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Edition 8, 20 August 2014

Photo: KELLAN BOTHA

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The Oppidan Press

20 August 2014

News Features

A decade of women’s academic solidarity

Khanyi Mlaba and Gemma Middleton

F ormer US Secretary of State Hillary Clinton once said, “[Women] are agents of

change, we are drivers of progress, we are makers of peace - all we need is a fighting chance.” A decade after the establishment of South Africa’s democracy, female academics at Rhodes University created that chance for themselves in the form of the Women’s Academic Solidarity Association (WASA). WASA celebrated its tenth anni- versary with a colloquium that fell, appropriately, on National Women’s Day this year. Entitled “Unheard Rhodes Histories,” the colloquium un- covered personal narratives regarding the struggle that women face in their pursuit of higher education. “We seek to provide a space for possible explanations of hidden stories of women before and since WASA’s inception as the voice of women at Rhodes,” explained WASA co-chair Babalwa Magoqwana. The six-hour roundtable event saw academic laureates from UNISA and the Human Science Research Council (HSRC) travel to Rhodes University to recount their stories regarding what it was like to be a woman at Rhodes Uni- versity before WASA was established.

The organisation also held a discussion on women’s leadership in post-apart- heid South Africa earlier in the year. The discussion touched on issues concerning the gender inequality that

is still found in areas of academia.

WASA was started by women who felt that more academic support was needed for women seeking to further their academic knowledge. Dr Noma- langa Mkhize, a prominent member of WASA, said the organisation faced many challenges along the way. “Some of the challenges were around how to coherently deal with the diverse and numerous struggles women had faced at Rhodes,” Mkhize commented. Despite these challenges, the organisation has become a huge suc- cess, so much so that the University of Limpopo has started its own branch known as UL-WASA. Over the last decade, WASA has been a voice for gender equality in the University. “WASA has made a massive impact in the lives of many women academics at Rhodes and many of the ideas that came from WASA on how to support women have been taken up by the University,” stated Mkhize. Despite all of WASA’s success, there remains space for improvement when fighting inequality. “WASA has been a powerful agitator,” Mkhize said, “but the work of transformation should be done properly by Rhodes itself.”

transformation should be done properly by Rhodes itself.” The Women’s Academic Solidarity Association held a

The Women’s Academic Solidarity Association held a colloquium at Rhodes on Women’s Day to discuss recent strides made in women’s academic leadership. Photo: KELLAN BOTHA

Young women at Rhodes make the difference

The National Women’s Day celebrations at Rhodes University have come and gone, but the spirit of Women’s Month still continues. This week, The Oppidan Press spoke to female students to gather their thoughts on womanhood. Compiled by Mila Kakaza. Photos by Kellan Botha.

womanhood. Compiled by Mila Kakaza. Photos by Kellan Botha. Olorato Mongale Olorato Mongale is a second-year

Olorato Mongale Olorato Mongale is a second-year Journalism student and the Vice Presi- dent of OutRhodes. She attributes her willingness to accept people from dif- ferent backgrounds to her mother. “I grew up with a mother who accepted everyone no matter what, therefore I gained the same perspective,” Mongale said. In the spirit of womanhood, Mon- gale has recently spent time research- ing the literature produced by black South African women. “There are a lot of black woman authors who are so worthy of being recognised,” she explained.

who are so worthy of being recognised,” she explained. Anje Niemandt Anje Niemandt is the Chairperson

Anje Niemandt Anje Niemandt is the Chairperson of Galela Amanzi, a Rhodes University student project formed in 2007. “The water crisis is a temporary incon- venience for us on campus but for the rest of the people in the Makana Municipality it’s an everyday reality,” Niemandt said. Niemandt is currently completing her Bachelor of Arts majoring in Art History and Classics. “I want to be one of the first female art gallery owners,” she said. To Niemandt, Women’s Month is

a month which celebrates woman- hood. “Womanhood means strength; it means beauty from the inside; it means confidence,” Niemandt explained.

from the inside; it means confidence,” Niemandt explained. Khanyi Nomoyi President of the Gender Action Project

Khanyi Nomoyi President of the Gender Action Project (GAP), Khanyisa Nomoyi is cur- rently in her second year completing a Bachelor of Arts in Law. “I want to be an advocate and work for public interest organisations. The privilege of being here is a responsibility for me to give back as much as I possibly can,” she said. Nomoyi stated that the #Phenom- enalWomen initiative run by GAP on their Facebook page was an idea to embrace Women’s Month. “Everyday from the 9th until the 30th of August

we celebrate women. You inbox a picture of a woman and tell us why you feel they are phenomenal,” Nomoyi explained.

us why you feel they are phenomenal,” Nomoyi explained. Palmira De Oliveira Pio Zambian-born Palmira De

Palmira De Oliveira Pio Zambian-born Palmira De Oliveira Pio is in the penultimate year of her LLB. “I come from a conservative country where females are not put in dominant positions,” she explained. De Oliveira Pio dreams of becom- ing part of the Zambia State Council. “Currently there is only one female member in the State Council which

I feel is unacceptable,” she said. She

believes that women should be able to hold leadership positions. In her

opinion, Women’s Month is an oppor-

tunity to celebrate and embrace being

a woman.

is an oppor- tunity to celebrate and embrace being a woman. Tendai Mafuma Tendai Mafuma has

Tendai Mafuma Tendai Mafuma has obtained an MSc in Biochemistry from Rhodes Univer- sity and is now in the final year of her LLB. Mafuma stated that women still have to prove themselves in today’s society. “Academics are therefore important to

elevate us as women,” she said. Mafuma argues that the meaning of Women’s Day is gradually becoming lost. “It has become a day to have a pic- nic but beyond the 9th of August there

is nothing more to it,” she said.

20 August 2014

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News Features

C h e c k i t o u t a t : News Features Settlers

Settlers Dam is a popular location for fishing, canoeing and swimming but its safety has recently come into question. Photo: CHRIS KEYWOOD

Safety on Settlers Dam questioned after drownings

Leila Stein

F ollowing the tragic drowning incident at Settlers Dam that left two Rhodes students dead

at the beginning of this month, the safety of those using the dam has been called into question. Popularly known as a spot for fishing, canoeing and swimming in Grahamstown, Set- tlers Dam is frequented by students. The most recent incident, where two Rhodes students drowned after their canoe capsized due to high winds, is not the first case of drowning in a dam around Grahamstown. Settlers Dam is owned by the Makana Municipality and is registered for municipal and industrial use with the Water and Sanitation Department. Since the dam is situated next to the Thomas Baines Nature Reserve, the reserve also allows visitors to use the dam for recreational activities such as sailing and fishing. The cost of renting a canoe is R25 for a half day and R50 for a full day. “Upon arrival at the reserve, clients complete an indemnity form and [re- ceive] a permit which provides them access to the reserve and also permits

the clients to do activities such as ca- noeing,” said CEO of the Eastern Cape Parks and Tourism Agency Vuyani Dayimani. Makana Municipality were unable to comment on their role in safety on the dam before publication. On the day of the drowning inci- dent, the Rhodes women’s rowing team was on the dam for practice. Coach Matthew de Klerk commented that the conditions on the dam were bad but that with proper safety precautions it was feasible to go out. “We still went rowing because I was there with a coaching boat and a rowing fours boat is traditionally stable enough to row in adverse conditions,” he said. “If I was in a small plastic canoe with three others then yes, the risk would be too great.” While the reserve offers lifejackets, the responsibility is placed on the clients to practice safety on the dam. Currently, there is no sign warning people of the possible dangers on the dam, only a liability warning. “We shouldn’t need a sign to tell us what is so clear: that in terrible condi- tions like that, you need to take certain precautions,” said de Klerk.

