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Table 3 Areas in Upper Tail of the Normal Distribution

The firnction tabulatedis I - d(z) where (z) is the cumulativedistribution function of a standardisedNormal variabte,z.
|
tz
|
is the probability that a standardisedNormal variate selectedat random will be greaterthan a
Thus 1-O(z)=-F
J "-"2
"tZn

valueofz

( x- u \
[=;J

.08

,09

.3936
.3557
.3192

.4681
.4286
.3897
.3520
.3156

.4641
.4247
.3859
.3483
.3t21

.2877
.2546
.2236
.t949
.1685

.2843
.2514
.2206
.t922
.t660

.2810
.2483
.2t77
.1894
. 16 3 5

.2776
.2451
.2t48
.t867
.1611

.0901
.0749

.r469
.1257
.1056
.0885
.0735

.1446
.1230
. 1 0 38
.0869
.0721

.t423
.1210
.1020
.0853
.0708

.1401
. 11 9 0
.1003
.0838
.0694

.1379
.1170
.0985
.0823
. 0 68 1

.0630
.0516
.0418
.0336
.0268

.0 6 1 8
.0505
.0409
.0329
.0262

.0606
.0495
.0401
.0322
.0256

.0594
.0485
.0392
.0314
.0250

.0582
.0475
.0384
.0307
.0244

.0571
.0465
.0375
.0301
.0239

.0559
.0455
.0367
.0294
.0233

.02169
.01700
.0t321
.01017
.00776

.02118
.01659
.01287
.00990
.00755

.02068
.01 6 1 8
.01255
.00964
.00734

.02018
.01578
.01222
.00939
.00714

.01970
.01539
.01191
.00914
.00695

.01923
.01500
.01160
.00889
.00676

. 0 1 8 7 6 . 0 18 3 1
.01463 .01426
.01130 .01101
.00866 .00842
.00657 .00639

.00604
.00453
.00336
.00248
.0 0 1 81

.00587
.00440
.00326
.00240
.0017s

.00570
.00427
.00317
.00233
.00169

.00554
.00415
.00307
.00226
.00 1 6 4

.00539 .00523
.00402 .00391
.00298 .00289
.00219 .002t2
.00159 . 0 0 1 5 4

.0 0 1 31
.00094
.00066.
.00047
.00032

.00126 .00r22 .00 1 1 8


.00090 .00087 .00084
.00064 .00062 .00060
.00045 .00043 .00042
.00031 .00030 .00029
.00022 .00021 .00020
.0001s .00014 .00014
.000100 .000096 .000092
.000067 .000064 .000062
.000044 .000042 .000041

.07

.00

.01

.02

.03

.04

.05

.06

0.0
0.1
0.2
0.3
0.4

.5000
.4602
.4207
.3821
.3446

.4960
.4562
.41 6 8
.3783
.3409

.4920
.4522
.4t29
.3745
.3372

.4880
.4483
.4090
.3707
.3336

.4840
.4443
.4052
.3669
.3300

.4801
.4404
.4013
.3632
.3264

.4761
.4364
.3974
.3594
.3228

.472r
.432s

0. 5
0.6
0.7
0.8
0.9

.3085
.2743
.2420
.2119
. 1 841

.3050
.2709
.2389
.2090
.1 8 1 4

.3015
.2676
.2358
.2061
.1788

.2981
.2643
.2327
.2033

.2946
.2611
.2296
.2005
.1736

.2912
.2578
.2266
.1977
.r7tl

1.0
1.1
1.2
1.3
1.4

.1587
.t357
. 1 151
.0968
.0808

.t562
.133 5
.t13 1
.09 5 1
.0793

.1539
.1314
.IT12
.0934
.0778

.15l5
.t292
.1093
.0918
.0764

.t492
.1271

1.5
1.6

.0668
.0548
.0446
.0359
.0287

.0655
.0537
.0436
.03 5 1
.0281

.0643
.0526
.0427
.0344
.0274

.02275
.01786
. 0 139 0
.01072
.00820

.02222
.01743
.0 1 3 55
.01044
.00798

.00621
.00466
.00347
.00256
.00187

3. 4

. 0 01 3 5
.00097
.00069
.00048
.00034

3.5
3.6
3.7
3. 8
3. 9

.00023 .00022
. 0 0 0 1 6 .00015
. 0 0 0 1 0 8 .000104
.000072 .000069
.000048 .000046

