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DESIGN OF THRUST BLOCK

600 mm DIA. PSC PIPE & M.S PIPE


BEND ANGLE = 11.5 DEGREES
DESIGN REFERENCE : APPENDIX 6.7 OF CPHEE MANUAL -1999
DIA . OF PIPE = 600 MM
TYPE OF BEND : HORIZONTAL
DENSITY OF SOIL = 1.8 T/Cu.M
ANGLE OF REPOSE = 30 DEG.
COHESION OF SOIL = 0 T/SQ.M
DENSITY OF CONCRETE = 2.4 T/Cu.M
SOIL COVER OVER PIPE = 600 MM
TEST PRESSURE = 18 KG/CM^2 = 180 T/SQ.M
SECTIONAL AREA OF PIPE = 0.28 SQ.M
HORIZONTAL THRUST = 10.14 T

(A) LATERAL RSISTANCE TO HORIZONTAL THRUST BY FRICTION
WIDTH HEIGHT THICKNESS
SIZE OF THRUST BLOCK = 1500 1500 1500 MMXMMXMM
WEIGHT OF THRUST BLOCK = 7.43 T
WEIGHT OF WATER IN PIPE = 0.42 T
WEIGHT OF EARTH ON PIPE= 2.43 T
TOTAL WEIGHT = 10.28 T
FRICTIONAL RESISTANCE OF SOIL = 3.08 T
(B) LATERAL RESISTANCE TO HORIZONTAL THRUST DUE TO SOIL AGAINST BLOCK
LATERAL RSISTANCE DUE TO SOIL = DENSITY x (H^2/2) x L x (1+SIN T / 1-SIN T) + 2 x C x H x L SQRT(1+SIN T /1-SINT)
WHEN C = O
LATERAL RSISTANCE DUE TO SOIL = DENSITY x (H^2/2) x L x (1+SIN T / 1-SIN T)
SIN T = 0.50
(1+SIN T)/(1-SINT) = 3.00
LATERAL RESISTANCE DUE TO SOIL = 9.12 T
( C) LATERAL RESISTANCE OF SOIL AT BLOCK FREE TO YIELD CONDITION
LATERRAL RESISTANCE OF SOIL WHEN THE THRUST BLOCK IS FREE TO YIELD AWAY
FROM THE SOIL MASS IS = DENSITY x H x (1-SIN T / 1+SIN T) + 2 x C x SQRT(1-SIN T /1+SINT)
WHEN C= 0
LATERRAL RESISTANCE OF SOIL WHEN THE THRUST BLOCK IS FREE TO YIELD AWAY
FROM THE SOIL MASS IS = DENSITY x H x (1-SIN T / 1+SIN T)
LATERAL RSISTANCE AT BLOCK YIELDING CONDITION = 0.36 T
TOTAL LATERAL RESISTANCE =A+B+C = 12.56 T
FACTOR OF SAFETY = 1.238
REINFORCEMENT
MINIMUM SURFACE REINFORCEMENT OF 5 KG / SQ.M IS PROVIDED
PROVIDE 10 MM BARS AT 200 MM C/C AS SKIN REINFORCEMENT
BEND ANGLE = 30 DEGREES
DIA . OF PIPE = 600 MM
TYPE OF BEND : HORIZONTAL
DENSITY OF SOIL = 1.8 T/Cu.M
ANGLE OF REPOSE = 30 DEG.
COHESION OF SOIL = 0 T/SQ.M
DENSITY OF CONCRETE = 2.4 T/Cu.M
SOIL COVER OVER PIPE = 600 MM
TEST PRESSURE = 18 KG/CM^2 = 180 T/SQ.M
SECTIONAL AREA OF PIPE = 0.28 SQ.M
HORIZONTAL THRUST = 26.21 T

