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An

Appendix Containing
110 DECLENSIONAL FORMS.
Sing.
Plu.
Gen.
^5^^
^s^R-^j
^5%r%
Loc.
g5^f^_^^^q-_
^o%g~
Vararuchi
gives ^^^-^
in
place
of
^s^r^-^
(
AH.
Sing. ).
The
ShadbMsMs'abdamanjari says:

'wft^ #r \
Neuter Nouns
Neuter Pronouns
ending
in
or.
ending
in
or.
Sing.
.Plu.
Sing.
Plu.
Nom.
^of ^qfi^- Nom.
^ ^s^rrf^-
Acc.

^^ji
Voc.
^^^
,,
Ace.

The rest like The rest like
the forms of
ij^. the forms of
^^ Mas.
The
Shadbh^sh^s'abdamanjari
observes:

^'^^^^ #r
Mas. Nouns
ending
in
%.
Additional forms
according
to
siTf^o ^f^g-o
are

Nom.
3Ti^^3{t;
3Tf^^
8TT^^;
Plu.
w^\^;
similarly
^fj^-
Sing.
Plu.
Nom. Srnft 3TTIT^-3TnT3lt-3T^TWt-
Ace. 3#nr orf^rmt-Brnft
Inst. 3T^iTqT
8T7^-t-ft
DECLENSIONAL FORMS. Ill
112
DECLENSIONAL FORMS.
Sing.
Plu.
DECLENSIONAL
FORMS.
113
^^H
114
DECLENSIONAL
FORMS.
Gen.
jflfrsT-err-^-TT
^t^t'^r-'it
Loc.
;iftft3T-3Tr-^-tr; ^m^
^ti^-i
j
Vararuchi
gives
Ji^ft^-f
in
place
of
jflftsft-^
(
Abl.
Sing. )
and an
additional
form
^tftft
(
Abl.
Sing. ).
Fern.
Nouns
ending
in
^.
Sing.
Plu.
Norn.
^tf;
^^-^fsft-^fvj
Ace.
^^
^i;-^f3ft-^i;?
Inst.
^|3T-eTr-^-i^
^it-t-n
Abl.
^^3T-^r-^-tr;
^^-
^fjt^>-^^V
Gen.
^^3T-3Tr~^-tT
.
^^iq-oT
Loc.
^^^-^j-^-xT.
;^^f^
^^-i
Voc.
^
^f ^
^^_^^3^-^_^^^
Vararuchi
gives
^f^-f
in
place
of
^^srl-^ (Abl.
Sing. )
and an
additional form
^fjl (Abl.
Sing. ).
Sing.
Plu.
Norn.
fq^TT-fqard
fg^ru;
f^sr^ft-
fq^'JTt
Ace.
fq[3Tt
fqBT^-fqSRr;
Inst-
fqsT^q-of;
fg^T^il-t-rfc
Abl.
fq3T5r[f^vrq3T^T?t-
rqar^cift^-fYsr^t^-
f^sT^rsft-fqsra^-
fq3T?:T?t-fqr3T^r3fl-
fq3?^r-fq3T^[^;
fqsr^r^-fqc^^rt-
DECLENSIONAL FORMS. 115
fq^-fq^aft-
116
DECLENSIONAL FORMS.
Abl.
Gen.
Loc.
^
\ \
^^^^;
<
^tTRT'^T-oT;
Vararuchi
gives
^tTRF^,
^^TRT^, ^?m^-f
in
place
of
^rrRr^ft-^;
^fRTsft-^.
Shadbhashamafijarl
has additional
Voc.
Sing,
forms as
\
^xrr,
\ w*t\rj.
^Tfj
Mas.
Sing.
Plu.
Ace. m^Tit
^r'3TRr-^r3T[^;
^r^-
Inst.
^r^TT^oT-'n; ^r3Tl^f|-t-f|;
%
DECLENSIONAL FORMS. 117
Abl.
118 DECLENSIONAL FORMS.
Loc.
Voc.
Same
as
Gen.
Gen.
JTisTrsT-^-tT; ^r^rr'^r-nr;
Lakshmidhara
gives
ttt^trt
in
place
of
m^U
as
option-
al base
according
to the Sutra
m^j
strf H V ^l
^oH;
But Hemachandra and
ShadbMsbamanjari
have
^rrsr^.
Moreover,
the Sutra as found in the
Pr^kritarupd^va-
tc^ra is
^\^j
ST^T (I
Shadbh^shamanjari gives
^ rrr^rt
and
^ ^rrsT
as addi-
tional Voc.
Sing,
forms,
and
objects
to the forms
mxr,
T{j^\
as under:

^RTl^f^:
^T^
^JK,
^J^\
^&
^^^"t
^^ITRf^^fe^^^ U"
But the forms
m^r and
^j^\
are not
given,
at least
in this Chandrik^.
^T^
Neu.
Sinor.
Nom.
Ace.
Yog.
'^\^R
Plu.
Like the Nom.
I
DECLENSIONAL FORMS. 119
The rest like the Mas.
Shadbhashachandrikil
gives
\
qrr^T,
\ ^T^TT
as additional
)c.
Sing,
forms.
^g
Mas.
m
120 DECLENSIONAL FORMS.
Gen. Plu.
^0^-0^ f^of-ot
Loc. Plu.
^5-t- ^5-^
^^j: Mas., Fem.,
Neu.
Norn. Plu.
=Er^{t-^TT[(t-=^TiTft
Ace. Plu. =q^d-=^TTRV^Tirft
Inst. Plu.
=^^%-^-f|; =sr^%-ft-ri
Abl. Plu.
=^^f|^-^^^-=^3?t-=^^^-^^^>;
Gen. Plu.
^^^%-^i;
i.oc.
Plu.
=^^5-ii; =^^^-i
Norn. Plu.
^;
Ace. Plu.
^r;
Inst. Plu.
^f^-ft-ff;
Abl.
Plu.
#f|^>;
Gen. Plu.
^j^^-o^;
Loc. Plu.
i^-^.
Prakrita-
cbandrika
gives-
^; ^y
^T|-f|-'ft; ST^-^r^Vsi^-^r5#;
Norn, and Aec.
q^;
Insfc.
T^f|-f|-i|;
Abl. q^^TTTt-'f^rsft-
q=Er[^-'T=^Tf|^-q>r^t;
Gen.
't=^o|;_d^;
Loc.
q^^-^.
The forms
of the
following
are found in the
commentary
on the
Prdkritachandrik^:

^; ^TT'^f-o^; ^tT^-I
(
It
may
be noted that
i^Tit
and
^ift
are the terminations in all cases in the
s(\^o ^f^^o
in
place
of
-^^
and
^
).
ST^uf-^f; ^^I-i.
Similarly,
the forms of
?rq^-?Tq;
&c. and
^?^?j;=r.^^;
&C.
DECLENSIONAL FORMS. 121
^^m; ?JfitHT; ^TTRft^r,
^^m;
^^^"^^m; vjfp^^m-^,^'
^m;
^^en^^r; ^^n^^r; ^TT^n^^r; sr^arr^^; traft'Jiqoq'T^;
=^-^TTft,
q^^^Trtt; IJ^TrRt; ^xT^Tlft; ^TS^xTft; xrriW^^; W(W^
&C.
also,
xnu^; crr^t; ^^tt^I"; =^3TT^V=^=^3Tr^1-; ^'^J^', ^\^; ^tTT^;
^=^oT^; ^r'JTqrt; ^Tim^t; ^r^roT^;
trsft'^T^st i ^st a
Forms of Mas. nouns
ending
in
st^i.
?:nT=i,Mas.
Nom.
Ace.
Inst.
Abl.
Gen.
Sing.
132 DECLENSIONAL FORMS.
Loc.
!rr^f^fr-?T3Tf^?r-
^rf^-^Ttl;
Voc.
\ ^T3Tr-n9T-
\ ?:r3Tt-u3Tr'jft
The
ShadbMsh^s'abdamafijari
omits
^r^rr'^r'^
(
Nom.
Plu.)
and has Voc
Sing.
% u^TP^
and Voc. Plu.
\
KJ%}n\
also. Ace. Plu.
^r^TTOTT^
is omitted. Abl.
Sing.
Additional
forms
u^TPft, u^TMr,
and
^r^Tmr^;
u^rr'^rroft
is
omitted.
Abl.
Plu.