4. 0

.000032

x- u
o

r.7

1.8
1.9
2.0
2.1
2.2
2.3
2.4
2 .5
2 .6
2.7
2.8
2.9
3 .0
3 .1
3.2
J. J

5.0-+ 0.0000002867

.r762

.r075

5.5-+ 0.0000000190
13

.00508 .00494 .00480


.00379 .00368 .00357
.00280 .00272 .00264
.00205 . 0 0 1 9 9 . 0 0 1 9 3
.00149 .00144 . 0 0 1 3 9
. 0 0 1 1 4 . 0 0 1 1 1 .00107 .00104 .00100
.00082 .00079 .00076 .00074 ".00071
.00058 .00056 .00054 .00052 .00050
.00040 .00039 .00038 .00036 .00035
.00028 .00027 .00026 .00025 .00024
. 0 0 0 1 9 .00019 . 0 0 0 1 8 .00017 .00017
.00013 .00013 .00012 .00012 . 0 00 1 1
.000088 .000085 .000082 .000078 .000075
.000059 .000057 .000054 .000052 .000050
.000039 .000037 .000036 .000034 .000033
6.0-+ 0.0000000010

Table 4 PercentagePoints of the Normal Distribution


Thetable givesthe l00apercent4gepoints, zoof astandardised
normaldistributionwhore

o= Lf'
^l2n

,-"rzd".

Jzo

Thuszo is the value of a standardisednormalvariatewhichhasprobability a of being


exceeded.

dza

za

za

z4

qza

za

.50
.45
.40
.35
.30

0.0000
0.t257
0.2533
0.3853
0.5244

.050
,048
.046
,044
042

t.6449
L6646
r.6849
1.7060
r.7279

.0 3 0 1 . 8 8 0 8
.029 1.8957
.0 2 8 1 . 9 9 1 0
.027 t.9268
.026 1.9431

.020 2.0537 . 0 1 0
.019 2.0749 .009
,018 2.0969 .008
,0t7 2.r20r .007
016 2.t444 .006

2.3263
2.3656
2.4089
2.4573
2.sIZl

.050
.010
.001
.0001
.0000l

1.6449
2.3263
3.0902
3.7t90
4.2649

.25
.2 0
.1 5
.1 0
.05

0.6745
0 .8416
1 .0364
1 .2816
t.6449

040
038
036
034
032

t.7s07
1,7744
1.7991
1.8250
1.8522

.02s 1.9600
.024 1.9774
.023 t.9954
,022 2.0141
021 2.0335

015
014
013
012
011

2.5758
2.6521
2.7478.
2.8782
3.0902

.025
.005
.0005
.00005
.000005

1.9600
2.5758
3.2905
3.8906
4.4172

2.t701
2.t973
2.2262
2.2571
2.2904

.005
.004
.003
.002
.001

Table 5 ordinates of the Normal Distribution


Thetable gsvesfiz) for valuesof the standardised
normalvariatg z, intheinterval 0.0 (0.1) 4.0 where

dGl=

,l2n

.
"-'2/2
.l

0 .0
r .0
2.0
3.0
4.0

.3989
.2420
.0540
.0044
.0001

.3970
.2179
.0440
.0033

.2
.3910
.1942
.0355
.0024

.J

.3814
7114

.LIL+

.0283
.0017

.4

.5

.6

.3683
.1497
.0224
.0012

.3521
.1295
.0175
.0009

.3332
. 11 0 9
.0136
.0006

t4

.7
.3123
.0940
.0104
.0004

.8

.9

.2897
.0790
.0079
.0003

.2661
0656
.0060
.0002

Table 7 PercentagePoints of the I Distribution


point of tlre r distributionfor vdegreesof freedom.
The table givesthe value of to, - the l00a perc,lrtage
The valuesof t are obtainedby solutionofthe equation:

6
a : rlY,(v+I)ltr(%v\|-'(r,l-'o fit. ,2 1,1-Q+r,z
Note: The tabulationis for onetail only, that is, for positivevaluesof r'
For I r I the columnheadingsfor o shouldbe doubled.

0.0005

0.10

0.05

0.025

0.01

0.005

0.001

3.078
1.886
1.638
1.533
t.476

6.314
2.920
2.353
2.132
2.015

12.706
4.303
3.182
2.776
2. 5 7 1

3r.821
6.965
4.541
3.747
3.365

63.657
9.925
5.841
4.604
4.032

318.31
22.326
t0.213
7.173
5.893

636.62
31.598
t2.924
8.610
6.869

6
7
8
9
l0

r.440
1.415
r.397
1.383
r.372

1.943
1.895
1.860
1.833
1.812

2.447
2.365
2.306
2.262
2.228

3.143
2.998
2.896
2.821
2.764

3.707
3.499
3.355
3.250
3.169

5.208
4.785
4.501
4.297
4.144

5.959
5.408
5.041
4.78r
4.587

tl
T2
l3
I4
l5

r.363
1.356
1.350
1.345
t.341

t.796
t.782
|.771
1.761
t.753

2.201
2.179
2.160
2.145

2.t3r

2.718
2.681
2.650
2.624
2.602

3.106
3.055
3.012
2.977
2.947

4.025
3.930
3.852
3.787
3.733

4.437
4.318
4.221
4.r40
4.073

l6
I7
18
l9
20

r.337
r.333
1.330
1.328
1.325

1.746
t.740
r.734
t.729
t.725

2.120
2.110
2.101
2.093
2.086

2.583
2.567
2.552
2.539
2.528

2.92r
2.898
2.878
2.861
2.845

3.686
3.646
3.610
3.579
3.552

4.015
3.965
3.922
3 . 8 83
3 . 8 50

2l
22
23
24
25

r.323
1.321
1.319
1.318
1.316

1.721
1.717
t.7t4
l.7ll
1.708

2.080
2.074
2.069
2.064
2.060

2.518
2.508
2.500
2.492
2.485

2.831
2.8t9
2.807
2.797
2.787

3.527
3.505
3.485
3.46',1
3.450

3 . 8 19
3.792
3.767
3 . 7 45
3.725

26
27

1.315
1.314
1.313
1.311
1.310

t.706
1.703
1.701
1.699
1.697

2.056
2.052
2.048
2.045
2.042

2.479
2.473
2.467
2.462
2.457

2.779
2.771
2.763
2.756
2.750

3.435
3.421
3.408
3.396
3.385

3.707
3.690
3.674
3.659
3.646

1.303
1.296
1.289
t.282

1.684
1.671
1.658
1.645

2.02r

2.423
2.390
2.358
2326

2.704
2.660
2.617
2.576

3.307
3.232
3.160
3.090

3 . 5 51
3.460
3.373
3.291

d=

v=l
2
J

4
5

z8
29
30
40
60

r20
@

2.000
1.980
1.960

This table is taken from Table III of Fisher& Yates: StatisticalTablesfor Biological,Agricultural and Medical Research'
reprinte<lby permissionof Addison Wesley LongmanLftl. Also from Table 12 of Biometrika Tablesfor Statisticians,
Volume I, by permissionof Oxford University Pressand the Biometrika Trustees.

