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from the
SHEPHERD-KING POET
Psalms from the Life of David
Cornerstone 2014 Mark Meynell
1: SHEPHERD
Shepherd Boy, Shepherd King, Shepherd God
Psalm 23 (1 Sam 16:1-23, 17:20, 32-37)

1. Lessons From Life: How God Teaches Us

Spiritual Breakthroughs: Head and Heart?

John 3:16




Spiritual Psalms: Upside down & inside out?





2. An Unpromising Start: When Not Even Your Dad Believes In You
(1 Sam 16)

The Fall of Saul
Saul anointed (1Sam9)

1 Sam 15:26
1 Sam 15:35


Psalms in the Life of David
A Heart for God


1 Sam 16:7

The Last One Youd Expect
1 Sam 16:12



Joe Church in Rwanda


1Sam17:28 Eliab


3. A Psalm for a lifetime: Through the Valley and out the other side
(Ps 23)

i. Direction out in the elds (23:1-3)






/ 3 24
Schubert (1797-1828)
Gott ist mein Hirt,
Mir wird nichts mangeln.
Er lagert mich auf grne Weide,
Er leitet mich an stillen Bchen,
Er labt mein schmachtendes Gemth.
Er fhrt mich auf gerechtem Steige
zu seines Namens Ruhm.
Und wall ich auch im Todesschatten-Thale,
So wall ich ohne Furcht,
Denn du beschtzest mich,
Dein Stab und deine Sttze
Sind mir immerdar mein Trst.
Du richtest mir ein Freudenmahl
Im Angesicht der Feinde zu,
Du salbst mein Haupt mit le,
Und schenkst mir volle Becher ein,
Mir folgest Heil und Seligkeit
In diesem Leben nach,
Einst ruh ich ewge Zeit dort
In des Ewgen Haus.
God is my Shepherd,
I will lack nothing.
He keeps me in a green pasture
And leads me by quiet streams;
He refreshes my fainting courage.
He leads me on the right paths
To the honour of His Name.
And although I wander
In the valley of the shadow of death,
Yet I wander without fear,
For You protect me,
Your rod and staff are always my comfort.
You prepare joyous meal for me
In front of my enemies;
You anoint my head with oil,
And give me an overowing cup,
Blessing and happiness
Will follow me in this life,
And one day I will rest forever
There in the house of the Eternal.
Psalms in the Life of David
ii. Compassion down in the valleys (23:4-5)




iii. Grace back in the home (23:5-6)




George Herbert (1593-1633): LOVE
(III)










4. A Staggering Legacy: The Shepherd King for Eternity (John 10)







/ 4 24
Love bade me welcome, yet my soul drew back,
Guilty of dust and sin.
But quick-ey'd Love, observing me grow slack
From my rst entrance in,
Drew nearer to me, sweetly questioning
If I lack'd anything.

"A guest," I answer'd, "worthy to be here";
Love said, "You shall be he."
"I, the unkind, the ungrateful? ah my dear,
I cannot look on thee."
Love took my hand and smiling did reply,
"Who made the eyes but I?"

