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GENERAL DATA MATERIAL CONSTRUCTION

Design Code and Specification = Roof Plate


Roof Plate Material = ASTM A-36
Tank Nominal Capacity (V
nom
) = kLiter SMYS roof of Tank Material (F
yr
) = MPa
Location = East Kalimantan Density (U) = kg/m
3
Site = Miang Besar Corrosion Allowance (CA) = mm
Design Pressure at top of tank = kPa Standard Plate Dimension =
Design Vacuum at top of tank = kPa Widht = m x Lenght = m
Operating ratio (operating/design pressure) = Shell Plate
Design temperature of tank = C Shell Plate Material = ASTM A-36
Roof Life Load = kg/m
2
SMYS Shell of Tank Material (F
ys
) = MPa
Design Wind Velocity = km/h Density (U) = kg/m
3
Seismic Condition, Group = III Corrosion Allowance (CA) = mm
Site Classification = D Standard Plate Dimension =
Grounf Snow Load (S) = kg/m
2
Widht = m x Lenght = m
Insulation thickness = mm Bottom Plate
Insulation Density = kg/m
3
Bottom Plate Material = ASTM A-36
SMYS Bottom of Tank Material (F
yb
) = MPa
Density (U) = kg/m
3
PRODUCT STORE Corrosion Allowance (CA) = mm
Fluid Name = Standard Plate Dimension =
Flash Point Temperature = C Widht = m x Lenght = m
Fluid Class = Roof Frame
Specific Grafity = Frame Material = ASTM A-36
SMYS Frame of Roof Tank Material (F
yt
) = MPa
TANK CONSTRUCTION Density (U) = kg/m
3
Joint Efficiency = Corrosion Allowance (CA) = mm
Roof Type =
TANK TEST
Frangible Roof per API-650 5.10.2.6 = Hydrostatic Test : Full Water (Design Liquid Level 1)
Bottom Type = Radiograpic Test : Per API 650 A5.3
TANK DRAWING
Roof Plate Thickness
Roof : mm
1
Shell Plate Thickness
Course # n Course Qty (n) : Nos
Course #1 : mm
Course # (n-1) Course #2 : mm
Course #3 : mm
Height of Tank (H) ....... Course #4 : mm
m Course #5 : mm
....... Course #6 : mm
Course #7 : mm
Course #2
Coursel #1
Dia. Nominal (D) = m Bottom Plate Thickness
Bottom : mm
Annular Plate : mm
Annular Width : mm
Rev. No. :
Date :
Process & Piping Specification
MIANG BESAR COAL TERMINAL
CALCULATION FOR STORAGE TANK
Reference spec.: Tjo Engineer :
Doc. No. :
Job. No. :
INPUT
API 650, 11th edition, add 1 Nov.
Structurally Supported Conical Roof
7865
18.29
Yes
0
190
OUTPUT
12.60
7
250
7865
0
Diesel Oil
55
II
0.835
0.85
0
0
1
250
250
2
250
7865
Flat bottom non-Annular
6
6
6
7
7
8
9
1.828 6.096
12
3000
1
0
0.4
10
100
800
1.828 6.096
1.828 6.096
7865
2.5
9
6
9
Rev. No. :
Date :
Process & Piping Specification
MIANG BESAR COAL TERMINAL
CALCULATION FOR STORAGE TANK
Reference spec.: Tjo Engineer :
Doc. No. :
Job. No. :
TANK DRAWING
SHELL RING #3 RING #2 RING #1 CENTER
RAFTER SUMMARY
RAFTER SUMMARY
GIRDER SUMMARY
TOP STIFFENER DETAIL
COLUMN SUMMARY
Compression Ring Detail = API-650 Fig F-2, Detail a
Stiffener Size = 70 x 70 x 7 mm
Stiffener Material = ASTM A-36
TOTAL 590.60
Ring Name
Ring Radius
Number of Girder Number of Rafter
m
#1 2.29 8 8
#2 4.57 16 16
#3
296.14 C 100x50x5 3 RING #3 6.920 16 2.67
97.03
2 RING #2 6.920 16 1.78 197.43
C 75x40x5
C 75x40x5
1 RING #1 6.920 8 1.75
TOTAL 993.73
No. Description
Weight /
Lenght
Quantity Lenght Weight
kg/m Nos m kg
Type of Girder
298.05
4 Shell 6.920 32 1794.63 397.40
C 75x40x5
C 75x40x5
3 #3 6.920 32 1345.98
99.57
2 #2 6.920 16 1794.63 198.70
C 75x40x5
C 75x40x5
1 #1 6.920 8 1798.56
8799.81
TOTAL 18370.53
No. Description
Weight /
Lenght
Quantity Lenght Weight
kg/m Nos m kg
Type of Rafter
Type of Column
200mm 40sch 40 Pipe
200mm 40sch 40 Pipe
CENTER 43.00 1 13.36 200mm 40sch 40 Pipe
3 200mm 40sch 40 Pipe
2 RING #2 43.00 8 12.98
1 RING #1 43.00 8
RING #3
574.55
Shell 9.14 0 32
13.17 4530.77
4465.41
No. Description
Weight /
Lenght
Quantity Lenght Weight
kg/m Nos mm kg
43.00 16 12.79
6.86 16 32
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0
0
2
1
0
0
0
4
5
2
8
3
3
4
0
0
5
1
0
0
6
8
0
0
8
5
0
0
1
0
2
0
0
1
1
9
0
0
1
3
6
0
0
6
0
5
0
4
6
0
4
0
9
0
6
0
1
2
1
0
0
7
0
6
8
5
8
2
3
0
1
2
3
4
0
1
6
4
5
0
2
0
5
8
0
2
4
7
0
0
2
8
8
0
0
3
2
9
3
0
1
5
1
1
0
1
8
1
3
0
2
1
1
5
0
2
4
1
9
0
3
7
2
2
0
2
8
2
6
0
3
0
9
7
0
D
=
5
8
D
=
6
4
-
9
0
1
1
3
3
1
3
6
0
0
2
0
4
0
0
2
7
7
2
0
3
4
0
3
0
4
0
8
2
0
4
0
5
1
0
D
=
7
3
-
8
0
8
9
5
1
0
7
4
0
1
6
1
2
0
2
1
5
0
0
2
6
8
8
0
3
2
2
6
0
3
7
6
0
0
3
5
8
1
0
-
-
1
2
0
2
0
1
4
2
4
1
9
0
3
6
2
9
0
4
8
3
8
0
5
8
4
8
0
D
=
9
8
-
-
-
-
1
0
0
1
3
9
9
1
6
8
0
0
2
5
2
0
0
3
3
6
0
0
4
2
0
0
0
4
8
4
0
0
D
=
8
3
-
1
4
0
2
7
4
2
3
2
9
3
0
4
9
3
5
0
6
5
8
6
0
1
6
0
3
5
8
1
4
3
0
0
0
6
4
5
1
0
7
4
6
0
0
-
-
-
-
D
=
1
1
8
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
2
0
0
5
5
9
5
6
7
2
0
0
1
0
0
8
0
0
-
-
-
1
8
0
4
5
3
2
5
4
4
3
0
8
1
6
5
0
D
=
1
4
9
-
-
-
-
D
=
6
2
D
=
2
0
2
1
2
.
1
2
2
2
0
6
7
7
0
8
1
3
1
0
1
0
2
8
3
0
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
ROOF DATA TOP STIFFENER
Roof Plate Material = ASTM A-36 Stiffener Material = ASTM A-36
SMYS Roof of Tank Material (F
yr
) = MPa SMYS Stiffener Material (F) = Mpa
Allowable Design Strees (F) = MPa Compression Ring Detail = API-650 Fig F-2, Detail a
Density (U) = kg/m
3
Lenght of Angle Leg Parallel to the shell = mm
Roof Corrosion Allowance (CA) = mm Distance from top of shell to angle = mm
Design Pressure at Top of Tank (P
i
) = kPa Comp. Ring Joint Efficiency =
Design Vacuum at Top of Tank = kPa Stiffener Size = x x 7
Operating ratio (Oerating/Design Pressure) = Stiffener Area = mm
2
Live Load (Lr) = kg/m
2
Modulus of Section = mm3
Ground Snow Load (S) = kg/m
2
Additional Dead Load = kg/m
2
Roof Insulation thickness = mm
Roof Insulation Density = kg/m
3
Nominal Tank Diameter (D) = m
ROOF CONSTRUCTION
Roof type of tank =
Slope Roof = 1 / 12 or
Roof Plate Weld Type = Lap-Welded
Selected Roof Thickness = mm
DESIGN THICKNESS OF ROOF DESIGN THICKNESS OF ROOF (CONT'd)
(Ref. Paragraph 5.10.4.1, API 650-Supported Cone Roof) ACTUAL PARTICIPATING AREA OF ROOF TO SHELL JUNCTURE
Supporting cone roofs shall conform to the following requirements : Nominal Roof Thickness (t
r
= t-CA) = mm
9.5 q 37 degree ( slope ) Nominal Shell Thickness (t
s
= t-CA) = mm
( Slope of the cone elements to the horizontal shall be m per m)
Plate Weight , assumsing 1/2" roof plate = kg/m
2
Added Dead Load = kg/m
2
R
c = = m
Minimum Roof Live Load (L
r
) = kg/m
2
From API-650 Figure F-2
Specific Snow Load (S) = kg/m
2
W
c = 0.6 (R
c
t
s
)
0.5
= mm
Specified external pressure (P
e
) = kPa From API-650 Figure F-2
= kg/m
2
W
h = MIN (0.3(R
2
t
r
)
0.5
, 300)
Dead Load (D
L
) = Insulation + Plate Weight + Added Dead Load = MIN ( , 300)
= x + + = mm
= kg/m
2
Unstiffenesed length of angle bar (L
e
)
ROOF LOAD PER API-650 APPENDIX R L
e = 250t/Fy
0.5
= mm
Load combination (L
1
) Effective Stiffener Area (A
a
) = Stiffener area - unstiffened area
L
1 = DL + MAX (S,Lr)+0.4*Pe = - 0
= + + = mm
2
= kg/m
2
Contributing Area due to shell plate
Load combination (L
2
) A
shell = W
c
* t
s = x 4 = mm
2
L
2 = DL + Pe +0.4*MAX (S,Lr) Contributing Area due to Roof plate
= + + MAX (0,100) A
roof = W
h
* t
r = x 5 = mm
2
= kg/m
2
Actual part. Area of roof to shell juncture (per API 650) (A)
Balance roof design Load (T) A = A
a
+ A
shell
+ A
roof
T = MAX (L
1
,L
2
) = + +
= MAX (259.13,260.35) = mm
2
= kg/m
2
SUMMERY OF ROOF WEIGHT
= kPa
DESIGN THICKNESS AT DESIGN CONDITION FOR SELF-SUPPORTED CONE ROOF
Minimum Slope Roof for Self-Supported Cone roof = or q
4.8 x sin T x 2.2
4.8 x sin x 2.2 Weight of New Roof plates
= mm W
rnt = density x t x PI/4 x (D-t
shell
)^2 / cos T
Nominal roof thickness base on API 5.10.5.1 = x x PI/4 x ( - ) /cos
Minimum roof thickness (t
rmin
) = mm ( exclude CA) = kg
Maximum roof thickness (t
rmax
) = mm ( include CA) Weight of Corroded Roof plates
Self-Supported roof type evaluation W
rct = density x t x PI/4 x (D-t
shell
)^2 / cos T
Because t
r t
rmin & t
r
+ CA > t
rmax = x x PI/4 x ( - ) /cos
= kg
7865 0.006
6 5 12431.90 10359.92
4.76
10359.9
12431.9
7865 0.005 18.29 0.005
Corroded New
Weight
kg kg mm
t Calculated
inc. CA
mm
Description No.
