'e
,rlrHttil. Ii".rrr
[)lioTC)
Haiiuollltle Hil pllIt"ltlFlt! A
r1,pri, tl it3i.()ltn.t'e ..ia
,i'r,Ierrt Inr.'iHolleHeH ptl:\lclill I'l)ulil(-laHttti l{e ca
IoU_\'cKa.,tH
o6pa rHrrlt Ilpoltec. I ia,ttltlclt'l't Itil i11,1;113rrill',
tie :]ltiltltl'ie'rlHa
tlil(lr
o't'HaCe.'teHne.ILr Ha I-i-rit:til u Itpeoa).1a;[ilu;lllta'l'll
Llilc'i'oT Ha(]e"leHtlt'To ilJ
T.epilTopHr.ru
-,rV
e 6rrra 1'parflt[ic'Ka r.r.rr.r o'r' TpaKrlitcxrr I]potl3-\:(),r. Iipir ]'otiil
,r1t,,rriua'
ga ce ,1.\1a upe,,t B[{-1,
qe
Ha]lllllcli f e IIpllHajt.le)+\a'f Ilpe-dL!}lHo t.!a
ropHHrr c,'roti,'B r(o[tro rpaKltre IlopajltJ tl()-illl(]l((lro clI K\'.'ITYpHo HIltio ca
6lrlu no-c.la5o npe]C't'aBeHL{, a ocBcH T()F}a Ll Iteiitl rtor<palinrrun ca noqTII
JliluIeHH OT liaKBa'ro H Aa e efitil'paocKa t{3'lBil Ha MecTHoro HaceJ'Iel{tle --
6e,rer,
qe
npe3 il N III B. To BCe olrte e 6u"no cJlaa)o 3acerHaro or aH'tlltl-
HaTa li\'.4Tvpa-
F.aK'ro- e ceprr,rrxa,
'raKa H B Tepl|roptlnTa tI tll'te HallHF)alle {lo'tll:t
BCt,fqI([I B.L,.J}I0)KHII Haql{tt}I Hil H}IeH}.BaHe,
Ilpt-t lioHTo Ce IIp0'lt]'IIJtl TpaI(!!H.
cKa trHrrqeciia tri)!rHa;l'IeiKHoL-r Ir'rrI
lltl:l'l''to;t 1]t...:]:l:ll' Yt'::Y..',i1: ::
cratsr{\r.rrrriA.i'a c}c cogcl'Beri() r'plxlriicrro Itr,le tt
't'pattittictit-l II}le }la t)a-
rrla'r.a,
,ptii.ro irpoli e H uaii-rt-l.rlrr.3 I ia.lttH'I,l' H0 Il\leH\ BaHe
)'
THx ll()liA3Ba'
ue
.t.e
Ilprjiiajl,te)Kll f i(by r[la:,tu,'ttrr, tiof{'i'o Itti}ia-f
[)tlNICKo
I'[)a)'KlaHCrio
ilprino, a.rpaxr,iicr*r're Itlr Lril(tfla I'ouo[)H'f 3a 3alle:]tlaHe BCe
()itlti Ha II'1e-
tieltrlH.re rpalItIHIt,.\,tatrap II HflKOt{ oi''trrx;ta i-]ae}la'l'iljtrlilHilcrpa'itlBiltl
II
Csrii-r;i.1i1rr -l,rr
biKHocT'rr H t'pala. Ii'r,rr la-'ttl l'[)\'lia
(lttxite
o'ltluc.ltt H
'ltllia'ra,
ti()it'tO U tta,lil,lCIlTe Ce ,lBrlriilT CillIO C.'lll(iit()'l()
(:lt TpatitriiCt'tl tl'\le ritt"l')
Itopajt[r errHI'f)a\ra1'nqHn,{.\apaKTep
Ha tla;lllHL:il,6tt.'it-r:-ta I(l]a'rlioci
(i' Iiara-
i
il;x. no-t'c)l e I, l0i
(')i7).
r
Aur[),]no..roi]t,lt-r.'Kit
iri)o-\ttBitHrr]r, HatlpilB'iilil 81,P.\i'qaI)eiill or Oepltrxa' Ilil\lcpeHi'l
R rpi,.6r,se Or l\' \-i 8.. rlul..il
';uiti,
,re
or
i),lcott.l
i.'lt'.lttil l'()IIiiil ria(''i itllHel0 Ha I p;l 1a ilo
rliia Bpc),lr, uc e 6r.ro rio:.I{rrer{;ro, n:x. [i p. it p t] it
{{
tt.1 t' il, !ltiA,I, \'li, iil2( t, 58 c't;t'
IiO.iOr-,HO e
(rit.rO it0,rt(,iliCHH(lt') rl B llpu,lK(,)tlCTiiHTilH(!Btlll llCpU{ti- ita Cep'taXa'
,.l
Or Crprr*., itlB,t,l. tgsl't,;Jr- 1:r'{7 17)t, 19'3i
(';"i, 19'38 (llj}' 1gJ'i (l'?)' ur
repHroprrHr,, I. i.:.p-riri..ir : t-,,ur.:,u,,*, 1,,\'lll, 1941 -1s Ii. 280 (,?). i(-rBulq,
j025 (J?)'
?0'l; (J81, 20i1 (ir). ?trt)1
(r?91, J()lE 1J3t,2ili Qll'
i
87
6o;,Hc I't'PoB
;9!
_
THs rvaTOBe Ca ilpo-'t'I>,rriKaBa,lll ta c'l,llle cTllvBaT u lioraTo KeJITHTe ca
')Lttlt rran'blItiO aCt{NlI'lJlllpatitl oT Tpat*r,e' IipeCe'lllllllllTe
OT Nlana AeAg Ca
iHec.rlr.t l{outr acneKTrl It r(v.f i'a tJa Atl().'l()FI. [-]
'reptlTtll-ltlflTa Ha rpa/[a ceJI-
CKO''O HACeIelttle e IlOtlttTA.lO iIIilp()rio
'i'patit'tiiCtil[r
XepOc' KaKTO TOBa
.ntiqr, o'r 1-rtAtttta'til
Hel'Outl CP,e'rll.'ll:lltil
II
)'ej(llHeHo
HaIlepeHH O6pOUutl
it.{()rtKH..:.'z ( )1-H}l Toua TVI( C;t t:'blltecTB\ llA.lil K-\ .'lT'hT Ha e;lHa rpaxHficra
n,r,',iiia
Sorttne, KotITo nPe3 pll!1CI(ara efloxa cA Cltlett orliKAeCTBeHrI C.6c
3enc rl xepa, rr r(\,'.1'ri-,'f IIa rllariiliiLxlltl Caria:'rlrii' K()iiT() e 6vtn B'b3poAeH
qne3
tro*eceHIIfl o'i l,lsrori n..,tl, tla
(le6ii.:uii'
'l-uq
i;crxecrRa ca orpa38-
";;;
Innrur-njlHo-:lelre.1e.tct(Htt
Stlr Ha Hilct.ieHI'lero
v ca 3a'loRo'lflBanH
t.prrX([r'te r\1,\' 3a :],'t])aBeTO I{ nile\-CllilBalle'rO
HA CelreiiCTBOTO II HefOBOTO
,lr,rlri,aaruu.-
lloalt're Ii\'.IIToBe, I(olll'o ca /(oHeceHtl
or IlpeceJlHI''ttgTe or
iirl:
',
,,, ta o6.racrlr tlit I'p1;llKtltt I Iaror,. ca CF'-bp;riltlil Be(le C pa3BHTHeTo
I{a :laHarlTH'le
kt T'bpl'OBll'tTa' 3il'L)arleTO Il Xl'lfi'leHaTil
H C nO-BI-tCIIIH AJTXOBHH
ll-\'itt1r{.26:} [ [:rTtxnax]le
BeI{e, *a' ,at'.'l'l'br r{il
,,nltt,
:i'L'-otc
'<' 'rloHeceH
ot lv'lala
A3ttx, e l(\',.!'f Ha e;tHo
'i'bpl 0BCKO-3aHa'lTqlllicrio
Hace'1t Htle, KceTo e HaMe-
irl,,r,;'
lo(rplr
vc.,'toBItt{ lrA ilitlRo'r He cai\lo B
()e;rlrtta' Ho Ilepo'irIlo II B
IlbrHara craHtlllrI
'f
ttrres (llrrpor), Ha Ko'l'lo rpn6na :1'a I'neitaNle Kalo Ha
Ftr(OHOltlIqeCKtl
lleH'I'bp
(lll[ltirl,'ttt I B 3anailHaTa
ql]CT Hll CeplrrxuiiCrara
arprtaai rr. LJ'r,s Bp'r,l3t(it c
'bproB-rlflTa
ti.pa3RltTIlero
Ha il'b'rHara Mpexa
TYI( e npoH'lKHaJ'1
II K]"lr'st Ha Xepuec' h'r''l,1r'r Ha Xepatill L HaslepHJI
iloqBa Rbts Bp'L,3ria c \-qpeltflBaHeTO
Ha crlopTHn C',r'cTe3aHHtl H (tnanuec'
r(OTO pa3RHTHe H BOeHHaTa iloAI'oTOBKa
Ha NtnaXexTa' Cl1'X6ara
Ha CeJl-
'
cr(oro HaceJreHne
B'bB BoricKara B 3arla;'lHHTe nporluHuull e /(oBeno,n
Cep-'1''
,.r{Ka
pa3npoCTpaHeHHre
t} ru' npoBHHUl{pt H3ToqHH I(}nToBe Ha MnTparh 1:
Krr6e.ra. cr.rHrperlt3M'bT
Ha 6oixet:reara H MOt{OTeI'lcTHtlHltTe
TeHAeHqHH ca
HaMepHJ,rH ,OtIBa KaKTO R I'PaIa, TaKa fi B Tep[lTopl4tlTa'
K'b;leTO TpaKHil-
critlrr Xepr;c
e tilt"l H;Lt'tl1'tl(l)HItllDaH
c
"leK.apcF:tlre
(loxecrna AnoloH
n
Acr.rerrrrpi
11 e nOB.IltltlJ I(\'.1'ra Lt, iIHOHOI'L)a(lrrH'r'a
tl Ha ;Ip)'rPI
6OXeCtaa
(narlp, XePrret:;.
8. lricrr..rr:HIr[:
HA CF.p,iirrr-\ i|ri]pilr'ui-iiilr'A
ir - Et'rll'lr"lEr.lKtl
nPol{3xoA
I I r)i,tl li:(l.i ilF.Fl-\
(-'i'P\
I(T)'P:\
IIo oTHOtiler{rrr
Ha eTtltlt{e(lNIIt{ c'bcTSll [l IIpo[l3xo/l Ha I{ace"leHlleTo
Ct{ npe:l
g'bpBll'le I'ptl Bexil Hil. pH\lCIiaTil eil()xa Cep'tr'iKn rle npaBH u3rnlO-
rieHne O.r oCTaHa.,ItlTe l paKIlt{CKII I'O:}-lOBe. .t}a I s' IaHHHTe
Ca IOCTa
ocri.b;ilIH
U Ce cBex{,1,aT 3aCel'il cil IIO :[0 ](rlaT3
SOiiHi4tIt(t,I
Ha'.l'IiHCa
oT
[iprrrauun
t IIcrrauHs. c IioHT() [e 3ilHtlllarru.
o.,a
(ll, c,p"l9
C;r')' Bla
o(:HOBa Ha tlt)[rBlltI tl II()-paHHtlH OT Ttlx Fit]e ce ont{Ta^\!1e iIa AOKaxe}l
otle,lHRaHero
llce otlle ]oK'hl!t
cpe:[ai'a Ha cro're'lHero
Ha KeJTCKHfl
ere]leHT
..r,i.r
Hr
(lu
nor"ra .:Iit ce cll HTa 3a tlpeyBe.lrltleHil KollcTaTaliltHra
ga c' I' K a z al Ov'
Rtt, \.1, A (l:r36t. -iI8,
qe,()rrrr{ ircriKo rfax;rrlcxc,.r.lo e H}la'1O CBerIl.lillUe
Ha XepoCa'
'lti:l
l)C).'tqT't HA 0(ltlr)rlallBTe L)T
'lpalrt
ri)l-'Io'-e- 'la
pil3jlpOC-Tl)aHtrIIdeTO
Htl rp'bUKHTe
Kv.:rr(rtse.
,',,'1,,.priult oi
(1.
I. Iia ZJro''t', iti:, \-l A (i936), i7''
:
i
I
I
t
I
I
N
a
I
q
ir
;i
.I:
;, ,l
. ,il
'11.
'iii:
.
J
t
t
l,
)6
Eopnc l-ePoe
89 I-lpoy,raanus B'bpxy 3anaJgorpaxullCxure 3e:'1fl rlpe3
[)llMcl(o
Bpe!{e
qHHH
H oco6eHo c eAI4KTa Ha Kapaxa,ra. 3a la 3acnyiKar roBa' Te ca
flnpaHa.4nelxa,-'ta Ha ropHal Cnoli Ha rpaACKoTo H3cr'IeHHe, T. e. Te Ca 6unu
enHHH3HpaHu uilu B llpoueC Ha e./rHHLr3at(uH. B HallnHCHTe pHMCKllTe rpa)K-
AaHfi or rpaKuricKu npou3xoA ce ,{BflBar o6arHoaeHo c HlvlneparopcKo
reHTHnHo Htore c'bc vvt:.it 6ea ilpeHolreH v c ,qI{qHoro cv rpatcriicxo Hlvle
r(aro KorHoMeHll HtH cafHVN{.rr [o-Hararr,r (lli, rJ. 8) HHe roBopi{M
B'bB Bp'b3Ka C peKpi/TgpaHero H2l sot:iuHqa or cepAHKa H repHTopl'lflTa u
3a eoilHHqare,
qHHTo
Hailrpo6HH uitw o6povHH Hail$tAcfi ca HallepeHrt /tPY-
faAe u cJIe.I,oBaTenHo Te npr{Ko He MoraT !.a ce cNIflTaT KaTO
LIaCT
OT
poNraHH3HpaHoro Hace.'reHHe Ha Ceplarca H TepIrTopHHTa ir. l')'x xe.rlaeli
Aa or6enextriyr caNro,
qe
rHH HarnaCH HH floKa3tsar,
qe
noA t{3tlHxo pH.\lcKH
nMeHa, o6HxHoeeHo c ua6.nosen ptrMCKH KorHoMeH, ce Kpttttr noiiuattll or
TpaKHitcFitr npotr3xoit, Koero
"rrrr'-{}r
or n3pr-rqHoro cno}teHaBaHe Ha Ceptltr.a
(a repltropLurra r:r) raro rrxHo poAHo r,rrrcro H or c"'tvxeSHoro Ltet Ilo.lolheHue.
Tpa6aa Aa ce or6c'.rexH, ue B ,{Bara Har.i-paHHH HaxnHca Ha aolislttttt or cep-
AaTe, a C'buto v Ha BofiHHUH no ToBa Bpeilte oT Xp)'rtl
qaCTH
Ha Tpaxax
K'bN{ flHr{Horo u 6alrtHHoro I.rMe Ha etriiuHrln're, I\ottro HnMar oule pt'tMCKo
fpa)+(IaHCrio npaBo, crotr u eAHo.'TaTHHCI(o I.!Me, T'blYI ila ce Ka;'r\e tlceB;r(o-
riofHorvleH, rioero orpa3fiBa a3BecrHLI B'bHIIIHu 6e,4een H rto Koero sotiHLIl{'br
e 6rarr ir3BecreH B
qacrra
cu
(n HaurHTe.rtBa c,r)'qafl Longitius n Fusctls).1t
[]o-xrcuo, r(oraro BoliHHK'br e no,r-\'qaila,r c H3cnYiKBaHero Ha o-npe.lere-
Hrrrr cvl cpoK pHMCrio fpaxxaHCKo rrpaBo, Toii e npuitaen.'l tsepJnrHo ToBa
ltlle Beqe KaTO C'bIIIIIHCKH KOrHOMeH K'bM HOBOTO CH pH]ICKL) LlMe, C'bC-
TaBeHo o6arcuoneHo or r4MneparopcKo reHTH.rrHo HNIe H npeHosreH. PasSalta
ce, ToBa He e cTaBano BHHarH, Ho TaKa IvIO}I(e Aa Ce oclgcHa tlBtlBaHeTo
Ha BerepaHH c [I3tlrr,,Io pHMcKH HMeHa. Brs RoeHHHTe iII{n.rtoi\tH o5a'te,
KoHTo ca oQuuuatHH /ior(yMeHTH H ca npe;r,Ha3HarleHH Aa cBI'rAere.rcrrl-\'Bar
PlAIVICKOTO
I'PAX(IAHCTBO HA BCTCPAHII'|C, CTOflT CATIO TPAKIiI:iCKI'ITE Hi\'I II}lEHA
5es rtl3r.r rtceB/:toKorHoNreH, xofiro He e I.r]raJ'I o(trrulla,leu xapatire[-). ;fa.llt
B HrrKoH c,,r)'qarr roii He e npeBoA Ha rpar<rriicxoro uIIe Ha Roi'iurtra, I{e
Nroi+(e Aa ce vcraHoBu ilopaArI HCCLIrvpLIrlre errINroJrorHII ua rpatcliict<ttre
II Iie H a.l';
Tpn5na ra nprreuelr,
rre
oute npejlt{ npeBp'blttaHero tla Cepaura B
rpaX,CKH UeHT'rrp, ts calroro ceiIr.!rrte Ha Cel)jr.rITe H B ilo-li'bcHi'ra I'paACI(a
TeprrropHr{ e I{uraJro pir\rcKrr rpilx(jlaHrr o'r Mecrel{ ilpoH:lxoL, KotITo Karo
tt
Or
(icp.ttrxa:
E.
,D
u.r o B, Cttrpr.riics;tlit ill,[)KB:t .,Ce. Cotb,4',1", 9i c.r. AA, XX\;ll,
1912, 56,1
(64); I(i13uiq', 193-l (7tjt, lgli
(77), i972
l-tti):
1962 (,t,,r); or repHlop!!Hra,:
tltjAI,l, \ll, l93S-;19, 4l I c.r. (9.i): l(.rBrrlg,
')tr22 (21), 2():]ti (1.r) u 2Q;)4 (lr)S, 2017 (r,i)
(rieponruo rpaKHcu).
t':
IGBulg, 201E (,i.3).
t3
Bx. no-rope II, {E, sa5. 2 u i, rvx il. n. I 17 n l18.
It
XpyrH c,'rvrrdH: CIi-, XIII, lJ3i2 (o'r Ksoan) : [-ottsitius Biarta [Jis;ic f .; CIL, Vil,
67 (or Epurauun): Ruf us $ita, ex. 3. fi c ur c n.r u,e a, [)po1't]BitHHq B-bpxy JIu'itIIHre ttl{ena
v rpaxure, 1965. 28 c,r.
t-,
3a raxoga rrpcBex(.laHe xil{il}re u3BecrHi.r rlarr}rH rrpH H}lcHara Ha pouaHH3upagH
ir.urpHfiuu,nx.D. I?errdid-rUiotevii, Tissa aHrHKa, XIII-XI\', 196+, t0t cr.
B. 6 e III e B.'I II e B, utlr. M., ilpc.lflo.lat-il npeBex]aHer() ua ll't'r'rc3 c Rrrftrs'
2C)7
.ltoslt), HJIH flbK 3a ToBa,
qe
',IHueTo
e 6u;ro TaKa no3HaTo.t
Te C.bU{o He
t6nnwpHIvlcKHfpaxAaHHHaKoBHaAnHCHTecao3HaqeHllCaMocTpa.
rficroro
cr. HMe, B cnyqaii,
qe ca no-Y1*.1, Api-f1
:::?.i::ficxu
HMeHa'
roBa noKa3Ba,
qe re ca A'bpx
atl| 3a
li:.T.1..T:Kutt
cvt llpoH3xoll' 3ano'{xa-
.{Hr{T rrpouec
Ha eI14HH3tlpaHe
Ha rparai'icrara
rpaACKa
apHcToKpa(Hf
rrq, He carvro or floc'raBflHeio
Ha Ha]'rpo6Hll
HaA,,HCH
Ha rp'buK, e3HK'
I.HH HeTpaKHI,'ICKH
oluuafr, Ho II oT
'IBfltsaHeTo
Ha rp.buKH
l,I}leHa B.bB BTo.
poro HirH
.rpeToTO
noKo.'leHrle.
Tara B Hal[l'p(l6nui
HaAnHC o'r LIeaHrHes
6arrta.ra H AflAOTO
HOC'{T TpaKHiicKrl
H}leHa' a TexHHttT CIrH Vt IIH}'K HMa
er{e rp'brrxo
;;;' B oSpouHun
Ha-'tnuc Ha il'nvtoH
or c'buloro
I\{tlcro6
HH.bT, KOI1TO e
qr'IeH Ha rpa!.cliiln
ceHaT
I'l Ha repy3HnTa'
HOCH fp'bllKo
r{ivre, AoKaro
r.ro"iir,
(',a*ta'l;;;, rpa*HiicKo
H}le' B r,ti c"Ivqal, ce Kacae
,,aK
3a JrHUa, KOH'I'O He ca 5u"rlr
pllltcKtt rpaiKAaHIt'
1'paxrt no npoH3XOA
,e3 pHMcKo
fpaxAancrno
ca 6H'rri t:i]::.,.YU','
Kor'tro Hocflr rlHt{Ho I4Me'
..3BeAeHooTreorpa$cxoI,trte'npHTpaKr,riicxoHIIeHa6auiaraTH.{tInbK
K.trNl Tp?rHlicl<oro
cu I{NIe HMaT enHTeT'
H3BeAeH
o't' reorpaocKO
HNle'8
-;lat<uftcKHHT npoLI3xoA
Ce pa3r\ptlBa
-no-HaTa1..I.:K
H B
'IRflBaHeTo
Ha Tpa-
:lriicr<utIMeHaIIpHCHHoReTe,,,o*,,,,6aurt,IreHoC,{TrpbllKuHNIeHit.qfio.]x.
faTeJ,IHHaTpaKHI,ICKHI{},.JIToBeBCnl.]a]]Te,KofaToHeHoCfTTpaI(HfiCKH
HlreHa,
ca 6ttnu c'bc cHrypHocT
oT rparrrucxrl
npoll3xol
callo aKo nocBe-
IteHHHTa
Hrvl Ca HallepeHrl
"rr-
o, Tpaxrrn,
HO B CaIlaTa Tparflln rpaxHfi-
-tKHTe
r(ynToBe
He ca crlfypeH
6e.'ier 3a TOBa' 3a e'ntlHA3HpaHeTO
Ha fopHI'Ll
cnoil Ha rpaKHiicroro
HaceJ'IeHHe
Hec'bllHeH $arrop
'?
!^'n^
cNleceHllre
(rparone, rp.buKara
cpeAa, c'b3Aa,X,eHa
or rplurnre
npecer'IHHlrfl'
H O4H'
,tHaJrHaTa
ynoTpe6a
Ha rp'bqKH e3HK B aAMHHUCTpaTHBHTIS'
06ulecTBeHHs
i,
,.tT$"1Xi1*f#?:JilS'#icKara
Haii-uecro,
Ho H
qpe3 .rr,qHo o6'ryaro-
rere.IlcrBvBaHe
eAHa
qacr o''-
'p'n'tlicroro
HaceJleHHe
Ha fpaAa H TepH-
ropl,trrra
My ; ,if,r;ro6rra,pHlrcKo
fpaxIaHCI(o
rpaBo oule npeAI'I eAIIKra
Ha Kapaxa,ra
-o'r''
itZ ,. FleclnrteHo
3a tlo-BI'lCo*a
CTeneH
Ha poIlaHH3,I-
paHe Mo/KeilI ]1a
roBoptl}I CaMU fIptI BeTepaHHTe,
Ko[lTo nopaJII{
npoA.b,1.
iKrITC.'IHATA
CII CJIVX(6A
I]'bB EOiiCKATA
CA HAVqABA'ILI
JIATI]HCI([I
C3IlK H CA
\:cBorIBaJIrr
pllMcxirn 6ltr vl Haqtltt Ha /r\[IBo'l'' KoeT o e HaNIepH'rto
I'l3pa3 H B
Ha.U.rpOitUure
tlll HaInllCu, C'bCTaBeHIr
Ha
'latltttCKu'10
He e T3l{'rrB CJIVqagT
o5aqe C TpalillTe,
tioHTO Ca Ao6rt"rit
prlrlCKo rpaii(IaHCTBO
no Af i'rH
Ha-
r ()r (.ep;rura: I(lBrtlq,
lgliii
(49)' l92l 0t)\'
or replrropHnra:
Atil\l' X' 1886'
]3.\f.,rt.2(']),19s3(ll0t.'lpat^uficxltH}IeIlaCe'{t]'II];llllBpeJtlrtaHarrooirglttto6pouuu
Ha.fllitCII'
K()HfI) ca cppat.rrcHrap]t(,.lattit:eHx'
6e: ra,rt..,;+.e BKHaIH Ia ce VcTaHoBu Tot{HoTo
HM noro)+\cHHC
B sa,rlrrrc.r, ,,r C.p,u*r:iCir-l:.
:n"it'sf'"'iiii';
iSl' 1$'12 (8/))' 1959 iiJl'
loti2
(,r,r), ,,, ,.puiJOy1^1i:
I(itstils' 20Jl
(1/';t'
'" -
.\
I(lBulc,
i()l
I ('ir).
.- nn.RprreHrreTo H.r 3esc or c. I-loron
ri
IGBulg.2()10
(J/).
.C)l*tl.ot
e c'1\'qiiqT
H c nocBeilreHllero
H'l
tI Ioorauxnuo),'
IGBtrlg' l^9'r{
( [t)rt\'
''
.'
;
ICtsuig, l9:ltt (891'
'
ICrFiulg, l9l6
({1)'
I
ICBtrig, 195't (J')'-1955
('9)'
ro
Bx. no-HararbH,
III, l5lt c;t'
TI
208
liopuc [-epoo 9l
:Tepartt{ OT no}lOlttHHTe }roiiCIiH Ca Ce 3alltpHailLl
R pojtttllTe C!l NIeCla'
IIonOIlaAHa.IlHoTHoBoBCBo'rTalI,II}lCHHllCpelaIlpe3Ta,IpaHHaenoxa,
.',.1-aT0
pHtvtCt(OTO HflHtlHIIe T)'l'i e
illt,fO Ottte C"Ia6O' Te Ca 6rtltt nOI-Jl'b'
iailH 0'r Her{ It Cil Ce Rp'btlta,:ltt oTHOBO K'bII CUO';l ll'le}teHeH 6n'r I'l Haq['H
rr.jt iKttBo'r.rh TaXlt itOlKeM Aa CH O')fCHHIL'IItllCal'a
Ha Ha'lnllCtt O'r tielrtg
il.bfrBIt BeK. PI{llCii[l I'paIirLaHH C l'eil'ill"1HO111
l't'rie IUIiUS II':IIt
('laUdiUsr
KaK'
J.r()1.eCaIo.]YqI,l.IIilT()I.aI-J;l.H[It].l3aCBHjleTe.lCl.t]\BaH}Io'rno.K.bCHo
[**,*,
ti H Ill 8.,,7 tr Htre truila\re
()cHoBaH'c ra
rtla,!)AtrNr Hrrro npH nH-
ILa'ra c RoeHlia Kapllepa, Hill() llPtl ltt{ull'-IHttTC;'M1[?,
qe'le ca noTorlull Ha
pHsr(:Kt.t rpax(IaHrr lrr Cepjttlf a. lloilrt''rx
plillCKo I'pal'K'[aHCrBo
nprr [O'rlIeBo
-
,,ritRIneua't'a rfHuaCrlul.ir"
fq.lHIltlT
p0\laHIl.l'hll u llOlleqe't.,
!')-*i'l..j-i3:
il-tilu() CbBCe !l llOt-i.iri I Irl-rrliaqe H:lt"ledi-'1il,
qe CTOII R'bnf QgaT C
'X'OOil'lrlTe
l)il1rcli()
r.l)a)K]aHCr(o
ilpliFt0 rrpu
,D.'llnitenata .ltt{HaC'ril'l'
[1o-r'rlpt..1'l:.,9i)
lltleBt,|.['Ix}le'qet},l.,Fti]l).b3KilCoxi]aHilTaH[llteHTpa.ltlIl'tn.bTC.I\)l4Jlll
ircrar*Hrr Ha crrlarel.rrrrecK,
,'e,.: ia npir
ii>.'rrrrrr're ilerepartt.
cle lH're Ha
r)i]fl uil(-t'att,tBatte Htle oTIiPllRaIle
B Tei'll'l'o[)lltlTa
tlil Cep'ilrtra
il1...li.i,t1-
tlrr:tlr.rt Sr.retisclt
g
,rrirtlero tra e.1nH pH:,rrrri[r I-prtili-ltltltlll
()T TItatitlllclill
,tflOrr3\0;1,
C'htllO C U()eHHa Haptleparr tl Ilrp()'l'l'llO flO'fOil'bii
H;'1 iltll(Otl OT
iitc.[atieHilT(.,
IrpH
<D,laslfirre
.rp,iIiruicriil
t]('1't]l)aHIl. [leptln rto ri() i0]l'bli Ha
,tac.raHerr
u
(,ep,.ttrrlr n[)r.l
<D.laitilttte F]eTePaH e
<[''rarllrii Ilorrrteir
'\lourau',
ri()&i.r() e 6u,r flp'bR ap.\oH't B I'paJ.a :'leiI(I\' 16.l I1 l6;] I"2c [:'tna
"IH
e
.itri'bB c'1-\'qaHT c pHllcKt,tfl rpar(jIaHili-{
or rpal(t{iicKrl npott3xoil'
B lla'lKo
rO-K't Cttttt{ HiiAnLlC OT KpaCHO Ce,'lOrr ll C TpHIIa'ta
<D'tantttl' KOtiTO tl3ilH'
l.aT noqe'reH HaATIHC Ha Co,'loHHHa,
c'brtP]'rara
Ha l-arHent;z-TexHlrre
H]leHa
Ir HMeTO Ha
qeTB'l,pTI.lrl tlOCtseTlITe'l
H3/l.aBaT Ma"IOa3HiiCKH
tlpOH3XO'll''rs
. IallriaCi.r Hc pI{l\tCK}I tpa6llaHH' :loi)ttJII
pH}t(:KO16 CI{ f paiK'['aHCTBO np11
f6rarH, He Ca Hr.r I13BeCTHH oT CallaTa Cepluxa' Lflpii ca ABe
'luga
B HaA-
rrrr(.6 O,r ripar{ Ha II H.,rrr lilt{a.rIO'tO Ha III H., HarlepeHtl R T}"lleH Il I'OIt''"
Texrrrrte Kot'uolleHII tte ctltlJ'eTe'lcrrlviiar
3tl \lecreH ttP()ll3xo:['
HO IIo-cKopo
'19?.)
