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The Key Aspects Of Supplication

By: Ilyas Anwar

Allah says in the Qur'an to ask Him and He


shall answer our prayers. It is within the
power of Allah to alter our fate. It is through
our dua that we ask Allah for His Mercy and
Benevolence.

There is a hadith that mentions believers must


have faith that Allah will answer their dua.
Allah may answer our dua during our life in
this temporal world or He may defer our
request till we are in the Hereafter. Allah
responds to our dua in many ways. He may answer by
pardoning or obviating our sins, or by sparing us of an
undesirable fate. Allah may choose to respond to our dua in any
manner He so chooses.

Another hadith mentions that our dua will be more likely to be


accepted if we are patient and not in any rush in making the
dua. There is a story of Prophet Musa whose prayers were not
answered until at least 40 years later. If this was how long a
prophet's prayers were answered by Allah, then us mere
believers should not be hasty in expecting an answer from
Allah. We must never utter statements to the effect that Allah
does not listen to our prayers.

Our prayers would more likely to be heeded by Allah if we have


faithfully followed His commands than if we have disobeyed
Him. This makes sense. We obey Allah both in the words we
utter and the deeds we perform. We should praise Allah when
ever we can and strive to do the things that He commands us to
do and that would please Him.
There is a story of a man who does good to another man
because the latter also does good to the former. This is to be
expected, we reciprocate the good that is being done upon us.
The greater challenge, however, is in doing good to those who
have been less than good or even evil to us.

Consider a worker who has been diligent in his work. He


regularly comes early to work and does beyond what is
expected of him. Naturally that would please his employer. It
should not surprise us that the employer would look favorably
and reward such a worker over someone who always misses
his work and does things that his employer would not be
pleased with. Not only would that worker not get any favorable
considerations from his employer, the worker may well get
punished by being fired.

Following Allah's command and doing the things that would


please Him would be one way for us to get favorable
considerations from Allah, as for example with our reading the
Qur'an regularly. We should strive to go beyond mere reading
and recitation. We should ponder the meanings of the various
verses. We should strive to emulate the sterling attributes of
the Messenger of Allah, Prophet Muhammad . We express our
love for him by emulating him, for those are the same qualities
that would please Allah.

We must strive to reach the peak of our spirituality. When we


have doubts about what we are about to ingest as being halal
or haram, we should err towards avoiding it. If we are
concerned that we are not in a purified state for prayer, then
we should redo our ablution and ghusl. Likewise in our deeds;
if we have doubts about the goodness of a particular deed it is
best that we refrain from doing it. Allah is Merciful and
Forgiving. By doing the things that He commands us to do and
avoid those that He prescribed against and err towards the
latter, then we would hold ourselves in good stead.

There are a few practical or ritual aspects in making dua. For


example, we must be in as a spiritually pure state as possible,
hence making dua after our prayers. We should hold both our
palms up and at the end of the dua we should close our palms
to our face. Consider that in reciting a dua we are making a
request to Allah. When we write a letter seeking something
from our superior, we want that letter to be in the best physical
form as possible, with every word tidy and the paper folded
neatly. Likewise when we are doing our dua, we too should pay
attention to these little details.