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Table 8 PercentagePoints of thef

.30

t<

Distribution - continued

.10

.05

.025

.02

.01

001

=a

LO74,
2.408
3.665
4.878
6.064

t.323
2.713
4.108
5.385
6.626

r.642
3.2r9
4.642
5.989
7.289

2.706
. 4.605
6.251
7.779
9.236

3.841
5.991
7.815
9.488
11.070

5.024
7.378
9.348
I 1.143
12.832

5.4r2
7.824
9.837
11.668
13.388

6.635
9.210
11.345
t3.271
15.086

7.879
r0.597
12.838
14.860
16.750

t0.827
13.815
16.268
18.465
20.517

7.231
8.383
9.524
10.656
11.781

7.84r
9.037
10.219
11.389
12.549

8.558
9.803
11.030
12.242
13.442

10.645
t2.0r7
t3.362
14.684
15.987

12.592
14.067
15.507
16.919
18.307

14.449
16.013
11.535
19.023
20.483

15.033
16.622
18.168
19.679
2t.16l

16.812
18.475
20.090
21.666
23.209

18.548
20.2',18
21.95s
23.589
25.188

22.457
24.322
26.125
29.588

6
'7
8
9
10

12.899
14.01I
15.119
16.222
17.322

13.701
14.84s
15.984
l7.lL7
18.245

14.631
15.812
16.985
1
18.15
19.311

17.275
18.549
19.812
2r.064
22.307

19.675
2r.026
22.362
23.685
24.996

21.920
23.337
24.736
26.t19
27.488

22.618
24.054
2s.472
26.873
28.259

24.725
26.217
27.688
29.t41
30.578

26.7s7
28.300
29.8t9
31.319
32.801

3t.264
32.909
34.528
36.123
37.697

ll
12
13
t4
15

18.418
19.511
20.601
2r.689
22.775

19.369
20.489
2r.605
22.718
23.828

20.465
2r.615
22.760
23.900
25.038

23.542
24.769
2s.989
27.204
28.412

26.296
27.587
28.869
30.144
31.410

28.845
I
30.19
3t.526
32.852
34.170

29.633
30.995
32.346
33.687
35.020

32.000
33.409
34.805
36.191
37.566

34.267
35.718
3'.7.156
38.582
39.997

39.252
40.790
42.312
43.820
45.315

16
17
18
19
20

23.858
24.939
26.018
27.096
28.172

24.935
26.039
27.r4r
28.241
29.339

26.I',ll
27.30r
28.429
29.553
30.675

29.615
30.813
32.007
33.196
34.382

32.67r
33.924
35.172
36.415
37.652

35.479
36.781
38.076
39.364
40.646

36.343
37.6s9
38.968
40.2'70
4t.566

38.932
40.289
4r.638
42.980
44.3t4

41.401
42.796
44.181
45.558
46.928

46.79'1
48.268
49.728
51.179
52.620

2l
22
23
24
25

29.246
30.319
31.391
32.461
33.530

30.434
31.528
32.620
33;lll
34.800

31.79s
32.912
34.02'l
35.139
36.250

35.563
36.141
37.9t6
39.087
40.256

38.885
40.113
41.337
42.557
43.173

41.923
43.t94
44.46r
45.',722
46.979

42.856
44.t40
45.419
46.693
47.962

4s.642
46.963
48.278
49.588
50.892

48.290
49.645
50.993
52.336
53.672

54.0s2
55.416
56.893
58.302
59.703

26
27
28
29
30

44.165
54.723
65.227
75.689
86.120

45.616
56.334
66.981
77.577
88.130

47.269
58.164
68.972
't9.715
90.405

59.342
5s.759
sr.805
7r.420
67.505
63.167
83.298
14.39',7 79.082
9s.023
90.531
85.527
96.518 101.880 106.629