Additional forms
^r^T^, U^rraft, ^r^Tl^, ^r^n^,
^K% imm^, ^JVM^, ^TBTr^ilt^, ^^TT'irrfl, V[^j^, Kj^mt;
Gen. Plu.

Additional forms
^^rpt'ir-^rsTrW.
It remarks
TT^^TFqr?:2r#f%^rJrt
^^ i
i^^^r*?rt
^^u^t
fifrq^Mas.
DECLENSIONAL
FORMS.
123
f^qc^Fem.
Sing.
Plu.
Nom.
^
^-^siV^^;
j^QQ^
^
Like the Nom.
Inst.
#3T-^3TT-#^-^;
^-S-ft;
^ft-ft-
^3T-^r?-^JTt^
ft
Gen. ^-1^^;
#3T-^8Tr-
^^-^;
^^-
Loc. #3T-^3Tr-#^-^^;
^^-i?
^ri-i
The
ShadbhElshamanjari
omits
^it^
(
Abl.
Sing.),
^y^_^
(
Gen.
Plu.
),
and has
^
as an additional
form
as Loc.
Sing,
Vararuchi
has
^
(
Abl.
Sing. )
for ^3?t.
Acc.
)
The rest like Mas.
?K
Mas. ^^
Mas.
Sing*;
Plu.
Sing.
Plu.
Nom. ^t
^
^'^
^
^
Acc.
^
^-^r
^-"^ ^-^-ot-irr
Insfc. f^'JTT-^'Jr- %t-f|-t
fe'^T-^-
tft-ft-t
124
DECLENSIONAL FORMS.
Abl
^f^-^srrftcft-
^[f^- cr3=fT-^V
^rt^-^^
Gen.
3rr^-^^^ %,%_^rq-
^j-^_^^;^_
^f%_^f.jT^
Log.
^c^-3rr%-^fFJT-
%5-
^c^r-^i^-
^-&;
The
ShadbhasM^'abdamanjarl
observes-
'sr^rl^
^T^^-
^c^'fer: ^^^#
JTT^^
mK
'' Inst.
Sing.
i^'Jr-^'jf. Vara-
ruchi has
^^
and
?f^
{
Abl.
Sing.)
for
^sft and
^r^ft.
In the forms of
^^
Mas. the
Shadbhash^mailjari
has
Norn.
Sing,
g"
also,
Gen. Plu.
%
also.
^
Fern
DECLENSIONAL FORMS. 125
126
DECLENSIONAL FORMS.
^^
Neu.
DECLENSIONAL
FORMS.
1^7
Acc. tr^-TTf
Like
^he
Norn.
Inst. tT|3T-3Tr-^-^;
^tfl-ft-t;
Abl. tT#-TT^-TT|3T-3TT-
fi-K;
^tt^-
Gen.
iTt3T-3TT-^-t^;
%;
f^-tr^OT-'^
TT3Tr3T-^-tT
i3:cT5
Neu.
'
Sing.
Plu.
Norn.
tTH-^'Jrjft-^'jf-tT3t
ir3TTFr-.lT3Tr^-TT3TI^
Acc.
ir3t-ir3TTFr-
Like the Norn.
The
rest
like the Mas.
ST^^
Mas.
Sing,
Plu.
3T5Fr3Tt-
Acc.
m
^^^-m.
Inst.
3T5^T
3T5JT|-rt-t
Abl.
3T50Tt-
^T^^'
Gen.
BTS'^'t-
^'^-'^
la
DECLENSIONAL FORMS. 129
Abl.
130
DECLENSIONAL FORMS.
Gen.
8TT^-?T^t-fr^-?T^- 3Ti%-3TJ:ft-3T'^0T-0T-
Loc.
"^-Tr^-Trm^-jfTT-^- 3T^i:T5-i-3n%[--
According
to Lakshmidhara Loc.
Sing,
ought
to
have the
following
additional forms:-
The
Shadbh^has'abdamanjari
has also
*WT5-s-?T^?rr-
S-1-T^l-S
in Loc. Plu. and remarks
'3?^ ^i
i:^,
Present Tense.
CONJUaATIONAL
FORMS. 131
It substitutes
^,
|^,
and
^^
and
f
before
^^<l
termi-
nations
(
all
personal
terminations
except
3rd Pers.
Sing,
and
^
2nd Pers. Plu.
).
The forms of the substitutes
^
and
|^
are
exactly
like those of the root
^^
above.
1st Pers.
i\^- ^-t^-t^;
2nd Pers.
^^- tt^^TT-^;
3rd Pers.
i|t?*-
^>^^-Ct^-^|^; ,
_
Optional
forms in sr and
^j:

^-^r
in all
persons
and numbers. Also
^sr#r-
^srrl^-#f^;
fN-^-JT-^; ^r?ft-5fT-5; d^^-^T-^
&c. Be-
fore
f^ and ^
we have
^f^
and
^^^
only,
not
^rf^
and
^p%;
because 3Tr
of rr
is shortened
by
*W^\^\
Before
^,
there are two forms
^sr^^
and
i|tsrr^^.
I-
1st Pers.
|ft"~
1^2 CONJUGAflOi^AL FORMS.
3rd Pers.
No
forms.
ff^^-I^^-ff^;
Optional
forms in r and
rr:-
fr-fIT
in all
persons
and all
numbers.
Also
i^rft-isTT^-i^
&c.
The Past
Tense.
Sing.
Plu.
3rd Pers.
^^-ftsrtr;
^%3t-
Like the Present
^^f^sT; it^-tt^rfl
Tense,
2nd Pers.
Like the Present Tense.
1st Pers. Do*.
'
^^.
3rd Pers.
Sing,
f^t^r.
The rest like the Present Tense.
According
to other authors the terminations are
^3t,
^3T,
and
^,
or
^3?
alone,
or
^T", ^,
and
^3?
in the 3rd
Pers.
Sing,
in the case of roots
ending
in a vowel.
^^,
Futures,
From
^.
Sing.
Plu.
1st Pers.
C^^Ti^-ft^^ri^- ^^^rt-^T-^; ^r^ft'-JT-iff;
2nd Pers.
^f|^-ttft& ftf|^c^r-l>ft^
3rd Pers.
iri|f-f>t^ ftftf^^-^>t^^-Ct%|^
i:^,
Futures.
1st Pers.
^&irft-^%r:^;
I&frjft-Tr-5;
tf
CONJUaATIONAL FORMS. 1S3
2nd Pers.
f^lt^-l^^i^; f%f^Tr-^f^fcqT;
3rd Pers.
lt%^-ft%^^; ^i|f^cr-^^f|f%;
Also
5&^-f
^ft^r; i:i%f|^-I^f|^;
&c.
^, Imperative
and Potential.
1st Pers.
Cts
^jft
2nd Pers.
^^-ftft
^5
3rd Pers.
^-^^
tt^
Also
Ct^-lt^r^-^^-^r
&c.
The Potential has
jt^r^-^r^
as additional forms.
^^, Imperative
and Potential.
1st Pers.
-i^5-i^[5-li%5-
f^jft-i'^fflt-
2nd Pers.
^^1-^%1-
3rd Pers.
^^^-^^i-
. f
^^-lt?3
Hemachandra
and S'eshakrishna
as well as Sirhha-
rija give
f^^, ^^S,
and
f%^.
Siiiiharija gives
also
:%^^, ^%^S; I^?^.
Also
f^^-i:%T-f^srr-^|"srT
and the Potential has
%^'
I^-^^r^-5^T?-I^^r|
as additional forms.
The Conditional.
d ^^
All
persons,
all*numbers.
All
persons,
all
numbers.
IM CONJUGATIONAL
FORMS.
3T53;,
Present Tense.
Isfc Pers.
fe:-3TR5iT
r^-^^-eric^T
2nd Pers.
^-erfc^T
^fl^
3rd
Pers. orf^q
^z[
sT^^Past
Tenses
(
5J?,
flrj^, ^^).
BT^^-^r^

