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WR_BT03_E1_0

Channel Structure and function


Purpose
Master WCDMA channel structure
Master physical layer procedure
CONTENTS
1 Chanel structure............................................................................................................................................1
1.1 Channels of UTRAN...........................................................................................................................1
1.1.1 Loical channels.......................................................................................................................!
1.1.! Transport channels...................................................................................................................."
1.1." Physical channels......................................................................................................................#
1.1.$ Channel Mappin...................................................................................................................!1
1.! Physical layer porcedure....................................................................................................................!!
1.!.1 Cell search procedure.............................................................................................................!!
1.!.! Rando% Access Procedure.....................................................................................................!"
i
1 Chanel structure
knowledgeent
%appin of loical channels onto transport channels
%appin of transport channels and physical channels
physical layer procedure
1!1 Channels of "TR#N
Channels of UTRAN are di&ided into
loical channels
transport channels
physical channels
'n air interface protocol %odele of UTRAN( MAC layer acco%plish the %appin of
loical channels onto transport channels( P)* layer acco%plish the %appin of
transport channels onto physical channels. +i 1.1 ,1 sho-s the position of loical
channels and transport channels
1
Duplication A&oidance
.C Nt DC
.C Nt DC
RLC
RLC
RLC
RLC
RLC
RLC
RLC
RLC
/MC
PDCP
PDCP
C,plane sinallin U,plane infor%ation
Uu0 1oundary
c
o
n
t
r
o
l
c
o
n
t
r
o
l
c
o
n
t
r
o
l
c
o
n
t
r
o
l
L"
Radio
/earers
L!2PDCP
L!2/MC
L!2RLC
Loical
Channels
L!2MAC
Transport
Channels
L1
control
RRC
MAC
P)*
+i1.1,1 loical channels and transport channels
1!1!1 $ogical channels
MAC layer i%ple%ent the %appin 1et-een loical channel and transport channel and
pro&ide data transport ser&ice for loical. Loical channels are di&ided into control
channel and traffic channel. +i illustrates the structure of loical channels3
2
Chapter 1 Chanel structure
+i1.1,! Loical channel structure
Control channels only used to transport control plane infor%ation. 'ncludin
/CC)(PCC)(CCC)(DCC)(0)CC).
Traffic channels only used to transport user plane infor%ation. 'nculudin
DTC)(CTC).
1!1!% Trans&ort channels
Transport channels are ser&ices offered 1y Layer 1 to the hiher layers A transport
channel is defined 1y ho- and -ith -hat characteristics data is transferred o&er the air
interface. A eneral classification of transport channels is into t-o roups3
, Dedicated channel3 used 1y dedicated user.
, Co%%on channel3 used 1y all users -ithin one cell.
0ho- as +i 1.1 ,"
3
WR4/T5"46145 Channel 0tructure and function
/C)
PC)
+AC)
D0C)
RAC)
CPC)
DC)
DC)
+i1.1," transport channels
There e7ists only one type of dedicated transport channel( the Dedicated Channel
8DC)9. The Dedicated Channel 8DC)9 is a do-nlin: or uplin: transport channel. The
DC) is trans%itted o&er the entire cell or o&er only a part of the cell usin e.. 1ea%,
for%in antennas.
There are si7 types of co%%on transport channels3 /C)( +AC)( PC)( RAC)( CPC)
and D0C).
/roadcast Channel ,/C)
The /roadcast Channel 8/C)9 is a do-nlin: transport channel that is used to
1roadcast syste%, and cell,specific infor%ation. The /C) is al-ays trans%itted
o&er the entire cell and has a sinle transport for%at.
+or-ard Access Channel ,+AC)
The +or-ard Access Channel 8+AC)9 is a do-nlin: transport channel. The +AC) is
trans%itted o&er the entire cell. 't is used to trans%it control i%for%ation after
/asestation ha&e recei&ed the rando% access re;uire%ent sent 1y U6. +AC) is also
can 1e used to send pa:et data.
There is one or se&eral +AC) -ithin one cell. <ne of the% %ust has lo- datarate so all
ter%inals in this cell can recei&e it. The others can ha&e hih datarate.
Pain Channel , PC)
The Pain Channel 8PC)9 is a do-nlin: transport channel. The PC) is al-ays
4
Chapter 1 Chanel structure
trans%itted o&er the entire cell. The trans%ission of the PC) is associated -ith the
trans%ission of physical,layer enerated Pain 'ndicators( to support efficient sleep,
%ode procedures.
Rando% Access Channel , RAC)
The Rando% Access Channel 8RAC)9 is an uplin: transport channel. The RAC) is
al-ays recei&ed fro% the entire cell. 't is used to carry control infor%ation 8such as call
setup re;uest9 sent 1y U6.The RAC) is characteri=ed 1y a collision ris: and 1y 1ein
trans%itted usin open loop po-er control.
Co%%non Pac:et Channel , CPC)
The Co%%on Pac:et Channel 8CPC)9 is an uplin: transport channel. CPC) is
associated -ith a dedicated channel on the do-nlin: -hich pro&ides po-er control and
CPC) Control Co%%ands 8e.. 6%erency 0top9 for the uplin: CPC). The CPC) is
characterised 1y initial collision ris: and 1y 1ein trans%itted usin inner loop po-er
control.