We shouldn’t need a sign to tell us what is so clear: that in terrible conditions like that, you need to take certain precautions.

terrible conditions like that, you need to take certain precautions. – Matthew de Klerk, Rhodes women’s

– Matthew de Klerk, Rhodes women’s rowing coach

The Rhodes Canoe club also uses Settlers Dam when they are not on the rivers. First-time paddlers are made aware of safety precautions from the moment they start paddling. “We caution new paddlers not to mess around on or around the water especially in terms of drinking,” com- mented club member Angela Chappel.

Intervarsity postponed due to UFH student protests

Phelokazi Mbude

The Intervarsity event scheduled to take place on 15 and 16 August this year has been postponed due to unrest at the Alice campus of the University of Fort Hare (UFH). The news was announced last week by Vice Chancellor of Fort Hare Dr Tom Mvuyo. After last year’s chaotic Intervarsity at NMMU, this news was unsurprising. Rhodes SRC President Brad Bense said there were about 200 Fort Hare students participating in a strike which started peacefully on 28 July. It became chaotic on 31 July when students blockaded roads, which resulted in intervention from the police who forcibly removed students from the campus. The strike at the Alice campus was caused by returning students being asked to leave due to not having paid their fees. This was after the Na- tional Student Financial Aid Scheme announced that it had limited funds for fees and other necessities such as meals for students. The strike sparked security concerns for Rhodes University re- garding Intervarsity which was due to be hosted by Fort Hare. Assistant Manager of Sports Administration Siyabulela Magopeni said that the main concern was the instability of the students’ situation at the Alice campus. This particularly affected the or- ganisation of the annual after-party, one of the conditions of hosting Intervarsity. Bense said that the Fort Hare SRC had not managed to properly arrange this party, failing to organise a liquor licence and adequate security plans. Despite this, the organisation of the sporting side of the Intervarsity tournament had run smoothly. “It would be a tragedy if something had to go wrong because then there would be no real sporting compe- tition for varsities in the Eastern Cape,” said Bense. Fort Hare has proposed that Intervarsity should be rescheduled until 5 and 6 September 2014. How- ever, this is problematic for Rhodes

6 September 2014. How- ever, this is problematic for Rhodes Students have also been requested to

Students have also been requested to behave while wearing their Rhodes overalls so as not to endanger to future of Intervarsity. Photo: ASHLEIGH MEY

students as their third term ends on 5 September and many students have already made plans to go home. “We would want to encourage our sports men and women to attend Intervarsity should we get grace from [the] Vice Chancellors of the University of Fort Hare to go ahead,” said Magopeni. The postponement caused a financial loss for Rhodes after buses and accommodation, which had been booked well in advance, had to be cancelled. SRC Liaison Eric Ofei said that it is not worth it to hold the event this year. Despite the problems that the postponement of Intervarsity has caused for Rhodes, Acting Director of Student Affairs Dr Colleen Vassil- iou said that she was happy that the event was being postponed if it ensured the safety of the students. Magopeni said that the Intervar- sity committee does not have the authority to reprimand universities, as there is currently no binding document containing universal terms for Intervarsity organisation.

containing universal terms for Intervarsity organisation. >> SRC Inauguration >> Inaugural lecture by

>> SRC Inauguration >> Inaugural lecture by Prof Louise Vincent >> OppiTV celebrates Women’s Month >> Changes coming to Rhodes Internet

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The Oppidan Press

20 August 2014

Politics

Ukraine: A new Cold War?

Tarryn de Kock

D espite massive debate around the current Israel-Palestine conflict, little mention has been made of its role in the greater conflict that is brewing in the Mediterranean region. The on-

going offensive between Ukraine and Russia forms part of an energy and resource struggle that affects Israel, Palestine (particularly Gaza), the USA and several major European powers. Natural gas reserves were discovered off the coast of Gaza in 2000. Rus- sia expressed interest in the reserves, while companies such as British Gas received permission to begin drilling research by the Palestinian National

Authority. However, this interest only lasted until the destabilisation of the region following Yasser Arafat’s death in 2004 and the souring of relations between Hamas and the Palestinian

National Authority after Hamas’ elec- tion victory in 2006. Israel’s military presence over the Gaza coast has allowed it to claim control over these reserves, which form part of a greater Mediterranean project to secure energy reserves for Western Europe. As it stands, Pales- tinian control over the gas reserves would put it in a position to ally with Russia as an opposing force to US- backed Israel, as it would be able to sell control of the reserves to Russian

companies and entrench Russian presence in the region. In conjunction with this, much of Europe still relies on Russian gas, with availability being further strained by Russia’s conflict with Ukraine. The conflict between the two countries escalated when Russia invaded and occu- pied the province of Crimea in February this year, citing concern about the instability of Ukraine following the civil unrest that caused ousted President Viktor Yanukovych to escape to Russia. “It is becoming evident that the West can no longer control Russian Presi- dent Vladimir Putin or Israeli President Binyamin Netanyahu,” Masters in International Relations student Yvonne Phyllis said. This loss of control means that the tensions and different conflicts within the Mediterranean region have created a powder keg of colliding interests requiring sensitive and complex resolution strategies. Currently such strategies seem few and far between. Instead, the United States and EU have placed sanctions on Russia. Russia responded to this by banning imports from the US, EU, Australia, Canada and Norway. South Africa’s own allegiances could mean that these sanctions imposed on Russia might make securing Russian imports difficult in the future. “South Africa seems to be pursuing its strategy of non-interference in this conflict, while also making sure it retains economic ties to one of its BRICS- partners, Russia,” Phyllis explained. The current situation in the Mediterranean is being monitored primar- ily because of its volatility. There are multiple and complex trade, mineral, political and economic relationships shifting and straining under the weight of numerous national and corporate alliances and interests, with a need for world leaders to begin to choose sides as these tensions spread. The possibil- ity of a potential conflict in the Mediterranean region have repercussions that would have a knock-on effect around the world.

