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50 Common German Verbs

Click on any linked verb for a full conjugation


Deutsch English 2nd/3rd Per. Sing.
Sample Sentence
antworten to answer Er antwortet nicht.
arbeiten to work Er arbeitet heute.
bedeuten to mean, signify Was bedeutet dieses Wort?
beginnen to begin Wann beginnt der Film?
bekommen to get, receive Was bekommen Sie?
What can I get for you?
bestellen to order Er bestellt es online.
besuchen to visit Wir besuchen meine Tante in Berlin.
bezahlen to pay Bezahlen wir jetzt?
bleiben to stay, remain Wir bleiben hier.
bringen to bring, take Ich bringe Sie zum Flughafen.
I'll take you to the airport.
danken to thank Ich danke Ihnen. (dative verb)
Danke! > 10 Ways to Say 'Thank You' in German
denken to think Was denken Sie darber?
What do you think about that?
essen to eat du/er isst
Wann isst du zu Mittag?
When do you eat lunch?
fahren to travel,
drive, go
du fhrst/er fhrt
Ich fahre morgen nach Dresden.
I'm going/traveling to Dresden tomorrow.
finden to find Wie finden Sie den Film?
What do you think of the movie?
fliegen to fly Er fliegt nach Boston.
fragen to ask Fragst du mich?
geben to give du gibst/er gibt
Wann gibst du ihm das Buch?
es gibt = there is/there are
gehen to go Wir gehen ins Kino.
helfen to help du hilfst/er hilft
Helfen Sie mir! (dative verb)
hren to hear, listen Hrst du die Musik?
kaufen to buy Ich kaufe die Postkarte.
Also see: Present Tense Quiz 1
A self-scoring quiz on the German regular verbs.
kommen to come Wann kommt er nach Hause?
kosten to cost Was kostet das Buch?
lesen to read du/er liest
Ich lese die Zeitung.
lieben to love Ich liebe dich.
machen to make, do Was macht er?
nehmen to take du nimmst/er nimmt
Nehmt ihr das Geld?
ffnen to open Sie ffnet die Tr.
MORE > Verb-Lexikon - 500+ German verbs
probieren to try (out) Probieren geht ber Studieren.
(saying)The proof's in the pudding.
regnen to rain Es regnet heute.
reisen to travel Er reist nach Teneriffa.
sagen to say, tell Er sagt nein.
schlafen to sleep du schlfst/er schlft
Wir schlafen gut.
schmecken to taste, be tasty Das schmeckt!
That tastes good!
schreiben to write Er schreibt eine Mail.
schwimmen to swim Er schwimmt gern.
He likes to swim.
sehen to see du siehst/er sieht
Ich sehe ihn nicht.
senden to send, transmit Er sendet eine E-Mail.
setzen to put, set Er setzt sich.
He sits down.
singen to sing Sie singt sehr schn.
spielen to play, act Hans spielt Fuball.
sprechen to speak du sprichst/er spricht
Ich spreche Deutsch.
suchen to seek, search
look for
Was suchst du?
What are you looking for?
trinken to drink Ich trinke lieber Kaffee.
I'd rather drink coffee.
vergessen to forget du vergisst/er vergisst
Ich vergesse den Namen.
verstehen to understand Er versteht Deutsch.
warten to wait Sie wartet auf den Bus.
She's waiting for the bus.
wohnen to reside, live (in) Mein Vater wohnt in Hamburg.
zeigen to show, indicate Ich zeige Ihnen, wo das ist.
See more about conjugating regular verbs in
Lektion 4B - German Verbs: Present Tense
MORE > Verb-Lexikon - 500+ German verbs
German Verbs
Alphabetical List
Part 1 (A-K) | Part 2 (L-Z)
A-D E-G H-K
A
achten to pay attention to, respect
an|erkennen S to recognize, acknowledge
an|fangen C/S to begin
See Verb prefixes (an-, aus- )
angeln to fish, angle
an|kommen S to arrive
ndern to change, alter
an|greifen S to attack
an|haben S to have on, wear
an|nehmen S to accept; assume
an|rufen S to call up (tel)
antworten D to answer
s. an|ziehen S to get dressed
arbeiten to work
rgern to annoy, irritate
atmen to breathe
auf|fallen S to stand out, attract attention
aus|kommen S to come out, have enough
of, make do, get along with
aus|machen - 10 meanings!
aus|stellen to exhibit
s. aus|ziehen to undress
B
backen S to bake
baden to bathe, swim
bauen to build
beben to quake, tremble
bedeuten to mean
s. bedienen to serve oneself
befehlen S to command
s. befinden S to be, find oneself
E
ehren to honor
ein|atmen to breathe in
ein|bauen to install, put in
s. ein|bilden to imagine, get the idea
empfangen C/S to receive
empfehlen C/S to recommend
empfinden to feel, sense
entbehren to do without; lack, miss
See Verb prefixes (emp-, ent- )
entdecken to discover
entfernen to remove
entfhren to abduct, kidnap
entgegenen to reply, retort
enthalten C/S to contain
entkommen to escape, get away
entschuldigen to excuse, apologize
erfinden to invent
erhalten C/S to obtain, receive, preserve
s. erinnern to remember
s. erklten to catch a cold
erklren to explain, declare
erlschen to be extinguished, dim
errichten to erect, establish
erschpfen to exhaust, drain
erschrecken S to be frightened
ersticken to choke, smother
erwgen to consider, ponder
erwhnen to mention
erzhlen to tell, recount, relate
essen S to eat