Do-nlin: 0hared Channel , D0C)
The Do-nlin: 0hared Channel 8D0C)9 is a do-nlin: transport channel shared 1y
se&eral U6s The D0C) is associated -ith one or se&eral do-nlin: DC). The D0C) is
trans%itted o&er the entire cell or o&er only a part of the cell usin e.. 1ea%,for%in
antennas.
1!1!3 'h(sical channels
Physical channels are defined 1y a specific carrier fre;uency( scra%1lin code(
channeli=ation code 8optional9( ti%e start > stop 8i&in a duration9 and( on the uplin:(
relati&e phase 85 or 2!9. There is ! types of physical channel. Uplin: physical and
do-nlin: physical.
1!1!3!1 "&link &h(sical channels
There are ! types of uplin: dedicated physical channels8Uplin: Dedicated Physical
Data Channel and Uplin: Dedicated Physical Control Channel9 and ! types of uplin:
co%%on physical channels8 Physical Rando% Access Channel and Physical Co%%on
Pac:et Channel9 illustrate as +i 1.1 ,$
5
WR4/T5"46145 Channel 0tructure and function
+i1.1,$ uplin: physical channels
Uplink dedicated physical channels
There are t-o types of uplin: dedicated physical channels( the uplin: Dedicated
Physical Data Channel 8uplin: DPDC)9 and the uplin: Dedicated Physical Control
Channel 8uplin: DPCC)9.The DPDC) and the DPCC) are '2? code %ultiple7ed
-ithin each radio fra%e
The uplin: DPDC) is used to carry the DC) transport channel. There %ay 1e =ero(
one( or se&eral uplin: DPDC)s on each radio lin:.
The uplin: DPCC) is used to carry control infor%ation enerated at Layer 1. The
Layer 1 control infor%ation consists of :no-n pilot 1its to support channel esti%ation
for coherent detection( trans%it po-er,control 8TPC9 co%%ands( feed1ac: infor%ation
8+/'9( and an optional transport,for%at co%1ination indicator 8T+C'9. The transport,
for%at co%1ination indicator infor%s the recei&er a1out the instantaneous transport
for%at co%1ination of the transport channels %apped to the si%ultaneously trans%itted
uplin: DPDC) radio fra%e. There is one and only one uplin: DPCC) on each radio
lin:.
+i 1.1 ,# sho-s the fra%e structure of the uplin: dedicated physical channels. 6ach
radio fra%e of lenth 15 %s is split into 1# slots( each of lenth Tslot @ !#A5 chips(
correspondin to one po-er,control period.
6
Chapter 1 Chanel structure
+i1.1,# fra%e structure of uplin: dedicated physical channel
The para%eter : in fiure deter%ines the nu%1er of 1its per uplin: DPDC) slot. 't is
related to the spreadin factor 0+ of the DPDC) as 0+ @ !#A2!
:
. The DPDC)
spreadin factor %ay rane fro% !#A do-n to $. The spreadin factor of the uplin:
DPCC) is al-ays e;ual to !#A( i.e. there are 15 1its per uplin: DPCC) slot.
The e7act nu%1er of 1its of the uplin: DPDC) and the different uplin: DPCC) fields
8Npilot( NT+C'( N+/'( and NTPC9 is confiured 1y hiher layers and can also 1e reconfiured
1y hiher layers.
The +/' 1its are used to support techni;ues re;uirin feed1ac: fro% the U6 to the
UTRAN Access Point( includin closed loop %ode trans%it di&ersity and site selection
di&ersity trans%ission 800DT9.
There are t-o types of uplin: dedicated physical channelsB those that include T+C'
8e.. for se&eral si%ultaneous ser&ices9 and those that do not include T+C' 8e.. for
fi7ed,rate ser&ices9. 't is the UTRAN that deter%ines if a T+C' should 1e trans%itted
and it is %andatory for all U6s to support the use of T+C' in the uplin:.
Npilot "$#ACand DThe shado-ed colu%n part of pilot 1it pattern is
defined as +0W and +0Ws can 1e used to confir% fra%e synchroni=ation. 8The &alue
of the pilot 1it pattern other than +0Ws shall 1e E1E.9
TPC is correspondin to po-er contrl co%%and.
Multi,code operation is possi1le for the uplin: dedicated physical channels. When
%ulti,code trans%ission is used( se&eral parallel DPDC) are trans%itted usin
different channeli=ation codes. )o-e&er( there is only one DPCC) per radio lin:.
!
WR4/T5"46145 Channel 0tructure and function
Uplink common physical channels
'h(sical Rando #ccess Channel )'R#C*+
The rando%,access trans%ission is 1ased on a 0lotted AL<)A approach -ith
fast ac;uisition indication. The U6 can start the rando%,access trans%ission at
the 1einnin of a nu%1er of -ell,defined ti%e inter&als( denoted access slots.
There are 1# access slots per t-o fra%es and they are spaced #1!5 chips apart
'nfor%ation on -hat access slots are a&aila1le for rando%,access trans%ission
is i&en 1y hiher layers.The rando%,access trans%ission consists of one or
se&eral preambles of lenth $5FA chips and a message of lenth 15 %s or !5
%s.

