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JB Panels 777 FMS

Microsoft Flight Simulator X SP2
The Flight Management System (FMS) provies flight planning an control functions as
!ell as access to navigational ata containe in the FSX "PS ata#ase$
The FMS operates on a FSX flight plan using the FSX "PS for lateral navigation an
flight plan !aypoint moifications$ %t also computes an controls a vertical flight path
for the flight plan an provies spee control an throttle management$
The 777 FMS is an integrate component of the JB Panels 777 panel$ %t is esigne to
interact !ith the 777 panel components to provie flight management an control
functions$ %t !ill not operate as a stan alone unit$
This ocument provies a escription of the features an operation of the FMS$ &efer to
the JB777 Sample Flight ocument (JB777SampleFlight$pf) for a !or'ing e(ample of
the FMS use to plan) control an monitor a flight$
&ev *$+, *
Table of Contents
*$FMS -peration$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$.
2$Flight Phases$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$.
.$/ontrol 0isplay 1nit$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$2
3$%045T Page$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$6
2$%ne( Page$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$,
6$Position Pages$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$7
7$Performance %nitiali8ation Page$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$*+
,$Thrust 9imit Page$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$**
7$Ta'eoff Page$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$*.
*+$:pproach /onfiguration Page$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$*2
**$5avigation 0ata#ase$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$*7
*2$Flightplan 9oa$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$*,
*.$&oute Pages$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$*7
&oute Page *$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$*7
&oute ;aypoint Pages$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$2+
*3$9egs Pages$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$2*
*2$&oute Moifications$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$2*
0elete a !aypoint$ $$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$2*
: (%nsert) a !aypoint$ $$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$22
: Pilot<0efine ;aypoints$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$23
: a /oorinate Fi($ $$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$23
: a Bearing Fi($ $$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$26
: an :long Trac' Fi($ $$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$27
*6$Spee an :ltitue &estrictions$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$27
Plan &evie!$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$.*
*7$=5:= Pages$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$.2
*,$&un!ay :pproach Pages$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$.2
*7$5:=>&:0 Pages$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$3+
2+$Progress Pages$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$32
2*$:ctivate Flightplan 9eg ?-90 Page$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$3.
22$F%X 0irect<To Page$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$33
/ancel 0irect<to Moe$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$32
2.$Flight Save$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$$36
:ppeni( *@ :ing Fi(es to the FSX 5avigation 0ata#ase
&ev *$+, 2
1. FMS Operation
The FMS is loae !ith a flight plan an performance ata$ -nce loae !ith the
necessary ata) a vertical flight path is compute an the FMS is reay to provie lateral
an vertical guiance along the flightpath from eparture to estination$
:utomate control is provie through the autopilot an engage via the 95:= an
=5:= controls on the moe control panel (M/P) locate on the 777 glareshiel$
4ngaging =5:= also engages the autothrottle to provie automate spee control
accoring to spee ata entere into the FMS$
2. Flight Phases
The FMS operates in four flight phases$
Flight Phases
Preflight The FMS is loae !ith a FSX flight plan$ ;aypoints may #e ae or
elete an spee an altitue constraints are entere$
Fuel reserves an cruise altitue are entere$
Thrust performance is selecte$
: vertical flight path is compute$
Ta'eoff spees are accepte or entere$
/lim# 9ateral navigation (95:=) engages a#ove 2+ feet :"9$
=ertical navigation (=5:=) engages a#ove 3++ feet :"9$
Spee control engages a#ove 2+++ feet :"9$
&ev *$+, .
