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AQA Core 1 Integration

1 of 4 10/01/13 MEI
Section 2: Finding the area under a curve

Solutions to Exercise

1. (i)
1
1
2
1
1
(4 5)d 2 5
2 5 (2 5)
7 ( 3)
10
x x x x

+ = + (

= +
=
=
}


(ii)
0
0
2 3 2
1
1
(6 2 )d 2
0 ( 2 1)
3
x x x x x

= (

=
=
}


(iii)
( ) ( )
4
4
2 3 2
1 1
3 2
2
2
64 8
3 3
64 8
3 3
56
3
( 3)d 3
8 12 2 6
4 4
x x x x x x + = + (

= + +
= +
=
}


(iv)
( ) ( )
2
2
2 2 3
1 1
2 3
1
1
8 1 1
3 2 3
8 1 1
3 2 3
1
2
9
2
(2 )d 2
4 2 2
6 2
8 3
x x x x x x

+ = + (

= + + +
= +
=
=
}


(v)
( ) ( )
2
2
3 4 2
1 1
4 2
1
1
1 1
4 2
1
4
( 4)d 4
4 2 8 4
10 4
14.25
x x x x x x

+ = + (

= +
= + +
=
}



2. (i) (1 )( 2) y x x = +
The graph cuts the x-axis at x = 1 and x = -2.
The coefficient of x is negative, so the graph is
upside down.

-2
1
AQA C1 Integration 2 Exercise solutions
2 of 4 10/01/13 MEI
1
Area
( ) ( )
1
2
1
2
2
1
2 3
1 1
2 3
2
8 1 1
2 3 3
8 1 1
2 3 3
9
2
(1 )( 2)d
(2 )d
2
2 4 2
2 6
x x x
x x x
x x x

= +
=
= (

= +
= +
=
}
}


(ii)
2 3 2
3 (3 ) y x x x x = =
The graph cuts the x-axis at (3, 0) and touches the x-axis at the origin.








Area
3
2 3
0
3
3 4
1
4
0
81
4
(3 )d
27 0
6.75
x x x
x x
=
= (

=
=
}



3. ( 1) y x x =
The graph cuts the x-axis at the origin and the point (1, 0).







Area between x = 0 and x = 1
1
0
1
2
0
1
3 2
1 1
3 2
0
1 1
3 2
1
6
( 1)d
( )d
x x x
x x x
x x
=
=
= (

=
=
}
}

Area
1
6
= square units.

3
This area is negative as
it is below the x-axis.
AQA C1 Integration 2 Exercise solutions
3 of 4 10/01/13 MEI
4.
2
2 3 ( 3)( 1) y x x x x = = +








Area between x = -1 and x = 3
( ) ( )
3
3 2
1
3
1
1
3
5
3
32
3
3
9 9 9 1 3
9
x x x

= (

= +
=
=

Area
32
3
= square units


5. At intersection points,
2
2
2 3 6 4
2 3 0
( 3)( 1) 0
3 or 1
x x x
x x
x x
x x
+ = +
=
+ =
= =


Area under curve between x = -1 and x = 3

( ) ( )
3
2
1
3
2 3
1
3
1
1
3
1
3
2
3
(6 4 )d
6 2
18 18 9 6 2
27 4
30
x x x
x x x

= +
= + (

= + + +
= +
=
}

Area under line between x = -1 and x = 3

( )
( )
3
1
3
2
1
(2 3)d
3
9 9 1 3
20
x x
x x

= +
= + (

= +
=
}

Area between line and curve
2 32
3 3
10 = =


3 -1
AQA C1 Integration 2 Exercise solutions
4 of 4 10/01/13 MEI
6. (i) At intersection points,
2 2
2
1
2
2 5
2 5 2 0
(2 1)( 2) 0
or 2
x x x
x x
x x
x x
+ =
+ =
=
= =












(ii) Area under
2
5 y x x = between
1
2
x = and 2 x =

( ) ( )
2
2
0.5
2
2 3
5 1
2 3
0.5
8 5 1
3 8 24
27 240 64 15 1 162
24 24 4
(5 )d
10
x x x
x x
+
=
= (

=
= = =
}

Area under
2
2 y x = + between
1
2
x = and 2 x =

( ) ( )
2
2
0.5
2
3
1
3
0.5
8 1
3 24
64 1 45 21
24 8 8
( 2)d
2
4 1
3 3
x x
x x

= +
= + (

= + +
= + = + =
}

Area between curves
9 27 45 54 45
4 8 8 8

= = =






5
2
2
1
2

A
B