Pilot
N
pilot
1its
Data
N
data
1its
0lot G5 0lot G1 0lot Gi 0lot G1$
T
slot
@ !#A5 chips( 15H!
:
1its 8:@5.."9
Messae part radio fra%e T
RAC)
@ 15 %s
Data
Control
T+C'
N
T+C'
1its
+i1.1,A fra%e structure of rando% access channel
6ach prea%1le is of lenth $5FA chips and consists of !#A repetitions of a sinature of
lenth 1A chips. There are a %a7i%u% of 1A a&aila1le sinatures .
The 15 %s %essae part radio fra%e is split into 1# slots( each of lenth Tslot @ !#A5
chips. 6ach slot consists of t-o parts( a data part to -hich the RAC) transport channel
is %apped and a control part that carries Layer 1 control infor%ation. The data and
"
Chapter 1 Chanel structure
control parts are trans%itted in parallel.
A 15 %s %essae part consists of one %essae part radio fra%e( -hile a !5 %s %essae
part consists of t-o consecuti&e 15 %s %essae part radio fra%es. The %essae part
lenth is e;ual to the Trans%ission Ti%e 'nter&al of the RAC) Transport channel in
use. This TT' lenth is confiured 1y hiher layers.
The data part consists of 15H!
:
1its( -here :@5(1(!(". This corresponds to a spreadin
factor of !#A( 1!D( A$( and "! respecti&ely for the %essae data part.
The control part consists of D :no-n pilot 1its to support channel esti%ation for
coherent detection and ! T+C' 1its. This corresponds to a spreadin factor of !#A for
the %essae control part. The pilot 1it pattern is descri1ed in ta1le D. The total nu%1er
of T+C' 1its in the rando%,access %essae is 1#H! @ "5. The T+C' of a radio fra%e
indicates the transport for%at of the RAC) transport channel %apped to the
si%ultaneously trans%itted %essae part radio fra%e. 'n case of a !5 %s PRAC)
%essae part( the T+C' is repeated in the second radio fra%e.
'h(sical Coon 'acket Channel'C'C*
The Physical Co%%on Pac:et Channel 8PCPC)9 is used to carry the CPC) CPC).
The CPC) trans%ission is 1ased on D0MA,CD approach -ith fast ac;uisition
indication. The U6 can start trans%ission at the 1einnin of a nu%1er of -ell,defined
ti%e,inter&als( relati&e to the fra%e 1oundary of the recei&ed /C) of the current cell.
The PCPC) access trans%ission consists of one or se&eral Access Prea%1les IA,PJ of
lenth $5FA chips( one Collision Detection Prea%1le 8CD,P9 of lenth $5FA chips( a
DPCC) Po-er Control Prea%1le 8PC,P9 -hich is either 5 slots or D slots in lenth(
and a %essae of &aria1le lenth N715 %s.
#
WR4/T5"46145 Channel 0tructure and function
Pilot
N
pilot
1its
TPC
N
TPC
1its
Data
N
data
1its
0lot G5 0lot G1 0lot Gi 0lot G1$
T
slot
@ !#A5 chips( 15H!
:
1its 8:@5..A9
1 radio fra%e3 T
f
@ 15 %s
Data
Control
+/'
N
+/'
1its
T+C'
N
T+C'
1its
+i 1.1,C fra%e structure of CPC)
CPC) access prea%1le part
0i%ilar to RAC) prea%1le part. The RAC) prea%1le sinature se;uences are
used. The nu%1er of se;uences used could 1e less than the ones used in the
RAC) prea%1le. The scra%1lin code could either 1e chosen to 1e a different
code se%ent of the .old code used to for% the scra%1lin code of the RAC)
prea%1les or could 1e the sa%e scra%1lin code in case the sinature set is
shared.
CPC) collision detection prea%1le part
0i%ilar to RAC) prea%1le part. The RAC) prea%1le sinature se;uences are
used. The scra%1lin code is chosen to 1e a different code se%ent of the .old
code used to for% the scra%1lin code for the RAC) and CPC) prea%1les
CPC) po-er control prea%1le part
1$
Chapter 1 Chanel structure
The po-er control prea%1le se%ent is called the CPC) Po-er Control
Prea%1le 8PC,P9 part. The Po-er Control Prea%1le lenth is a hiher layer
para%eter( Lpc,prea%1le( -hich shall ta:e the &alue 5 or D slots. The T+C' field is
filled -ith E1E 1its.
CPC) %essae part
0i%ilar to uplin: dedicated channel( 6ach 15 %s fra%e is split into 1# slots( each
of lenth Tslot @ !#A5 chips. 6ach slot consists of t-o parts( a data part that
carries hiher layer infor%ation and a control part that carries Layer 1 control
infor%ation. The data and control parts are trans%itted in parallel. The sf of
CPC) %essae part is !#A
1!1!3!% ,ownlink &h(sical channel
Do-nlin: physical channels include Detedicated physical channel K one 0hared
Physical ChannelK fi&e Co%%non Control Channel
do-nlin: Detedicated physical channel ,DPC)
pri%ary and secondary Co%%non Pilot Channel , CP'C)
pri%ary and secondary Co%%on Control Physicl Channel , CCPC)
0ynchronous Channel , 0C)
Physical Do-nlin: 0hared Channel , D0C)
Ac;uisition 'ndication Channel , A'C)
Pain 'ndication Channel , P'C)
do-nlin: physical are illustrated as +i 1.1 ,D
11
WR4/T5"46145 Channel 0tructure and function
+i1.1,D %&
Downlink Dedicated Physical Channel
There is only one type of do-nlin: dedicated physical channel( the Do-nlin:
Dedicated Physical Channel 8do-nlin: DPC)9.
