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Table of contents

I. Basics
a) Groups
i. Abelian Groups
ii. Subgroups
iii. Cyclic Groups
iv. Generating Sets
v. Cosets and Lagranges
Theorem
vi. Normality
vii. Commutator Subgroup
viii. Homomorphisms and The
Isomorphism Theorems
ix. The correspondence
Theorem
x. Product Groups
xi. Quotient Groups
xii. Composition Series and
Jordan-Holder Theorem,
p-groups, nilpotent
groups, solvability in
genral, a nice matrix
example in terms of its
solvability
xiii. Dihedral Groups
xiv. Symetric Groups
xv. Matrix Groups
xvi. Quoternion Groups
xvii. Group Actions
xviii. Centralizers, Normalizers,
Stabilizers and Kernels
xix. The operation on Cosets
xx. The Counting Formula
xxi. Operations on Subsets
xxii. Permutation
Representations, Groups
acting on themselves
by Left Multiplication,
Cayleys Theorem
xxiii. Groups Acting
on Themselves by
Conjugation, The Class
Equation, Burnsides
Lemma, The number of
xed points or Diagonal
argument
xxiv. Automorphisms,
inner automorphisms,
The group of inner
automorphisms as a
subgroup of permutation
group for the action
by conjugation and the
related isomorphism,
xxv. The Sylow Theorems
xxvi. The simplicity of A
n
, for
n5.
xxvii. Direct and Semidirect
Products , Direct Sums
xxviii. Fundamental Theorem
for Finitely Generated
abelian Groups i.e.
Structure Theorem
xxix. Recognizing Type of
Direct Products for
abelian groups
xxx. Recognizing Direct
Products in general
xxxi. Semidirect Products
and related examples
b) Rings
i. Examples: Polynomial
Rings, Matrix Rings,
Group Rings
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ii. Ring Homomorphisms
and Quotient Rings,
Ideals
iii. Adjoining Elements,
iv. Rings of Fractions
v. The Chinese Remainder
Theorem
vi. Product Rings
vii. Maximal Ideals,
viii. Factoring Integers,
ix. Unique Factorization
Domains,
x. Gausss Lemma
xi. Factoring Integer
Polynomials, Gauss
Primes,
xii. Polynomial Rings over
Fields,
xiii. Polynomial Rings that are
UFD s,
xiv. Irreducibility Criteria
xv. Polynomial Rings over
Fields,
xvi. Ideals in Z[ 5

]
xvii. Ideal Multiplication
xviii. Factoring Ideals
xix. Prime Ideals and Prime
integers
xx. Division Ring
c) Modules
i. Quotient Modules and
Module Homomorphisms
ii. Generation of Modules,
Direct Sums, and Free
Modules,
iii. Projective, Injective and
Flat modules
d) Vector Spaces
i. Subspaces,
ii. Bases and Dimensions,
iii. Computing with Bases
iv. Direct Sums
v. Innite Dimensional
Spaces,
vi. Linear Functions,
vii. Bilinear and Quadratic
Functions
viii. Euclidean Spaces,
ix. Hermitian Spaces,
e) Algebras
f) Matrix Algebras
g) Polynomial Algebra
h) Domain
i) Integral Domain
j) Linear Operators
i. Dimension Formula
ii. Matrix of a linear
Operator
iii. Eigenvectors
iv. Characteristic polynomial
v. Triangular and Diagonal
Forms
vi. Bilinear Forms
vii. Symetric Forms
viii. Hermitian Forms
ix. Orthogonality
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x. Linear operators and
Bilinear Functions on
Euclidean Spaces
xi. Spectral Theorem
xii. Jordan Canonical Form
xiii. Functions of a Linear
Operator
xiv. Skew-Symetric Form
k) Euclidean Domain
l) Principal Ideal Domain
i. Modules over Principal
Ideals Domain and
Rational Canonical Form
m) Tensor Algebra
i. Tensor Product of Vector
Spaces
ii. Grasmann Algebra
n) Linear Groups
i. SO(2) acts on R
2
.
ii. A very crucial thm for
the other groups to dene
the structure of the group
or set that they act on
by means of the stabilizer
and the group, itself
iii. SO(n) acts on S
n1
iv. O(n) acts on RP
n1
v. Flags in R
n
vi. Sl(2, R) acts on upper
half plane
o) Linear Algebra in a Ring
1. Modules and Free
Modules
2. Diagonalizing integer
Matrices
3. Structure of Abelian
Groups
4. Applications to Linear
Operators
5. Polynomial Rings in
Several Variables
p) Group Representations for nite
Groups
i. Basic Denitions
ii. Irreducible
Representations
iii. Unitary Representations
iv. Characters
v. One dimensional
Characters
vi. The Regular
Representation
vii. Schurs Lemma
viii. Proof of the
Orthogonality Relations
q) Fields
i. The degree of a eld
extension
ii. Adjoining Roots
iii. Finite Fields
iv. Primitive Elements
v. The Fundamental Thm of
Algebra
vi. Finding the irreducible
polynomial
vii. Algebraic Extensions
viii. Splitting Fields and
Algebraic Closures
ix. Seperable and inseperable
Extensions
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x. Cyclotomic Polynomials
and Extensions
r) Galois Theory
i. The discriminant and
basic denitions
ii. Finite Fields
iii. Fixed Fields
iv. Fundamentl Theorem of
Galois Theory
v. Composite and Simple
Extensions
vi. Cyclotomic Extensions
and Abelian Extensions
over Q
vii. Cubic Equations
viii. Quartic Equations
ix. Roots of Unity
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