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Original Title: geometry - 082714 - 1-3 distance and midpoints - example solutions

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You are on page 1of 2

Example 1 - Find Distance on a Number Line

Use the number line to find QR.

The coordinates of Q and R are -2 and 3.

QR = |-2 - 3| Distance Formula

= |-5| or 5 Simplify.

Example 2 - Find Distance on a Coordinate Plane

Find the distance between A(4, 2) and B(-6, 4).

Method 1 Pythagorean Theorem

Use the gridlines to form a triangle so you

can use the Pythagorean Theorem.

(AB)

2

= (BC)

2

+ (AC)

2

Pythagorean Theorem

(AB)

2

= 2

2

+ 10

2

BC = 2 units, AC = 10 units

(AB)

2

= 104 Simplify.

AB = 104 Take the square root of each side.

Method 2 Distance Formula

d = (x

2

- x

1

)

2

+ (y

2

- y

1

)

2

Distance Formula

AB = (-6 - 4)

2

+ (4 - 2)

2

(x

1

, y

1

) = (4, 2), (x

2

, y

2

) = (-6, 4)

AB = (-10)

2

+ (2)

2

Simplify.

AB = 104 Simplify.

The distance from A to B is 104 units. You can use a calculator to find that 104 is approximately

10.20.

Example 3 - Find Coordinates of a Midpoint

a. TEMPERATURE Find the coordinates of the midpoint of RS .

The coordinates of R and S are -10 and 60.

Let M be the midpoint of RS .

M =

-10 + 60

2

a = -10, b = 60

=

50

2

or 25 Simplify.

b. Find the coordinates of M, the midpoint of RS , for R(-3, -4) and S(5, 7).

Let R be (x

1

, y

1

) and S be (x

2

, y

2

). (x

1

, y

1

) = (-3, -4) (x

2

, y

2

) = (5, 7)

M(

x

1

+ x

2

2

,

y

1

+ y

2

2

) = M(

-3 + 5

2

,

-4 + 7

2

)

= M(

2

2

,

3

2

) or M(1, 1

1

2

) Simplify.

Geometry 1.3 Distance and Midpoints

Example 4 - Find Coordinates of Endpoint

Find the coordinates of C if B(2, 4) is the midpoint of AC and A has coordinates (6, 8).

Let A be (x

2

, y

2

) in the Midpoint Formula.

B(2, 4) = B(

x

1

+ 6

2

,

y

1

+ 8

2

) (x

2

, y

2

) = (6, 8)

Write two equations to find that coordinates of C.

2 =

x

1

+ 6

2

4 = x

1

+ 6 Multiply each side by 2.

-2 = x

1

Subtract 6 from each side.

4 =

y

1

+ 8

2

8 = y

1

+ 8 Multiply each side by 2.

0 = y

1

Subtract 8 from each side.

The coordinates C are (-2, 0).

Example 5 - Use Algebra to Find Measures

Multiple-Choice Test Item

What is the measure of AC if A is the

midpoint of BC ?

A 60 B 8

C 30 D 15

Read the Test Item

You know that A is the midpoint of BC , and the figure gives algebraic measures for BAand AC . You

are asked to find the measure of AC.

Solve the Test Item

Because A is the midpoint, you know that BA = AC. Use this equation and the algebraic measures to find

a value for x.

BA = AC Definition of midpoint

3x + 6 = 2x + 14 BA = 3x + 6, AC = 2x + 14

3x = 2x + 8 Subtract 6 from each side.

x = 8 Subtract 2x from each side.

Now substitute 8 for x in the expression 2x + 14.

AC = 2x + 14 Original measure

AC = 2(8) + 14 x = 8

AC = 16 + 14 or 30 Simplify.

The answer is C.

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