(71). 19li (71) or II r" u
l9i)2 t11Ji
,,r Ililtlaroro na Ill s'
iir,i, 11. ilEl: P. E ( r e I, Der
__npol'rrrurfl
Bbpx.r' 3ana.irEorparuficxare .3eilru npe3 prltct(o BpeMe
209
Ha npecenHHrtH oT rpar:lcxoro Hace.rreHHe Hlr
(-eplura.
caelure or pa3jla-
BaHe Ha pHMct(o rpaxIaHCKo IIpaBo IIpH XanpHarr cacJa6H H,'rrr HecHrypHH.
Btsptoxrto e eAHo ,rHr{e or rpar(Hficxara apncronpalq.uq Hil rpaAa, Koero
e 3aeilrar'ro noqerHara An'bxHocr rpaKapx, i(a e 6n,ro Aeiius.zs Bropr.rHr
cnyqaii e Ha BerepaH or n'bpBI{Te lecern.rrerufl Ha IIi 8.,26 [pon3xox(Iarit
or
OaMultllr,
KoflTo rto r]crrKa BeponrHocr e flo"r\:q]fxa prlNtcKolo crr rpax(-
.{aHCrBo rpH Xa.l,pllaH, r'br,i Karo n HeroBare lIBa}ra 6pars ca Aeiii.
'fpe-
THsr clyuaii npHHa^IJexlt rtoqrtr na c'brrtoro Bpe]re.27 fl Ha jt n Lrcnre or
L{exau,{eno
(uoc.ne.nnara qe1'B'bp'r
Ha III s.) BoeHHr.r
"{Hua
Hocnr HMero
Aelius.zs B nocleAHHTe r'IBa cr_\,qafl He )ro)*(err ra roBopnlr 3a pHlrcKo
rpax(AaHcrBo, noJ-VqeHo oT THfl rfavunww npu Xalplran, H irNrero Aelius
e rvK npocro eAHo
{ranan
rHo HMe, Koero Bor.iHnrlaTe ca rro.'Ivqa Bailv rrp[,
nOCT'bnBaHeTo CH B'bB Boi.iCKaTa H.'IH no-K'bcHo. f{a BoeHHara KapHepa Ha
CBOI{Te Cb3AaTe.'Ir{ A}d'l;{(aT nHiltCKOTO CH fpaiKAaHCTBO B [OBeqeTO C.,'l\:qatl
(rarranur,
qHero
reHrH.'IHo Irlre e Valerius. Hafi-pauHnnr cn-vLrapi or Cep-
Ai{Ka, o'r 155 f., Ha JIHUe, Kocro e npHHZt;1.'Ie}Kai'Io Ha rpalcrara ap+-
croKpattHE.?e l-lopaler ,1Hnca Ha r(orHolreH B'r,ttpocbr 3a HeroBoro pr4NrcKo
rpax(.LaHCTBo Hafi-uaxKo e HecHrypes. Ctrrlnsr e c,{!'rlaflT H c Ap},r Vale-
rius e rto-K]cel{ Ha/tnAC.3o CarypHa c"ryvqau Ha pfi},cKr{ rpa}r(AaHlt c reH-
THJIHo Htle Valeriu:^ ca e.itHa )I(eHa, Korrro 3aelra p-br(oBoir,Ho Irrrcro B
KynToBoro o6uecrBo Ha Klr6ela,3r [r ,itBe nnUa BepoHTHo c BoeHHa r(aprr-
epd,,2 or KoHTo e.{,Horo e rroqHTaTeJI Ha Kv.'tra Ha Marpa.
3Haqnreano no-roJlsrt e 6ponr Ha pHMcr(HTe rpax(AaHlr c reHTuxHo
HMe Aurelius. Te ca noqrn BcaqKH or III 8.33 H ,['bn)Kar Hvrero cH unt Ha
BoeHHaTa cH KapHepa,34 fiilH Ha eAHKTa Ha KapaKana or 212 r, CarvpHH
cnyqaH Ha Boi.iHHUH H BerepaHn HMalte KaKTo oT rpa:Ia,3s TaKa H or reprr-
TopHnra My.st Tparcuficraxr HM rtpoH3xo,I e ,r,'Ir.r vria3ar{ n3plrr{r{o, uJtn
rpa6ea,Ia ce rtpel[o/rara.3; tlpa ocraHa,'rHTe Aureliist BoeHHa riaixrepa
,ii;
tLi
*i
ili
,li l
iI
I;I
II
,*
ii
I
Be repatllt s Cell-tux;t trltlt IlPtl K)'rgeno'
r;t.
IGBtrls, 1972 (46t.
I(-i8rrig, 2023 (27).
IGBule, 1939 (85).
Kalinka.384 (/r.9): R. Egger, Der Grubstcirr
ICBulg, l9();l (JZ) n 190i 1.17y.
IGBuls, 2030 (i9).
IGBrrle, 1925 (7it.
I( a li n k a, n. -tl-l
1l0l): H. 13i'.'r i,r tr, Crroueuur,
[,lsx;rrclqcgue rrpaBH rroxe 5u Hir;IlHC1,T, E. Q r
"r
rt
c.r.
.AA.
XX\.11. 1(rl.?,56jt (64).
t'o11 (-g|-errielp
i/09t.
XCVIII, l9-11 --18, it. 2ir;' (2).
a,
()o,pnricriara
trhpKBa Cr.
(lo-
CB
IrlT
'1.-'
llri
ls
::9
3f)
:ll
(rnH, 97
:|1
ep., i\-
Ill)c I{i,
\l(r'riie f
2i.q5
i,:i,it 1rl6-1 (r)li), 1971 rpjt' ltl23 (!i)
'iiiir,'rq.
:ri 15 (t01, I].ri. H 116r-1'.pe I
. sgri, B II .1, rpuBe.lerl c'l I-' ]'1 rr r a il
'1o
B'
r.to.heHileTO \l\'.
qe n ccp:xxa ca 6u"tu HA'fa-
i ce F].ia\lLr IlPti.f, RtI,1, t n,'1 xato
rlereHt{ero }ly
a il2,r.'i6 (l)91.
oco6eu(} ToBa e ,l('Ho ()I ,{\rrHilTa Ha lIp(:T()i]HaHuHl'(:, lt[)L]il.ix(.r,+\-lalllh oT t.cp-iuxa
H TcpHTOpHnra rr. or JIE[aTa ci,i'.].ilra.leilo H]re B ]ra,'Irrr.rcHre, rta 6pt)It lg, Ar:rtlii c;r 15.
er,HH e Septimirrs, etux Itrlius lt;lBalra Hocrir rphuK14 r{sreua, BiK. no-Herllsx ll[, l0l c.r,.
s
OcseH Be'repaHa or
-ra6. ,13 rr'-r. oure ICBuiLl, 1962 t,i,i).
3'r
tlBAI,l, KII, 1938--39, {il c.r. (9.i): l3Bulg, 2034 (1rit u 2t),jri (/j), lgfiJ (11rj| :
CIL, XVI, l-15 (1,16i; hEr\h, \'ll, 1932 33, :177 ll07); ilaarrrslua tLlapu(rpo^rcxo), Air.
dp., 196-1, n. 269 (71; HoBoHiluepeHa -rfirr.'roul n c. Cyra're iBpa.lascro) or 236 r. sa
flpeTopHflHeu.
37
fpruxs npoH3xoa Bepo,rrHo (10,;).
:r3
IGBulg, 1906 (42), 1927 (771, l9;0 t,dl, l9ri0
lbtt.
20li (251, 197.1 165), i93.i
(.7tit, 195-+ (5r), 1975 (6,i), B. tr e ru e 8.1 u e e, Ilpxrioclr. n.
.12
ir521.
\.I
(t tt.
II
r10
?:
I
ii
i i
t
6opBc fepo8
92 93 npoyqB.Eus aapx:i 3ilnanEorpaKlllc({Te 3evx ope3 puirc(o apeMe
2ll
l
MOX(eM Aa
npeAIIoJIaraMe B CnYqatlTe, npH KOHTO Tpal(HfiCKHfT npOu3xOA
e
gceH,
AoKaTo rpbIIKI,t,{T npol43xoJ. IoBopH noBeqe 3a pHMcI(o rpaxAaH.
-
.;;;
A"6uro
qpe3
eA,rira Ha f\apaKana. B nlpaare roLLtHH cJIeA 212 r'
LHa
qaCT oT HOBHTe prllvlCKH rpax<IaHH Ca npll6aBI{n[l trPOC_TO
,Hy,tto
AureliuS xtlr npeAHIIIHOTO CH rlepefpHHa'"lHo
HMe,3e a B eAHH Cnyqau pIlM-
cKOTO rpaiKAaHCTBO, H3rnelKAa,
qe e o3HaqeHo
npocTo c KorHoMeHa
-
,irr,,rorior.*u Hfl c,r.vir6ara cH B-r,B Boi:rcKara np6 Ceeepnre A'bnxar
pHM-
(oro CH rpa)ff.U,aHCTBo rplllla Septirnii." B ABa
Or rHfl CnYqaH rpaKrlfi-
cKrlflT npoH3XOil e flceH.
FIa'pavrCKOTO
KyJITypHO B,'lHslHIIe Ce A'bnx(H
npOHHKBaHeTO
Ha pHMCKH
MeHa cpea rpar1lrfiiKH
-OarvrgJtlrt,
Koltro He ca uMatil pHMCI(o rpax1agc1o
..proo. Tpn6na Aa AonycHeru,
qe
B HIKOH CJIVqaH, ivlaxap H TOBa Ia He e
3aCBLI.tteTenCTByBaHO
[r3pnt]Ho B HajlnUClrTe' Ce KaCae 3a ce]lefiCTBa Ha
:at.punrI,
T'btrl Karo or BpeNIeTo Ha AHroHaH tlnii poAeHare npe3 Cnyx-
aTa HM Aeua
He ca non,vqaBa,rlH Beqe pHMCI(O rpaN(AaHCI(O npaBo, KaKTO
,.*rrr" a;;; npr.r yBorHelrHero ci{.12 C-,r,v-uaHre ca piil?9?pa3tu: pHMCt(H
HMeHa ce flBflBaT npa AeuaTa, ,x.oKaTo
6atuara Hocl'l l'paKHliCKO HMe{3 HJIH
6patHOro,{+
uJtH n6K e.nHoTo oT
jleqaTa HocH prlNtcKo' Ap}'roTo
-
rpa-
nliCxO a$re;"ti pHMCI{H CHTHVM Ce fBflBa npH-Tpal{HI:iCKO
Hlvter6 HJIH' O6paTHO'
TpaKHliCI(H CnrHyll [plr pHl'tCKo H]le't7 3a IIH':lOCTHO
gOIIHI-UaBilHe Ha
npaRHoTo noJroxeHHe Ha HaceileHHero B repHTOpHflTa Ha cepAllKa npeAl'l
AHKTa
Ha KapaKana HfMalue .[aHHtl'ts
B enarpascrrare ,x.oKyruei{Ttl
oT ceplraxa NlecrHrtTe xHTeIH 3anoqBaT
Aa ce flBsBa,
-.aru
npe3 il t. ar..u, npeBp'LlltaHero
Ha CepAHKa B rpaAcl(n
i.rrrp.
B eAau or no-paHHl{re Hait,nHCH, Koilro e or l4:l r',{e eAHH Tpa'
I ;;q, Koiiro H,Ma pHMcKo rpax.ll.aHcrBo
H e 6un Beqe Ha npeKnonHa B'b3-
,;;;;;
iiri nuro.. e norpHxH.II Beqe 3a HaArpo6Hvttt c't naMerHHK' e H3-
n-IrJIHflBai.,I
HaH-BHCIILITe fpaACKlI A,''IIXHOCTII
B Ceplrara,^'IlaAeHa
B HH3-
:;;;i
p.l,
lapxluepeii,
np.un apxoHr. r4peHapx H. cHrapx. Toii e 3anoqHarl
dv.HLlr4na.rrHara
cir KapHepa BepoRTuo ottle npH Xaiip[1aH' rpH KofiTo HMne-
praTop ce fBflBaT n'bpBltTe cBe,n,eHIItl 3a aKrl.lBH3',lpaHe
Ha rpaIcKH',I )I(HBoT
BHoBOC,L,3I.ul.,,,,..npHTparurpajtoBeBTpaxi,ttt..'oToea;'I.oK}IueHT
'-
r:r
iGBulg, 1906 (4r), 1950 (,ro,l. l3'l{ (76), l92I
(771, 198'r (!(!i.);
lo
H rrrrra c
'rp}'ru
.-eHTrr,.lt{H ltilleHA Ce tiBl{BII I'INleH-VEatl}i llO Cl'IIllltl Hatll'!H' ICBrri']' l9-1 | (79\'
ro
IGBulg, I91() (3'1)'
-
r1
146AI,I, xll. 1938-39, 111 crl. tl,it: Ii.r lin k;t' rr' i25 (1tt\: ('ll'' vl' 3256;t
:2389U1?;r"
1{0 r., sx. B. Gcror', iflrr,, \\\\'t, 19s9, 19t): nx. K. Kr;rf t,zur
Rekrutierung,
112 ff' 117 fi'
13
ICRulg,-igoi
(191, c'lPIeHHrr, Lx\\'ll' t!l']-+' n' it ('l)'
tr
Cnonesi,-, f-XIVil,-193{. n. 5l (4), \C\''lll, l94i - lii, n' 2tl{) ('i)'
15
B. E
"
tr-. ur r. a, Ertnrpa$cKu IIp':tloctl' ll' 16 1ti'?)'
rc
IGBulg, 1922 (70),202N Q'71'
1?
IGBtilrl, 1997 (100)'
1"
.la raroBa rroBr4UIaBaHe B [lauostts, Ha civitas I-atobicorirI11', B)*(; A' Mocsy' P',!:
nonia,597, sx. H no-rope I, i0-6- tZ;At'
3a. uceoro rcpHrlHqecKo no'1oH(eHI{e ua ce''IHl"U'ara
rrDH ToBa nnun*rurn" d*. T1. M,,mm.clt, [-.' tlroit puhlic rotttain' \'l' 2' 4l()'
'
'rn IGBule, 1953 (43).
ro
Bx. no-roPe I,'i05 (257)' :a6 i'
noKa3Ba,
qe
ouie B n'bpBHTe ilecerr"'rerHn cJreA rrpeBp'btqaHero Ha Ceprrrr(a
B rpa/lcI(H ueHT'bp,'l Tpar(Hr.icr(aTa apHCTor(pauuT e 6una npHB.rreqeHa lla
yqacTB\'tsa aKTHBHO B \/rlpaB.leHr.reT(J Ha fpaAa Herr{o, KoeTo BHxj(alre
H lpw l-la-vranux.-'2 l-lo
'r'oBa
e 03HaqaBailo Heliuo'ro e.'InHrr3apaHe, Kar(To
[oKa3Bal' rp'buI(HsT HaqHH Ha norpea)eHrre H rp'burirrHl' e:]HK Ha naMeTHuKa.
l]o-rucHo, BepoflTHo oT BTopara no"roBaHa Ha II ts., Hpr e H3BccTeH errlH
5y.rrenr H iep_v3aacr n Cep:taxa,';3 o'r 'rpaxHlicxa
npon:lxojt flo 6arrta, Ho
Beqe Hoceul r-p'btlr<o Hilre H )+(eHeH 3a xeHa or lp'buKH, I.roi.r.-e 6a rraJ(l-
azurtctr npor.r3xoil. Or npexora Ha II Kl,M III cro/re'rne ( BeporrrHo Har-
rpo5HHflT HajInHC or klRaHrrrre,sl n xoliro crrH'br ca,ruo Hocu rp'br{r{o i4}re
npa Tpar(ar'rcro nue Ha 6arrta cr4 it Afljto cn.si B noc"rel!{lrre ABa cJlvqarr
HMaMe HaBflpHo tparaa.'ina t)T rpajlcrara rpaKarlcKa apnCToKpauurr, Kotrro
ca HMaJIH 3eMUTe CH B TaH
qaCT
Ha
()OdniiCrO
ro,r're, K'b.{ero Hanocrel'bri
npH cDalunonqlr H L)6e,rri 6flxa o'rKillrru plrMCKa BHi'rH.i6 FlHcoxara noqfiT,
rioflto e 6ala orjlatreHa Ha
'['22:a:
\:.1:t1:.i'loEst o'r rep]'3uaCTHTe Ha Cep-
4[HKa' CI]H,[eTe,lCTBVBa I-le Ca}1() 3a 3aC,'IVI'HTe My KTl}l fpaAa, HO H 3a B!t-
coKo1'o MY oi>il1er:rneHt-l rro,to/KeHr.tri, ]loxe 6u npelceAare.'r (rep1.'aaapr t
Ha fep\'3HHTa.,,lr.rua o'l'e.'rL!HH3HLr;tHH rparrrircra rpaull,r.ran, Ho He oT
ivlecTeH npopl,l.\:o-t c'brrto ca ){rHBeJ,tH B
(.eplHxa.
Taxtu, H3i.1e)KlIA, e ci't\'-
qarrr
c Jliiz,:
'Iogd;t'tc't
o'r lraaoagluicKara H,4Ker.," E,rault:-lupaHero Ha
'raKnaa
tpaua;lra e craHaJro orue B poAHHTe r{M r,recra.
B o5rrtecrBcHnr xHBor Ha npoBprHItHn Tpar<ur vqacrne'ro Ha .[Ltrla or
rpaxar.icxu npoa3xolt, HH e 3acBujlere,ircrByBaHo c e,(HH rparapx,se a B
penuruo3nun >rLIBor ocBeH c-bc crro]reHarflfl Beqe6, apxraepeii, oue c rpHrvra
xpeuu, .uBaMa Ha Ca6aeniiut \4 TperH BeporrrHo Ha Xepa.or [l cronancKafi
xHRor Ha rpa;r,a Hrraivre raHHrr 3a !'qacTuero Ha rpaiiir or h'pafl na III B.
B eAIIH [(aTaIIOI', I(',bleTO OT OCeVrTe r'IHI[3, flpH KOHT() ,ilZl;]IeHil ilporfe-
;l
3a H:t,{HnA. no xuilro Ccf u,rKJ e 6u.ra lrpeBr,i)rrarii R lpa-I, u;x il. I r,ir o n, iipo-
\
trBiIHi{r
B"bp:t}' fl03e\r.teHrrre o't ilorr!eurrr ,
-ll)
c.r.
jr
Bar. I, illN (2901.
:':;
lCRulq, 20i0 (3/).
't ICrP,ulg, 2nll
{,:10).
:':'Hne
ne cloIe.:IflIrc [t1F'J3,irror(, or \'. t"]ei*rlirr'. i-in(iirstirit:r:B.rlli.t;tiqr:r,:,
\.], rSfi.l,
11.
ti,],:,ttlttrre, rrc
-r'n,'r'peirala
Ha rpr.uKri reorb()])lrruH uu(Hit n rJlaxui'!cxn ri-,rt-
\ttl.-lltt{ (a rt;ttttax c.lVqaii
'll'naz).2'.1'r,;)
tt.'o.lrattaBa ottle t,:titHt,:1ti);lrte. Carrrilo B'h3n[-1He\ratfc
Ita rp-biIKltre H\'.'rroBe, rpt,rlrltrtr e.]HK nl noclBetueilHriril rr tra.rrpoirtt[rrc Hi,.inHcrr t,t t'l)]rt-
Ki.ltlr IIaIIUH llil IIrrl'pQ6euttt' 1'1130;)flT .lli rt1'luci6tttaBiiHC K'r,t{ rp;r:tcKUfl xilB(rT, K('jr.To ir
'l
pli-
KI!r{ c 6u.lrl panHo.}HariH(} Ha e.ranrr.}HFarre. Or.rpvrt crpar{it, tr{.'TI)rralBa ut ce rrfirtr.;r
irir.r-
.114Ka Ilexlv rco,$optt,tHlt il .lpVrrr rp'brUilr r.rueHa, I.(axt,H1'0 rt'cDtririlT B TatiitBil r[ ;tnu.tlr ll
or rpaxrilcrr Iipor{3x().t, rlfl tiltro tetrrh(rprlrHHflT \apaKTep lra t.j\tetiara rr f'tr.r }ti,oro
its5re-is rl;t.
''t; Bxi. III. t ii.
:;
I(rBulg, l9l6 tll).
]s
I(iBrr !9, I ll;5 (,t./r).
ilt
I(lFittig, 197:' ('1ti),
'ja
rni.:iir,r u :r,Ti-rriHoirrrr ipaKa[]x i.r;L. [--. [- e
il
,r s, l-H,\irl i-l ,r,
I, 19.1E, 27 ct.
80
IGBulq, 195,3 (4,?).
trt
IGBulg, 1927 (77), 201.j (J,t).
t;:
fQSrrlg, 20$'l (99).
t: l
li,
ai,
lli
l,i,
iir
i;l
lti
!'
)12
6opuc l-ePos
95 llpoyuaauus Bbpxy 3anaABorparnllcrare 3eillH npe3 pHMcKo BpeN{e 213
94
cvnTaHI\l,ABe,aHMeHHoe.[.HHxne6ap14e]l[|HnpoAaBa(IHaC.becTHH
il;^il';;,1;*,:::il;,ui:'H:'l
#..1ii,1,
_ :,?I,.
H;,ce.reHHero'a
cepaHxa
ce e C"bcrorr,ra
or rtpecen,Hurt
'oi
N'iu" i\3nr'
r'aBHo or Bltrrul'tfl''H
no
Var'lKOOTilp]'fl{MeCTa,aC'btlloHOTCNleCH'rl?l'I'CeCTfXI'ODeHC"IOI'IHa
rpar<Hiicr<oro
n"t;;;;t'
B cb3jiaAeHHre
no ro'I HaqHH t"n""pauu Sa-
.vr,.rnrr
rplrxnficrunr
*ornona'i
e 6rr'r nocrerlerlHo
3an,uen'
HepHIvICKHTe
fpax(AaHHoTrp,bIII{Hnlropl3xoACeflB'II]aTBHaI.n14CHTeCaNloC,,]HtlHoTo
cH HNre64
H,,Iir n'bK To e flpuxp]')KeHo
or ]IMTo
Hi1 5auara'6-'
BlttnucKHtIT
rrpoH3XOiI
e H3pHqHo ),*u11-nt;
I{.:IpI llo;fie Aa
ce npe]lno'rara
B',Lil ocHoBa
Ha r.rsteH,T,
IIr'Irl IIO Ap-YrH
npllaHaUtt6T
np6 H3ReCTeH
6pOil oT rfx' TaKa
qe NrolKelr Aa
npHelvlelvl,
qe
3a KoiloFlII3HpaHeTO
na cep'Il',IKa
[JnraHHtl
]l no-
cnertHaJlrro
I-rlrr<es e ra.{a
a*r., 6poi:i flpCer'tt{HITLI'68
Kol'lTo ca IlocraBIl'lIH
oCHoBIlTeHaopIaH[I3tIpaI{LI,I.rpal:I'Ct{I.lxHBoT'aKaTo3aHa,ITttHH,T.bproBuH
rr 3eueB.rIarenIla
vt Ha lIKoHollHKara
Ha rpaJa'oe
I-Ipnloxr't
Ha M3;'Io-
a3ul,tutl,lI3rJIe?KAa,enpoI,.bJIx{H.l.Illno-HaTaT.bKnpeaIIt].'IoKaTaCTpo-
rpara rrpe:l
170
r., 2 c'bllio 1l npl'l BrLrD14f
pa3tlBer Ha fpal'a nprr ceneP"ure'
3a }Ia,{oa3llLtCI(}I
ilpece.1I,i,tI.iH
CBIl;te.le,lCTBVBaT
1,1 Hr,IeHa oT Man0a3nI4CKH
nporr3XOAT'
,.:rrr raKHBa,-1::lro
ca rr3tser,."r"o,
ieorparpcKl'r
HMeHa s Mana
A3urr,?r
a c.brlto tr ua;loagrriri,lr,--K)'.'lToBe.72
Krlt rpbuKOTO
tlace'leHHe
Ha
cep:tuxa
ute rpn6aa Aa
?-lneclr
r{ piiNrcK,rir I'nax!'aHtt
or rpa'uKH
npo-
H3xoAuJl,L|npt{HaAJIeiKaIILITeHae,.]ltHI,l3HpaHIlrpaxttiicxtlA;Irg.rcMeceHl,l
rpauu.nrau'KoI,ToHHcepa3l(pIIBaTqpe3rp.bqKllflI(oIHoMeHBTplrqneHHoTo
vlJll. ,u.ByqxeHHoTo
HM ,,,e,;. KaKTo H cxyqaI,ITe,
KoraTo AeuaTa
HocflT
I
pnrvrCrc, ,*,anU,-
U 6r,rtrra
rp'o*xlt74
n''^ o!6p^THOTo'7s
I'ISO6rUO
pHMCKHTe
-fl
l,qBllt:
i,'fi Ei,,)
,t:t,,e!t\,ll?5
!,,,);,tJ?ilj; il;rLiii ,?,11 iirl'?lif.iqI'
x.r8s6.zlsr.'n":r';i:rrE'rrl]ii:rgii-ir"-zr':i'i'i'iii'iiiriir,{'202eer.)'1e73(52)'
19;g(6rl).
z*r,;'1-0,.'r,-:ri{:_tgt'
rgi,;'i,i,.igr'irs;,.rt.'tt.rpoBNh'crapuiurp'
XV-xvl'
ld;ij
:
65. tigr.iii,
I19, n,..5
177_1, ,.,or r(j-,,i r.5,{r lt),16
(g,.r). lU2:i
(281 : AE.\l. X-^1886.
lill(jBtll{.:()10{J1).1957.(4'y)'l9lrir,j8).11.}36(8..,).1g2:i(78}:AE.\1.\.188e
23r{ r.. n. 2 (,;i,
-:r',-ro
tlll,
2,1-1/.ii+,.'
'ri"l;'ianl'
'i'
i:;'; t';;' Apieo'orur'
1967' I'
, .1-.
^\
,)I cJ' \:+ut'
"'"::'-13#ii[
13'l,? l3?i',
f"*.'??
