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________________General Desc ription

The M A X1672 integrates a step-up D C -D C converter w ith a


linear regulator to provide step-up/dow n voltage conver-
sion. This device provides a constant output voltage for
inputs that vary above and below the output voltage. It has
a 1.8V to 11V input range and a preset 3.3V or 5V output.
The output can also be set from 1.25V to 5.5V using tw o
resistors. Typical efficiency is 85% .
The M A X1672s step-up/linear-regulator configuration per-
m its the use of a single, physically sm aller inductor than
can be used w ith com peting SEPIC and flyback configura-
tions. Sw itch current is also selectable, perm itting the use
of sm aller inductors in low -current applications. The linear
regulator also acts as a filter to reduce output ripple voltage.
The M A X1672 has a low 85A quiescent supply current, w hich
is further reduced to 0.1A in logic-controlled shutdow n. The
output voltage is disconnected from the input in shutdow n.
The M A X1672 also has a PG I/PGO low -battery detector.
The M A X1672 com es in a 16-pin Q SO P package (sam e size
as a standard 8-pin SO ). For a larger device that delivers m ore
output current, refer to the M A X710/M A X711. The preassem -
bled M A X1672 evaluation kit is available to speed designs.
________________________Applic ations
Single-C ell, Lithium -Pow ered 2-C ell to 4-C ell A A A lkaline
Portable D evices H and-H eld Equipm ent
3.3V and O ther Low -Voltage B attery-Pow ered D evices
System s w ith A C Input A dapters
D igital C am eras
____________________________Features
o Step-Up/Down Voltage Conversion
o 1.8V to 11V Input Range
o 3.3V/5V or Adjustable Output Voltage Range
o Output Current:
300mA at 5V (V
IN
2.5V)
150mA at 5V (V
IN
1.8V)
o Smaller Inductor than SEPIC and Flybacks
o Load Disconnects from Input in Shutdown
o Supply Current from Battery:
85A (No-Load)
0.1A (Shutdown)
o PGI/PGO Low-Battery Comparator
o 16-Pin QSOP Package
(same footprint as 8-pin SO)
o No External FETs Required
o Thermal and Short-Circuit Protection
For free samples & the latest literature: http://www.maxim-ic.com, or phone 1-800-998-8800.
For small orders, phone 408-737-7600 ext. 3468.
M
A
X
1
6
7
2
Step-Up/Down DC-DC Converter
in QSOP Pac kage
________________________________________________________________ Maxim Integrated Products 1
19-1307; R ev 0a; 11/97
EVALUATION KIT
AVAILABLE
______________Ordering Information
*D ice are tested at T
A
= +25C .
16
15
14
13
12
11
10
9
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
LX LX
PGND
GND
REF
IN
PS
FB
OUT
TOP VIEW
MAX1672
QSOP
PGND
ONA
ILIM
PGO
PGI
3/ 5
ONB
__________________Pin Configuration
MAX1672
IN
ONA
PGI
ONB
OFF ON
PGND GND
PS
3.3V/ 5V
OUTPUT
INPUT
1.8V TO 11V
LOW- BATTERY
DETECTOR
OUTPUT
OUT
PG0
FB REF
LX
OFF
3/ 5
ILIM
5V
0.8A
ON
3.3V
0.5A
__________Typic al Operating Circ uit
PART
M A X1672C /D
M A X1672EEE -40C to + 85C
0C to + 70C
TEMP. RANGE PIN-PACKAGE
D ice*
16 Q SO P
M
A
X
1
6
7
2
Step-Up/Down DC-DC Converter
in QSOP Pac kage
2 _______________________________________________________________________________________
ABSOLUTE MAXIMUM RATINGS
ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS
(V
PS
= 6V, C
R EF
= 0.1F, C
O U T
= 4.7F, T
A
= -40C to + 85C , unless otherw ise noted. Typical values are at T
A
= + 25C .) (N ote 1)
Stresses beyond those listed under A bsolute M axim um R atingsm ay cause perm anent dam age to the device. These are stress ratings only, and functional
operation of the device at these or any other conditions beyond those indicated in the operational sections of the specifications is not im plied. Exposure to
absolute m axim um rating conditions for extended periods m ay affect device reliability.
IN , PS, LX, O U T, PGO to G N D .........................-0.3V to + 11.5V
ILIM , O N A , ONB, FB , 3/5,
R EF, PG I to G N D ......................................-0.3V to (V
PS
+ 0.3V)
PG N D to G N D .......................................................-0.3V to + 0.3V
O U T Short C ircuit to G N D ..........................................C ontinuous
O utput C urrent..................................................................350m A
C ontinuous Pow er D issipation (T
A
= + 70C )
16-Pin Q SO P (derate above + 70C by 8.3m W /C ).......667m W
O perating Tem perature R ange .........................-40C to + 85C
Junction Tem perature ....................................................+ 150C
Storage Tem perature R ange ...........................-65C to + 160C
Lead Tem perature (soldering, 10sec)............................+ 300C
V
PS
= 5.5V
V
O U T
= 0V, O N A = G N D , ONB = PS
V
PS
= 2.7V, I
O U T
= 50m A
V
PS
= 5.5V, I
O U T
= 50m A
ILIM = G N D
V
LX
= 11V, O N A = G N D , ONB = PS
V
PS
= 2.7V, I
LX
= 50m A
I
R EF
= 0m A
V
PS
= 5.5V, I
LX
= 50m A
V
IN
= G N D to 11V
O N A = G N D , ONB = PS, current m easured into PS pin
O N A = PS or ONB = G N D , current m easured into PS pin,
I
O U T
= 0m A
V
IN
= 2V, 3/5 = G N D , FB = G N D , I
O U T
= 10m A to 150m A
V
FB
= 1.3V
V
IN
= 3V to 5V, 3/5 = G N D , I
O U T
= 100m A
H ysteresis = 15m V typical
CONDITIONS
A 0.35 0.7 1.4 O utput PFET C urrent Lim it
A 0.1 1 O utput PFET Leakage C urrent

