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UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT


DISTRICT OF MASSACHUSETTS

UNITED STATES OF AMERICA )
)
v. ) Crim. No.13-10200-GAO
)
DZHOKHAR A. TSARNAEV, )
Defendant )


GOVERNMENT=S OPPOSITION TO DEFENDANT=S MOTION TO COMPEL
COMPLIANCE AND SUSPEND DEFENDANTS EXPERT DISCLOSURE DEADLINE

The Uni t ed St at es of Amer i ca, by and t hr ough i t s
under si gned counsel , r espect f ul l y opposes Tsar naev s Mot i on t o
Compel The Gover nment t o Compl y Wi t h I t s Exper t Di scover y
Obl i gat i ons And t o Suspend Def endant s Exper t Di scl osur e
Deadl i ne. As set f or t h bel ow, t he gover nment has f ul l y
compl i ed wi t h i t s obl i gat i ons under Feder al Rul e of Cr i mi nal
Pr ocedur e 16( a) ( 1) ( G) and t he Cour t s J une 23, 2014 schedul i ng
or der . I ndeed, t he gover nment has gone over and above t hose
obl i gat i ons by compl yi ng wi t h Tsar naev s r equest f or numer ous
document s r el at i ng t o t he exper t s wor k t hat ar e not cover ed by
Rul e 16( a) ( 1) ( G) . Tsar naev s f ami l i ar compl ai nt t hat he has
been depr i ved of cr uci al i nf or mat i on shoul d be r ej ect ed.
INTRODUCTION
Feder al Rul e of Cr i mi nal Pr ocedur e 16( a) ( 1) ( G) mandat es
di scl osur e of a wr i t t en summar y of any t est i mony t hat t he
gover nment i nt ends t o use under Rul es 702, 703, or 705 of t he
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Feder al Rul es of Evi dence dur i ng i t s case- i n- chi ef at
t r i al . . . [ whi ch] must descr i be t he wi t ness s opi ni ons, t he
bases and r easons f or t hose opi ni ons, and t he wi t ness s
qual i f i cat i ons. I n keepi ng wi t h t he Cour t s J une 23, 2014
schedul i ng or der , t he gover nment on J une 30, 2014, pr oduced f ul l
Rul e 16( a) ( 1) ( G) di scover y per t ai ni ng t o bal l i st i cs,
f i nger pr i nt , bl ood, and DNA evi dence. The gover nment di d not
l i mi t i t s pr oduct i on t o t he r el at i vel y smal l amount of exper t
t est i mony t hat i t act ual l y i nt ends t o of f er i n i t s case- i n- chi ef
at t r i al ; r at her , at Tsar naev s expr ess wr i t t en r equest , i t
pr oduced di scover y r el at i ng t o al l of t he many sci ent i f i c t est s
and exper i ment s conduct ed i n t hi s mat t er , no mat t er how
f r ui t l ess t hose t est s pr oved or how i r r el evant t he r esul t s.
Wi t h r espect t o bal l i st i cs, f i nger pr i nt , bl ood, and DNA
evi dence, t he gover nment pr ovi ded t he f ol l owi ng r epor t s:
Number of Reports Type of Report Agency Analyst
3 DNA FBI Gi ust i
2 DNA FBI St ewar t
4 DNA MSP Mont gomer y
3 Fi nger pr i nt MSP Donahue
1 Fi nger pr i nt MSP MacDougal
2 Fi nger pr i nt MSP Moyni han
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1 Fi nger pr i nt MSP Set al si ngh
1 Fi nger pr i nt MSP Tanguar y
20 Fi nger pr i nt FBI Gr af f
3 Bal l i st i cs MSP Cahi l l