;::t',f,,]'"::o8Jil,];'-'l' :ro,l*u"
cr
('osnn"'e,
ir. 2. iropa_*r it.,e=.,lz.t=lz)rs1-1.
.p
n'i
.''i, n"n"rr'r."
nliiJ"'i.;"-i.
igrh' oo st1q" II' 1946
147 sqq.
::':'::,":1"','no....rnrulrrc B Nicrpotis
acl tstrtttn. ax' t;' I-epon'
Po'
1;1"
flrl to6ett e cnvtlittlr c IIP
' ,,0*r,rr'rlr.
ll, 9l (107) c;t'rl'
,-.^1niru *rn:rHero Ha tt:tcqgo6a'rKaHcKlire
3eMn B:'('
sri
;13 p,rrut) t' Bttraur'tit,
B lic'IoH?l3ilprHer
u
'-
ril;airlm'Tii,i,.,;5 [i]
lii; . a rrpu'oci,
. 28 (/0r)
r.
iCeur'c,
l9i0 (34): 1912 (Jit'
::
ICBuli,
2010
(31)--
?3
AEll,\, l1186. 238' n' I (o);lGBtilg'-1910
(J1)' 1912
(35):195i.1r1'';.''*U'O,F/,\
t,',iiJlit,
i,dl;i''li'i1fi"
;?;
THJ,',|'?
*{if;lt;tiiir;:*?X'r"il";
ios of iio"
Hoc,rr c.bruo ift;; ;;;";: Ll'u'l;;;1n;;'u'
6aurnie He ca plrlrcKH I'pa'(AaHH'
'i
lcaur!,
2o+2 (9), t975
.62:
::,
tGBui?,
,936 iaa,
l9-11
(79)'
HMeHa B rp'bIIK[Te
Qalru.auu
He Morar l,a Ce B3eMaT 3a 6e.1er Ha poMa-
HH3arIHfl, A Ce A'b/IX(aT
Ha pa3npocrpaHeHHeTo HivI npe3 HMIIepaTOpcKaTa
enoxa B H3TorrHHTe rtpoBuHrILrH. U{e rpn6aa Aa AonycrHe}I,
qe
HacraHrl-
BaHeTo Ha rp'btIKLI [pecen nu1vt a Cep,u,llxa e 3aIIoqHaJIo ou.e B npeATpas'
HoBo BpeMe caeA o6ptruaHero Ha rpaKuticroro
qapcrBo B pl'IMCI{a iipo-
BHHqHq, 3auloro He 6uxvre MorJIrI ;\a cH o6scnprlut paHHoro yqacrHe Ha
TpaI(I{Te B MyHHI{HnaJIHI.lfi x(HBOT Ha CepAaxa, aKO B'b3,U,HfaHeTo ra n rpaA
npH Tpanu He e
gaBapllno TyK eAHa rp'bUKa CpeAa, KoflTo e IIoAToTBI'lna
rparnficxara apucror(par{Hrr 3a roBa. Ha c.ryual"lHoc'r, H3rnex.Ia, ce A'biI:'(LI.
ul
"
Hafi-paHuraa roqHo AartrpaH HaAnHC or Cep,a.nxa l(aro HocI'Ire.] I{a
BHC111HTe rpaACKH .U,JI'b1(HOCTH Ce flBflBa He rp'bx' a Tpal(lleq (ex. IIi,
92). HeetaMOxuO e i1a AOnyCHeM,
^9e
B Tafl paHna ell6xa, KOfaTO
ce ypex(Aan rpaAcKrrrrr )KHBor Ha Ceptaxa no o6paseua rIa rp"buh-lire
ManoaeufrcKg rpaAoBe, rp'bqKunT eJeIvleHT Aa He e B3e,'I
)'qac'fue.
C.']i'eirHT
,t; He e 6u.,t no-pa3JlltqeH o'r Cnyqafl c llayra,ratl, K'bAero rpe3 iij5 r'
ca IIpeACTaBeHH B ynpaB,'IetlHeTo tla rpaLa [l TpHTe eTHrlqecKH e.Ile]leHTa
-
rparlrfiCr<HflT, rp'bql(HtlT A pHucrrn'r.'u BepOlruO oKO.:lO CpeiaTa I{a II a'
.46rre or rp.br{r{H npon3xojr, e 6nto Htiro.Itt(o n'LTIl ap-{oar a
(leprrtra.rr
L,,u.tra crarj', Ha Kclpne.lnr l-lavna, xeHara Ha F.'lara6a,r (218-222 r'), e
H3Ar.lrHara or Ceprrraxa npH ABalra
apxoH'rtt, KoHTo ca nor'IVLli4'1tl pallcKoro
cH rpaxAaHcrBo c eIaKTa ua Kapaxara.rE EJ,autlqt or rrlx Hocll rp'bllKo
Hilre, a Apyrl,tfT
-
JIaTHHCKO. BepOxruOCTTa H BTOptlrT Aa I]pOH3'\O){(Aa
or rpbrlr(oro ulu elHHH3HpaHoro HaceJlel{He Ha rpala e roi'Isivla. Or cl-
TUOTO BpeMe uilt4 rvraJIKO nO-paHeH e eAHH Ha4nac,re s KOfirO ca AaAeHll
Kacaep.bT H cdHAHKbT Ha repy3r.rflTa, H ABaMaTa
pHMcF(I{ fpaiK;laHH oT
rpbrlr(H npoH3xoA, noJI,vqHJIH C'blIIO pHIICK-O-TO CH fpax(AaHcTBo BepotlTHo
npu KapaKarla. IIpn Cenep AnercaHA-bp
(222-235 r.) e 6ra.n np'bB apxoHr
uu t:apArra80 eAHH pHlrcKH rpitx(AaHHH or rpbUI(t'I flpofl3xo.{, xoiiro npa
Kapar<i,ra Hlrlt Eaari6a,r e 6in arouoreT n CepAHxa.st 3ae.Iuo C Hero Ca
5a;rtr aTOHOTeTH OUIe
qeTHpHMa rpaiKAaHH Ha CepAlrria, HeCb\ll{eHO OT
r-p-br1Klr [po63xo4, Karo ABatra
or rnx noAo6so Ha cnoilIeHa'ritr{ apxoHT
Ca ilO.,'IvqHilPt LttrtH HacneAHnH pHI'lCKOTO CH rpa"4(AaHCKO flpaBo npelll
Iiapaxana, a Ap),rare ABal,ra, o3rlaqeHH Karo
'.Ulo'rte)66, ca craHarll'I pHll-
cKH rpaxAaH6 BepoflTHo npea 212 r. Ha rripar{ ua II B. npI4Ha.r,.rIeiI(H eAHH
$parrienrnpaH
rraAnnc, cnopeA xoiiro eAHa xeHa c rp'bLlKo HMe e 6rr.rra
apxnepen.s2
tu-B*. no-rope L l38 (290). O,gNuraarHi,Te Ha-tnrrcra iGtsule, 1917, l9!8, 1919, Kol'Iro
ca or BpeMero ,, I"ro,r,i" itrn'(138-161 r.) r.;tu nafl'rlcso .(o cM6p'rra ua ,Ilyriufi Bep
(t69 t.), He ca 3ana:ieHH B TarI cH
qacr, K'b.'ero oqaKBaMe HMeIIara Ha rpilJcKt'tre
rrtarI{CrpaTH.
;i
IGBulg, 1935 (86).
?s
AEM,-X, 1886, 238, n. 1 (6)'
;g
[GBulg, 1906 (42).
so
IGBulg, 1992 (ll2).
st
IGBulg, 1910 (34).
'": ICBulg, 1949 (87)-
I';::
:lirl:
ir
ii
97 llpoyuaauafl B'bp.\y 3ara.u,HorpJKnficxrtre 3eMu npe3 pnMcKo BpeMe
2t5
Or npetrero Ha Kapar<ala e HaAnuc'br,er B r(oflTo HallltpaMe eIHH l"epy-
3napx fi JrorrrcT, K.[as;tair IclHiHu, pHMcKH rpaxAaHaH; Tofi RepogrHo e
MOf'b.II Aa npHHaAxeXrl i('b\l pHI\,ICI(OTO HaCeJIeHHe Ha rpaAa. IOKaTO Apy-
rHTe ABe nHqa OT C-blitHrl HaiiI]HC Ca f'bpUH, t]TOHil;'IH HaEtIpHO pHMCKTI
npaxAaHrr rtpu Kapana.'ra. [:nnrertr d.Z-;d,o^16ta:c; Ha KnaBAafi ,,,''lOsrIrH nO-
Ka3Ba,
qe
rof,t e nprrHa:i.le.,trilJr K'bNr tslrcll]Hrr cnori Ha I'paACKoro Hace,'teHne.
B'rnperir puMcr(oro reHTa.rrHo r{}re neperpfir{a.IleH e npoa3xoA'br Ha e.ilHo
ceMeficrtso,
,{ariro
ocHoBareJr BeponrHo e HMa.r BoeHHa l{apaepa, a pHM-
cKoTo rpaxlaHc'r8o Ha HefoBlui cHH H BHyK Ce AT,I)KII I!'OX(e 6t'l ClbU-lO Ha
BOeHHa r.(apHepa Hilu Ha eIuKra Ha KapaKaila?2 Brpxy eAHa 5aza, or
qlrllro
HaAlLrc e 3a[a3eH ca]ro nlpBHsr peA,
qeTeM
i\o|x.o't. Beporrruo ce liacae
3a BHAHa JrprrtHocT oT i'1,)ajla fitil pi-rMCKr.r H\,rnepaTop Lrxl.l npotsl-lHi{llaJieH
tlafHcrpaT,
qHrrTo
cTaT,vr{ e cTog,'Ia B'bpxy 6aaara, Ho J,pyfHTe
qacTH
oT
Hnrero rr)' ca 3arv6eHlr.es Pnrrcxa rpar(AaHr.rH Mo)fie 6ra c BoeHHa I.(apuepa
u ue'rpaxllrYrcxu flpot{3XoJt, KaKtsaro H3r'.rre)+(.Ia Aa e u Het'ouare c'bnpyra,
e floltnonuir Pi'(, o o6poueu HarflHC ot
{o,-tHt't
,rlo3ett.en
,ilarsuCxaie HaAip6SHr.r HaAnHCH,
rlir:rTo
6pO[r r Ceplnxa e 3Haq]r-
Te.'IHO nO-Ma,'I6K, HO B TepHTopl.lflTLl Ha rp3-Xa 3HaqUTe.IIHO llo-f0rlf M OT
6poa Ha rp'br.lKHTe, HH pt:rr(pHBar e.{Ho Hace"IleHpte, Koero e roBope,'Io ila-
THHSKH. Hafi-paHHHre or rrx opaHafl,{eil(ar BeponrHo lta it'bpBa'ra [ono-
BHHa ua II e. B caMara Ceptui<a e Hallepeu tlparNIeHTapHo 3ana3eHHxr
HaArpo6en HaAnHC ua Heividius Priscus,ei rotiro e 6ua pHMcKH KoHHHK c
BOeHHa Kaprepa, BepofrHo or HTaJIHficKLI [pOH3XOA, lt e IIpHHa,Xnexan
r('bM caKpanHara KoJreras Ha Laurentes Lavinates. 3a crxaJleHrle Het'oBI{rIT
HaAnHC He e 3ana3eH B OHafl {2CT; KOtITO e AaBana nO-HaTaT}UHaTa rrty
KapHepa, 3a Aa MoxeM Aa c'bI,HM 3a [oBoAa Ha Hel'oBoro npe6HBaBaHe B
Cep.u,uxa. Ha Kparr Ha II Htrvl Ha HaL{a,{oro na III B. npaHaAnex(Il na,1rpc6-
HHrrT Ha,rtnlrc Ha M. Aureiius Teres,e6 rpai(ueq ilo npoa3xoA, BeTepaH OT
ala I Asturirm, KofiTo cJreA vBo.rrHeunero cu ce 3aceJIu"'I B Cep,,taxa. Ha
II B. rrpr4Hs.rr'rex(H c'btr{o eAr-rH tpparuenr or Harrrpo6eH nar,,terHIIK, ua KofiTo
ce
qere qacr
o.f rrMero Ha noqr{Ha.ras C. Iulius,nT BeDoqrHo nnue c'btrlo c
BoeHHa r(apHepa. Ha K'bcHr4rr III B. npnHa.u,.rexor Ha,{,rpo6nrrrr Harrnac Ha
e.(HH KoHHraK or numerus Divitensium, xoirtro e npoH3xox(44.1 or rIJIel{eTo
Aurbiani rro Ao.,'rnoro reqeHne Ha p. Carrapa n fa.,ruta (c uenrtp .r,HeuIHHfl
lpaA Auueu).es Crrto raKa or BoeHHo nntle H.)Irr orpa3nBatu HsKaK'bB
BoeHeH MoNreHT e eAr.rH tpparueHr or .,'rarflHcxu I{ar[HC or CepauKa,oe
roftro H3r'Jrex{a,
qe
e or eAHa no-panHa enoxa. B Cep.u,Nxa ca HatvtepeHn
:rr
lfiBulg, 1906 (12y.
l:
lQ$111g, 1950 (c61.
trs
IGBulg, l9l5 (9/).
')-1
IGBulg, 2003 (98).
e5
E. Iialinka, n.383 (66).
e6
6. OHJroB, Cotpuiiil<ara u'r,pKBa Ca. Corlux, 97 c,r.:AA, XXVII, 1912,563 (64).
,7
Mc6, XVIII, 1901, 782, n. 91 (67).
vs
E. Kalinka, n. 103 (68).
$eE.Kalinka,n.37l.
96
Bopuc [-ePon
t4
ts HKOHOMITKaTa
Ha fpal.a Hec'bllHeH0
fp'bul'(t'lH't
riMeHT e Hrpan
'bpBocTeneHHa poffI, slaKap H Tolla-n?lu'^t:^oco6eHLtfl
crHil Ha euHrpaQ-
uKHTe l(o6)'r'reHTlr
IA
e HaltePfl.I6 CXaa)o o'ipai6eHlte
Ll AOKa3aTer'IcTB'?l
3a
Her-o rpH6ea Aa ce T'lrpcnT no I(OCBeHtl iIaHHH' Ilperlr AOI(a3aTeJICTBa
3a
eMeRnaleJlcr(flrl
XapaKTep
Ha tla.''tlt'rtlrt
01' l-p'htl'KH
npoll3xo'1
HillaNIe B
laAnPlcaor[Iauuapeno,*3t<otitoeorll'bp'r331'no'IioBuHaHallri'Bcno-
iueHa'tLI''{ Beqe HaI'rll4c-r'a'I'aJIOI'
rlr KpaH Ha lll B'n{ 1'ppl
'rHua
ca c fp'bllKl'l
LtNteHa, a nllgHH() eAHH \leIHHKap, eit6H i11e'rle3ap H e'{HH
(laxa'nuU' []OqefHtl
laAnHc}{llCTaTyHHalIMtlepaTop[ITeHHatl}IflepaTopcKHHII.olt.rI3,{rlfHaTH
)T
qaCTHH ,llIqa, r(ariBaT0 e 0H.IIa C1'aT\'ilIa
na ca',totltttia'
N(eHaTa Ha ['a-
.1rreH,35
aOUgp"rl
'ao--rr,rn,,
tfarruaau
n .pai1a,
t{llero c"bcrogHtlc
e 6H'rlo
H3rpaAeHOB'bpx\'3eil1eB''12i(eHHetl'rlll't'bpt'oBtltt''
pnlrcxoro'rir,.otu.
-t
dapfrKa
H
'repi4Toplt,'ta H' KoeTo C'bltlo e oHJIo
!HaLrHTe.1HO,
Ce A',bJ),l(i',t
Ha npHc'bcrut{ero
Hil ceueiicrna
-H .JLIUa
o'r HTa-
.rui..rCrfi H 3ana,I.eH
ilport3xoll
Lr Ha pollaH!'3Hi)al{HTe
qpe3 sOliCt;ara
1'paKH'
tioHToCaCe3aBp,bLuaJIllt]po]lHHTeCIi}lecTaHJll4CaCTaBa.l'rflH.fe,'][lHa
ipaAa. Tona., BJ.'IH'lrle^,..:^:.
,"y'ucru'Ba
Ll B IIot{Bai'a
Ha pH};cKI'I HMeHa B
!rHaqe TpaKHlrcrirr
ceivrerlcr.eJ,
KaKro orire.ru:a.rne
Beqe
(lll' 921. Hectrvt-
HeHO naii-curvpH14rrT
6e,rei- 3a nprrHailJexHOCTT,
Ha erHo ce,eiic'ino
LrJrH
.1r{ue K'b}l I'OBOpeuaTa
iIaTHHCKI{
qacT oT HaceJeHIleTo
Ha I'pa'[a e JIaTHH-
cr(Hfl'r e3llK Ha Ha.1[I4CHTe
rtr" Ho no)a'r'H orpnuna'rerart
\apaKTep
]t tsce-
ofjuaral.notpe6aHarp,buKHe3HKKeKToBrpajla,TaKaVBTepI,tTopa'ITa
My, Koern . *ffifi,j
,i ipu*rtr,
rrorar Aa ce cpell.Har
TaKHBA tpaivtn.,raH
H JIHrl?r c[oMeHaTH
ca]Io B
''ptu*r-
-HaAnHcH'
TaKr'n
e cflyqaflT
BepoHTHO
c KanHr Ba;repui.i
B naAnrrarr'or
155 r., K-OfiTo e 6u'r enHMeJIeT
npH no-
crpolixara
Ha Hr{KaKBa crpaAa,s6";
A;"airllolrnel'r
r\\ouran'
xtlitto e 5n;t
ilp.bB apxoHr ;;;;i"l6L'r'
tO:; i.,*? 'A c Bo'ultr'ra fipor<'ra'
tlepot{rHo HeroBa
C.btIp}'fa.sB
Lr.,Aet]KI{ n11 feHTI,I,lHtlTe
lI\leHat |4 Atsa}IaTa
Ha8'IpHo Ca ttpo-
,r3xoirgla.r,,
o-,1-cerelicraa
(nepon'rHo He or rpaxnficxrt
npoa3xo'Il)
Ha Bere-
paHr4, HaL-ren.rr-
, cep,r.nr<a
olll.e ilpejlti
'fpanu'*n
Ha II H Ha n'bprlaTa
tro,1OBI.tHll
Ha III u. npIlHaA,'IeiKaT
Tpl'lila pl'IMCI'iH rpa)Kjl'ilHH'
t{l'IHTO t'lMeHa
wj1t4 6o:,xecTsi:'ra.
Ha IiolITO 1'e ca .,ot{klTaTeJIH'
H3,'aBal' BOeHHa r<aptlepa'.e'
'i, l,il;.q.4. lll. 1912. tl cr" n' I (97r'
't lGi]rtlg, ts22 (7!)
.;
ICB6lq, i9i2
(.?5).
sx
i(iBuIg. lg(i;:t (.?7). l'J{) I
.(41).
r;
trlBuls, igoi i+ai
l9()il
(,r-e). I926 (.i'8)
'* IGBuli. tgtr t'ui'
,, 1"1 Lrr! ,1 ?xilr.rpHo
(stauoxHo Alloaou)
,1,
B elHo IocselueHHe
Ha ooi,KecrBo.
rt6trTir i4!{c He e 3allA3euo
(a
}l
tltli]T() uecToIIpoH3\oxJ.eHHe
}Ie e H3BecTHo. Ho llo tJcflKa |reponTH0c't t-' Cepluxa
(E' K a-
iinlia.n.l621171),llocBCTHTeJlHT.xoilrtrHocl.l}l}teT0(]erl.rrrKtlpu."'r.eilialBepo,ITHo
llaqaIHHKHllri(]\0pTatlCjlc,l.ToBaxaTouHBHjIH()'.lHuee.,aerta.nBltctllrirpa.lcKll.lIt,zh-
Hocrr{ u Httxoii t'plt'i Ha
"t'""*'0"
;'ril;1111^I1:llunt'"t
He e IIo-K.bccH o'r Bpe}rero Ha
'lOaHg.
rr,il x;tro
(lp()BitHlttlflTa,
qHeTO
'lrte
e 'taly'6clir''
HO ttcputlTUtl e TplrHt{' t llO;I llpO-
K!,parop {.\. s,'"'i;. ;; .ii.. + f i.,,i." tr,-'r'i. hir' r te' l9i+' +5-l)'
"ittrtcro
Hlra HxBnpHo
uTu;Ittitcxa ,,por,a*oo' h"axno
!
qttlo noxoxeHltero
rt\- a Ceprnra' tIe e ficHo'
'
,;
IcB.ilg,-'igsg
(a+i, tsl'i C4\, 1939 iSJt'
l ti
tioPrc l-ePou
9E
HApyrHQparrvreurnoTIaTHtlcKHHaI[[tCH,3ac,ua.sPxllHeToHaHflKoH
T KOHTO He iltoiKe Aa ce Kaxe HHUTO- flo-onpe,,t'eileHo'too
Jlatnucrl4fr
HaA-
HCoTBpeMe'o,,Xa.u.puau(117-138r.)3aH3rpaxAaHeToHaxpaMfiJ|u
raBpoSonHyM-
Ha Kra6e.rra B
'Cepllara"ot
rofiro 3acera e uafi-panuilar'
c6rypHo AarHpaH
HaAIIHC or rpaJ.a. e nocBeTeH oT HMneparopcxn [:O6'
ofito e H3n.b,,rHflBar
Hr{KaKBa A'upiKaBHa
cn-} x(6a B Cep'uura'
H aAe[TH
a TOrr KynT ca 6u;tu no ToBa BpeMe Bepo'ITHO noBeqe JIHUa oT 3anaA-
HHTe npoEl4HtIH[l
U.\rt cIVx{H,IH B 3allaxHHTe
IIpoBHHUHH'--aKo
ce cGAH IIO
HMero Ha xpeua Ha roq KvJIr M. Iu[l(ius) Satur]nittus'
Bropnnr HaArllc'
;oiiro . ,rnrJr"-
,u t'tp6u Ha nrloqara H e c 50-60
roasnn no-K'LceH'
Beqe fp.buKH. Tofi npeACTaBs KaTa.'IOr Ha rHa3a Ha Ka6ela', B I(OfiTO
9;'IeHOBe Ce
'IBflBaT
){(eHH'
t{t4HTO HeHafl'bJIHO
:lana3eHH HMeHa' OTqaCTH
DHitrcKH,oTqacTHrp'bql(H,COqaTsABSCr'ltgsiIpHMct(HrpaxAaHKH'e',I'HaTa
)T KOHTO e p'bt(oBOAHTeflKaTa
Ha Ttta3a' ;ilpyrare
pltMCt(H HivleHa B TOt{
IaAnHC' AaAeHH
KaTo KorHoMeH, He foBopflT 3a pI,tMCKo fpa)KAaHcT3o
Ha
HOCI,TTEJIHTE HM.
I'larauCxure
HaAn,nCH OT TepHTOpI'trTa
Ha Cep,Unxa
Ca 11OqTH BCHqKH
iaArpo6Hu. Or n1,ptsara nonotniro ,i ll B. e HaAilHC'br ot l-laH'{apeBo Ha
Aernilia Servanda,ro:
u.po"i*o oceo6oAeua
P9q.""
H c'bnpyra Ha
Po6'
KOfiTO e 6r,r,r yrrpaBHTen Ha
qacTHo HMeHHe. Heirnusr
IaTHHCKH HaAnHC H
IMeTO h nOKa3BaT
3anaAHfitr IIpoH3xOA Ha CeMeftCTBOTO'
I'l3s'l'H TOE Cny-
.laft gCuqrtr OCTaHaJIH
HaArpO6HH HaApHCH Ca Ha JIHUa I{JIH
Qavru;tnu
C
BOeHHa Kapuepa. Ha rlpBaTa noJIOBHHa Ha lll s' IIpHHaAJIeXH
HaA[HC',br
or Op.nanoo",l"'
;; N1. A*relius lulius, BerepaH or nperop,aHcK,re
Ko-
xopTH' BepoqTHo TpaI(Heu no npoH3*o],':
KaKTo Moxe Aa ce npeAnonara
rro HNrero Ha HeroBHq ,rt-r.ri*i
-Sptiriut
Tarsa, c'bl[o nerepan' o'
tsTOpaTa
noro"*"u
Ha III s. e Ha.{nHc'bT Ha JIecHOBO,Io*
BeponTHO C',bIII'O
HaJIHueoTTpaKHficxr,rIIpoH3xoA,KaKTonoKa3Ba}IMeToHaApyroTocno-
lreHaro B
"rllriu
.lt{ue' flo-uararbK
rilrHHcKH
HaArpo6HH
HaArlHcH HMaMe
ur l-opna ,\1;;;;;; e:*iu (tll B.)ros t{ or
LleraHqeso Hafi-ManKo
rpH B eAHa
It4na l'p\'fla OT IIIMeTHHLLH OT nOCJleAHaTa
qeTB'bpT Ha lll n"lcu KOHTO
yKa3RaT Ha BOeHHO OpraHll36paHO
HaCeJtHfie Ha TOBa MfiCT0'107 EAunCtne-
HHST ueHalt pOileu ,IaTHHCKH HaAnHC OT H3TOqHaTa
LIaCT Ha CepAaKHH-
cKara reprrTopHH e noqerHt{nr HaAIIHC oT I',IxravraH
(245-249 r')'Il3AHrHaT
OT BeTepaH OT \.I .neltt6H.ros Or 3anaAHaTa
qaCT Ha TepHTOpHflTa
HllaMe
l{,x)
P. [lorroa. I'. vl. Iiauaptia. u' [-ocno'.[llHolJ'
llpeauctopH'{ecKH
a
\i)HC',HI{cKH
flit}leTHHuH oT CoQrrH H oKO'lUoC"''
'Og' -"'
ZZi' ('-H-ap' u'Vaefi ugs' 5-3-2'l-?);
(t[_. ilt, z+s;"i'ri\iii,l.
r s2t--'ii, z++: t]epr,,**. t,-'isfn.-it,'n.
2'(o$rruHaren
uarnrc?)'
r,,r
l(lFlulu, lg25 (71).
rrt':
t'l$liil III. 1912' ll c;r" rr' 8 (97)'
,,,r
1,161;i. 111. t933--;t9. 411 s4. (9,i).
r,rr
E. Ii 3 I i n k u. n. 4l{ (l0l).
-
r'ri p164j
VII. l9ll2-33. 398 {10])'-
106F.Kalinka,n.38't(.1r8):R'-L-gg^er'l)er(-rrahsteirt\'('llL*ekan[evtt(109):
H. fl e t x o o. lt.q.tt, XVII'
.1950'
198'
-o6p'
132'
..
tu;
Bx(' B"'G t'-n
"-'
[4as' l'lHcr' 6r'"ir' es" XVI' 1968' 97 caa'
rrrs
E. Kalinka,
11. tls"t-t-itl, ocrarrux or naruHcKt{ Ha,n,nnc l.Maltte H fjl'pxy
ir-Diuara Ko.roua or ,xoaus ,'Io.er]'i6'B,[:'i00'
sx' B' E e ru e B
'1
H e r' llpnnocn' n' 19
99
tlpoyvaaHns R'bpxy :tanaAHorpaxul'lcxnre
3eMh rlpe3 pHMcKo BqcMe 2t7
tpparr,reuTapHO
3ana3eH14 rtaTHHcKH HaAI'po6HH HaAnucH OT 6paryurrono
(CoQuftcxo)ioe
,-o, i.r,.*o
(l-l6porcro),t'b B KoHro HMeHara ca 3ary6e,H'
a B Haft-ceBepo3anaAHara
qaCT Ha Tepuropu'Ira
or Ocltaxt;ao
(l-lnpOr-
CKO)rrr eA[rH O6pOuen JIaTHHCI(H HaAnHC OT 2:]7 r"
gOCBereH 0'r JIHUg
BepoflrHo c BOeHHa Kaphepa. !{eflsaue'ro
ryK Ha o6pouen HaAnHc Ha
JTaTHHCKH e3rtK. eAHHCTBeH cnyqali B Tepll'ropuHTa
rra Cep'UHKa' Ce A'bn111H
Ha 6xn30crra Ha I-oPHa Mr3HR'lrr
O5pOunure
HaAoHC[i 1l1' TepH'rgpllH'ra
Ha CepAura, c IIor'-le HzToTo
H3KIKlr{eHHe OT
()ClvrarOeo, Ca C'bCTaBeHI4 Ha I'p'bI{KH e3HK' XOiitO' XaKTO
cMe OT6enrr3aa6
Beqe HrrKoxKo n'bTLI, HMa peuHTenHo HaAiltotrlHe B pei'IH-
rr4o3HHn xnBoT Ha HaceneHHeTO
He caNlo B TpaKHff'' HO 14 B fpaHHqeluaTa
C Her{ 3OHa Ha NlUaus.rr3 B THa HaAnHCH HaMHpaMe H nHUa C pHMCKO
rpaX(AaHCTBO.