German Verb Conjugator
H
haben S to have
halten C/S to hold, stop, keep
hmmern to hammer, pound
handeln to act, trade, deal
hngen to hang
hassen to hate
hauen to hit, hew
heben S to lift, raise
heiraten to marry
heien S to be named
heilen to heal
heizen to heat
helfen C/S to help
heraus|bekommen S to get out; find out,
figure out
heraus|fordern to challenge
hetzen to rush about, incite
heulen to howl, bawl
hindern to hamper, impede
hoffen to hope
hren to hear
hpfen to hop, jump
husten to cough
I
identifizieren to identify
immatrikulieren to register (univ)
impfen to vaccinate, inoculate
imponieren to impress, make an
impression
importieren to import
informieren to inform
befreien to set free
begegnen D to meet
beginnen S to begin
begleiten to accompany
behalten S to keep
beissen S to bite
bekommen S to get, receive
beleben to enliven, cheer
beleidigen to insult
bellen to bark
belohnen to reward
bergen S to recover, salvage
berichten to report
bersten S to burst
besitzen S to own
bestellen to order
besuchen to visit
beten to pray
betrgen S to deceive, cheat
bewegen to move
bezahlen to pay
biegen S to bend
bieten to offer, bid
binden S to tie
bitten S to request, ask for
blasen C/S to blow
bleiben S to stay
blicken to look, glance
blitzen to flash
blhen to bloom
bluten to bleed
braten C/S to fry, roast
brauchen to need
brauen to brew
brausen to shower; roar
brechen C/S to break
brennen S to burn
bringen S to bring
brllen to roar, shout
brsten to brush
D
darf See drfen
dmmen to dam, check, curb
dmmern to dawn, fall (dusk); doze
dampfen to steam
dmpfen to muffle, damp
danken D to thank
dar|stellen to show, portray
dmmen to dam, check, curb
dauern to last, endure
decken to cover, set (table)
dehnen to stretch
demonstrieren to demonstrate
denken S to think
deuten to point, indicate
dichten to caulk; write poetry
dienen to serve
dringen S to urge, pierce
drucken to print
drcken to push, press; oppress
ducken to stoop, duck; humble
drfen to be permitted, allow
drsten to thirst, be thirsty

F
fahren S to travel, drive
fallen S to fall
fllen to cut down
falten to fold
fangen S to catch, capture
fassen to grasp, seize, conceive
fechten to fence, fight
feststellen to ascertain, establish
finden S to find
flicken to patch, repair
fliegen S to fly
fliehen S to flee, avoid
flieen S to flow, run
fluchen to curse, swear
fluten to flood, overflow
folgen D to follow
fragen to ask
fressen C/S to eat, feed, devour
s. freuen to be glad, rejoice
frieren S to freeze, feel cold
frhstcken to eat breakfast
fhlen to feel, perceive
fhren to lead
fllen to fill
frchten to fear
G
ghnen to yawn
gren to ferment
gebren to give birth to
geben C/S to give
gebrauchen to use
gedeihen S to thrive, prosper
gefallen C/S to be pleasing, like
gehen S to go
gelingen S to succeed
gelten S to be valid
genesen to recover, convalesce
s. genieren to feel
embarrassed/awkward
genieen S to enjoy
geraten to get into, fall into
geschehen C/S to happen
gewinnen S to win, gain
s. gewhnen to get used to, accustomed
to
gieen S to pour, cast
glnzen to glitter, shine
glauben to believe
gleichen S to be like, resemble
gleiten to glide
glotzen to gape, stare
glhen to glow
graben S to dig
greifen S to grasp, grab, seize
grollen to be angry, grumble
gren to greet
gucken to look, peep