(A) LATERAL RSISTANCE TO HORIZONTAL THRUST BY FRICTION
WIDTH HEIGHT THICKNESS
SIZE OF THRUST BLOCK = 2250 2000 1750 MMXMMXMM
WEIGHT OF THRUST BLOCK = 18.23 T
WEIGHT OF WATER IN PIPE = 0.49 T
WEIGHT OF EARTH ON PIPE= 4.25 T
TOTAL WEIGHT = 22.97 T
FRICTIONAL RESISTANCE OF SOIL = 6.89 T
(B) LATERAL RESISTANCE TO HORIZONTAL THRUST DUE TO SOIL AGAINST BLOCK
LATERAL RSISTANCE DUE TO SOIL = DENSITY x (H^2/2) x L x (1+SIN T / 1-SIN T) + 2 x C x H x L SQRT(1+SIN T /1-SINT)
WHEN C = O
LATERAL RSISTANCE DUE TO SOIL = DENSITY x (H^2/2) x L x (1+SIN T / 1-SIN T)
SIN T = 0.50
(1+SIN T)/(1-SINT) = 3.00
LATERAL RESISTANCE DUE TO SOIL = 24.31 T
( C) LATERAL RESISTANCE OF SOIL AT BLOCK FREE TO YIELD CONDITION
LATERRAL RESISTANCE OF SOIL WHEN THE THRUST BLOCK IS FREE TO YIELD AWAY
FROM THE SOIL MASS IS = DENSITY x H x (1-SIN T / 1+SIN T) + 2 x C x SQRT(1-SIN T /1+SINT)
WHEN C= 0
LATERRAL RESISTANCE OF SOIL WHEN THE THRUST BLOCK IS FREE TO YIELD AWAY
FROM THE SOIL MASS IS = DENSITY x H x (1-SIN T / 1+SIN T)
LATERAL RSISTANCE AT BLOCK YIELDING CONDITION = 0.36 T
TOTAL LATERAL RESISTANCE =A+B+C = 31.56 T
FACTOR OF SAFETY = 1.204
REINFORCEMENT
MINIMUM SURFACE REINFORCEMENT OF 5 KG / SQ.M IS PROVIDED
PROVIDE 10 MM BARS AT 200 MM C/C AS SKIN REINFORCEMENT
BEND ANGLE = 60 DEGREES
DIA . OF PIPE = 600 MM
TYPE OF BEND : HORIZONTAL
DENSITY OF SOIL = 1.8 T/Cu.M
ANGLE OF REPOSE = 30 DEG.
COHESION OF SOIL = 0 T/SQ.M
DENSITY OF CONCRETE = 2.4 T/Cu.M
SOIL COVER OVER PIPE = 600 MM
TEST PRESSURE = 18 KG/CM^2 = 180 T/SQ.M
SECTIONAL AREA OF PIPE = 0.28 SQ.M
HORIZONTAL THRUST = 50.63 T

(A) LATERAL RSISTANCE TO HORIZONTAL THRUST BY FRICTION
WIDTH HEIGHT THICKNESS
SIZE OF THRUST BLOCK = 2750 2750 1750 MMXMMXMM
WEIGHT OF THRUST BLOCK = 31.09 T
WEIGHT OF WATER IN PIPE = 0.49 T
WEIGHT OF EARTH ON PIPE= 5.20 T
TOTAL WEIGHT = 36.78 T
FRICTIONAL RESISTANCE OF SOIL = 11.03 T
(B) LATERAL RESISTANCE TO HORIZONTAL THRUST DUE TO SOIL AGAINST BLOCK
LATERAL RSISTANCE DUE TO SOIL = DENSITY x (H^2/2) x L x (1+SIN T / 1-SIN T) + 2 x C x H x L SQRT(1+SIN T /1-SINT)
WHEN C = O
LATERAL RSISTANCE DUE TO SOIL = DENSITY x (H^2/2) x L x (1+SIN T / 1-SIN T)
SIN T = 0.50
(1+SIN T)/(1-SINT) = 3.00
LATERAL RESISTANCE DUE TO SOIL = 56.18 T
( C) LATERAL RESISTANCE OF SOIL AT BLOCK FREE TO YIELD CONDITION
LATERRAL RESISTANCE OF SOIL WHEN THE THRUST BLOCK IS FREE TO YIELD AWAY
FROM THE SOIL MASS IS = DENSITY x H x (1-SIN T / 1+SIN T) + 2 x C x SQRT(1-SIN T /1+SINT)
WHEN C= 0
LATERRAL RESISTANCE OF SOIL WHEN THE THRUST BLOCK IS FREE TO YIELD AWAY
FROM THE SOIL MASS IS = DENSITY x H x (1-SIN T / 1+SIN T)
LATERAL RSISTANCE AT BLOCK YIELDING CONDITION = 0.36 T
TOTAL LATERAL RESISTANCE =A+B+C = 67.57 T
FACTOR OF SAFETY = 1.335
REINFORCEMENT
MINIMUM SURFACE REINFORCEMENT OF 5 KG / SQ.M IS PROVIDED
PROVIDE 10 MM BARS AT 200 MM C/C AS SKIN REINFORCEMENT
BEND ANGLE = 90 DEGREES
DIA . OF PIPE = 600 MM
TYPE OF BEND : HORIZONTAL
DENSITY OF SOIL = 1.8 T/Cu.M
ANGLE OF REPOSE = 30 DEG.
COHESION OF SOIL = 0 T/SQ.M
DENSITY OF CONCRETE = 2.4 T/Cu.M
SOIL COVER OVER PIPE = 600 MM
TEST PRESSURE = 18 KG/CM^2 = 180 T/SQ.M
SECTIONAL AREA OF PIPE = 0.28 SQ.M
HORIZONTAL THRUST = 71.59 T