2.3 4.6
1.2 2.4
O utput PFET R esistance
0.3 0.5 0.7
0.35 0.5 0.65
A 0.1 1 LX Leakage C urrent

0.9 2.0
LX O n-R esistance
0.6 1.3
A 3 6 IN Input C urrent
nA 1 50 FB Input C urrent
m V 70 FB D ual-M ode Trip Threshold
4.8 5.2
V 0.9
V 1.8 11.0 Input Voltage
Startup Voltage
1.21 1.25 1.29
V 1.21 1.25 1.29 R eference Voltage
A 0.1 1 Shutdow n Q uiescent C urrent
A 85 125 Q uiescent C urrent
4.75 5.00 5.25
V 1.25 5.5
O utput Voltage A djustm ent
R ange
% /m A 0.003 O utput Load R egulation
% /V 0.15 O utput Line R egulation
UNITS MIN TYP MAX PARAMETER
V
3.17 3.43
3.13 3.30 3.47
O utput Voltage
FB = G N D ,
I
O U T
= 0m A to
150m A
T
A
= 0C to + 85C
T
A
= -40C to + 85C
T
A
= 0C to + 85C
T
A
= -40C to + 85C
V
1.20 1.30
FB Voltage
T
A
= 0C to + 85C
T
A
= -40C to + 85C
ILIM = PS
A
0.5 0.8 1.1
LX C urrent Lim it
0.6 0.8 1.0
T
A
= 0C to + 85C
T
A
= -40C to + 85C
T
A
= 0C to + 85C
T
A
= -40C to + 85C
3/5 = PS
O U T = FB
3/5 = G N D
M
A
X
1
6
7
2
Step-Up/Down DC-DC Converter
in QSOP Pac kage
_______________________________________________________________________________________ 3
ELECTRICAL CHARACTERISTICS (continued)
(V
PS
= 6V, C
R EF
= 0.1F, C
O U T
= 4.7F, T
A
= -40C to + 85C , unless otherw ise noted. Typical values are at T
A
= + 25C .) (N ote 1)
Note 1: Specifications to -40C are guaranteed by design.
O N A , ONB, 3/5; ILIM
T
A
= 0C to + 85C
V
PG O
= 11V
I
PG O
= 2m A , V
PG I
= 1.2V
CONDITIONS
m V 30 H ysteresis
C 20
C 150 Therm al Shutdow n Threshold
Therm al Shutdow n H ysteresis
V 0.4 Input Low Voltage
1.21 1.29
A 0.1 1 PGO O utput Leakage
V 0.1 0.4 PGO O utput Low Voltage
UNITS MIN TYP MAX PARAMETER
O N A , ONB, 3/5; ILIM V 1.6 Input H igh Voltage
__________________________________________Typic al Operating Charac teristic s
(T
A
= + 25C , unless otherw ise noted.)
100
50
0.1 1 10 100 1000
EFFICIENCY vs. OUTPUT CURRENT
(V
OUT
= 5V)
60
M
A
X
1
6
7
2
-
0
1
OUTPUT CURRENT (mA)
E
F
F
I
C
I
E
N
C
Y

