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list of general topics for the algebra comp exam

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You are on page 1of 4

I. Basics

a) Groups

i. Abelian Groups

ii. Subgroups

iii. Cyclic Groups

iv. Generating Sets

v. Cosets and Lagranges

Theorem

vi. Normality

vii. Commutator Subgroup

viii. Homomorphisms and The

Isomorphism Theorems

ix. The correspondence

Theorem

x. Product Groups

xi. Quotient Groups

xii. Composition Series and

Jordan-Holder Theorem,

p-groups, nilpotent

groups, solvability in

genral, a nice matrix

example in terms of its

solvability

xiii. Dihedral Groups

xiv. Symetric Groups

xv. Matrix Groups

xvi. Quoternion Groups

xvii. Group Actions

xviii. Centralizers, Normalizers,

Stabilizers and Kernels

xix. The operation on Cosets

xx. The Counting Formula

xxi. Operations on Subsets

xxii. Permutation

Representations, Groups

acting on themselves

by Left Multiplication,

Cayleys Theorem

xxiii. Groups Acting

on Themselves by

Conjugation, The Class

Equation, Burnsides

Lemma, The number of

xed points or Diagonal

argument

xxiv. Automorphisms,

inner automorphisms,

The group of inner

automorphisms as a

subgroup of permutation

group for the action

by conjugation and the

related isomorphism,

xxv. The Sylow Theorems

xxvi. The simplicity of A

n

, for

n5.

xxvii. Direct and Semidirect

Products , Direct Sums

xxviii. Fundamental Theorem

for Finitely Generated

abelian Groups i.e.

Structure Theorem

xxix. Recognizing Type of

Direct Products for

abelian groups

xxx. Recognizing Direct

Products in general

xxxi. Semidirect Products

and related examples

b) Rings

i. Examples: Polynomial

Rings, Matrix Rings,

Group Rings

1

ii. Ring Homomorphisms

and Quotient Rings,

Ideals

iii. Adjoining Elements,

iv. Rings of Fractions

v. The Chinese Remainder

Theorem

vi. Product Rings

vii. Maximal Ideals,

viii. Factoring Integers,

ix. Unique Factorization

Domains,

x. Gausss Lemma

xi. Factoring Integer

Polynomials, Gauss

Primes,

xii. Polynomial Rings over

Fields,

xiii. Polynomial Rings that are

UFD s,

xiv. Irreducibility Criteria

xv. Polynomial Rings over

Fields,

xvi. Ideals in Z[ 5

]

xvii. Ideal Multiplication

xviii. Factoring Ideals

xix. Prime Ideals and Prime

integers

xx. Division Ring

c) Modules

i. Quotient Modules and

Module Homomorphisms

ii. Generation of Modules,

Direct Sums, and Free

Modules,

iii. Projective, Injective and

Flat modules

d) Vector Spaces

i. Subspaces,

ii. Bases and Dimensions,

iii. Computing with Bases

iv. Direct Sums

v. Innite Dimensional

Spaces,

vi. Linear Functions,

vii. Bilinear and Quadratic

Functions

viii. Euclidean Spaces,

ix. Hermitian Spaces,

e) Algebras

f) Matrix Algebras

g) Polynomial Algebra

h) Domain

i) Integral Domain

j) Linear Operators

i. Dimension Formula

ii. Matrix of a linear

Operator

iii. Eigenvectors

iv. Characteristic polynomial

v. Triangular and Diagonal

Forms

vi. Bilinear Forms

vii. Symetric Forms

viii. Hermitian Forms

ix. Orthogonality

2

x. Linear operators and

Bilinear Functions on

Euclidean Spaces

xi. Spectral Theorem

xii. Jordan Canonical Form

xiii. Functions of a Linear

Operator

xiv. Skew-Symetric Form

k) Euclidean Domain

l) Principal Ideal Domain

i. Modules over Principal

Ideals Domain and

Rational Canonical Form

m) Tensor Algebra

i. Tensor Product of Vector

Spaces

ii. Grasmann Algebra

n) Linear Groups

i. SO(2) acts on R

2

.

ii. A very crucial thm for

the other groups to dene

the structure of the group

or set that they act on

by means of the stabilizer

and the group, itself

iii. SO(n) acts on S

n1

iv. O(n) acts on RP

n1

v. Flags in R

n

vi. Sl(2, R) acts on upper

half plane

o) Linear Algebra in a Ring

1. Modules and Free

Modules

2. Diagonalizing integer

Matrices

3. Structure of Abelian

Groups

4. Applications to Linear

Operators

5. Polynomial Rings in

Several Variables

p) Group Representations for nite

Groups

i. Basic Denitions

ii. Irreducible

Representations

iii. Unitary Representations

iv. Characters

v. One dimensional

Characters

vi. The Regular

Representation

vii. Schurs Lemma

viii. Proof of the

Orthogonality Relations

q) Fields

i. The degree of a eld

extension

ii. Adjoining Roots

iii. Finite Fields

iv. Primitive Elements

v. The Fundamental Thm of

Algebra

vi. Finding the irreducible

polynomial

vii. Algebraic Extensions

viii. Splitting Fields and

Algebraic Closures

ix. Seperable and inseperable

Extensions

3

x. Cyclotomic Polynomials

and Extensions

r) Galois Theory

i. The discriminant and

basic denitions

ii. Finite Fields

iii. Fixed Fields

iv. Fundamentl Theorem of

Galois Theory

v. Composite and Simple

Extensions

vi. Cyclotomic Extensions

and Abelian Extensions

over Q

vii. Cubic Equations

viii. Quartic Equations

ix. Roots of Unity

4

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