60.436
'12.613
84.580
96.388
108.069

63.691
16.1s4
88.379
100.425
ttz.329

66.766
79.490
91.952
t04.zls
tI6.32r

73.402
86.651
99.607
Ltz.317
124.839

40

t37.208
r49.449

90
100

96.524 98.650 101.054 107.565 113.145 118.136 119.648 t24.116 t28.299


135.807 140.170
118.498 124.342 129.561 t3t.t42
106.906 109.141 lrl.661

l9

zi.stt

v=l
2
J

4
f

s0
60
70
80

Table 9 PercentagePoints of the F Distribution


The table gives the values of Fo;rr,r, the l00a percentagepoint of the F disfiibution having degrees
of freedomin the
4
numeratorand v2degreesof freedomin the denominator For eachpair of valuesof and v2, .{-orrr,rristabulated
for a = 0.05,
4
0.025,0.01,0.001,the 0.025valuesbeingbracketed.
The lower percentagepoints of the distribution maybe obtained
from the relation:
Fr-a;v1,v2 =l / Fo;uz,r,

|
Example:F.gs,r
z,e=' lF.or,r,r,: / z.ss=g.3.tL

161.4
(648)
4052
4053*

199.5
(800)
5000
5000*

215.7
(864)
5403
5405*

18.5
19.0
19.2
(38.s) (3e.0) (3e.2)
98.5
99.0
99.2
998.5 999.0 999.2

l0

ll

l2

Fo;rr,r,

224.6
(e00)
5625
5625*

230.2 234.0 236.8 238.9 241.9 243.9 249.0 254.3


(e22) (e37) (e48) (e57) (e6e) (e77) (ee7) ( 1018)
5764
5764*

5859
5g5g*

5928
5929*

19.2
(3e.2)
99.2
999.2

19.3
(3e.3)
99.3
999.3

19.3
(3e.3)
99.3
999.3

19.4
r9.4
r9.4
19.4
(3e.4) (3e.4) (3e.4) (3e.4)
99.4
999.4

10.13
9.55
9.28
9.12
9.01
8.94
8.89
(r7.4) (16.0) (r5.4) (15.1) (r4.e) (r4.7) (14.6)
34.1
30.8
29.5
28.7
28.2
27.9
27.7
t67.0
148.5 l4l.l
t37.1 134.6 132.8 131.5
7.71
6.94
6.59
6.39
6.26
6.16
6.09
(12.22) (10.65) (e.e8) (e.60) (e.36) (e.20) (e.07)
2t.2
18.0
16.7
16.0
15.5
15.2
15.0
74.t4
6t.25 56.18 53.44 51.71 50.53 49.66
6.6t
5.79
5.41
5.19
5.05
4.95
4.88
(10.01) (8.43) (7.76) (7.3e) (7.1s) (6.e8) (6.8s)
16.26 t3.27
12.06 11.39 10.97 10.67 10.46
47.t8 37.t2 33.20 31.09 29.75 28.83 28.16
5.99
5.14
4.76
4.53
4.39
4.28
4.21
(8.8r) (7.26) (6.60) (6.23) (5.ee) (5.82) (s.70)
t3.74
t0.92
9.78
9.15
8.75
8.47
8.26
35.51 27.00 23.70 21.92 20.80 20.03 19.46
5.59
4.74
4.35
4.t2
3.97
3.87
3.79
(8.07
(6.s4) (5.8e) (5.52) (s.ze) (s.rz) (4.ee)
12.25
9.55
8.45
7.85
7.46
7.19
6.99
29.25 2t.69
18.77 17.20 16.21 15.52 t5.02
5.32
4.46
4.07
3.84
3.69
3.58
3.50
(7.s7) (6.06) (s.42) (5.05) (4.82) (4.6s) (4.53)
11.26
8.65
7.59
7.01
6.63
6.37
6.18
25.42 18.49 15.83 14.39 13.48 t2,86
12.40
5.12
4.26
3.86
3.63
3.48
3.37
3.29
(7.2r) (5.7r) (5.08) (4.72) (4.48) (4.32) (4.20)
10.56
8.02
6.99
6.42
6.06
5.80
5.61
22.86 16.39 13.90 12.56 tt.71
ll.l3
10.69
4.96
4.10
3.71
3.48
3.33
3.22
3.14
(6.e4) (s.46) (4.83) (4.47) (4.24) (4.07) (3.e5)
10.04
7.56
6.55
s.99
5.U
5.39
5.20
21.04 14.91 12.55 I 1.28 10.48
9.93
9.52
4.84
3.98
3.59
3.36
3.20
3.09
3.01
(6.72) (s.26) (4.63) (4.28) (4.04) (3.88) (3.76)
9.65
7.21
6.22
5.67
5.32
5.07
4.89
19.69 13.81 l 1.s6 10.35
9.58
9.05
8.66
4.75
3.89
3.49
3.26
3.II
3.00
2.91
(6.s5) (s.10) (4.47) (4.12) (3.8e) (3.73) (3.6r)
9.33
6.93
5.95
5.41
5.06
4.82
4.64
18.64 t2.97
10.80
9.63
8.89
8.38
8.00

