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INFR SET

INFRASTRUCTURE
PRODUCTS
www.avengman.com
Building a positive and lasting
legacy of which customers,
employees, their families,
shareholders and future
generations will be proud.
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MISSION
Aveng Manufacturing Infraset
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We have
a long heritage of technical excellence with roots
as far back as 1928.
a business unit often nominated as a preferred
supplier.
played a major role in Africas infrastructure
development, including many landmark roads,
bridges, dams, buildings and power stations in
several developing economies.
a footprint extending into Australia and the
Middle-East.
We are
differentiated
through our
engagement with some of South Africas iconic
projects, including inter alia Soccer City, the Gautrain
and the Gauteng Freeway Improvement Project.
successful track record of work executed on a
project-by-project basis in countries other than our
established locations.
We are
a business unit of Aveng Manufacturing.
made up of four divisions: Infrastructure Products;
Railway Products, Poles and Masts; Landscape
Products and Building Products.
in operation throughout the southern Africa region
through strategically located factories in South Africa,
Swaziland, Zambia and Zimbabwe, placing us in
close proximity to our markets.
Safety, health
and quality
all our products are manufactured to stringent quality
standards in accordance with SANS 542:2004, and
our factories are all SABS ISO 9001-2000 accredited.
Our active pursuit of extensive global interests encompassing the building,
construction, engineering, mining, manufacturing and steel processing
industries.
INFR SET
Overview
Aveng Manufacturing Infraset is a business unit within the
Aveng Manufacturing Operating Group. We are a leading
manufacturer of precast concrete products for the development
of infrastructure.
The Infrastructure division within Aveng Manufacturing Infraset
has over 80 years of experience in the manufacturing of
infrastructure products namely: - precast concrete pipes,
culverts, manholes and associated products.
Our factories are equipped with the latest technology which
is our key to producing innovative and effective products
designed for longevity and performance. This enables Aveng
Manufacturing Infraset to position the company among the
leaders in precast concrete technology.
Aveng Manufacturing Infraset places signifcant emphasis
on safety, both in the workplace and in the application of its
products. With this in mind, the company remains focused in
maintaining the highest standards of innovation, quality and
service to ensure Aveng Manufacturing Infraset meets the
needs of the projects that provide infrastructure to Southern
Africa as well as developing the communities within which they
operate.
INFRASTRUCTURE PRODUCTS
Product innovation is key in the support of infrastructure
and Aveng Manufacturing Infraset has applied its extensive
experience with modern technology to produce effective solutions
in the form of inventive, pioneering products such as the HDPE
Lined and specialised jacking pipe technology.
Aveng Manufacturing Infraset Infrastructure Products are
currently manufactured at fve factories countrywide which
produce a comprehensive range of reinforced concrete pipes,
culverts, manholes, robust toilet structures and other custom
built precast products. As part of Aveng Manufacturing
Infrasets commitment to the African Renaissance, Aveng
Manufacturing Infraset products are also manufactured at
factories in neighbouring countries, Aveng Manufacturing
Infraset Swazi in Swaziland and Aveng Manufacturing Infraset
Zambia Limited in Zambia, Kwena Aveng Manufacturing
Infraset in Botswana and Fort Concrete in Zimbabwe. Aveng
Manufacturing Infraset is committed to maintaining the highest
standards of innovation, quality and service, fulflling the most
demanding of requirements and meeting the needs of a range
of projects that provide infrastructure to Africa, and the world.
Our factories are all SABS ISO 9001-2000 accredited.
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Certication
4
Our factories are all SABS ISO 9001-2000 accredited.
Our global presence
Finland
Maryland
North America
Mali
Guinea
Ghana
Libya
United Arab Emirates
Tanzania
Rwanda
Malawi
Mauritius
Mozambique
Zimbabwe
Zambia
Namibia
Botswana Swaziland
Lesotho
South Africa
South America
Chile
Shanghai
Hong Kong
Thailand
Laos Vietnam
Singapore
Philippines
Indonesia Papua New Guinea
Solomon Islands
Fiji
Samoa
New Caledonia
New Zealand
Australia
A leading infrastructure development group with strong presence and expertise
in key target geographies
Works actively in over 30 countries
Employs over 30 000 people
Builds iconic structures and landmarks
Safety is paramount, never to be
compromised in the pursuit of any
objective.
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Group structure
Aveng (Africa) Limited
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Finland
Maryland
North America
Mali
Guinea
Ghana
Libya
United Arab Emirates
Tanzania
Rwanda
Malawi
Mauritius
Mozambique
Zimbabwe
Zambia
Namibia
Botswana Swaziland
Lesotho
South Africa
South America
Chile
Shanghai
Hong Kong
Thailand
Laos Vietnam
Singapore
Philippines
Indonesia Papua New Guinea
Solomon Islands
Fiji
Samoa
New Caledonia
New Zealand
Australia
Entrenching world-class safety
Incident
Management
Hazard
Identication
and Risk
Management
Monitoring,
Audits and
Reviews
Training,
Awareness and
Competence
Legal
Requirements
Communication,
Consultation
and Involvement
Suppliers,
Contractors
and Partners
Objectives, Targets,
and Performance
Management
Crisis and
Emergency
Management
VISIBLE
LEADERSHIP
Key safety principles to ensure the highest practical standards of behaviour and performance
across the Group are shown below:
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Integrated health, safety
and environmental management
Safety is a core value of the Aveng Group and is integral to the way the group does
business. The Aveng Group aims for a zero fatality rate, and a disabling injury
frequency rate (DIFR) of less than 0,2.
The Aveng Groups focus on safety has seen NOSA award
Aveng Grinaker-LTA with a NOSCAR for fve consecutive years
for industry leading safety achievements on projects. This is
the highest accolade in safety, health and environmental risk
management in South Africa.
The Aveng Groups safety culture is cultivated through the
following key factors:
Entrenching safety as a value for its people
Identifying, assessing and managing risks to employees,
contractors, service providers and communities
Striving to achieve industry best practice
Meeting and where appropriate exceeding applicable
legal and other requirements.
With safety paramount to operations, the Aveng Group has
implemented various measures to minimise the possibility of
work place injuries. The Aveng Groups internal processes
also ensure that should an incident occur, a thorough
investigation is undertaken with a view to making relevant
changes to avoid recurrences.
The construction and engineering sector, in which the Aveng
Group is involved, by nature exposes people to hazardous
and high risk environments.The board and management of
the Group, however, believe that such hazards and risks can
be managed through strong leadership and adherence to
world-class standards and practices.
Through the safety vision HOME WITHOUT HARM,
EVERYONE EVERYDAY, our culture of safety awareness
is truly inculcated in the daily lives of the Aveng Groups
employees.
Safety standards
Visible Leadership
Legal
Requirements
Monitoring,
Audits and
Reviews
Communications,
Consultation and
Involvement
Incident
Management
Hazard
Identifcation and
Risk Management
Objectives,
Targets
and Performance
Management
Crisis and
Emergency
Management
Training,
Awareness and
Competence
Suppliers,
Contractors and
Partners
Our safety vision, Home without Harm, Everyone, Everyday
is becoming a way of life for all of us in everything that we do,
whether at home or at the workplace. This is the only sure way
we can achieve a sustainable world-class safety culture.
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Aveng Manufacturing Infraset
has over 80 years of specialized
technical experience in the
infrastructure market.
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Content
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PRECAST CONCRETE PIPES
Technical Data
Maximum Fill Heights on Pipes
Ogee Joint Pipes
Spigot and Socket Joint Pipes
Sewer Pipe with Sacrifcial Layer
In-the-wall Joint Pipes
In-the-wall Jacking Pipes
PRECAST CONCRETE CULVERTS
Technical Data
Maximum Fill Heights on Culverts
Rectangular Portal Culverts
Ribbed Skew Haunch Culverts
Culvert Bases
Jacking Box Culverts
PRECAST CONCRETE MANHOLES
6-Way Concrete Base
Components
Type 2A & 2C Concrete Lids
Manhole Confgurations
ASSOCIATED PRECAST CONCRETE PRODUCTS
Channels and Drains
Air Valve Chambers
Median Barriers
Sump/Pump Stations Chambers
Toilets
Wash Troughs
Bus Shelters
Kerb Inlet (Catchpit)
Product Ranges
Flow chart for circular pipes
PRECAST
CONCRETE
PIPES
11
Aveng Manufacturing Infraset
pipes bear the SANS mark and are
designed, manufactured and tested
in accordance with SANS 677.
Technical Data
12
Introduction
Aveng Manufacturing Infraset manufactures
reinforced concrete pipes using two well-known
production processes: roller suspension and
automated vertical casting using high strength,
high durability concrete. Both these processes
are used worldwide and are acknowledged to be
ideal for concrete pipe manufacturing.