t Selected
exc. CA exc. CA inc. CA
mm mm
18.29 0.005 4.76
931.0 459
1 Roof 6 5
1113
2503.0
222.6 1113
110.68
931.00
931.00
114.7
931
70 70
5
4
114.7
8430
= 110.1 m
D/2 9.14
=
9.144
Sin 4.76
459
=
D/2
Sin T
222.6
222.60
24.96
2.55
5
12.5
, thus self- supported cone roof can not be constructed
=
260.35
260.35
1/6 9.46
D x T
= Nominal roof thickness (t
r
)
102 0.4*
259.13
118.3 102.04 0.4*
Reference spec.: Process & Piping Specification Engineer : Tjo
INPUT
250
160
1
7865
MIANG BESAR COAL TERMINAL
CALCULATION FOR STORAGE TANK
Doc. No. :
Job. No. :
Rev. No. :
Date :
1
0
0.4
250
0.85
20
118.313
118.3 MAX (0,100)
100
0
1
102.04
98.3
20
0 0 98.3
R
2
100
0
20
0
0
1/6 3/4
Structurally Supported Conical Roof
4.76
OUTPUT
6
18.29
x 18.29 2.55
9.46
Reference spec.: Process & Piping Specification Engineer : Tjo
MIANG BESAR COAL TERMINAL
CALCULATION FOR STORAGE TANK
Doc. No. :
Job. No. :
Rev. No. :
Date :
EVALUATION OF ROOF TO THE SHELL JOINT WITH APPENDIX F
Design Internal Pressure (P
i
) = kPa = kg/m
2
Roof plate Weight (corroded) (W
rct
) = kg
Roof Structure Weight (W
f
) = kg
Shell Weight (corroded )(W
sct
) = kg
UPLIFT FOR DESIGN PRESSURE (Fu)
Fu = P
i
x PI x D
2
/4 = x PI x
2
/4 = kg
EVALUASION 1 (UPLIFT CASE PER API 650 1.1.1)
Total Weight Resisting uplift
Fr = W
rct = kg
Because Fu > Fr ,then see evaluation 2 result
EVALUASION 2 (UPLIFT CASE PER API 650 F.1.2)
Total Weight Resisting uplift
Fr = W
rct
+ W
f
+W
sct = + +
=
Because Fu Fr
MINIMUM PARTICIPATING AREA PER API 650 F.5.1
SMYS Roof of Tank Material (F
yr
) = MPa
SMYS Shell of Tank Material (F
ys
) = MPa
SMYS Stiffener Material (F
yf
) = MPa
F
y = MIN ( F
yr
, F
ys
, F
yf
)
= MIN ( , , )
= MPa
Minimum Participating Area per API 650 F.5.1 (A
min
)
2
( 1 /
2
)
x tan ( )
= mm
2
Actual part. Area of roof to shell juncture (per API 650) (A) Evaluation
Because A A
min
,
FRANGIBLE ROOF DESIGN PER API 650 5.10.2.6.a.5
Shell Weight (corroded )(W
sct
) = kg = N
Roof Structure Weight (W
f
) = kg = N
SMYS Shell of Tank Material (F
ys
) = MPa =
Maximum Participating area for frengible joint (A
fr
)
2*PI* * tan
Actual part. Area of roof to shell juncture (per API 650) (A) Evaluation
Because A < A
fr
315604.69
180031.21
18.29
250
Lowest Minimum specified Yield Strenght material in juction (F
y
)
250 250 250
250
A
min =
1
10359.92
18370.53
32204.56
102
102 18.29 26803.8
10359.92
10359.92 18370.5 32204.56
60935.01
Design max. internal pressure as per F.1 through F.6
250
250
A
fr =
W
sct
+ W
f
2*PI*Fy*tan T
250
32204.56
=
250 4.76
495635.90
250 4.76
200D
2
(P
i
-0.00127D
LR
/D
2
)
F
y
tan T
thus Actual part. Area of roof to shell jucture is acceptable
18370.53
1972.91
- 0.00127 x
thus Actual part. Area of roof to shell jucture is acceptable
= 3786.38 mm2
=
200 x 18.29 101527.2
GENERAL DATA GIRDER DATA
Roof Type = Girder Material = ASTM A-36
AlloAllowable Design Strees (Sd) = Mpa
Roof Plate Material = ASTM A-36 Numbers of intermediate girder ring = Nos
SMYS Roof of Tank Material (F
y
) = MPa Intermedier Girder Ring
Allowable Design Strees (S
d
) = MPa
Density (U) = kg/m
3
Roof Corrosion Allowance (CA) = mm
Design Pressure at Top of Tank (Pe) = kPa
Design Vacuum at Top of Tank = kPa
Operating ratio (Operating/Design Pressure) =
Live Load (Lr) = kg/m
2
Ground Snow Load (S) = kg/m
2
Girder Selection
Additional Dead Load = kg/m
2
Roof Insulation thickness = mm
Roof Insulation Density = kg/m
3
Nominal Tank Diameter (D) = m
Slope Roof = 1 / 12 or
RAFTER DATA COLUMN DATA
Rafter Material = ASTM A-36 Column Material = ASTM A-36
Allowable Design Strees (Sd) = Mpa Allowable Design Strees (Sd) = Mpa
Rafter Selection Modulus of Elasticity ( E ) = Gpa
Column Selection
RAFTER DESIGN
Nominal Roof Thickness = mm MAXIMUM RAFTER SPACING PER API 650 5.10.4.4
Roof Plate Weight = kg/m
2
Maximum Rafter Spacing (b)
Added Dead Load = kg/m
2
b = ( t - c ) * sqrt (1.5 * Fy / T)
Minimum Roof Live Load (L
r
) = kg/m
2
= ( 6 - 1 )* sqrt (1.5 * / )
Specific Snow Load (S) = kg/m
2
= mm
Specified external pressure (P
e
) = kPa SPACING OF RAFTERS
= kg/m
2
<FOR OUTER SHELL RING>
Dead Load (D
L
) = Insulation + Plate Weight + Added Dead Load Ring Radius ( R ) = m
= x + + b = mm since b > mm , then b = mm
= kg/m
2
Minimum numbers of Rafter (N_min)
N_min = 2*PI*R/b = 2 *PI* /
= Nos
ROOF LOAD PER API-650 APPENDIX R N_min must be a multiple of 16 , therefore N_min = Nos
Load combination (L
1
) Actual Numbers of Rafter = Nos
L
1 = DL + MAX (S,L
r
)+0.4*Pe Minimum roof thickness based on actual rafter spacing (t-calc)
= + + b = mm
= kg/m
2
t-calc = b/ SQRT (1.5*F
y
/T) + CA
Load combination (L
2
) = / SQRT(1.5 * / ) +
L
2 = DL + Pe +0.4*MAX (S,Lr) = mm
= + + MAX (0,100) Maximum Roof Load based on actual rafter spacing (Rload_Max)
= kg/m
2
RLoad_Max = 1.5*F
y
*((t-CA )/b)^2
Balance roof design Load (T) = 1.5 * *(( 6 - 1 )/ )^2
T = MAX (L
1
,L
2
) = kPA
= MAX (167.19,107.19) = kg/m
2
= kg/m
2
Let Max T
1 = RLoad_Max
= kPa Vacuum Limited by actual rafter spacing (P_ext_1)
P_ext_1 = -(MaxT1-DL-0.4*MAX(Snow_Load;Lr))
= - ( - - 0.4 * Max ( 0 , )
= kg/m
2
= kPa
Pa_rafter_4 = P_ext_1
= kg/m
2
= kPa
200
2.50E+08 1795
167.19
1.64
297.03
297.0 67.19 100
-190 -1.86
-190 -1.86
2100 2100
9.14
9140 2100
1.64
2392.03
2.50E+05
27.35
27.35
1794.63
1795 2.50E+05 1.64 1
107.19
0
20
0
160
2392
0
18.288
OUTPUT
0 0 47.2 20
100
0
0
47.2
20
43
160
67.19 0.00 0.4*
67.19
67.19 MAX (0,100) 0.4* 0.0
167.19
Shell C 75x40x5 20080 0.0292 6.92
#3 C 75x40x5 20080 0.0292 6.92
#2 C 75x40x5
Center 200mm 40sch 40 Pipe 27562 0.1095
5303.01
5303.01
#2 200mm 40sch 40 Pipe 27562 0.1095
0.00
160 Structurally Supported Conical Roof
6
9.14 0 32
4.57 16 16
6.86 16 32
#2 C 75x40x5 20080 0.0292
Ring Name Type of Girder
Z R Weight
43
#3 200mm 40sch 40 Pipe 27562 0.1095 43
20080 0.0292 6.92
m
2
#1 C 75x40x5 20080 0.0292 6.92
Ring Name Type of Rafter
Z R Weight
mm
3
Area
Area
mm
3
m kg/m m
2
4.75
32
#3 C 100x50x5 37600 0.0292 6.92
5303.01
Area
mm
3
2.91
6.92
#1 C 75x40x5 20080 0.0292 6.92
m kg/m mm
2
#1 200mm 40sch 40 Pipe 27562 0.1095 43
Ring Name Type of Column
Z R Weight
5303.01
3
#3
Shell
1
0
0.4
100
160
7865
1 8
Ring Name
#1
#2
Ring Radius
Number of Girder Number of Rafter
m
2.29 8
250
INPUT
Date :
Reference spec.: Process & Piping Specification Engineer : Tjo
MIANG BESAR COAL TERMINAL
CALCULATION FOR STORAGE TANK
Doc. No. :
Job. No. :
Rev. No. :
4.76
m kg/m
Date :
Reference spec.: Process & Piping Specification Engineer : Tjo
MIANG BESAR COAL TERMINAL
CALCULATION FOR STORAGE TANK
Doc. No. :
Job. No. :
Rev. No. :
RAFTER DESIGN (CONT'd)
SPACING OF RAFTERS (CONT'd)
< FOR GIRDER RING OUTER RADIUS = m> < FOR GIRDER RING OUTER RADIUS = m>
Numbers of Girder (N) = 16 Numbers of Girder (N) = 8
Ring Radius ( R ) = m Ring Radius ( R ) = m
b = mm since b > mm , then b = mm b = mm since b > mm , then b = mm
Minimum numbers of Rafter (N_min) Minimum numbers of Rafter (N_min)
N_min = 2*PI*R/b = 2 *PI* / N_min = 2*PI*R/b = 2 *PI* /
= Nos = Nos
N_min must be a multiple of 16 , therefore N_min = Nos N_min must be a multiple of 8 , therefore N_min = Nos
Actual Numbers of Rafter = Nos Actual Numbers of Rafter = Nos
Minimum roof thickness based on actual rafter spacing (t-calc) Minimum roof thickness based on actual rafter spacing (t-calc)
b = mm b = mm
t-calc = b/ SQRT (1.5*Fy/T) + CA t-calc = b/ SQRT (1.5*Fy/T) + CA
= /SQRT(1.5* / ) + = /SQRT(1.5* / ) +
= mm = mm
Maximum Roof Load based on actual rafter spacing (Rload_Max) Maximum Roof Load based on actual rafter spacing (Rload_Max)
RLoad_Max = 1.5*F
y
*((t-CA )/b)^2 RLoad_Max = 1.5*F
y
*((t-CA )/b)^2
= 1.5 * *(( 6 - 1 )/ )^2 = 1.5 * *(( 6 - 1 )/ )^2
= kPA = kPA
= kg/m
2
= kg/m
2
Let Max T
1 = RLoad_Max Let Max T
1 = RLoad_Max
Vacuum Limited by actual rafter spacing (P_ext_1) Vacuum Limited by actual rafter spacing (P_ext_1)
P_ext_1 = -(MaxT1-DL-0.4*MAX(Snow_Load;Lr)) P_ext_1 = -(MaxT1-DL-0.4*MAX(Snow_Load;Lr))
= - ( - - 0.4 * Max ( 0 , ) = - ( - - 0.4 * Max ( 0 , )
= kg/m
2
= kPa = kg/m
2
= kPa
Pa_rafter_3 = P_ext_1 Pa_rafter_1 = P_ext_1
= kg/m
2
= kPa = kg/m
2
= kPa
< FOR GIRDER RING OUTER RADIUS = m> TYPE OF RAFTERS
Numbers of Girder (N) = 16 < SPAN TO SHELL >
Ring Radius ( R ) = m Maximum Rafter Span = mm
b = mm since b > mm , then b = mm Average Rafter Spacing on inner Girders = mm
Minimum numbers of Rafter (N_min) Average Rafter Spacing on Shell = mm
N_min = 2*PI*R/b = 2 *PI* / Average plate Width = mm
= Nos Maximum Bending Moment (Mmax)
N_min must be a multiple of 16 , therefore N_min = Nos Mmax = W*l^2/8
Actual Numbers of Rafter = Nos Where
Minimum roof thickness based on actual rafter spacing (t-calc) w = Uniform Load from Plate + Uniform Load from Rafter
b = mm = * +
t-calc = b/ SQRT (1.5*Fy/T) + CA = N/m
= /SQRT(1.5* / ) + l = m
= mm Mmax = * ^2 /8
Maximum Roof Load based on actual rafter spacing (Rload_Max) = N.m
RLoad_Max = 1.5*F
y
*((t-CA )/b)^2 Section of Modulus Required (Z_req'd)
= 1.5 * *(( 6 - 1 )/ )^2 Z_req'd = Mmax / Allowable design stress
