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The British Standards Institution 2013

DRAFT FOR DEVELOPMENT

Plastics piping systems


for water supply or
drainage and
sewerage
Glass-reinforced
thermosetting plastics
(GPR) based on
unsaturated polyester
resin (UP)
Recommended practice
for installation

ICS 23.040.01; 91.140.80; 93.030

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DD CEN/TS
14578:2003

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DD CEN/TS 14578:2003

National foreword
This Draft for Development is the official English language version of
CEN/TS 14578:2003. It supersedes BS EN 1636-6:2001 which is withdrawn.
This publication is not to be regarded as a British Standard.
It is being issued in the Draft for Development series of publications and is of
a provisional nature. It should be applied on this provisional basis, so that
information and experience of its practical application may be obtained.
Comments arising from the use of this Draft for Development are requested so
that UK experience can be reported to the European organization responsible
for its conversion to a European Standard. A review of this publication will be
initiated 2 years after its publication by the European organization so that a
decision can be taken on its status at the end of its 3-year life. Notification of
the start of the review period will be made in an announcement in the
appropriate issue of Update Standards.
According to the replies received by the end of the review period, the
responsible BSI Committee will decide whether to support the conversion into
a European Standard, to extend the life of the Technical Specification or to
withdraw it. Comments should be sent in writing to the Secretary of BSI
Technical Committee PRI/88, Plastic piping systems, at British Standards
House, 389 Chiswick High Road, London W4 4AL, giving the document
reference and clause number and proposing, where possible, an appropriate
revision of the text.
A list of organizations represented on this committee can be obtained on
request to its secretary.
Cross-references
The British Standards which implement international or European
publications referred to in this document may be found in the BSI Catalogue
under the section entitled International Standards Correspondence Index, or
by using the Search facility of the BSI Electronic Catalogue or of
British Standards Online.

Summary of pages
This document comprises a front cover, an inside front cover, the CEN/TS title
page, pages 2 to 8, an inside back cover and a back cover.
The BSI copyright notice displayed in this document indicates when the
document was last issued.
This Draft for Development
was published under the
authority of the Standards
Policy and Strategy Committee
on 7 November 2003

Amendments issued since publication


Amd. No.

Date

Comments

BSI 7 November 2003

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TECHNICAL SPECIFICATION
SPCIFICATION TECHNIQUE
TECHNISCHE SPEZIFIKATION

CEN/TS 14578

September 2003
ICS 23.040.01, 91.140.80, 93.030

Supersedes EN 1636-6:1997

English version

Plastics piping systems for water supply or drainage and


sewerage Glass-reinforced thermosetting plastics (GPR)
based on unsaturated polyester resin (UP) Recommended
practice for installation
Systmes de canalisations plastiques pour ladduction
deau et lassainissement Plastiques thermodurcissables
renforcs de verre (PRV) base de rsine de polyester
non satur (UP) Pratique recommande pour la pose

Kunststoft-Rohrleitungssysteme fr den Wasserversorgung


mit oder ohne Druck Glasfaserverstrkten
duroplastischen Kunstoffe (GFK) auf der basis von
ungesttigtem Polyesterharz (UP) Empfohlenes
Verfahren zur Verlegung

This Technical Specification (CEN/TS) was approved by CEN on 24 March 2003 for provisional application.
The period of validity of this CEN/TS is limited initially to three years. After two years the members of CEN will be requested to submit their
comments, particularly on the question whether the CEN/TS can be converted into a European Standard.
CEN members are required to announce the existence of this CEN/TS in the same way as for an EN and to make the CEN/TS available. It
is permissible to keep conflicting national standards in force (in parallel to the CEN/TS) until the final decision about the possible
conversion of the CEN/TS into an EN is reached.
CEN members are the national standards bodies of Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece,
Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Slovakia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and United
Kingdom.

EUROPEAN COMMITTEE FOR STANDARDIZATION


COMIT EUROPEN DE NORMALISATION
EUROPISCHES KOMITEE FR NORMUNG

Management Centre: rue de Stassart, 36

2003 CEN

All rights of exploitation in any form and by any means reserved


worldwide for CEN national Members.