All the manufacturing processes are done
under carefully controlled conditions using advanced
technology and equipment. These processes provide
fexibility for the manufacturing of tailormade wall
thicknesses for special load and strength require-
ments.
If corrosion problems are anticipated, Aveng
Manufacturing Infraset has several methods of
prolonging the life of the concrete pipe. The
substitution of the siliceous aggregates with
calcareous aggregates results in the extended life
of the concrete pipe. An HDPE liner can alternatively
be added to the bore of the pipe to prevent the
sulphuric acids from coming into contact with the
concrete surface.
CLASSIFICATION OF PIPES
Types of pipe
Aveng Manufacturing Infraset offers a large range
of pipes readily available in nominal lengths of 2.5m
and also half-lengths on special arrangement.
Pipes ranging from 300 to 1800 with Interlocking
ogee joints, 300 to 1800 pipes with Spigot and
Socket joints and 900 to 1800 pipes with
In-the-Wall joints are all produced in three strength
classes.
Jacking pipes are manufactured only in class
100D and vary in size from 840 to 2500.
Stronger pipes capable of carrying higher D-loads
are manufactured on request.
All Aveng Manufacturing Infraset pipes bear the
SANS mark and are designed, manufactured and
tested in accordance with SANS 677.
SC (Stormwater Culvert) pipes are manufactured
with a non-watertight, interlocking ogee joint.
The sewer and irrigation (SI) pipes are manu-
factured using dolomitic aggregates and have a
watertight Spigot and Socket or In-the-Wall joint.
Sewer pipes with a sacrifcial layer (WSL) are
manufactured to the SABS 1200 LD requirements
with an additional 15mm cover for pipes ranging
from 300 to 1050 and 20mm for pipes 1200
1800. T2 and T4 pressure pipes, tested to 2 and
4 bar respectively are available on request.
Spigot and Socket and In-the-Wall joint pipes are
joined and sealed using either a rolling rubber or a
sliding rubber ring respectively. The sliding rubber
ring is installed using a soft soap lubricant.
Types of joints
Strength of pipes
Two strength tests are done on Aveng Manufacturing
Infraset pipes. The frst is a crushing test on both the
SC and SI pipes, and the second is a hydraulic
pressure test only on the SI pipes. The two edge-
bearing crushing test is done to a proof load and
also to an ultimate load 25% greater than the
proof load. The proof load is determined by the
class of pipe multiplied by the nominal diameter
of the pipe. The proof load test can be defned as
a line load that a pipe must resist without the
development of crack widths exceeding 0.25mm
over a length of more than 300mm. The ultimate
load is the maximum line load that the pipe must
support in the same test.
Interlocking Ogee Joint Spigot & Socket Joint
Butt Joint In-the-Wall Joint
Load classifcations
Note: D = Nominal Diameter in metres.
Example: A 1500mm 75D pipe must resist:
Proof Load = 75 x 1.5 = 113 kN/m
Ultimate Load = 75 x 1.5 x 1.25 = 140 kN/m
All SI pipes are tested to 1,4 bar and passes the test if the pipe
withstands the pressure for at least two minutes without any
sign of leakage.
Loads on pipes
Working loads on pipes consist of primary and secondary
loads. The primary loads that the pipes must carry are; the
mass of earth fll above the pipe, traffc loading and internal
pressures. The secondary loads result from soil movement and
temperature effects that infuence the pipe line. These secondary
loads are accommodated by the fexible pipe joints.
Earth loads are determined using the Marston and Spangler
theory and are dependant upon the type of installation, type of
backfll material and height of fll. The two installation conditions
are trench and embankment.
Traffc loads are dependant upon the wheel loads, spacing
and contact areas, and the distribution of these through the fll.
The standard traffc loads applicable to national highways are
given in the TMH7: Code of practice for the design of highway
bridges and culverts in South Africa. Aveng Manufacturing
Infraset pipes are designed for a NB36 load, which equals
an axle load of 360 kN or a 90 kN wheel load. The effective
contact area of the load is a square of size 0.3m x 0.3m.
Bedding factor refers to the amount by which the bedding
enhances the load-carrying capacity of the pipe. The bedding
factor is defned as the ratio between the supporting strength
of the buried pipe to the strength of the pipe as determined
in the two-edge bearing test. The bedding of a pipe consists
of a cradle of granular material underneath the pipe, which
supports it and transfers the load to the foundation. Bedding
factors are divided into four classes and are determined by the
angle of support and type of the bedding material.
Standard bedding classes and factors
Installation conditions
Trench condition occurs when the pipe is placed in a trench
cut into natural ground level and then backflled with suitable
material.
Trench condition: Class B
Trench condition: Class C
In the embankment condition the pipe is installed at ground
level and is backflled with suitable material.
Technical Data
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50D 50 x D 50 x D x 1.25 0.149 13.2 7
75D 75 x D 75 x D x 1.25 0.255 21.8 7
100D 100 x D 100 x D x 1.25 0.425 36.0 7
Wolf ACSR 18.13 0.726 69.2 37
Bear ACSR 23.45 1.213 111.1 37
7/3.35 Steel 10.23 0.496 67.9 7
7/4.0 Steel 12.24 0.712 96.8 7
19/2.65 Steel 13.55 0.849 114 19
Class of Pipe Proof Load Ultimate Load
Weight per m
(kg/m)
Ultimate tensile
strength (kN)
Total strands
Bedding angle
A 2.8 3.8 120 13.2 7
B 2.0 2.5 180 21.8 7
C 1.5 2.0 90 36.0 7
D 1.1 N/A 0 69.2 37
Bear ACSR 23.45 1.213 111.1 37
7/3.35 Steel 10.23 0.496 67.9 7
7/4.0 Steel 12.24 0.712 96.8 7
19/2.65 Steel 13.55 0.849 114 19
Class Trench Embankment
Bedding
Angle
14
Embankment condition: Class C
The following tables give the pipe strength requirements in terms of D-Loads for pipes laid in a trench condition, with trench widths
as per SANS 1200DB, and in embankment condition, both with NB36 traffc loading. These tables meet the D-Load requirements
for general site conditions.
15
Maximum Fill Heights on Pipes
Required D-Load pipe for a Class-B bedding in a Trench with TMH7 traffc loading
Required D-Load pipe for a Class-C bedding in a Trench with TMH7 traffc loading
Nom.
Dia.
Pipe
OD
Trench
width
Height of backfll above top of pipe (m)
225 280 0.88 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 75 75 75 75 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100
300 368 0.97 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 75 75 75 75 75 75 100 100 100 100 100 100
375 460 1.06 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 75 75 75 75 75 75 75 75 75 75 100 100
450 536 1.14 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 75 75 75 75 75 75 75 75 75 75 75
525 629 1.22 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 75 75 75 75 75 75 75 75 75 75 75
600 700 1.30 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 75 75 75 75 75 75 75 75 75 75 75
675 795 1.40 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 75 75 75 75 75 75 75 75 75 75 75
750 874 1.67 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 75 75 75 75 75 75 100 100 100 100 100
825 952 1.76 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 75 75 75 75 75 75 100 100 100 100 100
900 1035 1.84 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 75 75 75 75 75 75 100 100 100 100 100
1050 1185 2.20 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 75 75 75 75 75 100 100 100 100 100 100
1200 1340 2.37 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 75 75 75 75 75 100 100 100 100 100 100
1350 1500 2.52 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 75 75 75 75 75 100 100 100 100 100 100
1500 1670 2.69 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 75 75 75 75 75 100 100 100 100 100 100
1650 1830 2.88 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 75 75 75 75 75 100 100 100 100 100 100
1800 2003 3.02 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 75 75 75 75 75 100 100 100 100 100 100
(mm) (mm) (m) 0.3 0.5 1.0 1.5 2.0 2.5 3.0 3.5 4.0 4.5 5.0 5.5 6.0 6.5 7.0 7.5 8.0 8.5 9.0 9.5 10.0
Nom.
Dia.
