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Lecture # 1:
Introduction to Rizal Course
Why nations have
Who declares if
anyone is a hero?
No law or official acclamation which directly
made Rizal into a hero
Rizals hero status: acclamation of the Filipino
National Historical Institute
(National Historical Commission of the Philippines)
Prescribed the passage of
fifty years before a person is finally
confirmed as a hero
National Heroes Commission (1965)
Extent of persons sacrifice
Motives and methods employed in
the attainment of the ideal
Moral character of the person
Influence of the person to his age or
epoch and succeeding eras.
Henry Otley Beyer : ( Master in Anthropology)
a part of the technical committee
who made the criteria
Characteristics of a Hero:
1. Filipino
2. Dead
3. Patriotic
4. Model of Peace
Rizal was the 1
exponent of Asian nationalism
Source of inspiration for the outbreak of
the Philippine Revolution (1896)
Bonifacio or Aguinaldo
Andres Bonifacio :
Lost 29 battles
Emilio Aguinaldo:
Surrendered to the Americans
in 1901
non-violent crusade & suffered
political martyrdom
Who made Jose Rizal our
foremost national Hero,
and why?
By Esteban A. De Ocampo
unquestionably the
greatest hero & martyr of our nation.
The day of his birth & the day of his execution
are fittingly commemorated by all classes..
- Esteban A. De Ocampo
Who made Jose Rizal
our foremost national Hero, and why?
No other hero that can surpass Rizal in:
Rizal Park, Manila
Rizal Park, Wilhelmsfeld
number of monuments
erected in his honor
Rizal Park, Seattle
number of persons
named after him
No other hero that can surpass Rizal in:
Rizalina Rizal
No other hero that can surpass Rizal in:
number of education institutions,
societies and trade name that bear his name
number of laws, Executive Orders
and proclamation of chief executives,
bulletins, memoranda and circulars of
both the bureaus of public and private School
No other hero that can surpass Rizal in:
Who made Rizal the foremost national
hero of the Philippines?
Why is Rizal
our greatest hero?
Who made Rizal the foremost national
hero of the Philippines?
admirable part
in the propaganda movement
(1882 to 1896)
Who made Rizal the foremost national
hero of the Philippines?
Noli Me Tangere (1887)
Favorable &unfavorable comments/response
the book was superior
- Antonio Retana
Filipino Excile in London
your work, as we Germans say, has been
written with the blood of the heart...
-Prof Ferdinand Blumentritt
heretical, impious, and scandalous to religious
order, and unpatriotic and subversive to public
order, libelous to the Government of Spain and to
its political policies in these Islands
- Faculty Committee of a Manila University
the importation, reproduction, and circulation
of this pernicious book in the Island be
absolutely prohibited
-Permanent Censorship Commission in 1887
Senator Fernando Vida, Luis M. De Pando and
Praxedes Mateo Sagasta:
Unjustly lambasted and
criticized Rizal and his novel
(Spanish Cortes in 1888 & 1889)
Who made Rizal the foremost national
hero of the Philippines?
Noli Me Tangere alone
we can say that Rizal had become
the most prominent or central figure of
the propaganda movement
Most admirable in Rizal is his complete self-
denial, his complete abandonment of his
personal interest
-Rafael Palma
Why is Rizal our greatest hero?
Biographers of Jose Rizal:
It required courage to write his two great
novels telling nothing that no other man had
ventured before...
-Dr. Frank C. Laubach
Biographers of Jose Rizal:
Rizal is most intelligent, most courageous
and most dangerous enemy
Spaniard in Spain & in the Philippines
A man honored after death
by public worship because of exceptional
service to mankind
Why is Rizal our greatest hero?
Marcelo H. Del Pilar
Fernando Acevedo
Dr. Tomas Arejola
Guillermo Puatu
Even before Rizal execution he was
highly praised by both
Napoleon M. Kheil
Dr. Reinhold Rost
Vicente Barrantes
1889: unanimously elected by Filipino in
Barcelona & Madrid as honorary
president of La Solidaridad
became the chief of Indios Bravos
January 1891:
unanimously chosen Responsable (chief)
of Spanish-Filipino Association
July 3, 1892 (Manila):
Founder of the La Liga Filipina
La Liga Filipina
A Civic Society proposed
by Dr. Jose Rizal in his return
to the Philippines.