B-1050 Brussels

Ref. No. CEN/TS 14578:2003 E

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CEN/TS 14578:2003 (E)

Contents

page

Foreword......................................................................................................................................................................3
Introduction .................................................................................................................................................................4
1

Scope....................................................................................................................................................................5

Normative references..........................................................................................................................................5

Terms and definitions .........................................................................................................................................5

4
Procedures...........................................................................................................................................................5
4.1
General...............................................................................................................................................................5
4.2
Special conditions for pipes having a nominal stiffness less than SN 1250 ......................................................5
5
Specific information and recommendations ....................................................................................................5
5.1
General...............................................................................................................................................................5
5.2
Special transportation requirements ..................................................................................................................6
5.3
Maximum storage heights on site ......................................................................................................................6
5.4
Maximum storage period in direct sunlight ........................................................................................................6
5.5
Any climatic conditions requiring special storage ..............................................................................................6
5.6
Limiting deflections.............................................................................................................................................6
5.7
Coefficient of linear expansion ...........................................................................................................................6
5.8
Longitudinal tensile modulus and strength.........................................................................................................7
5.9
Suitability for use in areas exposed to sunlight..................................................................................................7
5.10 Appropriate jointing system................................................................................................................................7
5.11 Cold bending ......................................................................................................................................................7
5.12 Permitted rates of loss of water and/or pressure ...............................................................................................7
Bibliography ................................................................................................................................................................8

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CEN/TS 14578:2003 (E)

Foreword
This document (CEN/TS 14578:2003) has been prepared by Technical Committee CEN /TC 155, "Plastics piping
systems and ducting systems" the secretariat of which is held by NEN.
This document supersedes EN 1636-6:1997 [1].
It is also the result of a merging of the final draft prEN 1115-6:1997 [2] and the draft European standard
prEN 1796-6:1995 [3].
According to the CEN/CENELEC Internal Regulations, the national standards organizations of the following
countries are bound to announce this CEN Technical Specification: Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Denmark,
Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Malta, Netherlands, Norway,
Portugal, Slovakia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and the United Kingdom.

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CEN/TS 14578:2003 (E)

Introduction
System Standards prEN 1796 [4] and prEN 14364 [5] specify the properties of a piping system and its components
when made from glass-reinforced thermosetting plastics (GRP) based on unsaturated polyester resin (UP)
intended to be used for pressure and non-pressure water or sewerage applications. A System Standard includes
specifications for pipes, fittings and joints and makes reference to supporting standards covering test methods,
recommended practices for installation (this Technical Specification) and procedures for assessment of conformity.
The committee is preparing a standard to cover matters such as design procedures, determination of long-term
safety factors based on a semi-probabilistic approach, surge allowance and allowable negative pressures for
buried GRP pipe applications. Reference to this standard will be included in the document when available.
This supporting standard, which covers practices for installation, is intended to be used in conjunction with
ENV 1046 by, amongst others, end-users, authorities, design engineers, testing and certification institutes and
manufacturers.
In the event of ENV 1046 being withdrawn in the future, the relevant parts of ENV 1046 will be incorporated in this
standard as an addendum, so that the appropriate requirements, which were implemented in ENV 1046, remain
available and applicable to System Standards for applications using GRP-UP pipes and fittings.
In this standard, much of the guidance is expressed as requirements, e.g. by use of "shall" or by instructions in the
imperative. It is strongly recommended that these be followed whenever applicable.
Other guidance is presented for consideration as a matter of judgement in each case, e.g. by use of "should".

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CEN/TS 14578:2003 (E)

Scope

This Technical Specification (CEN/TS) specifies recommended practices for installing piping systems made of
glass-reinforced thermosetting plastics based on unsaturated polyester resin (GRP-UP), intended to be used for
pressure or non-pressure water or sewerage applications. It is applicable to GRP-UP piping systems of nominal
sizes from DN 100 to DN 3000 which are intended to be used for the conveyance of liquids at temperatures up to
50 C and at pressures of 0,5 bar and greater.
NOTE 1
Piping systems conforming to prEN 1796 [4] or prEN 14364 [5] can also be used for above-ground applications provided the
influence of the environment and the supports is considered in the design of the pipes and joints.
NOTE 2
It is the responsibility of the purchaser or specifier to make the appropriate selections from these aspects, taking into account their
particular requirements and any relevant national regulations and installation practices or codes.

Normative references

This Technical Specification incorporates by dated or undated reference, provisions from other publications. These
normative references are cited at the appropriate places in the text, and the publications are listed hereafter. For
dated references, subsequent amendments to or revisions of any of these publications apply to this Technical
Specification only when incorporated in it by amendment or revision. For undated references the latest edition of
the publication referred to applies (including amendments).
ENV 1046:2001, Plastics piping and ducting systems Systems outside building structures for the conveyance of
water or sewage Practices for installation above and below ground.

Terms and definitions

For the purposes of this Technical Specification the terms and definitions given in ENV 1046:2001 apply.

Procedures

4.1

General

Pipes and fittings covered by prEN 1796 [4] or prEN 14364 [5] shall be installed in accordance with ENV 1046 taking
into account the following information and guidance. In conditions not covered thereby the engineer shall make his
own recommendations.
Attention is drawn to the limitations that may apply to negative pressure in service, in particular if the pipe zone
backfill material is removed, and to mechanical compaction requirements during installation for pipe stiffness up to
and including SN 5000 (see also ENV 1046).

