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SOC101
Question No: 1 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
____________ Perspective argues that social stratification benefits some people at the
expense of others.
Social conflict

Structural-Functional

Symbolic-Interaction

Functionalist
Question No: 2 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
___________ Functions are recognized and intended conseuences of a social pattern.

Latent
!anifest

Dysfunctions

None of the given options


Question No: 3 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
________ is an act of moving from one social class to another.
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Social mobilit"

Social stratification

Inter-class mobility

Economic mobility
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Question No: 4 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
____________ is a social group of t#o or more people$ related b" blood and marriage #ho
usuall" live together.

Tribe
Famil"

Clan

inship
Question No: 5 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
________ is a form of marriage uniting one male and t#o or more females.

!olygamy

!olyan"ry
Pol"g"n"
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#roup marriage
Question No: 6 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
___________ is the first and most influential setting for socialization.

!eer group

School

$eligion
Famil"
Question No: 7 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
____________ stratification refers to societ"%s uneual distribution of #ealth$ po#er and
privilege bet#een men and #omen.

Caste

Class
&ender

!o%er
Question No: 8 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
'he government of Pa(istan$ pursuing the polic" of )ducation for *ll +)F*,$ expects that b"
___________ all children #ill complete their primar" education.

&'('
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&'&'
-01.

&'&)
Question No: ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
)rving &offman uses the term ___________ #hich refers to attributes that discredit people.
Stigma

Degra"ation ceremony

Deviant ritual

Secon"ary i"entity
Question No: 1! ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
'he C/0 refers to ___________.

Chil" birth rate

Cru"e baby rate

Chil" birth ratio


Crude birth rate
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Question No: 11 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
*ccording to 1112 Population Census of Pa(istan$ __________ percent of the population
#as of children under 1. "ears.

*&
34

*)

**
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Question No: 12 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
'he population gro#th rate +P&0, of the #orld #as __________ percent in -00-.
1.4

(+*

(+,

-+(
Question No: 13 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
'he ________ is 5Crude6 because it does not ta(e into account the ris( of having births+
C/0

CD$
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.ortality

None of the given options


Question No: 14 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
__________ is the stud" of interaction of living organisms and the natural environment.

Neurology

/iology
)colog"

0nthropology
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Question No: 15 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
________ is the transfer of cultural traits from one place or group to another.

Inventions

Discovery
7iffusion

Creation
Question No: 16 ( Marks: 1 )
8n 9arl !arx idea of class and conflict those #ho earn their living b" selling their labor
called ____________.
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"n #o$ern in$ustrial societies% &actories% o&&ices% #achiner' an$ the (ealth or ca)ital
nee$e$ to *u' the# ha+e *eco#e #ore i#)ortant, -he t(o #ain classes are those (ho
o(n these ne( #eans o& )ro$uction . the in$ustrialists or capitalists calle$ as
/our0eoisie (*oor1h(ah1e) . an$ those (ho earn their li+in0 *' sellin0 their la*or to the#
. the )ro)ert'-less (orkin0 class calle$ as proletariat.
Question No: 17 ( Marks: 1 )
_ Stereot"pes _is an exaggerated description applied to ever" person in same categor".
Question No: 18 ( Marks: 1 )
_ )ndogam" _ is the practice of mate selection from the same social categor".
Question No: 1 ( Marks: 1 )
*ccording to _ Functionalists _vie# ineualit" is a product of the traditional division in
human societies.
Question No: 2! ( Marks: 1 )
8n 1:12 _ !althus _ published an )ssa" on the 5Principle of Population6.
Question No: 21 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
7avis and !oore vie# that social stratification has beneficial conseuences for the operation
of a societ".

True

False
Answer..pg 60
Question No: 22 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
Counter culture is cultural pattern that strongl" opposes the #idel" accepted patterns #ithin
a societ".
'rue

False
Question No: 23 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
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8n a global perspective$ the ;nited States spends more on schooling than almost an"#here
else.

True

False
Question No: 24 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
Pa(istan had a population of 132.< million in -00<.

