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Orange-Nokia Confidential

1 2005 Nokia RAN04_T315_testing_in_TB.ppt / 2005-12-07 / IGi


RAN04 T315 Testbed verification
Findings of T315 parameter modification
(Analysis especially from Network Point of view)

Orange-Nokia Confidential
2 2005 Nokia
Testing Purposes
Purpose of Test Session

Confirmation of ETN093 Test Results
Verification/Understanding of RAN behaviour when T315 <> 0
Verification of RAN Behaviour in case of T315=60 sec
Verifying behaviour for both causes within Cell Update message, i.e.
Radio Link failure
RLC unrecoverable error for RB >4
Clarifying why in some cases - RAN sends RRC_Connection_Release after 12 sec
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3 2005 Nokia
Measurements and tools
Test session performed @ Testbed Crissier on 07.12.05

Internal RNC-VD9953 traces (ICSU logs)
UE 6630 used (incl. NEMO Handy SW)
RNC version RN2.0 incl CD1.0
NodeB SW WN2.0 ED2
CS call, PS call (FTP download) and Multirab AMR/PS performed
Simulating case of re-entering same WCEL or re-selecting other WCEL not defined
as neighbour
Simulating radio failure by moving out of radio coverage (no adjacency to GSM or live
UMTS network) or by performing gradual WCEL shutdown
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Radio Network - Main parameters
Main RNW Parameters:

RNC- MS Activity Supervision Timer = 0 (CELL_PCH not in use)
N302=7 (value is not modifiable in RAN04)
T302=2000 ms
T315=0 sec, 10 sec, 60 sec (see different values tested)
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5 2005 Nokia
Main findings (1/3)
Case T314=0 (RAN04 default not modifiable) & T315=0

No Call Re-establishment is performed for related services
[ T314 (RLC Tr/UM) mainly applies for RT services while T315 (RLC AM) for NRT services
]
In case the RNC receives the indication from the NodeB of a failure in the radio interface
due to synchronisation failure (see reception of NBAP-RL_Failure message), it will start
Timer T_RLFAILURE (< 2 sec) (timer is actually started as soon as RLC services are
suspended)
When Timer T_RLFAILURE expires, the RNC locally releases all Radio Bearers and
sends Iu_Release_Request to Core Network with cause radio-connection-with-UE-lost
This applies to both CS & PS transactions
Traces
see slides 8 (AMR Call) & 9 (PS Call)
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6 2005 Nokia
Main findings (2/3)
Case T315=X [ X=10 sec and X=60 sec tested]

Call Re-establishment is supported for NRT services
In case the RNC receives the indication from the NodeB of a failure in the radio interface
due to synchronisation failure (see reception of NBAP-RL_Failure message), it will start
Timer T_RLFAILURE (< 2 sec)
When Timer T_RLFAILURE expires, the RNC after initiating Radio Link Deletion
Procedure - checks timer T315 and, if different than zero, it will proceed in the following
way:
Timer T_rrc_conn_re_estab is started supervising RRC Connection Re-establishment for NRT
services (see possible reception of Cell_Update message(s))
eventually active RT radio bearers are released by sending Iu release request with cause value
Failure in Radio Interface Procedure to CS-Core Network (see Multirab AMR/PS call case)
If Timer T_rrc_conn_re_estab expires (no Cell_Update message is received from the UE), then
the RNC clears the transaction by sending Iu_Release_Request to PS Core Network with cause
Radio Connection with UE lost.
Supervision timer calculated as follow: T_rrc_conn_re_estab = T315 + (T302 * N302)
Traces
see slides 10+11(10 sec), 12+13(10 sec), 14(60 sec), 15(60 sec)
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7 2005 Nokia
Main findings (3/3)
Case T315=X [ X=10 sec and X=60 sec tested]

Re-establishment in case of Cell Update (Radio Link Failure) successfully verified
Re-establishment in case of Cell Update (RLC Unrecoverable error for RB>4) has not
been observed in the test session. No final statements can therefore be given.
Looking at a few abnormal cases which were triggered within the test session, possible
scenarios that can happen in the real network (and possibly clarifying some of the results
of ETN093 in Basel) are:
In case the RLC entity of the RNC reports Unrecoverable RLC Error, RRC Connection Release
Procedure is executed. Possibly, depending on concurrent events (see NBAP Radio Link Failure
received), abnormal release cause = directedsignallingconnection_re-establishment is
assigned. In this case, Timer T_Iu_Rel_Wait_Call_ReEstab (=12 sec) is started and, in case of
expiry, a Iu_Release_Request message is sent to the CN (see slide 18)
In case the RNC receives a Cell Update message including a RNTI which is no longer valid (see
Iu connection to Core Network already released), RRC_Connection_Release with cause
directedsignallingconnection_re-establishment is sent to the UE which will then start a
RRC_Connection_Request with cause Call Re-establishment to retrieve PS transaction.
Traces
see slides 16+17(60 sec), 18(60 sec)
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8 2005 Nokia
T314=0 - AMR Transaction lost due to radio failure (out-of-sync)
T_RLFAILURE
Network View
T_RLFAILURE = T_L1_sync_re_estab
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9 2005 Nokia