The clim# phase e(tens to the top<of<clim# (T>/) !hen cruise altitue is
/ruise The cruise phase e(tens to the compute top<of<escent (T>0) point$
/ruise clim#>escent may #e initiate #y moifying the altitue on the
M/P) or #y entering a cruise altitue on the FM/ =5:= or performance
Step clim#s are compute an preicte #ase on fuel #urn rates$
0escent The escent phase #egins at the T>0 an e(tens until one of the follo!ing
approach moe is engage via the :PP s!itch on the M/P an the
%9S localiser an glieslope signals have #een acAuire) or
the misse approach proceure is initiate) or
=5:= an 95:= are isengage via the s!itches on the M/P$
&ev *$+, 3
3. Control Display Unit
The /ontrol 0isplay 1nit (/01) is the terminal use to interface !ith the FMS$ 0ata is
entere via the /01 an status from the FMS is isplaye on the /01 isplay$
&ev *$+, 2
4. ID!T Page
The %045T page is the efault page isplaye on the /01$
%t isplays ata#ase information an soft!are revision level$ The rag an fuel rate
correction parameters can #e moifie from this page$
%ent Page
;eight Toggle !eight isplay units #et!een pouns (9BS) an 'ilograms (B"S)
#y pressing 93$
The efault value is set accoring to the FSX general settings units of
measure$ US System selects pouns) hybrid selects 'ilograms$ Metric units
of measure is not recommene for use !ith this panel$
0rag /an #e use to moify the clim# an escent curves to #etter match a
specific aircraft moel$
4nter a positive value to reuce preicte clim# performance) increase
preicte escent rate$
4nter a negative value to increase preicte clim# performance) ecrease
preicte escent rate$
Fuel Flo! /an #e use to moify the preicte fuel consumption rate$
&ev *$+, 6
4nter a positive value to increase preicte fuel consumption rate$ The
FM/ preicts more fuel is reAuire to reach the estination$
4nter a negative value to ecrease preicte fuel consumption rate$ The
FM/ preicts less fuel is reAuire to reach the estination$
To moify the 0rag or Fuel Flo! parameter@
*$ Press &3 or &2 to highlight the parameter)
2$ 4nter the value)
.$ Press &3 or &2 to moify the parameter)
3$ Press 4X4/ to e(ecute the change$
4nter Fuel Flo! Factor
&ev *$+, 7
". In#e$ Page
The %ne( page allo!s access to the %ent) ata entry) an 5:= ata#ase pages$
:ccess the %ne( page #y pressing the M451 'ey$
%ne( Page
&ev *$+, ,
%. Position Pages
:ccess the position pages #y pressing 92 from the %ne( page$
Position Page
&ev *$+, 7
&. Perfor'an(e Initiali)ation Page
:ccess the Performance %nitiali8ation page #y pressing the %5T>&4F 'ey or 9. from the
%ne( page$
Performance %nitiali8ation Page
Performance initiali8ation fiels@
"& ;T The gross !eight of the aircraft in thousans of pouns or 'ilograms$
The sum of the 8ero fuel !eight an fuel !eight$
F149 Fuel !eight in thousans of pouns or 'ilograms $
CF; Cero fuel !eight$
&4S4&=4S Fuel reserve Auantity in thousans of pouns or 'ilograms $ 1se to
etermine sufficient fuel Auantity$ %f calculate fuel remaining at
estination is less than &4S4&=4S D *++++ l#s) an %5S1FF%/%45T
F149 message is isplaye$
/-ST %504X Factor use to etermine 4/-5 spee values$ =ali entry is + E .++$
P9:5 :9T 9ast loae flight plan altitue in feet$ ?alf<tone !hen /&C :9T is set$
/&C :9T /ruise altitue in feet) or if a . igit num#er is entere) flight level$
Set /ruise :lt to + to turn off FM/ =5:= control$
&ev *$+, *+
ST4P S%C4 Step si8e for the clim# increment to calculate the optimum step clim#
profile$ The efault value is the %/:- value of 3+++ ft $ =ali range is +
to 7+++ ft$ ;hen a value of + is entere) no step clim#s are planne$
/&C ;%50 /urrent !in reaing$ TB0$
/&C /" /urrent center of gravity$
T&:5S :9T Transition altitue$ :#ove this altitue) use stanar #arometric pressure
altitue reaing$ 0efault value is *,+++ ft$
*. Thr+st ,i'it Page
:ccess the thrust limit page #y pressing 93 from the %ne( page$
;hile on the groun) the thrust limit page allo!s selection of thrust limits for ta'eoff
an clim# flight phases$ The thrust limit is the autothrottle limiting thrust setting for the
applica#le flight phase$
Baseline ta'eoff an clim# thrust limits are compute #ase on aircraft gross !eight$
The limits can #e erate (reuce) #y fi(e amounts) T-<*) T-<2 an>or #y a S49ecte
assume temperature erate$
Thrust 9imit Page (-n "roun)
Press 92 E 93 to select ta'eoff thrust limits$ The corresponing /lim# thrust limit is
selecte$ Press &2 E &3 to select clim# thrust limits$
&ev *$+, **
Select an assume temperature erate #y entering the temperature value on the
scratchpa) then press 9* to input the value$
The selecte thrust limit isplays on the the 4%/:S$
Thrust 9imit Temperature 0erate
;hen air#orne) the thrust limit page isplays the selecte thrust limit moe$
Thrust 9imit Page (:ir#orne)
&ev *$+, *2
-. Ta.eoff Page
:ccess the ta'eoff reference page #y pressing 92 from the %ne( page$
The Ta'eoff reference page allo!s entry of ta'eoff flaps setting an ta'eoff gross
!eight) then isplays reference =<spees for the settings$
Ta'eoff &eference Page
&eference =<spees =<spees :ccepte
Ta'eoff flaps setting is entere on 9*$
Ta'eoff gross !eight is entere on &3$
= spees may #e entere iniviually on the scratchpa then input #y pressing &* E &.
