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UNIT- I

MULTIDISCIPLINARY NATURE OF ENVIRONMENTAL STUDIES


1. Explain the multidisciplinary nature of Environmental science.
2. Define the term Environment and enumerate the importance of Environmental
Education in India.
3. Describe the scope of Environmental studies.
4. Explain the interrelated nature of Environmental problems in U.G.
programmes.
5. What is the Environmentalism?
6. Explain the Environmental problems due to over utiliation of !atural
"esources
7. #riefly explain the methods of $ssessment of Environmental Degradation
%. Describe the composition of natural &aters.
9. What are the factors affecting Environmental Issues of Global 'oncern
(). Discuss the need for Environmental $&areness.
11. #riefly explain the *opulation Explosion
12. #riefly explain the +and degradation
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13. What is meant by Environmental pollution, Explain
14. #riefly discuss the Environmental $cts in India
15. +ist out 5 aims of Govt. initiatives for Environmental -anagement
16. Explain the Environmental -angement strategies
17. Discuss the present status of Environmental Education in India.
18. Explain the role of public in solving environmental problems
19. Define .ustainable Development &ith special reference to Environmental
protection.
20. Describe briefly Environmental .egments &ith schematic diagram.
/(. #riefly discuss the $tmosphere
//. #riefly discuss the 0ydrosphere
/1. #riefly discuss the +ithosphere
/2. #riefly discuss the #iosphere
25. What are various types of employment potential for Environmental sub3ect
experts?
/4. What is the composition of $tmosphere
/5. Explain the three factor model for environmental degradation
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28. Write a short note on consumption of natural resources.
/6. What are the advantages of hydrogen energy in vie& of Environmental 7uality?
1). +ist out various physical parameters of EI$ for construction of various ma3or
pro3ects.
UNIT- II
NATURAL RESOURCES
1. Differentiate the recyclable8 rene&able and non9rene&able resources
2. What is meant by natural resources and list out the problems associated &ith
natural resources exploitation.
3. Differentiate bet&een destruction and conservation of natural resources.
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4. What is the Importance of forest resources in ecological balance
5. Describe the reasons of deforestation and its effect on Environment
6. Explain the Environmental effects of dams and mining on forest resources.
7. Explain the deforestation on Environment in :ribal India.
%. Describe the effect of over exploitation of forest resources on ecosystem
6. Define hydrological cycle. Explain
10. What are Environmental impacts of large dams?
11. Define &ater pollution and differentiate surface and ground &ater pollution
sources
12. Explain the conse7uences of drought in "ayalaseema region of $.*.
13. What are the methods of &ater conservation?
14. What is meant by Exhaustibility of -ineral "esources
(5. Explain the need of conservation of mineral resources
16. Describe the environmental effects of mineral exploration.
17. What are the types of agricultural systems for food production
(%. What are the fertilier9pesticide related problems of food resources
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19. Explain the impact of &ater9logging condition on environment.
/). What is meant by salinity and over graing
21. Write a note on the gro&ing energy needs and its demand in India
//. Describe the non9conventional energy resources
/1. Give a note on the &ind and geothermal energy resources of India
/2. 0o& can &e exploit the solar energy to the fullest utility
/5. Give the advantages of biomass as a source of energy
/4. What are the different types of Indian soils and explain the soil profile
/5. Explain the factors responsible for land degradation
/%. #riefly describe the soil conservation methods
/6. What are the remedial measures to prevent pollution
1). What is soil erosion and explain the causes of soil erosion
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UNIT- III
ECOSYSTEMS
1. Define ecosystem and &hat are different types of ecosystems
/. What are structural and functional ecosystems
3. !ame the bio9geo9chemical cycles of nature and carbon cycle
4. Explain in the energy flo& in a fresh &ater ecosystem
5. Define food chain8 food &eb and ecological pyramids
4. Explain the pyramid of energy of grassland ecosystem
7. Explain ;orest ecosystem
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%. What are the biotic components of a7uatic ecosystem explain
6. What are various components of desert ecosystem
10. Discuss the difference bet&een natural and artificial ecosystem
((. Give a note on detritus food chain
(/. What is meant by ecological succession
(1. Explain < = shaped energy flo& model
(2. Define energy and enumerate ecological energetics
(5. Explain the steps involved in nitrogen cycle
16. Define producers8 consumers and decomposers
17. Give a generalised model of a ecosystem
(%. What is the importance of oxygen cycle in earth ecosystems
(6. Explain briefly the sedimentary cycles of an ecosystem
/). What are the various tropic components of an estuarine ecosystem
/(. Differentiate bet&een autotrophic and heterotrophic components
22. Explain the moment of materials and energy in an ecosystem &ith the help of
a generalised model
/1. Give the importance of bio9geo chemical cycles in ecological balance
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/2. 0o& is the universal model of energy flo& useful in ecosystem
25. Explain &ith the help of a diagram9food &eb in a pond and graing food chain
/4. What are the bio tech components of stream ecosystem
27. Write a brief note on -arine Ecosystem
/%. 0o& is the deforestation affecting sustainability of forest ecosystem
/6. 0o& can &e restore the a7uatic ecosystems from the effect of &ater pollution
1). 0o& is the expansion of cities affecting the forest ecosystem
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UNIT- IV
BIODIVERSITY AND ITS CONSERVATION
(. Define #iodiversity8 Genetic Diversity and .pecies Diversity
/. Give the #io9Geographical 'lassification of India
1. What are &etlands and define ecosystem diversity
4. What is the Environmental importance of #iodiversity
5. Explain the value of biodiversity &ith special reference to India.
6. Define and explain the hotspots of biodiversity
7. Define poaching and &hat are the measures for &ildlife conservation from the
threat of poaching
%. Differentiate bet&een endangered and endemic species and name fe&
endangered and endemic species of India
6. Explain insitu and exsitu conservation of biodiversity
(). Explain the different methods for conservation of biodiversity
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((. Explain the reasons of loss of biodiversity in India
(/. Describe India as a mega diversity nation
13. What are responsibilities of man in ecoplanning and conservation
(2. Give the global biodiversity hotspots
(5. 0o& does the productive use sho& its impacts on biodiversity
16. What is the role played by forest in biodiversity in India
(5. 0o& does the Indian marine environment effect the biodiversity
(%. What are the threats to Indian biodiversity
19. Describe the effect of management of germplasm and patenting help
conservation of biodiversity
/). >#iological diversity is an index of nation &ealth? explain?
/(. Explain the need of public a&areness in the conservation of biodiversity in
India
//. What are the various programmes organied by the Government of India
to&ards conservation of biodiversity
23. What is the role played by India as mega diversity nation.
/2. What are the endangered and endemic species of $ndhra *radesh and name
the conservation programmes in its concern
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/5. What is the role of environmental pollution in the deterioration of Indian
biodiversity
/4. 0o& does the increasing population of India effect its biodiversity
/5. 0o& does the declining biodiversity of the nation effects its economy
/%. Explain the impact of degradation of natural resources on threat to
biodiversity
29. What are measures to conserve biodiversity to attain sustainability of the
ecosystem?
30. Explain the climatic changes that are affecting the biodiversity due to
environmental pollution globally.
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