"Truth, Lord, but I have marr'd them; let my shame
Go where it doth deserve."
"And know you not," says Love, "who bore the blame?"
"My dear, then I will serve."
"You must sit down," says Love, "and taste my meat."
So I did sit and eat.
Psalms in the Life of David
Background: Shepherds After David
The Diagnosis: Israels Failed Shepherds
Jer 50:6 My people have been lost sheep; their shepherds have led them astray and caused them to
roam on the mountains. They wandered over mountain and hill and forgot their own resting
place.
Replacement Shepherds Prophesied: Another David
Isa 44:28 [He] says of Cyrus, He is my shepherd and will accomplish all that I please;
Ezek 34:23-24 I will place over them one shepherd, my servant David, and he will tend them; he will tend
them and be their shepherd. My servant David will be king over them, and they will all have
one shepherd. They will follow my laws and be careful to keep my decrees.
Zech 11:16 For I am going to raise up a shepherd over the land who will not care for the lost, or seek the
young, or heal the injured, or feed the healthy, but will eat the meat of the choice sheep,
tearing off their hooves.
Matt 2:6 But you, Bethlehem, in the land of Judah, are by no means least among the rulers of Judah;
for out of you will come a ruler who will shepherd my people Israel.
Replacement Shepherds Prophesied: God himself
Ezek 34:10 This is what the Sovereign Lord says: I am against the shepherds and will hold them
accountable for my ock. I will remove them from tending the ock so that the shepherds can
no longer feed themselves. I will rescue my ock from their mouths, and it will no longer be
food for them.
34:12 As a shepherd looks after his scattered ock when he is with them, so will I look after my
sheep. I will rescue them from all the places where they were scattered on a day of clouds
and darkness
34:16 I will search for the lost and bring back the strays. I will bind up the injured and strengthen the
weak, but the sleek and the strong I will destroy. I will shepherd the ock with justice.
Jer 31:10 Hear the word of the Lord, you nations; proclaim it in distant coastlands: He who scattered
Israel will gather them and will watch over his ock like a shepherd.
Zech 9:16 The Lord their God will save his people on that day as a shepherd saves his ock. They will
sparkle in his land like jewels in a crown.
Jesus!
Matthew 9:36 When he saw the crowds, he had compassion on them, because they were harassed and
helpless, like sheep without a shepherd.
Matthew 25:32 All the nations will be gathered before him, and he will separate the people one from
another as a shepherd separates the sheep from the goats.
John 10:11-12, 14 I am the good shepherd. The good shepherd lays down his life for the sheep. The
hired hand is not the shepherd and does not own the sheep. So when he sees the wolf
coming, he abandons the sheep and runs away. Then the wolf attacks the ock and scatters it.
I am the good shepherd; I know my sheep and my sheep know me.
Hebrews 13:20 Now may the God of peace, who through the blood of the eternal covenant brought back
from the dead our Lord Jesus, that great Shepherd of the sheep,
Jesuss Followers
Acts 20:28 Keep watch over yourselves and all the ock of which the Holy Spirit has made you overseers.
Be shepherds of the church of God, which he bought with his own blood.


/ 5 24
2: REFUGE
The Attacked but Shielded King
Psalm 59 (1 Sam 18: 11-18, 19:11ff)






1. Davids Predicament
1 Samuel 18
18:2
16:23
18:1-4
18:5

18:7


18:8-9

18:10-11

16:14


18:13
18:18
18:28

19:11-13

19:15

Psalms in the Life of David
2. How the Psalms Work


Walter Brueggemann: The Spirituality of the Psalms


Songs of Orientation (Ps 1, 19, 24, 119)



Songs of Disorientation (e.g. Ps 35, 74, 88)




Songs of New Orientation (e.g. Ps 30, 34, 66, 73, 97)





3. Davids Psalm: God is on top!



1Sam 19:11
i. Davids Urgent Prayers: Deliver, Save, Punish (59:1-5, 11-13)



/ 7 24
Psalms in the Life of David





ii. Davids Desperate Predicament: Snarling, Ravenous Dogs (59:6-7,14-15)



Their words (v7)

Their hunger (v15)


iii. Davids Rock-solid Peace: God laughs, David Sings! (59:8-10, 16-17)

God laughs



David Sings



Romans 8:11



Richard Wurmbrand: Tortured For Christ

/ 8 24
3: MERCY
The Guilty but Forgiven King
Psalm 32, 51 (2 Sam 11-12)



C S Lewis: Mere Christianity






1. Davids Tragedy (2 Sam 11-12)

2 Sam 9:1f Mephibosheth



2 Sam 10 King Hanun & The Ammonites


2 Sam11

11:6-9
11:10f


11:27

Psalms in the Life of David
The consequence:
Nathan (2Sam12:1-15)
Babies (2Sam12:15-23)
Amnon & Tamar (2 Sam 13)
Absalom & Amnon
Absalom & David (leading to 2 Sam 18:9)


12:12 David said to Nathan, I have sinned against the LORD.



