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Parallels between Schopenhauer and Wittgenstein

FRP On the Fourfold Root of the Principle of Sufficient Reason


WWR The World as Will and Representation
T Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus
PI Philosophical Investigations

S.1 Even if it could be shown that all explanations can be reduced ultimately to those
of science, and even if all the reductions were then to be carried out, the mystery
of the world as such would be as great at the end of the process as it had been
at the beginning. (FRP)

W.1 We feel that even when all possible scientific questions have been answered,
the problems of life remain completely untouched. (T, 6.52)

S.2 But there is a point where natural science, and indeed every branch of
knowledge, leaves things as they are, since not only its explanation of them, but
even the principle of this explanation, namely the principle of sufficient reason,
does not go beyond this point. This is the real point where philosophy again
takes up things and considers them in accordance with its method, which is
entirely different from the method of science. (WWR, i. 81)

W.2 Philosophy may in no way interfere with the actual use of language; it can in the
end only describe it. It leaves everything as it is. (PI, 124)

S.3 For the man who studies to gain insight, books and studies are merely rungs of
the ladder on which he climbs to the summit of knowledge. On the other hand,
the many who study in order to fill their memories do not use the runs of the
ladder for climbing, but take them off and load themselves with them to take
away, rejoicing at the increasing weight of the burden. They remain below
forever, since they are carrying what ought to have carried them. (WWR, ii. 80)

W.3 My propositions serve as elucidations in the following way: anyone who
understands me eventually recognizes them as nonsensical, when he has used
them as steps to climb beyond them. (He must, so to speak, throw away the
ladder after he has climbed up it.) (T, 6.54)

S.4 The Philosopher always becomes such as the result of a perplexity from which
he is trying to disengage himself. What distinguishes ungenuine from genuine
philosophers is that this perplexity comes to the latter from looking at the world
itself, to the former merely from a book, a philosophical system that lies in front of
them. (WWR, i. 32)

W.4 What is your aim in philosophy? To show the fly the way out of the fly-bottle.
(PI, 309)