Each of t hese r epor t s i s a summar y t hat descr i be[ s] t he
wi t ness s opi ni ons and t he bases and r easons f or t hose
opi ni ons. The gover nment f ol l owed up i t s di scl osur es wi t h t he
pr oduct i on of numer ous suppor t i ng document s ( e. g. , l ab not es,
wor ksheet s, phot os, evi dence l ogs, t r ansmi ssi on l et t er s,
manual s, qual i t y- cont r ol r epor t s, et c. ) t hat ar e not wi t hi n t he
scope of Rul e 16( a) ( 1) ( G) but t hat mi ght i n some cases qual i f y
as J encks Act mat er i al and i n ot her cases ar e i t ems expr essl y
r equest ed by t he def ense i n a di scover y l et t er .
As t he f ol l owi ng exampl es demonst r at e, none of Tsar naev s
compl ai nt s about t he adequacy or t i mi ng of t he gover nment s
di scl osur es has mer i t . One of t he FBI s DNA r epor t s i s at t ached
t o t hi s opposi t i on as Seal ed Exhi bi t A. I t descr i bes i n
det ai l var i ous quest i oned i t ems, var i ous known i t ems, and
t he met hods t he FBI exami ner used t o compar e t hem( e. g. ,
deoxyr i bonucl ei c aci d ( DNA) t ypi ng by t he pol ymer ase chai n
r eact i on ( PCR) usi ng [ t ] he AmpFSTR I dent i f i er Pl us PCR
Ampl i f i cat i on Ki t or i n some speci f i ed cases t he AmpFSTR
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Yf i l er PCR Ampl i f i cat i on Ki t . ) Addi t i onal i nf or mat i on about
t he compar i son met hods i s i ncl uded i n f oot not es ( e. g. , The
AmpFt STRYf i l er PCR Ampl i f i cat i on Ki t i ncl udes t he STR l oci
DYS456, DYS389I , DYS390, DYS38911, DYS458, DYS 19, DYS385ab,
DYS393, DYS391, DYS439, DYS635, DYS392, Y_GATA_H4, DYS437,
DYS438 and DYS448. These STR l oci ar e l ocat ed on t he mal e Y-
chr omosome and ar e t r ansmi t t ed t hr ough a pat er nal l i neage f r om
f at her t o son. . . . ) . The r epor t t hen summar i zes t he
exami ner s opi ni ons ( e. g. , The STR t ypi ng r esul t s obt ai ned f r om
[ cer t ai n i dent i f i ed speci mens] . . . i ndi cat e t he pr esence of
DNA f r omt hr ee or mor e i ndi vi dual s. Based on t he aut osomal STR
or Y- STR r esul t s, al l t he r ef er ence sampl es l i st ed i n t hi s
r epor t ar e excl uded as pot ent i al cont r i but or s. . . ) . Al t hough
not r equi r ed by Rul e 16( a) ( 1) ( G) , al l of t he exami ner s l ab
not es, whi ch di scl ose i n gr eat det ai l pr eci sel y how he per f or med
hi s anal ysi s, wer e pr oduced on J ul y 7, 2014. The same i s t r ue
f or t he ot her FBI DNA r epor t s.
One of t he MSP DNA r epor t s i s at t ached t o t hi s opposi t i on
as Seal ed Exhi bi t B. I t l i kewi se r el at es i t s aut hor s
opi ni ons and f ul l y di scl oses t he bases and r easons f or t hose
opi ni ons. Thi s par t i cul ar r epor t was f i r st pr oduced over a year
ago; al l of t he MSP DNA r epor t s wer e f i r st pr oduced no l at er
t han Apr i l 4, 2014. Once agai n, al t hough not r equi r ed by Rul e