for =* E =2 respectively$ %f manually entering = spees) ensure =2 is greater than =&
an =& is greater than =*$
:ccept reference =<spees #y pressing &* E &.) an>or &6 !hen the ://PT =SP440
prompt is isplaye$ ;hen =<spees have #een accepte) the &6 prompt changes to
/enter of gravity an Trim setting is isplaye in 93$ Set trim to the inicate value
prior to ta'eoff$
&ev *$+, *.
=<spees are isplaye as reference mar's on the PF0 spee tape$
Trim setting is isplaye on the throttle Auarant$
PF0 =<spee
&eference Mar's Throttle Trim
:itional ta'eoff ata is isplaye on ta'eoff page 2$
Ta'eoff Page 2
&ev *$+, *3
1/. 0pproa(h Config+ration Page
:ccess the approach configuration page #y pressing 96 from the %ne( page$
The approach page allo!s selection of laning flaps setting an corresponing reference
:pproach /onfiguration Page
The !eight use to calculate the laning reference spee setting is isplaye an set in
9*$ 0efault !eight is current !eight$ To moify the !eight enter the !eight on the
scratchpa an then press 9*$
To select a flaps setting) enter the flaps setting (2+) 22 or .+) on the scratchpa then
press &3$ Press 4X4/ to process the flaps spee setting$ The 94"S page !ill upate to
isplay the reference spee$
The flaps setting can #e copie to the scratchpa #y pressing &*) &2 or &. for flaps
setting 2+) 22 or .+ respectively$
&ev *$+, *2
Flaps Selection
Select to Scratchpa Moify if 0esire) %nput) an 4X4/ute
The PF0 inicates the selecte approach flaps setting an reference spee !hen
PF0 F9:PS>&4F SP440 PF0 &4F SP440 %nicator
&ev *$+, *6
11.!a1igation Database
The FSX "PS navigation ata#ase can #e accesse from the %504X page #y pressing
&*) 5:= 0:T:$
5:= 0:T: Select from %ne( Page 5avigation 0ata Menu Page
: list of nearest :irports or 5:= aies can #e o#taine #y pressing the right select 'eys$
%nformation for a ata#ase entry accesse #y %045T can #e o#taine #y pressing the left
select 'eys
:irport %045T %nfo
&ev *$+, *7
12. Flightplan ,oa#
: flightplan is loae #y using the FSX flight plan loa menu) or from page * of the
&oute pages$
: route cannot #e create using the FM/) although iniviual !aypoints can #e ae
to an elete from an e(isting flightplan$
Flightplan 9oa From /01
&ev *$+, *,
13. 2o+te Pages
:ccess the &oute pages #y pressing the &T4 'ey$
The &-1T4 pages consist of a first page sho!ing the origin an estination airport
follo!e #y a varia#le num#er of pages listing the !aypoints on the route$
2o+te Page 1
&oute page * is isplaye !hen the &T4 'ey is presse if there is no flightplan loae$
&oute Page *
5o Flightplan 9oae =???<=TB0 Flightplan 9oae
To loa a flightplan) enter the plan filename on the scratchpa (ma(imum .. characters)
then press 93$ : P9:5 9-:040 message !ill confirm the plan is loae$
To save a flightplan) enter the plan filename on the scratchpa (ma(imum .. characters)
then press &3$ : P9:5 S:=40 message !ill confirm the plan is save$
-&%"%5 0eparture airport ient$ 5ot moifia#le$
04ST 0estination airport ient$ 5ot moifia#le$
&15;:F 0eparture run!ay$
F9%"?T 5- Flight num#er$
&ev *$+, *7
":T4 0eparture gate num#er) or par'ing ientifier$
"ate num#er 2+) for e(ample) may #e entere as GATE20) or Gust 20$
Specify a terminal an gate num#er as C20$
: par'ing location must #e precee #y the !or P:&B%5"$ For
e(ample PARKING 20$
/- &-1T4 Flightplan name$
9-:0 P9:5 9oa a flightplan file$
S:=4 P9:5 Save a flightplan file$ The Save Plan option appears after moifications
have #een mae to the plan$
2o+te 3aypoint Pages
The route !aypoint page !ith the active !aypoint is isplaye !hen the &T4 'ey is