It is becoming evident that the West can no longer control Putin or Netanyahu

that the West can no longer control Putin or Netanyahu – Yvonne Phyllis, Masters in International

– Yvonne Phyllis, Masters in International Relations student

Yvonne Phyllis, Masters in International Relations student Students parody Alfred Eisenstaedt’s famous V-J Day kiss
Yvonne Phyllis, Masters in International Relations student Students parody Alfred Eisenstaedt’s famous V-J Day kiss

Students parody Alfred Eisenstaedt’s famous V-J Day kiss photograph (left) with the gender roles reversed. Photo: GABRIELLA FREGONA

Rhodes tackles the role of men this Women’s Week

By Andrea Nevay and Dylan Green

The Student Affairs Division hosted events from 4 August to Women’s Day to commemorate Women’s Week at Rhodes. The events throughout the week aimed to celebrate womanhood, with the theme for the week being “I am a woman of…” where the women of Rhodes could state for themselves what being a woman means to them. An exciting seminar was Tuesday’s key event. The Young Gifted Women Seminar, hosted by the Pan-African Youth Dialogue, was a spirited discus- sion on beauty and strength and what those terms mean to women today. Zukiswa Kota, Ivy De Vos, Professor Jen Snowball, Dr Nomalanga Mkhize and Corrine Knowles each hosted mini seminars and discussion sessions. “The challenge for us is to not look at what the world tells us beauty and strength are and find out what it is for ourselves,” said Knowles in the final panel discussion. The Young Gifted Women Seminar emphasized individuality and per- sonal strength. The seminar aimed to highlight that women have the power to uplift people and to change the way society views and values beauty. Mkhize challenged the ideas we have around womanhood and beauty in her seminar. Snowball said in the final panel discussion that “beauty doesn’t have to be external: it can be what you are and what you can do,” and that people can be beautiful regardless of their gender.

These ideas could be seen as a necessary step towards re-imagining the current standards that society has dictated to women and men about what it means to be beautiful. One of the key issues that needs to be addressed is the role of men in these events. While it cannot be disputed that female empowerment is necessary and useful, whether these events isolate or exclude men from necessary dialogue needs to be criti- cally interrogated. It is difficult to conceive of inclusive gender relations when men are not encouraged to take part in events that touch on the issues of their taken-for- granted, often unrecognised privilege. On Thursday, Acting Vice-Chancel- lor Dr Sizwe Mabizela held a Male Res- idence workshop in Eden Grove Red. Exclusively for males, this workshop aimed to highlight the roles that men ought to play in improving the world socially, especially with regards to how men perceive gender roles. During his presentation, Mabizela said that “as a man in a patriarchal society, by virtue of being part of that society you have a certain set of privileges and rights that you earn by virtue of being a man”. Mabizela went on to say that men traditionally do not think about these things and that this needs to change. He said that men needed to recognise their privilege and take social respon- sibility for it by working with women to create “opportunities for women to make their rightful contribution in our society”. At the end of the presentation,

the two – and only – female guests in attendance were asked for their input. They lamented the disappoint- ing attendance as they felt it was an educational experience that many men still need to have, and that the ‘men only’ status of the event undermined the need for men and women to learn and grow together. Mabizela agreed, saying that “in the next version of this we should have women, so that they can say ‘this is how we are feeling, this is who we are, [and] this is what’s important’”. At the final event, the Women’s Day Picnic, Dean of Teaching and Learning Professor Chrissie Boughey presented a speech, saying, “I will continue as long as I live to write and speak, to promote the creation of those work- spaces and living spaces which value all people and which nourish and care for all people, but that work is shared by all.” While many of the events were dubbed ‘women only’ (such as the Women’s Day Picnic), there were op- portunities for men to come forward and participate in this week’s numer- ous discussions, meaning that the week’s dialogue about gender was not one-sided. This instance of inclusivity, which can only be improved upon in years to come, is essential to all discussions, engaging people of all gender expres- sions in women’s issues and fostering not just a sisterhood of solidarity, but rather a ‘personhood’ of people who can come together and reflect on gender issues.

a sisterhood of solidarity, but rather a ‘personhood’ of people who can come together and reflect

2 May 2014

The Oppidan Press

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Opinion

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The Oppidan Press

20 August 2014

Opinion

6 The Oppidan Press 20 August 2014 Opinion The month of August has become a historically

The month of August has become a historically significant time for many South Africans.Two years ago on 16 August, a part of this coun- try died. The Marikana Massacre was a severe blow to South Africans’ faith in the state and the justice system. This followed the brutal killing of 34 miners at the command of the South African Police Services (SAPS), Lonmin and high-ranking government officials. This moment should not be forgotten. As it stands, The Marikana Commission of Inquiry is still nowhere near a conclusive answer as blame continues to shift between the SAPS, Lonmin and the state. Countrywide, a number of events were held to pay tribute to the 34 lives lost and to demand that justice be served on those responsible for their deaths. However, it seems that these calls for justice are falling on deaf ears, as the SABC and eTV are still refusing to air Miners Shot Down, a Rehad Desai film critically chronicling the events leading up to and following the Massacre, and the roles of SAPS, Lonmin and the state. This gesture seems to reflect a general unwillingness to face the truth of the brutality of the state and its perpetual undervaluing of poor black lives in this country. This continuing disregard of poor black life seems to be universal, with the most recent events in Ferguson, Missouri being another painful reminder. On 9 August - Women’s Day in South Africa - 18-year-old Michael Brown, a young, unarmed African-American man, was fatally shot by Darren Wilson, a white American police officer. Brown’s shooting saw segments of American society riot against another senseless and seemingly racially-motivated death, with President Barack Obama calling for calm and promising a ‘full-scale investigation’. This moment too will not be soon forgotten as people are reaching a crossroads of sorts and demanding that honest conversations about race occur in America. The recent events at the University of Fort Hare could also be seen as a continuation of this disregard of poor black life, again at the hands of the South African state. Fort Hare students have been protesting because the National Student Financial Aid Scheme has discontinued funding due to inadequate resources. Their demands for education and food have been met with indifference from the University and the government. Positively, August also marks National Women’s Month in South Af- rica, a time to commemorate the strides that women have made in their advancement for social, political and economic equality. This edition takes another moment to celebrate these strides but also recognises that the challenges for equality are far from overcome. The time has come for the demands of the people to be taken seriously by all of those in power. Society’s disenfranchised and most vulnerable are standing up for their inalienable rights to dignity and respect but these are not being taken seriously by those with influence. However, with critical reflection and by taking an unequivocal stand for the advance- ment of all disenfranchised groups, we at The Oppidan Press hope this edition positively contributes to these conversations.