Within one do-nlin: DPC)( dedicated data enerated at Layer ! and a1o&e( i.e. the
dedicated transport channel 8DC)9( is trans%itted in ti%e,%ultiple7 -ith control
infor%ation enerated at Layer 1 8:no-n pilot 1its( TPC co%%ands( and an optional
T+C'9. The do-nlin: DPC) can thus 1e seen as a ti%e %ultiple7 of a do-nlin:
DPDC) and a do-nlin: DPCC).
6ach fra%e of lenth 15 %s is split into 1# slots( each of lenth Tslot @ !#A5 chips(
correspondin to one po-er,control period.
+i 1.1,F fra%e structure of DL DPC)
12
Chapter 1 Chanel structure
The para%eter : in fiure F deter%ines the total nu%1er of 1its per do-nlin: DPC)
slot. 't is related to the spreadin factor 0+ of the physical channel as 0+ @ #1!2!
:
. The
spreadin factor %ay thus rane fro% #1! do-n to $.
The e7act nu%1er of 1its of the different do-nlin: DPC) fields 8Npilot( NTPC( NT+C'(
Ndata1 and Ndata!9 is i&en in ta1le 11. What slot for%at to use is confiured 1y hiher
layers and can also 1e reconfiured 1y hiher layers.
There are 1asically t-o types of do-nlin: Dedicated Physical ChannelsB those that
include T+C' 8e.. for se&eral si%ultaneous ser&ices9 and those that do not include
T+C' 8e.. for fi7ed,rate ser&ices9. 't is the UTRAN that deter%ines if a T+C' should
1e trans%itted and it is %andatory for all U6s to support the use of T+C' in the
do-nlin:.
Npilot!$D > 1A
TPC sy%1ol is correspondin to transi%ission po-er control co%%and T
'5(or'1(
Downlink Common Physical Channel
Coon 'ilot Channel )C'-C*+
The CP'C) is a fi7ed rate 8"5 :1ps( 0+@!#A9 do-nlin: physical channel that carries a
pre,defined 1it se;uence. There are t-o types of Co%%on pilot channels( the Pri%ary
and 0econdary CP'C). They differ in their use and the li%itations placed on their
physical features.+i sho- the fra%e structure of CP'C).
Pre,defined 1it se;uence
0lot G5 0lot G1 0lot Gi 0lot G1$
Tslot @ !#A5 chips ( !5 1its
1 radio fra%e3 Tf @ 15 %s

13
WR4/T5"46145 Channel 0tructure and function
slot G1
+ra%eGiL1 +ra%eGi
slot G1$
Antenna !
Antenna 1
slot G5
+ra%e /oundary
5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5
1 1 1 1 5 5 5 5 1 1 1 1 5 5 5 5 1 1 5 5 1 1 1 1 5 5 5 5 1 1 1 1 5 5 5 5 1 1 1 1 5 5 5 5 1 1 1 1
The Pri%ary Co%%on Pilot Channel 8P,CP'C)9 has the follo-in characteristics3
, The sa%e channeli=ation code is al-ays used for the P,CP'C)( see I$JB
, The P,CP'C) is scra%1led 1y the pri%ary scra%1lin code( see I$JB
, There is one and only one P,CP'C) per cellB
, The P,CP'C) is 1roadcast o&er the entire cell.
The Pri%ary CP'C) is a phase reference for the follo-in do-nlin: channels3 0C)(
Pri%ary CCPC)( A'C)( P'C) AP,A'C)( CD2CA,'C)( C0'C)( DL,DPCC) for
CPC) and the 0,CCPC). /y default( the Pri%ary CP'C) is also a phase reference for
do-nlin: DPC) and any associated PD0C). The U6 is infor%ed 1y hiher layer
sinallin if the P,CP'C) is not a phase reference for a do-nlin: DPC) and any
associated PD0C).The Pri%ary CP'C) is al-ays a phase reference for a do-nlin:
physical channel usin closed loop TM di&ersity.
A 0econdary Co%%on Pilot Channel 80,CP'C)9 has the follo-in characteristics3
, An ar1itrary channeli=ation code of 0+@!#A is used for the 0,CP'C)( see I$JB
, A 0,CP'C) is scra%1led 1y either the pri%ary or a secondary scra%1lin code(
, There %ay 1e =ero( one( or se&eral 0,CP'C) per cellB
, A 0,CP'C) %ay 1e trans%itted o&er the entire cell or only o&er a part of the cellB
A 0econdary CP'C) %ay 1e a phase reference for a do-nlin: DPC). 'f this is the
case( the U6 is infor%ed a1out this 1y hiher,layer sinallin.The 0econdary CP'C)
can 1e a phase reference for a do-nlin: physical channel usin open loop TM di&ersity(
instead of the Pri%ary CP'C) 1ein a phase reference.