presse if a flightplan is loae$ The left column specifies the path to the aGacent
!aypoint in the right column$
The active !aypoint) the ne(t !aypoint on the flight path) is sho!n in magenta !ith a HIH
character ne(t to it$
1se the P&4= P:"4 an 54XT P:"4 'eys to step through the route pages$
&oute ;aypoint Pages :pproach ;aypoints
&ev *$+, 2+
14. ,egs Pages
:ccess the 9egs pages #y pressing the 94"S 'ey$
The 94"S pages contain the flightplan !aypoints) istance an #earing to the ne(t
!aypoint) an set or preicte spee an altitue !hen crossing the !aypoint$
The active !aypoint) the ne(t !aypoint on the flight path) is sho!n in magenta !ith an
inicator HIH character ne(t to it$
94"S Page :pproach ;aypoints
1". 2o+te Mo#ifi(ations
;aypoints can #e ae to an elete from flightplan from the &-1T4 an 94"S
pages$ 5ote that approach !aypoints cannot #e elete an a !aypoint cannot #e
inserte into an approach$
Delete a 4aypoint.
: !aypoint can #e elete #y pressing the 049ete 'ey) then selecting the !aypoint to #e
elete using &* to &2 on the &-1T4 pages or 9* to 92 on the 94"S pages$ -r) a
!aypoint can #e selecte then move to an earlier position in the flightplan) eleting all
intermeiate !aypoints$
&ev *$+, 2*
0elete ;aypoint 1sing 0elete Bey
0elete ;aypoints 1sing Select an 0T-
0## 5Insert6 a 4aypoint.
: !aypoint can #e ae #y entering the !aypoint ient on the scratchpa) then select
the point at !hich to insert the !aypoint using &* to &2$ ;aypoints can #e ae to the
en of the flightplan #y selecting the ashe (<<<<<) entry at the en of the flightplan$
: 0uplicate ;aypoint selection page is presente !hen multiple fi(es !ith the same
ient e(ist$
The steps for aing a !aypoint !ith uplicate entries in the navigational ata #ase are
illustrate in the follo!ing images$
&ev *$+, 22
%nput ;aypoint an Select %nsert Point Select From 0uplicates
4X4/ /hange (or 4&:S4) ;aypoint T%"4& %nserte Before B&T
&ev *$+, 2.
0## Pilot7Define# 3aypoints
: !aypoint that is not #ase on an ientifier in the navigational ata#ase can #e efine
in the follo!ing !ays@
/oorinate fi( : !aypoint at a latituinal an longituinal position$
Bearing fi( : !aypoint at a #earing an istance from another !aypoint in the
:long trac' fi( : !aypoint that is at a specifie istance along the flightplan trac'
from an e(isting !aypoint$
0## a Coor#inate Fi$.
: coorinate fi( can #e ae #y entering the fi( coorinates) then selecting the point at
!hich to insert the !aypoint using &* to &2 from the &-1T4 pages) or 9* to 92 from
the 94"S pages$
Formats for entering a fi( are@
The %045T is optional) #ut recommene$ 1se leaing 8eroHs for egrees or minutes
less than *+$ : fi( la#el !ill not appear on the 50$
Fi(es that specify full egree coorinates can #e entere as a 2 character set !ith a
single Auarant esignator$ 5 or 4 in the northern hemisphere or S or ; in the southern
5 is use for 5orth latitue) !est longitue$
4 is use for north latitue) 4ast longitue$
S is use for South latitue) east longitue$
; is use for south latitue) ;est longitue$
9atitue precees longitue$ T!o characters represent longitue !ith the position of the
esignator inicating !hether the longitue is a#ove *++J$The esignator is the last
character if the longitue is less than *++J$
&ev *$+, 23
4(amples of 2 character fi( entries
/oorinate 2<character
52+J ;+.+J 2+.+5
52+J ;*2+J 2+52+
5*+J 4++7J *++74
5+,J 4*2+J +,42+
S2+J 4+.+J 2+.+S
S.+J 4*6+J .+S6+
S3,J ;+.3J 3,.3;
S2*J ;*7+J 2*;7+
%nsert Fi( (From the 9egs Page Sho!n)
&ev *$+, 22
0## a 8earing Fi$.