Ilptl Htlt(Ot{ OT KOHTO
'rpaKnficKafl'r
npoB3xOA e flCeH'rr{
AoKaro
npg Apt;;
roii 6w ltolb;l ra ce rpeAnoxara'rri
Ho MS)KA-\' rqx'
H3fJIeN(1.a, e HMa.1o u JIHUa or 3arla,u.eH Ilpon3xoA' Ko[ITo ]loxe 6lt ca
6lna )t(HTeJItl Ha CeplUXa lI Ca HMa'IIH CBOHTe IlO3eillJeHll ui'la'U'eHH'l R
TepHTopHflTa
n, ipraJ. Tax'ua vtt H3rnexra._:r]'urrt
c Hail'rt'lca or
jlo'lslr
jl63eu,rro B fOi,irg HMeHaTa He HOCrI1' O6ttqal'tugs aCneKT Ha HOBOpOIvtaH-
CKHTe HIfleHa. O1' eilHa rpaACI{a r}anuanx
-NIOxe
6u C ilpoBl4HUHaJleH ilpo-
H3xOA H pHtvtCKo tpax(AaHC^trc [paBO, Ao6HTo
t]pe3 tsOeHHa, I(apHepa npH
Xa,u,paan
(ux. no_iip..tit, sr1, rpo,3xo)r(ra l-ry.6.rur'r E.nrali [o,{uaH, riofiro
H3,r.UrHaJ,t npa Nlac,roeo xpaM Ha cO6aCHit,LLT
ReponrHO Ce Kacae B cnyqaH
3a3eMeBJIaAencKarlavraarln'KOflTOeaMaJIacBoffTa3eMSHaroBaMHCTO'
HO e 111HBrJIa B rpaAa, K'bAeTO e 6a;ta eeqe B fipoqec Ha eJIHHH3HpaHe'
E,u,auuqnn
praMcKH KOpHgMeHIl Ce rBfBaT B HttKoJIKO C;'l)92f KaTO
eAHHCTBeHO
Hrue 6ra.rrO nOpaAH enHfpalllaTat{H}1fl
XepaKTeprrE HilH n'bK DO-
paAH nOBpeAa
""
nrOnrc,T'eue. nojl KOTHOMeHa K)IIa2H B TpH HaAnltca'r2c
oT Kor{To eAHHHflT e HaAtpo6Ha e[l[lrpalvla, ce KpHe--HtlKaKBa BHAHa JIHq-
HOCT Bep.,rTHo c BoeHHa Kapplepa oT BpeivleTo Ha [-a.rtleu -- ts c',]'qali,
qeH'tpHTeHajl.[HCaCeoTHacflT3aei{Ho[IC',r',ulo.'Illqe'HelLlo',KoeTOBCe
tuv
,\1g$, VIII. lE\12. titi. rt- 1() Cll-' lll, l123':;r'
ttu
f,fl6Mgunx' XCVIII' l94l-.-:8' n' 284'
tu
CroueHux, XCVIII' l9'tl--18, n' ?82 (J)'
u:t
l,g2qg1e,[HHH.f
6poil raruucKH XpHctHHHCKH.Hilil
tll.lcH clr Ceplura
(sx. \'. ts e s e r'-
li e v, S;*;;i;;,i..ii.
,inJ spitlateinisitrt I,sclrriftcn' 1964' nn' I sqq') H EHKonKoro or
TepHTopHHTa I.t (Bx. tlu'r. c'btl., trrl. 27 sqq.)-IlpHtlaJ.nexar
Ha KlCHaTa aH'iHriHLlCr' IV_-VI U"
H
y.,*e 6u I ttO-t'OjlflI{aTa CH
',ri,
nr' \tI' u', KOlaro
(lep1uxr B pa['HHTe tla llnupttx
ilDeACTaBq l'o.'lf tt -\pHcTHflHCKtl
tleHT I'o'
.
.3 g;,.
ts. C',:';;';,'\.'r::-B;i;l;r,
zrrr
(ir.st:lriclrrt'rlrr alten \\'.'lt' Ftand Ii' Rumi-
scltcs Reich' Berlirr, 1965, S' 2;lii f
'
Ilt
$.6. Ilo'rope III' 89'
lri
IGBulg. ?030 llgl:
')015
tl0).
nli
IGBrllg. 20{)3 (gsl. Hecrrvptn e cilyqaill c Ha;lrHca or [toctnuf:po'f iGtsulg'
.tl
',1,'
!
i
?o19 (261.
t1;
IG$gIo.
tlf{
IGBulg,
rrg
IGBulq.
tru
ICBulP".
2()23 127 t.
2{.)06 (95;.
iSSf iaAi u i9ti0 16/; rrupaax sarv6ara 8;l iPyrxrc itMcll3'
1911 t361, 196{ (69), 197+
(92)'
'l l8
6oprc I'epoa
1()l flpovraaunq B'bpx)' 3allillHorpaxltilcxrre
3elrn ltl)c3
PHrlcKo
BPeMe 219
naK ocraBa He{o6a3aHo. Apl'r
eAHH K).rrnaH ce sBflBa B KaraJlora Ha
'ocBerHTei'IKltre
Ha Ka6e,ra.r2r .,r-luua or rpal(Hticru uJtH HeH3BecreH rlpo-
r3XOA, KOHTO He Ca 6nAU pHMCKH rpax;laUU,122 HOCflT llOHtlK0fa B Age
IOKO.TIeH!1fl ppIivtCKH HMeHarrzi (a'K. tlO-fOpe III, 92)'
B o6utecrneHHfl ),r(HtsoT Ha rpa],a pHMCKHtIT H poMaHH3HpaHHtlT eJIe-
veHT OUIg OT catrol'o Haqano rra opraHH3ttpaHHt{ I'paACr(H XHBOT e 3aeJI
{apeA c lpar<uiicKH,r t4 r'p'bttKHH eJreMeHT cBoero Mncro. PHrvtcxH rpaxAaHH
JT 3anaAeH v Mec'reH [poH3xoll ce ,rBfr]ar l(aro HocnreJl['t Ha BHCITI'ITe
MaI.HCTpaTCr(6
H xpeLrecKH il,'t'blkHuc'tlt
rr nari-paHHHTe HaATIHCH oT rpaAa
'BlK. IIt,96). []p, H,lKoH OT Ttlx rlOeHHaTa Kapaepa, Ha KOfTo Ce A'bJIXH
:rrxHOTO pOMaHIr3['paHe v paMCI(OTO llilt fpaxAaHCTBO' e HCHa ilJrU MO)Ke
Ja
ce fipeArro.rrara B'b3 ocHoBir Ha ltueuara H]1. Pnrrtcrata Bnac't e orAa-
taira fo/Ifl],lo 3HaqeHHe Ha THH pollaHH3HpalllH ce e.rleMeHTH, AaBaila HM e
)[rMCK6
r-paxitaHCTBo n e rfanopn3upa.']a vqacrnelo HI!,I R HKoHoMlIqecKI'IF,
IAMHHHCTpaTT.TBHH'r
I{ CaKpAilHUtl i+(HBOT Ha IpaJ.a. Toea e AoJIOBAMO OCO'
6euo rrcHo npe3 II B., Koraro e Tpx6aa,'ro la ce
):Kperlii
rpalcKlltlr xHBor
n-ipr*r".
(.eplur<a Karo Ba*(eH erarleH IteHT'bp IIeN(A)' l'larox N 3anaA
: rpn6ea,.tO il[t [peACTaBH CHr\rpHa Onopa Ha pHMCKaTa BJ'laCT B [teHTpan-
{aTa
qacT
Ha Sa"rragcrHtl noJIVOCTpOB.
[J nr<onoMflKaTa Ha rpala pH]rcKHHT H poMaHH3[lpaHHfiT e,'IeMeHT e
Hrpan C'buIO Baii(Ha ponfl. Ha n bpBo Mrcro T!'K rpa6sa Ia LTOCTaBHM
iervreBJIaAeHHeTO,
KOeTO BnpoqeM e H OCHOBaTa Ha HKOHOMHqecKaTa Motll
7A rpaAcKaTa apHCTOKpaUHf He3aBncHMo oT HefiHHtr eTHHqecKH npoH3xoA.
flopalw cBofl xapaKTep o6aqe Ha.[nHcHre He AaBaT
KOHKpeTHH AaHHI{ 8a
.r.o"u. ()rrpnrr,rre npe3 nocJreAHHTe ToAHHH rpafirpaAcKl{ BI'IJIH npH cenaTa
, i6e.rr" n Q^nrroButd H B caMara 6nr3r(a oKonnocr Ha CoQnx npH OpnaH-
jonUu,
Ar'IeKCaHApoBCKara 6o.nunqa, C.naruua H l-epeua-,- npH H'IKOI'I OT
KOLITO aMa CHTYpHH AaHHH 3a C'buIeCTB)'BaHeTO HIvl npe3 III e', He HH rOBO-
pn.r 3a erHr.rqecKaTa u e3HKOBara npHHaAJIeXHOCT
Ha TeXHHTe npHTelKa-
re,'ra c H3t(JltoqeHae tsepoflTHo caMo Ha Burara npn Op'naHAoBUa, KoflTo
rrDe3 ['bpRaTa [O,'IOBaHa Ha III A. e IIptIHaA.[e)Ka.,'Ia Ha eilHa pOMaHH3IApaHa
t-'t
Tpar(HHCKa
tpa.lra,rr.rA.r23 BepoarHo Ha 3eMeB.,'titAeJIcKH
poMaHx3HpaHa
Qa-
\ttlJr1tyt OT MeCTeH HnH Apy'l' [pOH3xO;I np6HaAnexaT nalrpo6HHTe JIaTHg-
CKlr HaAnHCI{ OT 6paryutxoBo,i2{ O'i IeCHOBO,125 OT I'Opna Ma.nHgar26 u
HaArrlrcgTe or
LleKaHqego,r2T
BcH,tKH or lll n., KaKTo MolKe 6w n floqerHllflT
*rArra OT l,'[xtaMaHl2u H O6pOVnUte HaAIIHCI'l OT OCvraXOAg.tzs B T'bpro-
g11flTa n 3aHarI'tHTe, KoHTo c'btUo TaKa ca 6l4JlH BaxHH K,'IoHoBe or HKoHo-
Pl
fQ$ulo. 1925
17l).
t':-:
lQgsfg. 1929 (73), t92i (7ir
.-.
r"rr
n. I-l'i r po rruii Cruprriap, Xl'--:tt't, 196+._ti5 (1966). 250 c;r', n. 6 (6a)'
r'.i:r t/lBA[4. Xil, 1938-39, 4l I c,r. (9J)'
r:t
CII-. lll l2il35 Mc6. VIII, 1892' 66, l l(J'
12i
E. Kalinka. n.'11{(1r1).
r::ri
[.lBAt{, VII. 1932-33. 378 tl07l.
t'.:;
Bx. sa6. 105. IIL I{)0.
t':'i
E. K a li n k a, n. l2:t
llll).
,':s
C,,orreuur, LXKil, 193+, n.'52 (tl: XCVIli, l94l-48, n' 282 (21'
MHKaTa Ha rpa.:la, ToBa HaceJleHlie e B3eltaJIO aKTHBHO
yqacTge' IaHHUre
3a TOBa O(taqe ca
'fB'bpAe ocI{'ITAHH U ce cBexil.aT I('blvl cl-loilteHaTHfl
BeLle
Ka'Ia,,tOf Ha 3aHaH'ttluHTe
O'f Kpan Ua Ill B',"0 u t(OitTO I'pH ni'{lla' 03ltaqeHH
caM0 c pHMCKTI riorHollleH, ts c'blllHocT tla npeAC'l'aBllTe"II'l
Ha Hali-llo-\oii-
HttTe 3a*arlTH, AaAeHH
B TOtl KaTa,rlOl', a t{illeHHO ellHtl )'e'tLp'':'T' ?''
""'Inlle'
r(oero ce rrnr*_-ua c otipa6orxa
Ha BbrHSTil",
Ho c'btlto vl ,,T'bpl'oBell
Ha
IJ,b.YIHa..,ejlHH).e1.,'.i2,.;,,r.e,,'T.bKaqHlltIJIaTHa..,HoLI''lIpoH3Bo]lIlTe.lu
T-bpfOBeU Ha 11JIaTHa",
vt eAt{; oi'rr'-u)'t^. T' e' ,,llpoitai]aq
Ha t}HtlA"' [-llte
CNtell()-CKfloHHHAaCxBaHeIvIfll,pBHTeABa3aHaiITa'L'noivleHa,I'[ITVI{'tsTe.\.
HHfl
'r'bpl'oBCKI't acIel\T.
3a yqacTae Ha HacereHile',fo
Ha cepAt'trlt
rI TepH'fopH'l'ra
i'r B iljtllltHll-
cTpaTHBHHH
X(HBOT Ha HMIIepHtlT a
-
ocBeH Ha A'II'bXHoCTLI
OT Uatit-Hrtct',x
paHf Hflxralre H[.r1.O nHTepaT]'PHH,
HHTO eflHI'paQcKH AOKV]teHTI'r',
HHl',(J
trbK a)H.xNre lvtot'Jt u t\" ilpeAnonaraMe
rlo KocBeHI'l AaHHrt'
[JoenHa'la F(apHepa
Ha 3HaqHreJ,reH 6pou poAeHH rYK BOftHrllltl, KOttTo llpe3 Iil B' e 5[lna II[)e''t-
IIOcTaBKa Ha aAMHHllcTpaTLIBHaTa',
e TOJII(OBa HI'lCKa'
qe He Hll
',ilaBa
ocHo-
BaHHeIanpe/ifloJlaraMe,qeTeCilMol.,']il.llaCTHI.HaTA()aIIlltHHC.l'ptlTHBH[t
)l.x.b)fiHOCTH
o'r rr0-BHCOK
paHI'. bia;reiixrr
peKpy'THa o6'rac'r
ga
BofrHHIIH
o6aUe, TepH'IODHtlTa
Ha Ceplrlxa CTOtI HapeA C TepH'l'OpHH'ia
Ha
<DH'tanO-
rrorlHan'bpBoMncron'l'paxaH'tlpealllB'rH1-'-':t.i:g'.::P"'caAaBanr'r
Hail-ilrHoro BotiHH,,H 3a flperopnaHcKHTe
Koxoprll' Haii-rvta,rr<o erHa rlera
oT. BCr{qKH nparof"rru,
Ha
'i'paK,s,rsr
KoHTo tlo roria Bpeitle ,''bp),.I{
['bpBo
Mrrcro B roBa orHoLrIeHHe cpeA
pHMCKHTe npoBHHUHH' AopH
npeA
l-gp-n'
H
,llOlsa
NltlSUn, B3eTI,I 3ae^Ho'
bt npeA ABeTe
l-laHonuu 3aeAHo'tsz Ha6Hpa-
Hero Ha BofiHHqI{ or cepAHTe e 3anol{Hano BeposrHo oue npeAu aHeKCH-
paHeTo Ha Tparuitcroro [apcTBo
npe3 45 r-, KaK'bt]ro e 6al cn-vqatlT c
AeHTe.rteTp1.1gr33
p1
C .llpyfg
..TpaKHiiCKH
IIJIeMeHa'13r Hr're Ce 3aHHluaxMe Beqe
C n'bpBlttl HH H:lBeCTeH BOiiHnt( OT Cep.4nTe' KOfiT() e nOCT'btlHJI Ha Cn)'x(6a
ts puMcKara Bofic*a no BcflKa BeporrTHocr B Kpa fl Htr Trr6eptrlenoro
ynpaB-
.rreH,e uItH np, Kanary,la
(37-41), ra C BTopH eAHt{ C'q-vqafi' Koliiro H3-
f,."te)KAa MaJII(O 11O-K'bCeH.13''
3a BTOpaTa IIOJIOBHHa Ha I u 3a IIa'pBaTa
n'norr*u Ha II B. Hrlllalle .t[aHHII,
H() peKplTrtpaHeTo Cr{rypHo e npoA'b''I-
xH.[O a ,ra^ry sO['tHltUHle OT troI'IotqHaTe
tlOiiCrrr npe3 TOBa BpeMe'
03HaqeHH B Hajl.rrHCHTe H tsOeHHLITe AHIJIOlvl]t
Ka'to TpaKH--llJtI',l 6ecH' e HIvtaJIO
H TaKHBa, *orio ca 5[uH Ha6upaHll B repalropafira Ha Cepruxa' Or sro-
paTa ilo",toBHHa Ha II B. H\Ialle Beqe OTr)eJItI3aHH C',I\',qatt Ha Bol'tHauH oT
l:tr,
i6Bglu, 1922 (70).
r:lr
Alf. Passcrini,
I-c coorti
-pretorie.
1933, li l' Ton npoueH't tue rpfl1}a )a
ce
)'Be.lt{II}r.
rr,tl Karo flprt o*o'o 2;l"n or rlperopHaHut{re
01'
1q1L"
He e o3HaqeHo
po,].HoToI,tNlMflC1.ol,tcxe]IoBaTejlHotl'tsaqaCT0TTflsCa:!lol)H,1'aflpol4:.}xrj}Kx'aTcttllooT
THq .1Be Tept{TopHU.
"'-''-r:u
A'l f.
passe
rin i' op' cit' 176 sqq'
r:rr
fi,s. no-rope l. 77 (?29) c;t.
r31
Trc., ann..' lv, {o ; cll,
'i-\'1,
l, 3; sx.
'[
ir. M o tn tn s c n,
(iesattr' Schr" \"
-{09:Dessilu. ROntisclre Kaiserzeit' t' 295;ex' n 6' t-epoB' Pouasa:rtr'r'
l' 49'
r:i"
Bx(. no-rope II, +l{. 53.
!,r
T.
N!
jji
ir
li
Ii
,',,
, ,
ro2 1
22t
221)
6opnc I'epoa
..oMoulHHre aoficrca u c.quites singularesr36 ,t Ha nperopuaHIrH,rsT
qHIiTo
6pofi
ce e yBengqan oco6ego.np, Ceniavuair Ceaep u HeroBare crHoBe,l3a rofito,
aKTo e H3BecrHo, uep6yaa cBoHTe rperopuarwt or TyHaBCKHTe rapHH-
lHH, K.bAero Beqe cnyx(eno MecrHoro HacereHHe.l3e flo-uarar.brc npero-
p;;;i;
-;,
Cep,urxa $ reprrropr.rsra u ca 3acBHAererICrByBaH-H npn fop-
'l
U^ III,,+o np; f"2;114g6ur 11 OT nOC.le.I,HaTa
qeTB'bpT
Ha III n',trz KaTO
il,Ha 3HaqHTerHa
qacT
oT HaLnHcHTe oT Puu, B KOHTO HaMHpaMe npeTo-
HaHIIH OT TepHTOpHaTa Ha CepAara,
He NlOraT Aa Ce AaTHpaT ToqHO, HO
np,HaAxexar curypHo Ha III a., H ro no-cKopo Ha HeroBara n'bpBa rloJlo-
s11112.rns 3a ro.rleMr.rTe peKpyTHI{ Bb3rlOxHOCTH Ha CeflOTO B TepHTOpHflTa
a Ceplr.rr<a cBnAerencrByBa
eAltH Ha;tnHC ot 26ti r., cnopeA l(oftTo caMo
T eAHo ceno CJrfxer'ru no roBa BpeMe n PaM 3HaqHTeJIeH 6pofi aofi-
n"rlr.,;n Haaapno or TepgropgnTa ua Ceplara Ca tlpou3xox AaflH u nOfi-
.,I4qHTe'
KoHTo ca CnyxexH B ApyI"H
qaCTH Ha VlIrIepHRTa H KaTo BeTe.
a'u ca ocraBHJra HaArrHcH e Cep,uuxa ililLt repnTopl4flTa. TaKla e cnyqaflT
_.bc crroilreuararr
Beqe BerepaH or ala I Asturutr,'nt c BTopLIfi Berep-aH B
nrO,rri,
Or OpnaHAOBqH,llo
C BeTepaHa OT V aeruOn B HaAnHC oT I'lxrx-
AH.T47 t]
POAHHTC
CH MCCTA CA CE 3AB'bPHA/IH C'bIIIO NO BC'IKA BEPOflTHOCT
erepaHnTe,
qHHTo
AHnnoMa ca HaMepeHH_npH ceJlara_l IpoaaHoBI{H (Cauo-
*oui.*of
, ilrrrrtHHUa
(UapH5po4cro).r{s l-lo-rope, II, 85 c.'l', HHe BHAsxMe'
qe TaKHBa BerepaHH Karo evocati ca 6u:ttt HacraHeHH Ha rpynH Ha BoeHHH
TpaTerHqecKH
MecTa 3a oxpaHa Ha ['bTH[Iara'
'
Kr,, npou3xo)KAauuTe or Cep.uuxa H TepHropHETa tl aofiHfitlH ule
rog6ea la oruece*r H HSKO;KOTO CJlyqafl, npg Kot',ITO n6ua Ha aKTHBHa
,ba"nu
c.nyx6a ca ocraBunr nocBetqetufl
-
npeAllonaraeMo B poAHHTe
t
H Mecra, B 6.nnaxu cBeTHnHuIa wu Ha MSCTOTO, K',bAeTO Ca cnyxenl!.
.aKHBa
ca cnyqarrre c e,rr,HH nofinur or legio II Parthica, c eAafl KopHH-
r<l.,napnr.i
u erltHH [or{orrlHHr(-KOpHHKympuft,
rofiro, I{3rne}KAA, UMa rpaACI(H
,rirorr*oA.r-, O'r rpaAcI(OTO HaCeneHI4e Ha Cepluna npoH3xO}KAa eAI{H
o!-rHHK or KoHHa
qacr, r{HRTo Ha,trpo6ua enHrpa,vra e Ha}tepeHa B Co,:par.tto
rj{i
B.
<lr u ;r ,.1 u. Cofaf,crara utpKBa Cs. CoQurr. 1913, 97 c,'l' (641; CIL' VI,
:{31+ (/30).
-
r37
cll., \'1, 32523, 3/18{ (l3t)1-
ui*
crr-, vr, iiois (tJ2, 4 lay.iaq), 32ri2{ (/3-8,
-{
clyylan).^-3-2.q2q
J{{4)'^!^2?93. {{?l'
t A*t l1 c.nyvan), 5tir6
'tiisl,
dzitq-=ctt-. xl.' 3ti+e-
-t13\:.3?!19
y.3:),.p?641 U22);
,ceiiiul zttie-dtl;-rasera,-(1,
le38-Be. +tl ca., (e5); cll,
-,\YL
146 (tto).;. An. 6p"
liid,i.'i;.
ios t/ii
,osoHr*,.peua,lgrnoNra or 236 r'. (e{: r1'r sa6.35 sa crp' 9l)'
-- -'t3e
Bx. lvi. fi e s n i e i. Histoire rotnaint, l\.' 1937' 37'
rlu
cll, vl' 3263'1 (/J7).
r.g gll_,
VI, 32567 il2a,
".onperrcneH
6poiI). 3-:'561 (139t.
u2
Cil.. \:t. 2605 (127).2698 (ll9l.
u3 (.tL. \, 1754
.Dessau. iLS,' ZO+r r.1201, ClL, VI,2638
Q?-t),2570 \l,26;.
Tyr
rc orHecerr u
QparveHTa
or lla.(nuc Ha HeB3BecrHa eoilcxoBa
qacr.
cll' vl' 32910'
rrr
ctl, vl, 32567 (128).
rl5
Bxi. rYx :a6. 136. n' 64'
ItB
146ALl, XIL l938. 4ll cr'
(95)'
rr7
E. K a li n k a' n. 125 (1ll).
r{s
3*. tYr :a6' 138, n' 116,u n' 7'
rrs
rGBulg,'iiib",i iioi
ii zbe,silil:.io'z't tztl; lilils (t051. Bx. oure lGBuig, le62 (5tt)'
tio
IGBuli, 1954 (5r).
[-lpov.raanuflB"bpx}.3anaIHoTpaxuf,crnre3e}lHnpe3PIlrfCKoBpeMe
B e,U,urr OT Ha,X,[!{CHre o'r
L{eKaHqeso oT nOCIeIHaTa
qeTB'bpT Ha lll B' Ce
,orop, 3a eoiiHHr or BoeHHa
qacT scutarii, a B !.p)'r
-
Bepotlrlro 3a
pioGltt,r.tr, [lo.q pHMCI(H rpa)KnaHH c HMneparopct(H reHrHrlHH HrIeHa I{
t,a6noHeH KorHorreH ce K[)Hsr
qecro 6uatta eopiurartH. Hali-qecro or Mec'reH
t''o'bT'r*
JTaHHH
ce B,/t\ra,
qe
reptlrop,Hra
Ha c)epl,xa tipe3 I]i
::
e 6ra,ra e.[,Ha OT Hali-AaXiHH're
peKpyTtlg O6"lacrH Ha pHMCI{aTa BotlCKa He
caMO n Tpaxran, Ho H o6uto , ,*na[rHra. HaplCrHHa aofiHHUa or Cep'lHxa'
cxyxHnlr no roBa BpeMe B
'rerHoH'Ilre'
Pfl;it<o
ce cnor4eHaBlT'r'i:
HO Karo
Ce HMa npeA BIII,
qe
B npeTqprlaHCKHTe
KO1OpTH soliHilr16re He Ca ilocT,t>tl-
Ba.IIH HanpaBo, Ho Ca 6\tsantl oT JleraoHHTe, K.l,ATo Ca Cny)hexH H'iKoJIKo
roAHHH, ute rpn6aa La npHeMe!d.
qe
H'rvK'IeXHH'{T
6l',oft e 6a'n 3Haq[lTeJIeH'
Tws norinuua ca 6it;tu Ha6Upaur.r r-.laBHO Or CeJICKOTO HaCe.'IeHHe.
TOaa e u3pHqHo CnOivleHaTO B ,lLBa HailnHca, B KOIITO Ca
'X'aAeHI'l
IilleHaTa
Ha ABe ceira, vic() Nlagarirss u nridtre Ptltelettsel-'{ KaTo pojlHO ivl'ICTO Ha
"ofiriorr..
Tpera e,,,Ha cencKa o(uact, cnoNleHara B eJLIIH notYturtutxl't
HaAIIHC, e 11ei1a,Ia Bep6tlTHO R TepHTOprltlTa
na CepluKa'r-''; litclpO eJ1Ho
yKa3aHHe 3a npeAHMHO CeJICKHR npoH3xoll Ha sot:tuaUHte e n0-qeCTO
pa3-
npOCTpaHeHI,ttlT
rparlll'tCrrr KOTHOllteH K'bM HMnepaT0pCI{OTO
Hlvl reHTH']HC)
I.tMe,r56 OTKO1KOTO rp.bUr(H KOrHOMeH,rsT
KoilTO roBgptl [6-CKOpO 3a rpa]'CKH
np-Orr*Ol . FIO H3UtlJIo pHMCt(HTe I'lNIeHa, C'bCTaReHH OT ['livlnepaTOpCl(O
reHTIIJ'IHO HMe c.bc t4itvt 6ea npeHoMeH H III06,'IOHH pl4McKH I{OTHOMeH'
npeO6naAaBarrss
H nOJI, Tlx MoraT .II,a Ce Kpr"IT BoI?HHUH eIHaKBo oT rpl:;11
tiJl,l OT CeJIaTa, KaKTO nOKa3Ba HaAnHC'bT. B KOfiTO e C1OIIeHaTO VlCo
lvtrgrii.,te oue eAHo yKa3aHl.e 3a npe/lgMHo ce.11cKgg npol'I3xor Ha rn't
BOfiHHIItt e TflxHOTO HHCKO aBaHCHpaHe' KOeTO He H3nH3a OT paMKHTe HA
*iiiti, calligati, T. e.
qgHoBere,
IoCT.5nHtl
3a npocTgfl sofisux, B'bnpeKH
qe
rpe3 Bropara ror'roB,Hs ,u
-lfl
8., or I-alHeH Hara'bK (253-2b8 I"),
KOraTo npoo"r*rru Ha6upaHero Ha BOfiHHUH OT HaUIaTa 06rIacr, 3a [po-
cTHrr BOI1HITK Ca ce oTripHBaxl4 B'b3xloN(HOCTH na cTl'll'He ,no Hafi-sttculrare
KOrvIaHAHl.t tlOCTORe, XOpII ilo C?lvlllf HlllnepaTgpcKll TpOH'160 F'Iea R eAHH
rit-3*. ilo-rcPe III'
glJ,
ea6' 106'
rir
ctl, vt, 260; (127).
ti:r
CIL. X, 1754-=Dessau. ll'S.2013 (120\'
r:,t
cll-. vl. 32567 21J19 (/28).
t:r':r g11-
\'1. 2691J (//9), nx' ro-rope II'
?5:-
r;i;
CIL, Vt. 2638
(t2t\, Zr,tri
'tiiOt,'-e:;SZ
28i9 (/r,9). 32536 1129\, 3262r.