All
persons,
all
numbers.
^3^
Passive.
1st Pers.
2nd Pers.
QTSdl^ft"-
CONJUGATIONAL
FORMS.
135
2nd Pers. i\^; ^^%; i\^>
ftBT^^r-ftar^; ^^tt^c^TF-
3rd Pers.
^3T^-ftiT^-
Ct^f^^-^-^;
Also
ftTT^f-it^^wT?,
^3n%srf-ft3TT%5rT^-Ct3TT^,
ft^rtor^
Passive
of the Causal
of
stj^.
1st Pers.
3T3^t3TT^-3T5I^t^r'^-
3Tni^t^*ft-TT-5:;
2nd Pers,
8T5ldt^ (t^)
^-%J 3T3^>t^
Ct^)
^c^r-f;
3rd Pers.
^r^idt^T^-^;
8T3ft|3T
(t^^)
f^-^-5^;
136 DECLENSIONAL FORMS.
3T5Ift3Tr*tT^-tT; 3THjCt3TTf^
(f^)
f^-^-^^
Also
3T5ft3Tr*?:^-^, 8T5I^3Trf^^^-^r,
&c. when
^^
and
isn^
are added.
The
Apabhrards'a.
Forms
of Mas. words
ending
in
3T
in the
Apabhrams'a.
Km
Mas.
Sing.
Plu,
Norn.
^r35-^qt-KrTr-5[rjrr
^wr-TT^r
Ace.
5CT5-?:r?ft-^Tr-?TTr
?:w-^rqT-?T^-'cr^
Inst.
^r^qr-u^-?:!^
5[T^f|-?:r5TTi|-^T^-^T^
Ab].
TR|-^nTlt-^|lT|-^nTrf ^r5T|-5[RT|
Gen.
^RS-5CRl!i-5Cr?T^5~ ^Rt-^T^TTf-U^T-
Loc.
Trfit-^T^
5[rTrf|-^CRrit-nTT5-^nTTi
In the above forms
j^
is in all cases
optionally
changed
to
\i V^-XJ^t-Km-TJ^J,
&c.
^TT^, ^rr^^, ^V^^,
and
f^q^make up
their forms like
those of
^nr
from the bases
^f, ^,
%f,
and
t^
respectively.
Pronouns
ending
in
bt
like
5R^
are declined like
tpj
except
in the Abl.
Sing,
where
i
is the substitute for
^; ^^^i
and in the Loc.
Sing,
where
i%
is
changed
to
1^, ^^.
According
to Hemachandra
ff
is substituted for
^;
^o^lf-^fo^r^f.
^o^r
or
m%j
Fem.
is declined like
^^rr.
3:^1^
Neu.
Sing.
Plu.
Nom.
ff #^it-f^-ft
Ace.

Like the
Nom.
Voc.
f^-i^r^
DECLENSIONAL FORMS. 137
The rest like the forms of Mas. Nouns
ending
in 3T.
The forms of
^^
Neu. are like those of
^^
Neu,
^f
Mas.
1^8
DECLENSIONAL FORMS.
Inst. ^rsTF'^-^TST'jr-.^TSTf-
^rsrr^-'srrsTt-
Abl.
^r^rrl-^r^rl-^tl-
^rfl-^r^f'^r^rrf-
Gen.
^3Tr|-^r3T|;-^rtl- ^rsTr-^rsr-'snt-^r^
Loc.
^r3Trt-^r3Ti|-^tt-
^arrt-^r^rt-^rtlt-
The forms of Fern. Nouns
ending
in
|
and ^ are
like those from the base
^rf.
The forms of
qr^
are from the bases
rrr^r
and
?Tr#,
Hke
those of
^3Tr.
mk Neu.
Nom.
^rft
m^i
Ace. Do.
Do.
The rest hke the Mas. forms.
^s^ Mas.
Sing.
Plu.
Acc.
^55-^5^-^5^-^^r
^5^-^5^r-^f5q--^s%
Inst.
^5fq-^oif-^5%
'
^5^^-^5^rf|-^5^f|-^5%
Abl.
^5^i-^5^rc
^^f-^s^rf
Gen.
^s^-^^rg-^^^l-
^5%^-^^^_^5^^_
Loc.
^5^ft-^5^ri|
^5^f|-^5^rit-^5^5-^5qrr^
%j^
Mas. has three bases
^,
^ri,
and
^^^.
^ji
is de-
clined like
^ Mas.,
and ^ and ^^"^r like
^5^
except
in
Abl.
Sing.