Pipe
OD
Trench
width
Height of backfll above top of pipe (m)
225 280 0.88 75 50 50 50 50 50 50 75 75 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 125 125 125 125 125
300 368 0.97 75 50 50 50 50 50 50 75 75 75 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100
375 460 1.06 75 50 50 50 50 50 50 75 75 75 75 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100
450 536 1.14 75 50 50 50 50 50 50 75 75 75 75 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100
525 629 1.22 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 75 75 75 75 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100
600 700 1.30 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 75 75 75 75 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100
675 795 1.40 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 75 75 75 75 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100
750 874 1.67 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 75 75 75 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 125
825 952 1.76 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 75 75 75 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 125
900 1035 1.84 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 75 75 75 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 125
1050 1185 2.20 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 75 75 75 100 100 100 100 100 100 125 125 125 125
1200 1340 2.37 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 75 75 75 100 100 100 100 100 100 125 125 125 125
1350 1500 2.52 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 75 75 75 100 100 100 100 100 100 125 125 125 125
1500 1670 2.69 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 75 75 75 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 125 125 125
1650 1830 2.88 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 75 75 75 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 125 125 125
1800 2003 3.02 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 75 75 75 100 100 100 100 100 100 100 125 125 125
(mm) (mm) (m) 0.3 0.5 1.0 1.5 2.0 2.5 3.0 3.5 4.0 4.5 5.0 5.5 6.0 6.5 7.0 7.5 8.0 8.5 9.0 9.5 10.0
Design criteria:
1. Granular backfll material k = 0.1650
2. Soil Density = 20 kN/m
3
3. Projection Ratio P = 0.9
4. Settlement Ratio rs
d
= 0.7
16
Required D-Load pipe for a Class-B bedding in a Embankment with TMH7 traffc loading
Required D-Load pipe for a Class-C bedding in a Embankment with THM7 traffc loading
Design criteria:
1. Granular backfll material k = 0.1650
2. Soil Density = 20 kN/m
3
3. Projection Ratio P = 0.9
4. Settlement Ratio rs
d
= 0.7
Nom.
Dia.
Pipe
OD
Height of backfll above top of pipe (m)
225 280 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 75 75 75 100 100 100 100 125 125 150 150 150 150
300 368 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 75 75 75 100 100 100 100 125 125 125 150 150 150
375 460 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 75 75 75 100 100 100 100 125 125 125 150 150 150
450 536 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 75 75 75 100 100 100 100 100 125 125 150 150 150
525 629 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 75 75 75 100 100 100 100 125 125 125 150 150
600 700 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 75 75 75 100 100 100 100 125 125 125 150 150
675 795 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 75 75 75 100 100 100 100 125 125 125 150 150
750 874 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 75 75 75 100 100 100 100 125 125 125 150 150
825 952 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 75 75 75 100 100 100 100 125 125 125 150 150
900 1035 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 75 75 75 100 100 100 100 125 125 125 150 150
1050 1185 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 75 75 75 100 100 100 100 100 125 125 125 150
1200 1340 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 75 75 75 100 100 100 100 100 125 125 125 150
1350 1500 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 75 75 75 100 100 100 100 100 125 125 125 150
1500 1670 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 75 75 75 75 100 100 100 100 125 125 125 150
1650 1830 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 75 75 75 75 100 100 100 100 125 125 125 150
1800 2003 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 75 75 75 75 100 100 100 100 125 125 125 150
(mm) (mm) 0.3 0.5 1.0 1.5 2.0 2.5 3.0 3.5 4.0 4.5 5.0 5.5 6.0 6.5 7.0 7.5 8.0 8.5 9.0 9.5 10.0
Nom.
Dia.
Pipe
OD
Height of backfll above top of pipe (m)
225 280 75 50 50 50 50 50 75 75 75 100 100 100 125 125 150 150 150 150 175 175 200
300 368 75 50 50 50 50 50 75 75 75 100 100 100 125 125 150 150 150 150 175 175 200
375 460 75 50 50 50 50 50 50 75 75 100 100 100 100 125 125 150 150 150 175 175 175
450 536 75 50 50 50 50 50 50 75 75 100 100 100 100 125 125 150 150 150 175 175 175
525 629 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 75 75 75 100 100 100 125 125 150 150 150 150 175 175
600 700 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 75 75 75 100 100 100 125 125 150 150 150 150 175 175
675 795 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 75 75 75 100 100 100 125 125 150 150 150 150 175 175
750 874 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 75 75 75 100 100 100 125 125 125 150 150 150 175 175
825 952 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 75 75 75 100 100 100 125 125 125 150 150 150 175 175
900 1035 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 75 75 75 100 100 100 125 125 125 150 150 150 175 175
1050 1185 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 75 75 75 100 100 100 100 125 125 150 150 150 175 175
1200 1340 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 75 75 75 100 100 100 100 125 125 150 150 150 175 175
1350 1500 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 75 75 100 100 100 100 125 125 150 150 150 150 175
1500 1670 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 75 75 100 100 100 100 125 125 150 150 150 150 175
1650 1830 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 75 75 100 100 100 100 125 125 150 150 150 150 175
1800 2003 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 50 75 75 100 100 100 100 125 125 150 150 150 150 175
(mm) (mm) 0.3 0.5 1.0 1.5 2.0 2.5 3.0 3.5 4.0 4.5 5.0 5.5 6.0 6.5 7.0 7.5 8.0 8.5 9.0 9.5 10.0
OG Class 50D - SABS 677 Type SC
OG Class 75D - SABS 677 Type SC
Nominal
Diameter
Inside
diameter
Outside
diameter
Wall
thickness
Socket
depth
Mass Proof
load
300 308 368 30 13 210 15.0
375 388 460 36 14 318 18.8
450 460 536 38 15 440 22.5
525 523 629 53 15 620 26.3
600 614 700 43 24 620 30.0
675 685 795 55 25 860 33.8
750 760 874 57 27 940 37.5
825 832 952 60 27 1080 41.3
900 915 1035 60 30 1236 45.0
1050 1030 1185 78 31 1800 52.5
1200 1170 1340 85 33 2360 60.0
1350 1300 1500 100 36 2029 67.5
1500 1460 1670 105 40 3580 75.0
1650 1585 1830 123 40 4440 82.5
1800 1735 2003 134 42 5090 90.0
(mm) (ID mm) (OD mm) (T mm) (S mm) (Kg/Unit) (kN/m)
Nominal
Diameter
Inside
diameter
Outside
diameter
Wall
thickness
Socket
depth
Mass Proof
load
300 308 368 30 13 210 22.5
375 388 460 36 14 318 28.1
450 460 536 38 15 459 33.8
525 549 629 40 15 635 39.4
600 600 700 50 24 620 45.0
675 685 795 55 25 950 50.6
750 738 874 68 27 1100 56.3
825 800 952 76 27 1373 61.9
900 880 1035 78 30 1540 67.5
1050 1030 1185 78 31 1850 78.8
1200 1143 1340 99 33 2740 90.0
1350 1280 1500 110 36 3240 101.3
1500 1420 1670 125 40 4200 112.5
1650 1585 1830 123 40 4520 123.8
1800 1735 2003 134 42 5426 135.0
(mm) (ID mm) (OD mm) (T mm) (S mm) (Kg/Unit) (kN/m)
Ogee Joint Pipes
17
18
OG Class 100D - SABS 677 Type SC
Heavy Duty D load pipes for deep flls
NOTE: 125D if required will have the same dimensions as 150D
175D if required will have the same dimensions as 200D
Nominal length 2,5m
Pipes available in half lengths by arrangement.
Details of larger diameter pipes available on request.
Dimensions and thus the mass of the pipes are subject to change without notice.
For details of pipes from any particular factory, please contact our sales offce.
All dimensions in mm.