Note that it is possi1le that neither the P,CP'C) nor any 0,CP'C) is a phase reference
for a do-nlin: DPC).
'riar( Conon Control 'h(sical Channel )'.CC'C*+
Co%%on control physical channel consists of Pri%ary Co%%on Control Physical
14
Chapter 1 Chanel structure
Channel 8PCCPC)9 and 0econdary Co%%on Control Physical Channel 80CCPC)9.
The Pri%ary CCPC) is a fi7ed rate 8"5 :1ps( 0+@!#A9 do-nlin: physical channels
used to carry the /C) transport channel.

Data
N
data1
@1D 1its
0lot G5 0lot G1 0lot Gi 0lot G1$
T
slot
@ !#A5 chips ( !5 1its
1 radio fra%e3 T
f
@ 15 %s
8T7 <++9
!#A chips
+iure sho-s the fra%e structure of the Pri%ary CCPC). The fra%e structure differs
fro% the do-nlin: DPC) in that no TPC co%%ands( no T+C' and no pilot 1its are
trans%itted. The Pri%ary CCPC) is not trans%itted durin the first !#A chips of each
slot. 'nstead( Pri%ary 0C) and 0econdary 0C) are trans%itted durin this period
Secondar( Conon Control 'h(sical Channel )'.CC'C*+
The 0econdary CCPC) is used to carry the +AC) and PC). There are t-o types of
0econdary CCPC)3 those that include T+C' and those that do not include T+C'. 't is
the UTRAN that deter%ines if a T+C' should 1e trans%itted( hence %a:in it
%andatory for all U6s to support the use of T+C'. The set of possi1le rates for the
0econdary CCPC) is the sa%e as for the do-nlin: DPC). +i sho- the fra%e
structure of 0,CCPC)

0lot G5 0lot G1 0lot Gi 0lot G1$
T
slot
@ !#A5 chips( !5H!
:
1its 8:@5..A9
Pilot
N
pilot
1its
Data
N
data1
1its
1 radio fra%e3 T
f
@ 15 %s
T+C'
N
T+C'
1its
The para%eter : in fiure 1C deter%ines the total nu%1er of 1its per do-nlin:
0econdary CCPC) slot. 't is related to the spreadin factor 0+ of the physical channel
as 0+ @ !#A2!
:
. The spreadin factor rane is fro% !#A do-n to $. The +AC) and PC)
15
WR4/T5"46145 Channel 0tructure and function
can 1e %apped to the sa%e or to separate 0econdary CCPC)s.
'f +AC) and PC) are %apped to the sa%e 0econdary CCPC)( they can 1e %apped to
the sa%e fra%e. The %ain difference 1et-een a CCPC) and a do-nlin: dedicated
physical channel is that a CCPC) is not inner,loop po-er controlled. The %ain
difference 1et-een the Pri%ary and 0econdary CCPC) is that the transport channel
%apped to the Pri%ary CCPC) 8/C)9 can only ha&e a fi7ed predefined transport
for%at co%1ination( -hile the 0econdary CCPC) support %ultiple transport for%at
co%1inations usin T+C'.
S(nchronous Channel )SC*+
The 0ynchronisation Channel 80C)9 is a do-nlin: sinal used for cell search. The
0C) consists of t-o su1 channels( the Pri%ary and 0econdary 0C). The 15 %s radio
fra%es of the Pri%ary and 0econdary 0C) are di&ided into 1# slots( each of lenth
!#A5 chips. +iure illustrates the structure of the 0C) radio fra%e.
Primary
SCH
Secondary
SCH
256 chips
2560 chips
One 10 ms SCH radio frame
ac
s
i,0
ac
p
ac
s
i,1
ac
p
ac
s
i,14
ac
p
Slot #0 Slot #1 Slot #14
The Pri%ary 0C) consists of a %odulated code of lenth !#A chips( the Pri%ary
0ynchronisation Code 8P0C9 denoted cp in fiure ( trans%itted once e&ery slot. The
P0C is the sa%e for e&ery cell in the syste%.
The 0econdary 0C) consists of repeatedly trans%ittin a lenth 1# se;uence of
%odulated codes of lenth !#A chips( the 0econdary 0ynchronisation Codes 800C9(
trans%itted in parallel -ith the Pri%ary 0C). The 00C is denoted cs
i(:
in fiure ( -here
i @ 5( 1( N( A" is the nu%1er of the scra%1lin code roup( and k @ 5( 1( N( 1$ is the
slot nu%1er. 6ach 00C is chosen fro% a set of 1A different codes of lenth !#A. This
se;uence on the 0econdary 0C) indicates -hich of the code roups the cellOs do-nlin:
scra%1lin code 1elons to.
'h(sical ,ownlink Shared Channel )',SC*+
The Physical Do-nlin: 0hared Channel 8PD0C)9 is used to carry the Do-nlin:
16
Chapter 1 Chanel structure
0hared Channel 8D0C)9.
A PD0C) corresponds to a channelisation code 1elo- or at a PD0C) root
channelisation code. A PD0C) is allocated on a radio fra%e 1asis to a sinle U6.