(
%
)
70
80
90
V
IN
= 5V
V
IN
= 3.6V
V
IN
= 1.8V
V
IN
= 0.9V
V
IN
= 2.7V
100
50
0.1 1 10 100 1000
EFFICIENCY vs. OUTPUT CURRENT
(V
OUT
= 3. 3V)
60
M
A
X
1
6
7
2
-
0
2
OUTPUT CURRENT (mA)
E
F
F
I
C
I
E
N
C
Y

(
%
)
70
80
90
V
IN
= 3.3V
V
IN
= 1.8V
V
IN
= 0.9V
V
IN
= 2.7V
50
60
70
80
90
100
0 4 5 2 3 1 6 7 8 9 10
EFFICIENCY vs. INPUT VOLTAGE
(I
OUT
= 10mA)
M
A
X
1
6
7
2
-
0
3
INPUT VOLTAGE (V)
E
F
F
I
C
I
E
N
C
Y

(
%
)
V
OUT
= 3.3V
V
OUT
= 5V
V
PG I
= 1.3V nA 1 50 PG I Input B ias C urrent
O N A , ONB, 3/5, ILIM nA 1 100 Input B ias C urrent
T
A
= -40C to + 85C
V
1.19 1.25 1.31
PG I Threshold Voltage
PGI/PGO COMPARATOR
LOGIC AND CONTROL INPUTS
M
A
X
1
6
7
2
Step-Up/Down DC-DC Converter
in QSOP Pac kage
4 _______________________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________Typic al Operating Charac teristic s (c ontinued)
(T
A
= + 25C , unless otherw ise noted.)
0
100
200
300
400
0 2 1 3 4
MAXIMUM OUTPUT CURRENT vs.
INPUT VOLTAGE (V
OUT
= 5V)
M
A
X
1
6
7
2
-
0
4
INPUT VOLTAGE (V)
M
A
X
I
M
U
M

O
U
T
P
U
T

C
U
R
R
E
N
T

(
m
A
)MAXIMUM RECOMMENDED
OUTPUT CURRENT
ILIM = GND (0.5A)
ILIM = PS (0.8A)
0
100
200
300
400
0 2 1 3 4
MAXIMUM OUTPUT CURRENT
vs. INPUT VOLTAGE (V
OUT
= 3. 3V)
M
A
X
1
6
7
2
-
0
5
INPUT VOLTAGE (V)
M
A
X
I
M
U
M

O
U
T
P
U
T

C
U
R
R
E
N
T

(
m
A
)MAXIMUM RECOMMENDED
OUTPUT CURRENT
ILIM = GND (0.5A)
ILIM = PS (0.8A)
0
100
200
300
400
4 5 7 8 9 11 6 10 12
MAXIMUM OUTPUT CURRENT
vs. INPUT VOLTAGE
(POWER DISSIPATION LIMIT)
M
A
X
1
6
7
2
-
0
6
INPUT VOLTAGE (V)
M
A
X
I
M
U
M

O
U
T
P
U
T

C
U
R
R
E
N
T

(
m
A
)
MAXIMUM RECOMMENDED
OUTPUT CURRENT
V
OUT
= 5V
V
OUT
= 3.3V
T
A
= +25C
T
A
= +85C
V
OUT
= 3.3V
V
OUT
= 5V
M
A
X
I
M
U
M