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it into our print edition will be published on our website. The new Rhodes Crushes web

The new Rhodes Crushes web page has left many students wary and fearful of potential “stalkers.” Photo: SHEILA DAVID

Hey, I haven’t met you and yes, this is crazy

Michelle Du Toit

“A pproach me, I promise I don’t bite”. But who are you? And how do I know

you won’t bite? The anonymity be- hind the posts featured on the Rho- des Crushes Facebook page should be a warning signal, not a beckoning call. An undeniable security rests in keeping your identity secret when exposing your feelings or intentions. With this security comes a huge amount of power, and it is a power over the person on the receiving end of the ‘compliments’. Rhodes Crushes. “I’d lick wine off of you any day”, “Can I smell your hair?” “my BabyLips from Legal Theory”. The place where these messages exist is essentially a public noticeboard. Everybody can see them. So what is it about the Facebook forum that makes such blatantly creepy and somewhat suspicious behaviour more acceptable? Why are we are okay with this when there is a little blue ‘f ’ in the corner? It

seems to be a follow-on from Rhodes Confessions, but Crushes has a more sinister element. If somebody mentions you in a post, and says they’re in your Econom- ics lecture, you now have to spend at least four lectures a week knowing you’re being watched. And you don’t know who you’re being watched by. Although this page provides a platform to voice what might otherwise be kept to oneself, we need to ask ourselves if it is worth it. With people suddenly wary of every friendly stranger, cautious of every new meeting, hostile to every new onlooker, such posts do not always have the envisioned reaction. Perhaps not intended to offend, scare or inflict self-consciousness, they nevertheless could have those results. The grey area created by the anonymous veil of Rhodes Crushes covers a spectrum of compliments, offensive remarks and the kinds of bad taste comments which people wouldn’t be brave enough to say in person. This grey area is surely

There is a fine line between a grand romantic gesture and a sinister kind of stalking

a grand romantic gesture and a sinister kind of stalking not the intention of the page,

not the intention of the page, yet is inevitable given the protection of ano- nymity that it offers. The safety net of remaining a stran- ger could in fact be seen as a danger. There is a fine line between a grand romantic gesture and a sinister kind of stalking. Getting mentioned in a post can be like having to play poker with no cards in your hand, against some- body who is using the whole deck.

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20 August 2014

The Oppidan Press

7

Opinion

If Gaza, why not Syria or Iraq?

Ben Rule

T he recent violence in Gaza has captured

global attention. This is hardly surpris-

ing – some of the things which have hap-

pened in Gaza over the last month have been worthy of such scrutiny. But there has been something strange about the media response to the Gaza situation. I expected the reaction of the global media. The

global media is a place of current events, analysis and discussion of issues. Gaza rightly took its place at the centre of that. What surprised me is that the situation in Gaza also took its place at the centre of the social media. I do not remember

a time when my Facebook newsfeed was more

inundated with pictures of live explosions and dead children, accusations of anti-Semitism and Islamophobia and general pronouncements (one

way or the other) on the issue by the residents of the internet. Perhaps it is an inherent human tendency. Perhaps it is the way we’ve been taught to think about this by the global media. Perhaps it’s as simple as the language used to describe it (the Israel/Palestine conflict) – but whatever it is,

it seems that it is impossible for us to speak

about this issue without taking sides, some less informed than others, but all demanding that action be taken. The purpose of this article is to ask about the reasons for the specific focus of the social media on Gaza. Following the global media as I do, I

social media on Gaza. Following the global media as I do, I Members of the community

Members of the community hosted a vigil to commemorate the children who have been at the brunt of conflict in Gaza. Photo: SHEILA DAVID

learned that tens of thousands of people (reports vary as to how many, but consensus seems to be that it is at least 30 000 Yazidi refugees) have been trapped and stranded on the Sinjar Mountains in northern Iraq, displaced after their town was at- tacked by militants. They have been stranded for almost two weeks. This is an international crisis, which I would not have found out about from a Facebook session. The situation in Syria is worse. Since the

beginning of the war (which has now been going for three years), it is estimated that over 150 000 people have been killed. At least a third of those are civilians and (depending on whose numbers you believe) between 5000 and 10 000 children. There are currently over a million Syrian refugees in Lebanon – a number that is increas- ing. So now Lebanon is facing a humanitarian crisis. Somehow the situation in these countries has failed to get the same coverage by the global

media which instinctively follows incidents in the Israel/Palestine situation. On social media, Syria does not seem to exist. How are we not outraged by the brutality of this ongoing civil war? Why are our various national bodies not constantly condemning this? Is it because the conflict in Syria has become old news? Are we bored? Has the protracted nature of this crisis resulted in it simply becoming part of the world’s décor? It is mystifying to me that very few of us seem to know what is going on, especially considering the scale of the human rights violations. It seems we are more interested in a Jewish matric boy wearing a Keffiyeh. I suggest two possibilities for our lopsided focus on Middle Eastern politics. The first is that the extent of our engagement with any event in the region is directly proportional to how much western interest there is. Israel gets funding from the USA. There are communities in almost every first world country that are actively pro- or anti- Israel. Thus, whenever anything happens in Israel there is an existing western interest which we in South Africa form a part of. The other possibility is that we are unwilling to engage with the situations in Syria and Iraq be- cause they seem much more complicated than the situation in Israel and Palestine. There are clear sides in the latter conflict and each has become an almost cartoon-like villain in the other’s nar- rative. The sides and arguments are already there, we just have to pick one.

Why people support Israel

Ben Rule

From purported Pick n Pay boycotts to vigils to the whirlwind of memes pervading the internet, the current situation in Gaza seems to have brought some sort of emotion out of most of us. But we are not just emotional about the situation in Gaza; we are also getting emotion- al with each other. One of the common threads in social media conversations is a pervasive hostility toward anybody who attempts to defend Israel. To many, the situation in Gaza seems so clear cut that one cannot possibly justify the holding of a position which involves any type of agreement with Israel. People who express support for Israel are ac- cused of defending apartheid – something many in this country understandably have an issue with. What needs to be made clear is that when people criticise or attack Israel on one hand, and support and defend it on the other, they are not always talking about the same thing. A case in point is Josh Broomberg, who has received widespread support for his stance on the Gaza conflict and his statement in response to the storm on the internet has been applauded. In this statement he criticised the Israeli govern- ment for some of its actions. What many people seem to have overlooked in the statement is that he described himself as a Zionist – a position which usually attracts a very hostile response. When people criticise Israel, they are criticis- ing the actions of the government. This is part of a common language globally: we speak of France banning the burqa or the USA bombing Libya. It is normal practice for governments to be equated with the people they represent. Thus, when people are seeking to criticise the actions of the Israeli government, they simply criticise Israel. They understand Israel to be a state – a legislature, an executive, a judiciary and an army with disputed territorial lines. Many of the people who have defended or supported Israel have a somewhat different view

defended or supported Israel have a somewhat different view An affiliation to Israel is often met