Within one radio fra%e( UTRAN %ay allocate different PD0C)s under the sa%e
PD0C) root channelisation code to different U6s 1ased on code %ultiple7in. Within
the sa%e radio fra%e( %ultiple parallel PD0C)s( -ith the sa%e spreadin factor( %ay
1e allocated to a sinle U6. This is a special case of %ulticode trans%ission. All the
PD0C)s are operated -ith radio fra%e synchronisation.
PD0C)s allocated to the sa%e U6 on different radio fra%es %ay ha&e different
spreadin factors.
The fra%e and slot structure of the PD0C) are sho-n on fiure .

0lot G5 0lot G1 0lot Gi 0lot G1$
T
slot
@ !#A5 chips( !5H!
:
1its 8:@5..A9
Data
N
data1
1its
1 radio fra%e3 T
f
@ 15 %s

+or each radio fra%e( each PD0C) is associated -ith one do-nlin: DPC). The
PD0C) and associated DPC) do not necessarily ha&e the sa%e spreadin factors and
are not necessarily fra%e alined.
All rele&ant Layer 1 control infor%ation is trans%itted on the DPCC) part of the
associated DPC)( i.e. the PD0C) does not carry Layer 1 infor%ation. To indicate for
U6 that there is data to decode on the D0C)( the T+C' field of the associated DPC)
shall 1e used.
The T+C' infor%s the U6 of the instantaneous transport for%at para%eters related to
the PD0C) as -ell as the channelisation code of the PD0C).
#c/usition -ndication Channel)#-C*+
The Ac;uisition 'ndicator channel 8A'C)9 is a fi7ed rate 80+@!#A9 physical channel
used to carry Ac;uisition 'ndicators 8A'9. Ac;uisition 'ndicator A's corresponds to
sinature s on the PRAC).
1!
WR4/T5"46145 Channel 0tructure and function
+iure illustrates the structure of the A'C). The A'C) consists of a repeated se;uence
of 1# consecuti&e access slots 8A09( each of lenth #1!5 chips. 6ach access slot
consists of t-o parts( an Acquisition-Indicator 8A'9 part consistin of "! real,&alued
sy%1ols a5( N( a"1 and a part of duration 15!$ chips -ith no trans%ission that is not
for%ally part of the A'C). The part of the slot -ith no trans%ission is reser&ed for
possi1le use 1y C0'C) or possi1le future use 1y other physical channels.
The spreadin factor 80+9 used for channelisation of the A'C) is !#A.
The phase reference for the A'C) is the Pri%ary CP'C).
1024 chips
Transmission Off
#S 011 #S 00 #S 01 #S 0i #S 011 #S 00
a1 a% a0 a31 a30
! part " 40#6 chips, $2 real%&al'ed sym(ols
20 ms
C'C* #ccess 'rea2le #c/usition -ndication Channel )#'.#-C*+
The Access Prea%1le Ac;uisition 'ndicator channel 8AP,A'C)9 is a fi7ed rate
80+@!#A9 physical channel used to carry AP ac;uisition indicators 8AP'9 of CPC). AP
ac;uisition indicator AP's corresponds to AP sinature s trans%itted 1y U6.
AP,A'C) and A'C) %ay use the sa%e or different channelisation codes. The phase
reference for the AP,A'C) is the Pri%ary CP'C). +iure illustrates the structure of
AP,A'C).
1024 chips
Transmission Off
#S 011 #S 00 #S 01 #S 0i #S 011 #S 00
a1 a% a0 a31 a30
P! part " 40#6 chips, $2 real%&al'ed sym(ols
20 ms
The AP,A'C) has a part of duration $5FA chips -here the AP ac;uisition indicator
8AP'9 is trans%itted( follo-ed 1y a part of duration 15!$chips -ith no trans%ission
that is not for%ally part of the AP,A'C). The part of the slot -ith no trans%ission is
1"
Chapter 1 Chanel structure
reser&ed for possi1le use 1y C0'C) or possi1le future use 1y other physical channels.
CPCH Collision Detection/Channel Assignment Indicator Channel
)C,3C# .-C*+
The Collision Detection Channel Assin%ent 'ndicator channel 8CD2CA,'C)9 is a
fi7ed rate 80+@!#A9 physical channel used to carry CD 'ndicator 8CD'9 only if the CA
is not acti&e( or CD 'ndicator2CA 'ndicator 8CD'2CA'9 at the sa%e ti%e if the CA is
acti&e. The structure of CD2CA,'C) is sho-n in fiure .
1024 chips
Transmission Off
#S 011 #S 00 #S 01 #S 0i #S 011 #S 00
a1 a% a0 a31 a30
C)!*C! part " 40#6 chips, $2 real%&al'ed sym(ols
20 ms
CD2CA,'C) and AP,A'C) %ay use the sa%e or different channelisation codes.
The CD2CA,'C) has a part of duration of $5FAchips -here the CD'2CA' is
trans%itted( follo-ed 1y a part of duration 15!$chips -ith no trans%ission that is not
for%ally part of the CD2CA,'C). The part of the slot -ith no trans%ission is reser&ed
for possi1le use 1y C0'C) or possi1le future use 1y other physical channels.
The spreadin factor 80+9 used for channelisation of the CD2CA,'C) is !#A.
