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Works Cited Picture References:

Eleruterio, Enrica, Oriana Trubiani, Marilisa Sulpizio, * http://www.google.com/search?q=embryonic+stem


Fabrizio Di Giuseppe, Laura Pierdomenico, Marco +cells&source+Inms&tbm=isch&sa=X&ei=y_xe
Marchisio, Raffaella Giancola, Gianluigi Giammaria, U5DMLeq-8QHwkYCAAg&ved=0CAYQ_AUoAQ Regeneration of the
Sebastiano Miscia, Sergio Caputi, Carmine Dillio, and &biw=1280&bih=709#facrc=_&imgdii=Q5NEV14
Stephanni Angelucci. Proteome of Human Stem Cells HgjtC-M%3A%BTfRxOa0s3-hPCM%3 Periodontium
from Periodontal Ligament and Dental Pulp. PLOS ONE * http://blu.stb.s-msn.com/i/F3/3020F8113FB5A9A
8.8 (2013): 1-10. Web. 12 Nov. 2013. 39E6DA1.jpg Using Dental Stem Cells
<http://www.plosone.org/article/info%3Adoi%2F10.1371% * http://stemcelltreatments.org/wp-content/uploads/2011
2Fjournal.pone.0071101>. /10/tooth-stem-cells-dental-pulp.jpg
Maeda, Hidefumi, Atasushi Tomokiyo, Shinsuke Fujii,
Naohisa Wada, and Akifumi Akamine.
Promise of Periodontal Ligament Stem Cells in Regeneration
of Periodontium. Stem Cell Research & Therapy 2.4
(2011): N. pag. Web. 12 Nov. 2013.
<http://stemcellres.com/content/2/3/33>.
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Nodoshan M.Sc., Mohammad Hasan Sheikhhan M.D. Ph. D.,
Sayyed Mohsen Miresmaeili M. Sc., Mehrdad Soeimani B. Sc.,
and Farzaneh Fesahar M. Sc.. Characterization of
Mesenchymal Stem Cells from Human Dental Pulp,
Periapical Follicle and Periodontal Ligament.
Iranian Journal of Reproducive Medicine 11.3 (2013):
235-241. Web. 12 Nov. 2013.
<http://www.bioline.org.br/pdf?rm13031>.
Shilpa, P.S., Rachna Kaul, Nishat Sultana, and
Surakasha Bhat. Stem Cells: Boon to Dentistry and
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By: Katie Ferguson and
Amanda Means









Significance: What are Stem Cells?: Adult Dental Stem Cells:

Stem cells have shown the ability to Stem cells are master cells that generate - Five different adult dental stem cells
regenerate structures found in the tissue and organs following trauma found to date are:
periodontium. or disease. I. Dental pulp stem cells
As dental hygienists it is important to - 2 classifications of stem cells: II. Stem cells from exfoliated deciduous teeth
stay current on this information to I. Embryonic stem cells III. Periodontal ligament stem cells
educate our patients and help them make II. Adult stem cells IV. Stem cells from apical papilla
the best choice for their oral health. V. Dental follicle stem cells



Bone Loss: Embryonic Stem Cells: Current Dental Stem Cell Research:
Tooth loss or absence can result from - Derived from embryos As of now, research is focused on the
numerous pathologies: - Results in the embryo being destroyed regeneration of:
- Periodontal Disease - Technical and ethical issues arise * Pulp and teeth
- Dental Caries - Can develop into almost any tissue * Dentin
- Fractures - Can be difficult to grow * Alveolar bone
- Injuries - If not controlled, excessive growth can * Periodontal ligament after periodontal disease
- Genetic alterations cause tumor formation * Salivary glands after radiation of the head and neck
Materials used to replace the missing * To treat lichen planus
periodontium structure: * Repair craniofacial defects
- Synthetic material
- Patient's own tissue Future of Dentistry:
- Metallic alloy
Bone loss has been irreversible until - The time is coming when people no longer
now with the use of stem cells have to suffer from bone and tooth loss with
the use of dental stem cells.
Adult Stem Cells: - Dental stem cells are creating a promising
- Less ethical concerns outlook for regenerative dentistry.
- Theoretically found in every type - We as dental professionals must expand our
of tissue knowledge to better improve the care and
* Adipose tissue quality of life for our patients.
* Bone marrow - A profession that fails to advance itself is
not
* Umbilical cord a profession that lasts.
* Teeth
- Application of adult stem cells in dentistry
are still problematic