* Entries markedthus must be multiplied


by 100

z0

5981
5981*

6056
6056,r

6106
6707*

6235
6235*

6366
6366*

99.4
999.4

99.4
999.4

99.4
999.4

19.5
(3e.5)
99.5
999.s

8.85
(14.5)
27.5
130.6

8.79
(14.4)
27.2
t29.2

8.74
(r4.3)
27.1
128.3

8.64
(14.1 )
26.6
125.9

6.04
(8.e8)
14.8
49.00

5.96
(8.84)
14.5
48.05

5.91
(8.7s)
14.4
47.41

5.77
(8.51)
13.9
45.77

5.63
(8.26)
13. 5
44.05

4.82
(6.76)
10.29
27.65

4.74
(6.62)
10.05
26.92

4.68
(6.s2)
9.89
26.42

4.53
(6.2s)
9.47
25.14

4.36
(6.02)
9.02
23.79

4.r5
4.06
(s.60) (5.46)
8.10 7.87
19.03 18.41

19. 5

(3e.s)
99.5
999.5
8.53

(13.e)
26.1
123.5

4.00
3.U
(s.37) (s.12)

3.67
(4.s5)

7.72
17.99

7.3t
16.90

6.88
r5.7s
3.23
(4.14)
5.65
tt.70

2.93
(3.67)
4.86
9.34

3.73
(4e0)

3.64
3.57
(4.76) (4.67)

6.84
t4.63

6.62
14.08

6.47
13.71

3.41
(4.a)
6.07
12.73

3.44
(4.43)
6.03
12.05

3.35
(4.30)
5.81
11.54

3.28
(4.20)
s.67
11.19

3.12
(3.es)
5.28
10.30

3.23
(4.10)
5.47
t0.37

3.14
(3.e6)
5.26
9.87

3.07
2.90
2.71
(3.87) (3.61) ,(3.33)
5.11
4.73
4.31
9.57
8.72
7.81

3.07
(3.85)
5.06
9.20

2.98
(3.72)
4.85
8.74

2.91
(3.62)
4.71
8.44

2.74
(3.37)
4.33
7.64

2.54
(3.08)
. 3.gl
6.76

2.95
(3.66)
4.74
8.35

2.85
(3.53)
4.54
7.92

2.79
(3.43)
4.40
7.63

2.61
(3.17)
4.02
6.85

2.40
(2.88)
3.60
6.00

2.85
2.75
2.69
(3.s1) (3.37) (3.28)
4.50
4.30
4.16
7.71
7.29
7.00

2.51
(3.02)
3.78
6.25

2. 30
(2.72)
3. 36
5.42

Table 9 PercentagePoints of the F Distribution - continued


l0

t2

24

4. 67
(6.4r)
9.07
17.82

3. 81
(4.e7)
6.70
12.31

3.41
(4.3s)
5.74
t0.21

3.18
(4.00)
5.2r
9.07

3.03
(3.77)
4.86
8.35

2.92
(3.60)
4.62
7.86

2.83
(3.48)
4.44
7.49

2.67
2.60
2.42
2.77
(3.3e) (3.2s) (3.15) (2.8e)