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16( a) ( 1) ( G) , al l of t he MSP exami ner s l ab not es, whi ch det ai l
pr eci sel y how she per f or med her anal ysi s, wer e pr oduced on Apr i l
4, 2014. The same i s t r ue f or t he ot her MSP DNA r epor t s.
One of t he FBI f i nger pr i nt r epor t s i s at t ached t o t hi s
opposi t i on as Seal ed Exhi bi t C. I t names var i ous i t ems t hat
cont ai ned l at ent pr i nt s and var i ous peopl e who pr ovi ded
known pr i nt s and t hen descr i bes, i n bot h t abul ar and nar r at i ve
f or m, t he r esul t s of a compar i son bet ween t he l at ent pr i nt s and
t he known pr i nt s. I t al so st at es t hat t he met hod t he exami ner
used t o compar e t hemwas t he Anal ysi s, Compar i son, Eval uat i on,
and Ver i f i cat i on met hodol ogy ( ACE- V) , whi ch i ncl udes an
assessment of t he quant i t y and qual i t y of t he i nf or mat i on
pr esent . The ACE- V met hod i s f ur t her descr i bed i n t he r epor t .
The r epor t s suppor t i ng document s, a sampl e of whi ch ar e
at t ached t o t hi s opposi t i on as Seal ed Exhi bi t D, i ncl ude
evi dence r ecei pt s, a chai n- of - cust ody l og, a wor ksheet t hat
r ecor ds t he met hods used t o vi sual i ze t he l at ent pr i nt s, t he
exami ner s not es, and phot ogr aphs showi ng t he pr eci se anal ysi s
of each pr i nt . Al t hough not r equi r ed by Rul e 16( a) ( 1) ( G) , t hese
document s wer e al l pr oduced on J ul y 7, 2014. Al so pr ovi ded wer e
hi gh- r esol ut i on di gi t al i mages of each pr i nt sui t abl e f or use by
any def ense exper t who wi shes t o make hi s or her own f i nger pr i nt
compar i sons. The same i s t r ue f or al l of t he ot her FBI
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f i nger pr i nt r epor t s.
One of t he MSP f i nger pr i nt r epor t s i s at t ached t o t hi s
opposi t i on as Seal ed Exhi bi t E. ( For si mpl i ci t y, onl y t he
f i r st t wo pages of t he r epor t ar e i ncl uded. ) The r epor t st at es,
among ot her t hi ngs, t hat a l at ent pr i nt f ound on t he r ear
passenger door of t he car j acked Mer cedes mat ched a par t i cul ar
per son s l ef t mi ddl e f i nger . The r epor t s suppor t i ng document s,
some of whi ch ar e at t ached as Seal ed Exhi bi t F t o t hi s
opposi t i on, i dent i f y pr eci sel y wher e t he l at ent pr i nt was f ound,
how i t was l i f t ed, how i t was compar ed t o t he known pr i nt , and
how t he exami ner concl uded t hat i t was a mat ch. Bot h t he r epor t
and t he suppor t i ng document s wer e f i r st pr oduced i n di scover y
sever al mont hs ago, on Apr i l 18, 2014. Suppor t i ng document s
have l i kewi se been pr oduced f or al l of t he ot her MSP f i nger pr i nt
r epor t s.
One of t he bal l i st i cs r epor t s i s at t ached t o t hi s
opposi t i on as Seal ed Exhi bi t G. I n i t , t he exami ner wr i t es:
I t i s my opi ni on t hat :