An affiliation to Israel is often met with hostility. Photo: KELLAN BOTHA

of what they are defending. Every disagreement to the objections to Gaza is not a defence of the murder of innocents. While there are plenty of those floating around, they cannot automatically be equated with every supporter of Israel. It is rather an objection to the global media equating the ownership of the idea of Israel with a govern- ment which many Jews do not agree with. For a large proportion of the international Jewish community, Israel is not simply thought of as a state. Israel is an idea with massive spir- itual and historical baggage. The idea of Israel helped a people to recover from the Holocaust. Most importantly, Israel has become an integral part of that people. And Israel is a people who (like in any democracy) are not all in agreement with the actions of their government. If somebody supports Israel, it is possible that their support stems not from an agreement with governmental action, but rather a deep love for and connection to an idea and a community. Supporting Israel is as much an agreement with the actions of its government as being pro-Palestine is an endorsement of the actions of Hamas. Before we engage in arguments with each other, let us first attempt to understand our respective positions.

of Hamas. Before we engage in arguments with each other, let us first attempt to understand

Features

20 August 2014

The Oppidan Press

9

20 August 2014 The Oppidan Press 9 While several alternatives are available when accessing the internet,

While several alternatives are available when accessing the internet, Rhodes University’s Resnet still offers the fastest internet speed in Grahamstown. Photo:

SOURCED

Getting online, off campus

Bracken Lee-Rudolph Scitech

M oving out of residence and into digs in Grahamstown can be a daunting task.

Between the new financial burdens, moving belongings out of residence and filling the digs with suitable fur- niture, a lot can fall by the wayside, including making provisions for internet connectivity. With systems like RUConnected and Rhodes Online Student Services

(ROSS) in place, it is vital for any Op- pidan wanting to access these sites to have internet connectivity. They have

a few internet options to choose from, most notably 3G and ADSL/Broad- band connections. ADSL is the most stable form of

internet connectivity available in South Africa at the moment, but it requires

a Broadband line rented from Telkom

and an ADSL subscription from an internet service provider (ISP). Telkom provides competitively priced ADSL services, but their customer service is notoriously poor. This makes other ISPs like MWEB and Afrihost better options for ADSL. MWEB’s services run through Telkom but if you run your subscription through MWEB, they will arrange the ADSL line installation and provide technical support. Afrihost works slightly differ- ently. Their web services run through MTN, although you still have to rent a Telkom line. The pricing of these two companies is very similar and which ISP is best depends on which package suits your needs best. Residential ADSL packages cannot

reach the same speeds that Rhodes University’s Resnet can. Standard residential packages have a speed of 2 megabits (an eighth of a megabyte) per second (Mbps), whereas Resnet can reach up to 80Mbps depending on demand. The fastest speed achievable outside of the university is 10 Mbps, according to Telkom’s ADSL Broad- band Availability service. The other option for internet is 3G, which runs through a mobile network like that of MTN, Cell C or Vodacom. This works exactly the same way as in- ternet on your phone and it is entirely dependent on signal. The most reliable providers of 3G

internet locally would be either MTN or Vodacom, which both have a strong national presence. 3G works in two main payment op- tions - prepaid and contract. Prepaid customers will purchase a SIM card

(which requires proof of residence and an ID document) and put data onto it. Vodacom is the most expensive for this service by a long way, whereas Cell C and MTN share similar pricing. The alternative way is via contract, which works exactly the same as a cellphone contract but instead of a phone and free SMS bundles, you get a network device - which can be anything from a USB dongle to a 3G router, depending on your contract. All three service providers share simi- lar pricing here. The best package for each house- hold will be dependent on your needs. ADSL is generally preferred for gam- ing and downloads, since it is less reli- ant on inconsistent cellphone signal, but 3G is better for small downloads and infrequent use.

Standard ADSL Packages Available at www.mweb.co.za and www.afrihost.com

Standard 3G Packages Available at www.cellc.co.za, www. vodacom.co.za and www.mtn.co.za

2Mbps Uncapped with line rental:

or local network provider stores (Nashua Mobile, Chatz Cellular and

MWEB: R339

MTN).

Afrihost: R397

2GB data cap per month:

Good for normal browsing, light downloads and music streaming.

MTN: R129 (with 3G dongle), R149 (with wireless 3G router)

4Mbps Uncapped with line rental:

Vodacom: R129 (with 3G dongle) Cell C: R119 (with 3G dongle)

MWEB: R449

Afrihost: R597

2GB data prepaid (own device and SIM Card required):

Good for gaming, more demanding downloads and video streaming.

MTN: R245 (with an extra 2GB free) Vodacom: R249 Cell C: R199

Features

Meet your meat: the ‘life’ of a cow

C: R199 Features Meet your meat: the ‘life’ of a cow We seldom consider the processes

We seldom consider the processes that animals go through in the commercial meat industry. Cows are taken away from their mothers and placed into pens at six months of age. The cows spend most of their lives on concrete floors or crammed into small mud lots. They generally get fed carbohydrates, fat supplements and protein, which is unnatural for the cows, so drugs are placed into the food to prevent the cows from becoming sick and dying. Cows used in the meat industry often only live for fourteen months or until they weigh enough to be sent to the slaughter house. The above is the usual (mis)treatment of a cow being slaughtered. Illustration: MIKAELA ERSKOG

Smartphones for smart learning

Demi Drew and Bracken Lee-Rudolph Scitech

From the complex venue control systems, to the smart- phones in our pockets, technology is common in our lectures. Many lecturers and course coordinators are aware of this and are attempting to use a number of tech- nological tools - including students’ smartphones - in the teaching process. Organisational Psychology 1 lecturer at Rhodes Univer- sity Richenda Koeberg has started using a service called Socrative in her lectures. The service is an online student response system, which allows students to answer questions and interact with materials uploaded by the lecturers. Koeberg says that she was interested in using a different platform to engage students and integrate technology into her teaching because of the high number of devices she saw being used in her lectures. “I like Socrative because it allows teachers to engage [with] and assess students in real time,” Koeberg explained. “My hope is that using Socrative will help develop self- assessment skills, reduce feelings of isolation in large classes and increase understanding and ability to think critically about content.” The service is free to use for students and teachers - and Android and iOS apps are available for most devices. Socrative itself is far from perfect though. Questions have to be set well in advance on the service, and students without a laptop or smartphone on hand will be excluded. Additionally, students can set any username for themselves and if results are shown on screen then immature or inap- propriate usernames may be displayed in lecture theatres. Educational Technology Coordinator Markus Mostert discussed how engaging with students in lectures with these technologies may benefit and improve learning. “I believe that learning technologies have the potential to

Our challenge is to prevent ‘anywhere, anytime’ becoming ‘nowhere, never’.