-^^-^t-^rf.
1^
Fern.

^Its base is
^j,
declined like
^rr^rr. Its base
is
^
except
in Nom.
Sing.,
Acc.
Sing.,
and Gen. Plu.
(
^,
^,
and
3TTJ3;
)
and
except
in Abl.
Sing,
where the
form is
^."
DECLENSIONAL
FORMS. 139
f^H,
Neu.
Sing.
^
Plu.
Nom.
%
^l^-^^-^-^^5J
Ace.
^

The rest like the Mas. forms.
^^
Mas.
has stis?
(
Hema. 3TT^
)
as its base in all
forms. 3Tr3T
is declined like
^^.
According
to some
%^
has errsT
as its base
only
before
^^
and
^^. (
Nom. Plu.
and Ace. Plu.
)
In other
forms,
its base is
^.
^^
Fem. has 3TT3TT
(
Hema.
strt
)
as its base and its
forms are like those of ^^rr.
Nom.
^
3Tr3T-3n3Tr
Ace.

3Tr3T-3n3Tr
Inst.
^JTtTur-^jT^ ^^

The rest like the Mas. forms.
^(
Mas.
)
and
^ (
Mas.
)
have their forms like
those of
^5^
from the bases ^ and
cT
respectively except
in the
following
cases:

Nom.
Sing.
i
^
Ace.
Sing.
i ^
Regular
forms are
optionally
used:

q^
Nom.
Sing,
^-^,
cT^-g-^. q^
(
Pem.
)
and
^\ (
Fem.
)
have
^r and
m
as their bases. Their forms are like those of
^^j
except
in the Abl.
Sing,
where the forms are
^|
and
^
respectively.
^r^
Neu.
cT^
Neu.
Nom.
i-^ 'srrt-^t
t~^
^r^-^
Ace..
,,
The rest like the Mas. forms.
ir^
Mas.- Its base is
i^
from which the forms are
like those of
^s^
except
in the
following:

Nom.
Sing. t^^-^Ct-t^f
1
These three forms
Ace.
Sing, t^-x^-^f J
are in all
genders
Nom. Plu.
iTf
Ace. Plu,
^%
140
DECLENSIONAL FORMS.
tr^
Fem.-Base
tr^.
Its forms are like
those of
^r^TT
except
in the
following.
Norn. Plu. and Ace. Plu.
xr^
n;^^
Neu.
Norn.
t^^-trft-TT|
q^-^^~tl^^-tT^r^*
-^^^*
ff }> )} ?> )}
The rest like the Mas.
9T^
Mas.

Its base is
3?^,
which is declined
like
^r^
except
in the
following:

Norn. Plu.
aftf
Ace. Plu.
3{tf
8T^H
Fern.

Base
3T5.
Declined like
^r^
except
in
the
following.
Norn. Plu. U
^
Ace.
Plu.}
^^^
3T^
Neu.
Nom.
3T5
3ft^.3j^|_3|,j^
The rest like the
Mas.
Nom.
5f 5^-3^^^ f^
3TT:f^-eTj:|;^
Ace.
^i--^
3^|-3^ff ^i
^^i-^i
Inst.
iT^-?r^ ^It ^i
3T^|^
Abl.
5^-5^- ^^i
^^-^^^
3T5:^
Gen.
3^iT-5^- ^T^^i
^^-^^
sj^^i
Loc.
^i-^i ^^rf ^i QT^^n
^,
Present, ^-^^.
1st
Pers.
|t^-i:^-^t^-l^^
^|_^^|_^>qV?T-5;
(
ftt-f^^
Hema.
) ^^qt-fr-5
2nd Pers.
ttft-I^T|-ftfe;
^|; l^-Ctfc^^-lV
3rd
Pers.
Ctf^-f^il[-^;
^l^-^^_ft^^_^_^
Similarly
from the base
pr.