R
E
C
O
M
M
E
N
D
E
D

I
N
P
U
T

V
O
L
T
A
G
E
1000
10
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11
NO-LOAD BATTERY CURRENT
vs. INPUT VOLTAGE
M
A
X
1
6
7
2
-
0
7
INPUT VOLTAGE (V)
S
U
P
P
L
Y

C
U
R
R
E
N
T

(

A
)
100
V
OUT
= 5V
V
OUT
= 3.3V
A
B
2ms/ di v
LINE-TRANSIENT RESPONSE
MAX1672- 10
A: V
OUT
= 5V (100mV/ di v, AC COUPLED)
B: V
IN
= 2V TO 4V (I
OUT
= 100mA)
1
0.01
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11
SHUTDOWN CURRENT
vs. INPUT VOLTAGE
M
A
X
1
6
7
2
-
0
8
INPUT VOLTAGE (V)
S
U
P
P
L
Y

C
U
R
R
E
N
T

(

A
)
0.1
70
10
0.01 1 10 100 0.1 1000
LINEAR REGULATOR POWER-SUPPLY
REJECTION RATIO vs. FREQUENCY
20
M
A
X
1
6
7
2
-
0
9
FREQUENCY (kHz)
P
S
R
R

(
d
B
)
30
40
60
50
A
B
2ms/ di v
LOAD-TRANSIENT RESPONSE
MAX1672- 11
A: V
OUT
= 5V (50mV/ di v, AC COUPLED)
B: I
OUT
= 10mA TO 100mA (V
IN
= 2V)
A
B
10s/ di v
OUTPUT RIPPLE (MEDIUM LOAD)
MAX1672- 12
A: V
OUT
= 5V (20mV/ di v, AC COUPLED)
B: I
L1
(500mA / di v) (V
IN
= 2.7V, I
OUT
= 80mA)
M
A
X
1
6
7
2
Step-Up/Down DC-DC Converter
in QSOP Pac kage
_______________________________________________________________________________________ 5
______________________________________________________________Pin Desc ription
NAME FUNCTION
1 LX Inductor C onnection to the D rain of the Internal N -C hannel Pow er M O SFET
PIN
_____________________________Typic al Operating Charac teristic s (c ontinued)
(T
A
= + 25C , unless otherw ise noted.)
A
B
10s/ di v
OUTPUT RIPPLE (HEAVY LOAD)
MAX1672- 13
A: V
OUT
= 5V (20mV/ di v, AC COUPLED)
B: I
L1
(500mA / di v) (V
IN
= 2.7V, I
OUT
= 250mA)
A
B
50s/ di v
START-UP DELAY
MAX1672- 14
A: V
OUT
= (2V/ di v)
B: ONB (2V/ di v) (V
IN
= 2.7V, R
LOAD
= 50)
A
B
200s/ di v
TURN-OFF DELAY
MAX1672- 15
A: V
OUT
= (2V/ di v)
B: ONB (2V/ di v) (V
IN
= 2.7V, R
LOAD
= 50)
2 PG N D Pow er G round
3 ONB
O n C ontrol Input. W hen ONB = low or O N A = high, the IC is on. C onnect ONB to G N D for norm al operation
(Table 1).
4 O N A
O n C ontrol Input. W hen O N A = low and ONB = high, the IC is off. C onnect O N A to PS for norm al operation
(Table 1).
5 3/5
O utput Voltage Selection Input. C onnect to PS for 3.3V output and to G N D for 5V output. W ith V
FB
> 80m V,
the state of the 3/5 pin is ignored. (Table 2).
6 PG I Low -B attery D etector Input (1.25V threshold)
7 PGO Low -B attery D etector O utput (open drain). PGO pulls low w hen V
PG I
is greater than 1.25V.
8 ILIM Inductor-C urrent-Lim it Selection Input. C onnect to PS for 0.8A current lim it and to G N D for 0.5A current lim it.
9 O U T R egulator O utput. D rain of internal PFET linear regulator. B ypass w ith a 4.7F capacitor to G N D .
10 FB
Feedback Input. For 3.3V or 5V output, connect to G N D . For adjustable output, connect to feedback resistor-
divider netw ork. W ith V
FB
> 70m V, the state of the 3/5 pin is ignored.
11 PS
B ootstrapped Pow er Supply. O utput of step-up sw itch-m ode regulator and source of internal PFET linear
regulator. The IC is pow ered from this pin.
12 IN Input Voltage Sense Input. C onnect to input supply.
13 R EF R eference Voltage O utput. B ypass w ith a 0.1F capacitor to G N D .
14 G N D A nalog G round
15 PG N D Pow er G round
16 LX Inductor C onnection to the D rain of the Internal N -C hannel Pow er M O SFET
M
A
X
1
6
7
2
Step-Up/Down DC-DC Converter
in QSOP Pac kage
6 _______________________________________________________________________________________
N
LX
ILIM
PGND
PS
OUT
100mV
MAX1672
T
ON
FIXED T
OFF
GENERATOR
DRV
REF
ERROR
AMP 2
ERROR
AMP 1
INPUT
MONITOR
CURRENT- LIMIT
COMPARATOR
OFF
FB
REFERENCE
GENERATOR
P
FB
FB1
FB2
REF + OFFSET
REF
PS
N
REF
PGI
PGO
3/ 5
FB
REF
ONB
ONA
IN
OUT
70mV
N
GND
Figure 1. Functional D iagram
M
A
X
1
6
7
2
Step-Up/Down DC-DC Converter
in QSOP Pac kage
_______________________________________________________________________________________ 7
_______________Detailed Desc ription
The M A X1672 integrates a step-up, sw itch-m ode D C -
D C converter w ith a linear regulator to provide step-
up/dow n voltage conversion. The step-up converter
contains an N -channel pow er M O SFET sw itch, w hile