?ff'P
(ts2, 2 cnyqae). 326t1- ti,ilt.
zo'.,s
(iigli; Kolnorueur,r'l)arclartrrs.
clL' vl' 3262tJ (13'l)
BepOnTHo
!'Ka3Ba
Ha nPccexH14r-lll^or .flnpronn'
B. repBropl'lra Ha Cep'ruxa nJlH Ce
'['bnx(u
Ha HsKaKBn opy.u" ,cJ,rraur"; 6. 6[ii o n, Cor$urli*ari u'"p*na Cs'. Co.Q.u1,
-gl
t'l-A.A'
xxv1. l9t2 563 ro4;"tl6nra, xrr, iglia-rs,.lli c;r. (95) :cll. xVI, l4(i (l16l; ICBttls'
203-i (16). 2035
(15), 2022 (21).
r:,;
CIL. vt,"-21n-ftiii,'3256t
(1,?9); ICiRulg. l9li5 (/r,t)' 195't (.t0)' 2o2:l (27 ?\i
CIL. VI. :J2625 (/32) 3314
(l3ti1.
^-
t , , tno o-7
r:s
n. n. tii,-'tii,'izi,- tft, 130, 132. 133, I3'5' e'5, lll' t08' 27' 7'
r:>s
fll. X, 175-+:'Dessau. ILS, 2043 U^?01'
-.
160
esgsgHuflra Ha Jordanes. R;;;r-,'ieb'llto*Irlsen.
I'IGH. \'. l. AA. 1tt8' p' 38)'
qe
HMneparop r-rrip;;"1i,|*p or-igg r. u HMneparop or 305-311 r') 6s'r potrc* r /larrs'
r03
,r22 6opuc l-epoa
Hen),dngr(yBaH Harnflc or
t{exaHqeeo
or fiocJleAlara
qerB'bpr Ha III B. ce
cnoMeHaBa eAHH protector,l6r
qnfiTo paHf e .II,aBa,'I tl'b3MoiKHocr 3a IIo-
r.rCOKo BoeHHo u aAMHHHcTpaTr.rBHo aBaHcHpaHe. EAplucrneHOTo JILIUe,
oero e 6a.no pHMCKH KoHHuK u e norpedaHo B Cepaaria,
_lMa
HTanI'tficKH
niori*ol-roz f{g npou3xoxAa or Ceprrira, a BeponrHo ot VIranurl H nocBe-
rHTeJIriT Ha eAHH paHeH HaAn[lc,16i'
gl3trOXHO Has{epeH a COQar, KOfiTO
btrro raKa e MoybJl aa 6T Ae
pHlrcr(H KoHHHK. Nlexa-v 3HoeHTJInur 6pofi
ofi1ul\u B Ha4nscare or Pr.rrrr ce rrBrlBar c rlo-tsHcoK
qHH
or npocT BofiHI{K
eAHH tubicen ,,rp.l6auc,r6s
eAHH librarius tribuni ,,KHHT0BOAHTeJI
npH Haqan-
--HKa
Ha xOxOpTaTan16'r v e,U,I4H Sigrfifer ,3HaIvleHOCeq"ros.
HaAnuCHTe OT
paAa v TepsTopHflTa Nry c'brrlo HH .[aBaT HIICKH BOeHHH
qHHOBe,
eAI4H
^Lpnr*1r,
apuU H eAHH HJtLt ABarvla ngilloll(HI'IK-I(OpHHKvnapnfi
("*. no-
rope lll, 102).
'
ELaa He oco6eHo roflHlla
qacr
or c'r,\'x(etuare B Pau H ilpoBHHuIaHTe
oiiaHua C,Itt yBonHeHaeTo ct4 ca Ce 3aBp'buIaJIH B pOAHHTe CI{ MeCTa H
ca ce ycraron"BafiH Tailr o6axuoeeno r(aro 3elteB,'laAe.rrua
(sx- [o-fope
III, I t)0.1. Toea Ca 6unu [peALlMHO .1Hila, KOHTo IIO IIKOHO]!lHqeCKH uitu
(p).rg npHqHHH ca 6unu ro-TRCHo clbp3aHrl c poAHHre cH Nlecra. Apyra
taCT Ca VMHpailH paHO, 6e: .qa C'b3/I.a.1aT Celtet"tCtAa, H TpeTH Ca OCTaBaJIH
Cnell
]BOnHeHHeTO
CH B MeCTaTa, K'bileTo Ca cnyxH'rllr. HaArPO6HHre naA-
nHCIt Of Prllt, Ha SpOii OCeM,166 HH IIOKa3BaT,
qe
B'b3paCTTa, HA KO;ITO Ca
'rltHpaJrH
THr aoiiHlruu, ce ABHxH
Irex(i'tv ilO r.r 4L) ro,ll,HHa. ,\tcx,u,1' rnx
:aMO B e.ilHH C,'Iyqafir67 Ce TOBOpH 3a C'bnpyra, KOflTO, ClAefixa nO HMeTO,
BepOflTHo e 6una oCBO6oAeHa pO6rnn. or a3TOqeH npOH3xoA, KaKro ToBa
i I,rHoro
qecro
npr'l nofinHUKHTe CeMeiicrlra.
HaAnnCNTe, KOHTS e oCTaBI'lno HaCeJIeHHeTO Ha Ceplaxa npe3 eIIO-
.iaTa Ao KoHcraHruu, Ca oT pa3ilBera Ha rpax.Ct(Ht{ iKHBoT (Xa,UpaaH --
I'arraeH) u npl{Hal,IexaT npeIIlMHo Ha rilalcKara zlpucToxpaqar' Te HH
)a3KpHBaT e,ilHo cMeceHo HaceaeHHe, oTqacTLI C nepefpHHaJIHO, OTqacTH C
)HillCKoI.paiKjlaHCKoIIpaBo,KoeTorlpHHail"IeiKttI(.bl,ITpeToToC.bCJIoBHe.
B palrKt.r.re Ha fpaACriHTe aIilll,rHilCTpaTHBHrl [l
(--aKpanHH jl.I-biKHOCTI'I ce
ol"pitHHqaBa.rlo
yqacrnero Nr)' R oSrriecrneHag )+\ttlor tt ce 3arouo,'IHBa'rlH
,alru.r,o6rrr)rrre
rvr)' crpelrexH :a o6tttecrBeHtl rtpolBa. [-lHe Reqe o'r(re'rs-
laxMe (no-r'ope Ill. l0;l),
qe
Jrlt[a c i\oHHIlt]ecKI'l paHI', Kolrlo Aa ca rIpo-
H3xo)ir,r1a,'rH or Ceprura, ilocera He ca 3acBtrAerertcrBvllaur-
(l'rtrtoro
e
rror-io6.cFIr.rero
H ct,c ceHaropctioro c'hc.rloBrle. F{o or i(oucraurHHCBa
ra
Hr-Ia,tert or
()eilrnra. HL' cc ttorB'trpt+iJ3Ril or lpYI'llrc H.tl!(1pH. Clroilc,-t Attr' \'ictor'ep"
{O, i6. roii e 6u.r po-rcH a rp;tii6pexua,laxiti,t. Koel(l C(ra Ce IlpHerla B }la-\-KaTa'
trit
H. fl er xo n, l.lAH, X[il. 1950. lQB, ,rrip. l]J2.
rrl
F. I( ir litt k a. tt. ilti3 (66).
rri..ra
[. K a liir li a. n. l6? (.1/).
I'r3
CIl.. \/1. 2570 (l2ti1.
r6r
CIL. \'1. 2638 (l2l\.
L6i clL. \:1. 3314 (/i'6).
r{i6
Cit-. rrr, i^ris iiig) CII-, x. 17.)i. I)essau, ILS. 2r)l:1 {1t01, CIi-, VI. 26i8
(l2l}.
27,t2
(1241,':Sto (1)o-r. l60i (1271.32711..CII . XI.
;ls.ltl (/,J/), CIL. VI' 331"1 (136)'
''i;
clL. vl. 25i0
(i201.
105 [poy,lsx1111r B'bpxy 3anai:Igorpaxuficxltre 3evH npe3
PI{rlcKo
Bpeilte 22s
eflOxa HaTaT'bK e1poTO 3eivteBI?AeHHe, KOeTo e
(lrL'IO
tUHpOt(O 3aCl"brleHo
B repnropuflra Ha Cep.Uura (ox. no-rope III, t4 c.'I.), e Morilo Aa cxyxrl
Karo ocHoBa H 3a ilorrBara Ha JrHrIa c'bc cenaropct(H paHr. l{epHuura AaHHtl
3a TOBa HflrlraMe, HO O6IUO 3a Tparun C'bUIeCTByRaHeTO Ha CeHaTOpH e 3a-
CBHAeTenCTByBaHO npe3 IV B. B IopHAuqeCKaTa .rlHTeparypa.'o'
CrsaaniHero Ha erpo 3erreBJaAeHHe li TeprlroprtrlTa--Ha
(-ep:itlKa,
sa
KOeTO HMaNre AaHHH Beqe [pe3 nbpBaTa flo.]roBHHa Ha II B. H KOeTO no-
HaTaT'bK HenpecTaHHO Ce e pa3paCTBa.[O, e HaJICXHJIO u R'bl]eX(r'[aHeTO Ha
po6crua Tpyjl. I,l lefrc'rBnTeJrHo Harl-paHHHar flavierHHK 3a rolla, HaAIIrt(:'l,T
or naHqapeBo,l6r I'oBopH KocBeHo 3a po6r, 3aeru B 3eMeAe.:ICKoro npoll3-
BOACTBO, t4 npflr(O 3a HaqHHa Ha CTOnaHITCBaHe Ha 3eI{e!,e.J'ICKOTO CTOIaH-
crBo, vrrp?Br'raBzHo or eiruH po6,
qurrro
c-bnp)'ra BepoHTHo c'bulo e 6a.na
6us111a po6auH. Tpedna Aa rrpnelrelr,
qe
c pa3pacrltaHeTo Ha e.{poro 3elvle-
BJra.1,eHr4e no-Hararbr( po6cKarrr rp_\'il e 6u;t it:lIIoJI3vBaH BCe tlo-luHpot(o.
!lnnaaHeTo Ha e;1HH HlrnepaTopcriu'po(r KaTo /lapH're,'r Ha -\paNI Ha Ku6e-
.13r;o s cepaHra oille nprt XalpHaH He rro)'r{e i1a ce ytlcHH 3acera 3alrlBo-
.'II4Te.rHo. Oqeaa;lHo roti He rtpuHaAr'Ie/Ktt K't;NI rpaACKoro Hace.'IeHlle [l
npe6rrBaBaHeTo M\: TyK IUe TpnSBa Ia Ce Crl'bll/Ke
_NlO*\e
ilit C HHKaKRa
CneIltla.'IHaMHCH'IoTCTpaHaHaXaAI-taau.Prl6irCaS[l.lt{:]aeTHC-bIItoH|]
3aHarrrqgricxoro npoH3BoAcrBo B rpaJla. Ho nopaal,t HHCKoro tlll rlarel-11{a.1Ho
H KynTy-pHo c-bcTorrHae re He Ca Moutt{ ,lta ocraBtlr enni'patpcxrr IIaMer-
nr.rrtr. [(oncraurgHoBara efloxa e 3dB3pu;rit
(-ep.aura
c eAHo il.ocra L)a3-
BHro po6oBnaAerrqecrBo. flpes lll6 vtntt 32:l I'. KoucraHrHH no IIoBojl Ha
3annTBaHero Ha cepAHKHficKHr{ apxuenHCKoI llpoToreu e H3;1a.1 3aKotl 3a
T. Hap. rnanumissio in ecclesia r. e. ,,oc8060)(,II,aBaHe
Ha po5n rl Itt,pK-
BaTa
u r7r.
Sadc.rcxxa. Tcxcrosara loxy\trH'r'anull K-r,r\r'ricr IL cttucr,xa Hil llt)-Bax(ll;lrA H3tio'1-
.]yBaua xureparvpa H .to6auxnte H rrorlpaBHUTe KT.u
rlacr I il II IIIe la;ltlt B cnc,lBaliiHtl
[-oinruttux ua
<I'at<\'.ttera 3a 3aIIa;lHH cptt.ro.rot'Htl.
li.
Cocl.
'il1e0t1..
ri, 2. I I ( 9) :
Hara aHruttHocr, 1959. 2i7.
Irii,
LIEA_-T, Ill, llrl
),
ll c.r. rr. S
r;"
ICBrils. 192'r (i1).
l;l ('o(1.
Itrst.. I. 1il, l; nx. \-.
B. B e ,r K o ti. I-pl,tr,r n
-l'p,tttlttt
lt . [-axHc ltl)c3 K-t,c-
(97
t.
t07 I-lpo,vlnanHrr B r,pxv 3ariallrorpaxuilcxttre 3elIn ilpe3 pHllcl(o Bpel\te 22i,
e t r ri \.'iLr, Zit'r,
BoeHHit lIHit;roltil
Va lens Serdict a t
En Ilt-PA OC ti A JOK
I')l E H T i\lt tl tl
(xr,lt uacr tl n III)1
l. C)crrarono
([luporcKo), H' B,v'r uh'
(]norleHuK CAH' LXVII' 1934'
* 52. II B. ( ! t r-r.-
['.\:zi1:r: Qt
t"ti']7:lsiz
I" (l'el T) '\:'|t"'c';
1'epev=zlavc<l lel;r/''t'
,).
Ocuaxoao
(Ii*porcr<o), tl. U t'.1 lt tr,
(lnoneHttx CA['.1' XCVIII'
l94l-48, n. 282. 237 r.
Soli irrvicio' vurl.rius) Iucun du' cx v,to pltl-suit)' Perpetu(o) et
Corne[1]i(a)no
co(n)s(ulibus)'
,J. Benurpr Cvaolox
(l o'qeuH
('!'xtl'to.;t' I-ltlporcKo)'
H' B
)"r
rr h' Cno-
rrHHK C.qn, XCVtlt, l94l
-48,
Il' 28t)' Il
P'
lTrlpo't?l
L,r,*e'So' xzi' it;,z
-Ez.t''loi'l
zril-
-["4:a:zev{}o'-r
Ii[
' ' '
xail
1.1Vo,t Ar[c,r ,ri
^iior*
,ou \I*p*Z:, zz; Be'rUro; ^\tau1z
?)zo't xzi )atxer'(?)'
zri'o\)q -\r).ou;opso5.
Ei:u7.[r;r<'
.|
TparnficKH
HMeHa'
,r a r
-
4.Kocryp(l-lr'rpotcxo),Y,8,'aHh'CnoueHHKCAH'LXXVII'1934'
n. 51. I-hPaira norIoBHHa Ha II s'
.A7e$4,
.ix.r:'Ji;iii",- -tr,,').r,o,,
,:r,: ,ri[).]nie6 )ep6:z'{; L,;:ienupr Tr:ou
:1 :'rprpit"
tuvt'4lpli
^/i?'-'t, \\57'r'(t
'Tri
/'\'
'',,
ier;.1; ,"iiri.r"rp,. ca''rpakrri'rcx,
,rreHa, /lp)'r*re
ca pHllcKri'
5. flupor, A. v. l) o ln a s z e ri' s li i' AF'NI' X' 1886' 2:18' n' 2' Kpax
Ha II HaqaJloro ua III B.
.:.. :.,1 :__,., 1,:1.71
,
y.o,-y),.r ix :riry '-. "'A7r+'-
t:;lZtfJ'.
6)etir i;:r,;'rtp
'-t.:
-':'r)'!"'^O;:i::,.:;:;,liy,i;..rs,
-Aupi-
i 4ito't
-i'"t
lz,oia;
'Ilppc'1i'tot1.
)t1"- a?o i:.z':o')
i.:; -\::(E),
'.\i6
(evDpa6, \l.cxa'."
.tit1'''
l"''!<:-
Jap4::5 1c'qei'nq' lle't)'er'to<'
ll,tp,,q,
'Ara).:rf,p<,-irtl,rf;S,.-i::11;.,!
''''i
tA)'!io!'"io<
"\'*)'r1r"'iit't'
ol'\
1.
. .1,
-:ep
zi: z',c;,'BHI. ' '1,
T(lfTA::'
j{olra,,r."&, Aoni"rro
BIA ... B il'.ulc_r,;')l
u nLreAno'rlara,
qe
Kvrlro-
BOTo o6rrfecrao e 6u.no Trla3 Ha Cariaariii. TOsa IO.'b"IBaHe
npl'les'laT
H
c. Ko
juh, urapnHap, xv-ivi,-rgo+--tj5-11966),
18.) c-'r., ,u. P. NiIs-
son, Gesch. dei griecfr. n.fi*i,rx, fi, t,;ln f isnuit ;l (ci' IGt3uig' 1924)'
ll..[.eqeB,l-H!l,V,1926-31,158c"1"cec'billHHBacnpaBoBHeroH
cMflTa \s!ai.a.ro 3a nrlqHo aivre (cperrta t'e Ha[p' B TepHTOpHHra
Ha I-la--V-
t3anarupaHHTe llu KOHCInH HarlllHc't{ 8;'ta"-\' Degrltssi'--I
fastiConstllaridell'
irnpercr r()n1ano ali"io"r"unti'crirt.r-ii
org dop.^cristci.
tgsz.3a rparuflc(flre
HMeHa
nx. D. Detsclrew,
Die thrakit.t.n Sirr.f,i..i..'tS;Z
s' r" Oco6eHHre cJI\'qilH B
'q'arl'-
paueTo H B eTHuqecl(aTa
npIrHaInexBOCT
Ha t{MeHATa ca or6e'rg:auu
Ha C}OTBeTHHTe
rrecra. Honepara H. HarnHcure cir ,la]eHH ir H.JJIoxeHHero
c KypcHB a cro6x'
ra,'rnH, [(iRLrlg. 222-l\. llueHara ]1okas.
[)
?11).'r< ca rpaKHticrH, slt \Ioz:z',5;
Bx. I, I9l (3,4;]), rr. ?ri; }a(:) rr ll'ryo; ltorar .(a 6'strar H rpblllitr, Ir rpa-
rnricrr. C'uuro rpariiuicxu ca Bepo,rrHo H i{IrleHara OI-\[ . . .
I
u TOt'T^-\I,
D. Dcischew',
()p.
cit..s.v.L)craHa.rrHTe Hlreira capr.ri'-lcxl{t1 rpbuxil
nVc;:i:r,-i e ilpe;1cerarelrr Ha I(\'iIT'oBara l(o,'ierlttl Ha He.:<,)'L:;:o;. Cnope.t
(,.
Ii o j u h. I(Hr'. ivr., Tori lriraJ I{ caKpa.'IHLt rfivHrllutt.
6. I-lrrpor, A. v. I) o rn a s z e r.r's k i, i\E!1, X, 11i,36. 2118, rr. i'
2 l9-220 r.
tiog'tr).[t't llzil.z'u
^\i';o;ti17.'/
ii )[67] r)r'rv ri.:l;l :;i \ltipxttt't) Arp-
(1).itrli)'H;.,rit-r,'t zt-i llpcx).,,'t.
CrroivreHarrrre
"[urra
ca rpaxrlaHr,r Ha Cep1s11;1 n Bepott'iuo HeiiHra ap:(oH-
TH (eABa ,1r{ TOuapCH Ha er,rllopr{\'}til). F;oitro ca jlo6u.'tlt pi.l}lcKo rpax;1aH-
c'rno
qpe3
eAHKra Ha Kapaxa.,la npe3 212 r.
6a. Kp1'nerr
(ilaporcxot. tl. ileiponah,
(-'r'aprrHair,
X\i -XVL
i9ti..l--65 ( lgtiti), 25t), n, 6. Ii B.
'^\i;6).).rrr'r'-
zz'.
^,\st)t,;;ri.t
lie,r,zt.e)J,'to'-< l'i|o: lliot)'c', e'.riiltevoE i'tifir,ze,
Pu:,rcrct HxreHa.
7. il.,raHHHuria (Uaplrt;po;icrto). S. I) Lr i I n ic P. P
aritii.:rr. XII, l9(jli, 2, ;18() s(]q,,n. ,u.; An. t1p., 19(i-1, tr.2(it).
or T rrHvapn 222 r'., It3.la.reHA Ha
(1.
Aurelius
(,.
i. ['lpiir)
o'r r:ohiors) \'ll i-'rr(;letoriit).
7a. l,J,apu5po;t
ldrrrvtrlpoarpart1,
il. il e'r po B n h, CrapnHap, XV--XVI,
1964-ii5 (1966), 249, n. 5. O6pouHa nlottKa Ha Xexara.
['A7?lri,
0:r!p tzvo't
le't7.li,'t.
.3. Ka.rorilno (l{apu6pr.tlcr.ro, cera I'o.'reqrol, ICFlulg, IV, 20it1). iipa;t
Ha II Hiierr'roro Ha III B.
[i'r:ir,,
'lllTxlx).ei
->,'/ l,',,,t1,.1
','t ci xorJ.lr'i,1^,'t: )-'te::ir,l sz',. [..-')!
"'r7d:;1.
[];x. uo-fope II, 86. :la(,. ').
l).
L{en'sp.rHHL[i{
([{aprrripo.tt)rio, cerii l'o].e,tro). IGtiLrlg. l\'.2()-12. Kpan
Ha ll Haqa.'rol'o Ha III tJ.
'.\','eil
r,: ::"t'1't,'-. L'i
,,<
'
.\cz)l,r'- i-ctt
', ',?',i 1>)t
,'i(t)y").',
zz--z;xs'3't ia't
J:: na:.-tit r,: xz). 'Ilpx e:t7_z,r'-t -'i
,p'.,,'t.
3a t:c; irxi. iro-rop( !i. 8(i, sai-r.
'.), rr
(r.
i\\ itr rt ilo i., IGFlLilg, 2{t'12.
I().
'l'y'-leti
(ilapr:t-)poit('t((). cera ['o,'te'troi, [(illrrl3-, I\" 2o+'i.
tti).(;::c:) Ii).2'i,\.7,'t.: .
I
f)altcr<n I'pa)*(-'t aH in{.
ll. T1'aerr (i{apndpo-r'.:rio. cera I'ore:,rr;o), [(lliirig. I\', 2(]1(1. II B.
Crarvrir<a Ha tle,uegulir.
'
II.-zx).:z't t;' b',pil t-l e:-,'./-'i.',.
12. T-rletr (i{ap65poiiciitr, cel'il I'3,'ie'rKo), l(l[r'Lrig, l\'' 2r]+,i' Kpln Hrl
Il naqa,ro'r,r Hri ili Fi.
[i r,oir,r l:],.r i; xto*a.!'/:.2 e;,'1^i,'t.
3a zus,;"zc'7iz Br\. no-r'()pe II. 7\).
r
; i'r-r lriirlir;rr., t{.r 'h;trir.'r re, il :rn r,riiir.rHi: ,ftN.-'o.inrltH
26
[':-:poil
i-it.1.:'tt<rl ).
r08
Jti
j -1. Kpan
fipclt,;i1;11,1q s.Lp.\y lli;a.lHorpas,riicritTe 3eIr?1 npe3 pt'lIlcKo Bpell'-'
227
2;-r. J'.r-'rctrtu6po-1, IU[3Lri.q-, IV, 2il',7. Prro['r;1'1'a rio.roBHHi] Ha II B.
f
-\,,::i)'r,rl :,';'/t,'.. iii'rpiir'r l:: te''lipt Iil. t,,l .. ..lex;,ciE t|''erl:1,, i;t,t,t,at;
-\');,
'i).:z;;
iis)'.;:vr: i;., lZr,:.t; a'i') e;z'r'e).az't
l=',i',
iv,:?.
-:
'tx:=;ti:tt
itttl
:t.;ic -.
i-::.')=r,1 z. -.ri;'t
l).2:1.:,;,',
/-: :ci=ci') i".'jl:>,: ',i[r"cl't AN.. . Jt]i;u70;.
I,l:,;c';',., i(:).;:'r::, i(eK'ir)
'l()ir\
cr':l ir rUaxaiirtte. c' il )-cKopo t'L-'eKHp'lcl(o,
i)Tt(();Ko'i0 pr{\!CKOT()
(,r1.:ntr..
O'rH()CHO eri}ITeTa Fi;l 3eec rr Xepa e E'b3-
.'do1i(Ho Ll .'tCll'h.lBalleTo Ii je :l;,:l rt1:;,'lici; [tslz(:);*,:t.',ci;, i]){(. 6. I'e p o n,
Eslr,.rtst.lcil)-erH0r'patitcr<lr i.t:-l('re;rBriHI.lr B iia)1ef Ha aK,:lil\.r!ttlti Cr. Po:,tan-
crirJ, l96t), 5.+,1 c,:r.. Lr no-r'o[-]e I, b,! f :'20), Bx(. crile G. Ii ih l iio v. l(jl]ulg,
2;l;J8. 3a ,'tp', i'rirr ltpe.ltro,'1.:l[':ieuri .1Lrii'i).'ti]ar{ufl Ha eturit<rtull uxi. I(iRtr1g, 201 7.
2tj. Iio.i'iruSpo;, i(rBirlg, IV, !(119.
t'{:I:-,:t t',il.t:.,:'.
-:;
'-\.i:'.'
izi't"a . . .
Pagqltiage i o rra H.l-uuir-ril ire r cr'rt')'pfr().
27. l'v\ac.';oqt;, liiltulg, [\,'. :]i)j;i.
(lr<ooo
c.'te-i 2 !8 i.
t'si
eii,,, i;r,zlrl' iii c;).:r,:i \ i).i '-o
-'-)
'ir,'it.:u'r:
-<
j::'7,a.')j;,,'-i'ic: i', ;pe:{lpitrr
il3',', )iit i:t-'. t) \:,',\r,).:',';'r -\'t:t,t'tt.'t',') \e'ri,'rr-'1 it. :tir'r lii:tlv 7-a-,? ax3')dae'l
' :'- .?','i',
',
-r? iv"';:c', 7-. :rirr i l{.'1i,:'r Ai().it'rv) \!;'-:v,'-'.t v-=
'i'l?zi't"ia'r-
2i'r. .\lirl:,rr;!'r, [(li]ir!q. [\u'. :ll)i..r. II B.
It ) -\:i
\
:,ii -ii'.r:
-, ,.=?:lt,; . . ?l \i'.zz; l:i:'.,
't'!l\
!'.h
i i
tz:i;z-a":x;a't
y"a'- lrti . ..
iif "\i!li t \:- - - j i ...li.:: z-z'.e:.
bt ili';.;1'tlz:,:)",1
t)'.',t.'1,ir.1'1 \litl
i i.
.?l
'1'z:;:::i",'-','-i')
l" ';x:vil';;
]laxr'
Tparoriicr(H L!]IeHa.
29. I-1'prraeoao, ICIILrls-, IV, 20i+.
lcpf:',, ilr,: J:'re r; Ji
;-t'-t'.;1,u
zi',r'i,'i.
l'pairltiicxlt itx4eHa. Ilocaerare,rrrrr e rri.: ,lit t' o'f i'r
[]ttt'oi-)tii{'ia
Ha
('el-
il.iiiia, I'bii I{a'ro nDaBrl llocllellieHllti H iin\"i'a.ll.i', ci-';. I(lllriil, 9i]5. :)66
I{ i ?(-):) i? r.
I
;-,O. [.iiriuurrc, [( lLilri,]. 1\', .lt) i i, [iirari HA il n.
'1.\?:.:,'-',3ir,:
i';:-t,l=" \:'-:':
t'e'-,i,t:l
).:', ;L:'-i
"-',7,,'. . .'-:i.--"'
'ip.ir.:;rilcr.ri
II\rrrFia
(ie:r
ii i,pB()'r'(-'i.