: #earing fi( can #e ae from the 94"S pages only$
: #earing fi( can #e ae #y entering the flightplan !aypoint ientifier follo!e #y the
true #earing from the !aypoint an the istance) then selecting the point at !hich to
insert the !aypoint using 9* to 92$
Format for entering a #earing fi( is@
%045T ;aypoint ientifier$
BBB Bearing from the %045T in egrees$
0000 0istance from the %045T$
: Bearing ;aypoint *3+J < 6+ nmiles From S%B-1
The ne! !aypoint is name %045T+*) for this e(ample S%B-1+*$
5ote that the #earing for the !aypoint is entere as a true heaing$ ;hen isplaye on
the 94"S page) the heaing inclues the magnetic variation of 2J resulting in a #earing
from S%B-1 of *32J$
&ev *$+, 26
0## an 0long Tra(. Fi$.
:n along trac' fi( can #e ae from the 94"S pages only$
:n along trac' fi( can #e ae #y entering the flightplan !aypoint ientifier follo!e
#y the istance) then selecting the !aypoint using 9* to 92$
Format for entering an along trac' fi( is@
%045T ;aypoint ientifier$
0000 0istance from the %045T$ : negative value efines a point along the trac'
#efore the !aypoint$ : positive value efines a point along the trac' after
the !aypoint$
:long trac' fi(es are useful for efining altitue an spee restriction at a specific
istance from a flightplan !aypoint$
The follo!ing e(ample as an along trac' !aypoint 3+ nmiles from S%B-1$ The ne!
!aypoint is name S%B-1+2$
Scratchpa 4ntry@ SIKOU/40
:long Trac' ;aypoint 3+ 5miles from S%B-1
&ev *$+, 27
The follo!ing e(ample as an along trac' !aypoint ,2 nmiles #efore S%B-1) %t is
given the name S%B-1+.$
Scratchpa 4ntry@ SIKOU/-85
:long Trac' ;aypoint ,2 5miles #efore S%B-1
Pilot<efine !aypoints are save in the flightplan as K1S4&L !aypoints$ They can #e
eite an vie! !ith the FSX Flight Planner after the flightplan has #een save$
&ev *$+, 2,
1%. Spee# an# 0ltit+#e 2estri(tions
Spee an altitue constraints may #e entere for a !aypoint in orer to meet clim# or
escent path restrictions$
-n the 94"S pages) altitue an spee crossing restrictions are entere on the
scratchpa) then the right 9SB ne(t to the applica#le !aypoint is presse to insert the
restriction into the flight<plan$
Format for entering a spee an altitue restriction is@
SSS/AAAAA - !here SSS is inicate airspee an AAAAA is altitue in feet$
: spee or altitue can also #e entere iniviually$ The FMS etermines the type of
ata entry as follo!s@
0ata 4ntere 0ata Type
*+ I 0ata IM 7+ Spee Mach
*++ IM 0ata IM .2+ Spee %:S
.2+ I 0ata
or 0ata length 3 characters or
more (eg$ ++6+ M 6+ ft)
Spee &estriction Spee>:ltitue &estriction
&ev *$+, 27
:ltitue restrictions can #e specifie as at or #elo! (eg 7+++B)) at or a#ove (eg 7+++:))
or at the specifie altitue (eg 7+++)$ Bet!een altitues is not currently supporte$
:ltitue &estriction 4ntry Spee an :ltitue &estriction
&estrictions can #e elete #y pressing the 049 'ey then pressing the line select 'ey
(9SB) ne(t to the applica#le restriction to elete$ %f there are #oth a spee an altitue
restriction) the first 9SB press eletes the spee restriction) a secon 9SB press eletes
the altitue restriction$
0elete Spee &estriction :ltitue &estriction
&ev *$+, .+
Plan 2e1ie4
Turn the moe s!itch on the 4F%S panel to P9:5$
The 5avigation 0isplay (50) isplays the flight<plan !ith the !aypoint at the top of the
current 94"S page centere$
&6 on the /01 changes to the ST4P comman$
&evie! the flight<plan #y stepping through the !aypoints$
Press &6 on the /01 to step through the !aypoints !hile revie!ing the isplaye path
on the 50$