= kPA = /
= kg/m
2
= m
3
= mm
3
Let Max T
1 = RLoad_Max Actual Z = mm
3
,using = C 75x40x5
Vacuum Limited by actual rafter spacing (P_ext_1) Maximum stress allowed for each rafter in ring shell
P_ext_1 = -(MaxT1-DL-0.4*MAX(Snow_Load;Lr)) W_max = Z*Sd*8/l^2
= - ( - - 0.4 * Max ( 0 , ) = * * 8 / ^2
= kg/m
2
= kPa = N/ m'
Pa_rafter_2 = P_ext_1 Maximum Load Allowed for each rafter in ring shell (Max_P)
= kg/m
2
= kPa Max_P = (Wmax-Wrafter)/Average plate width
= ( - 68 ) /
= N/m2 = kPa
Vacuum limited by rafter type (P_ext_2)
Let Max_T1 = Kg/m
2
P_ext_2 = -2.5 *(MaxT1-DL-MAX(Snow_Load, Lr))
= -2.5*( - - Max ( 0 , )
= kg/m
2
= kPa
Pa2_rafter_4 = Max(P_ext_1,P_ext_2)
= kPA
2.50E+08 1346
2.50E+08 1795
2.50E+08 1799
100
-286 -2.8
281.56
281.6 67.19
-1.86
4400.70
4.40E+03 1.57
2759.26 2.759
3.6E-06 3623.05
20080
2.01E-05 1.60E+08 2.42
794.02
2.42
794.02 2.42
579.69
579.69 1.6E+08
-189 -1.85
1346
1795
2417
1570
462.5 1.57 67.82
4.76
2.90
295.73
295.7 67.19 100
-189 -1.85
2100
6.852
6.852
8
1798.56
1799 2.50E+05 1.64 1
297.03
297.0 67.19 100
-190 -1.86
-190 -1.86
6.855
4.57
4.57
3.81
5.17
528.04
528.0 67.19 100
-421 -4.12
6855 2100
20.51
1794.63
1795 2.50E+05 1.64 1
4.75
2.91
2392 2100 2100
4570 2100
13.67
13.67
16
-421 -4.12
20.51
32
1345.98
1346 2.50E+05 1.64 1
2290
6.855
2392 2100 2100
2.29
2.29
2392 2100 2100
Date :
Reference spec.: Process & Piping Specification Engineer : Tjo
MIANG BESAR COAL TERMINAL
CALCULATION FOR STORAGE TANK
Doc. No. :
Job. No. :
Rev. No. :
RAFTER DESIGN (CONT'd)
TYPE OF RAFTERS TYPE OF RAFTERS
< SPAN TO GIRDER RING OUTER RADIUS m> < SPAN TO GIRDER RING OUTER RADIUS m>
Maximum Rafter Span = mm Maximum Rafter Span = mm
Average Rafter Spacing on inner Girders = mm Average Rafter Spacing on inner Girders = mm
Average Rafter Spacing on Outter Girders = mm Average Rafter Spacing on Outter Girders = mm
Average plate Width = mm Average plate Width = mm
Maximum Bending Moment (Mmax) Maximum Bending Moment (Mmax)
Mmax = w*l^2/8 Mmax = w*l^2/8
Where Where
w = Uniform Load from Plate + Uniform Load from Rafter w = Uniform Load from Plate + Uniform Load from Rafter
= * + = * +
= N/m' = N/m'
l = m l = m
Mmax = * ^2 /8 Mmax = * ^2 /8
= N.m = N.m
Section of Modulus Required (Z_req'd) Section of Modulus Required (Z_req'd)
Z_req'd = Mmax / Allowable design stress Z_req'd = Mmax / Allowable design stress
= / = /
= m
3
= mm
3
= m
3
= mm
3
Actual Z = mm
3
,using = C 75x40x5 Actual Z = mm
3
,using = C 75x40x5
Maximum stress allowed for each rafter in ring shell Maximum stress allowed for each rafter in ring shell
w_max = Z*Sd*8/l^2 w_max = Z*Sd*8/l^2
= * * 8 / ^2 = * * 8 / ^2
= N/ m' = N/ m'
Maximum Load Allowed for each rafter in ring shell (Max_P) Maximum Load Allowed for each rafter in ring shell (Max_P)
Max_P = (wmax-wrafter)/Average plate width Max_P = (Wmax-Wrafter)/Average plate width
= ( - 68 ) / = ( - 68 ) /
= N/m2 = kPa = N/m2 = kPa
Vacuum limited by rafter type (P_ext_2) Vacuum limited by rafter type (P_ext_2)
Let Max_T1 = kg/m
2
Let Max_T1 = kg/m
2
P_ext_2 = (MaxT1-DL-0.4*MAX(Snow_Load, Lr)) P_ext_2 = (MaxT1-DL-0.4*MAX(Snow_Load, Lr))
= -( - - Max ( 0 , ) = -( - - Max ( 0 , )
= kg/m
2
= kPa = kg/m
2
= kPa
Pa2_rafter_3 = Max(P_ext_1,P_ext_2) Pa2_rafter_1 = Max(P_ext_1,P_ext_2)
= kPa = kPa
< SPAN TO GIRDER RING OUTER RADIUS m> RAFTERS WEIGHT SUMMARY
Maximum Rafter Span = mm
Average Rafter Spacing on inner Girders = mm
Average Rafter Spacing on Outter Girders = mm
Average plate Width = mm
Maximum Bending Moment (Mmax)
Mmax = w*l^2/8
Where
w = Uniform Load from Plate + Uniform Load from Rafter
= * +
= N/m'
l = m
Mmax = * ^2 /8
= N.m
Section of Modulus Required (Z_req'd)
Z_req'd = Mmax / Allowable design stress
= /
= m
3
= mm
3
Actual Z = mm
3
,using C 75x40x5
Maximum stress allowed for each rafter in ring shell
W_max = Z*Sd*8/l^2
= * * 8 / ^2
= N/ m'
Maximum Load Allowed for each rafter in ring shell (Max_P)
Max_P = (Wmax-Wrafter)/Average plate width
= ( - 68 ) /
= N/m
2
= kPa
Vacuum limited by rafter type (P_ext_2)
Let Max_T1 = kg/m
2
P_ext_2 = (MaxT1-DL-0.4*MAX(Snow_Load, Lr))
= -( - - Max ( 0 , )
= kg/m
2
= kPa
Pa2_rafter_2 = Max(P_ext_1,P_ext_2)
= kPa
TOTAL 993.73
198.70
3 RING #3 6.920 32 1345.98 298.05
4 SHELL RING 6.920 32 1794.63 397.40
Weight
kg/m Nos mm kg
1 RING #1 6.920 8 1798.56 99.57
-1.85
430.7
1.15
4221.3 4.221
430.74
67.19
2.29
4.90E+03
4.90E+03
1347
100
No. Description
Weight /
Lenght
Quantity Lenght
2 RING #2 6.920 16 1794.63
100
-324 -3.17
-2.57
2290
0
2290
1145
462.5 1.145 67.82
597.33
2.29
597.33 2.29
391.56
391.56 1.6E+08
2.4E-06 2447.25
20080
2E-05 1.60E+08
4.94E+03 1.35
3620.36 3.62
369.4
369.4 67.19 100
-262 -2.57
448.84 1.6E+08
2.8E-06 2805.24
20080
2E-05 1.60E+08 2.28
4.94E+03
462.5 1.347 67.82
690.73
2.28
690.73 2.28
448.84
-334 -3.28
-3.28
441.7
4.57
2280
899.3
1795
4.92E+03
4.92E+03 1.12
4328.33 4.328
441.7
67.19
382.80
382.80 1.6E+08
2.4E-06 2392.52
20080
2E-05 1.60E+08 2.29
462.5 1.122 67.82
586.54
2.29
586.54 2.29
2.29
897.3
1346
1122
6.855
2285
Date :
Reference spec.: Process & Piping Specification Engineer : Tjo
MIANG BESAR COAL TERMINAL
CALCULATION FOR STORAGE TANK
Doc. No. :
Job. No. :
Rev. No. :
GIRDER DESIGN
< AT GIRDER RING OUTER RADIUS m> < AT GIRDER RING OUTER RADIUS m>
Number of Girders = 16 Number of Girders = 16
Girder Length (l) = Girder Length (l) =
Load due to inner rafters and roof (Wi) Load due to inner rafters and roof (Wi)
Wi = (Rafter_Load_Inner) (Rafter_Span) (NumberRaft/Numbergird) Wi = (Rafter_Load_Inner) (Rafter_Span) (NumberRaft/Numbergird)
= * * 2 = * * 1
= N = N
Load due to outer rafters and roof (Wo) Load due to outer rafters and roof (Wo)
Wo = (Rafter_Load_Outer) (Rafter_Span) (NumberRaft/Numbergird) Wo = (Rafter_Load_Outer) (Rafter_Span) (NumberRaft/Numbergird)
= * * 2 = * * 2
= N = N
W1 = (Wi + Wo)/L_gird W1 = (Wi + Wo)/L_gird
= ( + ) / = ( + ) /
= N/m' = N/m
Total Load including Weight of Girder (w) Total Load including Weight of Girder (w)
w = + w = +
= N/m' = N/m
Maximum Bending Moment (Mmax) Maximum Bending Moment (Mmax)
Mmax = w*l^2/8 Mmax = w*l^2/8
Mmax = * ^2 /8 Mmax = * ^2 /8
= N.m = N.m
Section of Modulus Required (Z_req'd) Section of Modulus Required (Z_req'd)
Z_req'd = Mmax / Allowable design stress Z_req'd = Mmax / Allowable design stress
= / = /
= m
3
= mm
3
= m
3
= mm
3
Actual Z = mm
3
,using C 100x50x5 Actual Z = mm
3
,using C 75x40x5
Maximum stress allowed for each Girder in ring shell Maximum stress allowed for each Girder in ring shell
w_max = Z*Sd*8/l^2 w_max = Z*Sd*8/l^2
= * * 8 / ^2 = * * 8 / ^2
= N/ m' = N/ m'
Let_C1 = (RafterSpan) (NumRaft_inner/NumGird) Let_C1 = (RafterSpan) (NumRaft_inner/NumGird)
= * = *
= m = m
Let_C2 = (RafterSpan) (NumRaft_outer/NumGird) Let_C2 = (RafterSpan) (NumRaft_outer/NumGird)
= * = *
= m = m
Maximum Load allowed for each girder in ring 3 (F_Max) Maximum Load allowed for each girder in ring 2 (F_Max)
F_Max = w_max *GirdLengt F_Max = w_max *GirdLengt
= * = *
= N = N
Back calculate Max_P from F_Max, using Back calculate Max_P from F_Max, using
F_Max = (Max_P*RafterSpacing_Inner)+RWgt_Inner)*C1 F_Max = (Max_P*RafterSpacing_Inner)+RWgt_Inner)*C1
(Max_P*RafterSpacing_Inner)+RWgt_Outer)*C (Max_P*RafterSpacing_Inner)+RWgt_Outer)*C
Solving for Max_P Solving for Max_P
RafterSpacing_Inner*C1 + RafterSpacing_Outter*C2 RafterSpacing_Inner*C1+RafterSpacing_Outter*C2
- ( * )-( * ) - ( * )-( * )
* + * * + *
= Pa = Pa
Let Max_T1 = Max_P = kg/m
2
Let Max_T1 = Max_P = kg/m
2
Vacuum limited by girder type (P_ext_4) Vacuum limited by girder type (P_ext_4)
P_ext_4 = -2.5 * (MaxT1 - DL - MAX(Snow_Load, Lr)) P_ext_4 = -2.5 * (MaxT1 - DL - MAX(Snow_Load, Lr))
= -2.5*( - - Max ( 0 , ) = -2.5*( - - Max ( 0 , )
= kg/m
2
= kPa = kg/m
2
= kPa
1193.22
1193.22 67.816
1261.04
1261.04 1.78
501.19
501.19 1.6E+08
2
2.29
1.783
690.73 1.14
787.435
586.54 1.143
1340.23
787.44 1340.23 1.783
6.855 4.57
1179.42
1179.42 67.816
1247.23
2.675
586.54 1.14
1340.23
794.02 1.14
1814.34
1340.23 1814.34
3.8E-05 1.60E+08 2.67
6.73E+03
1247.23 2.67
1115.33
1115.33 1.6E+08
7E-06 6970.82
37600
1.1425 2
2.29
1.1425 2
2.29
6727.47 2.67
17993.87
= Max_P
(F_Max - RWgt_Inner*C1 - RWgt_Outer*C2)
Max_P =
17993.87 67.82 2.29 67.82 2.29
1.12 2.29 1.57 2.29
=
17684
6.15
2874.92
293.4 67.19 100
-315 -3.09
293.4
8.08E+03 1.78
14414.24
Max_P =
(F_Max-RWgt_Inner*C1-RWgt_Outer*C2)
3.1E-06 3132.44
20080
2E-05 1.60E+08 1.78
8.08E+03
1.14 1
353.1
353.1 67.19 100
-465 -4.55
Max_P =
14414.24 67.82 1.14 67.82 2.29
1.35 1.14 1.12 2.29
=
14182
4.09849
3460.29
1.14
1.1425
2.675
Date :
Reference spec.: Process & Piping Specification Engineer : Tjo
MIANG BESAR COAL TERMINAL
CALCULATION FOR STORAGE TANK
Doc. No. :
Job. No. :
Rev. No. :
GIRDER DESIGN
< AT GIRDER RING OUTER RADIUS m> GIRDER WEIGHT SUMMARY
Number of Girders = 8
Girder Length (l) =
Load due to inner rafters and roof (Wi)
Wi = (Rafter_Load_Inner) (Rafter_Span) (NumberRaft/Numbergird)
= * * 1
= N