,ii. ilnan;irre, l(il,iriii, t\,'.2Oi0. ii n.
j'.\,'2,) lr,: -:ti1.'i'-1. 'll'rzx).::-;,'t,: Ileli"'ii',:l
,;(
.'').:
':i:)
) '/-:
.:: :r,: :'s't,i:','t )r:1;:;,: \i . . .
l'*:'"c's
il';fi, i'r,.'-i,t: -r't '- . . , r,
j-.,^..,i--
:
^).,ir;,ri-li,
I.-l I
t/t-J.l-l
i
J-/.\t;ti/-:i,,, t,,1.. ..1.
.t
i Ilieru i1a tiarl[il a
-lp;ittliii'.':ii.,.
.'le'icl; .'i.i)]l l-.'lll,i .\i;,; n iirleTO
Llrn.itt
ilpn
',t t:',-i. ii,paltre
lll s.
ii::rt6pra-
;I lPIIT,
rtirii'
I ---
.r .-l
. 1t,,i,-r
I t'r a'
.1-!:/tl
:
i .E
f
.x
lF:
rB
.e.
t
!
!
L?ro<
IJ. I
',..'..,./.
:''
i'r
ri-:
-(r)
t/
'/-,,."- \:),:'i:::
xat'
ii
':.'i. Haqaloro
i.','
: .'i/.'t lvt,.
Tpai<ui:rcxu
rli\iel{a'
23.
(lnlruser' (?), i(lilriis'
Tpasuiicl:rl
LI i'leiia '
li'''"'r"t.
2i. Onttttner',
lGi:]tril'
L
'
!i:j-
O::s A:(:'r e:i)'-ri'i'
TPa i<xftcxH
I'1 fvlt- H ll'
21a. I'Paleu,
3' 1' o
'l
f ii
':l'
HA IIi B. --k,r,ri,o
',.\iz)'"r,;:rir Ii'\iII ' "
'
-1i)il b.'IBllHe Ce C-biitiiiti,lrl' !')1r'rii) ii
Asttri
'
\c,i:t,,.r,|i3 e H3Bec I tlo I,lli'lt)
\it::,.iir,'loi;. I IrrI':-) a i' ;.:]ir()]i:tto. B ]iit,-la
enlrre
'i
ira .Jei:':. H.i... ,ii sseil. i?ir II,
Q',
;Slrr.
I.rllr,,l] i:.
,J2. linaHuue.
Irt.
rli S t'I'i r*: r'. Siriil':.i'ttr'lri.',. ita Ltiirl :'i)aitlil'.rittisi:he
iriqithril'ii:'1. li)tr l, ir.
j7. 1,.'
n.
;5rbi;r:,ii"s:11s itil til
ictri(it-iitlil
3:1. Kpacrio ce"ro
1(.ciliu,r;,
[(rl]''.i13, i'v-, ?0-18. ii B.
.1,.).(
l
j:.,;
r Il ,'n:t-:; i
y-:i '-l 7,e,.'..,-.t,,.,', (.illtt 7,e:;.,i'; ,r:.t't ) :,.'r!in,,,,-"',.
(lirrulri'i,r'
e rparii.riicito r'n"{e.
uI llpoyunalrnfi Bbp.\y 3arrl,[Horpaxuiicxure 3e,\,!H npe3 pHMcI(o Bpeue
229
41. Corlraa, ICBulg, I\', 1904. l\it r.
[
. . .
4f.pov.\o'/.o;
r'i.-< Opz,.xtis't iezV'1'.i.a-< I-(aiau) 'Io,t).ia,t
[Kolpp6D[ou]
::pec,3(eu:ai) cefit(rc:r,t)l )t;;lc;,.*a'"i;;r.'r1
i...lDd, i;i:pte).z,ioi
K(cfiwv)
AlJil,eVto',
,J'1.
3a Ksnu'r tsa;repui.i B)r\. i. 37.
-+2. Cotpux, IGBtiig, IV, l90ti.
(,r<opo
cneA 212 r.
L'epo'nte.ryc;n:c< xz'- ).r;l'.';::!-tC't-c1 :o't ii'-d.c^1rtt;i:c't t().zuE(icu) :\o'r7e:vau,
Aup(.l1iro;) 2z,ier,'to; \zizi-'to'.t c tti \Lr1:76Ztttgr,; t,2,,,-lia.E ;^i,< ^1sgc'toieq ix r1t't
;t;
^yepo'ti[z; Tgrlltirut't
v.zte;x='3zct),
q')'ta.L.'-)'t:.; Aip(r)'t-o';)
'A;ciatrr',tdo,t
\Iagx;ata'i.
;fsarurara Aape.lnlr ce IroJI'v'rtll'iLI pfl!raiio I'paixAairc'rBo c eAHIira Ha
Kapaxa.na or 212 t'.. Ho ;t118ar u npejluurHtrrL' crr flepcfprrHaJiHr.r HMeHa.
4i3. Corfrun, iGBuig, l\', 195;]. Bepo;rruo I +3 r., r'uii Karo H B rpyrrd
Aor(yNreHTt.I
(-.
Bellit:iils^ Flrtr:cus(.') 1't;rr;ulttus r-e riBflBa nLre3 Tafl roAIrHa
3a BTopH n'hr Koucvn\cpts. A. I)egrrts:ri,
(rp. cii., D.
-ifl..la B'b.3pai!.eHrero
Ha I'. rv'lr.rxaii,loe,
qe (-lvrinr.i're
coqal'Kr;\r BTopara rto,'IotsnHa Ha II a., nx.
ICillulg, 2l3ut3 or 146 I'. II 2;ill o'r i2i i-.
['epoa
ll0
l)5. Co,Plrn,
ICiIiulg, I\I, 1912'
'itp
,r.r'g t\:t:itr,'t
a)','(o"z:r't)
.
)'.c)'
Aitlz).4 zq.i Kz)'tiEit'tt
/')"
.tlttct:ttLi-<1.
flocgerrrTe,,liITe
ca pnllci(11 rpa/K-{aHII
oT fp1;liKli
rrrT nocBerltre.'I
e or A*ta:l'''
n
^\'ir'ia
i\sttrr'
'
,\,ox)t,a'-i 6'tt
a i-OHOTeT"lTe'
c e;1111(Ta tla
pr.lNlcKH reH-
npaP,(): BX{. Il
npol'r3l:o.x..
I*locle,:t-
-\'-'r.i't'-',',1
l' i).-,,'tiz
('s;1''t;
i'.>,',' . . . .l' Ic' )':a'tl;;'''l
f \ato't)
'[ou(i)iou K-oPP6Dou
'Z:x
i-,Ps)'1=oo
I((oiv:or'r)
,,1ilLleTf) ilopa;tH Jil'ltlca Ha IiorllGrlell
e HaBflpHo
ii. K I a t t. Zur l?ekrutierung
der Alen unci
Bel)OtITLIO 311 CIIH Ha CJ'lVlKplJ
B nO\lOlUHtlTe
'A7z$'4r
["'i7r,:].
l\i::c< \lotzl., . . )V'1rcI p.); xl.). ;7Gl-c3
lciT^1o't
xai
ell7r1*.'r^1t,; xti t=li77r,; 'lzicllreyr,;
='i,3
i:'iu:[; ;dsto;
'.>.] 'i.p,ba;ct zai ;][v
,3coprcvf irny
ix't:ti,t xa;efoze::ax't.l []e).).:zlr,r TcTx'yc';ii<o
'l't,,iz)'tz'tGs
zb p'
z[ai ...].
IVlyuuuanaJrHa r(apuepa
rcyHoo, XLII, 1945-46,
verwaltung, 1168 f.
.{1.
Co(rHr, IGBulg, IV, l9 i 6. II B.
fT\.zpct't '.'"?,t,tt',rr.t l:lc',
i;zV:z:c't ii'tl!72 i;-i^f,
lxil1
,g).:1,
;itpr,l;
:1f
Iae]
ttipet:o ^ii.pr,v=efq.l
Tpar<nacro Hrvre c nprrKop o'f Ti)rloi{o\iac'f rr({eH fiDorr3:io.{. l'.car;e; ca
9.,lCHOBeT(', Ha fepy3Hfra.,ilAI{eto e titr.:o \ro)+\e
(tfi
I'epJ:JI.raL)x.
15. Coipun, IGBuI*-, I\', 1913. Or<o,ro 161-1ti,l r.
'A^yeilrr::
;'3'1r;..
())cixs.ia't
IIpoxi.a't ii
,io'i.^ri
xai c e'F,1:.cE.
Bepoa'rHo c'bripvra Ha
<Draalrii
ilorrnei:r r\iourari (r1'r< n. rr. 3E
-
40i.
4ti. CoQun. iGBulg, I\,'. 1972. iipaa Ha II Haqar'roro r{a tll n.
IAi1;.110'r;
z,r:l
Uil).(xti!.c't)
Ko:'.ir: i:al'r $p't'7ip't.ou (sic !).
47. Co(rrr:i, E. K a Ii rr li a, Antike Detikmriier irr Buigarien. 1906.
ll. it,2. i\lecroi-.axor{i;IBFIue LIeirrsrcrHD, Ho r.r3r,rle){.i/{a,
qe
e CoQan. II a.
(Tpannoao H[)e]re ).
[
. . . i:r]l:?ciis.")c'iia;
[;ri<
F)ptztirt i:;,egll'6tt:. . .
t's t,t-c;:,/Fio:
Ii,:pva[otoq
{,xa7'1r,q ? rlSl
[Xrl=t; ltle],,"e.rte;
'I:-,tgzi-l,,t,t y.q,i
ip'
a'tE;rirt ? r tll,,xcuev].,d).r6
xat'ei'l\'t
ly.orpl:.tit;
tclcdel
{xz:z'1s^1lg:t,,t',tz'.c':,<
lx;,"'tlixLo') . , . .
'A;r6).iov
?] r,
dv6$r7xs'r.
Calture npeAcKa3aHHH ca rlpair,reHTailHo 3aila3ei-{u. 3a la'rzpaHero Bx.
K. ii r a f t, Zur Rekrutierurlg cler Alen un'-l Iiuhorten, s. 179, n. 1534.
B HH3xoArn[ pe.I.. 3a ei.yr,,ii.r7r,( B)t{. B. I- e
P
o B,
79, za;l:ic'yr,< B)+(. W. Liebenanr, Stadte-
37. CoSun,
IGBulg,
t
. . . . - ilYe'3oveo)'t1o;
p*
iftu*,o)
os,"(.ec=i)
)id'ePi"ott P"
BlnPexu PIt]lcKoro
neperpllHa.[Ho
npaBo'
ir,ihortett,
7; i.; Kacae
B0iacKLI
(Blli. III, 92)'
IIXIE
CPR.
CC
HepcttrHo
or tlav"raltlt
t:a p,, u. P6,'x'-'"lvl'hr,
I'
rD.ra sH estltt.
IJA
75,
19011. L)r.o.ro
i 6l - 1 {i'l r'
I iiirrJ.r',i
)'io',t't"'\'' l^i; )"'i'i^,
t'z;' cl
7't'l''o<'
40. Co(rrrr, [SLlulg, [i',
'AlzB'ii t67.1r'
'H t'x:7"';
i1a$6;.
'
3'a ,;IHI{ero tsx(' n' 38'
;c),:tz't6P.evct
!T--
2''J
u3
Uonlf l'ePoe
'.loz),rpi'
l_12
t.i.:. Ip4-
lipoyuuarra,r B i,pri' 3:lnil,rHorprtxuiicxa'le .rer{s ilpe3 pu[rcxo BpeMe
23r
ti0. Corblrr, I(lllu1g, I'r'. ltii;,3. Iipr;r Fra Il HaqaJ-r0lo ua III a.
t
- - I'$:',:t/_7g \": lz::t:',: ? j
'.'-,it.,
i:r'.;:rit
L".
.i,--usel;o.)
xz:e{cxabzoe.ll, d
.-' I
1't'-3'ti ::
ir::
7r-r.i't-'r'-t't--'l-'-.
61. Co,irrrr. I(lliirl:, i., llir;t,) ili it.
i
- - -
I
\i:;(
i'lz'"'.'.'ti,'
::i'r'r:il,) xzi :ii, i',i,2i .\i)pr;).:Q,?) J:r;i vslr) iz
.61'z i;,ir'ti. I.,i i.;:l i;.'t.j: ::ir:i;;
{?), ,i,;:,-
i.:l
;t),2,-
it\
(;-y,.1.j?,7.)
-
Ko,,,i
:(;) a)):tLa'-(t,\
\d'i,'.,
).;-,-7.\
,,t.i:;1,.7 y
1. .\ :;l:e : t
.,-,Ze
-tz.
(.,1.
ileo'lrit:,lti.J.tii() .;r--i i'{Jii<l."ir))ri,ltiitre. I{o ileDori'iu0
(-oiJlltx,
B. 6 e u e B-
.T ti e n, E Itil'Jarbci<u i1llri:ir)r'r, rr. +'J, c ri{'}llnaBr(a I-. lrl lr:< a ii.'1 o B, fCyOO,
\:[-VIil,
i:)52 5,t, 2iu, ii. ,]1. iiir;r.r rra il Ha'{a,Toro ua lli B.
.\::ili,).:',:)
-i-;:;r;;i.
::: z:.. .\.,:1'.,:,:
\-.:)',;'l'i
[
- - - ittl:,el:,.r.::tz;z,i cl$l,ri ?
t-z!--.-i
i---
j'i',i' .\',',',,,.;.,,i ):i ---:i---)it',t.1c::1,1i --j iz:tirviD[iurv.
" t ) r't\, l -::,c',
i
-'.,1 i,,
).ti,
- :'. - i'i ..zri,.i.
(;.1.
i ie,t'i tie.tit.jlitt,; r.i:'c i, )iiil-'(oii:-i'-'nri(. 1ro Repor{Trr(> Corf rr;1. t}. E e-
lir e ii.'t it e il. it. it,, c ir(r. i',.1,'iiri L ,\l ;r x lt ti .r rl rt, ['(.I'ij;rjr, ]:L\,'lll, 1952,'3,
f'-.;, il. i iq.t. IIa,t;.1.';r'.1',.^, r{.t i;l it.
.
.\l ::11-'-: )\l::',",',: , ;.-: .
' jr
,;.'i,'t
._i,, )- ,, ;,! ti't-3't l-.r'ta!.
,r, -,,.1..7,-.,,.)
i,--rtl
lt
tiyStl;
,,-r.?r{
..,i.-i:.::.t:7.;'-
7..,.)- .', ) "'".t :l:).:',,-t,,t :'r,'i
'-:).::;zZ
',-i,.c:
.'i.r3x:::
=ur.i2Oiriq; -, 'r) - -,.r..'i - 1,"''-.'... - ' ;.J.- t--t ) -tt: r. !lt:, lt)- l
-:..
Iii tue it,TIIe Il a '.t ;.g rr[i1 i ;:.:,.; ri.l i.') ,, !oa)'., B I(oc ro ce c.irtI HfiBa.i J. et
L. Ro b i r t, llLril. rl)., l1J5.i, ,1. ii;8. iiriuen"rir,:a c^\Batrta .it:.,) Ka-r.o
ytne,
;[oriaTo i\iuxai:r.ror] i'r) cl{:}i1r]Ill i(a't'r) iror{33a're.,'tH() }rec.fotiireuae. Iau:rc5 H
'l'.,'t:oq
Suxa N!or,.ni la 6-i,lar rparinncKIl nr"reHa.
ti{. Corpirx. E.
rD
u .r o n, Coqbaricr<ara tt'bpriBa Cs. Co$itr, l
g
l3, 97
C.'I.., AA, XXVII. 1l)12,5ij3. iipax Ha II
-.Haiia.-roro
Ha III ;.
,\l(arc[is)
^-\llfe
liitr
'l'r,
.( ,
v.-'trr.]rrir:r e:i rt1,r
i-rliiiti.t
.\.< trrtruin, natio ne
i'rr'. lrr itriliitli.;ii :utiiri:r l";.'(f iii
-la li.ll't'itDaHi.t() it.t :i:t-tilrc,r
'r.ii. ii. I,. i :;i, ?-tii i.leiirtrtirruitg, l4l,
:.. i -i. !. Iiac:,: ce r() R{j,iiie ilet,(}:i'iri{)cr .t(o liLi I .\'trrrriii:.
t,l. []o,ir;r;1, Itril:ri.-, i'u', 197;. Cr.:oll,; c.rej{ Zi) t..
.1,1
\');i
i).:r:)
-ti:t'.
.'.:; t-\:i:
:c'; (>i,-' i.t, .\')pi;,i.:::\ \ii.i,,.:; !..c,)ja),
\:'-(.'i,).'-:.: r ir:i'; ,:: .\.,, -.-.s - - -]
lr)
[---r;e:,:,;o:
]ti ---]
i---l:i
.,t :'i,: ii-ri;
i---1 i--
-l't:.x i^:[ ---1.
\',O't;'-a it uL.i-rcrri:ic|
'ipll;iiilcxo
lN{ii (nr:. DrLrsiparil), T-bii Karo,,'Iat..
i)rir,.Lts e rrHL-.i'o p:r'lril ilirt. --3a ^qlt'irrptriero tsit(. it. +2.
!{j, l.rtrlurir,
i . i.l
,i li;i ir rt. lt. 3ij;i. Iit a. (:p:rr:.io Ha ['a.,:neH ?).
.
uiirl) .,1(aitil'.iis t
.l
It1. i
lrl ]o
l--ir.
ii"lu
e(t1uil,i) Ii(rlltaltr),)
[L]aur{enti)
La r,( irt-rtirit;:)
il:
illlilr;::.r Lr,.tiii,rri
,.,,'i
eril;t'.tri ?l - - -
3a LlLilr:nie:: i-,,lr.,lrs Bii:. ij- h;lii- o, [.1]1, Xii, il:-1, l(107 if., iJ-G.
[) i i:r ri rri, I-r..r citir.,'.:::, 1l)r:,), l)UJ,
'.-;"]1,
li u i t i. at te, I.liiinil;che Reiigion-
gt:chici'tit:, 21);. ,'l;;tie'io ir,[] rrf ii,liili.:i,:l i;prlir3;"ioli rr irprrHaAne)xH Ha
I(OiiHltrtecrioro c'i,c.'t'l.Htie. Br,3r,lc,rfiuo e ri.ir-oBCTO iipe6IiBaBaHe a Ceplara
,ia CTLrl.t ill)ts tsp-b3iilt C
)tli)e-itlEiile','O
tt,1
-l'LllTKa3HJTa
IiOHeTapHHqa. Mili-
tiac
Drtit'
rr ,.Liit l.lf :.r'. ::l .t i:itt- lnil;i.-' r:Cl:::,,ic- Ci,.B. CiL, XI\i, 24Zg =.
[) ': s .:] .l Ll, ILS. 2?.1..
u.
It11e. a;;:'t:-.: tt ii 03liaqIBA
praHI', T'bIi I.a'i{-),'ll'lllc'io
cCBen i)crtcl.
i\', i9;r-1. Kna'r
s:i
,)-t,'i
:: 'r. i,''r,;'-:'
1l n.
:1\
-, )
HA II B.
t'. .-: -
III B.
::7tt, - - - -i..,,
--t
ilol"iHLtK 01'
He e pilllcl(Ll
'r 3^/ip.e
. \7-l?3,
ri()HHa
qilc'f,
i'pa l{f 11 li l lli.
r:t D.
I\'. i96l. [..lliI ri3 II ll]qa;1OTO Ilrl
'.t,:it.s'r,
Il:r,l /-: -{)l['i --
l,u , 1,)7:1.
- -
\'t'-31',ti.t
iV i--
I
I :.1il'-r
I
-con
HO Beiio,lrHo coQltr,
-
\,-t)t't
!r't'i,-
!z't.:i: Iz--21:s-
E. Kalinka,
- -' i,r,'. .\)'-'i,).:c;
i
- - - ^it''slz't'il,r',t
,a\
'-'- 3:lt\'/
'7"\ia'/.ii
\f ,54:
ev U'iE:
^12 Eopac fepou
114 1r5 Ilpor, uraultu B.r,p.\y 3alla;(HOTpArrriicxure 3euH I'lPe3 pH.\lcK0 Bpe[le
67. CoSnn, B. Io6pvcKrI,
,\lcti, X\|lll, 1901, 782, ll' 9i' Ii B'
tl(is) M(anibus) C(aius) Irrlitrs
ti8. CoQar, E. K a li ll k a, tr. 41);J. Ill B. (r<par.i'
D(is) rv-l1anibus) f(ieri ?) i(r.rssit ? ) i,!l F-1(evius) ? Feii.r
Is1
i,[gtrii(er)]
rl.sqfuipfi.ariljll
niunierit [Jivitten::iuin),
vixi[tl an(nis) XXX. civis
' ''lrnbianetl-sis.
'
Ambiali e iri'reNre B Gallia F3elgica IIo Ao,lHoro
reqeHrle r{il p. Satttara,
Aaxo
lIlvleT0 cH Ha I'p. A.rtaen.
69. coQul. lcBuig, IV, I9ti.1. KpaH Ha III Hallar'loro Ha lv s.?
'O
*^e:)a; r.1et*i,. tleorl ).i=V:< i',iFiie 7,.1:e 'Io'i.'-avb;
1):rueV>,c
*?*-
. ;z'J
!71o't
116;ou.
V. B e S e V I ie v, Splitgr. u. Sp;itht. ltlst'hr., tt. ''1, r{) OrHact{ r<'sn VI e.,
'1+(. B'Ir3palKeHllsra Ha llHraftnoe, ioc' cit'
70. Cocfrax, ICF]ulg, [V, 1922. Iil r]' (KpaH
-:'})'
l-
- ' -l
'.\U:6r.'.)za;
'1.a).t-oirlro;, 8:"-;'14 la'i::a;'|/,'tlEl,
-'Ao1)'r,n"adr,;
'1e-
ixs,i6, I,l;:szsv$4 o
'liz-i.=tt't,
Prasc,.z','.-: te'tiv:;. ll'li),r,; ci'rortb),t,;, Is.'i{poE
,'rrri'rrg, lriz6 i'r:',.z6;i.',:,, \lonz;
i'"zzz))'i'?":'
Hlreuara E;::ezsy$i:. 1:ie;, ilr'rrr. c, rpaxialicxtt,
()uL)t;,
ssu{po6,
etseHt
),a.rrHO
lixtc;x,tii pHrrCKH, oC'raHil.lllTC Ca l'pbUKLl. flOCnellleHHe Ha
6oroee li.rtH Ha HMfieparopCKHtl AolI
([r:N. I, 2()7
[359t,
Il. l'15, or Xo''rn-
,OBO) Hiig tt'bli Cnt.lC'bK Ha vqaCTB-\'Bailtu^ B [I3rpaxAaHeTo
(nOnpanr<ara)
,-ur., tpeclatura) or rpaAcKara cierra. 3a ).avi'y;E, ).e'rui,p:;, ytzlx,,ti'rtq
rrlK. E. f i pon, [-C]'t{OO, XLII, 1915-46, 52. 3a 3aHaflrrlre, croilleHarrl
Er
HaAnHCa, B)+(. OIUe IIHT. C'bt{., 100 c.r.
71. CoQux, IGBLrlg, IV, 192;. Bpeuero Ha Xaapr'rau il 17u-1;18) Ll
rrpar{ Ha II vtvt Haqa.roro ua III s.
"'-
,.
p[rp
>^al(ute)l irnpr(eratorisy O[aeslaris) l'riiiattil
.HIatlriarti
aug(usti)l
-,tr[at6nicus
? Ca.s(oris)
'i'el
arrS(ustiji n(tl,stri)
[ser(vus)l
r"errra[- - -l de s[ua
ec'(unia)l rrratri deurn
Irrrag(nile)
Id(aele)l tec(it)
lcur(ante1
f i
i
rarrnt) per
.rituircunij Iu[liurn Slttrr;rrinutil sacer[dotern]'.
. , r ,\
b.
['-t7rir1:
;"t]'trt,r.' col. o - - - :
tol. b
['-:.- l
.[;uv]i;
JTilzl,,c;
',ui).c'.t
'
,i'
'
,'ol.' t:
[f
irla).epl x
,tti,tr,',
;"e'iZ.c'96'r(at:r) Ilap;i;?
-'
t'
' '
o't !2J-slru
,":i,
-ri- - - -l
l-
-
li
1i'.,pi"
rtrly
"\l:llpzilzt:;,.,, g;!'r6'ri,,
Ip',,clv$r;,
'llpo:'
),i.o,' ,\ipr,iiz'
'llo,,i=rrl,"i,.
col'.'tl'
1J
- -1;topz -\.t;r,.'.t,[-
- -lr,
',io'i"'.t'tc,
[-
- -h
,,-e,,t't'.zix c:i!Zo<
I-
- -i?
[-
- -:e]po'i ic':t',t"'t
l-
- -
''l!;
p'ts::"2"-:'
B HailtlHC ,r,
'pa.,,'
I
-10,
IIpe;IrtoqeTOx .1,Otl'b.'ItsaHe1'0
Ha B' [r i lO v'
(
lit-r, IX, liX)l),
'25+
ii.
[cur(allte)
T\'] ranllo npeA roBa Hi] O' \\r a 1t e r'
atvt, ,rxiv, lgl0, lilg i.
1It
ntti
'Iienotr'lranuo
ilo cJ'IeAHHre cr,o6pa'
l+Cenltn:
[J pe]l I Hti]1a r,tnirO 3a il,Oillr.,'lHeHi{e'r0
Ha Ba'T iep. a
'IO CTOII H
r3u.bIi KoHTeKCTa Ha HaAitHca. lrluero
'l',t'ratttttts,
I(oe'[o ilorl'bv'lBll
OH,'Ion,
Je Cpetlla R HilArlHC or C^eplxxa (T)'r n' '59; Ha .'Inlie or HHxex' Hlteuara
ca rp.brlr(Lr H ,,rarHHCKu. Q,le,c; e c HeH3BecreH IIpoIl3xo.l. Str[atOtiictt:: tl;tt'l
3tratol. ex<. lt. 78
'rvx.
72. Cotlrlrx, IGBuig, IV, i9{7' II ts'
sepx:;
Auio'-' :Va)-eo; :cv
,1r-r-r 1r:'r
-'"i;
:i'?tt;:
Tpa:inlictclt tl:dQHa.
7'3. Co(rux, I(iFlulg, IV, 1929. II n' ?
Hzzi< \-rip:ge::
'.iic).).,r','"
liei7,';lr,rti'l
llil',:t:c;
tp)'cpr''.l
7'zpn:li,'r:ovl'
LIeteHero
W,e-Vt,ilt,,ri'l \ur a:lr',rex(jlit IIo-rlptlellrt{tsL) o1'oc'raHa.rltlTe'
B)r(. r }\nxali,,'toB, tlt{'f. Ha;lntlc.
71. Cotprui, IGtlrrlg, IV, l9;J7. Il B.
t)arir ,',:a:t'i,;,u
7,6i,7t'tl l'{ i:',:1
'lo'i.(:c:l
\l li:itz:
:Llii,
iz'l:c-s zzi ltit't
I
i.)i r'rv i.'i !,,it,zevl.
Plr:urcxlr rpaxllaHnH or rrpoB14HIlHa.teH tlpoll3xor. BepottrH() c Il()eHHB
Ka pHepa.
7;. co(;Ha, 1fiBLrlg, [\" l92iJ. Ilupnnle IecerurlerHH
Ha lll B.
'-\72[]2,:'
=,!t'/r,t.
.\1,clt.r';)
'l'o
,).|r,;
'.\;::2i,1
'.\;i)' )'ot'r: l'x"'';ti.)t,'tti''
Fle'ponrrroc'bli(o'l'o.iitllle,KoerocecpelltaBHa'il'nllcan'ii1"lc::x66
etl3BerleHoll()-cKopooriz:|t,orKoilKoroorrpaxuficroroIl'{eNltHHoHMe
-,\::ai,
Bx. C. 5\ i h ii i i o v, IGilulg, l!)23.
76. Qsrllu, I(rilLrig, l\', lgli't.
(-xtl1-to
Cr'ier 2l'2 r'
',\.1zii,1r -,)t^/rt.. T,l' z,t."i-t,t
y,zi i.pc=:i:y,
'^\
:z).2,;:ti, I(l',i. l.a)aavl6;
.\;t7(.i,),tc;i'L'ttiri; lit;"c't,i'. I'.u;'-r7rirE.'Apai""1'
'
1'zpca: i, L)accoi {?) ca rparuiicxtt H},1eHa..
'A1t"i'i','t:
e sigttutn,
PiK.
I ir o Ii a
iit
i.t t u,
(-omrncntutiones hurnanarunt litterarurlr. Socictas scien-
iiururn Feinica,
-{0, l. 196ti, p. +5 Sq. (.!'rasaHllero
;I'b'II)+(a
Ha t' Mu:<ufi-
.roa). 3a trarapaHero
ex. n. 42.