'aging -ndication Channel )'-C*+
The Pain 'ndicator Channel 8P'C)9 is a fi7ed rate 80+@!#A9 physical channel used to
carry the pain indicators. The P'C) is al-ays associated -ith an 0,CCPC) to -hich
a PC) transport channel is %apped.
+iure !$ illustrates the fra%e structure of the P'C). <ne P'C) radio fra%e of lenth
15 %s consists of "55 1its 815( 11( N( 1!FF9. <f these( !DD 1its 815( 11( N( 1!DC9 are used
to carry pain indicators. The re%ainin 1! 1its are not for%ally part of the P'C) and
shall not 1e trans%itted 8DTM9. The part of the fra%e -ith no trans%ission is reser&ed
for possi1le future use.
1#
WR4/T5"46145 Channel 0tructure and function
(
1
(
0
2++ (its for pa,in, indication
12 (its -transmission
off.
One radio frame -10 ms.
(
2+/
(
2++
(
2##
'n each P'C) fra%e( Np pain indicators PP5( N( PNp,1Q are trans%itted( -here
Np@1D( "A( C!( or 1$$.
The P' calculated 1y hiher layers for use for a certain U6( is associated to the pain
indicator Pq( -here q is co%puted as a function of the P' co%puted 1y hiher layers(
the 0+N of the P,CCPC) radio fra%e durin -hich the start of the P'C) radio fra%e
occurs( and the nu%1er of pain indicators per fra%e 8Np93
] ] ]
( ) ( ) ( ) Np
Np
SFN SFN SFN SFN PI q %od
1$$
1$$ %od #1! 2 A$ 2 D 2 1D

,
_

1
]
1

+ + + +
+urther( the P' calculated 1y hiher layers is associated -ith the &alue of the pain
indicator Pq. 'f a pain indicator in a certain fra%e is set to E1E it is an indication that
U6s associated -ith this pain indicator and P' should read the correspondin fra%e
of the associated 0,CCPC).
The P' 1it%ap in the PC) data fra%es o&er 'u1 contains indication &alues for all hiher
layer P' &alues possi1le. 6ach 1it in the 1it%ap indicates if the pain indicator
associated -ith that particular P' shall 1e set to 5 or 1. )ence( the calculation in the
for%ula a1o&e is to 1e perfor%ed in Node / to %a:e the association 1et-een P' and
Pq..The %appin fro% PP5( N( PNp,1Q to the P'C) 1its P15( N( 1!DCQ are accordin to
Ta1le 1.1 ,1.
Ta1le 1.1,1 Mappin of pain indicators P; to P'C) 1its
Nu%1er of pain indicators per
fra%e 8Np9
P; @ 1 P; @ 5
Np@1D P11A;( N( 11A;L1#Q @ P1( 1(N( 1Q P11A;( N( 11A;L1#Q @ P5( 5(N( 5Q
Np@"A P1D;( N( 1D;LCQ @ P1( 1(N( 1Q P1D;( N( 1D;LCQ @ P5( 5(N( 5Q
Np@C! P1$;( N( 1$;L"Q @ P1( 1(N( 1Q P1$;( N( 1$;L"Q @ P5( 5(N( 5Q
Np@1$$ P1!;( 1!;L1Q @ P1( 1Q P1!;( 1!;L1Q @ P5( 5Q
2$
Chapter 1 Chanel structure
1!1!1 Channel 4a&&ing
1!1!1!1 4a&&ing 2etween logical channels and trans&ort channels
+i1.1,15 illustrates the %appin 1et-een loical channel and transport channels.
+i1.1,15 %appin 1et-een loical channel and transport channels
+i1.1,11 illustrates the %appin 1et-een transport channel and physical channels.
+i1.1,11 %appin 1et-een transport channel and physical channels.
'n addition to the transport channels introduced earlier( there e7ist physical channels
tocarry only infor%ation rele&ant to physical layer procedures. The 0ynchronisation
Channel80C)9( the Co%%on Pilot Channel 8CP'C)9 and the Ac;uisition 'ndication
21
WR4/T5"46145 Channel 0tructure and function
Channel 8A'C)9are not directly &isi1le to hiher layers and are %andatory fro% the
syste% function point of&ie-( to 1e trans%itted fro% e&ery 1ase station. The CPC)
0tatus 'ndication Channel8C0'C)9 and the Collision Detection2Channel Assin%ent
'ndication Channel 8CD2CA,'C)9 are needed if CPC) is used.
1!% 'h(sical la(er &orcedure
1!%!1 Cell search &rocedure
Durin the cell search( the U6 searches for a cell and deter%ines the do-nlin:
scra%1lin code and fra%e synchronisation of that cell. The cell search is typically
carried out in three steps3
0tep 13 slot synchronous
Durin the first step of the cell search procedure the U6 uses the 0C)Rs pri%ary
synchronisation code to ac;uire slot synchronisation to a cell. This is typically done
-ith a sinle %atched filter 8or any si%ilar de&ice9 %atched to the pri%ary
synchronisation code -hich is co%%on to all cells. The slot ti%in of the cell can 1e
o1tained 1y detectin pea:s in the %atched filter output.