Nominal
Diameter
Inside
diameter
Outside
diameter
Wall
thickness
Socket
depth
Mass Proof
load
225 216 280 32 12 160 22.5
300 308 368 30 13 210 30.0
375 380 460 40 14 394 37.5
450 460 536 38 15 381 45.0
525 523 629 53 15 614 52.5
600 574 700 63 24 852 60.0
675 669 795 63 25 975 67.5
750 738 874 68 27 1154 75.0
825 794 952 79 27 1596 82.5
900 860 1035 88 30 1738 90.0
1050 991 1185 97 31 2205 105.0
1200 1120 1340 110 33 2810 120.0
1350 1250 1500 125 36 3540 135.0
1500 1400 1670 135 40 4282 150.0
1650 1525 1830 153 40 5278 165.0
1800 1640 2003 182 42 6811 180.0
(mm) (ID mm) (OD mm) (T mm) (S mm) (Kg/Unit) (kN/m)
Nominal
Diameter
Pipe class Actual internal
diameter
Outside
diameter
Wall
thickness
Lengths Mass per
metre
Total mass
per length
450 200D 382 526 72 2.50 266 665
600 150D 524 684 80 2.50 387 968
600 200D 494 684 95 2.50 451 1128
750 150D 680 870 95 2.50 589 1473
750 200D 620 870 125 2.50 754 1885
900 150D 810 1040 115 2.50 865 2163
900 200D 750 1040 145 2.50 1046 2615
1050 150D 930 1200 135 2.50 1150 2875
1050 200D 890 1200 155 2.50 1305 3263
1200 150D 1090 1380 145 2.50 1433 3583
1200 200D 1030 1380 175 2.50 1698 4245
1350 150D 1220 1550 165 2.50 1831 4578
1350 200D 1160 1550 195 2.50 2129 5322
1500 150D 1335 1695 180 2.50 2200 5500
1500 200D 1285 1695 205 2.50 2462 6155
2500 150D 2350 2950 300 2.00 6500 13000
(mm) (mm) (mm) (m)
19
Spigot and Socket Joint Pipes
S & S Class 50D - SABS 677 Type SC or SI
S & S Class 75D - SABS 677 Type SC or SI
Nominal
Diameter
Inside
diameter
Outside
diameter
Wall
thickness
Socket
diameter
Socket
length
Socket
depth
Mass Proof
load
375 369 445 38 540 235 127 356 18.8
450 445 533 44 641 257 127 500 22.5
525 514 616 51 730 263 131 659 26.3
600 599 699 50 826 295 138 755 30.0
675 685 787 51 920 318 139 883 33.8
750 762 870 54 1016 329 139 1046 37.5
825 818 946 64 1086 329 139 1295 41.3
900 913 1041 64 1194 363 139 1452 45.0
1050 1034 1194 80 1352 391 162 2026 52.5
1200 1187 1365 89 1543 424 168 2566 60.0
1350 1328 1524 98 1708 442 175 2913 67.5
1500 1491 1689 99 1886 486 190 3300 75.0
1500* 1500 7740 120 1947 490 190 4460 75.0
1800* 1750 2016 133 2180 260 190 5530 90.0
(mm) (ID mm) (OD mm) (T mm) (mm) (mm) (S mm) (Kg/Unit) (kN/m)
Nominal
Diameter
Inside
diameter
Outside
diameter
Wall
thickness
Socket
diameter
Socket
length
Socket
depth
Mass Proof
load
375 369 445 38 540 235 127 356 28.1
450 445 533 44 641 257 127 500 33.8
525 514 616 51 730 263 131 659 39.4
600 585 699 57 826 295 138 837 45.0
675 673 787 57 920 318 139 878 50.6
750 738 870 66 1016 329 139 1041 56.3
825 812 946 67 1086 329 139 1343 61.9
900 869 1041 86 1194 363 139 1837 67.5
1050 1004 1194 95 1352 391 162 2326 78.8
1200 1157 1365 104 1543 424 168 2929 90.0
1350 1292 1524 116 1708 442 175 3400 101.3
1500 1461 1689 114 1886 486 190 3775 112.5
1500* 1500 7740 120 1947 490 190 4460 112.5
1800* 1750 2016 133 2180 260 190 5530 135.0
(mm) (ID mm) (OD mm) (T mm) (mm) (mm) (S mm) (Kg/Unit) (kN/m)
* Vertical cast
* Vertical cast
20
S & S Class 100D - SABS 677 Type SC or SI
Nominal
Diameter
Inside
diameter
Outside
diameter
Wall
thickness
Socket
diameter
Socket
length
Socket
depth
Mass Proof
load
** 225 215 295 40 378 150 100 123 22.5
300 292 368 38 464 222 114 277 30.0
375 369 445 38 540 235 127 356 37.5
450 445 533 44 641 257 127 533 45.0
525 514 616 51 730 263 131 659 52.5
600 585 699 57 826 295 138 837 60.0
675 665 787 61 920 318 139 1017 67.5
750 722 870 74 1016 329 139 1338 75.0
825 780 946 83 1086 329 139 1593 82.5
900 869 1041 86 1194 363 139 1837 90.0
1050 986 1194 104 1352 391 162 2502 105.0
1200 1127 1365 119 1543 424 168 3266 120.0
1350 1262 1524 131 1708 442 175 3800 135.0
1500 1419 1689 135 1886 486 190 4372 150.0
1800* 1750 2050 150 2180 260 190 5780 180.0
(mm) (ID mm) (OD mm) (T mm) (mm) (mm) (S mm) (Kg/Unit) (kN/m)
* Vertical cast
** 2m length
Nominal length 2,5m
Pipes available in half lengths by arrangement.
Details of larger diameter pipes available on request.
Dimensions and thus the mass of the pipes are subject to change without notice.
For details of pipes from any particular factory, please contact our sales offce.
All dimensions in mm.
S & S Class 50D WSL - SABS 677 Type SI
S & S Class 75D WSL - SABS 677 Type SI
S & S Class 100D WSL - SABS 677 Type SI
Nominal
Diameter
Inside
diameter
Outside
diameter
Wall
thickness
Socket
diameter
Socket
length
Socket
depth
Mass Proof
load
375 349 445 48 540 235 127 451 18.8
450 435 533 49 641 257 127 617 22.5
525 491 616 63 730 263 131 791 26.3
600 573 699 63 826 295 138 908 30.0
675 665 787 61 920 318 139 1060 33.8
750 742 870 64 1016 329 139 1243 37.5
825 808 946 69 1086 329 139 1509 41.3
900 901 1041 70 1194 363 139 1691 45.0
1050 1034 1194 80 1352 391 162 2428 52.5
1200 1167 1365 99 1543 424 168 3019 60.0
1350 1300 1524 112 1708 442 175 3417 67.5
1500 1460 1689 115 1886 486 190 3865 75.0
(mm) (ID mm) (OD mm) (T mm) (A mm) (B mm) (S mm) (Kg/Unit) (kN/m)
Nominal
Diameter
Inside
diameter
Outside
diameter
Wall
thickness
Socket
diameter
Socket
length
Socket
depth
Mass Proof
load
375 349 445 48 540 235 127 451 28.1
450 435 533 49 641 257 127 617 33.8
525 491 616 63 730 263 131 791 39.4
600 573 699 63 826 295 138 990 45.0
675 655 787 66 920 318 139 1053 50.6
750 722 870 74 1016 329 139 1233 56.3
825 800 946 73 1086 329 139 1555 61.9
900 870 1041 86 1194 363 139 2068 67.5
1050 1004 1194 95 1352 391 162 2717 78.8
1200 1146 1365 110 1543 424 168 3374 90.0
1350 1260 1524 132 1708 442 175 3888 101.3
1500 1432 1689 129 1886 486 190 4329 112.5
(mm) (ID mm) (OD mm) (T mm) (A mm) (B mm) (S mm) (Kg/Unit) (kN/m)
Nominal
Diameter
Inside
diameter
Outside
diameter
Wall
thickness
Socket
diameter
Socket
length
Socket
depth
Mass Proof
load
225 203 295 46 375 150 100 179 22.5
300 272 368 48 464 222 114 351 30.0
375 349 445 48 540 235 127 451 37.5
450 435 533 49 641 257 127 650 45.0
525 491 616 63 730 263 131 791 52.5
600 573 699 63 826 295 138 990 60.0
675 645 787 71 920 318 139 1189 67.5
750 712 870 79 1016 329 139 1527 75.0
825 770 946 88 1086 329 139 1798 82.5
900 860 1041 91 1194 363 139 2065 90.0
1050 986 1194 104 1352 391 162 2886 105.0
1200 1127 1365 119 1543 424 168 3704 120.0
1350 1230 1524 147 1708 442 175 4277 135.0
1500 1390 1689 150 1886 486 190 4910 150.0
(mm) (ID mm) (OD mm) (T mm) (A mm) (B mm) (S mm) (Kg/Unit) (kN/m)
Sewer Pipe with Sacricial Layer
21
Nominal length 2,5m
Pipes available in half lengths by arrangement.
Details of larger diameter pipes available on request.
Dimensions and thus the mass of the pipes are subject to change without notice.
For details of pipes from any particular factory, please contact our sales offce.
All dimensions in mm.
HDPE Anchor Knob Liner (optional extra)
22
In-the-wall Joint Pipes
IWJ Class 50D - SABS 677 Type SC
IWJ Class 75D - SABS 677 Type SC
IWJ Class 100D - SABS 677 Type SC
* Also available in 150D
Nominal length 2,5m.
Pipes available in half lengths by arrangement.
Details of larger diameter pipes available on request.
SI on request.
Dimensions and thus the mass of the pipes are subject to change without notice.
For details of pipes from any particular factory, please contact our sales offce.
All dimensions in mm.
Nominal
Diameter
Inside
diameter
Outside
diameter
Wall
thickness
Socket
depth
Mass Proof
load
900 900 1100 100 100 1963 45.0
1050 1050 1250 100 100 2300 52.5
1200 1190 1390 100 100 2550 60.0
1500 1500 1720 110 100 3500 75.0
1800 1810 2130 160 150 6375 90.0
(mm) (ID mm) (OD mm) (T mm) (S mm) (Kg/Unit) (kN/m)
Nominal
Diameter
Inside
diameter
Outside
diameter
Wall
thickness
Socket
depth
Mass Proof
load
900 900 1100 100 100 1963 67.5
1050 1050 1250 100 100 2275 78.8
1200 1150 1390 120 100 3000 90.0
1500 1460 1720 130 100 4075 112.5
1800 1760 2130 185 150 7075 135.0
(mm) (ID mm) (OD mm) (T mm) (S mm) (Kg/Unit) (kN/m)
Nominal
Diameter
Inside
diameter
Outside
diameter
Wall
thickness
Socket
depth
Mass Proof
load
900 900 1100 100 100 1963 90.0
1050 1050 1250 100 100 2275 105.0
1200 1150 1390 120 100 3000 120.0
1500 1460 1720 130 100 4075 150.0
1800 1760 2130 185 150 7075 180.0
2500* 2350 2950 300 175 16250 250.0
(mm) (ID mm) (OD mm) (T mm) (S mm) (Kg/Unit) (kN/m)
23
Introduction
Concrete pipe jacking is a method of installing pipelines without
disrupting existing surface facilities or activities. With the increasing
growth in South African cities and towns and the consequent need
to refurbish, renew and upgrade existing services, pipe jacking
is seen to be a growing industry. Although the basic methods
of concrete pipe jacking are similar for all pipeline applications,
South African contractors have developed their own individual tech-
niques to achieve accuracy during jacking, to lengthen the jacking
distance and to control varying ground conditions.