the linear regulator contains a P-channel M O SFET pass
elem ent (Figure 1). The step-up converter and the lin-
ear regulator share the sam e precision voltage refer-
ence. The M A X1672s input range is from + 1.8V to
+ 11V, and the regulated output is internally preset to
+ 3.3V or + 5V, or can be adjusted w ith tw o external
resistors. B oost efficiency typically exceeds 80% over a
2m A to 200m A load range. The device is bootstrapped
w ith chip pow er derived from the stepped-up voltage
output at PS. The M A X1672 typically starts up w ith a
0.9V input.
The M A X1672s step-up/linear-regulator configuration
perm its the use of a physically sm aller inductor than
com peting SEPIC and flyback configurations because
the
1
/
2
LI
2
requirem ents of a step-up converter are half
those of SEPIC and flyback converters. A lso, high-fre-
quency sw itching and selectable peak inductor current
lim it allow for low inductor value (10H ) and low current
saturation rating, respectively, further reducing the
inductors physical dim ensions.
The M A X1672 m axim izes efficiency in both step-up and
step-dow n operation. In step-up m ode, w hen V
IN
<
V
O U T
, only the step-up regulator is active, w hile the lin-
ear regulator behaves as a 1.2 (at 5V output) PFET
sw itch. This p rovid es op tim um efficiency (typ ically
85% ).
In low -dropout, step-dow n operation, w hen V
IN
is slight-
ly greater than V
O U T
, both the step-up regulator and
linear regulator are active. The step-up regulator is
autom atically enabled to m aintain headroom across the
linear regulator (typically 1V above the 5V output). In
this case, boost ripple is rejected by the linear regula-
tor, and O U T rem ains in regulation w ith no dropout.
In norm al step-dow n operation, w hen V
IN
is significantly
greater than V
O U T
, only the linear regulator is active.
The m ode of operation is autom atically controlled on-
chip throug h the IN p in, w hich com p ares V
IN
and
V
O U T
. Transitions betw een step-up, low -dropout step-
dow n, and norm al step-dow n operation are stable, but
can be seen as sm all variations in the output D C level
and output ripple.
Step-Up Switc h-Mode Converter
A pulse-frequency-m odulation (PFM ) control schem e,
w ith a constant 1s off-tim e and variable on-tim e, con-
trols the N -channel M O SFET sw itch. A pulse is initiated
w henever O U T falls out of regulation. The N -channel
sw itch then turns off w hen the inductor current reaches
the peak current lim it or after the 4s m axim um on-tim e,
w hichever occurs first. This control architecture pro-
vides high-efficiency, discontinuous inductor current
under light loads as w ell as continuous inductor current
under heavy loads. The sw itching frequency and output
ripple are a function of load current and input voltage.
Linear Regulator
The low -dropout linear regulator consists of a refer-
ence, an error am plifier, and a P-channel M O SFET. The
reference is connected to the error am plifier input. The
error am plifier com pares this reference w ith the select-
ed feedback voltage and am plifies the difference. The
difference is conditioned and applied to the P-channel
pass transistors gate.
ILIM
The current-lim it-select input, ILIM , selects betw een the
tw o peak inductor current lim its: 0.8A (ILIM = PS) and
0.5A (ILIM = G N D ). If the application requires low out-
put current (see Typical O perating C haracteristics),
select 0.5A . The low er peak current lim it allow s for a
sm aller, low er-cost inductor, and reduced output ripple.
On/Off Control
The M A X1672 is turned on or off by logic inputs O N A
and ONB (Table 1). W hen O N A = 1 or ONB = 0, the
device is on. W hen O N A = 0 and ONB = 1, the device
shuts dow n (see the A pplications Inform ation section).
For norm al (on) operation, connect O N A to PS and
ONB to G N D . Shutdow n m ode turns off the M A X1672
com pletely, disconnecting the input from the output
and actively pulling O U T to G N D .
ONB MAX1672
0 0 O n
0 1 O ff
ONA
1 0 O n
1 1 O n
Table 1. On/Off Logic Control
M
A
X
1
6
7
2
Step-Up/Down DC-DC Converter
in QSOP Pac kage