A/ The 9mm Luger cal i ber di schar ged car t r i dge
casi ngs ment i oned i n i t ems 7- 6, 7- 7, 7- 8, 7 9 and 7- 10
above wer e al l f i r ed by t he Ruger model P95 semi -
aut omat i c pi st ol ment i oned i n i t em 4- 1 of case #13-
08140.

B/ The copper j acket ed l ead spent pr oj ect i l es
ment i oned i n i t ems 7- 11, 7- 12, 7- 13, 7- 14 and 7- 15
above wer e al l f i r ed f r om t he Ruger model P95 semi -
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aut omat i c pi st ol , ser i al number obl i t er at ed ment i oned
i n i t em4- 1 of case #13- 08140.

The r epor t al so expl ai ns t he met hods used t o make t he
compar i sons: physi cal and mi cr oscopi c exami nat i on of t he
r ecover ed evi dence agai nst t he t est speci mens. Al l of t he
bal l i st i cs r epor t s ar e si mi l ar and wer e pr oduced on J une 30,
2014. Al t hough not r equi r ed by Rul e 16( a) ( 1) ( G) , not es and
phot ogr aphs made by t he exami ner i n suppor t of hi s compar i sons
have al so been pr oduced; sever al ar e at t ached t o t hi s opposi t i on
as Seal ed Exhi bi t H.
One of t he gunshot r esi due r epor t s i s at t ached t o t hi s
opposi t i on as Seal ed Exhi bi t I . I t descr i bes var i ous i t ems
t hat wer e exami ned f or gunshot pr i mer r esi due ( e. g. , GSR St ub- R
gl ove) , t he met hods used ( e. g. , SEM- EDS, whi ch i s shor t hand
f or ener gy di sper si ve x- r ay spect r oscopy anal ysi s) , and a
summar y of t he exami ner s opi ni ons ( e. g. , SEM- EDS exami nat i on
on t he pai r of [ g] l oves . . . i dent i f i ed par t i cl es
char act er i st i c of Gunshot Pr i mer Resi due. Thi s r esul t i ndi cat es
t hat t hi s i t emmay have been i n t he vi ci ni t y of a f i r ear mwhen
i t was di schar ged, or may have come i nt o cont act wi t h an i t em
wi t h gunshot pr i mer r esi due on i t . ) . The ot her gunshot r esi due
r epor t s ar e si mi l ar . Al t hough not r equi r ed by Rul e 16( a) ( 1) ( G) ,
not es and phot ogr aphs made by t he exami ner i n t he cour se of hi s
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compar i sons have al so been pr oduced.
Fi nal l y, c. v. s f or al l of t he bal l i st i cs, f i nger pr i nt ,
bl ood, and DNA exami ner s wer e pr oduced on J une 30, 2014.
ARGUMENT
None of Tsar naev s compl ai nt s about t hi s pr oduct i on has any
mer i t or war r ant s t he r el i ef he seeks. Tsar naev compl ai ns t hat
t he exami ner s r epor t s shoul d have been pr ovi ded ear l i er because
many of t hembear dat es i ndi cat i ng t hat t hey wer e dr af t ed a l ong
t i me ago. But dr af t s ar e not f i nal r epor t s; t he FBI l abor at or y
empl oys a l engt hy and el abor at e r evi ew pr ocess t o ensur e t hat
r epor t s ar e accur at e, and t he r epor t s ar e not f i nal i zed unt i l
t hat pr ocess i s compl et ed. The gover nment has pr oduced al l of
t he f i nal r epor t s of exami nat i ons and t est s i n t hi s case on a
r ol l i ng basi s as i t r ecei ved t hemf r omt he r espect i ve exami ner s.
Tsar naev s compl ai nt about t he Excel spr eadsheet pr oduced
by t he gover nment mi sst at es i t s pur pose. The gover nment cr eat ed
t he spr eadsheet f or i t s own use; we f ound i t t o be a conveni ent
met hod of qui ckl y accessi ng t he under l yi ng r epor t s. The
spr eadsheet i s not meant t o be a wr i t t en summar y of . . . t he
wi t ness[ es ] opi ni ons, t he bases and r easons f or t hose opi ni ons,
and t he wi t ness[ es ] qual i f i cat i ons; t he exami ner s r epor t s and
c. v. s ar e. I n t he gover nment s exper i ence, i t i s t he near -
uni ver sal pr act i ce of f eder al pr osecut or s t o di scl ose a f or ensi c
Case 1:13-cr-10200-GAO Document 464 Filed 08/08/14 Page 8 of 16
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exami ner s opi ni ons and met hods by pr ovi di ng t he exami ner s
act ual r epor t , whi ch st at es t he exami ner s opi ni ons and met hods
i n t he exami ner s own wor ds. We i ncl uded t he spr eadsheet as a
cour t esy t o Tsar naev because we f i nd i t usef ul ; i f Tsar naev does
not f i nd i t usef ul , he i s f r ee t o i gnor e i t .
Tsar naev shoul d not be hear d t o compl ai n t hat t he
gover nment has over whel med hi mwi t h i nf or mat i on because he
speci f i cal l y r equest ed al l of i t . On Febr uar y 6, 2014, Tsar naev
sent t he gover nment a l et t er r equest i ng t he f ol l owi ng:
Un- r edact ed copi es of al l books, paper s, document s, dat a,
phot ogr aphs, t angi bl e obj ect s, bui l di ngs or pl aces, or
copi es or por t i ons of any of t hese i t ems t hat was i n any
way r el i ed upon by any exper t wi t ness t hat t he gover nment
i nt ends t o use i n i t s case- i n- chi ef ;

Un- r edact ed copi es of t he l abor at or y case f i l e f or any
sci ent i f i c t est or exper i ment t hat i s mat er i al t o pr epar i ng
t he def ense or t hat t he gover nment i nt ends t o use i n i t s
case- i n- chi ef , i ncl udi ng any " bench not es" ;

Al l i nst r ument al , el ect r oni c or ot her dat a gener at ed i n t he
cour se of any sci ent i f i c t est or exper i ment t hat i s
mat er i al t o pr epar i ng t he def ense or t hat t he gover nment
i nt ends t o use i n i t s case- i n- chi ef , i ncl udi ng any dat a
gener at ed i n t he cour se of mai nt enance, qual i t y cont r ol , or
qual i t y assur ance t est i ng of any equi pment used i n any
t est i ng, and any dat a r el at i ng t o t he use or at t empt ed use
of any cont r ol sampl es;

Al l r el evant l abor at or y pr ot ocol s f or any sci ent i f i c t est
or exper i ment t hat i s mat er i al t o pr epar i ng t he def ense or
t hat t he gover nment i nt ends t o use i n i t s case- i n- chi ef ;