Installation method
Concrete pipes are jacked from a jacking pit to a receiver pit
usually located at a manhole or access chamber. The main jacks
are installed in the jacking pit and are used to push the concrete
pipes into the cavity excavated ahead of the progressing
pipeline. The main jack capacity depends on the size of pipe,
length of the line and the type of ground in which it is being jacked.
There are typically two or four jacks with capacity of up to 300
tonnes.
The jacking forces are resisted by the thrust block in the jacking pit
and applied to the pipeline end through the steel thrust ring. The
concrete pipe end is protected against spalling by soft wood or
woodchip joint packers between the thrust ring and the concrete
surface. The steel cutting shield ftted to the lead pipe gives protection to
workers and allows steering and alignment adjustments.
Intermediate jacking stations may be required in long lengths and
hard ground conditions. Alternatively bentonite injections may be
used to reduce the friction between the pipes and the soil.
Pipeline alignment is continually monitored and adjusted during
jacking by laser from the jacking pit to a target fxed to the
inside crown of the lead pipe or shield. Gradual adjustments
are continuously made to avoid over-stressing the concrete pipe
joints.
In-the-wall Joint Jacking Pipes
Jacking Class 100D - SABS 677 Type SC
Nominal
Diameter
Inside
diameter
Outside
diameter
Wall
thickness
Standard
lead
Length Mass
840 Butt 810 1034 112 50 x 10 2260 1878
900 880 1100 110 200 x 20 2500 2190
1050 1030 1250 110 200 x 20 2500 2523
1117 1117 1375 129 424 x 20 2260 2922
1200 1150 1390 120 200 x 20 2500 3065
1350 1350 1600 125 200 x 20 2500 3708
1473 1473 1780 154 560 x 20 2260 4540
1500 1460 1720 130 200 x 20 2500 4158
1800 1760 2120 180 200 x 20 2500 or 2300 7025
1880 1880 2236 178 756 x 20 2000 5760
2000 Butt 2032 2432 200 80 x 12 2000 7000
2100 2100 2500 200 200 x 20 2000 7400
2350 2350 2950 300 200 x 20 2000 12795
2400 2400 2800 200 80 x 12 1000 4180
2500 2500 3000 250 200 x 20 1500 or 2440 13493
(mm) (ID mm) (OD mm) (T mm) (mm x mm) (mm) (Kg/unit)
Nominal length 2,5m.
Pipes available in half lengths
by arrangement.
Details of larger diameter pipes
available on request.
SI on request.
Dimensions and thus the mass of
the pipes are subject to change
without notice.
For details of pipes from any
particularfactory, please contact
our sales offce.
All dimensions in mm.
24
25
PRECAST
CONCRETE
CULVERTS
Aveng Manufacturing Infraset
S-Class culverts bear the
SABS mark and are designed,
manufactured and tested in
accordance with SANS 986.
26
Technical Data
Introduction
Aveng Manufacturing Infraset design and
manufacture high quality, high performance factory
engineered precast concrete culverts for use in
a wide range of modern construction and civil
engineering projects.
The company expertise combined with modern
manufacturing facilities and years of experience
enables Aveng Manufacturing Infraset to offer an
extensive range of standard culverts as well as the
manufacturing of non standard, project specifc
culverts.
In addition to their exceptional load bearing
capabilities and structural stability, precast concrete
culverts require very little or no maintenance at all
to exceed the useful life.
CLASSIFICATION OF CULVERTS
Types of culverts
Aveng Manufacturing Infraset offers the full range
of S-Class rectangular portal culverts readily
available in lengths of 1.2m. Culverts ranging in
size from 450mm x 450mm up to 3600mm x 3000mm
with Butt-joints are manufactured to the relevant
S-Class strength requirements. All S-Class portal
culverts bear the SANS mark and are designed,
manufactured and tested in accordance with SANS
986:2006: Precast reinforced concrete culverts.
Reinforced concrete bases are available for all
S-Class culverts and are easily installed on site to
complete a structurally stable engineered unit.
SAR rectangular portal culverts manufactured to
Spoornet loading, NR 1983, have thicker deck and
leg sections to accommodate larger fll heights
and imposed loads. Culverts ranging in sizes from
900mm x 450mm up to 3000mm x 3000mm are
manufactured and unit lengths ranging from 1.2m
up to 1.5m as stated in the product tables. SAR
culverts are available in 2 strength classes, 0-5m fll
and 5-10m fll. Reinforced concrete bases are
available for SAR culverts being placed where the
fll height does not exceed a maximum of 5m.
Ribbed skew haunch culverts are designed and
manufactured to withstand C-Class loading conditions,
consisting of a vertical proof load of 150kN/m and
a horizontal proof load of 30kN/m. Ribbed culverts
range in size from 600mm x 450mm up to 3000mm
x 3000mm and vary in unit length as shown in the
product tables.
Aveng Manufacturing Infraset also manufacture
jacking box culverts in various sizes and in standard
lengths of 1.190m which are manufactured with bolt
holes for longitudinal ties.
Strength of culverts
Precast portal culverts are classifed in terms of their
crushing strength when subjected to a combination of
loading cases involving vertical and horizontal knife
edge tests conducted under factory conditions. The
proof load test can be defned as a line load that a
culvert must resist without the development of crack
widths exceeding 0.25mm over a length of 300mm
or over two adjacent ribs in ribbed 16 culverts. When
required, ultimate load test are also carried out to a
magnitude of 25% greater than the applicable proof
loads.
There are three different loading confgurations that
are applied to precast portal culverts to simulate
the installed conditions, namely the deck bending
moment, deck shear and the inner leg bending moment.
The inner leg bending moment is only taken into
consideration for the S-Class portal culverts.
Loads on culverts
S-Class portal culverts are tested to a vertical proof
load which is a function of the strength class multiplied
by the span of the culvert, a horizontal proof load of
30kN/m applied to the top of the leg and a horizontal
leg load applied at a height 0.2 times the height of
the leg measured from the bottom of the leg for
culverts with a height to span ration of more that 0.5.
The horizontal leg load is determined by the vertical
load multiplied by the relevant factor.
27
Technical Data
Load classifcations
SAR portal culverts are manufactured for installations under
railway track and designed to take account of train track, ballast
and backfll load combinations as stated in the Spoornet Loading
code of practice: NR 1983.
The fll height above the culvert, determines the strength class
of the culverts. All SAR culverts are available in two strength
classes to suit either 0-5m or 5-10m fll height conditions.
450 200 200 x 0.450 30 0.2 0.45
600 200 200 x 0.600 30 0.2 0.45
750 175 175 x 0.750 30 0.2 0.4
900 175 175 x 0.900 30 0.2 0.4
1200 150 150 x 1.200 30 0.2 0.4
1500 100 100 x 1.500 30 0.3 0.5
1800 75 75 x 1.800 30 0.4 0.6
2100 75 75 x 2.100 30 0.4 0.6
2400 75 75 x 2.400 30 0.4 0.6
3000 75 75 x 3.000 30 0.4 0.6
3600 75 75 x 3.600 30 0.4 0.6
Culvert
Span
Culvert
Class
Vertical
Proof Load
(kN/m)
Horizontal
Proof Load
(kN/m)
Horizontal Leg
Load Factor
Span > Height
Horizontal Leg
Load Factor
Span = Height
Example
A 1200 x 1200 150S Culvert must resist
Vertical
Proof load = 150x1.200 =180 kN/m
Ultimate load = 180 x 1.25 = 225 kN/m
Horizontal
Proof load = 30 kN/m
Ultimate load = 30 x 1.25 = 38 kN/m
Leg load (Span = Height)
Proof load = 180 x 0.4 = 72 kN/m
Ultimate load = 72 x 1.25 = 90 kN/m
28
Installation conditions
The trench condition occurs when the culvert is placed into a trench cut into natural ground and then backflled with suitable material.