8 _______________________________________________________________________________________
__________________Design Proc edure
Output Voltage Selec tion
For fixed output voltages of 3.3V or 5V, connect 3/5 to
P S or G N D and connect FB to G N D (Tab le 2).
A lternatively, adjust the output voltage from 1.25V to
5.5V by connecting tw o resistors, R 1 and R 2 (Figure 2),
w hich form a voltage divider betw een O U T and FB .
C hoose resistor values as follow s:
R 1 = R 2[(V
O U T
/ V
R EF
) -1]
w here V
R EF
= 1.25V. Since the input bias current at FB
has a m axim um value of 50nA , R 1 and R 2 can be large
w ith no significant accuracy loss. C hoose R 2 in the
100k to 270k rang e and calculate R 1 using the
above form ula. For 1% error, the current through R 1
should be at least 100 tim es FB s bias current.
W henever the voltag e at FB exceed s 70m V ab ove
G N D , the state of the 3/5 pin is ignored. C onnect 3/5 to
G N D w hen adjusting V
O U T
w ith a resistor divider. N ever
leave 3/5 unconnected.
Low-Battery Detec tion
The M A X1672 contains a com parator for low -battery
detection. If the voltage at PG I falls below V
R EF
(typical-
ly 1.25V), the open-drain com parator output (PGO)
goes high. H ysteresis is typically 30m V. Set the low -
battery detectors threshold w ith resistors R 3 and R 4
(Figure 2) using the follow ing equation:
R 3 = R 4[(V
PG T
/ V
R EF
) -1]
w here V
PG T
is the desired threshold of the low -battery
detector and V
R EF
= 1.25V. Since the input bias current
at PG I has a m axim um value of 50nA , R 3 and R 4 can
be large to m inim ize input loading w ith no significant
accuracy loss. C hoose R 4 in the 100k to 270k range
and calculate R 3 using the ab ove form ula. For 1%
error, the current through R 3 should be at least 100
tim es PG Is bias current.
The PGO output is open-drain and should be pulled
high w ith external resistor R 5 for norm al operation. If the
low -battery com parator is not used, connect PG I and
PGO to G N D .
Induc tor Selec tion
A 10H inductor perform s w ell in m ost M A X1672 appli-
cations. Sm aller inductor values typically offer a sm aller
physical size for a given series resistance, but m ay
increase sw itching losses. Larg er ind uctor values
exhibit higher output current capability and larger phys-
ical dim ensions for a given series resistance. For opti-
m um p erform ance, choose an ind uctor value from
Table 3 or by using the follow ing equation:
w here I
LIM
is the peak sw itch-current lim it, w hich is
0.8A for I
LIM
= PS and 0.5A for I
LIM
= G N D .
The inductors increm ental saturation current rating
should also be greater than the peak sw itch-current
lim it. H ow ever, it is generally acceptable to bias m ost
inductors into saturation by as m uch as 20% w ith slight-
ly reduced efficiency. The inductors D C resistance sig-
nificantly affects efficiency. See Tables 4 and 5 for a list
of suggested inductors and suppliers.
V + V
I
V + V
I
O U T D IO D E
LIM
IN (m in) SW ITC H
LIM
( )
<
<
( )
t L
t
O FF
O N
2
(m ax)
MAX1672
IN
ONA
PGI
ONB
OFF ON
C3
0.1F
C1
100F
C2
100F
R2
R1 R5
1M
C4
4.7F
R3
R4
L1
10H
PGND GND
PS
1.25V TO
5.5V OUTPUT
INPUT
1.8V TO 11V
LOW- BATTERY-
DETECTOR
OUTPUT
OUT
PG0
FB REF
LX
OFF
3/ 5
ILIM 0.8A
ON
0.5A
Figure 2. A djustable O utput Voltage C onfiguration
Table 2. Output Voltage Control
FB V
OUT
(V)
0 G N D + 5
1 G N D + 3.3
3/5
X > 70m V + 1.25 to + 5.5
M
A
X
1
6
7
2
Step-Up/Down DC-DC Converter
in QSOP Pac kage
_______________________________________________________________________________________ 9
Capac itor Selec tion
The equivalent series resistance (ESR ) of both bypass
and filter capacitors affects efficiency and output rip-
ple. O utput voltage ripple is the product of peak induc-
tor current and filter cap acitor E S R . U se low -E S R
capacitors for best perform ance, or connect tw o or
m ore filter capacitors in parallel.
A 100F, 16V, input bypass capacitor (C 1) w ith low
ESR reduces peak battery currents and reflected noise
due to inductor current ripple. Sm aller ceram ic capaci-
tors m ay also be used for light loads or in applications
that can tolerate higher input ripple.