True
False
Question No: 25 ( Marks: 1 ) - Please choose one
'he concept of cultural lag #as given b" =illiam F. Ogburn.
'rue

False
Question No: 26 ( Marks: 3 )
/riefl" describe the ma>or components of 9arl !arx theor" of class and conflict.
Answer.pg 56
Question No: 27 ( Marks: 3 )
'he amount of movement up and do#n the class structure #ould indicate the extent of
social mobilit" prevalent in the societ". )nlist three main factors that affect mobilit"?
+1@1@1,
1. Structural factors
2. Individual factors
3. Differential fertilit ! social class
Question No: 28 ( Marks: 3 )
8n preAindustrial societies$ gaining economic assistance and economic securit" in the
process. )nlist an" three residential patterns present in the industrial societ". +1@1@1,
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1. "atrilocal# 2 resi$ential )attern in (hich a #arrie$ cou)le li+es (ith or near the
hus*an$3s &a#il',
2. $atrilocal: 2 resi$ential )attern in (hich a #arrie$ cou)le li+es (ith or near the
(i&e3s &a#il',
3. %eolocal# 2 resi$ential )attern in (hich a #arrie$ cou)le li+es a)art &ro# the )arents
o& *oth the s)ouses,
Question No: 2 ( Marks: 3 )
Peer group is the one$ #hose members have interests$ social position and age in common.
9eeping in vie# the above mentioned statement ho# peer group influence "our personalit".
Answer . "g35
Question No: 3! ( Marks: 3 )
Bo# institution of school is imparting its role to create social integration?
4choolin0 hel)s &or0e a #ass o& )eo)le into a uni&ie$ societ', -his inte0rati+e &unction is
es)eciall' i#)ortant in nations (ith )ronounce$ social $i+ersit'% (here +arious cultures
kno( little a*out . or #a' e+en *e hostile to . one another, 2 *asic (a' schools inte0rate
culturall' $i+erse )eo)le is *' teachin0 a co##on lan0ua0e that encoura0es *roa$
co##unication an$ *uil$s a national i$entit',
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Question No: 31 ( Marks: 1! )
*ccording to =eber$ social stratification is not simpl" a matter of class but it also shaped b"
t#o other aspectsC status and po#er. Bo# "ou as a sociologist see the relevance of these t#o
concepts of stratification in the societ"? +.@.,
"g . 5&
Status in 5e*er3s theor' re&ers to $i&&erences *et(een social 0rou)s in the social honor
or )resti0e the' are accor$e$ *' others, Presentl' status is *ein0 e6)resse$ throu0h
)eo)le3s st'les o& li&e, Markers an$ s'#*ols o& status7such as housin0% $ress% #anner
o& s)eech% occu)ation . all hel) to sha)e an in$i+i$ual3s social stan$in0 in the e'es o&
others, Peo)le sharin0 the sa#e status &or# a co##unit' in (hich there is a sense o&
share$ i$entit',

5hile Mar6 *elie+e$ that status $istinctions are the result o& class $i+isions in societ'%
5e*er ar0ue$ that status o&ten +aries in$e)en$entl' o& class $i+isions, Possession o&
(ealth nor#all' ten$s to con&er hi0h status% *ut there are #an' e6ce)tions, 8l'#)ic 0ol$
#e$alists% &or e6a#)le% #a' not o(n )ro)ert'% 'et the' #a' ha+e +er' hi0h )resti0e,
Pro)ert' an$ )resti0e is not one (a' street: althou0h )ro)ert' can *rin0 )resti0e% )resti0e
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can also *rin0 )ro)ert',

"ower% the thir$ ele#ent o& social class% is the a*ilit' to control others% e+en a0ainst their
(ishes, 5e*er a0ree$ (ith Mar6 that )ro)ert' is a #a9or source o& )o(er% *ut he a$$e$
that it is not the onl' source,

5ith ti#e% in$ustrial societies (itness the 0ro(th o& the *ureaucratic state, -his e6)ansion
o& 0o+ern#ent an$ other t')es o& &or#al or0ani1ations #eans that )o(er 0ains
i#)ortance in the strati&ication s'ste#,

Part' &or#ation is an i#)ortant as)ect o& )o(er% an$ can in&luence strati&ication
in$e)en$entl' o& class an$ status, Part' $e&ines a 0rou) o& in$i+i$uals (ho (ork to0ether
*ecause the' ha+e co##on *ack0roun$s% ai#s or interests, Part' can *e in&luence$ *'
class *ut can also in&luence the econo#ic circu#stance o& )art' #e#*ers an$ there*'
their class, Part' #e#*ershi) cuts across class $i&&erences, -here are )arties *ase$ on
reli0ious a&&iliations an$ nationalist i$eals an$ #a' inclu$e the :ha+es3 an$ :ha+e-nots3,
-here coul$ also *e 0rou)s )ossessin0 e&&ecti+e )olitical )o(er (ithout econo#ic
le+era0e (#ilitar'% tra$e union), -here&ore ine;ualit' coul$ there $ue to )olitical )o(er,
Question No: 32 ( Marks: 1! )
Famil" performs several functions. 8n fact famil" has been considered as 5'he bac(bone of
societ"6. )xplain an" t#o functions of famil" that are fundamental for Pa(istani societ"?
+.@.,
*ns#er DDD pg <2

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