The r esul t s of any r el evant pr of i ci ency t est i ng per f or med
by any anal yst who per f or med any sci ent i f i c t est or
exper i ment t hat i s mat er i al t o pr epar i ng t he def ense or
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t hat t he gover nment i nt ends t o use i n i t s case- i n- chi ef ;

Un- r edact ed copi es of any audi t s, whet her i nt er nal or
ext er nal , conduct ed wi t h r espect t o any l abor at or y t hat
per f or med any sci ent i f i c t est or exper i ment t hat i s
mat er i al t o pr epar i ng t he def ense or t hat t he gover nment
i nt ends t o use i n i t s case- i n- chi ef ; and

Al l DNA, f i nger pr i nt , f i r ear mi dent i f i cat i on, t ool mar k
i dent i f i cat i on, gunshot r esi due, expl osi ve r esi due or ot her
t est i ng r esul t s per f or med on any i t emof evi dence or on any
suspect , vi ct i mor wi t ness i n t hi s case.

The gover nment has endeavor ed t o pr ovi de al l of t hi s
i nf or mat i on t o Tsar naev, even t hough onl y a f r act i on of i t i s
act ual l y r equi r ed under t he Feder al Rul es accor di ng t o t he ver y
deci si on t hat Tsar naev ci t es as aut hor i t at i ve. See Uni t ed
St at es v. Wi l ker son, 189 F. R. D. 14, 15- 16 ( D. Mass. 1999)
( Col l i ngs, J . ) ( hol di ng t hat a def endant i s pl ai nl y not
ent i t l ed t o al l wr i t t en r ecor ds, not es, and document at i on
r el at i ng t o speci men accept ance, i dent i f i cat i on, chai n- of -
possessi on, t r anspor t , r ecei pt , st or age, pr ocessi ng, and
t est i ng or copi es of al l l abor at or y pr ocedur es ut i l i zed i n t he
t est i ng of t hese speci men( s) i ncl udi ng sci ent i f i c equi pment ,
pr epar at i on and ver i f i cat i on of chemi cal or t est r eagent s, st ep-
by- st ep descr i pt i on or i nst r uct i on of t he t est i ng pr ocess,
exampl es of t est dat a pr oduced or obt ai ned by t est anal ysi s,
cr i t er i a f or t he r evi ew of t est dat a, qual i t y assur ance and
st andar di zat i on r el at i ng t o t est anal ysi s, [ or ] a copy of t he
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t est anal ysi s dat a i ncl udi ng i nst r ument t r aci ngs and comput er
out put obt ai ned f r omt he t est i ng of t he speci men( s) , st andar ds,
cont r ol , and bl ank sampl es. ) .
I n pr ovi di ng Tsar naev wi t h t he i nf or mat i on he r equest ed,
t he gover nment pr oduced i t i n vi r t ual l y t he same f or mi n whi ch
t he gover nment r ecei ved i t f r omt he FBI and MSP l abor at or i es.
Those l abor at or i es name t hei r f i l es accor di ng t o a convent i on
t hat pr ovi des a conveni ent way f or t hemt o i dent i f y t he cont ent s
of each f i l e and i t s r el at i on t o ot her f i l es. The gover nment
was under no obl i gat i on t o r ename or r eor gani ze t hose f i l es f or
Tsar naev s conveni ence - - especi al l y si nce vi r t ual l y al l of t he
i nf or mat i on was pr ovi ded t o Tsar naev as a cour t esy r at her t han
as a mat t er of l egal obl i gat i on. The vast bul k of t he r epor t s
t he gover nment pr ovi ded, mor eover , r epor t negat i ve f i ndi ngs,
e. g. , t hat l at ent pr i nt s had i nsuf f i ci ent det ai l t o be usabl e,
or i r r el evant f i ndi ngs, e. g. , t hat a par t i cul ar r ecover ed shel l
mat ched a par t i cul ar of f i cer s f i r ear m. I f Tsar naev had not
i nsi st ed on r ecei vi ng vi r t ual l y ever y si ngl e r epor t i n t hi s
case, no mat t er how i r r el evant , al ong wi t h vi r t ual l y ever y
si ngl e suppor t i ng document , no mat t er how uni mpor t ant , t he
mat er i al s t he gover nment pr oduced woul d undoubt edl y have been