/lic' on the center of the 50 to e(pan the gauge$
9egs Page ;aypoint Step
&ev *$+, .*
1&. 9!09 Pages
:ccess the =5:= pages #y pressing the =5:= 'ey$
There are . =5:= pages for clim#) cruise an escent flight phases$ ;hen =5:= is
presse the page for the current flight phase is isplaye$
=5:= /lim# Page
/&C :9T /ruise altitue$ 4nter altitue in feet or flight level (*++Hs of feet) on the
scratchpa) then press 9* to change$ 4nter + to turn off FM/ =5:=$
4/-5 SP0 FM/ calculate clim# spee$ /hange values #y entering the spee (*2+ <
.2+) or mach num#er (3+ E 7+) on the scratchpa then press 92$
SP0 T&:5S Spee limit #elo! specifie altitue$ 0efault is 22+ 'nots #elo! *++++
feet$ /hange values #y entering spee or altitue on the scratchpa an
pressing 9.$ T!o change operations are reAuire to change #oth values$
SP0 &4ST& Spee restriction #elo! specifie altitue$ /hange values #y entering
spee or altitue on the scratchpa an pressing 93$ T!o change
operations are reAuire to change #oth values$
4/-5 Press 92 to revert #ac' to economy clim# spee$
%504X Press 96 to go to the %ne( page$
&ev *$+, .2
T- T>/ 4T: an istance to preicte top<of<clim#$
T&:5S :9T :ltitue a#ove !hich stanar #arometeric pressure is use$ /hange
value #y entering the altitue in the scratchpa then press &.$
&-1T4 Press &6 to go to the active 9egs page$
=5:= /ruise Page 5avigation 0isplay Step /lim# :rc
/&C :9T /ruise altitue$ 4nter altitue in feet or flight level (*++Hs of feet) on the
scratchpa) then press 9* to change$ 4nter + to turn off FM/ =5:=$
4/-5 SP0 FM/ calculate cruise spee$ /hange values #y entering the spee (*2+ <
.2+) or mach num#er (3+ E 7+) on the scratchpa then press 92$
4/-5 Press 92 to revert #ac' to economy cruise spee$
%504X Press 96 to go to the %ne( page$
ST4P 4T: an istance to preicte optimum step clim# position$ :ppears
only if cruise istance can accommoate a step clim#) an step si8e is
greater than 8ero$ 50 isplays step clim# (S>/) arc if !ithin range$
T- T>0 4T: an istance to preicte top<of<escent$
4T: F149 4T: an preicte fuel remaining at estination$
-PT% :9TS -ptimum) ma(imum an recommene cruise altitues$
&-1T4 Press &6 to go to the active 9egs page$
&ev *$+, ..
=5:= 0escent Page
04ST :9T 0estination airport altitue$
4/-5 SP0 FM/ calculate escent spee$ /an #e change #y entering the spee
(*2+ < .2+) or mach num#er (3+ E 7+) on the scratchpa then press 92$
SP0 T&:5S Spee limit #elo! specifie altitue$ 0efault is 23+ 'nots #elo! *++++
feet$ /hange values #y entering spee or altitue on the scratchpa an
pressing 9.$ T!o change operations are reAuire to change #oth values$
SP0 &4ST& Spee restriction #elo! specifie altitue$ /hange values #y entering
spee or altitue on the scratchpa an pressing 93$ T!o change
operations are reAuire to change #oth values$
4/-5 Press 92 to revert #ac' to economy escent spee$
%504X Press 96 to go to the %ne( page$
T&:5S :9T 0escent transition altitue$ /hange value #y entering the altitue in the
scratchpa then press &2$
;PT :9T :pproach run!ay or estination airport ient an altitue$
FP: =>S Flight path angle an vertical spee to ne(t !aypoint$
&-1T4 Press &6 to go to the active 9egs page$
&ev *$+, .3
1*. 2+n4ay 0pproa(h Pages
:ccess the &un!ay :pproach pages #y pressing the 04P>:&& 'ey$
The &un!ay :pproach pages allo! selection an loa of an approach from the FSX
"PS ata#ase$ : run!ay approach segment cannot #e moifie to a or elete
&un!ay :pproach %ne( Page
:ccess the approaches for the flightplan estination airport #y pressing &2$
:ccess approaches for any airport) #y first entering the airport ient in the scratchpa)
