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Faculty: Ayushman Srivastav Page 1

SHIVALIK COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING

B-TECH 1
ST
YEAR
TUTORIAL SHEET -2

UNIT-II - ZEROTH LAW, FIRST LAW & SECOND LAW OF THERMODYNAMICS

1. What is steady flow process? Derive steady flow energy equation for single stream flow.

2. Write short notes on following terms with the help of neat sketch.
a) Zeroth law
b) Enthalpy
c) Internal energy
d) PMM-1
e) PMM-2
f) Thermodynamic Equilibrium
g) Kelvin-Plank and Clausius Statement & show the equivalence of two statements.
h) First law of thermodynamics as referred to closed system for a single process and for a
cyclic process also explains the limitations of first law of thermodynamics.
(2013-14)

3. Using first law of thermodynamics show that for an adiabatic process

= C (2013-14)

4. Show that for a polytropic process
()
()
where Q and W are heat and work
interaction and n is polytropic index. (2009-10)

5. Assume that the pressure p and the specific volume v of the atmosphere are related to the
equation PV
1.4
=2.310
5
where p is in N/m
2
. what is the depth of atmosphere necessary to
produce a pressure of 1.0132 bar at the earths surface ? Consider the atmosphere as a fluid
column. (2009)

6. The variation of pressure with respect to volume is given by the following equation P =
(3v
2
+v+25) N/m
2
. Find the work done in the process if initial volume is 3m
3
and final volume
is 6m
3
. (2011)

7. 5m
3
of air at 2 bar, 27
o
c is compressed up to 6 bar pressure following pv
1.3
= const. it is
subsequently expanded adiabatically to 2 bar. Considering the two process to be reversible ,
determine the net work. Also plot the process on T-S diagram

Faculty: Ayushman Srivastav Page 2

8. in compressor the air enters at 27
o
c and 1 atm and leaves 227
o
c and 1 MPa. Determine the
work done on per unit mass of air assuming velocity at entry and exit is negligible. Also
determine the additional work required if velocities are 10 m/s and 50 m/s at inlet and outlet
respectively. ( 2011 )

9. Consider a stationary fluid system that undergoes through a cycle comprising the following
reversible process:
a-b: Isochoric with 250 kJ/kg of internal energy.
b-c: Adiabatic expansion to original pressure with work output of 80 kJ/kg.
c-a: Isobaric compression to original volume with heat rejection of 20 kJ/kg
Show that the data is consistent with first law of thermodynamics and determine the net work
Output and thermal efficiency of the cycle (2009)

10. In an oil cooler, oil flows steadily through a bundle of metal tubes submerged in a steady
stream of cooling water. Under steady flow condition, the oil enters at 90
o
C and leaves at 393
o
C while the water enters at 25
o
C and leaves at 79
o
C. The enthalpy of oil at t
o
C is given by;
h=1.68 t+ 10
-4
t
2
kj/Kg. what is the cooling water flow required for cooling 2.78 kg/s of oil
(2009)
11. Differentiate between:
a) Thermodynamic Source & Sink.
b) Heat Pump, Refrigerator and Heat Engine.
c) Flow process and Non flow process.
d) COP (Refrigerator) and COP (Heat Pump)

12. In an isentropic flow through nozzle, air flows at the rate of 600 kg/hr. at inlet to the nozzle,
pressure is 2 MPa and temperature is 127
o
C. the exit pressure is 0.5 MPa. If air velocity is 300
m/s determine: (a) Exit velocity of air (b) Inlet and exit areas of nozzle.

13. For a system whose mass is 4.5 Kg under goes a process and temperature change from 50
o
C to
100
o
C . Assume that the specific heat of the system is a function of temperature only.
Calculate the heat transfer during the process for the following relationship:

()

kJ/kg
o
K (2013-14)

14. What is throttling process? Explain it with the help of suitable diagram (2013-14)

15. Why only constant pressure non flow process, the enthalpy change is equal to heat transfer
(2013-14)
16. Explain how Zeroth law of thermodynamics can be used for temperature measurement. Obtain
triple point of water in Rankine , Kelvin and Fahrenheit (2013-14)

17. Show that coefficient of performance of heat pump and refrigerator can be related as
COP
Ref
= COP
HP
- 1 (2013-14)
Faculty: Ayushman Srivastav Page 3

18. An air compressor requires shaft work of 200 kJ/kg of air and the compression of air causes
increase in enthalpy of air by 100 kJ/kg of air. Cooling water required for cooling the
compressor picks up heat of 90 kJ/kg of air. Determine the heat transferred from compressor to
air (2013-14)

19. Derive the steady flow energy equation (SFEE). Also explain what you understand by unsteady
flow. (2013-14)

20. Define Entropy (S) and explain what physical concept of entropy is? Explain Carnot cycle and
the assumptions made in the operation of Carnot cycle. (2013)

21. Draw the triple point and critical point of water on P-T diagram.

22. Explain the term Available energy & Unavailable energy. Determine the unavailable energy if
heat engine is working between temperature limits of 1000 K and 300 K . Heat delivered to
engine is 1000 J and work output is 400 J. (2012-13)

23. What is free expansion with zero heat transfer? Explain what joules coefficient is.
(2011-12)

24. Derive the expression of work done on following non flow process and draw P-V and T-S
diagram.
a) Isothermal
b) Isentropic
c) Isobaric
d) Isochoric (2011-12, 2012)

25. What is Clausius inequality? Also give the criterion of reversibility, irreversibility and
impossibility of a thermodynamic cycle. Prove that system executing cyclic process