easi er t o sor t t hr ough.
The gover nment di sagr ees wi t h Tsar naev t hat r equi r ed
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mat er i al s wer e pr ovi ded af t er t he J une 30, 2014 deadl i ne. For
one t hi ng, t he onl y exper t di scover y due on J une 30 was
di scover y per t ai ni ng t o bal l i st i cs, f i nger pr i nt , bl ood and DNA
evi dence. Al l such r epor t s wer e pr ovi ded on t i me. For anot her
t hi ng, t he onl y exper t di scover y r equi r ed by t he Feder al Rul es
i s a summar y of t he wi t ness s opi ni ons, t he bases and r easons
f or t hose opi ni ons, and t he wi t ness s qual i f i cat i ons. Fed. R.
Pr oc. 16( G) . At t he Apr i l 16, 2014 st at us hear i ng, t he Cour t
obser ved t hat t he l anguage of t he r ul e r ef er s t o a wr i t t en
summar y of what t he evi dence woul d be, and I t hi nk t hat ' s what I
had i n mi nd, j ust so you know what each si de i s pr oposi ng t o
addr ess as exper t evi dence, and t hen we can f or mul at e some
pr ocedur es f or f ol l owi ng t hat out . ( Tr ans. 04/ 16/ 14 at 45) .
Al l mat er i al s act ual l y r equi r ed t o be pr oduced by J une 30, 2014,
wer e pr oduced on t i me.
Tsar naev of f er s f our exampl es of pur por t edl y i nadequat e
exper t di scover y, but hi s descr i pt i ons of t hemar e i naccur at e
and mi sl eadi ng.
Fi r st , Tsar naev compl ai ns t hat t he FBI hai r and f i ber
exami ner s r epor t i ndi cat es t hat cer t ai n sampl es ar e
consi st ent wi t h ot her s, but pr ovi des no bases f or any of t hese
opi ni ons. ( Def t . Mot . at 11) . Even a cur sor y l ook at t he
exami ner s act ual r epor t demonst r at es t hat t he opposi t e i s t r ue.
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The r el evant por t i on of t he r epor t i s at t ached t o t hi s
opposi t i on as Seal ed Exhi bi t J ; i t cl ear l y summar i zes t he
exami ner s concl usi ons and t he met hods he used t o r each t hem.
Al t hough Rul e 16( a) ( 1) ( G) does not r equi r e i t , t he gover nment
al so pr oduced t he exami ner s wor k pl ans, wor ksheet s, not es,
chai n- of - cust ody l ogs, communi cat i ons l ogs, and dr af t r epor t s,
al ong wi t h a l ar ge col l ect i on of pr ot ocol s and manual s. The
r epor t was pr oduced on J une 30, 2014, and t he suppor t i ng
document s wer e pr oduced on J ul y 7, 2014.
Second, Tsar naev compl ai ns t hat a par t i cul ar bal l i st i cs
r epor t mat ches di schar ged i t ems t o weapons but does not
st at e what pi ece of evi dence went wi t h whi ch f i r ear mbel ongi ng
t o whi ch of f i cer . ( Def t . Mot . at 12) . I t i s har d t o make
sense of t hi s compl ai nt . A copy of t he r epor t i s at t ached t o
t hi s opposi t i on as Seal ed Exhi bi t K. I n i t , each weapon i s
descr i bed i n wor ds and r ef er r ed t o by i t s evi dence number , and
each casi ng and pr oj ect i l e i s descr i bed i n wor ds and r ef er r ed t o
by i t s evi dence number . The f i nal f our pages of t he r epor t
summar i ze t he exami ner s opi ni ons ( e. g. , The f i f t y- si x 9mm
Luger cal i ber car t r i dge casi ngs ment i oned i n i t ems 4- 54 t hr ough
4- 111 . . . wer e al l f i r ed by i t em4- 1 9mmLuger cal i ber Ruger
model P95 semi - aut omat i c pi st ol ser i al number obl i t er at ed. ) .
The exami ner al so st at es t hat t he basi s f or t hi s opi ni on i s
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physi cal and mi cr oscopi c exami nat i on of t he r ecover ed evi dence
agai nst t he t est speci mens. Al t hough not r equi r ed by Rul e
16( a) ( 1) ( G) , t he gover nment has al so pr ovi ded t o t he def ense
phot ogr aphs and ot her document s pr epar ed by t he exami ner i n t he