Load due to outer rafters and roof (Wo)
Wo = (Rafter_Load_Outer) (Rafter_Span) (NumberRaft/Numbergird)
= * * 2
= N
W1 = (Wi + Wo)/L_gird
= ( + ) /
= N/m'
Total Load including Weight of Girder (w)
w = +
= N/m
Maximum Bending Moment (Mmax)
Mmax = w*l^2/8
Mmax = * ^2 /8
= N.m
Section of Modulus Required (Z_req'd)
Z_req'd = Mmax / Allowable design stress
= /
= m
3
= mm
3
Actual Z = mm
3
,using = C 75x40x5
Maximum stress allowed for each Girder in ring shell
w_max = Z*Sd*8/l^2
= * * 8 / ^2
= N/ m'
Let_C1 = (RafterSpan) (NumRaft_inner/NumGird)
= *
= m
Let_C2 = (RafterSpan) (NumRaft_outer/NumGird)
= *
= m
Maximum Load allowed for each girder in ring 1 (F_Max)
F_Max = w_max *GirdLengt
= *
= N
Back calculate Max_P from F_Max, using
F_Max = (Max_P*RafterSpacing_Inner)+RWgt_Inner)*C1
(Max_P*RafterSpacing_Inner)+RWgt_Outer)*C2
Solving for Max_P
RafterSpacing_Inner*C1+RafterSpacing_Outter*C2
- ( * )-( * )
* + *
= Pa
Let Max_T1 = Max_P = Kg/m
2
Vacuum limited by girder type (P_ext_4)
P_ext_4 = -2.5 *(MaxT1-DL-MAX(Snow_Load, Lr))
= -2.5*( - - Max ( 0 , )
= kg/m
2
= kPa
TOTAL
No. Description
Weight /
Lenght
Quantity Lenght Weight
kg/m Nos m kg
1 RING #1 6.920 8 1.75 97.03
2 RING #2 6.920 16 1.78 197.43
3 RING #3 6.920 16 2.67 296.14
590.60
597.33 1.145
683.949
690.73 1.14
1574.87
683.949 1574.87 1.753
1288.77
1288.77 67.816
1356.59
1356.59 1.75
520.92
520.92 1.6E+08
3.3E-06 3255.73
20080
2E-05 1.60E+08 1.75
8.37E+03
1.145 1
1.15
1.14 2
2.28
8.37E+03 1.75
14664.54
Max_P =
(F_Max-RWgt_Inner*C1-RWgt_Outer*C2)
Max_P =
14664.54 67.82 1.15 67.82 2.28
1.145 1.15 1.347 2.28
=
14432.3
4.38209
3293.47
336.1
336.1 67.19
-422 -4.14
100
2.29
1.753
Date :
Reference spec.: Process & Piping Specification Engineer : Tjo
MIANG BESAR COAL TERMINAL
CALCULATION FOR STORAGE TANK
Doc. No. :
Job. No. :
Rev. No. :
COLUMN DESIGN
< AT GIRDER RING OUTER RADIUS m> < AT GIRDER RING OUTER RADIUS m>
Number of Column = 16 Number of Column = 8
Column Length (l) = Column Length (l) =
Radius Gyration ( r ) Radius Gyration ( r )
if l/r must be less than 180, then if l/r must be less than 180, then
r_req'd = l/180 = / 180 = m r_req'd = l/180 = / 180 = m
Actual_r = m , using = 200mm 40sch 40 Pipe Actual_r = m , using = 200mm 40sch 40 Pipe
Total Roof Load Supported by each column (P) Total Roof Load Supported by each column (P)
P = x P = x
= N = N
Allowable Compressive Stress per API 650 5.10.3.4 (Fa) Allowable Compressive Stress per API 650 5.10.3.4 (Fa)
R = l/r = (Actual) R = l/r = (Actual)
Column Selenderness ratio (Cc) Column Selenderness ratio (Cc)
Cc = SQRT (2 PI ^2 E /Fy) Cc = SQRT (2 PI ^2 E /Fy)
= SQRT (2*PI^2* / ) = SQRT (2*PI^2* / )
= =
Factor of Safety (FS) Factor of Safety (FS)
FS = 5/4 + (3 * R /8 * CC)-(R^3 / 8*CC^3) FS = 5/4 + (3 * R /8 * CC)-(R^3 / 8*CC^3)
= 5/4 + ( 3* / (8 * )) - ( ^3 / ( 8* ^3) = 5/4 + ( 3* / (8 * )) - ( ^3 / ( 8* ^3)
= =
Since R <= Since R <=
Using AISC Specification Formulas Section E2 Using AISC Specification Formulas Section E2
Let_K = 1 Let_K = 1
Fa = ((1 - R^2/(2*Cc^2))*Fy/FS Fa = ((1 - R^2/(2*Cc^2))*Fy/FS
= ( 1 - ^2 / ( 2 * ^2))* / = ( 1 - ^2 / ( 2 * ^2))* /
= Pa = Pa
= kPa = kPa
Fa is not modified since design temp <= 93qC (API-650 M.3.5 N.A) Fa is not modified since design temp <= 93qC (API-650 M.3.5 N.A)
Fa = x 1 Fa = x 1
A_reqd = P /Fa A_reqd = P /Fa
= ( / ) = ( / )
= m
2
= m
2
= mm
2
= mm
2
A_act = mm2 A_act = mm2
Actual Induced Stress for the column ( F ) Actual Induced Stress for the column ( F )
F = / F = /
= Pa = Pa
= MPa = MPa
Max. Weight Allowed for each coloumn (W_max) Max. Weight Allowed for each coloumn (W_max)
W_Max = - W_Max = -
= Kg = Kg
Max. Load Allowed for each column (Max_P)) Max. Load Allowed for each column (Max_P))
RafterSpacing_Inner*C1 + RafterSpacing_Outter*C2 RafterSpacing_Inner*C1 + RafterSpacing_Outter*C2
- ( * )-( * ) - ( * )-( * )
* + * * + *
= Pa = Pa
Let Max_T1 = Max_P = Kg/m
2
Let Max_T1 = Max_P = Kg/m
2
P_ext_2 = (MaxT1-DL-0.4*MAX(Snow_Load, Lr)) P_ext_2 = (MaxT1-DL-0.4*MAX(Snow_Load, Lr))
= -( - - Max ( 0 , ) = -( - - Max ( 0 , )
= kg/m
2
= kPa = kg/m
2
= kPa
1645451
0.0053
1.65
6E+07
63263.6
63263.6
8725.84 6E+07
0.00014
137.928
8725.84
5303
1.498
116.8 125.7
120
116.8 125.7 2E+08 1.498
2.00E+11
125.66
3E+08
116.81 125.7
116.8
0.11
1247 2.67
3335.96
9E+07
92578.4
92578.4
7718.72
67.19
6.855
12.79
12.79 0.071
4.57
12.98
12.98 0.072
0.11
1261 1.783
2248.59
118.5
3E+08
125.66
118.55 125.7 118.5 125.7
1.499
120
118.5 125.7 3E+08 1.499
2.00E+11
9E+07
8.3E-05
83.3749
5303
7718.72 0.0053
1455535
1.46
8003.15
816.6
816.6 67.19
50096.36 558.176
49538.18
=
49228.3
6.15
=
33373.5
6.15
5425.60
553.6
553.6
34233.40 549.988
33683.41
Max_P =
(F_Max - RWgt_Inner*C1 - RWgt_Outer*C2)
Max_P =
33683.41 67.82 2.29 67.82 2.29
1.12 2.29 1.57 2.29
Max_P =
(F_Max - RWgt_Inner*C1 - RWgt_Outer*C2)
Max_P =
49538.18 67.82 2.29 67.82 2.29
1.12 2.29 1.57 2.29
100
-709 -6.95
100
-446 -4.38
Date :
Reference spec.: Process & Piping Specification Engineer : Tjo
MIANG BESAR COAL TERMINAL
CALCULATION FOR STORAGE TANK
Doc. No. :
Job. No. :
Rev. No. :
COLUMN DESIGN (CONT'd)
< AT GIRDER RING OUTER RADIUS m> < AT GIRDER RING OUTER RADIUS m>
Number of Column = 8 Number of Column = 1
Column Length (l) = Column Length (l) =
Radius Gyration ( r ) Radius Gyration ( r )
if l/r must be less than 180, then if l/r must be less than 180, then
r_req'd = l/180 = / 180 = m r_req'd = l/180 = / 180 = m
Actual_r = m , using = 200mm 40sch 40 Pipe Actual_r = m , using = 200mm 40sch 40 Pipe
Total Roof Load Supported by each column (P) Total Roof Load Supported by each column (P)
P = x P = x
= N = N
Allowable Compressive Stress per API 650 5.10.3.4 (Fa) Allowable Compressive Stress per API 650 5.10.3.4 (Fa)
R = l/r = (Actual) R = l/r = (Actual)
Column Selenderness ratio (Cc) Column Selenderness ratio (Cc)
Cc = SQRT (2 PI ^2 E /Fy) Cc = SQRT (2 PI ^2 E /Fy)
= SQRT (2*PI^2* / ) = SQRT (2*PI^2* / )
= =
Factor of Safety (FS) Factor of Safety (FS)
FS = 5/4 + (3 * R /8 * CC)-(R^3 / 8*CC^3) FS = 5/4 + (3 * R /8 * CC)-(R^3 / 8*CC^3)
= 5/4 + ( 3* / (8 * )) - ( ^3 / ( 8* ^3) = 5/4 + ( 3* / (8 * )) - ( ^3 / ( 8* ^3)
= =
Since R <= Since R <=
Using AISC Specification Formulas Section E2 Using AISC Specification Formulas Section E2
Let_K = 1 Let_K = 1
Fa = ((1 - R^2/(2*Cc^2))*Fy/FS Fa = ((1 - R^2/(2*Cc^2))*Fy/FS
= ( 1 - ^2 / ( 2 * ^2))* / = ( 1 - ^2 / ( 2 * ^2))* /
= Pa = Pa
= kPa = kPa
Fa is not modified since design temp <= 93qC (API-650 M.3.5 N.A) Fa is not modified since design temp <= 93qC (API-650 M.3.5 N.A)
Fa = x 1 Fa = x 1
A_reqd = P /Fa A_reqd = P /Fa
= ( / ) = ( / )
= m
2
= m
2
= mm
2
= mm
2
A_act = mm2 A_act = mm2
Actual Induced Stress for the column ( F ) Actual Induced Stress for the column ( F )
F = / F = /
= Pa = Pa
= MPa = MPa
Max. Weight Allowed for each coloumn (W_max) Max. Weight Allowed for each coloumn (W_max)
W_Max = - W_Max = -
= Kg = Kg
Max. Load Allowed for each column (Max_P)) Max. Load Allowed for each column (Max_P))
RafterSpacing_Inner*C1 + RafterSpacing_Outter*C2 RafterSpacing_Inner*C1 + RafterSpacing_Outter*C2
- ( * )-( * ) - ( * )-( * )
* + * * + *
= Pa = Pa
Let Max_T1 = Max_P = Kg/m
2
Let Max_T1 = Max_P = Kg/m
2
P_ext_2 = (MaxT1-DL-0.4*MAX(Snow_Load, Lr)) P_ext_2 = (MaxT1-DL-0.4*MAX(Snow_Load, Lr))
= -( - - Max ( 0 , ) = -( - - Max ( 0 , )
= kg/m
2
= kPa = kg/m
2
= kPa
COLUMN WEIGHT SUMMARY
18370.53 TOTAL
3 RING #3 43.0 16 12.79 8799.81
1 CENTER 43.0 1 13.36 574.55
1 RING #1 43.0 8 13.17 4530.77
2 RING #2 43.0 8 12.98 4465.41
No. Description
Weight /
Lenght
Quantity Lenght Weight
kg/m Nos m kg
0
13.36
13.36 0.074
0.11
597.3 1.145
683.949
122
2.00E+11 3E+08
125.66
122.02 125.7 122 125.7
1.500
120
122 125.7 3E+08 1.500
1190750
1.19
9E+07
88108.6
88108.6
6314.55 9E+07
7.2E-05
71.6679
5303
6314.55 0.0053
90359.6
90359.6
2377.68 9E+07
2.6E-05
26.3135
5303
2377.68 0.0053
9E+07
2.29
13.17
13.17 0.073
0.11
1.75 1356.6
2377.68
120.3
2.00E+11 3E+08
125.66
120.28 125.7 120.3 125.7
1.499
120
48895.67 566.346
48329.33
Max_P =
(F_Max - RWgt_Inner*C1 - RWgt_Outer*C2)
47677.60 574.552
47103.05
Max_P =
(F_Max - RWgt_Inner*C1 - RWgt_Outer*C2)
448364
0.45
120.3 125.7 3E+08 1.499
Max_P =
48329.33 67.82 2.29 67.82 2.29
1.12 2.29 1.57 2.29
=
48019.4
6.15
7806.62
796.6
796.6 67.19 100
-689 -6.76
Max_P =
47103.05 67.82 2.29 67.82 2.29
1.12 2.29 1.57 2.29
=
46793.1
6.15
7607.27
776.3
776.3 67.19 100
-669 -6.56
SHELL DATA SHELL STIFFENER
Design Method = 1-Foot Method Stiffener Material = ASTM A-36
Shell Plate Material = ASTM A-36 Number of Stiffener = 0
SMYS Shell of Tank Material (F
ys
) = MPa API 650 stiffening-ring type = -
Allowable Design Strees (S
d
) = MPa Stiffener Size = -
Allowable Test Stress (S
t
) = MPa Stiffener Area = -
Density (U) = kg/m
3
Shell Corrosion Allowance (CA) = mm
Shell Joint Type = Butt Weld
Joint Efficiency =
Design Pressure at Top of Tank (Pe) = kPa
Maximum Liquid Level = m
Minimum Liquid Level = m
Roof Insulation thickness = mm