77. Co$Ha, IGtsulg, IV, 1927. Cropo Cr'lA 212 r'
['A7z$.[
;:t.g,?1, I(,iii,,' Izpzliqr A$'.r;:zpziv,i, Aip(i,).roc) J:ia; -\ctv.icu
isp:rj itioti,:e't 3zi(sic ll e\Xr6_-a>") \aL't.
'
i:lr; e'
.rpan,ti"icxo
r'ilre...la rarHpaHero
B)K' n' 42'
78. Co$rrx, I(i13ulg, I\", ll):2:J- II n.
t-
- - -i
1
-l ;=pit[rvt<l
l-
- -it.
!
-]:
'-l;';:|z't.v(.-l
-
..-
lurv
\r'':15ips'1"i
I-
- - -'lo; \p1r-'..,'
l.\:z').11&:t4c=c: .'1";:,'L^/1"'j;1.
[ '\:z')t,]n:idr,'=
*ii*to.[t.l
[-
.-lo<
',1,27-,.e',o1,.,1'
[:
- -1. ii.irr.i,
[-
- ]f
l"rr*'.=its4ll [-
- -lrt: ]lo'-rz-zis[vso;]
[-
- - ]toi-
'tai='iec[;]
t---t
l;xV,ti.l7c'tl
[---lfto?i
---i ---
Iiara,ror Ha r(-\jJToBa KC)xerrrl ? I lrreua I'p'btlliH tt rpar<lli:rcxrr.
7t).
()osar,
I(iBrrig, IV, l91i ilr,pnara ilo.loBuHa Ha III B.
i{tisrii
i';r,tct't i'!is:t1 ll.'t-rtt't'-',< F)elic:i.c; -\l';'o't v;eV ez'xoi'
[)rntct<tt rpa)+(.raHtlH or I'p1,I[KLI npoH:]xor'
,3U.
(iotlrrur,
iCt3uig, IV, l9+2. Kpax Hrl I1 Haqa;Ioro Ha lll ts.
'.\7eil"r, '[.il/.'i,1.
H:ri, v'-l[,:;:r',,] -\:lz'r[-
- -
i
:r,lz1tIevc:l i'it't1.r;xtl'
-fparlriictio
Ht''le.
Sl. Coilun, IGFSulg, I\', 1913. t{a'la.roro Ha III u'
'A^,'ziF1
ir'/-^(, Ili'it"-z
(;)srir
ur!i;:(t'r) e')^7-27''c;i,'r:c't'
S2. CoifrHr, i(rBuls, I\', 1'-'i:J8' ti B-
-\e::-r:
1:fc', e't'i-'i,'t.
i'par<ltiict't: ti l,lt:lia.
l'li
r,iciir) lJlle lle
:1 1
I
iiolrrt' i..'poB
lt6
E3.
(,ot!'tt,r, 11;[-ltrll, [\', I9]]r.. iipalr }{.1 ti HaIi[].-lo,i() Il:l lll B.
i;,ri,
rl i
1
.
'li:((,
l:'i)-zii: l")it'''
,)
"'
'
't'
t"
'
'\:z)'
r,;"i: it,: L '; :et {;f i'v
;)t v-t't.
['ii'i,itl';lr llI'lti{il.
Bl. Cotfrr:r. l(ilittlg. [\"'. l:i']:j' li ti'
ili,''
t.t;..1;'-,
-'i,, ;2,:'ti!t, v'z: 3'',-',7-"''' ilt---
':;:i l
- -- j-. lt"'cp'tsi''c;
i
-t',i ,'.tr'ttlr-'-'/
i'teil"t
,'i-='i'
i),.,,r,r,r
[,,ltlt <,'t<tf i'fi,iii,;.lll ,lli
() t' lll)r)i-] ;illil;lil';uii ili)()ti'''\()'1" ilgcrl ttt-''
'-ttri'ie
/
s;.
(it;t[lri}r.
[(-:liIil, l\,', ] 9,
jt).
lii i'i. iili,,)tsllf il llO.'i()tlrltla)'
-i;r;,;
'i:',t1-'r,,'.
'r-'i'"'; ..\''i- - '; t ''': i''.'"'' i)"'": :t,"' I''s'1-t't
lz"':llt'tz'
f)lt :,laKlt i
l)tl)tijl
Llt ll li'
Etj.
(111irir:i, [(il],Lrl'-. i\', i1);i'l' il i1
'A,rr).r,-r;,
l',','';:'":"ti"'i;-"''
"'
)''''""'' )
"
-:":
;-"'i. t"i'l'": 't'''i1'-
-::l:o1=
t
''
1ti-t'l
-
(,i'/ ).'1j trl,/.7-.
l'1t'i,t1rlt lll.ltliil-
.\7.
('iltlritit.
l( iiitril.
l1
| :,..,,ii.,r'./.
\:1.'rf.
l_
- - ,-it..i-,
--.:,,.i
' -:t(' 't l'
I'p't,i itttt il.',lii.
l)tj. [ ]111'ra'r)eito, itiiiL:i11, ltr',
jtrilli.
{l ir'
'.\)
;:,,i
:i
,'.t,t'.
;.', it':','.i;-
tlil',-','s',)'r,;
-i,l'::"
;. ,t,1,.";a1i,.i ,';',.',::,: ',.','i ,''.'i ,:
''
i'-'-'r.
\'
z:,- r. ;:'.',"i' ":':"
i
i,
i,,,r.tl ;liii.-:lii Oi',1:'li
i''f 'l
irl)ii) i-t t: ;'::jf
'l'
g;
. ii.tti'iltir'.:lio. 1,.
1;)
il
'r
i) il, I 11;'\- l. i:i, li
9; ii.tti'ilti)'.::ro. 1,.
1;)
il
'r
i) il) I 11;'\- 1.. i:i, li'i2'
ui'). i! lJ. il. i$ i r. i i l,Itl-l':'lt irt).-irrll;li.: till il ll'
lri,.t .\\t,ttiii',:.t. .'i ,;1,1,,' l', i' i,:' , ,
''l':l '{
i;|lillli .r.ttt.iiliit-i 't
li ,lr: t ;rr'iiirl') t"
':i
l--
i':'--;;'": 1
'i
,ii',1,i, iit f, i
riii.i't
ir-it. 51 :il ii:i,if iri,i
t
i'(-'l.'i
./ir,r:f1 ii'l'.i i- OCBI.){-)i
i.li-.iii l)()i'iliiii. l i'L,ili 1., ,
' I
iji ;:.i'.,)rlt'll i
1.i.i.lt)l).1:liit'i.;. .' i i1'!r(.)il.lX(ijl.
.'lil e pLI:'iCr(ll I'pa)Kf,eHill{' rliii. tlittl ll'
1 U i. ,'lecs,trro
(( ,puilii.lt{11). Ir.
Ii(.\.:i()iji.ji{a ),
\',rlii'ri11.i ll'.'1,',til:
''i:<ii,:i:
lrlr;..r'.ri,
. ' .
,/l'
il;'cl-'tl .i) ,1.r1,' r'i ;,iliiliir-'[('r.
8"t. Corf;rix, I(ll)'ilig,
I\'
'
i9;jl'
lr',iir,,
'
lIpi,', - - - ?i
i-
- -i
-\','1.;:: i
-i
'";i::t;r:":;
B1). Co{ir:r, Itit3Lrlg, I\" lll.11)
K:rpi,,,
"
A;c).)-r,.r,: 7'')'",'"1t' D)"'ti"*':
t'
z:'
;'zo:
:;,ii1t[ :
]
9().
( )p.laH:loetlir, X p. .'l
rt u o B, I'lijAi i, \i, l1);li '
'
!;o ).'.',i
"::
i ;;t
'-'-.
lit. Co,i,ri,t, Itliliri*, I\ li)l;. Ir'lrr"t'.'l trr
(-t'rrei;r:
\.;)r.i'i.
'i')..
(l,r
Irirr,
I(-;Iirril. i','. l:)l-i'
'..,
;)','-z','',-t.
,
ijl.
(,rrilrri:r.
I(liiulg, l\', 1i)71i'
f ri':i iil'\l-
- -l Ii ) \.lr )t'i- - I
'l',
rl'i'llil, - -i
i-
- -ii('lll'l-
Tprttiltiici:o
rl\le.
\)+. Cotirl'l;1. Il:1. i'j e,1 ]i') ir ll \
i'''
'i
'i 'i
t'- u' t1i;'\[l'
it;3. i lir) i.r'rt:.11{ iiiiii) }ic('Tgiie:(g)i.-ttiil.':.
iiO tlri \
i'i:t)
i)'i
tlO,Jtrrg ii.iti 1;'i lt1:i-[ii. ii. ;i e li; C 3.'l tl t ir, [-i,ti"i'i('ii.
']'
'lS'
,.\ ,,-!
'.,.
'
\.'r:.', .-=
--i
1
lt'lr.',
:' \.','r ,.'lii-',', t ' 't '
iIt)tlrrllitll!'ii';'1)
r] ()i'r."1'iliiii'ii
"iiiltl'
i'ii:ii'i) ll' it))
i
--i.
xl1. i l);ilj
-13
j].
tra irpr' ri::lli:
l'x;il;,,1".1 ,,,.",,,, ir'. :i ,,., i{,r::i1r :;('J )}"
ii..l.
(-)[,,raH.i()BIl!!. i,iil. [] c.,l Ii
() lt. iIl;.\II, xii, 19;j8. +11
lr(].10nili{e Ha lll B.
.ri(1ti.r.11,,1
r\i,r.(cli.rSl ILiliLi:r
.,u1li-i-tri],ri)
,,'ili:fr::-tlS]i
Vi - -
i:,ii
ilillriii.
\i-\,'. Scptiirrrils t l' ir..i ', ,';(.li:tllil:) hei'rs
ilirrrit ii,
lili. ir\:.iU.i''Ti,ir
i',.''i,-".
I
rir'1,"
Tt''. lii -'rt-'
(', ]ii 1r' ll i-'i 1'r'
'
itlir" )rli"
'l.ti :. 'j r.i : .
(-;:irr
r'1
(-,:ii,i,r
ir:ir.-i:..(l-r:r)
(t,ll;tiiil>
i'i.i:'-"
lllll:i: i)r'':l'il itttll'r f i
l)ia. ll:-r;rl'ltjo c,1'
()o,lrr'rn,
\; i-l 'i c
'
i ri
"',
I
I
|.1 ti
I i+.
(-o;rvrePBeHr, Ll a.
'icH.
ll lll tr.
):- iP.(cY'.
I 15. Pai'iotio, IUBrrls., [\',
t-
- - -l Bsrii'ra;
t-
- 'i \t-'
Ir. ii u I itt k .t. 11. .lll1. 275
-300
r'.
Ailio et sit-li
(-l(trtr,.lius) ptrssit Inelnoriillll, possit
Quirrt0
scutari0. \'ir1it) arr ntls XXX\', tltri
Irrrilital-
leg(ione)?...1.
I06. Ilortr.
11,:lopaaHKgHt1),
ICBulg, l\" 198-l tl. 11 ;r a .{ e H o B a,
\pxeo,'tor-ttlt. VIII, l1)6t;, :J, 34 Cr.'1. Heqa'roro H:l III Il'
J:i 7:'tc)z::r;,lt Jz,ltaoi)'6v1i lle: iI''ra: 3:;i.i,'r'
['pl'r,i1tio 11 TpaKIIiicno ltpte.
107. I'opHa N\arllHa, [-1. Iie rKrlts, tl6i\il, Vll, l9;t2 -:]'),377 c'T' III e'
D(is) Ntt.rpibus) . Aurelilnl i
i,el .\Lrr(elitrs) tliialll . . .l vixit
irr rtis XX\'.
I08.
Llet<aHqeso,
D(is) rVi(anibLrs).
Juiriatttt-s
fisli11 -stltr
lvit
itnnos X ?lV
lirr
lol).
Llexatt(ltuo,
R. I-. g u e r. [)er
(ir'lbsteirr
ler Birlkairrktlrrrrrrissir.rrr,
Atttiquitrische Abteiltrttg,
'()
\', l,{34. I'Incr. 5l,rr'. e:3.. XVI' l()68, 97 c'r'r'
D(is,; l\(anibtrs)
t Iic
'ego
iit cio inir:lix tttl tttiite F-iia
(,!aur-iia
tlottti tti acit'ubitae ge
Inlita.
Vi.rr ait(ttt,s) decettt, cess i-l Irrisse(nr) clit.le)rrtl(isi
lurri(is).
(.erte
cupiullt tttei cari prtre lltcs
tne ttuvere virtt et glo ria pascere oilllles'
set i,'i),artr lt ec arnplius licLrit proiixsa viverettt pl-rs.
[Jis cienos et tres allllos cu In egti (?) cessa iuisse[rlll,
Fatrrs aut gellesi-s me lecit carere pare ntes'
F-xsitor! ea.s! aves Aeliarn ctrtni te[ml rriatre[nrl'
l-reest a ncilla. Vivite fe lices qrr am diu slitis ?)'
Valierius) c(grnpos ?) b(oti ?) t(itu)lrum) p(osuit) Ferociattae c(oniu)g(i)
btene) tn(erenti). Vale, I'iator !
L{aHriap ( Pa,'[oc.laBoBo), I(rtJulg, lV, i98:]. ll-- Ill B'
itiri,o't .
II(apxov)
aota,?'lLd.i
I 16. Iipo;iairoHrlfi,
\'. [)obrtrskr , Li.lt:. xl\"' l1) I I
'
l:]o i'
'(;ll-' '(v['
146. BoeuHa l1tl|t.lO]ra
OT 237 t'., .taLeHa
Hil nperopHaHetta
It(arctr) ,qur.flr, 1\r.rr:rrtralis
iitii,r) Zerttlrt, tilpf iai Strtli''a L'r l'hr-i't'(ia)'
ll7.
(,0k.hester
{liplrrauua),
3a ll3liilHtlBTa Ha Ila:[tlti(]a Bd*" IIo-rone'
ll, crp-. 18, aair.
-1, ,^.' n,,1. Ii'rit;rr.,iri,r Il.iliali;i. I' l1)(;;, l1' 2o I'
( )r':tl''to
cpe.[,al'a Ha I n.
, _t:..-;... ..r., ,-.;,,,.,
,l-
i_,,,rgi,.,,,. Sclirpeze ,V'ratr ci ililirrsl rlupli.:urirrs
ltl;t prititlt
-1'ritt'tiil'l
1)(lgL)
Sardi(censi?.1
atltl'( rtllll) X!,
.
aeror(irt,) X\'' I-icretles
(''xs tc:'tilllr(et:to)
Ii
(aciindurri)l c(trravertrtrtl.
i1(ic) s(itus) e(st)'
il8. ACrrlpi'a
([lcrtattafl), :ra LI3IaHHtlra B;{i' tlr1-fope' ll' crp"i9':air'
2
(,xopo c,ler cPera'ra Ha I n'
F,stus D.ri lsis Irptaece rrti ritilirr:r)
rniles ex t'rtltttrte
'f
rrt'' ttlt.l
(('el1-
turia) Iuli .1,\rrrtial(is; il.,rn{t,i
--Seidtrs
lttlllgrunrl xxv' aer(11rttttt ) \/lll'
tl(ic) s(itus) e(st).
I19. Peru, CI[-, \'1, 2(j98' 27;--;]()0 i"
1 . r: \ r.rrr,
I)(is) ,Utanibtls) Aur(eliirs) [)assar rnii(cs;coli(ortis)
\illil Pr(;tet()l'ti]e!
1ce't,riae)
IJiliaria.i, vixlit) arr(iris) xxx, lnii(ituvit) ;rrr(rris) vilu. c|rrlr.
Daciae,
regiorre Scordi hc{ n)se.
'l'ullitrs
[.Lrptrs et rMasctrlitius
'l'er
ttrllirrus
ei t,laius) Lavius lsicl)
L,rriginirs et Arrrleliusl Lo(rl)ui(rr)trs
(sir ) coltttttrttti
i,,
ii-'trten.) rrr(e)r(err )t(
i) i(ac ierrrl ttitr ) c(tr)r(ave rtttit )'
Ja Ha'{nllca B)+t' no-fope tl' crp 5ir: R:'i(' olltr' Ali' Passcrirti'
op'
t'it.. 176 sq-
l20.Puteoli,CIL,X,175'l'[)essilu'lt-S'2()-1;i'lllB'
D(is) fntriiituii.
'
Aur(eti's) Abitus r,il(es) coh(.rtis)
I
prtireto.ae)
(cerrturiae) Veiani, vixtit) an(iris) XI-, rnil(iiavit)
.
ln.(rris) Xilll'
"tt!:tl]]-:]
Bess,-rs,
rra tus' i..giu,r*
'serdica,
vrc() M,gari. Aur(elius) \iict.r irttlirls
et Aur(eiius)
Ma *i*r. et Aurt'cll,,s) Zobiir trs et r\ur(elius) Zarrtiai.. et
Aur(eliu:.1
Cailrrui n.r.,t(es) blerre)
'rn(i'rerrti)
i(acicttrltrttt ) t'(u)r(:tr eruttt)'
Z;trtiiala crope-1 ileqea
e rpat<ul'icxo tllte'
l2l. Pnn, clL-, vl, 2till,3,
('i' p' 3liti9' III n'
D(is) I\t^nibr'ii; iur(elitis; 2i,r,,nr,r.lrhra(riust
trilbirr.rrit, rrrillu'r cohttr-
(risr VII pretor(iae), a(ui) lvliiiil
it(tittis) ' ' '!'
)\er1or(iairrl
pt'rttu(tit) Air-
lr(eiius)l
Vaielriarru I
s et
.Aurrelirrs)
Zogertes et Atrl.r(t'liti:r)l
'r1[
- - -lus
c.rrrn(a)rr,pir(iai..)
., ,,ui,t1,,rir.'rirt,,r.sr
b ?lo,t, iux(tar leg(atum) RLrrrta(e)
L.t
IO[ej
sci e,ilr.iiiry et irt' ri' trriiuIs] Dieiici Sertlit ettsis dl- - -lni'
'
tllereuero Ha Iocne]Hilre
pe1r.oBe Hectlr\:pni)'
Dietici
( riiactici ?), diaefictrrri
diaeiir npeirllsanase
?
'
r1i - - -
|rrr
( .llomilrrii').
|22. Pt,ttut, CIL-' \,1, i]2tj-14 ( 2i3377. [Sirerrerrl Hlt Cenellitre.
p. 5: C(altrs) Itrlirrs Iuliat''us Sertlic(a)'
121. Part, CIt-, \'1.
'2712' Bpeuero
Ha
()eaeprrrre ?
-.
D(is) iV\(J.iltus;. Ding.,1.. h,rirrs rnillest c,h(ortis) X,,pr(aet.riae)
(cell-
turial urarride, r,i.r1it) a'(rrisi iL, rnillitivit) an(rris)- Xill. natii06q'; Trar
civitate Serdicir. iur(clius) I-.iodei nrilles) r'.h(,rtis) vll
Pr(aetoriae),
(cen-
turia) Duhitati, irater b(ene) rti(erenti) i(et'it).
Iiopuc l'epon
1l,t
v()n Cekuttcet'ti 1$r-'hriften
XI, 2, ll)iro, \\'ierl : B. Ge-
27it :J0(.) I.
B e.r K o e, t16AI"{, ii, 1921---22, '112, np'bc'
2051.
-t
t'
llgl-lpovuaarnRs},p.{\'3anaiHoTpar<rificxule3eMI.tllPe3pt|yt]KoBpeMe2SI
IV,
ii::
't
'i l(l
J. iD
I2;. i)in,r,
(.[.,
'uI,
.jjirr,.i i 2.j83;. 2ij 'lL i'.
l;'. il.
i
- - -i, ALli"rcii) :rl,ii ii (lir)llo) Sr:riit'i;t)"
,_"
.
,
.''
--
I _ - ]
,]:,.:.1' ,- i( ,rir ,' ,- ,l(,{,,1:,l,dr;...;i,1ii,,,, ,
l2t;. [-''lt:ut, t-iL, \ I' 2o,tr. lll ri.
I)(isl l,,1(;iirilt11'.,1. .\i:i(tii:i'r '',i1,.r- irri.,ii''rnl r'riilir,aii>,r
'r'pi-i,ri:ii,ii;r('r
(r'etttiiri;icr I'itt't,,!cri.
',,i:;(:i)
irrti:ti.-i) .\.i\'!'iil. ii,iiiii;i't.it) li,i{iris) \1r'. itii-
1i.,t:,:'l'i-it:i. rli)iilL: iit.rJit';i. .\:e1i':llir ['.ipjotji,ii-('{,iri:i t.i,-tirir(elius) l-i;r'lils
ii:li('i el r'{rll ii.liLr:: iii: ii .i. 1',,111g{,.'} ilteil, cretltt.r) bteite} 1i1t
-:-r'itiit
i(;rcirntluui
) c( u)r( ii\'ilruirr t).
127. [)ir:'r, Ci[., \ l. .)i,,,;,. ]-
i){i:,),\iririttIrtt:r. .\.11;iil,,,]'\
flli(., I:.lit $llt l;.lr'i.'i.i. lujtri1l.'
\.\\. rrril(iia,;rti i;t k,gii;i r, i:,r:,
ilr' lI( ri;tliil) \'ltlciiL:., .'\l.,-
. 'ti.
l:.'i'.' illcr-':tti it','i i'.r
i 2,q. I)rr:,r.
(
-ll- \'i. .1!5ri. r
llri', ;) {)
i)lilir():
ilr(li:;rrr, j . . . .
i'o' iilttir ,'i,,'(,< lr(r\ [iiit'ilir, T,-,,,' i'
It,it.-r, s::i'.',' ..
illil(t.3lt)) .\\,ir ,r (
it;(t'i'ito'). i)(rtir:rrirr) it(os1rt, r i-.rilr.','
r', ri'lt
)i( riil::li ),,.
i29. Pinr,
(.ii
VI. ilS;ji; (
l:1;{,
). ?{}li r'
{' [1 9:
lSt:ptritttitii:.:)
1-ltii,l, .
I'irh. r:i..
jirr.rali.'itrr;.
iti:iil;:- i
Bi.'rrg Ol' tjjr.l Ilr,lrilii t_-.lt'lO i;'l',rl,
; lit. Pll.r, t Il .
', [. .j: l:j I
:i.
\.i,1..r",
; .irl, r '. \ii r
i i,',.-:i'1,)'i'lriir.jili,l llr:r i,"rr)'r---
ii j
I';,,'ili;;.i. l.r tri'tt; itt'i'1"rit,1 ,, ,'I
l,ji. l'ii'i il',,:,li kitir-.. .-
I li.e:,1,] L,'r
;1
,1
(
.r;'f ;1,r'r ..\,lel.:i';i f . : ' i)
-
[.) i.1 '
{,i,Llllr)
.i;i,,'L,ri];.
it ilr.') ,',,i,'l''l-) - - -
r,,1.,-'ii,.'
I i;,;i---i, i ,l':':: .r,i'r ::i :: .,
,l lr i , I:pir. r
ir.,
I\,
l']" r
l.,rr,. t
t?
\
-t
\i
c*
Cr)
q
a
Iil r.
i,'ll ).
i'';ri{''
't,
tr;irj:i:', ilii(ltti,,'i1{,rr-ll-t Il
ir;i;1,.ir,-
5,-'f,1tr'{t.',i.-l .'i'r' ii) :liiLti -.
V'i.r. li .,,rtl..r
I ) \'1. iir
i)i'lilt,rr.fir
) ,tittl;i,.) IIil. i'ri'ti
,i,;l(.
.;
.',,li1ur ii:) \'l
l);-ii.l,..tori.tr ) r,..t; r
-\l'l'.
',,', I
rtl,',tritt
')
i;iit:
.;1.ii jr;.
r,,i.lil
i,lii
,,
;l)r.: l"': ir)tli:.) l.:,'lr"t'i:' i<) il,iLllit' i'q,:i-
I lei-,'tii;. ', {t;iiitil t
ir ()l'.
trtllt i l i1;i..'i1i'.'. i
,r r
(l;ttlii-it,,)
itLi.ti
,ritl)i
VII ti
-i,tbliiii,,
r. i),,
/'ll
' .l t-.
l.)
Ri
e
()
H
U CCID
CI
INTAL
IS
L.r*
)!
ci1
I...
at
IU
4,'
i't
\
_)
-/'
J
/"I
/
(o
_-/
I
-*
j------
@
ruals:;2,,s
\
frA tlARrrl
raril{
*a
,./ E
^Ly*
.#l
W
-M
'fr
,U
OES CUS
' -r/
(r)
1-,
v
<..
,/
/u7
/r
.4(\
(J
/Uf?RES
l). K
./
)
*-'/
f"
,$
frE il [S tAil,q
\
(ut
t
,t.
(,v tl n n,q)
,/
\---,--
'O
/'/?11ll5l/TAE
;--
) J4t-t l.N,Slh'r1
A
e
\
.Al
\
-^
l,lELllA
"
5
r/
L
fl
,,
t
$
(^
(+
\:
?
rRnuupnpn
2
-'fl"x
a
:l
fi
orrtonous?,
Pontus
?
F/
s
o
PtttuP?PoL/:i
$
rrjS
64
p4
*
o nisunavn
?
\,\
a\"
6
KE/RPARA I
o
M.
lturL
.rr
i?l Ii1t,," '13,,1rrr,{ tl},1}:i\. .ril {iJiltt)tiaKilii r iiriTC j(-,rtit jrf
c t
i)r1\tii..{l
(t.l:;: f
- - -'lri itts ,r) ri(r,iirt;) St'i-tl(;crr).
I [:r'.:e,i.:_
til,
,je
H ;1i)_r,f rr ripeT()iltillilriil
()t;;,'i
rrilt. llo Ilt,rr,.i'o H;l r.i)it.ia g,l
c .ritrre.ttiii)
i;J,
j.
[);r,,i. C ll_, \'1. ;]J{;2_1.
[]1)t,.,:..,r.o rrA
i," 1: .i\j,irtr.ri: Sr,riiiiiar.
t'l
-': i-
-
(
., rlltcli;it
i:l:
j) .,,,r
ii{r. ti.
i,' /, :
i-
- -i Scrtlir:(rr1.
('
-)-):
.\,1i;il-r'ri-rl Alir(tiiLisi
-.v,rliii.i.i)irlltrrsi
[.ilptiirt i.lrrrr._ l,ti-.iii,.,i r.
1.,il. i)i.nr, CIi.,
'v'1.
;ljd2,5 ( 2 i1)7 . iiptiu Ha II
,
H,iri;t.1.).1.6 i1i ill n.
/):
''!1(':l'.'i:'.t .l,i:i't.ltris) ',i(,ireit ruliLLit ilip,ri,ri [,;:r-r;irii - )irri{i,.;i r.
1,1:,. l'u't.
(
ii.,
i'i,
,l:,,
i,l. Iiire,.rt'l-r) ir,r
(.eirr,irir-r.e.
I'i.
i-
- - -j .\l;reiti,::..) .1.lillr.. it i'(il;irs; ['ii.r; i i \.11i,-i;.
..rq.rijii,.] !
i.',i,. [';lir,
(.il_.',,'i.,j;jil.
lir.i r.
l-
- ..\ir, ii
.,,,,/ lh,-.jlir,r,ili> :ri;:r:r I,
(' :.il', ri-ir;li)
{ lLi,
.itlrt
) l{ lil-ill;i } .,.i;j t :, ilt.
r ;i;. Pn:,r.
(
ii-,
",
i. , i:'ri.
j
!
,,
it ..I,Sri. i
(',
.';: i- - -j )..,r.iirtll.
l;lS. Prnr.
(,1i.. \!,'1,
:lj:)i().
Iil n.
t'
[-
- - -l Srr"ilit.(;r) . .