s. interessieren to be interested (in)
irren to wander, stray; be mistaken
irritieren to confuse; irritate
isolieren to insulate; isolate
J
jagen to hunt; chase, drive
jammern to wail, moan, yammer
jauchzen to rejoice, cheer
jaulen to howl
jobben to work, have a job
jodeln to yodel
joggen to jog
jucken to itch
justieren to adjust, justify (type
K
kmmen to comb
kmpfen to fight, struggle
kauen to chew
kaufen to buy
kehren to turn; sweep
kennen S to know, be familiar with
kennenlernen to get to know, become
acquainted with
klagen to lament, complain
kleben to paste, stick
klingen S to ring, sound
klopfen to knock, beat
kneifen S to pinch, squeeze, crimp
knpfen to tie, knot, fasten
kochen to cook, boil, seethe
kommen S to come
knnen M to be able, can
kosten to cost
kotzen to vomit, puke
krchzen to caw, croak
kratzen to scratch, scrape, claw
kriechen S to crawl, creep
kriegen to get, obtain
khlen to cool, refresh
krzen to shorten, abbreviate
NEXT >
German Verbs 2 (L-Z)

Related Verb Pages
German Verb Conjugator
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Modal Verbs
Regular Ger. Verbs
Strong (Irregular)
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Top 50 Ger. Words
Verb Prefixes

NEXT > German Verbs 2 (L-Z)
German Verbs
Alphabetical List
Part 1 (A-K) | Part 2 (L-Z)
L-R S-T U-Z
L
lcheln to smile
lachen to laugh
laden C / S to load
lassen C / S to let, leave, allow
laufen C / S to run, walk
lauschen to eavesdrop, listen
leben to live
lecken to lick; leak
legen to lay, put, place
See liegen
lehren to teach
leiden S to suffer
leihen S to lend, borrow, hire
lernen to learn, study
lesen C / S to read
leuchten to light up, shine, gleam
lichten to thin out, lighten
lieben to love
liegen S to lie, recline, be situated
loben to praise
locken to lure, attract, entice
lohnen to reward, recompense
s. lohnen to be worth (doing)
lsen to solve, dissolve; loosen
lgen to lie (not tell the truth)
lutschen to suck (on)
M
machen to make, do
mahlen to mill, grind
malen to paint, draw
managen to manage
meiden S to avoid, shun
meinen to mean, be of the opinion, think
merken to notice, mark, perceive
messen C / S to measure
mieten to rent, hire
mgen M to like (to)
mssen M to have to, must
N
nagen to gnaw, nibble
nhren to nourish; suckle
naschen to snack, nibble, nosh
necken to tease
nehmen C / S to take
nennen S to name, call
nicken to nod, doze
ntzen to use; be useful
O
ffnen to open
S
sagen to say, tell
saufen S to drink to excess
saugen to suck, absorb
Staub saugen to vacuum (VP)
schaden to damage, hurt
schaffen S to create
schaffen to do, make, accomplish
schalten to switch, shift (gears)
schtzen to value, estimate
schauen to see, look
scheiden S to separate, divide
s. scheiden lassen S to divorce
scheinen S to shine, seem
scherzen to joke, kid
schicken to send
schieben S to push, shove
schieen S to shoot
schlachten to slaughter, butcher
schlafen C / S to sleep
schlagen S to hit, beat
schleichen S to sneak, creep
schleifen S to grind, polish
schlieen to close; conclude
schmecken to taste
schmeien S to throw, toss
schmelzen S to melt
schmerzen to hurt, smart
schmieren to grease; bribe
schneiden S to cut, slice
schneien to snow
schreiben S to write
schreien S to scream, yell
schreiten S to step, stride
schweben to soar, hover, float
schweigen S to be silent
schwimmen S to swim
schwitzen to sweat
schwren to swear
segnen to bless
sehen C / S to see
sein S to be
senden to send, broadcast
s. setzen to sit down
seufzen to sigh
sieden to boil, simmer
siegen to conquer, triumph
singen S to sing
sinken S to sink
sitzen S to sit
sollen M should, ought to, supposed to
spalten to split, divide
sparen to save
spazieren to stroll, walk
spielen to play
spinnen to spin; be nuts
sprechen S to speak, talk
springen S to jump
spritzen to spray, squirt
sprhen to spray; sparkle
U
ben to exercise, practice
berraschen to surprise
berwinden S to overcome
umstellen to change over, shift
unterbrechen S to interrupt
s. unterhalten S to converse, entertain
oneself
V
verachten to despise
verderben S to ruin, spoil
verdienen to earn, deserve
vereinigen to unite
verfhren to seduce
vergessen S to forget
vergewaltigen to rape
s. verhalten S to behave, act
verhandeln to negotiate
verkaufen to sell
verkehren to trade, traffic; frequent
verklagen to complain, sue
verkommen S to decay, go bad
s. verlieben to fall in love
verlieren S to lose
vermehren to increase
vernichten to annihilate, exterminate
verraten S to betray
versagen to fail
verschlafen C / S to oversleep
verstehen S to understand
versuchen to attempt, try
vertreten to represent, stand in for
verwalten to administer, manage
verwechseln to confuse, mix up
verweigern to refuse
verweilen to linger, while away
verzeihen S to pardon, forgive
vor|kommen S to occur, happen
vor|stellen to introduce, present
s. vor|stellen to imagine
W
wachen to be awake; keep watch
wachsen C / S to grow
wagen to dare
whlen to choose, vote
whren to last, hold out
wlzen to roll
wandern to hike, wander
waschen C / S to wash
wechseln to change, exchange
wecken to wake, rouse
wehren to restrain; prevent
s. wehren to defend oneself
weichen to yield
operieren to operate (med.)
opfern to sacrifice
ordnen to organize, put in order