0tep !3 fra%e synchronous and code,roup identification
Durin the second step of the cell search procedure( the U6 uses the 0C)Rs secondary
synchronisation code to find fra%e synchronisation and identify the code roup of the
cell found in the first step. This is done 1y correlatin the recei&ed sinal -ith all
possi1le secondary synchronisation code se;uences( and identifyin the %a7i%u%
correlation &alue. 0ince the cyclic shifts of the se;uences are uni;ue the code roup as
-ell as the fra%e synchronisation is deter%ined.
0tep "3 scra%1lin,code identification
Durin the third and last step of the cell search procedure( the U6 deter%ines the e7act
pri%ary scra%1lin code used 1y the found cell. The pri%ary scra%1lin code is
typically identified throuh sy%1ol,1y,sy%1ol correlation o&er the CP'C) -ith all
codes -ithin the code roup identified in the second step. After the pri%ary scra%1lin
code has 1een identified( the Pri%ary CCPC) can 1e detected.And the syste%, and cell
specific /C) infor%ation can 1e read.
22
Chapter 1 Chanel structure
1!%!% Rando #ccess 'rocedure
At each initiation of the physical rando% access procedure( Layer 1 shall recei&e the
follo-in infor%ation fro% the hiher layers 8MAC93
, The Transport +or%at to 1e used for the PRAC) %essae part.
, The A0C of the PRAC) trans%ission.
, The data to 1e trans%itted 8Transport /loc: 0et9.
The physical rando%,access procedure shall 1e perfor%ed as follo-s3
1. Deri&e the a&aila1le uplin: access slots( in the ne7t full access slot set( for the
set of a&aila1le RAC) su1,channels -ithin the A0C Rando%ly select one
access slot a%on the ones pre&iously deter%ined. 'f there is no access slot
a&aila1le in the selected set( rando%ly select one uplin: access slot
correspondin to the set of a&aila1le RAC) su1,channels -ithin the i&en A0C
fro% the ne7t access slot set. The rando% function shall 1e such that each of the
allo-ed selections is chosen -ith e;ual pro1a1ility.
!. Rando%ly select a sinature fro% the set of a&aila1le sinatures -ithin the i&en
A0C. The rando% function shall 1e such that each of the allo-ed selections is
chosen -ith e;ual pro1a1ility.
". 0et the Prea%1le Retrans%ission Counter to Prea%1le Retrans Ma7.
$. 0et the para%eter Co%%anded Prea%1le Po-er to Prea%1le4'nitial4Po-er.
#. 'n the case that the Co%%anded Prea%1le Po-er e7ceeds the %a7i%u% allo-ed
&alue( set the prea%1le trans%ission po-er to the %a7i%u% allo-ed po-er. 'n
the case that the Co%%anded Prea%1le Po-er is 1elo- the %ini%u% le&el
re;uired in ICJ( set the prea%1le trans%ission po-er to a &alue( -hich shall 1e at
or a1o&e the Co%%anded Prea%1le Po-er and at or 1elo- the re;uired
%ini%u% po-er specified in ICJ. <ther-ise set the prea%1le trans%ission
po-er to the Co%%anded Prea%1le Po-er. Trans%it a prea%1le usin the
selected uplin: access slot( sinature( and prea%1le trans%ission po-er.
A. 'f no positi&e or neati&e ac;uisition indicator 8A' L1 nor S19 correspondin
to the selected sinature is detected in the do-nlin: access slot correspondin to
the selected uplin: access slot3
19 0elect the ne7t a&aila1le access slot in the set of a&aila1le RAC) su1,channels
-ithin the i&en A0C.
23
WR4/T5"46145 Channel 0tructure and function
!9 Rando%ly select a ne- sinature fro% the set of a&aila1le sinatures -ithin the
i&en A0C. The rando% function shall 1e such that each of the allo-ed
selections is chosen -ith e;ual pro1a1ility.
"9 'ncrease the Co%%anded Prea%1le Po-er 1y P5 @ Po-er Ra%p 0tep Id/J. 'f
the Co%%anded Prea%1le Po-er e7ceeds the %a7i%u% allo-ed po-er 1y Ad/(
the U6 %ay pass L1 status 8ENo ac: on A'C)E9 to the hiher layers 8MAC9 and
e7it the physical rando% access procedure.
$9 Decrease the Prea%1le Retrans%ission Counter 1y one.
#9 'f the Prea%1le Retrans%ission Counter T 5 then repeat fro% step #. <ther-ise
pass L1 status 8ENo ac: on A'C)E9 to the hiher layers 8MAC9 and e7it the
physical rando% access procedure.
C. 'f a neati&e ac;uisition indicator correspondin to the selected sinature is
detected in the do-nlin: access slot correspondin to the selected uplin: access
slot( pass L1 status 8ENac: on A'C) recei&edE9 to the hiher layers 8MAC9 and
e7it the physical rando% access procedure.
D. Trans%it the rando% access %essae three or four uplin: access slots after the
uplin: access slot of the last trans%itted prea%1le dependin on the A'C)
trans%ission ti%in para%eter. Trans%ission po-er of the control part of the
rando% access %essae should 1e P p,% Id/J hiher than the po-er of the last
trans%itted prea%1le.
F. Pass L1 status ERAC) %essae trans%ittedE to the hiher layers and e7it the
physical rando% access procedure.
24