t4

4.60
(6.30)
8. 86
1 7. 14

3.74
(4.86)
6. 51
11. 78

3.34
(4.24)
5.56
9.73

3.r1
(3.8e)
5.04
8.62

2.96
(3.66)
4.70
7.92

2.85
(3.s0)
4.46
7.44

2.76
(3.38)
4.28
7.08

16

4.49
(6.12)
8. 53
16.12

3.63
(4.6e)
6. 23
10.97

3.24
(4.08)
5.29
9.01

3.01
(3.73)
4.77
7.94

2.85
(3.50)
4.44
7.27

2.74
(3.34)
4.20
6.80

3.59
s.78

2.21
(2.60)
3.17
4.97

2.70
(3.2e)
4.14
6.80

2.53
2.35
2.60
(3.1s) (3.05) (2.7e)
3.80
3.43
3.94
6.13
5.41
6.40

2.t3
(2.4e)
3.00
4.60

2.66
(3.22)
4.03
6.46

2.59
(3.12)
3.89
6.19

2.49
(2.ee)
3.69
5.81

2.42
(2.8e)
3.55
5.55

2.24
(2.63)
3.18
4.85

2.01
(2.32)
2.75
4.06

2.58
(3.10)
3.84
6.02

2.15

1.92

3.00
4.4s

2.57
3.67

4.30
7.21

4.10
6.80

3.96
6.52

4. 41

3. 55

(s.e8)
8.29
15.38

(4.16)
6.01
10.39

3.16
(3.es)
5.09
8.49

2s3
(3.61)
4.58
7.46

2.77
(3.38)
4.25
6.81

2.66
(3.22)
4.01
6.35

2.51,
(3.01)
3.77
5.76

2.4t
(2.87)
3.51
s.39

2.34
(2.77)
3.37
5.13

20

4.35
(5.87)
8.10
t4.82

3.49
(4.46)
5.85
9.95

3.10
(3.86)
4.94
8.l0

2.87
(3.sr)
4.43
7.70

2.71
(3.2e)
4.10
6.46

2.45
2..60 2.51
(3.13) (3.01) (z.er)
3.70
3.56
3.87
5.44
6.02
5.69

2.35
(2.77)
3.37
5.08

2.28
(2.68)
3.23
4.82

2.08
(2.41)
2.86
4.r5

1.84
(2.0e)
2.42
3.38

22

4.30
(s.7e)
7.95
14.38

3.44
(4.38)
5.72
9.61

3.05
(3.78)
4.82
7.80

2.82
(3.44)
4.37
6.81

2.66
(3.22)
3.99
6.19

2.55
(3.05)
3.76
5.76

2.46
(2.e3)
3.59
5.44

2.40
(2.84)
3.45
5.19

2.30
(2.70)
3.26
4.83

2.23
(2.60)
3.12
4.58

2.03
(2.33)
2.75
3.92

1.78
(2.00)
2.37
3.15

24

4.26
(s.72)
7.82
14.03

3.40
(4.32)
5.61
9.34

3.01
(3.72
4.72
7.55

2.51
2.78
2.62
(3.38) (3.15) (2.ee)
4.22
3.90
3.67
6.59
5.98
5.55

2.42
(2.87)
3.50
5.23

2.36
(2.78)
3.36
4.99

2.25
(2.64)
3.17
4.64

2.18
(2.s4)
3.03
4.39

1.98
(2.27)
2.66
3.74

1.73
(1.e4)
2.21
2.97

26

4.23
(5.66)
7.72
13.74

3.37
(4.27)
5.53
9.12

2.98
(3.67)
4.64
7.36

2.74
(3.33)
4.14
6.41

2.59
(3.10)
3.82
5.80

2.47
(2.e4)
3.59
5.38

2.39
(2.82)
3.42
5.07

2.32
(2.73)
3.29
4.83

2.22
(2.se)
3.09
4.48

z.ls
Q.4e)
2.96
4.24

1.95
(2.22)
2.58
3.59

1.69
(1.88)
2.13
2.82