2. Davids Conscience (Psalm 32:3-5)


cf 2 Sam 12:15-17



3. Davids Gospel (Psalm 51)

Alec Motyer: Treasures of the King


51:1-2
3 words for Davids predicament

3 words for Davids longing

3 words for Davids appeal to Gods character


/ 10 24
Psalms in the Life of David
i. Coming Clean in Confession (51:3-6)

2 controversies?
Sinning against God? (51:4)



Sinning from the start? (51:5)




ii. Condence in Confession (51:7-12)

2 pleas
Losing The Holy Spirit? (51:11)
cf Bezalel and Oholiab (Exod 35:30-36:1)


Keeping A Pure heart (51:10)
cf 32:5 And you forgave the guilt of my sin.


4. Davids Sermon (Psalm 51:13-19)

Declaring Praise?



Dietrich Bonhoeffer: Life Together
/ 11 24
4: SUFFERING
The Tortured but Trusting King
Psalm 22 (1 Sam 18-31; 2 Sam 15-18)


Is it all about us?

Is it all about Jesus?


1. GOD PILGRIMAGE: Dangerous Callings


C. S. Lewis: A Grief Observed



Pat Barker: Regeneration



2. SOUL JOURNEY: from Disorientation to Reorientation

Davids Suffering:
Before he became king: 1 Sam 18-31

After he became king: 2 Sam 15-18



Psalms in the Life of David
i. In the face of abandonment, DESPAIR? (22:1-21)
22:1-2


22:3-5

22:6-8


22:9-10

22:11f



BACKGROUND: 2 Sam 15:25-29.


2 Sam 15:30:




Psalm 22:19f onwards:




ii. In the face of fear, FAITH! (22:22-31)

22:22-23


/ 13 24
Psalms in the Life of David

the prophetic past (v24)
22:26

22:27-29


22:29-30



22:31



3. TIME TRAVEL: From one David to a Greater David



i. The Necessity of Messianic Suffering
The greatest Bible Study EVER! Luke 24:44-47


cf Luke 9:22, 44-45; 18:31-34


The disciples didnt get it. (cf Mk 8:33)
Jews and Gentiles didnt get it get it (1 Cor 1:18-25)




/ 14 24
Psalms in the Life of David
ii. The Splendour of Messianic Fullment

Psalm 22 New Testament (quotes bold; allusions italics)
22:1-2 Why have you forsaken me? Matt 27:46 / Mark 15:34
22:6 A worm and no man Phil 2:7 He made himself nothing nature of a servant
22:7-8 Insults Let him deliver him Matt 27:39-44 / Mark 15:27-32 / Luke 23:35-39
22:9-10 From birth you have been my God cf Lk 2:49 The teenage Jesus in the Temple
22:13, 21 A roaring lion 1 Pet 5:8 the devil prowls like a roaring lion
22:15 Mouth is dried up Jn 19:28 I thirst
22:16, 20 Dogs surround me eg Mt 27:11-44 Pilate & soldiers = Gentile dogs
22:17 All of my bones tenuous link! John 19:36 (not one bone broken)
22:18 Casting lots for clothes Matt 27:35 / Mark 15:24 / Luke 23:34 / John 19:24
22:22 I will declare in the assembly After resurrection (John 21 etc); In eternity (Rev 1:17-18 etc)
22:24 God has not despised aficted one Phil 2:8 Therefore God exalted him to the highest place
22:26 The poor will eat and be satised Lk 1:52-53 He has lled the hungry with good things
Jn 6:35-40 Whoever comes to me will never go hungry
22:27-29 All the families of the nations will bow Phil 2:10 at the name of Jesus, every knee should bow
22:31a proclaim his righteousness.. yet unborn Rom 1:16-17 to Jew & Gentile righteousness revealed
22:31b He has done it! John 19:30 It is nished
7 Last Words In the Gospels Psalm 22
Forgiveness Luke 23:34
Father, forgive them, for they do not know
what they are doing.
Psalm 22:26? - Grace and mercy
Paradise Luke 23:43
Truly I tell you, today you will be with me in
paradise.
Psalm 22:26
(those who seek the LORD may
your hearts live forever)
Family John 19:26-27
Woman, here is your son, and to the disciple,
Here is your mother.
Grace and mercy
Forsaken Matthew 27:46 (cf Mk 15:34)
Eli, Eli, lema sabachthani (which means My
God, my God, why have you forsaken me?)
Psalm 22:1-2
Thirst &
Fullment
John 19:28
I am thirsty.
Psalm 22:14-15
Mission
Accomplished
John 19:30
It is nished.
Psalm 22:31
Commitment to
Father
Luke 23:46
Father, into your hands I commit my spirit.
Psalm 22:22? there is still a future
/ 15 24
5: ETERNITY
The Crowned but Eternal King
Psalm 110 (2 Sam 7)

