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Structural Analysis Report of Residential Building

BACKGROUND:

2014
2014

The Owner of this building project is Mrs. Gita kumari Regmi. This building Project is located at Dhapasi, Tilingtar VDC Ward No 7, plot No: 207, Land area of this project is 254.36 Sqm. This project comprises planning architectural design and structural design components.

Nepal lies in seismically active region. It is located in the boundary line of the colliding tectonic plates- the Indian plates and the Tibetan plates. Records of earthquake are available in Nepal since 1255 AD. Those records reveals that Nepal has hit by 18 major earthquakes, the 1833 and 1934 earthquakes were the most destructive ones.

However, it would not be economically feasible to design the building so as to ensure that they remain elastic and damage free because the occurrence of maximum earthquakes low say one in 75 years. Thus, it is reliable to design the ductile structure and not to design damage free structure but non-collapsible for minimum destruction in lives and properties. The design should ensure the structure against stability, strength and serviceability with acceptable level of seismic safety.

Thus the seismic design of the building is done and the brief report has been prepared. All the design data are considered in the detail architectural and structural drawings.

The basic aim of the structural design is to build a structure, which is safe, fulfilling the intended purpose during its estimated life, economical in terms of initial and maintenance cost, durable and also maintaining a good aesthetic appearance. The construction cost of any building consists of three phases: a) Design, b) Drawing with proper detailing and c) constructions as per drawings and details. The design of structure consists of two parts. i) Analysis and ii) Design. At first the preliminary size of various member for specific structure are fixed and the analysis is carried out with the help of FEM tool ETABS2013. With the result obtained from analysis, necessary design is carried out.

The pseudo-static/ Seismic coefficient approach method of seismic analysis is conducted and Strap and Tie beam provision has been included in Modal analysis. The Soil type considered for Seismic coefficient is medium type of soil with Seismic zoning factor of five and Seismic reduction factor [Five] for Moment resisting Ductile Frames. In the Pseudo-static analysis the time period comes out for 1 st mode and 2 nd mode comes out to be of maximum mass participation ratios of 70% and 78% which has modal time period as . Hence, the realistic time period after modal analysis is taken as 0.461Secs which is close to the empirical formulae of 0.075xH 0.75 .While designing the isolated foundation, the bearing pressure of 100 KN/m 2 is assumed.

After the completion of the design, drawings are prepared with all necessary details. The presentation of the design calculation and drawings, the construction of the building is carried out. The effort with which design has been carried out becomes worthwhile only if the design is translated to a correspondingly high quality structure.

Structural Analysis Report of Residential Building

2014
2014

BUILDING PARAMETERS:

ARCHITECTURAL AND FUNCTIONAL PARAMETERS

Name of Owner Type of Building Number of stories Story Height Height of parapet wall External wall/Some internal wall Few internal walls Plaster Thickness

: Mrs Gita Kumari Regmi : Residential Building : Two and half Storey : 2.845m : 1m : 230mm : 115mm : 12mm

CONSTRUCTION SITE

Location Soil Type Bearing Capacity

: Dhapasi, Tilingtar Ward No:- 7 : Type II (Medium Soft Clay) : 100KN/m 2

DIMENSIONS AND MATERIALS

Slab Thickness Strap Beam/Tie beam Slab Beam Column

: 125mm : 300mm x 230mm : 400mm x 230mm : 300mm x 300mm

CONSTRUCTIONS MATERIALS

Cement Grade of Concrete Grade of Steel

ASSESSMENT OF UNIT LOADS OF MATERIALS

:Ordinary Portland cement. :M20 for Column, Slabs, beams & Foundations. :Fe500 for both Main and shear reinforcements hoops.

DENSITY OF MATERIALS

Reinforced Concrete Brick Masonry Partition Wall Floor Finish Ceiling Plaster

: 24.5 KN/m 3 : 20.0KN/m 3 : 1.00 KN/m 3 : 1.5KN/m 3 : 0.6KN/m 3

ASSESSMENT OF LIVE LOADS

Unit loads on Floors Rental Area Corridors, Stairs Roof Accessible

: 2.5KN/m 2 : 3.0 KN/m 2 : 2.5 KN/m 2

Structural Analysis Report of Residential Building

MATERIAL AND SECTIONAL PROPERTIES

MATERIAL PROPERTY

Concrete Grade of Concrete Young’s Modulus of Elasticity

Grade of Steel

SECTIONAL PROPERTIES

: M20 : It is calculated according to the following formula Ec= 5000√fck = 5000√20 =22.36 KN/m 2 : Fe500

2014
2014

Moment of Inertia: The beam in the building frames will act as rectangular in the end portions near the support and will act as T or L beams in the central portions. For the purpose of analysis, a general practice is to assume the equivalent Moment of Inertia for the whole length of the beams. The Moment of Inertia is calculated for the rectangular portion and multiplying it by 2.0 for T- beams and 1.5 for L-beams.

Lateral Stiffness: The lateral stiffness of column is calculated using the following formula:

K = 12EI/L 3 LOAD CASES AND COMBINATIONS

Load Cases

Dead Load (DL)

Live Load(LL)

Earthquake in + ve X- direction (EQPX)

Earthquake in + ve Y- direction (EQPY)

Load Combinations (According to NBC 105:1994 limit State Method)

COMB1 1.2[DL+LL+EQPX]

COMB2 1.2[DL+LL+EQPZ]

COMB3 0.9DL+1.5EQPX

COMB4 0.9DL+1.5EQPZ

COMB5 1.5[DL+LL]

CALCULATION OF HORIZONTAL SHEAR FORCE Seismic Load Calculation

Structural Analysis Report of Residential Building

2014
2014

Calculation of Seismic Weight of Building:

Seismic weight at any floor level = Wi = (Total Gravity Loads due to Beam, Slabs, Columns and walls for ½ ht. above and ½ ht. below the lvl. +25% of Live Loads)

n

Total weight of, W = i = 1

Calculation of Total Base Shear:

wi

where, n = total no. of storey.

Total Horizontal Base Shear

V = C d * W

where, C d = Z* I* S a /2* R g

Where Z = Seismic Zone Factor = 0.36 for Kathmandu valley (very Sever) I = Importance Factor = 1 for Residential Building.

R = Response Reduction Factor for RC moment resisting frame = 5

S a/g = 2.5 for T=0.461 [0.1< T<0.55 for medium soil] Considering 5% damping Multiplying factor = 0.05

T

= 0.075*H 3/4

T

= 0.075*25.51 3/4

T= 0.439 Secs close to Modal respose Mode 2 = 0.461 secs. Hence adopt = 0.461 Secs.

H= Ht. of building Therefore, Seismic Coefficient C d = 0.36*2.5

2*5

C d = 0.09

Calculation of Storey Shear:

F i = V* w i *h i W i h i

Where W i =DL+app. LL (25% of Seismic reduced Live load)= 5,821.40KN from Summation of Story Forces form ETABS

h i

= Height of Floor level from base of building.

Hence, Base shear calculated = 0.0415x 5,821.40KN = 523.93KN

Distribution of Seismic forces to individual frames:

P ij = (k ij /Sk ij )*F i

Where F i = Seismic force at particular storey of frame. k ij = effective lateral stiffness of frame. Sk ij = Sum of effective lateral stiffness of frame Where k ij = 12EI/L 3

E = 5000 f ck I = BD 3 /12 L= Eff. Length of Column