Trenched Installation
Temporary prop arrangement
Note: For H>1.5m, provide horizontal props
at 40% height above base during backflling
and compaction. One prop per precast
concrete unit.
In the embankment condition the culvert is installed at ground level and is backflled with suitable material.
Embankment installation
Culvert in precast base confguration
29
2100 600 3.3 2.4
2100 900 3.5 2.6
2100 1200 3.7 2.7
2100 1500 75 S 3.9 75 S 2.8
2100 1800 4.1 2.9
2100 2100 4.3 3
2400 600 3.2 2.4
2400 900 3.4 2.5
2400 1200 75 S 3.5 75 S 2.1
2400 1500 3.7 2.9
2400 1800 3.8 2.8
2400 2400 4 3
Culvert Size Foundation conditions
Span Height 1 and 2 3 and 4
(mm) (mm) Class Fill (m) Class Fill (m)
3000 600 3.1 2.4
3000 900 3.2 2.5
3000 1200 3.3 2.6
3000 1500 75 S 3.4 75 S 2.7
3000 1800 3.5 2.7
3000 2400 3.7 2.9
3000 3000 3.1 2.7
3600 600 3.1 2.4
3600 900 3.1 2.5
3600 1200 3.2 2.6
3600 1500 75 S 3.3 75 S 2.6
3600 1800 3.3 2.7
3600 2400 3.5 2.8
3600 3000 3.5 2.7
For higher fll heights, products can be specially designed.
Culvert Size Foundation conditions
Span Height 1 and 2 3 and 4
750 300 8.7 4.9
750 450 9.2 5.2
750 600 10 5.5
750 750 10.5 5.8
(mm) (mm) Class Fill (m) Class Fill (m)
600 300 10.2 5.6
600 450 200 S 11 200 S 6
600 600 12 6.4
900 300 8.6 4.8
900 450 9 5.1
900 600 175 S 9.5 175 S 5.3
900 750 10 5.6
900 950 10.2 5.8
1200 300 7.1 4.1
1200 450 7.4 4.3
1200 600 150 S 7.7 150 S 4.4
1200 900 8.2 4.7
1200 1200 8.8 5
1500 300 4.5 2.9
1500 450 4.7 3
1500 600 4.9 3.1
1500 900 5.3 3.3
1500 1200 5.6 3.5
1500 1500 6 3.7
100 S 100 S
1800 600 3.3 2.4
1800 900 3.6 2.5
1800 1200 3.8 2.7
1800 1500 4 2.8
1800 1800 4.3 2.9
75 S 75 S
175 S 175 S
Maximum Fill Heights on Culverts
30
Defnitions
Yielding foundation conditions occur when the founding
material and the fll material are expected to settle at equal
rates (compressible material). The loading is calculated in
accordance with TMH7 Part 2 clause 2.3.3.2 (2).
Unyielding foundation conditions occur when the founding
material is incompressible (soft rock or harder material). The
loading is calculated in accordance with TMH7 Part 2 clause
2.3.3.2 (3) and (4).
Trench condition occurs when culverts are laid in a narrow
excavation and backflled to ground level.
Embankment (untrenched) condition occurs when culverts
are laid at ground level and backflled to fnal formation level.
The combinations of foundation and installation conditions used
in TMH7 are defned as:
Condition 1: Culverts in trench on unyielding foundation with
no projection
Condition 2: Culverts in an embankment on yielding foundation
Condition 3: Culverts in an embankment on yielding foundation
for h>1, 7b
Condition 4: Culverts in an embankment on unyielding foundation
for h<1, 7b
Where h = fll heights in metres
b = overall trench width or, if in an embankment,
overall culvert width, in metres.
Assumptions
The following assumptions and clauses of TMH7 Parts 1 and 2
were used to compile the table above:
A minimum fll height of 300mm over the culvert units.
Where this cannot be achieved, a 100mm reinforced
concrete slab must be used
Standard traffc loading SNABC
Fill material unit weight 20kN/m
Concrete unit weight 24kN/m
Horizontal earth pressure 7,8kN/m per metre depth
Ultimate Limit State Load factors.
Maximum Fill Heights
31
SAR-Class rectangular portal culverts - NR 1983
S X H
(mm x mm)
T
(mm)
R
(mm)
A
(mm)
C
(mm)
D
(mm) (mm)
0-5m Fill
(kg/unit)
0-10m Fill
(kg/unit)
900 x 450
900 x 600
900 x 900
150 120 1200 150 138
132
120
1200/1500 984
1108
1334
991
1114
1345
1200 x 600
1200 x 900
1200 x 1200
175 160 1550 175 158
147
135
1200 1501
1780
2076
1515
1793
2085
1500 x 900
1500 x 1200
1500 x 1500
210 200 1900 200 170
158
145
1200 2329
2636
2906
2349
2655
2940
1800 x 900
1800 x 1200
1800 x 1500
1800 x 1800
225 240 2250 225 195
182
169
155
1500 3577
4010
4417
4792
3626
4064
4474
4857
2000 x 1000
2000 x 1200
2000 x 1500
2000 x 2000
225 280 2450 225 194
185
172
150
1200 3137
3366
3694
4193
3183
3408
3741
4252
2100 x 900
2100 x 1200
2100 x 1500
2100 x 1800
2100 x 2100
250 280 2550 225 199
187
175
162
150
1200 3231
3686
4022
4337
4636
3284
3751
4086
4404
4713
2400 x 1200
2400 x 1500
2400 x 1800
2400 x 2400
275 320 2850 225 189
177
165
140
1200 4151
4490
4820
5386
4205
4538
4860
5471
2500 x 1000
2500 x 1500
2500 x 2000
2500 x 2500
275 350 3000 225 223
203
182
162
1200 4084
4706
5249
5768
4151
4759
5316
5857
3000 x 1000
3000 x 1500
3000 x 2000
3000 x 2500
3000 x 3000
300 400 3580 290 266
246
226
205
185
1200 5317
6131
6815
7475
8116
5404
6222
6904
7586
8260
Culvert
size
Dimensions Length Mass
Rectangular Portal Culverts

32
S X H
(mm x mm)
S T
(mm)
R
(mm)
A
(mm)
C
(mm)
D
(mm) (mm) (kg/unit)
450 x 300
450 x 450
200S
200S
90 40 600 75 65
60
1200 322
394
600 x 300
600 x 450
600 x 600
200S
200S
200S
100 80 810 105 95
87
80
1200/1500 453
540
619
750 x 300
750 x 450
750 x 600
750 x 750
175S
175S
175S
175S
100 100 970 110 101
94
87
80
1200 652
767
719
822
900 x 300
900 x 450
900 x 600
900 x 750
900 x 900
175S
175S
175S
175S
175S
110 120 1140 120 113
108
102
96
90
1200/1500 640
746
842
911
1027
1200 x 450
1200 x 600
1200 x 900
1200 x 1200
150S
150S
150S
150S
120 160 1460 130 119
113
102
90
1200 947
1064
1273
1500
1500 x 600
1500 x 900
1500 x 1200
1500 x 1500
100S
100S
100S
100S
135 200 1790 145 128
115
103
90
1200 1332
1541
1779
1970
1800 x 600
1800 x 900
1800 x 1200
1800 x 1500
1800 x 1800
75S
75S
75S
75S
75S
150 240 2130 165 148
135
122
109
95
1200 1667
1935
2185
2408
2605
2000 x 900
2000 x 1200
2000 x 1500
2000 x 1800
2000 x 2000
75S
75S
75S
75S
75S
160 280 2340 170 148
135
122
109
95
1200 2188
2455
2693
2911
3029
2100 x 600
2100 x 900
2100 x 1200
2100 x 1500
2100 x 1800
2100 x 2100
75S
75S
75S
75S
75S
75S
160 280 2440 170 156
144
132
120
107
95
1200 1948
2231
2495
2739
2964
3169
2400 x 600
2400 x 900
2400 x 1200
2400 x 1500
2400 x 1800
2400 x 2400
75S
75S
75S
75S
75S
75S
200 320 2800 200 188
176
164
152
140
115
1200 2643
2952
3267
3570
3845
4343
3000 x 1200
3000 x 1500
3000 x 1800
3000 x 2400
3000 x 3000
75S
75S
75S
75S
75S
230 400 3460 230 199
188
176
153
130
1200 4324
4686
5025
5665
6223
3600 x 900
3600 x 1200
3600 x 1500
3600 x 1800
3600 x 2400
3600 x 3000
75S
75S
75S
75S
75S
75S
300 400 4100 250 231
219
208
196
173
150
1200 5386
5801
6213
6581
7276
7903
4000 x 900
4000 x 1200
4000 x 1500
4000 x 1800
4000 x 2400
755
755
755
755
755
320 400 4540 270 246
232
218
204
175
1200 6130
6572
6987
7376
8072
Culvert
size
Strength
Class
Dimensions Length Mass
S-Class rectangular portal culverts - SANS 986 : 2006
33
C-Class ribbed skew haunch culverts
S X H
(mm x mm)
A
(mm)
B
(mm)
C
(mm)
D
(mm)
T
(mm)
M
(mm)
N
(mm)
R
(mm)
U
(mm)