Roof Insulation Density = kg/m
3
DATA
Nominal Tank Diameter (D) = m Water Density (at Temp = 10 C ) ( U) = kg/m
3
Per API 650 Appendix (example A or J) = None Grafity (g) = m/s
2
DESIGN THICKNESS OF SHELL DESIGN THICKNESS OF SHELL (CONT'd)
EVALUATION TO VARIABLE-DESIGN-POINT METHOD WITH API 5.6.4.1 SUMMERY OF SHELL THICKNESS AND WEIGHT
Nominal Tank Diameter (D) = m
Bottom-course corroded shell thickness (t) = mm
Maximum Liquid Level = m
VDP Criteria (per API 650 5.6.4.1)
L = (500xDxt)^0.5 = ( 500 x x )^0.5
= m
L/H 1000/6
1000/6 ----->>>
THICKNESS OF SHELL COURSE #1 THICKNESS OF SHELL COURSE #2
Shell Plate Material = ASTM A-36 Shell Plate Material = ASTM A-36
Corrosion Allowance (CA) = Corrosion Allowance (CA) =
Joint Efficiency ( E) = Joint Efficiency ( E) =
Allowable Design Strees (S
d
) = MPa Allowable Design Strees (S
d
) = MPa
Allowable Test Stress (S
t
) = MPa Allowable Test Stress (S
t
) = MPa
DESIGN CONDITION DESIGN CONDITION
Design specific grafity of the liquid to be store = (per API 650) Design specific grafity of the liquid to be store = (per API 650)
< Design Condition G = > < Design Condition G = >
Effective Liquid head at design Pressure (H') Effective Liquid head at design Pressure (H')
H' = H + 1000P
e
/UgG H' = H + 1000P
e
/UgG
= + 1 / ( x x ) = + 1 / ( x x )
= m = m
Thickness of Shell Thickness of Shell
x x ( - 0.3) x x x ( - 0.3) x
x x
= mm = mm
HYDROSTATIC TEST CONDITION HYDROSTATIC TEST CONDITION
< Design Condition G = 1 > < Design Condition G = 1 >
= + 1 / ( x x ) = + 1 / ( x x )
= m = m
Thickness of Shell Thickness of Shell
x x ( - 0.3) x 1 x x ( - 0.3) x 1
x x
= mm = mm
2
0.85
160
171
2
0.835
7.351
0.835
=
t
calc
=
=
4.9 18.29
12.24
t
calc
=
=
4.9
0.85
6.224
0.85
18.29 10.40
12.24 18.29 10.42
1.000
10.40
t
calc
=
4.9D(H'-0.3)*G
(St*E)
7.565
10.29 1000 * 998 9.8
160
171
0.835
0.835
10.29 1000 * 998 9.8 0.835
10.42
8.571
160 0.85
+
CA
0.835
=
4.9
171
160
4.9 18.29 12.22
1.000
12.22
4.9D(H'-0.3)*G
(St*E)
12.12 1000 * 998 9.8
171 0.85
4.9D(H'-0.3)*G
(Sd*E)
+
t Selected Weight
inc. CA exc. CA New Corroded
2
5 5779.93 5779.93
4.00 6 4 4954.50 3303.36
0.85
4128.98
5.57
7
12.12 1000 *
0.835
+ 2
Because L/H 1000/6, then Variable-Design-Point Method can be used
5779.93
No. Description
t Calculated
inc. CA exc. CA
mm mm
8
0.253
12.12
0.021 TRUE
3 Course #3 6.56 4.56 7 5 5779.93
998 9.8 0.835
t
calc
=
4.9D(H'-0.3)*G
+ CA
(Sd*E)
18.288
18.29
7
18.29
OUTPUT DATA
998
9.8
mm mm kg kg
1 Course #1 8.57 6.57 9 7 7430.53
6 6605.28 4954.50 2 Course #2 7.57
INPUT DATA
0.4
10
12.12
0.3
1
Reference spec.: Process & Piping Specification Engineer : Tjo
250
160
7865
2
0.85
171
MIANG BESAR COAL TERMINAL
CALCULATION FOR STORAGE TANK
Doc. No. :
Job. No. :
Rev. No. :
Date :
5 Course #5 6.00 4.00 6 4 4954.50 4954.50
4 Course #4 6.00 4.00
7 Course #7 6.00 4.00 6 4 4954.50 3303.36
6 Course #6 6.00
40459.17 32204.56 TOTAL
0.007
Reference spec.: Process & Piping Specification Engineer : Tjo
MIANG BESAR COAL TERMINAL
CALCULATION FOR STORAGE TANK
Doc. No. :
Job. No. :
Rev. No. :
Date :
DESIGN THICKNESS OF SHELL DESIGN THICKNESS OF SHELL (CONT'd)
THICKNESS OF SHELL COURSE #3 THICKNESS OF SHELL COURSE #5
Shell Plate Material = ASTM A-36 Shell Plate Material = ASTM A-36
Corrosion Allowance (CA) = Corrosion Allowance (CA) =
Joint Efficiency ( E) = Joint Efficiency ( E) =
Allowable Design Strees (S
d
) = MPa Allowable Design Strees (S
d
) = MPa
Allowable Test Stress (S
t
) = MPa Allowable Test Stress (S
t
) = MPa
DESIGN CONDITION DESIGN CONDITION
Design specific grafity of the liquid to be store = (per API 650) Design specific grafity of the liquid to be store = (per API 650)
< Design Condition G = > < Design Condition G = >
Effective Liquid head at design Pressure (H') Effective Liquid head at design Pressure (H')
H' = H + 1000P
e
/UgG H' = H + 1000P
e
/UgG
= + 1 / ( x x ) = + 1 / ( x x )
= m = m
Thickness of Shell Thickness of Shell
x x ( - 0.3) x x x ( - 0.3) x
x x
= mm = mm
HYDROSTATIC TEST CONDITION HYDROSTATIC TEST CONDITION
< Design Condition G = 1 > < Design Condition G = 1 >
= + 1 / ( x x ) = + 1 / ( x x )
= m = m
Thickness of Shell Thickness of Shell
x x ( - 0.3) x 1 x x ( - 0.3) x 1
x x
= mm = mm
THICKNESS OF SHELL COURSE #4 THICKNESS OF SHELL COURSE #6
Shell Plate Material = ASTM A-36 Shell Plate Material = ASTM A-36
Corrosion Allowance (CA) = Corrosion Allowance (CA) =
Joint Efficiency ( E) = Joint Efficiency ( E) =
Allowable Design Strees (S
d
) = MPa Allowable Design Strees (S
d
) = MPa
Allowable Test Stress (S
t
) = MPa Allowable Test Stress (S
t
) = MPa
DESIGN CONDITION DESIGN CONDITION
Design specific grafity of the liquid to be store = (per API 650) Design specific grafity of the liquid to be store = (per API 650)
< Design Condition G = > < Design Condition G = >
Effective Liquid head at design Pressure (H') Effective Liquid head at design Pressure (H')
H' = H + 1000P
e
/UgG H' = H + 1000P
e
/UgG
= + 1 / ( x x ) = + 1 / ( x x )
= m = m
Thickness of Shell Thickness of Shell
x x ( - 0.3) x x x ( - 0.3) x
x x
= mm = mm
HYDROSTATIC TEST CONDITION HYDROSTATIC TEST CONDITION
< Design Condition G = 1 > < Design Condition G = 1 >
= + 1 / ( x x ) = + 1 / ( x x )
= m = m
Thickness of Shell Thickness of Shell
x x ( - 0.3) x 1 x x ( - 0.3) x 1
x x
= mm = mm
(St*E)
160
4.93
0.835
0.835
+ 2
0.835
+
4.9 18.29 3.10
0.835
3.10
t
calc
=
4.9D(H'-0.3)*G
+ CA
(Sd*E)
0.835
2.98 1000 * 998 9.8
2
=
4.9 18.29 3.08
171 0.85
1.000
3.08
t
calc
=
4.9D(H'-0.3)*G
0.85
3.542
2.98 1000 * 998 9.8
=
2
0.85
160
171
0.835
0.835
4.81 1000 * 998 9.8 0.835
1.716 3.970
2
0.85
160
171
0.835
4.91
171 0.85
2.843
4.91
t
calc
=
4.9D(H'-0.3)*G
(St*E)
=
4.9 18.29
4.81 1000 * 998 9.8 1.000
160 0.85
4.548
CA
(Sd*E)
=
4.9 18.29 4.93
t
calc
=
4.9D(H'-0.3)*G
+
0.835
+ 2
160 0.85
5.554
=
4.9 18.29 6.74
171 0.85
=
4.9 18.29 6.76
1.000
6.74
t
calc
=
4.9D(H'-0.3)*G
(St*E)
6.64 1000 * 998 9.8
6.76
t
calc
=
4.9D(H'-0.3)*G
+ CA
(Sd*E)
0.835
0.835
6.64 1000 * 998 9.8 0.835
5.097
2
0.85
160
171
=
4.9 18.29 8.57
171 0.85
1.000
8.57
t
calc
=
4.9D(H'-0.3)*G
(St*E)
160 0.85
6.560
8.46 1000 * 998 9.8
=
4.9 18.29 8.59 0.835
+ 2
8.59
t
calc
=
4.9D(H'-0.3)*G
+ CA
(Sd*E)
0.835
8.46 1000 * 998 9.8
2
0.85
160
171
0.835
Reference spec.: Process & Piping Specification Engineer : Tjo
MIANG BESAR COAL TERMINAL
CALCULATION FOR STORAGE TANK
Doc. No. :
Job. No. :
Rev. No. :
Date :
DESIGN THICKNESS OF SHELL DESIGN THICKNESS OF SHELL (CONT'd)
THICKNESS OF SHELL COURSE #7 SHELL COURSE #3 SUMMARY
Shell Plate Material = ASTM A-36 Widht of Shell plate = m
Corrosion Allowance (CA) = t-calc = MAX (t-calc_650,t.seismic)
Joint Efficiency ( E) = = MAX ( , )
Allowable Design Strees (S
d
) = MPa = mm
Allowable Test Stress (S
t
) = MPa t.required = MAX(t.design, t.test, t.min650)
DESIGN CONDITION = MAX ( , , 6 )
Design specific grafity of the liquid to be store = (per API 650) = mm
< Design Condition G = > t.actual = mm
Effective Liquid head at design Pressure (H') Weight = Density*PI*(D-t)*Widht*t
H' = H + 1000P
e
/UgG = x PI x( - ) * *
= + 1 / ( x x ) = kg (NEW)
= m Weight = Density*PI*(D-t)*Widht*t
Thickness of Shell = x PI x( - ) * *
= kg (CORRODED)
x x ( - 0.3) x SHELL COURSE #4 SUMMARY
x Widht of Shell plate = m
= mm t-calc = MAX (t-calc_650,t.seismic)
HYDROSTATIC TEST CONDITION = MAX ( , )
< Design Condition G = 1 > = mm
= + 1 / ( x x ) t.required = MAX(t.design, t.test, t.min650)
= m = MAX ( , , 6 )
Thickness of Shell = mm
t.actual = mm
Weight = Density*PI*(D-t)*Widht*t
x x ( - 0.3) x 1 = x PI x( - ) * *
x = kg (NEW)
= mm Weight = Density*PI*(D-t)*Widht*t
= x PI x( - ) * *
= kg (CORRODED)
SHELL COURSE #1 SUMMARY SHELL COURSE #5 SUMMARY
Widht of Shell plate = m Widht of Shell plate = m
t-calc = MAX (t-calc_650,t.seismic) t-calc = MAX (t-calc_650,t.seismic)
= MAX ( , ) = MAX ( , )
= mm = mm
t.required = MAX(t.design, t.test, t.min650) t.required = MAX(t.design, t.test, t.min650)
= MAX ( , , 6 ) = MAX ( , , 6 )
= mm = mm
t.actual = mm t.actual = mm
Weight = Density*PI*(D-t)*Widht*t Weight = Density*PI*(D-t)*Widht*t
= x PI x( - ) * * = x PI x( - ) * *
= kg (NEW) = kg (NEW)
Weight = Density*PI*(D-t)*Widht*t Weight = Density*PI*(D-t)*Widht*t
= x PI x( - ) * * = x PI x( - ) * *
= kg (CORRODED) = kg (CORRODED)
SHELL COURSE #2 SUMMARY SHELL COURSE #6 SUMMARY
Widht of Shell plate = m Widht of Shell plate = m
t-calc = MAX (t-calc_650,t.seismic) t-calc = MAX (t-calc_650,t.seismic)
= MAX ( , ) = MAX ( , )
= mm = mm
t.required = MAX(t.design, t.test, t.min650) t.required = MAX(t.design, t.test, t.min650)
= MAX ( , , 6 ) = MAX ( , , 6 )
= mm = mm
t.actual = mm t.actual = mm
Weight = Density*PI*(D-t)*Widht*t Weight = Density*PI*(D-t)*Widht*t
= x PI x( - ) * * = x PI x( - ) * *
= kg (NEW) = kg (NEW)
Weight = Density*PI*(D-t)*Widht*t Weight = Density*PI*(D-t)*Widht*t
= x PI x( - ) * * = x PI x( - ) * *
= kg (CORRODED) = kg (CORRODED)
0.835
+ 2
1.828
6.560 0
0.589
8.571 0
8.571
171
0.835
0.835
1.15 1000 * 998 9.8 0.835
1.28
+ CA
(Sd*E)