Introduction: A Biblical Conspiracy Theory?!




Ps 110 in the New Testament



1. Davids GOD-KING (v1)





BACKGROUND 1: Davids God-Given Shock (2 Samuel 7)


2 Sam 7:1

2 Sam 7:2-3
110:1 Mt 22:44;Mk 12:36; Lk 20:42 Jesus vs Pharisees
Acts 2:34 Peter re Davids tomb
1 Cor 15:25 Paul re Jesus Footstool
110:4 Heb 7:21 LORD has sworn
Heb 5:6, 7:15-17 Melchizedek
Psalms in the Life of David
2 Sam 7:5-16


2 Weirdnesses!?
2Sam 7:10



2 Sam 7:12





BACKGROUND 2: The Mountaintops of Gods Purposes


2 dimensional promises


3-dimensional promises

1st Peak

2nd Peak

3rd Peak


Back to Ps 110:2-3



/ 17 24
Psalms in the Life of David
2. Davids PRIEST-KING (v4)


Levitical Priesthood
#Aaronic Priesthood (eg Nu 16:3940)
#Uzziah (2 Chron 26:18)

Melchizedek (Gen 14:18-20)
Abraham
Salem
Mediator



Matthew 1:21 Jesus save people from their sins

Heb 1:3




Ps 110:5-6




Acts 17:30-31





/ 18 24
6. PRAISE
The King Who Praised God Alone
Psalm 24



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SMALL GROUP QUESTIONS
Sunday: SHEPHERD Psalm 23
Are there any times of spiritual breakthrough that you are willing to share
with the group? What brought them about?
We are not anointed to be kings like David was! But are there any
encouragements for us from how God used him in his early years?
Spend time enjoying together the wonders of Gods guidance and
providence as David describes them in the psalm.
Monday: REFUGE Psalm 59
What does it reveal about God that he includes songs of disorientation in
the scriptures?
How can Psalm 59 help a agging faith in times of trial? Is Davids
condence in God as refuge realistic? What stops us trusting God like
that?
What can we do for brothers and sisters around the world who genuinely
are being persecuted (especially violently)?
Tuesday: MERCY Psalms 32, 51
Do we talk about sin too much or too little? Why? How do you think David
would respond to your answers?
When are we most vulnerable to temptation? What can we do about that?
How can we help one another? How should these truths affect our church
community life together?
Be sure to spend some time today reecting on our need for Gods mercy
in Christ.
Wednesday: SUFFERING Psalm 22
How does Psalm 22 change your understanding of what it means to be
Gods Anointed/Messiah/Christ?
What do we learn about the way God works and his purposes for his
people? How does David reorient his faith in this psalm?
Is Jesuss Cross central to your life? How can we make our lives more
cross-shaped?
Thursday: ETERNITY Psalm 110
How does God keep David on his toes in 2 Sam 7?! How does this inform
our understanding of Psalm 110?
How does knowing Jesus is at Gods right hand change our perspective
on world events / our neighbourhoods & workplaces / our everyday lives?
Praise God for his amazing blessings in our Lord and Davids Lord!