then pressing &2$
The &un!ay :pproach Selection pages are then isplaye$
&ev *$+, .2
&un!ay :pproach Selection Pages
The &un!ay :pproach Selection pages list the approaches availa#le for the selecte
1se P&4=>54XT page to go to the page containing the esire approach$
Press :PP& %504X) 96) to go #ac' to the approach ine( page) or
Press the &SB ne(t to the esire approach$ %n the image a#ove =%0P %9S *+ approach
is selecte #y pressing &3$
The approach transition selection pages are then isplaye$
&ev *$+, .6
:pproach Transition Select Pages
The approach transition selection pages list the transitions availa#le for the selecte
1se P&4=>54XT page to go to the page containing the esire approach transition$
Press :PP& %504X) 96) to go #ac' to the approach ine( page) or
Press the &SB ne(t to the esire transition$ %n the image a#ove =%0P %9S *+ approach
transition %"%5- is selecte #y pressing &3$ Pressing &3 again toggles the selection
&ev *$+, .7
The approach transition is mar'e as S49ecte an the 9-:0 option appears$
:pproach Transition Selecte
The approach at transition %"%5- is loae #y pressing 93) follo!e #y 4X4/$
The &oute page !ith the loae approach an route iscontinuity is isplaye$
&ev *$+, .,
/lose the route iscontinuity@
*$ Select the approach transition !ay point$
2$ Select the point to insert the transition in the flightplan$
.$ 4X4/ the change$
Select Transition ;aypoint Select %nsertion Point
/ontinuous &oute
The first !aypoint of the approach segment is ientifie as :PP& T&:5S on the route
page$ ;aypoints cannot #e ae to the en of the approach segment$
&ev *$+, .7
1-. !09:20D Pages
:ccess the 5:=>&:0 pages #y pressing the 5:=>&:0 'ey$
The 5:=>&:0 pages isplay@
t!o nearest =-& stations
approach run!ay %9S freAuency (if availa#le)
nearest :0F station
The nearest =-&s raial an istance information is isplaye on lines 2 an .
The 5:= raios can #e tune to the =-& freAuency #y pressing 9* for 5:=* or &* for
%f an approach is loae) the estination airport) approach name an %9S freAuency) if
availa#le) is isplaye on line 3$ %f =5:= is active) the FM/ !ill tune the 5:= raios
to the %9S freAuency !hen the aircraft is !ithin .+ nmiles of the airport$ The 5:=
raios can #e tune to 5:= * or 5:=2 at any time #y pressing 93 or &3 respectively$
The nearest :0F station is sho!n on 92$ %t can #e tune to :0F * #y pressing 92$
:0F 2 tune freAuency is sho!n on &2$
5:=>&:0 Page
&ev *$+, 3+
The /ommunications raios tune freAuencies are isplaye on the /omm &aio page$
The /omm &aio page can #e accesse as page 2 of the 5:=>&:0 pages or #y pressing
the FM/>/-MM 'ey$
/omm &aio Page
&ev *$+, 3*
2/. Progress Pages
:ccess the Progress pages #y pressing the P&-" 'ey$
Progress Pages
Progress pages isplay !aypoint an estination istance) 4T:) fuel) !in an trac'ing
Fuel use) isplaye on page 2) line 3) can #e reset #y pressing &3$
&ev *$+, 32
21. 0(ti1ate Flightplan ,eg ;O,D Page
:ccess the ?-90 pages #y pressing the ?-90 'ey$
The ?-90 pages are use to activate a leg in the flightplan$ The format is similar to the
route page$
1se the P&4=>54XT page to go to the page that contains the !aypoint segment to
Press the &SB ne(t to the !aypoint$ The !aypoint ient is copie to the scratchpa$
Press the 4X4/ 'ey to ma'e the !aypoint segment active an #egin turning to an
intercept course !ith the flightplan segment$
:ctivate Flightplan ;aypoint
Segment from ?-90 Page Progress Page
The progress page is then isplaye !ith the ne(t !aypoint istance) 4T: an fuel$
&ev *$+, 3.