125 l-lpoyuaaaus Btpx)' 3ane.Inorpartf,cxnre 3eYH npe3
ltlMcl{o
lpeve 211
l)
sind durch wenige Grabgedichte bezeugt. Irtt iolgenden Abschrritt
\b)
wird die .\tiinipragung der Stadt behandelt, die unter }1. Atrrelitrs
(l6l-1613) beginht und.mit Unterbrechungetr bis zut Alleinherrschait des
Gallier:us
(Z0OI dauert. Ulrter diesem Kaiser rvird in Serdica eirre Staats-
mi.inzstiitte er5ffnet, cleren Arbeit bis in die Zeit [(onstatttins cles Grof]etr
nachrveisbar ist. Die Unterbrechurrg der Miinzprigung in der Periode etrva
l69_-195 ist wohl mit cler Invasion der i(ostoboken inr.l. l7(), als die
Stadt zerstdrt rvurde, zu erkliren, u'zihrencl die Unterbrechung in cler Pe-
riode etrva 222-259 aus andererr unbekannten Griinden erfolgt ist. Die
Grundung der Staat-smiinzstdtte in Serdica ist nach den bekannten MUnzett
in die l6tzten .Jahre der Gallienu-sregierung zu setzett. Itn folgenden Al',-
schnitt (z) des Kapitels rvird die Wlrtschaft der Stadt und ihres Territo-
rium-. behantlelt. Schon in der ersten Hllfte des II. Jhs. ist der CrofJ-
srundbesitz
im Territoriunr der Stadt epigraphisch bezeugt-.. Arhilologisch
'i,'urden
zuletztGro8grundbesitztumer
(tiL[ae) an tnehreren Stellen in der Um-
gebung von Serdica-nachgerviesen, die dem IV. und der ersten F{iilfte des V.
itrr. ,rig.hdren, die aber nach den darin gefundenen :\'laterialien schon vor dem
iV. .1h.".*istierten. Von der rege betriebenen Landu'irtschait iegen auch die
Ivliinzen untl clie Verehrung des Dion,vsos und Pluto uncl der Demeter
Zeugnis ab. Fiir eine niihere Kenntnis der Handrverke reicht das archiio'
f,cgiiifr. Material, das noch nicht genugend. s)'stematisiert, untersucht und
daiiert ist, nicht aus. Eine Inschrift, die dem ausgehenden III. oder dem
beginnenden IV. Jh. angeh0rt, spricht
-von-
einer sehr detaillie.rten gewerb-
licfien Tatigkeit (yz).zoi5r,oq,, '1e).xe'3q, \evd,'yr;, )'eY;liv:<, d.p-ata\?i:pex1)'\i'
?ti
und na.r]ortb).r,j, die auCh'andere Handwerke__und sonstige Wirtschafts-
iaiigt .it ,oraussei2t. Der Abbau vorl Eisen, Kupfer, Blei und Gold itn
Ter?itorium der Stadt (s. II. Teii) errnoglichte die Vertertigung vorl l-and-
rvirtschafts- und sonstigen Werkzeugen, Hausger;iten, Schm-ucksat'hell us\\'.,
auch die Miinzpriigunil nahnr eine
-
Anzahl votl geiibten
-Handwerkern
in
Anspruch. Die nerst.ttung von TongefiiBen,
-lantpetr, -kultfigurerr untl Zie'
gehi
-.cheint
gut vertreteit zu ,sein. Nebett cler Siadt trtid in ihrer rveiterett
Umgebung arbeiteten keramische Werkstitten, tlie auch inschrif tlich itn
III. Ind lV. .ltr. bezeugt sirrd. Die Ziegel und dic Urttett rverden seit dent
IV. Jh. ebenso Iirr Bi-stattunger:
gebrauchi. Stein rvurde be-sontlers itt der
ersten Bltiteperiode cler Statlt iiir den Bau vott Tempeltr und son-{tigell
Monumentalgebduderr,
itir Standbilder, Reliefc us\\. stzrrk verwettdet. Im
il1. und insb6sondere int I\'. Jh, hat das Nlosaik u'eitgeherr'-l Anu'endung
[efunden.
Uber clas Hantlelsleben der Stadt sind wir meistens auf indirekte
Zeugnisse ingewiesen. [:s
-scheint,
ttaB in der zrveiteti Hiilite des II. Jhs-
in d"en fernlie-genden Teilen des Stadtterritoriums Handelsplltze
\ernporia\
entstanden. S|lche sintl irr tlerr Stra8enstationen Turres (Pirot) und Egerica
(Le5ta han) und in tler antiken Siedlung
_bei
Mezdra (nordlich des Hae-
inus) zu virmuten. Die groBe Zahl vorr Miinzentype.n und -varianten der
Stadt, besonders unter den Severern. spricht ebenso f iir ein reges
Handelsleben.
16 f .r.t,rutlrtx na O rkv.!T?Tr nt, trnt.t!ttr {hx lorori{r{
..tl ili
'llell
.feil
I.. II..
6r-rirttc fePos
Im folgen,ieir Absclrnitt
(c)'; de.r Ii.ipitel:,
ycistlcilcli ri'ir, eil.l I'},ili! !'on
:r Urbani:,ierurrg der Stadt ulich tlr':t t,tkaittttcn .\lilteriitlir,'il tiit',1 den
rriiber besteherrcien Untcrsucltttitr:t'it
zll eitt*'trittr. Scit'frlti;ltt begantr
Serdicii sich als eine planierte unil u'liticittlltri,.'lttttt.: Strlti'i zrr etttivicliein.
(Aber
die ei'st,: \iachricht l',i1i e;::ctir iirtiu'erli is'r uili lili'-irir:iiischtr Zcit.l
]
ine ltl57
geiun:lene Insclrrift ur:itrriciti'cl"t' Lills Ltir,-'l'rii:tt []itti t'ler Stadt-
i auer unrl
,-larnft rntrcl-rtt' sie cit'r lritt:.ii I)isliLtssi,;rt iibtr ihrt [tiitstelttitigs-
zeit ein Errde. N.tch cler Inschriit isl tiit' ,\1litr':r z'' iscltett i 7{; - lStt q.-
hrut
wer,-1eri. f)al'or scheiir t Ser:iic.i kcilte iv:;iut r gelrrbt z'r halretl.
Iiihrend
cler Kostiibol.,eninvitsi()lt
iln .l. 1 7() scitciiit tli,,' iittbcieslig.ic Starlt
l.
-arlie Zerstdrungr.n, clie iirciraiolrgiscir ttt,:hvv't'isb;ir sitltl, crliiterr ./.Lt [iltbett.
Die Iltuer hirt clie Stlrcit tt'enig.tc::s ;iil itrrl'r
( )::tsciit vei't'ilgi. Ill tlctt
'-llgetttlell Jahrll ull{irttll
''r'lihrt'tlti
tlei ileuell Iili'11:iit)ilcll lllri tlit-'
'Vlltucr
:trrvere Beschiciigulqep eriirien, ilie ;..'Lt v\-icitrrlttrstt'lluttctti tlirtl !'crbes-
rcrurlgcfi fiihrteri. Irn VI..lh. hat tlie Si;i:jt'.ii,-'ht rt:t titt i1l:ltli
1''oli aLriJerr
einen neuen t\or;-rrrerring nrit tli'eiecl.igli Tiiil:;cti Delii'ltliti'.'l:. iitr I\'..ih.,
ahrscheinlich iir ki:rrstantiri:ch,:r Ztii. i','urdtt r1i'.' :t:t1i tlil.'.li :r r;i-iit'tt ittttl
sten eru'eitert. Die nor:liicht' Hru rii,, riittg br''l::'ltt riltc ei,-r-'t,.' Scltutz-
11rauer, deren Vcri,.i6clLrng ntit der Si::,]itr:itttct' bisht: rl:..'ht g'Jl.llairt i', rlrtletl
ist. Die dstiiche Erl,eiterLrn{
,,r.rtr.i,,'
', i:llticlrl chiits') ', i)lt citte r iVlituer
ngeben. Die BegrJ.brri-sstiii'LC irr.'r,lt:i .ich ittt Ii. ttri itrt Iii. .llt. ;til tler
stseite der Stiidt. lUit tiei Clrristi,litr.::r,'run!{
',itr. stai:iiist'helt lievt-rikerung
ging sie allnrihlich in eine christliche Ntkropoic ilbei-, die ebeit-so in derr
folg-enden zwei Jahrhurrdertett benirtzt n'ur le. Hine zweite christliche
i e[rabni-ssultte entstand all tier West<eitc ri':i'Sta'Jt, eitle dritte in tier
t?ilt um die I(ircht ,,Sveti
(lcorgl'
herutit.
Die voIl der i,iauer
,-'ie:,
",\.
ArirciiLrs ii;t:..t1li-,' Ltlttl lillch ili-'nt alis
+'aianischer
Zeii. stan:rnellde;rJe'r i'iilr:
gi-hriLri-' :itltit :,ieilt eitt urtregci-
' aBig., Viereck rrrit einer Alt,:,'tich:rr'r \'1)lt:'l') iir rrlr-liistlicilei i?ichturrg
..ar, ijessen C).-t-<cite J5() i1. ulrl -ii':,i,.i
,-' il.),1 rl l;r-ti-.,LIct.l.
'llic
){cr:lseite
ist etr,r,as kilrzer, iil :lie \\'errt:reiic llt.' S:r:tll,lrr:Llti- ziictsl ii,;r:lti'estlich
:rliutt. Dte archt.ioicgischell
l111.qiiti-lLr.:Ieti ilr '.ir,lt lt-tZ.ill zti'ei .llliti-,u ehtt-
,
jn hlben
,-tas
Iit:;ulit-'-
gtr,J
Sir.: ci':r,'iitll: il,,'i .-,i.,iii, liiiii ir(ri'uill,'.ias
r_rst- ultC N,;rtitr.r,
,,i,.rs
\\tirs,,-'iVli::(r[,-',:il{{s'r-
'-'i'r
itiiti ilit li::liitlitii'iitltt
reniigend
geliitirt. Der Norrlt:,'t'.iteil iitr St::lii r,'..isi tiilen et,iierelt, t'iel-
,ichi vortraianisr:herr PIun, nrit ll() A f '.','ticl'it:ll.:
I,'(';r
tiett I iiinlitelirit:httttl-
en auf, cier in clen arrcleretr Teiltii d.'r l:ll:iii ti;r'1ti tr:tcittvcisLrltr ist. i)le
er.<ten monumeltialen E,ituierr tier Strirla
('L:iiltillirlt
tiit,'h tii'tt tpigil;p-'hisch':tt
und archiologischelt i)aterl rlLt'i titr t1":i311 I
'l'itcperio-lc
iiei- Si:ltlt' ijie
reisten aber Scheirren celn I\I. .lh. :ilt;:u1t'itt-irli;. l:ir'
'ft:lllP('1.
'-lerett
L;lgc
isher festgesteilt ri'orclen ist, strniitit attilr-'rlt:tii.t.its Siailiollri.': C':r
des Zeus-Sirapis ait der SLidseite, ci-:r Theos hi'1;':isir.r,,, rlt:- .'\,<!ilcpirr: u,tt'l
der
Kybele dn der Nordseite, der Iiirtn.i vieiieicht lttt titr O:rt.ei'it. \'tritiut-
ch lag cler Tempel cles Apt,11t--'-lati-i-rs :trbet: d,.': \1.'iirlltetl
(]uelie irllierhalb
-er
StIdt. Die Liee des :\lithrasier:iirri,ist tricit't sit:lier;:i; ertiriitehr. \ltltl
den antiken Baurelr sini-l heir:;-utrgt nur .1ie bti-lcll Kirche:r , S','etii Sciia"
ilpo',;'ln.ltlllti Bi,il\i'rirlJ.llltrrril;(ltiicxitl':3e\ll{ npel pll}lcKo Bpe}rc
')
+")
1pir.
hciiigc Soiiit) ilus rltttr VI..llr. utt'1 ..Sr,'t'ti
(lcrlrgi"
(Der llt'ili{r-'(ltt,t-
giLrs) iru: liein IV. .lit, trhaltcit.
Irtr secirstcn I(rpitel rurrtltrt rl;.'lipitrctr tler';tttiil':cii [itrltur irri
-[erri-
tqriririi rlci" Stadt hc.lt.rnilcit.
( )brr ohl rlie IiultLrr tie r L.anclbe'"'t)lki'rtttlg [;ts-
Ircr kr:iiier svstetntiisc[reit i.-rit,rs,'l:rttt{ u:ti'lrzoguit \\'()r/,ltl] i'rt, hat lnilll
ilntil:.,is I(rrlturicbrn illl rrrt'irretert t )i'te ir riLtrt:h Sie,-ilLrttgclt, I ItiligtLlttltl'.
t-iiigclgliber unri sttnstigt.'[jr'siiiitungtlt, [-atrdgrlter', istllitrt,.l art'liiiirlogi-
sche,,\liirrz- rrittl Inschritieni'rrirclt'i'r'rige>trilt. [)ic i-age titl'stralierrstatitl-
rrtrr, tlir tlur,'h rlie iiiiter.rrierr itckrtttnt sind, ist i;tst iiberall ltrchiiolirgiscll
Lrnrl ilrrrr-li In.cirriltrlr bekar:rri. Aus rltti ili Rtitti
gciittiilt-'tlcii
Irlschriitclr,
auch volt einer aLrs
,-irr
['rrigrburtg i'itl] Sr,f ia stltttttltctttieil Iilschriit kt-tttteit
ii'ir ilic Nitrnen einiqt r i)iirier olrnt' ihrt I-age crtttit'telrt zLt kcltliteit. Dic
,,ui-:.,vii itLlSl:lutendcit [jeittittt,ctt tilliger Grltiheitelt sirl:l !'oll
()rtSrla-
lltcn abg'elcitei. die . rr'ie i,. Ii.
'
,\.;t".nz',t,'tt-< zeigt, rticht stltett au i eirlhe i-
lriscl:c Sicillurig,:rr Iirrl'risr;. i)i3 lrrtil.:e I(irltrrt''v'r:rbreiicte sici: alll schttell-
sitn uii,l ;rln stiirlisterr rnti,ulg ticr tlureit dits Sof!tltrr Ileciiclt iiihreii'.lt-'it
I)ii:g,rrr;listrai.lc Naissrrs-Sei'tiit'l-Pltil:irpr,ltttii<. Irt iieli t,berstetr Tilerrr clc<
Isi,.iir' 1r'.)1'.sr'l1s)
riltri tle;- .\\;trit'li
( 1-t,'!:rtts1, 5or.i'it' itit
(iebltt
ties Ick;irdult:h-
brttt:lts tiltg tlcr- IiitifLirpr,;lel.i llillg'ltltt'','or si.lt.
Irir sicbentern l(lnitel ri'ii'rl ij,rs rtiigiosc Lrtretl irl tltr 5trrtlt ittld irr
itrrerrr Tcrritririurn brhirrrlt,l:. 1)rr;iltr'ste iiLrlt, rit'r:ltt. tler iit'ltis,,'ilt'tl [)e-
rioclt r-iur Siclliun* htrrLihri, rst tirr I(irlt r-ie. Aptilhr-littros. Irl rotttischer
Zcit w'urtle der Gott in ciirerrr sechseckigerr
'l'crupcl
I'erehrt. Ittr Territorium
tler Stadt u'ir..l e r tiit rrrit r.lertt tltnli<iscirett Reiiergutt svtlkreti.sieri ttti'-'l
zusalllnelt ririt Askiepius vtreltrt. Iu r(.rrtrischer Zdt tvLirtie tltr Krrit tlts
.\skie
1-',ii,5
riii,,j rler anilt,rt rr rnit ihtrr
,.',:rbtttt
-1e ttctt i-it-ilgrlttheiterl eirtgei'i.ihrt.
Itri Staiitirrritt--.riunl. w'() ,,1ri- I(ui1 i,'r-'i1
'"'rrbr'.'ltt
t l:', sr'irr-'iili A:,1'.1':pi,rs
i:irrgnrig ill llit,schrril bcstgi:t'irtlrti iii:iligttittti'r'it.': iii'lIer{t-rites gt:ii:iiileil
/.u hl,brn. ,\lit ihrtr u li'tl r'i- ,,f i :r irl.;rtti:icrt. I).r lr.'.rit iirt. 7ltris lrtid iier
ljeli ist itn St;.t:ltirrritrtrirrnt ;,it ilirhrtrcl'r
(.)rtclt ;irir.'lr Iiriiigtitiite r i.'',czttt']t.
ilitr scirciiit tr rnit tierrr I(uit riircs ctultcitttisei:clt
(ii)ttcrpir:ri:s v'ertttetlgt
n'or,irrr zLi sein. Irr der 5,tlrr-ll u'ur,-lc Zerrs trrit 5ilr,tpi< si iikriti:ieri titill
hirt 1{;l lti;i cirien
'frrripel
liLrl.ierliirii-l tler litr:rit i;.'1.:ltillllell. Iiier er::'heitil
Zrus aLrch rriit !.lritirzitis i.rili
-fheos
irrpsisttl: :itll<i.-'ii:r,ti't. [:.itiit'ltltderer
;lLls iikir:usieu hrrberr \'"liiti.clrtiniieh tlett LLrlt.ies
-l'lt::,,s
ltvp;risltls iriit3'e-
brlctit. Irri Ailitirrg
,-1es
III. .lll:. irltttr i.ler Lltrit s.'ltr',1 -eilttt,i
.['erlrptl
llll
'.lt'r
Norrlseite .lcr Sriltit. Irrr St:r.1tieri-ittlririri: ist seur i(Lrlt lri tiei Slrili.leiisIlttiott
Turies
(Pirrtt) ,.jLri',rlr einen I'irilir,'erein bc;reLrgi, tlesreli .'iit:-licdr'i i'itt': Dtittte
stiidrisclie P.,r,, r)lkei'L1rg 1'lrlerspicuellt. F.s tritrtcieit :,ir:lt i'ieiieiclli tllll rlLis
Sei-dica libeisie,.lcltt. iiiinrli. i' iri.i,-i []iin:ir,,'eri.ler. I)el iiuit tle. S;tba;r.it;s, der
tlLtlch Teltitel sot,.'oiii in riri':',i:irit ti'ie i:ucit irt iilrt:ti Territi'riltttl beze';gt
ist, crscheint irier liitter st.irrrut kli'ilriisirtttschell ,\sLlt lii iltt',i hat eiuerl
einheiirrischen Iirrlt u'bersclrit'trtet. tietti: .'r;nct ist seitle Vei'breituttg ittt
Strtltterriloi'irriu luthe{r.,iflich..ia s()gilr ui tler }i,irii tr2igt r-lei'(-lott eitten
tIr;rki:.chelr L]eiltiilrel tr'[r{ )it()tltilstiSuitci i ierkLrrlit. \'ercltilr ir'ttrdetl
',i'eitet
lrr der
-(i.i,li
iriril irr itrrrtn'l'er-i'itorirrr,t I)iorrvst,s lil> Crlti r-iei' \'egetaiion
1)7 126
t2
a
6oprc l-epoa
und der Fruchtbarkeit, Herakles, der in der Stadt einetr Tempel gehabt zu
'-ben scheint, als Gott einerseits der Vegetation und der Viehzucht,
derseits als Solclatengoti unrl Schtrtzer des Reiches, weiter Artemis, die
,,elleicht einerr Tempel an der Ostseitc Cer Stadt gehabi hat, Aphrodite, Pluto
und Demeter, deren Kult durch eineri Ternpel im u'estlich von Serdica liegen-
i n landwirtschaltlichen Cebiet bezeugt ist, die Ny'mphen, die einett ein-
]
irnischen Kult von
Quellengottheiterr
uberschichtet z.Lt habett scheitten,
Nemesis. T-r'che, Fros, Hermes, [{elios. .\res. Aui den Nliinzett ers:heitten
verschiederie Personifikatioiten. son'ie die lokalen Gottheiten
()escus
untl
I
:rdica.
,
Vsn den orientalischen Kuiterr, die in clie Staclt Eitrgarrg gefunden
haben, ist am.friihesten dt'r Kult der Kvbele clurctt einen Tempel
(l)
aus
hadrianischer Zeit und ernerr Kult,;ereirr aus dem ausgehenden II. .ih. be-
ugt. Der Kult des ,\lithras ist schon im II. .lh. itt cler Stadt. wo sich
ch ein Tempel sp:iter befand, nAchn'eisbar. Aus dem Stadtterritoriurn,
wo die St-,ldatenrekrutierung starl.r \\'ar, s^tatnnten ziihlreiche I?eliei.s cle.s
r:rttes.
[)er Iiult des hellenistisch-aeg,r'pticshen Gottes Sarapis ist ebenso
ter von tlen friih eingefUhrteri I(rrlterr in Serciica (Tentpel von l6l-_163).
^.,er
ist Sarapis mit .lupiter Capitolinus uncl als chtottische
(iottheit
mit
Pluto s,v'nkretisiert. Isis urrci Chorus erscheinen nur auI MLirrzen. rlu tu Srv t ll\l c tl5I
1
Arn weitesten rvurcie im Stadtterritoriutrr cler thrakische Reitergott
I
iero.s) verehrt. Nlit ihm lief3en sich ieicht die fremdett eingefirhrten
'uottheiten, besonders die griechischen Heilgotter, svnkretisieren. In seiner
Bezeichnung als Heros sehen wir interprettttio Graeca, wobei der thra-
sche Hauptgott auf eine sehr niedrige Rangstuie des griechischetr Pan-
eon gestellt wurde. Der Gott :^cheint kein Heiligtum innerhaib der Stadt
gehabt zLt haben. In seine zahlreichen und sehr bescheidenen Heiiigtumer
im Stadtterritorium haben auch die fremden Gottheiten Eingang gefundet:,
;
-sie
mit ihm oft s1,-nkretisiert erscheinen.
Kultvereine sind f lir den Theos h,r'psistos, Kl bele und attdere uttbe-
stimmtbare Gottheiten bezeugt. In einer neugegriindeten Stadt, rvie es
(^rdica
war, wo alle Kulte nicht heimisch, sondern voti au[Jen gekommen
aren, konnten sie zuerst kautn gedeihen, \r'enn sie sich nicht auf liult-
. Jreine stiltzten. Da-s reiche religiose Leben der Stadt entwickelte sii:h
allmiihlich rnit der Vermehrung ihrer [ievolkerutrg unci der F,ntwickluns
"'rer Wirtschaf t. Einwanderer aus Kleinasien uttcl detr Ostprovinzen als
lndrverker, Hiindler, Crundbesitzer waren die Triger der griechischert
urid crientalischen Kulte. Die hier ange*.iedelten Veteranen thrakischer und
rrichtthrakischer Herkunft brachten die im r6mischen l-{eer verehrterr Gott-
,iten.
Wiihrend riie meisten einheimischetr Kulte von den ihrren ent-
,rehenden fremden Kulten iiberschichtet u'urden, vermag der Kult des
thrakischen Reitergottes als l-lauptgott der lzinClichen Bevolkerung sich
wenigstens bis ins IV. Jh. hinein zu erhalten.
Im achten Kapitel u,erden die ethnische Flerkunfi und die sozialen
:rhaltnisse der Bevolkerung der Stadt und des Stadtterritoriums auf
Grund des epigraphischen tMaterials behandelt. Das aus den anderen Stad-
129 Ilpoyuaanxfi B'r,p.\y 3anaAllorpaxsllcxure :le:!tr rtpe3 pHMcKo BpeMe
245
ten Thrakiens bekannte Bild einer gemischten Bevolkerung von Thrakern,
Griechen und Rdnrern ist auch hier vorhanden. Wegen der Tendenz der
sich hellenisierenden un'.1 romanisierenclen thrakischen Familien, die thra-
kischen Narnen zu venneiden, sind die letzten das sicherste Nlerkmal
thrakischer Herkunft wenigstens mtitterlicher oder v2teriicher Seite, u'enn
rricht beider. Wie in Serclica so auch in seinem Territorium findet man
alle moglichen Namenverbindungen, in denen die thrakische Herkunft zum
Ausdruck kommt. Durch den Nlilitirdienst, auch durch personliche Ver-
gtinstigung hat ein Teil der thrakischen Bev6lkerung romi:-ches Biirger-
recht schon vor dern Ediki Caracailas erhalten. Solche rritnischen Bi.irger
tragen tria nomina, indem das cognotruen thrakisch, aber auch romisch
sein kann. Sie sincl, obu'ohl selten, schon seit llavischer Zeit nachrveisbar
(Flavii, Ulpii, Aelii, Valerii). Etwas hiufiger korninen die Aurelii vor, die
ihr romisches Biirgerrecht so',r'ohl dem i\lilitiirdienst, wie auch dem Ediki
Caracalla-s verdanken konnten. Die Septirnii sinci simtlich Veteranen. Ein-
zelne romische Namen, die auf kein Btirgerrecht ihrer Triger hin*'eisen,
rverden in der z'uveiten iJrillte des II. Jhs. v'on Veteranenkindertt getragen
oder :^onst sind sie dern romischen I(ultureinfluB zu ve'rdiittkert. Eine ge-
samtc Erhohung der Rechtssteilung cler Bevolkerung vor Caracalla ist
nicht nachiveisbar. Die thrakische Aristokratie rvurde schcin seit der Criin-
clung der Stadt zu ihrer Verwaltung herlngezogen.
Die obersie Schicht der stzidtischen Bevolkerung bestaitd iur Ii. und
Ill. Jh. aus hellenisierten thrakischen l--amilien und vor allent aus Griechen,
die aus Kleinasien eingelvandert waren. Bithynien scheint die Heimat der
meisten gewesen zu sein. Die rOmischen Namen, die in griechischen Fa-
milien vorkommen, sind kein i\lerkmal ihrer Rorranisierung. Die Beteili-
gung des griechischen F.lements an der Stadtverri,altung und arn Wirt-
:'chaftsleben ist reichlich bezeugt.
Der lateinisch-sprechende Teil der tsev0lkerung ist >-clton rn der erstr-.rr
I lilitc tles II. Jhs. durch lateinische Grabinschrif ten bezeugt. Hierher ge-
hrirerr auch Veteranen thrakischer t.rrler lnderer Herkunlt. Aber u'egen der
oflizielen Verrvendung der griechischert Spreche im religiosen unri im ad-
rninistrativen Leben der Stadt erscheint dieser Bestandteil der []evdlkerung
auch in griechisciren Inschriiten. Die ronrischen Natnen und die Narnenge-
bung sinrl hier rna{3gebend. Aru Geseltsctraits-, Wirtsscltalts- unrl adrnini-
siraiiven Leberr der Stadt hatte clrrs lateinsprechentle Eletttent schon !'on
Anfang an seinen Anteil.
Die l'eilnahrne tler stidtischen und litnctlicheu blevulkerung arn Reiclts-
leben ist auf die nietlrigstc Stule des .\lilitardienstes beschrrlnlit. Erst
seit Cailienus hatten diese Soldaten rrtehr Au-ssichten zu avancierer:. Als
Rekrutierunesgebiet von Pritorianern stehi irn III. Jh. das Territoriunt von
Serdica rreben dern J'erritoriurn von Philippopol an erster Stelle in Thra-
kien. clas seinerseits die irbrigen Pror,'inzen daritt Libertrifft. Wenige von
diesen Soldaten kehrten in ihre I-{eirnat zLrriick.
Leute ritterlichen oder senatorischetr Rairges, die aus Serdica stam-
merr, sind bisher nichi bekannt. Nur in einer Inschrift erscheint ein romi-
128
'{6 l-iopr.rc i epon
scher Ititter, der aber itus Italieri karn. Ittr I?irirtttrtt tles strirltist'l-rcrr
(ltseli-
schaftsleberrs rvurtlerr die Atistrtriiche' rler oberelt S,'iri..'tlt bctrledigt.
)er Gro(Jgrundbesitz irrr Staritterritoriurrr, tlas .clrott itt rler trstclt I[;ilitt des
.lhs. existierte untl irr iolgelrdert ,lrrhrhirtllert,:tt zttiiltltttt, t'ht'ttso tlie
[-.ntrvicklung der ]1;rituiaktur irr ticr :,t:uit set,:etl tilts \irirhtittrir:ttstiti vott
'lkiavetr v{)'rilus, r'iic abrr iri ticrr Inscirrlilrn {attl vereittzt'lt i'orkclttttten.
)all sie
jedoch
itt: :irtsgthettclelt III- .llr. scll"ii seltr zlttllreit'11 tt ltr-ert'
geht
utrirus hervor, tia{'.1 rlie Iion.t;rrtirrische Zeit, rvie dit
luristiscllerr
IJoku-
mente hezeugen. eirre selrr t-ntu'i,'i.:t'1tr SI<lrtr,,etihaltersclrltfr irt Serdica
orf antl.
i\' t,epdur;.t ii ttt/)Litt:i)pttlittttt
5.
(ler.tu xa
lt. )'iti-lrr B.rellile llJ 1 i)ii i;i.
r- i,,i'ir tr iii A H ti E
i ( tt pt:r)t,.t ttL'tt t'! ue)
,)
r)
3
.f
9
,1
I.L
I,)
22
.1
ti
5',2
t,.
;.
5
8ti
1Ori
121