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Martella Surname History
------------------------------------------------------------------------
An excerpt from www.HouseOfNames.com archives copyright 2000 - 2014
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Contents
* 1 Martella Surname History <#martella-history>
* 2 Martella Early Origins <#martella-Early-Origins>
* 3 The Great Migration <#martella-Great-Migration>
* 4 See Also <#See-Also>
* 5 References <#References>
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Where did the Italian Martella family come from? Where did the various
branches of the family go? What is the Martella family history?
A variety of distinguished and notable names have emerged from the
beautiful and historical Italian region of Tuscany
<http://www.houseofnames.com/wiki/Tuscany>, including the notable
surname Martella. During the Middle Ages, as populations grew and travel
between regions became more frequent, the people of Tuscany, who were
originally known only by a single name, found it necessary to adopt a
second name to identify themselves and their families. This process of
adopting fixed hereditary surnames
<http://www.houseofnames.com/wiki/hereditary-surnames> in Italy began in
the 10th and 11th centuries, but it was not completed until the modern
era. The development of Italian hereditary surnames followed general
principles and were characterized by derivatives from one's given name.
The patronymic
<http://www.houseofnames.com/wiki/surname-types#patronymic> surname,
which is derived from the father's given name, was one of the most
common name types found in the region of Tuscany
<http://www.houseofnames.com/wiki/Tuscany>. This system of name-making
was widely used because it linked well with the existing
<http://www.houseofnames.com/wiki/feudal-system>Feudal
<http://www.houseofnames.com/wiki/feudal-system> System and during the
Christian era, many people named their children after saints and
biblical figures. The surname Martella came from the Latin name
Martinus, which is a derivative of Mars, who was the Roman god of
fertility and war. The popularity of the name Martin is due to Saint
Martin de Tours, who was one of the best known saints in the Western
World. With the spread of Christianity, people named their children
after saints in the hope that the children might enjoy that saint's
patronage. Martin is also one of the few saints' names, other than the
names of Old English saints, found in England
<http://www.houseofnames.com/wiki/England> before the Norman Conquest
<http://www.houseofnames.com/wiki/Norman-Conquest>. The name Martelli is
a diminutive of the name Martin, but it is also of occupational
<http://www.houseofnames.com/wiki/surname-types#occupational> origin.
The occupational name Martelli is derived from the Italian wordmartello
meaning hammer, and it referred to a person who was a carpenter or one
who worked with a hammer.
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*More about the Martella History...*
Please remember that this page is only a small extract of our complete
history that includes:
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* Ancient origin of the name (usually pre-1100)
* Known spelling variations
* Early movement of the family name during the Middle Ages
* Noteworthy bearers from the 1500-1600s
* First settlers to North America
* Notable contemporary bearers of the name
* A description and/or full color picture of the Coat of Arms, Crest,
and Motto (where available)
Martella Early Origins
------------------------------------------------------------------------
In comparison with other European surnames, Italian surnames have a
surprising number of forms. They reflect the regional variations and the
many dialects of the Italian language, each with its own distinctive
features. For example, in Northern Italy the typical Italian surname
suffix is "i", whereas in Southern Italy it is "o". Additionally,
spelling changes frequently occurred because medieval scribes and church
officials often spelled names as they sounded rather than according to
any specific spelling rules. The spelling variations
<http://www.houseofnames.com/wiki/Spelling-Variations> in the name
Martella include Martelli, Martello, Martiello, Martella, Martela,
Martellini, Martellino, Martellina, Martellotti, Martellotto,
Martellotta, Martelloni, Martellani and many more.
First found in Florence (Italian: Firenze), with Giovanni di Guglielmo
Martelli, who moved with his family to Verona in 1333, where he became a
lawyer. Martello towers (or simply Martellos) are small defensive forts
built based on a design at Mortella (Myrtle) Point in Corsica. Two
British warships, HMS Fortitude (74 guns) and HMS Juno (32 guns) in 1794
unsuccessfully attacked the tower at Mortella Point. Accordingly, the
British adapted the fort's design to build over 70 such towers
throughout the British Commonwealth.
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Our PDF Extended History includes the early history!
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Martella Early History
------------------------------------------------------------------------
This web page shows only a small excerpt of our Martella research. More
information is included under the topic Early Martella History in all
our PDF Extended History products <#>.
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Our PDF Extended History includes the early notables!
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Martella Early Notables
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Another 201 words(14 lines of text) are included under the topic Early
Martella Notables in all our PDF Extended History products <#>.
*More* <#>
<#>
*More about the Martella History...*
This is a small excerpt from our full listing of settlers for the name
Martella. Our PDF Extended History provide the complete listing from our
dbase of over 500,000 settlers!
PDF Coat of Arms + Extended History
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The Great Migration
------------------------------------------------------------------------
Early records show that people bearing the name Martella arrived in
North America quite early:
Martella Settlers in the 19th Century
* Giuseppe Martella, aged 47, landed in New Orleans, La in 1836
*More* <#>
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*More about the Martella History...*
This is a small excerpt from our full listing of settlers for the name
Martella. Our PDF Extended History provide the complete listing from our
dbase of over 500,000 settlers!
PDF Extended History </product/PDF+Extended+Surname+History+%28A4+Size%29>
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See Also
------------------------------------------------------------------------
* Hereditary surnames
<http://www.houseofnames.com/wiki/hereditary-surnames>
* Norman Conquest <http://www.houseofnames.com/wiki/Norman-Conquest>
* Feudal System <http://www.houseofnames.com/wiki/feudal-system>
* Occupational
<http://www.houseofnames.com/wiki/surname-types#occupational>
* Patronymic <http://www.houseofnames.com/wiki/surname-types#patronymic>
* England <http://www.houseofnames.com/wiki/England>
* Tuscany <http://www.houseofnames.com/wiki/Tuscany>
* Feudal <http://www.houseofnames.com/wiki/feudal-system>
* Spelling variations
<http://www.houseofnames.com/wiki/Spelling-Variations>
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References
------------------------------------------------------------------------
1. Bascap, Giacomo and Marcello del Piazzo. /Insegne e Simboli
Araldica pubblica e privata medievale e moderna/. Rome: 1983. Print.
2. Rolland, and H.V. Rolland. /Illustrations to the Armorial Gnral by
J.B. Rietstap/. Ramsbury: Heraldry Today, 1967. Print. (ISBN
0-0900455-209).
3. Dizionario Biografico degli Italiani. /Rome Istituto della
Enciclopedia Italiana 56 volumesr/. Print.
4. Di Crollalanza, G.B. /Dizionario Storico-Blasonico Delle Famiglie
Nobili e Notabili Italiane 3 volumes/. Pisa. Print.
5. Colletta, John P. /They Came In Ships/. Salt Lake City: Ancestry,
1993. Print.
6. Di Crollalanza, Goffredo. /Enciclopedia araldico cavalleresca
Prontuario nobiliare/. Pisa: Presso La Direzione Del Giorale
Araldica , 1878. Print.
7. Gheno, Antonio. /Contributo alla Bibliografia Genealogica Italiana/.
Bologna: Forni, 1924. Print.
8. Battilana, Natale, Ed. /Genealogie Dello Famiglie Nobili di Genova/.
Genova: Fratelli Pagano, 1825. Print.
9. Rietstap, Johannes Baptist. /Armorial Gnral/. Baltimore:
Genealogical Publishing Co. Print.
10. Bongioanni, Angelo. /Nomi e Cognomi. Saggio di Ricerche Etimologiche
e Storiche/. Torino: A. Forni, 1979. Print.
11. ... <#>
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