(A) LATERAL RSISTANCE TO HORIZONTAL THRUST BY FRICTION
WIDTH HEIGHT THICKNESS
SIZE OF THRUST BLOCK = 3000 3000 1750 MMXMMXMM
WEIGHT OF THRUST BLOCK = 37.13 T
WEIGHT OF WATER IN PIPE = 0.49 T
WEIGHT OF EARTH ON PIPE= 5.67 T
TOTAL WEIGHT = 43.29 T
FRICTIONAL RESISTANCE OF SOIL = 12.99 T
(B) LATERAL RESISTANCE TO HORIZONTAL THRUST DUE TO SOIL AGAINST BLOCK
LATERAL RSISTANCE DUE TO SOIL = DENSITY x (H^2/2) x L x (1+SIN T / 1-SIN T) + 2 x C x H x L SQRT(1+SIN T /1-SINT)
WHEN C = O
LATERAL RSISTANCE DUE TO SOIL = DENSITY x (H^2/2) x L x (1+SIN T / 1-SIN T)
SIN T = 0.50
(1+SIN T)/(1-SINT) = 3.00
LATERAL RESISTANCE DUE TO SOIL = 72.94 T
( C) LATERAL RESISTANCE OF SOIL AT BLOCK FREE TO YIELD CONDITION
LATERRAL RESISTANCE OF SOIL WHEN THE THRUST BLOCK IS FREE TO YIELD AWAY
FROM THE SOIL MASS IS = DENSITY x H x (1-SIN T / 1+SIN T) + 2 x C x SQRT(1-SIN T /1+SINT)
WHEN C= 0
LATERRAL RESISTANCE OF SOIL WHEN THE THRUST BLOCK IS FREE TO YIELD AWAY
FROM THE SOIL MASS IS = DENSITY x H x (1-SIN T / 1+SIN T)
LATERAL RSISTANCE AT BLOCK YIELDING CONDITION = 0.36 T
TOTAL LATERAL RESISTANCE =A+B+C = 86.28 T
FACTOR OF SAFETY = 1.205
REINFORCEMENT
MINIMUM SURFACE REINFORCEMENT OF 5 KG / SQ.M IS PROVIDED
PROVIDE 10 MM BARS AT 200 MM C/C AS SKIN REINFORCEMENT
DESIGN OF THRUST BLOCK
DESIGN REFERENCE : APPENDIX 6.7 OF CPHEE MANUAL -1999
DIA . OF PIPE = 900 MM
TYPE OF BEND : HORIZONTAL
BEND ANGLE = 45 DEGREES
DENSITY OF SOIL = 1.8 T/Cu.M
ANGLE OF REPOSE = 30 DEG.
COHESION OF SOIL = 0 T/SQ.M
DENSITY OF CONCRETE = 2.3 T/Cu.M
SOIL COVER OVER PIPE = 600 MM
TEST PRESSURE = 11 KG/CM^2 = 110 T/SQ.M
SECTIONAL AREA OF PIPE = 0.63 SQ.M
HORIZONTAL THRUST = 53.28 T

(A) LATERAL RSISTANCE TO HORIZONTAL THRUST BY FRICTION
WIDTH HEIGHT THICKNESS
SIZE OF THRUST BLOCK = 3200 3200 3200 MMXMMXMM
WEIGHT OF THRUST BLOCK = 73.91 T
WEIGHT OF WATER IN PIPE = 2.02 T
WEIGHT OF EARTH ON PIPE= 11.06 T
TOTAL WEIGHT = 86.99 T
FRICTIONAL RESISTANCE OF SOIL = 26.10 T
(B) LATERAL RESISTANCE TO HORIZONTAL THRUST DUE TO SOIL AGAINST BLOCK
LATERAL RSISTANCE DUE TO SOIL = DENSITY x (H^2/2) x L x (1+SIN T / 1-SIN T) + 2 x C x H x L SQRT(1+SIN T /1-SINT)
WHEN C = O
LATERAL RSISTANCE DUE TO SOIL = DENSITY x (H^2/2) x L x (1+SIN T / 1-SIN T)
SIN T = 0.50
(1+SIN T)/(1-SINT) = 3.00
LATERAL RESISTANCE DUE TO SOIL = 88.52 T
( C) LATERAL RESISTANCE OF SOIL AT BLOCK FREE TO YIELD CONDITION
LATERRAL RESISTANCE OF SOIL WHEN THE THRUST BLOCK IS FREE TO YIELD AWAY
FROM THE SOIL MASS IS = DENSITY x H x (1-SIN T / 1+SIN T) + 2 x C x SQRT(1-SIN T /1+SINT)
WHEN C= 0
LATERRAL RESISTANCE OF SOIL WHEN THE THRUST BLOCK IS FREE TO YIELD AWAY
FROM THE SOIL MASS IS = DENSITY x H x (1-SIN T / 1+SIN T)
LATERAL RSISTANCE AT BLOCK YIELDING CONDITION = 0.54 T
TOTAL LATERAL RESISTANCE =A+B+C = 115.15 T
FACTOR OF SAFETY = 2.161
REINFORCEMENT
MINIMUM SURFACE REINFORCEMENT OF 5 KG / SQ.M IS PROVIDED
PROVIDE 10 MM BARS AT 200 MM C/C AS SKIN REINFORCEMENT