A 100F, 16V, surface-m ount (SM T) tantalum PS filter
capacitor (C 2) w ith 0.1 ESR typically exhibits 20m V
output ripple (at O U T) w hen stepping up from 2V to 5V
at 100m A load. Sm aller capacitors (dow n to 10F w ith
higher ESR ) are acceptable for light loads or in applica-
tions that can tolerate higher output ripple.
O nly 4.7F is needed at O U T (C 4) to m aintain linear
regulator stability. D uring boost operation, this capaci-
tor reduces output voltage spikes from the step-up con-
verter by form ing an R -C low pass filter along w ith the
P-channel M O SFET on-resistance. O utput ripple can be
further reduced by increasing C 4.
See Tables 4 and 5 for a list of suggested capacitors
and suppliers.
Diode Selec tion
The M A X1672s high sw itching frequency dem ands a
hig h-sp eed rectifier. S chottky d iod es, such as the
1N 5817 or M B R S130T3, are recom m ended. M ake sure
the diodes current rating exceeds the m axim um load
current. See Tables 4 and 5 for a list of suggested
diodes and suppliers.
Table 3. Suggested Inductor Values Table 4. Suggested Components
ILIM
INDUCTOR VALUE
(H)
0 (5V) 0 (0.5A ) 10 to 22
0 (5V) 1 (0.8A ) 10
3/5
1 (3.3V) 0 (0.5A ) 10
1 (3.3V) 1 (0.8A ) 4.7 to 10
INDUCTORS
Sum ida
C D 43-100 (1.04A , 0.182)
C D 54-100 (1.44A , 0.100)
C D R H 73-100 (1.68A , 0.072)
L1
10H
C oilcraft
D T1608C -103 (0.7A , 0.095)
CAPACITORS
A VX
TPSE Series
Sprague
593D or 595D Series
Tantalum
DIODES
M otorola
M B R S130LT3 (1.0A , 30V)
M B R 0520LT3 (0.5A , 20V)
Schottky
1N 5817 Equivalent
International R ectifier
10B Q 40 (1.0A , 40V)
Table 5. Component Suppliers
PHONE
A VX (803) 946-0690
C oilcraft (847) 639-6400
SUPPLIER
International
R ectifier
(310) 322-3331
M otorola (602) 303-5454
FAX
(803) 626-3123
(847) 639-1469
(310) 322-3332
(602) 994-6430
Sanyo (619) 661-6835 (619) 661-1055
Sprague (603) 224-1961 (603) 224-1430
Sum ida (847) 956-0666 (847) 956-0702
M
A
X
1
6
7
2
Step-Up/Down DC-DC Converter
in QSOP Pac kage
10 ______________________________________________________________________________________
__________Applic ations Information
Using a Single, Pushbutton On/Off Switc h
A single pushbutton sw itch can be used to turn the
M A X1672 on and off. A s show n in Figure 3, O N A is
pulled low and ONB is pulled high w hen the part is off.
W hen the m om entary sw itch is pressed, ONB is pulled
low and the regulator turns on. The sw itch should be on
long enough for the C to exit reset. The controller
issues a logic high to O N A , w hich guarantees the part
w ill stay on regardless of the sw itch state.
To turn off the regulator, press the sw itch again. The
controller reads the sw itch status and pulls O N A low .
W hen the sw itch is released, ONB goes high, turning
off the M A X1672.
Thermal Overload Protec tion
Therm al overload protection lim its total pow er dissipa-
tion in the M A X1672. W hen the junction tem perature
exceeds T
J
= + 150C , the pass transistor turns off,
allow ing the M A X1672 to cool. The pass transistor turns
on again after the IC s junction tem perature cools by
20C , resulting in a pulsed output during therm al over-
load conditions.
Therm al overload protection is designed to protect the
M A X1672 if fault conditions occur. It is not intended to
be used as an operating m ode. Prolonged operation in
therm al shutdow n m ode m ay reduce the IC s reliability.
For continual operation, do not exceed the absolute
m axim um junction tem perature rating T
J
= + 150C .
Power Dissipation and Operating Region
The M A X1672s m axim um pow er dissipation in step-
dow n m ode depends on the therm al resistance of the
case and circuit board, the tem perature difference
betw een the die junction and am bient air, and the air
flow rate. The p ow er d issip ated in the d evice is
P = I
O U T
(V
IN
- V
O U T
) during step-dow n operation. The
m axim um pow er dissipation is as follow s:
P
M A X
= (T
J
- T
A
)/(
JB
+
B A
)
w here (T
J
- T
A
) is the tem perature difference betw een
the M A X1672 die junction and the surrounding air,
JB
(or
JC
) is the therm al resistance of the package, and