T315=0 PS Transaction lost due to radio failure (out-of-sync)

T_RLFAILURE
Network View
T_RLFAILURE = T_L1_sync_re_estab
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10 2005 Nokia
T315=10 sec PS Transaction lost due to radio failure
(no Cell Update received within T_rrc_conn_re_estab)

T_RLFAILURE expiry
T_rrc_conn_re_estab = T315 + (N302 * T302) = 10 + (7 * 2) sec = 24 sec
Network View
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11 2005 Nokia
T315=10 sec
PS Transaction lost due to radio failure

UE with rnti=05EB (see previous slide)

PS Call dropped due to radio failure

T315 expires in UE
PS transaction re-established by PS Core
Paging
UE will then answer by
RRC_Connection_Request with cause
termination background call
UE View
Note: Timestamps not aligned with RNC System time
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12 2005 Nokia
T315=10 sec PS Transaction re-established after radio failure
Cell Update (RLF) received before T_rrc_conn_re_estab expiry
T_RLFAILURE expiry
Cell_Update received before T_rrc_conn_re_estab (=24 sec) expiry
Cell Update (radiolinkFailure)
Network View
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13 2005 Nokia

T315=10 sec
PS Transaction re-established after radio failure

UE with rnti=05F2
similar scenario than previous slide (even
if not the same transaction)
Cell Update retrieves data call
UE View
Note: Timestamps not aligned with RNC System time
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14 2005 Nokia
T315=60 sec PS Transaction re-established after radio failure
Cell Update(RLF) received before T_rrc_conn_re_estab expiry
T_RLFAILURE
Cell_Update received before T_rrc_conn_re_estab (=74 sec) expiry
Cell Update (radiolinkFailure)
Network View
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15 2005 Nokia
T315=60 sec Multirab AMR/PS
CS + PS Transactions failure (no Cell Update received)
CS call released after T_RLFAILURE
No Cell Update is received by the RNC while T_rrc_conn_re_estab is running.
In this case, PS call is not released due to Timer T_rrc_conn_re_estab expiry (even if we were
closed to timeout) but due to the subscriber triggering a new transaction with the mobile (see
AMR MOC). This new transaction (which is mapped to the same IMSI (see commonID),
suddenly releases the resources already defined in the RAN.
Network View
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16 2005 Nokia
T315=60 sec PS Transaction lost due to WCEL blocked by the
operator (gradual WCEL shutdown)
PS call ongoing on WCEL_A (no Adjacencies to WCEL_B defined).
WCEL_A: Gradual WCEL shutdown triggered by operator.

As WCEL_A has no neighbours defined, UE cannot add any new branch to the
active set. Finally, WCEL_A is shut down and active PS transaction released by
sending Iu_ReleaseRequest with cause O&M-Intervention.
Local resources (incl. rnti) are also released in the RNC.

Any future Cell Update(s) (with related old rnti) will not be handled anymore
by the RNC.

see next slide for detailed scenario
rrcConnectionRelease: Cause=unspecified
(this message is not received by UE anymore)
Network View
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17 2005 Nokia
T315=60 sec
PS transaction lost after WCEL_A blocked by O&M
PS call re-establishment scenario
UE with rnti=0600 (see previous slide)
As soon as Radio Link Failure is detected
(WCEL_A), the UE will start T315 and send Cell
Update (cause: Radio Link Failure) to the RNC.
RNC will reject Cell Update message because the
included rnti is no longer valid (see already
released)
RRC_Connection_Release with cause
directedsignallingconnection_re-establishment is
sent to the UE
UE will retrieve PS transaction by sending
RRC_Connection_Request
(cause: call_Re-establishment) on WCEL_B
UE View
Note: Timestamps not aligned with RNC System time
Orange-Nokia Confidential
18 2005 Nokia
T315=60 sec PS Transaction lost due to radio failure during
ongoing Radio Link Reconfiguration procedure
Network View
T_RLFAILURE expired ; No action as RL Reconfig Procedure ongoing
Timer t_wf_rab_reconf_cpl (supervising RL Reconfig Procedure)
expired -> RL Deletion (see also RL failure received )
RLC Layer reports RLC-RB2 Reset Procedure Failed(RLC unrecoverable error for RB2)
-> RRC_Connection_Release (cause= directedsignallingconnectionre-establishment ) !!
(not received by the UE). CASE TO BE FURTHER
INVESTIGATED
Timer t_iu_rel_wait_call_re_estab (=12 sec) started
At expiry, Iu_Release_Request message is sent to Core Network