28

4.20
(s.6r)
7.64
13.50

3.34
(4.22)
5.45
8.93

2.95
(3.63)
4.57
7.t9

2.71
(3.2e)
4.07
6.25

2.56
(3.06)
3.75
5.66

2.45
(2.e0)
3.53
5.24

236
(2.78)
3.36
4.93

2.29
(2.6e)
4.69

2.19
(2.s5)
3.03
4.35

2.12
(2.4s)
2.90
4.11

1.91
(2.r7)
2.52
3.46

1.65
(1.83)
2.06
2.69

4.17
(s.57)
7.56
13.29

3.32
(4.18)
5.39
8.77

2.92
(3.5e)
4.5t
7.05

2.69
(3.2s)
4.02
6.72

2.53
(3.03)
3.70
5.53

2.42
(2.87)
3.47
5.12

2.33
(2.7s)
3.30
4.82

2.27

2.16

2.09
(2.4r)
2.84
4.00

1.89
(2.r4)
2.47
3.36

1.62
(1.7e)
2.01
2.59

4.08
(s.42)
'7.31
12.6t

3.23
(4.0s)
5.18
8.25

2.84
(3.46)
4.31
6.59

2.61
(3.13)
3.83
5.70

2.4s
(2.e0)
3.51
5.13

2.34
(2.74)
3.29
4.73

2.25
(2.62)
3.12
4.44

1.79
2.08 2.00
2.18
(2.s3) (2.3e) (2.2e) (2.01)

2.76
3.15
4.00
(5.2e) (3.e3) (3.34)
4.13
4.98
7.08
6.17
7.77
1t.9'7

2.53
(3.01)
3.65
5.31

2.37
(2.7e)
3.34
4.76

2.2s
(2.63)
3.12
4.37

2.17
(2.s1)
2.95
4.09

(2.4r)
2.82
3.86

3.54

3.92
(5.1s)
6.85
11.38

3.07
2.68
(3.80) (3.23)
3.95
4.79
s.78
7.32

2.45
(2.8e)
3.48
4.95

2.29
(2.67)
3.17
4.42

2.18
(2.s2)
2.96
4.04

2.09
(2.3e)
2.79
3.77

2.02
(2.30)
2.66
3.55

3.84
(5.02)
6.63
10.83

3.00
(3.6e)
4.61
6.91

2.37
(2.7e)
3.32
4.62

2.21
2.10
(2.s'7) (2.4r)
3.02
2.80
4.10
3.74

2.01
(2.2e)
2.64
3.47

1.94
(2.1e)
2.5r
3.27

l8

30

40

60

120

2.60
(3 .12 )
3.78
5.42

5.25

(2.6s) (2.s1)
3 . 1 7 2.98
4.58

2.99
4.21
2.10

4.24

(2.s0) (2.1e)

2.80
3.87

2.66
3.64

2.29
3.01

l.5l
(1.64)
1.80
2.23

1.99

1.92

3.32

1.70
(1.88)
2.t2
2.69

1.39
(1.48)
1.60
1.89

1.91
(2.16)
2.47
3.24

1.83
(2.05)
2.34
3.02

1.61
(1.76)
1.95
2.40

1.25
(1.31)
1.38
1.54

1.83
(2.05)
2.32
2.96

l;75
(1.e4)
2.18
2.74

t.52
(1.64)
1.79
2.t3

1.00
(1.00)
L00
1.00

(2.27) (2.r7)
z.so
2.63

This table is taken from Table V of Fisher & Yates: Statistical Tablesfor Biological, Agicultural and Medical Research, reprinted by
permissionof Addison WesleyLongmanLtd and also liom Table I 8 of Biometrika Tablesfor Statisticians,Volume I , by permissionof
Oxford Universitv Pressand the Biometrika Tnrstees.

2l