(B) LATERAL RESISTANCE TO HORIZONTAL THRUST DUE TO SOIL AGAINST BLOCK
LATERAL RSISTANCE DUE TO SOIL = DENSITY x (H^2/2) x L x (1+SIN T / 1-SIN T) + 2 x C x H x L SQRT(1+SIN T /1-SINT)
LATERRAL RESISTANCE OF SOIL WHEN THE THRUST BLOCK IS FREE TO YIELD AWAY
FROM THE SOIL MASS IS = DENSITY x H x (1-SIN T / 1+SIN T) + 2 x C x SQRT(1-SIN T /1+SINT)
LATERRAL RESISTANCE OF SOIL WHEN THE THRUST BLOCK IS FREE TO YIELD AWAY

(B) LATERAL RESISTANCE TO HORIZONTAL THRUST DUE TO SOIL AGAINST BLOCK
LATERAL RSISTANCE DUE TO SOIL = DENSITY x (H^2/2) x L x (1+SIN T / 1-SIN T) + 2 x C x H x L SQRT(1+SIN T /1-SINT)
LATERRAL RESISTANCE OF SOIL WHEN THE THRUST BLOCK IS FREE TO YIELD AWAY
FROM THE SOIL MASS IS = DENSITY x H x (1-SIN T / 1+SIN T) + 2 x C x SQRT(1-SIN T /1+SINT)
LATERRAL RESISTANCE OF SOIL WHEN THE THRUST BLOCK IS FREE TO YIELD AWAY

(B) LATERAL RESISTANCE TO HORIZONTAL THRUST DUE TO SOIL AGAINST BLOCK
LATERAL RSISTANCE DUE TO SOIL = DENSITY x (H^2/2) x L x (1+SIN T / 1-SIN T) + 2 x C x H x L SQRT(1+SIN T /1-SINT)
LATERRAL RESISTANCE OF SOIL WHEN THE THRUST BLOCK IS FREE TO YIELD AWAY
FROM THE SOIL MASS IS = DENSITY x H x (1-SIN T / 1+SIN T) + 2 x C x SQRT(1-SIN T /1+SINT)
LATERRAL RESISTANCE OF SOIL WHEN THE THRUST BLOCK IS FREE TO YIELD AWAY

(B) LATERAL RESISTANCE TO HORIZONTAL THRUST DUE TO SOIL AGAINST BLOCK
LATERAL RSISTANCE DUE TO SOIL = DENSITY x (H^2/2) x L x (1+SIN T / 1-SIN T) + 2 x C x H x L SQRT(1+SIN T /1-SINT)
LATERRAL RESISTANCE OF SOIL WHEN THE THRUST BLOCK IS FREE TO YIELD AWAY
FROM THE SOIL MASS IS = DENSITY x H x (1-SIN T / 1+SIN T) + 2 x C x SQRT(1-SIN T /1+SINT)
LATERRAL RESISTANCE OF SOIL WHEN THE THRUST BLOCK IS FREE TO YIELD AWAY

(B) LATERAL RESISTANCE TO HORIZONTAL THRUST DUE TO SOIL AGAINST BLOCK
LATERAL RSISTANCE DUE TO SOIL = DENSITY x (H^2/2) x L x (1+SIN T / 1-SIN T) + 2 x C x H x L SQRT(1+SIN T /1-SINT)
LATERRAL RESISTANCE OF SOIL WHEN THE THRUST BLOCK IS FREE TO YIELD AWAY
FROM THE SOIL MASS IS = DENSITY x H x (1-SIN T / 1+SIN T) + 2 x C x SQRT(1-SIN T /1+SINT)
LATERRAL RESISTANCE OF SOIL WHEN THE THRUST BLOCK IS FREE TO YIELD AWAY