4.9 18.29 1.28
1.15 1000 * 998 9.8 1.000
t
calc
=
(St*E)
=
4.9 18.29 1.26
171 0.85
4.9D(H'-0.3)*G
1.26
160 0.85
2.537
t
calc
=
=
4.9D(H'-0.3)*G
2
0.85
160 6.560
5779.93
7865
6.560
4128.98
1.828
5.554 0
5.554
5.554 3.970
5.097
7865 18.3
9.00
0.009 1.828
1.828
0.009
7430.53
7865 18.3 0.007 1.828 0.007
8.571 7.351
8.57
3303.36
1.828
3.542 0
4954.5
7865 18.3
5779.93
7.565
1.828
7.565 0
7.565
7.565 6.224
6.000
6.56
7.00
7865 18.3 0.007 1.828 0.007
18.3 0.005 1.828 0.005
6.000
7.00
0.005 1.828 0.005
7865
4128.98
1.828
4.548 0
4.548
5779.93
7865 18.3
18.3 0.007 1.828 0.007
0.006 1.828 0.006
4.548 2.843
6.000
6.00
7865 18.3
6.00
7865 18.3
0.006 1.828 0.006
4954.5
6605.28
7865 18.3
0.008 1.828 0.008
8.00
7865 18.3
3303.36
0.006 1.828 0.006
4954.5
7865 18.3 0.004 1.828 0.004
0.004 1.828 0.004
3.542
3.542 1.716
Reference spec.: Process & Piping Specification Engineer : Tjo
MIANG BESAR COAL TERMINAL
CALCULATION FOR STORAGE TANK
Doc. No. :
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Rev. No. :
Date :
DESIGN THICKNESS OF SHELL DESIGN THICKNESS OF SHELL (CONT'd)
SHELL COURSE #7 SUMMARY
Widht of Shell plate = m
t-calc = MAX (t-calc_650,t.seismic)
= MAX ( , )
= mm
t.required = MAX(t.design, t.test, t.min650)
= MAX ( , , 6 )
= mm
t.actual = mm
Weight = Density*PI*(D-t)*Widht*t
= x PI x( - ) * *
= kg (NEW)
Weight = Density*PI*(D-t)*Widht*t
= x PI x( - ) * *
= kg (CORRODED)
6.00
4954.5
7865 18.3 0.004 1.828 0.004
1.828
2.537 0
2.537
2.537 0.589
6.000
7865 18.3 0.006 1.828 0.006
3303.36
Reference spec.: Process & Piping Specification Engineer : Tjo
MIANG BESAR COAL TERMINAL
CALCULATION FOR STORAGE TANK
Doc. No. :
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INTERMADIATE WIND GIRDER PER API 5.9.7
Wind Velocity (V) = km/h
Design Wind Velocity (V
d
) = km/h
Design Vacuum at top of tank = kPa
Number of Intermediate Girder =
Velocity Factor (V
f
)
V
f
= ( V
d
/V ) ^2 = ( 60 / ) ^2 =
TOP END STIFFENER
Stiffener Size = x x 7
Actual Modulus of Section = mm3
INTERMEDIATE STIFFENER CALCULATION PER API 650 5.9.7
Note : Using the thinnest shell course, t_thinnest instead of
top shell course
Subtracting corrosion allowance per user setting
Maximum Height of unstiffened Shell (H
u
)
The Ratio of the material's modulus of elasticity at maximum design
temperature per API 650 M.6
ME = / =
(t-CA)_thinnest = mm
Nominal Tank Diameter (D) = m
Hu = (ME*9.47*(t-CA)_thinnest*SQRT((t-CA)_thinnest/D)^3)/V
f
= ( * 9.47 * * SQRT ( / ) ^ 3 /
= m
Transposed widht of each shell course (W
tr
)
W
tr
= W * ((t-CA)_top / (t-CA)_course)^2.5
<TRANSFORMING COURSE 1 TO 7>
W
tr
(1) = * ( / ) ^ 2.5 = m
W
tr
(2) = * ( / ) ^ 2.5 = m
W
tr
(3) = * ( / ) ^ 2.5 = m
W
tr
(4) = * ( / ) ^ 2.5 = m
W
tr
(5) = * ( / ) ^ 2.5 = m
W
tr
(6) = * ( / ) ^ 2.5 = m
W
tr
(7) = * ( / ) ^ 2.5 = m
Height of the transformed shell (H
ts
)
Hts = SUM (Wtr)
=
L_ 0 = Hts / Number of Intermediate stiffeners +1
= /
= m
Because Hu L_ 0
60
190 0.100
190
70 70
0
8430
18.288
4
199.00 199.00 1
1.00 4 4 18.29
1.828
1.828
1.828
1.828
1.828
1.828
0.45121
0.66336
1.04641
1.04641
1.828
1.828
1.828
8.69139
0
8.691 1
8.69
, thus No intermediate Wind girder needed
1.828
4
4
4
4
4
4
4
7
6
5
5
4
4
4
0.100
38.86
WIND DATA SEISMIC DATA
Method = API Method = API 650 11 th Ed -Non ASCE7 (Sp)
Wind Velocity (V) = km/h Seismic Use Group =
Design Wind Velocity (V
d
) = km/h Site Class =
Importance Factor (I
w
) = Design Level peak ground Acceleration =
paramater for sites
ANCHOR DESIGN ANCHOR CHAIRS
Number of Anchor Bolts or Legs (Na) = Chair Material = ASTM A-36
Diameter of Anchor Circle = Top Plate Type = Discrete
Anchor Bolt Material = ASTM A 193 Gr.B7 Chair Style = Vert. Straight
Anchor Bolt Corrosion Allowance = mm a = mm c = mm g = mm
Bolt Diameter (d) = b = mm e = mm h = mm
Thread Pitch (p) = k = mm f = mm j = mm
Pitch Angle () = q Repad
t = mm h = mm w = mm
WIND CALCULATION
WIND MOMENT PER API 650 5.11 Moment Due to Wind Force on Roof (M_roof)
Arae Resisting the compressive force (A) = mm
2
M_roof = (P_uplift)*Ap*Xw
Lowest Minimum specified yield strenght (F
y
) = Mpa = * *
Slope Roof = 1 / 12 or = N
Nominal Weight of roof plate plus any = N Moment Arm of Wind Force on shell (X
s
)
attached structural (D
LR
) X
s
= H / 2
Nominal Diameter (D) = m = / 2
Nominal Height of Tank (H) = m = m
Design Liquid height (H_liq) = m Projected Area of Shell (A
s
)
Design Internal Pressure at Top of Tank (P
e
) = kPa A
s
= H * D
Velocity Factor (V
f
) = *
V
f
= ( V
d
/V ) ^2 = ( 60 / ) ^2 = =
m
2
Wind Uplift (P_uplift) Moment due to wind force on shell (M_shell)
P_uplift = Iw * 1.44*Vf = 1 * * = kPa M_shell = I
w
* 0.86 * V
f
* A
s
* X
s
API 650 5.2.1.k Uplift Check = 1 * 0.86 * * *
= kN.m
= N.m
* * TAN 0.00127 * Wind Moment (M
w
)
200 * ^2 ^ 2 M
w
= M_roof + M_shell
= kPa = +
Limit Wind Uplift + Internal Pressure to 1.6*P_F4.1 = N.m
P_uplift + Pe = MIN (Wind_Uplift + Pe, 1.6*P_F4.1)
P_uplift = MIN (Wind_Uplift , 1.6*P_F4.1-Pe) RESISTANCE TO OVERTURNING PER API 650 5.11.2
= MIN ( , ) Min. Specified Yield stress the bottom = MPa
= kPa plate under the shell (F
by
)
Vertical Projected Area of Roof (Ap_vert) An unanchored tank must these two criteria
Ap_vert =
OD^2 TAN T
1) 0.6*M
w
+M
pi
< M
DL
/1.5
= ^2 * TAN 2) M
w
+ 0.4M
pi
< (M
DL
+M
F
)/2
= m
2
Where,
Horizontal Projected Area of Roof Destabilizing Wind Moment (Mw) = N.m
Moment Arm of UPLIFT wind force on roof (X
w
) Destabilizing Moment about the shell-to-bottom joint from design Pressure
X
w
= M
pi
= Pe * PI *D^2/4 * D/2
= 0.5 * = * PI * ^2/4* / 2
= m = kN.m
Projected Area of roof for wind moment (Ap) = N.m
A
p
= PI * D^2/4 Stabilizing Moment about the Shell-to-Bottom Joint from the Shell and
= PI * ^ 2 / 4 Weight Supported by the Shell (M
DL
)
=
m
2
M
DL
= (W_shell + W_roof) * D/2
= ( + ) * /2
= N.m
262.68
0.1436
27.87
18.29
344.9 124500
0.5*D
18.29
1.17
0.1436 0.86415
P_F4.1 =
A*Fy tanT
200D
2
D
2
0.22
1 18.29 18.29
18.29
315604.7 10359.9
12.60
9.14
18.29 4.76
18.29
2502.97
250
101527.19
18.29
4.76
2502.97 250 4.76
18.29
+
101527.19
18.29
1.44 0.100 0.1436
0.100 230.4 6.3
1
12.60
6.3
12.60
230.4
124.5
200 200
100
100
+
MIANG BESAR COAL TERMINAL
CALCULATION FOR STORAGE TANK
Doc. No. :
Job. No. :
Rev. No. :
Date :
INPUT
Reference spec.: Process & Piping Specification Engineer : Tjo
0.00127 D
LR
OUTPUT
1 64 56
50
22.2
190
60
1
100
24
300
14
16
4
38
190 0.100
=
D
III
0.1 262.7 9.14
344.9
2980620.33
2401.92
2401919.93
124845.41
124500.49
124845.41
12.12
250
60
MIANG BESAR COAL TERMINAL
CALCULATION FOR STORAGE TANK
Doc. No. :
Job. No. :
Rev. No. :
Date :
Reference spec.: Process & Piping Specification Engineer : Tjo
WIND CALCULATION
Annular Bottom Ring Thickness Less CA (t
b
) = mm
Minimum Bottom Annular Ring Width (L
b
)
L
b
= MAX ( 450 , 0.0291*tb*SQRT (F
by
/H_liq)
= MAX(0.450, 0.0291* * SQRT ( / )
= mm
Circumferential loading of contents along shell-top-bottom joint (w
l
)
w
l
= 59 * t
b
* SQRT(F
by
*H_liq)
= 59 * * SQRT ( * )
= N/m
Stabilizing Moment due to Bottom Plate and Liquid Weight (M
F
)
M
F
= (D/2)*w
l
*PI*D
= ( / 2 ) * * PI * )
= N.m
<CRITERIA 1>
0.6*( ) + < / 1.5
Since >
<CRITERIA 2>
+ 0.4 * < ( + ) /2
Since
RESISTANCE TO SLIDING PER API 650 5.11.4
F_wind = 0.86 * Vf * AS
= *
= kN
= N
F_Friction = Maximum of 40% of weight of tank
= 0.4 * ( W_roof Corroded + W_shell corroded +
( W_Btm_corroded + Roofstruct + W_min_liquid)
= 0.4 * ( + + +
+ )
= Kg
= N
Because F_friction > F_wind
ANCHORAGE REQUIREMENT
Anchorage required since criteria 1, criteria 2, or sliding are NOT acceptable
2238695
, Thus Anchor is not needed
19.762
19762
101527 315605 133943
0.86 * 0.100 230.4
2980620 11090585.1
1085613.38 7035602.72 , Tank is self anchored
19954.86 65.80
228438
18.29 21110.7 18.29
11090585.1
124845 2401920 2980620
2476827.17 1987080.22 , Tank must be anchored
124845 2401919.93
6.5
250 12.12
0 250 12.12
6.5
21110.7
0.450
MIANG BESAR COAL TERMINAL
CALCULATION FOR STORAGE TANK
Doc. No. :
Job. No. :
Rev. No. :
Date :
Reference spec.: Process & Piping Specification Engineer : Tjo
SEISMIC CALCULATION PER API 650 11th ED. ADDENDUM 2 SEISMIC CALCULATION PER API 650 11th ED. ADDENDUM 2
Method = Non ASCE 7 (Sp) Method Spectral Acceleration Coefficients (A
i
)
WEIGHT A
i
= MAX (2.5*Q*F
a
*S
p
*I/R
wi
, 0.007)
Weight of Shell Incl. Shell Stiffners & Insul. (W
s
) = kg = MAX ( 2.5 * * * * / 4 , 0.007 )
Weight of Floor (Incl. Annular Ring) (W
f
) = kg =
Weight Fixed Roof, Framing and 10% of Design = kg Confective Spectral Acceleration parameter (A
c
)
Live Load & Insul. (W
r
) 2.5*K*Q*F
a
*S
p
*T
S
*T_L*I
SEISMIC VARIABLES
Seismic use Group = * 1 * * * * 4 *
Site Class = ^ 2 *
Design Level Peak ground acceleration = =
parameter (S
p
) EFFECTIVE WEIGHT OF PRODUCT
Design Spectral Response Param. (5% damped) = Ratio of Tank Diameter to Design Liquid Level (D/H) =
for short periods (S
s
=2.5*S
p
) Total Weight of Tank Content based on S.G. (W
p
) = kg
Design Spectral Response Param. (5% damped) = Effective Impulsive Portion of the liquid Weight (W