– Markus Mostert, Educational Technology Coordinator

help us shift our focus from ‘teaching’ in ‘the lecture’ and to ‘learning anywhere, anytime’. Our challenge is to prevent ‘anywhere, anytime’ becoming ‘nowhere, never’,” Mostert said. Mostert explained that these technologies allow for the creation of situations where students engage with the con- tent and actively evaluate both their own answers as well as their peers’ responses and the information provided. Mostert emphasised that the value in these technologies comes solely from how they are used: “It is possible, for example, to use PowerPoint presentations as interactively as Socrative by simply asking students to decide on the best response to a multiple-choice question in their heads and then to defend their choice within a small group of students sitting next to them,” he said. Technology is an exciting tool for the expansion of inter- active learning and Rhodes University seems to be adapting to the opportunities it provides. Services such as Socrative and RUConnected all tap into an ever-expanding network of phones, laptops and the eager students who use them.

10

The Oppidan Press

20 August 2014

Environment

The compatibility of planet and profits

Mikaela Erskog

A n ever-evolving society coupled with the contin-

ued destruction of natural environments calls

into question the role of big businesses and the

function of corporate social responsibility (CSR). To better hold companies to account, the South African government created the King Report on Corporate Governance. These reports, designed for companies listed on the Johannesburg Stock Exchange, articulate the best international practices for responsible corporate activity. However, this document is non-legislative and, as such, CSR is self-regulated by individual corporate entities.

As Manchester Metropolitan Business School Professor

Tidings Ndhlovu put it, “While [CSR] has increasingly

become a fashionable concept

feeling that its abstractness can render it meaningless.” Teaching Assistant in the Management Department Kundai Chaka explained that CSR was initially a hollow concept that was often misused. “It was a way to evade tax, to gain popularity and to make people aware of you,” stated Chaka. Yet in the 1970s CSR began to move towards more serious efforts of alleviating social and environmental problems. The ‘Triple Bottom Line’ of people, planet and profits was established by consultancy firms as a more cohesive foundation when trying to implement CSR. Once companies began to consider that proper resource management was essential to the long-term survival of businesses and profits, CSR became a valuable business practice. “It became something that everyone was doing because it made sense,” remarked Chaka. South African Breweries took CSR to heart when they began a project of getting their bottles back to the brewer- ies for reuse, while Standard Bank is involved in the South African Government’s Renewable Energy Independent Power Producer Procurement (REIPPP) programme. This programme is facilitating the creation of a commer- cial wind energy facility in the Eastern Cape. These two projects are supposedly what CSR is about, as they tackle environmental issues (planet) and satisfy the needs of shareholders (profits). Opponents of CSR argue that private businesses should not be outsourced as contractors for govern- ment mandated duties, saying this could lead to misuse of public funds. But to some degree private businesses have standards within their structure that could regulate their practices. In an era that demands environmental sustainability, stakeholders may look more favorably on a company if they are adapting to changing social concerns. While the ‘Triple Bottom Line’ and the King Report attempt to engender a mutual accountability of what should be on the CSR agenda, there is no formal regula- tory system that can hold them to the promises they make or compel them to do anything at all. With no external regulation of CSR by non-stakeholders, CSR does not necessarily guarantee environmental protection.

there remains a nagging

Photo: BRONWYN PRETORIUS

protection. there remains a nagging Photo: BRONWYN PRETORIUS Southern Africa is likely to experience severe food

Southern Africa is likely to experience severe food and water shortages in the near future. Photo: KELLAN BOTHA

Understanding global warming and climate change

Lauren Buckle and Mikaela Erskog

In the spirit of the recent National Science Week it is important to iden- tify what distinguishes global warm- ing and climate change, and consider to what extent human beings play a role in these phenomena and how it is a problem. Global warming refers to the increase in global average temperature

and is often considered to be a result of human activities. “Global warming

is the process, driven by CO2 [carbon

dioxide] emissions, which result in the surface warming of the Earth,” said Head of the Department of Environmental Sciences Professor Sheona Shackleton. “This in turn drives changes in glob- al circulation patterns and the climate or weather as well as sea-level rise,” she added. Global warming is largely attributed to greenhouse gases which absorb radiation and prevent ultravio- let rays from escaping the atmosphere. These rays heat up the surface of the earth – creating global warming. Climate change is considered to be

a shift in the behaviour of particular weather conditions over a period of

time. It is a more natural process that

is constantly occurring and has been

occurring for millions of years due to volcanic eruptions, changes in the water cycle, ocean circulation and movements in the tectonic plates.

However, Shackleton commented that, “Climate change is much more than just surface temperature increase. It is a change in all aspects of climate resulting in significant other impacts.” The question now is whether global warming is a natural process of climate change or whether it is human-caused, as it has become crucial to determine what the impact of global warming is on our current way of life. Staple crops and horticulture grow under specific climate conditions

therefore a rapid increase in tempera- ture will create less conducive growing conditions. Being that the majority of scientific research considers global warming to be a result of human activ- ity, it is also important to establish that human beings are playing a decisive role in changes in climate – a role that is directly destroying our long-term survival. Africa has one of the highest rates of food insecurity across the globe. According to a 2011 World Health Or- ganization Survey, of the 814 million undernourished people in developing countries, 204 million live in sub-

Saharan Africa. Changes in climate will create further problems of food security for nations that already strug-

gle to meet the needs of their people, with the United Nations predicting that “Southern Africa will be the most vulnerable region to climate change- related food shortages by 2030.”

Hydro technology towards sustainability

Lili Barras-Hargan

Anyone who has spent time in Grahamstown knows that water shortages are a frequent problem, especially affect- ing those involved in agricultural industries. In order to provide better ways of managing agricultural practices sustainably, many are turning to hydroponic technology as an alternative water solution. A hydroponic system involves replacing soil and fertilis- ers with a solution of water and specialised plant food which contains micronutrients essential for plant growth. This system is portable and results in high-quality produce as the plants grow as well as genetically possible. Additionally, soil- borne diseases are easily avoided, as the plant only interacts with the solution. Another method of growing plants without soil is aqua- ponics, which is different from hydroponics in that it incor- porates fish into the water cycle. The fish are fed and their waste is converted into nitrates. This nitrate-filled water is circulated around the plants which take up these nutrients. Aquaponics Innovations, the foremost supplier and consultant on aquaponics in South Africa, explained the

advantages of the system, “water is not lost or dumped from the systems, the only new water that is used is to replace evaporation and transpiration.” These relatively new forms of agriculture thus promise sustainable water use, which may be useful for those strug- gling from water shortages in arid areas such as certain parts of Africa. Even the Massachusetts Institute of Technology has identified it as a step towards food security in their “Mission 2014: Feeding the World” project. Hydroponic and aquaponic systems can be installed al- most anywhere. The Aquaculture Academy, located in Gra- hamstown, sells all the necessary equipment needed for the start-up of an aquaponic system, at a price of around R20 000-R25 000. Although this figure may seem very high, the constant recycling of water and nutrients from fish to plants may cut out many costs needed for growing field crops and can be a long-term, resource-conscious technology. With water shortages affecting the livelihoods of farmers and the food supplies of consumers, the integrated approach of hydroponic and aquaponic technology could be a huge step towards sustainable food security in South Africa.