B A
is the therm al resistance throughout the printed cir-
cuit board, copper traces, and other m aterials to the
surrounding air. The M A X1672s therm al resistance is
120C /W . See the Typical O perating C haracteristics for
M axim um O utput C urrent vs. Input Voltage.
Layout Considerations
Proper PC board layout is essential to m inim ize noise
due to high inductor current levels and fast sw itching
w aveform s. To m axim ize output pow er and efficiency
and m inim ize output ripple voltage and ground noise,
use the follow ing g uid elines w hen d esig ning your
board:
U se a ground plane.
K eep the IC s G N D pin and the ground leads of C 1
and C 2 (Figure 2) less than 0.2in. (5m m ) apart.
M ake all connections to the FB and LX pins as short
as possible.
S old er the IC s G N D p in d irectly to the g round
plane.
R efer to the M A X1672 EV kit for a suggested PC board
layout.
MAX1672
ONA
ONB
1M
1M
I/ O
I/ O
OUT
V
DD
C
Figure 3. M om entary Pushbutton O n/O ff C ontrol
M
A
X
1
6
7
2
Step-Up/Down DC-DC Converter
in QSOP Pac kage
______________________________________________________________________________________ 11
________________________________________________________Pac kage Information
Q
S
O
P
.
E
P
S
M
A
X
1
6
7
2
Step-Up/Down DC-DC Converter
in QSOP Pac kage
12 ______________________________________________________________________________________
NOTES