i
)
for 1-Second periods(S
1
=1.25*S
p
) W
i
= TANH (0.866D/H)/(0.866*D/H)*W
p
Regional Dependent Transition period for Long = sec = TANH (0.866 * ) / ( 0.866 * ) *
Period Ground Motion (T_L) = kg
Vertical Earthquake Acceleration Coefficient (A
v
) = Effective convective (Sloshing) Portion of the liquid Weight (W
c
)
Scalling Factor from the MCE to design level = W
c
= 0.23*D/H *TANH(3.67*H/D)*W
p
spectral acceleration (Q) = 0.23 * * TANH (3.67 / ) *
Acceleration-based site coefficient (F
a
) = = kg
Velocity-based site coefficient (F
v
) = Effective Weight Contributing to Seismic Response (W
eff
)
Importance Factor defined by Seismic Use = W
eff
= W
i
+ W
c
Group (III) = +
Force Reduction Factor for the impulsive = = kg
mode (R
wi
) Roof Load Acting on Shell, Including 10% of Live Load (W
rs
)
Force Reduction Factor for Convective = W
rs
= kg
mode (R
wc
)
Coefficient for impulsive period of tank = DESIGN LOAD
system from API 650 Fig E-1 (C
i
) Design base shear due to impulsive component from effective weight of
Equivalent uniform thickness of Tank shell (t
u
) = mm tank and content (V
i
)
Density of tank product (U )
=
kg/m
3
V
i
= A
i
* (W
s
+W
r
+ W
f
+ W
i
)
Elastic modulus of tank material ( E ) = Gpa = * ( + + + )
Coefficient to adjust spectral accleration from = = kg
5%-0.5% damping (K) Design base sheare due to convective component of the effective weight
The design spectral response acceleration param. At short periods (Sds) of the effective sloshing weight (V
c
)
S
ds
= Q * F
a
* S
s
V
c
= A
c
* W
c
= 1 * * = *
= = kg
The design spectral response acceleration param. At 1-second periods (Sd1) Total design base Shear (V)
S
d1
= Q * F
v
* S
1
V = SQRT ( Vi^2 + Vc^2)
= 1 * * = SQRT( ^2 + ^2)
= = kg
STRUCTURAL PERIOD OF VIBRATION
Impulsive Natural Period (T
i
) CENTER OF ACTION FOR RINGWALL OVERTURNING MOMENT
T
i
=
(1/SQRT(2000))*(Ci*H/SQRT(tu/D))*SQRT(U/E)
Height to the center of action of lateral seismic force related to
= (1/SQRT(2000))* ( * /SQRT ( / )) impulsive liquid force for the ringwall moment (X
i
)
* SQRT ( / ) X
i
= 0.375 * H
= sec = 0.375 *
Convective (Sloshing) Period (T
c
) = m
K
s
= 0.578/SQRT(TANH(3.68H/D)) Height to the center of action of lateral seismic force related to
= 0.578 / SQRT (TANH (3.68* / )) convective liquid force for the ringwall moment (X
c
)
= sec
T
c
= 1.8 * K
s
* SQRT (D)
= 1.8 * * SQRT ( ) (COSH(3.67/ ) - 1
= sec 3.67 / * SINH (3.67 / )
= m
0.55
0.275
4
0.1
1
18.29
1.36
1.85
1.36 0.55
0.748
1.85 0.275
0.0057
12.60
40459.17
18924.48
32386.76
0.22
III
D
0.509
6.13 12.60 0.007
833.3 2E+11
= A
c
Tc^2 * Rwc
=
4.48 2
18.29
1.5
1.5
0.114
906636.86
1753249.66
0.114 906637
103545
517528
833.33
200
1.5
4
2
6.13
7
1.51 1.51
1753249.66
1.51 1.51
1.51
2653217.73
1.36 0.22 0.68 1.5 2.5 *
906636.864
2659886.52
15058.7
0.281 40459.17 32386.76 18924.48 1753250
517528
X
c
0.58
103545
527785
12.12
4.55
(1 -
(COSH(3.67*H/D)-1)
(3.67*H/D)*SINH(3.67*H/D)
=
= (1 -
1.51
1.51 1.51
) * 12.12
7.94
0.582 18.29
4.48
0.22 1.5
0.2805
) * H
2653217.73
2653217.73
1 1.36
MIANG BESAR COAL TERMINAL
CALCULATION FOR STORAGE TANK
Doc. No. :
Job. No. :
Rev. No. :
Date :
Reference spec.: Process & Piping Specification Engineer : Tjo
SEISMIC CALCULATION PER API 650 11th ED. ADDENDUM 2 SEISMIC CALCULATION PER API 650 11th ED. ADDENDUM 2
CENTER OF ACTION FOR SLAB OVERTURNING MOMENT OVERTUNING MOMENT
Height to center of action of lateral seismic force related to the impulsive Ringwall Moment-Portion of the total overtuning moment that acts at
liquid force for the slab moment (X
is
) the base of the tank shell perimeter (M
rw
)
M
rw
= ((A
i
*(W
i
*X
i
+W
s
*X
s
+W
r
*X
r
))^2+(A
c
*W
c
*X
c
)^2)^0.5
TANH(0.866*D/H) = (( ( * + * 6 +
0.866 * * )^2 +( * * )^2)^0.5
TANH (0.866 * = kg.m
= m Slab moment used for slab and pile cap design (M
s
)
Height to center of action of lateral seismic force related to the convective M
s
= ((A
i
*(W
i
*X
is
+W
s
*X
s
+W
r
*X
r
))^2+(A
c
*W
c
*X
cs
)^2)^0.5
liquid force for the slab moment (Xcs) = (( ( * + * 6 +
* )^2 +( * * )^2)^0.5
= kg.m
COSH( 3.67 / )-
3.67/ *SINH (3.67/ )
= m
DYNAMIC LIQUID HOOP FORCES RESISTANCE TO DESIGN LOAD
0.75*D = m <SELF ANCHORED>
Ratio of Tank Diameter to Design Liquid Level (D/H) = Minimum yield strenght of Bottom Annulus (Fy) = Mpa
Specific Grafity (G) = Effective specific grafity including vertical seismic effects (G
e
)
Nominal Diameter (D) = m G
e
= S.G (1-0.4*A
v
)
Design Liquid height (H) = m = ( 1 - 0.4 * )
Vertical Earthquake Acceleration Coefficient (A
v
) = =
For D/H 1.333 201.1*H*D*Ge = N/m
Force resisting uplift in annular region (w
a
)
w
a
= 99 t
a
*SQRT (Fy*H*Ge)
For D/H < 1.333 and Y <0.75D = 99 * 6.5 * SQRT ( * * )
= N/m
Shell and roof weight acting at base of the shell (w
t
)
w
t
= (wrs + ws)/(PI*D)
For D/H < 1.333 and Y 0.75D = ( + ) / ( PI * )
= kg/m
Uplift load due to design pressure acting at base of shell (w
int
)
For All proportional D/H w
int
= 0.4 * Pe * (PI*D^2/4)/(PI*D)
= 0.4 * *(PI * ^2 /4 ) /( PI * )
= kN/m
= kg/m
< ANNULAR RING REQUIREMENTS>
Required Annular Ring Widht (L)
Dynamic hoop tensile stress L = 0.01723 * t
b
* SQRT (F
by
/(H*G
e
))
= 0.01723 * * SQRT ( / ( * )
= m
L = MIN (0.035*D,L)
= MIN ( , )
= m
Actual Annular Plate Width (L
s
)
L
s
= mm
PIPING FLEXIBILITY
< ESTIMATING TANK UPLIFT>
Estimating uplift displacement for self-anchored tank (y
u
)
y
u
= 12.10*F
by
*L^2/t
b
= 12.10 * * ^ 2 /
= mm
X
is
0.376 * ( 1 +1.333* (
0.866*D/H
- 1 )) *H
2E+06 7.68 40459.17
= 0.376 * ( 1 +1.333* (
1.51
1.51
-1))* 12.12
7.68
=
0.281
12431.9007 0.114 9E+05 7.94
3977165.42
X
cs
= (1-
3.67*H/D*SINH(3.67*H/D)
COSH(3.67*H/D)-1.937
) *H
= (1-
1.51 1.937
1.51 1.51
)* 12.12
8.77
13.72
SHELL Ni Nc Nh
#1 201.69 10.22 743.88
Y W t
58.74
N/mm N/mm N/mm MPa MPa m
12.12 1.828
m mm
9
45.18
#3 174.49 13.11 404.06 83.38 32.07
1.828
1.828
8
7
10.29
8.46
23.22
#5 118.23 23.42 196.75 53.15 12.44
1.828
1.828
7
6
6.64
4.81
800
250 0.8
478.484
12.85
0.5681
#6 79.21 32.96 121.96 34.77 5.88
#7 32.93 47.00 47.17 17.46 -1.73
1.828
1.828
6
6
2.98
1.15
0.281 2E+06 7.68 40459.17
12431.9007

T
-
1.51
250 12.12 0.802
31715
15059 12432 18.29
35733
1.00
0.64
0.835 0.1
0.802
0.568
0.568
T
+
0.835
18.29
12.12
0.1
#4 149.99 17.10 316.80 67.29
#2 191.72 10.92 561.51 95.20
106.57
6.5
297.85
0.114 9E+05
18.29 18.29
1.83
186.61
6.5 250 12.12 0.802
8.77
3995739.82
250
12.85
MIANG BESAR COAL TERMINAL
CALCULATION FOR STORAGE TANK
Doc. No. :
Job. No. :
Rev. No. :
Date :
Reference spec.: Process & Piping Specification Engineer : Tjo
SEISMIC CALCULATION PER API 650 11th ED. ADDENDUM 2 SEISMIC CALCULATION PER API 650 11th ED. ADDENDUM 2
ANCHORAGE RATIO (J)
w
t
= (W
s
+ W
rs
)/PI*D
= ( + ) / ( PI * )
= kg/m
= N/m
Anchorage Ratio (J)
D^2*(w
t*
(1-0.4*Av)+w
a
-0.4*w
int
)
^ 2 ( (1 - 0.4* ) + )
=
Because J >
MAXIMUM LONGITUDINAL SHELL_MEMBRANE COMPRESSIVE STRESS
Shell Compression in Self-Anchored Tanks
Thickness of bottom shell course minus CA (ts_1) = mm
Maximum longitudinal shell compression stress (
c
)
w
t
*(1+0.4*A
v
)+w
a
0.607-0.18667*J^2.3
* (1+0.4* ) +
0.607-0.018667* ^2.3
= Mpa
Allowable Longitudinal Shell-Membrane Compression Stress
Minimum specified yield strenght of shell course (F
ty
) = Mpa
G*H*D^2/ts_1^2 =
Allowable longitudinal Shell-membrane compressive stress (F
c
)
F
c
= 83 * ts /D
= 83 * /
= MPa
Because F
c
F
ty
--------------->>
HOOP STRESS
J
M
rw
32205 18.29 15058.7
822.64
8061.83
=
18.29 8061.83 0.1 31715 -0.4 * 1829
38976221.09
SHELL
2.2
3.4
250
69.08
7 18.29
Fy*0.9*E t-min
31.77
#7 191.25 17.46 212.8
=
)/(1000 * 7 )
10.8809
3.00954
1.54
8061.83 0.1
7

c
= ( - w
a
)/(1000*ts_1)
= (
31715
3.01
-
OK
4.3 OK
#2 191.25 4.1 OK
212.8 191.25
3.8 #3 191.25
#1 191.25
#4 191.25 3.7
#6 191.25 3.1 OK
53.15 212.8 191.25
34.77 212.8 191.25
#5 191.25
OK

T
+ Sd*1.33
Stress (MPa )
Allowable Membrane
Status
MPa MPa
106.57 212.8 191.25
95.20 212.8 191.25
83.38 212.8 191.25
67.29
OK
, Tank is not stable and cannot be self-anchored for the
design load. Modify the annular ring if L < 0.035D is not
controlling or add mechanical anchorage.
OK
OK
MPa mm
191.25
31715
MIANG BESAR COAL TERMINAL
CALCULATION FOR STORAGE TANK
Doc. No. :
Job. No. :
Rev. No. :
Date :
Reference spec.: Process & Piping Specification Engineer : Tjo
ANCHOR BOLT DESIGN ANCHOR BOLT DESIGN (CONT'd)
MECHANICALLY-ANCHORED PER API E.6.2.1.2
Number of Anchor (N
a
) = Nos Freeboard (_s)
Maximum Spacing = m _s = 0.5*D*Af
Actual Spacing = m = 0.5 * *
Minimum Numbers of Anchor (N
min
) = Nos = m
Minimum specified yield strenght of shell course (F
ty
) = Mpa 0.7 * _s = m
Design Uplift on Anchores per unit circumferential length (w
ab
) Per Table E-7
w
ab
= (1.273*M
rw
/D^2-w
t
(1-0.4A
v
) A freeboard equel to _s is required unless one of the following
= ( 1.273 * / ^2 - ( 1 - 0.4 * )) alternatives are provided :
= N/m 1. Secondary contaminent is provided to control the product spill.