Joined by other patriotic Filipino like Ambrosio
Salvador (President), Agustin dela Rosa(fiscal),
Bonifacio Arevalo (treasurer), Deodato Arellano
(secretary) and members like Andres Bonifacio
Revolutionary Society (Katipunan)
acknowledge Rizals
leadership & greatness by making him its
Honorary President
1st grade or lowest
pass word: Anak ng Bayan
2nd grade
Password: GomBurZa
3rd grade
Password: Rizal
December 29, 1887:
commemorative program of
Rizals execution & martyrdom
Tributes to Rizal given by the Revolutionary
First proclamation of President Aguinaldo:
Rizal Day : December 30
all Filipino flags must be at half-mast
from Dec. 29, 1898 (12nn) to
Dec. 30, 1898 (12nn)
Dec. 30: all offices of the government
should be close
Who made Rizal the foremost national hero
of the Philippines?
No single person or group of persons...
Rizal himself, his own people & the foreigners
all together contributed to make him the
greatest hero & martyr of his people
What is
Rizal Law
Republic Act No. 1425
(House Bill No. 5561 & Senate Bill No. 438)
Republic Act No. 1425
An Act to Include in the Curricula of
All Public & Private Schools, Colleges & Universities
courses on the Life Works and Writings
of JOSE RIZAL, particularly his novels
Authorizing the Printing and Distribution
Thereof, and for Other Purposes.
Jose Rizal life, works & writings shall be included in the
curriculum of the all school, colleges & University.
Noli Me Tangere & El Filibusterismo
Libraries should have an adequate number of copies
of the original & expurgated editions of the
Noli Me Tangere, El Filibusterismo and
Rizals other works and biography.
list of approved books for required reading
Implementation of the law
Translation and distribution of the novels
and other writings of Rizal
Fund: 300,000
Board of National Education
The law was passed in 1956
Story of Rizal Law
1950s: time of uncertainty
in the Philippines
1. HUKBALAHAP insurgency
2. Communist insurgency
3. American influence
Bell Trade Act
Laurel-Langley Agreement
Claro M. Recto
Proposed Bill 438
Believes that teaching Rizal Course
will not lead to the closure of
Catholic Schools
Jacobo Gonzales
Proposed Bill 5561
Compulsory reading of
Noli Me Tangere and El Filibusterismo
in all schools private or public
Arturo Tolentino
Teaching of Rizal will allow the youth to
know more about him as well as to
imbibe his nationalism.
Catholic Church
Passages against the Catholic Faith:
170 / 120 in Noli Me Tangere and
50 in El Filibusterismo
Francisco Soc Rodrigo:
Against the compulsory reading of
Rizals novels.
Anti-Rizal (Senate)
Decoroso Rosales :
Implementation might lead to the
closing of Catholic schools.
Anti-Rizal (Senate)
Jesus Paredes :
Violates Section 927
of the New Administrative Code
Prohibit teachers in the public schools to
discuss about religious doctrines.
Anti-Rizal (House of Representatives)
Compromised bill by: Jose P. Laurel
Proposed by: Senator Rosseler Lim
and Emmanuel Pelaez
Republic Act No. 1425
was approved on June 12, 1956
Policy statement of Rizal Law:
1. To rededicate lives of the youth to the
ideals of freedom & nationalism
2. To pay tribute to our national her
3. To gain an inspiring source of patriotism
Patriotic goals set by
Board on National Education:
1. Recognition of the relevance of Rizals
ideals, thoughts, teaching and life values
to present condition.
2. Application of Rizals ideas in contemporary
3. Develop an understanding and appreciation
of the behavior and character of Rizal
4. Foster the development of moral character,
personal discipline citizenship and vacation
efficiency of Filipino youth
Memorandum Order No. 247
by President Fidel V. Ramos
December 26 1994
Directing the Secretary of Education,
Culture & Sports and the Chairman of the
Commission on Higher Education to fully
implement Republic Act No 1425..
appropriate disciplinary action against the
governing body and/or head of any public or
private school, college or university found
not complying with said law and the rules,
regulations, orders and instructions issued
pursuant thereto
30 days jointly submit to the President a report
on the steps they have taken to implement this
Memorandum Order
After 1 year, another report on the extent
of compliance by both public and private schools
in all levels with the provisions of R.A. No. 1425
Secretary of Education, Culture & Sports and the
Chairman of the Commission on Higher Education

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