V
(mm) (mm) (kg/unit)
600 x 450
600 x 600
832
852
630
650
100 101 95 225 225
375
80 101 597 1500 502
578
750 x 450 1004 790 105 107 100 225 225 100 127 707 1500 577
900 x 450
900 x 600
900 x 900
1172
1152
1168
946
930
946
110 113
111
100 225
300
450
225
300
450
120 150
142
134
821
835
852
1500 643
724
914
1200 x 450
1200 x 600
1200 x 900
1200 x 1200
1452
1492
1508
1522
1246
1230
1246
1260
100
130
103
131
120 225
300
450
600
225
300
450
600
160 210
195
183
176
980
1071
1094
1108
1200 624
808
983
1158
1500 x 600
1500 x 900
1500 x 1200
1500 x 1500
1798
1828
1842
1856
1516
1546
1560
1574
140 141 130 450
450
600
750
150
450
600
750
200 230
230
221
215
1320
1320
1337
1348
1200 987
1155
1336
1521
1800 x 600
1800 x 900
1800 x 1200
1800 x 1500
1800 x 1800
2118
2148
2162
2176
2192
1816
1846
1860
1874
1890
150 151 140 450
450
600
750
900
150
450
600
750
900
240 277
277
267
260
255
1545
1545
1565
1579
1589
1500 1492
1736
1992
2253
2520
2000 x 900
2000 x 1200
2000 x 1500
2000 x 2000
2266
2296
2326
2376
2030
2060
2090
2140
125 118 155 600
600
600
600
300
600
900
1400
275 294
294
294
294
1642
1642
1642
1642
1200 1429
1588
1753
2030
2400 x 900
2400 x 1200
2400 x 1500
2400 x 1800
2400 x 2100
2400 x 2400
2706
2726
2756
2742
2760
2786
2450
2470
2500
2486
2504
2530
140 128 170 500
500
500
900
900
900
400
700
1000
900
1200
1500
320 364
364
364
334
334
334
1923
1923
1923
1982
1982
1982
1200 1740
1910
2081
2300
2474
2649
2500 x 1500
2500 x 1800
2500 x 2000
2500 x 2500
2826
2851
2866
2961
2570
2595
2610
2660
140 128 170 900
900
900
900
600
900
1100
1600
325 391
391
391
391
1968
1968
1968
1968
1200 2142
2314
2434
2733
3000 x 900
3000 x 1200
3000 x 1500
3000 x 1800
3000 x 2100
3000 x 2400
3000 x 3000
3318
3338
3368
3368
3388
3418
3478
3050
3070
3100
3100
3120
3150
3210
150 134 180 500
500
500
900
900
900
900
400
700
1000
900
1200
1500
2100
400 482
482
482
446
446
446
446
2296
2296
2296
2368
2368
2368
2368
1200 2113
2298
2485
2700
2888
3063
3429
Culvert
size
Dimensions Length Mass
Ribbed Skew Haunch Culverts
34
Leg section dimensions
Dimensions and thus the mass of the culverts are subject to change without notice.
For details of culverts from any particular factory, please contact our sales offce.
All dimensions in mm.
600 101 61 40 162 65 20 90
750 107 67 40 162 65 20 90
900 x 450 113 73 40 162 65 20 90
900 111 71 40 162 65 20 90
1200 x 450 103 73 30 162 61 20 90
1200 131 81 50 162 61 20 90
1500 141 91 50 162 61 20 90
1800 151 86 65 162 65 20 90
2000 118 63 55 173 80 10 90
2400 128 68 60 173 80 10 90
2500 128 68 60 173 80 10 90
3000 134 74 60 173 80 10 90
Culvert
span
D
(mm)
p
(mm)
a1
(mm)
W
(mm)
X
(mm)
Y
(mm)
Z
(mm)
Culvert bases
SAR bases only available for 0 5m fll conditions
Dimensions and thus the mass of the bases are subject to change without notice.
For details of culverts from any particular factory, please contact our sales offce.
All dimensions in mm.
(mm x mm)
A
(mm)
B
(mm)
C
(mm)
D
(mm)
E
(mm) (mm) (kg/unit)
450 S 650 440 105 90 20 1200 207
600 S 860 580 140 90 20 1200 273
750 S 1020 725 148 95 20 1200 342
900 S/SAR 1250 875 188 120 20 1200 515
1200 S/SAR 1600 1180 210 140 20 1200 761
1500 S/SAR 1950 1475 238 160 25 1200 1072
1800 S/SAR 2300 1775 263 180 25 1200 1408
2000 S/SAR 2500 1990 255 200 25 1200 1689
2100 S 2490 1990 250 160 25 1200 1377
2400 S/SAR 2900 2380 260 210 25 1200 2054
2500 S 2950 2380 285 170 25 1200 1723
SAR 3050 2380 335 270 25 1250 2826
3000 S 3510 3005 253 190 25 1200 2280
SAR 3630 3005 313 310 25 1250 3841
3600 S 4150 3595 278 200 25 1200 2826
Span Class Dimensions Length Mass
Culvert Bases
35
Jacking box culverts
Dimensions and thus the mass of the culverts are subject to change without notice.
For details of culverts from any particular factory, please contact our sales offce.
All dimensions in mm.
S
(mm)
H
(mm)
T
(mm) (mm) (kg/unit)
2500 1800 200 1190 5900
2500 2000 200 1190 6200
3000 2500 275 1190 10400
3000 3000 275 1190 11300
Culvert Size Wall Thickness Length Mass
Jacking Box Culverts
36
37
MANHOLES
Aveng Manufacturing Infraset
manhole products bear the
SABS mark and are designed,
manufactured and tested in
accordance with SANS 1294.
Features
The 1000mm precast base provides the foundation,
channelling, benching and starter ring in one complete unit
Inlet knockouts are available for ftment from 0, 45 and
90 into the 150mm channels
Complete with a 100mm thick precast base, this
500mm high unit makes the construction of a manhole easy.
(Starter rings with precast bases on larger diameter
manholes can be cored according to client specifcations).
6-Way Concrete Base
38
Cover Slabs
To ft
(mm)
Hole D
(mm)
Thickness
T (mm)
Mass
(kg/unit)
1000 560 150 279
1250 560 185 581
1500 560 220 1072
1750 560 220 1495
Ekgangala Slabs
To ft
(mm)
Hole D
(mm)
Thickness
T (mm)
Mass
(kg/unit)
750 560 100 69
1000 560 150 269
1250 560 185 571
1500 560 220 1065
1750 560 220 1487
Shaft Section
Internal Diameter
(mm)
Wall Thickness
(mm)
Mass
(kg/500mm unit)
750 55 169
1000 560 150
1250 560 185
1500 560 220
1750 560 220
Chamber Sections
Internal Diameter
(mm)
Wall Thickness
(mm)
Mass
(kg/500mm unit)
1000 65 276
1250 75 394
1500 85 535
1750 95 696
1750 560 220
All chamber and shaft sections available in 250, 500 and 1000mm lengths.
Dimensions and thus the mass of the manholes are subject to change without notice.
For details of manholes from any particular factory, please contact our sales offce.
All dimensions in mm.
Components
39
Spacers
Description Thickness
T (mm)
Mass
(kg/unit)
Round 750 with 560 hole 75 64
Lids
- Heavy and medium duty replacement lids for cast iron frame
- Extra heavy, heavy and medium duty lids for concrete frame
- All lids made with a ftted steel band
Frames
- All lids ft in concrete frame
- Extra heavy duty frames made with a steel seatband
Adaptor Slabs
Description Thickness
T (mm)
Mass
(kg/unit)
Square 750 with 560 hole 127 184
Round 750 with 560 hole 110 90
Reducer Slabs
To ft
(mm)
Reduce to D
(mm)
Thickness
T (mm)
Mass
(kg/unit)
1000 750 150 205
1250 750 185 492
1500 750 220 968
1750 750 220 1393
40
Features
Type 2A and 2C reinforced concrete lids are manufactured
using high strength 40MPa concrete
The lids are cast with a 2mm thick galvanized steel band
around the perimeter and are fnished with a non slip
check plate imprint on the top.
CAPE REGION ONLY
Type 2A Lid
Type 2C Lid
Type 2A & 2C Concrete Lids
41
OPTION 1
NB Cast iron frames 2 & 2A require
square adaptors and spacers while cast iron
frames 4 & 4A require round adaptors and
spacers.
Heavy duty lids tests to 120kN.
Medium duty lids tests to 60kN.
Both heavy and medium duty lids ft in the
frame which is 130mm high.