Anchor Seismic design Load (P
ab
) 2. The Roof and tank shall are designed to contain the sloshing liquid.
P
ab
= w
ab
* PI*D/N
a
= * PI * / SLIDING RESISTANCE PER API E.7.6
= N Friction Ceofficient () =
Anchorage chair design load (P
a
) Calculated seismic base shear (V) = kg
P
a
= 3 * P
ab
= N
= 3 * N Resistance to sliding (V
s
)
= N V
s
= *(W
s
+W
r
+W
f
+W
p
)*(1-0.4*A
v
)
= * ( + + + ) *
SHELL COMPRESSION IN MECHANICALLY-ANCHORED TANK PER API E.6.2.2.2 ( 1 - 0.4 * )
Maximum Lognitudinal Shell compression stress (c_anchored) = kg
= N
Because V V
s
--------------->>
1.273*
^2 LOCAL SHEAR TRANSFER (V
max
) PER API E.7.7
= MPa V
max
= 2 * V / (PI * D)
Because c_anchored F
ty
---->> = 2 * / (PI * )
Longitudinal Shell-membrane compression stress (Fc) = MPa = N
Because Fc Fty --------------->> Tangential shear in flat-bottom steel tanks shall be transferred through
the welded connection to the steel bottom. The shear stress in the weld
DETAILING REQUIREMENT PER API E.7 shall not exceed 80% of the weld or base metal yield stress.
Seismic use Group =
The design spectral response acceleration =
param. At short periods (Sds)
<SELF ANCHORED>
Note : Butt-welded annular aplates are required.
Annular plates exceeding 3/5 inch(9.5mm) thickness shall be
butt-welded. The weld of the shell to annular plate shall be checked
for the design uplift load.
<MECHANICALLY ANCHORED>
Minimum numbers of Anchors =
FREEBOARD-SLOSHING PER API E.7.2
Regional Dependent Transition period for Long = sec
Period Ground Motion (T_L)
Importance Factor defined by Seismic Use =
Group (III)
Convective (Sloshing) Period (T
c
) = sec
The design spectral response acceleration =
param. At 1-second periods (S
d1
)
Coefficient to adjust spectral accleration from =
5%-0.5% damping (K)
Acceleration coefficient for sloshing wave height calculation (A
f
)
When, T
C
> 4 ,then
A
f
= K*S
d1
*T_L/T
c
^2
= * * 4 / ^ 2
=
0.4
3
2.39
0.1
5172293 18.29
10359.92 19954.86
1.5
0.152
18.29 0.152
1.392
0.975
0.4 32204.56
19
) +
3.9E+07
1033093
c_anchored = (w
t
*(1+0.4*A
v
)+
1.273*M
rw
D^2
4689 0.1
1.5 0.51 4.48
31.77
III
0.748
OK
4
1.5
4.48
0.51
21.89
)/1000*ts_1
18.29
)/1000 *7 = ( 4689.15 *(1+0.4* 0.1
143851
143851 18.29 24
24
344364
344364
3.9E+07 18.29
2653217.73
1042843.03
10219861.71
527785.03
5172293.25
180051.63
OK
250
OK
OK
MIANG BESAR COAL TERMINAL
CALCULATION FOR STORAGE TANK
Doc. No. :
Job. No. :
Rev. No. :
Date :
Reference spec.: Process & Piping Specification Engineer : Tjo
ANCHOR BOLT DESIGN ANCHOR BOLT DESIGN (CONT'd)
Bolt Material = ASTM A 193 Gr.B7
Lowest Minimum specified yield strenght (F
y
) = MPa <Uplift Case 4, Wind Load only>
UPLIFT LOAD CASE PER API 650 TABLE 5-21a PWR = kPa
Tank Diameter (D) = m PWS = 0.86 * Vf
Design Pressure (P) = kPa = kPa
Test Pressure (Pt) = kPa MWH = PWS*(D+t_ins/500)*H^2 /2
Failure Pressure per F.6 (P
f
) = = * ( + 0 / 500)* ^2/2
Roof Plate Thickness (t_h) = mm = kN.m
Wind Moment (M
w
) = N.m U = PWR*D^2*785+(4*MWH/D)-W2
Seismic Ringwall Moment (M
rw
) = N.m = * ^2 * 785+ (4* / ) -
< FOR TANK WITH STRUCTURAL SUPPORTED ROOF> = N
Dead Load of Shell minus CA and Any Load Minus CA other than Roof plate bt = U / N = N
Acting on Shell (W1) Bolt Area Required (A_s_r)
W1 = Corroded Shell + Shell Insulation Allowable Design Stress (Sd) = 0.8 * Fy = MPa
= + A_s_r = N.A, Since Load per bolt is zero
= kg
<Uplift Case 5, Seismic Load Only>
Dead Load of Shell minus CA and Any Load Minus CA other than Roof U = (4 *Mrw/D) -W2*(1-0.4*Av)
Plate minus CA Acting on Shell (W2) = ( 4 * / )- * ( 1 - 0.4 * )
W2 = Corroded Shell + Shell Insulation + Corroded Roof Plate supported = N
by Shell +Roof Dead Load Supported By shell bt = U / N = N
= + + + Bolt Area Required (A_s_r)
= kg Allowable Design Stress (Sd) = 0.8 * Fy = MPa
A_s_r = bt/Sd
Dead Load of New Shell and any Dead Load other than roof plate acting = /
on shell (W3) = mm
2
W3 = New Shell + Shell Insulation
= + <Uplift Case 6, Design Pressure + Wind Load>
= kg U = ((0.4P+PWR-0.008th)*D^2*785)+(4*MWH/D)-W1
= ((0.4* + - 0.08 * ) * ^2*785)+
UPLIFT CASE ( 4 * / )-
<Uplift Case 1, Design Pressure Only> = N
U = ((P-0.08*t_h)*D^2 *785)-W1 bt = U / N = N
= (( - 0.08 * )* ^2 * 785 ) - Bolt Area Required (A_s_r)
= N Allowable Design Stress (Sd) = 0.8 * Fy = MPa
bt = U / N = N A_s_r = bt/Sd
Bolt Area Required (A_s_r) = /
Allowable Design Stress (Sd) = MPa = mm
2
A_s_r = N.A, Since Load per bolt is zero
<Uplift Case 7, Design Pressure + Seismic Load>
<Uplift Case 2, Test Pressure Only> U = ((0.4P-0.08th)*D^2*785)+(4*M
rw
/D)-W
1
(1-04A
v
)
U = ((Pt-0.08*t_h)*D^2 *785)-W1 = ((0.4 * - 0 .08 * 5 ) * ^2 *785)+(4* /18.29)
= (( - 0.08 * )* ^2 * 785 ) - - ( 1 - 0.4* )
= N = N
bt = U / N = N bt = U / N = N
Bolt Area Required (A_s_r) Bolt Area Required (A_s_r)
Allowable Design Stress (Sd) = MPa Allowable Design Stress (Sd) = 0.8 * Fy = MPa
A_s_r = N.A, Since Load per bolt is zero A_s_r = bt/Sd
= /
<Uplift Case 3, Failure Pressure only> = mm
2
Not Applicable since if there is knuckle on tank roof, or tank roof is not <Uplift Case 8, Frangibility Pressure>
frangible Not Applicable since if there is knuckle on tank roof, or tank roof is not
Pf (Failure pressure per F.6) = N.A. frangible
Pf (Failure pressure per F.6) = N.A.
230.18
0.40
417131.87
-394588.405
578.4
38976221.09 18.29 42564.48 0.1
8484120.84
-16441.2
353505
578.4
353505 578.4
611.177
1 0.144 5 18.29
124.5 18.29
32204.56 0
38976221.09
105
1 5 18.29 315605
-158078.291
1 5 18.29 315605
-158078.291
-6586.6
32204.56
32204.56 0 10359.9
42564.48
40459.17 0
40459.17
32204.56
5524.28
230.178
578.4
0.144
0.086
0.086 18.29 12.60
124.5
0.086 18.29 124.5 18.29
124845.41
5
NA
1
1
18.288
723
18.29 38976221.09
315604.69 0.1
8222002.24
578.4
342583 578.4
592.29
140
-6586.6 342583.43
578.40
1
MIANG BESAR COAL TERMINAL
CALCULATION FOR STORAGE TANK
Doc. No. :
Job. No. :
Rev. No. :
Date :
Reference spec.: Process & Piping Specification Engineer : Tjo
ANCHOR BOLT DESIGN ANCHOR BOLT DESIGN (CONT'd)
ANCHOR BOLT SUMMERY
Bolt Root area required = mm
2
Bolt Diameter (d) = mm
Thread Pitch = mm
Pitch Angle = q
Anchor Bolt Corrosion Allowance = mm
Minimum Root Diameter ( d )
d
min
= SQRT (A_s_r*4/PI)
= SQRT( * 4 / PI)
= mm
Actual Root Diameter (d_root)
d_root = d - 2 * p *0.64952
= - 2 * 4 * 0.64952
=
d_root + CA =
Because d_root + CA d_min
27.9
611.177
38
4
611.177
60
38
32.8
33.8
1
, then Bolt diameter meets requirements
BOTTOM DATA BOTTOM CONSTRUCTION
Bottom Plate Material = ASTM A-36 Bottom type of Tank
SMYS Roof of Tank Material (F
yr
) = MPa
Allowable Design Strees (F) = MPa Bottom Plate Thickness = mm
Density (U) = kg/m
3
Flat Bottom Plate Outside Diameter (OD) = m
Bottom Plate Corrosion Allowance = mm Annular Bottom Plate Thickness = mm
Joint Coefficient = Annular Ring Width = mm
Annular Ring Material = ASTM A-36
Annular Ring Corrosion Allowance = mm DATA
Maximum Liquid Level = m Water Density (at Temp = 10 C ) ( U) = kg/m
3
Design Pressure at Top of Tank (Pe) = kPa Grafity (g) = m/s
2
BOTTOM CALCULATION
CALCULATION OF STRESS PER API 650 5.5.1 FLAT BOTTOM PLATE SUMMARY
Bottom 1st Shell Course Thickness (t_1) = mm Bottom Plate Material = ASTM A-36
Shell Plate Corrosion Allowance (CA) = mm t_required = mm
Nominal Tank Diameter (D) = m t_actual = mm
Design specific grafity of the liquid to be store = Annular Bottom Plate Material = ASTM A-36
Effective Liquid head at design Pressure (H') Minimum Annular Ring Thickness = mm
H' = H + 1000P
e
/UgG t_annular_ring = mm
= + 1 / ( x x ) Minimum Annular Ring Width = mm
= m W_annular_Ring = mm
Hydrostatic Test Stress in Bottom (1st) Shell Course (St) Weight of Bottom Plate
Bottom Plate Area = PI / 4 * (D-2*t_1-2*W_actual)^2
= PI / 4 * ( - 2 * - 2 * ) ^ 2
x x ( - 0.3) x = m
2
Annular_Area = PI /4 * OD ^ 2 - Bottom Area
= MPa = PI / 4 * ^ 2 -
Product Design Stress in Bottom (1st) Shell Course = m
2
New_Weight = Density*t_bottom*Bottom Area +
Density*t_annular*Annular Area
x x ( - 0.3) x = * * +
( - ) * *
= MPa = kg
Non Annular Bottom Plate Corr_Weigth = Density*t_bottom*Bottom Area +
t_min = + CA = + = mm (Per Section 5.4.1) Density*t_annular*Annular Area
t_Calc = mm = * * +
Annular Bottom Plate per API 650 5.5.3 Table 5-1b * *
t_min_annular_ring = 6 + CA = 6 + 3 = mm = kg
t_actual_annular_ring = mm
MINIMUM ANNULAR BOTTOM PLATES PER API 650 5.5.2
Minimum Annular Ring Width (W_int)
W_int = 215*t_min_annular_ring/SQRT(H*G)
= 215 * / SQRT ( * )
= mm
W_int = mm minimum per API 650 section 5.5.2
W_int = mm
W_actual_internal = mm
OUTPUT
218.26
7865 0.0065 49.09
13667.7
0.009
218.26
0.8
18.45 218.263
6 6
9
=
4.9 18.29 12.24 1.000
9
Sd =
4.9D(H'-0.3)*G
(t_1-CA)
799.8
49.09
7865 0.009 218.26
7865 0.009 49.09
18924.5
7865 0.0065
9
12.24 0.835
2.5 8.5
8.5
1
= St
=
4.9 18.29
12.24
600
600.0
18.29
6.00
403.46
137.14
9
1
800
600
8.5
9
8.5
9
101.79
12.24
18.29
0.835
9
t_1
INPUT
12.12 1000 * 998 9.8 0.835
4.9D(H'-0.3)*G
Flat bottom-Annular
9
18.45
9
800
12.12
0.85
2.5
2.5
250
160
7865
1
998
9.8
0.835
Reference spec.: Process & Piping Specification Engineer : Tjo
MIANG BESAR COAL TERMINAL
CALCULATION FOR STORAGE TANK
Doc. No. :
Job. No. :
Rev. No. :
Date :