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# 1.

## A square matrix is said to be lower triangular matrix if

(a) aij = 0 , ∀ i > j
(b) aij = 0, ∀ i = j
(c) aij = 0 , ∀ i < j
(d) aij = 1, ∀ i = j

2. (AB)−1 =
(a) (BA)−1
(b) B −1 A−1
(c) −B −1 A−1
(d) A−1 B −1

## 3. Matrix A is said to be skew - symmetric matrix if AT =

(a) −AT
(b) -A
(c) I
(d) A
   
0 1 0 4
4. If A = , then A is
2 −1 0 0
 
2 1
(a)
1 0
 
2 1
(b)
−1/2 − 1/2
 
2 1
(c)
0 −1
 
2 1
(d)
0 0
 
2 3
5. If the matrix A = is expressed as the sum of a symmetric and a skew symmetric. Then the skew -
5 −1
symmetric matrix is
 
2 1
(a)
2 4
 
4 2
(b)
2 −1
0 −1
 
(c)
1 0
 
2 4
(d)
4 1
   
1 2 1 1
6. If A = ,B= , then AB is
2 1 1 1
 
2 2
(a)
2 2
 
1 1
(b)
1 1
 
4 4
(c)
4 4
 
3 3
(d)
3 3
7. L U decomposition method fails if lii = uii =
(a) 2
(b) 1
(c) 3
(d) 0

## (a) R(AB) = R(A) = r = n

(b) R(AB) = R(A) = r > n
6 R(A) > n
(c) R(AB) =
(d) R(AB) = R(A) = r < n

## 9. If every minor of order r of a matrix A is non-zero, then rank of A is

(a) equal to r
(b) greater than or equal to r
(c) less than r
(d) less than or equal to r

## 10. The solution of system of equations x + y + z = 1 , 2x + 3y + 2z = 2, 5x + 4y + 3z = 3 is

(a) x = 1 , y = 0 z = 0
(b) x = 0 , y = 0 , z = 1
(c) x = y = z = 0
(d) x = y = z = 1
 
1 1 −2
11. Characteristic equation of A =  −1 2 1  is
0 1 −1

## (a) λ3 +2λ2 −3λ+2 = 0

(b) λ3 +2λ2 −λ+2 = 0
(c) λ3 +2λ2 +3λ+2 = 0
(d) λ3 −2λ2 −λ+2 = 0
 
1 0
12. If A = then the eigen values of A2 are
0 5

(a) -1, -5
(b) 1, -2
(c) 1, 5
(d) 1, 25
 
2 7 6
13. The eigen values of A−1 , where A =  0 4 1  are
0 0 5

## (a) -1/2, -1/4, 1/5

(b) 1/2, 1/4, 1/5
(c) 2, 4, 5
(d) 1/2, 1/4, -1/5
 
x1
14. If X =  x2  be the eigen vector corresponding to the eigen value λ , then
x3
( A - λI) X=

(a) I
(b) - 1
(c) 1
(d) 0

15. If X1 and X2 are two eigen vectors of a matrix A corresponding to the same eigen value λ of A then any linear
combination of the form isalso gives eigen vector of A corresponding to the same eigen value λ

(a) k1 X1 + k2 X2
(b) X1 + X2
(c) X1 − X2
(d) k1 X1 − k2 X2

## 16. The characteristic equation of a square matrix A is λ3 − 3λ2 − 7λ - 11 = 0, then A−2 =

(a) 1
11
[A − 7A−1 −3I] = 0
(b) 1
11
[A + 7A−1 −3I] = 0
(c) 1
11
[A + 7A−1 +3I] = 0
(d) 1
11
[A − 7A−1 +3I] = 0

17. If λ1 , λ2 , λ3 are the latent roots of a square matrix A , then the latent roots of A2 are
(a) −λ1 2 ,λ2 2 ,λ3 2

## (b) −1/λ1, −1/λ2, 1/λ3

(c) 1/λ1 , 1/λ2 , 1/λ3
(d) λ1 2 ,λ2 2 ,λ3 2

18. The diagonal matrix has the eigen values of A as its elements
(a) positive
(b) real
(c) diagonal
(d) row
 
1
19. If the eigen vector of A is X = then eigen vector of A2 is
−2

(a) X3
(b) X2
(c) - X2
(d) X
20. The matrix B which diagonalises A is matix.
(a) modal
(b) spectral
(c) Orthogonal
(d) symmetric