A round spacer can be used. This is 75mm
high. A square spacer is 100mm high.
Access shaft sections are 750mm in
diameter and available in heights of 250,
500 and 1 000mm.
The reducer slab reduces chamber sections
to 750mm shaft sections and is available in
four sizes (1 000, 1 250, 1 500 and 1 750)
and heights respectively (150, 185, 220 and
220mm) and has a 750mm diameter hole.
Option 2 allows for a cover slab instead on
which a frame and lid can be ftted.
Throughout all options three types of
bases can be used. Precast complete with
benching, a cast-in-situ foundation using a
250mm chamber section or a 500mm
section conversion.
OPTION 2
Option 2 does away with the adaptor and
shaft section/s and instead of a reducer
slab, a cover slab is used.
NB Cast iron frames 2 & 2A require
square spacers.
NB Cast iron frames 4 & 4A require round
spacers.
Heavy duty lid tests to 120kN. Medium duty
lid tests to 60kN.
Both heavy and medium duty lid ft in the
frame which is 130mm high.
A round spacer can be used. This is 75mm
high. A square spacer is 100mm high.
The cover slab is available in four sizes
(1 000, 1 250, 1 500 and 1 750) and heights
(150, 185, 220 and 220mm) respectively
and has a 560mm hole.
Throughout all options, three types of
bases can be used. Precast complete with
benching, a cast-in-situ foundation using a
250mm chamber section or a 500mm sec-
tion conversion as shown here.
Please note that the drilled holes should not
be closer than 150mm from either the top or
bottom of the section.Example dimensions
are shown.
OPTION 3
Option 3 does away with the frame, spacer,
adaptor and access shaft used in Option 2,
with the lid ftting directly into the Ekgangala
slab.
Heavy duty lid tests to 120kN.
Medium duty lid tests to 60kN.
The Ekgangala slab accommodates the lid
directly. It is available in fve sizes (750,
1 000, 1 250, 1 500 and 1 750mm) and
heights (100, 150, 185, 220 and 220mm)
respectively.
A 250mm chamber section is used to
construct a cast-in-situ foundation.
Throughout all options, three types of bases
can be used.
Precast complete with benching, a
cast-in-situ foundation using a 250mm
chamber section or a 500mm section
conversion.
Manhole Congurations
42
43
ASSOCIATED PRECAST
CONCRETE PRODUCTS
43
Aveng Manufacturing Infraset
has a specialized technical division
dedicated to non-standard, project
specific products.
44
Channels and Drains
The Aveng Manufacturing Infraset channels and drains are tailor made for the
most common water channeling problems in the civil engineering and mining
industry. Products vary from a light weight fber-reinforced Flolok channel to the
heavy duty 300mm channel and lid.
Product Type
300 Half Round Channel
450 Half Round Channel
525 Half Round Channel
300 Flolok Channel
400 Flolok Channel
300 Dura Drain
400 Dura Drain
Interlocking Drain
300 Channel
Lid
Length
(mm)
Mass
(kg/unit)
1250 62
1250 120
1200 145
1500 15
1500 18
1500 78
1500 85
1000 130
1000 180
1000 119
Dimensions
A
(mm)
B
(mm)
T
(mm)
H
(mm)
C
(mm)
370 290 40 185
540 450 45 270
625 525 50 313
336 300 18 170
436 400 18 220
367 300 34 230 200
467 400 34 230 200
610 510 50 250 450
440 320 60 350
110
45
Air Valve Chambers
Air valve chambers
The air valve chamber is a sectionalized structure designed and developed
to provide the industry with a high quality, accurate and long lasting method of
erecting chambers. Incorporating specially designed step irons, the chambers
are easy to install, can be made watertight and can be erected in hours rather
than days.
All units are ftted with lifting sockets to facilitate safe, easy and effective
handling. All units are manufactured with interlocking joints.
Section Dimensions Length
(m)
Mass
(kg/unit)
Thickness
(mm)
Small Chamber 2000 x 2000 500 1650 *150
Small Roof 2300 x 2300 1850 **150
Large Chamber 2500 x 3000 500 2230 *150
Large Roof 2800 x 3300 2660 **150
* Wall thickness
** Roof thickness
Median Barriers
The Aveng Manufacturing Infraset median barriers are robust, double
sided, high quality precast units that can be used not only to delineate
traffc but also as sectional dividers in stock yards. Made from high strength
40 MPa concrete, at a length of 2 meters and weighing just over 1800 kg, these
units can be installed with confdence as an effective containment solution. The
units are manufactured with an interlocking joint system that eliminates the
need for fsh plates and the open channels at the bottom makes for
easy handling with a forklift.
46
Median Barriers
Sump/pump station chambers
Standard rings which come with lifting points for ease of handling.
Custom-made rings with inlet/outlet ports and dolomitic aggregates can
be made on request.
Base rings and top slabs are also available on request.
* Availability dependant on mould location
Dimensions and thus the mass of the products are subject to change
without notice. For details of special precast products from any particular
factory, please contact our sales offce.
All dimensions in mm.
Mass
(kg/unit)
3550
4000
5150
Dimensions
Product Type (mm)
2100
2400
*3650
OD
(mm)
ID
(mm)
Wall
(mm)
Length
(mm)
2500 2100 200 1000
2800 2400 200 1000
4000 3650 175 1000
Sump/Pump Station Chambers
47
Toilets
Toilets
These practically indestructible precast toilets are designed to accommodate
waterborne, chemical or pit latrine systems, small bore or soak away septic
tanks, conservancy tanks or virtually any alternative sewage system.
Ideal for waterborne systems the toilets are available with any combination
of toilet pans, showers, taps and wash trough basins. Basins are transported
separately and easily ftted to the structure on site.
The integral foor has been designed for effective drainage and to provide
the structure with a solid base to stand on which results in little foundation
preparations.
Pipework, where applicable, is ftted on the inside of the toilet wall and
pressure tested.
Unit Mass: 1125kg
48
Wash Troughs
Wash Troughs Features
The Aveng Manufacturing Infraset wash trough basin is an optional
extra for the Aveng Manufacturing Infraset Precast Toilet
Manufactured from 45 MPa concrete, the wash trough weighs only
80 kilograms and has a capacity of 60 liters
Supplied with a 40mm diameter waste hole and two ftment holes, the
wash trough is a useful addition to the toilet structure.
49
Bus Shelters
Bus shelters
This aesthetically pleasing structure with optional side panels is one of the
latest additions to the infrastructure product range.
Purpose-made and maintenance free, these structures provide a safe shelter
for passengers from the harshest environmental conditions. Lifting holes and
cast-in sockets facilitate safe and effective handling on site.
Unit length: 1,200m
Unit Mass: 2650kg
50
Features
Sidewalk mounted catch pits are available
in two depth sizes : 400mm and 700mm
The top slab of the catch pit, which has a
non slip surface, allows for easy access for
cleaning purposes
The front of the unit can be ftted with either
a barrier or a roll-over piece depending on
the installation
Catch pits are designed to be used in
conjunction with an inlet kerb, the profle of
which matches any standard kerb
Supply of matching inlet channels may
be arranged for use in kerb and channel
situations
These precast units have an infow area of
0.142m.
Kerb Inlet (Catchpit)
51
52
RAILWAY PRODUCTS
Introduction
Aveng Manufacturing Infraset design and supply various types
of prestressed concrete railway sleepers for main lines and
sidings. These prestressed concrete sleepers sustain axle
loads of 18.5 tonnes for sidings, 22.5 tonnes for mainlines and
30 tonnes for heavy haulage lines. Listed below are some of
the sleepers
Aveng Manufacturing Infraset supplies to the industry:
Siding sleepers for light traffc
Mainline sleepers for normal goods and passenger trains
Sleepers for heavy haul conditions
Specialised sleepers for turnouts ranging from
1:9, 1:12 and 1:20
Low profle sleepers for stations and sidings
Electrifcation masts and poles
LANDSCAPE PRODUCTS
Introduction
Aveng Manufacturing Infraset produces various types of
precast concrete landscape products for the domestic and
commercial markets. Some of the products include:
Paving blocks in a variety of shapes,
colours and fnishes
G-Bloks and CrazE G-Blok
Cottage Stone
Village Cobble
Rossway Rock
Rumblestone
Classic Cobble
CrazE Classic Cobble
Masonique
Uni-Decor
Bush Stone
Retaining wall systems for a range
of applications
Lffelstein
Waterlffel
Terrace Blok
Specialised precast products
Precast stadium seating
Garden kerbs
Masonry products
Flocon beam and block fooring
Product Ranges
53
Flow Chart for Circular Pipes
www.avengman.com
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Aveng Manufacturing Infraset
Steeledale House, 669 670 Power Street,
Industries West, Germiston, 1401
South Africa
Tel: +27 11 876-5500
Fax: +27 11 872-1713