huge step towards sustainable food security in South Africa. The Aquaculture Academy located in Grahamstown employs

The Aquaculture Academy located in Grahamstown employs an aquaponic system to grow vegetables sustainably for local use. Photo: KELLAN BOTHA

20 August 2014

The Oppidan Press

11

Arts & Entertainment

The Useless Artist Collective: satirising “success”

Sam van Heerden and Kate Jennings

B eing labelled ‘useless’ is not something many artists aspire to. The Useless Artist Collective, however, has taken

the label and made it its own. The collective is comprised of a group of satirical postmod- ern journalists, dancers, actors and photog- raphers. They hosted their first performance “Sacrifice” on 13 August at the Rhodes Drama Department. “The idea of being a useless artist is engag- ing with the idea that there is something interesting about failure. Work should not be disregarded just because it is a failure accord- ing to a particular conception of what success should be,” explained the group’s founder Ester van der Walt. Van der Walt and her project persona “Walter A”, came up with the idea for the collective two months ago. It is rooted in post- modern choreographic concepts and focuses on themes like historical recreation, perfor- mance failure and the question of authorship. There are 37 artists in the collective, who also act through the historical personas of past choreographers According to van der Walt, persona work is challenging because the artists have to ground their personas in something

real about themselves to achieve more authen- ticity. “I don’t really like her [Walter A], but there’s something in her that I recognise in me,” van der Walt said. The concept of postmodern choreography believes that movement should not be re- stricted to only dancing, but should be allowed to be expressed through other movements such as drama, performance art and even writing. “Sacrifice” was centered around endurance art which uses acts of physical pain, trauma, survival or deprivation as a means of artistic expression. The performance featured some of the artists, their personas and their personas’ great artistic works. The Useless Artist Collective is ironic and purposefully satirical. It is meant to toy with expectations and preconceptions of how art should be. The artists’ failures and uselessness are contrasted with the seriousness and confi- dence with which they produce their art. Van der Walt delegates concepts to the artists and gives them the historical reference points from which to work. The majority of artists in the collective are local, but there are two other artists based in Johannesburg. Van der Walt also said that non-local artists are starting to coordinate their own performance projects.

are starting to coordinate their own performance projects. The Useless Artist Collective have used the labelling

The Useless Artist Collective have used the labelling of ‘useless’ to their advantage and are engaging with the idea of failure. Photo: SUPPLIED

and are engaging with the idea of failure. Photo: SUPPLIED Places like The Provost Café provide

Places like The Provost Café provide a creative space for students and locals to work on their ideas. Photo: KELLAN BOTHA

Local hotspots for creative inspiration

Josh White

Grahamstown is most famous for its annual National Arts Festival, but the creative energy that permeates this little town is certainly not confined to those 11 days. In fact, Grahamstown is often celebrated as a cre- ative hotspot and its many bars and cafés have inspired a host of artists, performers and writers over the years. The Rhodes Drama Department is a meeting point for various creative minds. Given its range of performance spaces as well as its bustling café, numerous students con- verge there to experience and feed off the area’s creative buzz. “What’s lovely about that building and the spaces inside is that they are open and welcoming of ideas and of play. I love playing, so to be in a room with like-minded people, having fun is pretty much what makes me feel the most creative,” said former Drama student Tristan Jacobs. Mishka Hoosen, a former Masters in Creative Writing student now preparing her nonfiction book Hollow the Bones for publication, cited Grahamstown’s numerous cafés as inspiration for her productivity. “I’ve had some excellent conversations and thinking spells at Red Café, Mad Hatters and The Provost,” she says. “People here are exceptionally friendly, open, and good-humoured.” Likewise, many artists acquire creative stimulation in the company of friends at local bars. “It’s not so much the space I’m in that’s inspiring as the people I’m with and the state of mind I’m in,” said Fine Arts graduate Dee

Ellis. “For example, a friend and I would sit in Champs for hours discussing the ideas I was playing with. I would have my sketchbook in my hand to jot down ideas and map out what I was thinking.” Ellis also mentions the monthly Reddit’s poetry open floor events run by Harry Owen. “It is a really great platform for upcoming poets and there’s always a bril- liant variety in the types of poetry and perspectives you encounter there. I always come away from that with an exceptional sense of hope, camaraderie and energy,” she explained. The atmosphere at The Rat and Parrot has also inspired various Rhodes alumni. “It did amazing things for my writing,” said Efemia Chela, a former student whose short story “Chicken” was shortlisted for the Caine Prize for African Writing this year. “It was always an excellent place to eavesdrop on con- versations. As a writer it can be very difficult to get down how people speak accurately. I would pick up snatches of people talking and try and note the rhythm, the back and forth of natural conversation and emulate that ease in my writing,” she explained. Grahamstown’s vitality extends past academic pursuits and nightlife endeavours, as artists can find inspiration wherever they go. “Grahamstown taught me a lot,” said Chela. “The experiences I had there, and the way the town shaped me, have definitely informed my work.”

Multilingualism reaching new heights at Rhodes

Ellen Heydenrych

Rhodes University will hold its annual Multilingual Colloquium early in the fourth term. This year, the Rhodes University Language Committee, under the School of Languages, is hosting their inaugural Multilingual Writing Competition as part of the colloquium. This new project aims to “promote multilingualism and sensitivity in language usage at Rhodes in such a way as to create and foster a support- ive, inclusive and non-discriminatory environment to which all members of the University can feel they belong,” said Dr Sam Naidu, convener of the Multilingualism Colloquium. The theme of the writing competi- tion is Eastern Cape Heroes: Past and Present. Participating students will be able to tap into the locality as a broad topic, as well as its context with regard to individual heroes. “We want to engage the imagina- tions and linguistic virtuosity of our students. You would be surprised to know that students from every faculty on campus enter the competition,” explained Naidu. “Through creative writing, students can share their life experiences with the rest of campus, using languages with which they feel comfortable and confident,” she added. While the majority of South Africans’ first language is isiXhosa, isi- Zulu or another indigenous language, English and Afrikaans still appear to be dominant in formal spheres in the country. This is especially apparent with regard to the education system. “Both of these languages have been dominant in the South African educa- tion system for nearly a century now,

Through creative writing, students can share their life experiences with the rest of campus, using languages with which they feel comfortable and confident.