cour se of hi s wor k. I nf or mat i on r egar di ng whi ch f i r ear m
bel ong[ ed] t o whi ch of f i cer i s not i ncl uded i n t he exami ner s
r epor t because i t has not hi ng t o do wi t h bal l i st i cs t est i ng and
i s not a mat t er on whi ch t he exami ner wi l l r ender an opi ni on.
Thi r d, Tsar naev i s si mpl y wr ong when he st at es t hat t he
gover nment has not pr ovi ded any bench not es and phot ogr aphs i n
connect i on wi t h t he wor k done by FBI f i nger pr i nt exami ner s.
Al t hough not r equi r ed by Rul e 16( a) ( 1) ( G) , al l such bench not es
and phot ogr aphs have been pr ovi ded t o t he def ense. Had Tsar naev
not i nsi st ed on r ecei vi ng al l f i nger pr i nt t est i ng r esul t s
per f or med on any i t emof evi dence or on any suspect , vi ct i mor
wi t ness i n t hi s case, r egar dl ess of whet her t hose r esul t s ar e
i n t he l east bi t r el evant , t he f i nger pr i nt document at i on woul d
undoubt edl y have been si mpl er t o navi gat e.
Four t h, Tsar naev s compl ai nt about t he expl osi ves
exami ner s r epor t s has no mor e mer i t t han hi s ear l i er
compl ai nt s. Li ke al l FBI r epor t s, t hese r epor t s cont ai n a
summar y of t he exami ner s concl usi ons and t hei r met hods of
ar r i vi ng at t hem. The under l yi ng document s, al l of whi ch have
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been pr oduced, pr ovi de even mor e det ai l . Tsar naev s addi t i onal
cl ai mt hat t he gover nment has not di scl osed t he nat ur e and
l ocat i on of var i ous i t ems of evi dence col l ect ed at t wo Boyl st on
St r eet scenes and t he sur r oundi ng ar ea i s baf f l i ng and
compl et el y unt r ue. Near l y a year ago, i n Oct ober 2013, t he
gover nment pr oduced phot ogr aphs of t he Boyl st on St r eet scenes
showi ng each i t emof evi dence, i n pl ace, i ndi vi dual l y mar ked.
The gover nment has al so pr oduced wr i t t en l i st s of t hese i t ems,
al ong wi t h addi t i onal phot ogr aphs of t hemt aken at t he FBI
l abor at or y, as wel l as phot o l ogs.
Fi nal l y, t her e i s no mer i t t o Tsar naev s cl ai mt hat t he
gover nment pr oduced t he exper t di scover y t o hi mi n a
di sor gani zed f ashi on. The FBI and MSP l abs pr oduced t he
i nf or mat i on t o t he gover nment i n t he same manner i n whi ch t he
l abs t hemsel ves or gani ze i t , and t he gover nment passed i t on t o
t he def ense i n vi r t ual l y t he same f or m. As f or Tsar naev s cl ai m
t hat t he exper t di scover y i s ext r aor di nar i l y vol umi nous, he
has i t onl y hal f r i ght : t he actual Rul e 16( a) ( 1) ( G) di scover y
i s not par t i cul ar l y vol umi nous, but t he addi t i onal - - most l y
i r r el evant - - i nf or mat i on t hat Tsar naev hi msel f r equest ed may
wel l be.


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CONCLUSION
WHEREFORE, t he gover nment r espect f ul l y r equest s t hat t he
Cour t deny Tsar naev s Mot i on t o Compel .

Respect f ul l y submi t t ed,

CARMEN M. ORTI Z
Uni t ed St at es At t or ney

By: / s/ Wi l l i amD. Wei nr eb
WI LLI AM D. WEI NREB
ALOKE S. CHAKRAVARTY
NADI NE PELLEGRI NI
Assi st ant U. S. At t or neys



CERTIFICATE OF SERVICE
I her eby cer t i f y t hat t hi s document , f i l ed t hr ough t he ECF
syst em, wi l l be sent el ect r oni cal l y t o t he r egi st er ed
par t i ci pant s as i dent i f i ed on t he Not i ce of El ect r oni c Fi l i ng
( NEF) and t hat paper copi es wi l l be sent t o t hose i ndi cat ed as
non- r egi st er ed par t i ci pant s on t hi s dat e.
/s/ William D. Weinreb
WI LLI AM D. WEI NREB


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