22. FI< Dire(t7To Page
:ccess the F%X pages #y pressing the F%X 'ey$
The F%X page is use to specify a navigation fi( to fly irect to$ The FSX "PS Kirect<
toL moe is activate$ 0irect<to moe consists of a path starting at the aircraft position
!here the moe !as invo'e an terminating at the target fi($ This path irectly to the
specifie fi( overries the flightplan$
=5:= is isa#le !hen Kirect<toL moe is active$ Moifying the flightplan is the
preferre metho to procee to a !aypoint !hen using =5:=$
F%X 0irect<To Moe
4nter a F%X ient in the scratchpa) then press &6 to activate$
Press 4X4/ to invo'e Kirect<toL moe$
The progress page is then isplaye sho!ing the fi( position) istance an 4T:$
&ev *$+, 33
Progress 0irect<To
Can(el Dire(t7to Mo#e
"o to the &oute or 94"S page to cancel 0T- moe an revert #ac' to the flightplan$
94"S 0T- Moe /ancel
&ev *$+, 32
5ote that !hen the flightplan #ecomes active after cancelling irect<to moe) the first
!aypoint in the plan is the active !aypoint$ :voi initiating a turn to!ars the first
!aypoint #y isengaging 95:= prior to cancelling irect<to moe$ 1se the ?-90 page
to activate the esire flightplan !aypoint$ Then re<ena#le 95:=$
23. Flight Sa1e
The FSX flight save option !ill save the state of the FM/ an 777 panel$ The state is
reloae !hen the flight is loae$
Saving the flight (vs$ flight-plan) !ill save all ata entere into the FMS) incluing the
flight<plan) as !ell as aircraft state) !eather etc$ Saving the flight-plan simply saves the
!aypoints an nothing else$
FSX saves the flight<plan file name an the flight<plan contents in the flight file$ This
can lea to synchroni8ation errors if the contents of the flight<plan file onHt match the
flight<plan save in the flight file$ %f they are out of sync a "PS loa error is isplaye
!hen attempting to loa the flight an the flight<plan !ill not loa$
"PS 9oa 4rror
%n orer to reuce the li'elihoo of this pro#lem occurring) the FMS !ill save the flight<
plan !hen the flight is save an a to the flight<plan file name the tag@
NJB777FM/NI04P:&TN%045TONI04STN%045TON IF9%"?TNF%94N5:M4O
The intent #ehin this strategy is that a long<haul 777 flight may #e save several times
throughout the uration of the flight !ith plan changes mae along the !ay$ 4ach save
instance must #e in sync !ith the plan at the time the flight is save$
The sie effect is there !ill #e a flight<plan file (!ith a long name) for every save flight
Beep in min that if a flight<plan is moifie an save !ith the same file name) any
flight file that reference the plan in its original state !ill encounter a "PS loa error$
&ev *$+, 36
0ppen#i$ 1= 0##ing Fi$es to the FS< !a1igation Database
5avigational fi(es can #e ae to FSX navigation ata#ase$ :n XM9 file contains the
fi((es) to a to the ata#ase$
;aypoints are specifie !ith the follo!ing fiels@
Fiel 0escription
lat latitue in ecimal notation$ 5orth is positive) south is negative$
lon longitue in ecimal notation$ 4ast is positive) !est is negative$
!aypointType type of !aypoint
magvar magnetic variation$ The ifference #et!een true north an
magnetic north at the position of the !aypoint$ Magnetic variation
can #e o#taine from the FM/ 5:= 0:T: for an e(isting near#y
!aypoint&egion region coe #ase on %/:- regions$ &egion coe can #e o#taine
from the FM/ 5:= 0:T: for an e(isting near#y fi($
!aypoint%ent five character !aypoint ientifier$
The synta( is as follo!s@
<?xm !"r#$o%&'(.0' "%)o*$%+&'UT,-8'?-
<,SD./. !"r#$o%&'0.0' xm%#1x#$&23//41//555.56.or+/200(/X78S)3"m.-
$%#/.%)"2 x#$1%oN.m"#4.)"S)3"m.8o)./$o%&'9+)om4.x#*' -
The !aypoint entry as to the ata#ase the "%5": fi( in the ?ong Bong region (=?)$
Multiple !aypoint entries can #e inclue in the file$
/ompile the (ml file !ith the #gl compiler) Bgl/omp$e(e) inclue in the FSX S0B an
locate in the K4nvironment BitL foler$
The file can #e compile from !ino!s e(plorer #y ragging it over the Bgl/omp$e(e$
&ev *$+, 37
The compilation result is a P$#lg file$
Place the #gl file in the :on Scenery>scenery foler$
-nce in place) the ne! !aypoints can #e accesse the same !ay as any e(isting fi( in
the ata#ase$
&ev *$+, 3,