– Dr Sam Naidu, convener of the Multilingualism Colloquium

with the concomitant denigration and suppression of indigenous languages,” said Naidu. As a result, the promo- tion of indigenous languages is a key component of the colloquium. The Multilingualism Colloquium will take place on 22 September 2014. The event will feature speakers on the subject of multilingualism in Africa, an announcement on Rhodes’ revised Language Policy, a multilingual choir and a comedian. The winner of the Creative Writing Competition will also be revealed at the event. With this competition, the Rhodes University Language Committee hopes to revitalise an interest in indigenous languages and discover Rhodes’ hid- den writing potential.

Reflections on Women’s Month

2 Stranger danger on Rhodes Crushes

Sports

Women’s Month 2 Stranger danger on Rhodes Crushes Sports Titans defeated Retief Renegades last week to

Titans defeated Retief Renegades last week to claim the Internal League Cup Final. Photo: NICK DAKIN

Titans grab their second major trophy

Kimara Singh

T itans secured their second trophy of the season by beat- ing Retief Renegades in the

Internal League Cup Final by three goals to nil on Wednesday 13 August. Despite the final score, Retief rose above their underdog sta- tus and showed immense endurance and heart to challenge Titans on the day. The final came in a tough week with both sides having to juggle a number of other pressures such as Internal League fixtures and Rhodes First Team duties. However, the game produced some scintillating action as the teams brought their best game plans and creativity to the pitch. An early goal in the first half by

Kudzi Nzombe put Titans in a strong position to control the rest of the game. Unfortunately for Retief, an- other minor error by their keeper allowed Titans to score their second goal and a third was soon to follow, both being netted by utility player Hama Sachikonye. Titans captain Mandla Nkondo said, “I think the scoreline speaks for itself. It wasn’t easy, but then again, who enjoys easy victories? We [are] now fixing our eyes on finishing as well as we started. We want to win the Internal League.” Retief captain Tony Mampuru expressed his side’s intention to pick themselves up and move on from the loss. “What is left now is to focus on the Internal League and make sure we qualify for the knockout stages,”

he added. “I think, overall, it was a well- deserved win for Titans. They’ve had a great run to the final and beating Abu [Dhabi] along the way was no easy task,” said Internal League and Refer- ees Coordinator Marc Lovatt. Lovatt also mentioned that he backed Abu Dhabi as favourites for the League. “I think it would be a dream final if Titans and Abu Dhabi were to make it all the way, and when it gets to that stage it’s always [about] who turns up on the night.” This victory adds another trophy to Titans’ growing pile, which includes their pre-season St Patrick’s Day win. Titans are yet to lose a game in the 2014 season and continue to hope that they will progress to the Internal League finals later on this term.

RU Volleyball Club stands firm in Amathole and USSA leagues

Kimara Singh

The Rhodes University Volleyball Club (RUVC) has enjoyed a successful 2014 and is looking forward to the challenge of finishing the season on a high note. The club hopes to acquire fresh talent in order to secure its posi- tions in both the Amathole and University Sports South Africa (USSA) leagues. Currently, the men’s and women’s teams are first and sec- ond in their respective Amathole Volleyball leagues. In the USSA standings, the men are ranked third and the women are fourth. “I was one of Rhodes volleyball’s biggest fans from 2011, but I did not have enough courage to join because I thought I was not good enough. However, in 2013 I was encouraged by my friend to be part of the committee and I joined the club actively from then onwards,” said RUVC Chairman Moses Ssekisambu. Ssekisambu said that his team encourages other students to join the club, which boasts a range of local and interna- tional members from Zambia, Uganda, South Africa, Swit- zerland, Namibia, Germany, Spain and Zimbabwe. Despite the abundance of talent flowing in from abroad, the club is

not without its challenges. “We always get young players each year and it gets dif- ficult to find enough time to train them into quality national players because each year we have to start from the basics of volleyball. The club also does not have enough funds to go and play in different provinces because there are not enough volleyball coaches for both men and women teams,” explained Ssekisambu. Although the RUVC includes a number of first-time play- ers, the club does have members who have been active and loyal to the club for many years. Nomsa Chemuru has been a member for the past five years and has represented the Eastern Cape Province on many occasions. Ezekiel Madovi has also been with the club for six years and Ssekisambu has no doubt that he is going to be a great volleyball coach in the near future. The club continues to improve in every performance and Ssekisambu is confident that all the players that made the USSA volleyball team will be future stars. “My prayer is that Rhodes students get inspired to sup- port Rhodes volleyball because this sport is inspiring and teaches so many lessons, especially when it comes to team sport,” he said.

6

Not so Useless after all

11

to team sport,” he said. 6 Not so Useless after all 11 Tamlyn Price is off

Tamlyn Price is off to Oklahoma Baptist University to pursue her Olympic dream. Photo: SUPPLIED

A well-shaped column:

USA scholarship opportunity for young swimmer

Douglas Smith

Tamlyn Price is just five seconds off the 100m backstroke qualify- ing time for the 2016 Olympics which are going to be held in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. The 19-year-old matriculated from Kingswood College last year and has since dedicated herself to pursuing her Olympic dream. Price currently trains at the Di- ocesan School for Girls swimming pool under the watchful eye of her coach and mother Sheena. At the end of the year, she will be moving to the United States on a swimming scholarship to Oklahoma Baptist University. Price has until April next year to cut her 100m backstroke time down from 1:05 to 1:00 for the South Af- rican Long Course Nationals, which serve as an Olympic qualifier. Her 200m backstroke time is also just eight seconds off the pace at 2:18. However, seconds are hard to come by in this strenuous sport, particu- larly considering that the South African qualifying standard is one of the toughest in the world. “We don’t have a lot of money, so they want to make sure that you are going to do well before they send you,” explained the swimmer. “If you qualify, you are basically already in the top 16 in the world.” She believes that the move abroad will expose her to professionals who can push her to the next level, even though she has enjoyed success

If you qualify, you are basically already in the top 16 in the world.

– Tamlyn Price

under her mother’s training. “She is a mom when she needs to be and a coach when she needs to be, but it’s still a family thing,” said Price. When it comes to the Prices, it certainly is a family thing. Tamlyn’s older brother Calvin is already in the USA at Olivet Nazarene University where he swims and studies. Having her older sibling just one state away from where she will study makes leaving home slightly easier for Price. She will also be meeting two more swimmers from her home club in Oklahoma. Fortunately, Price still has four more months to enjoy in South Af- rica before she leaves in December, although most of that time will be spent training. She currently spends close to 20 hours a week in the pool and is working in the gym with a personal trainer to improve her core and leg strength, as well as her mus- cular endurance. Mental endurance and patience will also be necessary if she is to shave those vital seconds off her current times.