4.2

Special conditions for pipes having a nominal stiffness less than SN 1250

Pipes having a nominal stiffness less than SN 1250 are not intended for laying directly in the ground. However,
whenever they are installed in the ground they shall be encased in concrete.

Specific information and recommendations

5.1
NOTE

General
ENV 1046 requires the information given in 5.2 to 5.12 to be provided in this standard.

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CEN/TS 14578:2003 (E)

5.2

Special transportation requirements

When following the guidance given in ENV 1046 particular care shall be taken to avoid impact damage. Pipes and
fittings shall be secured before transporting them to or around the site.

5.3

Maximum storage heights on site

The number of layers in a storage stack should not exceed those given in Table 1, except in the case of pipes with
a nominal stiffness greater than 2500, which may be stacked higher if precautions are taken to ensure that the
stack is stable.
Table 1 Maximum number of layers in a stack
Nominal size
DN
DN  300

300 < DN  600

600 < DN  900

900 < DN  1400

1400 < DN

100

5.4

Maximum number
of layers

Maximum storage period in direct sunlight

When materials such as ultraviolet inhibitors have been incorporated or other protective pipe constructions have
been used, pipes and fittings may be stored in direct sunlight for their design lives. Where the pipes and fittings are
not thus protected they should not be exposed to sunlight for longer than two years. Care should be taken to
protect rubber-sealing profiles from prolonged exposure to sunlight.

5.5

Any climatic conditions requiring special storage

Apart from high winds, there are no climatic conditions that require special storage conditions for products
conforming to prEN 1796 [4] or prEN 14364 [5].

5.6

Limiting deflections

In no case shall the vertical diameter increase by more than 1,5 % of the mean diameter due to installation
procedures e.g. the relative initial ovalization shall not exceed 1,5 %. This may be verified by measurements when
the pipe zone backfilling operation is completed.
Non-pressure pipes conforming to prEN 1796 [4] or prEN 14364 [5] usually have an allowable long-term deflection of
6 % and both pressure and non-pressure pipes have an allowable maximum initial deflection of 3 % for design
purposes. The permitted initial deflections may need to be lower than 3 % depending upon the nature of the
undisturbed native soil, the backfill material and degree of compaction. The initial deflection should be determined
and monitored to assist in achieving a satisfactory installation.

5.7

Coefficient of linear expansion

A typical range for the coefficient of linear expansion, , is 20  10-6/C to 50  10-6/C. This property varies with
the nature and quantity of reinforcement in any particular pipe. The manufacturer shall provide the relevant
information when requested by the purchaser.

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CEN/TS 14578:2003 (E)

5.8

Longitudinal tensile modulus and strength

These properties vary with the nature and quantity of reinforcement in any particular pipe. The manufacturer shall
provide this information when requested by the purchaser.

5.9

Suitability for use in areas exposed to sunlight

If it is intended to install the pipes in areas exposed to sunlight, the manufacturer should be informed so that he can
ensure their suitability for this application.

5.10 Appropriate jointing system


Joints described in and conforming to prEN 1796 [4] or prEN 14364 [5], as applicable, should be used.

5.11 Cold bending


GRP-UP pipes are not suitable for cold bending. Changes in direction should be achieved either by using fittings
conforming to prEN 1796 [4] or prEN 14364 [5] or by utilizing the flexibility of the joint.

5.12 Permitted rates of loss of water and/or pressure


Non-pressure systems are not subject to the pressure test referred to in ENV 1046.
Pressure systems require inspection and testing before commissioning and attention is drawn to the requirements
in EN 1610 as these may be applicable.

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CEN/TS 14578:2003 (E)

Bibliography

[1]

EN 1610, Construction and testing of drains and sewers

[2]

EN 1636-6:1997, Plastics piping systems for non-pressure drainage and sewerage Glass-reinforced
thermosetting plastics (GRP) based on polyester resin (UP) Part 6: Practices for installation.

[3]

prENV 1115-6:1997, Plastics piping systems for underground drainage and sewerage under pressure
Glass-reinforced thermosetting plastics (GRP) based on unsaturated polyester resin (UP) Part 6:
Practices for installation.

[4]

prENV 1796-6:1995, Plastics piping systems for water supply with or without pressure Glass-reinforced
thermosetting plastics (GRP) based on polyester resin (UP) Part 6: Recommended practice for
installation.

[5]

prEN 1796, Plastics piping systems for water supply with or without pressure Glass-reinforced
thermosetting plastics (GRP) based on unsaturated polyester resin (UP).

[6]

prEN 14364, Plastics piping systems for drainage and sewerage with or without pressure - Glass-reinforced
thermosetting plastics (GRP) based on unsaturated polyester resin (UP) - Specifications for pipes, fittings
and joints.

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