German Verb Conjugator
P
pachten to lease, rent
packen to pack; grab
passen to fit, be suitable
passieren to happen
pfeifen S to whistle
pflanzen to plant
plagen to plague, annoy
preisen to praise, commend
putzen to clean, groom
Q
qulen to torture, torment
qualmen to give off smoke
quellen S to gush, spring from
quetschen to squeeze, crush
quietschen to squeak, squeal
R
rchen to avenge
Rad fahren to ride a bike (VP)
raten to advise, guess
rauchen to smoke
rumen to clear away, evacuate
rauschen to rustle, murmur
rechnen to calculate, reckon
reien S to tear, rip
reiten S to ride (horse)
rennen S to run
reichen to reach; pass
reisen to travel, journey
reinigen to clean, refine
reizen to excite, charm
richten to set right, adjust
riechen S to smell
ringen to struggle, wrestle
rollen to roll
rsten to roast
rcken to move, bring nearer
rufen S to call
ruhen to rest
rhren to stir, touch
rsten to arm


spucken to spit
splen to rinse, flush
spren to feel, detect
statt|finden S to take place, happen
Staub saugen to vacuum (VP)
staunen to be amazed
stechen C / S to stab, sting, prick
stecken to set, be located
stehen to stand
stehlen to steal
steigen to climb, rise
stinken to stink
sthnen to groan, moan
stopfen to stuff, cram
stren to disturb, upset
stoen to push, bump
strahlen to beam, radiate
streben to strive
strecken to stretch, extend
streichen to strike, cancel; paint
streiten to quarrel, argue
stricken to knit
studieren to study (univ)
strzen to plunge, fall, crash
suchen to look for, seek
T
tanken to get gas/petrol, refuel
tanzen to dance
taugen to be of use/value
toben to storm, rave
tten to kill
tragen C/S to wear, carry
trauen to trust, believe in; marry
trumen to dream
treffen C / S to meet, hit
treiben S to drive, propel
treten C / S to step, walk
trinken S to drink
trocknen to dry
tropfen to drip, drop
tun S to do, make, put

weihen to consecrate, devote
weinen to cry, weep
wenden to turn
werben to recruit, court, woo, advertise
werden S to become
werfen C / S to throw
wetzen to sharpen, grind
widmen to dedicate, devote
wiederholen to repeat
wiegen S to weigh
wissen S to know
wohnen to reside, live
wollen M to want (to)
wnschen to wish, desire
wrzen to season, spice
Z
zahlen to pay
zhlen to count
zhmen to tame
zapfen to tap (beer)
zaubern to do magic, enchant
zeichnen to draw, sign
zeigen to show, indicate
zelten to camp
zerschlagen C/S to shatter, smash
zerstren to destroy
ziehen S to pull, draw
zielen to aim, target
zitieren to cite, quote
zittern to shake, tremble
zgern to hesitate
zchten to breed, culivate
znden to ignite
zurck|nehmen C/S to take back
zwingen S to force, compel

Related Verb Pages
German Verb Conjugator
Ablaut Classes (strong verbs)
Modal Verbs
Regular Verbs
Strong (Irregular)
German Verbs
Top 20 Ger. Verbs
Top 50 Ger. Words
Verb Prefixes
MORE > German Verbs 1 (A-K)